Start line:  
End line:  

Snippet Preview

Snippet HTML Code

Stack Overflow Questions
/*!
 * jQuery JavaScript Library v2.1.1
 * http://jquery.com/
 *
 * Includes Sizzle.js
 * http://sizzlejs.com/
 *
 * Copyright 2005, 2014 jQuery Foundation, Inc. and other contributors
 * Released under the MIT license
 * http://jquery.org/license
 *
 * Date: 2014-05-01T17:11Z
 */

(function( global, factory ) {'use strict';

	if ( typeof module === "object" && typeof module.exports === "object" ) {
		// For CommonJS and CommonJS-like environments where a proper window is present,
		// execute the factory and get jQuery
		// For environments that do not inherently posses a window with a document
		// (such as Node.js), expose a jQuery-making factory as module.exports
		// This accentuates the need for the creation of a real window
		// e.g. var jQuery = require("jquery")(window);
		// See ticket #14549 for more info
		module.exports = global.document ?
			factory( global, true ) :
			function( w ) {
				if ( !w.document ) {
					throw new Error( "jQuery requires a window with a document" );
				}
				return factory( w );
			};
	} else {
		factory( global );
	}

// Pass this if window is not defined yet
}(typeof window !== "undefined" ? window : this, function( window, noGlobal ) {

// Can't do this because several apps including ASP.NET trace
// the stack via arguments.caller.callee and Firefox dies if
// you try to trace through "use strict" call chains. (#13335)
// Support: Firefox 18+
//

var arr = [];

var slice = arr.slice;

var concat = arr.concat;

var push = arr.push;

var indexOf = arr.indexOf;

var class2type = {};

var toString = class2type.toString;

var hasOwn = class2type.hasOwnProperty;

var support = {};



var
	// Use the correct document accordingly with window argument (sandbox)
	document = window.document,

	version = "2.1.1",

	// Define a local copy of jQuery
	jQuery = function( selector, context ) {
		// The jQuery object is actually just the init constructor 'enhanced'
		// Need init if jQuery is called (just allow error to be thrown if not included)
		return new jQuery.fn.init( selector, context );
	},

	// Support: Android<4.1
	// Make sure we trim BOM and NBSP
	rtrim = /^[\s\uFEFF\xA0]+|[\s\uFEFF\xA0]+$/g,

	// Matches dashed string for camelizing
	rmsPrefix = /^-ms-/,
	rdashAlpha = /-([\da-z])/gi,

	// Used by jQuery.camelCase as callback to replace()
	fcamelCase = function( all, letter ) {
		return letter.toUpperCase();
	};

jQuery.fn = jQuery.prototype = {
	// The current version of jQuery being used
	jquery: version,

	constructor: jQuery,

	// Start with an empty selector
	selector: "",

	// The default length of a jQuery object is 0
	length: 0,

	toArray: function() {
		return slice.call( this );
	},

	// Get the Nth element in the matched element set OR
	// Get the whole matched element set as a clean array
	get: function( num ) {
		return num != null ?

			// Return just the one element from the set
			( num < 0 ? this[ num + this.length ] : this[ num ] ) :

			// Return all the elements in a clean array
			slice.call( this );
	},

	// Take an array of elements and push it onto the stack
	// (returning the new matched element set)
	pushStack: function( elems ) {

		// Build a new jQuery matched element set
		var ret = jQuery.merge( this.constructor(), elems );

		// Add the old object onto the stack (as a reference)
		ret.prevObject = this;
		ret.context = this.context;

		// Return the newly-formed element set
		return ret;
	},

	// Execute a callback for every element in the matched set.
	// (You can seed the arguments with an array of args, but this is
	// only used internally.)
	each: function( callback, args ) {
		return jQuery.each( this, callback, args );
	},

	map: function( callback ) {
		return this.pushStack( jQuery.map(this, function( elem, i ) {
			return callback.call( elem, i, elem );
		}));
	},

	slice: function() {
		return this.pushStack( slice.apply( this, arguments ) );
	},

	first: function() {
		return this.eq( 0 );
	},

	last: function() {
		return this.eq( -1 );
	},

	eq: function( i ) {
		var len = this.length,
			j = +i + ( i < 0 ? len : 0 );
		return this.pushStack( j >= 0 && j < len ? [ this[j] ] : [] );
	},

	end: function() {
		return this.prevObject || this.constructor(null);
	},

	// For internal use only.
	// Behaves like an Array's method, not like a jQuery method.
	push: push,
	sort: arr.sort,
	splice: arr.splice
};

jQuery.extend = jQuery.fn.extend = function() {
	var options, name, src, copy, copyIsArray, clone,
		target = arguments[0] || {},
		i = 1,
		length = arguments.length,
		deep = false;

	// Handle a deep copy situation
	if ( typeof target === "boolean" ) {
		deep = target;

		// skip the boolean and the target
		target = arguments[ i ] || {};
		i++;
	}

	// Handle case when target is a string or something (possible in deep copy)
	if ( typeof target !== "object" && !jQuery.isFunction(target) ) {
		target = {};
	}

	// extend jQuery itself if only one argument is passed
	if ( i === length ) {
		target = this;
		i--;
	}

	for ( ; i < length; i++ ) {
		// Only deal with non-null/undefined values
		if ( (options = arguments[ i ]) != null ) {
			// Extend the base object
			for ( name in options ) {
				src = target[ name ];
				copy = options[ name ];

				// Prevent never-ending loop
				if ( target === copy ) {
					continue;
				}

				// Recurse if we're merging plain objects or arrays
				if ( deep && copy && ( jQuery.isPlainObject(copy) || (copyIsArray = jQuery.isArray(copy)) ) ) {
					if ( copyIsArray ) {
						copyIsArray = false;
						clone = src && jQuery.isArray(src) ? src : [];

					} else {
						clone = src && jQuery.isPlainObject(src) ? src : {};
					}

					// Never move original objects, clone them
					target[ name ] = jQuery.extend( deep, clone, copy );

				// Don't bring in undefined values
				} else if ( copy !== undefined ) {
					target[ name ] = copy;
				}
			}
		}
	}

	// Return the modified object
	return target;
};

jQuery.extend({
	// Unique for each copy of jQuery on the page
	expando: "jQuery" + ( version + Math.random() ).replace( /\D/g, "" ),

	// Assume jQuery is ready without the ready module
	isReady: true,

	error: function( msg ) {
		throw new Error( msg );
	},

	noop: function() {},

	// See test/unit/core.js for details concerning isFunction.
	// Since version 1.3, DOM methods and functions like alert
	// aren't supported. They return false on IE (#2968).
	isFunction: function( obj ) {
		return jQuery.type(obj) === "function";
	},

	isArray: Array.isArray,

	isWindow: function( obj ) {
		return obj != null && obj === obj.window;
	},

	isNumeric: function( obj ) {
		// parseFloat NaNs numeric-cast false positives (null|true|false|"")
		// ...but misinterprets leading-number strings, particularly hex literals ("0x...")
		// subtraction forces infinities to NaN
		return !jQuery.isArray( obj ) && obj - parseFloat( obj ) >= 0;
	},

	isPlainObject: function( obj ) {
		// Not plain objects:
		// - Any object or value whose internal [[Class]] property is not "[object Object]"
		// - DOM nodes
		// - window
		if ( jQuery.type( obj ) !== "object" || obj.nodeType || jQuery.isWindow( obj ) ) {
			return false;
		}

		if ( obj.constructor &&
				!hasOwn.call( obj.constructor.prototype, "isPrototypeOf" ) ) {
			return false;
		}

		// If the function hasn't returned already, we're confident that
		// |obj| is a plain object, created by {} or constructed with new Object
		return true;
	},

	isEmptyObject: function( obj ) {
		var name;
		for ( name in obj ) {
			return false;
		}
		return true;
	},

	type: function( obj ) {
		if ( obj == null ) {
			return obj + "";
		}
		// Support: Android < 4.0, iOS < 6 (functionish RegExp)
		return typeof obj === "object" || typeof obj === "function" ?
			class2type[ toString.call(obj) ] || "object" :
			typeof obj;
	},

	// Evaluates a script in a global context
	globalEval: function( code ) {
		var script,
			indirect = eval;

		code = jQuery.trim( code );

		if ( code ) {
			// If the code includes a valid, prologue position
			// strict mode pragma, execute code by injecting a
			// script tag into the document.
			if ( code.indexOf("use strict") === 1 ) {
				script = document.createElement("script");
				script.text = code;
				document.head.appendChild( script ).parentNode.removeChild( script );
			} else {
			// Otherwise, avoid the DOM node creation, insertion
			// and removal by using an indirect global eval
				indirect( code );
			}
		}
	},

	// Convert dashed to camelCase; used by the css and data modules
	// Microsoft forgot to hump their vendor prefix (#9572)
	camelCase: function( string ) {
		return string.replace( rmsPrefix, "ms-" ).replace( rdashAlpha, fcamelCase );
	},

	nodeName: function( elem, name ) {
		return elem.nodeName && elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() === name.toLowerCase();
	},

	// args is for internal usage only
	each: function( obj, callback, args ) {
		var value,
			i = 0,
			length = obj.length,
			isArray = isArraylike( obj );

		if ( args ) {
			if ( isArray ) {
				for ( ; i < length; i++ ) {
					value = callback.apply( obj[ i ], args );

					if ( value === false ) {
						break;
					}
				}
			} else {
				for ( i in obj ) {
					value = callback.apply( obj[ i ], args );

					if ( value === false ) {
						break;
					}
				}
			}

		// A special, fast, case for the most common use of each
		} else {
			if ( isArray ) {
				for ( ; i < length; i++ ) {
					value = callback.call( obj[ i ], i, obj[ i ] );

					if ( value === false ) {
						break;
					}
				}
			} else {
				for ( i in obj ) {
					value = callback.call( obj[ i ], i, obj[ i ] );

					if ( value === false ) {
						break;
					}
				}
			}
		}

		return obj;
	},

	// Support: Android<4.1
	trim: function( text ) {
		return text == null ?
			"" :
			( text + "" ).replace( rtrim, "" );
	},

	// results is for internal usage only
	makeArray: function( arr, results ) {
		var ret = results || [];

		if ( arr != null ) {
			if ( isArraylike( Object(arr) ) ) {
				jQuery.merge( ret,
					typeof arr === "string" ?
					[ arr ] : arr
				);
			} else {
				push.call( ret, arr );
			}
		}

		return ret;
	},

	inArray: function( elem, arr, i ) {
		return arr == null ? -1 : indexOf.call( arr, elem, i );
	},

	merge: function( first, second ) {
		var len = +second.length,
			j = 0,
			i = first.length;

		for ( ; j < len; j++ ) {
			first[ i++ ] = second[ j ];
		}

		first.length = i;

		return first;
	},

	grep: function( elems, callback, invert ) {
		var callbackInverse,
			matches = [],
			i = 0,
			length = elems.length,
			callbackExpect = !invert;

		// Go through the array, only saving the items
		// that pass the validator function
		for ( ; i < length; i++ ) {
			callbackInverse = !callback( elems[ i ], i );
			if ( callbackInverse !== callbackExpect ) {
				matches.push( elems[ i ] );
			}
		}

		return matches;
	},

	// arg is for internal usage only
	map: function( elems, callback, arg ) {
		var value,
			i = 0,
			length = elems.length,
			isArray = isArraylike( elems ),
			ret = [];

		// Go through the array, translating each of the items to their new values
		if ( isArray ) {
			for ( ; i < length; i++ ) {
				value = callback( elems[ i ], i, arg );

				if ( value != null ) {
					ret.push( value );
				}
			}

		// Go through every key on the object,
		} else {
			for ( i in elems ) {
				value = callback( elems[ i ], i, arg );

				if ( value != null ) {
					ret.push( value );
				}
			}
		}

		// Flatten any nested arrays
		return concat.apply( [], ret );
	},

	// A global GUID counter for objects
	guid: 1,

	// Bind a function to a context, optionally partially applying any
	// arguments.
	proxy: function( fn, context ) {
		var tmp, args, proxy;

		if ( typeof context === "string" ) {
			tmp = fn[ context ];
			context = fn;
			fn = tmp;
		}

		// Quick check to determine if target is callable, in the spec
		// this throws a TypeError, but we will just return undefined.
		if ( !jQuery.isFunction( fn ) ) {
			return undefined;
		}

		// Simulated bind
		args = slice.call( arguments, 2 );
		proxy = function() {
			return fn.apply( context || this, args.concat( slice.call( arguments ) ) );
		};

		// Set the guid of unique handler to the same of original handler, so it can be removed
		proxy.guid = fn.guid = fn.guid || jQuery.guid++;

		return proxy;
	},

	now: Date.now,

	// jQuery.support is not used in Core but other projects attach their
	// properties to it so it needs to exist.
	support: support
});

// Populate the class2type map
jQuery.each("Boolean Number String Function Array Date RegExp Object Error".split(" "), function(i, name) {
	class2type[ "[object " + name + "]" ] = name.toLowerCase();
});

function isArraylike( obj ) {
	var length = obj.length,
		type = jQuery.type( obj );

	if ( type === "function" || jQuery.isWindow( obj ) ) {
		return false;
	}

	if ( obj.nodeType === 1 && length ) {
		return true;
	}

	return type === "array" || length === 0 ||
		typeof length === "number" && length > 0 && ( length - 1 ) in obj;
}
var Sizzle =
/*!
 * Sizzle CSS Selector Engine v1.10.19
 * http://sizzlejs.com/
 *
 * Copyright 2013 jQuery Foundation, Inc. and other contributors
 * Released under the MIT license
 * http://jquery.org/license
 *
 * Date: 2014-04-18
 */
(function( window ) {

var i,
	support,
	Expr,
	getText,
	isXML,
	tokenize,
	compile,
	select,
	outermostContext,
	sortInput,
	hasDuplicate,

	// Local document vars
	setDocument,
	document,
	docElem,
	documentIsHTML,
	rbuggyQSA,
	rbuggyMatches,
	matches,
	contains,

	// Instance-specific data
	expando = "sizzle" + -(new Date()),
	preferredDoc = window.document,
	dirruns = 0,
	done = 0,
	classCache = createCache(),
	tokenCache = createCache(),
	compilerCache = createCache(),
	sortOrder = function( a, b ) {
		if ( a === b ) {
			hasDuplicate = true;
		}
		return 0;
	},

	// General-purpose constants
	strundefined = typeof undefined,
	MAX_NEGATIVE = 1 << 31,

	// Instance methods
	hasOwn = ({}).hasOwnProperty,
	arr = [],
	pop = arr.pop,
	push_native = arr.push,
	push = arr.push,
	slice = arr.slice,
	// Use a stripped-down indexOf if we can't use a native one
	indexOf = arr.indexOf || function( elem ) {
		var i = 0,
			len = this.length;
		for ( ; i < len; i++ ) {
			if ( this[i] === elem ) {
				return i;
			}
		}
		return -1;
	},

	booleans = "checked|selected|async|autofocus|autoplay|controls|defer|disabled|hidden|ismap|loop|multiple|open|readonly|required|scoped",

	// Regular expressions

	// Whitespace characters http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-selectors/#whitespace
	whitespace = "[\\x20\\t\\r\\n\\f]",
	// http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-syntax/#characters
	characterEncoding = "(?:\\\\.|[\\w-]|[^\\x00-\\xa0])+",

	// Loosely modeled on CSS identifier characters
	// An unquoted value should be a CSS identifier http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-selectors/#attribute-selectors
	// Proper syntax: http://www.w3.org/TR/CSS21/syndata.html#value-def-identifier
	identifier = characterEncoding.replace( "w", "w#" ),

	// Attribute selectors: http://www.w3.org/TR/selectors/#attribute-selectors
	attributes = "\\[" + whitespace + "*(" + characterEncoding + ")(?:" + whitespace +
		// Operator (capture 2)
		"*([*^$|!~]?=)" + whitespace +
		// "Attribute values must be CSS identifiers [capture 5] or strings [capture 3 or capture 4]"
		"*(?:'((?:\\\\.|[^\\\\'])*)'|\"((?:\\\\.|[^\\\\\"])*)\"|(" + identifier + "))|)" + whitespace +
		"*\\]",

	pseudos = ":(" + characterEncoding + ")(?:\\((" +
		// To reduce the number of selectors needing tokenize in the preFilter, prefer arguments:
		// 1. quoted (capture 3; capture 4 or capture 5)
		"('((?:\\\\.|[^\\\\'])*)'|\"((?:\\\\.|[^\\\\\"])*)\")|" +
		// 2. simple (capture 6)
		"((?:\\\\.|[^\\\\()[\\]]|" + attributes + ")*)|" +
		// 3. anything else (capture 2)
		".*" +
		")\\)|)",

	// Leading and non-escaped trailing whitespace, capturing some non-whitespace characters preceding the latter
	rtrim = new RegExp( "^" + whitespace + "+|((?:^|[^\\\\])(?:\\\\.)*)" + whitespace + "+$", "g" ),

	rcomma = new RegExp( "^" + whitespace + "*," + whitespace + "*" ),
	rcombinators = new RegExp( "^" + whitespace + "*([>+~]|" + whitespace + ")" + whitespace + "*" ),

	rattributeQuotes = new RegExp( "=" + whitespace + "*([^\\]'\"]*?)" + whitespace + "*\\]", "g" ),

	rpseudo = new RegExp( pseudos ),
	ridentifier = new RegExp( "^" + identifier + "$" ),

	matchExpr = {
		"ID": new RegExp( "^#(" + characterEncoding + ")" ),
		"CLASS": new RegExp( "^\\.(" + characterEncoding + ")" ),
		"TAG": new RegExp( "^(" + characterEncoding.replace( "w", "w*" ) + ")" ),
		"ATTR": new RegExp( "^" + attributes ),
		"PSEUDO": new RegExp( "^" + pseudos ),
		"CHILD": new RegExp( "^:(only|first|last|nth|nth-last)-(child|of-type)(?:\\(" + whitespace +
			"*(even|odd|(([+-]|)(\\d*)n|)" + whitespace + "*(?:([+-]|)" + whitespace +
			"*(\\d+)|))" + whitespace + "*\\)|)", "i" ),
		"bool": new RegExp( "^(?:" + booleans + ")$", "i" ),
		// For use in libraries implementing .is()
		// We use this for POS matching in `select`
		"needsContext": new RegExp( "^" + whitespace + "*[>+~]|:(even|odd|eq|gt|lt|nth|first|last)(?:\\(" +
			whitespace + "*((?:-\\d)?\\d*)" + whitespace + "*\\)|)(?=[^-]|$)", "i" )
	},

	rinputs = /^(?:input|select|textarea|button)$/i,
	rheader = /^h\d$/i,

	rnative = /^[^{]+\{\s*\[native \w/,

	// Easily-parseable/retrievable ID or TAG or CLASS selectors
	rquickExpr = /^(?:#([\w-]+)|(\w+)|\.([\w-]+))$/,

	rsibling = /[+~]/,
	rescape = /'|\\/g,

	// CSS escapes http://www.w3.org/TR/CSS21/syndata.html#escaped-characters
	runescape = new RegExp( "\\\\([\\da-f]{1,6}" + whitespace + "?|(" + whitespace + ")|.)", "ig" ),
	funescape = function( _, escaped, escapedWhitespace ) {
		var high = "0x" + escaped - 0x10000;
		// NaN means non-codepoint
		// Support: Firefox<24
		// Workaround erroneous numeric interpretation of +"0x"
		return high !== high || escapedWhitespace ?
			escaped :
			high < 0 ?
				// BMP codepoint
				String.fromCharCode( high + 0x10000 ) :
				// Supplemental Plane codepoint (surrogate pair)
				String.fromCharCode( high >> 10 | 0xD800, high & 0x3FF | 0xDC00 );
	};

// Optimize for push.apply( _, NodeList )
try {
	push.apply(
		(arr = slice.call( preferredDoc.childNodes )),
		preferredDoc.childNodes
	);
	// Support: Android<4.0
	// Detect silently failing push.apply
	arr[ preferredDoc.childNodes.length ].nodeType;
} catch ( e ) {
	push = { apply: arr.length ?

		// Leverage slice if possible
		function( target, els ) {
			push_native.apply( target, slice.call(els) );
		} :

		// Support: IE<9
		// Otherwise append directly
		function( target, els ) {
			var j = target.length,
				i = 0;
			// Can't trust NodeList.length
			while ( (target[j++] = els[i++]) ) {}
			target.length = j - 1;
		}
	};
}

function Sizzle( selector, context, results, seed ) {
	var match, elem, m, nodeType,
		// QSA vars
		i, groups, old, nid, newContext, newSelector;

	if ( ( context ? context.ownerDocument || context : preferredDoc ) !== document ) {
		setDocument( context );
	}

	context = context || document;
	results = results || [];

	if ( !selector || typeof selector !== "string" ) {
		return results;
	}

	if ( (nodeType = context.nodeType) !== 1 && nodeType !== 9 ) {
		return [];
	}

	if ( documentIsHTML && !seed ) {

		// Shortcuts
		if ( (match = rquickExpr.exec( selector )) ) {
			// Speed-up: Sizzle("#ID")
			if ( (m = match[1]) ) {
				if ( nodeType === 9 ) {
					elem = context.getElementById( m );
					// Check parentNode to catch when Blackberry 4.6 returns
					// nodes that are no longer in the document (jQuery #6963)
					if ( elem && elem.parentNode ) {
						// Handle the case where IE, Opera, and Webkit return items
						// by name instead of ID
						if ( elem.id === m ) {
							results.push( elem );
							return results;
						}
					} else {
						return results;
					}
				} else {
					// Context is not a document
					if ( context.ownerDocument && (elem = context.ownerDocument.getElementById( m )) &&
						contains( context, elem ) && elem.id === m ) {
						results.push( elem );
						return results;
					}
				}

			// Speed-up: Sizzle("TAG")
			} else if ( match[2] ) {
				push.apply( results, context.getElementsByTagName( selector ) );
				return results;

			// Speed-up: Sizzle(".CLASS")
			} else if ( (m = match[3]) && support.getElementsByClassName && context.getElementsByClassName ) {
				push.apply( results, context.getElementsByClassName( m ) );
				return results;
			}
		}

		// QSA path
		if ( support.qsa && (!rbuggyQSA || !rbuggyQSA.test( selector )) ) {
			nid = old = expando;
			newContext = context;
			newSelector = nodeType === 9 && selector;

			// qSA works strangely on Element-rooted queries
			// We can work around this by specifying an extra ID on the root
			// and working up from there (Thanks to Andrew Dupont for the technique)
			// IE 8 doesn't work on object elements
			if ( nodeType === 1 && context.nodeName.toLowerCase() !== "object" ) {
				groups = tokenize( selector );

				if ( (old = context.getAttribute("id")) ) {
					nid = old.replace( rescape, "\\$&" );
				} else {
					context.setAttribute( "id", nid );
				}
				nid = "[id='" + nid + "'] ";

				i = groups.length;
				while ( i-- ) {
					groups[i] = nid + toSelector( groups[i] );
				}
				newContext = rsibling.test( selector ) && testContext( context.parentNode ) || context;
				newSelector = groups.join(",");
			}

			if ( newSelector ) {
				try {
					push.apply( results,
						newContext.querySelectorAll( newSelector )
					);
					return results;
				} catch(qsaError) {
				} finally {
					if ( !old ) {
						context.removeAttribute("id");
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}

	// All others
	return select( selector.replace( rtrim, "$1" ), context, results, seed );
}

/**
 * Create key-value caches of limited size
 * @returns {Function(string, Object)} Returns the Object data after storing it on itself with
 *	property name the (space-suffixed) string and (if the cache is larger than Expr.cacheLength)
 *	deleting the oldest entry
 */
function createCache() {
	var keys = [];

	function cache( key, value ) {
		// Use (key + " ") to avoid collision with native prototype properties (see Issue #157)
		if ( keys.push( key + " " ) > Expr.cacheLength ) {
			// Only keep the most recent entries
			delete cache[ keys.shift() ];
		}
		return (cache[ key + " " ] = value);
	}
	return cache;
}

/**
 * Mark a function for special use by Sizzle
 * @param {Function} fn The function to mark
 */
function markFunction( fn ) {
	fn[ expando ] = true;
	return fn;
}

/**
 * Support testing using an element
 * @param {Function} fn Passed the created div and expects a boolean result
 */
function assert( fn ) {
	var div = document.createElement("div");

	try {
		return !!fn( div );
	} catch (e) {
		return false;
	} finally {
		// Remove from its parent by default
		if ( div.parentNode ) {
			div.parentNode.removeChild( div );
		}
		// release memory in IE
		div = null;
	}
}

/**
 * Adds the same handler for all of the specified attrs
 * @param {String} attrs Pipe-separated list of attributes
 * @param {Function} handler The method that will be applied
 */
function addHandle( attrs, handler ) {
	var arr = attrs.split("|"),
		i = attrs.length;

	while ( i-- ) {
		Expr.attrHandle[ arr[i] ] = handler;
	}
}

/**
 * Checks document order of two siblings
 * @param {Element} a
 * @param {Element} b
 * @returns {Number} Returns less than 0 if a precedes b, greater than 0 if a follows b
 */
function siblingCheck( a, b ) {
	var cur = b && a,
		diff = cur && a.nodeType === 1 && b.nodeType === 1 &&
			( ~b.sourceIndex || MAX_NEGATIVE ) -
			( ~a.sourceIndex || MAX_NEGATIVE );

	// Use IE sourceIndex if available on both nodes
	if ( diff ) {
		return diff;
	}

	// Check if b follows a
	if ( cur ) {
		while ( (cur = cur.nextSibling) ) {
			if ( cur === b ) {
				return -1;
			}
		}
	}

	return a ? 1 : -1;
}

/**
 * Returns a function to use in pseudos for input types
 * @param {String} type
 */
function createInputPseudo( type ) {
	return function( elem ) {
		var name = elem.nodeName.toLowerCase();
		return name === "input" && elem.type === type;
	};
}

/**
 * Returns a function to use in pseudos for buttons
 * @param {String} type
 */
function createButtonPseudo( type ) {
	return function( elem ) {
		var name = elem.nodeName.toLowerCase();
		return (name === "input" || name === "button") && elem.type === type;
	};
}

/**
 * Returns a function to use in pseudos for positionals
 * @param {Function} fn
 */
function createPositionalPseudo( fn ) {
	return markFunction(function( argument ) {
		argument = +argument;
		return markFunction(function( seed, matches ) {
			var j,
				matchIndexes = fn( [], seed.length, argument ),
				i = matchIndexes.length;

			// Match elements found at the specified indexes
			while ( i-- ) {
				if ( seed[ (j = matchIndexes[i]) ] ) {
					seed[j] = !(matches[j] = seed[j]);
				}
			}
		});
	});
}

/**
 * Checks a node for validity as a Sizzle context
 * @param {Element|Object=} context
 * @returns {Element|Object|Boolean} The input node if acceptable, otherwise a falsy value
 */
function testContext( context ) {
	return context && typeof context.getElementsByTagName !== strundefined && context;
}

// Expose support vars for convenience
support = Sizzle.support = {};

/**
 * Detects XML nodes
 * @param {Element|Object} elem An element or a document
 * @returns {Boolean} True iff elem is a non-HTML XML node
 */
isXML = Sizzle.isXML = function( elem ) {
	// documentElement is verified for cases where it doesn't yet exist
	// (such as loading iframes in IE - #4833)
	var documentElement = elem && (elem.ownerDocument || elem).documentElement;
	return documentElement ? documentElement.nodeName !== "HTML" : false;
};

/**
 * Sets document-related variables once based on the current document
 * @param {Element|Object} [doc] An element or document object to use to set the document
 * @returns {Object} Returns the current document
 */
setDocument = Sizzle.setDocument = function( node ) {
	var hasCompare,
		doc = node ? node.ownerDocument || node : preferredDoc,
		parent = doc.defaultView;

	// If no document and documentElement is available, return
	if ( doc === document || doc.nodeType !== 9 || !doc.documentElement ) {
		return document;
	}

	// Set our document
	document = doc;
	docElem = doc.documentElement;

	// Support tests
	documentIsHTML = !isXML( doc );

	// Support: IE>8
	// If iframe document is assigned to "document" variable and if iframe has been reloaded,
	// IE will throw "permission denied" error when accessing "document" variable, see jQuery #13936
	// IE6-8 do not support the defaultView property so parent will be undefined
	if ( parent && parent !== parent.top ) {
		// IE11 does not have attachEvent, so all must suffer
		if ( parent.addEventListener ) {
			parent.addEventListener( "unload", function() {
				setDocument();
			}, false );
		} else if ( parent.attachEvent ) {
			parent.attachEvent( "onunload", function() {
				setDocument();
			});
		}
	}

	/* Attributes
	---------------------------------------------------------------------- */

	// Support: IE<8
	// Verify that getAttribute really returns attributes and not properties (excepting IE8 booleans)
	support.attributes = assert(function( div ) {
		div.className = "i";
		return !div.getAttribute("className");
	});

	/* getElement(s)By*
	---------------------------------------------------------------------- */

	// Check if getElementsByTagName("*") returns only elements
	support.getElementsByTagName = assert(function( div ) {
		div.appendChild( doc.createComment("") );
		return !div.getElementsByTagName("*").length;
	});

	// Check if getElementsByClassName can be trusted
	support.getElementsByClassName = rnative.test( doc.getElementsByClassName ) && assert(function( div ) {
		div.innerHTML = "<div class='a'></div><div class='a i'></div>";

		// Support: Safari<4
		// Catch class over-caching
		div.firstChild.className = "i";
		// Support: Opera<10
		// Catch gEBCN failure to find non-leading classes
		return div.getElementsByClassName("i").length === 2;
	});

	// Support: IE<10
	// Check if getElementById returns elements by name
	// The broken getElementById methods don't pick up programatically-set names,
	// so use a roundabout getElementsByName test
	support.getById = assert(function( div ) {
		docElem.appendChild( div ).id = expando;
		return !doc.getElementsByName || !doc.getElementsByName( expando ).length;
	});

	// ID find and filter
	if ( support.getById ) {
		Expr.find["ID"] = function( id, context ) {
			if ( typeof context.getElementById !== strundefined && documentIsHTML ) {
				var m = context.getElementById( id );
				// Check parentNode to catch when Blackberry 4.6 returns
				// nodes that are no longer in the document #6963
				return m && m.parentNode ? [ m ] : [];
			}
		};
		Expr.filter["ID"] = function( id ) {
			var attrId = id.replace( runescape, funescape );
			return function( elem ) {
				return elem.getAttribute("id") === attrId;
			};
		};
	} else {
		// Support: IE6/7
		// getElementById is not reliable as a find shortcut
		delete Expr.find["ID"];

		Expr.filter["ID"] =  function( id ) {
			var attrId = id.replace( runescape, funescape );
			return function( elem ) {
				var node = typeof elem.getAttributeNode !== strundefined && elem.getAttributeNode("id");
				return node && node.value === attrId;
			};
		};
	}

	// Tag
	Expr.find["TAG"] = support.getElementsByTagName ?
		function( tag, context ) {
			if ( typeof context.getElementsByTagName !== strundefined ) {
				return context.getElementsByTagName( tag );
			}
		} :
		function( tag, context ) {
			var elem,
				tmp = [],
				i = 0,
				results = context.getElementsByTagName( tag );

			// Filter out possible comments
			if ( tag === "*" ) {
				while ( (elem = results[i++]) ) {
					if ( elem.nodeType === 1 ) {
						tmp.push( elem );
					}
				}

				return tmp;
			}
			return results;
		};

	// Class
	Expr.find["CLASS"] = support.getElementsByClassName && function( className, context ) {
		if ( typeof context.getElementsByClassName !== strundefined && documentIsHTML ) {
			return context.getElementsByClassName( className );
		}
	};

	/* QSA/matchesSelector
	---------------------------------------------------------------------- */

	// QSA and matchesSelector support

	// matchesSelector(:active) reports false when true (IE9/Opera 11.5)
	rbuggyMatches = [];

	// qSa(:focus) reports false when true (Chrome 21)
	// We allow this because of a bug in IE8/9 that throws an error
	// whenever `document.activeElement` is accessed on an iframe
	// So, we allow :focus to pass through QSA all the time to avoid the IE error
	// See http://bugs.jquery.com/ticket/13378
	rbuggyQSA = [];

	if ( (support.qsa = rnative.test( doc.querySelectorAll )) ) {
		// Build QSA regex
		// Regex strategy adopted from Diego Perini
		assert(function( div ) {
			// Select is set to empty string on purpose
			// This is to test IE's treatment of not explicitly
			// setting a boolean content attribute,
			// since its presence should be enough
			// http://bugs.jquery.com/ticket/12359
			div.innerHTML = "<select msallowclip=''><option selected=''></option></select>";

			// Support: IE8, Opera 11-12.16
			// Nothing should be selected when empty strings follow ^= or $= or *=
			// The test attribute must be unknown in Opera but "safe" for WinRT
			// http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ie/hh465388.aspx#attribute_section
			if ( div.querySelectorAll("[msallowclip^='']").length ) {
				rbuggyQSA.push( "[*^$]=" + whitespace + "*(?:''|\"\")" );
			}

			// Support: IE8
			// Boolean attributes and "value" are not treated correctly
			if ( !div.querySelectorAll("[selected]").length ) {
				rbuggyQSA.push( "\\[" + whitespace + "*(?:value|" + booleans + ")" );
			}

			// Webkit/Opera - :checked should return selected option elements
			// http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/REC-css3-selectors-20110929/#checked
			// IE8 throws error here and will not see later tests
			if ( !div.querySelectorAll(":checked").length ) {
				rbuggyQSA.push(":checked");
			}
		});

		assert(function( div ) {
			// Support: Windows 8 Native Apps
			// The type and name attributes are restricted during .innerHTML assignment
			var input = doc.createElement("input");
			input.setAttribute( "type", "hidden" );
			div.appendChild( input ).setAttribute( "name", "D" );

			// Support: IE8
			// Enforce case-sensitivity of name attribute
			if ( div.querySelectorAll("[name=d]").length ) {
				rbuggyQSA.push( "name" + whitespace + "*[*^$|!~]?=" );
			}

			// FF 3.5 - :enabled/:disabled and hidden elements (hidden elements are still enabled)
			// IE8 throws error here and will not see later tests
			if ( !div.querySelectorAll(":enabled").length ) {
				rbuggyQSA.push( ":enabled", ":disabled" );
			}

			// Opera 10-11 does not throw on post-comma invalid pseudos
			div.querySelectorAll("*,:x");
			rbuggyQSA.push(",.*:");
		});
	}

	if ( (support.matchesSelector = rnative.test( (matches = docElem.matches ||
		docElem.webkitMatchesSelector ||
		docElem.mozMatchesSelector ||
		docElem.oMatchesSelector ||
		docElem.msMatchesSelector) )) ) {

		assert(function( div ) {
			// Check to see if it's possible to do matchesSelector
			// on a disconnected node (IE 9)
			support.disconnectedMatch = matches.call( div, "div" );

			// This should fail with an exception
			// Gecko does not error, returns false instead
			matches.call( div, "[s!='']:x" );
			rbuggyMatches.push( "!=", pseudos );
		});
	}

	rbuggyQSA = rbuggyQSA.length && new RegExp( rbuggyQSA.join("|") );
	rbuggyMatches = rbuggyMatches.length && new RegExp( rbuggyMatches.join("|") );

	/* Contains
	---------------------------------------------------------------------- */
	hasCompare = rnative.test( docElem.compareDocumentPosition );

	// Element contains another
	// Purposefully does not implement inclusive descendent
	// As in, an element does not contain itself
	contains = hasCompare || rnative.test( docElem.contains ) ?
		function( a, b ) {
			var adown = a.nodeType === 9 ? a.documentElement : a,
				bup = b && b.parentNode;
			return a === bup || !!( bup && bup.nodeType === 1 && (
				adown.contains ?
					adown.contains( bup ) :
					a.compareDocumentPosition && a.compareDocumentPosition( bup ) & 16
			));
		} :
		function( a, b ) {
			if ( b ) {
				while ( (b = b.parentNode) ) {
					if ( b === a ) {
						return true;
					}
				}
			}
			return false;
		};

	/* Sorting
	---------------------------------------------------------------------- */

	// Document order sorting
	sortOrder = hasCompare ?
	function( a, b ) {

		// Flag for duplicate removal
		if ( a === b ) {
			hasDuplicate = true;
			return 0;
		}

		// Sort on method existence if only one input has compareDocumentPosition
		var compare = !a.compareDocumentPosition - !b.compareDocumentPosition;
		if ( compare ) {
			return compare;
		}

		// Calculate position if both inputs belong to the same document
		compare = ( a.ownerDocument || a ) === ( b.ownerDocument || b ) ?
			a.compareDocumentPosition( b ) :

			// Otherwise we know they are disconnected
			1;

		// Disconnected nodes
		if ( compare & 1 ||
			(!support.sortDetached && b.compareDocumentPosition( a ) === compare) ) {

			// Choose the first element that is related to our preferred document
			if ( a === doc || a.ownerDocument === preferredDoc && contains(preferredDoc, a) ) {
				return -1;
			}
			if ( b === doc || b.ownerDocument === preferredDoc && contains(preferredDoc, b) ) {
				return 1;
			}

			// Maintain original order
			return sortInput ?
				( indexOf.call( sortInput, a ) - indexOf.call( sortInput, b ) ) :
				0;
		}

		return compare & 4 ? -1 : 1;
	} :
	function( a, b ) {
		// Exit early if the nodes are identical
		if ( a === b ) {
			hasDuplicate = true;
			return 0;
		}

		var cur,
			i = 0,
			aup = a.parentNode,
			bup = b.parentNode,
			ap = [ a ],
			bp = [ b ];

		// Parentless nodes are either documents or disconnected
		if ( !aup || !bup ) {
			return a === doc ? -1 :
				b === doc ? 1 :
				aup ? -1 :
				bup ? 1 :
				sortInput ?
				( indexOf.call( sortInput, a ) - indexOf.call( sortInput, b ) ) :
				0;

		// If the nodes are siblings, we can do a quick check
		} else if ( aup === bup ) {
			return siblingCheck( a, b );
		}

		// Otherwise we need full lists of their ancestors for comparison
		cur = a;
		while ( (cur = cur.parentNode) ) {
			ap.unshift( cur );
		}
		cur = b;
		while ( (cur = cur.parentNode) ) {
			bp.unshift( cur );
		}

		// Walk down the tree looking for a discrepancy
		while ( ap[i] === bp[i] ) {
			i++;
		}

		return i ?
			// Do a sibling check if the nodes have a common ancestor
			siblingCheck( ap[i], bp[i] ) :

			// Otherwise nodes in our document sort first
			ap[i] === preferredDoc ? -1 :
			bp[i] === preferredDoc ? 1 :
			0;
	};

	return doc;
};

Sizzle.matches = function( expr, elements ) {
	return Sizzle( expr, null, null, elements );
};

Sizzle.matchesSelector = function( elem, expr ) {
	// Set document vars if needed
	if ( ( elem.ownerDocument || elem ) !== document ) {
		setDocument( elem );
	}

	// Make sure that attribute selectors are quoted
	expr = expr.replace( rattributeQuotes, "='$1']" );

	if ( support.matchesSelector && documentIsHTML &&
		( !rbuggyMatches || !rbuggyMatches.test( expr ) ) &&
		( !rbuggyQSA     || !rbuggyQSA.test( expr ) ) ) {

		try {
			var ret = matches.call( elem, expr );

			// IE 9's matchesSelector returns false on disconnected nodes
			if ( ret || support.disconnectedMatch ||
					// As well, disconnected nodes are said to be in a document
					// fragment in IE 9
					elem.document && elem.document.nodeType !== 11 ) {
				return ret;
			}
		} catch(e) {}
	}

	return Sizzle( expr, document, null, [ elem ] ).length > 0;
};

Sizzle.contains = function( context, elem ) {
	// Set document vars if needed
	if ( ( context.ownerDocument || context ) !== document ) {
		setDocument( context );
	}
	return contains( context, elem );
};

Sizzle.attr = function( elem, name ) {
	// Set document vars if needed
	if ( ( elem.ownerDocument || elem ) !== document ) {
		setDocument( elem );
	}

	var fn = Expr.attrHandle[ name.toLowerCase() ],
		// Don't get fooled by Object.prototype properties (jQuery #13807)
		val = fn && hasOwn.call( Expr.attrHandle, name.toLowerCase() ) ?
			fn( elem, name, !documentIsHTML ) :
			undefined;

	return val !== undefined ?
		val :
		support.attributes || !documentIsHTML ?
			elem.getAttribute( name ) :
			(val = elem.getAttributeNode(name)) && val.specified ?
				val.value :
				null;
};

Sizzle.error = function( msg ) {
	throw new Error( "Syntax error, unrecognized expression: " + msg );
};

/**
 * Document sorting and removing duplicates
 * @param {ArrayLike} results
 */
Sizzle.uniqueSort = function( results ) {
	var elem,
		duplicates = [],
		j = 0,
		i = 0;

	// Unless we *know* we can detect duplicates, assume their presence
	hasDuplicate = !support.detectDuplicates;
	sortInput = !support.sortStable && results.slice( 0 );
	results.sort( sortOrder );

	if ( hasDuplicate ) {
		while ( (elem = results[i++]) ) {
			if ( elem === results[ i ] ) {
				j = duplicates.push( i );
			}
		}
		while ( j-- ) {
			results.splice( duplicates[ j ], 1 );
		}
	}

	// Clear input after sorting to release objects
	// See https://github.com/jquery/sizzle/pull/225
	sortInput = null;

	return results;
};

/**
 * Utility function for retrieving the text value of an array of DOM nodes
 * @param {Array|Element} elem
 */
getText = Sizzle.getText = function( elem ) {
	var node,
		ret = "",
		i = 0,
		nodeType = elem.nodeType;

	if ( !nodeType ) {
		// If no nodeType, this is expected to be an array
		while ( (node = elem[i++]) ) {
			// Do not traverse comment nodes
			ret += getText( node );
		}
	} else if ( nodeType === 1 || nodeType === 9 || nodeType === 11 ) {
		// Use textContent for elements
		// innerText usage removed for consistency of new lines (jQuery #11153)
		if ( typeof elem.textContent === "string" ) {
			return elem.textContent;
		} else {
			// Traverse its children
			for ( elem = elem.firstChild; elem; elem = elem.nextSibling ) {
				ret += getText( elem );
			}
		}
	} else if ( nodeType === 3 || nodeType === 4 ) {
		return elem.nodeValue;
	}
	// Do not include comment or processing instruction nodes

	return ret;
};

Expr = Sizzle.selectors = {

	// Can be adjusted by the user
	cacheLength: 50,

	createPseudo: markFunction,

	match: matchExpr,

	attrHandle: {},

	find: {},

	relative: {
		">": { dir: "parentNode", first: true },
		" ": { dir: "parentNode" },
		"+": { dir: "previousSibling", first: true },
		"~": { dir: "previousSibling" }
	},

	preFilter: {
		"ATTR": function( match ) {
			match[1] = match[1].replace( runescape, funescape );

			// Move the given value to match[3] whether quoted or unquoted
			match[3] = ( match[3] || match[4] || match[5] || "" ).replace( runescape, funescape );

			if ( match[2] === "~=" ) {
				match[3] = " " + match[3] + " ";
			}

			return match.slice( 0, 4 );
		},

		"CHILD": function( match ) {
			/* matches from matchExpr["CHILD"]
				1 type (only|nth|...)
				2 what (child|of-type)
				3 argument (even|odd|\d*|\d*n([+-]\d+)?|...)
				4 xn-component of xn+y argument ([+-]?\d*n|)
				5 sign of xn-component
				6 x of xn-component
				7 sign of y-component
				8 y of y-component
			*/
			match[1] = match[1].toLowerCase();

			if ( match[1].slice( 0, 3 ) === "nth" ) {
				// nth-* requires argument
				if ( !match[3] ) {
					Sizzle.error( match[0] );
				}

				// numeric x and y parameters for Expr.filter.CHILD
				// remember that false/true cast respectively to 0/1
				match[4] = +( match[4] ? match[5] + (match[6] || 1) : 2 * ( match[3] === "even" || match[3] === "odd" ) );
				match[5] = +( ( match[7] + match[8] ) || match[3] === "odd" );

			// other types prohibit arguments
			} else if ( match[3] ) {
				Sizzle.error( match[0] );
			}

			return match;
		},

		"PSEUDO": function( match ) {
			var excess,
				unquoted = !match[6] && match[2];

			if ( matchExpr["CHILD"].test( match[0] ) ) {
				return null;
			}

			// Accept quoted arguments as-is
			if ( match[3] ) {
				match[2] = match[4] || match[5] || "";

			// Strip excess characters from unquoted arguments
			} else if ( unquoted && rpseudo.test( unquoted ) &&
				// Get excess from tokenize (recursively)
				(excess = tokenize( unquoted, true )) &&
				// advance to the next closing parenthesis
				(excess = unquoted.indexOf( ")", unquoted.length - excess ) - unquoted.length) ) {

				// excess is a negative index
				match[0] = match[0].slice( 0, excess );
				match[2] = unquoted.slice( 0, excess );
			}

			// Return only captures needed by the pseudo filter method (type and argument)
			return match.slice( 0, 3 );
		}
	},

	filter: {

		"TAG": function( nodeNameSelector ) {
			var nodeName = nodeNameSelector.replace( runescape, funescape ).toLowerCase();
			return nodeNameSelector === "*" ?
				function() { return true; } :
				function( elem ) {
					return elem.nodeName && elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() === nodeName;
				};
		},

		"CLASS": function( className ) {
			var pattern = classCache[ className + " " ];

			return pattern ||
				(pattern = new RegExp( "(^|" + whitespace + ")" + className + "(" + whitespace + "|$)" )) &&
				classCache( className, function( elem ) {
					return pattern.test( typeof elem.className === "string" && elem.className || typeof elem.getAttribute !== strundefined && elem.getAttribute("class") || "" );
				});
		},

		"ATTR": function( name, operator, check ) {
			return function( elem ) {
				var result = Sizzle.attr( elem, name );

				if ( result == null ) {
					return operator === "!=";
				}
				if ( !operator ) {
					return true;
				}

				result += "";

				return operator === "=" ? result === check :
					operator === "!=" ? result !== check :
					operator === "^=" ? check && result.indexOf( check ) === 0 :
					operator === "*=" ? check && result.indexOf( check ) > -1 :
					operator === "$=" ? check && result.slice( -check.length ) === check :
					operator === "~=" ? ( " " + result + " " ).indexOf( check ) > -1 :
					operator === "|=" ? result === check || result.slice( 0, check.length + 1 ) === check + "-" :
					false;
			};
		},

		"CHILD": function( type, what, argument, first, last ) {
			var simple = type.slice( 0, 3 ) !== "nth",
				forward = type.slice( -4 ) !== "last",
				ofType = what === "of-type";

			return first === 1 && last === 0 ?

				// Shortcut for :nth-*(n)
				function( elem ) {
					return !!elem.parentNode;
				} :

				function( elem, context, xml ) {
					var cache, outerCache, node, diff, nodeIndex, start,
						dir = simple !== forward ? "nextSibling" : "previousSibling",
						parent = elem.parentNode,
						name = ofType && elem.nodeName.toLowerCase(),
						useCache = !xml && !ofType;

					if ( parent ) {

						// :(first|last|only)-(child|of-type)
						if ( simple ) {
							while ( dir ) {
								node = elem;
								while ( (node = node[ dir ]) ) {
									if ( ofType ? node.nodeName.toLowerCase() === name : node.nodeType === 1 ) {
										return false;
									}
								}
								// Reverse direction for :only-* (if we haven't yet done so)
								start = dir = type === "only" && !start && "nextSibling";
							}
							return true;
						}

						start = [ forward ? parent.firstChild : parent.lastChild ];

						// non-xml :nth-child(...) stores cache data on `parent`
						if ( forward && useCache ) {
							// Seek `elem` from a previously-cached index
							outerCache = parent[ expando ] || (parent[ expando ] = {});
							cache = outerCache[ type ] || [];
							nodeIndex = cache[0] === dirruns && cache[1];
							diff = cache[0] === dirruns && cache[2];
							node = nodeIndex && parent.childNodes[ nodeIndex ];

							while ( (node = ++nodeIndex && node && node[ dir ] ||

								// Fallback to seeking `elem` from the start
								(diff = nodeIndex = 0) || start.pop()) ) {

								// When found, cache indexes on `parent` and break
								if ( node.nodeType === 1 && ++diff && node === elem ) {
									outerCache[ type ] = [ dirruns, nodeIndex, diff ];
									break;
								}
							}

						// Use previously-cached element index if available
						} else if ( useCache && (cache = (elem[ expando ] || (elem[ expando ] = {}))[ type ]) && cache[0] === dirruns ) {
							diff = cache[1];

						// xml :nth-child(...) or :nth-last-child(...) or :nth(-last)?-of-type(...)
						} else {
							// Use the same loop as above to seek `elem` from the start
							while ( (node = ++nodeIndex && node && node[ dir ] ||
								(diff = nodeIndex = 0) || start.pop()) ) {

								if ( ( ofType ? node.nodeName.toLowerCase() === name : node.nodeType === 1 ) && ++diff ) {
									// Cache the index of each encountered element
									if ( useCache ) {
										(node[ expando ] || (node[ expando ] = {}))[ type ] = [ dirruns, diff ];
									}

									if ( node === elem ) {
										break;
									}
								}
							}
						}

						// Incorporate the offset, then check against cycle size
						diff -= last;
						return diff === first || ( diff % first === 0 && diff / first >= 0 );
					}
				};
		},

		"PSEUDO": function( pseudo, argument ) {
			// pseudo-class names are case-insensitive
			// http://www.w3.org/TR/selectors/#pseudo-classes
			// Prioritize by case sensitivity in case custom pseudos are added with uppercase letters
			// Remember that setFilters inherits from pseudos
			var args,
				fn = Expr.pseudos[ pseudo ] || Expr.setFilters[ pseudo.toLowerCase() ] ||
					Sizzle.error( "unsupported pseudo: " + pseudo );

			// The user may use createPseudo to indicate that
			// arguments are needed to create the filter function
			// just as Sizzle does
			if ( fn[ expando ] ) {
				return fn( argument );
			}

			// But maintain support for old signatures
			if ( fn.length > 1 ) {
				args = [ pseudo, pseudo, "", argument ];
				return Expr.setFilters.hasOwnProperty( pseudo.toLowerCase() ) ?
					markFunction(function( seed, matches ) {
						var idx,
							matched = fn( seed, argument ),
							i = matched.length;
						while ( i-- ) {
							idx = indexOf.call( seed, matched[i] );
							seed[ idx ] = !( matches[ idx ] = matched[i] );
						}
					}) :
					function( elem ) {
						return fn( elem, 0, args );
					};
			}

			return fn;
		}
	},

	pseudos: {
		// Potentially complex pseudos
		"not": markFunction(function( selector ) {
			// Trim the selector passed to compile
			// to avoid treating leading and trailing
			// spaces as combinators
			var input = [],
				results = [],
				matcher = compile( selector.replace( rtrim, "$1" ) );

			return matcher[ expando ] ?
				markFunction(function( seed, matches, context, xml ) {
					var elem,
						unmatched = matcher( seed, null, xml, [] ),
						i = seed.length;

					// Match elements unmatched by `matcher`
					while ( i-- ) {
						if ( (elem = unmatched[i]) ) {
							seed[i] = !(matches[i] = elem);
						}
					}
				}) :
				function( elem, context, xml ) {
					input[0] = elem;
					matcher( input, null, xml, results );
					return !results.pop();
				};
		}),

		"has": markFunction(function( selector ) {
			return function( elem ) {
				return Sizzle( selector, elem ).length > 0;
			};
		}),

		"contains": markFunction(function( text ) {
			return function( elem ) {
				return ( elem.textContent || elem.innerText || getText( elem ) ).indexOf( text ) > -1;
			};
		}),

		// "Whether an element is represented by a :lang() selector
		// is based solely on the element's language value
		// being equal to the identifier C,
		// or beginning with the identifier C immediately followed by "-".
		// The matching of C against the element's language value is performed case-insensitively.
		// The identifier C does not have to be a valid language name."
		// http://www.w3.org/TR/selectors/#lang-pseudo
		"lang": markFunction( function( lang ) {
			// lang value must be a valid identifier
			if ( !ridentifier.test(lang || "") ) {
				Sizzle.error( "unsupported lang: " + lang );
			}
			lang = lang.replace( runescape, funescape ).toLowerCase();
			return function( elem ) {
				var elemLang;
				do {
					if ( (elemLang = documentIsHTML ?
						elem.lang :
						elem.getAttribute("xml:lang") || elem.getAttribute("lang")) ) {

						elemLang = elemLang.toLowerCase();
						return elemLang === lang || elemLang.indexOf( lang + "-" ) === 0;
					}
				} while ( (elem = elem.parentNode) && elem.nodeType === 1 );
				return false;
			};
		}),

		// Miscellaneous
		"target": function( elem ) {
			var hash = window.location && window.location.hash;
			return hash && hash.slice( 1 ) === elem.id;
		},

		"root": function( elem ) {
			return elem === docElem;
		},

		"focus": function( elem ) {
			return elem === document.activeElement && (!document.hasFocus || document.hasFocus()) && !!(elem.type || elem.href || ~elem.tabIndex);
		},

		// Boolean properties
		"enabled": function( elem ) {
			return elem.disabled === false;
		},

		"disabled": function( elem ) {
			return elem.disabled === true;
		},

		"checked": function( elem ) {
			// In CSS3, :checked should return both checked and selected elements
			// http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/REC-css3-selectors-20110929/#checked
			var nodeName = elem.nodeName.toLowerCase();
			return (nodeName === "input" && !!elem.checked) || (nodeName === "option" && !!elem.selected);
		},

		"selected": function( elem ) {
			// Accessing this property makes selected-by-default
			// options in Safari work properly
			if ( elem.parentNode ) {
				elem.parentNode.selectedIndex;
			}

			return elem.selected === true;
		},

		// Contents
		"empty": function( elem ) {
			// http://www.w3.org/TR/selectors/#empty-pseudo
			// :empty is negated by element (1) or content nodes (text: 3; cdata: 4; entity ref: 5),
			//   but not by others (comment: 8; processing instruction: 7; etc.)
			// nodeType < 6 works because attributes (2) do not appear as children
			for ( elem = elem.firstChild; elem; elem = elem.nextSibling ) {
				if ( elem.nodeType < 6 ) {
					return false;
				}
			}
			return true;
		},

		"parent": function( elem ) {
			return !Expr.pseudos["empty"]( elem );
		},

		// Element/input types
		"header": function( elem ) {
			return rheader.test( elem.nodeName );
		},

		"input": function( elem ) {
			return rinputs.test( elem.nodeName );
		},

		"button": function( elem ) {
			var name = elem.nodeName.toLowerCase();
			return name === "input" && elem.type === "button" || name === "button";
		},

		"text": function( elem ) {
			var attr;
			return elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() === "input" &&
				elem.type === "text" &&

				// Support: IE<8
				// New HTML5 attribute values (e.g., "search") appear with elem.type === "text"
				( (attr = elem.getAttribute("type")) == null || attr.toLowerCase() === "text" );
		},

		// Position-in-collection
		"first": createPositionalPseudo(function() {
			return [ 0 ];
		}),

		"last": createPositionalPseudo(function( matchIndexes, length ) {
			return [ length - 1 ];
		}),

		"eq": createPositionalPseudo(function( matchIndexes, length, argument ) {
			return [ argument < 0 ? argument + length : argument ];
		}),

		"even": createPositionalPseudo(function( matchIndexes, length ) {
			var i = 0;
			for ( ; i < length; i += 2 ) {
				matchIndexes.push( i );
			}
			return matchIndexes;
		}),

		"odd": createPositionalPseudo(function( matchIndexes, length ) {
			var i = 1;
			for ( ; i < length; i += 2 ) {
				matchIndexes.push( i );
			}
			return matchIndexes;
		}),

		"lt": createPositionalPseudo(function( matchIndexes, length, argument ) {
			var i = argument < 0 ? argument + length : argument;
			for ( ; --i >= 0; ) {
				matchIndexes.push( i );
			}
			return matchIndexes;
		}),

		"gt": createPositionalPseudo(function( matchIndexes, length, argument ) {
			var i = argument < 0 ? argument + length : argument;
			for ( ; ++i < length; ) {
				matchIndexes.push( i );
			}
			return matchIndexes;
		})
	}
};

Expr.pseudos["nth"] = Expr.pseudos["eq"];

// Add button/input type pseudos
for ( i in { radio: true, checkbox: true, file: true, password: true, image: true } ) {
	Expr.pseudos[ i ] = createInputPseudo( i );
}
for ( i in { submit: true, reset: true } ) {
	Expr.pseudos[ i ] = createButtonPseudo( i );
}

// Easy API for creating new setFilters
function setFilters() {}
setFilters.prototype = Expr.filters = Expr.pseudos;
Expr.setFilters = new setFilters();

tokenize = Sizzle.tokenize = function( selector, parseOnly ) {
	var matched, match, tokens, type,
		soFar, groups, preFilters,
		cached = tokenCache[ selector + " " ];

	if ( cached ) {
		return parseOnly ? 0 : cached.slice( 0 );
	}

	soFar = selector;
	groups = [];
	preFilters = Expr.preFilter;

	while ( soFar ) {

		// Comma and first run
		if ( !matched || (match = rcomma.exec( soFar )) ) {
			if ( match ) {
				// Don't consume trailing commas as valid
				soFar = soFar.slice( match[0].length ) || soFar;
			}
			groups.push( (tokens = []) );
		}

		matched = false;

		// Combinators
		if ( (match = rcombinators.exec( soFar )) ) {
			matched = match.shift();
			tokens.push({
				value: matched,
				// Cast descendant combinators to space
				type: match[0].replace( rtrim, " " )
			});
			soFar = soFar.slice( matched.length );
		}

		// Filters
		for ( type in Expr.filter ) {
			if ( (match = matchExpr[ type ].exec( soFar )) && (!preFilters[ type ] ||
				(match = preFilters[ type ]( match ))) ) {
				matched = match.shift();
				tokens.push({
					value: matched,
					type: type,
					matches: match
				});
				soFar = soFar.slice( matched.length );
			}
		}

		if ( !matched ) {
			break;
		}
	}

	// Return the length of the invalid excess
	// if we're just parsing
	// Otherwise, throw an error or return tokens
	return parseOnly ?
		soFar.length :
		soFar ?
			Sizzle.error( selector ) :
			// Cache the tokens
			tokenCache( selector, groups ).slice( 0 );
};

function toSelector( tokens ) {
	var i = 0,
		len = tokens.length,
		selector = "";
	for ( ; i < len; i++ ) {
		selector += tokens[i].value;
	}
	return selector;
}

function addCombinator( matcher, combinator, base ) {
	var dir = combinator.dir,
		checkNonElements = base && dir === "parentNode",
		doneName = done++;

	return combinator.first ?
		// Check against closest ancestor/preceding element
		function( elem, context, xml ) {
			while ( (elem = elem[ dir ]) ) {
				if ( elem.nodeType === 1 || checkNonElements ) {
					return matcher( elem, context, xml );
				}
			}
		} :

		// Check against all ancestor/preceding elements
		function( elem, context, xml ) {
			var oldCache, outerCache,
				newCache = [ dirruns, doneName ];

			// We can't set arbitrary data on XML nodes, so they don't benefit from dir caching
			if ( xml ) {
				while ( (elem = elem[ dir ]) ) {
					if ( elem.nodeType === 1 || checkNonElements ) {
						if ( matcher( elem, context, xml ) ) {
							return true;
						}
					}
				}
			} else {
				while ( (elem = elem[ dir ]) ) {
					if ( elem.nodeType === 1 || checkNonElements ) {
						outerCache = elem[ expando ] || (elem[ expando ] = {});
						if ( (oldCache = outerCache[ dir ]) &&
							oldCache[ 0 ] === dirruns && oldCache[ 1 ] === doneName ) {

							// Assign to newCache so results back-propagate to previous elements
							return (newCache[ 2 ] = oldCache[ 2 ]);
						} else {
							// Reuse newcache so results back-propagate to previous elements
							outerCache[ dir ] = newCache;

							// A match means we're done; a fail means we have to keep checking
							if ( (newCache[ 2 ] = matcher( elem, context, xml )) ) {
								return true;
							}
						}
					}
				}
			}
		};
}

function elementMatcher( matchers ) {
	return matchers.length > 1 ?
		function( elem, context, xml ) {
			var i = matchers.length;
			while ( i-- ) {
				if ( !matchers[i]( elem, context, xml ) ) {
					return false;
				}
			}
			return true;
		} :
		matchers[0];
}

function multipleContexts( selector, contexts, results ) {
	var i = 0,
		len = contexts.length;
	for ( ; i < len; i++ ) {
		Sizzle( selector, contexts[i], results );
	}
	return results;
}

function condense( unmatched, map, filter, context, xml ) {
	var elem,
		newUnmatched = [],
		i = 0,
		len = unmatched.length,
		mapped = map != null;

	for ( ; i < len; i++ ) {
		if ( (elem = unmatched[i]) ) {
			if ( !filter || filter( elem, context, xml ) ) {
				newUnmatched.push( elem );
				if ( mapped ) {
					map.push( i );
				}
			}
		}
	}

	return newUnmatched;
}

function setMatcher( preFilter, selector, matcher, postFilter, postFinder, postSelector ) {
	if ( postFilter && !postFilter[ expando ] ) {
		postFilter = setMatcher( postFilter );
	}
	if ( postFinder && !postFinder[ expando ] ) {
		postFinder = setMatcher( postFinder, postSelector );
	}
	return markFunction(function( seed, results, context, xml ) {
		var temp, i, elem,
			preMap = [],
			postMap = [],
			preexisting = results.length,

			// Get initial elements from seed or context
			elems = seed || multipleContexts( selector || "*", context.nodeType ? [ context ] : context, [] ),

			// Prefilter to get matcher input, preserving a map for seed-results synchronization
			matcherIn = preFilter && ( seed || !selector ) ?
				condense( elems, preMap, preFilter, context, xml ) :
				elems,

			matcherOut = matcher ?
				// If we have a postFinder, or filtered seed, or non-seed postFilter or preexisting results,
				postFinder || ( seed ? preFilter : preexisting || postFilter ) ?

					// ...intermediate processing is necessary
					[] :

					// ...otherwise use results directly
					results :
				matcherIn;

		// Find primary matches
		if ( matcher ) {
			matcher( matcherIn, matcherOut, context, xml );
		}

		// Apply postFilter
		if ( postFilter ) {
			temp = condense( matcherOut, postMap );
			postFilter( temp, [], context, xml );

			// Un-match failing elements by moving them back to matcherIn
			i = temp.length;
			while ( i-- ) {
				if ( (elem = temp[i]) ) {
					matcherOut[ postMap[i] ] = !(matcherIn[ postMap[i] ] = elem);
				}
			}
		}

		if ( seed ) {
			if ( postFinder || preFilter ) {
				if ( postFinder ) {
					// Get the final matcherOut by condensing this intermediate into postFinder contexts
					temp = [];
					i = matcherOut.length;
					while ( i-- ) {
						if ( (elem = matcherOut[i]) ) {
							// Restore matcherIn since elem is not yet a final match
							temp.push( (matcherIn[i] = elem) );
						}
					}
					postFinder( null, (matcherOut = []), temp, xml );
				}

				// Move matched elements from seed to results to keep them synchronized
				i = matcherOut.length;
				while ( i-- ) {
					if ( (elem = matcherOut[i]) &&
						(temp = postFinder ? indexOf.call( seed, elem ) : preMap[i]) > -1 ) {

						seed[temp] = !(results[temp] = elem);
					}
				}
			}

		// Add elements to results, through postFinder if defined
		} else {
			matcherOut = condense(
				matcherOut === results ?
					matcherOut.splice( preexisting, matcherOut.length ) :
					matcherOut
			);
			if ( postFinder ) {
				postFinder( null, results, matcherOut, xml );
			} else {
				push.apply( results, matcherOut );
			}
		}
	});
}

function matcherFromTokens( tokens ) {
	var checkContext, matcher, j,
		len = tokens.length,
		leadingRelative = Expr.relative[ tokens[0].type ],
		implicitRelative = leadingRelative || Expr.relative[" "],
		i = leadingRelative ? 1 : 0,

		// The foundational matcher ensures that elements are reachable from top-level context(s)
		matchContext = addCombinator( function( elem ) {
			return elem === checkContext;
		}, implicitRelative, true ),
		matchAnyContext = addCombinator( function( elem ) {
			return indexOf.call( checkContext, elem ) > -1;
		}, implicitRelative, true ),
		matchers = [ function( elem, context, xml ) {
			return ( !leadingRelative && ( xml || context !== outermostContext ) ) || (
				(checkContext = context).nodeType ?
					matchContext( elem, context, xml ) :
					matchAnyContext( elem, context, xml ) );
		} ];

	for ( ; i < len; i++ ) {
		if ( (matcher = Expr.relative[ tokens[i].type ]) ) {
			matchers = [ addCombinator(elementMatcher( matchers ), matcher) ];
		} else {
			matcher = Expr.filter[ tokens[i].type ].apply( null, tokens[i].matches );

			// Return special upon seeing a positional matcher
			if ( matcher[ expando ] ) {
				// Find the next relative operator (if any) for proper handling
				j = ++i;
				for ( ; j < len; j++ ) {
					if ( Expr.relative[ tokens[j].type ] ) {
						break;
					}
				}
				return setMatcher(
					i > 1 && elementMatcher( matchers ),
					i > 1 && toSelector(
						// If the preceding token was a descendant combinator, insert an implicit any-element `*`
						tokens.slice( 0, i - 1 ).concat({ value: tokens[ i - 2 ].type === " " ? "*" : "" })
					).replace( rtrim, "$1" ),
					matcher,
					i < j && matcherFromTokens( tokens.slice( i, j ) ),
					j < len && matcherFromTokens( (tokens = tokens.slice( j )) ),
					j < len && toSelector( tokens )
				);
			}
			matchers.push( matcher );
		}
	}

	return elementMatcher( matchers );
}

function matcherFromGroupMatchers( elementMatchers, setMatchers ) {
	var bySet = setMatchers.length > 0,
		byElement = elementMatchers.length > 0,
		superMatcher = function( seed, context, xml, results, outermost ) {
			var elem, j, matcher,
				matchedCount = 0,
				i = "0",
				unmatched = seed && [],
				setMatched = [],
				contextBackup = outermostContext,
				// We must always have either seed elements or outermost context
				elems = seed || byElement && Expr.find["TAG"]( "*", outermost ),
				// Use integer dirruns iff this is the outermost matcher
				dirrunsUnique = (dirruns += contextBackup == null ? 1 : Math.random() || 0.1),
				len = elems.length;

			if ( outermost ) {
				outermostContext = context !== document && context;
			}

			// Add elements passing elementMatchers directly to results
			// Keep `i` a string if there are no elements so `matchedCount` will be "00" below
			// Support: IE<9, Safari
			// Tolerate NodeList properties (IE: "length"; Safari: <number>) matching elements by id
			for ( ; i !== len && (elem = elems[i]) != null; i++ ) {
				if ( byElement && elem ) {
					j = 0;
					while ( (matcher = elementMatchers[j++]) ) {
						if ( matcher( elem, context, xml ) ) {
							results.push( elem );
							break;
						}
					}
					if ( outermost ) {
						dirruns = dirrunsUnique;
					}
				}

				// Track unmatched elements for set filters
				if ( bySet ) {
					// They will have gone through all possible matchers
					if ( (elem = !matcher && elem) ) {
						matchedCount--;
					}

					// Lengthen the array for every element, matched or not
					if ( seed ) {
						unmatched.push( elem );
					}
				}
			}

			// Apply set filters to unmatched elements
			matchedCount += i;
			if ( bySet && i !== matchedCount ) {
				j = 0;
				while ( (matcher = setMatchers[j++]) ) {
					matcher( unmatched, setMatched, context, xml );
				}

				if ( seed ) {
					// Reintegrate element matches to eliminate the need for sorting
					if ( matchedCount > 0 ) {
						while ( i-- ) {
							if ( !(unmatched[i] || setMatched[i]) ) {
								setMatched[i] = pop.call( results );
							}
						}
					}

					// Discard index placeholder values to get only actual matches
					setMatched = condense( setMatched );
				}

				// Add matches to results
				push.apply( results, setMatched );

				// Seedless set matches succeeding multiple successful matchers stipulate sorting
				if ( outermost && !seed && setMatched.length > 0 &&
					( matchedCount + setMatchers.length ) > 1 ) {

					Sizzle.uniqueSort( results );
				}
			}

			// Override manipulation of globals by nested matchers
			if ( outermost ) {
				dirruns = dirrunsUnique;
				outermostContext = contextBackup;
			}

			return unmatched;
		};

	return bySet ?
		markFunction( superMatcher ) :
		superMatcher;
}

compile = Sizzle.compile = function( selector, match /* Internal Use Only */ ) {
	var i,
		setMatchers = [],
		elementMatchers = [],
		cached = compilerCache[ selector + " " ];

	if ( !cached ) {
		// Generate a function of recursive functions that can be used to check each element
		if ( !match ) {
			match = tokenize( selector );
		}
		i = match.length;
		while ( i-- ) {
			cached = matcherFromTokens( match[i] );
			if ( cached[ expando ] ) {
				setMatchers.push( cached );
			} else {
				elementMatchers.push( cached );
			}
		}

		// Cache the compiled function
		cached = compilerCache( selector, matcherFromGroupMatchers( elementMatchers, setMatchers ) );

		// Save selector and tokenization
		cached.selector = selector;
	}
	return cached;
};

/**
 * A low-level selection function that works with Sizzle's compiled
 *  selector functions
 * @param {String|Function} selector A selector or a pre-compiled
 *  selector function built with Sizzle.compile
 * @param {Element} context
 * @param {Array} [results]
 * @param {Array} [seed] A set of elements to match against
 */
select = Sizzle.select = function( selector, context, results, seed ) {
	var i, tokens, token, type, find,
		compiled = typeof selector === "function" && selector,
		match = !seed && tokenize( (selector = compiled.selector || selector) );

	results = results || [];

	// Try to minimize operations if there is no seed and only one group
	if ( match.length === 1 ) {

		// Take a shortcut and set the context if the root selector is an ID
		tokens = match[0] = match[0].slice( 0 );
		if ( tokens.length > 2 && (token = tokens[0]).type === "ID" &&
				support.getById && context.nodeType === 9 && documentIsHTML &&
				Expr.relative[ tokens[1].type ] ) {

			context = ( Expr.find["ID"]( token.matches[0].replace(runescape, funescape), context ) || [] )[0];
			if ( !context ) {
				return results;

			// Precompiled matchers will still verify ancestry, so step up a level
			} else if ( compiled ) {
				context = context.parentNode;
			}

			selector = selector.slice( tokens.shift().value.length );
		}

		// Fetch a seed set for right-to-left matching
		i = matchExpr["needsContext"].test( selector ) ? 0 : tokens.length;
		while ( i-- ) {
			token = tokens[i];

			// Abort if we hit a combinator
			if ( Expr.relative[ (type = token.type) ] ) {
				break;
			}
			if ( (find = Expr.find[ type ]) ) {
				// Search, expanding context for leading sibling combinators
				if ( (seed = find(
					token.matches[0].replace( runescape, funescape ),
					rsibling.test( tokens[0].type ) && testContext( context.parentNode ) || context
				)) ) {

					// If seed is empty or no tokens remain, we can return early
					tokens.splice( i, 1 );
					selector = seed.length && toSelector( tokens );
					if ( !selector ) {
						push.apply( results, seed );
						return results;
					}

					break;
				}
			}
		}
	}

	// Compile and execute a filtering function if one is not provided
	// Provide `match` to avoid retokenization if we modified the selector above
	( compiled || compile( selector, match ) )(
		seed,
		context,
		!documentIsHTML,
		results,
		rsibling.test( selector ) && testContext( context.parentNode ) || context
	);
	return results;
};

// One-time assignments

// Sort stability
support.sortStable = expando.split("").sort( sortOrder ).join("") === expando;

// Support: Chrome<14
// Always assume duplicates if they aren't passed to the comparison function
support.detectDuplicates = !!hasDuplicate;

// Initialize against the default document
setDocument();

// Support: Webkit<537.32 - Safari 6.0.3/Chrome 25 (fixed in Chrome 27)
// Detached nodes confoundingly follow *each other*
support.sortDetached = assert(function( div1 ) {
	// Should return 1, but returns 4 (following)
	return div1.compareDocumentPosition( document.createElement("div") ) & 1;
});

// Support: IE<8
// Prevent attribute/property "interpolation"
// http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms536429%28VS.85%29.aspx
if ( !assert(function( div ) {
	div.innerHTML = "<a href='#'></a>";
	return div.firstChild.getAttribute("href") === "#" ;
}) ) {
	addHandle( "type|href|height|width", function( elem, name, isXML ) {
		if ( !isXML ) {
			return elem.getAttribute( name, name.toLowerCase() === "type" ? 1 : 2 );
		}
	});
}

// Support: IE<9
// Use defaultValue in place of getAttribute("value")
if ( !support.attributes || !assert(function( div ) {
	div.innerHTML = "<input/>";
	div.firstChild.setAttribute( "value", "" );
	return div.firstChild.getAttribute( "value" ) === "";
}) ) {
	addHandle( "value", function( elem, name, isXML ) {
		if ( !isXML && elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() === "input" ) {
			return elem.defaultValue;
		}
	});
}

// Support: IE<9
// Use getAttributeNode to fetch booleans when getAttribute lies
if ( !assert(function( div ) {
	return div.getAttribute("disabled") == null;
}) ) {
	addHandle( booleans, function( elem, name, isXML ) {
		var val;
		if ( !isXML ) {
			return elem[ name ] === true ? name.toLowerCase() :
					(val = elem.getAttributeNode( name )) && val.specified ?
					val.value :
				null;
		}
	});
}

return Sizzle;

})( window );



jQuery.find = Sizzle;
jQuery.expr = Sizzle.selectors;
jQuery.expr[":"] = jQuery.expr.pseudos;
jQuery.unique = Sizzle.uniqueSort;
jQuery.text = Sizzle.getText;
jQuery.isXMLDoc = Sizzle.isXML;
jQuery.contains = Sizzle.contains;



var rneedsContext = jQuery.expr.match.needsContext;

var rsingleTag = (/^<(\w+)\s*\/?>(?:<\/\1>|)$/);



var risSimple = /^.[^:#\[\.,]*$/;

// Implement the identical functionality for filter and not
function winnow( elements, qualifier, not ) {
	if ( jQuery.isFunction( qualifier ) ) {
		return jQuery.grep( elements, function( elem, i ) {
			/* jshint -W018 */
			return !!qualifier.call( elem, i, elem ) !== not;
		});

	}

	if ( qualifier.nodeType ) {
		return jQuery.grep( elements, function( elem ) {
			return ( elem === qualifier ) !== not;
		});

	}

	if ( typeof qualifier === "string" ) {
		if ( risSimple.test( qualifier ) ) {
			return jQuery.filter( qualifier, elements, not );
		}

		qualifier = jQuery.filter( qualifier, elements );
	}

	return jQuery.grep( elements, function( elem ) {
		return ( indexOf.call( qualifier, elem ) >= 0 ) !== not;
	});
}

jQuery.filter = function( expr, elems, not ) {
	var elem = elems[ 0 ];

	if ( not ) {
		expr = ":not(" + expr + ")";
	}

	return elems.length === 1 && elem.nodeType === 1 ?
		jQuery.find.matchesSelector( elem, expr ) ? [ elem ] : [] :
		jQuery.find.matches( expr, jQuery.grep( elems, function( elem ) {
			return elem.nodeType === 1;
		}));
};

jQuery.fn.extend({
	find: function( selector ) {
		var i,
			len = this.length,
			ret = [],
			self = this;

		if ( typeof selector !== "string" ) {
			return this.pushStack( jQuery( selector ).filter(function() {
				for ( i = 0; i < len; i++ ) {
					if ( jQuery.contains( self[ i ], this ) ) {
						return true;
					}
				}
			}) );
		}

		for ( i = 0; i < len; i++ ) {
			jQuery.find( selector, self[ i ], ret );
		}

		// Needed because $( selector, context ) becomes $( context ).find( selector )
		ret = this.pushStack( len > 1 ? jQuery.unique( ret ) : ret );
		ret.selector = this.selector ? this.selector + " " + selector : selector;
		return ret;
	},
	filter: function( selector ) {
		return this.pushStack( winnow(this, selector || [], false) );
	},
	not: function( selector ) {
		return this.pushStack( winnow(this, selector || [], true) );
	},
	is: function( selector ) {
		return !!winnow(
			this,

			// If this is a positional/relative selector, check membership in the returned set
			// so $("p:first").is("p:last") won't return true for a doc with two "p".
			typeof selector === "string" && rneedsContext.test( selector ) ?
				jQuery( selector ) :
				selector || [],
			false
		).length;
	}
});


// Initialize a jQuery object


// A central reference to the root jQuery(document)
var rootjQuery,

	// A simple way to check for HTML strings
	// Prioritize #id over <tag> to avoid XSS via location.hash (#9521)
	// Strict HTML recognition (#11290: must start with <)
	rquickExpr = /^(?:\s*(<[\w\W]+>)[^>]*|#([\w-]*))$/,

	init = jQuery.fn.init = function( selector, context ) {
		var match, elem;

		// HANDLE: $(""), $(null), $(undefined), $(false)
		if ( !selector ) {
			return this;
		}

		// Handle HTML strings
		if ( typeof selector === "string" ) {
			if ( selector[0] === "<" && selector[ selector.length - 1 ] === ">" && selector.length >= 3 ) {
				// Assume that strings that start and end with <> are HTML and skip the regex check
				match = [ null, selector, null ];

			} else {
				match = rquickExpr.exec( selector );
			}

			// Match html or make sure no context is specified for #id
			if ( match && (match[1] || !context) ) {

				// HANDLE: $(html) -> $(array)
				if ( match[1] ) {
					context = context instanceof jQuery ? context[0] : context;

					// scripts is true for back-compat
					// Intentionally let the error be thrown if parseHTML is not present
					jQuery.merge( this, jQuery.parseHTML(
						match[1],
						context && context.nodeType ? context.ownerDocument || context : document,
						true
					) );

					// HANDLE: $(html, props)
					if ( rsingleTag.test( match[1] ) && jQuery.isPlainObject( context ) ) {
						for ( match in context ) {
							// Properties of context are called as methods if possible
							if ( jQuery.isFunction( this[ match ] ) ) {
								this[ match ]( context[ match ] );

							// ...and otherwise set as attributes
							} else {
								this.attr( match, context[ match ] );
							}
						}
					}

					return this;

				// HANDLE: $(#id)
				} else {
					elem = document.getElementById( match[2] );

					// Check parentNode to catch when Blackberry 4.6 returns
					// nodes that are no longer in the document #6963
					if ( elem && elem.parentNode ) {
						// Inject the element directly into the jQuery object
						this.length = 1;
						this[0] = elem;
					}

					this.context = document;
					this.selector = selector;
					return this;
				}

			// HANDLE: $(expr, $(...))
			} else if ( !context || context.jquery ) {
				return ( context || rootjQuery ).find( selector );

			// HANDLE: $(expr, context)
			// (which is just equivalent to: $(context).find(expr)
			} else {
				return this.constructor( context ).find( selector );
			}

		// HANDLE: $(DOMElement)
		} else if ( selector.nodeType ) {
			this.context = this[0] = selector;
			this.length = 1;
			return this;

		// HANDLE: $(function)
		// Shortcut for document ready
		} else if ( jQuery.isFunction( selector ) ) {
			return typeof rootjQuery.ready !== "undefined" ?
				rootjQuery.ready( selector ) :
				// Execute immediately if ready is not present
				selector( jQuery );
		}

		if ( selector.selector !== undefined ) {
			this.selector = selector.selector;
			this.context = selector.context;
		}

		return jQuery.makeArray( selector, this );
	};

// Give the init function the jQuery prototype for later instantiation
init.prototype = jQuery.fn;

// Initialize central reference
rootjQuery = jQuery( document );


var rparentsprev = /^(?:parents|prev(?:Until|All))/,
	// methods guaranteed to produce a unique set when starting from a unique set
	guaranteedUnique = {
		children: true,
		contents: true,
		next: true,
		prev: true
	};

jQuery.extend({
	dir: function( elem, dir, until ) {
		var matched = [],
			truncate = until !== undefined;

		while ( (elem = elem[ dir ]) && elem.nodeType !== 9 ) {
			if ( elem.nodeType === 1 ) {
				if ( truncate && jQuery( elem ).is( until ) ) {
					break;
				}
				matched.push( elem );
			}
		}
		return matched;
	},

	sibling: function( n, elem ) {
		var matched = [];

		for ( ; n; n = n.nextSibling ) {
			if ( n.nodeType === 1 && n !== elem ) {
				matched.push( n );
			}
		}

		return matched;
	}
});

jQuery.fn.extend({
	has: function( target ) {
		var targets = jQuery( target, this ),
			l = targets.length;

		return this.filter(function() {
			var i = 0;
			for ( ; i < l; i++ ) {
				if ( jQuery.contains( this, targets[i] ) ) {
					return true;
				}
			}
		});
	},

	closest: function( selectors, context ) {
		var cur,
			i = 0,
			l = this.length,
			matched = [],
			pos = rneedsContext.test( selectors ) || typeof selectors !== "string" ?
				jQuery( selectors, context || this.context ) :
				0;

		for ( ; i < l; i++ ) {
			for ( cur = this[i]; cur && cur !== context; cur = cur.parentNode ) {
				// Always skip document fragments
				if ( cur.nodeType < 11 && (pos ?
					pos.index(cur) > -1 :

					// Don't pass non-elements to Sizzle
					cur.nodeType === 1 &&
						jQuery.find.matchesSelector(cur, selectors)) ) {

					matched.push( cur );
					break;
				}
			}
		}

		return this.pushStack( matched.length > 1 ? jQuery.unique( matched ) : matched );
	},

	// Determine the position of an element within
	// the matched set of elements
	index: function( elem ) {

		// No argument, return index in parent
		if ( !elem ) {
			return ( this[ 0 ] && this[ 0 ].parentNode ) ? this.first().prevAll().length : -1;
		}

		// index in selector
		if ( typeof elem === "string" ) {
			return indexOf.call( jQuery( elem ), this[ 0 ] );
		}

		// Locate the position of the desired element
		return indexOf.call( this,

			// If it receives a jQuery object, the first element is used
			elem.jquery ? elem[ 0 ] : elem
		);
	},

	add: function( selector, context ) {
		return this.pushStack(
			jQuery.unique(
				jQuery.merge( this.get(), jQuery( selector, context ) )
			)
		);
	},

	addBack: function( selector ) {
		return this.add( selector == null ?
			this.prevObject : this.prevObject.filter(selector)
		);
	}
});

function sibling( cur, dir ) {
	while ( (cur = cur[dir]) && cur.nodeType !== 1 ) {}
	return cur;
}

jQuery.each({
	parent: function( elem ) {
		var parent = elem.parentNode;
		return parent && parent.nodeType !== 11 ? parent : null;
	},
	parents: function( elem ) {
		return jQuery.dir( elem, "parentNode" );
	},
	parentsUntil: function( elem, i, until ) {
		return jQuery.dir( elem, "parentNode", until );
	},
	next: function( elem ) {
		return sibling( elem, "nextSibling" );
	},
	prev: function( elem ) {
		return sibling( elem, "previousSibling" );
	},
	nextAll: function( elem ) {
		return jQuery.dir( elem, "nextSibling" );
	},
	prevAll: function( elem ) {
		return jQuery.dir( elem, "previousSibling" );
	},
	nextUntil: function( elem, i, until ) {
		return jQuery.dir( elem, "nextSibling", until );
	},
	prevUntil: function( elem, i, until ) {
		return jQuery.dir( elem, "previousSibling", until );
	},
	siblings: function( elem ) {
		return jQuery.sibling( ( elem.parentNode || {} ).firstChild, elem );
	},
	children: function( elem ) {
		return jQuery.sibling( elem.firstChild );
	},
	contents: function( elem ) {
		return elem.contentDocument || jQuery.merge( [], elem.childNodes );
	}
}, function( name, fn ) {
	jQuery.fn[ name ] = function( until, selector ) {
		var matched = jQuery.map( this, fn, until );

		if ( name.slice( -5 ) !== "Until" ) {
			selector = until;
		}

		if ( selector && typeof selector === "string" ) {
			matched = jQuery.filter( selector, matched );
		}

		if ( this.length > 1 ) {
			// Remove duplicates
			if ( !guaranteedUnique[ name ] ) {
				jQuery.unique( matched );
			}

			// Reverse order for parents* and prev-derivatives
			if ( rparentsprev.test( name ) ) {
				matched.reverse();
			}
		}

		return this.pushStack( matched );
	};
});
var rnotwhite = (/\S+/g);



// String to Object options format cache
var optionsCache = {};

// Convert String-formatted options into Object-formatted ones and store in cache
function createOptions( options ) {
	var object = optionsCache[ options ] = {};
	jQuery.each( options.match( rnotwhite ) || [], function( _, flag ) {
		object[ flag ] = true;
	});
	return object;
}

/*
 * Create a callback list using the following parameters:
 *
 *	options: an optional list of space-separated options that will change how
 *			the callback list behaves or a more traditional option object
 *
 * By default a callback list will act like an event callback list and can be
 * "fired" multiple times.
 *
 * Possible options:
 *
 *	once:			will ensure the callback list can only be fired once (like a Deferred)
 *
 *	memory:			will keep track of previous values and will call any callback added
 *					after the list has been fired right away with the latest "memorized"
 *					values (like a Deferred)
 *
 *	unique:			will ensure a callback can only be added once (no duplicate in the list)
 *
 *	stopOnFalse:	interrupt callings when a callback returns false
 *
 */
jQuery.Callbacks = function( options ) {

	// Convert options from String-formatted to Object-formatted if needed
	// (we check in cache first)
	options = typeof options === "string" ?
		( optionsCache[ options ] || createOptions( options ) ) :
		jQuery.extend( {}, options );

	var // Last fire value (for non-forgettable lists)
		memory,
		// Flag to know if list was already fired
		fired,
		// Flag to know if list is currently firing
		firing,
		// First callback to fire (used internally by add and fireWith)
		firingStart,
		// End of the loop when firing
		firingLength,
		// Index of currently firing callback (modified by remove if needed)
		firingIndex,
		// Actual callback list
		list = [],
		// Stack of fire calls for repeatable lists
		stack = !options.once && [],
		// Fire callbacks
		fire = function( data ) {
			memory = options.memory && data;
			fired = true;
			firingIndex = firingStart || 0;
			firingStart = 0;
			firingLength = list.length;
			firing = true;
			for ( ; list && firingIndex < firingLength; firingIndex++ ) {
				if ( list[ firingIndex ].apply( data[ 0 ], data[ 1 ] ) === false && options.stopOnFalse ) {
					memory = false; // To prevent further calls using add
					break;
				}
			}
			firing = false;
			if ( list ) {
				if ( stack ) {
					if ( stack.length ) {
						fire( stack.shift() );
					}
				} else if ( memory ) {
					list = [];
				} else {
					self.disable();
				}
			}
		},
		// Actual Callbacks object
		self = {
			// Add a callback or a collection of callbacks to the list
			add: function() {
				if ( list ) {
					// First, we save the current length
					var start = list.length;
					(function add( args ) {
						jQuery.each( args, function( _, arg ) {
							var type = jQuery.type( arg );
							if ( type === "function" ) {
								if ( !options.unique || !self.has( arg ) ) {
									list.push( arg );
								}
							} else if ( arg && arg.length && type !== "string" ) {
								// Inspect recursively
								add( arg );
							}
						});
					})( arguments );
					// Do we need to add the callbacks to the
					// current firing batch?
					if ( firing ) {
						firingLength = list.length;
					// With memory, if we're not firing then
					// we should call right away
					} else if ( memory ) {
						firingStart = start;
						fire( memory );
					}
				}
				return this;
			},
			// Remove a callback from the list
			remove: function() {
				if ( list ) {
					jQuery.each( arguments, function( _, arg ) {
						var index;
						while ( ( index = jQuery.inArray( arg, list, index ) ) > -1 ) {
							list.splice( index, 1 );
							// Handle firing indexes
							if ( firing ) {
								if ( index <= firingLength ) {
									firingLength--;
								}
								if ( index <= firingIndex ) {
									firingIndex--;
								}
							}
						}
					});
				}
				return this;
			},
			// Check if a given callback is in the list.
			// If no argument is given, return whether or not list has callbacks attached.
			has: function( fn ) {
				return fn ? jQuery.inArray( fn, list ) > -1 : !!( list && list.length );
			},
			// Remove all callbacks from the list
			empty: function() {
				list = [];
				firingLength = 0;
				return this;
			},
			// Have the list do nothing anymore
			disable: function() {
				list = stack = memory = undefined;
				return this;
			},
			// Is it disabled?
			disabled: function() {
				return !list;
			},
			// Lock the list in its current state
			lock: function() {
				stack = undefined;
				if ( !memory ) {
					self.disable();
				}
				return this;
			},
			// Is it locked?
			locked: function() {
				return !stack;
			},
			// Call all callbacks with the given context and arguments
			fireWith: function( context, args ) {
				if ( list && ( !fired || stack ) ) {
					args = args || [];
					args = [ context, args.slice ? args.slice() : args ];
					if ( firing ) {
						stack.push( args );
					} else {
						fire( args );
					}
				}
				return this;
			},
			// Call all the callbacks with the given arguments
			fire: function() {
				self.fireWith( this, arguments );
				return this;
			},
			// To know if the callbacks have already been called at least once
			fired: function() {
				return !!fired;
			}
		};

	return self;
};


jQuery.extend({

	Deferred: function( func ) {
		var tuples = [
				// action, add listener, listener list, final state
				[ "resolve", "done", jQuery.Callbacks("once memory"), "resolved" ],
				[ "reject", "fail", jQuery.Callbacks("once memory"), "rejected" ],
				[ "notify", "progress", jQuery.Callbacks("memory") ]
			],
			state = "pending",
			promise = {
				state: function() {
					return state;
				},
				always: function() {
					deferred.done( arguments ).fail( arguments );
					return this;
				},
				then: function( /* fnDone, fnFail, fnProgress */ ) {
					var fns = arguments;
					return jQuery.Deferred(function( newDefer ) {
						jQuery.each( tuples, function( i, tuple ) {
							var fn = jQuery.isFunction( fns[ i ] ) && fns[ i ];
							// deferred[ done | fail | progress ] for forwarding actions to newDefer
							deferred[ tuple[1] ](function() {
								var returned = fn && fn.apply( this, arguments );
								if ( returned && jQuery.isFunction( returned.promise ) ) {
									returned.promise()
										.done( newDefer.resolve )
										.fail( newDefer.reject )
										.progress( newDefer.notify );
								} else {
									newDefer[ tuple[ 0 ] + "With" ]( this === promise ? newDefer.promise() : this, fn ? [ returned ] : arguments );
								}
							});
						});
						fns = null;
					}).promise();
				},
				// Get a promise for this deferred
				// If obj is provided, the promise aspect is added to the object
				promise: function( obj ) {
					return obj != null ? jQuery.extend( obj, promise ) : promise;
				}
			},
			deferred = {};

		// Keep pipe for back-compat
		promise.pipe = promise.then;

		// Add list-specific methods
		jQuery.each( tuples, function( i, tuple ) {
			var list = tuple[ 2 ],
				stateString = tuple[ 3 ];

			// promise[ done | fail | progress ] = list.add
			promise[ tuple[1] ] = list.add;

			// Handle state
			if ( stateString ) {
				list.add(function() {
					// state = [ resolved | rejected ]
					state = stateString;

				// [ reject_list | resolve_list ].disable; progress_list.lock
				}, tuples[ i ^ 1 ][ 2 ].disable, tuples[ 2 ][ 2 ].lock );
			}

			// deferred[ resolve | reject | notify ]
			deferred[ tuple[0] ] = function() {
				deferred[ tuple[0] + "With" ]( this === deferred ? promise : this, arguments );
				return this;
			};
			deferred[ tuple[0] + "With" ] = list.fireWith;
		});

		// Make the deferred a promise
		promise.promise( deferred );

		// Call given func if any
		if ( func ) {
			func.call( deferred, deferred );
		}

		// All done!
		return deferred;
	},

	// Deferred helper
	when: function( subordinate /* , ..., subordinateN */ ) {
		var i = 0,
			resolveValues = slice.call( arguments ),
			length = resolveValues.length,

			// the count of uncompleted subordinates
			remaining = length !== 1 || ( subordinate && jQuery.isFunction( subordinate.promise ) ) ? length : 0,

			// the master Deferred. If resolveValues consist of only a single Deferred, just use that.
			deferred = remaining === 1 ? subordinate : jQuery.Deferred(),

			// Update function for both resolve and progress values
			updateFunc = function( i, contexts, values ) {
				return function( value ) {
					contexts[ i ] = this;
					values[ i ] = arguments.length > 1 ? slice.call( arguments ) : value;
					if ( values === progressValues ) {
						deferred.notifyWith( contexts, values );
					} else if ( !( --remaining ) ) {
						deferred.resolveWith( contexts, values );
					}
				};
			},

			progressValues, progressContexts, resolveContexts;

		// add listeners to Deferred subordinates; treat others as resolved
		if ( length > 1 ) {
			progressValues = new Array( length );
			progressContexts = new Array( length );
			resolveContexts = new Array( length );
			for ( ; i < length; i++ ) {
				if ( resolveValues[ i ] && jQuery.isFunction( resolveValues[ i ].promise ) ) {
					resolveValues[ i ].promise()
						.done( updateFunc( i, resolveContexts, resolveValues ) )
						.fail( deferred.reject )
						.progress( updateFunc( i, progressContexts, progressValues ) );
				} else {
					--remaining;
				}
			}
		}

		// if we're not waiting on anything, resolve the master
		if ( !remaining ) {
			deferred.resolveWith( resolveContexts, resolveValues );
		}

		return deferred.promise();
	}
});


// The deferred used on DOM ready
var readyList;

jQuery.fn.ready = function( fn ) {
	// Add the callback
	jQuery.ready.promise().done( fn );

	return this;
};

jQuery.extend({
	// Is the DOM ready to be used? Set to true once it occurs.
	isReady: false,

	// A counter to track how many items to wait for before
	// the ready event fires. See #6781
	readyWait: 1,

	// Hold (or release) the ready event
	holdReady: function( hold ) {
		if ( hold ) {
			jQuery.readyWait++;
		} else {
			jQuery.ready( true );
		}
	},

	// Handle when the DOM is ready
	ready: function( wait ) {

		// Abort if there are pending holds or we're already ready
		if ( wait === true ? --jQuery.readyWait : jQuery.isReady ) {
			return;
		}

		// Remember that the DOM is ready
		jQuery.isReady = true;

		// If a normal DOM Ready event fired, decrement, and wait if need be
		if ( wait !== true && --jQuery.readyWait > 0 ) {
			return;
		}

		// If there are functions bound, to execute
		readyList.resolveWith( document, [ jQuery ] );

		// Trigger any bound ready events
		if ( jQuery.fn.triggerHandler ) {
			jQuery( document ).triggerHandler( "ready" );
			jQuery( document ).off( "ready" );
		}
	}
});

/**
 * The ready event handler and self cleanup method
 */
function completed() {
	document.removeEventListener( "DOMContentLoaded", completed, false );
	window.removeEventListener( "load", completed, false );
	jQuery.ready();
}

jQuery.ready.promise = function( obj ) {
	if ( !readyList ) {

		readyList = jQuery.Deferred();

		// Catch cases where $(document).ready() is called after the browser event has already occurred.
		// we once tried to use readyState "interactive" here, but it caused issues like the one
		// discovered by ChrisS here: http://bugs.jquery.com/ticket/12282#comment:15
		if ( document.readyState === "complete" ) {
			// Handle it asynchronously to allow scripts the opportunity to delay ready
			setTimeout( jQuery.ready );

		} else {

			// Use the handy event callback
			document.addEventListener( "DOMContentLoaded", completed, false );

			// A fallback to window.onload, that will always work
			window.addEventListener( "load", completed, false );
		}
	}
	return readyList.promise( obj );
};

// Kick off the DOM ready check even if the user does not
jQuery.ready.promise();




// Multifunctional method to get and set values of a collection
// The value/s can optionally be executed if it's a function
var access = jQuery.access = function( elems, fn, key, value, chainable, emptyGet, raw ) {
	var i = 0,
		len = elems.length,
		bulk = key == null;

	// Sets many values
	if ( jQuery.type( key ) === "object" ) {
		chainable = true;
		for ( i in key ) {
			jQuery.access( elems, fn, i, key[i], true, emptyGet, raw );
		}

	// Sets one value
	} else if ( value !== undefined ) {
		chainable = true;

		if ( !jQuery.isFunction( value ) ) {
			raw = true;
		}

		if ( bulk ) {
			// Bulk operations run against the entire set
			if ( raw ) {
				fn.call( elems, value );
				fn = null;

			// ...except when executing function values
			} else {
				bulk = fn;
				fn = function( elem, key, value ) {
					return bulk.call( jQuery( elem ), value );
				};
			}
		}

		if ( fn ) {
			for ( ; i < len; i++ ) {
				fn( elems[i], key, raw ? value : value.call( elems[i], i, fn( elems[i], key ) ) );
			}
		}
	}

	return chainable ?
		elems :

		// Gets
		bulk ?
			fn.call( elems ) :
			len ? fn( elems[0], key ) : emptyGet;
};


/**
 * Determines whether an object can have data
 */
jQuery.acceptData = function( owner ) {
	// Accepts only:
	//  - Node
	//    - Node.ELEMENT_NODE
	//    - Node.DOCUMENT_NODE
	//  - Object
	//    - Any
	/* jshint -W018 */
	return owner.nodeType === 1 || owner.nodeType === 9 || !( +owner.nodeType );
};


function Data() {
	// Support: Android < 4,
	// Old WebKit does not have Object.preventExtensions/freeze method,
	// return new empty object instead with no [[set]] accessor
	Object.defineProperty( this.cache = {}, 0, {
		get: function() {
			return {};
		}
	});

	this.expando = jQuery.expando + Math.random();
}

Data.uid = 1;
Data.accepts = jQuery.acceptData;

Data.prototype = {
	key: function( owner ) {
		// We can accept data for non-element nodes in modern browsers,
		// but we should not, see #8335.
		// Always return the key for a frozen object.
		if ( !Data.accepts( owner ) ) {
			return 0;
		}

		var descriptor = {},
			// Check if the owner object already has a cache key
			unlock = owner[ this.expando ];

		// If not, create one
		if ( !unlock ) {
			unlock = Data.uid++;

			// Secure it in a non-enumerable, non-writable property
			try {
				descriptor[ this.expando ] = { value: unlock };
				Object.defineProperties( owner, descriptor );

			// Support: Android < 4
			// Fallback to a less secure definition
			} catch ( e ) {
				descriptor[ this.expando ] = unlock;
				jQuery.extend( owner, descriptor );
			}
		}

		// Ensure the cache object
		if ( !this.cache[ unlock ] ) {
			this.cache[ unlock ] = {};
		}

		return unlock;
	},
	set: function( owner, data, value ) {
		var prop,
			// There may be an unlock assigned to this node,
			// if there is no entry for this "owner", create one inline
			// and set the unlock as though an owner entry had always existed
			unlock = this.key( owner ),
			cache = this.cache[ unlock ];

		// Handle: [ owner, key, value ] args
		if ( typeof data === "string" ) {
			cache[ data ] = value;

		// Handle: [ owner, { properties } ] args
		} else {
			// Fresh assignments by object are shallow copied
			if ( jQuery.isEmptyObject( cache ) ) {
				jQuery.extend( this.cache[ unlock ], data );
			// Otherwise, copy the properties one-by-one to the cache object
			} else {
				for ( prop in data ) {
					cache[ prop ] = data[ prop ];
				}
			}
		}
		return cache;
	},
	get: function( owner, key ) {
		// Either a valid cache is found, or will be created.
		// New caches will be created and the unlock returned,
		// allowing direct access to the newly created
		// empty data object. A valid owner object must be provided.
		var cache = this.cache[ this.key( owner ) ];

		return key === undefined ?
			cache : cache[ key ];
	},
	access: function( owner, key, value ) {
		var stored;
		// In cases where either:
		//
		//   1. No key was specified
		//   2. A string key was specified, but no value provided
		//
		// Take the "read" path and allow the get method to determine
		// which value to return, respectively either:
		//
		//   1. The entire cache object
		//   2. The data stored at the key
		//
		if ( key === undefined ||
				((key && typeof key === "string") && value === undefined) ) {

			stored = this.get( owner, key );

			return stored !== undefined ?
				stored : this.get( owner, jQuery.camelCase(key) );
		}

		// [*]When the key is not a string, or both a key and value
		// are specified, set or extend (existing objects) with either:
		//
		//   1. An object of properties
		//   2. A key and value
		//
		this.set( owner, key, value );

		// Since the "set" path can have two possible entry points
		// return the expected data based on which path was taken[*]
		return value !== undefined ? value : key;
	},
	remove: function( owner, key ) {
		var i, name, camel,
			unlock = this.key( owner ),
			cache = this.cache[ unlock ];

		if ( key === undefined ) {
			this.cache[ unlock ] = {};

		} else {
			// Support array or space separated string of keys
			if ( jQuery.isArray( key ) ) {
				// If "name" is an array of keys...
				// When data is initially created, via ("key", "val") signature,
				// keys will be converted to camelCase.
				// Since there is no way to tell _how_ a key was added, remove
				// both plain key and camelCase key. #12786
				// This will only penalize the array argument path.
				name = key.concat( key.map( jQuery.camelCase ) );
			} else {
				camel = jQuery.camelCase( key );
				// Try the string as a key before any manipulation
				if ( key in cache ) {
					name = [ key, camel ];
				} else {
					// If a key with the spaces exists, use it.
					// Otherwise, create an array by matching non-whitespace
					name = camel;
					name = name in cache ?
						[ name ] : ( name.match( rnotwhite ) || [] );
				}
			}

			i = name.length;
			while ( i-- ) {
				delete cache[ name[ i ] ];
			}
		}
	},
	hasData: function( owner ) {
		return !jQuery.isEmptyObject(
			this.cache[ owner[ this.expando ] ] || {}
		);
	},
	discard: function( owner ) {
		if ( owner[ this.expando ] ) {
			delete this.cache[ owner[ this.expando ] ];
		}
	}
};
var data_priv = new Data();

var data_user = new Data();



