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  /*
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   * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
   * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
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   * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
   * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
   *
   *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
  *
  * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
  * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
  * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
  * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
  * limitations under the License.
  */
 
 package org.apache.commons.net.tftp;
 
TFTPPacket is an abstract class encapsulating the functionality common to the 5 types of TFTP packets. It also provides a static factory method that will create the correct TFTP packet instance from a datagram. This relieves the programmer from having to figure out what kind of TFTP packet is contained in a datagram and create it himself.

Details regarding the TFTP protocol and the format of TFTP packets can be found in RFC 783. But the point of these classes is to keep you from having to worry about the internals. Additionally, only very few people should have to care about any of the TFTPPacket classes or derived classes. Almost all users should only be concerned with the TFTPClient class receiveFile() and sendFile() methods.

 
 
 public abstract class TFTPPacket
 {
    
The minimum size of a packet. This is 4 bytes. It is enough to store the opcode and blocknumber or other required data depending on the packet type.
 
     static final int MIN_PACKET_SIZE = 4;

    
This is the actual TFTP spec identifier and is equal to 1. Identifier returned by getType() indicating a read request packet.
 
     public static final int READ_REQUEST = 1;

    
This is the actual TFTP spec identifier and is equal to 2. Identifier returned by getType() indicating a write request packet.
 
     public static final int WRITE_REQUEST = 2;

    
This is the actual TFTP spec identifier and is equal to 3. Identifier returned by getType() indicating a data packet.
 
     public static final int DATA = 3;

    
This is the actual TFTP spec identifier and is equal to 4. Identifier returned by getType() indicating an acknowledgement packet.
 
     public static final int ACKNOWLEDGEMENT = 4;

    
This is the actual TFTP spec identifier and is equal to 5. Identifier returned by getType() indicating an error packet.
 
     public static final int ERROR = 5;

    
The TFTP data packet maximum segment size in bytes. This is 512 and is useful for those familiar with the TFTP protocol who want to use the TFTP class methods to implement their own TFTP servers or clients.
    public static final int SEGMENT_SIZE = 512;

    
The type of packet. *
    int _type;

    
The port the packet came from or is going to. *
    int _port;

    
The host the packet is going to be sent or where it came from. *
    InetAddress _address;

    
When you receive a datagram that you expect to be a TFTP packet, you use this factory method to create the proper TFTPPacket object encapsulating the data contained in that datagram. This method is the only way you can instantiate a TFTPPacket derived class from a datagram.

Parameters:
datagram The datagram containing a TFTP packet.
Returns:
The TFTPPacket object corresponding to the datagram.
Throws:
TFTPPacketException If the datagram does not contain a valid TFTP packet.
    public final static TFTPPacket newTFTPPacket(DatagramPacket datagram)
    throws TFTPPacketException
    {
        byte[] data;
        TFTPPacket packet = null;
        if (datagram.getLength() < ) {
            throw new TFTPPacketException(
                "Bad packet. Datagram data length is too short.");
        }
        data = datagram.getData();
        switch (data[1])
        {
        case :
            packet = new TFTPReadRequestPacket(datagram);
            break;
        case :
            packet = new TFTPWriteRequestPacket(datagram);
            break;
        case :
            packet = new TFTPDataPacket(datagram);
            break;
        case :
            packet = new TFTPAckPacket(datagram);
            break;
        case :
            packet = new TFTPErrorPacket(datagram);
            break;
        default:
            throw new TFTPPacketException(
                "Bad packet.  Invalid TFTP operator code.");
        }
        return packet;
    }

    
This constructor is not visible outside of the package. It is used by subclasses within the package to initialize base data.

Parameters:
type The type of the packet.
address The host the packet came from or is going to be sent.
port The port the packet came from or is going to be sent.
    TFTPPacket(int typeInetAddress addressint port)
    {
         = type;
         = address;
         = port;
    }

    
This is an abstract method only available within the package for implementing efficient datagram transport by elminating buffering. It takes a datagram as an argument, and a byte buffer in which to store the raw datagram data. Inside the method, the data should be set as the datagram's data and the datagram returned.

Parameters:
datagram The datagram to create.
data The buffer to store the packet and to use in the datagram.
Returns:
The datagram argument.
    abstract DatagramPacket _newDatagram(DatagramPacket datagrambyte[] data);

    
Creates a UDP datagram containing all the TFTP packet data in the proper format. This is an abstract method, exposed to the programmer in case he wants to implement his own TFTP client instead of using the TFTPClient class. Under normal circumstances, you should not have a need to call this method.

Returns:
A UDP datagram containing the TFTP packet.
    public abstract DatagramPacket newDatagram();

    
Returns the type of the packet.

Returns:
The type of the packet.
    public final int getType()
    {
        return ;
    }

    
Returns the address of the host where the packet is going to be sent or where it came from.

Returns:
The type of the packet.
    public final InetAddress getAddress()
    {
        return ;
    }

    
Returns the port where the packet is going to be sent or where it came from.

Returns:
The port where the packet came from or where it is going.
    public final int getPort()
    {
        return ;
    }

    
Sets the port where the packet is going to be sent. *
    public final void setPort(int port)
    {
         = port;
    }

    
Sets the host address where the packet is going to be sent. *
    public final void setAddress(InetAddress address)
    {
         = address;
    }
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