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d3.layout.chord = function() {
  var chord = {},
      chords,
      groups,
      matrix,
      n,
      padding = 0,
      sortGroups,
      sortSubgroups,
      sortChords;

  function relayout() {
    var subgroups = {},
        groupSums = [],
        groupIndex = d3.range(n),
        subgroupIndex = [],
        k,
        x,
        x0,
        i,
        j;

    chords = [];
    groups = [];

    // Compute the sum.
    k = 0, i = -1; while (++i < n) {
      x = 0, j = -1; while (++j < n) {
        x += matrix[i][j];
      }
      groupSums.push(x);
      subgroupIndex.push(d3.range(n));
      k += x;
    }

    // Sort groups…
    if (sortGroups) {
      groupIndex.sort(function(a, b) {
        return sortGroups(groupSums[a], groupSums[b]);
      });
    }

    // Sort subgroups…
    if (sortSubgroups) {
      subgroupIndex.forEach(function(d, i) {
        d.sort(function(a, b) {
          return sortSubgroups(matrix[i][a], matrix[i][b]);
        });
      });
    }

    // Convert the sum to scaling factor for [0, 2pi].
    // TODO Allow start and end angle to be specified.
    // TODO Allow padding to be specified as percentage?
    k = (2 * π - padding * n) / k;

    // Compute the start and end angle for each group and subgroup.
    // Note: Opera has a bug reordering object literal properties!
    x = 0, i = -1; while (++i < n) {
      x0 = x, j = -1; while (++j < n) {
        var di = groupIndex[i],
            dj = subgroupIndex[di][j],
            v = matrix[di][dj],
            a0 = x,
            a1 = x += v * k;
        subgroups[di + "-" + dj] = {
          index: di,
          subindex: dj,
          startAngle: a0,
          endAngle: a1,
          value: v
        };
      }
      groups[di] = {
        index: di,
        startAngle: x0,
        endAngle: x,
        value: (x - x0) / k
      };
      x += padding;
    }

    // Generate chords for each (non-empty) subgroup-subgroup link.
    i = -1; while (++i < n) {
      j = i - 1; while (++j < n) {
        var source = subgroups[i + "-" + j],
            target = subgroups[j + "-" + i];
        if (source.value || target.value) {
          chords.push(source.value < target.value
              ? {source: target, target: source}
              : {source: source, target: target});
        }
      }
    }

    if (sortChords) resort();
  }

  function resort() {
    chords.sort(function(a, b) {
      return sortChords(
          (a.source.value + a.target.value) / 2,
          (b.source.value + b.target.value) / 2);
    });
  }

  chord.matrix = function(x) {
    if (!arguments.length) return matrix;
    n = (matrix = x) && matrix.length;
    chords = groups = null;
    return chord;
  };

  chord.padding = function(x) {
    if (!arguments.length) return padding;
    padding = x;
    chords = groups = null;
    return chord;
  };

  chord.sortGroups = function(x) {
    if (!arguments.length) return sortGroups;
    sortGroups = x;
    chords = groups = null;
    return chord;
  };

  chord.sortSubgroups = function(x) {
    if (!arguments.length) return sortSubgroups;
    sortSubgroups = x;
    chords = null;
    return chord;
  };

  chord.sortChords = function(x) {
    if (!arguments.length) return sortChords;
    sortChords = x;
    if (chords) resort();
    return chord;
  };

  chord.chords = function() {
    if (!chords) relayout();
    return chords;
  };

  chord.groups = function() {
    if (!groups) relayout();
    return groups;
  };

  return chord;
};
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