/*
	Implementation Summary

	1. Enforce API surface and semantic compatibility with 1.9.x branch
	2. Improve the module's maintainability by reducing the storage
		paths to a single mechanism.
	3. Use the same single mechanism to support "private" and "user" data.
	4. _Never_ expose "private" data to user code (TODO: Drop _data, _removeData)
	5. Avoid exposing implementation details on user objects (eg. expando properties)
	6. Provide a clear path for implementation upgrade to WeakMap in 2014
*/
var rbrace = /^(?:\{[\w\W]*\}|\[[\w\W]*\])$/,
	rmultiDash = /([A-Z])/g;

function dataAttr( elem, key, data ) {
	var name;

	// If nothing was found internally, try to fetch any
	// data from the HTML5 data-* attribute
	if ( data === undefined && elem.nodeType === 1 ) {
		name = "data-" + key.replace( rmultiDash, "-$1" ).toLowerCase();
		data = elem.getAttribute( name );

		if ( typeof data === "string" ) {
			try {
				data = data === "true" ? true :
					data === "false" ? false :
					data === "null" ? null :
					// Only convert to a number if it doesn't change the string
					+data + "" === data ? +data :
					rbrace.test( data ) ? jQuery.parseJSON( data ) :
					data;
			} catch( e ) {}

			// Make sure we set the data so it isn't changed later
			data_user.set( elem, key, data );
		} else {
			data = undefined;
		}
	}
	return data;
}

jQuery.extend({
	hasData: function( elem ) {
		return data_user.hasData( elem ) || data_priv.hasData( elem );
	},

	data: function( elem, name, data ) {
		return data_user.access( elem, name, data );
	},

	removeData: function( elem, name ) {
		data_user.remove( elem, name );
	},

	// TODO: Now that all calls to _data and _removeData have been replaced
	// with direct calls to data_priv methods, these can be deprecated.
	_data: function( elem, name, data ) {
		return data_priv.access( elem, name, data );
	},

	_removeData: function( elem, name ) {
		data_priv.remove( elem, name );
	}
});

jQuery.fn.extend({
	data: function( key, value ) {
		var i, name, data,
			elem = this[ 0 ],
			attrs = elem && elem.attributes;

		// Gets all values
		if ( key === undefined ) {
			if ( this.length ) {
				data = data_user.get( elem );

				if ( elem.nodeType === 1 && !data_priv.get( elem, "hasDataAttrs" ) ) {
					i = attrs.length;
					while ( i-- ) {

						// Support: IE11+
						// The attrs elements can be null (#14894)
						if ( attrs[ i ] ) {
							name = attrs[ i ].name;
							if ( name.indexOf( "data-" ) === 0 ) {
								name = jQuery.camelCase( name.slice(5) );
								dataAttr( elem, name, data[ name ] );
							}
						}
					}
					data_priv.set( elem, "hasDataAttrs", true );
				}
			}

			return data;
		}

		// Sets multiple values
		if ( typeof key === "object" ) {
			return this.each(function() {
				data_user.set( this, key );
			});
		}

		return access( this, function( value ) {
			var data,
				camelKey = jQuery.camelCase( key );

			// The calling jQuery object (element matches) is not empty
			// (and therefore has an element appears at this[ 0 ]) and the
			// `value` parameter was not undefined. An empty jQuery object
			// will result in `undefined` for elem = this[ 0 ] which will
			// throw an exception if an attempt to read a data cache is made.
			if ( elem && value === undefined ) {
				// Attempt to get data from the cache
				// with the key as-is
				data = data_user.get( elem, key );
				if ( data !== undefined ) {
					return data;
				}

				// Attempt to get data from the cache
				// with the key camelized
				data = data_user.get( elem, camelKey );
				if ( data !== undefined ) {
					return data;
				}

				// Attempt to "discover" the data in
				// HTML5 custom data-* attrs
				data = dataAttr( elem, camelKey, undefined );
				if ( data !== undefined ) {
					return data;
				}

				// We tried really hard, but the data doesn't exist.
				return;
			}

			// Set the data...
			this.each(function() {
				// First, attempt to store a copy or reference of any
				// data that might've been store with a camelCased key.
				var data = data_user.get( this, camelKey );

				// For HTML5 data-* attribute interop, we have to
				// store property names with dashes in a camelCase form.
				// This might not apply to all properties...*
				data_user.set( this, camelKey, value );

				// *... In the case of properties that might _actually_
				// have dashes, we need to also store a copy of that
				// unchanged property.
				if ( key.indexOf("-") !== -1 && data !== undefined ) {
					data_user.set( this, key, value );
				}
			});
		}, null, value, arguments.length > 1, null, true );
	},

	removeData: function( key ) {
		return this.each(function() {
			data_user.remove( this, key );
		});
	}
});


jQuery.extend({
	queue: function( elem, type, data ) {
		var queue;

		if ( elem ) {
			type = ( type || "fx" ) + "queue";
			queue = data_priv.get( elem, type );

			// Speed up dequeue by getting out quickly if this is just a lookup
			if ( data ) {
				if ( !queue || jQuery.isArray( data ) ) {
					queue = data_priv.access( elem, type, jQuery.makeArray(data) );
				} else {
					queue.push( data );
				}
			}
			return queue || [];
		}
	},

	dequeue: function( elem, type ) {
		type = type || "fx";

		var queue = jQuery.queue( elem, type ),
			startLength = queue.length,
			fn = queue.shift(),
			hooks = jQuery._queueHooks( elem, type ),
			next = function() {
				jQuery.dequeue( elem, type );
			};

		// If the fx queue is dequeued, always remove the progress sentinel
		if ( fn === "inprogress" ) {
			fn = queue.shift();
			startLength--;
		}

		if ( fn ) {

			// Add a progress sentinel to prevent the fx queue from being
			// automatically dequeued
			if ( type === "fx" ) {
				queue.unshift( "inprogress" );
			}

			// clear up the last queue stop function
			delete hooks.stop;
			fn.call( elem, next, hooks );
		}

		if ( !startLength && hooks ) {
			hooks.empty.fire();
		}
	},

	// not intended for public consumption - generates a queueHooks object, or returns the current one
	_queueHooks: function( elem, type ) {
		var key = type + "queueHooks";
		return data_priv.get( elem, key ) || data_priv.access( elem, key, {
			empty: jQuery.Callbacks("once memory").add(function() {
				data_priv.remove( elem, [ type + "queue", key ] );
			})
		});
	}
});

jQuery.fn.extend({
	queue: function( type, data ) {
		var setter = 2;

		if ( typeof type !== "string" ) {
			data = type;
			type = "fx";
			setter--;
		}

		if ( arguments.length < setter ) {
			return jQuery.queue( this[0], type );
		}

		return data === undefined ?
			this :
			this.each(function() {
				var queue = jQuery.queue( this, type, data );

				// ensure a hooks for this queue
				jQuery._queueHooks( this, type );

				if ( type === "fx" && queue[0] !== "inprogress" ) {
					jQuery.dequeue( this, type );
				}
			});
	},
	dequeue: function( type ) {
		return this.each(function() {
			jQuery.dequeue( this, type );
		});
	},
	clearQueue: function( type ) {
		return this.queue( type || "fx", [] );
	},
	// Get a promise resolved when queues of a certain type
	// are emptied (fx is the type by default)
	promise: function( type, obj ) {
		var tmp,
			count = 1,
			defer = jQuery.Deferred(),
			elements = this,
			i = this.length,
			resolve = function() {
				if ( !( --count ) ) {
					defer.resolveWith( elements, [ elements ] );
				}
			};

		if ( typeof type !== "string" ) {
			obj = type;
			type = undefined;
		}
		type = type || "fx";

		while ( i-- ) {
			tmp = data_priv.get( elements[ i ], type + "queueHooks" );
			if ( tmp && tmp.empty ) {
				count++;
				tmp.empty.add( resolve );
			}
		}
		resolve();
		return defer.promise( obj );
	}
});
var pnum = (/[+-]?(?:\d*\.|)\d+(?:[eE][+-]?\d+|)/).source;

var cssExpand = [ "Top", "Right", "Bottom", "Left" ];

var isHidden = function( elem, el ) {
		// isHidden might be called from jQuery#filter function;
		// in that case, element will be second argument
		elem = el || elem;
		return jQuery.css( elem, "display" ) === "none" || !jQuery.contains( elem.ownerDocument, elem );
	};

var rcheckableType = (/^(?:checkbox|radio)$/i);



(function() {
	var fragment = document.createDocumentFragment(),
		div = fragment.appendChild( document.createElement( "div" ) ),
		input = document.createElement( "input" );

	// #11217 - WebKit loses check when the name is after the checked attribute
	// Support: Windows Web Apps (WWA)
	// `name` and `type` need .setAttribute for WWA
	input.setAttribute( "type", "radio" );
	input.setAttribute( "checked", "checked" );
	input.setAttribute( "name", "t" );

	div.appendChild( input );

	// Support: Safari 5.1, iOS 5.1, Android 4.x, Android 2.3
	// old WebKit doesn't clone checked state correctly in fragments
	support.checkClone = div.cloneNode( true ).cloneNode( true ).lastChild.checked;

	// Make sure textarea (and checkbox) defaultValue is properly cloned
	// Support: IE9-IE11+
	div.innerHTML = "<textarea>x</textarea>";
	support.noCloneChecked = !!div.cloneNode( true ).lastChild.defaultValue;
})();
var strundefined = typeof undefined;



support.focusinBubbles = "onfocusin" in window;


var
	rkeyEvent = /^key/,
	rmouseEvent = /^(?:mouse|pointer|contextmenu)|click/,
	rfocusMorph = /^(?:focusinfocus|focusoutblur)$/,
	rtypenamespace = /^([^.]*)(?:\.(.+)|)$/;

function returnTrue() {
	return true;
}

function returnFalse() {
	return false;
}

function safeActiveElement() {
	try {
		return document.activeElement;
	} catch ( err ) { }
}

/*
 * Helper functions for managing events -- not part of the public interface.
 * Props to Dean Edwards' addEvent library for many of the ideas.
 */
jQuery.event = {

	global: {},

	add: function( elem, types, handler, data, selector ) {

		var handleObjIn, eventHandle, tmp,
			events, t, handleObj,
			special, handlers, type, namespaces, origType,
			elemData = data_priv.get( elem );

		// Don't attach events to noData or text/comment nodes (but allow plain objects)
		if ( !elemData ) {
			return;
		}

		// Caller can pass in an object of custom data in lieu of the handler
		if ( handler.handler ) {
			handleObjIn = handler;
			handler = handleObjIn.handler;
			selector = handleObjIn.selector;
		}

		// Make sure that the handler has a unique ID, used to find/remove it later
		if ( !handler.guid ) {
			handler.guid = jQuery.guid++;
		}

		// Init the element's event structure and main handler, if this is the first
		if ( !(events = elemData.events) ) {
			events = elemData.events = {};
		}
		if ( !(eventHandle = elemData.handle) ) {
			eventHandle = elemData.handle = function( e ) {
				// Discard the second event of a jQuery.event.trigger() and
				// when an event is called after a page has unloaded
				return typeof jQuery !== strundefined && jQuery.event.triggered !== e.type ?
					jQuery.event.dispatch.apply( elem, arguments ) : undefined;
			};
		}

		// Handle multiple events separated by a space
		types = ( types || "" ).match( rnotwhite ) || [ "" ];
		t = types.length;
		while ( t-- ) {
			tmp = rtypenamespace.exec( types[t] ) || [];
			type = origType = tmp[1];
			namespaces = ( tmp[2] || "" ).split( "." ).sort();

			// There *must* be a type, no attaching namespace-only handlers
			if ( !type ) {
				continue;
			}

			// If event changes its type, use the special event handlers for the changed type
			special = jQuery.event.special[ type ] || {};

			// If selector defined, determine special event api type, otherwise given type
			type = ( selector ? special.delegateType : special.bindType ) || type;

			// Update special based on newly reset type
			special = jQuery.event.special[ type ] || {};

			// handleObj is passed to all event handlers
			handleObj = jQuery.extend({
				type: type,
				origType: origType,
				data: data,
				handler: handler,
				guid: handler.guid,
				selector: selector,
				needsContext: selector && jQuery.expr.match.needsContext.test( selector ),
				namespace: namespaces.join(".")
			}, handleObjIn );

			// Init the event handler queue if we're the first
			if ( !(handlers = events[ type ]) ) {
				handlers = events[ type ] = [];
				handlers.delegateCount = 0;

				// Only use addEventListener if the special events handler returns false
				if ( !special.setup || special.setup.call( elem, data, namespaces, eventHandle ) === false ) {
					if ( elem.addEventListener ) {
						elem.addEventListener( type, eventHandle, false );
					}
				}
			}

			if ( special.add ) {
				special.add.call( elem, handleObj );

				if ( !handleObj.handler.guid ) {
					handleObj.handler.guid = handler.guid;
				}
			}

			// Add to the element's handler list, delegates in front
			if ( selector ) {
				handlers.splice( handlers.delegateCount++, 0, handleObj );
			} else {
				handlers.push( handleObj );
			}

			// Keep track of which events have ever been used, for event optimization
			jQuery.event.global[ type ] = true;
		}

	},

	// Detach an event or set of events from an element
	remove: function( elem, types, handler, selector, mappedTypes ) {

		var j, origCount, tmp,
			events, t, handleObj,
			special, handlers, type, namespaces, origType,
			elemData = data_priv.hasData( elem ) && data_priv.get( elem );

		if ( !elemData || !(events = elemData.events) ) {
			return;
		}

		// Once for each type.namespace in types; type may be omitted
		types = ( types || "" ).match( rnotwhite ) || [ "" ];
		t = types.length;
		while ( t-- ) {
			tmp = rtypenamespace.exec( types[t] ) || [];
			type = origType = tmp[1];
			namespaces = ( tmp[2] || "" ).split( "." ).sort();

			// Unbind all events (on this namespace, if provided) for the element
			if ( !type ) {
				for ( type in events ) {
					jQuery.event.remove( elem, type + types[ t ], handler, selector, true );
				}
				continue;
			}

			special = jQuery.event.special[ type ] || {};
			type = ( selector ? special.delegateType : special.bindType ) || type;
			handlers = events[ type ] || [];
			tmp = tmp[2] && new RegExp( "(^|\\.)" + namespaces.join("\\.(?:.*\\.|)") + "(\\.|$)" );

			// Remove matching events
			origCount = j = handlers.length;
			while ( j-- ) {
				handleObj = handlers[ j ];

				if ( ( mappedTypes || origType === handleObj.origType ) &&
					( !handler || handler.guid === handleObj.guid ) &&
					( !tmp || tmp.test( handleObj.namespace ) ) &&
					( !selector || selector === handleObj.selector || selector === "**" && handleObj.selector ) ) {
					handlers.splice( j, 1 );

					if ( handleObj.selector ) {
						handlers.delegateCount--;
					}
					if ( special.remove ) {
						special.remove.call( elem, handleObj );
					}
				}
			}

			// Remove generic event handler if we removed something and no more handlers exist
			// (avoids potential for endless recursion during removal of special event handlers)
			if ( origCount && !handlers.length ) {
				if ( !special.teardown || special.teardown.call( elem, namespaces, elemData.handle ) === false ) {
					jQuery.removeEvent( elem, type, elemData.handle );
				}

				delete events[ type ];
			}
		}

		// Remove the expando if it's no longer used
		if ( jQuery.isEmptyObject( events ) ) {
			delete elemData.handle;
			data_priv.remove( elem, "events" );
		}
	},

	trigger: function( event, data, elem, onlyHandlers ) {

		var i, cur, tmp, bubbleType, ontype, handle, special,
			eventPath = [ elem || document ],
			type = hasOwn.call( event, "type" ) ? event.type : event,
			namespaces = hasOwn.call( event, "namespace" ) ? event.namespace.split(".") : [];

		cur = tmp = elem = elem || document;

		// Don't do events on text and comment nodes
		if ( elem.nodeType === 3 || elem.nodeType === 8 ) {
			return;
		}

		// focus/blur morphs to focusin/out; ensure we're not firing them right now
		if ( rfocusMorph.test( type + jQuery.event.triggered ) ) {
			return;
		}

		if ( type.indexOf(".") >= 0 ) {
			// Namespaced trigger; create a regexp to match event type in handle()
			namespaces = type.split(".");
			type = namespaces.shift();
			namespaces.sort();
		}
		ontype = type.indexOf(":") < 0 && "on" + type;

		// Caller can pass in a jQuery.Event object, Object, or just an event type string
		event = event[ jQuery.expando ] ?
			event :
			new jQuery.Event( type, typeof event === "object" && event );

		// Trigger bitmask: & 1 for native handlers; & 2 for jQuery (always true)
		event.isTrigger = onlyHandlers ? 2 : 3;
		event.namespace = namespaces.join(".");
		event.namespace_re = event.namespace ?
			new RegExp( "(^|\\.)" + namespaces.join("\\.(?:.*\\.|)") + "(\\.|$)" ) :
			null;

		// Clean up the event in case it is being reused
		event.result = undefined;
		if ( !event.target ) {
			event.target = elem;
		}

		// Clone any incoming data and prepend the event, creating the handler arg list
		data = data == null ?
			[ event ] :
			jQuery.makeArray( data, [ event ] );

		// Allow special events to draw outside the lines
		special = jQuery.event.special[ type ] || {};
		if ( !onlyHandlers && special.trigger && special.trigger.apply( elem, data ) === false ) {
			return;
		}

		// Determine event propagation path in advance, per W3C events spec (#9951)
		// Bubble up to document, then to window; watch for a global ownerDocument var (#9724)
		if ( !onlyHandlers && !special.noBubble && !jQuery.isWindow( elem ) ) {

			bubbleType = special.delegateType || type;
			if ( !rfocusMorph.test( bubbleType + type ) ) {
				cur = cur.parentNode;
			}
			for ( ; cur; cur = cur.parentNode ) {
				eventPath.push( cur );
				tmp = cur;
			}

			// Only add window if we got to document (e.g., not plain obj or detached DOM)
			if ( tmp === (elem.ownerDocument || document) ) {
				eventPath.push( tmp.defaultView || tmp.parentWindow || window );
			}
		}

		// Fire handlers on the event path
		i = 0;
		while ( (cur = eventPath[i++]) && !event.isPropagationStopped() ) {

			event.type = i > 1 ?
				bubbleType :
				special.bindType || type;

			// jQuery handler
			handle = ( data_priv.get( cur, "events" ) || {} )[ event.type ] && data_priv.get( cur, "handle" );
			if ( handle ) {
				handle.apply( cur, data );
			}

			// Native handler
			handle = ontype && cur[ ontype ];
			if ( handle && handle.apply && jQuery.acceptData( cur ) ) {
				event.result = handle.apply( cur, data );
				if ( event.result === false ) {
					event.preventDefault();
				}
			}
		}
		event.type = type;

		// If nobody prevented the default action, do it now
		if ( !onlyHandlers && !event.isDefaultPrevented() ) {

			if ( (!special._default || special._default.apply( eventPath.pop(), data ) === false) &&
				jQuery.acceptData( elem ) ) {

				// Call a native DOM method on the target with the same name name as the event.
				// Don't do default actions on window, that's where global variables be (#6170)
				if ( ontype && jQuery.isFunction( elem[ type ] ) && !jQuery.isWindow( elem ) ) {

					// Don't re-trigger an onFOO event when we call its FOO() method
					tmp = elem[ ontype ];

					if ( tmp ) {
						elem[ ontype ] = null;
					}

					// Prevent re-triggering of the same event, since we already bubbled it above
					jQuery.event.triggered = type;
					elem[ type ]();
					jQuery.event.triggered = undefined;

					if ( tmp ) {
						elem[ ontype ] = tmp;
					}
				}
			}
		}

		return event.result;
	},

	dispatch: function( event ) {

		// Make a writable jQuery.Event from the native event object
		event = jQuery.event.fix( event );

		var i, j, ret, matched, handleObj,
			handlerQueue = [],
			args = slice.call( arguments ),
			handlers = ( data_priv.get( this, "events" ) || {} )[ event.type ] || [],
			special = jQuery.event.special[ event.type ] || {};

		// Use the fix-ed jQuery.Event rather than the (read-only) native event
		args[0] = event;
		event.delegateTarget = this;

		// Call the preDispatch hook for the mapped type, and let it bail if desired
		if ( special.preDispatch && special.preDispatch.call( this, event ) === false ) {
			return;
		}

		// Determine handlers
		handlerQueue = jQuery.event.handlers.call( this, event, handlers );

		// Run delegates first; they may want to stop propagation beneath us
		i = 0;
		while ( (matched = handlerQueue[ i++ ]) && !event.isPropagationStopped() ) {
			event.currentTarget = matched.elem;

			j = 0;
			while ( (handleObj = matched.handlers[ j++ ]) && !event.isImmediatePropagationStopped() ) {

				// Triggered event must either 1) have no namespace, or
				// 2) have namespace(s) a subset or equal to those in the bound event (both can have no namespace).
				if ( !event.namespace_re || event.namespace_re.test( handleObj.namespace ) ) {

					event.handleObj = handleObj;
					event.data = handleObj.data;

					ret = ( (jQuery.event.special[ handleObj.origType ] || {}).handle || handleObj.handler )
							.apply( matched.elem, args );

					if ( ret !== undefined ) {
						if ( (event.result = ret) === false ) {
							event.preventDefault();
							event.stopPropagation();
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}

		// Call the postDispatch hook for the mapped type
		if ( special.postDispatch ) {
			special.postDispatch.call( this, event );
		}

		return event.result;
	},

	handlers: function( event, handlers ) {
		var i, matches, sel, handleObj,
			handlerQueue = [],
			delegateCount = handlers.delegateCount,
			cur = event.target;

		// Find delegate handlers
		// Black-hole SVG <use> instance trees (#13180)
		// Avoid non-left-click bubbling in Firefox (#3861)
		if ( delegateCount && cur.nodeType && (!event.button || event.type !== "click") ) {

			for ( ; cur !== this; cur = cur.parentNode || this ) {

				// Don't process clicks on disabled elements (#6911, #8165, #11382, #11764)
				if ( cur.disabled !== true || event.type !== "click" ) {
					matches = [];
					for ( i = 0; i < delegateCount; i++ ) {
						handleObj = handlers[ i ];

						// Don't conflict with Object.prototype properties (#13203)
						sel = handleObj.selector + " ";

						if ( matches[ sel ] === undefined ) {
							matches[ sel ] = handleObj.needsContext ?
								jQuery( sel, this ).index( cur ) >= 0 :
								jQuery.find( sel, this, null, [ cur ] ).length;
						}
						if ( matches[ sel ] ) {
							matches.push( handleObj );
						}
					}
					if ( matches.length ) {
						handlerQueue.push({ elem: cur, handlers: matches });
					}
				}
			}
		}

		// Add the remaining (directly-bound) handlers
		if ( delegateCount < handlers.length ) {
			handlerQueue.push({ elem: this, handlers: handlers.slice( delegateCount ) });
		}

		return handlerQueue;
	},

	// Includes some event props shared by KeyEvent and MouseEvent
	props: "altKey bubbles cancelable ctrlKey currentTarget eventPhase metaKey relatedTarget shiftKey target timeStamp view which".split(" "),

	fixHooks: {},

	keyHooks: {
		props: "char charCode key keyCode".split(" "),
		filter: function( event, original ) {

			// Add which for key events
			if ( event.which == null ) {
				event.which = original.charCode != null ? original.charCode : original.keyCode;
			}

			return event;
		}
	},

	mouseHooks: {
		props: "button buttons clientX clientY offsetX offsetY pageX pageY screenX screenY toElement".split(" "),
		filter: function( event, original ) {
			var eventDoc, doc, body,
				button = original.button;

			// Calculate pageX/Y if missing and clientX/Y available
			if ( event.pageX == null && original.clientX != null ) {
				eventDoc = event.target.ownerDocument || document;
				doc = eventDoc.documentElement;
				body = eventDoc.body;

				event.pageX = original.clientX + ( doc && doc.scrollLeft || body && body.scrollLeft || 0 ) - ( doc && doc.clientLeft || body && body.clientLeft || 0 );
				event.pageY = original.clientY + ( doc && doc.scrollTop  || body && body.scrollTop  || 0 ) - ( doc && doc.clientTop  || body && body.clientTop  || 0 );
			}

			// Add which for click: 1 === left; 2 === middle; 3 === right
			// Note: button is not normalized, so don't use it
			if ( !event.which && button !== undefined ) {
				event.which = ( button & 1 ? 1 : ( button & 2 ? 3 : ( button & 4 ? 2 : 0 ) ) );
			}

			return event;
		}
	},

	fix: function( event ) {
		if ( event[ jQuery.expando ] ) {
			return event;
		}

		// Create a writable copy of the event object and normalize some properties
		var i, prop, copy,
			type = event.type,
			originalEvent = event,
			fixHook = this.fixHooks[ type ];

		if ( !fixHook ) {
			this.fixHooks[ type ] = fixHook =
				rmouseEvent.test( type ) ? this.mouseHooks :
				rkeyEvent.test( type ) ? this.keyHooks :
				{};
		}
		copy = fixHook.props ? this.props.concat( fixHook.props ) : this.props;

		event = new jQuery.Event( originalEvent );

		i = copy.length;
		while ( i-- ) {
			prop = copy[ i ];
			event[ prop ] = originalEvent[ prop ];
		}

		// Support: Cordova 2.5 (WebKit) (#13255)
		// All events should have a target; Cordova deviceready doesn't
		if ( !event.target ) {
			event.target = document;
		}

		// Support: Safari 6.0+, Chrome < 28
		// Target should not be a text node (#504, #13143)
		if ( event.target.nodeType === 3 ) {
			event.target = event.target.parentNode;
		}

		return fixHook.filter ? fixHook.filter( event, originalEvent ) : event;
	},

	special: {
		load: {
			// Prevent triggered image.load events from bubbling to window.load
			noBubble: true
		},
		focus: {
			// Fire native event if possible so blur/focus sequence is correct
			trigger: function() {
				if ( this !== safeActiveElement() && this.focus ) {
					this.focus();
					return false;
				}
			},
			delegateType: "focusin"
		},
		blur: {
			trigger: function() {
				if ( this === safeActiveElement() && this.blur ) {
					this.blur();
					return false;
				}
			},
			delegateType: "focusout"
		},
		click: {
			// For checkbox, fire native event so checked state will be right
			trigger: function() {
				if ( this.type === "checkbox" && this.click && jQuery.nodeName( this, "input" ) ) {
					this.click();
					return false;
				}
			},

			// For cross-browser consistency, don't fire native .click() on links
			_default: function( event ) {
				return jQuery.nodeName( event.target, "a" );
			}
		},

		beforeunload: {
			postDispatch: function( event ) {

				// Support: Firefox 20+
				// Firefox doesn't alert if the returnValue field is not set.
				if ( event.result !== undefined && event.originalEvent ) {
					event.originalEvent.returnValue = event.result;
				}
			}
		}
	},

	simulate: function( type, elem, event, bubble ) {
		// Piggyback on a donor event to simulate a different one.
		// Fake originalEvent to avoid donor's stopPropagation, but if the
		// simulated event prevents default then we do the same on the donor.
		var e = jQuery.extend(
			new jQuery.Event(),
			event,
			{
				type: type,
				isSimulated: true,
				originalEvent: {}
			}
		);
		if ( bubble ) {
			jQuery.event.trigger( e, null, elem );
		} else {
			jQuery.event.dispatch.call( elem, e );
		}
		if ( e.isDefaultPrevented() ) {
			event.preventDefault();
		}
	}
};

jQuery.removeEvent = function( elem, type, handle ) {
	if ( elem.removeEventListener ) {
		elem.removeEventListener( type, handle, false );
	}
};

jQuery.Event = function( src, props ) {
	// Allow instantiation without the 'new' keyword
	if ( !(this instanceof jQuery.Event) ) {
		return new jQuery.Event( src, props );
	}

	// Event object
	if ( src && src.type ) {
		this.originalEvent = src;
		this.type = src.type;

		// Events bubbling up the document may have been marked as prevented
		// by a handler lower down the tree; reflect the correct value.
		this.isDefaultPrevented = src.defaultPrevented ||
				src.defaultPrevented === undefined &&
				// Support: Android < 4.0
				src.returnValue === false ?
			returnTrue :
			returnFalse;

	// Event type
	} else {
		this.type = src;
	}

	// Put explicitly provided properties onto the event object
	if ( props ) {
		jQuery.extend( this, props );
	}

	// Create a timestamp if incoming event doesn't have one
	this.timeStamp = src && src.timeStamp || jQuery.now();

	// Mark it as fixed
	this[ jQuery.expando ] = true;
};

// jQuery.Event is based on DOM3 Events as specified by the ECMAScript Language Binding
// http://www.w3.org/TR/2003/WD-DOM-Level-3-Events-20030331/ecma-script-binding.html
jQuery.Event.prototype = {
	isDefaultPrevented: returnFalse,
	isPropagationStopped: returnFalse,
	isImmediatePropagationStopped: returnFalse,

	preventDefault: function() {
		var e = this.originalEvent;

		this.isDefaultPrevented = returnTrue;

		if ( e && e.preventDefault ) {
			e.preventDefault();
		}
	},
	stopPropagation: function() {
		var e = this.originalEvent;

		this.isPropagationStopped = returnTrue;

		if ( e && e.stopPropagation ) {
			e.stopPropagation();
		}
	},
	stopImmediatePropagation: function() {
		var e = this.originalEvent;

		this.isImmediatePropagationStopped = returnTrue;

		if ( e && e.stopImmediatePropagation ) {
			e.stopImmediatePropagation();
		}

		this.stopPropagation();
	}
};

// Create mouseenter/leave events using mouseover/out and event-time checks
// Support: Chrome 15+
jQuery.each({
	mouseenter: "mouseover",
	mouseleave: "mouseout",
	pointerenter: "pointerover",
	pointerleave: "pointerout"
}, function( orig, fix ) {
	jQuery.event.special[ orig ] = {
		delegateType: fix,
		bindType: fix,

		handle: function( event ) {
			var ret,
				target = this,
				related = event.relatedTarget,
				handleObj = event.handleObj;

			// For mousenter/leave call the handler if related is outside the target.
			// NB: No relatedTarget if the mouse left/entered the browser window
			if ( !related || (related !== target && !jQuery.contains( target, related )) ) {
				event.type = handleObj.origType;
				ret = handleObj.handler.apply( this, arguments );
				event.type = fix;
			}
			return ret;
		}
	};
});

// Create "bubbling" focus and blur events
// Support: Firefox, Chrome, Safari
if ( !support.focusinBubbles ) {
	jQuery.each({ focus: "focusin", blur: "focusout" }, function( orig, fix ) {

		// Attach a single capturing handler on the document while someone wants focusin/focusout
		var handler = function( event ) {
				jQuery.event.simulate( fix, event.target, jQuery.event.fix( event ), true );
			};

		jQuery.event.special[ fix ] = {
			setup: function() {
				var doc = this.ownerDocument || this,
					attaches = data_priv.access( doc, fix );

				if ( !attaches ) {
					doc.addEventListener( orig, handler, true );
				}
				data_priv.access( doc, fix, ( attaches || 0 ) + 1 );
			},
			teardown: function() {
				var doc = this.ownerDocument || this,
					attaches = data_priv.access( doc, fix ) - 1;

				if ( !attaches ) {
					doc.removeEventListener( orig, handler, true );
					data_priv.remove( doc, fix );

				} else {
					data_priv.access( doc, fix, attaches );
				}
			}
		};
	});
}

jQuery.fn.extend({

	on: function( types, selector, data, fn, /*INTERNAL*/ one ) {
		var origFn, type;

		// Types can be a map of types/handlers
		if ( typeof types === "object" ) {
			// ( types-Object, selector, data )
			if ( typeof selector !== "string" ) {
				// ( types-Object, data )
				data = data || selector;
				selector = undefined;
			}
			for ( type in types ) {
				this.on( type, selector, data, types[ type ], one );
			}
			return this;
		}

		if ( data == null && fn == null ) {
			// ( types, fn )
			fn = selector;
			data = selector = undefined;
		} else if ( fn == null ) {
			if ( typeof selector === "string" ) {
				// ( types, selector, fn )
				fn = data;
				data = undefined;
			} else {
				// ( types, data, fn )
				fn = data;
				data = selector;
				selector = undefined;
			}
		}
		if ( fn === false ) {
			fn = returnFalse;
		} else if ( !fn ) {
			return this;
		}

		if ( one === 1 ) {
			origFn = fn;
			fn = function( event ) {
				// Can use an empty set, since event contains the info
				jQuery().off( event );
				return origFn.apply( this, arguments );
			};
			// Use same guid so caller can remove using origFn
			fn.guid = origFn.guid || ( origFn.guid = jQuery.guid++ );
		}
		return this.each( function() {
			jQuery.event.add( this, types, fn, data, selector );
		});
	},
	one: function( types, selector, data, fn ) {
		return this.on( types, selector, data, fn, 1 );
	},
	off: function( types, selector, fn ) {
		var handleObj, type;
		if ( types && types.preventDefault && types.handleObj ) {
			// ( event )  dispatched jQuery.Event
			handleObj = types.handleObj;
			jQuery( types.delegateTarget ).off(
				handleObj.namespace ? handleObj.origType + "." + handleObj.namespace : handleObj.origType,
				handleObj.selector,
				handleObj.handler
			);
			return this;
		}
		if ( typeof types === "object" ) {
			// ( types-object [, selector] )
			for ( type in types ) {
				this.off( type, selector, types[ type ] );
			}
			return this;
		}
		if ( selector === false || typeof selector === "function" ) {
			// ( types [, fn] )
			fn = selector;
			selector = undefined;
		}
		if ( fn === false ) {
			fn = returnFalse;
		}
		return this.each(function() {
			jQuery.event.remove( this, types, fn, selector );
		});
	},

	trigger: function( type, data ) {
		return this.each(function() {
			jQuery.event.trigger( type, data, this );
		});
	},
	triggerHandler: function( type, data ) {
		var elem = this[0];
		if ( elem ) {
			return jQuery.event.trigger( type, data, elem, true );
		}
	}
});


var
	rxhtmlTag = /<(?!area|br|col|embed|hr|img|input|link|meta|param)(([\w:]+)[^>]*)\/>/gi,
	rtagName = /<([\w:]+)/,
	rhtml = /<|&#?\w+;/,
	rnoInnerhtml = /<(?:script|style|link)/i,
	// checked="checked" or checked
	rchecked = /checked\s*(?:[^=]|=\s*.checked.)/i,
	rscriptType = /^$|\/(?:java|ecma)script/i,
	rscriptTypeMasked = /^true\/(.*)/,
	rcleanScript = /^\s*<!(?:\[CDATA\[|--)|(?:\]\]|--)>\s*$/g,

	// We have to close these tags to support XHTML (#13200)
	wrapMap = {

		// Support: IE 9
		option: [ 1, "<select multiple='multiple'>", "</select>" ],

		thead: [ 1, "<table>", "</table>" ],
		col: [ 2, "<table><colgroup>", "</colgroup></table>" ],
		tr: [ 2, "<table><tbody>", "</tbody></table>" ],
		td: [ 3, "<table><tbody><tr>", "</tr></tbody></table>" ],

		_default: [ 0, "", "" ]
	};

// Support: IE 9
wrapMap.optgroup = wrapMap.option;

wrapMap.tbody = wrapMap.tfoot = wrapMap.colgroup = wrapMap.caption = wrapMap.thead;
wrapMap.th = wrapMap.td;

// Support: 1.x compatibility
// Manipulating tables requires a tbody
function manipulationTarget( elem, content ) {
	return jQuery.nodeName( elem, "table" ) &&
		jQuery.nodeName( content.nodeType !== 11 ? content : content.firstChild, "tr" ) ?

		elem.getElementsByTagName("tbody")[0] ||
			elem.appendChild( elem.ownerDocument.createElement("tbody") ) :
		elem;
}

// Replace/restore the type attribute of script elements for safe DOM manipulation
function disableScript( elem ) {
	elem.type = (elem.getAttribute("type") !== null) + "/" + elem.type;
	return elem;
}
function restoreScript( elem ) {
	var match = rscriptTypeMasked.exec( elem.type );

	if ( match ) {
		elem.type = match[ 1 ];
	} else {
		elem.removeAttribute("type");
	}

	return elem;
}

// Mark scripts as having already been evaluated
function setGlobalEval( elems, refElements ) {
	var i = 0,
		l = elems.length;

	for ( ; i < l; i++ ) {
		data_priv.set(
			elems[ i ], "globalEval", !refElements || data_priv.get( refElements[ i ], "globalEval" )
		);
	}
}

function cloneCopyEvent( src, dest ) {
	var i, l, type, pdataOld, pdataCur, udataOld, udataCur, events;

	if ( dest.nodeType !== 1 ) {
		return;
	}

	// 1. Copy private data: events, handlers, etc.
	if ( data_priv.hasData( src ) ) {
		pdataOld = data_priv.access( src );
		pdataCur = data_priv.set( dest, pdataOld );
		events = pdataOld.events;

		if ( events ) {
			delete pdataCur.handle;
			pdataCur.events = {};

			for ( type in events ) {
				for ( i = 0, l = events[ type ].length; i < l; i++ ) {
					jQuery.event.add( dest, type, events[ type ][ i ] );
				}
			}
		}
	}

	// 2. Copy user data
	if ( data_user.hasData( src ) ) {
		udataOld = data_user.access( src );
		udataCur = jQuery.extend( {}, udataOld );

		data_user.set( dest, udataCur );
	}
}

function getAll( context, tag ) {
	var ret = context.getElementsByTagName ? context.getElementsByTagName( tag || "*" ) :
			context.querySelectorAll ? context.querySelectorAll( tag || "*" ) :
			[];

	return tag === undefined || tag && jQuery.nodeName( context, tag ) ?
		jQuery.merge( [ context ], ret ) :
		ret;
}

// Support: IE >= 9
function fixInput( src, dest ) {
	var nodeName = dest.nodeName.toLowerCase();

	// Fails to persist the checked state of a cloned checkbox or radio button.
	if ( nodeName === "input" && rcheckableType.test( src.type ) ) {
		dest.checked = src.checked;

	// Fails to return the selected option to the default selected state when cloning options
	} else if ( nodeName === "input" || nodeName === "textarea" ) {
		dest.defaultValue = src.defaultValue;
	}
}

jQuery.extend({
	clone: function( elem, dataAndEvents, deepDataAndEvents ) {
		var i, l, srcElements, destElements,
			clone = elem.cloneNode( true ),
			inPage = jQuery.contains( elem.ownerDocument, elem );

		// Support: IE >= 9
		// Fix Cloning issues
		if ( !support.noCloneChecked && ( elem.nodeType === 1 || elem.nodeType === 11 ) &&
				!jQuery.isXMLDoc( elem ) ) {

			// We eschew Sizzle here for performance reasons: http://jsperf.com/getall-vs-sizzle/2
			destElements = getAll( clone );
			srcElements = getAll( elem );

			for ( i = 0, l = srcElements.length; i < l; i++ ) {
				fixInput( srcElements[ i ], destElements[ i ] );
			}
		}

		// Copy the events from the original to the clone
		if ( dataAndEvents ) {
			if ( deepDataAndEvents ) {
				srcElements = srcElements || getAll( elem );
				destElements = destElements || getAll( clone );

				for ( i = 0, l = srcElements.length; i < l; i++ ) {
					cloneCopyEvent( srcElements[ i ], destElements[ i ] );
				}
			} else {
				cloneCopyEvent( elem, clone );
			}
		}

		// Preserve script evaluation history
		destElements = getAll( clone, "script" );
		if ( destElements.length > 0 ) {
			setGlobalEval( destElements, !inPage && getAll( elem, "script" ) );
		}

		// Return the cloned set
		return clone;
	},

	buildFragment: function( elems, context, scripts, selection ) {
		var elem, tmp, tag, wrap, contains, j,
			fragment = context.createDocumentFragment(),
			nodes = [],
			i = 0,
			l = elems.length;

		for ( ; i < l; i++ ) {
			elem = elems[ i ];

			if ( elem || elem === 0 ) {

				// Add nodes directly
				if ( jQuery.type( elem ) === "object" ) {
					// Support: QtWebKit
					// jQuery.merge because push.apply(_, arraylike) throws
					jQuery.merge( nodes, elem.nodeType ? [ elem ] : elem );

				// Convert non-html into a text node
				} else if ( !rhtml.test( elem ) ) {
					nodes.push( context.createTextNode( elem ) );

				// Convert html into DOM nodes
				} else {
					tmp = tmp || fragment.appendChild( context.createElement("div") );

					// Deserialize a standard representation
					tag = ( rtagName.exec( elem ) || [ "", "" ] )[ 1 ].toLowerCase();
					wrap = wrapMap[ tag ] || wrapMap._default;
					tmp.innerHTML = wrap[ 1 ] + elem.replace( rxhtmlTag, "<$1></$2>" ) + wrap[ 2 ];

					// Descend through wrappers to the right content
					j = wrap[ 0 ];
					while ( j-- ) {
						tmp = tmp.lastChild;
					}

					// Support: QtWebKit
					// jQuery.merge because push.apply(_, arraylike) throws
					jQuery.merge( nodes, tmp.childNodes );

					// Remember the top-level container
					tmp = fragment.firstChild;

					// Fixes #12346
					// Support: Webkit, IE
					tmp.textContent = "";
				}
			}
		}

		// Remove wrapper from fragment
		fragment.textContent = "";

		i = 0;
		while ( (elem = nodes[ i++ ]) ) {

			// #4087 - If origin and destination elements are the same, and this is
			// that element, do not do anything
			if ( selection && jQuery.inArray( elem, selection ) !== -1 ) {
				continue;
			}

			contains = jQuery.contains( elem.ownerDocument, elem );

			// Append to fragment
			tmp = getAll( fragment.appendChild( elem ), "script" );

			// Preserve script evaluation history
			if ( contains ) {
				setGlobalEval( tmp );
			}

			// Capture executables
			if ( scripts ) {
				j = 0;
				while ( (elem = tmp[ j++ ]) ) {
					if ( rscriptType.test( elem.type || "" ) ) {
						scripts.push( elem );
					}
				}
			}
		}

		return fragment;
	},

	cleanData: function( elems ) {
		var data, elem, type, key,
			special = jQuery.event.special,
			i = 0;

		for ( ; (elem = elems[ i ]) !== undefined; i++ ) {
			if ( jQuery.acceptData( elem ) ) {
				key = elem[ data_priv.expando ];

				if ( key && (data = data_priv.cache[ key ]) ) {
					if ( data.events ) {
						for ( type in data.events ) {
							if ( special[ type ] ) {
								jQuery.event.remove( elem, type );

							// This is a shortcut to avoid jQuery.event.remove's overhead
							} else {
								jQuery.removeEvent( elem, type, data.handle );
							}
						}
					}
					if ( data_priv.cache[ key ] ) {
						// Discard any remaining `private` data
						delete data_priv.cache[ key ];
					}
				}
			}
			// Discard any remaining `user` data
			delete data_user.cache[ elem[ data_user.expando ] ];
		}
	}
});

jQuery.fn.extend({
	text: function( value ) {
		return access( this, function( value ) {
			return value === undefined ?
				jQuery.text( this ) :
				this.empty().each(function() {
					if ( this.nodeType === 1 || this.nodeType === 11 || this.nodeType === 9 ) {
						this.textContent = value;
					}
				});
		}, null, value, arguments.length );
	},

	append: function() {
		return this.domManip( arguments, function( elem ) {
			if ( this.nodeType === 1 || this.nodeType === 11 || this.nodeType === 9 ) {
				var target = manipulationTarget( this, elem );
				target.appendChild( elem );
			}
		});
	},

	prepend: function() {
		return this.domManip( arguments, function( elem ) {
			if ( this.nodeType === 1 || this.nodeType === 11 || this.nodeType === 9 ) {
				var target = manipulationTarget( this, elem );
				target.insertBefore( elem, target.firstChild );
			}
		});
	},

	before: function() {
		return this.domManip( arguments, function( elem ) {
			if ( this.parentNode ) {
				this.parentNode.insertBefore( elem, this );
			}
		});
	},

	after: function() {
		return this.domManip( arguments, function( elem ) {
			if ( this.parentNode ) {
				this.parentNode.insertBefore( elem, this.nextSibling );
			}
		});
	},

	remove: function( selector, keepData /* Internal Use Only */ ) {
		var elem,
			elems = selector ? jQuery.filter( selector, this ) : this,
			i = 0;

		for ( ; (elem = elems[i]) != null; i++ ) {
			if ( !keepData && elem.nodeType === 1 ) {
				jQuery.cleanData( getAll( elem ) );
			}

			if ( elem.parentNode ) {
				if ( keepData && jQuery.contains( elem.ownerDocument, elem ) ) {
					setGlobalEval( getAll( elem, "script" ) );
				}
				elem.parentNode.removeChild( elem );
			}
		}

		return this;
	},

	empty: function() {
		var elem,
			i = 0;

		for ( ; (elem = this[i]) != null; i++ ) {
			if ( elem.nodeType === 1 ) {

				// Prevent memory leaks
				jQuery.cleanData( getAll( elem, false ) );

				// Remove any remaining nodes
				elem.textContent = "";
			}
		}

		return this;
	},

	clone: function( dataAndEvents, deepDataAndEvents ) {
		dataAndEvents = dataAndEvents == null ? false : dataAndEvents;
		deepDataAndEvents = deepDataAndEvents == null ? dataAndEvents : deepDataAndEvents;

		return this.map(function() {
			return jQuery.clone( this, dataAndEvents, deepDataAndEvents );
		});
	},

	html: function( value ) {
		return access( this, function( value ) {
			var elem = this[ 0 ] || {},
				i = 0,
				l = this.length;

			if ( value === undefined && elem.nodeType === 1 ) {
				return elem.innerHTML;
			}

			// See if we can take a shortcut and just use innerHTML
			if ( typeof value === "string" && !rnoInnerhtml.test( value ) &&
				!wrapMap[ ( rtagName.exec( value ) || [ "", "" ] )[ 1 ].toLowerCase() ] ) {

				value = value.replace( rxhtmlTag, "<$1></$2>" );

				try {
					for ( ; i < l; i++ ) {
						elem = this[ i ] || {};

						// Remove element nodes and prevent memory leaks
						if ( elem.nodeType === 1 ) {
							jQuery.cleanData( getAll( elem, false ) );
							elem.innerHTML = value;
						}
					}

					elem = 0;

				// If using innerHTML throws an exception, use the fallback method
				} catch( e ) {}
			}

			if ( elem ) {
				this.empty().append( value );
			}
		}, null, value, arguments.length );
	},

	replaceWith: function() {
		var arg = arguments[ 0 ];

		// Make the changes, replacing each context element with the new content
		this.domManip( arguments, function( elem ) {
			arg = this.parentNode;

			jQuery.cleanData( getAll( this ) );

			if ( arg ) {
				arg.replaceChild( elem, this );
			}
		});

		// Force removal if there was no new content (e.g., from empty arguments)
		return arg && (arg.length || arg.nodeType) ? this : this.remove();
	},

	detach: function( selector ) {
		return this.remove( selector, true );
	},

	domManip: function( args, callback ) {

		// Flatten any nested arrays
		args = concat.apply( [], args );

		var fragment, first, scripts, hasScripts, node, doc,
			i = 0,
			l = this.length,
			set = this,
			iNoClone = l - 1,
			value = args[ 0 ],
			isFunction = jQuery.isFunction( value );

		// We can't cloneNode fragments that contain checked, in WebKit
		if ( isFunction ||
				( l > 1 && typeof value === "string" &&
					!support.checkClone && rchecked.test( value ) ) ) {
			return this.each(function( index ) {
				var self = set.eq( index );
				if ( isFunction ) {
					args[ 0 ] = value.call( this, index, self.html() );
				}
				self.domManip( args, callback );
			});
		}

		if ( l ) {
			fragment = jQuery.buildFragment( args, this[ 0 ].ownerDocument, false, this );
			first = fragment.firstChild;

			if ( fragment.childNodes.length === 1 ) {
				fragment = first;
			}

			if ( first ) {
				scripts = jQuery.map( getAll( fragment, "script" ), disableScript );
				hasScripts = scripts.length;

				// Use the original fragment for the last item instead of the first because it can end up
				// being emptied incorrectly in certain situations (#8070).
				for ( ; i < l; i++ ) {
					node = fragment;

					if ( i !== iNoClone ) {
						node = jQuery.clone( node, true, true );

						// Keep references to cloned scripts for later restoration
						if ( hasScripts ) {
							// Support: QtWebKit
							// jQuery.merge because push.apply(_, arraylike) throws
							jQuery.merge( scripts, getAll( node, "script" ) );
						}
					}

					callback.call( this[ i ], node, i );
				}

				if ( hasScripts ) {
					doc = scripts[ scripts.length - 1 ].ownerDocument;

					// Reenable scripts
					jQuery.map( scripts, restoreScript );

					// Evaluate executable scripts on first document insertion
					for ( i = 0; i < hasScripts; i++ ) {
						node = scripts[ i ];
						if ( rscriptType.test( node.type || "" ) &&
							!data_priv.access( node, "globalEval" ) && jQuery.contains( doc, node ) ) {

							if ( node.src ) {
								// Optional AJAX dependency, but won't run scripts if not present
								if ( jQuery._evalUrl ) {
									jQuery._evalUrl( node.src );
								}
							} else {
								jQuery.globalEval( node.textContent.replace( rcleanScript, "" ) );
							}
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}

		return this;
	}
});

jQuery.each({
	appendTo: "append",
	prependTo: "prepend",
	insertBefore: "before",
	insertAfter: "after",
	replaceAll: "replaceWith"
}, function( name, original ) {
	jQuery.fn[ name ] = function( selector ) {
		var elems,
			ret = [],
			insert = jQuery( selector ),
			last = insert.length - 1,
			i = 0;

		for ( ; i <= last; i++ ) {
			elems = i === last ? this : this.clone( true );
			jQuery( insert[ i ] )[ original ]( elems );

			// Support: QtWebKit
			// .get() because push.apply(_, arraylike) throws
			push.apply( ret, elems.get() );
		}

		return this.pushStack( ret );
	};
});


var iframe,
	elemdisplay = {};

/**
 * Retrieve the actual display of a element
 * @param {String} name nodeName of the element
 * @param {Object} doc Document object
 */
// Called only from within defaultDisplay
function actualDisplay( name, doc ) {
	var style,
		elem = jQuery( doc.createElement( name ) ).appendTo( doc.body ),

		// getDefaultComputedStyle might be reliably used only on attached element
		display = window.getDefaultComputedStyle && ( style = window.getDefaultComputedStyle( elem[ 0 ] ) ) ?

			// Use of this method is a temporary fix (more like optmization) until something better comes along,
			// since it was removed from specification and supported only in FF
			style.display : jQuery.css( elem[ 0 ], "display" );

	// We don't have any data stored on the element,
	// so use "detach" method as fast way to get rid of the element
	elem.detach();

	return display;
}

/**
 * Try to determine the default display value of an element
 * @param {String} nodeName
 */
function defaultDisplay( nodeName ) {
	var doc = document,
		display = elemdisplay[ nodeName ];

	if ( !display ) {
		display = actualDisplay( nodeName, doc );

		// If the simple way fails, read from inside an iframe
		if ( display === "none" || !display ) {

			// Use the already-created iframe if possible
			iframe = (iframe || jQuery( "<iframe frameborder='0' width='0' height='0'/>" )).appendTo( doc.documentElement );

			// Always write a new HTML skeleton so Webkit and Firefox don't choke on reuse
			doc = iframe[ 0 ].contentDocument;

			// Support: IE
			doc.write();
			doc.close();

			display = actualDisplay( nodeName, doc );
			iframe.detach();
		}

		// Store the correct default display
		elemdisplay[ nodeName ] = display;
	}

	return display;
}
var rmargin = (/^margin/);

var rnumnonpx = new RegExp( "^(" + pnum + ")(?!px)[a-z%]+$", "i" );

var getStyles = function( elem ) {
		return elem.ownerDocument.defaultView.getComputedStyle( elem, null );
	};



function curCSS( elem, name, computed ) {
	var width, minWidth, maxWidth, ret,
		style = elem.style;

	computed = computed || getStyles( elem );

	// Support: IE9
	// getPropertyValue is only needed for .css('filter') in IE9, see #12537
	if ( computed ) {
		ret = computed.getPropertyValue( name ) || computed[ name ];
	}

	if ( computed ) {

		if ( ret === "" && !jQuery.contains( elem.ownerDocument, elem ) ) {
			ret = jQuery.style( elem, name );
		}

		// Support: iOS < 6
		// A tribute to the "awesome hack by Dean Edwards"
		// iOS < 6 (at least) returns percentage for a larger set of values, but width seems to be reliably pixels
		// this is against the CSSOM draft spec: http://dev.w3.org/csswg/cssom/#resolved-values
		if ( rnumnonpx.test( ret ) && rmargin.test( name ) ) {

			// Remember the original values
			width = style.width;
			minWidth = style.minWidth;
			maxWidth = style.maxWidth;

			// Put in the new values to get a computed value out
			style.minWidth = style.maxWidth = style.width = ret;
			ret = computed.width;

			// Revert the changed values
			style.width = width;
			style.minWidth = minWidth;
			style.maxWidth = maxWidth;
		}
	}

	return ret !== undefined ?
		// Support: IE
		// IE returns zIndex value as an integer.
		ret + "" :
		ret;
}


function addGetHookIf( conditionFn, hookFn ) {
	// Define the hook, we'll check on the first run if it's really needed.
	return {
		get: function() {
			if ( conditionFn() ) {
				// Hook not needed (or it's not possible to use it due to missing dependency),
				// remove it.
				// Since there are no other hooks for marginRight, remove the whole object.
				delete this.get;
				return;
			}

			// Hook needed; redefine it so that the support test is not executed again.

			return (this.get = hookFn).apply( this, arguments );
		}
	};
}


(function() {
	var pixelPositionVal, boxSizingReliableVal,
		docElem = document.documentElement,
		container = document.createElement( "div" ),
		div = document.createElement( "div" );

	if ( !div.style ) {
		return;
	}

	div.style.backgroundClip = "content-box";
	div.cloneNode( true ).style.backgroundClip = "";
	support.clearCloneStyle = div.style.backgroundClip === "content-box";

	container.style.cssText = "border:0;width:0;height:0;top:0;left:-9999px;margin-top:1px;" +
		"position:absolute";
	container.appendChild( div );

	// Executing both pixelPosition & boxSizingReliable tests require only one layout
	// so they're executed at the same time to save the second computation.
	function computePixelPositionAndBoxSizingReliable() {
		div.style.cssText =
			// Support: Firefox<29, Android 2.3
			// Vendor-prefix box-sizing
			"-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;-moz-box-sizing:border-box;" +
			"box-sizing:border-box;display:block;margin-top:1%;top:1%;" +
			"border:1px;padding:1px;width:4px;position:absolute";
		div.innerHTML = "";
		docElem.appendChild( container );

		var divStyle = window.getComputedStyle( div, null );
		pixelPositionVal = divStyle.top !== "1%";
		boxSizingReliableVal = divStyle.width === "4px";

		docElem.removeChild( container );
	}

	// Support: node.js jsdom
	// Don't assume that getComputedStyle is a property of the global object
	if ( window.getComputedStyle ) {
		jQuery.extend( support, {
			pixelPosition: function() {
				// This test is executed only once but we still do memoizing
				// since we can use the boxSizingReliable pre-computing.
				// No need to check if the test was already performed, though.
				computePixelPositionAndBoxSizingReliable();
				return pixelPositionVal;
			},
			boxSizingReliable: function() {
				if ( boxSizingReliableVal == null ) {
					computePixelPositionAndBoxSizingReliable();
				}
				return boxSizingReliableVal;
			},
			reliableMarginRight: function() {
				// Support: Android 2.3
				// Check if div with explicit width and no margin-right incorrectly
				// gets computed margin-right based on width of container. (#3333)
				// WebKit Bug 13343 - getComputedStyle returns wrong value for margin-right
				// This support function is only executed once so no memoizing is needed.
				var ret,
					marginDiv = div.appendChild( document.createElement( "div" ) );

				// Reset CSS: box-sizing; display; margin; border; padding
				marginDiv.style.cssText = div.style.cssText =
					// Support: Firefox<29, Android 2.3
					// Vendor-prefix box-sizing
					"-webkit-box-sizing:content-box;-moz-box-sizing:content-box;" +
					"box-sizing:content-box;display:block;margin:0;border:0;padding:0";
				marginDiv.style.marginRight = marginDiv.style.width = "0";
				div.style.width = "1px";
				docElem.appendChild( container );

				ret = !parseFloat( window.getComputedStyle( marginDiv, null ).marginRight );

				docElem.removeChild( container );

				return ret;
			}
		});
	}
})();


// A method for quickly swapping in/out CSS properties to get correct calculations.
jQuery.swap = function( elem, options, callback, args ) {
	var ret, name,
		old = {};

	// Remember the old values, and insert the new ones
	for ( name in options ) {
		old[ name ] = elem.style[ name ];
		elem.style[ name ] = options[ name ];
	}

	ret = callback.apply( elem, args || [] );

	// Revert the old values
	for ( name in options ) {
		elem.style[ name ] = old[ name ];
	}

	return ret;
};


var
	// swappable if display is none or starts with table except "table", "table-cell", or "table-caption"
	// see here for display values: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/CSS/display
	rdisplayswap = /^(none|table(?!-c[ea]).+)/,
	rnumsplit = new RegExp( "^(" + pnum + ")(.*)$", "i" ),
	rrelNum = new RegExp( "^([+-])=(" + pnum + ")", "i" ),

	cssShow = { position: "absolute", visibility: "hidden", display: "block" },
	cssNormalTransform = {
		letterSpacing: "0",
		fontWeight: "400"
	},

	cssPrefixes = [ "Webkit", "O", "Moz", "ms" ];

// return a css property mapped to a potentially vendor prefixed property
function vendorPropName( style, name ) {

	// shortcut for names that are not vendor prefixed
	if ( name in style ) {
		return name;
	}

	// check for vendor prefixed names
	var capName = name[0].toUpperCase() + name.slice(1),
		origName = name,
		i = cssPrefixes.length;

	while ( i-- ) {
		name = cssPrefixes[ i ] + capName;
		if ( name in style ) {
			return name;
		}
	}

	return origName;
}

function setPositiveNumber( elem, value, subtract ) {
	var matches = rnumsplit.exec( value );
	return matches ?
		// Guard against undefined "subtract", e.g., when used as in cssHooks
		Math.max( 0, matches[ 1 ] - ( subtract || 0 ) ) + ( matches[ 2 ] || "px" ) :
		value;
}

function augmentWidthOrHeight( elem, name, extra, isBorderBox, styles ) {
	var i = extra === ( isBorderBox ? "border" : "content" ) ?
		// If we already have the right measurement, avoid augmentation
		4 :
		// Otherwise initialize for horizontal or vertical properties
		name === "width" ? 1 : 0,

		val = 0;

	for ( ; i < 4; i += 2 ) {
		// both box models exclude margin, so add it if we want it
		if ( extra === "margin" ) {
			val += jQuery.css( elem, extra + cssExpand[ i ], true, styles );
		}

		if ( isBorderBox ) {
			// border-box includes padding, so remove it if we want content
			if ( extra === "content" ) {
				val -= jQuery.css( elem, "padding" + cssExpand[ i ], true, styles );
			}

			// at this point, extra isn't border nor margin, so remove border
			if ( extra !== "margin" ) {
				val -= jQuery.css( elem, "border" + cssExpand[ i ] + "Width", true, styles );
			}
		} else {
			// at this point, extra isn't content, so add padding
			val += jQuery.css( elem, "padding" + cssExpand[ i ], true, styles );

			// at this point, extra isn't content nor padding, so add border
			if ( extra !== "padding" ) {
				val += jQuery.css( elem, "border" + cssExpand[ i ] + "Width", true, styles );
			}
		}
	}

	return val;
}

function getWidthOrHeight( elem, name, extra ) {

	// Start with offset property, which is equivalent to the border-box value
	var valueIsBorderBox = true,
		val = name === "width" ? elem.offsetWidth : elem.offsetHeight,
		styles = getStyles( elem ),
		isBorderBox = jQuery.css( elem, "boxSizing", false, styles ) === "border-box";

	// some non-html elements return undefined for offsetWidth, so check for null/undefined
	// svg - https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=649285
	// MathML - https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=491668
	if ( val <= 0 || val == null ) {
		// Fall back to computed then uncomputed css if necessary
		val = curCSS( elem, name, styles );
		if ( val < 0 || val == null ) {
			val = elem.style[ name ];
		}

		// Computed unit is not pixels. Stop here and return.
		if ( rnumnonpx.test(val) ) {
			return val;
		}

		// we need the check for style in case a browser which returns unreliable values
		// for getComputedStyle silently falls back to the reliable elem.style
		valueIsBorderBox = isBorderBox &&
			( support.boxSizingReliable() || val === elem.style[ name ] );

		// Normalize "", auto, and prepare for extra
		val = parseFloat( val ) || 0;
	}

	// use the active box-sizing model to add/subtract irrelevant styles
	return ( val +
		augmentWidthOrHeight(
			elem,
			name,
			extra || ( isBorderBox ? "border" : "content" ),
			valueIsBorderBox,
			styles
		)
	) + "px";
}

function showHide( elements, show ) {
	var display, elem, hidden,
		values = [],
		index = 0,
		length = elements.length;

	for ( ; index < length; index++ ) {
		elem = elements[ index ];
		if ( !elem.style ) {
			continue;
		}

		values[ index ] = data_priv.get( elem, "olddisplay" );
		display = elem.style.display;
		if ( show ) {
			// Reset the inline display of this element to learn if it is
			// being hidden by cascaded rules or not
			if ( !values[ index ] && display === "none" ) {
				elem.style.display = "";
			}

			// Set elements which have been overridden with display: none
			// in a stylesheet to whatever the default browser style is
			// for such an element
			if ( elem.style.display === "" && isHidden( elem ) ) {
				values[ index ] = data_priv.access( elem, "olddisplay", defaultDisplay(elem.nodeName) );
			}
		} else {
			hidden = isHidden( elem );

			if ( display !== "none" || !hidden ) {
				data_priv.set( elem, "olddisplay", hidden ? display : jQuery.css( elem, "display" ) );
			}
		}
	}

	// Set the display of most of the elements in a second loop
	// to avoid the constant reflow
	for ( index = 0; index < length; index++ ) {
		elem = elements[ index ];
		if ( !elem.style ) {
			continue;
		}
		if ( !show || elem.style.display === "none" || elem.style.display === "" ) {
			elem.style.display = show ? values[ index ] || "" : "none";
		}
	}

	return elements;
}

jQuery.extend({
	// Add in style property hooks for overriding the default
	// behavior of getting and setting a style property
	cssHooks: {
		opacity: {
			get: function( elem, computed ) {
				if ( computed ) {
					// We should always get a number back from opacity
					var ret = curCSS( elem, "opacity" );
					return ret === "" ? "1" : ret;
				}
			}
		}
	},

	// Don't automatically add "px" to these possibly-unitless properties
	cssNumber: {
		"columnCount": true,
		"fillOpacity": true,
		"flexGrow": true,
		"flexShrink": true,
		"fontWeight": true,
		"lineHeight": true,
		"opacity": true,
		"order": true,
		"orphans": true,
		"widows": true,
		"zIndex": true,
		"zoom": true
	},

	// Add in properties whose names you wish to fix before
	// setting or getting the value
	cssProps: {
		// normalize float css property
		"float": "cssFloat"
	},

	// Get and set the style property on a DOM Node
	style: function( elem, name, value, extra ) {
		// Don't set styles on text and comment nodes
		if ( !elem || elem.nodeType === 3 || elem.nodeType === 8 || !elem.style ) {
			return;
		}

		// Make sure that we're working with the right name
		var ret, type, hooks,
			origName = jQuery.camelCase( name ),
			style = elem.style;

		name = jQuery.cssProps[ origName ] || ( jQuery.cssProps[ origName ] = vendorPropName( style, origName ) );

		// gets hook for the prefixed version
		// followed by the unprefixed version
		hooks = jQuery.cssHooks[ name ] || jQuery.cssHooks[ origName ];

		// Check if we're setting a value
		if ( value !== undefined ) {
			type = typeof value;

			// convert relative number strings (+= or -=) to relative numbers. #7345
			if ( type === "string" && (ret = rrelNum.exec( value )) ) {
				value = ( ret[1] + 1 ) * ret[2] + parseFloat( jQuery.css( elem, name ) );
				// Fixes bug #9237
				type = "number";
			}

			// Make sure that null and NaN values aren't set. See: #7116
			if ( value == null || value !== value ) {
				return;
			}

			// If a number was passed in, add 'px' to the (except for certain CSS properties)
			if ( type === "number" && !jQuery.cssNumber[ origName ] ) {
				value += "px";
			}

			// Fixes #8908, it can be done more correctly by specifying setters in cssHooks,
			// but it would mean to define eight (for every problematic property) identical functions
			if ( !support.clearCloneStyle && value === "" && name.indexOf( "background" ) === 0 ) {
				style[ name ] = "inherit";
			}

			// If a hook was provided, use that value, otherwise just set the specified value
			if ( !hooks || !("set" in hooks) || (value = hooks.set( elem, value, extra )) !== undefined ) {
				style[ name ] = value;
			}

		} else {
			// If a hook was provided get the non-computed value from there
			if ( hooks && "get" in hooks && (ret = hooks.get( elem, false, extra )) !== undefined ) {
				return ret;
			}

			// Otherwise just get the value from the style object
			return style[ name ];
		}
	},

	css: function( elem, name, extra, styles ) {
		var val, num, hooks,
			origName = jQuery.camelCase( name );

		// Make sure that we're working with the right name
		name = jQuery.cssProps[ origName ] || ( jQuery.cssProps[ origName ] = vendorPropName( elem.style, origName ) );

		// gets hook for the prefixed version
		// followed by the unprefixed version
		hooks = jQuery.cssHooks[ name ] || jQuery.cssHooks[ origName ];

		// If a hook was provided get the computed value from there
		if ( hooks && "get" in hooks ) {
			val = hooks.get( elem, true, extra );
		}

		// Otherwise, if a way to get the computed value exists, use that
		if ( val === undefined ) {
			val = curCSS( elem, name, styles );
		}

		//convert "normal" to computed value
		if ( val === "normal" && name in cssNormalTransform ) {
			val = cssNormalTransform[ name ];
		}

		// Return, converting to number if forced or a qualifier was provided and val looks numeric
		if ( extra === "" || extra ) {
			num = parseFloat( val );
			return extra === true || jQuery.isNumeric( num ) ? num || 0 : val;
		}
		return val;
	}
});

jQuery.each([ "height", "width" ], function( i, name ) {
	jQuery.cssHooks[ name ] = {
		get: function( elem, computed, extra ) {
			if ( computed ) {
				// certain elements can have dimension info if we invisibly show them
				// however, it must have a current display style that would benefit from this
				return rdisplayswap.test( jQuery.css( elem, "display" ) ) && elem.offsetWidth === 0 ?
					jQuery.swap( elem, cssShow, function() {
						return getWidthOrHeight( elem, name, extra );
					}) :
					getWidthOrHeight( elem, name, extra );
			}
		},

		set: function( elem, value, extra ) {
			var styles = extra && getStyles( elem );
			return setPositiveNumber( elem, value, extra ?
				augmentWidthOrHeight(
					elem,
					name,
					extra,
					jQuery.css( elem, "boxSizing", false, styles ) === "border-box",
					styles
				) : 0
			);
		}
	};
});

// Support: Android 2.3
jQuery.cssHooks.marginRight = addGetHookIf( support.reliableMarginRight,
	function( elem, computed ) {
		if ( computed ) {
			// WebKit Bug 13343 - getComputedStyle returns wrong value for margin-right
			// Work around by temporarily setting element display to inline-block
			return jQuery.swap( elem, { "display": "inline-block" },
				curCSS, [ elem, "marginRight" ] );
		}
	}
);

// These hooks are used by animate to expand properties
jQuery.each({
	margin: "",
	padding: "",
	border: "Width"
}, function( prefix, suffix ) {
	jQuery.cssHooks[ prefix + suffix ] = {
		expand: function( value ) {
			var i = 0,
				expanded = {},

				// assumes a single number if not a string
				parts = typeof value === "string" ? value.split(" ") : [ value ];

			for ( ; i < 4; i++ ) {
				expanded[ prefix + cssExpand[ i ] + suffix ] =
					parts[ i ] || parts[ i - 2 ] || parts[ 0 ];
			}

			return expanded;
		}
	};

	if ( !rmargin.test( prefix ) ) {
		jQuery.cssHooks[ prefix + suffix ].set = setPositiveNumber;
	}
});

jQuery.fn.extend({
	css: function( name, value ) {
		return access( this, function( elem, name, value ) {
			var styles, len,
				map = {},
				i = 0;

			if ( jQuery.isArray( name ) ) {
				styles = getStyles( elem );
				len = name.length;

				for ( ; i < len; i++ ) {
					map[ name[ i ] ] = jQuery.css( elem, name[ i ], false, styles );
				}

				return map;
			}

			return value !== undefined ?
				jQuery.style( elem, name, value ) :
				jQuery.css( elem, name );
		}, name, value, arguments.length > 1 );
	},
	show: function() {
		return showHide( this, true );
	},
	hide: function() {
		return showHide( this );
	},
	toggle: function( state ) {
		if ( typeof state === "boolean" ) {
			return state ? this.show() : this.hide();
		}

		return this.each(function() {
			if ( isHidden( this ) ) {
				jQuery( this ).show();
			} else {
				jQuery( this ).hide();
			}
		});
	}
});


function Tween( elem, options, prop, end, easing ) {
	return new Tween.prototype.init( elem, options, prop, end, easing );
}
jQuery.Tween = Tween;

Tween.prototype = {
	constructor: Tween,
	init: function( elem, options, prop, end, easing, unit ) {
		this.elem = elem;
		this.prop = prop;
		this.easing = easing || "swing";
		this.options = options;
		this.start = this.now = this.cur();
		this.end = end;
		this.unit = unit || ( jQuery.cssNumber[ prop ] ? "" : "px" );
	},
	cur: function() {
		var hooks = Tween.propHooks[ this.prop ];

		return hooks && hooks.get ?
			hooks.get( this ) :
			Tween.propHooks._default.get( this );
	},
	run: function( percent ) {
		var eased,
			hooks = Tween.propHooks[ this.prop ];

		if ( this.options.duration ) {
			this.pos = eased = jQuery.easing[ this.easing ](
				percent, this.options.duration * percent, 0, 1, this.options.duration
			);
		} else {
			this.pos = eased = percent;
		}
		this.now = ( this.end - this.start ) * eased + this.start;

		if ( this.options.step ) {
			this.options.step.call( this.elem, this.now, this );
		}

		if ( hooks && hooks.set ) {
			hooks.set( this );
		} else {
			Tween.propHooks._default.set( this );
		}
		return this;
	}
};

Tween.prototype.init.prototype = Tween.prototype;

Tween.propHooks = {
	_default: {
		get: function( tween ) {
			var result;

			if ( tween.elem[ tween.prop ] != null &&
				(!tween.elem.style || tween.elem.style[ tween.prop ] == null) ) {
				return tween.elem[ tween.prop ];
			}

			// passing an empty string as a 3rd parameter to .css will automatically
			// attempt a parseFloat and fallback to a string if the parse fails
			// so, simple values such as "10px" are parsed to Float.
			// complex values such as "rotate(1rad)" are returned as is.
			result = jQuery.css( tween.elem, tween.prop, "" );
			// Empty strings, null, undefined and "auto" are converted to 0.
			return !result || result === "auto" ? 0 : result;
		},
		set: function( tween ) {
			// use step hook for back compat - use cssHook if its there - use .style if its
			// available and use plain properties where available
			if ( jQuery.fx.step[ tween.prop ] ) {
				jQuery.fx.step[ tween.prop ]( tween );
			} else if ( tween.elem.style && ( tween.elem.style[ jQuery.cssProps[ tween.prop ] ] != null || jQuery.cssHooks[ tween.prop ] ) ) {
				jQuery.style( tween.elem, tween.prop, tween.now + tween.unit );
			} else {
				tween.elem[ tween.prop ] = tween.now;
			}
		}
	}
};

// Support: IE9
// Panic based approach to setting things on disconnected nodes

Tween.propHooks.scrollTop = Tween.propHooks.scrollLeft = {
	set: function( tween ) {
		if ( tween.elem.nodeType && tween.elem.parentNode ) {
			tween.elem[ tween.prop ] = tween.now;
		}
	}
};

jQuery.easing = {
	linear: function( p ) {
		return p;
	},
	swing: function( p ) {
		return 0.5 - Math.cos( p * Math.PI ) / 2;
	}
};

jQuery.fx = Tween.prototype.init;

// Back Compat <1.8 extension point
jQuery.fx.step = {};




var
	fxNow, timerId,
	rfxtypes = /^(?:toggle|show|hide)$/,
	rfxnum = new RegExp( "^(?:([+-])=|)(" + pnum + ")([a-z%]*)$", "i" ),
	rrun = /queueHooks$/,
	animationPrefilters = [ defaultPrefilter ],
	tweeners = {
		"*": [ function( prop, value ) {
			var tween = this.createTween( prop, value ),
				target = tween.cur(),
				parts = rfxnum.exec( value ),
				unit = parts && parts[ 3 ] || ( jQuery.cssNumber[ prop ] ? "" : "px" ),

				// Starting value computation is required for potential unit mismatches
				start = ( jQuery.cssNumber[ prop ] || unit !== "px" && +target ) &&
					rfxnum.exec( jQuery.css( tween.elem, prop ) ),
				scale = 1,
				maxIterations = 20;

			if ( start && start[ 3 ] !== unit ) {
				// Trust units reported by jQuery.css
				unit = unit || start[ 3 ];

				// Make sure we update the tween properties later on
				parts = parts || [];

				// Iteratively approximate from a nonzero starting point
				start = +target || 1;

				do {
					// If previous iteration zeroed out, double until we get *something*
					// Use a string for doubling factor so we don't accidentally see scale as unchanged below
					scale = scale || ".5";

					// Adjust and apply
					start = start / scale;
					jQuery.style( tween.elem, prop, start + unit );

				// Update scale, tolerating zero or NaN from tween.cur()
				// And breaking the loop if scale is unchanged or perfect, or if we've just had enough
				} while ( scale !== (scale = tween.cur() / target) && scale !== 1 && --maxIterations );
			}

			// Update tween properties
			if ( parts ) {
				start = tween.start = +start || +target || 0;
				tween.unit = unit;
				// If a +=/-= token was provided, we're doing a relative animation
				tween.end = parts[ 1 ] ?
					start + ( parts[ 1 ] + 1 ) * parts[ 2 ] :
					+parts[ 2 ];
			}

			return tween;
		} ]
	};

// Animations created synchronously will run synchronously
function createFxNow() {
	setTimeout(function() {
		fxNow = undefined;
	});
	return ( fxNow = jQuery.now() );
}

// Generate parameters to create a standard animation
function genFx( type, includeWidth ) {
	var which,
		i = 0,
		attrs = { height: type };

	// if we include width, step value is 1 to do all cssExpand values,
	// if we don't include width, step value is 2 to skip over Left and Right
	includeWidth = includeWidth ? 1 : 0;
	for ( ; i < 4 ; i += 2 - includeWidth ) {
		which = cssExpand[ i ];
		attrs[ "margin" + which ] = attrs[ "padding" + which ] = type;
	}

	if ( includeWidth ) {
		attrs.opacity = attrs.width = type;
	}

	return attrs;
}

function createTween( value, prop, animation ) {
	var tween,
		collection = ( tweeners[ prop ] || [] ).concat( tweeners[ "*" ] ),
		index = 0,
		length = collection.length;
	for ( ; index < length; index++ ) {
		if ( (tween = collection[ index ].call( animation, prop, value )) ) {

			// we're done with this property
			return tween;
		}
	}
}

function defaultPrefilter( elem, props, opts ) {
	/* jshint validthis: true */
	var prop, value, toggle, tween, hooks, oldfire, display, checkDisplay,
		anim = this,
		orig = {},
		style = elem.style,
		hidden = elem.nodeType && isHidden( elem ),
		dataShow = data_priv.get( elem, "fxshow" );

	// handle queue: false promises
	if ( !opts.queue ) {
		hooks = jQuery._queueHooks( elem, "fx" );
		if ( hooks.unqueued == null ) {
			hooks.unqueued = 0;
			oldfire = hooks.empty.fire;
			hooks.empty.fire = function() {
				if ( !hooks.unqueued ) {
					oldfire();
				}
			};
		}
		hooks.unqueued++;

		anim.always(function() {
			// doing this makes sure that the complete handler will be called
			// before this completes
			anim.always(function() {
				hooks.unqueued--;
				if ( !jQuery.queue( elem, "fx" ).length ) {
					hooks.empty.fire();
				}
			});
		});
	}

	// height/width overflow pass
	if ( elem.nodeType === 1 && ( "height" in props || "width" in props ) ) {
		// Make sure that nothing sneaks out
		// Record all 3 overflow attributes because IE9-10 do not
		// change the overflow attribute when overflowX and
		// overflowY are set to the same value
		opts.overflow = [ style.overflow, style.overflowX, style.overflowY ];

		// Set display property to inline-block for height/width
		// animations on inline elements that are having width/height animated
		display = jQuery.css( elem, "display" );

		// Test default display if display is currently "none"
		checkDisplay = display === "none" ?
			data_priv.get( elem, "olddisplay" ) || defaultDisplay( elem.nodeName ) : display;

		if ( checkDisplay === "inline" && jQuery.css( elem, "float" ) === "none" ) {
			style.display = "inline-block";
		}
	}

	if ( opts.overflow ) {
		style.overflow = "hidden";
		anim.always(function() {
			style.overflow = opts.overflow[ 0 ];
			style.overflowX = opts.overflow[ 1 ];
			style.overflowY = opts.overflow[ 2 ];
		});
	}

	// show/hide pass
	for ( prop in props ) {
		value = props[ prop ];
		if ( rfxtypes.exec( value ) ) {
			delete props[ prop ];
			toggle = toggle || value === "toggle";
			if ( value === ( hidden ? "hide" : "show" ) ) {

				// If there is dataShow left over from a stopped hide or show and we are going to proceed with show, we should pretend to be hidden
				if ( value === "show" && dataShow && dataShow[ prop ] !== undefined ) {
					hidden = true;
				} else {
					continue;
				}
			}
			orig[ prop ] = dataShow && dataShow[ prop ] || jQuery.style( elem, prop );

		// Any non-fx value stops us from restoring the original display value
		} else {
			display = undefined;
		}
	}

	if ( !jQuery.isEmptyObject( orig ) ) {
		if ( dataShow ) {
			if ( "hidden" in dataShow ) {
				hidden = dataShow.hidden;
			}
		} else {
			dataShow = data_priv.access( elem, "fxshow", {} );
		}

		// store state if its toggle - enables .stop().toggle() to "reverse"
		if ( toggle ) {
			dataShow.hidden = !hidden;
		}
		if ( hidden ) {
			jQuery( elem ).show();
		} else {
			anim.done(function() {
				jQuery( elem ).hide();
			});
		}
		anim.done(function() {
			var prop;

			data_priv.remove( elem, "fxshow" );
			for ( prop in orig ) {
				jQuery.style( elem, prop, orig[ prop ] );
			}
		});
		for ( prop in orig ) {
			tween = createTween( hidden ? dataShow[ prop ] : 0, prop, anim );

			if ( !( prop in dataShow ) ) {
				dataShow[ prop ] = tween.start;
				if ( hidden ) {
					tween.end = tween.start;
					tween.start = prop === "width" || prop === "height" ? 1 : 0;
				}
			}
		}

	// If this is a noop like .hide().hide(), restore an overwritten display value
	} else if ( (display === "none" ? defaultDisplay( elem.nodeName ) : display) === "inline" ) {
		style.display = display;
	}
}

function propFilter( props, specialEasing ) {
	var index, name, easing, value, hooks;

	// camelCase, specialEasing and expand cssHook pass
	for ( index in props ) {
		name = jQuery.camelCase( index );
		easing = specialEasing[ name ];
		value = props[ index ];
		if ( jQuery.isArray( value ) ) {
			easing = value[ 1 ];
			value = props[ index ] = value[ 0 ];
		}

		if ( index !== name ) {
			props[ name ] = value;
			delete props[ index ];
		}

		hooks = jQuery.cssHooks[ name ];
		if ( hooks && "expand" in hooks ) {
			value = hooks.expand( value );
			delete props[ name ];

			// not quite $.extend, this wont overwrite keys already present.
			// also - reusing 'index' from above because we have the correct "name"
			for ( index in value ) {
				if ( !( index in props ) ) {
					props[ index ] = value[ index ];
					specialEasing[ index ] = easing;
				}
			}
		} else {
			specialEasing[ name ] = easing;
		}
	}
}

function Animation( elem, properties, options ) {
	var result,
		stopped,
		index = 0,
		length = animationPrefilters.length,
		deferred = jQuery.Deferred().always( function() {
			// don't match elem in the :animated selector
			delete tick.elem;
		}),
		tick = function() {
			if ( stopped ) {
				return false;
			}
			var currentTime = fxNow || createFxNow(),
				remaining = Math.max( 0, animation.startTime + animation.duration - currentTime ),
				// archaic crash bug won't allow us to use 1 - ( 0.5 || 0 ) (#12497)
				temp = remaining / animation.duration || 0,
				percent = 1 - temp,
				index = 0,
				length = animation.tweens.length;

			for ( ; index < length ; index++ ) {
				animation.tweens[ index ].run( percent );
			}

			deferred.notifyWith( elem, [ animation, percent, remaining ]);

			if ( percent < 1 && length ) {
				return remaining;
			} else {
				deferred.resolveWith( elem, [ animation ] );
				return false;
			}
		},
		animation = deferred.promise({
			elem: elem,
			props: jQuery.extend( {}, properties ),
			opts: jQuery.extend( true, { specialEasing: {} }, options ),
			originalProperties: properties,
			originalOptions: options,
			startTime: fxNow || createFxNow(),
			duration: options.duration,
			tweens: [],
			createTween: function( prop, end ) {
				var tween = jQuery.Tween( elem, animation.opts, prop, end,
						animation.opts.specialEasing[ prop ] || animation.opts.easing );
				animation.tweens.push( tween );
				return tween;
			},
			stop: function( gotoEnd ) {
				var index = 0,
					// if we are going to the end, we want to run all the tweens
					// otherwise we skip this part
					length = gotoEnd ? animation.tweens.length : 0;
				if ( stopped ) {
					return this;
				}
				stopped = true;
				for ( ; index < length ; index++ ) {
					animation.tweens[ index ].run( 1 );
				}

				// resolve when we played the last frame
				// otherwise, reject
				if ( gotoEnd ) {
					deferred.resolveWith( elem, [ animation, gotoEnd ] );
				} else {
					deferred.rejectWith( elem, [ animation, gotoEnd ] );
				}
				return this;
			}
		}),
		props = animation.props;

	propFilter( props, animation.opts.specialEasing );

	for ( ; index < length ; index++ ) {
		result = animationPrefilters[ index ].call( animation, elem, props, animation.opts );
		if ( result ) {
			return result;
		}
	}

	jQuery.map( props, createTween, animation );

	if ( jQuery.isFunction( animation.opts.start ) ) {
		animation.opts.start.call( elem, animation );
	}

	jQuery.fx.timer(
		jQuery.extend( tick, {
			elem: elem,
			anim: animation,
			queue: animation.opts.queue
		})
	);

	// attach callbacks from options
	return animation.progress( animation.opts.progress )
		.done( animation.opts.done, animation.opts.complete )
		.fail( animation.opts.fail )
		.always( animation.opts.always );
}

jQuery.Animation = jQuery.extend( Animation, {

	tweener: function( props, callback ) {
		if ( jQuery.isFunction( props ) ) {
			callback = props;
			props = [ "*" ];
		} else {
			props = props.split(" ");
		}

		var prop,
			index = 0,
			length = props.length;

		for ( ; index < length ; index++ ) {
			prop = props[ index ];
			tweeners[ prop ] = tweeners[ prop ] || [];
			tweeners[ prop ].unshift( callback );
		}
	},

	prefilter: function( callback, prepend ) {
		if ( prepend ) {
			animationPrefilters.unshift( callback );
		} else {
			animationPrefilters.push( callback );
		}
	}
});

jQuery.speed = function( speed, easing, fn ) {
	var opt = speed && typeof speed === "object" ? jQuery.extend( {}, speed ) : {
		complete: fn || !fn && easing ||
			jQuery.isFunction( speed ) && speed,
		duration: speed,
		easing: fn && easing || easing && !jQuery.isFunction( easing ) && easing
	};

	opt.duration = jQuery.fx.off ? 0 : typeof opt.duration === "number" ? opt.duration :
		opt.duration in jQuery.fx.speeds ? jQuery.fx.speeds[ opt.duration ] : jQuery.fx.speeds._default;

	// normalize opt.queue - true/undefined/null -> "fx"
	if ( opt.queue == null || opt.queue === true ) {
		opt.queue = "fx";
	}

	// Queueing
	opt.old = opt.complete;

	opt.complete = function() {
		if ( jQuery.isFunction( opt.old ) ) {
			opt.old.call( this );
		}

		if ( opt.queue ) {
			jQuery.dequeue( this, opt.queue );
		}
	};

	return opt;
};

jQuery.fn.extend({
	fadeTo: function( speed, to, easing, callback ) {

		// show any hidden elements after setting opacity to 0
		return this.filter( isHidden ).css( "opacity", 0 ).show()

			// animate to the value specified
			.end().animate({ opacity: to }, speed, easing, callback );
	},
	animate: function( prop, speed, easing, callback ) {
		var empty = jQuery.isEmptyObject( prop ),
			optall = jQuery.speed( speed, easing, callback ),
			doAnimation = function() {
				// Operate on a copy of prop so per-property easing won't be lost
				var anim = Animation( this, jQuery.extend( {}, prop ), optall );

				// Empty animations, or finishing resolves immediately
				if ( empty || data_priv.get( this, "finish" ) ) {
					anim.stop( true );
				}
			};
			doAnimation.finish = doAnimation;

		return empty || optall.queue === false ?
			this.each( doAnimation ) :
			this.queue( optall.queue, doAnimation );
	},
	stop: function( type, clearQueue, gotoEnd ) {
		var stopQueue = function( hooks ) {
			var stop = hooks.stop;
			delete hooks.stop;
			stop( gotoEnd );
		};

		if ( typeof type !== "string" ) {
			gotoEnd = clearQueue;
			clearQueue = type;
			type = undefined;
		}
		if ( clearQueue && type !== false ) {
			this.queue( type || "fx", [] );
		}

		return this.each(function() {
			var dequeue = true,
				index = type != null && type + "queueHooks",
				timers = jQuery.timers,
				data = data_priv.get( this );

			if ( index ) {
				if ( data[ index ] && data[ index ].stop ) {
					stopQueue( data[ index ] );
				}
			} else {
				for ( index in data ) {
					if ( data[ index ] && data[ index ].stop && rrun.test( index ) ) {
						stopQueue( data[ index ] );
					}
				}
			}

			for ( index = timers.length; index--; ) {
				if ( timers[ index ].elem === this && (type == null || timers[ index ].queue === type) ) {
					timers[ index ].anim.stop( gotoEnd );
					dequeue = false;
					timers.splice( index, 1 );
				}
			}

			// start the next in the queue if the last step wasn't forced
			// timers currently will call their complete callbacks, which will dequeue
			// but only if they were gotoEnd
			if ( dequeue || !gotoEnd ) {
				jQuery.dequeue( this, type );
			}
		});
	},
	finish: function( type ) {
		if ( type !== false ) {
			type = type || "fx";
		}
		return this.each(function() {
			var index,
				data = data_priv.get( this ),
				queue = data[ type + "queue" ],
				hooks = data[ type + "queueHooks" ],
				timers = jQuery.timers,
				length = queue ? queue.length : 0;

			// enable finishing flag on private data
			data.finish = true;

			// empty the queue first
			jQuery.queue( this, type, [] );

			if ( hooks && hooks.stop ) {
				hooks.stop.call( this, true );
			}

			// look for any active animations, and finish them
			for ( index = timers.length; index--; ) {
				if ( timers[ index ].elem === this && timers[ index ].queue === type ) {
					timers[ index ].anim.stop( true );
					timers.splice( index, 1 );
				}
			}

			// look for any animations in the old queue and finish them
			for ( index = 0; index < length; index++ ) {
				if ( queue[ index ] && queue[ index ].finish ) {
					queue[ index ].finish.call( this );
				}
			}

			// turn off finishing flag
			delete data.finish;
		});
	}
});

jQuery.each([ "toggle", "show", "hide" ], function( i, name ) {
	var cssFn = jQuery.fn[ name ];
	jQuery.fn[ name ] = function( speed, easing, callback ) {
		return speed == null || typeof speed === "boolean" ?
			cssFn.apply( this, arguments ) :
			this.animate( genFx( name, true ), speed, easing, callback );
	};
});

// Generate shortcuts for custom animations
jQuery.each({
	slideDown: genFx("show"),
	slideUp: genFx("hide"),
	slideToggle: genFx("toggle"),
	fadeIn: { opacity: "show" },
	fadeOut: { opacity: "hide" },
	fadeToggle: { opacity: "toggle" }
}, function( name, props ) {
	jQuery.fn[ name ] = function( speed, easing, callback ) {
		return this.animate( props, speed, easing, callback );
	};
});

jQuery.timers = [];
jQuery.fx.tick = function() {
	var timer,
		i = 0,
		timers = jQuery.timers;

	fxNow = jQuery.now();

	for ( ; i < timers.length; i++ ) {
		timer = timers[ i ];
		// Checks the timer has not already been removed
		if ( !timer() && timers[ i ] === timer ) {
			timers.splice( i--, 1 );
		}
	}

	if ( !timers.length ) {
		jQuery.fx.stop();
	}
	fxNow = undefined;
};

jQuery.fx.timer = function( timer ) {
	jQuery.timers.push( timer );
	if ( timer() ) {
		jQuery.fx.start();
	} else {
		jQuery.timers.pop();
	}
};

jQuery.fx.interval = 13;

jQuery.fx.start = function() {
	if ( !timerId ) {
		timerId = setInterval( jQuery.fx.tick, jQuery.fx.interval );
	}
};

jQuery.fx.stop = function() {
	clearInterval( timerId );
	timerId = null;
};

jQuery.fx.speeds = {
	slow: 600,
	fast: 200,
	// Default speed
	_default: 400
};


// Based off of the plugin by Clint Helfers, with permission.
// http://blindsignals.com/index.php/2009/07/jquery-delay/
jQuery.fn.delay = function( time, type ) {
	time = jQuery.fx ? jQuery.fx.speeds[ time ] || time : time;
	type = type || "fx";

	return this.queue( type, function( next, hooks ) {
		var timeout = setTimeout( next, time );
		hooks.stop = function() {
			clearTimeout( timeout );
		};
	});
};


(function() {
	var input = document.createElement( "input" ),
		select = document.createElement( "select" ),
		opt = select.appendChild( document.createElement( "option" ) );

	input.type = "checkbox";

	// Support: iOS 5.1, Android 4.x, Android 2.3
	// Check the default checkbox/radio value ("" on old WebKit; "on" elsewhere)
	support.checkOn = input.value !== "";

	// Must access the parent to make an option select properly
	// Support: IE9, IE10
	support.optSelected = opt.selected;

	// Make sure that the options inside disabled selects aren't marked as disabled
	// (WebKit marks them as disabled)
	select.disabled = true;
	support.optDisabled = !opt.disabled;

	// Check if an input maintains its value after becoming a radio
	// Support: IE9, IE10
	input = document.createElement( "input" );
	input.value = "t";
	input.type = "radio";
	support.radioValue = input.value === "t";
})();


var nodeHook, boolHook,
	attrHandle = jQuery.expr.attrHandle;

jQuery.fn.extend({
	attr: function( name, value ) {
		return access( this, jQuery.attr, name, value, arguments.length > 1 );
	},

	removeAttr: function( name ) {
		return this.each(function() {
			jQuery.removeAttr( this, name );
		});
	}
});

jQuery.extend({
	attr: function( elem, name, value ) {
		var hooks, ret,
			nType = elem.nodeType;

		// don't get/set attributes on text, comment and attribute nodes
		if ( !elem || nType === 3 || nType === 8 || nType === 2 ) {
			return;
		}

		// Fallback to prop when attributes are not supported
		if ( typeof elem.getAttribute === strundefined ) {
			return jQuery.prop( elem, name, value );
		}

		// All attributes are lowercase
		// Grab necessary hook if one is defined
		if ( nType !== 1 || !jQuery.isXMLDoc( elem ) ) {
			name = name.toLowerCase();
			hooks = jQuery.attrHooks[ name ] ||
				( jQuery.expr.match.bool.test( name ) ? boolHook : nodeHook );
		}

		if ( value !== undefined ) {

			if ( value === null ) {
				jQuery.removeAttr( elem, name );

			} else if ( hooks && "set" in hooks && (ret = hooks.set( elem, value, name )) !== undefined ) {
				return ret;

			} else {
				elem.setAttribute( name, value + "" );
				return value;
			}

		} else if ( hooks && "get" in hooks && (ret = hooks.get( elem, name )) !== null ) {
			return ret;

		} else {
			ret = jQuery.find.attr( elem, name );

			// Non-existent attributes return null, we normalize to undefined
			return ret == null ?
				undefined :
				ret;
		}
	},

	removeAttr: function( elem, value ) {
		var name, propName,
			i = 0,
			attrNames = value && value.match( rnotwhite );

		if ( attrNames && elem.nodeType === 1 ) {
			while ( (name = attrNames[i++]) ) {
				propName = jQuery.propFix[ name ] || name;

				// Boolean attributes get special treatment (#10870)
				if ( jQuery.expr.match.bool.test( name ) ) {
					// Set corresponding property to false
					elem[ propName ] = false;
				}

				elem.removeAttribute( name );
			}
		}
	},

	attrHooks: {
		type: {
			set: function( elem, value ) {
				if ( !support.radioValue && value === "radio" &&
					jQuery.nodeName( elem, "input" ) ) {
					// Setting the type on a radio button after the value resets the value in IE6-9
					// Reset value to default in case type is set after value during creation
					var val = elem.value;
					elem.setAttribute( "type", value );
					if ( val ) {
						elem.value = val;
					}
					return value;
				}
			}
		}
	}
});

// Hooks for boolean attributes
boolHook = {
	set: function( elem, value, name ) {
		if ( value === false ) {
			// Remove boolean attributes when set to false
			jQuery.removeAttr( elem, name );
		} else {
			elem.setAttribute( name, name );
		}
		return name;
	}
};
jQuery.each( jQuery.expr.match.bool.source.match( /\w+/g ), function( i, name ) {
	var getter = attrHandle[ name ] || jQuery.find.attr;

	attrHandle[ name ] = function( elem, name, isXML ) {
		var ret, handle;
		if ( !isXML ) {
			// Avoid an infinite loop by temporarily removing this function from the getter
			handle = attrHandle[ name ];
			attrHandle[ name ] = ret;
			ret = getter( elem, name, isXML ) != null ?
				name.toLowerCase() :
				null;
			attrHandle[ name ] = handle;
		}
		return ret;
	};
});




var rfocusable = /^(?:input|select|textarea|button)$/i;

jQuery.fn.extend({
	prop: function( name, value ) {
		return access( this, jQuery.prop, name, value, arguments.length > 1 );
	},

	removeProp: function( name ) {
		return this.each(function() {
			delete this[ jQuery.propFix[ name ] || name ];
		});
	}
});

jQuery.extend({
	propFix: {
		"for": "htmlFor",
		"class": "className"
	},

	prop: function( elem, name, value ) {
		var ret, hooks, notxml,
			nType = elem.nodeType;

		// don't get/set properties on text, comment and attribute nodes
		if ( !elem || nType === 3 || nType === 8 || nType === 2 ) {
			return;
		}

		notxml = nType !== 1 || !jQuery.isXMLDoc( elem );

		if ( notxml ) {
			// Fix name and attach hooks
			name = jQuery.propFix[ name ] || name;
			hooks = jQuery.propHooks[ name ];
		}

		if ( value !== undefined ) {
			return hooks && "set" in hooks && (ret = hooks.set( elem, value, name )) !== undefined ?
				ret :
				( elem[ name ] = value );

		} else {
			return hooks && "get" in hooks && (ret = hooks.get( elem, name )) !== null ?
				ret :
				elem[ name ];
		}
	},

	propHooks: {
		tabIndex: {
			get: function( elem ) {
				return elem.hasAttribute( "tabindex" ) || rfocusable.test( elem.nodeName ) || elem.href ?
					elem.tabIndex :
					-1;
			}
		}
	}
});

// Support: IE9+
// Selectedness for an option in an optgroup can be inaccurate
if ( !support.optSelected ) {
	jQuery.propHooks.selected = {
		get: function( elem ) {
			var parent = elem.parentNode;
			if ( parent && parent.parentNode ) {
				parent.parentNode.selectedIndex;
			}
			return null;
		}
	};
}

jQuery.each([
	"tabIndex",
	"readOnly",
	"maxLength",
	"cellSpacing",
	"cellPadding",
	"rowSpan",
	"colSpan",
	"useMap",
	"frameBorder",
	"contentEditable"
], function() {
	jQuery.propFix[ this.toLowerCase() ] = this;
});




var rclass = /[\t\r\n\f]/g;

jQuery.fn.extend({
	addClass: function( value ) {
		var classes, elem, cur, clazz, j, finalValue,
			proceed = typeof value === "string" && value,
			i = 0,
			len = this.length;

		if ( jQuery.isFunction( value ) ) {
			return this.each(function( j ) {
				jQuery( this ).addClass( value.call( this, j, this.className ) );
			});
		}

		if ( proceed ) {
			// The disjunction here is for better compressibility (see removeClass)
			classes = ( value || "" ).match( rnotwhite ) || [];

			for ( ; i < len; i++ ) {
				elem = this[ i ];
				cur = elem.nodeType === 1 && ( elem.className ?
					( " " + elem.className + " " ).replace( rclass, " " ) :
					" "
				);

				if ( cur ) {
					j = 0;
					while ( (clazz = classes[j++]) ) {
						if ( cur.indexOf( " " + clazz + " " ) < 0 ) {
							cur += clazz + " ";
						}
					}

					// only assign if different to avoid unneeded rendering.
					finalValue = jQuery.trim( cur );
					if ( elem.className !== finalValue ) {
						elem.className = finalValue;
					}
				}
			}
		}

		return this;
	},

	removeClass: function( value ) {
		var classes, elem, cur, clazz, j, finalValue,
			proceed = arguments.length === 0 || typeof value === "string" && value,
			i = 0,
			len = this.length;

		if ( jQuery.isFunction( value ) ) {
			return this.each(function( j ) {
				jQuery( this ).removeClass( value.call( this, j, this.className ) );
			});
		}
		if ( proceed ) {
			classes = ( value || "" ).match( rnotwhite ) || [];

			for ( ; i < len; i++ ) {
				elem = this[ i ];
				// This expression is here for better compressibility (see addClass)
				cur = elem.nodeType === 1 && ( elem.className ?
					( " " + elem.className + " " ).replace( rclass, " " ) :
					""
				);

				if ( cur ) {
					j = 0;
					while ( (clazz = classes[j++]) ) {
						// Remove *all* instances
						while ( cur.indexOf( " " + clazz + " " ) >= 0 ) {
							cur = cur.replace( " " + clazz + " ", " " );
						}
					}

					// only assign if different to avoid unneeded rendering.
					finalValue = value ? jQuery.trim( cur ) : "";
					if ( elem.className !== finalValue ) {
						elem.className = finalValue;
					}
				}
			}
		}

		return this;
	},

	toggleClass: function( value, stateVal ) {
		var type = typeof value;

		if ( typeof stateVal === "boolean" && type === "string" ) {
			return stateVal ? this.addClass( value ) : this.removeClass( value );
		}

		if ( jQuery.isFunction( value ) ) {
			return this.each(function( i ) {
				jQuery( this ).toggleClass( value.call(this, i, this.className, stateVal), stateVal );
			});
		}

		return this.each(function() {
			if ( type === "string" ) {
				// toggle individual class names
				var className,
					i = 0,
					self = jQuery( this ),
					classNames = value.match( rnotwhite ) || [];

				while ( (className = classNames[ i++ ]) ) {
					// check each className given, space separated list
					if ( self.hasClass( className ) ) {
						self.removeClass( className );
					} else {
						self.addClass( className );
					}
				}

			// Toggle whole class name
			} else if ( type === strundefined || type === "boolean" ) {
				if ( this.className ) {
					// store className if set
					data_priv.set( this, "__className__", this.className );
				}

				// If the element has a class name or if we're passed "false",
				// then remove the whole classname (if there was one, the above saved it).
				// Otherwise bring back whatever was previously saved (if anything),
				// falling back to the empty string if nothing was stored.
				this.className = this.className || value === false ? "" : data_priv.get( this, "__className__" ) || "";
			}
		});
	},

	hasClass: function( selector ) {
		var className = " " + selector + " ",
			i = 0,
			l = this.length;
		for ( ; i < l; i++ ) {
			if ( this[i].nodeType === 1 && (" " + this[i].className + " ").replace(rclass, " ").indexOf( className ) >= 0 ) {
				return true;
			}
		}

		return false;
	}
});




var rreturn = /\r/g;

jQuery.fn.extend({
	val: function( value ) {
		var hooks, ret, isFunction,
			elem = this[0];

		if ( !arguments.length ) {
			if ( elem ) {
				hooks = jQuery.valHooks[ elem.type ] || jQuery.valHooks[ elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() ];

				if ( hooks && "get" in hooks && (ret = hooks.get( elem, "value" )) !== undefined ) {
					return ret;
				}

				ret = elem.value;

				return typeof ret === "string" ?
					// handle most common string cases
					ret.replace(rreturn, "") :
					// handle cases where value is null/undef or number
					ret == null ? "" : ret;
			}

			return;
		}

		isFunction = jQuery.isFunction( value );

		return this.each(function( i ) {
			var val;

			if ( this.nodeType !== 1 ) {
				return;
			}

			if ( isFunction ) {
				val = value.call( this, i, jQuery( this ).val() );
			} else {
				val = value;
			}

			// Treat null/undefined as ""; convert numbers to string
			if ( val == null ) {
				val = "";

			} else if ( typeof val === "number" ) {
				val += "";

			} else if ( jQuery.isArray( val ) ) {
				val = jQuery.map( val, function( value ) {
					return value == null ? "" : value + "";
				});
			}

			hooks = jQuery.valHooks[ this.type ] || jQuery.valHooks[ this.nodeName.toLowerCase() ];

			// If set returns undefined, fall back to normal setting
			if ( !hooks || !("set" in hooks) || hooks.set( this, val, "value" ) === undefined ) {
				this.value = val;
			}
		});
	}
});

jQuery.extend({
	valHooks: {
		option: {
			get: function( elem ) {
				var val = jQuery.find.attr( elem, "value" );
				return val != null ?
					val :
					// Support: IE10-11+
					// option.text throws exceptions (#14686, #14858)
					jQuery.trim( jQuery.text( elem ) );
			}
		},
		select: {
			get: function( elem ) {
				var value, option,
					options = elem.options,
					index = elem.selectedIndex,
					one = elem.type === "select-one" || index < 0,
					values = one ? null : [],
					max = one ? index + 1 : options.length,
					i = index < 0 ?
						max :
						one ? index : 0;

				// Loop through all the selected options
				for ( ; i < max; i++ ) {
					option = options[ i ];

					// IE6-9 doesn't update selected after form reset (#2551)
					if ( ( option.selected || i === index ) &&
							// Don't return options that are disabled or in a disabled optgroup
							( support.optDisabled ? !option.disabled : option.getAttribute( "disabled" ) === null ) &&
							( !option.parentNode.disabled || !jQuery.nodeName( option.parentNode, "optgroup" ) ) ) {

						// Get the specific value for the option
						value = jQuery( option ).val();

						// We don't need an array for one selects
						if ( one ) {
							return value;
						}

						// Multi-Selects return an array
						values.push( value );
					}
				}

				return values;
			},

			set: function( elem, value ) {
				var optionSet, option,
					options = elem.options,
					values = jQuery.makeArray( value ),
					i = options.length;

				while ( i-- ) {
					option = options[ i ];
					if ( (option.selected = jQuery.inArray( option.value, values ) >= 0) ) {
						optionSet = true;
					}
				}

				// force browsers to behave consistently when non-matching value is set
				if ( !optionSet ) {
					elem.selectedIndex = -1;
				}
				return values;
			}
		}
	}
});

// Radios and checkboxes getter/setter
jQuery.each([ "radio", "checkbox" ], function() {
	jQuery.valHooks[ this ] = {
		set: function( elem, value ) {
			if ( jQuery.isArray( value ) ) {
				return ( elem.checked = jQuery.inArray( jQuery(elem).val(), value ) >= 0 );
			}
		}
	};
	if ( !support.checkOn ) {
		jQuery.valHooks[ this ].get = function( elem ) {
			// Support: Webkit
			// "" is returned instead of "on" if a value isn't specified
			return elem.getAttribute("value") === null ? "on" : elem.value;
		};
	}
});




// Return jQuery for attributes-only inclusion


jQuery.each( ("blur focus focusin focusout load resize scroll unload click dblclick " +
	"mousedown mouseup mousemove mouseover mouseout mouseenter mouseleave " +
	"change select submit keydown keypress keyup error contextmenu").split(" "), function( i, name ) {

	// Handle event binding
	jQuery.fn[ name ] = function( data, fn ) {
		return arguments.length > 0 ?
			this.on( name, null, data, fn ) :
			this.trigger( name );
	};
});

jQuery.fn.extend({
	hover: function( fnOver, fnOut ) {
		return this.mouseenter( fnOver ).mouseleave( fnOut || fnOver );
	},

	bind: function( types, data, fn ) {
		return this.on( types, null, data, fn );
	},
	unbind: function( types, fn ) {
		return this.off( types, null, fn );
	},

	delegate: function( selector, types, data, fn ) {
		return this.on( types, selector, data, fn );
	},
	undelegate: function( selector, types, fn ) {
		// ( namespace ) or ( selector, types [, fn] )
		return arguments.length === 1 ? this.off( selector, "**" ) : this.off( types, selector || "**", fn );
	}
});


var nonce = jQuery.now();

var rquery = (/\?/);



// Support: Android 2.3
// Workaround failure to string-cast null input
jQuery.parseJSON = function( data ) {
	return JSON.parse( data + "" );
};


// Cross-browser xml parsing
jQuery.parseXML = function( data ) {
	var xml, tmp;
	if ( !data || typeof data !== "string" ) {
		return null;
	}

	// Support: IE9
	try {
		tmp = new DOMParser();
		xml = tmp.parseFromString( data, "text/xml" );
	} catch ( e ) {
		xml = undefined;
	}

	if ( !xml || xml.getElementsByTagName( "parsererror" ).length ) {
		jQuery.error( "Invalid XML: " + data );
	}
	return xml;
};


var
	// Document location
	ajaxLocParts,
	ajaxLocation,

	rhash = /#.*$/,
	rts = /([?&])_=[^&]*/,
	rheaders = /^(.*?):[ \t]*([^\r\n]*)$/mg,
	// #7653, #8125, #8152: local protocol detection
	rlocalProtocol = /^(?:about|app|app-storage|.+-extension|file|res|widget):$/,
	rnoContent = /^(?:GET|HEAD)$/,
	rprotocol = /^\/\//,
	rurl = /^([\w.+-]+:)(?:\/\/(?:[^\/?#]*@|)([^\/?#:]*)(?::(\d+)|)|)/,

	/* Prefilters
	 * 1) They are useful to introduce custom dataTypes (see ajax/jsonp.js for an example)
	 * 2) These are called:
	 *    - BEFORE asking for a transport
	 *    - AFTER param serialization (s.data is a string if s.processData is true)
	 * 3) key is the dataType
	 * 4) the catchall symbol "*" can be used
	 * 5) execution will start with transport dataType and THEN continue down to "*" if needed
	 */
	prefilters = {},

	/* Transports bindings
	 * 1) key is the dataType
	 * 2) the catchall symbol "*" can be used
	 * 3) selection will start with transport dataType and THEN go to "*" if needed
	 */
	transports = {},

	// Avoid comment-prolog char sequence (#10098); must appease lint and evade compression
	allTypes = "*/".concat("*");

// #8138, IE may throw an exception when accessing
// a field from window.location if document.domain has been set
try {
	ajaxLocation = location.href;
} catch( e ) {
	// Use the href attribute of an A element
	// since IE will modify it given document.location
	ajaxLocation = document.createElement( "a" );
	ajaxLocation.href = "";
	ajaxLocation = ajaxLocation.href;
}

// Segment location into parts
ajaxLocParts = rurl.exec( ajaxLocation.toLowerCase() ) || [];

// Base "constructor" for jQuery.ajaxPrefilter and jQuery.ajaxTransport
function addToPrefiltersOrTransports( structure ) {

	// dataTypeExpression is optional and defaults to "*"
	return function( dataTypeExpression, func ) {

		if ( typeof dataTypeExpression !== "string" ) {
			func = dataTypeExpression;
			dataTypeExpression = "*";
		}

		var dataType,
			i = 0,
			dataTypes = dataTypeExpression.toLowerCase().match( rnotwhite ) || [];

		if ( jQuery.isFunction( func ) ) {
			// For each dataType in the dataTypeExpression
			while ( (dataType = dataTypes[i++]) ) {
				// Prepend if requested
				if ( dataType[0] === "+" ) {
					dataType = dataType.slice( 1 ) || "*";
					(structure[ dataType ] = structure[ dataType ] || []).unshift( func );

				// Otherwise append
				} else {
					(structure[ dataType ] = structure[ dataType ] || []).push( func );
				}
			}
		}
	};
}

// Base inspection function for prefilters and transports
function inspectPrefiltersOrTransports( structure, options, originalOptions, jqXHR ) {

	var inspected = {},
		seekingTransport = ( structure === transports );

	function inspect( dataType ) {
		var selected;
		inspected[ dataType ] = true;
		jQuery.each( structure[ dataType ] || [], function( _, prefilterOrFactory ) {
			var dataTypeOrTransport = prefilterOrFactory( options, originalOptions, jqXHR );
			if ( typeof dataTypeOrTransport === "string" && !seekingTransport && !inspected[ dataTypeOrTransport ] ) {
				options.dataTypes.unshift( dataTypeOrTransport );
				inspect( dataTypeOrTransport );
				return false;
			} else if ( seekingTransport ) {
				return !( selected = dataTypeOrTransport );
			}
		});
		return selected;
	}

	return inspect( options.dataTypes[ 0 ] ) || !inspected[ "*" ] && inspect( "*" );
}

// A special extend for ajax options
// that takes "flat" options (not to be deep extended)
// Fixes #9887
function ajaxExtend( target, src ) {
	var key, deep,
		flatOptions = jQuery.ajaxSettings.flatOptions || {};

	for ( key in src ) {
		if ( src[ key ] !== undefined ) {
			( flatOptions[ key ] ? target : ( deep || (deep = {}) ) )[ key ] = src[ key ];
		}
	}
	if ( deep ) {
		jQuery.extend( true, target, deep );
	}

	return target;
}

/* Handles responses to an ajax request:
 * - finds the right dataType (mediates between content-type and expected dataType)
 * - returns the corresponding response
 */
function ajaxHandleResponses( s, jqXHR, responses ) {

	var ct, type, finalDataType, firstDataType,
		contents = s.contents,
		dataTypes = s.dataTypes;

	// Remove auto dataType and get content-type in the process
	while ( dataTypes[ 0 ] === "*" ) {
		dataTypes.shift();
		if ( ct === undefined ) {
			ct = s.mimeType || jqXHR.getResponseHeader("Content-Type");
		}
	}

	// Check if we're dealing with a known content-type
	if ( ct ) {
		for ( type in contents ) {
			if ( contents[ type ] && contents[ type ].test( ct ) ) {
				dataTypes.unshift( type );
				break;
			}
		}
	}

	// Check to see if we have a response for the expected dataType
	if ( dataTypes[ 0 ] in responses ) {
		finalDataType = dataTypes[ 0 ];
	} else {
		// Try convertible dataTypes
		for ( type in responses ) {
			if ( !dataTypes[ 0 ] || s.converters[ type + " " + dataTypes[0] ] ) {
				finalDataType = type;
				break;
			}
			if ( !firstDataType ) {
				firstDataType = type;
			}
		}
		// Or just use first one
		finalDataType = finalDataType || firstDataType;
	}

	// If we found a dataType
	// We add the dataType to the list if needed
	// and return the corresponding response
	if ( finalDataType ) {
		if ( finalDataType !== dataTypes[ 0 ] ) {
			dataTypes.unshift( finalDataType );
		}
		return responses[ finalDataType ];
	}
}

/* Chain conversions given the request and the original response
 * Also sets the responseXXX fields on the jqXHR instance
 */
function ajaxConvert( s, response, jqXHR, isSuccess ) {
	var conv2, current, conv, tmp, prev,
		converters = {},
		// Work with a copy of dataTypes in case we need to modify it for conversion
		dataTypes = s.dataTypes.slice();

	// Create converters map with lowercased keys
	if ( dataTypes[ 1 ] ) {
		for ( conv in s.converters ) {
			converters[ conv.toLowerCase() ] = s.converters[ conv ];
		}
	}

	current = dataTypes.shift();

	// Convert to each sequential dataType
	while ( current ) {

		if ( s.responseFields[ current ] ) {
			jqXHR[ s.responseFields[ current ] ] = response;
		}

		// Apply the dataFilter if provided
		if ( !prev && isSuccess && s.dataFilter ) {
			response = s.dataFilter( response, s.dataType );
		}

		prev = current;
		current = dataTypes.shift();

		if ( current ) {

		// There's only work to do if current dataType is non-auto
			if ( current === "*" ) {

				current = prev;

			// Convert response if prev dataType is non-auto and differs from current
			} else if ( prev !== "*" && prev !== current ) {

				// Seek a direct converter
				conv = converters[ prev + " " + current ] || converters[ "* " + current ];

				// If none found, seek a pair
				if ( !conv ) {
					for ( conv2 in converters ) {

						// If conv2 outputs current
						tmp = conv2.split( " " );
						if ( tmp[ 1 ] === current ) {

							// If prev can be converted to accepted input
							conv = converters[ prev + " " + tmp[ 0 ] ] ||
								converters[ "* " + tmp[ 0 ] ];
							if ( conv ) {
								// Condense equivalence converters
								if ( conv === true ) {
									conv = converters[ conv2 ];

								// Otherwise, insert the intermediate dataType
								} else if ( converters[ conv2 ] !== true ) {
									current = tmp[ 0 ];
									dataTypes.unshift( tmp[ 1 ] );
								}
								break;
							}
						}
					}
				}

				// Apply converter (if not an equivalence)
				if ( conv !== true ) {

					// Unless errors are allowed to bubble, catch and return them
					if ( conv && s[ "throws" ] ) {
						response = conv( response );
					} else {
						try {
							response = conv( response );
						} catch ( e ) {
							return { state: "parsererror", error: conv ? e : "No conversion from " + prev + " to " + current };
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}

	return { state: "success", data: response };
}

jQuery.extend({

	// Counter for holding the number of active queries
	active: 0,

	// Last-Modified header cache for next request
	lastModified: {},
	etag: {},

	ajaxSettings: {
		url: ajaxLocation,
		type: "GET",
		isLocal: rlocalProtocol.test( ajaxLocParts[ 1 ] ),
		global: true,
		processData: true,
		async: true,
		contentType: "application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8",
		/*
		timeout: 0,
		data: null,
		dataType: null,
		username: null,
		password: null,
		cache: null,
		throws: false,
		traditional: false,
		headers: {},
		*/

		accepts: {
			"*": allTypes,
			text: "text/plain",
			html: "text/html",
			xml: "application/xml, text/xml",
			json: "application/json, text/javascript"
		},

		contents: {
			xml: /xml/,
			html: /html/,
			json: /json/
		},

		responseFields: {
			xml: "responseXML",
			text: "responseText",
			json: "responseJSON"
		},

		// Data converters
		// Keys separate source (or catchall "*") and destination types with a single space
		converters: {

			// Convert anything to text
			"* text": String,

			// Text to html (true = no transformation)
			"text html": true,

			// Evaluate text as a json expression
			"text json": jQuery.parseJSON,

			// Parse text as xml
			"text xml": jQuery.parseXML
		},

		// For options that shouldn't be deep extended:
		// you can add your own custom options here if
		// and when you create one that shouldn't be
		// deep extended (see ajaxExtend)
		flatOptions: {
			url: true,
			context: true
		}
	},

	// Creates a full fledged settings object into target
	// with both ajaxSettings and settings fields.
	// If target is omitted, writes into ajaxSettings.
	ajaxSetup: function( target, settings ) {
		return settings ?

			// Building a settings object
			ajaxExtend( ajaxExtend( target, jQuery.ajaxSettings ), settings ) :

			// Extending ajaxSettings
			ajaxExtend( jQuery.ajaxSettings, target );
	},

	ajaxPrefilter: addToPrefiltersOrTransports( prefilters ),
	ajaxTransport: addToPrefiltersOrTransports( transports ),

	// Main method
	ajax: function( url, options ) {

		// If url is an object, simulate pre-1.5 signature
		if ( typeof url === "object" ) {
			options = url;
			url = undefined;
		}

		// Force options to be an object
		options = options || {};

		var transport,
			// URL without anti-cache param
			cacheURL,
			// Response headers
			responseHeadersString,
			responseHeaders,
			// timeout handle
			timeoutTimer,
			// Cross-domain detection vars
			parts,
			// To know if global events are to be dispatched
			fireGlobals,
			// Loop variable
			i,
			// Create the final options object
			s = jQuery.ajaxSetup( {}, options ),
			// Callbacks context
			callbackContext = s.context || s,
			// Context for global events is callbackContext if it is a DOM node or jQuery collection
			globalEventContext = s.context && ( callbackContext.nodeType || callbackContext.jquery ) ?
				jQuery( callbackContext ) :
				jQuery.event,
			// Deferreds
			deferred = jQuery.Deferred(),
			completeDeferred = jQuery.Callbacks("once memory"),
			// Status-dependent callbacks
			statusCode = s.statusCode || {},
			// Headers (they are sent all at once)
			requestHeaders = {},
			requestHeadersNames = {},
			// The jqXHR state
			state = 0,
			// Default abort message
			strAbort = "canceled",
			// Fake xhr
			jqXHR = {
				readyState: 0,

				// Builds headers hashtable if needed
				getResponseHeader: function( key ) {
					var match;
					if ( state === 2 ) {
						if ( !responseHeaders ) {
							responseHeaders = {};
							while ( (match = rheaders.exec( responseHeadersString )) ) {
								responseHeaders[ match[1].toLowerCase() ] = match[ 2 ];
							}
						}
						match = responseHeaders[ key.toLowerCase() ];
					}
					return match == null ? null : match;
				},

				// Raw string
				getAllResponseHeaders: function() {
					return state === 2 ? responseHeadersString : null;
				},

				// Caches the header
				setRequestHeader: function( name, value ) {
					var lname = name.toLowerCase();
					if ( !state ) {
						name = requestHeadersNames[ lname ] = requestHeadersNames[ lname ] || name;
						requestHeaders[ name ] = value;
					}
					return this;
				},

				// Overrides response content-type header
				overrideMimeType: function( type ) {
					if ( !state ) {
						s.mimeType = type;
					}
					return this;
				},

				// Status-dependent callbacks
				statusCode: function( map ) {
					var code;
					if ( map ) {
						if ( state < 2 ) {
							for ( code in map ) {
								// Lazy-add the new callback in a way that preserves old ones
								statusCode[ code ] = [ statusCode[ code ], map[ code ] ];
							}
						} else {
							// Execute the appropriate callbacks
							jqXHR.always( map[ jqXHR.status ] );
						}
					}
					return this;
				},

				// Cancel the request
				abort: function( statusText ) {
					var finalText = statusText || strAbort;
					if ( transport ) {
						transport.abort( finalText );
					}
					done( 0, finalText );
					return this;
				}
			};

		// Attach deferreds
		deferred.promise( jqXHR ).complete = completeDeferred.add;
		jqXHR.success = jqXHR.done;
		jqXHR.error = jqXHR.fail;

		// Remove hash character (#7531: and string promotion)
		// Add protocol if not provided (prefilters might expect it)
		// Handle falsy url in the settings object (#10093: consistency with old signature)
		// We also use the url parameter if available
		s.url = ( ( url || s.url || ajaxLocation ) + "" ).replace( rhash, "" )
			.replace( rprotocol, ajaxLocParts[ 1 ] + "//" );

		// Alias method option to type as per ticket #12004
		s.type = options.method || options.type || s.method || s.type;

		// Extract dataTypes list
		s.dataTypes = jQuery.trim( s.dataType || "*" ).toLowerCase().match( rnotwhite ) || [ "" ];

		// A cross-domain request is in order when we have a protocol:host:port mismatch
		if ( s.crossDomain == null ) {
			parts = rurl.exec( s.url.toLowerCase() );
			s.crossDomain = !!( parts &&
				( parts[ 1 ] !== ajaxLocParts[ 1 ] || parts[ 2 ] !== ajaxLocParts[ 2 ] ||
					( parts[ 3 ] || ( parts[ 1 ] === "http:" ? "80" : "443" ) ) !==
						( ajaxLocParts[ 3 ] || ( ajaxLocParts[ 1 ] === "http:" ? "80" : "443" ) ) )
			);
		}

		// Convert data if not already a string
		if ( s.data && s.processData && typeof s.data !== "string" ) {
			s.data = jQuery.param( s.data, s.traditional );
		}

		// Apply prefilters
		inspectPrefiltersOrTransports( prefilters, s, options, jqXHR );

		// If request was aborted inside a prefilter, stop there
		if ( state === 2 ) {
			return jqXHR;
		}

		// We can fire global events as of now if asked to
		fireGlobals = s.global;

		// Watch for a new set of requests
		if ( fireGlobals && jQuery.active++ === 0 ) {
			jQuery.event.trigger("ajaxStart");
		}

		// Uppercase the type
		s.type = s.type.toUpperCase();

		// Determine if request has content
		s.hasContent = !rnoContent.test( s.type );

		// Save the URL in case we're toying with the If-Modified-Since
		// and/or If-None-Match header later on
		cacheURL = s.url;

		// More options handling for requests with no content
		if ( !s.hasContent ) {

			// If data is available, append data to url
			if ( s.data ) {
				cacheURL = ( s.url += ( rquery.test( cacheURL ) ? "&" : "?" ) + s.data );
				// #9682: remove data so that it's not used in an eventual retry
				delete s.data;
			}

			// Add anti-cache in url if needed
			if ( s.cache === false ) {
				s.url = rts.test( cacheURL ) ?

					// If there is already a '_' parameter, set its value
					cacheURL.replace( rts, "$1_=" + nonce++ ) :

					// Otherwise add one to the end
					cacheURL + ( rquery.test( cacheURL ) ? "&" : "?" ) + "_=" + nonce++;
			}
		}

		// Set the If-Modified-Since and/or If-None-Match header, if in ifModified mode.
		if ( s.ifModified ) {
			if ( jQuery.lastModified[ cacheURL ] ) {
				jqXHR.setRequestHeader( "If-Modified-Since", jQuery.lastModified[ cacheURL ] );
			}
			if ( jQuery.etag[ cacheURL ] ) {
				jqXHR.setRequestHeader( "If-None-Match", jQuery.etag[ cacheURL ] );
			}
		}

		// Set the correct header, if data is being sent
		if ( s.data && s.hasContent && s.contentType !== false || options.contentType ) {
			jqXHR.setRequestHeader( "Content-Type", s.contentType );
		}

		// Set the Accepts header for the server, depending on the dataType
		jqXHR.setRequestHeader(
			"Accept",
			s.dataTypes[ 0 ] && s.accepts[ s.dataTypes[0] ] ?
				s.accepts[ s.dataTypes[0] ] + ( s.dataTypes[ 0 ] !== "*" ? ", " + allTypes + "; q=0.01" : "" ) :
				s.accepts[ "*" ]
		);

		// Check for headers option
		for ( i in s.headers ) {
			jqXHR.setRequestHeader( i, s.headers[ i ] );
		}

		// Allow custom headers/mimetypes and early abort
		if ( s.beforeSend && ( s.beforeSend.call( callbackContext, jqXHR, s ) === false || state === 2 ) ) {
			// Abort if not done already and return
			return jqXHR.abort();
		}

		// aborting is no longer a cancellation
		strAbort = "abort";

		// Install callbacks on deferreds
		for ( i in { success: 1, error: 1, complete: 1 } ) {
			jqXHR[ i ]( s[ i ] );
		}

		// Get transport
		transport = inspectPrefiltersOrTransports( transports, s, options, jqXHR );

		// If no transport, we auto-abort
		if ( !transport ) {
			done( -1, "No Transport" );
		} else {
			jqXHR.readyState = 1;

			// Send global event
			if ( fireGlobals ) {
				globalEventContext.trigger( "ajaxSend", [ jqXHR, s ] );
			}
			// Timeout
			if ( s.async && s.timeout > 0 ) {
				timeoutTimer = setTimeout(function() {
					jqXHR.abort("timeout");
				}, s.timeout );
			}

			try {
				state = 1;
				transport.send( requestHeaders, done );
			} catch ( e ) {
				// Propagate exception as error if not done
				if ( state < 2 ) {
					done( -1, e );
				// Simply rethrow otherwise
				} else {
					throw e;
				}
			}
		}

		// Callback for when everything is done
		function done( status, nativeStatusText, responses, headers ) {
			var isSuccess, success, error, response, modified,
				statusText = nativeStatusText;

			// Called once
			if ( state === 2 ) {
				return;
			}

			// State is "done" now
			state = 2;

			// Clear timeout if it exists
			if ( timeoutTimer ) {
				clearTimeout( timeoutTimer );
			}

			// Dereference transport for early garbage collection
			// (no matter how long the jqXHR object will be used)
			transport = undefined;

			// Cache response headers
			responseHeadersString = headers || "";

			// Set readyState
			jqXHR.readyState = status > 0 ? 4 : 0;

			// Determine if successful
			isSuccess = status >= 200 && status < 300 || status === 304;

			// Get response data
			if ( responses ) {
				response = ajaxHandleResponses( s, jqXHR, responses );
			}

			// Convert no matter what (that way responseXXX fields are always set)
			response = ajaxConvert( s, response, jqXHR, isSuccess );

			// If successful, handle type chaining
			if ( isSuccess ) {

				// Set the If-Modified-Since and/or If-None-Match header, if in ifModified mode.
				if ( s.ifModified ) {
					modified = jqXHR.getResponseHeader("Last-Modified");
					if ( modified ) {
						jQuery.lastModified[ cacheURL ] = modified;
					}
					modified = jqXHR.getResponseHeader("etag");
					if ( modified ) {
						jQuery.etag[ cacheURL ] = modified;
					}
				}

				// if no content
				if ( status === 204 || s.type === "HEAD" ) {
					statusText = "nocontent";

				// if not modified
				} else if ( status === 304 ) {
					statusText = "notmodified";

				// If we have data, let's convert it
				} else {
					statusText = response.state;
					success = response.data;
					error = response.error;
					isSuccess = !error;
				}
			} else {
				// We extract error from statusText
				// then normalize statusText and status for non-aborts
				error = statusText;
				if ( status || !statusText ) {
					statusText = "error";
					if ( status < 0 ) {
						status = 0;
					}
				}
			}

			// Set data for the fake xhr object
			jqXHR.status = status;
			jqXHR.statusText = ( nativeStatusText || statusText ) + "";

			// Success/Error
			if ( isSuccess ) {
				deferred.resolveWith( callbackContext, [ success, statusText, jqXHR ] );
			} else {
				deferred.rejectWith( callbackContext, [ jqXHR, statusText, error ] );
			}

			// Status-dependent callbacks
			jqXHR.statusCode( statusCode );
			statusCode = undefined;

			if ( fireGlobals ) {
				globalEventContext.trigger( isSuccess ? "ajaxSuccess" : "ajaxError",
					[ jqXHR, s, isSuccess ? success : error ] );
			}

			// Complete
			completeDeferred.fireWith( callbackContext, [ jqXHR, statusText ] );

			if ( fireGlobals ) {
				globalEventContext.trigger( "ajaxComplete", [ jqXHR, s ] );
				// Handle the global AJAX counter
				if ( !( --jQuery.active ) ) {
					jQuery.event.trigger("ajaxStop");
				}
			}
		}

		return jqXHR;
	},

	getJSON: function( url, data, callback ) {
		return jQuery.get( url, data, callback, "json" );
	},

	getScript: function( url, callback ) {
		return jQuery.get( url, undefined, callback, "script" );
	}
});

jQuery.each( [ "get", "post" ], function( i, method ) {
	jQuery[ method ] = function( url, data, callback, type ) {
		// shift arguments if data argument was omitted
		if ( jQuery.isFunction( data ) ) {
			type = type || callback;
			callback = data;
			data = undefined;
		}

		return jQuery.ajax({
			url: url,
			type: method,
			dataType: type,
			data: data,
			success: callback
		});
	};
});

// Attach a bunch of functions for handling common AJAX events
jQuery.each( [ "ajaxStart", "ajaxStop", "ajaxComplete", "ajaxError", "ajaxSuccess", "ajaxSend" ], function( i, type ) {
	jQuery.fn[ type ] = function( fn ) {
		return this.on( type, fn );
	};
});


jQuery._evalUrl = function( url ) {
	return jQuery.ajax({
		url: url,
		type: "GET",
		dataType: "script",
		async: false,
		global: false,
		"throws": true
	});
};


jQuery.fn.extend({
	wrapAll: function( html ) {
		var wrap;

		if ( jQuery.isFunction( html ) ) {
			return this.each(function( i ) {
				jQuery( this ).wrapAll( html.call(this, i) );
			});
		}

		if ( this[ 0 ] ) {

			// The elements to wrap the target around
			wrap = jQuery( html, this[ 0 ].ownerDocument ).eq( 0 ).clone( true );

			if ( this[ 0 ].parentNode ) {
				wrap.insertBefore( this[ 0 ] );
			}

			wrap.map(function() {
				var elem = this;

				while ( elem.firstElementChild ) {
					elem = elem.firstElementChild;
				}

				return elem;
			}).append( this );
		}

		return this;
	},

	wrapInner: function( html ) {
		if ( jQuery.isFunction( html ) ) {
			return this.each(function( i ) {
				jQuery( this ).wrapInner( html.call(this, i) );
			});
		}

		return this.each(function() {
			var self = jQuery( this ),
				contents = self.contents();

			if ( contents.length ) {
				contents.wrapAll( html );

			} else {
				self.append( html );
			}
		});
	},

	wrap: function( html ) {
		var isFunction = jQuery.isFunction( html );

		return this.each(function( i ) {
			jQuery( this ).wrapAll( isFunction ? html.call(this, i) : html );
		});
	},

	unwrap: function() {
		return this.parent().each(function() {
			if ( !jQuery.nodeName( this, "body" ) ) {
				jQuery( this ).replaceWith( this.childNodes );
			}
		}).end();
	}
});


jQuery.expr.filters.hidden = function( elem ) {
	// Support: Opera <= 12.12
	// Opera reports offsetWidths and offsetHeights less than zero on some elements
	return elem.offsetWidth <= 0 && elem.offsetHeight <= 0;
};
jQuery.expr.filters.visible = function( elem ) {
	return !jQuery.expr.filters.hidden( elem );
};




var r20 = /%20/g,
	rbracket = /\[\]$/,
	rCRLF = /\r?\n/g,
	rsubmitterTypes = /^(?:submit|button|image|reset|file)$/i,
	rsubmittable = /^(?:input|select|textarea|keygen)/i;

function buildParams( prefix, obj, traditional, add ) {
	var name;

	if ( jQuery.isArray( obj ) ) {
		// Serialize array item.
		jQuery.each( obj, function( i, v ) {
			if ( traditional || rbracket.test( prefix ) ) {
				// Treat each array item as a scalar.
				add( prefix, v );

			} else {
				// Item is non-scalar (array or object), encode its numeric index.
				buildParams( prefix + "[" + ( typeof v === "object" ? i : "" ) + "]", v, traditional, add );
			}
		});

	} else if ( !traditional && jQuery.type( obj ) === "object" ) {
		// Serialize object item.
		for ( name in obj ) {
			buildParams( prefix + "[" + name + "]", obj[ name ], traditional, add );
		}

	} else {
		// Serialize scalar item.
		add( prefix, obj );
	}
}

// Serialize an array of form elements or a set of
// key/values into a query string
jQuery.param = function( a, traditional ) {
	var prefix,
		s = [],
		add = function( key, value ) {
			// If value is a function, invoke it and return its value
			value = jQuery.isFunction( value ) ? value() : ( value == null ? "" : value );
			s[ s.length ] = encodeURIComponent( key ) + "=" + encodeURIComponent( value );
		};

	// Set traditional to true for jQuery <= 1.3.2 behavior.
	if ( traditional === undefined ) {
		traditional = jQuery.ajaxSettings && jQuery.ajaxSettings.traditional;
	}

	// If an array was passed in, assume that it is an array of form elements.
	if ( jQuery.isArray( a ) || ( a.jquery && !jQuery.isPlainObject( a ) ) ) {
		// Serialize the form elements
		jQuery.each( a, function() {
			add( this.name, this.value );
		});

	} else {
		// If traditional, encode the "old" way (the way 1.3.2 or older
		// did it), otherwise encode params recursively.
		for ( prefix in a ) {
			buildParams( prefix, a[ prefix ], traditional, add );
		}
	}

	// Return the resulting serialization
	return s.join( "&" ).replace( r20, "+" );
};

jQuery.fn.extend({
	serialize: function() {
		return jQuery.param( this.serializeArray() );
	},
	serializeArray: function() {
		return this.map(function() {
			// Can add propHook for "elements" to filter or add form elements
			var elements = jQuery.prop( this, "elements" );
			return elements ? jQuery.makeArray( elements ) : this;
		})
		.filter(function() {
			var type = this.type;

			// Use .is( ":disabled" ) so that fieldset[disabled] works
			return this.name && !jQuery( this ).is( ":disabled" ) &&
				rsubmittable.test( this.nodeName ) && !rsubmitterTypes.test( type ) &&
				( this.checked || !rcheckableType.test( type ) );
		})
		.map(function( i, elem ) {
			var val = jQuery( this ).val();

			return val == null ?
				null :
				jQuery.isArray( val ) ?
					jQuery.map( val, function( val ) {
						return { name: elem.name, value: val.replace( rCRLF, "\r\n" ) };
					}) :
					{ name: elem.name, value: val.replace( rCRLF, "\r\n" ) };
		}).get();
	}
});


jQuery.ajaxSettings.xhr = function() {
	try {
		return new XMLHttpRequest();
	} catch( e ) {}
};

var xhrId = 0,
	xhrCallbacks = {},
	xhrSuccessStatus = {
		// file protocol always yields status code 0, assume 200
		0: 200,
		// Support: IE9
		// #1450: sometimes IE returns 1223 when it should be 204
		1223: 204
	},
	xhrSupported = jQuery.ajaxSettings.xhr();

// Support: IE9
// Open requests must be manually aborted on unload (#5280)
if ( window.ActiveXObject ) {
	jQuery( window ).on( "unload", function() {
		for ( var key in xhrCallbacks ) {
			xhrCallbacks[ key ]();
		}
	});
}

support.cors = !!xhrSupported && ( "withCredentials" in xhrSupported );
support.ajax = xhrSupported = !!xhrSupported;

jQuery.ajaxTransport(function( options ) {
	var callback;

	// Cross domain only allowed if supported through XMLHttpRequest
	if ( support.cors || xhrSupported && !options.crossDomain ) {
		return {
			send: function( headers, complete ) {
				var i,
					xhr = options.xhr(),
					id = ++xhrId;

				xhr.open( options.type, options.url, options.async, options.username, options.password );

				// Apply custom fields if provided
				if ( options.xhrFields ) {
					for ( i in options.xhrFields ) {
						xhr[ i ] = options.xhrFields[ i ];
					}
				}

				// Override mime type if needed
				if ( options.mimeType && xhr.overrideMimeType ) {
					xhr.overrideMimeType( options.mimeType );
				}

				// X-Requested-With header
				// For cross-domain requests, seeing as conditions for a preflight are
				// akin to a jigsaw puzzle, we simply never set it to be sure.
				// (it can always be set on a per-request basis or even using ajaxSetup)
				// For same-domain requests, won't change header if already provided.
				if ( !options.crossDomain && !headers["X-Requested-With"] ) {
					headers["X-Requested-With"] = "XMLHttpRequest";
				}

				// Set headers
				for ( i in headers ) {
					xhr.setRequestHeader( i, headers[ i ] );
				}

				// Callback
				callback = function( type ) {
					return function() {
						if ( callback ) {
							delete xhrCallbacks[ id ];
							callback = xhr.onload = xhr.onerror = null;

							if ( type === "abort" ) {
								xhr.abort();
							} else if ( type === "error" ) {
								complete(
									// file: protocol always yields status 0; see #8605, #14207
									xhr.status,
									xhr.statusText
								);
							} else {
								complete(
									xhrSuccessStatus[ xhr.status ] || xhr.status,
									xhr.statusText,
									// Support: IE9
									// Accessing binary-data responseText throws an exception
									// (#11426)
									typeof xhr.responseText === "string" ? {
										text: xhr.responseText
									} : undefined,
									xhr.getAllResponseHeaders()
								);
							}
						}
					};
				};

				// Listen to events
				xhr.onload = callback();
				xhr.onerror = callback("error");

				// Create the abort callback
				callback = xhrCallbacks[ id ] = callback("abort");

				try {
					// Do send the request (this may raise an exception)
					xhr.send( options.hasContent && options.data || null );
				} catch ( e ) {
					// #14683: Only rethrow if this hasn't been notified as an error yet
					if ( callback ) {
						throw e;
					}
				}
			},

			abort: function() {
				if ( callback ) {
					callback();
				}
			}
		};
	}
});




// Install script dataType
jQuery.ajaxSetup({
	accepts: {
		script: "text/javascript, application/javascript, application/ecmascript, application/x-ecmascript"
	},
	contents: {
		script: /(?:java|ecma)script/
	},
	converters: {
		"text script": function( text ) {
			jQuery.globalEval( text );
			return text;
		}
	}
});

// Handle cache's special case and crossDomain
jQuery.ajaxPrefilter( "script", function( s ) {
	if ( s.cache === undefined ) {
		s.cache = false;
	}
	if ( s.crossDomain ) {
		s.type = "GET";
	}
});

// Bind script tag hack transport
jQuery.ajaxTransport( "script", function( s ) {
	// This transport only deals with cross domain requests
	if ( s.crossDomain ) {
		var script, callback;
		return {
			send: function( _, complete ) {
				script = jQuery("<script>").prop({
					async: true,
					charset: s.scriptCharset,
					src: s.url
				}).on(
					"load error",
					callback = function( evt ) {
						script.remove();
						callback = null;
						if ( evt ) {
							complete( evt.type === "error" ? 404 : 200, evt.type );
						}
					}
				);
				document.head.appendChild( script[ 0 ] );
			},
			abort: function() {
				if ( callback ) {
					callback();
				}
			}
		};
	}
});




var oldCallbacks = [],
	rjsonp = /(=)\?(?=&|$)|\?\?/;

// Default jsonp settings
jQuery.ajaxSetup({
	jsonp: "callback",
	jsonpCallback: function() {
		var callback = oldCallbacks.pop() || ( jQuery.expando + "_" + ( nonce++ ) );
		this[ callback ] = true;
		return callback;
	}
});

// Detect, normalize options and install callbacks for jsonp requests
jQuery.ajaxPrefilter( "json jsonp", function( s, originalSettings, jqXHR ) {

	var callbackName, overwritten, responseContainer,
		jsonProp = s.jsonp !== false && ( rjsonp.test( s.url ) ?
			"url" :
			typeof s.data === "string" && !( s.contentType || "" ).indexOf("application/x-www-form-urlencoded") && rjsonp.test( s.data ) && "data"
		);

	// Handle iff the expected data type is "jsonp" or we have a parameter to set
	if ( jsonProp || s.dataTypes[ 0 ] === "jsonp" ) {

		// Get callback name, remembering preexisting value associated with it
		callbackName = s.jsonpCallback = jQuery.isFunction( s.jsonpCallback ) ?
			s.jsonpCallback() :
			s.jsonpCallback;

		// Insert callback into url or form data
		if ( jsonProp ) {
			s[ jsonProp ] = s[ jsonProp ].replace( rjsonp, "$1" + callbackName );
		} else if ( s.jsonp !== false ) {
			s.url += ( rquery.test( s.url ) ? "&" : "?" ) + s.jsonp + "=" + callbackName;
		}

		// Use data converter to retrieve json after script execution
		s.converters["script json"] = function() {
			if ( !responseContainer ) {
				jQuery.error( callbackName + " was not called" );
			}
			return responseContainer[ 0 ];
		};

		// force json dataType
		s.dataTypes[ 0 ] = "json";

		// Install callback
		overwritten = window[ callbackName ];
		window[ callbackName ] = function() {
			responseContainer = arguments;
		};

		// Clean-up function (fires after converters)
		jqXHR.always(function() {
			// Restore preexisting value
			window[ callbackName ] = overwritten;

			// Save back as free
			if ( s[ callbackName ] ) {
				// make sure that re-using the options doesn't screw things around
				s.jsonpCallback = originalSettings.jsonpCallback;

				// save the callback name for future use
				oldCallbacks.push( callbackName );
			}

			// Call if it was a function and we have a response
			if ( responseContainer && jQuery.isFunction( overwritten ) ) {
				overwritten( responseContainer[ 0 ] );
			}

			responseContainer = overwritten = undefined;
		});

		// Delegate to script
		return "script";
	}
});




// data: string of html
// context (optional): If specified, the fragment will be created in this context, defaults to document
// keepScripts (optional): If true, will include scripts passed in the html string
jQuery.parseHTML = function( data, context, keepScripts ) {
	if ( !data || typeof data !== "string" ) {
		return null;
	}
	if ( typeof context === "boolean" ) {
		keepScripts = context;
		context = false;
	}
	context = context || document;

	var parsed = rsingleTag.exec( data ),
		scripts = !keepScripts && [];

	// Single tag
	if ( parsed ) {
		return [ context.createElement( parsed[1] ) ];
	}

	parsed = jQuery.buildFragment( [ data ], context, scripts );

	if ( scripts && scripts.length ) {
		jQuery( scripts ).remove();
	}

	return jQuery.merge( [], parsed.childNodes );
};


// Keep a copy of the old load method
var _load = jQuery.fn.load;

/**
 * Load a url into a page
 */
jQuery.fn.load = function( url, params, callback ) {
	if ( typeof url !== "string" && _load ) {
		return _load.apply( this, arguments );
	}

	var selector, type, response,
		self = this,
		off = url.indexOf(" ");

	if ( off >= 0 ) {
		selector = jQuery.trim( url.slice( off ) );
		url = url.slice( 0, off );
	}

	// If it's a function
	if ( jQuery.isFunction( params ) ) {

		// We assume that it's the callback
		callback = params;
		params = undefined;

	// Otherwise, build a param string
	} else if ( params && typeof params === "object" ) {
		type = "POST";
	}

	// If we have elements to modify, make the request
	if ( self.length > 0 ) {
		jQuery.ajax({
			url: url,

			// if "type" variable is undefined, then "GET" method will be used
			type: type,
			dataType: "html",
			data: params
		}).done(function( responseText ) {

			// Save response for use in complete callback
			response = arguments;

			self.html( selector ?

				// If a selector was specified, locate the right elements in a dummy div
				// Exclude scripts to avoid IE 'Permission Denied' errors
				jQuery("<div>").append( jQuery.parseHTML( responseText ) ).find( selector ) :

				// Otherwise use the full result
				responseText );

		}).complete( callback && function( jqXHR, status ) {
			self.each( callback, response || [ jqXHR.responseText, status, jqXHR ] );
		});
	}

	return this;
};




jQuery.expr.filters.animated = function( elem ) {
	return jQuery.grep(jQuery.timers, function( fn ) {
		return elem === fn.elem;
	}).length;
};




var docElem = window.document.documentElement;

/**
 * Gets a window from an element
 */
function getWindow( elem ) {
	return jQuery.isWindow( elem ) ? elem : elem.nodeType === 9 && elem.defaultView;
}

jQuery.offset = {
	setOffset: function( elem, options, i ) {
		var curPosition, curLeft, curCSSTop, curTop, curOffset, curCSSLeft, calculatePosition,
			position = jQuery.css( elem, "position" ),
			curElem = jQuery( elem ),
			props = {};

		// Set position first, in-case top/left are set even on static elem
		if ( position === "static" ) {
			elem.style.position = "relative";
		}

		curOffset = curElem.offset();
		curCSSTop = jQuery.css( elem, "top" );
		curCSSLeft = jQuery.css( elem, "left" );
		calculatePosition = ( position === "absolute" || position === "fixed" ) &&
			( curCSSTop + curCSSLeft ).indexOf("auto") > -1;

		// Need to be able to calculate position if either top or left is auto and position is either absolute or fixed
		if ( calculatePosition ) {
			curPosition = curElem.position();
			curTop = curPosition.top;
			curLeft = curPosition.left;

		} else {
			curTop = parseFloat( curCSSTop ) || 0;
			curLeft = parseFloat( curCSSLeft ) || 0;
		}

		if ( jQuery.isFunction( options ) ) {
			options = options.call( elem, i, curOffset );
		}

		if ( options.top != null ) {
			props.top = ( options.top - curOffset.top ) + curTop;
		}
		if ( options.left != null ) {
			props.left = ( options.left - curOffset.left ) + curLeft;
		}

		if ( "using" in options ) {
			options.using.call( elem, props );

		} else {
			curElem.css( props );
		}
	}
};

jQuery.fn.extend({
	offset: function( options ) {
		if ( arguments.length ) {
			return options === undefined ?
				this :
				this.each(function( i ) {
					jQuery.offset.setOffset( this, options, i );
				});
		}

		var docElem, win,
			elem = this[ 0 ],
			box = { top: 0, left: 0 },
			doc = elem && elem.ownerDocument;

		if ( !doc ) {
			return;
		}

		docElem = doc.documentElement;

		// Make sure it's not a disconnected DOM node
		if ( !jQuery.contains( docElem, elem ) ) {
			return box;
		}

		// If we don't have gBCR, just use 0,0 rather than error
		// BlackBerry 5, iOS 3 (original iPhone)
		if ( typeof elem.getBoundingClientRect !== strundefined ) {
			box = elem.getBoundingClientRect();
		}
		win = getWindow( doc );
		return {
			top: box.top + win.pageYOffset - docElem.clientTop,
			left: box.left + win.pageXOffset - docElem.clientLeft
		};
	},

	position: function() {
		if ( !this[ 0 ] ) {
			return;
		}

		var offsetParent, offset,
			elem = this[ 0 ],
			parentOffset = { top: 0, left: 0 };

		// Fixed elements are offset from window (parentOffset = {top:0, left: 0}, because it is its only offset parent
		if ( jQuery.css( elem, "position" ) === "fixed" ) {
			// We assume that getBoundingClientRect is available when computed position is fixed
			offset = elem.getBoundingClientRect();

		} else {
			// Get *real* offsetParent
			offsetParent = this.offsetParent();

			// Get correct offsets
			offset = this.offset();
			if ( !jQuery.nodeName( offsetParent[ 0 ], "html" ) ) {
				parentOffset = offsetParent.offset();
			}

			// Add offsetParent borders
			parentOffset.top += jQuery.css( offsetParent[ 0 ], "borderTopWidth", true );
			parentOffset.left += jQuery.css( offsetParent[ 0 ], "borderLeftWidth", true );
		}

		// Subtract parent offsets and element margins
		return {
			top: offset.top - parentOffset.top - jQuery.css( elem, "marginTop", true ),
			left: offset.left - parentOffset.left - jQuery.css( elem, "marginLeft", true )
		};
	},

	offsetParent: function() {
		return this.map(function() {
			var offsetParent = this.offsetParent || docElem;

			while ( offsetParent && ( !jQuery.nodeName( offsetParent, "html" ) && jQuery.css( offsetParent, "position" ) === "static" ) ) {
				offsetParent = offsetParent.offsetParent;
			}

			return offsetParent || docElem;
		});
	}
});

// Create scrollLeft and scrollTop methods
jQuery.each( { scrollLeft: "pageXOffset", scrollTop: "pageYOffset" }, function( method, prop ) {
	var top = "pageYOffset" === prop;

	jQuery.fn[ method ] = function( val ) {
		return access( this, function( elem, method, val ) {
			var win = getWindow( elem );

			if ( val === undefined ) {
				return win ? win[ prop ] : elem[ method ];
			}

			if ( win ) {
				win.scrollTo(
					!top ? val : window.pageXOffset,
					top ? val : window.pageYOffset
				);

			} else {
				elem[ method ] = val;
			}
		}, method, val, arguments.length, null );
	};
});

// Add the top/left cssHooks using jQuery.fn.position
// Webkit bug: https://bugs.webkit.org/show_bug.cgi?id=29084
// getComputedStyle returns percent when specified for top/left/bottom/right
// rather than make the css module depend on the offset module, we just check for it here
jQuery.each( [ "top", "left" ], function( i, prop ) {
	jQuery.cssHooks[ prop ] = addGetHookIf( support.pixelPosition,
		function( elem, computed ) {
			if ( computed ) {
				computed = curCSS( elem, prop );
				// if curCSS returns percentage, fallback to offset
				return rnumnonpx.test( computed ) ?
					jQuery( elem ).position()[ prop ] + "px" :
					computed;
			}
		}
	);
});


// Create innerHeight, innerWidth, height, width, outerHeight and outerWidth methods
jQuery.each( { Height: "height", Width: "width" }, function( name, type ) {
	jQuery.each( { padding: "inner" + name, content: type, "": "outer" + name }, function( defaultExtra, funcName ) {
		// margin is only for outerHeight, outerWidth
		jQuery.fn[ funcName ] = function( margin, value ) {
			var chainable = arguments.length && ( defaultExtra || typeof margin !== "boolean" ),
				extra = defaultExtra || ( margin === true || value === true ? "margin" : "border" );

			return access( this, function( elem, type, value ) {
				var doc;

				if ( jQuery.isWindow( elem ) ) {
					// As of 5/8/2012 this will yield incorrect results for Mobile Safari, but there
					// isn't a whole lot we can do. See pull request at this URL for discussion:
					// https://github.com/jquery/jquery/pull/764
					return elem.document.documentElement[ "client" + name ];
				}

				// Get document width or height
				if ( elem.nodeType === 9 ) {
					doc = elem.documentElement;

					// Either scroll[Width/Height] or offset[Width/Height] or client[Width/Height],
					// whichever is greatest
					return Math.max(
						elem.body[ "scroll" + name ], doc[ "scroll" + name ],
						elem.body[ "offset" + name ], doc[ "offset" + name ],
						doc[ "client" + name ]
					);
				}

				return value === undefined ?
					// Get width or height on the element, requesting but not forcing parseFloat
					jQuery.css( elem, type, extra ) :

					// Set width or height on the element
					jQuery.style( elem, type, value, extra );
			}, type, chainable ? margin : undefined, chainable, null );
		};
	});
});


// The number of elements contained in the matched element set
jQuery.fn.size = function() {
	return this.length;
};

jQuery.fn.andSelf = jQuery.fn.addBack;




// Register as a named AMD module, since jQuery can be concatenated with other
// files that may use define, but not via a proper concatenation script that
// understands anonymous AMD modules. A named AMD is safest and most robust
// way to register. Lowercase jquery is used because AMD module names are
// derived from file names, and jQuery is normally delivered in a lowercase
// file name. Do this after creating the global so that if an AMD module wants
// to call noConflict to hide this version of jQuery, it will work.

// Note that for maximum portability, libraries that are not jQuery should
// declare themselves as anonymous modules, and avoid setting a global if an
// AMD loader is present. jQuery is a special case. For more information, see
// https://github.com/jrburke/requirejs/wiki/Updating-existing-libraries#wiki-anon

if ( typeof define === "function" && define.amd ) {
	define( "jquery", [], function() {
		return jQuery;
	});
}




var
	// Map over jQuery in case of overwrite
	_jQuery = window.jQuery,

	// Map over the $ in case of overwrite
	_$ = window.$;

jQuery.noConflict = function( deep ) {
	if ( window.$ === jQuery ) {
		window.$ = _$;
	}

	if ( deep && window.jQuery === jQuery ) {
		window.jQuery = _jQuery;
	}

	return jQuery;
};

// Expose jQuery and $ identifiers, even in
// AMD (#7102#comment:10, https://github.com/jquery/jquery/pull/557)
// and CommonJS for browser emulators (#13566)
if ( typeof noGlobal === strundefined ) {
	window.jQuery = window.$ = jQuery;
}




return jQuery;

}));

/**
 * @license AngularJS v1.3.2
 * (c) 2010-2014 Google, Inc. http://angularjs.org
 * License: MIT
 */
(function(window, document){
  var _jQuery = window.jQuery.noConflict(true);

/**
 * @description
 *
 * This object provides a utility for producing rich Error messages within
 * Angular. It can be called as follows:
 *
 * var exampleMinErr = minErr('example');
 * throw exampleMinErr('one', 'This {0} is {1}', foo, bar);
 *
 * The above creates an instance of minErr in the example namespace. The
 * resulting error will have a namespaced error code of example.one.  The
 * resulting error will replace {0} with the value of foo, and {1} with the
 * value of bar. The object is not restricted in the number of arguments it can
 * take.
 *
 * If fewer arguments are specified than necessary for interpolation, the extra
 * interpolation markers will be preserved in the final string.
 *
 * Since data will be parsed statically during a build step, some restrictions
 * are applied with respect to how minErr instances are created and called.
 * Instances should have names of the form namespaceMinErr for a minErr created
 * using minErr('namespace') . Error codes, namespaces and template strings
 * should all be static strings, not variables or general expressions.
 *
 * @param {string} module The namespace to use for the new minErr instance.
 * @param {function} ErrorConstructor Custom error constructor to be instantiated when returning
 *   error from returned function, for cases when a particular type of error is useful.
 * @returns {function(code:string, template:string, ...templateArgs): Error} minErr instance
 */

function minErr(module, ErrorConstructor) {
  ErrorConstructor = ErrorConstructor || Error;
  return function() {
    var code = arguments[0],
      prefix = '[' + (module ? module + ':' : '') + code + '] ',
      template = arguments[1],
      templateArgs = arguments,
      stringify = function(obj) {
        if (typeof obj === 'function') {
          return obj.toString().replace(/ \{[\s\S]*$/, '');
        } else if (typeof obj === 'undefined') {
          return 'undefined';
        } else if (typeof obj !== 'string') {
          return JSON.stringify(obj);
        }
        return obj;
      },
      message, i;

    message = prefix + template.replace(/\{\d+\}/g, function(match) {
      var index = +match.slice(1, -1), arg;

      if (index + 2 < templateArgs.length) {
        arg = templateArgs[index + 2];
        if (typeof arg === 'function') {
          return arg.toString().replace(/ ?\{[\s\S]*$/, '');
        } else if (typeof arg === 'undefined') {
          return 'undefined';
        } else if (typeof arg !== 'string') {
          return toJson(arg);
        }
        return arg;
      }
      return match;
    });

    message = message + '\nhttp://errors.angularjs.org/1.3.2/' +
      (module ? module + '/' : '') + code;
    for (i = 2; i < arguments.length; i++) {
      message = message + (i == 2 ? '?' : '&') + 'p' + (i-2) + '=' +
        encodeURIComponent(stringify(arguments[i]));
    }
    return new ErrorConstructor(message);
  };
}

/* We need to tell jshint what variables are being exported */
/* global angular: true,
  msie: true,
  jqLite: true,
  jQuery: true,
  slice: true,
  splice: true,
  push: true,
  toString: true,
  ngMinErr: true,
  angularModule: true,
  uid: true,
  REGEX_STRING_REGEXP: true,
  VALIDITY_STATE_PROPERTY: true,

  lowercase: true,
  uppercase: true,
  manualLowercase: true,
  manualUppercase: true,
  nodeName_: true,
  isArrayLike: true,
  forEach: true,
  sortedKeys: true,
  forEachSorted: true,
  reverseParams: true,
  nextUid: true,
  setHashKey: true,
  extend: true,
  int: true,
  inherit: true,
  noop: true,
  identity: true,
  valueFn: true,
  isUndefined: true,
  isDefined: true,
  isObject: true,
  isString: true,
  isNumber: true,
  isDate: true,
  isArray: true,
  isFunction: true,
  isRegExp: true,
  isWindow: true,
  isScope: true,
  isFile: true,
  isBlob: true,
  isBoolean: true,
  isPromiseLike: true,
  trim: true,
  escapeForRegexp: true,
  isElement: true,
  makeMap: true,
  includes: true,
  arrayRemove: true,
  copy: true,
  shallowCopy: true,
  equals: true,
  csp: true,
  concat: true,
  sliceArgs: true,
  bind: true,
  toJsonReplacer: true,
  toJson: true,
  fromJson: true,
  startingTag: true,
  tryDecodeURIComponent: true,
  parseKeyValue: true,
  toKeyValue: true,
  encodeUriSegment: true,
  encodeUriQuery: true,
  angularInit: true,
  bootstrap: true,
  getTestability: true,
  snake_case: true,
  bindJQuery: true,
  assertArg: true,
  assertArgFn: true,
  assertNotHasOwnProperty: true,
  getter: true,
  getBlockNodes: true,
  hasOwnProperty: true,
  createMap: true,

  NODE_TYPE_ELEMENT: true,
  NODE_TYPE_TEXT: true,
  NODE_TYPE_COMMENT: true,
  NODE_TYPE_DOCUMENT: true,
  NODE_TYPE_DOCUMENT_FRAGMENT: true,
*/

////////////////////////////////////

/**
 * @ngdoc module
 * @name ng
 * @module ng
 * @description
 *
 * # ng (core module)
 * The ng module is loaded by default when an AngularJS application is started. The module itself
 * contains the essential components for an AngularJS application to function. The table below
 * lists a high level breakdown of each of the services/factories, filters, directives and testing
 * components available within this core module.
 *
 * <div doc-module-components="ng"></div>
 */

var REGEX_STRING_REGEXP = /^\/(.+)\/([a-z]*)$/;

// The name of a form control's ValidityState property.
// This is used so that it's possible for internal tests to create mock ValidityStates.
var VALIDITY_STATE_PROPERTY = 'validity';

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.lowercase
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description Converts the specified string to lowercase.
 * @param {string} string String to be converted to lowercase.
 * @returns {string} Lowercased string.
 */
var lowercase = function(string) {return isString(string) ? string.toLowerCase() : string;};
var hasOwnProperty = Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty;

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.uppercase
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description Converts the specified string to uppercase.
 * @param {string} string String to be converted to uppercase.
 * @returns {string} Uppercased string.
 */
var uppercase = function(string) {return isString(string) ? string.toUpperCase() : string;};


var manualLowercase = function(s) {
  /* jshint bitwise: false */
  return isString(s)
      ? s.replace(/[A-Z]/g, function(ch) {return String.fromCharCode(ch.charCodeAt(0) | 32);})
      : s;
};
var manualUppercase = function(s) {
  /* jshint bitwise: false */
  return isString(s)
      ? s.replace(/[a-z]/g, function(ch) {return String.fromCharCode(ch.charCodeAt(0) & ~32);})
      : s;
};


// String#toLowerCase and String#toUpperCase don't produce correct results in browsers with Turkish
// locale, for this reason we need to detect this case and redefine lowercase/uppercase methods
// with correct but slower alternatives.
if ('i' !== 'I'.toLowerCase()) {
  lowercase = manualLowercase;
  uppercase = manualUppercase;
}


var /** holds major version number for IE or NaN for real browsers */
    msie,
    jqLite,           // delay binding since jQuery could be loaded after us.
    jQuery,           // delay binding
    slice             = [].slice,
    splice            = [].splice,
    push              = [].push,
    toString          = Object.prototype.toString,
    ngMinErr          = minErr('ng'),

    /** @name angular */
    angular           = window.angular || (window.angular = {}),
    angularModule,
    uid               = 0;

/**
 * documentMode is an IE-only property
 * http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ie/cc196988(v=vs.85).aspx
 */
msie = document.documentMode;


/**
 * @private
 * @param {*} obj
 * @return {boolean} Returns true if `obj` is an array or array-like object (NodeList, Arguments,
 *                   String ...)
 */
function isArrayLike(obj) {
  if (obj == null || isWindow(obj)) {
    return false;
  }

  var length = obj.length;

  if (obj.nodeType === NODE_TYPE_ELEMENT && length) {
    return true;
  }

  return isString(obj) || isArray(obj) || length === 0 ||
         typeof length === 'number' && length > 0 && (length - 1) in obj;
}

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.forEach
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Invokes the `iterator` function once for each item in `obj` collection, which can be either an
 * object or an array. The `iterator` function is invoked with `iterator(value, key, obj)`, where `value`
 * is the value of an object property or an array element, `key` is the object property key or
 * array element index and obj is the `obj` itself. Specifying a `context` for the function is optional.
 *
 * It is worth noting that `.forEach` does not iterate over inherited properties because it filters
 * using the `hasOwnProperty` method.
 *
 * Unlike ES262's
 * [Array.prototype.forEach](http://www.ecma-international.org/ecma-262/5.1/#sec-15.4.4.18),
 * Providing 'undefined' or 'null' values for `obj` will not throw a TypeError, but rather just
 * return the value provided.
 *
   ```js
     var values = {name: 'misko', gender: 'male'};
     var log = [];
     angular.forEach(values, function(value, key) {
       this.push(key + ': ' + value);
     }, log);
     expect(log).toEqual(['name: misko', 'gender: male']);
   ```
 *
 * @param {Object|Array} obj Object to iterate over.
 * @param {Function} iterator Iterator function.
 * @param {Object=} context Object to become context (`this`) for the iterator function.
 * @returns {Object|Array} Reference to `obj`.
 */

function forEach(obj, iterator, context) {
  var key, length;
  if (obj) {
    if (isFunction(obj)) {
      for (key in obj) {
        // Need to check if hasOwnProperty exists,
        // as on IE8 the result of querySelectorAll is an object without a hasOwnProperty function
        if (key != 'prototype' && key != 'length' && key != 'name' && (!obj.hasOwnProperty || obj.hasOwnProperty(key))) {
          iterator.call(context, obj[key], key, obj);
        }
      }
    } else if (isArray(obj) || isArrayLike(obj)) {
      var isPrimitive = typeof obj !== 'object';
      for (key = 0, length = obj.length; key < length; key++) {
        if (isPrimitive || key in obj) {
          iterator.call(context, obj[key], key, obj);
        }
      }
    } else if (obj.forEach && obj.forEach !== forEach) {
        obj.forEach(iterator, context, obj);
    } else {
      for (key in obj) {
        if (obj.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
          iterator.call(context, obj[key], key, obj);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return obj;
}

function sortedKeys(obj) {
  return Object.keys(obj).sort();
}

function forEachSorted(obj, iterator, context) {
  var keys = sortedKeys(obj);
  for (var i = 0; i < keys.length; i++) {
    iterator.call(context, obj[keys[i]], keys[i]);
  }
  return keys;
}


/**
 * when using forEach the params are value, key, but it is often useful to have key, value.
 * @param {function(string, *)} iteratorFn
 * @returns {function(*, string)}
 */
function reverseParams(iteratorFn) {
  return function(value, key) { iteratorFn(key, value); };
}

/**
 * A consistent way of creating unique IDs in angular.
 *
 * Using simple numbers allows us to generate 28.6 million unique ids per second for 10 years before
 * we hit number precision issues in JavaScript.
 *
 * Math.pow(2,53) / 60 / 60 / 24 / 365 / 10 = 28.6M
 *
 * @returns {number} an unique alpha-numeric string
 */
function nextUid() {
  return ++uid;
}


/**
 * Set or clear the hashkey for an object.
 * @param obj object
 * @param h the hashkey (!truthy to delete the hashkey)
 */
function setHashKey(obj, h) {
  if (h) {
    obj.$$hashKey = h;
  }
  else {
    delete obj.$$hashKey;
  }
}

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.extend
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Extends the destination object `dst` by copying own enumerable properties from the `src` object(s)
 * to `dst`. You can specify multiple `src` objects. If you want to preserve original objects, you can do so
 * by passing an empty object as the target: `var object = angular.extend({}, object1, object2)`.
 * Note: Keep in mind that `angular.extend` does not support recursive merge (deep copy).
 *
 * @param {Object} dst Destination object.
 * @param {...Object} src Source object(s).
 * @returns {Object} Reference to `dst`.
 */
function extend(dst) {
  var h = dst.$$hashKey;

  for (var i = 1, ii = arguments.length; i < ii; i++) {
    var obj = arguments[i];
    if (obj) {
      var keys = Object.keys(obj);
      for (var j = 0, jj = keys.length; j < jj; j++) {
        var key = keys[j];
        dst[key] = obj[key];
      }
    }
  }

  setHashKey(dst, h);
  return dst;
}

function int(str) {
  return parseInt(str, 10);
}


function inherit(parent, extra) {
  return extend(new (extend(function() {}, {prototype:parent}))(), extra);
}

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.noop
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * A function that performs no operations. This function can be useful when writing code in the
 * functional style.
   ```js
     function foo(callback) {
       var result = calculateResult();
       (callback || angular.noop)(result);
     }
   ```
 */
function noop() {}
noop.$inject = [];


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.identity
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * A function that returns its first argument. This function is useful when writing code in the
 * functional style.
 *
   ```js
     function transformer(transformationFn, value) {
       return (transformationFn || angular.identity)(value);
     };
   ```
 */
function identity($) {return $;}
identity.$inject = [];


function valueFn(value) {return function() {return value;};}

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isUndefined
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is undefined.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is undefined.
 */
function isUndefined(value) {return typeof value === 'undefined';}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isDefined
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is defined.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is defined.
 */
function isDefined(value) {return typeof value !== 'undefined';}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isObject
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is an `Object`. Unlike `typeof` in JavaScript, `null`s are not
 * considered to be objects. Note that JavaScript arrays are objects.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is an `Object` but not `null`.
 */
function isObject(value) {
  // http://jsperf.com/isobject4
  return value !== null && typeof value === 'object';
}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isString
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is a `String`.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is a `String`.
 */
function isString(value) {return typeof value === 'string';}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isNumber
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is a `Number`.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is a `Number`.
 */
function isNumber(value) {return typeof value === 'number';}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isDate
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a value is a date.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is a `Date`.
 */
function isDate(value) {
  return toString.call(value) === '[object Date]';
}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isArray
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is an `Array`.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is an `Array`.
 */
var isArray = Array.isArray;

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isFunction
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is a `Function`.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is a `Function`.
 */
function isFunction(value) {return typeof value === 'function';}


/**
 * Determines if a value is a regular expression object.
 *
 * @private
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is a `RegExp`.
 */
function isRegExp(value) {
  return toString.call(value) === '[object RegExp]';
}


/**
 * Checks if `obj` is a window object.
 *
 * @private
 * @param {*} obj Object to check
 * @returns {boolean} True if `obj` is a window obj.
 */
function isWindow(obj) {
  return obj && obj.window === obj;
}


function isScope(obj) {
  return obj && obj.$evalAsync && obj.$watch;
}


function isFile(obj) {
  return toString.call(obj) === '[object File]';
}


function isBlob(obj) {
  return toString.call(obj) === '[object Blob]';
}


function isBoolean(value) {
  return typeof value === 'boolean';
}


function isPromiseLike(obj) {
  return obj && isFunction(obj.then);
}


var trim = function(value) {
  return isString(value) ? value.trim() : value;
};

// Copied from:
// http://docs.closure-library.googlecode.com/git/local_closure_goog_string_string.js.source.html#line1021
// Prereq: s is a string.
var escapeForRegexp = function(s) {
  return s.replace(/([-()\[\]{}+?*.$\^|,:#<!\\])/g, '\\$1').
           replace(/\x08/g, '\\x08');
};


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isElement
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is a DOM element (or wrapped jQuery element).
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is a DOM element (or wrapped jQuery element).
 */
function isElement(node) {
  return !!(node &&
    (node.nodeName  // we are a direct element
    || (node.prop && node.attr && node.find)));  // we have an on and find method part of jQuery API
}

/**
 * @param str 'key1,key2,...'
 * @returns {object} in the form of {key1:true, key2:true, ...}
 */
function makeMap(str) {
  var obj = {}, items = str.split(","), i;
  for (i = 0; i < items.length; i++)
    obj[ items[i] ] = true;
  return obj;
}


function nodeName_(element) {
  return lowercase(element.nodeName || element[0].nodeName);
}

function includes(array, obj) {
  return Array.prototype.indexOf.call(array, obj) != -1;
}

function arrayRemove(array, value) {
  var index = array.indexOf(value);
  if (index >=0)
    array.splice(index, 1);
  return value;
}

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.copy
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Creates a deep copy of `source`, which should be an object or an array.
 *
 * * If no destination is supplied, a copy of the object or array is created.
 * * If a destination is provided, all of its elements (for array) or properties (for objects)
 *   are deleted and then all elements/properties from the source are copied to it.
 * * If `source` is not an object or array (inc. `null` and `undefined`), `source` is returned.
 * * If `source` is identical to 'destination' an exception will be thrown.
 *
 * @param {*} source The source that will be used to make a copy.
 *                   Can be any type, including primitives, `null`, and `undefined`.
 * @param {(Object|Array)=} destination Destination into which the source is copied. If
 *     provided, must be of the same type as `source`.
 * @returns {*} The copy or updated `destination`, if `destination` was specified.
 *
 * @example
 <example module="copyExample">
 <file name="index.html">
 <div ng-controller="ExampleController">
 <form novalidate class="simple-form">
 Name: <input type="text" ng-model="user.name" /><br />
 E-mail: <input type="email" ng-model="user.email" /><br />
 Gender: <input type="radio" ng-model="user.gender" value="male" />male
 <input type="radio" ng-model="user.gender" value="female" />female<br />
 <button ng-click="reset()">RESET</button>
 <button ng-click="update(user)">SAVE</button>
 </form>
 <pre>form = {{user | json}}</pre>
 <pre>master = {{master | json}}</pre>
 </div>

 <script>
  angular.module('copyExample', [])
    .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
      $scope.master= {};

      $scope.update = function(user) {
        // Example with 1 argument
        $scope.master= angular.copy(user);
      };

      $scope.reset = function() {
        // Example with 2 arguments
        angular.copy($scope.master, $scope.user);
      };

      $scope.reset();
    }]);
 </script>
 </file>
 </example>
 */
function copy(source, destination, stackSource, stackDest) {
  if (isWindow(source) || isScope(source)) {
    throw ngMinErr('cpws',
      "Can't copy! Making copies of Window or Scope instances is not supported.");
  }

  if (!destination) {
    destination = source;
    if (source) {
      if (isArray(source)) {
        destination = copy(source, [], stackSource, stackDest);
      } else if (isDate(source)) {
        destination = new Date(source.getTime());
      } else if (isRegExp(source)) {
        destination = new RegExp(source.source, source.toString().match(/[^\/]*$/)[0]);
        destination.lastIndex = source.lastIndex;
      } else if (isObject(source)) {
        var emptyObject = Object.create(Object.getPrototypeOf(source));
        destination = copy(source, emptyObject, stackSource, stackDest);
      }
    }
  } else {
    if (source === destination) throw ngMinErr('cpi',
      "Can't copy! Source and destination are identical.");

    stackSource = stackSource || [];
    stackDest = stackDest || [];

    if (isObject(source)) {
      var index = stackSource.indexOf(source);
      if (index !== -1) return stackDest[index];

      stackSource.push(source);
      stackDest.push(destination);
    }

    var result;
    if (isArray(source)) {
      destination.length = 0;
      for (var i = 0; i < source.length; i++) {
        result = copy(source[i], null, stackSource, stackDest);
        if (isObject(source[i])) {
          stackSource.push(source[i]);
          stackDest.push(result);
        }
        destination.push(result);
      }
    } else {
      var h = destination.$$hashKey;
      if (isArray(destination)) {
        destination.length = 0;
      } else {
        forEach(destination, function(value, key) {
          delete destination[key];
        });
      }
      for (var key in source) {
        if (source.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
          result = copy(source[key], null, stackSource, stackDest);
          if (isObject(source[key])) {
            stackSource.push(source[key]);
            stackDest.push(result);
          }
          destination[key] = result;
        }
      }
      setHashKey(destination,h);
    }

  }
  return destination;
}

/**
 * Creates a shallow copy of an object, an array or a primitive.
 *
 * Assumes that there are no proto properties for objects.
 */
function shallowCopy(src, dst) {
  if (isArray(src)) {
    dst = dst || [];

    for (var i = 0, ii = src.length; i < ii; i++) {
      dst[i] = src[i];
    }
  } else if (isObject(src)) {
    dst = dst || {};

    for (var key in src) {
      if (!(key.charAt(0) === '$' && key.charAt(1) === '$')) {
        dst[key] = src[key];
      }
    }
  }

  return dst || src;
}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.equals
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if two objects or two values are equivalent. Supports value types, regular
 * expressions, arrays and objects.
 *
 * Two objects or values are considered equivalent if at least one of the following is true:
 *
 * * Both objects or values pass `===` comparison.
 * * Both objects or values are of the same type and all of their properties are equal by
 *   comparing them with `angular.equals`.
 * * Both values are NaN. (In JavaScript, NaN == NaN => false. But we consider two NaN as equal)
 * * Both values represent the same regular expression (In JavaScript,
 *   /abc/ == /abc/ => false. But we consider two regular expressions as equal when their textual
 *   representation matches).
 *
 * During a property comparison, properties of `function` type and properties with names
 * that begin with `$` are ignored.
 *
 * Scope and DOMWindow objects are being compared only by identify (`===`).
 *
 * @param {*} o1 Object or value to compare.
 * @param {*} o2 Object or value to compare.
 * @returns {boolean} True if arguments are equal.
 */
function equals(o1, o2) {
  if (o1 === o2) return true;
  if (o1 === null || o2 === null) return false;
  if (o1 !== o1 && o2 !== o2) return true; // NaN === NaN
  var t1 = typeof o1, t2 = typeof o2, length, key, keySet;
  if (t1 == t2) {
    if (t1 == 'object') {
      if (isArray(o1)) {
        if (!isArray(o2)) return false;
        if ((length = o1.length) == o2.length) {
          for (key=0; key<length; key++) {
            if (!equals(o1[key], o2[key])) return false;
          }
          return true;
        }
      } else if (isDate(o1)) {
        if (!isDate(o2)) return false;
        return equals(o1.getTime(), o2.getTime());
      } else if (isRegExp(o1) && isRegExp(o2)) {
        return o1.toString() == o2.toString();
      } else {
        if (isScope(o1) || isScope(o2) || isWindow(o1) || isWindow(o2) || isArray(o2)) return false;
        keySet = {};
        for (key in o1) {
          if (key.charAt(0) === '$' || isFunction(o1[key])) continue;
          if (!equals(o1[key], o2[key])) return false;
          keySet[key] = true;
        }
        for (key in o2) {
          if (!keySet.hasOwnProperty(key) &&
              key.charAt(0) !== '$' &&
              o2[key] !== undefined &&
              !isFunction(o2[key])) return false;
        }
        return true;
      }
    }
  }
  return false;
}

var csp = function() {
  if (isDefined(csp.isActive_)) return csp.isActive_;

  var active = !!(document.querySelector('[ng-csp]') ||
                  document.querySelector('[data-ng-csp]'));

  if (!active) {
    try {
      /* jshint -W031, -W054 */
      new Function('');
      /* jshint +W031, +W054 */
    } catch (e) {
      active = true;
    }
  }

  return (csp.isActive_ = active);
};



function concat(array1, array2, index) {
  return array1.concat(slice.call(array2, index));
}

function sliceArgs(args, startIndex) {
  return slice.call(args, startIndex || 0);
}


/* jshint -W101 */
/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.bind
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Returns a function which calls function `fn` bound to `self` (`self` becomes the `this` for
 * `fn`). You can supply optional `args` that are prebound to the function. This feature is also
 * known as [partial application](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partial_application), as
 * distinguished from [function currying](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Currying#Contrast_with_partial_function_application).
 *
 * @param {Object} self Context which `fn` should be evaluated in.
 * @param {function()} fn Function to be bound.
 * @param {...*} args Optional arguments to be prebound to the `fn` function call.
 * @returns {function()} Function that wraps the `fn` with all the specified bindings.
 */
/* jshint +W101 */
function bind(self, fn) {
  var curryArgs = arguments.length > 2 ? sliceArgs(arguments, 2) : [];
  if (isFunction(fn) && !(fn instanceof RegExp)) {
    return curryArgs.length
      ? function() {
          return arguments.length
            ? fn.apply(self, curryArgs.concat(slice.call(arguments, 0)))
            : fn.apply(self, curryArgs);
        }
      : function() {
          return arguments.length
            ? fn.apply(self, arguments)
            : fn.call(self);
        };
  } else {
    // in IE, native methods are not functions so they cannot be bound (note: they don't need to be)
    return fn;
  }
}


function toJsonReplacer(key, value) {
  var val = value;

  if (typeof key === 'string' && key.charAt(0) === '$' && key.charAt(1) === '$') {
    val = undefined;
  } else if (isWindow(value)) {
    val = '$WINDOW';
  } else if (value &&  document === value) {
    val = '$DOCUMENT';
  } else if (isScope(value)) {
    val = '$SCOPE';
  }

  return val;
}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.toJson
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Serializes input into a JSON-formatted string. Properties with leading $$ characters will be
 * stripped since angular uses this notation internally.
 *
 * @param {Object|Array|Date|string|number} obj Input to be serialized into JSON.
 * @param {boolean=} pretty If set to true, the JSON output will contain newlines and whitespace.
 * @returns {string|undefined} JSON-ified string representing `obj`.
 */
function toJson(obj, pretty) {
  if (typeof obj === 'undefined') return undefined;
  return JSON.stringify(obj, toJsonReplacer, pretty ? '  ' : null);
}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.fromJson
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Deserializes a JSON string.
 *
 * @param {string} json JSON string to deserialize.
 * @returns {Object|Array|string|number} Deserialized thingy.
 */
function fromJson(json) {
  return isString(json)
      ? JSON.parse(json)
      : json;
}


/**
 * @returns {string} Returns the string representation of the element.
 */
function startingTag(element) {
  element = jqLite(element).clone();
  try {
    // turns out IE does not let you set .html() on elements which
    // are not allowed to have children. So we just ignore it.
    element.empty();
  } catch (e) {}
  var elemHtml = jqLite('<div>').append(element).html();
  try {
    return element[0].nodeType === NODE_TYPE_TEXT ? lowercase(elemHtml) :
        elemHtml.
          match(/^(<[^>]+>)/)[1].
          replace(/^<([\w\-]+)/, function(match, nodeName) { return '<' + lowercase(nodeName); });
  } catch (e) {
    return lowercase(elemHtml);
  }

}


/////////////////////////////////////////////////

/**
 * Tries to decode the URI component without throwing an exception.
 *
 * @private
 * @param str value potential URI component to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` can be decoded
 * with the decodeURIComponent function.
 */
function tryDecodeURIComponent(value) {
  try {
    return decodeURIComponent(value);
  } catch (e) {
    // Ignore any invalid uri component
  }
}


/**
 * Parses an escaped url query string into key-value pairs.
 * @returns {Object.<string,boolean|Array>}
 */
function parseKeyValue(/**string*/keyValue) {
  var obj = {}, key_value, key;
  forEach((keyValue || "").split('&'), function(keyValue) {
    if (keyValue) {
      key_value = keyValue.replace(/\+/g,'%20').split('=');
      key = tryDecodeURIComponent(key_value[0]);
      if (isDefined(key)) {
        var val = isDefined(key_value[1]) ? tryDecodeURIComponent(key_value[1]) : true;
        if (!hasOwnProperty.call(obj, key)) {
          obj[key] = val;
        } else if (isArray(obj[key])) {
          obj[key].push(val);
        } else {
          obj[key] = [obj[key],val];
        }
      }
    }
  });
  return obj;
}

function toKeyValue(obj) {
  var parts = [];
  forEach(obj, function(value, key) {
    if (isArray(value)) {
      forEach(value, function(arrayValue) {
        parts.push(encodeUriQuery(key, true) +
                   (arrayValue === true ? '' : '=' + encodeUriQuery(arrayValue, true)));
      });
    } else {
    parts.push(encodeUriQuery(key, true) +
               (value === true ? '' : '=' + encodeUriQuery(value, true)));
    }
  });
  return parts.length ? parts.join('&') : '';
}


/**
 * We need our custom method because encodeURIComponent is too aggressive and doesn't follow
 * http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt with regards to the character set (pchar) allowed in path
 * segments:
 *    segment       = *pchar
 *    pchar         = unreserved / pct-encoded / sub-delims / ":" / "@"
 *    pct-encoded   = "%" HEXDIG HEXDIG
 *    unreserved    = ALPHA / DIGIT / "-" / "." / "_" / "~"
 *    sub-delims    = "!" / "$" / "&" / "'" / "(" / ")"
 *                     / "*" / "+" / "," / ";" / "="
 */
function encodeUriSegment(val) {
  return encodeUriQuery(val, true).
             replace(/%26/gi, '&').
             replace(/%3D/gi, '=').
             replace(/%2B/gi, '+');
}


/**
 * This method is intended for encoding *key* or *value* parts of query component. We need a custom
 * method because encodeURIComponent is too aggressive and encodes stuff that doesn't have to be
 * encoded per http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986:
 *    query       = *( pchar / "/" / "?" )
 *    pchar         = unreserved / pct-encoded / sub-delims / ":" / "@"
 *    unreserved    = ALPHA / DIGIT / "-" / "." / "_" / "~"
 *    pct-encoded   = "%" HEXDIG HEXDIG
 *    sub-delims    = "!" / "$" / "&" / "'" / "(" / ")"
 *                     / "*" / "+" / "," / ";" / "="
 */
function encodeUriQuery(val, pctEncodeSpaces) {
  return encodeURIComponent(val).
             replace(/%40/gi, '@').
             replace(/%3A/gi, ':').
             replace(/%24/g, '$').
             replace(/%2C/gi, ',').
             replace(/%3B/gi, ';').
             replace(/%20/g, (pctEncodeSpaces ? '%20' : '+'));
}

var ngAttrPrefixes = ['ng-', 'data-ng-', 'ng:', 'x-ng-'];

function getNgAttribute(element, ngAttr) {
  var attr, i, ii = ngAttrPrefixes.length;
  element = jqLite(element);
  for (i=0; i<ii; ++i) {
    attr = ngAttrPrefixes[i] + ngAttr;
    if (isString(attr = element.attr(attr))) {
      return attr;
    }
  }
  return null;
}

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ngApp
 * @module ng
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {angular.Module} ngApp an optional application
 *   {@link angular.module module} name to load.
 * @param {boolean=} ngStrictDi if this attribute is present on the app element, the injector will be
 *   created in "strict-di" mode. This means that the application will fail to invoke functions which
 *   do not use explicit function annotation (and are thus unsuitable for minification), as described
 *   in {@link guide/di the Dependency Injection guide}, and useful debugging info will assist in
 *   tracking down the root of these bugs.
 *
 * @description
 *
 * Use this directive to **auto-bootstrap** an AngularJS application. The `ngApp` directive
 * designates the **root element** of the application and is typically placed near the root element
 * of the page - e.g. on the `<body>` or `<html>` tags.
 *
 * Only one AngularJS application can be auto-bootstrapped per HTML document. The first `ngApp`
 * found in the document will be used to define the root element to auto-bootstrap as an
 * application. To run multiple applications in an HTML document you must manually bootstrap them using
 * {@link angular.bootstrap} instead. AngularJS applications cannot be nested within each other.
 *
 * You can specify an **AngularJS module** to be used as the root module for the application.  This
 * module will be loaded into the {@link auto.$injector} when the application is bootstrapped and
 * should contain the application code needed or have dependencies on other modules that will
 * contain the code. See {@link angular.module} for more information.
 *
 * In the example below if the `ngApp` directive were not placed on the `html` element then the
 * document would not be compiled, the `AppController` would not be instantiated and the `{{ a+b }}`
 * would not be resolved to `3`.
 *
 * `ngApp` is the easiest, and most common, way to bootstrap an application.
 *
 <example module="ngAppDemo">
   <file name="index.html">
   <div ng-controller="ngAppDemoController">
     I can add: {{a}} + {{b}} =  {{ a+b }}
   </div>
   </file>
   <file name="script.js">
   angular.module('ngAppDemo', []).controller('ngAppDemoController', function($scope) {
     $scope.a = 1;
     $scope.b = 2;
   });
   </file>
 </example>
 *
 * Using `ngStrictDi`, you would see something like this:
 *
 <example ng-app-included="true">
   <file name="index.html">
   <div ng-app="ngAppStrictDemo" ng-strict-di>
       <div ng-controller="GoodController1">
           I can add: {{a}} + {{b}} =  {{ a+b }}

           <p>This renders because the controller does not fail to
              instantiate, by using explicit annotation style (see
              script.js for details)
           </p>
       </div>

       <div ng-controller="GoodController2">
           Name: <input ng-model="name"><br />
           Hello, {{name}}!

           <p>This renders because the controller does not fail to
              instantiate, by using explicit annotation style
              (see script.js for details)
           </p>
       </div>

       <div ng-controller="BadController">
           I can add: {{a}} + {{b}} =  {{ a+b }}

           <p>The controller could not be instantiated, due to relying
              on automatic function annotations (which are disabled in
              strict mode). As such, the content of this section is not
              interpolated, and there should be an error in your web console.
           </p>
       </div>
   </div>
   </file>
   <file name="script.js">
   angular.module('ngAppStrictDemo', [])
     // BadController will fail to instantiate, due to relying on automatic function annotation,
     // rather than an explicit annotation
     .controller('BadController', function($scope) {
       $scope.a = 1;
       $scope.b = 2;
     })
     // Unlike BadController, GoodController1 and GoodController2 will not fail to be instantiated,
     // due to using explicit annotations using the array style and $inject property, respectively.
     .controller('GoodController1', ['$scope', function($scope) {
       $scope.a = 1;
       $scope.b = 2;
     }])
     .controller('GoodController2', GoodController2);
     function GoodController2($scope) {
       $scope.name = "World";
     }
     GoodController2.$inject = ['$scope'];
   </file>
   <file name="style.css">
   div[ng-controller] {
       margin-bottom: 1em;
       -webkit-border-radius: 4px;
       border-radius: 4px;
       border: 1px solid;
       padding: .5em;
   }
   div[ng-controller^=Good] {
       border-color: #d6e9c6;
       background-color: #dff0d8;
       color: #3c763d;
   }
   div[ng-controller^=Bad] {
       border-color: #ebccd1;
       background-color: #f2dede;
       color: #a94442;
       margin-bottom: 0;
   }
   </file>
 </example>
 */
function angularInit(element, bootstrap) {
  var appElement,
      module,
      config = {};

  // The element `element` has priority over any other element
  forEach(ngAttrPrefixes, function(prefix) {
    var name = prefix + 'app';

    if (!appElement && element.hasAttribute && element.hasAttribute(name)) {
      appElement = element;
      module = element.getAttribute(name);
    }
  });
  forEach(ngAttrPrefixes, function(prefix) {
    var name = prefix + 'app';
    var candidate;

    if (!appElement && (candidate = element.querySelector('[' + name.replace(':', '\\:') + ']'))) {
      appElement = candidate;
      module = candidate.getAttribute(name);
    }
  });
  if (appElement) {
    config.strictDi = getNgAttribute(appElement, "strict-di") !== null;
    bootstrap(appElement, module ? [module] : [], config);
  }
}

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.bootstrap
 * @module ng
 * @description
 * Use this function to manually start up angular application.
 *
 * See: {@link guide/bootstrap Bootstrap}
 *
 * Note that Protractor based end-to-end tests cannot use this function to bootstrap manually.
 * They must use {@link ng.directive:ngApp ngApp}.
 *
 * Angular will detect if it has been loaded into the browser more than once and only allow the
 * first loaded script to be bootstrapped and will report a warning to the browser console for
 * each of the subsequent scripts. This prevents strange results in applications, where otherwise
 * multiple instances of Angular try to work on the DOM.
 *
 * ```html
 * <!doctype html>
 * <html>
 * <body>
 * <div ng-controller="WelcomeController">
 *   {{greeting}}
 * </div>
 *
 * <script src="angular.js"></script>
 * <script>
 *   var app = angular.module('demo', [])
 *   .controller('WelcomeController', function($scope) {
 *       $scope.greeting = 'Welcome!';
 *   });
 *   angular.bootstrap(document, ['demo']);
 * </script>
 * </body>
 * </html>
 * ```
 *
 * @param {DOMElement} element DOM element which is the root of angular application.
 * @param {Array<String|Function|Array>=} modules an array of modules to load into the application.
 *     Each item in the array should be the name of a predefined module or a (DI annotated)
 *     function that will be invoked by the injector as a run block.
 *     See: {@link angular.module modules}
 * @param {Object=} config an object for defining configuration options for the application. The
 *     following keys are supported:
 *
 *     - `strictDi`: disable automatic function annotation for the application. This is meant to
 *       assist in finding bugs which break minified code.
 *
 * @returns {auto.$injector} Returns the newly created injector for this app.
 */
function bootstrap(element, modules, config) {
  if (!isObject(config)) config = {};
  var defaultConfig = {
    strictDi: false
  };
  config = extend(defaultConfig, config);
  var doBootstrap = function() {
    element = jqLite(element);

    if (element.injector()) {
      var tag = (element[0] === document) ? 'document' : startingTag(element);
      //Encode angle brackets to prevent input from being sanitized to empty string #8683
      throw ngMinErr(
          'btstrpd',
          "App Already Bootstrapped with this Element '{0}'",
          tag.replace(/</,'&lt;').replace(/>/,'&gt;'));
    }

    modules = modules || [];
    modules.unshift(['$provide', function($provide) {
      $provide.value('$rootElement', element);
    }]);

    if (config.debugInfoEnabled) {
      // Pushing so that this overrides `debugInfoEnabled` setting defined in user's `modules`.
      modules.push(['$compileProvider', function($compileProvider) {
        $compileProvider.debugInfoEnabled(true);
      }]);
    }

    modules.unshift('ng');
    var injector = createInjector(modules, config.strictDi);
    injector.invoke(['$rootScope', '$rootElement', '$compile', '$injector',
       function bootstrapApply(scope, element, compile, injector) {
        scope.$apply(function() {
          element.data('$injector', injector);
          compile(element)(scope);
        });
      }]
    );
    return injector;
  };

  var NG_ENABLE_DEBUG_INFO = /^NG_ENABLE_DEBUG_INFO!/;
  var NG_DEFER_BOOTSTRAP = /^NG_DEFER_BOOTSTRAP!/;

  if (window && NG_ENABLE_DEBUG_INFO.test(window.name)) {
    config.debugInfoEnabled = true;
    window.name = window.name.replace(NG_ENABLE_DEBUG_INFO, '');
  }

  if (window && !NG_DEFER_BOOTSTRAP.test(window.name)) {
    return doBootstrap();
  }

  window.name = window.name.replace(NG_DEFER_BOOTSTRAP, '');
  angular.resumeBootstrap = function(extraModules) {
    forEach(extraModules, function(module) {
      modules.push(module);
    });
    doBootstrap();
  };
}

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.reloadWithDebugInfo
 * @module ng
 * @description
 * Use this function to reload the current application with debug information turned on.
 * This takes precedence over a call to `$compileProvider.debugInfoEnabled(false)`.
 *
 * See {@link ng.$compileProvider#debugInfoEnabled} for more.
 */
function reloadWithDebugInfo() {
  window.name = 'NG_ENABLE_DEBUG_INFO!' + window.name;
  window.location.reload();
}

/**
 * @name angular.getTestability
 * @module ng
 * @description
 * Get the testability service for the instance of Angular on the given
 * element.
 * @param {DOMElement} element DOM element which is the root of angular application.
 */
function getTestability(rootElement) {
  return angular.element(rootElement).injector().get('$$testability');
}

var SNAKE_CASE_REGEXP = /[A-Z]/g;
function snake_case(name, separator) {
  separator = separator || '_';
  return name.replace(SNAKE_CASE_REGEXP, function(letter, pos) {
    return (pos ? separator : '') + letter.toLowerCase();
  });
}

var bindJQueryFired = false;
var skipDestroyOnNextJQueryCleanData;
function bindJQuery() {
  var originalCleanData;

  if (bindJQueryFired) {
    return;
  }

  // bind to jQuery if present;
  jQuery = window.jQuery;
  // Use jQuery if it exists with proper functionality, otherwise default to us.
  // Angular 1.2+ requires jQuery 1.7+ for on()/off() support.
  // Angular 1.3+ technically requires at least jQuery 2.1+ but it may work with older
  // versions. It will not work for sure with jQuery <1.7, though.
  if (jQuery && jQuery.fn.on) {
    jqLite = jQuery;
    extend(jQuery.fn, {
      scope: JQLitePrototype.scope,
      isolateScope: JQLitePrototype.isolateScope,
      controller: JQLitePrototype.controller,
      injector: JQLitePrototype.injector,
      inheritedData: JQLitePrototype.inheritedData
    });

    // All nodes removed from the DOM via various jQuery APIs like .remove()
    // are passed through jQuery.cleanData. Monkey-patch this method to fire
    // the $destroy event on all removed nodes.
    originalCleanData = jQuery.cleanData;
    jQuery.cleanData = function(elems) {
      var events;
      if (!skipDestroyOnNextJQueryCleanData) {
        for (var i = 0, elem; (elem = elems[i]) != null; i++) {
          events = jQuery._data(elem, "events");
          if (events && events.$destroy) {
            jQuery(elem).triggerHandler('$destroy');
          }
        }
      } else {
        skipDestroyOnNextJQueryCleanData = false;
      }
      originalCleanData(elems);
    };
  } else {
    jqLite = JQLite;
  }

  angular.element = jqLite;

  // Prevent double-proxying.
  bindJQueryFired = true;
}

/**
 * throw error if the argument is falsy.
 */
function assertArg(arg, name, reason) {
  if (!arg) {
    throw ngMinErr('areq', "Argument '{0}' is {1}", (name || '?'), (reason || "required"));
  }
  return arg;
}

function assertArgFn(arg, name, acceptArrayAnnotation) {
  if (acceptArrayAnnotation && isArray(arg)) {
      arg = arg[arg.length - 1];
  }

  assertArg(isFunction(arg), name, 'not a function, got ' +
      (arg && typeof arg === 'object' ? arg.constructor.name || 'Object' : typeof arg));
  return arg;
}

/**
 * throw error if the name given is hasOwnProperty
 * @param  {String} name    the name to test
 * @param  {String} context the context in which the name is used, such as module or directive
 */
function assertNotHasOwnProperty(name, context) {
  if (name === 'hasOwnProperty') {
    throw ngMinErr('badname', "hasOwnProperty is not a valid {0} name", context);
  }
}

/**
 * Return the value accessible from the object by path. Any undefined traversals are ignored
 * @param {Object} obj starting object
 * @param {String} path path to traverse
 * @param {boolean} [bindFnToScope=true]
 * @returns {Object} value as accessible by path
 */
//TODO(misko): this function needs to be removed
function getter(obj, path, bindFnToScope) {
  if (!path) return obj;
  var keys = path.split('.');
  var key;
  var lastInstance = obj;
  var len = keys.length;

  for (var i = 0; i < len; i++) {
    key = keys[i];
    if (obj) {
      obj = (lastInstance = obj)[key];
    }
  }
  if (!bindFnToScope && isFunction(obj)) {
    return bind(lastInstance, obj);
  }
  return obj;
}

/**
 * Return the DOM siblings between the first and last node in the given array.
 * @param {Array} array like object
 * @returns {jqLite} jqLite collection containing the nodes
 */
function getBlockNodes(nodes) {
  // TODO(perf): just check if all items in `nodes` are siblings and if they are return the original
  //             collection, otherwise update the original collection.
  var node = nodes[0];
  var endNode = nodes[nodes.length - 1];
  var blockNodes = [node];

  do {
    node = node.nextSibling;
    if (!node) break;
    blockNodes.push(node);
  } while (node !== endNode);

  return jqLite(blockNodes);
}


/**
 * Creates a new object without a prototype. This object is useful for lookup without having to
 * guard against prototypically inherited properties via hasOwnProperty.
 *
 * Related micro-benchmarks:
 * - http://jsperf.com/object-create2
 * - http://jsperf.com/proto-map-lookup/2
 * - http://jsperf.com/for-in-vs-object-keys2
 *
 * @returns {Object}
 */
function createMap() {
  return Object.create(null);
}

var NODE_TYPE_ELEMENT = 1;
var NODE_TYPE_TEXT = 3;
var NODE_TYPE_COMMENT = 8;
var NODE_TYPE_DOCUMENT = 9;
var NODE_TYPE_DOCUMENT_FRAGMENT = 11;

/**
 * @ngdoc type
 * @name angular.Module
 * @module ng
 * @description
 *
 * Interface for configuring angular {@link angular.module modules}.
 */

function setupModuleLoader(window) {

  var $injectorMinErr = minErr('$injector');
  var ngMinErr = minErr('ng');

  function ensure(obj, name, factory) {
    return obj[name] || (obj[name] = factory());
  }

  var angular = ensure(window, 'angular', Object);

  // We need to expose `angular.$$minErr` to modules such as `ngResource` that reference it during bootstrap
  angular.$$minErr = angular.$$minErr || minErr;

  return ensure(angular, 'module', function() {
    /** @type {Object.<string, angular.Module>} */
    var modules = {};

    /**
     * @ngdoc function
     * @name angular.module
     * @module ng
     * @description
     *
     * The `angular.module` is a global place for creating, registering and retrieving Angular
     * modules.
     * All modules (angular core or 3rd party) that should be available to an application must be
     * registered using this mechanism.
     *
     * When passed two or more arguments, a new module is created.  If passed only one argument, an
     * existing module (the name passed as the first argument to `module`) is retrieved.
     *
     *
     * # Module
     *
     * A module is a collection of services, directives, controllers, filters, and configuration information.
     * `angular.module` is used to configure the {@link auto.$injector $injector}.
     *
     * ```js
     * // Create a new module
     * var myModule = angular.module('myModule', []);
     *
     * // register a new service
     * myModule.value('appName', 'MyCoolApp');
     *
     * // configure existing services inside initialization blocks.
     * myModule.config(['$locationProvider', function($locationProvider) {
     *   // Configure existing providers
     *   $locationProvider.hashPrefix('!');
     * }]);
     * ```
     *
     * Then you can create an injector and load your modules like this:
     *
     * ```js
     * var injector = angular.injector(['ng', 'myModule'])
     * ```
     *
     * However it's more likely that you'll just use
     * {@link ng.directive:ngApp ngApp} or
     * {@link angular.bootstrap} to simplify this process for you.
     *
     * @param {!string} name The name of the module to create or retrieve.
     * @param {!Array.<string>=} requires If specified then new module is being created. If
     *        unspecified then the module is being retrieved for further configuration.
     * @param {Function=} configFn Optional configuration function for the module. Same as
     *        {@link angular.Module#config Module#config()}.
     * @returns {module} new module with the {@link angular.Module} api.
     */
    return function module(name, requires, configFn) {
      var assertNotHasOwnProperty = function(name, context) {
        if (name === 'hasOwnProperty') {
          throw ngMinErr('badname', 'hasOwnProperty is not a valid {0} name', context);
        }
      };

      assertNotHasOwnProperty(name, 'module');
      if (requires && modules.hasOwnProperty(name)) {
        modules[name] = null;
      }
      return ensure(modules, name, function() {
        if (!requires) {
          throw $injectorMinErr('nomod', "Module '{0}' is not available! You either misspelled " +
             "the module name or forgot to load it. If registering a module ensure that you " +
             "specify the dependencies as the second argument.", name);
        }

        /** @type {!Array.<Array.<*>>} */
        var invokeQueue = [];

        /** @type {!Array.<Function>} */
        var configBlocks = [];

        /** @type {!Array.<Function>} */
        var runBlocks = [];

        var config = invokeLater('$injector', 'invoke', 'push', configBlocks);

        /** @type {angular.Module} */
        var moduleInstance = {
          // Private state
          _invokeQueue: invokeQueue,
          _configBlocks: configBlocks,
          _runBlocks: runBlocks,

          /**
           * @ngdoc property
           * @name angular.Module#requires
           * @module ng
           *
           * @description
           * Holds the list of modules which the injector will load before the current module is
           * loaded.
           */
          requires: requires,

          /**
           * @ngdoc property
           * @name angular.Module#name
           * @module ng
           *
           * @description
           * Name of the module.
           */
          name: name,


          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#provider
           * @module ng
           * @param {string} name service name
           * @param {Function} providerType Construction function for creating new instance of the
           *                                service.
           * @description
           * See {@link auto.$provide#provider $provide.provider()}.
           */
          provider: invokeLater('$provide', 'provider'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#factory
           * @module ng
           * @param {string} name service name
           * @param {Function} providerFunction Function for creating new instance of the service.
           * @description
           * See {@link auto.$provide#factory $provide.factory()}.
           */
          factory: invokeLater('$provide', 'factory'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#service
           * @module ng
           * @param {string} name service name
           * @param {Function} constructor A constructor function that will be instantiated.
           * @description
           * See {@link auto.$provide#service $provide.service()}.
           */
          service: invokeLater('$provide', 'service'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#value
           * @module ng
           * @param {string} name service name
           * @param {*} object Service instance object.
           * @description
           * See {@link auto.$provide#value $provide.value()}.
           */
          value: invokeLater('$provide', 'value'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#constant
           * @module ng
           * @param {string} name constant name
           * @param {*} object Constant value.
           * @description
           * Because the constant are fixed, they get applied before other provide methods.
           * See {@link auto.$provide#constant $provide.constant()}.
           */
          constant: invokeLater('$provide', 'constant', 'unshift'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#animation
           * @module ng
           * @param {string} name animation name
           * @param {Function} animationFactory Factory function for creating new instance of an
           *                                    animation.
           * @description
           *
           * **NOTE**: animations take effect only if the **ngAnimate** module is loaded.
           *
           *
           * Defines an animation hook that can be later used with
           * {@link ngAnimate.$animate $animate} service and directives that use this service.
           *
           * ```js
           * module.animation('.animation-name', function($inject1, $inject2) {
           *   return {
           *     eventName : function(element, done) {
           *       //code to run the animation
           *       //once complete, then run done()
           *       return function cancellationFunction(element) {
           *         //code to cancel the animation
           *       }
           *     }
           *   }
           * })
           * ```
           *
           * See {@link ng.$animateProvider#register $animateProvider.register()} and
           * {@link ngAnimate ngAnimate module} for more information.
           */
          animation: invokeLater('$animateProvider', 'register'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#filter
           * @module ng
           * @param {string} name Filter name.
           * @param {Function} filterFactory Factory function for creating new instance of filter.
           * @description
           * See {@link ng.$filterProvider#register $filterProvider.register()}.
           */
          filter: invokeLater('$filterProvider', 'register'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#controller
           * @module ng
           * @param {string|Object} name Controller name, or an object map of controllers where the
           *    keys are the names and the values are the constructors.
           * @param {Function} constructor Controller constructor function.
           * @description
           * See {@link ng.$controllerProvider#register $controllerProvider.register()}.
           */
          controller: invokeLater('$controllerProvider', 'register'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#directive
           * @module ng
           * @param {string|Object} name Directive name, or an object map of directives where the
           *    keys are the names and the values are the factories.
           * @param {Function} directiveFactory Factory function for creating new instance of
           * directives.
           * @description
           * See {@link ng.$compileProvider#directive $compileProvider.directive()}.
           */
          directive: invokeLater('$compileProvider', 'directive'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#config
           * @module ng
           * @param {Function} configFn Execute this function on module load. Useful for service
           *    configuration.
           * @description
           * Use this method to register work which needs to be performed on module loading.
           * For more about how to configure services, see
           * {@link providers#provider-recipe Provider Recipe}.
           */
          config: config,

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#run
           * @module ng
           * @param {Function} initializationFn Execute this function after injector creation.
           *    Useful for application initialization.
           * @description
           * Use this method to register work which should be performed when the injector is done
           * loading all modules.
           */
          run: function(block) {
            runBlocks.push(block);
            return this;
          }
        };

        if (configFn) {
          config(configFn);
        }

        return moduleInstance;

        /**
         * @param {string} provider
         * @param {string} method
         * @param {String=} insertMethod
         * @returns {angular.Module}
         */
        function invokeLater(provider, method, insertMethod, queue) {
          if (!queue) queue = invokeQueue;
          return function() {
            queue[insertMethod || 'push']([provider, method, arguments]);
            return moduleInstance;
          };
        }
      });
    };
  });

}

/* global angularModule: true,
  version: true,

  $LocaleProvider,
  $CompileProvider,

  htmlAnchorDirective,
  inputDirective,
  inputDirective,
  formDirective,
  scriptDirective,
  selectDirective,
  styleDirective,
  optionDirective,
  ngBindDirective,
  ngBindHtmlDirective,
  ngBindTemplateDirective,
  ngClassDirective,
  ngClassEvenDirective,
  ngClassOddDirective,
  ngCspDirective,
  ngCloakDirective,
  ngControllerDirective,
  ngFormDirective,
  ngHideDirective,
  ngIfDirective,
  ngIncludeDirective,
  ngIncludeFillContentDirective,
  ngInitDirective,
  ngNonBindableDirective,
  ngPluralizeDirective,
  ngRepeatDirective,
  ngShowDirective,
  ngStyleDirective,
  ngSwitchDirective,
  ngSwitchWhenDirective,
  ngSwitchDefaultDirective,
  ngOptionsDirective,
  ngTranscludeDirective,
  ngModelDirective,
  ngListDirective,
  ngChangeDirective,
  patternDirective,
  patternDirective,
  requiredDirective,
  requiredDirective,
  minlengthDirective,
  minlengthDirective,
  maxlengthDirective,
  maxlengthDirective,
  ngValueDirective,
  ngModelOptionsDirective,
  ngAttributeAliasDirectives,
  ngEventDirectives,

  $AnchorScrollProvider,
  $AnimateProvider,
  $BrowserProvider,
  $CacheFactoryProvider,
  $ControllerProvider,
  $DocumentProvider,
  $ExceptionHandlerProvider,
  $FilterProvider,
  $InterpolateProvider,
  $IntervalProvider,
  $HttpProvider,
  $HttpBackendProvider,
  $LocationProvider,
  $LogProvider,
  $ParseProvider,
  $RootScopeProvider,
  $QProvider,
  $$QProvider,
  $$SanitizeUriProvider,
  $SceProvider,
  $SceDelegateProvider,
  $SnifferProvider,
  $TemplateCacheProvider,
  $TemplateRequestProvider,
  $$TestabilityProvider,
  $TimeoutProvider,
  $$RAFProvider,
  $$AsyncCallbackProvider,
  $WindowProvider
*/


/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name angular.version
 * @module ng
 * @description
 * An object that contains information about the current AngularJS version. This object has the
 * following properties:
 *
 * - `full` – `{string}` – Full version string, such as "0.9.18".
 * - `major` – `{number}` – Major version number, such as "0".
 * - `minor` – `{number}` – Minor version number, such as "9".
 * - `dot` – `{number}` – Dot version number, such as "18".
 * - `codeName` – `{string}` – Code name of the release, such as "jiggling-armfat".
 */
var version = {
  full: '1.3.2',    // all of these placeholder strings will be replaced by grunt's
  major: 1,    // package task
  minor: 3,
  dot: 2,
  codeName: 'cardiovasculatory-magnification'
};


function publishExternalAPI(angular) {
  extend(angular, {
    'bootstrap': bootstrap,
    'copy': copy,
    'extend': extend,
    'equals': equals,
    'element': jqLite,
    'forEach': forEach,
    'injector': createInjector,
    'noop': noop,
    'bind': bind,
    'toJson': toJson,
    'fromJson': fromJson,
    'identity': identity,
    'isUndefined': isUndefined,
    'isDefined': isDefined,
    'isString': isString,
    'isFunction': isFunction,
    'isObject': isObject,
    'isNumber': isNumber,
    'isElement': isElement,
    'isArray': isArray,
    'version': version,
    'isDate': isDate,
    'lowercase': lowercase,
    'uppercase': uppercase,
    'callbacks': {counter: 0},
    'getTestability': getTestability,
    '$$minErr': minErr,
    '$$csp': csp,
    'reloadWithDebugInfo': reloadWithDebugInfo
  });

  angularModule = setupModuleLoader(window);
  try {
    angularModule('ngLocale');
  } catch (e) {
    angularModule('ngLocale', []).provider('$locale', $LocaleProvider);
  }

  angularModule('ng', ['ngLocale'], ['$provide',
    function ngModule($provide) {
      // $$sanitizeUriProvider needs to be before $compileProvider as it is used by it.
      $provide.provider({
        $$sanitizeUri: $$SanitizeUriProvider
      });
      $provide.provider('$compile', $CompileProvider).
        directive({
            a: htmlAnchorDirective,
            input: inputDirective,
            textarea: inputDirective,
            form: formDirective,
            script: scriptDirective,
            select: selectDirective,
            style: styleDirective,
            option: optionDirective,
            ngBind: ngBindDirective,
            ngBindHtml: ngBindHtmlDirective,
            ngBindTemplate: ngBindTemplateDirective,
            ngClass: ngClassDirective,
            ngClassEven: ngClassEvenDirective,
            ngClassOdd: ngClassOddDirective,
            ngCloak: ngCloakDirective,
            ngController: ngControllerDirective,
            ngForm: ngFormDirective,
            ngHide: ngHideDirective,
            ngIf: ngIfDirective,
            ngInclude: ngIncludeDirective,
            ngInit: ngInitDirective,
            ngNonBindable: ngNonBindableDirective,
            ngPluralize: ngPluralizeDirective,
            ngRepeat: ngRepeatDirective,
            ngShow: ngShowDirective,
            ngStyle: ngStyleDirective,
            ngSwitch: ngSwitchDirective,
            ngSwitchWhen: ngSwitchWhenDirective,
            ngSwitchDefault: ngSwitchDefaultDirective,
            ngOptions: ngOptionsDirective,
            ngTransclude: ngTranscludeDirective,
            ngModel: ngModelDirective,
            ngList: ngListDirective,
            ngChange: ngChangeDirective,
            pattern: patternDirective,
            ngPattern: patternDirective,
            required: requiredDirective,
            ngRequired: requiredDirective,
            minlength: minlengthDirective,
            ngMinlength: minlengthDirective,
            maxlength: maxlengthDirective,
            ngMaxlength: maxlengthDirective,
            ngValue: ngValueDirective,
            ngModelOptions: ngModelOptionsDirective
        }).
        directive({
          ngInclude: ngIncludeFillContentDirective
        }).
        directive(ngAttributeAliasDirectives).
        directive(ngEventDirectives);
      $provide.provider({
        $anchorScroll: $AnchorScrollProvider,
        $animate: $AnimateProvider,
        $browser: $BrowserProvider,
        $cacheFactory: $CacheFactoryProvider,
        $controller: $ControllerProvider,
        $document: $DocumentProvider,
        $exceptionHandler: $ExceptionHandlerProvider,
        $filter: $FilterProvider,
        $interpolate: $InterpolateProvider,
        $interval: $IntervalProvider,
        $http: $HttpProvider,
        $httpBackend: $HttpBackendProvider,
        $location: $LocationProvider,
        $log: $LogProvider,
        $parse: $ParseProvider,
        $rootScope: $RootScopeProvider,
        $q: $QProvider,
        $$q: $$QProvider,
        $sce: $SceProvider,
        $sceDelegate: $SceDelegateProvider,
        $sniffer: $SnifferProvider,
        $templateCache: $TemplateCacheProvider,
        $templateRequest: $TemplateRequestProvider,
        $$testability: $$TestabilityProvider,
        $timeout: $TimeoutProvider,
        $window: $WindowProvider,
        $$rAF: $$RAFProvider,
        $$asyncCallback: $$AsyncCallbackProvider
      });
    }
  ]);
}

/* global JQLitePrototype: true,
  addEventListenerFn: true,
  removeEventListenerFn: true,
  BOOLEAN_ATTR: true,
  ALIASED_ATTR: true,
*/

//////////////////////////////////
//JQLite
//////////////////////////////////

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.element
 * @module ng
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Wraps a raw DOM element or HTML string as a [jQuery](http://jquery.com) element.
 *
 * If jQuery is available, `angular.element` is an alias for the
 * [jQuery](http://api.jquery.com/jQuery/) function. If jQuery is not available, `angular.element`
 * delegates to Angular's built-in subset of jQuery, called "jQuery lite" or "jqLite."
 *
 * <div class="alert alert-success">jqLite is a tiny, API-compatible subset of jQuery that allows
 * Angular to manipulate the DOM in a cross-browser compatible way. **jqLite** implements only the most
 * commonly needed functionality with the goal of having a very small footprint.</div>
 *
 * To use jQuery, simply load it before `DOMContentLoaded` event fired.
 *
 * <div class="alert">**Note:** all element references in Angular are always wrapped with jQuery or
 * jqLite; they are never raw DOM references.</div>
 *
 * ## Angular's jqLite
 * jqLite provides only the following jQuery methods:
 *
 * - [`addClass()`](http://api.jquery.com/addClass/)
 * - [`after()`](http://api.jquery.com/after/)
 * - [`append()`](http://api.jquery.com/append/)
 * - [`attr()`](http://api.jquery.com/attr/) - Does not support functions as parameters
 * - [`bind()`](http://api.jquery.com/bind/) - Does not support namespaces, selectors or eventData
 * - [`children()`](http://api.jquery.com/children/) - Does not support selectors
 * - [`clone()`](http://api.jquery.com/clone/)
 * - [`contents()`](http://api.jquery.com/contents/)
 * - [`css()`](http://api.jquery.com/css/) - Only retrieves inline-styles, does not call `getComputedStyle()`
 * - [`data()`](http://api.jquery.com/data/)
 * - [`detach()`](http://api.jquery.com/detach/)
 * - [`empty()`](http://api.jquery.com/empty/)
 * - [`eq()`](http://api.jquery.com/eq/)
 * - [`find()`](http://api.jquery.com/find/) - Limited to lookups by tag name
 * - [`hasClass()`](http://api.jquery.com/hasClass/)
 * - [`html()`](http://api.jquery.com/html/)
 * - [`next()`](http://api.jquery.com/next/) - Does not support selectors
 * - [`on()`](http://api.jquery.com/on/) - Does not support namespaces, selectors or eventData
 * - [`off()`](http://api.jquery.com/off/) - Does not support namespaces or selectors
 * - [`one()`](http://api.jquery.com/one/) - Does not support namespaces or selectors
 * - [`parent()`](http://api.jquery.com/parent/) - Does not support selectors
 * - [`prepend()`](http://api.jquery.com/prepend/)
 * - [`prop()`](http://api.jquery.com/prop/)
 * - [`ready()`](http://api.jquery.com/ready/)
 * - [`remove()`](http://api.jquery.com/remove/)
 * - [`removeAttr()`](http://api.jquery.com/removeAttr/)
 * - [`removeClass()`](http://api.jquery.com/removeClass/)
 * - [`removeData()`](http://api.jquery.com/removeData/)
 * - [`replaceWith()`](http://api.jquery.com/replaceWith/)
 * - [`text()`](http://api.jquery.com/text/)
 * - [`toggleClass()`](http://api.jquery.com/toggleClass/)
 * - [`triggerHandler()`](http://api.jquery.com/triggerHandler/) - Passes a dummy event object to handlers.
 * - [`unbind()`](http://api.jquery.com/unbind/) - Does not support namespaces
 * - [`val()`](http://api.jquery.com/val/)
 * - [`wrap()`](http://api.jquery.com/wrap/)
 *
 * ## jQuery/jqLite Extras
 * Angular also provides the following additional methods and events to both jQuery and jqLite:
 *
 * ### Events
 * - `$destroy` - AngularJS intercepts all jqLite/jQuery's DOM destruction apis and fires this event
 *    on all DOM nodes being removed.  This can be used to clean up any 3rd party bindings to the DOM
 *    element before it is removed.
 *
 * ### Methods
 * - `controller(name)` - retrieves the controller of the current element or its parent. By default
 *   retrieves controller associated with the `ngController` directive. If `name` is provided as
 *   camelCase directive name, then the controller for this directive will be retrieved (e.g.
 *   `'ngModel'`).
 * - `injector()` - retrieves the injector of the current element or its parent.
 * - `scope()` - retrieves the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope scope} of the current
 *   element or its parent.
 * - `isolateScope()` - retrieves an isolate {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope scope} if one is attached directly to the
 *   current element. This getter should be used only on elements that contain a directive which starts a new isolate
 *   scope. Calling `scope()` on this element always returns the original non-isolate scope.
 * - `inheritedData()` - same as `data()`, but walks up the DOM until a value is found or the top
 *   parent element is reached.
 *
 * @param {string|DOMElement} element HTML string or DOMElement to be wrapped into jQuery.
 * @returns {Object} jQuery object.
 */

JQLite.expando = 'ng339';

var jqCache = JQLite.cache = {},
    jqId = 1,
    addEventListenerFn = function(element, type, fn) {
      element.addEventListener(type, fn, false);
    },
    removeEventListenerFn = function(element, type, fn) {
      element.removeEventListener(type, fn, false);
    };

/*
 * !!! This is an undocumented "private" function !!!
 */
JQLite._data = function(node) {
  //jQuery always returns an object on cache miss
  return this.cache[node[this.expando]] || {};
};

function jqNextId() { return ++jqId; }


var SPECIAL_CHARS_REGEXP = /([\:\-\_]+(.))/g;
var MOZ_HACK_REGEXP = /^moz([A-Z])/;
var MOUSE_EVENT_MAP= { mouseleave: "mouseout", mouseenter: "mouseover"};
var jqLiteMinErr = minErr('jqLite');

/**
 * Converts snake_case to camelCase.
 * Also there is special case for Moz prefix starting with upper case letter.
 * @param name Name to normalize
 */
function camelCase(name) {
  return name.
    replace(SPECIAL_CHARS_REGEXP, function(_, separator, letter, offset) {
      return offset ? letter.toUpperCase() : letter;
    }).
    replace(MOZ_HACK_REGEXP, 'Moz$1');
}

var SINGLE_TAG_REGEXP = /^<(\w+)\s*\/?>(?:<\/\1>|)$/;
var HTML_REGEXP = /<|&#?\w+;/;
var TAG_NAME_REGEXP = /<([\w:]+)/;
var XHTML_TAG_REGEXP = /<(?!area|br|col|embed|hr|img|input|link|meta|param)(([\w:]+)[^>]*)\/>/gi;

var wrapMap = {
  'option': [1, '<select multiple="multiple">', '</select>'],

  'thead': [1, '<table>', '</table>'],
  'col': [2, '<table><colgroup>', '</colgroup></table>'],
  'tr': [2, '<table><tbody>', '</tbody></table>'],
  'td': [3, '<table><tbody><tr>', '</tr></tbody></table>'],
  '_default': [0, "", ""]
};

wrapMap.optgroup = wrapMap.option;
wrapMap.tbody = wrapMap.tfoot = wrapMap.colgroup = wrapMap.caption = wrapMap.thead;
wrapMap.th = wrapMap.td;


function jqLiteIsTextNode(html) {
  return !HTML_REGEXP.test(html);
}

function jqLiteAcceptsData(node) {
  // The window object can accept data but has no nodeType
  // Otherwise we are only interested in elements (1) and documents (9)
  var nodeType = node.nodeType;
  return nodeType === NODE_TYPE_ELEMENT || !nodeType || nodeType === NODE_TYPE_DOCUMENT;
}

function jqLiteBuildFragment(html, context) {
  var tmp, tag, wrap,
      fragment = context.createDocumentFragment(),
      nodes = [], i;

  if (jqLiteIsTextNode(html)) {
    // Convert non-html into a text node
    nodes.push(context.createTextNode(html));
  } else {
    // Convert html into DOM nodes
    tmp = tmp || fragment.appendChild(context.createElement("div"));
    tag = (TAG_NAME_REGEXP.exec(html) || ["", ""])[1].toLowerCase();
    wrap = wrapMap[tag] || wrapMap._default;
    tmp.innerHTML = wrap[1] + html.replace(XHTML_TAG_REGEXP, "<$1></$2>") + wrap[2];

    // Descend through wrappers to the right content
    i = wrap[0];
    while (i--) {
      tmp = tmp.lastChild;
    }

    nodes = concat(nodes, tmp.childNodes);

    tmp = fragment.firstChild;
    tmp.textContent = "";
  }

  // Remove wrapper from fragment
  fragment.textContent = "";
  fragment.innerHTML = ""; // Clear inner HTML
  forEach(nodes, function(node) {
    fragment.appendChild(node);
  });

  return fragment;
}

function jqLiteParseHTML(html, context) {
  context = context || document;
  var parsed;

  if ((parsed = SINGLE_TAG_REGEXP.exec(html))) {
    return [context.createElement(parsed[1])];
  }

  if ((parsed = jqLiteBuildFragment(html, context))) {
    return parsed.childNodes;
  }

  return [];
}

/////////////////////////////////////////////
function JQLite(element) {
  if (element instanceof JQLite) {
    return element;
  }

  var argIsString;

  if (isString(element)) {
    element = trim(element);
    argIsString = true;
  }
  if (!(this instanceof JQLite)) {
    if (argIsString && element.charAt(0) != '<') {
      throw jqLiteMinErr('nosel', 'Looking up elements via selectors is not supported by jqLite! See: http://docs.angularjs.org/api/angular.element');
    }
    return new JQLite(element);
  }

  if (argIsString) {
    jqLiteAddNodes(this, jqLiteParseHTML(element));
  } else {
    jqLiteAddNodes(this, element);
  }
}

function jqLiteClone(element) {
  return element.cloneNode(true);
}

function jqLiteDealoc(element, onlyDescendants) {
  if (!onlyDescendants) jqLiteRemoveData(element);

  if (element.querySelectorAll) {
    var descendants = element.querySelectorAll('*');
    for (var i = 0, l = descendants.length; i < l; i++) {
      jqLiteRemoveData(descendants[i]);
    }
  }
}

function jqLiteOff(element, type, fn, unsupported) {
  if (isDefined(unsupported)) throw jqLiteMinErr('offargs', 'jqLite#off() does not support the `selector` argument');

  var expandoStore = jqLiteExpandoStore(element);
  var events = expandoStore && expandoStore.events;
  var handle = expandoStore && expandoStore.handle;

  if (!handle) return; //no listeners registered

  if (!type) {
    for (type in events) {
      if (type !== '$destroy') {
        removeEventListenerFn(element, type, handle);
      }
      delete events[type];
    }
  } else {
    forEach(type.split(' '), function(type) {
      if (isDefined(fn)) {
        var listenerFns = events[type];
        arrayRemove(listenerFns || [], fn);
        if (listenerFns && listenerFns.length > 0) {
          return;
        }
      }

      removeEventListenerFn(element, type, handle);
      delete events[type];
    });
  }
}

function jqLiteRemoveData(element, name) {
  var expandoId = element.ng339;
  var expandoStore = expandoId && jqCache[expandoId];

  if (expandoStore) {
    if (name) {
      delete expandoStore.data[name];
      return;
    }

    if (expandoStore.handle) {
      if (expandoStore.events.$destroy) {
        expandoStore.handle({}, '$destroy');
      }
      jqLiteOff(element);
    }
    delete jqCache[expandoId];
    element.ng339 = undefined; // don't delete DOM expandos. IE and Chrome don't like it
  }
}


function jqLiteExpandoStore(element, createIfNecessary) {
  var expandoId = element.ng339,
      expandoStore = expandoId && jqCache[expandoId];

  if (createIfNecessary && !expandoStore) {
    element.ng339 = expandoId = jqNextId();
    expandoStore = jqCache[expandoId] = {events: {}, data: {}, handle: undefined};
  }

  return expandoStore;
}


function jqLiteData(element, key, value) {
  if (jqLiteAcceptsData(element)) {

    var isSimpleSetter = isDefined(value);
    var isSimpleGetter = !isSimpleSetter && key && !isObject(key);
    var massGetter = !key;
    var expandoStore = jqLiteExpandoStore(element, !isSimpleGetter);
    var data = expandoStore && expandoStore.data;

    if (isSimpleSetter) { // data('key', value)
      data[key] = value;
    } else {
      if (massGetter) {  // data()
        return data;
      } else {
        if (isSimpleGetter) { // data('key')
          // don't force creation of expandoStore if it doesn't exist yet
          return data && data[key];
        } else { // mass-setter: data({key1: val1, key2: val2})
          extend(data, key);
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

function jqLiteHasClass(element, selector) {
  if (!element.getAttribute) return false;
  return ((" " + (element.getAttribute('class') || '') + " ").replace(/[\n\t]/g, " ").
      indexOf(" " + selector + " ") > -1);
}

function jqLiteRemoveClass(element, cssClasses) {
  if (cssClasses && element.setAttribute) {
    forEach(cssClasses.split(' '), function(cssClass) {
      element.setAttribute('class', trim(
          (" " + (element.getAttribute('class') || '') + " ")
          .replace(/[\n\t]/g, " ")
          .replace(" " + trim(cssClass) + " ", " "))
      );
    });
  }
}

function jqLiteAddClass(element, cssClasses) {
  if (cssClasses && element.setAttribute) {
    var existingClasses = (' ' + (element.getAttribute('class') || '') + ' ')
                            .replace(/[\n\t]/g, " ");

    forEach(cssClasses.split(' '), function(cssClass) {
      cssClass = trim(cssClass);
      if (existingClasses.indexOf(' ' + cssClass + ' ') === -1) {
        existingClasses += cssClass + ' ';
      }
    });

    element.setAttribute('class', trim(existingClasses));
  }
}


function jqLiteAddNodes(root, elements) {
  // THIS CODE IS VERY HOT. Don't make changes without benchmarking.

  if (elements) {

    // if a Node (the most common case)
    if (elements.nodeType) {
      root[root.length++] = elements;
    } else {
      var length = elements.length;

      // if an Array or NodeList and not a Window
      if (typeof length === 'number' && elements.window !== elements) {
        if (length) {
          for (var i = 0; i < length; i++) {
            root[root.length++] = elements[i];
          }
        }
      } else {
        root[root.length++] = elements;
      }
    }
  }
}


function jqLiteController(element, name) {
  return jqLiteInheritedData(element, '$' + (name || 'ngController') + 'Controller');
}

function jqLiteInheritedData(element, name, value) {
  // if element is the document object work with the html element instead
  // this makes $(document).scope() possible
  if (element.nodeType == NODE_TYPE_DOCUMENT) {
    element = element.documentElement;
  }
  var names = isArray(name) ? name : [name];

  while (element) {
    for (var i = 0, ii = names.length; i < ii; i++) {
      if ((value = jqLite.data(element, names[i])) !== undefined) return value;
    }

    // If dealing with a document fragment node with a host element, and no parent, use the host
    // element as the parent. This enables directives within a Shadow DOM or polyfilled Shadow DOM
    // to lookup parent controllers.
    element = element.parentNode || (element.nodeType === NODE_TYPE_DOCUMENT_FRAGMENT && element.host);
  }
}

function jqLiteEmpty(element) {
  jqLiteDealoc(element, true);
  while (element.firstChild) {
    element.removeChild(element.firstChild);
  }
}

function jqLiteRemove(element, keepData) {
  if (!keepData) jqLiteDealoc(element);
  var parent = element.parentNode;
  if (parent) parent.removeChild(element);
}


function jqLiteDocumentLoaded(action, win) {
  win = win || window;
  if (win.document.readyState === 'complete') {
    // Force the action to be run async for consistent behaviour
    // from the action's point of view
    // i.e. it will definitely not be in a $apply
    win.setTimeout(action);
  } else {
    // No need to unbind this handler as load is only ever called once
    jqLite(win).on('load', action);
  }
}

//////////////////////////////////////////
// Functions which are declared directly.
//////////////////////////////////////////
var JQLitePrototype = JQLite.prototype = {
  ready: function(fn) {
    var fired = false;

    function trigger() {
      if (fired) return;
      fired = true;
      fn();
    }

    // check if document is already loaded
    if (document.readyState === 'complete') {
      setTimeout(trigger);
    } else {
      this.on('DOMContentLoaded', trigger); // works for modern browsers and IE9
      // we can not use jqLite since we are not done loading and jQuery could be loaded later.
      // jshint -W064
      JQLite(window).on('load', trigger); // fallback to window.onload for others
      // jshint +W064
    }
  },
  toString: function() {
    var value = [];
    forEach(this, function(e) { value.push('' + e);});
    return '[' + value.join(', ') + ']';
  },

  eq: function(index) {
      return (index >= 0) ? jqLite(this[index]) : jqLite(this[this.length + index]);
  },

  length: 0,
  push: push,
  sort: [].sort,
  splice: [].splice
};

//////////////////////////////////////////
// Functions iterating getter/setters.
// these functions return self on setter and
// value on get.
//////////////////////////////////////////
var BOOLEAN_ATTR = {};
forEach('multiple,selected,checked,disabled,readOnly,required,open'.split(','), function(value) {
  BOOLEAN_ATTR[lowercase(value)] = value;
});
var BOOLEAN_ELEMENTS = {};
forEach('input,select,option,textarea,button,form,details'.split(','), function(value) {
  BOOLEAN_ELEMENTS[value] = true;
});
var ALIASED_ATTR = {
  'ngMinlength': 'minlength',
  'ngMaxlength': 'maxlength',
  'ngMin': 'min',
  'ngMax': 'max',
  'ngPattern': 'pattern'
};

function getBooleanAttrName(element, name) {
  // check dom last since we will most likely fail on name
  var booleanAttr = BOOLEAN_ATTR[name.toLowerCase()];

  // booleanAttr is here twice to minimize DOM access
  return booleanAttr && BOOLEAN_ELEMENTS[nodeName_(element)] && booleanAttr;
}

function getAliasedAttrName(element, name) {
  var nodeName = element.nodeName;
  return (nodeName === 'INPUT' || nodeName === 'TEXTAREA') && ALIASED_ATTR[name];
}

forEach({
  data: jqLiteData,
  removeData: jqLiteRemoveData
}, function(fn, name) {
  JQLite[name] = fn;
});

forEach({
  data: jqLiteData,
  inheritedData: jqLiteInheritedData,

  scope: function(element) {
    // Can't use jqLiteData here directly so we stay compatible with jQuery!
    return jqLite.data(element, '$scope') || jqLiteInheritedData(element.parentNode || element, ['$isolateScope', '$scope']);
  },

  isolateScope: function(element) {
    // Can't use jqLiteData here directly so we stay compatible with jQuery!
    return jqLite.data(element, '$isolateScope') || jqLite.data(element, '$isolateScopeNoTemplate');
  },

  controller: jqLiteController,

  injector: function(element) {
    return jqLiteInheritedData(element, '$injector');
  },

  removeAttr: function(element, name) {
    element.removeAttribute(name);
  },

  hasClass: jqLiteHasClass,

  css: function(element, name, value) {
    name = camelCase(name);

    if (isDefined(value)) {
      element.style[name] = value;
    } else {
      return element.style[name];
    }
  },

  attr: function(element, name, value) {
    var lowercasedName = lowercase(name);
    if (BOOLEAN_ATTR[lowercasedName]) {
      if (isDefined(value)) {
        if (!!value) {
          element[name] = true;
          element.setAttribute(name, lowercasedName);
        } else {
          element[name] = false;
          element.removeAttribute(lowercasedName);
        }
      } else {
        return (element[name] ||
                 (element.attributes.getNamedItem(name)|| noop).specified)
               ? lowercasedName
               : undefined;
      }
    } else if (isDefined(value)) {
      element.setAttribute(name, value);
    } else if (element.getAttribute) {
      // the extra argument "2" is to get the right thing for a.href in IE, see jQuery code
      // some elements (e.g. Document) don't have get attribute, so return undefined
      var ret = element.getAttribute(name, 2);
      // normalize non-existing attributes to undefined (as jQuery)
      return ret === null ? undefined : ret;
    }
  },

  prop: function(element, name, value) {
    if (isDefined(value)) {
      element[name] = value;
    } else {
      return element[name];
    }
  },

  text: (function() {
    getText.$dv = '';
    return getText;

    function getText(element, value) {
      if (isUndefined(value)) {
        var nodeType = element.nodeType;
        return (nodeType === NODE_TYPE_ELEMENT || nodeType === NODE_TYPE_TEXT) ? element.textContent : '';
      }
      element.textContent = value;
    }
  })(),

  val: function(element, value) {
    if (isUndefined(value)) {
      if (element.multiple && nodeName_(element) === 'select') {
        var result = [];
        forEach(element.options, function(option) {
          if (option.selected) {
            result.push(option.value || option.text);
          }
        });
        return result.length === 0 ? null : result;
      }
      return element.value;
    }
    element.value = value;
  },

  html: function(element, value) {
    if (isUndefined(value)) {
      return element.innerHTML;
    }
    jqLiteDealoc(element, true);
    element.innerHTML = value;
  },

  empty: jqLiteEmpty
}, function(fn, name) {
  /**
   * Properties: writes return selection, reads return first value
   */
  JQLite.prototype[name] = function(arg1, arg2) {
    var i, key;
    var nodeCount = this.length;

    // jqLiteHasClass has only two arguments, but is a getter-only fn, so we need to special-case it
    // in a way that survives minification.
    // jqLiteEmpty takes no arguments but is a setter.
    if (fn !== jqLiteEmpty &&
        (((fn.length == 2 && (fn !== jqLiteHasClass && fn !== jqLiteController)) ? arg1 : arg2) === undefined)) {
      if (isObject(arg1)) {

        // we are a write, but the object properties are the key/values
        for (i = 0; i < nodeCount; i++) {
          if (fn === jqLiteData) {
            // data() takes the whole object in jQuery
            fn(this[i], arg1);
          } else {
            for (key in arg1) {
              fn(this[i], key, arg1[key]);
            }
          }
        }
        // return self for chaining
        return this;
      } else {
        // we are a read, so read the first child.
        // TODO: do we still need this?
        var value = fn.$dv;
        // Only if we have $dv do we iterate over all, otherwise it is just the first element.
        var jj = (value === undefined) ? Math.min(nodeCount, 1) : nodeCount;
        for (var j = 0; j < jj; j++) {
          var nodeValue = fn(this[j], arg1, arg2);
          value = value ? value + nodeValue : nodeValue;
        }
        return value;
      }
    } else {
      // we are a write, so apply to all children
      for (i = 0; i < nodeCount; i++) {
        fn(this[i], arg1, arg2);
      }
      // return self for chaining
      return this;
    }
  };
});

function createEventHandler(element, events) {
  var eventHandler = function(event, type) {
    // jQuery specific api
    event.isDefaultPrevented = function() {
      return event.defaultPrevented;
    };

    var eventFns = events[type || event.type];
    var eventFnsLength = eventFns ? eventFns.length : 0;

    if (!eventFnsLength) return;

    if (isUndefined(event.immediatePropagationStopped)) {
      var originalStopImmediatePropagation = event.stopImmediatePropagation;
      event.stopImmediatePropagation = function() {
        event.immediatePropagationStopped = true;

        if (event.stopPropagation) {
          event.stopPropagation();
        }

        if (originalStopImmediatePropagation) {
          originalStopImmediatePropagation.call(event);
        }
      };
    }

    event.isImmediatePropagationStopped = function() {
      return event.immediatePropagationStopped === true;
    };

    // Copy event handlers in case event handlers array is modified during execution.
    if ((eventFnsLength > 1)) {
      eventFns = shallowCopy(eventFns);
    }

    for (var i = 0; i < eventFnsLength; i++) {
      if (!event.isImmediatePropagationStopped()) {
        eventFns[i].call(element, event);
      }
    }
  };

  // TODO: this is a hack for angularMocks/clearDataCache that makes it possible to deregister all
  //       events on `element`
  eventHandler.elem = element;
  return eventHandler;
}

//////////////////////////////////////////
// Functions iterating traversal.
// These functions chain results into a single
// selector.
//////////////////////////////////////////
forEach({
  removeData: jqLiteRemoveData,

  on: function jqLiteOn(element, type, fn, unsupported) {
    if (isDefined(unsupported)) throw jqLiteMinErr('onargs', 'jqLite#on() does not support the `selector` or `eventData` parameters');

    // Do not add event handlers to non-elements because they will not be cleaned up.
    if (!jqLiteAcceptsData(element)) {
      return;
    }

    var expandoStore = jqLiteExpandoStore(element, true);
    var events = expandoStore.events;
    var handle = expandoStore.handle;

    if (!handle) {
      handle = expandoStore.handle = createEventHandler(element, events);
    }

    // http://jsperf.com/string-indexof-vs-split
    var types = type.indexOf(' ') >= 0 ? type.split(' ') : [type];
    var i = types.length;

    while (i--) {
      type = types[i];
      var eventFns = events[type];

      if (!eventFns) {
        events[type] = [];

        if (type === 'mouseenter' || type === 'mouseleave') {
          // Refer to jQuery's implementation of mouseenter & mouseleave
          // Read about mouseenter and mouseleave:
          // http://www.quirksmode.org/js/events_mouse.html#link8

          jqLiteOn(element, MOUSE_EVENT_MAP[type], function(event) {
            var target = this, related = event.relatedTarget;
            // For mousenter/leave call the handler if related is outside the target.
            // NB: No relatedTarget if the mouse left/entered the browser window
            if (!related || (related !== target && !target.contains(related))) {
              handle(event, type);
            }
          });

        } else {
          if (type !== '$destroy') {
            addEventListenerFn(element, type, handle);
          }
        }
        eventFns = events[type];
      }
      eventFns.push(fn);
    }
  },

  off: jqLiteOff,

  one: function(element, type, fn) {
    element = jqLite(element);

    //add the listener twice so that when it is called
    //you can remove the original function and still be
    //able to call element.off(ev, fn) normally
    element.on(type, function onFn() {
      element.off(type, fn);
      element.off(type, onFn);
    });
    element.on(type, fn);
  },

  replaceWith: function(element, replaceNode) {
    var index, parent = element.parentNode;
    jqLiteDealoc(element);
    forEach(new JQLite(replaceNode), function(node) {
      if (index) {
        parent.insertBefore(node, index.nextSibling);
      } else {
        parent.replaceChild(node, element);
      }
      index = node;
    });
  },

  children: function(element) {
    var children = [];
    forEach(element.childNodes, function(element) {
      if (element.nodeType === NODE_TYPE_ELEMENT)
        children.push(element);
    });
    return children;
  },

  contents: function(element) {
    return element.contentDocument || element.childNodes || [];
  },

  append: function(element, node) {
    var nodeType = element.nodeType;
    if (nodeType !== NODE_TYPE_ELEMENT && nodeType !== NODE_TYPE_DOCUMENT_FRAGMENT) return;

    node = new JQLite(node);

    for (var i = 0, ii = node.length; i < ii; i++) {
      var child = node[i];
      element.appendChild(child);
    }
  },

  prepend: function(element, node) {
    if (element.nodeType === NODE_TYPE_ELEMENT) {
      var index = element.firstChild;
      forEach(new JQLite(node), function(child) {
        element.insertBefore(child, index);
      });
    }
  },

  wrap: function(element, wrapNode) {
    wrapNode = jqLite(wrapNode).eq(0).clone()[0];
    var parent = element.parentNode;
    if (parent) {
      parent.replaceChild(wrapNode, element);
    }
    wrapNode.appendChild(element);
  },

  remove: jqLiteRemove,

  detach: function(element) {
    jqLiteRemove(element, true);
  },

  after: function(element, newElement) {
    var index = element, parent = element.parentNode;
    newElement = new JQLite(newElement);

    for (var i = 0, ii = newElement.length; i < ii; i++) {
      var node = newElement[i];
      parent.insertBefore(node, index.nextSibling);
      index = node;
    }
  },

  addClass: jqLiteAddClass,
  removeClass: jqLiteRemoveClass,

  toggleClass: function(element, selector, condition) {
    if (selector) {
      forEach(selector.split(' '), function(className) {
        var classCondition = condition;
        if (isUndefined(classCondition)) {
          classCondition = !jqLiteHasClass(element, className);
        }
        (classCondition ? jqLiteAddClass : jqLiteRemoveClass)(element, className);
      });
    }
  },

  parent: function(element) {
    var parent = element.parentNode;
    return parent && parent.nodeType !== NODE_TYPE_DOCUMENT_FRAGMENT ? parent : null;
  },

  next: function(element) {
    return element.nextElementSibling;
  },

  find: function(element, selector) {
    if (element.getElementsByTagName) {
      return element.getElementsByTagName(selector);
    } else {
      return [];
    }
  },

  clone: jqLiteClone,

  triggerHandler: function(element, event, extraParameters) {

    var dummyEvent, eventFnsCopy, handlerArgs;
    var eventName = event.type || event;
    var expandoStore = jqLiteExpandoStore(element);
    var events = expandoStore && expandoStore.events;
    var eventFns = events && events[eventName];

    if (eventFns) {
      // Create a dummy event to pass to the handlers
      dummyEvent = {
        preventDefault: function() { this.defaultPrevented = true; },
        isDefaultPrevented: function() { return this.defaultPrevented === true; },
        stopImmediatePropagation: function() { this.immediatePropagationStopped = true; },
        isImmediatePropagationStopped: function() { return this.immediatePropagationStopped === true; },
        stopPropagation: noop,
        type: eventName,
        target: element
      };

      // If a custom event was provided then extend our dummy event with it
      if (event.type) {
        dummyEvent = extend(dummyEvent, event);
      }

      // Copy event handlers in case event handlers array is modified during execution.
      eventFnsCopy = shallowCopy(eventFns);
      handlerArgs = extraParameters ? [dummyEvent].concat(extraParameters) : [dummyEvent];

      forEach(eventFnsCopy, function(fn) {
        if (!dummyEvent.isImmediatePropagationStopped()) {
          fn.apply(element, handlerArgs);
        }
      });
    }
  }
}, function(fn, name) {
  /**
   * chaining functions
   */
  JQLite.prototype[name] = function(arg1, arg2, arg3) {
    var value;

    for (var i = 0, ii = this.length; i < ii; i++) {
      if (isUndefined(value)) {
        value = fn(this[i], arg1, arg2, arg3);
        if (isDefined(value)) {
          // any function which returns a value needs to be wrapped
          value = jqLite(value);
        }
      } else {
        jqLiteAddNodes(value, fn(this[i], arg1, arg2, arg3));
      }
    }
    return isDefined(value) ? value : this;
  };

  // bind legacy bind/unbind to on/off
  JQLite.prototype.bind = JQLite.prototype.on;
  JQLite.prototype.unbind = JQLite.prototype.off;
});

/**
 * Computes a hash of an 'obj'.
 * Hash of a:
 *  string is string
 *  number is number as string
 *  object is either result of calling $$hashKey function on the object or uniquely generated id,
 *         that is also assigned to the $$hashKey property of the object.
 *
 * @param obj
 * @returns {string} hash string such that the same input will have the same hash string.
 *         The resulting string key is in 'type:hashKey' format.
 */
function hashKey(obj, nextUidFn) {
  var key = obj && obj.$$hashKey;

  if (key) {
    if (typeof key === 'function') {
      key = obj.$$hashKey();
    }
    return key;
  }

  var objType = typeof obj;
  if (objType == 'function' || (objType == 'object' && obj !== null)) {
    key = obj.$$hashKey = objType + ':' + (nextUidFn || nextUid)();
  } else {
    key = objType + ':' + obj;
  }

  return key;
}

/**
 * HashMap which can use objects as keys
 */
function HashMap(array, isolatedUid) {
  if (isolatedUid) {
    var uid = 0;
    this.nextUid = function() {
      return ++uid;
    };
  }
  forEach(array, this.put, this);
}
HashMap.prototype = {
  /**
   * Store key value pair
   * @param key key to store can be any type
   * @param value value to store can be any type
   */
  put: function(key, value) {
    this[hashKey(key, this.nextUid)] = value;
  },

  /**
   * @param key
   * @returns {Object} the value for the key
   */
  get: function(key) {
    return this[hashKey(key, this.nextUid)];
  },

  /**
   * Remove the key/value pair
   * @param key
   */
  remove: function(key) {
    var value = this[key = hashKey(key, this.nextUid)];
    delete this[key];
    return value;
  }
};

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @module ng
 * @name angular.injector
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Creates an injector object that can be used for retrieving services as well as for
 * dependency injection (see {@link guide/di dependency injection}).
 *

 * @param {Array.<string|Function>} modules A list of module functions or their aliases. See
 *        {@link angular.module}. The `ng` module must be explicitly added.
 * @returns {injector} Injector object. See {@link auto.$injector $injector}.
 *
 * @example
 * Typical usage
 * ```js
 *   // create an injector
 *   var $injector = angular.injector(['ng']);
 *
 *   // use the injector to kick off your application
 *   // use the type inference to auto inject arguments, or use implicit injection
 *   $injector.invoke(function($rootScope, $compile, $document) {
 *     $compile($document)($rootScope);
 *     $rootScope.$digest();
 *   });
 * ```
 *
 * Sometimes you want to get access to the injector of a currently running Angular app
 * from outside Angular. Perhaps, you want to inject and compile some markup after the
 * application has been bootstrapped. You can do this using the extra `injector()` added
 * to JQuery/jqLite elements. See {@link angular.element}.
 *
 * *This is fairly rare but could be the case if a third party library is injecting the
 * markup.*
 *
 * In the following example a new block of HTML containing a `ng-controller`
 * directive is added to the end of the document body by JQuery. We then compile and link
 * it into the current AngularJS scope.
 *
 * ```js
 * var $div = $('<div ng-controller="MyCtrl">{{content.label}}</div>');
 * $(document.body).append($div);
 *
 * angular.element(document).injector().invoke(function($compile) {
 *   var scope = angular.element($div).scope();
 *   $compile($div)(scope);
 * });
 * ```
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc module
 * @name auto
 * @description
 *
 * Implicit module which gets automatically added to each {@link auto.$injector $injector}.
 */

var FN_ARGS = /^function\s*[^\(]*\(\s*([^\)]*)\)/m;
var FN_ARG_SPLIT = /,/;
var FN_ARG = /^\s*(_?)(\S+?)\1\s*$/;
var STRIP_COMMENTS = /((\/\/.*$)|(\/\*[\s\S]*?\*\/))/mg;
var $injectorMinErr = minErr('$injector');

function anonFn(fn) {
  // For anonymous functions, showing at the very least the function signature can help in
  // debugging.
  var fnText = fn.toString().replace(STRIP_COMMENTS, ''),
      args = fnText.match(FN_ARGS);
  if (args) {
    return 'function(' + (args[1] || '').replace(/[\s\r\n]+/, ' ') + ')';
  }
  return 'fn';
}

function annotate(fn, strictDi, name) {
  var $inject,
      fnText,
      argDecl,
      last;

  if (typeof fn === 'function') {
    if (!($inject = fn.$inject)) {
      $inject = [];
      if (fn.length) {
        if (strictDi) {
          if (!isString(name) || !name) {
            name = fn.name || anonFn(fn);
          }
          throw $injectorMinErr('strictdi',
            '{0} is not using explicit annotation and cannot be invoked in strict mode', name);
        }
        fnText = fn.toString().replace(STRIP_COMMENTS, '');
        argDecl = fnText.match(FN_ARGS);
        forEach(argDecl[1].split(FN_ARG_SPLIT), function(arg) {
          arg.replace(FN_ARG, function(all, underscore, name) {
            $inject.push(name);
          });
        });
      }
      fn.$inject = $inject;
    }
  } else if (isArray(fn)) {
    last = fn.length - 1;
    assertArgFn(fn[last], 'fn');
    $inject = fn.slice(0, last);
  } else {
    assertArgFn(fn, 'fn', true);
  }
  return $inject;
}

///////////////////////////////////////

/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $injector
 *
 * @description
 *
 * `$injector` is used to retrieve object instances as defined by
 * {@link auto.$provide provider}, instantiate types, invoke methods,
 * and load modules.
 *
 * The following always holds true:
 *
 * ```js
 *   var $injector = angular.injector();
 *   expect($injector.get('$injector')).toBe($injector);
 *   expect($injector.invoke(function($injector) {
 *     return $injector;
 *   })).toBe($injector);
 * ```
 *
 * # Injection Function Annotation
 *
 * JavaScript does not have annotations, and annotations are needed for dependency injection. The
 * following are all valid ways of annotating function with injection arguments and are equivalent.
 *
 * ```js
 *   // inferred (only works if code not minified/obfuscated)
 *   $injector.invoke(function(serviceA){});
 *
 *   // annotated
 *   function explicit(serviceA) {};
 *   explicit.$inject = ['serviceA'];
 *   $injector.invoke(explicit);
 *
 *   // inline
 *   $injector.invoke(['serviceA', function(serviceA){}]);
 * ```
 *
 * ## Inference
 *
 * In JavaScript calling `toString()` on a function returns the function definition. The definition
 * can then be parsed and the function arguments can be extracted. *NOTE:* This does not work with
 * minification, and obfuscation tools since these tools change the argument names.
 *
 * ## `$inject` Annotation
 * By adding an `$inject` property onto a function the injection parameters can be specified.
 *
 * ## Inline
 * As an array of injection names, where the last item in the array is the function to call.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name $injector#get
 *
 * @description
 * Return an instance of the service.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the instance to retrieve.
 * @return {*} The instance.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name $injector#invoke
 *
 * @description
 * Invoke the method and supply the method arguments from the `$injector`.
 *
 * @param {!Function} fn The function to invoke. Function parameters are injected according to the
 *   {@link guide/di $inject Annotation} rules.
 * @param {Object=} self The `this` for the invoked method.
 * @param {Object=} locals Optional object. If preset then any argument names are read from this
 *                         object first, before the `$injector` is consulted.
 * @returns {*} the value returned by the invoked `fn` function.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name $injector#has
 *
 * @description
 * Allows the user to query if the particular service exists.
 *
 * @param {string} name Name of the service to query.
 * @returns {boolean} `true` if injector has given service.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name $injector#instantiate
 * @description
 * Create a new instance of JS type. The method takes a constructor function, invokes the new
 * operator, and supplies all of the arguments to the constructor function as specified by the
 * constructor annotation.
 *
 * @param {Function} Type Annotated constructor function.
 * @param {Object=} locals Optional object. If preset then any argument names are read from this
 * object first, before the `$injector` is consulted.
 * @returns {Object} new instance of `Type`.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name $injector#annotate
 *
 * @description
 * Returns an array of service names which the function is requesting for injection. This API is
 * used by the injector to determine which services need to be injected into the function when the
 * function is invoked. There are three ways in which the function can be annotated with the needed
 * dependencies.
 *
 * # Argument names
 *
 * The simplest form is to extract the dependencies from the arguments of the function. This is done
 * by converting the function into a string using `toString()` method and extracting the argument
 * names.
 * ```js
 *   // Given
 *   function MyController($scope, $route) {
 *     // ...
 *   }
 *
 *   // Then
 *   expect(injector.annotate(MyController)).toEqual(['$scope', '$route']);
 * ```
 *
 * This method does not work with code minification / obfuscation. For this reason the following
 * annotation strategies are supported.
 *
 * # The `$inject` property
 *
 * If a function has an `$inject` property and its value is an array of strings, then the strings
 * represent names of services to be injected into the function.
 * ```js
 *   // Given
 *   var MyController = function(obfuscatedScope, obfuscatedRoute) {
 *     // ...
 *   }
 *   // Define function dependencies
 *   MyController['$inject'] = ['$scope', '$route'];
 *
 *   // Then
 *   expect(injector.annotate(MyController)).toEqual(['$scope', '$route']);
 * ```
 *
 * # The array notation
 *
 * It is often desirable to inline Injected functions and that's when setting the `$inject` property
 * is very inconvenient. In these situations using the array notation to specify the dependencies in
 * a way that survives minification is a better choice:
 *
 * ```js
 *   // We wish to write this (not minification / obfuscation safe)
 *   injector.invoke(function($compile, $rootScope) {
 *     // ...
 *   });
 *
 *   // We are forced to write break inlining
 *   var tmpFn = function(obfuscatedCompile, obfuscatedRootScope) {
 *     // ...
 *   };
 *   tmpFn.$inject = ['$compile', '$rootScope'];
 *   injector.invoke(tmpFn);
 *
 *   // To better support inline function the inline annotation is supported
 *   injector.invoke(['$compile', '$rootScope', function(obfCompile, obfRootScope) {
 *     // ...
 *   }]);
 *
 *   // Therefore
 *   expect(injector.annotate(
 *      ['$compile', '$rootScope', function(obfus_$compile, obfus_$rootScope) {}])
 *    ).toEqual(['$compile', '$rootScope']);
 * ```
 *
 * @param {Function|Array.<string|Function>} fn Function for which dependent service names need to
 * be retrieved as described above.
 *
 * @returns {Array.<string>} The names of the services which the function requires.
 */




/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $provide
 *
 * @description
 *
 * The {@link auto.$provide $provide} service has a number of methods for registering components
 * with the {@link auto.$injector $injector}. Many of these functions are also exposed on
 * {@link angular.Module}.
 *
 * An Angular **service** is a singleton object created by a **service factory**.  These **service
 * factories** are functions which, in turn, are created by a **service provider**.
 * The **service providers** are constructor functions. When instantiated they must contain a
 * property called `$get`, which holds the **service factory** function.
 *
 * When you request a service, the {@link auto.$injector $injector} is responsible for finding the
 * correct **service provider**, instantiating it and then calling its `$get` **service factory**
 * function to get the instance of the **service**.
 *
 * Often services have no configuration options and there is no need to add methods to the service
 * provider.  The provider will be no more than a constructor function with a `$get` property. For
 * these cases the {@link auto.$provide $provide} service has additional helper methods to register
 * services without specifying a provider.
 *
 * * {@link auto.$provide#provider provider(provider)} - registers a **service provider** with the
 *     {@link auto.$injector $injector}
 * * {@link auto.$provide#constant constant(obj)} - registers a value/object that can be accessed by
 *     providers and services.
 * * {@link auto.$provide#value value(obj)} - registers a value/object that can only be accessed by
 *     services, not providers.
 * * {@link auto.$provide#factory factory(fn)} - registers a service **factory function**, `fn`,
 *     that will be wrapped in a **service provider** object, whose `$get` property will contain the
 *     given factory function.
 * * {@link auto.$provide#service service(class)} - registers a **constructor function**, `class`
 *     that will be wrapped in a **service provider** object, whose `$get` property will instantiate
 *      a new object using the given constructor function.
 *
 * See the individual methods for more information and examples.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name $provide#provider
 * @description
 *
 * Register a **provider function** with the {@link auto.$injector $injector}. Provider functions
 * are constructor functions, whose instances are responsible for "providing" a factory for a
 * service.
 *
 * Service provider names start with the name of the service they provide followed by `Provider`.
 * For example, the {@link ng.$log $log} service has a provider called
 * {@link ng.$logProvider $logProvider}.
 *
 * Service provider objects can have additional methods which allow configuration of the provider
 * and its service. Importantly, you can configure what kind of service is created by the `$get`
 * method, or how that service will act. For example, the {@link ng.$logProvider $logProvider} has a
 * method {@link ng.$logProvider#debugEnabled debugEnabled}
 * which lets you specify whether the {@link ng.$log $log} service will log debug messages to the
 * console or not.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the instance. NOTE: the provider will be available under `name +
                        'Provider'` key.
 * @param {(Object|function())} provider If the provider is:
 *
 *   - `Object`: then it should have a `$get` method. The `$get` method will be invoked using
 *     {@link auto.$injector#invoke $injector.invoke()} when an instance needs to be created.
 *   - `Constructor`: a new instance of the provider will be created using
 *     {@link auto.$injector#instantiate $injector.instantiate()}, then treated as `object`.
 *
 * @returns {Object} registered provider instance

 * @example
 *
 * The following example shows how to create a simple event tracking service and register it using
 * {@link auto.$provide#provider $provide.provider()}.
 *
 * ```js
 *  // Define the eventTracker provider
 *  function EventTrackerProvider() {
 *    var trackingUrl = '/track';
 *
 *    // A provider method for configuring where the tracked events should been saved
 *    this.setTrackingUrl = function(url) {
 *      trackingUrl = url;
 *    };
 *
 *    // The service factory function
 *    this.$get = ['$http', function($http) {
 *      var trackedEvents = {};
 *      return {
 *        // Call this to track an event
 *        event: function(event) {
 *          var count = trackedEvents[event] || 0;
 *          count += 1;
 *          trackedEvents[event] = count;
 *          return count;
 *        },
 *        // Call this to save the tracked events to the trackingUrl
 *        save: function() {
 *          $http.post(trackingUrl, trackedEvents);
 *        }
 *      };
 *    }];
 *  }
 *
 *  describe('eventTracker', function() {
 *    var postSpy;
 *
 *    beforeEach(module(function($provide) {
 *      // Register the eventTracker provider
 *      $provide.provider('eventTracker', EventTrackerProvider);
 *    }));
 *
 *    beforeEach(module(function(eventTrackerProvider) {
 *      // Configure eventTracker provider
 *      eventTrackerProvider.setTrackingUrl('/custom-track');
 *    }));
 *
 *    it('tracks events', inject(function(eventTracker) {
 *      expect(eventTracker.event('login')).toEqual(1);
 *      expect(eventTracker.event('login')).toEqual(2);
 *    }));
 *
 *    it('saves to the tracking url', inject(function(eventTracker, $http) {
 *      postSpy = spyOn($http, 'post');
 *      eventTracker.event('login');
 *      eventTracker.save();
 *      expect(postSpy).toHaveBeenCalled();
 *      expect(postSpy.mostRecentCall.args[0]).not.toEqual('/track');
 *      expect(postSpy.mostRecentCall.args[0]).toEqual('/custom-track');
 *      expect(postSpy.mostRecentCall.args[1]).toEqual({ 'login': 1 });
 *    }));
 *  });
 * ```
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name $provide#factory
 * @description
 *
 * Register a **service factory**, which will be called to return the service instance.
 * This is short for registering a service where its provider consists of only a `$get` property,
 * which is the given service factory function.
 * You should use {@link auto.$provide#factory $provide.factory(getFn)} if you do not need to
 * configure your service in a provider.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the instance.
 * @param {function()} $getFn The $getFn for the instance creation. Internally this is a short hand
 *                            for `$provide.provider(name, {$get: $getFn})`.
 * @returns {Object} registered provider instance
 *
 * @example
 * Here is an example of registering a service
 * ```js
 *   $provide.factory('ping', ['$http', function($http) {
 *     return function ping() {
 *       return $http.send('/ping');
 *     };
 *   }]);
 * ```
 * You would then inject and use this service like this:
 * ```js
 *   someModule.controller('Ctrl', ['ping', function(ping) {
 *     ping();
 *   }]);
 * ```
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name $provide#service
 * @description
 *
 * Register a **service constructor**, which will be invoked with `new` to create the service
 * instance.
 * This is short for registering a service where its provider's `$get` property is the service
 * constructor function that will be used to instantiate the service instance.
 *
 * You should use {@link auto.$provide#service $provide.service(class)} if you define your service
 * as a type/class.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the instance.
 * @param {Function} constructor A class (constructor function) that will be instantiated.
 * @returns {Object} registered provider instance
 *
 * @example
 * Here is an example of registering a service using
 * {@link auto.$provide#service $provide.service(class)}.
 * ```js
 *   var Ping = function($http) {
 *     this.$http = $http;
 *   };
 *
 *   Ping.$inject = ['$http'];
 *
 *   Ping.prototype.send = function() {
 *     return this.$http.get('/ping');
 *   };
 *   $provide.service('ping', Ping);
 * ```
 * You would then inject and use this service like this:
 * ```js
 *   someModule.controller('Ctrl', ['ping', function(ping) {
 *     ping.send();
 *   }]);
 * ```
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name $provide#value
 * @description
 *
 * Register a **value service** with the {@link auto.$injector $injector}, such as a string, a
 * number, an array, an object or a function.  This is short for registering a service where its
 * provider's `$get` property is a factory function that takes no arguments and returns the **value
 * service**.
 *
 * Value services are similar to constant services, except that they cannot be injected into a
 * module configuration function (see {@link angular.Module#config}) but they can be overridden by
 * an Angular
 * {@link auto.$provide#decorator decorator}.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the instance.
 * @param {*} value The value.
 * @returns {Object} registered provider instance
 *
 * @example
 * Here are some examples of creating value services.
 * ```js
 *   $provide.value('ADMIN_USER', 'admin');
 *
 *   $provide.value('RoleLookup', { admin: 0, writer: 1, reader: 2 });
 *
 *   $provide.value('halfOf', function(value) {
 *     return value / 2;
 *   });
 * ```
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name $provide#constant
 * @description
 *
 * Register a **constant service**, such as a string, a number, an array, an object or a function,
 * with the {@link auto.$injector $injector}. Unlike {@link auto.$provide#value value} it can be
 * injected into a module configuration function (see {@link angular.Module#config}) and it cannot
 * be overridden by an Angular {@link auto.$provide#decorator decorator}.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the constant.
 * @param {*} value The constant value.
 * @returns {Object} registered instance
 *
 * @example
 * Here a some examples of creating constants:
 * ```js
 *   $provide.constant('SHARD_HEIGHT', 306);
 *
 *   $provide.constant('MY_COLOURS', ['red', 'blue', 'grey']);
 *
 *   $provide.constant('double', function(value) {
 *     return value * 2;
 *   });
 * ```
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name $provide#decorator
 * @description
 *
 * Register a **service decorator** with the {@link auto.$injector $injector}. A service decorator
 * intercepts the creation of a service, allowing it to override or modify the behaviour of the
 * service. The object returned by the decorator may be the original service, or a new service
 * object which replaces or wraps and delegates to the original service.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the service to decorate.
 * @param {function()} decorator This function will be invoked when the service needs to be
 *    instantiated and should return the decorated service instance. The function is called using
 *    the {@link auto.$injector#invoke injector.invoke} method and is therefore fully injectable.
 *    Local injection arguments:
 *
 *    * `$delegate` - The original service instance, which can be monkey patched, configured,
 *      decorated or delegated to.
 *
 * @example
 * Here we decorate the {@link ng.$log $log} service to convert warnings to errors by intercepting
 * calls to {@link ng.$log#error $log.warn()}.
 * ```js
 *   $provide.decorator('$log', ['$delegate', function($delegate) {
 *     $delegate.warn = $delegate.error;
 *     return $delegate;
 *   }]);
 * ```
 */


function createInjector(modulesToLoad, strictDi) {
  strictDi = (strictDi === true);
  var INSTANTIATING = {},
      providerSuffix = 'Provider',
      path = [],
      loadedModules = new HashMap([], true),
      providerCache = {
        $provide: {
            provider: supportObject(provider),
            factory: supportObject(factory),
            service: supportObject(service),
            value: supportObject(value),
            constant: supportObject(constant),
            decorator: decorator
          }
      },
      providerInjector = (providerCache.$injector =
          createInternalInjector(providerCache, function() {
            throw $injectorMinErr('unpr', "Unknown provider: {0}", path.join(' <- '));
          })),
      instanceCache = {},
      instanceInjector = (instanceCache.$injector =
          createInternalInjector(instanceCache, function(servicename) {
            var provider = providerInjector.get(servicename + providerSuffix);
            return instanceInjector.invoke(provider.$get, provider, undefined, servicename);
          }));


  forEach(loadModules(modulesToLoad), function(fn) { instanceInjector.invoke(fn || noop); });

  return instanceInjector;

  ////////////////////////////////////
  // $provider
  ////////////////////////////////////

  function supportObject(delegate) {
    return function(key, value) {
      if (isObject(key)) {
        forEach(key, reverseParams(delegate));
      } else {
        return delegate(key, value);
      }
    };
  }

  function provider(name, provider_) {
    assertNotHasOwnProperty(name, 'service');
    if (isFunction(provider_) || isArray(provider_)) {
      provider_ = providerInjector.instantiate(provider_);
    }
    if (!provider_.$get) {
      throw $injectorMinErr('pget', "Provider '{0}' must define $get factory method.", name);
    }
    return providerCache[name + providerSuffix] = provider_;
  }

  function enforceReturnValue(name, factory) {
    return function enforcedReturnValue() {
      var result = instanceInjector.invoke(factory, this, undefined, name);
      if (isUndefined(result)) {
        throw $injectorMinErr('undef', "Provider '{0}' must return a value from $get factory method.", name);
      }
      return result;
    };
  }

  function factory(name, factoryFn, enforce) {
    return provider(name, {
      $get: enforce !== false ? enforceReturnValue(name, factoryFn) : factoryFn
    });
  }

  function service(name, constructor) {
    return factory(name, ['$injector', function($injector) {
      return $injector.instantiate(constructor);
    }]);
  }

  function value(name, val) { return factory(name, valueFn(val), false); }

  function constant(name, value) {
    assertNotHasOwnProperty(name, 'constant');
    providerCache[name] = value;
    instanceCache[name] = value;
  }

  function decorator(serviceName, decorFn) {
    var origProvider = providerInjector.get(serviceName + providerSuffix),
        orig$get = origProvider.$get;

    origProvider.$get = function() {
      var origInstance = instanceInjector.invoke(orig$get, origProvider);
      return instanceInjector.invoke(decorFn, null, {$delegate: origInstance});
    };
  }

  ////////////////////////////////////
  // Module Loading
  ////////////////////////////////////
  function loadModules(modulesToLoad) {
    var runBlocks = [], moduleFn;
    forEach(modulesToLoad, function(module) {
      if (loadedModules.get(module)) return;
      loadedModules.put(module, true);

      function runInvokeQueue(queue) {
        var i, ii;
        for (i = 0, ii = queue.length; i < ii; i++) {
          var invokeArgs = queue[i],
              provider = providerInjector.get(invokeArgs[0]);

          provider[invokeArgs[1]].apply(provider, invokeArgs[2]);
        }
      }

      try {
        if (isString(module)) {
          moduleFn = angularModule(module);
          runBlocks = runBlocks.concat(loadModules(moduleFn.requires)).concat(moduleFn._runBlocks);
          runInvokeQueue(moduleFn._invokeQueue);
          runInvokeQueue(moduleFn._configBlocks);
        } else if (isFunction(module)) {
            runBlocks.push(providerInjector.invoke(module));
        } else if (isArray(module)) {
            runBlocks.push(providerInjector.invoke(module));
        } else {
          assertArgFn(module, 'module');
        }
      } catch (e) {
        if (isArray(module)) {
          module = module[module.length - 1];
        }
        if (e.message && e.stack && e.stack.indexOf(e.message) == -1) {
          // Safari & FF's stack traces don't contain error.message content
          // unlike those of Chrome and IE
          // So if stack doesn't contain message, we create a new string that contains both.
          // Since error.stack is read-only in Safari, I'm overriding e and not e.stack here.
          /* jshint -W022 */
          e = e.message + '\n' + e.stack;
        }
        throw $injectorMinErr('modulerr', "Failed to instantiate module {0} due to:\n{1}",
                  module, e.stack || e.message || e);
      }
    });
    return runBlocks;
  }

  ////////////////////////////////////
  // internal Injector
  ////////////////////////////////////

  function createInternalInjector(cache, factory) {

    function getService(serviceName) {
      if (cache.hasOwnProperty(serviceName)) {
        if (cache[serviceName] === INSTANTIATING) {
          throw $injectorMinErr('cdep', 'Circular dependency found: {0}',
                    serviceName + ' <- ' + path.join(' <- '));
        }
        return cache[serviceName];
      } else {
        try {
          path.unshift(serviceName);
          cache[serviceName] = INSTANTIATING;
          return cache[serviceName] = factory(serviceName);
        } catch (err) {
          if (cache[serviceName] === INSTANTIATING) {
            delete cache[serviceName];
          }
          throw err;
        } finally {
          path.shift();
        }
      }
    }

    function invoke(fn, self, locals, serviceName) {
      if (typeof locals === 'string') {
        serviceName = locals;
        locals = null;
      }

      var args = [],
          $inject = annotate(fn, strictDi, serviceName),
          length, i,
          key;

      for (i = 0, length = $inject.length; i < length; i++) {
        key = $inject[i];
        if (typeof key !== 'string') {
          throw $injectorMinErr('itkn',
                  'Incorrect injection token! Expected service name as string, got {0}', key);
        }
        args.push(
          locals && locals.hasOwnProperty(key)
          ? locals[key]
          : getService(key)
        );
      }
      if (isArray(fn)) {
        fn = fn[length];
      }

      // http://jsperf.com/angularjs-invoke-apply-vs-switch
      // #5388
      return fn.apply(self, args);
    }

    function instantiate(Type, locals, serviceName) {
      var Constructor = function() {},
          instance, returnedValue;

      // Check if Type is annotated and use just the given function at n-1 as parameter
      // e.g. someModule.factory('greeter', ['$window', function(renamed$window) {}]);
      Constructor.prototype = (isArray(Type) ? Type[Type.length - 1] : Type).prototype;
      instance = new Constructor();
      returnedValue = invoke(Type, instance, locals, serviceName);

      return isObject(returnedValue) || isFunction(returnedValue) ? returnedValue : instance;
    }

    return {
      invoke: invoke,
      instantiate: instantiate,
      get: getService,
      annotate: annotate,
      has: function(name) {
        return providerCache.hasOwnProperty(name + providerSuffix) || cache.hasOwnProperty(name);
      }
    };
  }
}

createInjector.$$annotate = annotate;

/**
 * @ngdoc provider
 * @name $anchorScrollProvider
 *
 * @description
 * Use `$anchorScrollProvider` to disable automatic scrolling whenever
 * {@link ng.$location#hash $location.hash()} changes.
 */
function $AnchorScrollProvider() {

  var autoScrollingEnabled = true;

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $anchorScrollProvider#disableAutoScrolling
   *
   * @description
   * By default, {@link ng.$anchorScroll $anchorScroll()} will automatically will detect changes to
   * {@link ng.$location#hash $location.hash()} and scroll to the element matching the new hash.<br />
   * Use this method to disable automatic scrolling.
   *
   * If automatic scrolling is disabled, one must explicitly call
   * {@link ng.$anchorScroll $anchorScroll()} in order to scroll to the element related to the
   * current hash.
   */
  this.disableAutoScrolling = function() {
    autoScrollingEnabled = false;
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc service
   * @name $anchorScroll
   * @kind function
   * @requires $window
   * @requires $location
   * @requires $rootScope
   *
   * @description
   * When called, it checks the current value of {@link ng.$location#hash $location.hash()} and
   * scrolls to the related element, according to the rules specified in the
   * [Html5 spec](http://dev.w3.org/html5/spec/Overview.html#the-indicated-part-of-the-document).
   *
   * It also watches the {@link ng.$location#hash $location.hash()} and automatically scrolls to
   * match any anchor whenever it changes. This can be disabled by calling
   * {@link ng.$anchorScrollProvider#disableAutoScrolling $anchorScrollProvider.disableAutoScrolling()}.
   *
   * Additionally, you can use its {@link ng.$anchorScroll#yOffset yOffset} property to specify a
   * vertical scroll-offset (either fixed or dynamic).
   *
   * @property {(number|function|jqLite)} yOffset
   * If set, specifies a vertical scroll-offset. This is often useful when there are fixed
   * positioned elements at the top of the page, such as navbars, headers etc.
   *
   * `yOffset` can be specified in various ways:
   * - **number**: A fixed number of pixels to be used as offset.<br /><br />
   * - **function**: A getter function called everytime `$anchorScroll()` is executed. Must return
   *   a number representing the offset (in pixels).<br /><br />
   * - **jqLite**: A jqLite/jQuery element to be used for specifying the offset. The distance from
   *   the top of the page to the element's bottom will be used as offset.<br />
   *   **Note**: The element will be taken into account only as long as its `position` is set to
   *   `fixed`. This option is useful, when dealing with responsive navbars/headers that adjust
   *   their height and/or positioning according to the viewport's size.
   *
   * <br />
   * <div class="alert alert-warning">
   * In order for `yOffset` to work properly, scrolling should take place on the document's root and
   * not some child element.
   * </div>
   *
   * @example
     <example module="anchorScrollExample">
       <file name="index.html">
         <div id="scrollArea" ng-controller="ScrollController">
           <a ng-click="gotoBottom()">Go to bottom</a>
           <a id="bottom"></a> You're at the bottom!
         </div>
       </file>
       <file name="script.js">
         angular.module('anchorScrollExample', [])
           .controller('ScrollController', ['$scope', '$location', '$anchorScroll',
             function ($scope, $location, $anchorScroll) {
               $scope.gotoBottom = function() {
                 // set the location.hash to the id of
                 // the element you wish to scroll to.
                 $location.hash('bottom');

                 // call $anchorScroll()
                 $anchorScroll();
               };
             }]);
       </file>
       <file name="style.css">
         #scrollArea {
           height: 280px;
           overflow: auto;
         }

         #bottom {
           display: block;
           margin-top: 2000px;
         }
       </file>
     </example>
   *
   * <hr />
   * The example below illustrates the use of a vertical scroll-offset (specified as a fixed value).
   * See {@link ng.$anchorScroll#yOffset $anchorScroll.yOffset} for more details.
   *
   * @example
     <example module="anchorScrollOffsetExample">
       <file name="index.html">
         <div class="fixed-header" ng-controller="headerCtrl">
           <a href="" ng-click="gotoAnchor(x)" ng-repeat="x in [1,2,3,4,5]">
             Go to anchor {{x}}
           </a>
         </div>
         <div id="anchor{{x}}" class="anchor" ng-repeat="x in [1,2,3,4,5]">
           Anchor {{x}} of 5
         </div>
       </file>
       <file name="script.js">
         angular.module('anchorScrollOffsetExample', [])
           .run(['$anchorScroll', function($anchorScroll) {
             $anchorScroll.yOffset = 50;   // always scroll by 50 extra pixels
           }])
           .controller('headerCtrl', ['$anchorScroll', '$location', '$scope',
             function ($anchorScroll, $location, $scope) {
               $scope.gotoAnchor = function(x) {
                 var newHash = 'anchor' + x;
                 if ($location.hash() !== newHash) {
                   // set the $location.hash to `newHash` and
                   // $anchorScroll will automatically scroll to it
                   $location.hash('anchor' + x);
                 } else {
                   // call $anchorScroll() explicitly,
                   // since $location.hash hasn't changed
                   $anchorScroll();
                 }
               };
             }
           ]);
       </file>
       <file name="style.css">
         body {
           padding-top: 50px;
         }

         .anchor {
           border: 2px dashed DarkOrchid;
           padding: 10px 10px 200px 10px;
         }

         .fixed-header {
           background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
           height: 50px;
           position: fixed;
           top: 0; left: 0; right: 0;
         }

         .fixed-header > a {
           display: inline-block;
           margin: 5px 15px;
         }
       </file>
     </example>
   */
  this.$get = ['$window', '$location', '$rootScope', function($window, $location, $rootScope) {
    var document = $window.document;

    // Helper function to get first anchor from a NodeList
    // (using `Array#some()` instead of `angular#forEach()` since it's more performant
    //  and working in all supported browsers.)
    function getFirstAnchor(list) {
      var result = null;
      Array.prototype.some.call(list, function(element) {
        if (nodeName_(element) === 'a') {
          result = element;
          return true;
        }
      });
      return result;
    }

    function getYOffset() {

      var offset = scroll.yOffset;

      if (isFunction(offset)) {
        offset = offset();
      } else if (isElement(offset)) {
        var elem = offset[0];
        var style = $window.getComputedStyle(elem);
        if (style.position !== 'fixed') {
          offset = 0;
        } else {
          offset = elem.getBoundingClientRect().bottom;
        }
      } else if (!isNumber(offset)) {
        offset = 0;
      }

      return offset;
    }

    function scrollTo(elem) {
      if (elem) {
        elem.scrollIntoView();

        var offset = getYOffset();

        if (offset) {
          // `offset` is the number of pixels we should scroll UP in order to align `elem` properly.
          // This is true ONLY if the call to `elem.scrollIntoView()` initially aligns `elem` at the
          // top of the viewport.
          //
          // IF the number of pixels from the top of `elem` to the end of the page's content is less
          // than the height of the viewport, then `elem.scrollIntoView()` will align the `elem` some
          // way down the page.
          //
          // This is often the case for elements near the bottom of the page.
          //
          // In such cases we do not need to scroll the whole `offset` up, just the difference between
          // the top of the element and the offset, which is enough to align the top of `elem` at the
          // desired position.
          var elemTop = elem.getBoundingClientRect().top;
          $window.scrollBy(0, elemTop - offset);
        }
      } else {
        $window.scrollTo(0, 0);
      }
    }

    function scroll() {
      var hash = $location.hash(), elm;

      // empty hash, scroll to the top of the page
      if (!hash) scrollTo(null);

      // element with given id
      else if ((elm = document.getElementById(hash))) scrollTo(elm);

      // first anchor with given name :-D
      else if ((elm = getFirstAnchor(document.getElementsByName(hash)))) scrollTo(elm);

      // no element and hash == 'top', scroll to the top of the page
      else if (hash === 'top') scrollTo(null);
    }

    // does not scroll when user clicks on anchor link that is currently on
    // (no url change, no $location.hash() change), browser native does scroll
    if (autoScrollingEnabled) {
      $rootScope.$watch(function autoScrollWatch() {return $location.hash();},
        function autoScrollWatchAction(newVal, oldVal) {
          // skip the initial scroll if $location.hash is empty
          if (newVal === oldVal && newVal === '') return;

          jqLiteDocumentLoaded(function() {
            $rootScope.$evalAsync(scroll);
          });
        });
    }

    return scroll;
  }];
}

var $animateMinErr = minErr('$animate');

/**
 * @ngdoc provider
 * @name $animateProvider
 *
 * @description
 * Default implementation of $animate that doesn't perform any animations, instead just
 * synchronously performs DOM
 * updates and calls done() callbacks.
 *
 * In order to enable animations the ngAnimate module has to be loaded.
 *
 * To see the functional implementation check out src/ngAnimate/animate.js
 */
var $AnimateProvider = ['$provide', function($provide) {


  this.$$selectors = {};


  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $animateProvider#register
   *
   * @description
   * Registers a new injectable animation factory function. The factory function produces the
   * animation object which contains callback functions for each event that is expected to be
   * animated.
   *
   *   * `eventFn`: `function(Element, doneFunction)` The element to animate, the `doneFunction`
   *   must be called once the element animation is complete. If a function is returned then the
   *   animation service will use this function to cancel the animation whenever a cancel event is
   *   triggered.
   *
   *
   * ```js
   *   return {
     *     eventFn : function(element, done) {
     *       //code to run the animation
     *       //once complete, then run done()
     *       return function cancellationFunction() {
     *         //code to cancel the animation
     *       }
     *     }
     *   }
   * ```
   *
   * @param {string} name The name of the animation.
   * @param {Function} factory The factory function that will be executed to return the animation
   *                           object.
   */
  this.register = function(name, factory) {
    var key = name + '-animation';
    if (name && name.charAt(0) != '.') throw $animateMinErr('notcsel',
        "Expecting class selector starting with '.' got '{0}'.", name);
    this.$$selectors[name.substr(1)] = key;
    $provide.factory(key, factory);
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $animateProvider#classNameFilter
   *
   * @description
   * Sets and/or returns the CSS class regular expression that is checked when performing
   * an animation. Upon bootstrap the classNameFilter value is not set at all and will
   * therefore enable $animate to attempt to perform an animation on any element.
   * When setting the classNameFilter value, animations will only be performed on elements
   * that successfully match the filter expression. This in turn can boost performance
   * for low-powered devices as well as applications containing a lot of structural operations.
   * @param {RegExp=} expression The className expression which will be checked against all animations
   * @return {RegExp} The current CSS className expression value. If null then there is no expression value
   */
  this.classNameFilter = function(expression) {
    if (arguments.length === 1) {
      this.$$classNameFilter = (expression instanceof RegExp) ? expression : null;
    }
    return this.$$classNameFilter;
  };

  this.$get = ['$$q', '$$asyncCallback', '$rootScope', function($$q, $$asyncCallback, $rootScope) {

    var currentDefer;

    function runAnimationPostDigest(fn) {
      var cancelFn, defer = $$q.defer();
      defer.promise.$$cancelFn = function ngAnimateMaybeCancel() {
        cancelFn && cancelFn();
      };

      $rootScope.$$postDigest(function ngAnimatePostDigest() {
        cancelFn = fn(function ngAnimateNotifyComplete() {
          defer.resolve();
        });
      });

      return defer.promise;
    }

    function resolveElementClasses(element, classes) {
      var toAdd = [], toRemove = [];

      var hasClasses = createMap();
      forEach((element.attr('class') || '').split(/\s+/), function(className) {
        hasClasses[className] = true;
      });

      forEach(classes, function(status, className) {
        var hasClass = hasClasses[className];

        // If the most recent class manipulation (via $animate) was to remove the class, and the
        // element currently has the class, the class is scheduled for removal. Otherwise, if
        // the most recent class manipulation (via $animate) was to add the class, and the
        // element does not currently have the class, the class is scheduled to be added.
        if (status === false && hasClass) {
          toRemove.push(className);
        } else if (status === true && !hasClass) {
          toAdd.push(className);
        }
      });

      return (toAdd.length + toRemove.length) > 0 &&
        [toAdd.length ? toAdd : null, toRemove.length ? toRemove : null];
    }

    function cachedClassManipulation(cache, classes, op) {
      for (var i=0, ii = classes.length; i < ii; ++i) {
        var className = classes[i];
        cache[className] = op;
      }
    }

    function asyncPromise() {
      // only serve one instance of a promise in order to save CPU cycles
      if (!currentDefer) {
        currentDefer = $$q.defer();
        $$asyncCallback(function() {
          currentDefer.resolve();
          currentDefer = null;
        });
      }
      return currentDefer.promise;
    }

    function applyStyles(element, options) {
      if (angular.isObject(options)) {
        var styles = extend(options.from || {}, options.to || {});
        element.css(styles);
      }
    }

    /**
     *
     * @ngdoc service
     * @name $animate
     * @description The $animate service provides rudimentary DOM manipulation functions to
     * insert, remove and move elements within the DOM, as well as adding and removing classes.
     * This service is the core service used by the ngAnimate $animator service which provides
     * high-level animation hooks for CSS and JavaScript.
     *
     * $animate is available in the AngularJS core, however, the ngAnimate module must be included
     * to enable full out animation support. Otherwise, $animate will only perform simple DOM
     * manipulation operations.
     *
     * To learn more about enabling animation support, click here to visit the {@link ngAnimate
     * ngAnimate module page} as well as the {@link ngAnimate.$animate ngAnimate $animate service
     * page}.
     */
    return {
      animate: function(element, from, to) {
        applyStyles(element, { from: from, to: to });
        return asyncPromise();
      },

      /**
       *
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $animate#enter
       * @kind function
       * @description Inserts the element into the DOM either after the `after` element or
       * as the first child within the `parent` element. When the function is called a promise
       * is returned that will be resolved at a later time.
       * @param {DOMElement} element the element which will be inserted into the DOM
       * @param {DOMElement} parent the parent element which will append the element as
       *   a child (if the after element is not present)
       * @param {DOMElement} after the sibling element which will append the element
       *   after itself
       * @param {object=} options an optional collection of styles that will be applied to the element.
       * @return {Promise} the animation callback promise
       */
      enter: function(element, parent, after, options) {
        applyStyles(element, options);
        after ? after.after(element)
              : parent.prepend(element);
        return asyncPromise();
      },

      /**
       *
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $animate#leave
       * @kind function
       * @description Removes the element from the DOM. When the function is called a promise
       * is returned that will be resolved at a later time.
       * @param {DOMElement} element the element which will be removed from the DOM
       * @param {object=} options an optional collection of options that will be applied to the element.
       * @return {Promise} the animation callback promise
       */
      leave: function(element, options) {
        element.remove();
        return asyncPromise();
      },

      /**
       *
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $animate#move
       * @kind function
       * @description Moves the position of the provided element within the DOM to be placed
       * either after the `after` element or inside of the `parent` element. When the function
       * is called a promise is returned that will be resolved at a later time.
       *
       * @param {DOMElement} element the element which will be moved around within the
       *   DOM
       * @param {DOMElement} parent the parent element where the element will be
       *   inserted into (if the after element is not present)
       * @param {DOMElement} after the sibling element where the element will be
       *   positioned next to
       * @param {object=} options an optional collection of options that will be applied to the element.
       * @return {Promise} the animation callback promise
       */
      move: function(element, parent, after, options) {
        // Do not remove element before insert. Removing will cause data associated with the
        // element to be dropped. Insert will implicitly do the remove.
        return this.enter(element, parent, after, options);
      },

      /**
       *
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $animate#addClass
       * @kind function
       * @description Adds the provided className CSS class value to the provided element.
       * When the function is called a promise is returned that will be resolved at a later time.
       * @param {DOMElement} element the element which will have the className value
       *   added to it
       * @param {string} className the CSS class which will be added to the element
       * @param {object=} options an optional collection of options that will be applied to the element.
       * @return {Promise} the animation callback promise
       */
      addClass: function(element, className, options) {
        return this.setClass(element, className, [], options);
      },

      $$addClassImmediately: function(element, className, options) {
        element = jqLite(element);
        className = !isString(className)
                        ? (isArray(className) ? className.join(' ') : '')
                        : className;
        forEach(element, function(element) {
          jqLiteAddClass(element, className);
        });
        applyStyles(element, options);
        return asyncPromise();
      },

      /**
       *
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $animate#removeClass
       * @kind function
       * @description Removes the provided className CSS class value from the provided element.
       * When the function is called a promise is returned that will be resolved at a later time.
       * @param {DOMElement} element the element which will have the className value
       *   removed from it
       * @param {string} className the CSS class which will be removed from the element
       * @param {object=} options an optional collection of options that will be applied to the element.
       * @return {Promise} the animation callback promise
       */
      removeClass: function(element, className, options) {
        return this.setClass(element, [], className, options);
      },

      $$removeClassImmediately: function(element, className, options) {
        element = jqLite(element);
        className = !isString(className)
                        ? (isArray(className) ? className.join(' ') : '')
                        : className;
        forEach(element, function(element) {
          jqLiteRemoveClass(element, className);
        });
        applyStyles(element, options);
        return asyncPromise();
      },

      /**
       *
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $animate#setClass
       * @kind function
       * @description Adds and/or removes the given CSS classes to and from the element.
       * When the function is called a promise is returned that will be resolved at a later time.
       * @param {DOMElement} element the element which will have its CSS classes changed
       *   removed from it
       * @param {string} add the CSS classes which will be added to the element
       * @param {string} remove the CSS class which will be removed from the element
       * @param {object=} options an optional collection of options that will be applied to the element.
       * @return {Promise} the animation callback promise
       */
      setClass: function(element, add, remove, options) {
        var self = this;
        var STORAGE_KEY = '$$animateClasses';
        var createdCache = false;
        element = jqLite(element);

        var cache = element.data(STORAGE_KEY);
        if (!cache) {
          cache = {
            classes: {},
            options: options
          };
          createdCache = true;
        } else if (options && cache.options) {
          cache.options = angular.extend(cache.options || {}, options);
        }

        var classes = cache.classes;

        add = isArray(add) ? add : add.split(' ');
        remove = isArray(remove) ? remove : remove.split(' ');
        cachedClassManipulation(classes, add, true);
        cachedClassManipulation(classes, remove, false);

        if (createdCache) {
          cache.promise = runAnimationPostDigest(function(done) {
            var cache = element.data(STORAGE_KEY);
            element.removeData(STORAGE_KEY);

            // in the event that the element is removed before postDigest
            // is run then the cache will be undefined and there will be
            // no need anymore to add or remove and of the element classes
            if (cache) {
              var classes = resolveElementClasses(element, cache.classes);
              if (classes) {
                self.$$setClassImmediately(element, classes[0], classes[1], cache.options);
              }
            }

            done();
          });
          element.data(STORAGE_KEY, cache);
        }

        return cache.promise;
      },

      $$setClassImmediately: function(element, add, remove, options) {
        add && this.$$addClassImmediately(element, add);
        remove && this.$$removeClassImmediately(element, remove);
        applyStyles(element, options);
        return asyncPromise();
      },

      enabled: noop,
      cancel: noop
    };
  }];
}];

function $$AsyncCallbackProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$$rAF', '$timeout', function($$rAF, $timeout) {
    return $$rAF.supported
      ? function(fn) { return $$rAF(fn); }
      : function(fn) {
        return $timeout(fn, 0, false);
      };
  }];
}

/* global stripHash: true */

/**
 * ! This is a private undocumented service !
 *
 * @name $browser
 * @requires $log
 * @description
 * This object has two goals:
 *
 * - hide all the global state in the browser caused by the window object
 * - abstract away all the browser specific features and inconsistencies
 *
 * For tests we provide {@link ngMock.$browser mock implementation} of the `$browser`
 * service, which can be used for convenient testing of the application without the interaction with
 * the real browser apis.
 */
/**
 * @param {object} window The global window object.
 * @param {object} document jQuery wrapped document.
 * @param {function()} XHR XMLHttpRequest constructor.
 * @param {object} $log console.log or an object with the same interface.
 * @param {object} $sniffer $sniffer service
 */
function Browser(window, document, $log, $sniffer) {
  var self = this,
      rawDocument = document[0],
      location = window.location,
      history = window.history,
      setTimeout = window.setTimeout,
      clearTimeout = window.clearTimeout,
      pendingDeferIds = {};

  self.isMock = false;

  var outstandingRequestCount = 0;
  var outstandingRequestCallbacks = [];

  // TODO(vojta): remove this temporary api
  self.$$completeOutstandingRequest = completeOutstandingRequest;
  self.$$incOutstandingRequestCount = function() { outstandingRequestCount++; };

  /**
   * Executes the `fn` function(supports currying) and decrements the `outstandingRequestCallbacks`
   * counter. If the counter reaches 0, all the `outstandingRequestCallbacks` are executed.
   */
  function completeOutstandingRequest(fn) {
    try {
      fn.apply(null, sliceArgs(arguments, 1));
    } finally {
      outstandingRequestCount--;
      if (outstandingRequestCount === 0) {
        while (outstandingRequestCallbacks.length) {
          try {
            outstandingRequestCallbacks.pop()();
          } catch (e) {
            $log.error(e);
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /**
   * @private
   * Note: this method is used only by scenario runner
   * TODO(vojta): prefix this method with $$ ?
   * @param {function()} callback Function that will be called when no outstanding request
   */
  self.notifyWhenNoOutstandingRequests = function(callback) {
    // force browser to execute all pollFns - this is needed so that cookies and other pollers fire
    // at some deterministic time in respect to the test runner's actions. Leaving things up to the
    // regular poller would result in flaky tests.
    forEach(pollFns, function(pollFn) { pollFn(); });

    if (outstandingRequestCount === 0) {
      callback();
    } else {
      outstandingRequestCallbacks.push(callback);
    }
  };

  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // Poll Watcher API
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  var pollFns = [],
      pollTimeout;

  /**
   * @name $browser#addPollFn
   *
   * @param {function()} fn Poll function to add
   *
   * @description
   * Adds a function to the list of functions that poller periodically executes,
   * and starts polling if not started yet.
   *
   * @returns {function()} the added function
   */
  self.addPollFn = function(fn) {
    if (isUndefined(pollTimeout)) startPoller(100, setTimeout);
    pollFns.push(fn);
    return fn;
  };

  /**
   * @param {number} interval How often should browser call poll functions (ms)
   * @param {function()} setTimeout Reference to a real or fake `setTimeout` function.
   *
   * @description
   * Configures the poller to run in the specified intervals, using the specified
   * setTimeout fn and kicks it off.
   */
  function startPoller(interval, setTimeout) {
    (function check() {
      forEach(pollFns, function(pollFn) { pollFn(); });
      pollTimeout = setTimeout(check, interval);
    })();
  }

  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // URL API
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

  var cachedState, lastHistoryState,
      lastBrowserUrl = location.href,
      baseElement = document.find('base'),
      reloadLocation = null;

  cacheState();
  lastHistoryState = cachedState;

  /**
   * @name $browser#url
   *
   * @description
   * GETTER:
   * Without any argument, this method just returns current value of location.href.
   *
   * SETTER:
   * With at least one argument, this method sets url to new value.
   * If html5 history api supported, pushState/replaceState is used, otherwise
   * location.href/location.replace is used.
   * Returns its own instance to allow chaining
   *
   * NOTE: this api is intended for use only by the $location service. Please use the
   * {@link ng.$location $location service} to change url.
   *
   * @param {string} url New url (when used as setter)
   * @param {boolean=} replace Should new url replace current history record?
   * @param {object=} state object to use with pushState/replaceState
   */
  self.url = function(url, replace, state) {
    // In modern browsers `history.state` is `null` by default; treating it separately
    // from `undefined` would cause `$browser.url('/foo')` to change `history.state`
    // to undefined via `pushState`. Instead, let's change `undefined` to `null` here.
    if (isUndefined(state)) {
      state = null;
    }

    // Android Browser BFCache causes location, history reference to become stale.
    if (location !== window.location) location = window.location;
    if (history !== window.history) history = window.history;

    // setter
    if (url) {
      var sameState = lastHistoryState === state;

      // Don't change anything if previous and current URLs and states match. This also prevents
      // IE<10 from getting into redirect loop when in LocationHashbangInHtml5Url mode.
      // See https://github.com/angular/angular.js/commit/ffb2701
      if (lastBrowserUrl === url && (!$sniffer.history || sameState)) {
        return;
      }
      var sameBase = lastBrowserUrl && stripHash(lastBrowserUrl) === stripHash(url);
      lastBrowserUrl = url;
      lastHistoryState = state;
      // Don't use history API if only the hash changed
      // due to a bug in IE10/IE11 which leads
      // to not firing a `hashchange` nor `popstate` event
      // in some cases (see #9143).
      if ($sniffer.history && (!sameBase || !sameState)) {
        history[replace ? 'replaceState' : 'pushState'](state, '', url);
        cacheState();
        // Do the assignment again so that those two variables are referentially identical.
        lastHistoryState = cachedState;
      } else {
        if (!sameBase) {
          reloadLocation = url;
        }
        if (replace) {
          location.replace(url);
        } else {
          location.href = url;
        }
      }
      return self;
    // getter
    } else {
      // - reloadLocation is needed as browsers don't allow to read out
      //   the new location.href if a reload happened.
      // - the replacement is a workaround for https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=407172
      return reloadLocation || location.href.replace(/%27/g,"'");
    }
  };

  /**
   * @name $browser#state
   *
   * @description
   * This method is a getter.
   *
   * Return history.state or null if history.state is undefined.
   *
   * @returns {object} state
   */
  self.state = function() {
    return cachedState;
  };

  var urlChangeListeners = [],
      urlChangeInit = false;

  function cacheStateAndFireUrlChange() {
    cacheState();
    fireUrlChange();
  }

  // This variable should be used *only* inside the cacheState function.
  var lastCachedState = null;
  function cacheState() {
    // This should be the only place in $browser where `history.state` is read.
    cachedState = window.history.state;
    cachedState = isUndefined(cachedState) ? null : cachedState;

    // Prevent callbacks fo fire twice if both hashchange & popstate were fired.
    if (equals(cachedState, lastCachedState)) {
      cachedState = lastCachedState;
    }
    lastCachedState = cachedState;
  }

  function fireUrlChange() {
    if (lastBrowserUrl === self.url() && lastHistoryState === cachedState) {
      return;
    }

    lastBrowserUrl = self.url();
    lastHistoryState = cachedState;
    forEach(urlChangeListeners, function(listener) {
      listener(self.url(), cachedState);
    });
  }

  /**
   * @name $browser#onUrlChange
   *
   * @description
   * Register callback function that will be called, when url changes.
   *
   * It's only called when the url is changed from outside of angular:
   * - user types different url into address bar
   * - user clicks on history (forward/back) button
   * - user clicks on a link
   *
   * It's not called when url is changed by $browser.url() method
   *
   * The listener gets called with new url as parameter.
   *
   * NOTE: this api is intended for use only by the $location service. Please use the
   * {@link ng.$location $location service} to monitor url changes in angular apps.
   *
   * @param {function(string)} listener Listener function to be called when url changes.
   * @return {function(string)} Returns the registered listener fn - handy if the fn is anonymous.
   */
  self.onUrlChange = function(callback) {
    // TODO(vojta): refactor to use node's syntax for events
    if (!urlChangeInit) {
      // We listen on both (hashchange/popstate) when available, as some browsers (e.g. Opera)
      // don't fire popstate when user change the address bar and don't fire hashchange when url
      // changed by push/replaceState

      // html5 history api - popstate event
      if ($sniffer.history) jqLite(window).on('popstate', cacheStateAndFireUrlChange);
      // hashchange event
      jqLite(window).on('hashchange', cacheStateAndFireUrlChange);

      urlChangeInit = true;
    }

    urlChangeListeners.push(callback);
    return callback;
  };

  /**
   * Checks whether the url has changed outside of Angular.
   * Needs to be exported to be able to check for changes that have been done in sync,
   * as hashchange/popstate events fire in async.
   */
  self.$$checkUrlChange = fireUrlChange;

  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // Misc API
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

  /**
   * @name $browser#baseHref
   *
   * @description
   * Returns current <base href>
   * (always relative - without domain)
   *
   * @returns {string} The current base href
   */
  self.baseHref = function() {
    var href = baseElement.attr('href');
    return href ? href.replace(/^(https?\:)?\/\/[^\/]*/, '') : '';
  };

  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // Cookies API
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  var lastCookies = {};
  var lastCookieString = '';
  var cookiePath = self.baseHref();

  function safeDecodeURIComponent(str) {
    try {
      return decodeURIComponent(str);
    } catch (e) {
      return str;
    }
  }

  /**
   * @name $browser#cookies
   *
   * @param {string=} name Cookie name
   * @param {string=} value Cookie value
   *
   * @description
   * The cookies method provides a 'private' low level access to browser cookies.
   * It is not meant to be used directly, use the $cookie service instead.
   *
   * The return values vary depending on the arguments that the method was called with as follows:
   *
   * - cookies() -> hash of all cookies, this is NOT a copy of the internal state, so do not modify
   *   it
   * - cookies(name, value) -> set name to value, if value is undefined delete the cookie
   * - cookies(name) -> the same as (name, undefined) == DELETES (no one calls it right now that
   *   way)
   *
   * @returns {Object} Hash of all cookies (if called without any parameter)
   */
  self.cookies = function(name, value) {
    var cookieLength, cookieArray, cookie, i, index;

    if (name) {
      if (value === undefined) {
        rawDocument.cookie = encodeURIComponent(name) + "=;path=" + cookiePath +
                                ";expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT";
      } else {
        if (isString(value)) {
          cookieLength = (rawDocument.cookie = encodeURIComponent(name) + '=' + encodeURIComponent(value) +
                                ';path=' + cookiePath).length + 1;

          // per http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2109.txt browser must allow at minimum:
          // - 300 cookies
          // - 20 cookies per unique domain
          // - 4096 bytes per cookie
          if (cookieLength > 4096) {
            $log.warn("Cookie '"+ name +
              "' possibly not set or overflowed because it was too large ("+
              cookieLength + " > 4096 bytes)!");
          }
        }
      }
    } else {
      if (rawDocument.cookie !== lastCookieString) {
        lastCookieString = rawDocument.cookie;
        cookieArray = lastCookieString.split("; ");
        lastCookies = {};

        for (i = 0; i < cookieArray.length; i++) {
          cookie = cookieArray[i];
          index = cookie.indexOf('=');
          if (index > 0) { //ignore nameless cookies
            name = safeDecodeURIComponent(cookie.substring(0, index));
            // the first value that is seen for a cookie is the most
            // specific one.  values for the same cookie name that
            // follow are for less specific paths.
            if (lastCookies[name] === undefined) {
              lastCookies[name] = safeDecodeURIComponent(cookie.substring(index + 1));
            }
          }
        }
      }
      return lastCookies;
    }
  };


  /**
   * @name $browser#defer
   * @param {function()} fn A function, who's execution should be deferred.
   * @param {number=} [delay=0] of milliseconds to defer the function execution.
   * @returns {*} DeferId that can be used to cancel the task via `$browser.defer.cancel()`.
   *
   * @description
   * Executes a fn asynchronously via `setTimeout(fn, delay)`.
   *
   * Unlike when calling `setTimeout` directly, in test this function is mocked and instead of using
   * `setTimeout` in tests, the fns are queued in an array, which can be programmatically flushed
   * via `$browser.defer.flush()`.
   *
   */
  self.defer = function(fn, delay) {
    var timeoutId;
    outstandingRequestCount++;
    timeoutId = setTimeout(function() {
      delete pendingDeferIds[timeoutId];
      completeOutstandingRequest(fn);
    }, delay || 0);
    pendingDeferIds[timeoutId] = true;
    return timeoutId;
  };


  /**
   * @name $browser#defer.cancel
   *
   * @description
   * Cancels a deferred task identified with `deferId`.
   *
   * @param {*} deferId Token returned by the `$browser.defer` function.
   * @returns {boolean} Returns `true` if the task hasn't executed yet and was successfully
   *                    canceled.
   */
  self.defer.cancel = function(deferId) {
    if (pendingDeferIds[deferId]) {
      delete pendingDeferIds[deferId];
      clearTimeout(deferId);
      completeOutstandingRequest(noop);
      return true;
    }
    return false;
  };

}

function $BrowserProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$window', '$log', '$sniffer', '$document',
      function($window, $log, $sniffer, $document) {
        return new Browser($window, $document, $log, $sniffer);
      }];
}

/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $cacheFactory
 *
 * @description
 * Factory that constructs {@link $cacheFactory.Cache Cache} objects and gives access to
 * them.
 *
 * ```js
 *
 *  var cache = $cacheFactory('cacheId');
 *  expect($cacheFactory.get('cacheId')).toBe(cache);
 *  expect($cacheFactory.get('noSuchCacheId')).not.toBeDefined();
 *
 *  cache.put("key", "value");
 *  cache.put("another key", "another value");
 *
 *  // We've specified no options on creation
 *  expect(cache.info()).toEqual({id: 'cacheId', size: 2});
 *
 * ```
 *
 *
 * @param {string} cacheId Name or id of the newly created cache.
 * @param {object=} options Options object that specifies the cache behavior. Properties:
 *
 *   - `{number=}` `capacity` — turns the cache into LRU cache.
 *
 * @returns {object} Newly created cache object with the following set of methods:
 *
 * - `{object}` `info()` — Returns id, size, and options of cache.
 * - `{{*}}` `put({string} key, {*} value)` — Puts a new key-value pair into the cache and returns
 *   it.
 * - `{{*}}` `get({string} key)` — Returns cached value for `key` or undefined for cache miss.
 * - `{void}` `remove({string} key)` — Removes a key-value pair from the cache.
 * - `{void}` `removeAll()` — Removes all cached values.
 * - `{void}` `destroy()` — Removes references to this cache from $cacheFactory.
 *
 * @example
   <example module="cacheExampleApp">
     <file name="index.html">
       <div ng-controller="CacheController">
         <input ng-model="newCacheKey" placeholder="Key">
         <input ng-model="newCacheValue" placeholder="Value">
         <button ng-click="put(newCacheKey, newCacheValue)">Cache</button>

         <p ng-if="keys.length">Cached Values</p>
         <div ng-repeat="key in keys">
           <span ng-bind="key"></span>
           <span>: </span>
           <b ng-bind="cache.get(key)"></b>
         </div>

         <p>Cache Info</p>
         <div ng-repeat="(key, value) in cache.info()">
           <span ng-bind="key"></span>
           <span>: </span>
           <b ng-bind="value"></b>
         </div>
       </div>
     </file>
     <file name="script.js">
       angular.module('cacheExampleApp', []).
         controller('CacheController', ['$scope', '$cacheFactory', function($scope, $cacheFactory) {
           $scope.keys = [];
           $scope.cache = $cacheFactory('cacheId');
           $scope.put = function(key, value) {
             if ($scope.cache.get(key) === undefined) {
               $scope.keys.push(key);
             }
             $scope.cache.put(key, value === undefined ? null : value);
           };
         }]);
     </file>
     <file name="style.css">
       p {
         margin: 10px 0 3px;
       }
     </file>
   </example>
 */
function $CacheFactoryProvider() {

  this.$get = function() {
    var caches = {};

    function cacheFactory(cacheId, options) {
      if (cacheId in caches) {
        throw minErr('$cacheFactory')('iid', "CacheId '{0}' is already taken!", cacheId);
      }

      var size = 0,
          stats = extend({}, options, {id: cacheId}),
          data = {},
          capacity = (options && options.capacity) || Number.MAX_VALUE,
          lruHash = {},
          freshEnd = null,
          staleEnd = null;

      /**
       * @ngdoc type
       * @name $cacheFactory.Cache
       *
       * @description
       * A cache object used to store and retrieve data, primarily used by
       * {@link $http $http} and the {@link ng.directive:script script} directive to cache
       * templates and other data.
       *
       * ```js
       *  angular.module('superCache')
       *    .factory('superCache', ['$cacheFactory', function($cacheFactory) {
       *      return $cacheFactory('super-cache');
       *    }]);
       * ```
       *
       * Example test:
       *
       * ```js
       *  it('should behave like a cache', inject(function(superCache) {
       *    superCache.put('key', 'value');
       *    superCache.put('another key', 'another value');
       *
       *    expect(superCache.info()).toEqual({
       *      id: 'super-cache',
       *      size: 2
       *    });
       *
       *    superCache.remove('another key');
       *    expect(superCache.get('another key')).toBeUndefined();
       *
       *    superCache.removeAll();
       *    expect(superCache.info()).toEqual({
       *      id: 'super-cache',
       *      size: 0
       *    });
       *  }));
       * ```
       */
      return caches[cacheId] = {

        /**
         * @ngdoc method
         * @name $cacheFactory.Cache#put
         * @kind function
         *
         * @description
         * Inserts a named entry into the {@link $cacheFactory.Cache Cache} object to be
         * retrieved later, and incrementing the size of the cache if the key was not already
         * present in the cache. If behaving like an LRU cache, it will also remove stale
         * entries from the set.
         *
         * It will not insert undefined values into the cache.
         *
         * @param {string} key the key under which the cached data is stored.
         * @param {*} value the value to store alongside the key. If it is undefined, the key
         *    will not be stored.
         * @returns {*} the value stored.
         */
        put: function(key, value) {
          if (capacity < Number.MAX_VALUE) {
            var lruEntry = lruHash[key] || (lruHash[key] = {key: key});

            refresh(lruEntry);
          }

          if (isUndefined(value)) return;
          if (!(key in data)) size++;
          data[key] = value;

          if (size > capacity) {
            this.remove(staleEnd.key);
          }

          return value;
        },

        /**
         * @ngdoc method
         * @name $cacheFactory.Cache#get
         * @kind function
         *
         * @description
         * Retrieves named data stored in the {@link $cacheFactory.Cache Cache} object.
         *
         * @param {string} key the key of the data to be retrieved
         * @returns {*} the value stored.
         */
        get: function(key) {
          if (capacity < Number.MAX_VALUE) {
            var lruEntry = lruHash[key];

            if (!lruEntry) return;

            refresh(lruEntry);
          }

          return data[key];
        },


        /**
         * @ngdoc method
         * @name $cacheFactory.Cache#remove
         * @kind function
         *
         * @description
         * Removes an entry from the {@link $cacheFactory.Cache Cache} object.
         *
         * @param {string} key the key of the entry to be removed
         */
        remove: function(key) {
          if (capacity < Number.MAX_VALUE) {
            var lruEntry = lruHash[key];

            if (!lruEntry) return;

            if (lruEntry == freshEnd) freshEnd = lruEntry.p;
            if (lruEntry == staleEnd) staleEnd = lruEntry.n;
            link(lruEntry.n,lruEntry.p);

            delete lruHash[key];
          }

          delete data[key];
          size--;
        },


        /**
         * @ngdoc method
         * @name $cacheFactory.Cache#removeAll
         * @kind function
         *
         * @description
         * Clears the cache object of any entries.
         */
        removeAll: function() {
          data = {};
          size = 0;
          lruHash = {};
          freshEnd = staleEnd = null;
        },


        /**
         * @ngdoc method
         * @name $cacheFactory.Cache#destroy
         * @kind function
         *
         * @description
         * Destroys the {@link $cacheFactory.Cache Cache} object entirely,
         * removing it from the {@link $cacheFactory $cacheFactory} set.
         */
        destroy: function() {
          data = null;
          stats = null;
          lruHash = null;
          delete caches[cacheId];
        },


        /**
         * @ngdoc method
         * @name $cacheFactory.Cache#info
         * @kind function
         *
         * @description
         * Retrieve information regarding a particular {@link $cacheFactory.Cache Cache}.
         *
         * @returns {object} an object with the following properties:
         *   <ul>
         *     <li>**id**: the id of the cache instance</li>
         *     <li>**size**: the number of entries kept in the cache instance</li>
         *     <li>**...**: any additional properties from the options object when creating the
         *       cache.</li>
         *   </ul>
         */
        info: function() {
          return extend({}, stats, {size: size});
        }
      };


      /**
       * makes the `entry` the freshEnd of the LRU linked list
       */
      function refresh(entry) {
        if (entry != freshEnd) {
          if (!staleEnd) {
            staleEnd = entry;
          } else if (staleEnd == entry) {
            staleEnd = entry.n;
          }

          link(entry.n, entry.p);
          link(entry, freshEnd);
          freshEnd = entry;
          freshEnd.n = null;
        }
      }


      /**
       * bidirectionally links two entries of the LRU linked list
       */
      function link(nextEntry, prevEntry) {
        if (nextEntry != prevEntry) {
          if (nextEntry) nextEntry.p = prevEntry; //p stands for previous, 'prev' didn't minify
          if (prevEntry) prevEntry.n = nextEntry; //n stands for next, 'next' didn't minify
        }
      }
    }


  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $cacheFactory#info
   *
   * @description
   * Get information about all the caches that have been created
   *
   * @returns {Object} - key-value map of `cacheId` to the result of calling `cache#info`
   */
    cacheFactory.info = function() {
      var info = {};
      forEach(caches, function(cache, cacheId) {
        info[cacheId] = cache.info();
      });
      return info;
    };


  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $cacheFactory#get
   *
   * @description
   * Get access to a cache object by the `cacheId` used when it was created.
   *
   * @param {string} cacheId Name or id of a cache to access.
   * @returns {object} Cache object identified by the cacheId or undefined if no such cache.
   */
    cacheFactory.get = function(cacheId) {
      return caches[cacheId];
    };


    return cacheFactory;
  };
}

/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $templateCache
 *
 * @description
 * The first time a template is used, it is loaded in the template cache for quick retrieval. You
 * can load templates directly into the cache in a `script` tag, or by consuming the
 * `$templateCache` service directly.
 *
 * Adding via the `script` tag:
 *
 * ```html
 *   <script type="text/ng-template" id="templateId.html">
 *     <p>This is the content of the template</p>
 *   </script>
 * ```
 *
 * **Note:** the `script` tag containing the template does not need to be included in the `head` of
 * the document, but it must be a descendent of the {@link ng.$rootElement $rootElement} (IE,
 * element with ng-app attribute), otherwise the template will be ignored.
 *
 * Adding via the $templateCache service:
 *
 * ```js
 * var myApp = angular.module('myApp', []);
 * myApp.run(function($templateCache) {
 *   $templateCache.put('templateId.html', 'This is the content of the template');
 * });
 * ```
 *
 * To retrieve the template later, simply use it in your HTML:
 * ```html
 * <div ng-include=" 'templateId.html' "></div>
 * ```
 *
 * or get it via Javascript:
 * ```js
 * $templateCache.get('templateId.html')
 * ```
 *
 * See {@link ng.$cacheFactory $cacheFactory}.
 *
 */
function $TemplateCacheProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$cacheFactory', function($cacheFactory) {
    return $cacheFactory('templates');
  }];
}

/* ! VARIABLE/FUNCTION NAMING CONVENTIONS THAT APPLY TO THIS FILE!
 *
 * DOM-related variables:
 *
 * - "node" - DOM Node
 * - "element" - DOM Element or Node
 * - "$node" or "$element" - jqLite-wrapped node or element
 *
 *
 * Compiler related stuff:
 *
 * - "linkFn" - linking fn of a single directive
 * - "nodeLinkFn" - function that aggregates all linking fns for a particular node
 * - "childLinkFn" -  function that aggregates all linking fns for child nodes of a particular node
 * - "compositeLinkFn" - function that aggregates all linking fns for a compilation root (nodeList)
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $compile
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Compiles an HTML string or DOM into a template and produces a template function, which
 * can then be used to link {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope `scope`} and the template together.
 *
 * The compilation is a process of walking the DOM tree and matching DOM elements to
 * {@link ng.$compileProvider#directive directives}.
 *
 * <div class="alert alert-warning">
 * **Note:** This document is an in-depth reference of all directive options.
 * For a gentle introduction to directives with examples of common use cases,
 * see the {@link guide/directive directive guide}.
 * </div>
 *
 * ## Comprehensive Directive API
 *
 * There are many different options for a directive.
 *
 * The difference resides in the return value of the factory function.
 * You can either return a "Directive Definition Object" (see below) that defines the directive properties,
 * or just the `postLink` function (all other properties will have the default values).
 *
 * <div class="alert alert-success">
 * **Best Practice:** It's recommended to use the "directive definition object" form.
 * </div>
 *
 * Here's an example directive declared with a Directive Definition Object:
 *
 * ```js
 *   var myModule = angular.module(...);
 *
 *   myModule.directive('directiveName', function factory(injectables) {
 *     var directiveDefinitionObject = {
 *       priority: 0,
 *       template: '<div></div>', // or // function(tElement, tAttrs) { ... },
 *       // or
 *       // templateUrl: 'directive.html', // or // function(tElement, tAttrs) { ... },
 *       transclude: false,
 *       restrict: 'A',
 *       templateNamespace: 'html',
 *       scope: false,
 *       controller: function($scope, $element, $attrs, $transclude, otherInjectables) { ... },
 *       controllerAs: 'stringAlias',
 *       require: 'siblingDirectiveName', // or // ['^parentDirectiveName', '?optionalDirectiveName', '?^optionalParent'],
 *       compile: function compile(tElement, tAttrs, transclude) {
 *         return {
 *           pre: function preLink(scope, iElement, iAttrs, controller) { ... },
 *           post: function postLink(scope, iElement, iAttrs, controller) { ... }
 *         }
 *         // or
 *         // return function postLink( ... ) { ... }
 *       },
 *       // or
 *       // link: {
 *       //  pre: function preLink(scope, iElement, iAttrs, controller) { ... },
 *       //  post: function postLink(scope, iElement, iAttrs, controller) { ... }
 *       // }
 *       // or
 *       // link: function postLink( ... ) { ... }
 *     };
 *     return directiveDefinitionObject;
 *   });
 * ```
 *
 * <div class="alert alert-warning">
 * **Note:** Any unspecified options will use the default value. You can see the default values below.
 * </div>
 *
 * Therefore the above can be simplified as:
 *
 * ```js
 *   var myModule = angular.module(...);
 *
 *   myModule.directive('directiveName', function factory(injectables) {
 *     var directiveDefinitionObject = {
 *       link: function postLink(scope, iElement, iAttrs) { ... }
 *     };
 *     return directiveDefinitionObject;
 *     // or
 *     // return function postLink(scope, iElement, iAttrs) { ... }
 *   });
 * ```
 *
 *
 *
 * ### Directive Definition Object
 *
 * The directive definition object provides instructions to the {@link ng.$compile
 * compiler}. The attributes are:
 *
 * #### `multiElement`
 * When this property is set to true, the HTML compiler will collect DOM nodes between
 * nodes with the attributes `directive-name-start` and `directive-name-end`, and group them
 * together as the directive elements. It is recomended that this feature be used on directives
 * which are not strictly behavioural (such as {@link ngClick}), and which
 * do not manipulate or replace child nodes (such as {@link ngInclude}).
 *
 * #### `priority`
 * When there are multiple directives defined on a single DOM element, sometimes it
 * is necessary to specify the order in which the directives are applied. The `priority` is used
 * to sort the directives before their `compile` functions get called. Priority is defined as a
 * number. Directives with greater numerical `priority` are compiled first. Pre-link functions
 * are also run in priority order, but post-link functions are run in reverse order. The order
 * of directives with the same priority is undefined. The default priority is `0`.
 *
 * #### `terminal`
 * If set to true then the current `priority` will be the last set of directives
 * which will execute (any directives at the current priority will still execute
 * as the order of execution on same `priority` is undefined). Note that expressions
 * and other directives used in the directive's template will also be excluded from execution.
 *
 * #### `scope`
 * **If set to `true`,** then a new scope will be created for this directive. If multiple directives on the
 * same element request a new scope, only one new scope is created. The new scope rule does not
 * apply for the root of the template since the root of the template always gets a new scope.
 *
 * **If set to `{}` (object hash),** then a new "isolate" scope is created. The 'isolate' scope differs from
 * normal scope in that it does not prototypically inherit from the parent scope. This is useful
 * when creating reusable components, which should not accidentally read or modify data in the
 * parent scope.
 *
 * The 'isolate' scope takes an object hash which defines a set of local scope properties
 * derived from the parent scope. These local properties are useful for aliasing values for
 * templates. Locals definition is a hash of local scope property to its source:
 *
 * * `@` or `@attr` - bind a local scope property to the value of DOM attribute. The result is
 *   always a string since DOM attributes are strings. If no `attr` name is specified  then the
 *   attribute name is assumed to be the same as the local name.
 *   Given `<widget my-attr="hello {{name}}">` and widget definition
 *   of `scope: { localName:'@myAttr' }`, then widget scope property `localName` will reflect
 *   the interpolated value of `hello {{name}}`. As the `name` attribute changes so will the
 *   `localName` property on the widget scope. The `name` is read from the parent scope (not
 *   component scope).
 *
 * * `=` or `=attr` - set up bi-directional binding between a local scope property and the
 *   parent scope property of name defined via the value of the `attr` attribute. If no `attr`
 *   name is specified then the attribute name is assumed to be the same as the local name.
 *   Given `<widget my-attr="parentModel">` and widget definition of
 *   `scope: { localModel:'=myAttr' }`, then widget scope property `localModel` will reflect the
 *   value of `parentModel` on the parent scope. Any changes to `parentModel` will be reflected
 *   in `localModel` and any changes in `localModel` will reflect in `parentModel`. If the parent
 *   scope property doesn't exist, it will throw a NON_ASSIGNABLE_MODEL_EXPRESSION exception. You
 *   can avoid this behavior using `=?` or `=?attr` in order to flag the property as optional. If
 *   you want to shallow watch for changes (i.e. $watchCollection instead of $watch) you can use
 *   `=*` or `=*attr` (`=*?` or `=*?attr` if the property is optional).
 *
 * * `&` or `&attr` - provides a way to execute an expression in the context of the parent scope.
 *   If no `attr` name is specified then the attribute name is assumed to be the same as the
 *   local name. Given `<widget my-attr="count = count + value">` and widget definition of
 *   `scope: { localFn:'&myAttr' }`, then isolate scope property `localFn` will point to
 *   a function wrapper for the `count = count + value` expression. Often it's desirable to
 *   pass data from the isolated scope via an expression to the parent scope, this can be
 *   done by passing a map of local variable names and values into the expression wrapper fn.
 *   For example, if the expression is `increment(amount)` then we can specify the amount value
 *   by calling the `localFn` as `localFn({amount: 22})`.
 *
 *
 * #### `bindToController`
 * When an isolate scope is used for a component (see above), and `controllerAs` is used, `bindToController` will
 * allow a component to have its properties bound to the controller, rather than to scope. When the controller
 * is instantiated, the initial values of the isolate scope bindings are already available.
 *
 * #### `controller`
 * Controller constructor function. The controller is instantiated before the
 * pre-linking phase and it is shared with other directives (see
 * `require` attribute). This allows the directives to communicate with each other and augment
 * each other's behavior. The controller is injectable (and supports bracket notation) with the following locals:
 *
 * * `$scope` - Current scope associated with the element
 * * `$element` - Current element
 * * `$attrs` - Current attributes object for the element
 * * `$transclude` - A transclude linking function pre-bound to the correct transclusion scope:
 *   `function([scope], cloneLinkingFn, futureParentElement)`.
 *    * `scope`: optional argument to override the scope.
 *    * `cloneLinkingFn`: optional argument to create clones of the original transcluded content.
 *    * `futureParentElement`:
 *        * defines the parent to which the `cloneLinkingFn` will add the cloned elements.
 *        * default: `$element.parent()` resp. `$element` for `transclude:'element'` resp. `transclude:true`.
 *        * only needed for transcludes that are allowed to contain non html elements (e.g. SVG elements)
 *          and when the `cloneLinkinFn` is passed,
 *          as those elements need to created and cloned in a special way when they are defined outside their
 *          usual containers (e.g. like `<svg>`).
 *        * See also the `directive.templateNamespace` property.
 *
 *
 * #### `require`
 * Require another directive and inject its controller as the fourth argument to the linking function. The
 * `require` takes a string name (or array of strings) of the directive(s) to pass in. If an array is used, the
 * injected argument will be an array in corresponding order. If no such directive can be
 * found, or if the directive does not have a controller, then an error is raised. The name can be prefixed with:
 *
 * * (no prefix) - Locate the required controller on the current element. Throw an error if not found.
 * * `?` - Attempt to locate the required controller or pass `null` to the `link` fn if not found.
 * * `^` - Locate the required controller by searching the element and its parents. Throw an error if not found.
 * * `^^` - Locate the required controller by searching the element's parents. Throw an error if not found.
 * * `?^` - Attempt to locate the required controller by searching the element and its parents or pass
 *   `null` to the `link` fn if not found.
 * * `?^^` - Attempt to locate the required controller by searching the element's parents, or pass
 *   `null` to the `link` fn if not found.
 *
 *
 * #### `controllerAs`
 * Controller alias at the directive scope. An alias for the controller so it
 * can be referenced at the directive template. The directive needs to define a scope for this
 * configuration to be used. Useful in the case when directive is used as component.
 *
 *
 * #### `restrict`
 * String of subset of `EACM` which restricts the directive to a specific directive
 * declaration style. If omitted, the defaults (elements and attributes) are used.
 *
 * * `E` - Element name (default): `<my-directive></my-directive>`
 * * `A` - Attribute (default): `<div my-directive="exp"></div>`
 * * `C` - Class: `<div class="my-directive: exp;"></div>`
 * * `M` - Comment: `<!-- directive: my-directive exp -->`
 *
 *
 * #### `templateNamespace`
 * String representing the document type used by the markup in the template.
 * AngularJS needs this information as those elements need to be created and cloned
 * in a special way when they are defined outside their usual containers like `<svg>` and `<math>`.
 *
 * * `html` - All root nodes in the template are HTML. Root nodes may also be
 *   top-level elements such as `<svg>` or `<math>`.
 * * `svg` - The root nodes in the template are SVG elements (excluding `<math>`).
 * * `math` - The root nodes in the template are MathML elements (excluding `<svg>`).
 *
 * If no `templateNamespace` is specified, then the namespace is considered to be `html`.
 *
 * #### `template`
 * HTML markup that may:
 * * Replace the contents of the directive's element (default).
 * * Replace the directive's element itself (if `replace` is true - DEPRECATED).
 * * Wrap the contents of the directive's element (if `transclude` is true).
 *
 * Value may be:
 *
 * * A string. For example `<div red-on-hover>{{delete_str}}</div>`.
 * * A function which takes two arguments `tElement` and `tAttrs` (described in the `compile`
 *   function api below) and returns a string value.
 *
 *
 * #### `templateUrl`
 * This is similar to `template` but the template is loaded from the specified URL, asynchronously.
 *
 * Because template loading is asynchronous the compiler will suspend compilation of directives on that element
 * for later when the template has been resolved.  In the meantime it will continue to compile and link
 * sibling and parent elements as though this element had not contained any directives.
 *
 * The compiler does not suspend the entire compilation to wait for templates to be loaded because this
 * would result in the whole app "stalling" until all templates are loaded asynchronously - even in the
 * case when only one deeply nested directive has `templateUrl`.
 *
 * Template loading is asynchronous even if the template has been preloaded into the {@link $templateCache}
 *
 * You can specify `templateUrl` as a string representing the URL or as a function which takes two
 * arguments `tElement` and `tAttrs` (described in the `compile` function api below) and returns
 * a string value representing the url.  In either case, the template URL is passed through {@link
 * $sce#getTrustedResourceUrl $sce.getTrustedResourceUrl}.
 *
 *
 * #### `replace` ([*DEPRECATED*!], will be removed in next major release - i.e. v2.0)
 * specify what the template should replace. Defaults to `false`.
 *
 * * `true` - the template will replace the directive's element.
 * * `false` - the template will replace the contents of the directive's element.
 *
 * The replacement process migrates all of the attributes / classes from the old element to the new
 * one. See the {@link guide/directive#template-expanding-directive
 * Directives Guide} for an example.
 *
 * There are very few scenarios where element replacement is required for the application function,
 * the main one being reusable custom components that are used within SVG contexts
 * (because SVG doesn't work with custom elements in the DOM tree).
 *
 * #### `transclude`
 * Extract the contents of the element where the directive appears and make it available to the directive.
 * The contents are compiled and provided to the directive as a **transclusion function**. See the
 * {@link $compile#transclusion Transclusion} section below.
 *
 * There are two kinds of transclusion depending upon whether you want to transclude just the contents of the
 * directive's element or the entire element:
 *
 * * `true` - transclude the content (i.e. the child nodes) of the directive's element.
 * * `'element'` - transclude the whole of the directive's element including any directives on this
 *   element that defined at a lower priority than this directive. When used, the `template`
 *   property is ignored.
 *
 *
 * #### `compile`
 *
 * ```js
 *   function compile(tElement, tAttrs, transclude) { ... }
 * ```
 *
 * The compile function deals with transforming the template DOM. Since most directives do not do
 * template transformation, it is not used often. The compile function takes the following arguments:
 *
 *   * `tElement` - template element - The element where the directive has been declared. It is
 *     safe to do template transformation on the element and child elements only.
 *
 *   * `tAttrs` - template attributes - Normalized list of attributes declared on this element shared
 *     between all directive compile functions.
 *
 *   * `transclude` -  [*DEPRECATED*!] A transclude linking function: `function(scope, cloneLinkingFn)`
 *
 * <div class="alert alert-warning">
 * **Note:** The template instance and the link instance may be different objects if the template has
 * been cloned. For this reason it is **not** safe to do anything other than DOM transformations that
 * apply to all cloned DOM nodes within the compile function. Specifically, DOM listener registration
 * should be done in a linking function rather than in a compile function.
 * </div>

 * <div class="alert alert-warning">
 * **Note:** The compile function cannot handle directives that recursively use themselves in their
 * own templates or compile functions. Compiling these directives results in an infinite loop and a
 * stack overflow errors.
 *
 * This can be avoided by manually using $compile in the postLink function to imperatively compile
 * a directive's template instead of relying on automatic template compilation via `template` or
 * `templateUrl` declaration or manual compilation inside the compile function.
 * </div>
 *
 * <div class="alert alert-error">
 * **Note:** The `transclude` function that is passed to the compile function is deprecated, as it
 *   e.g. does not know about the right outer scope. Please use the transclude function that is passed
 *   to the link function instead.
 * </div>

 * A compile function can have a return value which can be either a function or an object.
 *
 * * returning a (post-link) function - is equivalent to registering the linking function via the
 *   `link` property of the config object when the compile function is empty.
 *
 * * returning an object with function(s) registered via `pre` and `post` properties - allows you to
 *   control when a linking function should be called during the linking phase. See info about
 *   pre-linking and post-linking functions below.
 *
 *
 * #### `link`
 * This property is used only if the `compile` property is not defined.
 *
 * ```js
 *   function link(scope, iElement, iAttrs, controller, transcludeFn) { ... }
 * ```
 *
 * The link function is responsible for registering DOM listeners as well as updating the DOM. It is
 * executed after the template has been cloned. This is where most of the directive logic will be
 * put.
 *
 *   * `scope` - {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope Scope} - The scope to be used by the
 *     directive for registering {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$watch watches}.
 *
 *   * `iElement` - instance element - The element where the directive is to be used. It is safe to
 *     manipulate the children of the element only in `postLink` function since the children have
 *     already been linked.
 *
 *   * `iAttrs` - instance attributes - Normalized list of attributes declared on this element shared
 *     between all directive linking functions.
 *
 *   * `controller` - a controller instance - A controller instance if at least one directive on the
 *     element defines a controller. The controller is shared among all the directives, which allows
 *     the directives to use the controllers as a communication channel.
 *
 *   * `transcludeFn` - A transclude linking function pre-bound to the correct transclusion scope.
 *     This is the same as the `$transclude`
 *     parameter of directive controllers, see there for details.
 *     `function([scope], cloneLinkingFn, futureParentElement)`.
 *
 * #### Pre-linking function
 *
 * Executed before the child elements are linked. Not safe to do DOM transformation since the
 * compiler linking function will fail to locate the correct elements for linking.
 *
 * #### Post-linking function
 *
 * Executed after the child elements are linked.
 *
 * Note that child elements that contain `templateUrl` directives will not have been compiled
 * and linked since they are waiting for their template to load asynchronously and their own
 * compilation and linking has been suspended until that occurs.
 *
 * It is safe to do DOM transformation in the post-linking function on elements that are not waiting
 * for their async templates to be resolved.
 *
 *
 * ### Transclusion
 *
 * Transclusion is the process of extracting a collection of DOM element from one part of the DOM and
 * copying them to another part of the DOM, while maintaining their connection to the original AngularJS
 * scope from where they were taken.
 *
 * Transclusion is used (often with {@link ngTransclude}) to insert the
 * original contents of a directive's element into a specified place in the template of the directive.
 * The benefit of transclusion, over simply moving the DOM elements manually, is that the transcluded
 * content has access to the properties on the scope from which it was taken, even if the directive
 * has isolated scope.
 * See the {@link guide/directive#creating-a-directive-that-wraps-other-elements Directives Guide}.
 *
 * This makes it possible for the widget to have private state for its template, while the transcluded
 * content has access to its originating scope.
 *
 * <div class="alert alert-warning">
 * **Note:** When testing an element transclude directive you must not place the directive at the root of the
 * DOM fragment that is being compiled. See {@link guide/unit-testing#testing-transclusion-directives
 * Testing Transclusion Directives}.
 * </div>
 *
 * #### Transclusion Functions
 *
 * When a directive requests transclusion, the compiler extracts its contents and provides a **transclusion
 * function** to the directive's `link` function and `controller`. This transclusion function is a special
 * **linking function** that will return the compiled contents linked to a new transclusion scope.
 *
 * <div class="alert alert-info">
 * If you are just using {@link ngTransclude} then you don't need to worry about this function, since
 * ngTransclude will deal with it for us.
 * </div>
 *
 * If you want to manually control the insertion and removal of the transcluded content in your directive
 * then you must use this transclude function. When you call a transclude function it returns a a jqLite/JQuery
 * object that contains the compiled DOM, which is linked to the correct transclusion scope.
 *
 * When you call a transclusion function you can pass in a **clone attach function**. This function accepts
 * two parameters, `function(clone, scope) { ... }`, where the `clone` is a fresh compiled copy of your transcluded
 * content and the `scope` is the newly created transclusion scope, to which the clone is bound.
 *
 * <div class="alert alert-info">
 * **Best Practice**: Always provide a `cloneFn` (clone attach function) when you call a translude function
 * since you then get a fresh clone of the original DOM and also have access to the new transclusion scope.
 * </div>
 *
 * It is normal practice to attach your transcluded content (`clone`) to the DOM inside your **clone
 * attach function**:
 *
 * ```js
 * var transcludedContent, transclusionScope;
 *
 * $transclude(function(clone, scope) {
 *   element.append(clone);
 *   transcludedContent = clone;
 *   transclusionScope = scope;
 * });
 * ```
 *
 * Later, if you want to remove the transcluded content from your DOM then you should also destroy the
 * associated transclusion scope:
 *
 * ```js
 * transcludedContent.remove();
 * transclusionScope.$destroy();
 * ```
 *
 * <div class="alert alert-info">
 * **Best Practice**: if you intend to add and remove transcluded content manually in your directive
 * (by calling the transclude function to get the DOM and and calling `element.remove()` to remove it),
 * then you are also responsible for calling `$destroy` on the transclusion scope.
 * </div>
 *
 * The built-in DOM manipulation directives, such as {@link ngIf}, {@link ngSwitch} and {@link ngRepeat}
 * automatically destroy their transluded clones as necessary so you do not need to worry about this if
 * you are simply using {@link ngTransclude} to inject the transclusion into your directive.
 *
 *
 * #### Transclusion Scopes
 *
 * When you call a transclude function it returns a DOM fragment that is pre-bound to a **transclusion
 * scope**. This scope is special, in that it is a child of the directive's scope (and so gets destroyed
 * when the directive's scope gets destroyed) but it inherits the properties of the scope from which it
 * was taken.
 *
 * For example consider a directive that uses transclusion and isolated scope. The DOM hierarchy might look
 * like this:
 *
 * ```html
 * <div ng-app>
 *   <div isolate>
 *     <div transclusion>
 *     </div>
 *   </div>
 * </div>
 * ```
 *
 * The `$parent` scope hierarchy will look like this:
 *
 * ```
 * - $rootScope
 *   - isolate
 *     - transclusion
 * ```
 *
 * but the scopes will inherit prototypically from different scopes to their `$parent`.
 *
 * ```
 * - $rootScope
 *   - transclusion
 * - isolate
 * ```
 *
 *
 * ### Attributes
 *
 * The {@link ng.$compile.directive.Attributes Attributes} object - passed as a parameter in the
 * `link()` or `compile()` functions. It has a variety of uses.
 *
 * accessing *Normalized attribute names:*
 * Directives like 'ngBind' can be expressed in many ways: 'ng:bind', `data-ng-bind`, or 'x-ng-bind'.
 * the attributes object allows for normalized access to
 *   the attributes.
 *
 * * *Directive inter-communication:* All directives share the same instance of the attributes
 *   object which allows the directives to use the attributes object as inter directive
 *   communication.
 *
 * * *Supports interpolation:* Interpolation attributes are assigned to the attribute object
 *   allowing other directives to read the interpolated value.
 *
 * * *Observing interpolated attributes:* Use `$observe` to observe the value changes of attributes
 *   that contain interpolation (e.g. `src="{{bar}}"`). Not only is this very efficient but it's also
 *   the only way to easily get the actual value because during the linking phase the interpolation
 *   hasn't been evaluated yet and so the value is at this time set to `undefined`.
 *
 * ```js
 * function linkingFn(scope, elm, attrs, ctrl) {
 *   // get the attribute value
 *   console.log(attrs.ngModel);
 *
 *   // change the attribute
 *   attrs.$set('ngModel', 'new value');
 *
 *   // observe changes to interpolated attribute
 *   attrs.$observe('ngModel', function(value) {
 *     console.log('ngModel has changed value to ' + value);
 *   });
 * }
 * ```
 *
 * ## Example
 *
 * <div class="alert alert-warning">
 * **Note**: Typically directives are registered with `module.directive`. The example below is
 * to illustrate how `$compile` works.
 * </div>
 *
 <example module="compileExample">
   <file name="index.html">
    <script>
      angular.module('compileExample', [], function($compileProvider) {
        // configure new 'compile' directive by passing a directive
        // factory function. The factory function injects the '$compile'
        $compileProvider.directive('compile', function($compile) {
          // directive factory creates a link function
          return function(scope, element, attrs) {
            scope.$watch(
              function(scope) {
                 // watch the 'compile' expression for changes
                return scope.$eval(attrs.compile);
              },
              function(value) {
                // when the 'compile' expression changes
                // assign it into the current DOM
                element.html(value);

                // compile the new DOM and link it to the current
                // scope.
                // NOTE: we only compile .childNodes so that
                // we don't get into infinite loop compiling ourselves
                $compile(element.contents())(scope);
              }
            );
          };
        });
      })
      .controller('GreeterController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
        $scope.name = 'Angular';
        $scope.html = 'Hello {{name}}';
      }]);
    </script>
    <div ng-controller="GreeterController">
      <input ng-model="name"> <br>
      <textarea ng-model="html"></textarea> <br>
      <div compile="html"></div>
    </div>
   </file>
   <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
     it('should auto compile', function() {
       var textarea = $('textarea');
       var output = $('div[compile]');
       // The initial state reads 'Hello Angular'.
       expect(output.getText()).toBe('Hello Angular');
       textarea.clear();
       textarea.sendKeys('{{name}}!');
       expect(output.getText()).toBe('Angular!');
     });
   </file>
 </example>

 *
 *
 * @param {string|DOMElement} element Element or HTML string to compile into a template function.
 * @param {function(angular.Scope, cloneAttachFn=)} transclude function available to directives - DEPRECATED.
 *
 * <div class="alert alert-error">
 * **Note:** Passing a `transclude` function to the $compile function is deprecated, as it
 *   e.g. will not use the right outer scope. Please pass the transclude function as a
 *   `parentBoundTranscludeFn` to the link function instead.
 * </div>
 *
 * @param {number} maxPriority only apply directives lower than given priority (Only effects the
 *                 root element(s), not their children)
 * @returns {function(scope, cloneAttachFn=, options=)} a link function which is used to bind template
 * (a DOM element/tree) to a scope. Where:
 *
 *  * `scope` - A {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope Scope} to bind to.
 *  * `cloneAttachFn` - If `cloneAttachFn` is provided, then the link function will clone the
 *  `template` and call the `cloneAttachFn` function allowing the caller to attach the
 *  cloned elements to the DOM document at the appropriate place. The `cloneAttachFn` is
 *  called as: <br> `cloneAttachFn(clonedElement, scope)` where:
 *
 *      * `clonedElement` - is a clone of the original `element` passed into the compiler.
 *      * `scope` - is the current scope with which the linking function is working with.
 *
 *  * `options` - An optional object hash with linking options. If `options` is provided, then the following
 *  keys may be used to control linking behavior:
 *
 *      * `parentBoundTranscludeFn` - the transclude function made available to
 *        directives; if given, it will be passed through to the link functions of
 *        directives found in `element` during compilation.
 *      * `transcludeControllers` - an object hash with keys that map controller names
 *        to controller instances; if given, it will make the controllers
 *        available to directives.
 *      * `futureParentElement` - defines the parent to which the `cloneAttachFn` will add
 *        the cloned elements; only needed for transcludes that are allowed to contain non html
 *        elements (e.g. SVG elements). See also the directive.controller property.
 *
 * Calling the linking function returns the element of the template. It is either the original
 * element passed in, or the clone of the element if the `cloneAttachFn` is provided.
 *
 * After linking the view is not updated until after a call to $digest which typically is done by
 * Angular automatically.
 *
 * If you need access to the bound view, there are two ways to do it:
 *
 * - If you are not asking the linking function to clone the template, create the DOM element(s)
 *   before you send them to the compiler and keep this reference around.
 *   ```js
 *     var element = $compile('<p>{{total}}</p>')(scope);
 *   ```
 *
 * - if on the other hand, you need the element to be cloned, the view reference from the original
 *   example would not point to the clone, but rather to the original template that was cloned. In
 *   this case, you can access the clone via the cloneAttachFn:
 *   ```js
 *     var templateElement = angular.element('<p>{{total}}</p>'),
 *         scope = ....;
 *
 *     var clonedElement = $compile(templateElement)(scope, function(clonedElement, scope) {
 *       //attach the clone to DOM document at the right place
 *     });
 *
 *     //now we have reference to the cloned DOM via `clonedElement`
 *   ```
 *
 *
 * For information on how the compiler works, see the
 * {@link guide/compiler Angular HTML Compiler} section of the Developer Guide.
 */

var $compileMinErr = minErr('$compile');

/**
 * @ngdoc provider
 * @name $compileProvider
 *
 * @description
 */
$CompileProvider.$inject = ['$provide', '$$sanitizeUriProvider'];
function $CompileProvider($provide, $$sanitizeUriProvider) {
  var hasDirectives = {},
      Suffix = 'Directive',
      COMMENT_DIRECTIVE_REGEXP = /^\s*directive\:\s*([\w\-]+)\s+(.*)$/,
      CLASS_DIRECTIVE_REGEXP = /(([\w\-]+)(?:\:([^;]+))?;?)/,
      ALL_OR_NOTHING_ATTRS = makeMap('ngSrc,ngSrcset,src,srcset'),
      REQUIRE_PREFIX_REGEXP = /^(?:(\^\^?)?(\?)?(\^\^?)?)?/;

  // Ref: http://developers.whatwg.org/webappapis.html#event-handler-idl-attributes
  // The assumption is that future DOM event attribute names will begin with
  // 'on' and be composed of only English letters.
  var EVENT_HANDLER_ATTR_REGEXP = /^(on[a-z]+|formaction)$/;

  function parseIsolateBindings(scope, directiveName) {
    var LOCAL_REGEXP = /^\s*([@&]|=(\*?))(\??)\s*(\w*)\s*$/;

    var bindings = {};

    forEach(scope, function(definition, scopeName) {
      var match = definition.match(LOCAL_REGEXP);

      if (!match) {
        throw $compileMinErr('iscp',
            "Invalid isolate scope definition for directive '{0}'." +
            " Definition: {... {1}: '{2}' ...}",
            directiveName, scopeName, definition);
      }

      bindings[scopeName] = {
        mode: match[1][0],
        collection: match[2] === '*',
        optional: match[3] === '?',
        attrName: match[4] || scopeName
      };
    });

    return bindings;
  }

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $compileProvider#directive
   * @kind function
   *
   * @description
   * Register a new directive with the compiler.
   *
   * @param {string|Object} name Name of the directive in camel-case (i.e. <code>ngBind</code> which
   *    will match as <code>ng-bind</code>), or an object map of directives where the keys are the
   *    names and the values are the factories.
   * @param {Function|Array} directiveFactory An injectable directive factory function. See
   *    {@link guide/directive} for more info.
   * @returns {ng.$compileProvider} Self for chaining.
   */
   this.directive = function registerDirective(name, directiveFactory) {
    assertNotHasOwnProperty(name, 'directive');
    if (isString(name)) {
      assertArg(directiveFactory, 'directiveFactory');
      if (!hasDirectives.hasOwnProperty(name)) {
        hasDirectives[name] = [];
        $provide.factory(name + Suffix, ['$injector', '$exceptionHandler',
          function($injector, $exceptionHandler) {
            var directives = [];
            forEach(hasDirectives[name], function(directiveFactory, index) {
              try {
                var directive = $injector.invoke(directiveFactory);
                if (isFunction(directive)) {
                  directive = { compile: valueFn(directive) };
                } else if (!directive.compile && directive.link) {
                  directive.compile = valueFn(directive.link);
                }
                directive.priority = directive.priority || 0;
                directive.index = index;
                directive.name = directive.name || name;
                directive.require = directive.require || (directive.controller && directive.name);
                directive.restrict = directive.restrict || 'EA';
                if (isObject(directive.scope)) {
                  directive.$$isolateBindings = parseIsolateBindings(directive.scope, directive.name);
                }
                directives.push(directive);
              } catch (e) {
                $exceptionHandler(e);
              }
            });
            return directives;
          }]);
      }
      hasDirectives[name].push(directiveFactory);
    } else {
      forEach(name, reverseParams(registerDirective));
    }
    return this;
  };


  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $compileProvider#aHrefSanitizationWhitelist
   * @kind function
   *
   * @description
   * Retrieves or overrides the default regular expression that is used for whitelisting of safe
   * urls during a[href] sanitization.
   *
   * The sanitization is a security measure aimed at prevent XSS attacks via html links.
   *
   * Any url about to be assigned to a[href] via data-binding is first normalized and turned into
   * an absolute url. Afterwards, the url is matched against the `aHrefSanitizationWhitelist`
   * regular expression. If a match is found, the original url is written into the dom. Otherwise,
   * the absolute url is prefixed with `'unsafe:'` string and only then is it written into the DOM.
   *
   * @param {RegExp=} regexp New regexp to whitelist urls with.
   * @returns {RegExp|ng.$compileProvider} Current RegExp if called without value or self for
   *    chaining otherwise.
   */
  this.aHrefSanitizationWhitelist = function(regexp) {
    if (isDefined(regexp)) {
      $$sanitizeUriProvider.aHrefSanitizationWhitelist(regexp);
      return this;
    } else {
      return $$sanitizeUriProvider.aHrefSanitizationWhitelist();
    }
  };


  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $compileProvider#imgSrcSanitizationWhitelist
   * @kind function
   *
   * @description
   * Retrieves or overrides the default regular expression that is used for whitelisting of safe
   * urls during img[src] sanitization.
   *
   * The sanitization is a security measure aimed at prevent XSS attacks via html links.
   *
   * Any url about to be assigned to img[src] via data-binding is first normalized and turned into
   * an absolute url. Afterwards, the url is matched against the `imgSrcSanitizationWhitelist`
   * regular expression. If a match is found, the original url is written into the dom. Otherwise,
   * the absolute url is prefixed with `'unsafe:'` string and only then is it written into the DOM.
   *
   * @param {RegExp=} regexp New regexp to whitelist urls with.
   * @returns {RegExp|ng.$compileProvider} Current RegExp if called without value or self for
   *    chaining otherwise.
   */
  this.imgSrcSanitizationWhitelist = function(regexp) {
    if (isDefined(regexp)) {
      $$sanitizeUriProvider.imgSrcSanitizationWhitelist(regexp);
      return this;
    } else {
      return $$sanitizeUriProvider.imgSrcSanitizationWhitelist();
    }
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name  $compileProvider#debugInfoEnabled
   *
   * @param {boolean=} enabled update the debugInfoEnabled state if provided, otherwise just return the
   * current debugInfoEnabled state
   * @returns {*} current value if used as getter or itself (chaining) if used as setter
   *
   * @kind function
   *
   * @description
   * Call this method to enable/disable various debug runtime information in the compiler such as adding
   * binding information and a reference to the current scope on to DOM elements.
   * If enabled, the compiler will add the following to DOM elements that have been bound to the scope
   * * `ng-binding` CSS class
   * * `$binding` data property containing an array of the binding expressions
   *
   * You may want to use this in production for a significant performance boost. See
   * {@link guide/production#disabling-debug-data Disabling Debug Data} for more.
   *
   * The default value is true.
   */
  var debugInfoEnabled = true;
  this.debugInfoEnabled = function(enabled) {
    if (isDefined(enabled)) {
      debugInfoEnabled = enabled;
      return this;
    }
    return debugInfoEnabled;
  };

  this.$get = [
            '$injector', '$interpolate', '$exceptionHandler', '$templateRequest', '$parse',
            '$controller', '$rootScope', '$document', '$sce', '$animate', '$$sanitizeUri',
    function($injector,   $interpolate,   $exceptionHandler,   $templateRequest,   $parse,
             $controller,   $rootScope,   $document,   $sce,   $animate,   $$sanitizeUri) {

    var Attributes = function(element, attributesToCopy) {
      if (attributesToCopy) {
        var keys = Object.keys(attributesToCopy);
        var i, l, key;

        for (i = 0, l = keys.length; i < l; i++) {
          key = keys[i];
          this[key] = attributesToCopy[key];
        }
      } else {
        this.$attr = {};
      }

      this.$$element = element;
    };

    Attributes.prototype = {
      $normalize: directiveNormalize,


      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $compile.directive.Attributes#$addClass
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * Adds the CSS class value specified by the classVal parameter to the element. If animations
       * are enabled then an animation will be triggered for the class addition.
       *
       * @param {string} classVal The className value that will be added to the element
       */
      $addClass: function(classVal) {
        if (classVal && classVal.length > 0) {
          $animate.addClass(this.$$element, classVal);
        }
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $compile.directive.Attributes#$removeClass
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * Removes the CSS class value specified by the classVal parameter from the element. If
       * animations are enabled then an animation will be triggered for the class removal.
       *
       * @param {string} classVal The className value that will be removed from the element
       */
      $removeClass: function(classVal) {
        if (classVal && classVal.length > 0) {
          $animate.removeClass(this.$$element, classVal);
        }
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $compile.directive.Attributes#$updateClass
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * Adds and removes the appropriate CSS class values to the element based on the difference
       * between the new and old CSS class values (specified as newClasses and oldClasses).
       *
       * @param {string} newClasses The current CSS className value
       * @param {string} oldClasses The former CSS className value
       */
      $updateClass: function(newClasses, oldClasses) {
        var toAdd = tokenDifference(newClasses, oldClasses);
        if (toAdd && toAdd.length) {
          $animate.addClass(this.$$element, toAdd);
        }

        var toRemove = tokenDifference(oldClasses, newClasses);
        if (toRemove && toRemove.length) {
          $animate.removeClass(this.$$element, toRemove);
        }
      },

      /**
       * Set a normalized attribute on the element in a way such that all directives
       * can share the attribute. This function properly handles boolean attributes.
       * @param {string} key Normalized key. (ie ngAttribute)
       * @param {string|boolean} value The value to set. If `null` attribute will be deleted.
       * @param {boolean=} writeAttr If false, does not write the value to DOM element attribute.
       *     Defaults to true.
       * @param {string=} attrName Optional none normalized name. Defaults to key.
       */
      $set: function(key, value, writeAttr, attrName) {
        // TODO: decide whether or not to throw an error if "class"
        //is set through this function since it may cause $updateClass to
        //become unstable.

        var node = this.$$element[0],
            booleanKey = getBooleanAttrName(node, key),
            aliasedKey = getAliasedAttrName(node, key),
            observer = key,
            nodeName;

        if (booleanKey) {
          this.$$element.prop(key, value);
          attrName = booleanKey;
        } else if (aliasedKey) {
          this[aliasedKey] = value;
          observer = aliasedKey;
        }

        this[key] = value;

        // translate normalized key to actual key
        if (attrName) {
          this.$attr[key] = attrName;
        } else {
          attrName = this.$attr[key];
          if (!attrName) {
            this.$attr[key] = attrName = snake_case(key, '-');
          }
        }

        nodeName = nodeName_(this.$$element);

        if ((nodeName === 'a' && key === 'href') ||
            (nodeName === 'img' && key === 'src')) {
          // sanitize a[href] and img[src] values
          this[key] = value = $$sanitizeUri(value, key === 'src');
        } else if (nodeName === 'img' && key === 'srcset') {
          // sanitize img[srcset] values
          var result = "";

          // first check if there are spaces because it's not the same pattern
          var trimmedSrcset = trim(value);
          //                (   999x   ,|   999w   ,|   ,|,   )
          var srcPattern = /(\s+\d+x\s*,|\s+\d+w\s*,|\s+,|,\s+)/;
          var pattern = /\s/.test(trimmedSrcset) ? srcPattern : /(,)/;

          // split srcset into tuple of uri and descriptor except for the last item
          var rawUris = trimmedSrcset.split(pattern);

          // for each tuples
          var nbrUrisWith2parts = Math.floor(rawUris.length / 2);
          for (var i=0; i<nbrUrisWith2parts; i++) {
            var innerIdx = i*2;
            // sanitize the uri
            result += $$sanitizeUri(trim(rawUris[innerIdx]), true);
            // add the descriptor
            result += (" " + trim(rawUris[innerIdx+1]));
          }

          // split the last item into uri and descriptor
          var lastTuple = trim(rawUris[i*2]).split(/\s/);

          // sanitize the last uri
          result += $$sanitizeUri(trim(lastTuple[0]), true);

          // and add the last descriptor if any
          if (lastTuple.length === 2) {
            result += (" " + trim(lastTuple[1]));
          }
          this[key] = value = result;
        }

        if (writeAttr !== false) {
          if (value === null || value === undefined) {
            this.$$element.removeAttr(attrName);
          } else {
            this.$$element.attr(attrName, value);
          }
        }

        // fire observers
        var $$observers = this.$$observers;
        $$observers && forEach($$observers[observer], function(fn) {
          try {
            fn(value);
          } catch (e) {
            $exceptionHandler(e);
          }
        });
      },


      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $compile.directive.Attributes#$observe
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * Observes an interpolated attribute.
       *
       * The observer function will be invoked once during the next `$digest` following
       * compilation. The observer is then invoked whenever the interpolated value
       * changes.
       *
       * @param {string} key Normalized key. (ie ngAttribute) .
       * @param {function(interpolatedValue)} fn Function that will be called whenever
                the interpolated value of the attribute changes.
       *        See the {@link guide/directive#text-and-attribute-bindings Directives} guide for more info.
       * @returns {function()} Returns a deregistration function for this observer.
       */
      $observe: function(key, fn) {
        var attrs = this,
            $$observers = (attrs.$$observers || (attrs.$$observers = createMap())),
            listeners = ($$observers[key] || ($$observers[key] = []));

        listeners.push(fn);
        $rootScope.$evalAsync(function() {
          if (!listeners.$$inter && attrs.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
            // no one registered attribute interpolation function, so lets call it manually
            fn(attrs[key]);
          }
        });

        return function() {
          arrayRemove(listeners, fn);
        };
      }
    };


    function safeAddClass($element, className) {
      try {
        $element.addClass(className);
      } catch (e) {
        // ignore, since it means that we are trying to set class on
        // SVG element, where class name is read-only.
      }
    }


    var startSymbol = $interpolate.startSymbol(),
        endSymbol = $interpolate.endSymbol(),
        denormalizeTemplate = (startSymbol == '{{' || endSymbol  == '}}')
            ? identity
            : function denormalizeTemplate(template) {
              return template.replace(/\{\{/g, startSymbol).replace(/}}/g, endSymbol);
        },
        NG_ATTR_BINDING = /^ngAttr[A-Z]/;

    compile.$$addBindingInfo = debugInfoEnabled ? function $$addBindingInfo($element, binding) {
      var bindings = $element.data('$binding') || [];

      if (isArray(binding)) {
        bindings = bindings.concat(binding);
      } else {
        bindings.push(binding);
      }

      $element.data('$binding', bindings);
    } : noop;

    compile.$$addBindingClass = debugInfoEnabled ? function $$addBindingClass($element) {
      safeAddClass($element, 'ng-binding');
    } : noop;

    compile.$$addScopeInfo = debugInfoEnabled ? function $$addScopeInfo($element, scope, isolated, noTemplate) {
      var dataName = isolated ? (noTemplate ? '$isolateScopeNoTemplate' : '$isolateScope') : '$scope';
      $element.data(dataName, scope);
    } : noop;

    compile.$$addScopeClass = debugInfoEnabled ? function $$addScopeClass($element, isolated) {
      safeAddClass($element, isolated ? 'ng-isolate-scope' : 'ng-scope');
    } : noop;

    return compile;

    //================================

    function compile($compileNodes, transcludeFn, maxPriority, ignoreDirective,
                        previousCompileContext) {
      if (!($compileNodes instanceof jqLite)) {
        // jquery always rewraps, whereas we need to preserve the original selector so that we can
        // modify it.
        $compileNodes = jqLite($compileNodes);
      }
      // We can not compile top level text elements since text nodes can be merged and we will
      // not be able to attach scope data to them, so we will wrap them in <span>
      forEach($compileNodes, function(node, index) {
        if (node.nodeType == NODE_TYPE_TEXT && node.nodeValue.match(/\S+/) /* non-empty */ ) {
          $compileNodes[index] = jqLite(node).wrap('<span></span>').parent()[0];
        }
      });
      var compositeLinkFn =
              compileNodes($compileNodes, transcludeFn, $compileNodes,
                           maxPriority, ignoreDirective, previousCompileContext);
      compile.$$addScopeClass($compileNodes);
      var namespace = null;
      return function publicLinkFn(scope, cloneConnectFn, options) {
        assertArg(scope, 'scope');

        options = options || {};
        var parentBoundTranscludeFn = options.parentBoundTranscludeFn,
          transcludeControllers = options.transcludeControllers,
          futureParentElement = options.futureParentElement;

        // When `parentBoundTranscludeFn` is passed, it is a
        // `controllersBoundTransclude` function (it was previously passed
        // as `transclude` to directive.link) so we must unwrap it to get
        // its `boundTranscludeFn`
        if (parentBoundTranscludeFn && parentBoundTranscludeFn.$$boundTransclude) {
          parentBoundTranscludeFn = parentBoundTranscludeFn.$$boundTransclude;
        }

        if (!namespace) {
          namespace = detectNamespaceForChildElements(futureParentElement);
        }
        var $linkNode;
        if (namespace !== 'html') {
          // When using a directive with replace:true and templateUrl the $compileNodes
          // (or a child element inside of them)
          // might change, so we need to recreate the namespace adapted compileNodes
          // for call to the link function.
          // Note: This will already clone the nodes...
          $linkNode = jqLite(
            wrapTemplate(namespace, jqLite('<div>').append($compileNodes).html())
          );
        } else if (cloneConnectFn) {
          // important!!: we must call our jqLite.clone() since the jQuery one is trying to be smart
          // and sometimes changes the structure of the DOM.
          $linkNode = JQLitePrototype.clone.call($compileNodes);
        } else {
          $linkNode = $compileNodes;
        }

        if (transcludeControllers) {
          for (var controllerName in transcludeControllers) {
            $linkNode.data('$' + controllerName + 'Controller', transcludeControllers[controllerName].instance);
          }
        }

        compile.$$addScopeInfo($linkNode, scope);

        if (cloneConnectFn) cloneConnectFn($linkNode, scope);
        if (compositeLinkFn) compositeLinkFn(scope, $linkNode, $linkNode, parentBoundTranscludeFn);
        return $linkNode;
      };
    }

    function detectNamespaceForChildElements(parentElement) {
      // TODO: Make this detect MathML as well...
      var node = parentElement && parentElement[0];
      if (!node) {
        return 'html';
      } else {
        return nodeName_(node) !== 'foreignobject' && node.toString().match(/SVG/) ? 'svg': 'html';
      }
    }

    /**
     * Compile function matches each node in nodeList against the directives. Once all directives
     * for a particular node are collected their compile functions are executed. The compile
     * functions return values - the linking functions - are combined into a composite linking
     * function, which is the a linking function for the node.
     *
     * @param {NodeList} nodeList an array of nodes or NodeList to compile
     * @param {function(angular.Scope, cloneAttachFn=)} transcludeFn A linking function, where the
     *        scope argument is auto-generated to the new child of the transcluded parent scope.
     * @param {DOMElement=} $rootElement If the nodeList is the root of the compilation tree then
     *        the rootElement must be set the jqLite collection of the compile root. This is
     *        needed so that the jqLite collection items can be replaced with widgets.
     * @param {number=} maxPriority Max directive priority.
     * @returns {Function} A composite linking function of all of the matched directives or null.
     */
    function compileNodes(nodeList, transcludeFn, $rootElement, maxPriority, ignoreDirective,
                            previousCompileContext) {
      var linkFns = [],
          attrs, directives, nodeLinkFn, childNodes, childLinkFn, linkFnFound, nodeLinkFnFound;

      for (var i = 0; i < nodeList.length; i++) {
        attrs = new Attributes();

        // we must always refer to nodeList[i] since the nodes can be replaced underneath us.
        directives = collectDirectives(nodeList[i], [], attrs, i === 0 ? maxPriority : undefined,
                                        ignoreDirective);

        nodeLinkFn = (directives.length)
            ? applyDirectivesToNode(directives, nodeList[i], attrs, transcludeFn, $rootElement,
                                      null, [], [], previousCompileContext)
            : null;

        if (nodeLinkFn && nodeLinkFn.scope) {
          compile.$$addScopeClass(attrs.$$element);
        }

        childLinkFn = (nodeLinkFn && nodeLinkFn.terminal ||
                      !(childNodes = nodeList[i].childNodes) ||
                      !childNodes.length)
            ? null
            : compileNodes(childNodes,
                 nodeLinkFn ? (
                  (nodeLinkFn.transcludeOnThisElement || !nodeLinkFn.templateOnThisElement)
                     && nodeLinkFn.transclude) : transcludeFn);

        if (nodeLinkFn || childLinkFn) {
          linkFns.push(i, nodeLinkFn, childLinkFn);
          linkFnFound = true;
          nodeLinkFnFound = nodeLinkFnFound || nodeLinkFn;
        }

        //use the previous context only for the first element in the virtual group
        previousCompileContext = null;
      }

      // return a linking function if we have found anything, null otherwise
      return linkFnFound ? compositeLinkFn : null;

      function compositeLinkFn(scope, nodeList, $rootElement, parentBoundTranscludeFn) {
        var nodeLinkFn, childLinkFn, node, childScope, i, ii, idx, childBoundTranscludeFn;
        var stableNodeList;


        if (nodeLinkFnFound) {
          // copy nodeList so that if a nodeLinkFn removes or adds an element at this DOM level our
          // offsets don't get screwed up
          var nodeListLength = nodeList.length;
          stableNodeList = new Array(nodeListLength);

          // create a sparse array by only copying the elements which have a linkFn
          for (i = 0; i < linkFns.length; i+=3) {
            idx = linkFns[i];
            stableNodeList[idx] = nodeList[idx];
          }
        } else {
          stableNodeList = nodeList;
        }

        for (i = 0, ii = linkFns.length; i < ii;) {
          node = stableNodeList[linkFns[i++]];
          nodeLinkFn = linkFns[i++];
          childLinkFn = linkFns[i++];

          if (nodeLinkFn) {
            if (nodeLinkFn.scope) {
              childScope = scope.$new();
              compile.$$addScopeInfo(jqLite(node), childScope);
            } else {
              childScope = scope;
            }

            if (nodeLinkFn.transcludeOnThisElement) {
              childBoundTranscludeFn = createBoundTranscludeFn(
                  scope, nodeLinkFn.transclude, parentBoundTranscludeFn,
                  nodeLinkFn.elementTranscludeOnThisElement);

            } else if (!nodeLinkFn.templateOnThisElement && parentBoundTranscludeFn) {
              childBoundTranscludeFn = parentBoundTranscludeFn;

            } else if (!parentBoundTranscludeFn && transcludeFn) {
              childBoundTranscludeFn = createBoundTranscludeFn(scope, transcludeFn);

            } else {
              childBoundTranscludeFn = null;
            }

            nodeLinkFn(childLinkFn, childScope, node, $rootElement, childBoundTranscludeFn);

          } else if (childLinkFn) {
            childLinkFn(scope, node.childNodes, undefined, parentBoundTranscludeFn);
          }
        }
      }
    }

    function createBoundTranscludeFn(scope, transcludeFn, previousBoundTranscludeFn, elementTransclusion) {

      var boundTranscludeFn = function(transcludedScope, cloneFn, controllers, futureParentElement, containingScope) {

        if (!transcludedScope) {
          transcludedScope = scope.$new(false, containingScope);
          transcludedScope.$$transcluded = true;
        }

        return transcludeFn(transcludedScope, cloneFn, {
          parentBoundTranscludeFn: previousBoundTranscludeFn,
          transcludeControllers: controllers,
          futureParentElement: futureParentElement
        });
      };

      return boundTranscludeFn;
    }

    /**
     * Looks for directives on the given node and adds them to the directive collection which is
     * sorted.
     *
     * @param node Node to search.
     * @param directives An array to which the directives are added to. This array is sorted before
     *        the function returns.
     * @param attrs The shared attrs object which is used to populate the normalized attributes.
     * @param {number=} maxPriority Max directive priority.
     */
    function collectDirectives(node, directives, attrs, maxPriority, ignoreDirective) {
      var nodeType = node.nodeType,
          attrsMap = attrs.$attr,
          match,
          className;

      switch (nodeType) {
        case NODE_TYPE_ELEMENT: /* Element */
          // use the node name: <directive>
          addDirective(directives,
              directiveNormalize(nodeName_(node)), 'E', maxPriority, ignoreDirective);

          // iterate over the attributes
          for (var attr, name, nName, ngAttrName, value, isNgAttr, nAttrs = node.attributes,
                   j = 0, jj = nAttrs && nAttrs.length; j < jj; j++) {
            var attrStartName = false;
            var attrEndName = false;

            attr = nAttrs[j];
            name = attr.name;
            value = trim(attr.value);

            // support ngAttr attribute binding
            ngAttrName = directiveNormalize(name);
            if (isNgAttr = NG_ATTR_BINDING.test(ngAttrName)) {
              name = snake_case(ngAttrName.substr(6), '-');
            }

            var directiveNName = ngAttrName.replace(/(Start|End)$/, '');
            if (directiveIsMultiElement(directiveNName)) {
              if (ngAttrName === directiveNName + 'Start') {
                attrStartName = name;
                attrEndName = name.substr(0, name.length - 5) + 'end';
                name = name.substr(0, name.length - 6);
              }
            }

            nName = directiveNormalize(name.toLowerCase());
            attrsMap[nName] = name;
            if (isNgAttr || !attrs.hasOwnProperty(nName)) {
                attrs[nName] = value;
                if (getBooleanAttrName(node, nName)) {
                  attrs[nName] = true; // presence means true
                }
            }
            addAttrInterpolateDirective(node, directives, value, nName, isNgAttr);
            addDirective(directives, nName, 'A', maxPriority, ignoreDirective, attrStartName,
                          attrEndName);
          }

          // use class as directive
          className = node.className;
          if (isString(className) && className !== '') {
            while (match = CLASS_DIRECTIVE_REGEXP.exec(className)) {
              nName = directiveNormalize(match[2]);
              if (addDirective(directives, nName, 'C', maxPriority, ignoreDirective)) {
                attrs[nName] = trim(match[3]);
              }
              className = className.substr(match.index + match[0].length);
            }
          }
          break;
        case NODE_TYPE_TEXT: /* Text Node */
          addTextInterpolateDirective(directives, node.nodeValue);
          break;
        case NODE_TYPE_COMMENT: /* Comment */
          try {
            match = COMMENT_DIRECTIVE_REGEXP.exec(node.nodeValue);
            if (match) {
              nName = directiveNormalize(match[1]);
              if (addDirective(directives, nName, 'M', maxPriority, ignoreDirective)) {
                attrs[nName] = trim(match[2]);
              }
            }
          } catch (e) {
            // turns out that under some circumstances IE9 throws errors when one attempts to read
            // comment's node value.
            // Just ignore it and continue. (Can't seem to reproduce in test case.)
          }
          break;
      }

      directives.sort(byPriority);
      return directives;
    }

    /**
     * Given a node with an directive-start it collects all of the siblings until it finds
     * directive-end.
     * @param node
     * @param attrStart
     * @param attrEnd
     * @returns {*}
     */
    function groupScan(node, attrStart, attrEnd) {
      var nodes = [];
      var depth = 0;
      if (attrStart && node.hasAttribute && node.hasAttribute(attrStart)) {
        do {
          if (!node) {
            throw $compileMinErr('uterdir',
                      "Unterminated attribute, found '{0}' but no matching '{1}' found.",
                      attrStart, attrEnd);
          }
          if (node.nodeType == NODE_TYPE_ELEMENT) {
            if (node.hasAttribute(attrStart)) depth++;
            if (node.hasAttribute(attrEnd)) depth--;
          }
          nodes.push(node);
          node = node.nextSibling;
        } while (depth > 0);
      } else {
        nodes.push(node);
      }

      return jqLite(nodes);
    }

    /**
     * Wrapper for linking function which converts normal linking function into a grouped
     * linking function.
     * @param linkFn
     * @param attrStart
     * @param attrEnd
     * @returns {Function}
     */
    function groupElementsLinkFnWrapper(linkFn, attrStart, attrEnd) {
      return function(scope, element, attrs, controllers, transcludeFn) {
        element = groupScan(element[0], attrStart, attrEnd);
        return linkFn(scope, element, attrs, controllers, transcludeFn);
      };
    }

    /**
     * Once the directives have been collected, their compile functions are executed. This method
     * is responsible for inlining directive templates as well as terminating the application
     * of the directives if the terminal directive has been reached.
     *
     * @param {Array} directives Array of collected directives to execute their compile function.
     *        this needs to be pre-sorted by priority order.
     * @param {Node} compileNode The raw DOM node to apply the compile functions to
     * @param {Object} templateAttrs The shared attribute function
     * @param {function(angular.Scope, cloneAttachFn=)} transcludeFn A linking function, where the
     *                                                  scope argument is auto-generated to the new
     *                                                  child of the transcluded parent scope.
     * @param {JQLite} jqCollection If we are working on the root of the compile tree then this
     *                              argument has the root jqLite array so that we can replace nodes
     *                              on it.
     * @param {Object=} originalReplaceDirective An optional directive that will be ignored when
     *                                           compiling the transclusion.
     * @param {Array.<Function>} preLinkFns
     * @param {Array.<Function>} postLinkFns
     * @param {Object} previousCompileContext Context used for previous compilation of the current
     *                                        node
     * @returns {Function} linkFn
     */
    function applyDirectivesToNode(directives, compileNode, templateAttrs, transcludeFn,
                                   jqCollection, originalReplaceDirective, preLinkFns, postLinkFns,
                                   previousCompileContext) {
      previousCompileContext = previousCompileContext || {};

      var terminalPriority = -Number.MAX_VALUE,
          newScopeDirective,
          controllerDirectives = previousCompileContext.controllerDirectives,
          controllers,
          newIsolateScopeDirective = previousCompileContext.newIsolateScopeDirective,
          templateDirective = previousCompileContext.templateDirective,
          nonTlbTranscludeDirective = previousCompileContext.nonTlbTranscludeDirective,
          hasTranscludeDirective = false,
          hasTemplate = false,
          hasElementTranscludeDirective = previousCompileContext.hasElementTranscludeDirective,
          $compileNode = templateAttrs.$$element = jqLite(compileNode),
          directive,
          directiveName,
          $template,
          replaceDirective = originalReplaceDirective,
          childTranscludeFn = transcludeFn,
          linkFn,
          directiveValue;

      // executes all directives on the current element
      for (var i = 0, ii = directives.length; i < ii; i++) {
        directive = directives[i];
        var attrStart = directive.$$start;
        var attrEnd = directive.$$end;

        // collect multiblock sections
        if (attrStart) {
          $compileNode = groupScan(compileNode, attrStart, attrEnd);
        }
        $template = undefined;

        if (terminalPriority > directive.priority) {
          break; // prevent further processing of directives
        }

        if (directiveValue = directive.scope) {

          // skip the check for directives with async templates, we'll check the derived sync
          // directive when the template arrives
          if (!directive.templateUrl) {
            if (isObject(directiveValue)) {
              // This directive is trying to add an isolated scope.
              // Check that there is no scope of any kind already
              assertNoDuplicate('new/isolated scope', newIsolateScopeDirective || newScopeDirective,
                                directive, $compileNode);
              newIsolateScopeDirective = directive;
            } else {
              // This directive is trying to add a child scope.
              // Check that there is no isolated scope already
              assertNoDuplicate('new/isolated scope', newIsolateScopeDirective, directive,
                                $compileNode);
            }
          }

          newScopeDirective = newScopeDirective || directive;
        }

        directiveName = directive.name;

        if (!directive.templateUrl && directive.controller) {
          directiveValue = directive.controller;
          controllerDirectives = controllerDirectives || {};
          assertNoDuplicate("'" + directiveName + "' controller",
              controllerDirectives[directiveName], directive, $compileNode);
          controllerDirectives[directiveName] = directive;
        }

        if (directiveValue = directive.transclude) {
          hasTranscludeDirective = true;

          // Special case ngIf and ngRepeat so that we don't complain about duplicate transclusion.
          // This option should only be used by directives that know how to safely handle element transclusion,
          // where the transcluded nodes are added or replaced after linking.
          if (!directive.$$tlb) {
            assertNoDuplicate('transclusion', nonTlbTranscludeDirective, directive, $compileNode);
            nonTlbTranscludeDirective = directive;
          }

          if (directiveValue == 'element') {
            hasElementTranscludeDirective = true;
            terminalPriority = directive.priority;
            $template = $compileNode;
            $compileNode = templateAttrs.$$element =
                jqLite(document.createComment(' ' + directiveName + ': ' +
                                              templateAttrs[directiveName] + ' '));
            compileNode = $compileNode[0];
            replaceWith(jqCollection, sliceArgs($template), compileNode);

            childTranscludeFn = compile($template, transcludeFn, terminalPriority,
                                        replaceDirective && replaceDirective.name, {
                                          // Don't pass in:
                                          // - controllerDirectives - otherwise we'll create duplicates controllers
                                          // - newIsolateScopeDirective or templateDirective - combining templates with
                                          //   element transclusion doesn't make sense.
                                          //
                                          // We need only nonTlbTranscludeDirective so that we prevent putting transclusion
                                          // on the same element more than once.
                                          nonTlbTranscludeDirective: nonTlbTranscludeDirective
                                        });
          } else {
            $template = jqLite(jqLiteClone(compileNode)).contents();
            $compileNode.empty(); // clear contents
            childTranscludeFn = compile($template, transcludeFn);
          }
        }

        if (directive.template) {
          hasTemplate = true;
          assertNoDuplicate('template', templateDirective, directive, $compileNode);
          templateDirective = directive;

          directiveValue = (isFunction(directive.template))
              ? directive.template($compileNode, templateAttrs)
              : directive.template;

          directiveValue = denormalizeTemplate(directiveValue);

          if (directive.replace) {
            replaceDirective = directive;
            if (jqLiteIsTextNode(directiveValue)) {
              $template = [];
            } else {
              $template = removeComments(wrapTemplate(directive.templateNamespace, trim(directiveValue)));
            }
            compileNode = $template[0];

            if ($template.length != 1 || compileNode.nodeType !== NODE_TYPE_ELEMENT) {
              throw $compileMinErr('tplrt',
                  "Template for directive '{0}' must have exactly one root element. {1}",
                  directiveName, '');
            }

            replaceWith(jqCollection, $compileNode, compileNode);

            var newTemplateAttrs = {$attr: {}};

            // combine directives from the original node and from the template:
            // - take the array of directives for this element
            // - split it into two parts, those that already applied (processed) and those that weren't (unprocessed)
            // - collect directives from the template and sort them by priority
            // - combine directives as: processed + template + unprocessed
            var templateDirectives = collectDirectives(compileNode, [], newTemplateAttrs);
            var unprocessedDirectives = directives.splice(i + 1, directives.length - (i + 1));

            if (newIsolateScopeDirective) {
              markDirectivesAsIsolate(templateDirectives);
            }
            directives = directives.concat(templateDirectives).concat(unprocessedDirectives);
            mergeTemplateAttributes(templateAttrs, newTemplateAttrs);

            ii = directives.length;
          } else {
            $compileNode.html(directiveValue);
          }
        }

        if (directive.templateUrl) {
          hasTemplate = true;
          assertNoDuplicate('template', templateDirective, directive, $compileNode);
          templateDirective = directive;

          if (directive.replace) {
            replaceDirective = directive;
          }

          nodeLinkFn = compileTemplateUrl(directives.splice(i, directives.length - i), $compileNode,
              templateAttrs, jqCollection, hasTranscludeDirective && childTranscludeFn, preLinkFns, postLinkFns, {
                controllerDirectives: controllerDirectives,
                newIsolateScopeDirective: newIsolateScopeDirective,
                templateDirective: templateDirective,
                nonTlbTranscludeDirective: nonTlbTranscludeDirective
              });
          ii = directives.length;
        } else if (directive.compile) {
          try {
            linkFn = directive.compile($compileNode, templateAttrs, childTranscludeFn);
            if (isFunction(linkFn)) {
              addLinkFns(null, linkFn, attrStart, attrEnd);
            } else if (linkFn) {
              addLinkFns(linkFn.pre, linkFn.post, attrStart, attrEnd);
            }
          } catch (e) {
            $exceptionHandler(e, startingTag($compileNode));
          }
        }

        if (directive.terminal) {
          nodeLinkFn.terminal = true;
          terminalPriority = Math.max(terminalPriority, directive.priority);
        }

      }

      nodeLinkFn.scope = newScopeDirective && newScopeDirective.scope === true;
      nodeLinkFn.transcludeOnThisElement = hasTranscludeDirective;
      nodeLinkFn.elementTranscludeOnThisElement = hasElementTranscludeDirective;
      nodeLinkFn.templateOnThisElement = hasTemplate;
      nodeLinkFn.transclude = childTranscludeFn;

      previousCompileContext.hasElementTranscludeDirective = hasElementTranscludeDirective;

      // might be normal or delayed nodeLinkFn depending on if templateUrl is present
      return nodeLinkFn;

      ////////////////////

      function addLinkFns(pre, post, attrStart, attrEnd) {
        if (pre) {
          if (attrStart) pre = groupElementsLinkFnWrapper(pre, attrStart, attrEnd);
          pre.require = directive.require;
          pre.directiveName = directiveName;
          if (newIsolateScopeDirective === directive || directive.$$isolateScope) {
            pre = cloneAndAnnotateFn(pre, {isolateScope: true});
          }
          preLinkFns.push(pre);
        }
        if (post) {
          if (attrStart) post = groupElementsLinkFnWrapper(post, attrStart, attrEnd);
          post.require = directive.require;
          post.directiveName = directiveName;
          if (newIsolateScopeDirective === directive || directive.$$isolateScope) {
            post = cloneAndAnnotateFn(post, {isolateScope: true});
          }
          postLinkFns.push(post);
        }
      }


      function getControllers(directiveName, require, $element, elementControllers) {
        var value, retrievalMethod = 'data', optional = false;
        var $searchElement = $element;
        var match;
        if (isString(require)) {
          match = require.match(REQUIRE_PREFIX_REGEXP);
          require = require.substring(match[0].length);

          if (match[3]) {
            if (match[1]) match[3] = null;
            else match[1] = match[3];
          }
          if (match[1] === '^') {
            retrievalMethod = 'inheritedData';
          } else if (match[1] === '^^') {
            retrievalMethod = 'inheritedData';
            $searchElement = $element.parent();
          }
          if (match[2] === '?') {
            optional = true;
          }

          value = null;

          if (elementControllers && retrievalMethod === 'data') {
            if (value = elementControllers[require]) {
              value = value.instance;
            }
          }
          value = value || $searchElement[retrievalMethod]('$' + require + 'Controller');

          if (!value && !optional) {
            throw $compileMinErr('ctreq',
                "Controller '{0}', required by directive '{1}', can't be found!",
                require, directiveName);
          }
          return value || null;
        } else if (isArray(require)) {
          value = [];
          forEach(require, function(require) {
            value.push(getControllers(directiveName, require, $element, elementControllers));
          });
        }
        return value;
      }


      function nodeLinkFn(childLinkFn, scope, linkNode, $rootElement, boundTranscludeFn) {
        var i, ii, linkFn, controller, isolateScope, elementControllers, transcludeFn, $element,
            attrs;

        if (compileNode === linkNode) {
          attrs = templateAttrs;
          $element = templateAttrs.$$element;
        } else {
          $element = jqLite(linkNode);
          attrs = new Attributes($element, templateAttrs);
        }

        if (newIsolateScopeDirective) {
          isolateScope = scope.$new(true);
        }

        if (boundTranscludeFn) {
          // track `boundTranscludeFn` so it can be unwrapped if `transcludeFn`
          // is later passed as `parentBoundTranscludeFn` to `publicLinkFn`
          transcludeFn = controllersBoundTransclude;
          transcludeFn.$$boundTransclude = boundTranscludeFn;
        }

        if (controllerDirectives) {
          // TODO: merge `controllers` and `elementControllers` into single object.
          controllers = {};
          elementControllers = {};
          forEach(controllerDirectives, function(directive) {
            var locals = {
              $scope: directive === newIsolateScopeDirective || directive.$$isolateScope ? isolateScope : scope,
              $element: $element,
              $attrs: attrs,
              $transclude: transcludeFn
            }, controllerInstance;

            controller = directive.controller;
            if (controller == '@') {
              controller = attrs[directive.name];
            }

            controllerInstance = $controller(controller, locals, true, directive.controllerAs);

            // For directives with element transclusion the element is a comment,
            // but jQuery .data doesn't support attaching data to comment nodes as it's hard to
            // clean up (http://bugs.jquery.com/ticket/8335).
            // Instead, we save the controllers for the element in a local hash and attach to .data
            // later, once we have the actual element.
            elementControllers[directive.name] = controllerInstance;
            if (!hasElementTranscludeDirective) {
              $element.data('$' + directive.name + 'Controller', controllerInstance.instance);
            }

            controllers[directive.name] = controllerInstance;
          });
        }

        if (newIsolateScopeDirective) {
          compile.$$addScopeInfo($element, isolateScope, true, !(templateDirective && (templateDirective === newIsolateScopeDirective ||
              templateDirective === newIsolateScopeDirective.$$originalDirective)));
          compile.$$addScopeClass($element, true);

          var isolateScopeController = controllers && controllers[newIsolateScopeDirective.name];
          var isolateBindingContext = isolateScope;
          if (isolateScopeController && isolateScopeController.identifier &&
              newIsolateScopeDirective.bindToController === true) {
            isolateBindingContext = isolateScopeController.instance;
          }

          forEach(isolateScope.$$isolateBindings = newIsolateScopeDirective.$$isolateBindings, function(definition, scopeName) {
            var attrName = definition.attrName,
                optional = definition.optional,
                mode = definition.mode, // @, =, or &
                lastValue,
                parentGet, parentSet, compare;

            switch (mode) {

              case '@':
                attrs.$observe(attrName, function(value) {
                  isolateBindingContext[scopeName] = value;
                });
                attrs.$$observers[attrName].$$scope = scope;
                if (attrs[attrName]) {
                  // If the attribute has been provided then we trigger an interpolation to ensure
                  // the value is there for use in the link fn
                  isolateBindingContext[scopeName] = $interpolate(attrs[attrName])(scope);
                }
                break;

              case '=':
                if (optional && !attrs[attrName]) {
                  return;
                }
                parentGet = $parse(attrs[attrName]);
                if (parentGet.literal) {
                  compare = equals;
                } else {
                  compare = function(a, b) { return a === b || (a !== a && b !== b); };
                }
                parentSet = parentGet.assign || function() {
                  // reset the change, or we will throw this exception on every $digest
                  lastValue = isolateBindingContext[scopeName] = parentGet(scope);
                  throw $compileMinErr('nonassign',
                      "Expression '{0}' used with directive '{1}' is non-assignable!",
                      attrs[attrName], newIsolateScopeDirective.name);
                };
                lastValue = isolateBindingContext[scopeName] = parentGet(scope);
                var parentValueWatch = function parentValueWatch(parentValue) {
                  if (!compare(parentValue, isolateBindingContext[scopeName])) {
                    // we are out of sync and need to copy
                    if (!compare(parentValue, lastValue)) {
                      // parent changed and it has precedence
                      isolateBindingContext[scopeName] = parentValue;
                    } else {
                      // if the parent can be assigned then do so
                      parentSet(scope, parentValue = isolateBindingContext[scopeName]);
                    }
                  }
                  return lastValue = parentValue;
                };
                parentValueWatch.$stateful = true;
                var unwatch;
                if (definition.collection) {
                  unwatch = scope.$watchCollection(attrs[attrName], parentValueWatch);
                } else {
                  unwatch = scope.$watch($parse(attrs[attrName], parentValueWatch), null, parentGet.literal);
                }
                isolateScope.$on('$destroy', unwatch);
                break;

              case '&':
                parentGet = $parse(attrs[attrName]);
                isolateBindingContext[scopeName] = function(locals) {
                  return parentGet(scope, locals);
                };
                break;
            }
          });
        }
        if (controllers) {
          forEach(controllers, function(controller) {
            controller();
          });
          controllers = null;
        }

        // PRELINKING
        for (i = 0, ii = preLinkFns.length; i < ii; i++) {
          linkFn = preLinkFns[i];
          invokeLinkFn(linkFn,
              linkFn.isolateScope ? isolateScope : scope,
              $element,
              attrs,
              linkFn.require && getControllers(linkFn.directiveName, linkFn.require, $element, elementControllers),
              transcludeFn
          );
        }

        // RECURSION
        // We only pass the isolate scope, if the isolate directive has a template,
        // otherwise the child elements do not belong to the isolate directive.
        var scopeToChild = scope;
        if (newIsolateScopeDirective && (newIsolateScopeDirective.template || newIsolateScopeDirective.templateUrl === null)) {
          scopeToChild = isolateScope;
        }
        childLinkFn && childLinkFn(scopeToChild, linkNode.childNodes, undefined, boundTranscludeFn);

        // POSTLINKING
        for (i = postLinkFns.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
          linkFn = postLinkFns[i];
          invokeLinkFn(linkFn,
              linkFn.isolateScope ? isolateScope : scope,
              $element,
              attrs,
              linkFn.require && getControllers(linkFn.directiveName, linkFn.require, $element, elementControllers),
              transcludeFn
          );
        }

        // This is the function that is injected as `$transclude`.
        // Note: all arguments are optional!
        function controllersBoundTransclude(scope, cloneAttachFn, futureParentElement) {
          var transcludeControllers;

          // No scope passed in:
          if (!isScope(scope)) {
            futureParentElement = cloneAttachFn;
            cloneAttachFn = scope;
            scope = undefined;
          }

          if (hasElementTranscludeDirective) {
            transcludeControllers = elementControllers;
          }
          if (!futureParentElement) {
            futureParentElement = hasElementTranscludeDirective ? $element.parent() : $element;
          }
          return boundTranscludeFn(scope, cloneAttachFn, transcludeControllers, futureParentElement, scopeToChild);
        }
      }
    }

    function markDirectivesAsIsolate(directives) {
      // mark all directives as needing isolate scope.
      for (var j = 0, jj = directives.length; j < jj; j++) {
        directives[j] = inherit(directives[j], {$$isolateScope: true});
      }
    }

    /**
     * looks up the directive and decorates it with exception handling and proper parameters. We
     * call this the boundDirective.
     *
     * @param {string} name name of the directive to look up.
     * @param {string} location The directive must be found in specific format.
     *   String containing any of theses characters:
     *
     *   * `E`: element name
     *   * `A': attribute
     *   * `C`: class
     *   * `M`: comment
     * @returns {boolean} true if directive was added.
     */
    function addDirective(tDirectives, name, location, maxPriority, ignoreDirective, startAttrName,
                          endAttrName) {
      if (name === ignoreDirective) return null;
      var match = null;
      if (hasDirectives.hasOwnProperty(name)) {
        for (var directive, directives = $injector.get(name + Suffix),
            i = 0, ii = directives.length; i<ii; i++) {
          try {
            directive = directives[i];
            if ((maxPriority === undefined || maxPriority > directive.priority) &&
                 directive.restrict.indexOf(location) != -1) {
              if (startAttrName) {
                directive = inherit(directive, {$$start: startAttrName, $$end: endAttrName});
              }
              tDirectives.push(directive);
              match = directive;
            }
          } catch (e) { $exceptionHandler(e); }
        }
      }
      return match;
    }


    /**
     * looks up the directive and returns true if it is a multi-element directive,
     * and therefore requires DOM nodes between -start and -end markers to be grouped
     * together.
     *
     * @param {string} name name of the directive to look up.
     * @returns true if directive was registered as multi-element.
     */
    function directiveIsMultiElement(name) {
      if (hasDirectives.hasOwnProperty(name)) {
        for (var directive, directives = $injector.get(name + Suffix),
            i = 0, ii = directives.length; i<ii; i++) {
          directive = directives[i];
          if (directive.multiElement) {
            return true;
          }
        }
      }
      return false;
    }

    /**
     * When the element is replaced with HTML template then the new attributes
     * on the template need to be merged with the existing attributes in the DOM.
     * The desired effect is to have both of the attributes present.
     *
     * @param {object} dst destination attributes (original DOM)
     * @param {object} src source attributes (from the directive template)
     */
    function mergeTemplateAttributes(dst, src) {
      var srcAttr = src.$attr,
          dstAttr = dst.$attr,
          $element = dst.$$element;

      // reapply the old attributes to the new element
      forEach(dst, function(value, key) {
        if (key.charAt(0) != '$') {
          if (src[key] && src[key] !== value) {
            value += (key === 'style' ? ';' : ' ') + src[key];
          }
          dst.$set(key, value, true, srcAttr[key]);
        }
      });

      // copy the new attributes on the old attrs object
      forEach(src, function(value, key) {
        if (key == 'class') {
          safeAddClass($element, value);
          dst['class'] = (dst['class'] ? dst['class'] + ' ' : '') + value;
        } else if (key == 'style') {
          $element.attr('style', $element.attr('style') + ';' + value);
          dst['style'] = (dst['style'] ? dst['style'] + ';' : '') + value;
          // `dst` will never contain hasOwnProperty as DOM parser won't let it.
          // You will get an "InvalidCharacterError: DOM Exception 5" error if you
          // have an attribute like "has-own-property" or "data-has-own-property", etc.
        } else if (key.charAt(0) != '$' && !dst.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
          dst[key] = value;
          dstAttr[key] = srcAttr[key];
        }
      });
    }


    function compileTemplateUrl(directives, $compileNode, tAttrs,
        $rootElement, childTranscludeFn, preLinkFns, postLinkFns, previousCompileContext) {
      var linkQueue = [],
          afterTemplateNodeLinkFn,
          afterTemplateChildLinkFn,
          beforeTemplateCompileNode = $compileNode[0],
          origAsyncDirective = directives.shift(),
          // The fact that we have to copy and patch the directive seems wrong!
          derivedSyncDirective = extend({}, origAsyncDirective, {
            templateUrl: null, transclude: null, replace: null, $$originalDirective: origAsyncDirective
          }),
          templateUrl = (isFunction(origAsyncDirective.templateUrl))
              ? origAsyncDirective.templateUrl($compileNode, tAttrs)
              : origAsyncDirective.templateUrl,
          templateNamespace = origAsyncDirective.templateNamespace;

      $compileNode.empty();

      $templateRequest($sce.getTrustedResourceUrl(templateUrl))
        .then(function(content) {
          var compileNode, tempTemplateAttrs, $template, childBoundTranscludeFn;

          content = denormalizeTemplate(content);

          if (origAsyncDirective.replace) {
            if (jqLiteIsTextNode(content)) {
              $template = [];
            } else {
              $template = removeComments(wrapTemplate(templateNamespace, trim(content)));
            }
            compileNode = $template[0];

            if ($template.length != 1 || compileNode.nodeType !== NODE_TYPE_ELEMENT) {
              throw $compileMinErr('tplrt',
                  "Template for directive '{0}' must have exactly one root element. {1}",
                  origAsyncDirective.name, templateUrl);
            }

            tempTemplateAttrs = {$attr: {}};
            replaceWith($rootElement, $compileNode, compileNode);
            var templateDirectives = collectDirectives(compileNode, [], tempTemplateAttrs);

            if (isObject(origAsyncDirective.scope)) {
              markDirectivesAsIsolate(templateDirectives);
            }
            directives = templateDirectives.concat(directives);
            mergeTemplateAttributes(tAttrs, tempTemplateAttrs);
          } else {
            compileNode = beforeTemplateCompileNode;
            $compileNode.html(content);
          }

          directives.unshift(derivedSyncDirective);

          afterTemplateNodeLinkFn = applyDirectivesToNode(directives, compileNode, tAttrs,
              childTranscludeFn, $compileNode, origAsyncDirective, preLinkFns, postLinkFns,
              previousCompileContext);
          forEach($rootElement, function(node, i) {
            if (node == compileNode) {
              $rootElement[i] = $compileNode[0];
            }
          });
          afterTemplateChildLinkFn = compileNodes($compileNode[0].childNodes, childTranscludeFn);

          while (linkQueue.length) {
            var scope = linkQueue.shift(),
                beforeTemplateLinkNode = linkQueue.shift(),
                linkRootElement = linkQueue.shift(),
                boundTranscludeFn = linkQueue.shift(),
                linkNode = $compileNode[0];

            if (scope.$$destroyed) continue;

            if (beforeTemplateLinkNode !== beforeTemplateCompileNode) {
              var oldClasses = beforeTemplateLinkNode.className;

              if (!(previousCompileContext.hasElementTranscludeDirective &&
                  origAsyncDirective.replace)) {
                // it was cloned therefore we have to clone as well.
                linkNode = jqLiteClone(compileNode);
              }
              replaceWith(linkRootElement, jqLite(beforeTemplateLinkNode), linkNode);

              // Copy in CSS classes from original node
              safeAddClass(jqLite(linkNode), oldClasses);
            }
            if (afterTemplateNodeLinkFn.transcludeOnThisElement) {
              childBoundTranscludeFn = createBoundTranscludeFn(scope, afterTemplateNodeLinkFn.transclude, boundTranscludeFn);
            } else {
              childBoundTranscludeFn = boundTranscludeFn;
            }
            afterTemplateNodeLinkFn(afterTemplateChildLinkFn, scope, linkNode, $rootElement,
              childBoundTranscludeFn);
          }
          linkQueue = null;
        });

      return function delayedNodeLinkFn(ignoreChildLinkFn, scope, node, rootElement, boundTranscludeFn) {
        var childBoundTranscludeFn = boundTranscludeFn;
        if (scope.$$destroyed) return;
        if (linkQueue) {
          linkQueue.push(scope);
          linkQueue.push(node);
          linkQueue.push(rootElement);
          linkQueue.push(childBoundTranscludeFn);
        } else {
          if (afterTemplateNodeLinkFn.transcludeOnThisElement) {
            childBoundTranscludeFn = createBoundTranscludeFn(scope, afterTemplateNodeLinkFn.transclude, boundTranscludeFn);
          }
          afterTemplateNodeLinkFn(afterTemplateChildLinkFn, scope, node, rootElement, childBoundTranscludeFn);
        }
      };
    }


    /**
     * Sorting function for bound directives.
     */
    function byPriority(a, b) {
      var diff = b.priority - a.priority;
      if (diff !== 0) return diff;
      if (a.name !== b.name) return (a.name < b.name) ? -1 : 1;
      return a.index - b.index;
    }


    function assertNoDuplicate(what, previousDirective, directive, element) {
      if (previousDirective) {
        throw $compileMinErr('multidir', 'Multiple directives [{0}, {1}] asking for {2} on: {3}',
            previousDirective.name, directive.name, what, startingTag(element));
      }
    }


    function addTextInterpolateDirective(directives, text) {
      var interpolateFn = $interpolate(text, true);
      if (interpolateFn) {
        directives.push({
          priority: 0,
          compile: function textInterpolateCompileFn(templateNode) {
            var templateNodeParent = templateNode.parent(),
                hasCompileParent = !!templateNodeParent.length;

            // When transcluding a template that has bindings in the root
            // we don't have a parent and thus need to add the class during linking fn.
            if (hasCompileParent) compile.$$addBindingClass(templateNodeParent);

            return function textInterpolateLinkFn(scope, node) {
              var parent = node.parent();
              if (!hasCompileParent) compile.$$addBindingClass(parent);
              compile.$$addBindingInfo(parent, interpolateFn.expressions);
              scope.$watch(interpolateFn, function interpolateFnWatchAction(value) {
                node[0].nodeValue = value;
              });
            };
          }
        });
      }
    }


    function wrapTemplate(type, template) {
      type = lowercase(type || 'html');
      switch (type) {
      case 'svg':
      case 'math':
        var wrapper = document.createElement('div');
        wrapper.innerHTML = '<'+type+'>'+template+'</'+type+'>';
        return wrapper.childNodes[0].childNodes;
      default:
        return template;
      }
    }


    function getTrustedContext(node, attrNormalizedName) {
      if (attrNormalizedName == "srcdoc") {
        return $sce.HTML;
      }
      var tag = nodeName_(node);
      // maction[xlink:href] can source SVG.  It's not limited to <maction>.
      if (attrNormalizedName == "xlinkHref" ||
          (tag == "form" && attrNormalizedName == "action") ||
          (tag != "img" && (attrNormalizedName == "src" ||
                            attrNormalizedName == "ngSrc"))) {
        return $sce.RESOURCE_URL;
      }
    }


    function addAttrInterpolateDirective(node, directives, value, name, allOrNothing) {
      var interpolateFn = $interpolate(value, true);

      // no interpolation found -> ignore
      if (!interpolateFn) return;


      if (name === "multiple" && nodeName_(node) === "select") {
        throw $compileMinErr("selmulti",
            "Binding to the 'multiple' attribute is not supported. Element: {0}",
            startingTag(node));
      }

      directives.push({
        priority: 100,
        compile: function() {
            return {
              pre: function attrInterpolatePreLinkFn(scope, element, attr) {
                var $$observers = (attr.$$observers || (attr.$$observers = {}));

                if (EVENT_HANDLER_ATTR_REGEXP.test(name)) {
                  throw $compileMinErr('nodomevents',
                      "Interpolations for HTML DOM event attributes are disallowed.  Please use the " +
                          "ng- versions (such as ng-click instead of onclick) instead.");
                }

                // If the attribute was removed, then we are done
                if (!attr[name]) {
                  return;
                }

                // we need to interpolate again, in case the attribute value has been updated
                // (e.g. by another directive's compile function)
                interpolateFn = $interpolate(attr[name], true, getTrustedContext(node, name),
                    ALL_OR_NOTHING_ATTRS[name] || allOrNothing);

                // if attribute was updated so that there is no interpolation going on we don't want to
                // register any observers
                if (!interpolateFn) return;

                // initialize attr object so that it's ready in case we need the value for isolate
                // scope initialization, otherwise the value would not be available from isolate
                // directive's linking fn during linking phase
                attr[name] = interpolateFn(scope);

                ($$observers[name] || ($$observers[name] = [])).$$inter = true;
                (attr.$$observers && attr.$$observers[name].$$scope || scope).
                  $watch(interpolateFn, function interpolateFnWatchAction(newValue, oldValue) {
                    //special case for class attribute addition + removal
                    //so that class changes can tap into the animation
                    //hooks provided by the $animate service. Be sure to
                    //skip animations when the first digest occurs (when
                    //both the new and the old values are the same) since
                    //the CSS classes are the non-interpolated values
                    if (name === 'class' && newValue != oldValue) {
                      attr.$updateClass(newValue, oldValue);
                    } else {
                      attr.$set(name, newValue);
                    }
                  });
              }
            };
          }
      });
    }


    /**
     * This is a special jqLite.replaceWith, which can replace items which
     * have no parents, provided that the containing jqLite collection is provided.
     *
     * @param {JqLite=} $rootElement The root of the compile tree. Used so that we can replace nodes
     *                               in the root of the tree.
     * @param {JqLite} elementsToRemove The jqLite element which we are going to replace. We keep
     *                                  the shell, but replace its DOM node reference.
     * @param {Node} newNode The new DOM node.
     */
    function replaceWith($rootElement, elementsToRemove, newNode) {
      var firstElementToRemove = elementsToRemove[0],
          removeCount = elementsToRemove.length,
          parent = firstElementToRemove.parentNode,
          i, ii;

      if ($rootElement) {
        for (i = 0, ii = $rootElement.length; i < ii; i++) {
          if ($rootElement[i] == firstElementToRemove) {
            $rootElement[i++] = newNode;
            for (var j = i, j2 = j + removeCount - 1,
                     jj = $rootElement.length;
                 j < jj; j++, j2++) {
              if (j2 < jj) {
                $rootElement[j] = $rootElement[j2];
              } else {
                delete $rootElement[j];
              }
            }
            $rootElement.length -= removeCount - 1;

            // If the replaced element is also the jQuery .context then replace it
            // .context is a deprecated jQuery api, so we should set it only when jQuery set it
            // http://api.jquery.com/context/
            if ($rootElement.context === firstElementToRemove) {
              $rootElement.context = newNode;
            }
            break;
          }
        }
      }

      if (parent) {
        parent.replaceChild(newNode, firstElementToRemove);
      }

      // TODO(perf): what's this document fragment for? is it needed? can we at least reuse it?
      var fragment = document.createDocumentFragment();
      fragment.appendChild(firstElementToRemove);

      // Copy over user data (that includes Angular's $scope etc.). Don't copy private
      // data here because there's no public interface in jQuery to do that and copying over
      // event listeners (which is the main use of private data) wouldn't work anyway.
      jqLite(newNode).data(jqLite(firstElementToRemove).data());

      // Remove data of the replaced element. We cannot just call .remove()
      // on the element it since that would deallocate scope that is needed
      // for the new node. Instead, remove the data "manually".
      if (!jQuery) {
        delete jqLite.cache[firstElementToRemove[jqLite.expando]];
      } else {
        // jQuery 2.x doesn't expose the data storage. Use jQuery.cleanData to clean up after
        // the replaced element. The cleanData version monkey-patched by Angular would cause
        // the scope to be trashed and we do need the very same scope to work with the new
        // element. However, we cannot just cache the non-patched version and use it here as
        // that would break if another library patches the method after Angular does (one
        // example is jQuery UI). Instead, set a flag indicating scope destroying should be
        // skipped this one time.
        skipDestroyOnNextJQueryCleanData = true;
        jQuery.cleanData([firstElementToRemove]);
      }

      for (var k = 1, kk = elementsToRemove.length; k < kk; k++) {
        var element = elementsToRemove[k];
        jqLite(element).remove(); // must do this way to clean up expando
        fragment.appendChild(element);
        delete elementsToRemove[k];
      }

      elementsToRemove[0] = newNode;
      elementsToRemove.length = 1;
    }


    function cloneAndAnnotateFn(fn, annotation) {
      return extend(function() { return fn.apply(null, arguments); }, fn, annotation);
    }


    function invokeLinkFn(linkFn, scope, $element, attrs, controllers, transcludeFn) {
      try {
        linkFn(scope, $element, attrs, controllers, transcludeFn);
      } catch (e) {
        $exceptionHandler(e, startingTag($element));
      }
    }
  }];
}

var PREFIX_REGEXP = /^((?:x|data)[\:\-_])/i;
/**
 * Converts all accepted directives format into proper directive name.
 * All of these will become 'myDirective':
 *   my:Directive
 *   my-directive
 *   x-my-directive
 *   data-my:directive
 *
 * Also there is special case for Moz prefix starting with upper case letter.
 * @param name Name to normalize
 */
function directiveNormalize(name) {
  return camelCase(name.replace(PREFIX_REGEXP, ''));
}

/**
 * @ngdoc type
 * @name $compile.directive.Attributes
 *
 * @description
 * A shared object between directive compile / linking functions which contains normalized DOM
 * element attributes. The values reflect current binding state `{{ }}`. The normalization is
 * needed since all of these are treated as equivalent in Angular:
 *
 * ```
 *    <span ng:bind="a" ng-bind="a" data-ng-bind="a" x-ng-bind="a">
 * ```
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc property
 * @name $compile.directive.Attributes#$attr
 *
 * @description
 * A map of DOM element attribute names to the normalized name. This is
 * needed to do reverse lookup from normalized name back to actual name.
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name $compile.directive.Attributes#$set
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Set DOM element attribute value.
 *
 *
 * @param {string} name Normalized element attribute name of the property to modify. The name is
 *          reverse-translated using the {@link ng.$compile.directive.Attributes#$attr $attr}
 *          property to the original name.
 * @param {string} value Value to set the attribute to. The value can be an interpolated string.
 */



/**
 * Closure compiler type information
 */

function nodesetLinkingFn(
  /* angular.Scope */ scope,
  /* NodeList */ nodeList,
  /* Element */ rootElement,
  /* function(Function) */ boundTranscludeFn
) {}

function directiveLinkingFn(
  /* nodesetLinkingFn */ nodesetLinkingFn,
  /* angular.Scope */ scope,
  /* Node */ node,
  /* Element */ rootElement,
  /* function(Function) */ boundTranscludeFn
) {}

function tokenDifference(str1, str2) {
  var values = '',
      tokens1 = str1.split(/\s+/),
      tokens2 = str2.split(/\s+/);

  outer:
  for (var i = 0; i < tokens1.length; i++) {
    var token = tokens1[i];
    for (var j = 0; j < tokens2.length; j++) {
      if (token == tokens2[j]) continue outer;
    }
    values += (values.length > 0 ? ' ' : '') + token;
  }
  return values;
}

function removeComments(jqNodes) {
  jqNodes = jqLite(jqNodes);
  var i = jqNodes.length;

  if (i <= 1) {
    return jqNodes;
  }

  while (i--) {
    var node = jqNodes[i];
    if (node.nodeType === NODE_TYPE_COMMENT) {
      splice.call(jqNodes, i, 1);
    }
  }
  return jqNodes;
}

/**
 * @ngdoc provider
 * @name $controllerProvider
 * @description
 * The {@link ng.$controller $controller service} is used by Angular to create new
 * controllers.
 *
 * This provider allows controller registration via the
 * {@link ng.$controllerProvider#register register} method.
 */
function $ControllerProvider() {
  var controllers = {},
      globals = false,
      CNTRL_REG = /^(\S+)(\s+as\s+(\w+))?$/;


  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $controllerProvider#register
   * @param {string|Object} name Controller name, or an object map of controllers where the keys are
   *    the names and the values are the constructors.
   * @param {Function|Array} constructor Controller constructor fn (optionally decorated with DI
   *    annotations in the array notation).
   */
  this.register = function(name, constructor) {
    assertNotHasOwnProperty(name, 'controller');
    if (isObject(name)) {
      extend(controllers, name);
    } else {
      controllers[name] = constructor;
    }
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $controllerProvider#allowGlobals
   * @description If called, allows `$controller` to find controller constructors on `window`
   */
  this.allowGlobals = function() {
    globals = true;
  };


  this.$get = ['$injector', '$window', function($injector, $window) {

    /**
     * @ngdoc service
     * @name $controller
     * @requires $injector
     *
     * @param {Function|string} constructor If called with a function then it's considered to be the
     *    controller constructor function. Otherwise it's considered to be a string which is used
     *    to retrieve the controller constructor using the following steps:
     *
     *    * check if a controller with given name is registered via `$controllerProvider`
     *    * check if evaluating the string on the current scope returns a constructor
     *    * if $controllerProvider#allowGlobals, check `window[constructor]` on the global
     *      `window` object (not recommended)
     *
     * @param {Object} locals Injection locals for Controller.
     * @return {Object} Instance of given controller.
     *
     * @description
     * `$controller` service is responsible for instantiating controllers.
     *
     * It's just a simple call to {@link auto.$injector $injector}, but extracted into
     * a service, so that one can override this service with [BC version](https://gist.github.com/1649788).
     */
    return function(expression, locals, later, ident) {
      // PRIVATE API:
      //   param `later` --- indicates that the controller's constructor is invoked at a later time.
      //                     If true, $controller will allocate the object with the correct
      //                     prototype chain, but will not invoke the controller until a returned
      //                     callback is invoked.
      //   param `ident` --- An optional label which overrides the label parsed from the controller
      //                     expression, if any.
      var instance, match, constructor, identifier;
      later = later === true;
      if (ident && isString(ident)) {
        identifier = ident;
      }

      if (isString(expression)) {
        match = expression.match(CNTRL_REG),
        constructor = match[1],
        identifier = identifier || match[3];
        expression = controllers.hasOwnProperty(constructor)
            ? controllers[constructor]
            : getter(locals.$scope, constructor, true) ||
                (globals ? getter($window, constructor, true) : undefined);

        assertArgFn(expression, constructor, true);
      }

      if (later) {
        // Instantiate controller later:
        // This machinery is used to create an instance of the object before calling the
        // controller's constructor itself.
        //
        // This allows properties to be added to the controller before the constructor is
        // invoked. Primarily, this is used for isolate scope bindings in $compile.
        //
        // This feature is not intended for use by applications, and is thus not documented
        // publicly.
        var Constructor = function() {};
        Constructor.prototype = (isArray(expression) ?
          expression[expression.length - 1] : expression).prototype;
        instance = new Constructor();

        if (identifier) {
          addIdentifier(locals, identifier, instance, constructor || expression.name);
        }

        return extend(function() {
          $injector.invoke(expression, instance, locals, constructor);
          return instance;
        }, {
          instance: instance,
          identifier: identifier
        });
      }

      instance = $injector.instantiate(expression, locals, constructor);

      if (identifier) {
        addIdentifier(locals, identifier, instance, constructor || expression.name);
      }

      return instance;
    };

    function addIdentifier(locals, identifier, instance, name) {
      if (!(locals && isObject(locals.$scope))) {
        throw minErr('$controller')('noscp',
          "Cannot export controller '{0}' as '{1}'! No $scope object provided via `locals`.",
          name, identifier);
      }

      locals.$scope[identifier] = instance;
    }
  }];
}

/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $document
 * @requires $window
 *
 * @description
 * A {@link angular.element jQuery or jqLite} wrapper for the browser's `window.document` object.
 *
 * @example
   <example module="documentExample">
     <file name="index.html">
       <div ng-controller="ExampleController">
         <p>$document title: <b ng-bind="title"></b></p>
         <p>window.document title: <b ng-bind="windowTitle"></b></p>
       </div>
     </file>
     <file name="script.js">
       angular.module('documentExample', [])
         .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', '$document', function($scope, $document) {
           $scope.title = $document[0].title;
           $scope.windowTitle = angular.element(window.document)[0].title;
         }]);
     </file>
   </example>
 */
function $DocumentProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$window', function(window) {
    return jqLite(window.document);
  }];
}

/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $exceptionHandler
 * @requires ng.$log
 *
 * @description
 * Any uncaught exception in angular expressions is delegated to this service.
 * The default implementation simply delegates to `$log.error` which logs it into
 * the browser console.
 *
 * In unit tests, if `angular-mocks.js` is loaded, this service is overridden by
 * {@link ngMock.$exceptionHandler mock $exceptionHandler} which aids in testing.
 *
 * ## Example:
 *
 * ```js
 *   angular.module('exceptionOverride', []).factory('$exceptionHandler', function() {
 *     return function(exception, cause) {
 *       exception.message += ' (caused by "' + cause + '")';
 *       throw exception;
 *     };
 *   });
 * ```
 *
 * This example will override the normal action of `$exceptionHandler`, to make angular
 * exceptions fail hard when they happen, instead of just logging to the console.
 *
 * <hr />
 * Note, that code executed in event-listeners (even those registered using jqLite's `on`/`bind`
 * methods) does not delegate exceptions to the {@link ng.$exceptionHandler $exceptionHandler}
 * (unless executed during a digest).
 *
 * If you wish, you can manually delegate exceptions, e.g.
 * `try { ... } catch(e) { $exceptionHandler(e); }`
 *
 * @param {Error} exception Exception associated with the error.
 * @param {string=} cause optional information about the context in which
 *       the error was thrown.
 *
 */
function $ExceptionHandlerProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$log', function($log) {
    return function(exception, cause) {
      $log.error.apply($log, arguments);
    };
  }];
}

var APPLICATION_JSON = 'application/json';
var CONTENT_TYPE_APPLICATION_JSON = {'Content-Type': APPLICATION_JSON + ';charset=utf-8'};
var JSON_START = /^\s*(\[|\{[^\{])/;
var JSON_END = /[\}\]]\s*$/;
var JSON_PROTECTION_PREFIX = /^\)\]\}',?\n/;

function defaultHttpResponseTransform(data, headers) {
  if (isString(data)) {
    // strip json vulnerability protection prefix
    data = data.replace(JSON_PROTECTION_PREFIX, '');
    var contentType = headers('Content-Type');
    if ((contentType && contentType.indexOf(APPLICATION_JSON) === 0) ||
        (JSON_START.test(data) && JSON_END.test(data))) {
      data = fromJson(data);
    }
  }
  return data;
}

/**
 * Parse headers into key value object
 *
 * @param {string} headers Raw headers as a string
 * @returns {Object} Parsed headers as key value object
 */
function parseHeaders(headers) {
  var parsed = {}, key, val, i;

  if (!headers) return parsed;

  forEach(headers.split('\n'), function(line) {
    i = line.indexOf(':');
    key = lowercase(trim(line.substr(0, i)));
    val = trim(line.substr(i + 1));

    if (key) {
      parsed[key] = parsed[key] ? parsed[key] + ', ' + val : val;
    }
  });

  return parsed;
}


/**
 * Returns a function that provides access to parsed headers.
 *
 * Headers are lazy parsed when first requested.
 * @see parseHeaders
 *
 * @param {(string|Object)} headers Headers to provide access to.
 * @returns {function(string=)} Returns a getter function which if called with:
 *
 *   - if called with single an argument returns a single header value or null
 *   - if called with no arguments returns an object containing all headers.
 */
function headersGetter(headers) {
  var headersObj = isObject(headers) ? headers : undefined;

  return function(name) {
    if (!headersObj) headersObj =  parseHeaders(headers);

    if (name) {
      return headersObj[lowercase(name)] || null;
    }

    return headersObj;
  };
}


/**
 * Chain all given functions
 *
 * This function is used for both request and response transforming
 *
 * @param {*} data Data to transform.
 * @param {function(string=)} headers Http headers getter fn.
 * @param {(Function|Array.<Function>)} fns Function or an array of functions.
 * @returns {*} Transformed data.
 */
function transformData(data, headers, fns) {
  if (isFunction(fns))
    return fns(data, headers);

  forEach(fns, function(fn) {
    data = fn(data, headers);
  });

  return data;
}


function isSuccess(status) {
  return 200 <= status && status < 300;
}


/**
 * @ngdoc provider
 * @name $httpProvider
 * @description
 * Use `$httpProvider` to change the default behavior of the {@link ng.$http $http} service.
 * */
function $HttpProvider() {
  /**
   * @ngdoc property
   * @name $httpProvider#defaults
   * @description
   *
   * Object containing default values for all {@link ng.$http $http} requests.
   *
   * - **`defaults.xsrfCookieName`** - {string} - Name of cookie containing the XSRF token.
   * Defaults value is `'XSRF-TOKEN'`.
   *
   * - **`defaults.xsrfHeaderName`** - {string} - Name of HTTP header to populate with the
   * XSRF token. Defaults value is `'X-XSRF-TOKEN'`.
   *
   * - **`defaults.headers`** - {Object} - Default headers for all $http requests.
   * Refer to {@link ng.$http#setting-http-headers $http} for documentation on
   * setting default headers.
   *     - **`defaults.headers.common`**
   *     - **`defaults.headers.post`**
   *     - **`defaults.headers.put`**
   *     - **`defaults.headers.patch`**
   **/
  var defaults = this.defaults = {
    // transform incoming response data
    transformResponse: [defaultHttpResponseTransform],

    // transform outgoing request data
    transformRequest: [function(d) {
      return isObject(d) && !isFile(d) && !isBlob(d) ? toJson(d) : d;
    }],

    // default headers
    headers: {
      common: {
        'Accept': 'application/json, text/plain, */*'
      },
      post:   shallowCopy(CONTENT_TYPE_APPLICATION_JSON),
      put:    shallowCopy(CONTENT_TYPE_APPLICATION_JSON),
      patch:  shallowCopy(CONTENT_TYPE_APPLICATION_JSON)
    },

    xsrfCookieName: 'XSRF-TOKEN',
    xsrfHeaderName: 'X-XSRF-TOKEN'
  };

  var useApplyAsync = false;
  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $httpProvider#useApplyAsync
   * @description
   *
   * Configure $http service to combine processing of multiple http responses received at around
   * the same time via {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$applyAsync $rootScope.$applyAsync}. This can result in
   * significant performance improvement for bigger applications that make many HTTP requests
   * concurrently (common during application bootstrap).
   *
   * Defaults to false. If no value is specifed, returns the current configured value.
   *
   * @param {boolean=} value If true, when requests are loaded, they will schedule a deferred
   *    "apply" on the next tick, giving time for subsequent requests in a roughly ~10ms window
   *    to load and share the same digest cycle.
   *
   * @returns {boolean|Object} If a value is specified, returns the $httpProvider for chaining.
   *    otherwise, returns the current configured value.
   **/
  this.useApplyAsync = function(value) {
    if (isDefined(value)) {
      useApplyAsync = !!value;
      return this;
    }
    return useApplyAsync;
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc property
   * @name $httpProvider#interceptors
   * @description
   *
   * Array containing service factories for all synchronous or asynchronous {@link ng.$http $http}
   * pre-processing of request or postprocessing of responses.
   *
   * These service factories are ordered by request, i.e. they are applied in the same order as the
   * array, on request, but reverse order, on response.
   *
   * {@link ng.$http#interceptors Interceptors detailed info}
   **/
  var interceptorFactories = this.interceptors = [];

  this.$get = ['$httpBackend', '$browser', '$cacheFactory', '$rootScope', '$q', '$injector',
      function($httpBackend, $browser, $cacheFactory, $rootScope, $q, $injector) {

    var defaultCache = $cacheFactory('$http');

    /**
     * Interceptors stored in reverse order. Inner interceptors before outer interceptors.
     * The reversal is needed so that we can build up the interception chain around the
     * server request.
     */
    var reversedInterceptors = [];

    forEach(interceptorFactories, function(interceptorFactory) {
      reversedInterceptors.unshift(isString(interceptorFactory)
          ? $injector.get(interceptorFactory) : $injector.invoke(interceptorFactory));
    });

    /**
     * @ngdoc service
     * @kind function
     * @name $http
     * @requires ng.$httpBackend
     * @requires $cacheFactory
     * @requires $rootScope
     * @requires $q
     * @requires $injector
     *
     * @description
     * The `$http` service is a core Angular service that facilitates communication with the remote
     * HTTP servers via the browser's [XMLHttpRequest](https://developer.mozilla.org/en/xmlhttprequest)
     * object or via [JSONP](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JSONP).
     *
     * For unit testing applications that use `$http` service, see
     * {@link ngMock.$httpBackend $httpBackend mock}.
     *
     * For a higher level of abstraction, please check out the {@link ngResource.$resource
     * $resource} service.
     *
     * The $http API is based on the {@link ng.$q deferred/promise APIs} exposed by
     * the $q service. While for simple usage patterns this doesn't matter much, for advanced usage
     * it is important to familiarize yourself with these APIs and the guarantees they provide.
     *
     *
     * ## General usage
     * The `$http` service is a function which takes a single argument — a configuration object —
     * that is used to generate an HTTP request and returns  a {@link ng.$q promise}
     * with two $http specific methods: `success` and `error`.
     *
     * ```js
     *   // Simple GET request example :
     *   $http.get('/someUrl').
     *     success(function(data, status, headers, config) {
     *       // this callback will be called asynchronously
     *       // when the response is available
     *     }).
     *     error(function(data, status, headers, config) {
     *       // called asynchronously if an error occurs
     *       // or server returns response with an error status.
     *     });
     * ```
     *
     * ```js
     *   // Simple POST request example (passing data) :
     *   $http.post('/someUrl', {msg:'hello word!'}).
     *     success(function(data, status, headers, config) {
     *       // this callback will be called asynchronously
     *       // when the response is available
     *     }).
     *     error(function(data, status, headers, config) {
     *       // called asynchronously if an error occurs
     *       // or server returns response with an error status.
     *     });
     * ```
     *
     *
     * Since the returned value of calling the $http function is a `promise`, you can also use
     * the `then` method to register callbacks, and these callbacks will receive a single argument –
     * an object representing the response. See the API signature and type info below for more
     * details.
     *
     * A response status code between 200 and 299 is considered a success status and
     * will result in the success callback being called. Note that if the response is a redirect,
     * XMLHttpRequest will transparently follow it, meaning that the error callback will not be
     * called for such responses.
     *
     * ## Writing Unit Tests that use $http
     * When unit testing (using {@link ngMock ngMock}), it is necessary to call
     * {@link ngMock.$httpBackend#flush $httpBackend.flush()} to flush each pending
     * request using trained responses.
     *
     * ```
     * $httpBackend.expectGET(...);
     * $http.get(...);
     * $httpBackend.flush();
     * ```
     *
     * ## Shortcut methods
     *
     * Shortcut methods are also available. All shortcut methods require passing in the URL, and
     * request data must be passed in for POST/PUT requests.
     *
     * ```js
     *   $http.get('/someUrl').success(successCallback);
     *   $http.post('/someUrl', data).success(successCallback);
     * ```
     *
     * Complete list of shortcut methods:
     *
     * - {@link ng.$http#get $http.get}
     * - {@link ng.$http#head $http.head}
     * - {@link ng.$http#post $http.post}
     * - {@link ng.$http#put $http.put}
     * - {@link ng.$http#delete $http.delete}
     * - {@link ng.$http#jsonp $http.jsonp}
     * - {@link ng.$http#patch $http.patch}
     *
     *
     * ## Setting HTTP Headers
     *
     * The $http service will automatically add certain HTTP headers to all requests. These defaults
     * can be fully configured by accessing the `$httpProvider.defaults.headers` configuration
     * object, which currently contains this default configuration:
     *
     * - `$httpProvider.defaults.headers.common` (headers that are common for all requests):
     *   - `Accept: application/json, text/plain, * / *`
     * - `$httpProvider.defaults.headers.post`: (header defaults for POST requests)
     *   - `Content-Type: application/json`
     * - `$httpProvider.defaults.headers.put` (header defaults for PUT requests)
     *   - `Content-Type: application/json`
     *
     * To add or overwrite these defaults, simply add or remove a property from these configuration
     * objects. To add headers for an HTTP method other than POST or PUT, simply add a new object
     * with the lowercased HTTP method name as the key, e.g.
     * `$httpProvider.defaults.headers.get = { 'My-Header' : 'value' }.
     *
     * The defaults can also be set at runtime via the `$http.defaults` object in the same
     * fashion. For example:
     *
     * ```
     * module.run(function($http) {
     *   $http.defaults.headers.common.Authorization = 'Basic YmVlcDpib29w'
     * });
     * ```
     *
     * In addition, you can supply a `headers` property in the config object passed when
     * calling `$http(config)`, which overrides the defaults without changing them globally.
     *
     *
     * ## Transforming Requests and Responses
     *
     * Both requests and responses can be transformed using transformation functions: `transformRequest`
     * and `transformResponse`. These properties can be a single function that returns
     * the transformed value (`{function(data, headersGetter)`) or an array of such transformation functions,
     * which allows you to `push` or `unshift` a new transformation function into the transformation chain.
     *
     * ### Default Transformations
     *
     * The `$httpProvider` provider and `$http` service expose `defaults.transformRequest` and
     * `defaults.transformResponse` properties. If a request does not provide its own transformations
     * then these will be applied.
     *
     * You can augment or replace the default transformations by modifying these properties by adding to or
     * replacing the array.
     *
     * Angular provides the following default transformations:
     *
     * Request transformations (`$httpProvider.defaults.transformRequest` and `$http.defaults.transformRequest`):
     *
     * - If the `data` property of the request configuration object contains an object, serialize it
     *   into JSON format.
     *
     * Response transformations (`$httpProvider.defaults.transformResponse` and `$http.defaults.transformResponse`):
     *
     *  - If XSRF prefix is detected, strip it (see Security Considerations section below).
     *  - If JSON response is detected, deserialize it using a JSON parser.
     *
     *
     * ### Overriding the Default Transformations Per Request
     *
     * If you wish override the request/response transformations only for a single request then provide
     * `transformRequest` and/or `transformResponse` properties on the configuration object passed
     * into `$http`.
     *
     * Note that if you provide these properties on the config object the default transformations will be
     * overwritten. If you wish to augment the default transformations then you must include them in your
     * local transformation array.
     *
     * The following code demonstrates adding a new response transformation to be run after the default response
     * transformations have been run.
     *
     * ```js
     * function appendTransform(defaults, transform) {
     *
     *   // We can't guarantee that the default transformation is an array
     *   defaults = angular.isArray(defaults) ? defaults : [defaults];
     *
     *   // Append the new transformation to the defaults
     *   return defaults.concat(transform);
     * }
     *
     * $http({
     *   url: '...',
     *   method: 'GET',
     *   transformResponse: appendTransform($http.defaults.transformResponse, function(value) {
     *     return doTransform(value);
     *   })
     * });
     * ```
     *
     *
     * ## Caching
     *
     * To enable caching, set the request configuration `cache` property to `true` (to use default
     * cache) or to a custom cache object (built with {@link ng.$cacheFactory `$cacheFactory`}).
     * When the cache is enabled, `$http` stores the response from the server in the specified
     * cache. The next time the same request is made, the response is served from the cache without
     * sending a request to the server.
     *
     * Note that even if the response is served from cache, delivery of the data is asynchronous in
     * the same way that real requests are.
     *
     * If there are multiple GET requests for the same URL that should be cached using the same
     * cache, but the cache is not populated yet, only one request to the server will be made and
     * the remaining requests will be fulfilled using the response from the first request.
     *
     * You can change the default cache to a new object (built with
     * {@link ng.$cacheFactory `$cacheFactory`}) by updating the
     * {@link ng.$http#defaults `$http.defaults.cache`} property. All requests who set
     * their `cache` property to `true` will now use this cache object.
     *
     * If you set the default cache to `false` then only requests that specify their own custom
     * cache object will be cached.
     *
     * ## Interceptors
     *
     * Before you start creating interceptors, be sure to understand the
     * {@link ng.$q $q and deferred/promise APIs}.
     *
     * For purposes of global error handling, authentication, or any kind of synchronous or
     * asynchronous pre-processing of request or postprocessing of responses, it is desirable to be
     * able to intercept requests before they are handed to the server and
     * responses before they are handed over to the application code that
     * initiated these requests. The interceptors leverage the {@link ng.$q
     * promise APIs} to fulfill this need for both synchronous and asynchronous pre-processing.
     *
     * The interceptors are service factories that are registered with the `$httpProvider` by
     * adding them to the `$httpProvider.interceptors` array. The factory is called and
     * injected with dependencies (if specified) and returns the interceptor.
     *
     * There are two kinds of interceptors (and two kinds of rejection interceptors):
     *
     *   * `request`: interceptors get called with a http `config` object. The function is free to
     *     modify the `config` object or create a new one. The function needs to return the `config`
     *     object directly, or a promise containing the `config` or a new `config` object.
     *   * `requestError`: interceptor gets called when a previous interceptor threw an error or
     *     resolved with a rejection.
     *   * `response`: interceptors get called with http `response` object. The function is free to
     *     modify the `response` object or create a new one. The function needs to return the `response`
     *     object directly, or as a promise containing the `response` or a new `response` object.
     *   * `responseError`: interceptor gets called when a previous interceptor threw an error or
     *     resolved with a rejection.
     *
     *
     * ```js
     *   // register the interceptor as a service
     *   $provide.factory('myHttpInterceptor', function($q, dependency1, dependency2) {
     *     return {
     *       // optional method
     *       'request': function(config) {
     *         // do something on success
     *         return config;
     *       },
     *
     *       // optional method
     *      'requestError': function(rejection) {
     *         // do something on error
     *         if (canRecover(rejection)) {
     *           return responseOrNewPromise
     *         }
     *         return $q.reject(rejection);
     *       },
     *
     *
     *
     *       // optional method
     *       'response': function(response) {
     *         // do something on success
     *         return response;
     *       },
     *
     *       // optional method
     *      'responseError': function(rejection) {
     *         // do something on error
     *         if (canRecover(rejection)) {
     *           return responseOrNewPromise
     *         }
     *         return $q.reject(rejection);
     *       }
     *     };
     *   });
     *
     *   $httpProvider.interceptors.push('myHttpInterceptor');
     *
     *
     *   // alternatively, register the interceptor via an anonymous factory
     *   $httpProvider.interceptors.push(function($q, dependency1, dependency2) {
     *     return {
     *      'request': function(config) {
     *          // same as above
     *       },
     *
     *       'response': function(response) {
     *          // same as above
     *       }
     *     };
     *   });
     * ```
     *
     * ## Security Considerations
     *
     * When designing web applications, consider security threats from:
     *
     * - [JSON vulnerability](http://haacked.com/archive/2008/11/20/anatomy-of-a-subtle-json-vulnerability.aspx)
     * - [XSRF](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross-site_request_forgery)
     *
     * Both server and the client must cooperate in order to eliminate these threats. Angular comes
     * pre-configured with strategies that address these issues, but for this to work backend server
     * cooperation is required.
     *
     * ### JSON Vulnerability Protection
     *
     * A [JSON vulnerability](http://haacked.com/archive/2008/11/20/anatomy-of-a-subtle-json-vulnerability.aspx)
     * allows third party website to turn your JSON resource URL into
     * [JSONP](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JSONP) request under some conditions. To
     * counter this your server can prefix all JSON requests with following string `")]}',\n"`.
     * Angular will automatically strip the prefix before processing it as JSON.
     *
     * For example if your server needs to return:
     * ```js
     * ['one','two']
     * ```
     *
     * which is vulnerable to attack, your server can return:
     * ```js
     * )]}',
     * ['one','two']
     * ```
     *
     * Angular will strip the prefix, before processing the JSON.
     *
     *
     * ### Cross Site Request Forgery (XSRF) Protection
     *
     * [XSRF](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross-site_request_forgery) is a technique by which
     * an unauthorized site can gain your user's private data. Angular provides a mechanism
     * to counter XSRF. When performing XHR requests, the $http service reads a token from a cookie
     * (by default, `XSRF-TOKEN`) and sets it as an HTTP header (`X-XSRF-TOKEN`). Since only
     * JavaScript that runs on your domain could read the cookie, your server can be assured that
     * the XHR came from JavaScript running on your domain. The header will not be set for
     * cross-domain requests.
     *
     * To take advantage of this, your server needs to set a token in a JavaScript readable session
     * cookie called `XSRF-TOKEN` on the first HTTP GET request. On subsequent XHR requests the
     * server can verify that the cookie matches `X-XSRF-TOKEN` HTTP header, and therefore be sure
     * that only JavaScript running on your domain could have sent the request. The token must be
     * unique for each user and must be verifiable by the server (to prevent the JavaScript from
     * making up its own tokens). We recommend that the token is a digest of your site's
     * authentication cookie with a [salt](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salt_(cryptography&#41;)
     * for added security.
     *
     * The name of the headers can be specified using the xsrfHeaderName and xsrfCookieName
     * properties of either $httpProvider.defaults at config-time, $http.defaults at run-time,
     * or the per-request config object.
     *
     *
     * @param {object} config Object describing the request to be made and how it should be
     *    processed. The object has following properties:
     *
     *    - **method** – `{string}` – HTTP method (e.g. 'GET', 'POST', etc)
     *    - **url** – `{string}` – Absolute or relative URL of the resource that is being requested.
     *    - **params** – `{Object.<string|Object>}` – Map of strings or objects which will be turned
     *      to `?key1=value1&key2=value2` after the url. If the value is not a string, it will be
     *      JSONified.
     *    - **data** – `{string|Object}` – Data to be sent as the request message data.
     *    - **headers** – `{Object}` – Map of strings or functions which return strings representing
     *      HTTP headers to send to the server. If the return value of a function is null, the
     *      header will not be sent.
     *    - **xsrfHeaderName** – `{string}` – Name of HTTP header to populate with the XSRF token.
     *    - **xsrfCookieName** – `{string}` – Name of cookie containing the XSRF token.
     *    - **transformRequest** –
     *      `{function(data, headersGetter)|Array.<function(data, headersGetter)>}` –
     *      transform function or an array of such functions. The transform function takes the http
     *      request body and headers and returns its transformed (typically serialized) version.
     *      See {@link #overriding-the-default-transformations-per-request Overriding the Default Transformations}
     *    - **transformResponse** –
     *      `{function(data, headersGetter)|Array.<function(data, headersGetter)>}` –
     *      transform function or an array of such functions. The transform function takes the http
     *      response body and headers and returns its transformed (typically deserialized) version.
     *      See {@link #overriding-the-default-transformations-per-request Overriding the Default Transformations}
     *    - **cache** – `{boolean|Cache}` – If true, a default $http cache will be used to cache the
     *      GET request, otherwise if a cache instance built with
     *      {@link ng.$cacheFactory $cacheFactory}, this cache will be used for
     *      caching.
     *    - **timeout** – `{number|Promise}` – timeout in milliseconds, or {@link ng.$q promise}
     *      that should abort the request when resolved.
     *    - **withCredentials** - `{boolean}` - whether to set the `withCredentials` flag on the
     *      XHR object. See [requests with credentials](https://developer.mozilla.org/docs/Web/HTTP/Access_control_CORS#Requests_with_credentials)
     *      for more information.
     *    - **responseType** - `{string}` - see
     *      [requestType](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/DOM/XMLHttpRequest#responseType).
     *
     * @returns {HttpPromise} Returns a {@link ng.$q promise} object with the
     *   standard `then` method and two http specific methods: `success` and `error`. The `then`
     *   method takes two arguments a success and an error callback which will be called with a
     *   response object. The `success` and `error` methods take a single argument - a function that
     *   will be called when the request succeeds or fails respectively. The arguments passed into
     *   these functions are destructured representation of the response object passed into the
     *   `then` method. The response object has these properties:
     *
     *   - **data** – `{string|Object}` – The response body transformed with the transform
     *     functions.
     *   - **status** – `{number}` – HTTP status code of the response.
     *   - **headers** – `{function([headerName])}` – Header getter function.
     *   - **config** – `{Object}` – The configuration object that was used to generate the request.
     *   - **statusText** – `{string}` – HTTP status text of the response.
     *
     * @property {Array.<Object>} pendingRequests Array of config objects for currently pending
     *   requests. This is primarily meant to be used for debugging purposes.
     *
     *
     * @example
<example module="httpExample">
<file name="index.html">
  <div ng-controller="FetchController">
    <select ng-model="method">
      <option>GET</option>
      <option>JSONP</option>
    </select>
    <input type="text" ng-model="url" size="80"/>
    <button id="fetchbtn" ng-click="fetch()">fetch</button><br>
    <button id="samplegetbtn" ng-click="updateModel('GET', 'http-hello.html')">Sample GET</button>
    <button id="samplejsonpbtn"
      ng-click="updateModel('JSONP',
                    'https://angularjs.org/greet.php?callback=JSON_CALLBACK&name=Super%20Hero')">
      Sample JSONP
    </button>
    <button id="invalidjsonpbtn"
      ng-click="updateModel('JSONP', 'https://angularjs.org/doesntexist&callback=JSON_CALLBACK')">
        Invalid JSONP
      </button>
    <pre>http status code: {{status}}</pre>
    <pre>http response data: {{data}}</pre>
  </div>
</file>
<file name="script.js">
  angular.module('httpExample', [])
    .controller('FetchController', ['$scope', '$http', '$templateCache',
      function($scope, $http, $templateCache) {
        $scope.method = 'GET';
        $scope.url = 'http-hello.html';

        $scope.fetch = function() {
          $scope.code = null;
          $scope.response = null;

          $http({method: $scope.method, url: $scope.url, cache: $templateCache}).
            success(function(data, status) {
              $scope.status = status;
              $scope.data = data;
            }).
            error(function(data, status) {
              $scope.data = data || "Request failed";
              $scope.status = status;
          });
        };

        $scope.updateModel = function(method, url) {
          $scope.method = method;
          $scope.url = url;
        };
      }]);
</file>
<file name="http-hello.html">
  Hello, $http!
</file>
<file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
  var status = element(by.binding('status'));
  var data = element(by.binding('data'));
  var fetchBtn = element(by.id('fetchbtn'));
  var sampleGetBtn = element(by.id('samplegetbtn'));
  var sampleJsonpBtn = element(by.id('samplejsonpbtn'));
  var invalidJsonpBtn = element(by.id('invalidjsonpbtn'));

  it('should make an xhr GET request', function() {
    sampleGetBtn.click();
    fetchBtn.click();
    expect(status.getText()).toMatch('200');
    expect(data.getText()).toMatch(/Hello, \$http!/);
  });

// Commented out due to flakes. See https://github.com/angular/angular.js/issues/9185
// it('should make a JSONP request to angularjs.org', function() {
//   sampleJsonpBtn.click();
//   fetchBtn.click();
//   expect(status.getText()).toMatch('200');
//   expect(data.getText()).toMatch(/Super Hero!/);
// });

  it('should make JSONP request to invalid URL and invoke the error handler',
      function() {
    invalidJsonpBtn.click();
    fetchBtn.click();
    expect(status.getText()).toMatch('0');
    expect(data.getText()).toMatch('Request failed');
  });
</file>
</example>
     */
    function $http(requestConfig) {
      var config = {
        method: 'get',
        transformRequest: defaults.transformRequest,
        transformResponse: defaults.transformResponse
      };
      var headers = mergeHeaders(requestConfig);

      extend(config, requestConfig);
      config.headers = headers;
      config.method = uppercase(config.method);

      var serverRequest = function(config) {
        headers = config.headers;
        var reqData = transformData(config.data, headersGetter(headers), config.transformRequest);

        // strip content-type if data is undefined
        if (isUndefined(reqData)) {
          forEach(headers, function(value, header) {
            if (lowercase(header) === 'content-type') {
                delete headers[header];
            }
          });
        }

        if (isUndefined(config.withCredentials) && !isUndefined(defaults.withCredentials)) {
          config.withCredentials = defaults.withCredentials;
        }

        // send request
        return sendReq(config, reqData, headers).then(transformResponse, transformResponse);
      };

      var chain = [serverRequest, undefined];
      var promise = $q.when(config);

      // apply interceptors
      forEach(reversedInterceptors, function(interceptor) {
        if (interceptor.request || interceptor.requestError) {
          chain.unshift(interceptor.request, interceptor.requestError);
        }
        if (interceptor.response || interceptor.responseError) {
          chain.push(interceptor.response, interceptor.responseError);
        }
      });

      while (chain.length) {
        var thenFn = chain.shift();
        var rejectFn = chain.shift();

        promise = promise.then(thenFn, rejectFn);
      }

      promise.success = function(fn) {
        promise.then(function(response) {
          fn(response.data, response.status, response.headers, config);
        });
        return promise;
      };

      promise.error = function(fn) {
        promise.then(null, function(response) {
          fn(response.data, response.status, response.headers, config);
        });
        return promise;
      };

      return promise;

      function transformResponse(response) {
        // make a copy since the response must be cacheable
        var resp = extend({}, response);
        if (!response.data) {
          resp.data = response.data;
        } else {
          resp.data = transformData(response.data, response.headers, config.transformResponse);
        }
        return (isSuccess(response.status))
          ? resp
          : $q.reject(resp);
      }

      function mergeHeaders(config) {
        var defHeaders = defaults.headers,
            reqHeaders = extend({}, config.headers),
            defHeaderName, lowercaseDefHeaderName, reqHeaderName;

        defHeaders = extend({}, defHeaders.common, defHeaders[lowercase(config.method)]);

        // using for-in instead of forEach to avoid unecessary iteration after header has been found
        defaultHeadersIteration:
        for (defHeaderName in defHeaders) {
          lowercaseDefHeaderName = lowercase(defHeaderName);

          for (reqHeaderName in reqHeaders) {
            if (lowercase(reqHeaderName) === lowercaseDefHeaderName) {
              continue defaultHeadersIteration;
            }
          }

          reqHeaders[defHeaderName] = defHeaders[defHeaderName];
        }

        // execute if header value is a function for merged headers
        execHeaders(reqHeaders);
        return reqHeaders;

        function execHeaders(headers) {
          var headerContent;

          forEach(headers, function(headerFn, header) {
            if (isFunction(headerFn)) {
              headerContent = headerFn();
              if (headerContent != null) {
                headers[header] = headerContent;
              } else {
                delete headers[header];
              }
            }
          });
        }
      }
    }

    $http.pendingRequests = [];

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $http#get
     *
     * @description
     * Shortcut method to perform `GET` request.
     *
     * @param {string} url Relative or absolute URL specifying the destination of the request
     * @param {Object=} config Optional configuration object
     * @returns {HttpPromise} Future object
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $http#delete
     *
     * @description
     * Shortcut method to perform `DELETE` request.
     *
     * @param {string} url Relative or absolute URL specifying the destination of the request
     * @param {Object=} config Optional configuration object
     * @returns {HttpPromise} Future object
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $http#head
     *
     * @description
     * Shortcut method to perform `HEAD` request.
     *
     * @param {string} url Relative or absolute URL specifying the destination of the request
     * @param {Object=} config Optional configuration object
     * @returns {HttpPromise} Future object
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $http#jsonp
     *
     * @description
     * Shortcut method to perform `JSONP` request.
     *
     * @param {string} url Relative or absolute URL specifying the destination of the request.
     *                     The name of the callback should be the string `JSON_CALLBACK`.
     * @param {Object=} config Optional configuration object
     * @returns {HttpPromise} Future object
     */
    createShortMethods('get', 'delete', 'head', 'jsonp');

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $http#post
     *
     * @description
     * Shortcut method to perform `POST` request.
     *
     * @param {string} url Relative or absolute URL specifying the destination of the request
     * @param {*} data Request content
     * @param {Object=} config Optional configuration object
     * @returns {HttpPromise} Future object
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $http#put
     *
     * @description
     * Shortcut method to perform `PUT` request.
     *
     * @param {string} url Relative or absolute URL specifying the destination of the request
     * @param {*} data Request content
     * @param {Object=} config Optional configuration object
     * @returns {HttpPromise} Future object
     */

     /**
      * @ngdoc method
      * @name $http#patch
      *
      * @description
      * Shortcut method to perform `PATCH` request.
      *
      * @param {string} url Relative or absolute URL specifying the destination of the request
      * @param {*} data Request content
      * @param {Object=} config Optional configuration object
      * @returns {HttpPromise} Future object
      */
    createShortMethodsWithData('post', 'put', 'patch');

        /**
         * @ngdoc property
         * @name $http#defaults
         *
         * @description
         * Runtime equivalent of the `$httpProvider.defaults` property. Allows configuration of
         * default headers, withCredentials as well as request and response transformations.
         *
         * See "Setting HTTP Headers" and "Transforming Requests and Responses" sections above.
         */
    $http.defaults = defaults;


    return $http;


    function createShortMethods(names) {
      forEach(arguments, function(name) {
        $http[name] = function(url, config) {
          return $http(extend(config || {}, {
            method: name,
            url: url
          }));
        };
      });
    }


    function createShortMethodsWithData(name) {
      forEach(arguments, function(name) {
        $http[name] = function(url, data, config) {
          return $http(extend(config || {}, {
            method: name,
            url: url,
            data: data
          }));
        };
      });
    }


    /**
     * Makes the request.
     *
     * !!! ACCESSES CLOSURE VARS:
     * $httpBackend, defaults, $log, $rootScope, defaultCache, $http.pendingRequests
     */
    function sendReq(config, reqData, reqHeaders) {
      var deferred = $q.defer(),
          promise = deferred.promise,
          cache,
          cachedResp,
          url = buildUrl(config.url, config.params);

      $http.pendingRequests.push(config);
      promise.then(removePendingReq, removePendingReq);


      if ((config.cache || defaults.cache) && config.cache !== false &&
          (config.method === 'GET' || config.method === 'JSONP')) {
        cache = isObject(config.cache) ? config.cache
              : isObject(defaults.cache) ? defaults.cache
              : defaultCache;
      }

      if (cache) {
        cachedResp = cache.get(url);
        if (isDefined(cachedResp)) {
          if (isPromiseLike(cachedResp)) {
            // cached request has already been sent, but there is no response yet
            cachedResp.then(removePendingReq, removePendingReq);
            return cachedResp;
          } else {
            // serving from cache
            if (isArray(cachedResp)) {
              resolvePromise(cachedResp[1], cachedResp[0], shallowCopy(cachedResp[2]), cachedResp[3]);
            } else {
              resolvePromise(cachedResp, 200, {}, 'OK');
            }
          }
        } else {
          // put the promise for the non-transformed response into cache as a placeholder
          cache.put(url, promise);
        }
      }


      // if we won't have the response in cache, set the xsrf headers and
      // send the request to the backend
      if (isUndefined(cachedResp)) {
        var xsrfValue = urlIsSameOrigin(config.url)
            ? $browser.cookies()[config.xsrfCookieName || defaults.xsrfCookieName]
            : undefined;
        if (xsrfValue) {
          reqHeaders[(config.xsrfHeaderName || defaults.xsrfHeaderName)] = xsrfValue;
        }

        $httpBackend(config.method, url, reqData, done, reqHeaders, config.timeout,
            config.withCredentials, config.responseType);
      }

      return promise;


      /**
       * Callback registered to $httpBackend():
       *  - caches the response if desired
       *  - resolves the raw $http promise
       *  - calls $apply
       */
      function done(status, response, headersString, statusText) {
        if (cache) {
          if (isSuccess(status)) {
            cache.put(url, [status, response, parseHeaders(headersString), statusText]);
          } else {
            // remove promise from the cache
            cache.remove(url);
          }
        }

        function resolveHttpPromise() {
          resolvePromise(response, status, headersString, statusText);
        }

        if (useApplyAsync) {
          $rootScope.$applyAsync(resolveHttpPromise);
        } else {
          resolveHttpPromise();
          if (!$rootScope.$$phase) $rootScope.$apply();
        }
      }


      /**
       * Resolves the raw $http promise.
       */
      function resolvePromise(response, status, headers, statusText) {
        // normalize internal statuses to 0
        status = Math.max(status, 0);

        (isSuccess(status) ? deferred.resolve : deferred.reject)({
          data: response,
          status: status,
          headers: headersGetter(headers),
          config: config,
          statusText: statusText
        });
      }


      function removePendingReq() {
        var idx = $http.pendingRequests.indexOf(config);
        if (idx !== -1) $http.pendingRequests.splice(idx, 1);
      }
    }


    function buildUrl(url, params) {
      if (!params) return url;
      var parts = [];
      forEachSorted(params, function(value, key) {
        if (value === null || isUndefined(value)) return;
        if (!isArray(value)) value = [value];

        forEach(value, function(v) {
          if (isObject(v)) {
            if (isDate(v)) {
              v = v.toISOString();
            } else {
              v = toJson(v);
            }
          }
          parts.push(encodeUriQuery(key) + '=' +
                     encodeUriQuery(v));
        });
      });
      if (parts.length > 0) {
        url += ((url.indexOf('?') == -1) ? '?' : '&') + parts.join('&');
      }
      return url;
    }
  }];
}

function createXhr() {
    return new window.XMLHttpRequest();
}

/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $httpBackend
 * @requires $window
 * @requires $document
 *
 * @description
 * HTTP backend used by the {@link ng.$http service} that delegates to
 * XMLHttpRequest object or JSONP and deals with browser incompatibilities.
 *
 * You should never need to use this service directly, instead use the higher-level abstractions:
 * {@link ng.$http $http} or {@link ngResource.$resource $resource}.
 *
 * During testing this implementation is swapped with {@link ngMock.$httpBackend mock
 * $httpBackend} which can be trained with responses.
 */
function $HttpBackendProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$browser', '$window', '$document', function($browser, $window, $document) {
    return createHttpBackend($browser, createXhr, $browser.defer, $window.angular.callbacks, $document[0]);
  }];
}

function createHttpBackend($browser, createXhr, $browserDefer, callbacks, rawDocument) {
  // TODO(vojta): fix the signature
  return function(method, url, post, callback, headers, timeout, withCredentials, responseType) {
    $browser.$$incOutstandingRequestCount();
    url = url || $browser.url();

    if (lowercase(method) == 'jsonp') {
      var callbackId = '_' + (callbacks.counter++).toString(36);
      callbacks[callbackId] = function(data) {
        callbacks[callbackId].data = data;
        callbacks[callbackId].called = true;
      };

      var jsonpDone = jsonpReq(url.replace('JSON_CALLBACK', 'angular.callbacks.' + callbackId),
          callbackId, function(status, text) {
        completeRequest(callback, status, callbacks[callbackId].data, "", text);
        callbacks[callbackId] = noop;
      });
    } else {

      var xhr = createXhr();

      xhr.open(method, url, true);
      forEach(headers, function(value, key) {
        if (isDefined(value)) {
            xhr.setRequestHeader(key, value);
        }
      });

      xhr.onload = function requestLoaded() {
        var statusText = xhr.statusText || '';

        // responseText is the old-school way of retrieving response (supported by IE8 & 9)
        // response/responseType properties were introduced in XHR Level2 spec (supported by IE10)
        var response = ('response' in xhr) ? xhr.response : xhr.responseText;

        // normalize IE9 bug (http://bugs.jquery.com/ticket/1450)
        var status = xhr.status === 1223 ? 204 : xhr.status;

        // fix status code when it is 0 (0 status is undocumented).
        // Occurs when accessing file resources or on Android 4.1 stock browser
        // while retrieving files from application cache.
        if (status === 0) {
          status = response ? 200 : urlResolve(url).protocol == 'file' ? 404 : 0;
        }

        completeRequest(callback,
            status,
            response,
            xhr.getAllResponseHeaders(),
            statusText);
      };

      var requestError = function() {
        // The response is always empty
        // See https://xhr.spec.whatwg.org/#request-error-steps and https://fetch.spec.whatwg.org/#concept-network-error
        completeRequest(callback, -1, null, null, '');
      };

      xhr.onerror = requestError;
      xhr.onabort = requestError;

      if (withCredentials) {
        xhr.withCredentials = true;
      }

      if (responseType) {
        try {
          xhr.responseType = responseType;
        } catch (e) {
          // WebKit added support for the json responseType value on 09/03/2013
          // https://bugs.webkit.org/show_bug.cgi?id=73648. Versions of Safari prior to 7 are
          // known to throw when setting the value "json" as the response type. Other older
          // browsers implementing the responseType
          //
          // The json response type can be ignored if not supported, because JSON payloads are
          // parsed on the client-side regardless.
          if (responseType !== 'json') {
            throw e;
          }
        }
      }

      xhr.send(post || null);
    }

    if (timeout > 0) {
      var timeoutId = $browserDefer(timeoutRequest, timeout);
    } else if (isPromiseLike(timeout)) {
      timeout.then(timeoutRequest);
    }


    function timeoutRequest() {
      jsonpDone && jsonpDone();
      xhr && xhr.abort();
    }

    function completeRequest(callback, status, response, headersString, statusText) {
      // cancel timeout and subsequent timeout promise resolution
      timeoutId && $browserDefer.cancel(timeoutId);
      jsonpDone = xhr = null;

      callback(status, response, headersString, statusText);
      $browser.$$completeOutstandingRequest(noop);
    }
  };

  function jsonpReq(url, callbackId, done) {
    // we can't use jQuery/jqLite here because jQuery does crazy shit with script elements, e.g.:
    // - fetches local scripts via XHR and evals them
    // - adds and immediately removes script elements from the document
    var script = rawDocument.createElement('script'), callback = null;
    script.type = "text/javascript";
    script.src = url;
    script.async = true;

    callback = function(event) {
      removeEventListenerFn(script, "load", callback);
      removeEventListenerFn(script, "error", callback);
      rawDocument.body.removeChild(script);
      script = null;
      var status = -1;
      var text = "unknown";

      if (event) {
        if (event.type === "load" && !callbacks[callbackId].called) {
          event = { type: "error" };
        }
        text = event.type;
        status = event.type === "error" ? 404 : 200;
      }

      if (done) {
        done(status, text);
      }
    };

    addEventListenerFn(script, "load", callback);
    addEventListenerFn(script, "error", callback);
    rawDocument.body.appendChild(script);
    return callback;
  }
}

var $interpolateMinErr = minErr('$interpolate');

/**
 * @ngdoc provider
 * @name $interpolateProvider
 *
 * @description
 *
 * Used for configuring the interpolation markup. Defaults to `{{` and `}}`.
 *
 * @example
<example module="customInterpolationApp">
<file name="index.html">
<script>
  var customInterpolationApp = angular.module('customInterpolationApp', []);

  customInterpolationApp.config(function($interpolateProvider) {
    $interpolateProvider.startSymbol('//');
    $interpolateProvider.endSymbol('//');
  });


  customInterpolationApp.controller('DemoController', function() {
      this.label = "This binding is brought you by // interpolation symbols.";
  });
</script>
<div ng-app="App" ng-controller="DemoController as demo">
    //demo.label//
</div>
</file>
<file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
  it('should interpolate binding with custom symbols', function() {
    expect(element(by.binding('demo.label')).getText()).toBe('This binding is brought you by // interpolation symbols.');
  });
</file>
</example>
 */
function $InterpolateProvider() {
  var startSymbol = '{{';
  var endSymbol = '}}';

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $interpolateProvider#startSymbol
   * @description
   * Symbol to denote start of expression in the interpolated string. Defaults to `{{`.
   *
   * @param {string=} value new value to set the starting symbol to.
   * @returns {string|self} Returns the symbol when used as getter and self if used as setter.
   */
  this.startSymbol = function(value) {
    if (value) {
      startSymbol = value;
      return this;
    } else {
      return startSymbol;
    }
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $interpolateProvider#endSymbol
   * @description
   * Symbol to denote the end of expression in the interpolated string. Defaults to `}}`.
   *
   * @param {string=} value new value to set the ending symbol to.
   * @returns {string|self} Returns the symbol when used as getter and self if used as setter.
   */
  this.endSymbol = function(value) {
    if (value) {
      endSymbol = value;
      return this;
    } else {
      return endSymbol;
    }
  };


  this.$get = ['$parse', '$exceptionHandler', '$sce', function($parse, $exceptionHandler, $sce) {
    var startSymbolLength = startSymbol.length,
        endSymbolLength = endSymbol.length,
        escapedStartRegexp = new RegExp(startSymbol.replace(/./g, escape), 'g'),
        escapedEndRegexp = new RegExp(endSymbol.replace(/./g, escape), 'g');

    function escape(ch) {
      return '\\\\\\' + ch;
    }

    /**
     * @ngdoc service
     * @name $interpolate
     * @kind function
     *
     * @requires $parse
     * @requires $sce
     *
     * @description
     *
     * Compiles a string with markup into an interpolation function. This service is used by the
     * HTML {@link ng.$compile $compile} service for data binding. See
     * {@link ng.$interpolateProvider $interpolateProvider} for configuring the
     * interpolation markup.
     *
     *
     * ```js
     *   var $interpolate = ...; // injected
     *   var exp = $interpolate('Hello {{name | uppercase}}!');
     *   expect(exp({name:'Angular'}).toEqual('Hello ANGULAR!');
     * ```
     *
     * `$interpolate` takes an optional fourth argument, `allOrNothing`. If `allOrNothing` is
     * `true`, the interpolation function will return `undefined` unless all embedded expressions
     * evaluate to a value other than `undefined`.
     *
     * ```js
     *   var $interpolate = ...; // injected
     *   var context = {greeting: 'Hello', name: undefined };
     *
     *   // default "forgiving" mode
     *   var exp = $interpolate('{{greeting}} {{name}}!');
     *   expect(exp(context)).toEqual('Hello !');
     *
     *   // "allOrNothing" mode
     *   exp = $interpolate('{{greeting}} {{name}}!', false, null, true);
     *   expect(exp(context)).toBeUndefined();
     *   context.name = 'Angular';
     *   expect(exp(context)).toEqual('Hello Angular!');
     * ```
     *
     * `allOrNothing` is useful for interpolating URLs. `ngSrc` and `ngSrcset` use this behavior.
     *
     * ####Escaped Interpolation
     * $interpolate provides a mechanism for escaping interpolation markers. Start and end markers
     * can be escaped by preceding each of their characters with a REVERSE SOLIDUS U+005C (backslash).
     * It will be rendered as a regular start/end marker, and will not be interpreted as an expression
     * or binding.
     *
     * This enables web-servers to prevent script injection attacks and defacing attacks, to some
     * degree, while also enabling code examples to work without relying on the
     * {@link ng.directive:ngNonBindable ngNonBindable} directive.
     *
     * **For security purposes, it is strongly encouraged that web servers escape user-supplied data,
     * replacing angle brackets (&lt;, &gt;) with &amp;lt; and &amp;gt; respectively, and replacing all
     * interpolation start/end markers with their escaped counterparts.**
     *
     * Escaped interpolation markers are only replaced with the actual interpolation markers in rendered
     * output when the $interpolate service processes the text. So, for HTML elements interpolated
     * by {@link ng.$compile $compile}, or otherwise interpolated with the `mustHaveExpression` parameter
     * set to `true`, the interpolated text must contain an unescaped interpolation expression. As such,
     * this is typically useful only when user-data is used in rendering a template from the server, or
     * when otherwise untrusted data is used by a directive.
     *
     * <example>
     *  <file name="index.html">
     *    <div ng-init="username='A user'">
     *      <p ng-init="apptitle='Escaping demo'">{{apptitle}}: \{\{ username = "defaced value"; \}\}
     *        </p>
     *      <p><strong>{{username}}</strong> attempts to inject code which will deface the
     *        application, but fails to accomplish their task, because the server has correctly
     *        escaped the interpolation start/end markers with REVERSE SOLIDUS U+005C (backslash)
     *        characters.</p>
     *      <p>Instead, the result of the attempted script injection is visible, and can be removed
     *        from the database by an administrator.</p>
     *    </div>
     *  </file>
     * </example>
     *
     * @param {string} text The text with markup to interpolate.
     * @param {boolean=} mustHaveExpression if set to true then the interpolation string must have
     *    embedded expression in order to return an interpolation function. Strings with no
     *    embedded expression will return null for the interpolation function.
     * @param {string=} trustedContext when provided, the returned function passes the interpolated
     *    result through {@link ng.$sce#getTrusted $sce.getTrusted(interpolatedResult,
     *    trustedContext)} before returning it.  Refer to the {@link ng.$sce $sce} service that
     *    provides Strict Contextual Escaping for details.
     * @param {boolean=} allOrNothing if `true`, then the returned function returns undefined
     *    unless all embedded expressions evaluate to a value other than `undefined`.
     * @returns {function(context)} an interpolation function which is used to compute the
     *    interpolated string. The function has these parameters:
     *
     * - `context`: evaluation context for all expressions embedded in the interpolated text
     */
    function $interpolate(text, mustHaveExpression, trustedContext, allOrNothing) {
      allOrNothing = !!allOrNothing;
      var startIndex,
          endIndex,
          index = 0,
          expressions = [],
          parseFns = [],
          textLength = text.length,
          exp,
          concat = [],
          expressionPositions = [];

      while (index < textLength) {
        if (((startIndex = text.indexOf(startSymbol, index)) != -1) &&
             ((endIndex = text.indexOf(endSymbol, startIndex + startSymbolLength)) != -1)) {
          if (index !== startIndex) {
            concat.push(unescapeText(text.substring(index, startIndex)));
          }
          exp = text.substring(startIndex + startSymbolLength, endIndex);
          expressions.push(exp);
          parseFns.push($parse(exp, parseStringifyInterceptor));
          index = endIndex + endSymbolLength;
          expressionPositions.push(concat.length);
          concat.push('');
        } else {
          // we did not find an interpolation, so we have to add the remainder to the separators array
          if (index !== textLength) {
            concat.push(unescapeText(text.substring(index)));
          }
          break;
        }
      }

      // Concatenating expressions makes it hard to reason about whether some combination of
      // concatenated values are unsafe to use and could easily lead to XSS.  By requiring that a
      // single expression be used for iframe[src], object[src], etc., we ensure that the value
      // that's used is assigned or constructed by some JS code somewhere that is more testable or
      // make it obvious that you bound the value to some user controlled value.  This helps reduce
      // the load when auditing for XSS issues.
      if (trustedContext && concat.length > 1) {
          throw $interpolateMinErr('noconcat',
              "Error while interpolating: {0}\nStrict Contextual Escaping disallows " +
              "interpolations that concatenate multiple expressions when a trusted value is " +
              "required.  See http://docs.angularjs.org/api/ng.$sce", text);
      }

      if (!mustHaveExpression || expressions.length) {
        var compute = function(values) {
          for (var i = 0, ii = expressions.length; i < ii; i++) {
            if (allOrNothing && isUndefined(values[i])) return;
            concat[expressionPositions[i]] = values[i];
          }
          return concat.join('');
        };

        var getValue = function(value) {
          return trustedContext ?
            $sce.getTrusted(trustedContext, value) :
            $sce.valueOf(value);
        };

        var stringify = function(value) {
          if (value == null) { // null || undefined
            return '';
          }
          switch (typeof value) {
            case 'string':
              break;
            case 'number':
              value = '' + value;
              break;
            default:
              value = toJson(value);
          }

          return value;
        };

        return extend(function interpolationFn(context) {
            var i = 0;
            var ii = expressions.length;
            var values = new Array(ii);

            try {
              for (; i < ii; i++) {
                values[i] = parseFns[i](context);
              }

              return compute(values);
            } catch (err) {
              var newErr = $interpolateMinErr('interr', "Can't interpolate: {0}\n{1}", text,
                  err.toString());
              $exceptionHandler(newErr);
            }

          }, {
          // all of these properties are undocumented for now
          exp: text, //just for compatibility with regular watchers created via $watch
          expressions: expressions,
          $$watchDelegate: function(scope, listener, objectEquality) {
            var lastValue;
            return scope.$watchGroup(parseFns, function interpolateFnWatcher(values, oldValues) {
              var currValue = compute(values);
              if (isFunction(listener)) {
                listener.call(this, currValue, values !== oldValues ? lastValue : currValue, scope);
              }
              lastValue = currValue;
            }, objectEquality);
          }
        });
      }

      function unescapeText(text) {
        return text.replace(escapedStartRegexp, startSymbol).
          replace(escapedEndRegexp, endSymbol);
      }

      function parseStringifyInterceptor(value) {
        try {
          return stringify(getValue(value));
        } catch (err) {
          var newErr = $interpolateMinErr('interr', "Can't interpolate: {0}\n{1}", text,
            err.toString());
          $exceptionHandler(newErr);
        }
      }
    }


    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $interpolate#startSymbol
     * @description
     * Symbol to denote the start of expression in the interpolated string. Defaults to `{{`.
     *
     * Use {@link ng.$interpolateProvider#startSymbol `$interpolateProvider.startSymbol`} to change
     * the symbol.
     *
     * @returns {string} start symbol.
     */
    $interpolate.startSymbol = function() {
      return startSymbol;
    };


    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $interpolate#endSymbol
     * @description
     * Symbol to denote the end of expression in the interpolated string. Defaults to `}}`.
     *
     * Use {@link ng.$interpolateProvider#endSymbol `$interpolateProvider.endSymbol`} to change
     * the symbol.
     *
     * @returns {string} end symbol.
     */
    $interpolate.endSymbol = function() {
      return endSymbol;
    };

    return $interpolate;
  }];
}

function $IntervalProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$rootScope', '$window', '$q', '$$q',
       function($rootScope,   $window,   $q,   $$q) {
    var intervals = {};


     /**
      * @ngdoc service
      * @name $interval
      *
      * @description
      * Angular's wrapper for `window.setInterval`. The `fn` function is executed every `delay`
      * milliseconds.
      *
      * The return value of registering an interval function is a promise. This promise will be
      * notified upon each tick of the interval, and will be resolved after `count` iterations, or
      * run indefinitely if `count` is not defined. The value of the notification will be the
      * number of iterations that have run.
      * To cancel an interval, call `$interval.cancel(promise)`.
      *
      * In tests you can use {@link ngMock.$interval#flush `$interval.flush(millis)`} to
      * move forward by `millis` milliseconds and trigger any functions scheduled to run in that
      * time.
      *
      * <div class="alert alert-warning">
      * **Note**: Intervals created by this service must be explicitly destroyed when you are finished
      * with them.  In particular they are not automatically destroyed when a controller's scope or a
      * directive's element are destroyed.
      * You should take this into consideration and make sure to always cancel the interval at the
      * appropriate moment.  See the example below for more details on how and when to do this.
      * </div>
      *
      * @param {function()} fn A function that should be called repeatedly.
      * @param {number} delay Number of milliseconds between each function call.
      * @param {number=} [count=0] Number of times to repeat. If not set, or 0, will repeat
      *   indefinitely.
      * @param {boolean=} [invokeApply=true] If set to `false` skips model dirty checking, otherwise
      *   will invoke `fn` within the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$apply $apply} block.
      * @returns {promise} A promise which will be notified on each iteration.
      *
      * @example
      * <example module="intervalExample">
      * <file name="index.html">
      *   <script>
      *     angular.module('intervalExample', [])
      *       .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', '$interval',
      *         function($scope, $interval) {
      *           $scope.format = 'M/d/yy h:mm:ss a';
      *           $scope.blood_1 = 100;
      *           $scope.blood_2 = 120;
      *
      *           var stop;
      *           $scope.fight = function() {
      *             // Don't start a new fight if we are already fighting
      *             if ( angular.isDefined(stop) ) return;
      *
      *           stop = $interval(function() {
      *             if ($scope.blood_1 > 0 && $scope.blood_2 > 0) {
      *               $scope.blood_1 = $scope.blood_1 - 3;
      *               $scope.blood_2 = $scope.blood_2 - 4;
      *             } else {
      *               $scope.stopFight();
      *             }
      *           }, 100);
      *         };
      *
      *         $scope.stopFight = function() {
      *           if (angular.isDefined(stop)) {
      *             $interval.cancel(stop);
      *             stop = undefined;
      *           }
      *         };
      *
      *         $scope.resetFight = function() {
      *           $scope.blood_1 = 100;
      *           $scope.blood_2 = 120;
      *         };
      *
      *         $scope.$on('$destroy', function() {
      *           // Make sure that the interval is destroyed too
      *           $scope.stopFight();
      *         });
      *       }])
      *       // Register the 'myCurrentTime' directive factory method.
      *       // We inject $interval and dateFilter service since the factory method is DI.
      *       .directive('myCurrentTime', ['$interval', 'dateFilter',
      *         function($interval, dateFilter) {
      *           // return the directive link function. (compile function not needed)
      *           return function(scope, element, attrs) {
      *             var format,  // date format
      *                 stopTime; // so that we can cancel the time updates
      *
      *             // used to update the UI
      *             function updateTime() {
      *               element.text(dateFilter(new Date(), format));
      *             }
      *
      *             // watch the expression, and update the UI on change.
      *             scope.$watch(attrs.myCurrentTime, function(value) {
      *               format = value;
      *               updateTime();
      *             });
      *
      *             stopTime = $interval(updateTime, 1000);
      *
      *             // listen on DOM destroy (removal) event, and cancel the next UI update
      *             // to prevent updating time after the DOM element was removed.
      *             element.on('$destroy', function() {
      *               $interval.cancel(stopTime);
      *             });
      *           }
      *         }]);
      *   </script>
      *
      *   <div>
      *     <div ng-controller="ExampleController">
      *       Date format: <input ng-model="format"> <hr/>
      *       Current time is: <span my-current-time="format"></span>
      *       <hr/>
      *       Blood 1 : <font color='red'>{{blood_1}}</font>
      *       Blood 2 : <font color='red'>{{blood_2}}</font>
      *       <button type="button" data-ng-click="fight()">Fight</button>
      *       <button type="button" data-ng-click="stopFight()">StopFight</button>
      *       <button type="button" data-ng-click="resetFight()">resetFight</button>
      *     </div>
      *   </div>
      *
      * </file>
      * </example>
      */
    function interval(fn, delay, count, invokeApply) {
      var setInterval = $window.setInterval,
          clearInterval = $window.clearInterval,
          iteration = 0,
          skipApply = (isDefined(invokeApply) && !invokeApply),
          deferred = (skipApply ? $$q : $q).defer(),
          promise = deferred.promise;

      count = isDefined(count) ? count : 0;

      promise.then(null, null, fn);

      promise.$$intervalId = setInterval(function tick() {
        deferred.notify(iteration++);

        if (count > 0 && iteration >= count) {
          deferred.resolve(iteration);
          clearInterval(promise.$$intervalId);
          delete intervals[promise.$$intervalId];
        }

        if (!skipApply) $rootScope.$apply();

      }, delay);

      intervals[promise.$$intervalId] = deferred;

      return promise;
    }


     /**
      * @ngdoc method
      * @name $interval#cancel
      *
      * @description
      * Cancels a task associated with the `promise`.
      *
      * @param {promise} promise returned by the `$interval` function.
      * @returns {boolean} Returns `true` if the task was successfully canceled.
      */
    interval.cancel = function(promise) {
      if (promise && promise.$$intervalId in intervals) {
        intervals[promise.$$intervalId].reject('canceled');
        $window.clearInterval(promise.$$intervalId);
        delete intervals[promise.$$intervalId];
        return true;
      }
      return false;
    };

    return interval;
  }];
}

/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $locale
 *
 * @description
 * $locale service provides localization rules for various Angular components. As of right now the
 * only public api is:
 *
 * * `id` – `{string}` – locale id formatted as `languageId-countryId` (e.g. `en-us`)
 */
function $LocaleProvider() {
  this.$get = function() {
    return {
      id: 'en-us',

      NUMBER_FORMATS: {
        DECIMAL_SEP: '.',
        GROUP_SEP: ',',
        PATTERNS: [
          { // Decimal Pattern
            minInt: 1,
            minFrac: 0,
            maxFrac: 3,
            posPre: '',
            posSuf: '',
            negPre: '-',
            negSuf: '',
            gSize: 3,
            lgSize: 3
          },{ //Currency Pattern
            minInt: 1,
            minFrac: 2,
            maxFrac: 2,
            posPre: '\u00A4',
            posSuf: '',
            negPre: '(\u00A4',
            negSuf: ')',
            gSize: 3,
            lgSize: 3
          }
        ],
        CURRENCY_SYM: '$'
      },

      DATETIME_FORMATS: {
        MONTH:
            'January,February,March,April,May,June,July,August,September,October,November,December'
            .split(','),
        SHORTMONTH:  'Jan,Feb,Mar,Apr,May,Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct,Nov,Dec'.split(','),
        DAY: 'Sunday,Monday,Tuesday,Wednesday,Thursday,Friday,Saturday'.split(','),
        SHORTDAY: 'Sun,Mon,Tue,Wed,Thu,Fri,Sat'.split(','),
        AMPMS: ['AM','PM'],
        medium: 'MMM d, y h:mm:ss a',
        'short': 'M/d/yy h:mm a',
        fullDate: 'EEEE, MMMM d, y',
        longDate: 'MMMM d, y',
        mediumDate: 'MMM d, y',
        shortDate: 'M/d/yy',
        mediumTime: 'h:mm:ss a',
        shortTime: 'h:mm a'
      },

      pluralCat: function(num) {
        if (num === 1) {
          return 'one';
        }
        return 'other';
      }
    };
  };
}

var PATH_MATCH = /^([^\?#]*)(\?([^#]*))?(#(.*))?$/,
    DEFAULT_PORTS = {'http': 80, 'https': 443, 'ftp': 21};
var $locationMinErr = minErr('$location');


/**
 * Encode path using encodeUriSegment, ignoring forward slashes
 *
 * @param {string} path Path to encode
 * @returns {string}
 */
function encodePath(path) {
  var segments = path.split('/'),
      i = segments.length;

  while (i--) {
    segments[i] = encodeUriSegment(segments[i]);
  }

  return segments.join('/');
}

function parseAbsoluteUrl(absoluteUrl, locationObj, appBase) {
  var parsedUrl = urlResolve(absoluteUrl, appBase);

  locationObj.$$protocol = parsedUrl.protocol;
  locationObj.$$host = parsedUrl.hostname;
  locationObj.$$port = int(parsedUrl.port) || DEFAULT_PORTS[parsedUrl.protocol] || null;
}


function parseAppUrl(relativeUrl, locationObj, appBase) {
  var prefixed = (relativeUrl.charAt(0) !== '/');
  if (prefixed) {
    relativeUrl = '/' + relativeUrl;
  }
  var match = urlResolve(relativeUrl, appBase);
  locationObj.$$path = decodeURIComponent(prefixed && match.pathname.charAt(0) === '/' ?
      match.pathname.substring(1) : match.pathname);
  locationObj.$$search = parseKeyValue(match.search);
  locationObj.$$hash = decodeURIComponent(match.hash);

  // make sure path starts with '/';
  if (locationObj.$$path && locationObj.$$path.charAt(0) != '/') {
    locationObj.$$path = '/' + locationObj.$$path;
  }
}


/**
 *
 * @param {string} begin
 * @param {string} whole
 * @returns {string} returns text from whole after begin or undefined if it does not begin with
 *                   expected string.
 */
function beginsWith(begin, whole) {
  if (whole.indexOf(begin) === 0) {
    return whole.substr(begin.length);
  }
}


function stripHash(url) {
  var index = url.indexOf('#');
  return index == -1 ? url : url.substr(0, index);
}


function stripFile(url) {
  return url.substr(0, stripHash(url).lastIndexOf('/') + 1);
}

/* return the server only (scheme://host:port) */
function serverBase(url) {
  return url.substring(0, url.indexOf('/', url.indexOf('//') + 2));
}


/**
 * LocationHtml5Url represents an url
 * This object is exposed as $location service when HTML5 mode is enabled and supported
 *
 * @constructor
 * @param {string} appBase application base URL
 * @param {string} basePrefix url path prefix
 */
function LocationHtml5Url(appBase, basePrefix) {
  this.$$html5 = true;
  basePrefix = basePrefix || '';
  var appBaseNoFile = stripFile(appBase);
  parseAbsoluteUrl(appBase, this, appBase);


  /**
   * Parse given html5 (regular) url string into properties
   * @param {string} url HTML5 url
   * @private
   */
  this.$$parse = function(url) {
    var pathUrl = beginsWith(appBaseNoFile, url);
    if (!isString(pathUrl)) {
      throw $locationMinErr('ipthprfx', 'Invalid url "{0}", missing path prefix "{1}".', url,
          appBaseNoFile);
    }

    parseAppUrl(pathUrl, this, appBase);

    if (!this.$$path) {
      this.$$path = '/';
    }

    this.$$compose();
  };

  /**
   * Compose url and update `absUrl` property
   * @private
   */
  this.$$compose = function() {
    var search = toKeyValue(this.$$search),
        hash = this.$$hash ? '#' + encodeUriSegment(this.$$hash) : '';

    this.$$url = encodePath(this.$$path) + (search ? '?' + search : '') + hash;
    this.$$absUrl = appBaseNoFile + this.$$url.substr(1); // first char is always '/'
  };

  this.$$parseLinkUrl = function(url, relHref) {
    if (relHref && relHref[0] === '#') {
      // special case for links to hash fragments:
      // keep the old url and only replace the hash fragment
      this.hash(relHref.slice(1));
      return true;
    }
    var appUrl, prevAppUrl;
    var rewrittenUrl;

    if ((appUrl = beginsWith(appBase, url)) !== undefined) {
      prevAppUrl = appUrl;
      if ((appUrl = beginsWith(basePrefix, appUrl)) !== undefined) {
        rewrittenUrl = appBaseNoFile + (beginsWith('/', appUrl) || appUrl);
      } else {
        rewrittenUrl = appBase + prevAppUrl;
      }
    } else if ((appUrl = beginsWith(appBaseNoFile, url)) !== undefined) {
      rewrittenUrl = appBaseNoFile + appUrl;
    } else if (appBaseNoFile == url + '/') {
      rewrittenUrl = appBaseNoFile;
    }
    if (rewrittenUrl) {
      this.$$parse(rewrittenUrl);
    }
    return !!rewrittenUrl;
  };
}


/**
 * LocationHashbangUrl represents url
 * This object is exposed as $location service when developer doesn't opt into html5 mode.
 * It also serves as the base class for html5 mode fallback on legacy browsers.
 *
 * @constructor
 * @param {string} appBase application base URL
 * @param {string} hashPrefix hashbang prefix
 */
function LocationHashbangUrl(appBase, hashPrefix) {
  var appBaseNoFile = stripFile(appBase);

  parseAbsoluteUrl(appBase, this, appBase);


  /**
   * Parse given hashbang url into properties
   * @param {string} url Hashbang url
   * @private
   */
  this.$$parse = function(url) {
    var withoutBaseUrl = beginsWith(appBase, url) || beginsWith(appBaseNoFile, url);
    var withoutHashUrl = withoutBaseUrl.charAt(0) == '#'
        ? beginsWith(hashPrefix, withoutBaseUrl)
        : (this.$$html5)
          ? withoutBaseUrl
          : '';

    if (!isString(withoutHashUrl)) {
      throw $locationMinErr('ihshprfx', 'Invalid url "{0}", missing hash prefix "{1}".', url,
          hashPrefix);
    }
    parseAppUrl(withoutHashUrl, this, appBase);

    this.$$path = removeWindowsDriveName(this.$$path, withoutHashUrl, appBase);

    this.$$compose();

    /*
     * In Windows, on an anchor node on documents loaded from
     * the filesystem, the browser will return a pathname
     * prefixed with the drive name ('/C:/path') when a
     * pathname without a drive is set:
     *  * a.setAttribute('href', '/foo')
     *   * a.pathname === '/C:/foo' //true
     *
     * Inside of Angular, we're always using pathnames that
     * do not include drive names for routing.
     */
    function removeWindowsDriveName(path, url, base) {
      /*
      Matches paths for file protocol on windows,
      such as /C:/foo/bar, and captures only /foo/bar.
      */
      var windowsFilePathExp = /^\/[A-Z]:(\/.*)/;

      var firstPathSegmentMatch;

      //Get the relative path from the input URL.
      if (url.indexOf(base) === 0) {
        url = url.replace(base, '');
      }

      // The input URL intentionally contains a first path segment that ends with a colon.
      if (windowsFilePathExp.exec(url)) {
        return path;
      }

      firstPathSegmentMatch = windowsFilePathExp.exec(path);
      return firstPathSegmentMatch ? firstPathSegmentMatch[1] : path;
    }
  };

  /**
   * Compose hashbang url and update `absUrl` property
   * @private
   */
  this.$$compose = function() {
    var search = toKeyValue(this.$$search),
        hash = this.$$hash ? '#' + encodeUriSegment(this.$$hash) : '';

    this.$$url = encodePath(this.$$path) + (search ? '?' + search : '') + hash;
    this.$$absUrl = appBase + (this.$$url ? hashPrefix + this.$$url : '');
  };

  this.$$parseLinkUrl = function(url, relHref) {
    if (stripHash(appBase) == stripHash(url)) {
      this.$$parse(url);
      return true;
    }
    return false;
  };
}


/**
 * LocationHashbangUrl represents url
 * This object is exposed as $location service when html5 history api is enabled but the browser
 * does not support it.
 *
 * @constructor
 * @param {string} appBase application base URL
 * @param {string} hashPrefix hashbang prefix
 */
function LocationHashbangInHtml5Url(appBase, hashPrefix) {
  this.$$html5 = true;
  LocationHashbangUrl.apply(this, arguments);

  var appBaseNoFile = stripFile(appBase);

  this.$$parseLinkUrl = function(url, relHref) {
    if (relHref && relHref[0] === '#') {
      // special case for links to hash fragments:
      // keep the old url and only replace the hash fragment
      this.hash(relHref.slice(1));
      return true;
    }

    var rewrittenUrl;
    var appUrl;

    if (appBase == stripHash(url)) {
      rewrittenUrl = url;
    } else if ((appUrl = beginsWith(appBaseNoFile, url))) {
      rewrittenUrl = appBase + hashPrefix + appUrl;
    } else if (appBaseNoFile === url + '/') {
      rewrittenUrl = appBaseNoFile;
    }
    if (rewrittenUrl) {
      this.$$parse(rewrittenUrl);
    }
    return !!rewrittenUrl;
  };

  this.$$compose = function() {
    var search = toKeyValue(this.$$search),
        hash = this.$$hash ? '#' + encodeUriSegment(this.$$hash) : '';

    this.$$url = encodePath(this.$$path) + (search ? '?' + search : '') + hash;
    // include hashPrefix in $$absUrl when $$url is empty so IE8 & 9 do not reload page because of removal of '#'
    this.$$absUrl = appBase + hashPrefix + this.$$url;
  };

}


var locationPrototype = {

  /**
   * Are we in html5 mode?
   * @private
   */
  $$html5: false,

  /**
   * Has any change been replacing?
   * @private
   */
  $$replace: false,

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $location#absUrl
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter only.
   *
   * Return full url representation with all segments encoded according to rules specified in
   * [RFC 3986](http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt).
   *
   * @return {string} full url
   */
  absUrl: locationGetter('$$absUrl'),

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $location#url
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter / setter.
   *
   * Return url (e.g. `/path?a=b#hash`) when called without any parameter.
   *
   * Change path, search and hash, when called with parameter and return `$location`.
   *
   * @param {string=} url New url without base prefix (e.g. `/path?a=b#hash`)
   * @return {string} url
   */
  url: function(url) {
    if (isUndefined(url))
      return this.$$url;

    var match = PATH_MATCH.exec(url);
    if (match[1]) this.path(decodeURIComponent(match[1]));
    if (match[2] || match[1]) this.search(match[3] || '');
    this.hash(match[5] || '');

    return this;
  },

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $location#protocol
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter only.
   *
   * Return protocol of current url.
   *
   * @return {string} protocol of current url
   */
  protocol: locationGetter('$$protocol'),

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $location#host
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter only.
   *
   * Return host of current url.
   *
   * @return {string} host of current url.
   */
  host: locationGetter('$$host'),

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $location#port
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter only.
   *
   * Return port of current url.
   *
   * @return {Number} port
   */
  port: locationGetter('$$port'),

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $location#path
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter / setter.
   *
   * Return path of current url when called without any parameter.
   *
   * Change path when called with parameter and return `$location`.
   *
   * Note: Path should always begin with forward slash (/), this method will add the forward slash
   * if it is missing.
   *
   * @param {(string|number)=} path New path
   * @return {string} path
   */
  path: locationGetterSetter('$$path', function(path) {
    path = path !== null ? path.toString() : '';
    return path.charAt(0) == '/' ? path : '/' + path;
  }),

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $location#search
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter / setter.
   *
   * Return search part (as object) of current url when called without any parameter.
   *
   * Change search part when called with parameter and return `$location`.
   *
   *
   * ```js
   * // given url http://example.com/#/some/path?foo=bar&baz=xoxo
   * var searchObject = $location.search();
   * // => {foo: 'bar', baz: 'xoxo'}
   *
   *
   * // set foo to 'yipee'
   * $location.search('foo', 'yipee');
   * // => $location
   * ```
   *
   * @param {string|Object.<string>|Object.<Array.<string>>} search New search params - string or
   * hash object.
   *
   * When called with a single argument the method acts as a setter, setting the `search` component
   * of `$location` to the specified value.
   *
   * If the argument is a hash object containing an array of values, these values will be encoded
   * as duplicate search parameters in the url.
   *
   * @param {(string|Number|Array<string>|boolean)=} paramValue If `search` is a string or number, then `paramValue`
   * will override only a single search property.
   *
   * If `paramValue` is an array, it will override the property of the `search` component of
   * `$location` specified via the first argument.
   *
   * If `paramValue` is `null`, the property specified via the first argument will be deleted.
   *
   * If `paramValue` is `true`, the property specified via the first argument will be added with no
   * value nor trailing equal sign.
   *
   * @return {Object} If called with no arguments returns the parsed `search` object. If called with
   * one or more arguments returns `$location` object itself.
   */
  search: function(search, paramValue) {
    switch (arguments.length) {
      case 0:
        return this.$$search;
      case 1:
        if (isString(search) || isNumber(search)) {
          search = search.toString();
          this.$$search = parseKeyValue(search);
        } else if (isObject(search)) {
          search = copy(search, {});
          // remove object undefined or null properties
          forEach(search, function(value, key) {
            if (value == null) delete search[key];
          });

          this.$$search = search;
        } else {
          throw $locationMinErr('isrcharg',
              'The first argument of the `$location#search()` call must be a string or an object.');
        }
        break;
      default:
        if (isUndefined(paramValue) || paramValue === null) {
          delete this.$$search[search];
        } else {
          this.$$search[search] = paramValue;
        }
    }

    this.$$compose();
    return this;
  },

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $location#hash
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter / setter.
   *
   * Return hash fragment when called without any parameter.
   *
   * Change hash fragment when called with parameter and return `$location`.
   *
   * @param {(string|number)=} hash New hash fragment
   * @return {string} hash
   */
  hash: locationGetterSetter('$$hash', function(hash) {
    return hash !== null ? hash.toString() : '';
  }),

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $location#replace
   *
   * @description
   * If called, all changes to $location during current `$digest` will be replacing current history
   * record, instead of adding new one.
   */
  replace: function() {
    this.$$replace = true;
    return this;
  }
};

forEach([LocationHashbangInHtml5Url, LocationHashbangUrl, LocationHtml5Url], function(Location) {
  Location.prototype = Object.create(locationPrototype);

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $location#state
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter / setter.
   *
   * Return the history state object when called without any parameter.
   *
   * Change the history state object when called with one parameter and return `$location`.
   * The state object is later passed to `pushState` or `replaceState`.
   *
   * NOTE: This method is supported only in HTML5 mode and only in browsers supporting
   * the HTML5 History API (i.e. methods `pushState` and `replaceState`). If you need to support
   * older browsers (like IE9 or Android < 4.0), don't use this method.
   *
   * @param {object=} state State object for pushState or replaceState
   * @return {object} state
   */
  Location.prototype.state = function(state) {
    if (!arguments.length)
      return this.$$state;

    if (Location !== LocationHtml5Url || !this.$$html5) {
      throw $locationMinErr('nostate', 'History API state support is available only ' +
        'in HTML5 mode and only in browsers supporting HTML5 History API');
    }
    // The user might modify `stateObject` after invoking `$location.state(stateObject)`
    // but we're changing the $$state reference to $browser.state() during the $digest
    // so the modification window is narrow.
    this.$$state = isUndefined(state) ? null : state;

    return this;
  };
});


function locationGetter(property) {
  return function() {
    return this[property];
  };
}


function locationGetterSetter(property, preprocess) {
  return function(value) {
    if (isUndefined(value))
      return this[property];

    this[property] = preprocess(value);
    this.$$compose();

    return this;
  };
}


/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $location
 *
 * @requires $rootElement
 *
 * @description
 * The $location service parses the URL in the browser address bar (based on the
 * [window.location](https://developer.mozilla.org/en/window.location)) and makes the URL
 * available to your application. Changes to the URL in the address bar are reflected into
 * $location service and changes to $location are reflected into the browser address bar.
 *
 * **The $location service:**
 *
 * - Exposes the current URL in the browser address bar, so you can
 *   - Watch and observe the URL.
 *   - Change the URL.
 * - Synchronizes the URL with the browser when the user
 *   - Changes the address bar.
 *   - Clicks the back or forward button (or clicks a History link).
 *   - Clicks on a link.
 * - Represents the URL object as a set of methods (protocol, host, port, path, search, hash).
 *
 * For more information see {@link guide/$location Developer Guide: Using $location}
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc provider
 * @name $locationProvider
 * @description
 * Use the `$locationProvider` to configure how the application deep linking paths are stored.
 */
function $LocationProvider() {
  var hashPrefix = '',
      html5Mode = {
        enabled: false,
        requireBase: true,
        rewriteLinks: true
      };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $locationProvider#hashPrefix
   * @description
   * @param {string=} prefix Prefix for hash part (containing path and search)
   * @returns {*} current value if used as getter or itself (chaining) if used as setter
   */
  this.hashPrefix = function(prefix) {
    if (isDefined(prefix)) {
      hashPrefix = prefix;
      return this;
    } else {
      return hashPrefix;
    }
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $locationProvider#html5Mode
   * @description
   * @param {(boolean|Object)=} mode If boolean, sets `html5Mode.enabled` to value.
   *   If object, sets `enabled`, `requireBase` and `rewriteLinks` to respective values. Supported
   *   properties:
   *   - **enabled** – `{boolean}` – (default: false) If true, will rely on `history.pushState` to
   *     change urls where supported. Will fall back to hash-prefixed paths in browsers that do not
   *     support `pushState`.
   *   - **requireBase** - `{boolean}` - (default: `true`) When html5Mode is enabled, specifies
   *     whether or not a <base> tag is required to be present. If `enabled` and `requireBase` are
   *     true, and a base tag is not present, an error will be thrown when `$location` is injected.
   *     See the {@link guide/$location $location guide for more information}
   *   - **rewriteLinks** - `{boolean}` - (default: `true`) When html5Mode is enabled,
   *     enables/disables url rewriting for relative links.
   *
   * @returns {Object} html5Mode object if used as getter or itself (chaining) if used as setter
   */
  this.html5Mode = function(mode) {
    if (isBoolean(mode)) {
      html5Mode.enabled = mode;
      return this;
    } else if (isObject(mode)) {

      if (isBoolean(mode.enabled)) {
        html5Mode.enabled = mode.enabled;
      }

      if (isBoolean(mode.requireBase)) {
        html5Mode.requireBase = mode.requireBase;
      }

      if (isBoolean(mode.rewriteLinks)) {
        html5Mode.rewriteLinks = mode.rewriteLinks;
      }

      return this;
    } else {
      return html5Mode;
    }
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc event
   * @name $location#$locationChangeStart
   * @eventType broadcast on root scope
   * @description
   * Broadcasted before a URL will change.
   *
   * This change can be prevented by calling
   * `preventDefault` method of the event. See {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on} for more
   * details about event object. Upon successful change
   * {@link ng.$location#$locationChangeSuccess $locationChangeSuccess} is fired.
   *
   * The `newState` and `oldState` parameters may be defined only in HTML5 mode and when
   * the browser supports the HTML5 History API.
   *
   * @param {Object} angularEvent Synthetic event object.
   * @param {string} newUrl New URL
   * @param {string=} oldUrl URL that was before it was changed.
   * @param {string=} newState New history state object
   * @param {string=} oldState History state object that was before it was changed.
   */

  /**
   * @ngdoc event
   * @name $location#$locationChangeSuccess
   * @eventType broadcast on root scope
   * @description
   * Broadcasted after a URL was changed.
   *
   * The `newState` and `oldState` parameters may be defined only in HTML5 mode and when
   * the browser supports the HTML5 History API.
   *
   * @param {Object} angularEvent Synthetic event object.
   * @param {string} newUrl New URL
   * @param {string=} oldUrl URL that was before it was changed.
   * @param {string=} newState New history state object
   * @param {string=} oldState History state object that was before it was changed.
   */

  this.$get = ['$rootScope', '$browser', '$sniffer', '$rootElement',
      function($rootScope, $browser, $sniffer, $rootElement) {
    var $location,
        LocationMode,
        baseHref = $browser.baseHref(), // if base[href] is undefined, it defaults to ''
        initialUrl = $browser.url(),
        appBase;

    if (html5Mode.enabled) {
      if (!baseHref && html5Mode.requireBase) {
        throw $locationMinErr('nobase',
          "$location in HTML5 mode requires a <base> tag to be present!");
      }
      appBase = serverBase(initialUrl) + (baseHref || '/');
      LocationMode = $sniffer.history ? LocationHtml5Url : LocationHashbangInHtml5Url;
    } else {
      appBase = stripHash(initialUrl);
      LocationMode = LocationHashbangUrl;
    }
    $location = new LocationMode(appBase, '#' + hashPrefix);
    $location.$$parseLinkUrl(initialUrl, initialUrl);

    $location.$$state = $browser.state();

    var IGNORE_URI_REGEXP = /^\s*(javascript|mailto):/i;

    function setBrowserUrlWithFallback(url, replace, state) {
      var oldUrl = $location.url();
      var oldState = $location.$$state;
      try {
        $browser.url(url, replace, state);

        // Make sure $location.state() returns referentially identical (not just deeply equal)
        // state object; this makes possible quick checking if the state changed in the digest
        // loop. Checking deep equality would be too expensive.
        $location.$$state = $browser.state();
      } catch (e) {
        // Restore old values if pushState fails
        $location.url(oldUrl);
        $location.$$state = oldState;

        throw e;
      }
    }

    $rootElement.on('click', function(event) {
      // TODO(vojta): rewrite link when opening in new tab/window (in legacy browser)
      // currently we open nice url link and redirect then

      if (!html5Mode.rewriteLinks || event.ctrlKey || event.metaKey || event.which == 2) return;

      var elm = jqLite(event.target);

      // traverse the DOM up to find first A tag
      while (nodeName_(elm[0]) !== 'a') {
        // ignore rewriting if no A tag (reached root element, or no parent - removed from document)
        if (elm[0] === $rootElement[0] || !(elm = elm.parent())[0]) return;
      }

      var absHref = elm.prop('href');
      // get the actual href attribute - see
      // http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ie/dd347148(v=vs.85).aspx
      var relHref = elm.attr('href') || elm.attr('xlink:href');

      if (isObject(absHref) && absHref.toString() === '[object SVGAnimatedString]') {
        // SVGAnimatedString.animVal should be identical to SVGAnimatedString.baseVal, unless during
        // an animation.
        absHref = urlResolve(absHref.animVal).href;
      }

      // Ignore when url is started with javascript: or mailto:
      if (IGNORE_URI_REGEXP.test(absHref)) return;

      if (absHref && !elm.attr('target') && !event.isDefaultPrevented()) {
        if ($location.$$parseLinkUrl(absHref, relHref)) {
          // We do a preventDefault for all urls that are part of the angular application,
          // in html5mode and also without, so that we are able to abort navigation without
          // getting double entries in the location history.
          event.preventDefault();
          // update location manually
          if ($location.absUrl() != $browser.url()) {
            $rootScope.$apply();
            // hack to work around FF6 bug 684208 when scenario runner clicks on links
            window.angular['ff-684208-preventDefault'] = true;
          }
        }
      }
    });


    // rewrite hashbang url <> html5 url
    if ($location.absUrl() != initialUrl) {
      $browser.url($location.absUrl(), true);
    }

    var initializing = true;

    // update $location when $browser url changes
    $browser.onUrlChange(function(newUrl, newState) {
      $rootScope.$evalAsync(function() {
        var oldUrl = $location.absUrl();
        var oldState = $location.$$state;

        $location.$$parse(newUrl);
        $location.$$state = newState;
        if ($rootScope.$broadcast('$locationChangeStart', newUrl, oldUrl,
            newState, oldState).defaultPrevented) {
          $location.$$parse(oldUrl);
          $location.$$state = oldState;
          setBrowserUrlWithFallback(oldUrl, false, oldState);
        } else {
          initializing = false;
          afterLocationChange(oldUrl, oldState);
        }
      });
      if (!$rootScope.$$phase) $rootScope.$digest();
    });

    // update browser
    $rootScope.$watch(function $locationWatch() {
      var oldUrl = $browser.url();
      var oldState = $browser.state();
      var currentReplace = $location.$$replace;
      var urlOrStateChanged = oldUrl !== $location.absUrl() ||
        ($location.$$html5 && $sniffer.history && oldState !== $location.$$state);

      if (initializing || urlOrStateChanged) {
        initializing = false;

        $rootScope.$evalAsync(function() {
          if ($rootScope.$broadcast('$locationChangeStart', $location.absUrl(), oldUrl,
              $location.$$state, oldState).defaultPrevented) {
            $location.$$parse(oldUrl);
            $location.$$state = oldState;
          } else {
            if (urlOrStateChanged) {
              setBrowserUrlWithFallback($location.absUrl(), currentReplace,
                                        oldState === $location.$$state ? null : $location.$$state);
            }
            afterLocationChange(oldUrl, oldState);
          }
        });
      }

      $location.$$replace = false;

      // we don't need to return anything because $evalAsync will make the digest loop dirty when
      // there is a change
    });

    return $location;

    function afterLocationChange(oldUrl, oldState) {
      $rootScope.$broadcast('$locationChangeSuccess', $location.absUrl(), oldUrl,
        $location.$$state, oldState);
    }
}];
}

/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $log
 * @requires $window
 *
 * @description
 * Simple service for logging. Default implementation safely writes the message
 * into the browser's console (if present).
 *
 * The main purpose of this service is to simplify debugging and troubleshooting.
 *
 * The default is to log `debug` messages. You can use
 * {@link ng.$logProvider ng.$logProvider#debugEnabled} to change this.
 *
 * @example
   <example module="logExample">
     <file name="script.js">
       angular.module('logExample', [])
         .controller('LogController', ['$scope', '$log', function($scope, $log) {
           $scope.$log = $log;
           $scope.message = 'Hello World!';
         }]);
     </file>
     <file name="index.html">
       <div ng-controller="LogController">
         <p>Reload this page with open console, enter text and hit the log button...</p>
         Message:
         <input type="text" ng-model="message"/>
         <button ng-click="$log.log(message)">log</button>
         <button ng-click="$log.warn(message)">warn</button>
         <button ng-click="$log.info(message)">info</button>
         <button ng-click="$log.error(message)">error</button>
       </div>
     </file>
   </example>
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc provider
 * @name $logProvider
 * @description
 * Use the `$logProvider` to configure how the application logs messages
 */
function $LogProvider() {
  var debug = true,
      self = this;

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $logProvider#debugEnabled
   * @description
   * @param {boolean=} flag enable or disable debug level messages
   * @returns {*} current value if used as getter or itself (chaining) if used as setter
   */
  this.debugEnabled = function(flag) {
    if (isDefined(flag)) {
      debug = flag;
    return this;
    } else {
      return debug;
    }
  };

  this.$get = ['$window', function($window) {
    return {
      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $log#log
       *
       * @description
       * Write a log message
       */
      log: consoleLog('log'),

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $log#info
       *
       * @description
       * Write an information message
       */
      info: consoleLog('info'),

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $log#warn
       *
       * @description
       * Write a warning message
       */
      warn: consoleLog('warn'),

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $log#error
       *
       * @description
       * Write an error message
       */
      error: consoleLog('error'),

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $log#debug
       *
       * @description
       * Write a debug message
       */
      debug: (function() {
        var fn = consoleLog('debug');

        return function() {
          if (debug) {
            fn.apply(self, arguments);
          }
        };
      }())
    };

    function formatError(arg) {
      if (arg instanceof Error) {
        if (arg.stack) {
          arg = (arg.message && arg.stack.indexOf(arg.message) === -1)
              ? 'Error: ' + arg.message + '\n' + arg.stack
              : arg.stack;
        } else if (arg.sourceURL) {
          arg = arg.message + '\n' + arg.sourceURL + ':' + arg.line;
        }
      }
      return arg;
    }

    function consoleLog(type) {
      var console = $window.console || {},
          logFn = console[type] || console.log || noop,
          hasApply = false;

      // Note: reading logFn.apply throws an error in IE11 in IE8 document mode.
      // The reason behind this is that console.log has type "object" in IE8...
      try {
        hasApply = !!logFn.apply;
      } catch (e) {}

      if (hasApply) {
        return function() {
          var args = [];
          forEach(arguments, function(arg) {
            args.push(formatError(arg));
          });
          return logFn.apply(console, args);
        };
      }

      // we are IE which either doesn't have window.console => this is noop and we do nothing,
      // or we are IE where console.log doesn't have apply so we log at least first 2 args
      return function(arg1, arg2) {
        logFn(arg1, arg2 == null ? '' : arg2);
      };
    }
  }];
}

var $parseMinErr = minErr('$parse');

// Sandboxing Angular Expressions
// ------------------------------
// Angular expressions are generally considered safe because these expressions only have direct
// access to $scope and locals. However, one can obtain the ability to execute arbitrary JS code by
// obtaining a reference to native JS functions such as the Function constructor.
//
// As an example, consider the following Angular expression:
//
//   {}.toString.constructor('alert("evil JS code")')
//
// This sandboxing technique is not perfect and doesn't aim to be. The goal is to prevent exploits
// against the expression language, but not to prevent exploits that were enabled by exposing
// sensitive JavaScript or browser apis on Scope. Exposing such objects on a Scope is never a good
// practice and therefore we are not even trying to protect against interaction with an object
// explicitly exposed in this way.
//
// In general, it is not possible to access a Window object from an angular expression unless a
// window or some DOM object that has a reference to window is published onto a Scope.
// Similarly we prevent invocations of function known to be dangerous, as well as assignments to
// native objects.


function ensureSafeMemberName(name, fullExpression) {
  if (name === "__defineGetter__" || name === "__defineSetter__"
      || name === "__lookupGetter__" || name === "__lookupSetter__"
      || name === "__proto__") {
    throw $parseMinErr('isecfld',
        'Attempting to access a disallowed field in Angular expressions! '
        +'Expression: {0}', fullExpression);
  }
  return name;
}

function ensureSafeObject(obj, fullExpression) {
  // nifty check if obj is Function that is fast and works across iframes and other contexts
  if (obj) {
    if (obj.constructor === obj) {
      throw $parseMinErr('isecfn',
          'Referencing Function in Angular expressions is disallowed! Expression: {0}',
          fullExpression);
    } else if (// isWindow(obj)
        obj.window === obj) {
      throw $parseMinErr('isecwindow',
          'Referencing the Window in Angular expressions is disallowed! Expression: {0}',
          fullExpression);
    } else if (// isElement(obj)
        obj.children && (obj.nodeName || (obj.prop && obj.attr && obj.find))) {
      throw $parseMinErr('isecdom',
          'Referencing DOM nodes in Angular expressions is disallowed! Expression: {0}',
          fullExpression);
    } else if (// block Object so that we can't get hold of dangerous Object.* methods
        obj === Object) {
      throw $parseMinErr('isecobj',
          'Referencing Object in Angular expressions is disallowed! Expression: {0}',
          fullExpression);
    }
  }
  return obj;
}

var CALL = Function.prototype.call;
var APPLY = Function.prototype.apply;
var BIND = Function.prototype.bind;

function ensureSafeFunction(obj, fullExpression) {
  if (obj) {
    if (obj.constructor === obj) {
      throw $parseMinErr('isecfn',
        'Referencing Function in Angular expressions is disallowed! Expression: {0}',
        fullExpression);
    } else if (obj === CALL || obj === APPLY || obj === BIND) {
      throw $parseMinErr('isecff',
        'Referencing call, apply or bind in Angular expressions is disallowed! Expression: {0}',
        fullExpression);
    }
  }
}

//Keyword constants
var CONSTANTS = createMap();
forEach({
  'null': function() { return null; },
  'true': function() { return true; },
  'false': function() { return false; },
  'undefined': function() {}
}, function(constantGetter, name) {
  constantGetter.constant = constantGetter.literal = constantGetter.sharedGetter = true;
  CONSTANTS[name] = constantGetter;
});

//Not quite a constant, but can be lex/parsed the same
CONSTANTS['this'] = function(self) { return self; };
CONSTANTS['this'].sharedGetter = true;


//Operators - will be wrapped by binaryFn/unaryFn/assignment/filter
var OPERATORS = extend(createMap(), {
    '+':function(self, locals, a, b) {
      a=a(self, locals); b=b(self, locals);
      if (isDefined(a)) {
        if (isDefined(b)) {
          return a + b;
        }
        return a;
      }
      return isDefined(b)?b:undefined;},
    '-':function(self, locals, a, b) {
          a=a(self, locals); b=b(self, locals);
          return (isDefined(a)?a:0)-(isDefined(b)?b:0);
        },
    '*':function(self, locals, a, b) {return a(self, locals)*b(self, locals);},
    '/':function(self, locals, a, b) {return a(self, locals)/b(self, locals);},
    '%':function(self, locals, a, b) {return a(self, locals)%b(self, locals);},
    '===':function(self, locals, a, b) {return a(self, locals)===b(self, locals);},
    '!==':function(self, locals, a, b) {return a(self, locals)!==b(self, locals);},
    '==':function(self, locals, a, b) {return a(self, locals)==b(self, locals);},
    '!=':function(self, locals, a, b) {return a(self, locals)!=b(self, locals);},
    '<':function(self, locals, a, b) {return a(self, locals)<b(self, locals);},
    '>':function(self, locals, a, b) {return a(self, locals)>b(self, locals);},
    '<=':function(self, locals, a, b) {return a(self, locals)<=b(self, locals);},
    '>=':function(self, locals, a, b) {return a(self, locals)>=b(self, locals);},
    '&&':function(self, locals, a, b) {return a(self, locals)&&b(self, locals);},
    '||':function(self, locals, a, b) {return a(self, locals)||b(self, locals);},
    '!':function(self, locals, a) {return !a(self, locals);},

    //Tokenized as operators but parsed as assignment/filters
    '=':true,
    '|':true
});
var ESCAPE = {"n":"\n", "f":"\f", "r":"\r", "t":"\t", "v":"\v", "'":"'", '"':'"'};


/////////////////////////////////////////


/**
 * @constructor
 */
var Lexer = function(options) {
  this.options = options;
};

Lexer.prototype = {
  constructor: Lexer,

  lex: function(text) {
    this.text = text;
    this.index = 0;
    this.ch = undefined;
    this.tokens = [];

    while (this.index < this.text.length) {
      this.ch = this.text.charAt(this.index);
      if (this.is('"\'')) {
        this.readString(this.ch);
      } else if (this.isNumber(this.ch) || this.is('.') && this.isNumber(this.peek())) {
        this.readNumber();
      } else if (this.isIdent(this.ch)) {
        this.readIdent();
      } else if (this.is('(){}[].,;:?')) {
        this.tokens.push({
          index: this.index,
          text: this.ch
        });
        this.index++;
      } else if (this.isWhitespace(this.ch)) {
        this.index++;
      } else {
        var ch2 = this.ch + this.peek();
        var ch3 = ch2 + this.peek(2);
        var fn = OPERATORS[this.ch];
        var fn2 = OPERATORS[ch2];
        var fn3 = OPERATORS[ch3];
        if (fn3) {
          this.tokens.push({index: this.index, text: ch3, fn: fn3});
          this.index += 3;
        } else if (fn2) {
          this.tokens.push({index: this.index, text: ch2, fn: fn2});
          this.index += 2;
        } else if (fn) {
          this.tokens.push({
            index: this.index,
            text: this.ch,
            fn: fn
          });
          this.index += 1;
        } else {
          this.throwError('Unexpected next character ', this.index, this.index + 1);
        }
      }
    }
    return this.tokens;
  },

  is: function(chars) {
    return chars.indexOf(this.ch) !== -1;
  },

  peek: function(i) {
    var num = i || 1;
    return (this.index + num < this.text.length) ? this.text.charAt(this.index + num) : false;
  },

  isNumber: function(ch) {
    return ('0' <= ch && ch <= '9');
  },

  isWhitespace: function(ch) {
    // IE treats non-breaking space as \u00A0
    return (ch === ' ' || ch === '\r' || ch === '\t' ||
            ch === '\n' || ch === '\v' || ch === '\u00A0');
  },

  isIdent: function(ch) {
    return ('a' <= ch && ch <= 'z' ||
            'A' <= ch && ch <= 'Z' ||
            '_' === ch || ch === '$');
  },

  isExpOperator: function(ch) {
    return (ch === '-' || ch === '+' || this.isNumber(ch));
  },

  throwError: function(error, start, end) {
    end = end || this.index;
    var colStr = (isDefined(start)
            ? 's ' + start +  '-' + this.index + ' [' + this.text.substring(start, end) + ']'
            : ' ' + end);
    throw $parseMinErr('lexerr', 'Lexer Error: {0} at column{1} in expression [{2}].',
        error, colStr, this.text);
  },

  readNumber: function() {
    var number = '';
    var start = this.index;
    while (this.index < this.text.length) {
      var ch = lowercase(this.text.charAt(this.index));
      if (ch == '.' || this.isNumber(ch)) {
        number += ch;
      } else {
        var peekCh = this.peek();
        if (ch == 'e' && this.isExpOperator(peekCh)) {
          number += ch;
        } else if (this.isExpOperator(ch) &&
            peekCh && this.isNumber(peekCh) &&
            number.charAt(number.length - 1) == 'e') {
          number += ch;
        } else if (this.isExpOperator(ch) &&
            (!peekCh || !this.isNumber(peekCh)) &&
            number.charAt(number.length - 1) == 'e') {
          this.throwError('Invalid exponent');
        } else {
          break;
        }
      }
      this.index++;
    }
    number = 1 * number;
    this.tokens.push({
      index: start,
      text: number,
      constant: true,
      fn: function() { return number; }
    });
  },

  readIdent: function() {
    var expression = this.text;

    var ident = '';
    var start = this.index;

    var lastDot, peekIndex, methodName, ch;

    while (this.index < this.text.length) {
      ch = this.text.charAt(this.index);
      if (ch === '.' || this.isIdent(ch) || this.isNumber(ch)) {
        if (ch === '.') lastDot = this.index;
        ident += ch;
      } else {
        break;
      }
      this.index++;
    }

    //check if the identifier ends with . and if so move back one char
    if (lastDot && ident[ident.length - 1] === '.') {
      this.index--;
      ident = ident.slice(0, -1);
      lastDot = ident.lastIndexOf('.');
      if (lastDot === -1) {
        lastDot = undefined;
      }
    }

    //check if this is not a method invocation and if it is back out to last dot
    if (lastDot) {
      peekIndex = this.index;
      while (peekIndex < this.text.length) {
        ch = this.text.charAt(peekIndex);
        if (ch === '(') {
          methodName = ident.substr(lastDot - start + 1);
          ident = ident.substr(0, lastDot - start);
          this.index = peekIndex;
          break;
        }
        if (this.isWhitespace(ch)) {
          peekIndex++;
        } else {
          break;
        }
      }
    }

    this.tokens.push({
      index: start,
      text: ident,
      fn: CONSTANTS[ident] || getterFn(ident, this.options, expression)
    });

    if (methodName) {
      this.tokens.push({
        index: lastDot,
        text: '.'
      });
      this.tokens.push({
        index: lastDot + 1,
        text: methodName
      });
    }
  },

  readString: function(quote) {
    var start = this.index;
    this.index++;
    var string = '';
    var rawString = quote;
    var escape = false;
    while (this.index < this.text.length) {
      var ch = this.text.charAt(this.index);
      rawString += ch;
      if (escape) {
        if (ch === 'u') {
          var hex = this.text.substring(this.index + 1, this.index + 5);
          if (!hex.match(/[\da-f]{4}/i))
            this.throwError('Invalid unicode escape [\\u' + hex + ']');
          this.index += 4;
          string += String.fromCharCode(parseInt(hex, 16));
        } else {
          var rep = ESCAPE[ch];
          string = string + (rep || ch);
        }
        escape = false;
      } else if (ch === '\\') {
        escape = true;
      } else if (ch === quote) {
        this.index++;
        this.tokens.push({
          index: start,
          text: rawString,
          string: string,
          constant: true,
          fn: function() { return string; }
        });
        return;
      } else {
        string += ch;
      }
      this.index++;
    }
    this.throwError('Unterminated quote', start);
  }
};


function isConstant(exp) {
  return exp.constant;
}

/**
 * @constructor
 */
var Parser = function(lexer, $filter, options) {
  this.lexer = lexer;
  this.$filter = $filter;
  this.options = options;
};

Parser.ZERO = extend(function() {
  return 0;
}, {
  sharedGetter: true,
  constant: true
});

Parser.prototype = {
  constructor: Parser,

  parse: function(text) {
    this.text = text;
    this.tokens = this.lexer.lex(text);

    var value = this.statements();

    if (this.tokens.length !== 0) {
      this.throwError('is an unexpected token', this.tokens[0]);
    }

    value.literal = !!value.literal;
    value.constant = !!value.constant;

    return value;
  },

  primary: function() {
    var primary;
    if (this.expect('(')) {
      primary = this.filterChain();
      this.consume(')');
    } else if (this.expect('[')) {
      primary = this.arrayDeclaration();
    } else if (this.expect('{')) {
      primary = this.object();
    } else {
      var token = this.expect();
      primary = token.fn;
      if (!primary) {
        this.throwError('not a primary expression', token);
      }
      if (token.constant) {
        primary.constant = true;
        primary.literal = true;
      }
    }

    var next, context;
    while ((next = this.expect('(', '[', '.'))) {
      if (next.text === '(') {
        primary = this.functionCall(primary, context);
        context = null;
      } else if (next.text === '[') {
        context = primary;
        primary = this.objectIndex(primary);
      } else if (next.text === '.') {
        context = primary;
        primary = this.fieldAccess(primary);
      } else {
        this.throwError('IMPOSSIBLE');
      }
    }
    return primary;
  },

  throwError: function(msg, token) {
    throw $parseMinErr('syntax',
        'Syntax Error: Token \'{0}\' {1} at column {2} of the expression [{3}] starting at [{4}].',
          token.text, msg, (token.index + 1), this.text, this.text.substring(token.index));
  },

  peekToken: function() {
    if (this.tokens.length === 0)
      throw $parseMinErr('ueoe', 'Unexpected end of expression: {0}', this.text);
    return this.tokens[0];
  },

  peek: function(e1, e2, e3, e4) {
    if (this.tokens.length > 0) {
      var token = this.tokens[0];
      var t = token.text;
      if (t === e1 || t === e2 || t === e3 || t === e4 ||
          (!e1 && !e2 && !e3 && !e4)) {
        return token;
      }
    }
    return false;
  },

  expect: function(e1, e2, e3, e4) {
    var token = this.peek(e1, e2, e3, e4);
    if (token) {
      this.tokens.shift();
      return token;
    }
    return false;
  },

  consume: function(e1) {
    if (!this.expect(e1)) {
      this.throwError('is unexpected, expecting [' + e1 + ']', this.peek());
    }
  },

  unaryFn: function(fn, right) {
    return extend(function $parseUnaryFn(self, locals) {
      return fn(self, locals, right);
    }, {
      constant:right.constant,
      inputs: [right]
    });
  },

  binaryFn: function(left, fn, right, isBranching) {
    return extend(function $parseBinaryFn(self, locals) {
      return fn(self, locals, left, right);
    }, {
      constant: left.constant && right.constant,
      inputs: !isBranching && [left, right]
    });
  },

  statements: function() {
    var statements = [];
    while (true) {
      if (this.tokens.length > 0 && !this.peek('}', ')', ';', ']'))
        statements.push(this.filterChain());
      if (!this.expect(';')) {
        // optimize for the common case where there is only one statement.
        // TODO(size): maybe we should not support multiple statements?
        return (statements.length === 1)
            ? statements[0]
            : function $parseStatements(self, locals) {
                var value;
                for (var i = 0, ii = statements.length; i < ii; i++) {
                  value = statements[i](self, locals);
                }
                return value;
              };
      }
    }
  },

  filterChain: function() {
    var left = this.expression();
    var token;
    while ((token = this.expect('|'))) {
      left = this.filter(left);
    }
    return left;
  },

  filter: function(inputFn) {
    var token = this.expect();
    var fn = this.$filter(token.text);
    var argsFn;
    var args;

    if (this.peek(':')) {
      argsFn = [];
      args = []; // we can safely reuse the array
      while (this.expect(':')) {
        argsFn.push(this.expression());
      }
    }

    var inputs = [inputFn].concat(argsFn || []);

    return extend(function $parseFilter(self, locals) {
      var input = inputFn(self, locals);
      if (args) {
        args[0] = input;

        var i = argsFn.length;
        while (i--) {
          args[i + 1] = argsFn[i](self, locals);
        }

        return fn.apply(undefined, args);
      }

      return fn(input);
    }, {
      constant: !fn.$stateful && inputs.every(isConstant),
      inputs: !fn.$stateful && inputs
    });
  },

  expression: function() {
    return this.assignment();
  },

  assignment: function() {
    var left = this.ternary();
    var right;
    var token;
    if ((token = this.expect('='))) {
      if (!left.assign) {
        this.throwError('implies assignment but [' +
            this.text.substring(0, token.index) + '] can not be assigned to', token);
      }
      right = this.ternary();
      return extend(function $parseAssignment(scope, locals) {
        return left.assign(scope, right(scope, locals), locals);
      }, {
        inputs: [left, right]
      });
    }
    return left;
  },

  ternary: function() {
    var left = this.logicalOR();
    var middle;
    var token;
    if ((token = this.expect('?'))) {
      middle = this.assignment();
      if ((token = this.expect(':'))) {
        var right = this.assignment();

        return extend(function $parseTernary(self, locals) {
          return left(self, locals) ? middle(self, locals) : right(self, locals);
        }, {
          constant: left.constant && middle.constant && right.constant
        });

      } else {
        this.throwError('expected :', token);
      }
    }

    return left;
  },

  logicalOR: function() {
    var left = this.logicalAND();
    var token;
    while ((token = this.expect('||'))) {
      left = this.binaryFn(left, token.fn, this.logicalAND(), true);
    }
    return left;
  },

  logicalAND: function() {
    var left = this.equality();
    var token;
    if ((token = this.expect('&&'))) {
      left = this.binaryFn(left, token.fn, this.logicalAND(), true);
    }
    return left;
  },

  equality: function() {
    var left = this.relational();
    var token;
    if ((token = this.expect('==','!=','===','!=='))) {
      left = this.binaryFn(left, token.fn, this.equality());
    }
    return left;
  },

  relational: function() {
    var left = this.additive();
    var token;
    if ((token = this.expect('<', '>', '<=', '>='))) {
      left = this.binaryFn(left, token.fn, this.relational());
    }
    return left;
  },

  additive: function() {
    var left = this.multiplicative();
    var token;
    while ((token = this.expect('+','-'))) {
      left = this.binaryFn(left, token.fn, this.multiplicative());
    }
    return left;
  },

  multiplicative: function() {
    var left = this.unary();
    var token;
    while ((token = this.expect('*','/','%'))) {
      left = this.binaryFn(left, token.fn, this.unary());
    }
    return left;
  },

  unary: function() {
    var token;
    if (this.expect('+')) {
      return this.primary();
    } else if ((token = this.expect('-'))) {
      return this.binaryFn(Parser.ZERO, token.fn, this.unary());
    } else if ((token = this.expect('!'))) {
      return this.unaryFn(token.fn, this.unary());
    } else {
      return this.primary();
    }
  },

  fieldAccess: function(object) {
    var expression = this.text;
    var field = this.expect().text;
    var getter = getterFn(field, this.options, expression);

    return extend(function $parseFieldAccess(scope, locals, self) {
      return getter(self || object(scope, locals));
    }, {
      assign: function(scope, value, locals) {
        var o = object(scope, locals);
        if (!o) object.assign(scope, o = {});
        return setter(o, field, value, expression);
      }
    });
  },

  objectIndex: function(obj) {
    var expression = this.text;

    var indexFn = this.expression();
    this.consume(']');

    return extend(function $parseObjectIndex(self, locals) {
      var o = obj(self, locals),
          i = indexFn(self, locals),
          v;

      ensureSafeMemberName(i, expression);
      if (!o) return undefined;
      v = ensureSafeObject(o[i], expression);
      return v;
    }, {
      assign: function(self, value, locals) {
        var key = ensureSafeMemberName(indexFn(self, locals), expression);
        // prevent overwriting of Function.constructor which would break ensureSafeObject check
        var o = ensureSafeObject(obj(self, locals), expression);
        if (!o) obj.assign(self, o = {});
        return o[key] = value;
      }
    });
  },

  functionCall: function(fnGetter, contextGetter) {
    var argsFn = [];
    if (this.peekToken().text !== ')') {
      do {
        argsFn.push(this.expression());
      } while (this.expect(','));
    }
    this.consume(')');

    var expressionText = this.text;
    // we can safely reuse the array across invocations
    var args = argsFn.length ? [] : null;

    return function $parseFunctionCall(scope, locals) {
      var context = contextGetter ? contextGetter(scope, locals) : scope;
      var fn = fnGetter(scope, locals, context) || noop;

      if (args) {
        var i = argsFn.length;
        while (i--) {
          args[i] = ensureSafeObject(argsFn[i](scope, locals), expressionText);
        }
      }

      ensureSafeObject(context, expressionText);
      ensureSafeFunction(fn, expressionText);

      // IE stupidity! (IE doesn't have apply for some native functions)
      var v = fn.apply
            ? fn.apply(context, args)
            : fn(args[0], args[1], args[2], args[3], args[4]);

      return ensureSafeObject(v, expressionText);
    };
  },

  // This is used with json array declaration
  arrayDeclaration: function() {
    var elementFns = [];
    if (this.peekToken().text !== ']') {
      do {
        if (this.peek(']')) {
          // Support trailing commas per ES5.1.
          break;
        }
        var elementFn = this.expression();
        elementFns.push(elementFn);
      } while (this.expect(','));
    }
    this.consume(']');

    return extend(function $parseArrayLiteral(self, locals) {
      var array = [];
      for (var i = 0, ii = elementFns.length; i < ii; i++) {
        array.push(elementFns[i](self, locals));
      }
      return array;
    }, {
      literal: true,
      constant: elementFns.every(isConstant),
      inputs: elementFns
    });
  },

  object: function() {
    var keys = [], valueFns = [];
    if (this.peekToken().text !== '}') {
      do {
        if (this.peek('}')) {
          // Support trailing commas per ES5.1.
          break;
        }
        var token = this.expect();
        keys.push(token.string || token.text);
        this.consume(':');
        var value = this.expression();
        valueFns.push(value);
      } while (this.expect(','));
    }
    this.consume('}');

    return extend(function $parseObjectLiteral(self, locals) {
      var object = {};
      for (var i = 0, ii = valueFns.length; i < ii; i++) {
        object[keys[i]] = valueFns[i](self, locals);
      }
      return object;
    }, {
      literal: true,
      constant: valueFns.every(isConstant),
      inputs: valueFns
    });
  }
};


//////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Parser helper functions
//////////////////////////////////////////////////

function setter(obj, path, setValue, fullExp) {
  ensureSafeObject(obj, fullExp);

  var element = path.split('.'), key;
  for (var i = 0; element.length > 1; i++) {
    key = ensureSafeMemberName(element.shift(), fullExp);
    var propertyObj = ensureSafeObject(obj[key], fullExp);
    if (!propertyObj) {
      propertyObj = {};
      obj[key] = propertyObj;
    }
    obj = propertyObj;
  }
  key = ensureSafeMemberName(element.shift(), fullExp);
  ensureSafeObject(obj[key], fullExp);
  obj[key] = setValue;
  return setValue;
}

var getterFnCacheDefault = createMap();
var getterFnCacheExpensive = createMap();

function isPossiblyDangerousMemberName(name) {
  return name == 'constructor';
}

/**
 * Implementation of the "Black Hole" variant from:
 * - http://jsperf.com/angularjs-parse-getter/4
 * - http://jsperf.com/path-evaluation-simplified/7
 */
function cspSafeGetterFn(key0, key1, key2, key3, key4, fullExp, expensiveChecks) {
  ensureSafeMemberName(key0, fullExp);
  ensureSafeMemberName(key1, fullExp);
  ensureSafeMemberName(key2, fullExp);
  ensureSafeMemberName(key3, fullExp);
  ensureSafeMemberName(key4, fullExp);
  var eso = function(o) {
    return ensureSafeObject(o, fullExp);
  };
  var eso0 = (expensiveChecks || isPossiblyDangerousMemberName(key0)) ? eso : identity;
  var eso1 = (expensiveChecks || isPossiblyDangerousMemberName(key1)) ? eso : identity;
  var eso2 = (expensiveChecks || isPossiblyDangerousMemberName(key2)) ? eso : identity;
  var eso3 = (expensiveChecks || isPossiblyDangerousMemberName(key3)) ? eso : identity;
  var eso4 = (expensiveChecks || isPossiblyDangerousMemberName(key4)) ? eso : identity;

  return function cspSafeGetter(scope, locals) {
    var pathVal = (locals && locals.hasOwnProperty(key0)) ? locals : scope;

    if (pathVal == null) return pathVal;
    pathVal = eso0(pathVal[key0]);

    if (!key1) return pathVal;
    if (pathVal == null) return undefined;
    pathVal = eso1(pathVal[key1]);

    if (!key2) return pathVal;
    if (pathVal == null) return undefined;
    pathVal = eso2(pathVal[key2]);

    if (!key3) return pathVal;
    if (pathVal == null) return undefined;
    pathVal = eso3(pathVal[key3]);

    if (!key4) return pathVal;
    if (pathVal == null) return undefined;
    pathVal = eso4(pathVal[key4]);

    return pathVal;
  };
}

function getterFnWithEnsureSafeObject(fn, fullExpression) {
  return function(s, l) {
    return fn(s, l, ensureSafeObject, fullExpression);
  };
}

function getterFn(path, options, fullExp) {
  var expensiveChecks = options.expensiveChecks;
  var getterFnCache = (expensiveChecks ? getterFnCacheExpensive : getterFnCacheDefault);
  var fn = getterFnCache[path];
  if (fn) return fn;


  var pathKeys = path.split('.'),
      pathKeysLength = pathKeys.length;

  // http://jsperf.com/angularjs-parse-getter/6
  if (options.csp) {
    if (pathKeysLength < 6) {
      fn = cspSafeGetterFn(pathKeys[0], pathKeys[1], pathKeys[2], pathKeys[3], pathKeys[4], fullExp, expensiveChecks);
    } else {
      fn = function cspSafeGetter(scope, locals) {
        var i = 0, val;
        do {
          val = cspSafeGetterFn(pathKeys[i++], pathKeys[i++], pathKeys[i++], pathKeys[i++],
                                pathKeys[i++], fullExp, expensiveChecks)(scope, locals);

          locals = undefined; // clear after first iteration
          scope = val;
        } while (i < pathKeysLength);
        return val;
      };
    }
  } else {
    var code = '';
    if (expensiveChecks) {
      code += 's = eso(s, fe);\nl = eso(l, fe);\n';
    }
    var needsEnsureSafeObject = expensiveChecks;
    forEach(pathKeys, function(key, index) {
      ensureSafeMemberName(key, fullExp);
      var lookupJs = (index
                      // we simply dereference 's' on any .dot notation
                      ? 's'
                      // but if we are first then we check locals first, and if so read it first
                      : '((l&&l.hasOwnProperty("' + key + '"))?l:s)') + '.' + key;
      if (expensiveChecks || isPossiblyDangerousMemberName(key)) {
        lookupJs = 'eso(' + lookupJs + ', fe)';
        needsEnsureSafeObject = true;
      }
      code += 'if(s == null) return undefined;\n' +
              's=' + lookupJs + ';\n';
    });
    code += 'return s;';

    /* jshint -W054 */
    var evaledFnGetter = new Function('s', 'l', 'eso', 'fe', code); // s=scope, l=locals, eso=ensureSafeObject
    /* jshint +W054 */
    evaledFnGetter.toString = valueFn(code);
    if (needsEnsureSafeObject) {
      evaledFnGetter = getterFnWithEnsureSafeObject(evaledFnGetter, fullExp);
    }
    fn = evaledFnGetter;
  }

  fn.sharedGetter = true;
  fn.assign = function(self, value) {
    return setter(self, path, value, path);
  };
  getterFnCache[path] = fn;
  return fn;
}

var objectValueOf = Object.prototype.valueOf;

function getValueOf(value) {
  return isFunction(value.valueOf) ? value.valueOf() : objectValueOf.call(value);
}

///////////////////////////////////

/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $parse
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 *
 * Converts Angular {@link guide/expression expression} into a function.
 *
 * ```js
 *   var getter = $parse('user.name');
 *   var setter = getter.assign;
 *   var context = {user:{name:'angular'}};
 *   var locals = {user:{name:'local'}};
 *
 *   expect(getter(context)).toEqual('angular');
 *   setter(context, 'newValue');
 *   expect(context.user.name).toEqual('newValue');
 *   expect(getter(context, locals)).toEqual('local');
 * ```
 *
 *
 * @param {string} expression String expression to compile.
 * @returns {function(context, locals)} a function which represents the compiled expression:
 *
 *    * `context` – `{object}` – an object against which any expressions embedded in the strings
 *      are evaluated against (typically a scope object).
 *    * `locals` – `{object=}` – local variables context object, useful for overriding values in
 *      `context`.
 *
 *    The returned function also has the following properties:
 *      * `literal` – `{boolean}` – whether the expression's top-level node is a JavaScript
 *        literal.
 *      * `constant` – `{boolean}` – whether the expression is made entirely of JavaScript
 *        constant literals.
 *      * `assign` – `{?function(context, value)}` – if the expression is assignable, this will be
 *        set to a function to change its value on the given context.
 *
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc provider
 * @name $parseProvider
 *
 * @description
 * `$parseProvider` can be used for configuring the default behavior of the {@link ng.$parse $parse}
 *  service.
 */
function $ParseProvider() {
  var cacheDefault = createMap();
  var cacheExpensive = createMap();



  this.$get = ['$filter', '$sniffer', function($filter, $sniffer) {
    var $parseOptions = {
          csp: $sniffer.csp,
          expensiveChecks: false
        },
        $parseOptionsExpensive = {
          csp: $sniffer.csp,
          expensiveChecks: true
        };

    function wrapSharedExpression(exp) {
      var wrapped = exp;

      if (exp.sharedGetter) {
        wrapped = function $parseWrapper(self, locals) {
          return exp(self, locals);
        };
        wrapped.literal = exp.literal;
        wrapped.constant = exp.constant;
        wrapped.assign = exp.assign;
      }

      return wrapped;
    }

    return function $parse(exp, interceptorFn, expensiveChecks) {
      var parsedExpression, oneTime, cacheKey;

      switch (typeof exp) {
        case 'string':
          cacheKey = exp = exp.trim();

          var cache = (expensiveChecks ? cacheExpensive : cacheDefault);
          parsedExpression = cache[cacheKey];

          if (!parsedExpression) {
            if (exp.charAt(0) === ':' && exp.charAt(1) === ':') {
              oneTime = true;
              exp = exp.substring(2);
            }

            var parseOptions = expensiveChecks ? $parseOptionsExpensive : $parseOptions;
            var lexer = new Lexer(parseOptions);
            var parser = new Parser(lexer, $filter, parseOptions);
            parsedExpression = parser.parse(exp);

            if (parsedExpression.constant) {
              parsedExpression.$$watchDelegate = constantWatchDelegate;
            } else if (oneTime) {
              //oneTime is not part of the exp passed to the Parser so we may have to
              //wrap the parsedExpression before adding a $$watchDelegate
              parsedExpression = wrapSharedExpression(parsedExpression);
              parsedExpression.$$watchDelegate = parsedExpression.literal ?
                oneTimeLiteralWatchDelegate : oneTimeWatchDelegate;
            } else if (parsedExpression.inputs) {
              parsedExpression.$$watchDelegate = inputsWatchDelegate;
            }

            cache[cacheKey] = parsedExpression;
          }
          return addInterceptor(parsedExpression, interceptorFn);

        case 'function':
          return addInterceptor(exp, interceptorFn);

        default:
          return addInterceptor(noop, interceptorFn);
      }
    };

    function collectExpressionInputs(inputs, list) {
      for (var i = 0, ii = inputs.length; i < ii; i++) {
        var input = inputs[i];
        if (!input.constant) {
          if (input.inputs) {
            collectExpressionInputs(input.inputs, list);
          } else if (list.indexOf(input) === -1) { // TODO(perf) can we do better?
            list.push(input);
          }
        }
      }

      return list;
    }

    function expressionInputDirtyCheck(newValue, oldValueOfValue) {

      if (newValue == null || oldValueOfValue == null) { // null/undefined
        return newValue === oldValueOfValue;
      }

      if (typeof newValue === 'object') {

        // attempt to convert the value to a primitive type
        // TODO(docs): add a note to docs that by implementing valueOf even objects and arrays can
        //             be cheaply dirty-checked
        newValue = getValueOf(newValue);

        if (typeof newValue === 'object') {
          // objects/arrays are not supported - deep-watching them would be too expensive
          return false;
        }

        // fall-through to the primitive equality check
      }

      //Primitive or NaN
      return newValue === oldValueOfValue || (newValue !== newValue && oldValueOfValue !== oldValueOfValue);
    }

    function inputsWatchDelegate(scope, listener, objectEquality, parsedExpression) {
      var inputExpressions = parsedExpression.$$inputs ||
                    (parsedExpression.$$inputs = collectExpressionInputs(parsedExpression.inputs, []));

      var lastResult;

      if (inputExpressions.length === 1) {
        var oldInputValue = expressionInputDirtyCheck; // init to something unique so that equals check fails
        inputExpressions = inputExpressions[0];
        return scope.$watch(function expressionInputWatch(scope) {
          var newInputValue = inputExpressions(scope);
          if (!expressionInputDirtyCheck(newInputValue, oldInputValue)) {
            lastResult = parsedExpression(scope);
            oldInputValue = newInputValue && getValueOf(newInputValue);
          }
          return lastResult;
        }, listener, objectEquality);
      }

      var oldInputValueOfValues = [];
      for (var i = 0, ii = inputExpressions.length; i < ii; i++) {
        oldInputValueOfValues[i] = expressionInputDirtyCheck; // init to something unique so that equals check fails
      }

      return scope.$watch(function expressionInputsWatch(scope) {
        var changed = false;

        for (var i = 0, ii = inputExpressions.length; i < ii; i++) {
          var newInputValue = inputExpressions[i](scope);
          if (changed || (changed = !expressionInputDirtyCheck(newInputValue, oldInputValueOfValues[i]))) {
            oldInputValueOfValues[i] = newInputValue && getValueOf(newInputValue);
          }
        }

        if (changed) {
          lastResult = parsedExpression(scope);
        }

        return lastResult;
      }, listener, objectEquality);
    }

    function oneTimeWatchDelegate(scope, listener, objectEquality, parsedExpression) {
      var unwatch, lastValue;
      return unwatch = scope.$watch(function oneTimeWatch(scope) {
        return parsedExpression(scope);
      }, function oneTimeListener(value, old, scope) {
        lastValue = value;
        if (isFunction(listener)) {
          listener.apply(this, arguments);
        }
        if (isDefined(value)) {
          scope.$$postDigest(function() {
            if (isDefined(lastValue)) {
              unwatch();
            }
          });
        }
      }, objectEquality);
    }

    function oneTimeLiteralWatchDelegate(scope, listener, objectEquality, parsedExpression) {
      var unwatch, lastValue;
      return unwatch = scope.$watch(function oneTimeWatch(scope) {
        return parsedExpression(scope);
      }, function oneTimeListener(value, old, scope) {
        lastValue = value;
        if (isFunction(listener)) {
          listener.call(this, value, old, scope);
        }
        if (isAllDefined(value)) {
          scope.$$postDigest(function() {
            if (isAllDefined(lastValue)) unwatch();
          });
        }
      }, objectEquality);

      function isAllDefined(value) {
        var allDefined = true;
        forEach(value, function(val) {
          if (!isDefined(val)) allDefined = false;
        });
        return allDefined;
      }
    }

    function constantWatchDelegate(scope, listener, objectEquality, parsedExpression) {
      var unwatch;
      return unwatch = scope.$watch(function constantWatch(scope) {
        return parsedExpression(scope);
      }, function constantListener(value, old, scope) {
        if (isFunction(listener)) {
          listener.apply(this, arguments);
        }
        unwatch();
      }, objectEquality);
    }

    function addInterceptor(parsedExpression, interceptorFn) {
      if (!interceptorFn) return parsedExpression;

      var fn = function interceptedExpression(scope, locals) {
        var value = parsedExpression(scope, locals);
        var result = interceptorFn(value, scope, locals);
        // we only return the interceptor's result if the
        // initial value is defined (for bind-once)
        return isDefined(value) || interceptorFn.$stateful ? result : value;
      };

      // Propagate $$watchDelegates other then inputsWatchDelegate
      if (parsedExpression.$$watchDelegate &&
          parsedExpression.$$watchDelegate !== inputsWatchDelegate) {
        fn.$$watchDelegate = parsedExpression.$$watchDelegate;
      } else if (!interceptorFn.$stateful) {
        // If there is an interceptor, but no watchDelegate then treat the interceptor like
        // we treat filters - it is assumed to be a pure function unless flagged with $stateful
        fn.$$watchDelegate = inputsWatchDelegate;
        fn.inputs = [parsedExpression];
      }

      return fn;
    }
  }];
}

/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $q
 * @requires $rootScope
 *
 * @description
 * A promise/deferred implementation inspired by [Kris Kowal's Q](https://github.com/kriskowal/q).
 *
 * $q can be used in two fashions --- one which is more similar to Kris Kowal's Q or jQuery's Deferred
 * implementations, and the other which resembles ES6 promises to some degree.
 *
 * # $q constructor
 *
 * The streamlined ES6 style promise is essentially just using $q as a constructor which takes a `resolver`
 * function as the first argument. This is similar to the native Promise implementation from ES6 Harmony,
 * see [MDN](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Promise).
 *
 * While the constructor-style use is supported, not all of the supporting methods from ES6 Harmony promises are
 * available yet.
 *
 * It can be used like so:
 *
 * ```js
 *   // for the purpose of this example let's assume that variables `$q` and `okToGreet`
 *   // are available in the current lexical scope (they could have been injected or passed in).
 *
 *   function asyncGreet(name) {
 *     // perform some asynchronous operation, resolve or reject the promise when appropriate.
 *     return $q(function(resolve, reject) {
 *       setTimeout(function() {
 *         if (okToGreet(name)) {
 *           resolve('Hello, ' + name + '!');
 *         } else {
 *           reject('Greeting ' + name + ' is not allowed.');
 *         }
 *       }, 1000);
 *     });
 *   }
 *
 *   var promise = asyncGreet('Robin Hood');
 *   promise.then(function(greeting) {
 *     alert('Success: ' + greeting);
 *   }, function(reason) {
 *     alert('Failed: ' + reason);
 *   });
 * ```
 *
 * Note: progress/notify callbacks are not currently supported via the ES6-style interface.
 *
 * However, the more traditional CommonJS-style usage is still available, and documented below.
 *
 * [The CommonJS Promise proposal](http://wiki.commonjs.org/wiki/Promises) describes a promise as an
 * interface for interacting with an object that represents the result of an action that is
 * performed asynchronously, and may or may not be finished at any given point in time.
 *
 * From the perspective of dealing with error handling, deferred and promise APIs are to
 * asynchronous programming what `try`, `catch` and `throw` keywords are to synchronous programming.
 *
 * ```js
 *   // for the purpose of this example let's assume that variables `$q` and `okToGreet`
 *   // are available in the current lexical scope (they could have been injected or passed in).
 *
 *   function asyncGreet(name) {
 *     var deferred = $q.defer();
 *
 *     setTimeout(function() {
 *       deferred.notify('About to greet ' + name + '.');
 *
 *       if (okToGreet(name)) {
 *         deferred.resolve('Hello, ' + name + '!');
 *       } else {
 *         deferred.reject('Greeting ' + name + ' is not allowed.');
 *       }
 *     }, 1000);
 *
 *     return deferred.promise;
 *   }
 *
 *   var promise = asyncGreet('Robin Hood');
 *   promise.then(function(greeting) {
 *     alert('Success: ' + greeting);
 *   }, function(reason) {
 *     alert('Failed: ' + reason);
 *   }, function(update) {
 *     alert('Got notification: ' + update);
 *   });
 * ```
 *
 * At first it might not be obvious why this extra complexity is worth the trouble. The payoff
 * comes in the way of guarantees that promise and deferred APIs make, see
 * https://github.com/kriskowal/uncommonjs/blob/master/promises/specification.md.
 *
 * Additionally the promise api allows for composition that is very hard to do with the
 * traditional callback ([CPS](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continuation-passing_style)) approach.
 * For more on this please see the [Q documentation](https://github.com/kriskowal/q) especially the
 * section on serial or parallel joining of promises.
 *
 * # The Deferred API
 *
 * A new instance of deferred is constructed by calling `$q.defer()`.
 *
 * The purpose of the deferred object is to expose the associated Promise instance as well as APIs
 * that can be used for signaling the successful or unsuccessful completion, as well as the status
 * of the task.
 *
 * **Methods**
 *
 * - `resolve(value)` – resolves the derived promise with the `value`. If the value is a rejection
 *   constructed via `$q.reject`, the promise will be rejected instead.
 * - `reject(reason)` – rejects the derived promise with the `reason`. This is equivalent to
 *   resolving it with a rejection constructed via `$q.reject`.
 * - `notify(value)` - provides updates on the status of the promise's execution. This may be called
 *   multiple times before the promise is either resolved or rejected.
 *
 * **Properties**
 *
 * - promise – `{Promise}` – promise object associated with this deferred.
 *
 *
 * # The Promise API
 *
 * A new promise instance is created when a deferred instance is created and can be retrieved by
 * calling `deferred.promise`.
 *
 * The purpose of the promise object is to allow for interested parties to get access to the result
 * of the deferred task when it completes.
 *
 * **Methods**
 *
 * - `then(successCallback, errorCallback, notifyCallback)` – regardless of when the promise was or
 *   will be resolved or rejected, `then` calls one of the success or error callbacks asynchronously
 *   as soon as the result is available. The callbacks are called with a single argument: the result
 *   or rejection reason. Additionally, the notify callback may be called zero or more times to
 *   provide a progress indication, before the promise is resolved or rejected.
 *
 *   This method *returns a new promise* which is resolved or rejected via the return value of the
 *   `successCallback`, `errorCallback`. It also notifies via the return value of the
 *   `notifyCallback` method. The promise cannot be resolved or rejected from the notifyCallback
 *   method.
 *
 * - `catch(errorCallback)` – shorthand for `promise.then(null, errorCallback)`
 *
 * - `finally(callback)` – allows you to observe either the fulfillment or rejection of a promise,
 *   but to do so without modifying the final value. This is useful to release resources or do some
 *   clean-up that needs to be done whether the promise was rejected or resolved. See the [full
 *   specification](https://github.com/kriskowal/q/wiki/API-Reference#promisefinallycallback) for
 *   more information.
 *
 *   Because `finally` is a reserved word in JavaScript and reserved keywords are not supported as
 *   property names by ES3, you'll need to invoke the method like `promise['finally'](callback)` to
 *   make your code IE8 and Android 2.x compatible.
 *
 * # Chaining promises
 *
 * Because calling the `then` method of a promise returns a new derived promise, it is easily
 * possible to create a chain of promises:
 *
 * ```js
 *   promiseB = promiseA.then(function(result) {
 *     return result + 1;
 *   });
 *
 *   // promiseB will be resolved immediately after promiseA is resolved and its value
 *   // will be the result of promiseA incremented by 1
 * ```
 *
 * It is possible to create chains of any length and since a promise can be resolved with another
 * promise (which will defer its resolution further), it is possible to pause/defer resolution of
 * the promises at any point in the chain. This makes it possible to implement powerful APIs like
 * $http's response interceptors.
 *
 *
 * # Differences between Kris Kowal's Q and $q
 *
 *  There are two main differences:
 *
 * - $q is integrated with the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope} Scope model observation
 *   mechanism in angular, which means faster propagation of resolution or rejection into your
 *   models and avoiding unnecessary browser repaints, which would result in flickering UI.
 * - Q has many more features than $q, but that comes at a cost of bytes. $q is tiny, but contains
 *   all the important functionality needed for common async tasks.
 *
 *  # Testing
 *
 *  ```js
 *    it('should simulate promise', inject(function($q, $rootScope) {
 *      var deferred = $q.defer();
 *      var promise = deferred.promise;
 *      var resolvedValue;
 *
 *      promise.then(function(value) { resolvedValue = value; });
 *      expect(resolvedValue).toBeUndefined();
 *
 *      // Simulate resolving of promise
 *      deferred.resolve(123);
 *      // Note that the 'then' function does not get called synchronously.
 *      // This is because we want the promise API to always be async, whether or not
 *      // it got called synchronously or asynchronously.
 *      expect(resolvedValue).toBeUndefined();
 *
 *      // Propagate promise resolution to 'then' functions using $apply().
 *      $rootScope.$apply();
 *      expect(resolvedValue).toEqual(123);
 *    }));
 *  ```
 *
 * @param {function(function, function)} resolver Function which is responsible for resolving or
 *   rejecting the newly created promise. The first parameter is a function which resolves the
 *   promise, the second parameter is a function which rejects the promise.
 *
 * @returns {Promise} The newly created promise.
 */
function $QProvider() {

  this.$get = ['$rootScope', '$exceptionHandler', function($rootScope, $exceptionHandler) {
    return qFactory(function(callback) {
      $rootScope.$evalAsync(callback);
    }, $exceptionHandler);
  }];
}

function $$QProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$browser', '$exceptionHandler', function($browser, $exceptionHandler) {
    return qFactory(function(callback) {
      $browser.defer(callback);
    }, $exceptionHandler);
  }];
}

/**
 * Constructs a promise manager.
 *
 * @param {function(function)} nextTick Function for executing functions in the next turn.
 * @param {function(...*)} exceptionHandler Function into which unexpected exceptions are passed for
 *     debugging purposes.
 * @returns {object} Promise manager.
 */
function qFactory(nextTick, exceptionHandler) {
  var $qMinErr = minErr('$q', TypeError);
  function callOnce(self, resolveFn, rejectFn) {
    var called = false;
    function wrap(fn) {
      return function(value) {
        if (called) return;
        called = true;
        fn.call(self, value);
      };
    }

    return [wrap(resolveFn), wrap(rejectFn)];
  }

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$q#defer
   * @kind function
   *
   * @description
   * Creates a `Deferred` object which represents a task which will finish in the future.
   *
   * @returns {Deferred} Returns a new instance of deferred.
   */
  var defer = function() {
    return new Deferred();
  };

  function Promise() {
    this.$$state = { status: 0 };
  }

  Promise.prototype = {
    then: function(onFulfilled, onRejected, progressBack) {
      var result = new Deferred();

      this.$$state.pending = this.$$state.pending || [];
      this.$$state.pending.push([result, onFulfilled, onRejected, progressBack]);
      if (this.$$state.status > 0) scheduleProcessQueue(this.$$state);

      return result.promise;
    },

    "catch": function(callback) {
      return this.then(null, callback);
    },

    "finally": function(callback, progressBack) {
      return this.then(function(value) {
        return handleCallback(value, true, callback);
      }, function(error) {
        return handleCallback(error, false, callback);
      }, progressBack);
    }
  };

  //Faster, more basic than angular.bind http://jsperf.com/angular-bind-vs-custom-vs-native
  function simpleBind(context, fn) {
    return function(value) {
      fn.call(context, value);
    };
  }

  function processQueue(state) {
    var fn, promise, pending;

    pending = state.pending;
    state.processScheduled = false;
    state.pending = undefined;
    for (var i = 0, ii = pending.length; i < ii; ++i) {
      promise = pending[i][0];
      fn = pending[i][state.status];
      try {
        if (isFunction(fn)) {
          promise.resolve(fn(state.value));
        } else if (state.status === 1) {
          promise.resolve(state.value);
        } else {
          promise.reject(state.value);
        }
      } catch (e) {
        promise.reject(e);
        exceptionHandler(e);
      }
    }
  }

  function scheduleProcessQueue(state) {
    if (state.processScheduled || !state.pending) return;
    state.processScheduled = true;
    nextTick(function() { processQueue(state); });
  }

  function Deferred() {
    this.promise = new Promise();
    //Necessary to support unbound execution :/
    this.resolve = simpleBind(this, this.resolve);
    this.reject = simpleBind(this, this.reject);
    this.notify = simpleBind(this, this.notify);
  }

  Deferred.prototype = {
    resolve: function(val) {
      if (this.promise.$$state.status) return;
      if (val === this.promise) {
        this.$$reject($qMinErr(
          'qcycle',
          "Expected promise to be resolved with value other than itself '{0}'",
          val));
      }
      else {
        this.$$resolve(val);
      }

    },

    $$resolve: function(val) {
      var then, fns;

      fns = callOnce(this, this.$$resolve, this.$$reject);
      try {
        if ((isObject(val) || isFunction(val))) then = val && val.then;
        if (isFunction(then)) {
          this.promise.$$state.status = -1;
          then.call(val, fns[0], fns[1], this.notify);
        } else {
          this.promise.$$state.value = val;
          this.promise.$$state.status = 1;
          scheduleProcessQueue(this.promise.$$state);
        }
      } catch (e) {
        fns[1](e);
        exceptionHandler(e);
      }
    },

    reject: function(reason) {
      if (this.promise.$$state.status) return;
      this.$$reject(reason);
    },

    $$reject: function(reason) {
      this.promise.$$state.value = reason;
      this.promise.$$state.status = 2;
      scheduleProcessQueue(this.promise.$$state);
    },

    notify: function(progress) {
      var callbacks = this.promise.$$state.pending;

      if ((this.promise.$$state.status <= 0) && callbacks && callbacks.length) {
        nextTick(function() {
          var callback, result;
          for (var i = 0, ii = callbacks.length; i < ii; i++) {
            result = callbacks[i][0];
            callback = callbacks[i][3];
            try {
              result.notify(isFunction(callback) ? callback(progress) : progress);
            } catch (e) {
              exceptionHandler(e);
            }
          }
        });
      }
    }
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $q#reject
   * @kind function
   *
   * @description
   * Creates a promise that is resolved as rejected with the specified `reason`. This api should be
   * used to forward rejection in a chain of promises. If you are dealing with the last promise in
   * a promise chain, you don't need to worry about it.
   *
   * When comparing deferreds/promises to the familiar behavior of try/catch/throw, think of
   * `reject` as the `throw` keyword in JavaScript. This also means that if you "catch" an error via
   * a promise error callback and you want to forward the error to the promise derived from the
   * current promise, you have to "rethrow" the error by returning a rejection constructed via
   * `reject`.
   *
   * ```js
   *   promiseB = promiseA.then(function(result) {
   *     // success: do something and resolve promiseB
   *     //          with the old or a new result
   *     return result;
   *   }, function(reason) {
   *     // error: handle the error if possible and
   *     //        resolve promiseB with newPromiseOrValue,
   *     //        otherwise forward the rejection to promiseB
   *     if (canHandle(reason)) {
   *      // handle the error and recover
   *      return newPromiseOrValue;
   *     }
   *     return $q.reject(reason);
   *   });
   * ```
   *
   * @param {*} reason Constant, message, exception or an object representing the rejection reason.
   * @returns {Promise} Returns a promise that was already resolved as rejected with the `reason`.
   */
  var reject = function(reason) {
    var result = new Deferred();
    result.reject(reason);
    return result.promise;
  };

  var makePromise = function makePromise(value, resolved) {
    var result = new Deferred();
    if (resolved) {
      result.resolve(value);
    } else {
      result.reject(value);
    }
    return result.promise;
  };

  var handleCallback = function handleCallback(value, isResolved, callback) {
    var callbackOutput = null;
    try {
      if (isFunction(callback)) callbackOutput = callback();
    } catch (e) {
      return makePromise(e, false);
    }
    if (isPromiseLike(callbackOutput)) {
      return callbackOutput.then(function() {
        return makePromise(value, isResolved);
      }, function(error) {
        return makePromise(error, false);
      });
    } else {
      return makePromise(value, isResolved);
    }
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $q#when
   * @kind function
   *
   * @description
   * Wraps an object that might be a value or a (3rd party) then-able promise into a $q promise.
   * This is useful when you are dealing with an object that might or might not be a promise, or if
   * the promise comes from a source that can't be trusted.
   *
   * @param {*} value Value or a promise
   * @returns {Promise} Returns a promise of the passed value or promise
   */


  var when = function(value, callback, errback, progressBack) {
    var result = new Deferred();
    result.resolve(value);
    return result.promise.then(callback, errback, progressBack);
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $q#all
   * @kind function
   *
   * @description
   * Combines multiple promises into a single promise that is resolved when all of the input
   * promises are resolved.
   *
   * @param {Array.<Promise>|Object.<Promise>} promises An array or hash of promises.
   * @returns {Promise} Returns a single promise that will be resolved with an array/hash of values,
   *   each value corresponding to the promise at the same index/key in the `promises` array/hash.
   *   If any of the promises is resolved with a rejection, this resulting promise will be rejected
   *   with the same rejection value.
   */

  function all(promises) {
    var deferred = new Deferred(),
        counter = 0,
        results = isArray(promises) ? [] : {};

    forEach(promises, function(promise, key) {
      counter++;
      when(promise).then(function(value) {
        if (results.hasOwnProperty(key)) return;
        results[key] = value;
        if (!(--counter)) deferred.resolve(results);
      }, function(reason) {
        if (results.hasOwnProperty(key)) return;
        deferred.reject(reason);
      });
    });

    if (counter === 0) {
      deferred.resolve(results);
    }

    return deferred.promise;
  }

  var $Q = function Q(resolver) {
    if (!isFunction(resolver)) {
      throw $qMinErr('norslvr', "Expected resolverFn, got '{0}'", resolver);
    }

    if (!(this instanceof Q)) {
      // More useful when $Q is the Promise itself.
      return new Q(resolver);
    }

    var deferred = new Deferred();

    function resolveFn(value) {
      deferred.resolve(value);
    }

    function rejectFn(reason) {
      deferred.reject(reason);
    }

    resolver(resolveFn, rejectFn);

    return deferred.promise;
  };

  $Q.defer = defer;
  $Q.reject = reject;
  $Q.when = when;
  $Q.all = all;

  return $Q;
}

function $$RAFProvider() { //rAF
  this.$get = ['$window', '$timeout', function($window, $timeout) {
    var requestAnimationFrame = $window.requestAnimationFrame ||
                                $window.webkitRequestAnimationFrame ||
                                $window.mozRequestAnimationFrame;

    var cancelAnimationFrame = $window.cancelAnimationFrame ||
                               $window.webkitCancelAnimationFrame ||
                               $window.mozCancelAnimationFrame ||
                               $window.webkitCancelRequestAnimationFrame;

    var rafSupported = !!requestAnimationFrame;
    var raf = rafSupported
      ? function(fn) {
          var id = requestAnimationFrame(fn);
          return function() {
            cancelAnimationFrame(id);
          };
        }
      : function(fn) {
          var timer = $timeout(fn, 16.66, false); // 1000 / 60 = 16.666
          return function() {
            $timeout.cancel(timer);
          };
        };

    raf.supported = rafSupported;

    return raf;
  }];
}

/**
 * DESIGN NOTES
 *
 * The design decisions behind the scope are heavily favored for speed and memory consumption.
 *
 * The typical use of scope is to watch the expressions, which most of the time return the same
 * value as last time so we optimize the operation.
 *
 * Closures construction is expensive in terms of speed as well as memory:
 *   - No closures, instead use prototypical inheritance for API
 *   - Internal state needs to be stored on scope directly, which means that private state is
 *     exposed as $$____ properties
 *
 * Loop operations are optimized by using while(count--) { ... }
 *   - this means that in order to keep the same order of execution as addition we have to add
 *     items to the array at the beginning (unshift) instead of at the end (push)
 *
 * Child scopes are created and removed often
 *   - Using an array would be slow since inserts in middle are expensive so we use linked list
 *
 * There are few watches then a lot of observers. This is why you don't want the observer to be
 * implemented in the same way as watch. Watch requires return of initialization function which
 * are expensive to construct.
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc provider
 * @name $rootScopeProvider
 * @description
 *
 * Provider for the $rootScope service.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name $rootScopeProvider#digestTtl
 * @description
 *
 * Sets the number of `$digest` iterations the scope should attempt to execute before giving up and
 * assuming that the model is unstable.
 *
 * The current default is 10 iterations.
 *
 * In complex applications it's possible that the dependencies between `$watch`s will result in
 * several digest iterations. However if an application needs more than the default 10 digest
 * iterations for its model to stabilize then you should investigate what is causing the model to
 * continuously change during the digest.
 *
 * Increasing the TTL could have performance implications, so you should not change it without
 * proper justification.
 *
 * @param {number} limit The number of digest iterations.
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $rootScope
 * @description
 *
 * Every application has a single root {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope scope}.
 * All other scopes are descendant scopes of the root scope. Scopes provide separation
 * between the model and the view, via a mechanism for watching the model for changes.
 * They also provide an event emission/broadcast and subscription facility. See the
 * {@link guide/scope developer guide on scopes}.
 */
function $RootScopeProvider() {
  var TTL = 10;
  var $rootScopeMinErr = minErr('$rootScope');
  var lastDirtyWatch = null;
  var applyAsyncId = null;

  this.digestTtl = function(value) {
    if (arguments.length) {
      TTL = value;
    }
    return TTL;
  };

  this.$get = ['$injector', '$exceptionHandler', '$parse', '$browser',
      function($injector, $exceptionHandler, $parse, $browser) {

    /**
     * @ngdoc type
     * @name $rootScope.Scope
     *
     * @description
     * A root scope can be retrieved using the {@link ng.$rootScope $rootScope} key from the
     * {@link auto.$injector $injector}. Child scopes are created using the
     * {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$new $new()} method. (Most scopes are created automatically when
     * compiled HTML template is executed.)
     *
     * Here is a simple scope snippet to show how you can interact with the scope.
     * ```html
     * <file src="./test/ng/rootScopeSpec.js" tag="docs1" />
     * ```
     *
     * # Inheritance
     * A scope can inherit from a parent scope, as in this example:
     * ```js
         var parent = $rootScope;
         var child = parent.$new();

         parent.salutation = "Hello";
         child.name = "World";
         expect(child.salutation).toEqual('Hello');

         child.salutation = "Welcome";
         expect(child.salutation).toEqual('Welcome');
         expect(parent.salutation).toEqual('Hello');
     * ```
     *
     * When interacting with `Scope` in tests, additional helper methods are available on the
     * instances of `Scope` type. See {@link ngMock.$rootScope.Scope ngMock Scope} for additional
     * details.
     *
     *
     * @param {Object.<string, function()>=} providers Map of service factory which need to be
     *                                       provided for the current scope. Defaults to {@link ng}.
     * @param {Object.<string, *>=} instanceCache Provides pre-instantiated services which should
     *                              append/override services provided by `providers`. This is handy
     *                              when unit-testing and having the need to override a default
     *                              service.
     * @returns {Object} Newly created scope.
     *
     */
    function Scope() {
      this.$id = nextUid();
      this.$$phase = this.$parent = this.$$watchers =
                     this.$$nextSibling = this.$$prevSibling =
                     this.$$childHead = this.$$childTail = null;
      this.$root = this;
      this.$$destroyed = false;
      this.$$listeners = {};
      this.$$listenerCount = {};
      this.$$isolateBindings = null;
    }

    /**
     * @ngdoc property
     * @name $rootScope.Scope#$id
     *
     * @description
     * Unique scope ID (monotonically increasing) useful for debugging.
     */

     /**
      * @ngdoc property
      * @name $rootScope.Scope#$parent
      *
      * @description
      * Reference to the parent scope.
      */

      /**
       * @ngdoc property
       * @name $rootScope.Scope#$root
       *
       * @description
       * Reference to the root scope.
       */

    Scope.prototype = {
      constructor: Scope,
      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $rootScope.Scope#$new
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * Creates a new child {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope scope}.
       *
       * The parent scope will propagate the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest()} event.
       * The scope can be removed from the scope hierarchy using {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$destroy $destroy()}.
       *
       * {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$destroy $destroy()} must be called on a scope when it is
       * desired for the scope and its child scopes to be permanently detached from the parent and
       * thus stop participating in model change detection and listener notification by invoking.
       *
       * @param {boolean} isolate If true, then the scope does not prototypically inherit from the
       *         parent scope. The scope is isolated, as it can not see parent scope properties.
       *         When creating widgets, it is useful for the widget to not accidentally read parent
       *         state.
       *
       * @param {Scope} [parent=this] The {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope `Scope`} that will be the `$parent`
       *                              of the newly created scope. Defaults to `this` scope if not provided.
       *                              This is used when creating a transclude scope to correctly place it
       *                              in the scope hierarchy while maintaining the correct prototypical
       *                              inheritance.
       *
       * @returns {Object} The newly created child scope.
       *
       */
      $new: function(isolate, parent) {
        var child;

        parent = parent || this;

        if (isolate) {
          child = new Scope();
          child.$root = this.$root;
        } else {
          // Only create a child scope class if somebody asks for one,
          // but cache it to allow the VM to optimize lookups.
          if (!this.$$ChildScope) {
            this.$$ChildScope = function ChildScope() {
              this.$$watchers = this.$$nextSibling =
                  this.$$childHead = this.$$childTail = null;
              this.$$listeners = {};
              this.$$listenerCount = {};
              this.$id = nextUid();
              this.$$ChildScope = null;
            };
            this.$$ChildScope.prototype = this;
          }
          child = new this.$$ChildScope();
        }
        child.$parent = parent;
        child.$$prevSibling = parent.$$childTail;
        if (parent.$$childHead) {
          parent.$$childTail.$$nextSibling = child;
          parent.$$childTail = child;
        } else {
          parent.$$childHead = parent.$$childTail = child;
        }

        // When the new scope is not isolated or we inherit from `this`, and
        // the parent scope is destroyed, the property `$$destroyed` is inherited
        // prototypically. In all other cases, this property needs to be set
        // when the parent scope is destroyed.
        // The listener needs to be added after the parent is set
        if (isolate || parent != this) child.$on('$destroy', destroyChild);

        return child;

        function destroyChild() {
          child.$$destroyed = true;
        }
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $rootScope.Scope#$watch
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * Registers a `listener` callback to be executed whenever the `watchExpression` changes.
       *
       * - The `watchExpression` is called on every call to {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest
       *   $digest()} and should return the value that will be watched. (Since
       *   {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest()} reruns when it detects changes the
       *   `watchExpression` can execute multiple times per
       *   {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest()} and should be idempotent.)
       * - The `listener` is called only when the value from the current `watchExpression` and the
       *   previous call to `watchExpression` are not equal (with the exception of the initial run,
       *   see below). Inequality is determined according to reference inequality,
       *   [strict comparison](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Operators/Comparison_Operators)
       *    via the `!==` Javascript operator, unless `objectEquality == true`
       *   (see next point)
       * - When `objectEquality == true`, inequality of the `watchExpression` is determined
       *   according to the {@link angular.equals} function. To save the value of the object for
       *   later comparison, the {@link angular.copy} function is used. This therefore means that
       *   watching complex objects will have adverse memory and performance implications.
       * - The watch `listener` may change the model, which may trigger other `listener`s to fire.
       *   This is achieved by rerunning the watchers until no changes are detected. The rerun
       *   iteration limit is 10 to prevent an infinite loop deadlock.
       *
       *
       * If you want to be notified whenever {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest} is called,
       * you can register a `watchExpression` function with no `listener`. (Since `watchExpression`
       * can execute multiple times per {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest} cycle when a
       * change is detected, be prepared for multiple calls to your listener.)
       *
       * After a watcher is registered with the scope, the `listener` fn is called asynchronously
       * (via {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$evalAsync $evalAsync}) to initialize the
       * watcher. In rare cases, this is undesirable because the listener is called when the result
       * of `watchExpression` didn't change. To detect this scenario within the `listener` fn, you
       * can compare the `newVal` and `oldVal`. If these two values are identical (`===`) then the
       * listener was called due to initialization.
       *
       *
       *
       * # Example
       * ```js
           // let's assume that scope was dependency injected as the $rootScope
           var scope = $rootScope;
           scope.name = 'misko';
           scope.counter = 0;

           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(0);
           scope.$watch('name', function(newValue, oldValue) {
             scope.counter = scope.counter + 1;
           });
           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(0);

           scope.$digest();
           // the listener is always called during the first $digest loop after it was registered
           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(1);

           scope.$digest();
           // but now it will not be called unless the value changes
           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(1);

           scope.name = 'adam';
           scope.$digest();
           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(2);



           // Using a function as a watchExpression
           var food;
           scope.foodCounter = 0;
           expect(scope.foodCounter).toEqual(0);
           scope.$watch(
             // This function returns the value being watched. It is called for each turn of the $digest loop
             function() { return food; },
             // This is the change listener, called when the value returned from the above function changes
             function(newValue, oldValue) {
               if ( newValue !== oldValue ) {
                 // Only increment the counter if the value changed
                 scope.foodCounter = scope.foodCounter + 1;
               }
             }
           );
           // No digest has been run so the counter will be zero
           expect(scope.foodCounter).toEqual(0);

           // Run the digest but since food has not changed count will still be zero
           scope.$digest();
           expect(scope.foodCounter).toEqual(0);

           // Update food and run digest.  Now the counter will increment
           food = 'cheeseburger';
           scope.$digest();
           expect(scope.foodCounter).toEqual(1);

       * ```
       *
       *
       *
       * @param {(function()|string)} watchExpression Expression that is evaluated on each
       *    {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest} cycle. A change in the return value triggers
       *    a call to the `listener`.
       *
       *    - `string`: Evaluated as {@link guide/expression expression}
       *    - `function(scope)`: called with current `scope` as a parameter.
       * @param {function(newVal, oldVal, scope)} listener Callback called whenever the value
       *    of `watchExpression` changes.
       *
       *    - `newVal` contains the current value of the `watchExpression`
       *    - `oldVal` contains the previous value of the `watchExpression`
       *    - `scope` refers to the current scope
       * @param {boolean=} objectEquality Compare for object equality using {@link angular.equals} instead of
       *     comparing for reference equality.
       * @returns {function()} Returns a deregistration function for this listener.
       */
      $watch: function(watchExp, listener, objectEquality) {
        var get = $parse(watchExp);

        if (get.$$watchDelegate) {
          return get.$$watchDelegate(this, listener, objectEquality, get);
        }
        var scope = this,
            array = scope.$$watchers,
            watcher = {
              fn: listener,
              last: initWatchVal,
              get: get,
              exp: watchExp,
              eq: !!objectEquality
            };

        lastDirtyWatch = null;

        if (!isFunction(listener)) {
          watcher.fn = noop;
        }

        if (!array) {
          array = scope.$$watchers = [];
        }
        // we use unshift since we use a while loop in $digest for speed.
        // the while loop reads in reverse order.
        array.unshift(watcher);

        return function deregisterWatch() {
          arrayRemove(array, watcher);
          lastDirtyWatch = null;
        };
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $rootScope.Scope#$watchGroup
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * A variant of {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$watch $watch()} where it watches an array of `watchExpressions`.
       * If any one expression in the collection changes the `listener` is executed.
       *
       * - The items in the `watchExpressions` array are observed via standard $watch operation and are examined on every
       *   call to $digest() to see if any items changes.
       * - The `listener` is called whenever any expression in the `watchExpressions` array changes.
       *
       * @param {Array.<string|Function(scope)>} watchExpressions Array of expressions that will be individually
       * watched using {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$watch $watch()}
       *
       * @param {function(newValues, oldValues, scope)} listener Callback called whenever the return value of any
       *    expression in `watchExpressions` changes
       *    The `newValues` array contains the current values of the `watchExpressions`, with the indexes matching
       *    those of `watchExpression`
       *    and the `oldValues` array contains the previous values of the `watchExpressions`, with the indexes matching
       *    those of `watchExpression`
       *    The `scope` refers to the current scope.
       * @returns {function()} Returns a de-registration function for all listeners.
       */
      $watchGroup: function(watchExpressions, listener) {
        var oldValues = new Array(watchExpressions.length);
        var newValues = new Array(watchExpressions.length);
        var deregisterFns = [];
        var self = this;
        var changeReactionScheduled = false;
        var firstRun = true;

        if (!watchExpressions.length) {
          // No expressions means we call the listener ASAP
          var shouldCall = true;
          self.$evalAsync(function() {
            if (shouldCall) listener(newValues, newValues, self);
          });
          return function deregisterWatchGroup() {
            shouldCall = false;
          };
        }

        if (watchExpressions.length === 1) {
          // Special case size of one
          return this.$watch(watchExpressions[0], function watchGroupAction(value, oldValue, scope) {
            newValues[0] = value;
            oldValues[0] = oldValue;
            listener(newValues, (value === oldValue) ? newValues : oldValues, scope);
          });
        }

        forEach(watchExpressions, function(expr, i) {
          var unwatchFn = self.$watch(expr, function watchGroupSubAction(value, oldValue) {
            newValues[i] = value;
            oldValues[i] = oldValue;
            if (!changeReactionScheduled) {
              changeReactionScheduled = true;
              self.$evalAsync(watchGroupAction);
            }
          });
          deregisterFns.push(unwatchFn);
        });

        function watchGroupAction() {
          changeReactionScheduled = false;

          if (firstRun) {
            firstRun = false;
            listener(newValues, newValues, self);
          } else {
            listener(newValues, oldValues, self);
          }
        }

        return function deregisterWatchGroup() {
          while (deregisterFns.length) {
            deregisterFns.shift()();
          }
        };
      },


      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $rootScope.Scope#$watchCollection
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * Shallow watches the properties of an object and fires whenever any of the properties change
       * (for arrays, this implies watching the array items; for object maps, this implies watching
       * the properties). If a change is detected, the `listener` callback is fired.
       *
       * - The `obj` collection is observed via standard $watch operation and is examined on every
       *   call to $digest() to see if any items have been added, removed, or moved.
       * - The `listener` is called whenever anything within the `obj` has changed. Examples include
       *   adding, removing, and moving items belonging to an object or array.
       *
       *
       * # Example
       * ```js
          $scope.names = ['igor', 'matias', 'misko', 'james'];
          $scope.dataCount = 4;

          $scope.$watchCollection('names', function(newNames, oldNames) {
            $scope.dataCount = newNames.length;
          });

          expect($scope.dataCount).toEqual(4);
          $scope.$digest();

          //still at 4 ... no changes
          expect($scope.dataCount).toEqual(4);

          $scope.names.pop();
          $scope.$digest();

          //now there's been a change
          expect($scope.dataCount).toEqual(3);
       * ```
       *
       *
       * @param {string|function(scope)} obj Evaluated as {@link guide/expression expression}. The
       *    expression value should evaluate to an object or an array which is observed on each
       *    {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest} cycle. Any shallow change within the
       *    collection will trigger a call to the `listener`.
       *
       * @param {function(newCollection, oldCollection, scope)} listener a callback function called
       *    when a change is detected.
       *    - The `newCollection` object is the newly modified data obtained from the `obj` expression
       *    - The `oldCollection` object is a copy of the former collection data.
       *      Due to performance considerations, the`oldCollection` value is computed only if the
       *      `listener` function declares two or more arguments.
       *    - The `scope` argument refers to the current scope.
       *
       * @returns {function()} Returns a de-registration function for this listener. When the
       *    de-registration function is executed, the internal watch operation is terminated.
       */
      $watchCollection: function(obj, listener) {
        $watchCollectionInterceptor.$stateful = true;

        var self = this;
        // the current value, updated on each dirty-check run
        var newValue;
        // a shallow copy of the newValue from the last dirty-check run,
        // updated to match newValue during dirty-check run
        var oldValue;
        // a shallow copy of the newValue from when the last change happened
        var veryOldValue;
        // only track veryOldValue if the listener is asking for it
        var trackVeryOldValue = (listener.length > 1);
        var changeDetected = 0;
        var changeDetector = $parse(obj, $watchCollectionInterceptor);
        var internalArray = [];
        var internalObject = {};
        var initRun = true;
        var oldLength = 0;

        function $watchCollectionInterceptor(_value) {
          newValue = _value;
          var newLength, key, bothNaN, newItem, oldItem;

          // If the new value is undefined, then return undefined as the watch may be a one-time watch
          if (isUndefined(newValue)) return;

          if (!isObject(newValue)) { // if primitive
            if (oldValue !== newValue) {
              oldValue = newValue;
              changeDetected++;
            }
          } else if (isArrayLike(newValue)) {
            if (oldValue !== internalArray) {
              // we are transitioning from something which was not an array into array.
              oldValue = internalArray;
              oldLength = oldValue.length = 0;
              changeDetected++;
            }

            newLength = newValue.length;

            if (oldLength !== newLength) {
              // if lengths do not match we need to trigger change notification
              changeDetected++;
              oldValue.length = oldLength = newLength;
            }
            // copy the items to oldValue and look for changes.
            for (var i = 0; i < newLength; i++) {
              oldItem = oldValue[i];
              newItem = newValue[i];

              bothNaN = (oldItem !== oldItem) && (newItem !== newItem);
              if (!bothNaN && (oldItem !== newItem)) {
                changeDetected++;
                oldValue[i] = newItem;
              }
            }
          } else {
            if (oldValue !== internalObject) {
              // we are transitioning from something which was not an object into object.
              oldValue = internalObject = {};
              oldLength = 0;
              changeDetected++;
            }
            // copy the items to oldValue and look for changes.
            newLength = 0;
            for (key in newValue) {
              if (newValue.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
                newLength++;
                newItem = newValue[key];
                oldItem = oldValue[key];

                if (key in oldValue) {
                  bothNaN = (oldItem !== oldItem) && (newItem !== newItem);
                  if (!bothNaN && (oldItem !== newItem)) {
                    changeDetected++;
                    oldValue[key] = newItem;
                  }
                } else {
                  oldLength++;
                  oldValue[key] = newItem;
                  changeDetected++;
                }
              }
            }
            if (oldLength > newLength) {
              // we used to have more keys, need to find them and destroy them.
              changeDetected++;
              for (key in oldValue) {
                if (!newValue.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
                  oldLength--;
                  delete oldValue[key];
                }
              }
            }
          }
          return changeDetected;
        }

        function $watchCollectionAction() {
          if (initRun) {
            initRun = false;
            listener(newValue, newValue, self);
          } else {
            listener(newValue, veryOldValue, self);
          }

          // make a copy for the next time a collection is changed
          if (trackVeryOldValue) {
            if (!isObject(newValue)) {
              //primitive
              veryOldValue = newValue;
            } else if (isArrayLike(newValue)) {
              veryOldValue = new Array(newValue.length);
              for (var i = 0; i < newValue.length; i++) {
                veryOldValue[i] = newValue[i];
              }
            } else { // if object
              veryOldValue = {};
              for (var key in newValue) {
                if (hasOwnProperty.call(newValue, key)) {
                  veryOldValue[key] = newValue[key];
                }
              }
            }
          }
        }

        return this.$watch(changeDetector, $watchCollectionAction);
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $rootScope.Scope#$digest
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * Processes all of the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$watch watchers} of the current scope and
       * its children. Because a {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$watch watcher}'s listener can change
       * the model, the `$digest()` keeps calling the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$watch watchers}
       * until no more listeners are firing. This means that it is possible to get into an infinite
       * loop. This function will throw `'Maximum iteration limit exceeded.'` if the number of
       * iterations exceeds 10.
       *
       * Usually, you don't call `$digest()` directly in
       * {@link ng.directive:ngController controllers} or in
       * {@link ng.$compileProvider#directive directives}.
       * Instead, you should call {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$apply $apply()} (typically from within
       * a {@link ng.$compileProvider#directive directive}), which will force a `$digest()`.
       *
       * If you want to be notified whenever `$digest()` is called,
       * you can register a `watchExpression` function with
       * {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$watch $watch()} with no `listener`.
       *
       * In unit tests, you may need to call `$digest()` to simulate the scope life cycle.
       *
       * # Example
       * ```js
           var scope = ...;
           scope.name = 'misko';
           scope.counter = 0;

           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(0);
           scope.$watch('name', function(newValue, oldValue) {
             scope.counter = scope.counter + 1;
           });
           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(0);

           scope.$digest();
           // the listener is always called during the first $digest loop after it was registered
           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(1);

           scope.$digest();
           // but now it will not be called unless the value changes
           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(1);

           scope.name = 'adam';
           scope.$digest();
           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(2);
       * ```
       *
       */
      $digest: function() {
        var watch, value, last,
            watchers,
            length,
            dirty, ttl = TTL,
            next, current, target = this,
            watchLog = [],
            logIdx, logMsg, asyncTask;

        beginPhase('$digest');
        // Check for changes to browser url that happened in sync before the call to $digest
        $browser.$$checkUrlChange();

        if (this === $rootScope && applyAsyncId !== null) {
          // If this is the root scope, and $applyAsync has scheduled a deferred $apply(), then
          // cancel the scheduled $apply and flush the queue of expressions to be evaluated.
          $browser.defer.cancel(applyAsyncId);
          flushApplyAsync();
        }

        lastDirtyWatch = null;

        do { // "while dirty" loop
          dirty = false;
          current = target;

          while (asyncQueue.length) {
            try {
              asyncTask = asyncQueue.shift();
              asyncTask.scope.$eval(asyncTask.expression);
            } catch (e) {
              $exceptionHandler(e);
            }
            lastDirtyWatch = null;
          }

          traverseScopesLoop:
          do { // "traverse the scopes" loop
            if ((watchers = current.$$watchers)) {
              // process our watches
              length = watchers.length;
              while (length--) {
                try {
                  watch = watchers[length];
                  // Most common watches are on primitives, in which case we can short
                  // circuit it with === operator, only when === fails do we use .equals
                  if (watch) {
                    if ((value = watch.get(current)) !== (last = watch.last) &&
                        !(watch.eq
                            ? equals(value, last)
                            : (typeof value === 'number' && typeof last === 'number'
                               && isNaN(value) && isNaN(last)))) {
                      dirty = true;
                      lastDirtyWatch = watch;
                      watch.last = watch.eq ? copy(value, null) : value;
                      watch.fn(value, ((last === initWatchVal) ? value : last), current);
                      if (ttl < 5) {
                        logIdx = 4 - ttl;
                        if (!watchLog[logIdx]) watchLog[logIdx] = [];
                        logMsg = (isFunction(watch.exp))
                            ? 'fn: ' + (watch.exp.name || watch.exp.toString())
                            : watch.exp;
                        logMsg += '; newVal: ' + toJson(value) + '; oldVal: ' + toJson(last);
                        watchLog[logIdx].push(logMsg);
                      }
                    } else if (watch === lastDirtyWatch) {
                      // If the most recently dirty watcher is now clean, short circuit since the remaining watchers
                      // have already been tested.
                      dirty = false;
                      break traverseScopesLoop;
                    }
                  }
                } catch (e) {
                  $exceptionHandler(e);
                }
              }
            }

            // Insanity Warning: scope depth-first traversal
            // yes, this code is a bit crazy, but it works and we have tests to prove it!
            // this piece should be kept in sync with the traversal in $broadcast
            if (!(next = (current.$$childHead ||
                (current !== target && current.$$nextSibling)))) {
              while (current !== target && !(next = current.$$nextSibling)) {
                current = current.$parent;
              }
            }
          } while ((current = next));

          // `break traverseScopesLoop;` takes us to here

          if ((dirty || asyncQueue.length) && !(ttl--)) {
            clearPhase();
            throw $rootScopeMinErr('infdig',
                '{0} $digest() iterations reached. Aborting!\n' +
                'Watchers fired in the last 5 iterations: {1}',
                TTL, toJson(watchLog));
          }

        } while (dirty || asyncQueue.length);

        clearPhase();

        while (postDigestQueue.length) {
          try {
            postDigestQueue.shift()();
          } catch (e) {
            $exceptionHandler(e);
          }
        }
      },


      /**
       * @ngdoc event
       * @name $rootScope.Scope#$destroy
       * @eventType broadcast on scope being destroyed
       *
       * @description
       * Broadcasted when a scope and its children are being destroyed.
       *
       * Note that, in AngularJS, there is also a `$destroy` jQuery event, which can be used to
       * clean up DOM bindings before an element is removed from the DOM.
       */

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $rootScope.Scope#$destroy
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * Removes the current scope (and all of its children) from the parent scope. Removal implies
       * that calls to {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest()} will no longer
       * propagate to the current scope and its children. Removal also implies that the current
       * scope is eligible for garbage collection.
       *
       * The `$destroy()` is usually used by directives such as
       * {@link ng.directive:ngRepeat ngRepeat} for managing the
       * unrolling of the loop.
       *
       * Just before a scope is destroyed, a `$destroy` event is broadcasted on this scope.
       * Application code can register a `$destroy` event handler that will give it a chance to
       * perform any necessary cleanup.
       *
       * Note that, in AngularJS, there is also a `$destroy` jQuery event, which can be used to
       * clean up DOM bindings before an element is removed from the DOM.
       */
      $destroy: function() {
        // we can't destroy the root scope or a scope that has been already destroyed
        if (this.$$destroyed) return;
        var parent = this.$parent;

        this.$broadcast('$destroy');
        this.$$destroyed = true;
        if (this === $rootScope) return;

        for (var eventName in this.$$listenerCount) {
          decrementListenerCount(this, this.$$listenerCount[eventName], eventName);
        }

        // sever all the references to parent scopes (after this cleanup, the current scope should
        // not be retained by any of our references and should be eligible for garbage collection)
        if (parent.$$childHead == this) parent.$$childHead = this.$$nextSibling;
        if (parent.$$childTail == this) parent.$$childTail = this.$$prevSibling;
        if (this.$$prevSibling) this.$$prevSibling.$$nextSibling = this.$$nextSibling;
        if (this.$$nextSibling) this.$$nextSibling.$$prevSibling = this.$$prevSibling;

        // Disable listeners, watchers and apply/digest methods
        this.$destroy = this.$digest = this.$apply = this.$evalAsync = this.$applyAsync = noop;
        this.$on = this.$watch = this.$watchGroup = function() { return noop; };
        this.$$listeners = {};

        // All of the code below is bogus code that works around V8's memory leak via optimized code
        // and inline caches.
        //
        // see:
        // - https://code.google.com/p/v8/issues/detail?id=2073#c26
        // - https://github.com/angular/angular.js/issues/6794#issuecomment-38648909
        // - https://github.com/angular/angular.js/issues/1313#issuecomment-10378451

        this.$parent = this.$$nextSibling = this.$$prevSibling = this.$$childHead =
            this.$$childTail = this.$root = this.$$watchers = null;
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $rootScope.Scope#$eval
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * Executes the `expression` on the current scope and returns the result. Any exceptions in
       * the expression are propagated (uncaught). This is useful when evaluating Angular
       * expressions.
       *
       * # Example
       * ```js
           var scope = ng.$rootScope.Scope();
           scope.a = 1;
           scope.b = 2;

           expect(scope.$eval('a+b')).toEqual(3);
           expect(scope.$eval(function(scope){ return scope.a + scope.b; })).toEqual(3);
       * ```
       *
       * @param {(string|function())=} expression An angular expression to be executed.
       *
       *    - `string`: execute using the rules as defined in  {@link guide/expression expression}.
       *    - `function(scope)`: execute the function with the current `scope` parameter.
       *
       * @param {(object)=} locals Local variables object, useful for overriding values in scope.
       * @returns {*} The result of evaluating the expression.
       */
      $eval: function(expr, locals) {
        return $parse(expr)(this, locals);
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $rootScope.Scope#$evalAsync
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * Executes the expression on the current scope at a later point in time.
       *
       * The `$evalAsync` makes no guarantees as to when the `expression` will be executed, only
       * that:
       *
       *   - it will execute after the function that scheduled the evaluation (preferably before DOM
       *     rendering).
       *   - at least one {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest cycle} will be performed after
       *     `expression` execution.
       *
       * Any exceptions from the execution of the expression are forwarded to the
       * {@link ng.$exceptionHandler $exceptionHandler} service.
       *
       * __Note:__ if this function is called outside of a `$digest` cycle, a new `$digest` cycle
       * will be scheduled. However, it is encouraged to always call code that changes the model
       * from within an `$apply` call. That includes code evaluated via `$evalAsync`.
       *
       * @param {(string|function())=} expression An angular expression to be executed.
       *
       *    - `string`: execute using the rules as defined in {@link guide/expression expression}.
       *    - `function(scope)`: execute the function with the current `scope` parameter.
       *
       */
      $evalAsync: function(expr) {
        // if we are outside of an $digest loop and this is the first time we are scheduling async
        // task also schedule async auto-flush
        if (!$rootScope.$$phase && !asyncQueue.length) {
          $browser.defer(function() {
            if (asyncQueue.length) {
              $rootScope.$digest();
            }
          });
        }

        asyncQueue.push({scope: this, expression: expr});
      },

      $$postDigest: function(fn) {
        postDigestQueue.push(fn);
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $rootScope.Scope#$apply
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * `$apply()` is used to execute an expression in angular from outside of the angular
       * framework. (For example from browser DOM events, setTimeout, XHR or third party libraries).
       * Because we are calling into the angular framework we need to perform proper scope life
       * cycle of {@link ng.$exceptionHandler exception handling},
       * {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest executing watches}.
       *
       * ## Life cycle
       *
       * # Pseudo-Code of `$apply()`
       * ```js
           function $apply(expr) {
             try {
               return $eval(expr);
             } catch (e) {
               $exceptionHandler(e);
             } finally {
               $root.$digest();
             }
           }
       * ```
       *
       *
       * Scope's `$apply()` method transitions through the following stages:
       *
       * 1. The {@link guide/expression expression} is executed using the
       *    {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$eval $eval()} method.
       * 2. Any exceptions from the execution of the expression are forwarded to the
       *    {@link ng.$exceptionHandler $exceptionHandler} service.
       * 3. The {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$watch watch} listeners are fired immediately after the
       *    expression was executed using the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest()} method.
       *
       *
       * @param {(string|function())=} exp An angular expression to be executed.
       *
       *    - `string`: execute using the rules as defined in {@link guide/expression expression}.
       *    - `function(scope)`: execute the function with current `scope` parameter.
       *
       * @returns {*} The result of evaluating the expression.
       */
      $apply: function(expr) {
        try {
          beginPhase('$apply');
          return this.$eval(expr);
        } catch (e) {
          $exceptionHandler(e);
        } finally {
          clearPhase();
          try {
            $rootScope.$digest();
          } catch (e) {
            $exceptionHandler(e);
            throw e;
          }
        }
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $rootScope.Scope#$applyAsync
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * Schedule the invokation of $apply to occur at a later time. The actual time difference
       * varies across browsers, but is typically around ~10 milliseconds.
       *
       * This can be used to queue up multiple expressions which need to be evaluated in the same
       * digest.
       *
       * @param {(string|function())=} exp An angular expression to be executed.
       *
       *    - `string`: execute using the rules as defined in {@link guide/expression expression}.
       *    - `function(scope)`: execute the function with current `scope` parameter.
       */
      $applyAsync: function(expr) {
        var scope = this;
        expr && applyAsyncQueue.push($applyAsyncExpression);
        scheduleApplyAsync();

        function $applyAsyncExpression() {
          scope.$eval(expr);
        }
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $rootScope.Scope#$on
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * Listens on events of a given type. See {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$emit $emit} for
       * discussion of event life cycle.
       *
       * The event listener function format is: `function(event, args...)`. The `event` object
       * passed into the listener has the following attributes:
       *
       *   - `targetScope` - `{Scope}`: the scope on which the event was `$emit`-ed or
       *     `$broadcast`-ed.
       *   - `currentScope` - `{Scope}`: the scope that is currently handling the event. Once the
       *     event propagates through the scope hierarchy, this property is set to null.
       *   - `name` - `{string}`: name of the event.
       *   - `stopPropagation` - `{function=}`: calling `stopPropagation` function will cancel
       *     further event propagation (available only for events that were `$emit`-ed).
       *   - `preventDefault` - `{function}`: calling `preventDefault` sets `defaultPrevented` flag
       *     to true.
       *   - `defaultPrevented` - `{boolean}`: true if `preventDefault` was called.
       *
       * @param {string} name Event name to listen on.
       * @param {function(event, ...args)} listener Function to call when the event is emitted.
       * @returns {function()} Returns a deregistration function for this listener.
       */
      $on: function(name, listener) {
        var namedListeners = this.$$listeners[name];
        if (!namedListeners) {
          this.$$listeners[name] = namedListeners = [];
        }
        namedListeners.push(listener);

        var current = this;
        do {
          if (!current.$$listenerCount[name]) {
            current.$$listenerCount[name] = 0;
          }
          current.$$listenerCount[name]++;
        } while ((current = current.$parent));

        var self = this;
        return function() {
          var indexOfListener = namedListeners.indexOf(listener);
          if (indexOfListener !== -1) {
            namedListeners[indexOfListener] = null;
            decrementListenerCount(self, 1, name);
          }
        };
      },


      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $rootScope.Scope#$emit
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * Dispatches an event `name` upwards through the scope hierarchy notifying the
       * registered {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on} listeners.
       *
       * The event life cycle starts at the scope on which `$emit` was called. All
       * {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on listeners} listening for `name` event on this scope get
       * notified. Afterwards, the event traverses upwards toward the root scope and calls all
       * registered listeners along the way. The event will stop propagating if one of the listeners
       * cancels it.
       *
       * Any exception emitted from the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on listeners} will be passed
       * onto the {@link ng.$exceptionHandler $exceptionHandler} service.
       *
       * @param {string} name Event name to emit.
       * @param {...*} args Optional one or more arguments which will be passed onto the event listeners.
       * @return {Object} Event object (see {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on}).
       */
      $emit: function(name, args) {
        var empty = [],
            namedListeners,
            scope = this,
            stopPropagation = false,
            event = {
              name: name,
              targetScope: scope,
              stopPropagation: function() {stopPropagation = true;},
              preventDefault: function() {
                event.defaultPrevented = true;
              },
              defaultPrevented: false
            },
            listenerArgs = concat([event], arguments, 1),
            i, length;

        do {
          namedListeners = scope.$$listeners[name] || empty;
          event.currentScope = scope;
          for (i=0, length=namedListeners.length; i<length; i++) {

            // if listeners were deregistered, defragment the array
            if (!namedListeners[i]) {
              namedListeners.splice(i, 1);
              i--;
              length--;
              continue;
            }
            try {
              //allow all listeners attached to the current scope to run
              namedListeners[i].apply(null, listenerArgs);
            } catch (e) {
              $exceptionHandler(e);
            }
          }
          //if any listener on the current scope stops propagation, prevent bubbling
          if (stopPropagation) {
            event.currentScope = null;
            return event;
          }
          //traverse upwards
          scope = scope.$parent;
        } while (scope);

        event.currentScope = null;

        return event;
      },


      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name $rootScope.Scope#$broadcast
       * @kind function
       *
       * @description
       * Dispatches an event `name` downwards to all child scopes (and their children) notifying the
       * registered {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on} listeners.
       *
       * The event life cycle starts at the scope on which `$broadcast` was called. All
       * {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on listeners} listening for `name` event on this scope get
       * notified. Afterwards, the event propagates to all direct and indirect scopes of the current
       * scope and calls all registered listeners along the way. The event cannot be canceled.
       *
       * Any exception emitted from the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on listeners} will be passed
       * onto the {@link ng.$exceptionHandler $exceptionHandler} service.
       *
       * @param {string} name Event name to broadcast.
       * @param {...*} args Optional one or more arguments which will be passed onto the event listeners.
       * @return {Object} Event object, see {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on}
       */
      $broadcast: function(name, args) {
        var target = this,
            current = target,
            next = target,
            event = {
              name: name,
              targetScope: target,
              preventDefault: function() {
                event.defaultPrevented = true;
              },
              defaultPrevented: false
            };

        if (!target.$$listenerCount[name]) return event;

        var listenerArgs = concat([event], arguments, 1),
            listeners, i, length;

        //down while you can, then up and next sibling or up and next sibling until back at root
        while ((current = next)) {
          event.currentScope = current;
          listeners = current.$$listeners[name] || [];
          for (i=0, length = listeners.length; i<length; i++) {
            // if listeners were deregistered, defragment the array
            if (!listeners[i]) {
              listeners.splice(i, 1);
              i--;
              length--;
              continue;
            }

            try {
              listeners[i].apply(null, listenerArgs);
            } catch (e) {
              $exceptionHandler(e);
            }
          }

          // Insanity Warning: scope depth-first traversal
          // yes, this code is a bit crazy, but it works and we have tests to prove it!
          // this piece should be kept in sync with the traversal in $digest
          // (though it differs due to having the extra check for $$listenerCount)
          if (!(next = ((current.$$listenerCount[name] && current.$$childHead) ||
              (current !== target && current.$$nextSibling)))) {
            while (current !== target && !(next = current.$$nextSibling)) {
              current = current.$parent;
            }
          }
        }

        event.currentScope = null;
        return event;
      }
    };

    var $rootScope = new Scope();

    //The internal queues. Expose them on the $rootScope for debugging/testing purposes.
    var asyncQueue = $rootScope.$$asyncQueue = [];
    var postDigestQueue = $rootScope.$$postDigestQueue = [];
    var applyAsyncQueue = $rootScope.$$applyAsyncQueue = [];

    return $rootScope;


    function beginPhase(phase) {
      if ($rootScope.$$phase) {
        throw $rootScopeMinErr('inprog', '{0} already in progress', $rootScope.$$phase);
      }

      $rootScope.$$phase = phase;
    }

    function clearPhase() {
      $rootScope.$$phase = null;
    }


    function decrementListenerCount(current, count, name) {
      do {
        current.$$listenerCount[name] -= count;

        if (current.$$listenerCount[name] === 0) {
          delete current.$$listenerCount[name];
        }
      } while ((current = current.$parent));
    }

    /**
     * function used as an initial value for watchers.
     * because it's unique we can easily tell it apart from other values
     */
    function initWatchVal() {}

    function flushApplyAsync() {
      while (applyAsyncQueue.length) {
        try {
          applyAsyncQueue.shift()();
        } catch (e) {
          $exceptionHandler(e);
        }
      }
      applyAsyncId = null;
    }

    function scheduleApplyAsync() {
      if (applyAsyncId === null) {
        applyAsyncId = $browser.defer(function() {
          $rootScope.$apply(flushApplyAsync);
        });
      }
    }
  }];
}

/**
 * @description
 * Private service to sanitize uris for links and images. Used by $compile and $sanitize.
 */
function $$SanitizeUriProvider() {
  var aHrefSanitizationWhitelist = /^\s*(https?|ftp|mailto|tel|file):/,
    imgSrcSanitizationWhitelist = /^\s*((https?|ftp|file|blob):|data:image\/)/;

  /**
   * @description
   * Retrieves or overrides the default regular expression that is used for whitelisting of safe
   * urls during a[href] sanitization.
   *
   * The sanitization is a security measure aimed at prevent XSS attacks via html links.
   *
   * Any url about to be assigned to a[href] via data-binding is first normalized and turned into
   * an absolute url. Afterwards, the url is matched against the `aHrefSanitizationWhitelist`
   * regular expression. If a match is found, the original url is written into the dom. Otherwise,
   * the absolute url is prefixed with `'unsafe:'` string and only then is it written into the DOM.
   *
   * @param {RegExp=} regexp New regexp to whitelist urls with.
   * @returns {RegExp|ng.$compileProvider} Current RegExp if called without value or self for
   *    chaining otherwise.
   */
  this.aHrefSanitizationWhitelist = function(regexp) {
    if (isDefined(regexp)) {
      aHrefSanitizationWhitelist = regexp;
      return this;
    }
    return aHrefSanitizationWhitelist;
  };


  /**
   * @description
   * Retrieves or overrides the default regular expression that is used for whitelisting of safe
   * urls during img[src] sanitization.
   *
   * The sanitization is a security measure aimed at prevent XSS attacks via html links.
   *
   * Any url about to be assigned to img[src] via data-binding is first normalized and turned into
   * an absolute url. Afterwards, the url is matched against the `imgSrcSanitizationWhitelist`
   * regular expression. If a match is found, the original url is written into the dom. Otherwise,
   * the absolute url is prefixed with `'unsafe:'` string and only then is it written into the DOM.
   *
   * @param {RegExp=} regexp New regexp to whitelist urls with.
   * @returns {RegExp|ng.$compileProvider} Current RegExp if called without value or self for
   *    chaining otherwise.
   */
  this.imgSrcSanitizationWhitelist = function(regexp) {
    if (isDefined(regexp)) {
      imgSrcSanitizationWhitelist = regexp;
      return this;
    }
    return imgSrcSanitizationWhitelist;
  };

  this.$get = function() {
    return function sanitizeUri(uri, isImage) {
      var regex = isImage ? imgSrcSanitizationWhitelist : aHrefSanitizationWhitelist;
      var normalizedVal;
      normalizedVal = urlResolve(uri).href;
      if (normalizedVal !== '' && !normalizedVal.match(regex)) {
        return 'unsafe:'+normalizedVal;
      }
      return uri;
    };
  };
}

var $sceMinErr = minErr('$sce');

var SCE_CONTEXTS = {
  HTML: 'html',
  CSS: 'css',
  URL: 'url',
  // RESOURCE_URL is a subtype of URL used in contexts where a privileged resource is sourced from a
  // url.  (e.g. ng-include, script src, templateUrl)
  RESOURCE_URL: 'resourceUrl',
  JS: 'js'
};

// Helper functions follow.

function adjustMatcher(matcher) {
  if (matcher === 'self') {
    return matcher;
  } else if (isString(matcher)) {
    // Strings match exactly except for 2 wildcards - '*' and '**'.
    // '*' matches any character except those from the set ':/.?&'.
    // '**' matches any character (like .* in a RegExp).
    // More than 2 *'s raises an error as it's ill defined.
    if (matcher.indexOf('***') > -1) {
      throw $sceMinErr('iwcard',
          'Illegal sequence *** in string matcher.  String: {0}', matcher);
    }
    matcher = escapeForRegexp(matcher).
                  replace('\\*\\*', '.*').
                  replace('\\*', '[^:/.?&;]*');
    return new RegExp('^' + matcher + '$');
  } else if (isRegExp(matcher)) {
    // The only other type of matcher allowed is a Regexp.
    // Match entire URL / disallow partial matches.
    // Flags are reset (i.e. no global, ignoreCase or multiline)
    return new RegExp('^' + matcher.source + '$');
  } else {
    throw $sceMinErr('imatcher',
        'Matchers may only be "self", string patterns or RegExp objects');
  }
}


function adjustMatchers(matchers) {
  var adjustedMatchers = [];
  if (isDefined(matchers)) {
    forEach(matchers, function(matcher) {
      adjustedMatchers.push(adjustMatcher(matcher));
    });
  }
  return adjustedMatchers;
}


/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $sceDelegate
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 *
 * `$sceDelegate` is a service that is used by the `$sce` service to provide {@link ng.$sce Strict
 * Contextual Escaping (SCE)} services to AngularJS.
 *
 * Typically, you would configure or override the {@link ng.$sceDelegate $sceDelegate} instead of
 * the `$sce` service to customize the way Strict Contextual Escaping works in AngularJS.  This is
 * because, while the `$sce` provides numerous shorthand methods, etc., you really only need to
 * override 3 core functions (`trustAs`, `getTrusted` and `valueOf`) to replace the way things
 * work because `$sce` delegates to `$sceDelegate` for these operations.
 *
 * Refer {@link ng.$sceDelegateProvider $sceDelegateProvider} to configure this service.
 *
 * The default instance of `$sceDelegate` should work out of the box with little pain.  While you
 * can override it completely to change the behavior of `$sce`, the common case would
 * involve configuring the {@link ng.$sceDelegateProvider $sceDelegateProvider} instead by setting
 * your own whitelists and blacklists for trusting URLs used for loading AngularJS resources such as
 * templates.  Refer {@link ng.$sceDelegateProvider#resourceUrlWhitelist
 * $sceDelegateProvider.resourceUrlWhitelist} and {@link
 * ng.$sceDelegateProvider#resourceUrlBlacklist $sceDelegateProvider.resourceUrlBlacklist}
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc provider
 * @name $sceDelegateProvider
 * @description
 *
 * The `$sceDelegateProvider` provider allows developers to configure the {@link ng.$sceDelegate
 * $sceDelegate} service.  This allows one to get/set the whitelists and blacklists used to ensure
 * that the URLs used for sourcing Angular templates are safe.  Refer {@link
 * ng.$sceDelegateProvider#resourceUrlWhitelist $sceDelegateProvider.resourceUrlWhitelist} and
 * {@link ng.$sceDelegateProvider#resourceUrlBlacklist $sceDelegateProvider.resourceUrlBlacklist}
 *
 * For the general details about this service in Angular, read the main page for {@link ng.$sce
 * Strict Contextual Escaping (SCE)}.
 *
 * **Example**:  Consider the following case. <a name="example"></a>
 *
 * - your app is hosted at url `http://myapp.example.com/`
 * - but some of your templates are hosted on other domains you control such as
 *   `http://srv01.assets.example.com/`,  `http://srv02.assets.example.com/`, etc.
 * - and you have an open redirect at `http://myapp.example.com/clickThru?...`.
 *
 * Here is what a secure configuration for this scenario might look like:
 *
 * ```
 *  angular.module('myApp', []).config(function($sceDelegateProvider) {
 *    $sceDelegateProvider.resourceUrlWhitelist([
 *      // Allow same origin resource loads.
 *      'self',
 *      // Allow loading from our assets domain.  Notice the difference between * and **.
 *      'http://srv*.assets.example.com/**'
 *    ]);
 *
 *    // The blacklist overrides the whitelist so the open redirect here is blocked.
 *    $sceDelegateProvider.resourceUrlBlacklist([
 *      'http://myapp.example.com/clickThru**'
 *    ]);
 *  });
 * ```
 */

function $SceDelegateProvider() {
  this.SCE_CONTEXTS = SCE_CONTEXTS;

  // Resource URLs can also be trusted by policy.
  var resourceUrlWhitelist = ['self'],
      resourceUrlBlacklist = [];

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $sceDelegateProvider#resourceUrlWhitelist
   * @kind function
   *
   * @param {Array=} whitelist When provided, replaces the resourceUrlWhitelist with the value
   *     provided.  This must be an array or null.  A snapshot of this array is used so further
   *     changes to the array are ignored.
   *
   *     Follow {@link ng.$sce#resourceUrlPatternItem this link} for a description of the items
   *     allowed in this array.
   *
   *     Note: **an empty whitelist array will block all URLs**!
   *
   * @return {Array} the currently set whitelist array.
   *
   * The **default value** when no whitelist has been explicitly set is `['self']` allowing only
   * same origin resource requests.
   *
   * @description
   * Sets/Gets the whitelist of trusted resource URLs.
   */
  this.resourceUrlWhitelist = function(value) {
    if (arguments.length) {
      resourceUrlWhitelist = adjustMatchers(value);
    }
    return resourceUrlWhitelist;
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $sceDelegateProvider#resourceUrlBlacklist
   * @kind function
   *
   * @param {Array=} blacklist When provided, replaces the resourceUrlBlacklist with the value
   *     provided.  This must be an array or null.  A snapshot of this array is used so further
   *     changes to the array are ignored.
   *
   *     Follow {@link ng.$sce#resourceUrlPatternItem this link} for a description of the items
   *     allowed in this array.
   *
   *     The typical usage for the blacklist is to **block
   *     [open redirects](http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/601.html)** served by your domain as
   *     these would otherwise be trusted but actually return content from the redirected domain.
   *
   *     Finally, **the blacklist overrides the whitelist** and has the final say.
   *
   * @return {Array} the currently set blacklist array.
   *
   * The **default value** when no whitelist has been explicitly set is the empty array (i.e. there
   * is no blacklist.)
   *
   * @description
   * Sets/Gets the blacklist of trusted resource URLs.
   */

  this.resourceUrlBlacklist = function(value) {
    if (arguments.length) {
      resourceUrlBlacklist = adjustMatchers(value);
    }
    return resourceUrlBlacklist;
  };

  this.$get = ['$injector', function($injector) {

    var htmlSanitizer = function htmlSanitizer(html) {
      throw $sceMinErr('unsafe', 'Attempting to use an unsafe value in a safe context.');
    };

    if ($injector.has('$sanitize')) {
      htmlSanitizer = $injector.get('$sanitize');
    }


    function matchUrl(matcher, parsedUrl) {
      if (matcher === 'self') {
        return urlIsSameOrigin(parsedUrl);
      } else {
        // definitely a regex.  See adjustMatchers()
        return !!matcher.exec(parsedUrl.href);
      }
    }

    function isResourceUrlAllowedByPolicy(url) {
      var parsedUrl = urlResolve(url.toString());
      var i, n, allowed = false;
      // Ensure that at least one item from the whitelist allows this url.
      for (i = 0, n = resourceUrlWhitelist.length; i < n; i++) {
        if (matchUrl(resourceUrlWhitelist[i], parsedUrl)) {
          allowed = true;
          break;
        }
      }
      if (allowed) {
        // Ensure that no item from the blacklist blocked this url.
        for (i = 0, n = resourceUrlBlacklist.length; i < n; i++) {
          if (matchUrl(resourceUrlBlacklist[i], parsedUrl)) {
            allowed = false;
            break;
          }
        }
      }
      return allowed;
    }

    function generateHolderType(Base) {
      var holderType = function TrustedValueHolderType(trustedValue) {
        this.$$unwrapTrustedValue = function() {
          return trustedValue;
        };
      };
      if (Base) {
        holderType.prototype = new Base();
      }
      holderType.prototype.valueOf = function sceValueOf() {
        return this.$$unwrapTrustedValue();
      };
      holderType.prototype.toString = function sceToString() {
        return this.$$unwrapTrustedValue().toString();
      };
      return holderType;
    }

    var trustedValueHolderBase = generateHolderType(),
        byType = {};

    byType[SCE_CONTEXTS.HTML] = generateHolderType(trustedValueHolderBase);
    byType[SCE_CONTEXTS.CSS] = generateHolderType(trustedValueHolderBase);
    byType[SCE_CONTEXTS.URL] = generateHolderType(trustedValueHolderBase);
    byType[SCE_CONTEXTS.JS] = generateHolderType(trustedValueHolderBase);
    byType[SCE_CONTEXTS.RESOURCE_URL] = generateHolderType(byType[SCE_CONTEXTS.URL]);

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sceDelegate#trustAs
     *
     * @description
     * Returns an object that is trusted by angular for use in specified strict
     * contextual escaping contexts (such as ng-bind-html, ng-include, any src
     * attribute interpolation, any dom event binding attribute interpolation
     * such as for onclick,  etc.) that uses the provided value.
     * See {@link ng.$sce $sce} for enabling strict contextual escaping.
     *
     * @param {string} type The kind of context in which this value is safe for use.  e.g. url,
     *   resourceUrl, html, js and css.
     * @param {*} value The value that that should be considered trusted/safe.
     * @returns {*} A value that can be used to stand in for the provided `value` in places
     * where Angular expects a $sce.trustAs() return value.
     */
    function trustAs(type, trustedValue) {
      var Constructor = (byType.hasOwnProperty(type) ? byType[type] : null);
      if (!Constructor) {
        throw $sceMinErr('icontext',
            'Attempted to trust a value in invalid context. Context: {0}; Value: {1}',
            type, trustedValue);
      }
      if (trustedValue === null || trustedValue === undefined || trustedValue === '') {
        return trustedValue;
      }
      // All the current contexts in SCE_CONTEXTS happen to be strings.  In order to avoid trusting
      // mutable objects, we ensure here that the value passed in is actually a string.
      if (typeof trustedValue !== 'string') {
        throw $sceMinErr('itype',
            'Attempted to trust a non-string value in a content requiring a string: Context: {0}',
            type);
      }
      return new Constructor(trustedValue);
    }

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sceDelegate#valueOf
     *
     * @description
     * If the passed parameter had been returned by a prior call to {@link ng.$sceDelegate#trustAs
     * `$sceDelegate.trustAs`}, returns the value that had been passed to {@link
     * ng.$sceDelegate#trustAs `$sceDelegate.trustAs`}.
     *
     * If the passed parameter is not a value that had been returned by {@link
     * ng.$sceDelegate#trustAs `$sceDelegate.trustAs`}, returns it as-is.
     *
     * @param {*} value The result of a prior {@link ng.$sceDelegate#trustAs `$sceDelegate.trustAs`}
     *      call or anything else.
     * @returns {*} The `value` that was originally provided to {@link ng.$sceDelegate#trustAs
     *     `$sceDelegate.trustAs`} if `value` is the result of such a call.  Otherwise, returns
     *     `value` unchanged.
     */
    function valueOf(maybeTrusted) {
      if (maybeTrusted instanceof trustedValueHolderBase) {
        return maybeTrusted.$$unwrapTrustedValue();
      } else {
        return maybeTrusted;
      }
    }

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sceDelegate#getTrusted
     *
     * @description
     * Takes the result of a {@link ng.$sceDelegate#trustAs `$sceDelegate.trustAs`} call and
     * returns the originally supplied value if the queried context type is a supertype of the
     * created type.  If this condition isn't satisfied, throws an exception.
     *
     * @param {string} type The kind of context in which this value is to be used.
     * @param {*} maybeTrusted The result of a prior {@link ng.$sceDelegate#trustAs
     *     `$sceDelegate.trustAs`} call.
     * @returns {*} The value the was originally provided to {@link ng.$sceDelegate#trustAs
     *     `$sceDelegate.trustAs`} if valid in this context.  Otherwise, throws an exception.
     */
    function getTrusted(type, maybeTrusted) {
      if (maybeTrusted === null || maybeTrusted === undefined || maybeTrusted === '') {
        return maybeTrusted;
      }
      var constructor = (byType.hasOwnProperty(type) ? byType[type] : null);
      if (constructor && maybeTrusted instanceof constructor) {
        return maybeTrusted.$$unwrapTrustedValue();
      }
      // If we get here, then we may only take one of two actions.
      // 1. sanitize the value for the requested type, or
      // 2. throw an exception.
      if (type === SCE_CONTEXTS.RESOURCE_URL) {
        if (isResourceUrlAllowedByPolicy(maybeTrusted)) {
          return maybeTrusted;
        } else {
          throw $sceMinErr('insecurl',
              'Blocked loading resource from url not allowed by $sceDelegate policy.  URL: {0}',
              maybeTrusted.toString());
        }
      } else if (type === SCE_CONTEXTS.HTML) {
        return htmlSanitizer(maybeTrusted);
      }
      throw $sceMinErr('unsafe', 'Attempting to use an unsafe value in a safe context.');
    }

    return { trustAs: trustAs,
             getTrusted: getTrusted,
             valueOf: valueOf };
  }];
}


/**
 * @ngdoc provider
 * @name $sceProvider
 * @description
 *
 * The $sceProvider provider allows developers to configure the {@link ng.$sce $sce} service.
 * -   enable/disable Strict Contextual Escaping (SCE) in a module
 * -   override the default implementation with a custom delegate
 *
 * Read more about {@link ng.$sce Strict Contextual Escaping (SCE)}.
 */

/* jshint maxlen: false*/

/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $sce
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 *
 * `$sce` is a service that provides Strict Contextual Escaping services to AngularJS.
 *
 * # Strict Contextual Escaping
 *
 * Strict Contextual Escaping (SCE) is a mode in which AngularJS requires bindings in certain
 * contexts to result in a value that is marked as safe to use for that context.  One example of
 * such a context is binding arbitrary html controlled by the user via `ng-bind-html`.  We refer
 * to these contexts as privileged or SCE contexts.
 *
 * As of version 1.2, Angular ships with SCE enabled by default.
 *
 * Note:  When enabled (the default), IE<11 in quirks mode is not supported.  In this mode, IE<11 allow
 * one to execute arbitrary javascript by the use of the expression() syntax.  Refer
 * <http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ie/archive/2008/10/16/ending-expressions.aspx> to learn more about them.
 * You can ensure your document is in standards mode and not quirks mode by adding `<!doctype html>`
 * to the top of your HTML document.
 *
 * SCE assists in writing code in way that (a) is secure by default and (b) makes auditing for
 * security vulnerabilities such as XSS, clickjacking, etc. a lot easier.
 *
 * Here's an example of a binding in a privileged context:
 *
 * ```
 * <input ng-model="userHtml">
 * <div ng-bind-html="userHtml"></div>
 * ```
 *
 * Notice that `ng-bind-html` is bound to `userHtml` controlled by the user.  With SCE
 * disabled, this application allows the user to render arbitrary HTML into the DIV.
 * In a more realistic example, one may be rendering user comments, blog articles, etc. via
 * bindings.  (HTML is just one example of a context where rendering user controlled input creates
 * security vulnerabilities.)
 *
 * For the case of HTML, you might use a library, either on the client side, or on the server side,
 * to sanitize unsafe HTML before binding to the value and rendering it in the document.
 *
 * How would you ensure that every place that used these types of bindings was bound to a value that
 * was sanitized by your library (or returned as safe for rendering by your server?)  How can you
 * ensure that you didn't accidentally delete the line that sanitized the value, or renamed some
 * properties/fields and forgot to update the binding to the sanitized value?
 *
 * To be secure by default, you want to ensure that any such bindings are disallowed unless you can
 * determine that something explicitly says it's safe to use a value for binding in that
 * context.  You can then audit your code (a simple grep would do) to ensure that this is only done
 * for those values that you can easily tell are safe - because they were received from your server,
 * sanitized by your library, etc.  You can organize your codebase to help with this - perhaps
 * allowing only the files in a specific directory to do this.  Ensuring that the internal API
 * exposed by that code doesn't markup arbitrary values as safe then becomes a more manageable task.
 *
 * In the case of AngularJS' SCE service, one uses {@link ng.$sce#trustAs $sce.trustAs}
 * (and shorthand methods such as {@link ng.$sce#trustAsHtml $sce.trustAsHtml}, etc.) to
 * obtain values that will be accepted by SCE / privileged contexts.
 *
 *
 * ## How does it work?
 *
 * In privileged contexts, directives and code will bind to the result of {@link ng.$sce#getTrusted
 * $sce.getTrusted(context, value)} rather than to the value directly.  Directives use {@link
 * ng.$sce#parseAs $sce.parseAs} rather than `$parse` to watch attribute bindings, which performs the
 * {@link ng.$sce#getTrusted $sce.getTrusted} behind the scenes on non-constant literals.
 *
 * As an example, {@link ng.directive:ngBindHtml ngBindHtml} uses {@link
 * ng.$sce#parseAsHtml $sce.parseAsHtml(binding expression)}.  Here's the actual code (slightly
 * simplified):
 *
 * ```
 * var ngBindHtmlDirective = ['$sce', function($sce) {
 *   return function(scope, element, attr) {
 *     scope.$watch($sce.parseAsHtml(attr.ngBindHtml), function(value) {
 *       element.html(value || '');
 *     });
 *   };
 * }];
 * ```
 *
 * ## Impact on loading templates
 *
 * This applies both to the {@link ng.directive:ngInclude `ng-include`} directive as well as
 * `templateUrl`'s specified by {@link guide/directive directives}.
 *
 * By default, Angular only loads templates from the same domain and protocol as the application
 * document.  This is done by calling {@link ng.$sce#getTrustedResourceUrl
 * $sce.getTrustedResourceUrl} on the template URL.  To load templates from other domains and/or
 * protocols, you may either either {@link ng.$sceDelegateProvider#resourceUrlWhitelist whitelist
 * them} or {@link ng.$sce#trustAsResourceUrl wrap it} into a trusted value.
 *
 * *Please note*:
 * The browser's
 * [Same Origin Policy](https://code.google.com/p/browsersec/wiki/Part2#Same-origin_policy_for_XMLHttpRequest)
 * and [Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS)](http://www.w3.org/TR/cors/)
 * policy apply in addition to this and may further restrict whether the template is successfully
 * loaded.  This means that without the right CORS policy, loading templates from a different domain
 * won't work on all browsers.  Also, loading templates from `file://` URL does not work on some
 * browsers.
 *
 * ## This feels like too much overhead
 *
 * It's important to remember that SCE only applies to interpolation expressions.
 *
 * If your expressions are constant literals, they're automatically trusted and you don't need to
 * call `$sce.trustAs` on them (remember to include the `ngSanitize` module) (e.g.
 * `<div ng-bind-html="'<b>implicitly trusted</b>'"></div>`) just works.
 *
 * Additionally, `a[href]` and `img[src]` automatically sanitize their URLs and do not pass them
 * through {@link ng.$sce#getTrusted $sce.getTrusted}.  SCE doesn't play a role here.
 *
 * The included {@link ng.$sceDelegate $sceDelegate} comes with sane defaults to allow you to load
 * templates in `ng-include` from your application's domain without having to even know about SCE.
 * It blocks loading templates from other domains or loading templates over http from an https
 * served document.  You can change these by setting your own custom {@link
 * ng.$sceDelegateProvider#resourceUrlWhitelist whitelists} and {@link
 * ng.$sceDelegateProvider#resourceUrlBlacklist blacklists} for matching such URLs.
 *
 * This significantly reduces the overhead.  It is far easier to pay the small overhead and have an
 * application that's secure and can be audited to verify that with much more ease than bolting
 * security onto an application later.
 *
 * <a name="contexts"></a>
 * ## What trusted context types are supported?
 *
 * | Context             | Notes          |
 * |---------------------|----------------|
 * | `$sce.HTML`         | For HTML that's safe to source into the application.  The {@link ng.directive:ngBindHtml ngBindHtml} directive uses this context for bindings. If an unsafe value is encountered and the {@link ngSanitize $sanitize} module is present this will sanitize the value instead of throwing an error. |
 * | `$sce.CSS`          | For CSS that's safe to source into the application.  Currently unused.  Feel free to use it in your own directives. |
 * | `$sce.URL`          | For URLs that are safe to follow as links.  Currently unused (`<a href=` and `<img src=` sanitize their urls and don't constitute an SCE context. |
 * | `$sce.RESOURCE_URL` | For URLs that are not only safe to follow as links, but whose contents are also safe to include in your application.  Examples include `ng-include`, `src` / `ngSrc` bindings for tags other than `IMG` (e.g. `IFRAME`, `OBJECT`, etc.)  <br><br>Note that `$sce.RESOURCE_URL` makes a stronger statement about the URL than `$sce.URL` does and therefore contexts requiring values trusted for `$sce.RESOURCE_URL` can be used anywhere that values trusted for `$sce.URL` are required. |
 * | `$sce.JS`           | For JavaScript that is safe to execute in your application's context.  Currently unused.  Feel free to use it in your own directives. |
 *
 * ## Format of items in {@link ng.$sceDelegateProvider#resourceUrlWhitelist resourceUrlWhitelist}/{@link ng.$sceDelegateProvider#resourceUrlBlacklist Blacklist} <a name="resourceUrlPatternItem"></a>
 *
 *  Each element in these arrays must be one of the following:
 *
 *  - **'self'**
 *    - The special **string**, `'self'`, can be used to match against all URLs of the **same
 *      domain** as the application document using the **same protocol**.
 *  - **String** (except the special value `'self'`)
 *    - The string is matched against the full *normalized / absolute URL* of the resource
 *      being tested (substring matches are not good enough.)
 *    - There are exactly **two wildcard sequences** - `*` and `**`.  All other characters
 *      match themselves.
 *    - `*`: matches zero or more occurrences of any character other than one of the following 6
 *      characters: '`:`', '`/`', '`.`', '`?`', '`&`' and ';'.  It's a useful wildcard for use
 *      in a whitelist.
 *    - `**`: matches zero or more occurrences of *any* character.  As such, it's not
 *      not appropriate to use in for a scheme, domain, etc. as it would match too much.  (e.g.
 *      http://**.example.com/ would match http://evil.com/?ignore=.example.com/ and that might
 *      not have been the intention.)  Its usage at the very end of the path is ok.  (e.g.
 *      http://foo.example.com/templates/**).
 *  - **RegExp** (*see caveat below*)
 *    - *Caveat*:  While regular expressions are powerful and offer great flexibility,  their syntax
 *      (and all the inevitable escaping) makes them *harder to maintain*.  It's easy to
 *      accidentally introduce a bug when one updates a complex expression (imho, all regexes should
 *      have good test coverage.).  For instance, the use of `.` in the regex is correct only in a
 *      small number of cases.  A `.` character in the regex used when matching the scheme or a
 *      subdomain could be matched against a `:` or literal `.` that was likely not intended.   It
 *      is highly recommended to use the string patterns and only fall back to regular expressions
 *      if they as a last resort.
 *    - The regular expression must be an instance of RegExp (i.e. not a string.)  It is
 *      matched against the **entire** *normalized / absolute URL* of the resource being tested
 *      (even when the RegExp did not have the `^` and `$` codes.)  In addition, any flags
 *      present on the RegExp (such as multiline, global, ignoreCase) are ignored.
 *    - If you are generating your JavaScript from some other templating engine (not
 *      recommended, e.g. in issue [#4006](https://github.com/angular/angular.js/issues/4006)),
 *      remember to escape your regular expression (and be aware that you might need more than
 *      one level of escaping depending on your templating engine and the way you interpolated
 *      the value.)  Do make use of your platform's escaping mechanism as it might be good
 *      enough before coding your own.  e.g. Ruby has
 *      [Regexp.escape(str)](http://www.ruby-doc.org/core-2.0.0/Regexp.html#method-c-escape)
 *      and Python has [re.escape](http://docs.python.org/library/re.html#re.escape).
 *      Javascript lacks a similar built in function for escaping.  Take a look at Google
 *      Closure library's [goog.string.regExpEscape(s)](
 *      http://docs.closure-library.googlecode.com/git/closure_goog_string_string.js.source.html#line962).
 *
 * Refer {@link ng.$sceDelegateProvider $sceDelegateProvider} for an example.
 *
 * ## Show me an example using SCE.
 *
 * <example module="mySceApp" deps="angular-sanitize.js">
 * <file name="index.html">
 *   <div ng-controller="AppController as myCtrl">
 *     <i ng-bind-html="myCtrl.explicitlyTrustedHtml" id="explicitlyTrustedHtml"></i><br><br>
 *     <b>User comments</b><br>
 *     By default, HTML that isn't explicitly trusted (e.g. Alice's comment) is sanitized when
 *     $sanitize is available.  If $sanitize isn't available, this results in an error instead of an
 *     exploit.
 *     <div class="well">
 *       <div ng-repeat="userComment in myCtrl.userComments">
 *         <b>{{userComment.name}}</b>:
 *         <span ng-bind-html="userComment.htmlComment" class="htmlComment"></span>
 *         <br>
 *       </div>
 *     </div>
 *   </div>
 * </file>
 *
 * <file name="script.js">
 *   angular.module('mySceApp', ['ngSanitize'])
 *     .controller('AppController', ['$http', '$templateCache', '$sce',
 *       function($http, $templateCache, $sce) {
 *         var self = this;
 *         $http.get("test_data.json", {cache: $templateCache}).success(function(userComments) {
 *           self.userComments = userComments;
 *         });
 *         self.explicitlyTrustedHtml = $sce.trustAsHtml(
 *             '<span onmouseover="this.textContent=&quot;Explicitly trusted HTML bypasses ' +
 *             'sanitization.&quot;">Hover over this text.</span>');
 *       }]);
 * </file>
 *
 * <file name="test_data.json">
 * [
 *   { "name": "Alice",
 *     "htmlComment":
 *         "<span onmouseover='this.textContent=\"PWN3D!\"'>Is <i>anyone</i> reading this?</span>"
 *   },
 *   { "name": "Bob",
 *     "htmlComment": "<i>Yes!</i>  Am I the only other one?"
 *   }
 * ]
 * </file>
 *
 * <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
 *   describe('SCE doc demo', function() {
 *     it('should sanitize untrusted values', function() {
 *       expect(element.all(by.css('.htmlComment')).first().getInnerHtml())
 *           .toBe('<span>Is <i>anyone</i> reading this?</span>');
 *     });
 *
 *     it('should NOT sanitize explicitly trusted values', function() {
 *       expect(element(by.id('explicitlyTrustedHtml')).getInnerHtml()).toBe(
 *           '<span onmouseover="this.textContent=&quot;Explicitly trusted HTML bypasses ' +
 *           'sanitization.&quot;">Hover over this text.</span>');
 *     });
 *   });
 * </file>
 * </example>
 *
 *
 *
 * ## Can I disable SCE completely?
 *
 * Yes, you can.  However, this is strongly discouraged.  SCE gives you a lot of security benefits
 * for little coding overhead.  It will be much harder to take an SCE disabled application and
 * either secure it on your own or enable SCE at a later stage.  It might make sense to disable SCE
 * for cases where you have a lot of existing code that was written before SCE was introduced and
 * you're migrating them a module at a time.
 *
 * That said, here's how you can completely disable SCE:
 *
 * ```
 * angular.module('myAppWithSceDisabledmyApp', []).config(function($sceProvider) {
 *   // Completely disable SCE.  For demonstration purposes only!
 *   // Do not use in new projects.
 *   $sceProvider.enabled(false);
 * });
 * ```
 *
 */
/* jshint maxlen: 100 */

function $SceProvider() {
  var enabled = true;

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $sceProvider#enabled
   * @kind function
   *
   * @param {boolean=} value If provided, then enables/disables SCE.
   * @return {boolean} true if SCE is enabled, false otherwise.
   *
   * @description
   * Enables/disables SCE and returns the current value.
   */
  this.enabled = function(value) {
    if (arguments.length) {
      enabled = !!value;
    }
    return enabled;
  };


  /* Design notes on the default implementation for SCE.
   *
   * The API contract for the SCE delegate
   * -------------------------------------
   * The SCE delegate object must provide the following 3 methods:
   *
   * - trustAs(contextEnum, value)
   *     This method is used to tell the SCE service that the provided value is OK to use in the
   *     contexts specified by contextEnum.  It must return an object that will be accepted by
   *     getTrusted() for a compatible contextEnum and return this value.
   *
   * - valueOf(value)
   *     For values that were not produced by trustAs(), return them as is.  For values that were
   *     produced by trustAs(), return the corresponding input value to trustAs.  Basically, if
   *     trustAs is wrapping the given values into some type, this operation unwraps it when given
   *     such a value.
   *
   * - getTrusted(contextEnum, value)
   *     This function should return the a value that is safe to use in the context specified by
   *     contextEnum or throw and exception otherwise.
   *
   * NOTE: This contract deliberately does NOT state that values returned by trustAs() must be
   * opaque or wrapped in some holder object.  That happens to be an implementation detail.  For
   * instance, an implementation could maintain a registry of all trusted objects by context.  In
   * such a case, trustAs() would return the same object that was passed in.  getTrusted() would
   * return the same object passed in if it was found in the registry under a compatible context or
   * throw an exception otherwise.  An implementation might only wrap values some of the time based
   * on some criteria.  getTrusted() might return a value and not throw an exception for special
   * constants or objects even if not wrapped.  All such implementations fulfill this contract.
   *
   *
   * A note on the inheritance model for SCE contexts
   * ------------------------------------------------
   * I've used inheritance and made RESOURCE_URL wrapped types a subtype of URL wrapped types.  This
   * is purely an implementation details.
   *
   * The contract is simply this:
   *
   *     getTrusted($sce.RESOURCE_URL, value) succeeding implies that getTrusted($sce.URL, value)
   *     will also succeed.
   *
   * Inheritance happens to capture this in a natural way.  In some future, we
   * may not use inheritance anymore.  That is OK because no code outside of
   * sce.js and sceSpecs.js would need to be aware of this detail.
   */

  this.$get = ['$parse', '$sceDelegate', function(
                $parse,   $sceDelegate) {
    // Prereq: Ensure that we're not running in IE<11 quirks mode.  In that mode, IE < 11 allow
    // the "expression(javascript expression)" syntax which is insecure.
    if (enabled && msie < 8) {
      throw $sceMinErr('iequirks',
        'Strict Contextual Escaping does not support Internet Explorer version < 11 in quirks ' +
        'mode.  You can fix this by adding the text <!doctype html> to the top of your HTML ' +
        'document.  See http://docs.angularjs.org/api/ng.$sce for more information.');
    }

    var sce = shallowCopy(SCE_CONTEXTS);

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#isEnabled
     * @kind function
     *
     * @return {Boolean} true if SCE is enabled, false otherwise.  If you want to set the value, you
     * have to do it at module config time on {@link ng.$sceProvider $sceProvider}.
     *
     * @description
     * Returns a boolean indicating if SCE is enabled.
     */
    sce.isEnabled = function() {
      return enabled;
    };
    sce.trustAs = $sceDelegate.trustAs;
    sce.getTrusted = $sceDelegate.getTrusted;
    sce.valueOf = $sceDelegate.valueOf;

    if (!enabled) {
      sce.trustAs = sce.getTrusted = function(type, value) { return value; };
      sce.valueOf = identity;
    }

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#parseAs
     *
     * @description
     * Converts Angular {@link guide/expression expression} into a function.  This is like {@link
     * ng.$parse $parse} and is identical when the expression is a literal constant.  Otherwise, it
     * wraps the expression in a call to {@link ng.$sce#getTrusted $sce.getTrusted(*type*,
     * *result*)}
     *
     * @param {string} type The kind of SCE context in which this result will be used.
     * @param {string} expression String expression to compile.
     * @returns {function(context, locals)} a function which represents the compiled expression:
     *
     *    * `context` – `{object}` – an object against which any expressions embedded in the strings
     *      are evaluated against (typically a scope object).
     *    * `locals` – `{object=}` – local variables context object, useful for overriding values in
     *      `context`.
     */
    sce.parseAs = function sceParseAs(type, expr) {
      var parsed = $parse(expr);
      if (parsed.literal && parsed.constant) {
        return parsed;
      } else {
        return $parse(expr, function(value) {
          return sce.getTrusted(type, value);
        });
      }
    };

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#trustAs
     *
     * @description
     * Delegates to {@link ng.$sceDelegate#trustAs `$sceDelegate.trustAs`}.  As such,
     * returns an object that is trusted by angular for use in specified strict contextual
     * escaping contexts (such as ng-bind-html, ng-include, any src attribute
     * interpolation, any dom event binding attribute interpolation such as for onclick,  etc.)
     * that uses the provided value.  See * {@link ng.$sce $sce} for enabling strict contextual
     * escaping.
     *
     * @param {string} type The kind of context in which this value is safe for use.  e.g. url,
     *   resource_url, html, js and css.
     * @param {*} value The value that that should be considered trusted/safe.
     * @returns {*} A value that can be used to stand in for the provided `value` in places
     * where Angular expects a $sce.trustAs() return value.
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#trustAsHtml
     *
     * @description
     * Shorthand method.  `$sce.trustAsHtml(value)` →
     *     {@link ng.$sceDelegate#trustAs `$sceDelegate.trustAs($sce.HTML, value)`}
     *
     * @param {*} value The value to trustAs.
     * @returns {*} An object that can be passed to {@link ng.$sce#getTrustedHtml
     *     $sce.getTrustedHtml(value)} to obtain the original value.  (privileged directives
     *     only accept expressions that are either literal constants or are the
     *     return value of {@link ng.$sce#trustAs $sce.trustAs}.)
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#trustAsUrl
     *
     * @description
     * Shorthand method.  `$sce.trustAsUrl(value)` →
     *     {@link ng.$sceDelegate#trustAs `$sceDelegate.trustAs($sce.URL, value)`}
     *
     * @param {*} value The value to trustAs.
     * @returns {*} An object that can be passed to {@link ng.$sce#getTrustedUrl
     *     $sce.getTrustedUrl(value)} to obtain the original value.  (privileged directives
     *     only accept expressions that are either literal constants or are the
     *     return value of {@link ng.$sce#trustAs $sce.trustAs}.)
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#trustAsResourceUrl
     *
     * @description
     * Shorthand method.  `$sce.trustAsResourceUrl(value)` →
     *     {@link ng.$sceDelegate#trustAs `$sceDelegate.trustAs($sce.RESOURCE_URL, value)`}
     *
     * @param {*} value The value to trustAs.
     * @returns {*} An object that can be passed to {@link ng.$sce#getTrustedResourceUrl
     *     $sce.getTrustedResourceUrl(value)} to obtain the original value.  (privileged directives
     *     only accept expressions that are either literal constants or are the return
     *     value of {@link ng.$sce#trustAs $sce.trustAs}.)
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#trustAsJs
     *
     * @description
     * Shorthand method.  `$sce.trustAsJs(value)` →
     *     {@link ng.$sceDelegate#trustAs `$sceDelegate.trustAs($sce.JS, value)`}
     *
     * @param {*} value The value to trustAs.
     * @returns {*} An object that can be passed to {@link ng.$sce#getTrustedJs
     *     $sce.getTrustedJs(value)} to obtain the original value.  (privileged directives
     *     only accept expressions that are either literal constants or are the
     *     return value of {@link ng.$sce#trustAs $sce.trustAs}.)
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#getTrusted
     *
     * @description
     * Delegates to {@link ng.$sceDelegate#getTrusted `$sceDelegate.getTrusted`}.  As such,
     * takes the result of a {@link ng.$sce#trustAs `$sce.trustAs`}() call and returns the
     * originally supplied value if the queried context type is a supertype of the created type.
     * If this condition isn't satisfied, throws an exception.
     *
     * @param {string} type The kind of context in which this value is to be used.
     * @param {*} maybeTrusted The result of a prior {@link ng.$sce#trustAs `$sce.trustAs`}
     *                         call.
     * @returns {*} The value the was originally provided to
     *              {@link ng.$sce#trustAs `$sce.trustAs`} if valid in this context.
     *              Otherwise, throws an exception.
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#getTrustedHtml
     *
     * @description
     * Shorthand method.  `$sce.getTrustedHtml(value)` →
     *     {@link ng.$sceDelegate#getTrusted `$sceDelegate.getTrusted($sce.HTML, value)`}
     *
     * @param {*} value The value to pass to `$sce.getTrusted`.
     * @returns {*} The return value of `$sce.getTrusted($sce.HTML, value)`
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#getTrustedCss
     *
     * @description
     * Shorthand method.  `$sce.getTrustedCss(value)` →
     *     {@link ng.$sceDelegate#getTrusted `$sceDelegate.getTrusted($sce.CSS, value)`}
     *
     * @param {*} value The value to pass to `$sce.getTrusted`.
     * @returns {*} The return value of `$sce.getTrusted($sce.CSS, value)`
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#getTrustedUrl
     *
     * @description
     * Shorthand method.  `$sce.getTrustedUrl(value)` →
     *     {@link ng.$sceDelegate#getTrusted `$sceDelegate.getTrusted($sce.URL, value)`}
     *
     * @param {*} value The value to pass to `$sce.getTrusted`.
     * @returns {*} The return value of `$sce.getTrusted($sce.URL, value)`
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#getTrustedResourceUrl
     *
     * @description
     * Shorthand method.  `$sce.getTrustedResourceUrl(value)` →
     *     {@link ng.$sceDelegate#getTrusted `$sceDelegate.getTrusted($sce.RESOURCE_URL, value)`}
     *
     * @param {*} value The value to pass to `$sceDelegate.getTrusted`.
     * @returns {*} The return value of `$sce.getTrusted($sce.RESOURCE_URL, value)`
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#getTrustedJs
     *
     * @description
     * Shorthand method.  `$sce.getTrustedJs(value)` →
     *     {@link ng.$sceDelegate#getTrusted `$sceDelegate.getTrusted($sce.JS, value)`}
     *
     * @param {*} value The value to pass to `$sce.getTrusted`.
     * @returns {*} The return value of `$sce.getTrusted($sce.JS, value)`
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#parseAsHtml
     *
     * @description
     * Shorthand method.  `$sce.parseAsHtml(expression string)` →
     *     {@link ng.$sce#parseAs `$sce.parseAs($sce.HTML, value)`}
     *
     * @param {string} expression String expression to compile.
     * @returns {function(context, locals)} a function which represents the compiled expression:
     *
     *    * `context` – `{object}` – an object against which any expressions embedded in the strings
     *      are evaluated against (typically a scope object).
     *    * `locals` – `{object=}` – local variables context object, useful for overriding values in
     *      `context`.
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#parseAsCss
     *
     * @description
     * Shorthand method.  `$sce.parseAsCss(value)` →
     *     {@link ng.$sce#parseAs `$sce.parseAs($sce.CSS, value)`}
     *
     * @param {string} expression String expression to compile.
     * @returns {function(context, locals)} a function which represents the compiled expression:
     *
     *    * `context` – `{object}` – an object against which any expressions embedded in the strings
     *      are evaluated against (typically a scope object).
     *    * `locals` – `{object=}` – local variables context object, useful for overriding values in
     *      `context`.
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#parseAsUrl
     *
     * @description
     * Shorthand method.  `$sce.parseAsUrl(value)` →
     *     {@link ng.$sce#parseAs `$sce.parseAs($sce.URL, value)`}
     *
     * @param {string} expression String expression to compile.
     * @returns {function(context, locals)} a function which represents the compiled expression:
     *
     *    * `context` – `{object}` – an object against which any expressions embedded in the strings
     *      are evaluated against (typically a scope object).
     *    * `locals` – `{object=}` – local variables context object, useful for overriding values in
     *      `context`.
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#parseAsResourceUrl
     *
     * @description
     * Shorthand method.  `$sce.parseAsResourceUrl(value)` →
     *     {@link ng.$sce#parseAs `$sce.parseAs($sce.RESOURCE_URL, value)`}
     *
     * @param {string} expression String expression to compile.
     * @returns {function(context, locals)} a function which represents the compiled expression:
     *
     *    * `context` – `{object}` – an object against which any expressions embedded in the strings
     *      are evaluated against (typically a scope object).
     *    * `locals` – `{object=}` – local variables context object, useful for overriding values in
     *      `context`.
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name $sce#parseAsJs
     *
     * @description
     * Shorthand method.  `$sce.parseAsJs(value)` →
     *     {@link ng.$sce#parseAs `$sce.parseAs($sce.JS, value)`}
     *
     * @param {string} expression String expression to compile.
     * @returns {function(context, locals)} a function which represents the compiled expression:
     *
     *    * `context` – `{object}` – an object against which any expressions embedded in the strings
     *      are evaluated against (typically a scope object).
     *    * `locals` – `{object=}` – local variables context object, useful for overriding values in
     *      `context`.
     */

    // Shorthand delegations.
    var parse = sce.parseAs,
        getTrusted = sce.getTrusted,
        trustAs = sce.trustAs;

    forEach(SCE_CONTEXTS, function(enumValue, name) {
      var lName = lowercase(name);
      sce[camelCase("parse_as_" + lName)] = function(expr) {
        return parse(enumValue, expr);
      };
      sce[camelCase("get_trusted_" + lName)] = function(value) {
        return getTrusted(enumValue, value);
      };
      sce[camelCase("trust_as_" + lName)] = function(value) {
        return trustAs(enumValue, value);
      };
    });

    return sce;
  }];
}

/**
 * !!! This is an undocumented "private" service !!!
 *
 * @name $sniffer
 * @requires $window
 * @requires $document
 *
 * @property {boolean} history Does the browser support html5 history api ?
 * @property {boolean} transitions Does the browser support CSS transition events ?
 * @property {boolean} animations Does the browser support CSS animation events ?
 *
 * @description
 * This is very simple implementation of testing browser's features.
 */
function $SnifferProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$window', '$document', function($window, $document) {
    var eventSupport = {},
        android =
          int((/android (\d+)/.exec(lowercase(($window.navigator || {}).userAgent)) || [])[1]),
        boxee = /Boxee/i.test(($window.navigator || {}).userAgent),
        document = $document[0] || {},
        vendorPrefix,
        vendorRegex = /^(Moz|webkit|ms)(?=[A-Z])/,
        bodyStyle = document.body && document.body.style,
        transitions = false,
        animations = false,
        match;

    if (bodyStyle) {
      for (var prop in bodyStyle) {
        if (match = vendorRegex.exec(prop)) {
          vendorPrefix = match[0];
          vendorPrefix = vendorPrefix.substr(0, 1).toUpperCase() + vendorPrefix.substr(1);
          break;
        }
      }

      if (!vendorPrefix) {
        vendorPrefix = ('WebkitOpacity' in bodyStyle) && 'webkit';
      }

      transitions = !!(('transition' in bodyStyle) || (vendorPrefix + 'Transition' in bodyStyle));
      animations  = !!(('animation' in bodyStyle) || (vendorPrefix + 'Animation' in bodyStyle));

      if (android && (!transitions||!animations)) {
        transitions = isString(document.body.style.webkitTransition);
        animations = isString(document.body.style.webkitAnimation);
      }
    }


    return {
      // Android has history.pushState, but it does not update location correctly
      // so let's not use the history API at all.
      // http://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=17471
      // https://github.com/angular/angular.js/issues/904

      // older webkit browser (533.9) on Boxee box has exactly the same problem as Android has
      // so let's not use the history API also
      // We are purposefully using `!(android < 4)` to cover the case when `android` is undefined
      // jshint -W018
      history: !!($window.history && $window.history.pushState && !(android < 4) && !boxee),
      // jshint +W018
      hasEvent: function(event) {
        // IE9 implements 'input' event it's so fubared that we rather pretend that it doesn't have
        // it. In particular the event is not fired when backspace or delete key are pressed or
        // when cut operation is performed.
        if (event == 'input' && msie == 9) return false;

        if (isUndefined(eventSupport[event])) {
          var divElm = document.createElement('div');
          eventSupport[event] = 'on' + event in divElm;
        }

        return eventSupport[event];
      },
      csp: csp(),
      vendorPrefix: vendorPrefix,
      transitions: transitions,
      animations: animations,
      android: android
    };
  }];
}

var $compileMinErr = minErr('$compile');

/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $templateRequest
 *
 * @description
 * The `$templateRequest` service downloads the provided template using `$http` and, upon success,
 * stores the contents inside of `$templateCache`. If the HTTP request fails or the response data
 * of the HTTP request is empty then a `$compile` error will be thrown (the exception can be thwarted
 * by setting the 2nd parameter of the function to true).
 *
 * @param {string} tpl The HTTP request template URL
 * @param {boolean=} ignoreRequestError Whether or not to ignore the exception when the request fails or the template is empty
 *
 * @return {Promise} the HTTP Promise for the given.
 *
 * @property {number} totalPendingRequests total amount of pending template requests being downloaded.
 */
function $TemplateRequestProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$templateCache', '$http', '$q', function($templateCache, $http, $q) {
    function handleRequestFn(tpl, ignoreRequestError) {
      var self = handleRequestFn;
      self.totalPendingRequests++;

      var transformResponse = $http.defaults && $http.defaults.transformResponse;

      if (isArray(transformResponse)) {
        var original = transformResponse;
        transformResponse = [];
        for (var i=0; i<original.length; ++i) {
          var transformer = original[i];
          if (transformer !== defaultHttpResponseTransform) {
            transformResponse.push(transformer);
          }
        }
      } else if (transformResponse === defaultHttpResponseTransform) {
        transformResponse = null;
      }

      var httpOptions = {
        cache: $templateCache,
        transformResponse: transformResponse
      };

      return $http.get(tpl, httpOptions)
        .then(function(response) {
          var html = response.data;
          self.totalPendingRequests--;
          $templateCache.put(tpl, html);
          return html;
        }, handleError);

      function handleError() {
        self.totalPendingRequests--;
        if (!ignoreRequestError) {
          throw $compileMinErr('tpload', 'Failed to load template: {0}', tpl);
        }
        return $q.reject();
      }
    }

    handleRequestFn.totalPendingRequests = 0;

    return handleRequestFn;
  }];
}

function $$TestabilityProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$rootScope', '$browser', '$location',
       function($rootScope,   $browser,   $location) {

    /**
     * @name $testability
     *
     * @description
     * The private $$testability service provides a collection of methods for use when debugging
     * or by automated test and debugging tools.
     */
    var testability = {};

    /**
     * @name $$testability#findBindings
     *
     * @description
     * Returns an array of elements that are bound (via ng-bind or {{}})
     * to expressions matching the input.
     *
     * @param {Element} element The element root to search from.
     * @param {string} expression The binding expression to match.
     * @param {boolean} opt_exactMatch If true, only returns exact matches
     *     for the expression. Filters and whitespace are ignored.
     */
    testability.findBindings = function(element, expression, opt_exactMatch) {
      var bindings = element.getElementsByClassName('ng-binding');
      var matches = [];
      forEach(bindings, function(binding) {
        var dataBinding = angular.element(binding).data('$binding');
        if (dataBinding) {
          forEach(dataBinding, function(bindingName) {
            if (opt_exactMatch) {
              var matcher = new RegExp('(^|\\s)' + escapeForRegexp(expression) + '(\\s|\\||$)');
              if (matcher.test(bindingName)) {
                matches.push(binding);
              }
            } else {
              if (bindingName.indexOf(expression) != -1) {
                matches.push(binding);
              }
            }
          });
        }
      });
      return matches;
    };

    /**
     * @name $$testability#findModels
     *
     * @description
     * Returns an array of elements that are two-way found via ng-model to
     * expressions matching the input.
     *
     * @param {Element} element The element root to search from.
     * @param {string} expression The model expression to match.
     * @param {boolean} opt_exactMatch If true, only returns exact matches
     *     for the expression.
     */
    testability.findModels = function(element, expression, opt_exactMatch) {
      var prefixes = ['ng-', 'data-ng-', 'ng\\:'];
      for (var p = 0; p < prefixes.length; ++p) {
        var attributeEquals = opt_exactMatch ? '=' : '*=';
        var selector = '[' + prefixes[p] + 'model' + attributeEquals + '"' + expression + '"]';
        var elements = element.querySelectorAll(selector);
        if (elements.length) {
          return elements;
        }
      }
    };

    /**
     * @name $$testability#getLocation
     *
     * @description
     * Shortcut for getting the location in a browser agnostic way. Returns
     *     the path, search, and hash. (e.g. /path?a=b#hash)
     */
    testability.getLocation = function() {
      return $location.url();
    };

    /**
     * @name $$testability#setLocation
     *
     * @description
     * Shortcut for navigating to a location without doing a full page reload.
     *
     * @param {string} url The location url (path, search and hash,
     *     e.g. /path?a=b#hash) to go to.
     */
    testability.setLocation = function(url) {
      if (url !== $location.url()) {
        $location.url(url);
        $rootScope.$digest();
      }
    };

    /**
     * @name $$testability#whenStable
     *
     * @description
     * Calls the callback when $timeout and $http requests are completed.
     *
     * @param {function} callback
     */
    testability.whenStable = function(callback) {
      $browser.notifyWhenNoOutstandingRequests(callback);
    };

    return testability;
  }];
}

function $TimeoutProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$rootScope', '$browser', '$q', '$$q', '$exceptionHandler',
       function($rootScope,   $browser,   $q,   $$q,   $exceptionHandler) {
    var deferreds = {};


     /**
      * @ngdoc service
      * @name $timeout
      *
      * @description
      * Angular's wrapper for `window.setTimeout`. The `fn` function is wrapped into a try/catch
      * block and delegates any exceptions to
      * {@link ng.$exceptionHandler $exceptionHandler} service.
      *
      * The return value of registering a timeout function is a promise, which will be resolved when
      * the timeout is reached and the timeout function is executed.
      *
      * To cancel a timeout request, call `$timeout.cancel(promise)`.
      *
      * In tests you can use {@link ngMock.$timeout `$timeout.flush()`} to
      * synchronously flush the queue of deferred functions.
      *
      * @param {function()} fn A function, whose execution should be delayed.
      * @param {number=} [delay=0] Delay in milliseconds.
      * @param {boolean=} [invokeApply=true] If set to `false` skips model dirty checking, otherwise
      *   will invoke `fn` within the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$apply $apply} block.
      * @returns {Promise} Promise that will be resolved when the timeout is reached. The value this
      *   promise will be resolved with is the return value of the `fn` function.
      *
      */
    function timeout(fn, delay, invokeApply) {
      var skipApply = (isDefined(invokeApply) && !invokeApply),
          deferred = (skipApply ? $$q : $q).defer(),
          promise = deferred.promise,
          timeoutId;

      timeoutId = $browser.defer(function() {
        try {
          deferred.resolve(fn());
        } catch (e) {
          deferred.reject(e);
          $exceptionHandler(e);
        }
        finally {
          delete deferreds[promise.$$timeoutId];
        }

        if (!skipApply) $rootScope.$apply();
      }, delay);

      promise.$$timeoutId = timeoutId;
      deferreds[timeoutId] = deferred;

      return promise;
    }


     /**
      * @ngdoc method
      * @name $timeout#cancel
      *
      * @description
      * Cancels a task associated with the `promise`. As a result of this, the promise will be
      * resolved with a rejection.
      *
      * @param {Promise=} promise Promise returned by the `$timeout` function.
      * @returns {boolean} Returns `true` if the task hasn't executed yet and was successfully
      *   canceled.
      */
    timeout.cancel = function(promise) {
      if (promise && promise.$$timeoutId in deferreds) {
        deferreds[promise.$$timeoutId].reject('canceled');
        delete deferreds[promise.$$timeoutId];
        return $browser.defer.cancel(promise.$$timeoutId);
      }
      return false;
    };

    return timeout;
  }];
}

// NOTE:  The usage of window and document instead of $window and $document here is
// deliberate.  This service depends on the specific behavior of anchor nodes created by the
// browser (resolving and parsing URLs) that is unlikely to be provided by mock objects and
// cause us to break tests.  In addition, when the browser resolves a URL for XHR, it
// doesn't know about mocked locations and resolves URLs to the real document - which is
// exactly the behavior needed here.  There is little value is mocking these out for this
// service.
var urlParsingNode = document.createElement("a");
var originUrl = urlResolve(window.location.href, true);


/**
 *
 * Implementation Notes for non-IE browsers
 * ----------------------------------------
 * Assigning a URL to the href property of an anchor DOM node, even one attached to the DOM,
 * results both in the normalizing and parsing of the URL.  Normalizing means that a relative
 * URL will be resolved into an absolute URL in the context of the application document.
 * Parsing means that the anchor node's host, hostname, protocol, port, pathname and related
 * properties are all populated to reflect the normalized URL.  This approach has wide
 * compatibility - Safari 1+, Mozilla 1+, Opera 7+,e etc.  See
 * http://www.aptana.com/reference/html/api/HTMLAnchorElement.html
 *
 * Implementation Notes for IE
 * ---------------------------
 * IE >= 8 and <= 10 normalizes the URL when assigned to the anchor node similar to the other
 * browsers.  However, the parsed components will not be set if the URL assigned did not specify
 * them.  (e.g. if you assign a.href = "foo", then a.protocol, a.host, etc. will be empty.)  We
 * work around that by performing the parsing in a 2nd step by taking a previously normalized
 * URL (e.g. by assigning to a.href) and assigning it a.href again.  This correctly populates the
 * properties such as protocol, hostname, port, etc.
 *
 * IE7 does not normalize the URL when assigned to an anchor node.  (Apparently, it does, if one
 * uses the inner HTML approach to assign the URL as part of an HTML snippet -
 * http://stackoverflow.com/a/472729)  However, setting img[src] does normalize the URL.
 * Unfortunately, setting img[src] to something like "javascript:foo" on IE throws an exception.
 * Since the primary usage for normalizing URLs is to sanitize such URLs, we can't use that
 * method and IE < 8 is unsupported.
 *
 * References:
 *   http://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/HTMLAnchorElement
 *   http://www.aptana.com/reference/html/api/HTMLAnchorElement.html
 *   http://url.spec.whatwg.org/#urlutils
 *   https://github.com/angular/angular.js/pull/2902
 *   http://james.padolsey.com/javascript/parsing-urls-with-the-dom/
 *
 * @kind function
 * @param {string} url The URL to be parsed.
 * @description Normalizes and parses a URL.
 * @returns {object} Returns the normalized URL as a dictionary.
 *
 *   | member name   | Description    |
 *   |---------------|----------------|
 *   | href          | A normalized version of the provided URL if it was not an absolute URL |
 *   | protocol      | The protocol including the trailing colon                              |
 *   | host          | The host and port (if the port is non-default) of the normalizedUrl    |
 *   | search        | The search params, minus the question mark                             |
 *   | hash          | The hash string, minus the hash symbol
 *   | hostname      | The hostname
 *   | port          | The port, without ":"
 *   | pathname      | The pathname, beginning with "/"
 *
 */
function urlResolve(url, base) {
  var href = url;

  if (msie) {
    // Normalize before parse.  Refer Implementation Notes on why this is
    // done in two steps on IE.
    urlParsingNode.setAttribute("href", href);
    href = urlParsingNode.href;
  }

  urlParsingNode.setAttribute('href', href);

  // urlParsingNode provides the UrlUtils interface - http://url.spec.whatwg.org/#urlutils
  return {
    href: urlParsingNode.href,
    protocol: urlParsingNode.protocol ? urlParsingNode.protocol.replace(/:$/, '') : '',
    host: urlParsingNode.host,
    search: urlParsingNode.search ? urlParsingNode.search.replace(/^\?/, '') : '',
    hash: urlParsingNode.hash ? urlParsingNode.hash.replace(/^#/, '') : '',
    hostname: urlParsingNode.hostname,
    port: urlParsingNode.port,
    pathname: (urlParsingNode.pathname.charAt(0) === '/')
      ? urlParsingNode.pathname
      : '/' + urlParsingNode.pathname
  };
}

/**
 * Parse a request URL and determine whether this is a same-origin request as the application document.
 *
 * @param {string|object} requestUrl The url of the request as a string that will be resolved
 * or a parsed URL object.
 * @returns {boolean} Whether the request is for the same origin as the application document.
 */
function urlIsSameOrigin(requestUrl) {
  var parsed = (isString(requestUrl)) ? urlResolve(requestUrl) : requestUrl;
  return (parsed.protocol === originUrl.protocol &&
          parsed.host === originUrl.host);
}

/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $window
 *
 * @description
 * A reference to the browser's `window` object. While `window`
 * is globally available in JavaScript, it causes testability problems, because
 * it is a global variable. In angular we always refer to it through the
 * `$window` service, so it may be overridden, removed or mocked for testing.
 *
 * Expressions, like the one defined for the `ngClick` directive in the example
 * below, are evaluated with respect to the current scope.  Therefore, there is
 * no risk of inadvertently coding in a dependency on a global value in such an
 * expression.
 *
 * @example
   <example module="windowExample">
     <file name="index.html">
       <script>
         angular.module('windowExample', [])
           .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', '$window', function($scope, $window) {
             $scope.greeting = 'Hello, World!';
             $scope.doGreeting = function(greeting) {
               $window.alert(greeting);
             };
           }]);
       </script>
       <div ng-controller="ExampleController">
         <input type="text" ng-model="greeting" />
         <button ng-click="doGreeting(greeting)">ALERT</button>
       </div>
     </file>
     <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
      it('should display the greeting in the input box', function() {
       element(by.model('greeting')).sendKeys('Hello, E2E Tests');
       // If we click the button it will block the test runner
       // element(':button').click();
      });
     </file>
   </example>
 */
function $WindowProvider() {
  this.$get = valueFn(window);
}

/* global currencyFilter: true,
 dateFilter: true,
 filterFilter: true,
 jsonFilter: true,
 limitToFilter: true,
 lowercaseFilter: true,
 numberFilter: true,
 orderByFilter: true,
 uppercaseFilter: true,
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc provider
 * @name $filterProvider
 * @description
 *
 * Filters are just functions which transform input to an output. However filters need to be
 * Dependency Injected. To achieve this a filter definition consists of a factory function which is
 * annotated with dependencies and is responsible for creating a filter function.
 *
 * ```js
 *   // Filter registration
 *   function MyModule($provide, $filterProvider) {
 *     // create a service to demonstrate injection (not always needed)
 *     $provide.value('greet', function(name){
 *       return 'Hello ' + name + '!';
 *     });
 *
 *     // register a filter factory which uses the
 *     // greet service to demonstrate DI.
 *     $filterProvider.register('greet', function(greet){
 *       // return the filter function which uses the greet service
 *       // to generate salutation
 *       return function(text) {
 *         // filters need to be forgiving so check input validity
 *         return text && greet(text) || text;
 *       };
 *     });
 *   }
 * ```
 *
 * The filter function is registered with the `$injector` under the filter name suffix with
 * `Filter`.
 *
 * ```js
 *   it('should be the same instance', inject(
 *     function($filterProvider) {
 *       $filterProvider.register('reverse', function(){
 *         return ...;
 *       });
 *     },
 *     function($filter, reverseFilter) {
 *       expect($filter('reverse')).toBe(reverseFilter);
 *     });
 * ```
 *
 *
 * For more information about how angular filters work, and how to create your own filters, see
 * {@link guide/filter Filters} in the Angular Developer Guide.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name $filter
 * @kind function
 * @description
 * Filters are used for formatting data displayed to the user.
 *
 * The general syntax in templates is as follows:
 *
 *         {{ expression [| filter_name[:parameter_value] ... ] }}
 *
 * @param {String} name Name of the filter function to retrieve
 * @return {Function} the filter function
 * @example
   <example name="$filter" module="filterExample">
     <file name="index.html">
       <div ng-controller="MainCtrl">
        <h3>{{ originalText }}</h3>
        <h3>{{ filteredText }}</h3>
       </div>
     </file>

     <file name="script.js">
      angular.module('filterExample', [])
      .controller('MainCtrl', function($scope, $filter) {
        $scope.originalText = 'hello';
        $scope.filteredText = $filter('uppercase')($scope.originalText);
      });
     </file>
   </example>
  */
$FilterProvider.$inject = ['$provide'];
function $FilterProvider($provide) {
  var suffix = 'Filter';

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name $filterProvider#register
   * @param {string|Object} name Name of the filter function, or an object map of filters where
   *    the keys are the filter names and the values are the filter factories.
   * @returns {Object} Registered filter instance, or if a map of filters was provided then a map
   *    of the registered filter instances.
   */
  function register(name, factory) {
    if (isObject(name)) {
      var filters = {};
      forEach(name, function(filter, key) {
        filters[key] = register(key, filter);
      });
      return filters;
    } else {
      return $provide.factory(name + suffix, factory);
    }
  }
  this.register = register;

  this.$get = ['$injector', function($injector) {
    return function(name) {
      return $injector.get(name + suffix);
    };
  }];

  ////////////////////////////////////////

  /* global
    currencyFilter: false,
    dateFilter: false,
    filterFilter: false,
    jsonFilter: false,
    limitToFilter: false,
    lowercaseFilter: false,
    numberFilter: false,
    orderByFilter: false,
    uppercaseFilter: false,
  */

  register('currency', currencyFilter);
  register('date', dateFilter);
  register('filter', filterFilter);
  register('json', jsonFilter);
  register('limitTo', limitToFilter);
  register('lowercase', lowercaseFilter);
  register('number', numberFilter);
  register('orderBy', orderByFilter);
  register('uppercase', uppercaseFilter);
}

/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name filter
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Selects a subset of items from `array` and returns it as a new array.
 *
 * @param {Array} array The source array.
 * @param {string|Object|function()} expression The predicate to be used for selecting items from
 *   `array`.
 *
 *   Can be one of:
 *
 *   - `string`: The string is evaluated as an expression and the resulting value is used for substring match against
 *     the contents of the `array`. All strings or objects with string properties in `array` that contain this string
 *     will be returned. The predicate can be negated by prefixing the string with `!`.
 *
 *   - `Object`: A pattern object can be used to filter specific properties on objects contained
 *     by `array`. For example `{name:"M", phone:"1"}` predicate will return an array of items
 *     which have property `name` containing "M" and property `phone` containing "1". A special
 *     property name `$` can be used (as in `{$:"text"}`) to accept a match against any
 *     property of the object. That's equivalent to the simple substring match with a `string`
 *     as described above. The predicate can be negated by prefixing the string with `!`.
 *     For Example `{name: "!M"}` predicate will return an array of items which have property `name`
 *     not containing "M".
 *
 *   - `function(value, index)`: A predicate function can be used to write arbitrary filters. The
 *     function is called for each element of `array`. The final result is an array of those
 *     elements that the predicate returned true for.
 *
 * @param {function(actual, expected)|true|undefined} comparator Comparator which is used in
 *     determining if the expected value (from the filter expression) and actual value (from
 *     the object in the array) should be considered a match.
 *
 *   Can be one of:
 *
 *   - `function(actual, expected)`:
 *     The function will be given the object value and the predicate value to compare and
 *     should return true if the item should be included in filtered result.
 *
 *   - `true`: A shorthand for `function(actual, expected) { return angular.equals(expected, actual)}`.
 *     this is essentially strict comparison of expected and actual.
 *
 *   - `false|undefined`: A short hand for a function which will look for a substring match in case
 *     insensitive way.
 *
 * @example
   <example>
     <file name="index.html">
       <div ng-init="friends = [{name:'John', phone:'555-1276'},
                                {name:'Mary', phone:'800-BIG-MARY'},
                                {name:'Mike', phone:'555-4321'},
                                {name:'Adam', phone:'555-5678'},
                                {name:'Julie', phone:'555-8765'},
                                {name:'Juliette', phone:'555-5678'}]"></div>

       Search: <input ng-model="searchText">
       <table id="searchTextResults">
         <tr><th>Name</th><th>Phone</th></tr>
         <tr ng-repeat="friend in friends | filter:searchText">
           <td>{{friend.name}}</td>
           <td>{{friend.phone}}</td>
         </tr>
       </table>
       <hr>
       Any: <input ng-model="search.$"> <br>
       Name only <input ng-model="search.name"><br>
       Phone only <input ng-model="search.phone"><br>
       Equality <input type="checkbox" ng-model="strict"><br>
       <table id="searchObjResults">
         <tr><th>Name</th><th>Phone</th></tr>
         <tr ng-repeat="friendObj in friends | filter:search:strict">
           <td>{{friendObj.name}}</td>
           <td>{{friendObj.phone}}</td>
         </tr>
       </table>
     </file>
     <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
       var expectFriendNames = function(expectedNames, key) {
         element.all(by.repeater(key + ' in friends').column(key + '.name')).then(function(arr) {
           arr.forEach(function(wd, i) {
             expect(wd.getText()).toMatch(expectedNames[i]);
           });
         });
       };

       it('should search across all fields when filtering with a string', function() {
         var searchText = element(by.model('searchText'));
         searchText.clear();
         searchText.sendKeys('m');
         expectFriendNames(['Mary', 'Mike', 'Adam'], 'friend');

         searchText.clear();
         searchText.sendKeys('76');
         expectFriendNames(['John', 'Julie'], 'friend');
       });

       it('should search in specific fields when filtering with a predicate object', function() {
         var searchAny = element(by.model('search.$'));
         searchAny.clear();
         searchAny.sendKeys('i');
         expectFriendNames(['Mary', 'Mike', 'Julie', 'Juliette'], 'friendObj');
       });
       it('should use a equal comparison when comparator is true', function() {
         var searchName = element(by.model('search.name'));
         var strict = element(by.model('strict'));
         searchName.clear();
         searchName.sendKeys('Julie');
         strict.click();
         expectFriendNames(['Julie'], 'friendObj');
       });
     </file>
   </example>
 */
function filterFilter() {
  return function(array, expression, comparator) {
    if (!isArray(array)) return array;

    var comparatorType = typeof(comparator),
        predicates = [];

    predicates.check = function(value, index) {
      for (var j = 0; j < predicates.length; j++) {
        if (!predicates[j](value, index)) {
          return false;
        }
      }
      return true;
    };

    if (comparatorType !== 'function') {
      if (comparatorType === 'boolean' && comparator) {
        comparator = function(obj, text) {
          return angular.equals(obj, text);
        };
      } else {
        comparator = function(obj, text) {
          if (obj && text && typeof obj === 'object' && typeof text === 'object') {
            for (var objKey in obj) {
              if (objKey.charAt(0) !== '$' && hasOwnProperty.call(obj, objKey) &&
                  comparator(obj[objKey], text[objKey])) {
                return true;
              }
            }
            return false;
          }
          text = (''+text).toLowerCase();
          return (''+obj).toLowerCase().indexOf(text) > -1;
        };
      }
    }

    var search = function(obj, text) {
      if (typeof text === 'string' && text.charAt(0) === '!') {
        return !search(obj, text.substr(1));
      }
      switch (typeof obj) {
        case 'boolean':
        case 'number':
        case 'string':
          return comparator(obj, text);
        case 'object':
          switch (typeof text) {
            case 'object':
              return comparator(obj, text);
            default:
              for (var objKey in obj) {
                if (objKey.charAt(0) !== '$' && search(obj[objKey], text)) {
                  return true;
                }
              }
              break;
          }
          return false;
        case 'array':
          for (var i = 0; i < obj.length; i++) {
            if (search(obj[i], text)) {
              return true;
            }
          }
          return false;
        default:
          return false;
      }
    };
    switch (typeof expression) {
      case 'boolean':
      case 'number':
      case 'string':
        // Set up expression object and fall through
        expression = {$:expression};
        // jshint -W086
      case 'object':
        // jshint +W086
        for (var key in expression) {
          (function(path) {
            if (typeof expression[path] === 'undefined') return;
            predicates.push(function(value) {
              return search(path == '$' ? value : (value && value[path]), expression[path]);
            });
          })(key);
        }
        break;
      case 'function':
        predicates.push(expression);
        break;
      default:
        return array;
    }
    var filtered = [];
    for (var j = 0; j < array.length; j++) {
      var value = array[j];
      if (predicates.check(value, j)) {
        filtered.push(value);
      }
    }
    return filtered;
  };
}

/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name currency
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Formats a number as a currency (ie $1,234.56). When no currency symbol is provided, default
 * symbol for current locale is used.
 *
 * @param {number} amount Input to filter.
 * @param {string=} symbol Currency symbol or identifier to be displayed.
 * @param {number=} fractionSize Number of decimal places to round the amount to.
 * @returns {string} Formatted number.
 *
 *
 * @example
   <example module="currencyExample">
     <file name="index.html">
       <script>
         angular.module('currencyExample', [])
           .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
             $scope.amount = 1234.56;
           }]);
       </script>
       <div ng-controller="ExampleController">
         <input type="number" ng-model="amount"> <br>
         default currency symbol ($): <span id="currency-default">{{amount | currency}}</span><br>
         custom currency identifier (USD$): <span id="currency-custom">{{amount | currency:"USD$"}}</span>
         no fractions (0): <span id="currency-no-fractions">{{amount | currency:"USD$":0}}</span>
       </div>
     </file>
     <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
       it('should init with 1234.56', function() {
         expect(element(by.id('currency-default')).getText()).toBe('$1,234.56');
         expect(element(by.id('currency-custom')).getText()).toBe('USD$1,234.56');
         expect(element(by.id('currency-no-fractions')).getText()).toBe('USD$1,235');
       });
       it('should update', function() {
         if (browser.params.browser == 'safari') {
           // Safari does not understand the minus key. See
           // https://github.com/angular/protractor/issues/481
           return;
         }
         element(by.model('amount')).clear();
         element(by.model('amount')).sendKeys('-1234');
         expect(element(by.id('currency-default')).getText()).toBe('($1,234.00)');
         expect(element(by.id('currency-custom')).getText()).toBe('(USD$1,234.00)');
         expect(element(by.id('currency-no-fractions')).getText()).toBe('(USD$1,234)');
       });
     </file>
   </example>
 */
currencyFilter.$inject = ['$locale'];
function currencyFilter($locale) {
  var formats = $locale.NUMBER_FORMATS;
  return function(amount, currencySymbol, fractionSize) {
    if (isUndefined(currencySymbol)) {
      currencySymbol = formats.CURRENCY_SYM;
    }

    if (isUndefined(fractionSize)) {
      // TODO: read the default value from the locale file
      fractionSize = 2;
    }

    // if null or undefined pass it through
    return (amount == null)
        ? amount
        : formatNumber(amount, formats.PATTERNS[1], formats.GROUP_SEP, formats.DECIMAL_SEP, fractionSize).
            replace(/\u00A4/g, currencySymbol);
  };
}

/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name number
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Formats a number as text.
 *
 * If the input is not a number an empty string is returned.
 *
 * @param {number|string} number Number to format.
 * @param {(number|string)=} fractionSize Number of decimal places to round the number to.
 * If this is not provided then the fraction size is computed from the current locale's number
 * formatting pattern. In the case of the default locale, it will be 3.
 * @returns {string} Number rounded to decimalPlaces and places a “,” after each third digit.
 *
 * @example
   <example module="numberFilterExample">
     <file name="index.html">
       <script>
         angular.module('numberFilterExample', [])
           .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
             $scope.val = 1234.56789;
           }]);
       </script>
       <div ng-controller="ExampleController">
         Enter number: <input ng-model='val'><br>
         Default formatting: <span id='number-default'>{{val | number}}</span><br>
         No fractions: <span>{{val | number:0}}</span><br>
         Negative number: <span>{{-val | number:4}}</span>
       </div>
     </file>
     <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
       it('should format numbers', function() {
         expect(element(by.id('number-default')).getText()).toBe('1,234.568');
         expect(element(by.binding('val | number:0')).getText()).toBe('1,235');
         expect(element(by.binding('-val | number:4')).getText()).toBe('-1,234.5679');
       });

       it('should update', function() {
         element(by.model('val')).clear();
         element(by.model('val')).sendKeys('3374.333');
         expect(element(by.id('number-default')).getText()).toBe('3,374.333');
         expect(element(by.binding('val | number:0')).getText()).toBe('3,374');
         expect(element(by.binding('-val | number:4')).getText()).toBe('-3,374.3330');
      });
     </file>
   </example>
 */


numberFilter.$inject = ['$locale'];
function numberFilter($locale) {
  var formats = $locale.NUMBER_FORMATS;
  return function(number, fractionSize) {

    // if null or undefined pass it through
    return (number == null)
        ? number
        : formatNumber(number, formats.PATTERNS[0], formats.GROUP_SEP, formats.DECIMAL_SEP,
                       fractionSize);
  };
}

var DECIMAL_SEP = '.';
function formatNumber(number, pattern, groupSep, decimalSep, fractionSize) {
  if (!isFinite(number) || isObject(number)) return '';

  var isNegative = number < 0;
  number = Math.abs(number);
  var numStr = number + '',
      formatedText = '',
      parts = [];

  var hasExponent = false;
  if (numStr.indexOf('e') !== -1) {
    var match = numStr.match(/([\d\.]+)e(-?)(\d+)/);
    if (match && match[2] == '-' && match[3] > fractionSize + 1) {
      numStr = '0';
      number = 0;
    } else {
      formatedText = numStr;
      hasExponent = true;
    }
  }

  if (!hasExponent) {
    var fractionLen = (numStr.split(DECIMAL_SEP)[1] || '').length;

    // determine fractionSize if it is not specified
    if (isUndefined(fractionSize)) {
      fractionSize = Math.min(Math.max(pattern.minFrac, fractionLen), pattern.maxFrac);
    }

    // safely round numbers in JS without hitting imprecisions of floating-point arithmetics
    // inspired by:
    // https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Math/round
    number = +(Math.round(+(number.toString() + 'e' + fractionSize)).toString() + 'e' + -fractionSize);

    if (number === 0) {
      isNegative = false;
    }

    var fraction = ('' + number).split(DECIMAL_SEP);
    var whole = fraction[0];
    fraction = fraction[1] || '';

    var i, pos = 0,
        lgroup = pattern.lgSize,
        group = pattern.gSize;

    if (whole.length >= (lgroup + group)) {
      pos = whole.length - lgroup;
      for (i = 0; i < pos; i++) {
        if ((pos - i)%group === 0 && i !== 0) {
          formatedText += groupSep;
        }
        formatedText += whole.charAt(i);
      }
    }

    for (i = pos; i < whole.length; i++) {
      if ((whole.length - i)%lgroup === 0 && i !== 0) {
        formatedText += groupSep;
      }
      formatedText += whole.charAt(i);
    }

    // format fraction part.
    while (fraction.length < fractionSize) {
      fraction += '0';
    }

    if (fractionSize && fractionSize !== "0") formatedText += decimalSep + fraction.substr(0, fractionSize);
  } else {

    if (fractionSize > 0 && number > -1 && number < 1) {
      formatedText = number.toFixed(fractionSize);
    }
  }

  parts.push(isNegative ? pattern.negPre : pattern.posPre);
  parts.push(formatedText);
  parts.push(isNegative ? pattern.negSuf : pattern.posSuf);
  return parts.join('');
}

function padNumber(num, digits, trim) {
  var neg = '';
  if (num < 0) {
    neg =  '-';
    num = -num;
  }
  num = '' + num;
  while (num.length < digits) num = '0' + num;
  if (trim)
    num = num.substr(num.length - digits);
  return neg + num;
}


function dateGetter(name, size, offset, trim) {
  offset = offset || 0;
  return function(date) {
    var value = date['get' + name]();
    if (offset > 0 || value > -offset)
      value += offset;
    if (value === 0 && offset == -12) value = 12;
    return padNumber(value, size, trim);
  };
}

function dateStrGetter(name, shortForm) {
  return function(date, formats) {
    var value = date['get' + name]();
    var get = uppercase(shortForm ? ('SHORT' + name) : name);

    return formats[get][value];
  };
}

function timeZoneGetter(date) {
  var zone = -1 * date.getTimezoneOffset();
  var paddedZone = (zone >= 0) ? "+" : "";

  paddedZone += padNumber(Math[zone > 0 ? 'floor' : 'ceil'](zone / 60), 2) +
                padNumber(Math.abs(zone % 60), 2);

  return paddedZone;
}

function getFirstThursdayOfYear(year) {
    // 0 = index of January
    var dayOfWeekOnFirst = (new Date(year, 0, 1)).getDay();
    // 4 = index of Thursday (+1 to account for 1st = 5)
    // 11 = index of *next* Thursday (+1 account for 1st = 12)
    return new Date(year, 0, ((dayOfWeekOnFirst <= 4) ? 5 : 12) - dayOfWeekOnFirst);
}

function getThursdayThisWeek(datetime) {
    return new Date(datetime.getFullYear(), datetime.getMonth(),
      // 4 = index of Thursday
      datetime.getDate() + (4 - datetime.getDay()));
}

function weekGetter(size) {
   return function(date) {
      var firstThurs = getFirstThursdayOfYear(date.getFullYear()),
         thisThurs = getThursdayThisWeek(date);

      var diff = +thisThurs - +firstThurs,
         result = 1 + Math.round(diff / 6.048e8); // 6.048e8 ms per week

      return padNumber(result, size);
   };
}

function ampmGetter(date, formats) {
  return date.getHours() < 12 ? formats.AMPMS[0] : formats.AMPMS[1];
}

var DATE_FORMATS = {
  yyyy: dateGetter('FullYear', 4),
    yy: dateGetter('FullYear', 2, 0, true),
     y: dateGetter('FullYear', 1),
  MMMM: dateStrGetter('Month'),
   MMM: dateStrGetter('Month', true),
    MM: dateGetter('Month', 2, 1),
     M: dateGetter('Month', 1, 1),
    dd: dateGetter('Date', 2),
     d: dateGetter('Date', 1),
    HH: dateGetter('Hours', 2),
     H: dateGetter('Hours', 1),
    hh: dateGetter('Hours', 2, -12),
     h: dateGetter('Hours', 1, -12),
    mm: dateGetter('Minutes', 2),
     m: dateGetter('Minutes', 1),
    ss: dateGetter('Seconds', 2),
     s: dateGetter('Seconds', 1),
     // while ISO 8601 requires fractions to be prefixed with `.` or `,`
     // we can be just safely rely on using `sss` since we currently don't support single or two digit fractions
   sss: dateGetter('Milliseconds', 3),
  EEEE: dateStrGetter('Day'),
   EEE: dateStrGetter('Day', true),
     a: ampmGetter,
     Z: timeZoneGetter,
    ww: weekGetter(2),
     w: weekGetter(1)
};

var DATE_FORMATS_SPLIT = /((?:[^yMdHhmsaZEw']+)|(?:'(?:[^']|'')*')|(?:E+|y+|M+|d+|H+|h+|m+|s+|a|Z|w+))(.*)/,
    NUMBER_STRING = /^\-?\d+$/;

/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name date
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 *   Formats `date` to a string based on the requested `format`.
 *
 *   `format` string can be composed of the following elements:
 *
 *   * `'yyyy'`: 4 digit representation of year (e.g. AD 1 => 0001, AD 2010 => 2010)
 *   * `'yy'`: 2 digit representation of year, padded (00-99). (e.g. AD 2001 => 01, AD 2010 => 10)
 *   * `'y'`: 1 digit representation of year, e.g. (AD 1 => 1, AD 199 => 199)
 *   * `'MMMM'`: Month in year (January-December)
 *   * `'MMM'`: Month in year (Jan-Dec)
 *   * `'MM'`: Month in year, padded (01-12)
 *   * `'M'`: Month in year (1-12)
 *   * `'dd'`: Day in month, padded (01-31)
 *   * `'d'`: Day in month (1-31)
 *   * `'EEEE'`: Day in Week,(Sunday-Saturday)
 *   * `'EEE'`: Day in Week, (Sun-Sat)
 *   * `'HH'`: Hour in day, padded (00-23)
 *   * `'H'`: Hour in day (0-23)
 *   * `'hh'`: Hour in AM/PM, padded (01-12)
 *   * `'h'`: Hour in AM/PM, (1-12)
 *   * `'mm'`: Minute in hour, padded (00-59)
 *   * `'m'`: Minute in hour (0-59)
 *   * `'ss'`: Second in minute, padded (00-59)
 *   * `'s'`: Second in minute (0-59)
 *   * `'.sss' or ',sss'`: Millisecond in second, padded (000-999)
 *   * `'a'`: AM/PM marker
 *   * `'Z'`: 4 digit (+sign) representation of the timezone offset (-1200-+1200)
 *   * `'ww'`: ISO-8601 week of year (00-53)
 *   * `'w'`: ISO-8601 week of year (0-53)
 *
 *   `format` string can also be one of the following predefined
 *   {@link guide/i18n localizable formats}:
 *
 *   * `'medium'`: equivalent to `'MMM d, y h:mm:ss a'` for en_US locale
 *     (e.g. Sep 3, 2010 12:05:08 PM)
 *   * `'short'`: equivalent to `'M/d/yy h:mm a'` for en_US  locale (e.g. 9/3/10 12:05 PM)
 *   * `'fullDate'`: equivalent to `'EEEE, MMMM d, y'` for en_US  locale
 *     (e.g. Friday, September 3, 2010)
 *   * `'longDate'`: equivalent to `'MMMM d, y'` for en_US  locale (e.g. September 3, 2010)
 *   * `'mediumDate'`: equivalent to `'MMM d, y'` for en_US  locale (e.g. Sep 3, 2010)
 *   * `'shortDate'`: equivalent to `'M/d/yy'` for en_US locale (e.g. 9/3/10)
 *   * `'mediumTime'`: equivalent to `'h:mm:ss a'` for en_US locale (e.g. 12:05:08 PM)
 *   * `'shortTime'`: equivalent to `'h:mm a'` for en_US locale (e.g. 12:05 PM)
 *
 *   `format` string can contain literal values. These need to be escaped by surrounding with single quotes (e.g.
 *   `"h 'in the morning'"`). In order to output a single quote, escape it - i.e., two single quotes in a sequence
 *   (e.g. `"h 'o''clock'"`).
 *
 * @param {(Date|number|string)} date Date to format either as Date object, milliseconds (string or
 *    number) or various ISO 8601 datetime string formats (e.g. yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss.sssZ and its
 *    shorter versions like yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mmZ, yyyy-MM-dd or yyyyMMddTHHmmssZ). If no timezone is
 *    specified in the string input, the time is considered to be in the local timezone.
 * @param {string=} format Formatting rules (see Description). If not specified,
 *    `mediumDate` is used.
 * @param {string=} timezone Timezone to be used for formatting. Right now, only `'UTC'` is supported.
 *    If not specified, the timezone of the browser will be used.
 * @returns {string} Formatted string or the input if input is not recognized as date/millis.
 *
 * @example
   <example>
     <file name="index.html">
       <span ng-non-bindable>{{1288323623006 | date:'medium'}}</span>:
           <span>{{1288323623006 | date:'medium'}}</span><br>
       <span ng-non-bindable>{{1288323623006 | date:'yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss Z'}}</span>:
          <span>{{1288323623006 | date:'yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss Z'}}</span><br>
       <span ng-non-bindable>{{1288323623006 | date:'MM/dd/yyyy @ h:mma'}}</span>:
          <span>{{'1288323623006' | date:'MM/dd/yyyy @ h:mma'}}</span><br>
       <span ng-non-bindable>{{1288323623006 | date:"MM/dd/yyyy 'at' h:mma"}}</span>:
          <span>{{'1288323623006' | date:"MM/dd/yyyy 'at' h:mma"}}</span><br>
     </file>
     <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
       it('should format date', function() {
         expect(element(by.binding("1288323623006 | date:'medium'")).getText()).
            toMatch(/Oct 2\d, 2010 \d{1,2}:\d{2}:\d{2} (AM|PM)/);
         expect(element(by.binding("1288323623006 | date:'yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss Z'")).getText()).
            toMatch(/2010\-10\-2\d \d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2} (\-|\+)?\d{4}/);
         expect(element(by.binding("'1288323623006' | date:'MM/dd/yyyy @ h:mma'")).getText()).
            toMatch(/10\/2\d\/2010 @ \d{1,2}:\d{2}(AM|PM)/);
         expect(element(by.binding("'1288323623006' | date:\"MM/dd/yyyy 'at' h:mma\"")).getText()).
            toMatch(/10\/2\d\/2010 at \d{1,2}:\d{2}(AM|PM)/);
       });
     </file>
   </example>
 */
dateFilter.$inject = ['$locale'];
function dateFilter($locale) {


  var R_ISO8601_STR = /^(\d{4})-?(\d\d)-?(\d\d)(?:T(\d\d)(?::?(\d\d)(?::?(\d\d)(?:\.(\d+))?)?)?(Z|([+-])(\d\d):?(\d\d))?)?$/;
                     // 1        2       3         4          5          6          7          8  9     10      11
  function jsonStringToDate(string) {
    var match;
    if (match = string.match(R_ISO8601_STR)) {
      var date = new Date(0),
          tzHour = 0,
          tzMin  = 0,
          dateSetter = match[8] ? date.setUTCFullYear : date.setFullYear,
          timeSetter = match[8] ? date.setUTCHours : date.setHours;

      if (match[9]) {
        tzHour = int(match[9] + match[10]);
        tzMin = int(match[9] + match[11]);
      }
      dateSetter.call(date, int(match[1]), int(match[2]) - 1, int(match[3]));
      var h = int(match[4]||0) - tzHour;
      var m = int(match[5]||0) - tzMin;
      var s = int(match[6]||0);
      var ms = Math.round(parseFloat('0.' + (match[7]||0)) * 1000);
      timeSetter.call(date, h, m, s, ms);
      return date;
    }
    return string;
  }


  return function(date, format, timezone) {
    var text = '',
        parts = [],
        fn, match;

    format = format || 'mediumDate';
    format = $locale.DATETIME_FORMATS[format] || format;
    if (isString(date)) {
      date = NUMBER_STRING.test(date) ? int(date) : jsonStringToDate(date);
    }

    if (isNumber(date)) {
      date = new Date(date);
    }

    if (!isDate(date)) {
      return date;
    }

    while (format) {
      match = DATE_FORMATS_SPLIT.exec(format);
      if (match) {
        parts = concat(parts, match, 1);
        format = parts.pop();
      } else {
        parts.push(format);
        format = null;
      }
    }

    if (timezone && timezone === 'UTC') {
      date = new Date(date.getTime());
      date.setMinutes(date.getMinutes() + date.getTimezoneOffset());
    }
    forEach(parts, function(value) {
      fn = DATE_FORMATS[value];
      text += fn ? fn(date, $locale.DATETIME_FORMATS)
                 : value.replace(/(^'|'$)/g, '').replace(/''/g, "'");
    });

    return text;
  };
}


/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name json
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 *   Allows you to convert a JavaScript object into JSON string.
 *
 *   This filter is mostly useful for debugging. When using the double curly {{value}} notation
 *   the binding is automatically converted to JSON.
 *
 * @param {*} object Any JavaScript object (including arrays and primitive types) to filter.
 * @returns {string} JSON string.
 *
 *
 * @example
   <example>
     <file name="index.html">
       <pre>{{ {'name':'value'} | json }}</pre>
     </file>
     <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
       it('should jsonify filtered objects', function() {
         expect(element(by.binding("{'name':'value'}")).getText()).toMatch(/\{\n  "name": ?"value"\n}/);
       });
     </file>
   </example>
 *
 */
function jsonFilter() {
  return function(object) {
    return toJson(object, true);
  };
}


/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name lowercase
 * @kind function
 * @description
 * Converts string to lowercase.
 * @see angular.lowercase
 */
var lowercaseFilter = valueFn(lowercase);


/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name uppercase
 * @kind function
 * @description
 * Converts string to uppercase.
 * @see angular.uppercase
 */
var uppercaseFilter = valueFn(uppercase);

/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name limitTo
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Creates a new array or string containing only a specified number of elements. The elements
 * are taken from either the beginning or the end of the source array, string or number, as specified by
 * the value and sign (positive or negative) of `limit`. If a number is used as input, it is
 * converted to a string.
 *
 * @param {Array|string|number} input Source array, string or number to be limited.
 * @param {string|number} limit The length of the returned array or string. If the `limit` number
 *     is positive, `limit` number of items from the beginning of the source array/string are copied.
 *     If the number is negative, `limit` number  of items from the end of the source array/string
 *     are copied. The `limit` will be trimmed if it exceeds `array.length`
 * @returns {Array|string} A new sub-array or substring of length `limit` or less if input array
 *     had less than `limit` elements.
 *
 * @example
   <example module="limitToExample">
     <file name="index.html">
       <script>
         angular.module('limitToExample', [])
           .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
             $scope.numbers = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9];
             $scope.letters = "abcdefghi";
             $scope.longNumber = 2345432342;
             $scope.numLimit = 3;
             $scope.letterLimit = 3;
             $scope.longNumberLimit = 3;
           }]);
       </script>
       <div ng-controller="ExampleController">
         Limit {{numbers}} to: <input type="number" step="1" ng-model="numLimit">
         <p>Output numbers: {{ numbers | limitTo:numLimit }}</p>
         Limit {{letters}} to: <input type="number" step="1" ng-model="letterLimit">
         <p>Output letters: {{ letters | limitTo:letterLimit }}</p>
         Limit {{longNumber}} to: <input type="number" step="1" ng-model="longNumberLimit">
         <p>Output long number: {{ longNumber | limitTo:longNumberLimit }}</p>
       </div>
     </file>
     <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
       var numLimitInput = element(by.model('numLimit'));
       var letterLimitInput = element(by.model('letterLimit'));
       var longNumberLimitInput = element(by.model('longNumberLimit'));
       var limitedNumbers = element(by.binding('numbers | limitTo:numLimit'));
       var limitedLetters = element(by.binding('letters | limitTo:letterLimit'));
       var limitedLongNumber = element(by.binding('longNumber | limitTo:longNumberLimit'));

       it('should limit the number array to first three items', function() {
         expect(numLimitInput.getAttribute('value')).toBe('3');
         expect(letterLimitInput.getAttribute('value')).toBe('3');
         expect(longNumberLimitInput.getAttribute('value')).toBe('3');
         expect(limitedNumbers.getText()).toEqual('Output numbers: [1,2,3]');
         expect(limitedLetters.getText()).toEqual('Output letters: abc');
         expect(limitedLongNumber.getText()).toEqual('Output long number: 234');
       });

       // There is a bug in safari and protractor that doesn't like the minus key
       // it('should update the output when -3 is entered', function() {
       //   numLimitInput.clear();
       //   numLimitInput.sendKeys('-3');
       //   letterLimitInput.clear();
       //   letterLimitInput.sendKeys('-3');
       //   longNumberLimitInput.clear();
       //   longNumberLimitInput.sendKeys('-3');
       //   expect(limitedNumbers.getText()).toEqual('Output numbers: [7,8,9]');
       //   expect(limitedLetters.getText()).toEqual('Output letters: ghi');
       //   expect(limitedLongNumber.getText()).toEqual('Output long number: 342');
       // });

       it('should not exceed the maximum size of input array', function() {
         numLimitInput.clear();
         numLimitInput.sendKeys('100');
         letterLimitInput.clear();
         letterLimitInput.sendKeys('100');
         longNumberLimitInput.clear();
         longNumberLimitInput.sendKeys('100');
         expect(limitedNumbers.getText()).toEqual('Output numbers: [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9]');
         expect(limitedLetters.getText()).toEqual('Output letters: abcdefghi');
         expect(limitedLongNumber.getText()).toEqual('Output long number: 2345432342');
       });
     </file>
   </example>
*/
function limitToFilter() {
  return function(input, limit) {
    if (isNumber(input)) input = input.toString();
    if (!isArray(input) && !isString(input)) return input;

    if (Math.abs(Number(limit)) === Infinity) {
      limit = Number(limit);
    } else {
      limit = int(limit);
    }

    if (isString(input)) {
      //NaN check on limit
      if (limit) {
        return limit >= 0 ? input.slice(0, limit) : input.slice(limit, input.length);
      } else {
        return "";
      }
    }

    var out = [],
      i, n;

    // if abs(limit) exceeds maximum length, trim it
    if (limit > input.length)
      limit = input.length;
    else if (limit < -input.length)
      limit = -input.length;

    if (limit > 0) {
      i = 0;
      n = limit;
    } else {
      i = input.length + limit;
      n = input.length;
    }

    for (; i<n; i++) {
      out.push(input[i]);
    }

    return out;
  };
}

/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name orderBy
 * @kind function
 *
 * @description
 * Orders a specified `array` by the `expression` predicate. It is ordered alphabetically
 * for strings and numerically for numbers. Note: if you notice numbers are not being sorted
 * correctly, make sure they are actually being saved as numbers and not strings.
 *
 * @param {Array} array The array to sort.
 * @param {function(*)|string|Array.<(function(*)|string)>=} expression A predicate to be
 *    used by the comparator to determine the order of elements.
 *
 *    Can be one of:
 *
 *    - `function`: Getter function. The result of this function will be sorted using the
 *      `<`, `=`, `>` operator.
 *    - `string`: An Angular expression. The result of this expression is used to compare elements
 *      (for example `name` to sort by a property called `name` or `name.substr(0, 3)` to sort by
 *      3 first characters of a property called `name`). The result of a constant expression
 *      is interpreted as a property name to be used in comparisons (for example `"special name"`
 *      to sort object by the value of their `special name` property). An expression can be
 *      optionally prefixed with `+` or `-` to control ascending or descending sort order
 *      (for example, `+name` or `-name`). If no property is provided, (e.g. `'+'`) then the array
 *      element itself is used to compare where sorting.
 *    - `Array`: An array of function or string predicates. The first predicate in the array
 *      is used for sorting, but when two items are equivalent, the next predicate is used.
 *
 *    If the predicate is missing or empty then it defaults to `'+'`.
 *
 * @param {boolean=} reverse Reverse the order of the array.
 * @returns {Array} Sorted copy of the source array.
 *
 * @example
   <example module="orderByExample">
     <file name="index.html">
       <script>
         angular.module('orderByExample', [])
           .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
             $scope.friends =
                 [{name:'John', phone:'555-1212', age:10},
                  {name:'Mary', phone:'555-9876', age:19},
                  {name:'Mike', phone:'555-4321', age:21},
                  {name:'Adam', phone:'555-5678', age:35},
                  {name:'Julie', phone:'555-8765', age:29}];
             $scope.predicate = '-age';
           }]);
       </script>
       <div ng-controller="ExampleController">
         <pre>Sorting predicate = {{predicate}}; reverse = {{reverse}}</pre>
         <hr/>
         [ <a href="" ng-click="predicate=''">unsorted</a> ]
         <table class="friend">
           <tr>
             <th><a href="" ng-click="predicate = 'name'; reverse=false">Name</a>
                 (<a href="" ng-click="predicate = '-name'; reverse=false">^</a>)</th>
             <th><a href="" ng-click="predicate = 'phone'; reverse=!reverse">Phone Number</a></th>
             <th><a href="" ng-click="predicate = 'age'; reverse=!reverse">Age</a></th>
           </tr>
           <tr ng-repeat="friend in friends | orderBy:predicate:reverse">
             <td>{{friend.name}}</td>
             <td>{{friend.phone}}</td>
             <td>{{friend.age}}</td>
           </tr>
         </table>
       </div>
     </file>
   </example>
 *
 * It's also possible to call the orderBy filter manually, by injecting `$filter`, retrieving the
 * filter routine with `$filter('orderBy')`, and calling the returned filter routine with the
 * desired parameters.
 *
 * Example:
 *
 * @example
  <example module="orderByExample">
    <file name="index.html">
      <div ng-controller="ExampleController">
        <table class="friend">
          <tr>
            <th><a href="" ng-click="reverse=false;order('name', false)">Name</a>
              (<a href="" ng-click="order('-name',false)">^</a>)</th>
            <th><a href="" ng-click="reverse=!reverse;order('phone', reverse)">Phone Number</a></th>
            <th><a href="" ng-click="reverse=!reverse;order('age',reverse)">Age</a></th>
          </tr>
          <tr ng-repeat="friend in friends">
            <td>{{friend.name}}</td>
            <td>{{friend.phone}}</td>
            <td>{{friend.age}}</td>
          </tr>
        </table>
      </div>
    </file>

    <file name="script.js">
      angular.module('orderByExample', [])
        .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', '$filter', function($scope, $filter) {
          var orderBy = $filter('orderBy');
          $scope.friends = [
            { name: 'John',    phone: '555-1212',    age: 10 },
            { name: 'Mary',    phone: '555-9876',    age: 19 },
            { name: 'Mike',    phone: '555-4321',    age: 21 },
            { name: 'Adam',    phone: '555-5678',    age: 35 },
            { name: 'Julie',   phone: '555-8765',    age: 29 }
          ];
          $scope.order = function(predicate, reverse) {
            $scope.friends = orderBy($scope.friends, predicate, reverse);
          };
          $scope.order('-age',false);
        }]);
    </file>
</example>
 */
orderByFilter.$inject = ['$parse'];
function orderByFilter($parse) {
  return function(array, sortPredicate, reverseOrder) {
    if (!(isArrayLike(array))) return array;
    sortPredicate = isArray(sortPredicate) ? sortPredicate: [sortPredicate];
    if (sortPredicate.length === 0) { sortPredicate = ['+']; }
    sortPredicate = sortPredicate.map(function(predicate) {
      var descending = false, get = predicate || identity;
      if (isString(predicate)) {
        if ((predicate.charAt(0) == '+' || predicate.charAt(0) == '-')) {
          descending = predicate.charAt(0) == '-';
          predicate = predicate.substring(1);
        }
        if (predicate === '') {
          // Effectively no predicate was passed so we compare identity
          return reverseComparator(function(a, b) {
            return compare(a, b);
          }, descending);
        }
        get = $parse(predicate);
        if (get.constant) {
          var key = get();
          return reverseComparator(function(a, b) {
            return compare(a[key], b[key]);
          }, descending);
        }
      }
      return reverseComparator(function(a, b) {
        return compare(get(a),get(b));
      }, descending);
    });
    var arrayCopy = [];
    for (var i = 0; i < array.length; i++) { arrayCopy.push(array[i]); }
    return arrayCopy.sort(reverseComparator(comparator, reverseOrder));

    function comparator(o1, o2) {
      for (var i = 0; i < sortPredicate.length; i++) {
        var comp = sortPredicate[i](o1, o2);
        if (comp !== 0) return comp;
      }
      return 0;
    }
    function reverseComparator(comp, descending) {
      return descending
          ? function(a, b) {return comp(b,a);}
          : comp;
    }
    function compare(v1, v2) {
      var t1 = typeof v1;
      var t2 = typeof v2;
      if (t1 == t2) {
        if (isDate(v1) && isDate(v2)) {
          v1 = v1.valueOf();
          v2 = v2.valueOf();
        }
        if (t1 == "string") {
           v1 = v1.toLowerCase();
           v2 = v2.toLowerCase();
        }
        if (v1 === v2) return 0;
        return v1 < v2 ? -1 : 1;
      } else {
        return t1 < t2 ? -1 : 1;
      }
    }
  };
}

function ngDirective(directive) {
  if (isFunction(directive)) {
    directive = {
      link: directive
    };
  }
  directive.restrict = directive.restrict || 'AC';
  return valueFn(directive);
}

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name a
 * @restrict E
 *
 * @description
 * Modifies the default behavior of the html A tag so that the default action is prevented when
 * the href attribute is empty.
 *
 * This change permits the easy creation of action links with the `ngClick` directive
 * without changing the location or causing page reloads, e.g.:
 * `<a href="" ng-click="list.addItem()">Add Item</a>`
 */
var htmlAnchorDirective = valueFn({
  restrict: 'E',
  compile: function(element, attr) {
    if (!attr.href && !attr.xlinkHref && !attr.name) {
      return function(scope, element) {
        // SVGAElement does not use the href attribute, but rather the 'xlinkHref' attribute.
        var href = toString.call(element.prop('href')) === '[object SVGAnimatedString]' ?
                   'xlink:href' : 'href';
        element.on('click', function(event) {
          // if we have no href url, then don't navigate anywhere.
          if (!element.attr(href)) {
            event.preventDefault();
          }
        });
      };
    }
  }
});

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ngHref
 * @restrict A
 * @priority 99
 *
 * @description
 * Using Angular markup like `{{hash}}` in an href attribute will
 * make the link go to the wrong URL if the user clicks it before
 * Angular has a chance to replace the `{{hash}}` markup with its
 * value. Until Angular replaces the markup the link will be broken
 * and will most likely return a 404 error.
 *
 * The `ngHref` directive solves this problem.
 *
 * The wrong way to write it:
 * ```html
 * <a href="http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/{{hash}}">link1</a>
 * ```
 *
 * The correct way to write it:
 * ```html
 * <a ng-href="http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/{{hash}}">link1</a>
 * ```
 *
 * @element A
 * @param {template} ngHref any string which can contain `{{}}` markup.
 *
 * @example
 * This example shows various combinations of `href`, `ng-href` and `ng-click` attributes
 * in links and their different behaviors:
    <example>
      <file name="index.html">
        <input ng-model="value" /><br />
        <a id="link-1" href ng-click="value = 1">link 1</a> (link, don't reload)<br />
        <a id="link-2" href="" ng-click="value = 2">link 2</a> (link, don't reload)<br />
        <a id="link-3" ng-href="/{{'123'}}">link 3</a> (link, reload!)<br />
        <a id="link-4" href="" name="xx" ng-click="value = 4">anchor</a> (link, don't reload)<br />
        <a id="link-5" name="xxx" ng-click="value = 5">anchor</a> (no link)<br />
        <a id="link-6" ng-href="{{value}}">link</a> (link, change location)
      </file>
      <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
        it('should execute ng-click but not reload when href without value', function() {
          element(by.id('link-1')).click();
          expect(element(by.model('value')).getAttribute('value')).toEqual('1');
          expect(element(by.id('link-1')).getAttribute('href')).toBe('');
        });

        it('should execute ng-click but not reload when href empty string', function() {
          element(by.id('link-2')).click();
          expect(element(by.model('value')).getAttribute('value')).toEqual('2');
          expect(element(by.id('link-2')).getAttribute('href')).toBe('');
        });

        it('should execute ng-click and change url when ng-href specified', function() {
          expect(element(by.id('link-3')).getAttribute('href')).toMatch(/\/123$/);

          element(by.id('link-3')).click();

          // At this point, we navigate away from an Angular page, so we need
          // to use browser.driver to get the base webdriver.

          browser.wait(function() {
            return browser.driver.getCurrentUrl().then(function(url) {
              return url.match(/\/123$/);
            });
          }, 5000, 'page should navigate to /123');
        });

        xit('should execute ng-click but not reload when href empty string and name specified', function() {
          element(by.id('link-4')).click();
          expect(element(by.model('value')).getAttribute('value')).toEqual('4');
          expect(element(by.id('link-4')).getAttribute('href')).toBe('');
        });

        it('should execute ng-click but not reload when no href but name specified', function() {
          element(by.id('link-5')).click();
          expect(element(by.model('value')).getAttribute('value')).toEqual('5');
          expect(element(by.id('link-5')).getAttribute('href')).toBe(null);
        });

        it('should only change url when only ng-href', function() {
          element(by.model('value')).clear();
          element(by.model('value')).sendKeys('6');
          expect(element(by.id('link-6')).getAttribute('href')).toMatch(/\/6$/);

          element(by.id('link-6')).click();

          // At this point, we navigate away from an Angular page, so we need
          // to use browser.driver to get the base webdriver.
          browser.wait(function() {
            return browser.driver.getCurrentUrl().then(function(url) {
              return url.match(/\/6$/);
            });
          }, 5000, 'page should navigate to /6');
        });
      </file>
    </example>
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ngSrc
 * @restrict A
 * @priority 99
 *
 * @description
 * Using Angular markup like `{{hash}}` in a `src` attribute doesn't
 * work right: The browser will fetch from the URL with the literal
 * text `{{hash}}` until Angular replaces the expression inside
 * `{{hash}}`. The `ngSrc` directive solves this problem.
 *
 * The buggy way to write it:
 * ```html
 * <img src="http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/{{hash}}"/>
 * ```
 *
 * The correct way to write it:
 * ```html
 * <img ng-src="http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/{{hash}}"/>
 * ```
 *
 * @element IMG
 * @param {template} ngSrc any string which can contain `{{}}` markup.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ngSrcset
 * @restrict A
 * @priority 99
 *
 * @description
 * Using Angular markup like `{{hash}}` in a `srcset` attribute doesn't
 * work right: The browser will fetch from the URL with the literal
 * text `{{hash}}` until Angular replaces the expression inside
 * `{{hash}}`. The `ngSrcset` directive solves this problem.
 *
 * The buggy way to write it:
 * ```html
 * <img srcset="http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/{{hash}} 2x"/>
 * ```
 *
 * The correct way to write it:
 * ```html
 * <img ng-srcset="http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/{{hash}} 2x"/>
 * ```
 *
 * @element IMG
 * @param {template} ngSrcset any string which can contain `{{}}` markup.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ngDisabled
 * @restrict A
 * @priority 100
 *
 * @description
 *
 * We shouldn't do this, because it will make the button enabled on Chrome/Firefox but not on IE8 and older IEs:
 * ```html
 * <div ng-init="scope = { isDisabled: false }">
 *  <button disabled="{{scope.isDisabled}}">Disabled</button>
 * </div>
 * ```
 *
 * The HTML specification does not require browsers to preserve the values of boolean attributes
 * such as disabled. (Their presence means true and their absence means false.)
 * If we put an Angular interpolation expression into such an attribute then the
 * binding information would be lost when the browser removes the attribute.
 * The `ngDisabled` directive solves this problem for the `disabled` attribute.
 * This complementary directive is not removed by the browser and so provides
 * a permanent reliable place to store the binding information.
 *
 * @example
    <example>
      <file name="index.html">
        Click me to toggle: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="checked"><br/>
        <button ng-model="button" ng-disabled="checked">Button</button>
      </file>
      <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
        it('should toggle button', function() {
          expect(element(by.css('button')).getAttribute('disabled')).toBeFalsy();
          element(by.model('checked')).click();
          expect(element(by.css('button')).getAttribute('disabled')).toBeTruthy();
        });
      </file>
    </example>
 *
 * @element INPUT
 * @param {expression} ngDisabled If the {@link guide/expression expression} is truthy,
 *     then special attribute "disabled" will be set on the element
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ngChecked
 * @restrict A
 * @priority 100
 *
 * @description
 * The HTML specification does not require browsers to preserve the values of boolean attributes
 * such as checked. (Their presence means true and their absence means false.)
 * If we put an Angular interpolation expression into such an attribute then the
 * binding information would be lost when the browser removes the attribute.
 * The `ngChecked` directive solves this problem for the `checked` attribute.
 * This complementary directive is not removed by the browser and so provides
 * a permanent reliable place to store the binding information.
 * @example
    <example>
      <file name="index.html">
        Check me to check both: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="master"><br/>
        <input id="checkSlave" type="checkbox" ng-checked="master">
      </file>
      <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
        it('should check both checkBoxes', function() {
          expect(element(by.id('checkSlave')).getAttribute('checked')).toBeFalsy();
          element(by.model('master')).click();
          expect(element(by.id('checkSlave')).getAttribute('checked')).toBeTruthy();
        });
      </file>
    </example>
 *
 * @element INPUT
 * @param {expression} ngChecked If the {@link guide/expression expression} is truthy,
 *     then special attribute "checked" will be set on the element
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ngReadonly
 * @restrict A
 * @priority 100
 *
 * @description
 * The HTML specification does not require browsers to preserve the values of boolean attributes
 * such as readonly. (Their presence means true and their absence means false.)
 * If we put an Angular interpolation expression into such an attribute then the
 * binding information would be lost when the browser removes the attribute.
 * The `ngReadonly` directive solves this problem for the `readonly` attribute.
 * This complementary directive is not removed by the browser and so provides
 * a permanent reliable place to store the binding information.
 * @example
    <example>
      <file name="index.html">
        Check me to make text readonly: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="checked"><br/>
        <input type="text" ng-readonly="checked" value="I'm Angular"/>
      </file>
      <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
        it('should toggle readonly attr', function() {
          expect(element(by.css('[type="text"]')).getAttribute('readonly')).toBeFalsy();
          element(by.model('checked')).click();
          expect(element(by.css('[type="text"]')).getAttribute('readonly')).toBeTruthy();
        });
      </file>
    </example>
 *
 * @element INPUT
 * @param {expression} ngReadonly If the {@link guide/expression expression} is truthy,
 *     then special attribute "readonly" will be set on the element
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ngSelected
 * @restrict A
 * @priority 100
 *
 * @description
 * The HTML specification does not require browsers to preserve the values of boolean attributes
 * such as selected. (Their presence means true and their absence means false.)
 * If we put an Angular interpolation expression into such an attribute then the
 * binding information would be lost when the browser removes the attribute.
 * The `ngSelected` directive solves this problem for the `selected` attribute.
 * This complementary directive is not removed by the browser and so provides
 * a permanent reliable place to store the binding information.
 *
 * @example
    <example>
      <file name="index.html">
        Check me to select: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="selected"><br/>
        <select>
          <option>Hello!</option>
          <option id="greet" ng-selected="selected">Greetings!</option>
        </select>
      </file>
      <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
        it('should select Greetings!', function() {
          expect(element(by.id('greet')).getAttribute('selected')).toBeFalsy();
          element(by.model('selected')).click();
          expect(element(by.id('greet')).getAttribute('selected')).toBeTruthy();
        });
      </file>
    </example>
 *
 * @element OPTION
 * @param {expression} ngSelected If the {@link guide/expression expression} is truthy,
 *     then special attribute "selected" will be set on the element
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ngOpen
 * @restrict A
 * @priority 100
 *
 * @description
 * The HTML specification does not require browsers to preserve the values of boolean attributes
 * such as open. (Their presence means true and their absence means false.)
 * If we put an Angular interpolation expression into such an attribute then the
 * binding information would be lost when the browser removes the attribute.
 * The `ngOpen` directive solves this problem for the `open` attribute.
 * This complementary directive is not removed by the browser and so provides
 * a permanent reliable place to store the binding information.
 * @example
     <example>
       <file name="index.html">
         Check me check multiple: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="open"><br/>
         <details id="details" ng-open="open">
            <summary>Show/Hide me</summary>
         </details>
       </file>
       <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
         it('should toggle open', function() {
           expect(element(by.id('details')).getAttribute('open')).toBeFalsy();
           element(by.model('open')).click();
           expect(element(by.id('details')).getAttribute('open')).toBeTruthy();
         });
       </file>
     </example>
 *
 * @element DETAILS
 * @param {expression} ngOpen If the {@link guide/expression expression} is truthy,
 *     then special attribute "open" will be set on the element
 */

var ngAttributeAliasDirectives = {};


// boolean attrs are evaluated
forEach(BOOLEAN_ATTR, function(propName, attrName) {
  // binding to multiple is not supported
  if (propName == "multiple") return;

  var normalized = directiveNormalize('ng-' + attrName);
  ngAttributeAliasDirectives[normalized] = function() {
    return {
      restrict: 'A',
      priority: 100,
      link: function(scope, element, attr) {
        scope.$watch(attr[normalized], function ngBooleanAttrWatchAction(value) {
          attr.$set(attrName, !!value);
        });
      }
    };
  };
});

// aliased input attrs are evaluated
forEach(ALIASED_ATTR, function(htmlAttr, ngAttr) {
  ngAttributeAliasDirectives[ngAttr] = function() {
    return {
      priority: 100,
      link: function(scope, element, attr) {
        //special case ngPattern when a literal regular expression value
        //is used as the expression (this way we don't have to watch anything).
        if (ngAttr === "ngPattern" && attr.ngPattern.charAt(0) == "/") {
          var match = attr.ngPattern.match(REGEX_STRING_REGEXP);
          if (match) {
            attr.$set("ngPattern", new RegExp(match[1], match[2]));
            return;
          }
        }

        scope.$watch(attr[ngAttr], function ngAttrAliasWatchAction(value) {
          attr.$set(ngAttr, value);
        });
      }
    };
  };
});

// ng-src, ng-srcset, ng-href are interpolated
forEach(['src', 'srcset', 'href'], function(attrName) {
  var normalized = directiveNormalize('ng-' + attrName);
  ngAttributeAliasDirectives[normalized] = function() {
    return {
      priority: 99, // it needs to run after the attributes are interpolated
      link: function(scope, element, attr) {
        var propName = attrName,
            name = attrName;

        if (attrName === 'href' &&
            toString.call(element.prop('href')) === '[object SVGAnimatedString]') {
          name = 'xlinkHref';
          attr.$attr[name] = 'xlink:href';
          propName = null;
        }

        attr.$observe(normalized, function(value) {
          if (!value) {
            if (attrName === 'href') {
              attr.$set(name, null);
            }
            return;
          }

          attr.$set(name, value);

          // on IE, if "ng:src" directive declaration is used and "src" attribute doesn't exist
          // then calling element.setAttribute('src', 'foo') doesn't do anything, so we need
          // to set the property as well to achieve the desired effect.
          // we use attr[attrName] value since $set can sanitize the url.
          if (msie && propName) element.prop(propName, attr[name]);
        });
      }
    };
  };
});

/* global -nullFormCtrl, -SUBMITTED_CLASS, addSetValidityMethod: true
 */
var nullFormCtrl = {
  $addControl: noop,
  $$renameControl: nullFormRenameControl,
  $removeControl: noop,
  $setValidity: noop,
  $setDirty: noop,
  $setPristine: noop,
  $setSubmitted: noop
},
SUBMITTED_CLASS = 'ng-submitted';

function nullFormRenameControl(control, name) {
  control.$name = name;
}

/**
 * @ngdoc type
 * @name form.FormController
 *
 * @property {boolean} $pristine True if user has not interacted with the form yet.
 * @property {boolean} $dirty True if user has already interacted with the form.
 * @property {boolean} $valid True if all of the containing forms and controls are valid.
 * @property {boolean} $invalid True if at least one containing control or form is invalid.
 * @property {boolean} $submitted True if user has submitted the form even if its invalid.
 *
 * @property {Object} $error Is an object hash, containing references to controls or
 *  forms with failing validators, where:
 *
 *  - keys are validation tokens (error names),
 *  - values are arrays of controls or forms that have a failing validator for given error name.
 *
 *  Built-in validation tokens:
 *
 *  - `email`
 *  - `max`
 *  - `maxlength`
 *  - `min`
 *  - `minlength`
 *  - `number`
 *  - `pattern`
 *  - `required`
 *  - `url`
 *  - `date`
 *  - `datetimelocal`
 *  - `time`
 *  - `week`
 *  - `month`
 *
 * @description
 * `FormController` keeps track of all its controls and nested forms as well as the state of them,
 * such as being valid/invalid or dirty/pristine.
 *
 * Each {@link ng.directive:form form} directive creates an instance
 * of `FormController`.
 *
 */
//asks for $scope to fool the BC controller module
FormController.$inject = ['$element', '$attrs', '$scope', '$animate', '$interpolate'];
function FormController(element, attrs, $scope, $animate, $interpolate) {
  var form = this,
      controls = [];

  var parentForm = form.$$parentForm = element.parent().controller('form') || nullFormCtrl;

  // init state
  form.$error = {};
  form.$$success = {};
  form.$pending = undefined;
  form.$name = $interpolate(attrs.name || attrs.ngForm || '')($scope);
  form.$dirty = false;
  form.$pristine = true;
  form.$valid = true;
  form.$invalid = false;
  form.$submitted = false;

  parentForm.$addControl(form);

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name form.FormController#$rollbackViewValue
   *
   * @description
   * Rollback all form controls pending updates to the `$modelValue`.
   *
   * Updates may be pending by a debounced event or because the input is waiting for a some future
   * event defined in `ng-model-options`. This method is typically needed by the reset button of
   * a form that uses `ng-model-options` to pend updates.
   */
  form.$rollbackViewValue = function() {
    forEach(controls, function(control) {
      control.$rollbackViewValue();
    });
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name form.FormController#$commitViewValue
   *
   * @description
   * Commit all form controls pending updates to the `$modelValue`.
   *
   * Updates may be pending by a debounced event or because the input is waiting for a some future
   * event defined in `ng-model-options`. This method is rarely needed as `NgModelController`
   * usually handles calling this in response to input events.
   */
  form.$commitViewValue = function() {
    forEach(controls, function(control) {
      control.$commitViewValue();
    });
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name form.FormController#$addControl
   *
   * @description
   * Register a control with the form.
   *
   * Input elements using ngModelController do this automatically when they are linked.
   */
  form.$addControl = function(control) {
    // Breaking change - before, inputs whose name was "hasOwnProperty" were quietly ignored
    // and not added to the scope.  Now we throw an error.
    assertNotHasOwnProperty(control.$name, 'input');
    controls.push(control);

    if (control.$name) {
      form[control.$name] = control;
    }
  };

  // Private API: rename a form control
  form.$$renameControl = function(control, newName) {
    var oldName = control.$name;

    if (form[oldName] === control) {
      delete form[oldName];
    }
    form[newName] = control;
    control.$name = newName;
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name form.FormController#$removeControl
   *
   * @description
   * Deregister a control from the form.
   *
   * Input elements using ngModelController do this automatically when they are destroyed.
   */
  form.$removeControl = function(control) {
    if (control.$name && form[control.$name] === control) {
      delete form[control.$name];
    }
    forEach(form.$pending, function(value, name) {
      form.$setValidity(name, null, control);
    });
    forEach(form.$error, function(value, name) {
      form.$setValidity(name, null, control);
    });

    arrayRemove(controls, control);
  };


  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name form.FormController#$setValidity
   *
   * @description
   * Sets the validity of a form control.
   *
   * This method will also propagate to parent forms.
   */
  addSetValidityMethod({
    ctrl: this,
    $element: element,
    set: function(object, property, control) {
      var list = object[property];
      if (!list) {
        object[property] = [control];
      } else {
        var index = list.indexOf(control);
        if (index === -1) {
          list.push(control);
        }
      }
    },
    unset: function(object, property, control) {
      var list = object[property];
      if (!list) {
        return;
      }
      arrayRemove(list, control);
      if (list.length === 0) {
        delete object[property];
      }
    },
    parentForm: parentForm,
    $animate: $animate
  });

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name form.FormController#$setDirty
   *
   * @description
   * Sets the form to a dirty state.
   *
   * This method can be called to add the 'ng-dirty' class and set the form to a dirty
   * state (ng-dirty class). This method will also propagate to parent forms.
   */
  form.$setDirty = function() {
    $animate.removeClass(element, PRISTINE_CLASS);
    $animate.addClass(element, DIRTY_CLASS);
    form.$dirty = true;
    form.$pristine = false;
    parentForm.$setDirty();
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name form.FormController#$setPristine
   *
   * @description
   * Sets the form to its pristine state.
   *
   * This method can be called to remove the 'ng-dirty' class and set the form to its pristine
   * state (ng-pristine class). This method will also propagate to all the controls contained
   * in this form.
   *
   * Setting a form back to a pristine state is often useful when we want to 'reuse' a form after
   * saving or resetting it.
   */
  form.$setPristine = function() {
    $animate.setClass(element, PRISTINE_CLASS, DIRTY_CLASS + ' ' + SUBMITTED_CLASS);
    form.$dirty = false;
    form.$pristine = true;
    form.$submitted = false;
    forEach(controls, function(control) {
      control.$setPristine();
    });
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name form.FormController#$setUntouched
   *
   * @description
   * Sets the form to its untouched state.
   *
   * This method can be called to remove the 'ng-touched' class and set the form controls to their
   * untouched state (ng-untouched class).
   *
   * Setting a form controls back to their untouched state is often useful when setting the form
   * back to its pristine state.
   */
  form.$setUntouched = function() {
    forEach(controls, function(control) {
      control.$setUntouched();
    });
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name form.FormController#$setSubmitted
   *
   * @description
   * Sets the form to its submitted state.
   */
  form.$setSubmitted = function() {
    $animate.addClass(element, SUBMITTED_CLASS);
    form.$submitted = true;
    parentForm.$setSubmitted();
  };
}

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ngForm
 * @restrict EAC
 *
 * @description
 * Nestable alias of {@link ng.directive:form `form`} directive. HTML
 * does not allow nesting of form elements. It is useful to nest forms, for example if the validity of a
 * sub-group of controls needs to be determined.
 *
 * Note: the purpose of `ngForm` is to group controls,
 * but not to be a replacement for the `<form>` tag with all of its capabilities
 * (e.g. posting to the server, ...).
 *
 * @param {string=} ngForm|name Name of the form. If specified, the form controller will be published into
 *                       related scope, under this name.
 *
 */

 /**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name form
 * @restrict E
 *
 * @description
 * Directive that instantiates
 * {@link form.FormController FormController}.
 *
 * If the `name` attribute is specified, the form controller is published onto the current scope under
 * this name.
 *
 * # Alias: {@link ng.directive:ngForm `ngForm`}
 *
 * In Angular forms can be nested. This means that the outer form is valid when all of the child
 * forms are valid as well. However, browsers do not allow nesting of `<form>` elements, so
 * Angular provides the {@link ng.directive:ngForm `ngForm`} directive which behaves identically to
 * `<form>` but can be nested.  This allows you to have nested forms, which is very useful when
 * using Angular validation directives in forms that are dynamically generated using the
 * {@link ng.directive:ngRepeat `ngRepeat`} directive. Since you cannot dynamically generate the `name`
 * attribute of input elements using interpolation, you have to wrap each set of repeated inputs in an
 * `ngForm` directive and nest these in an outer `form` element.
 *
 *
 * # CSS classes
 *  - `ng-valid` is set if the form is valid.
 *  - `ng-invalid` is set if the form is invalid.
 *  - `ng-pristine` is set if the form is pristine.
 *  - `ng-dirty` is set if the form is dirty.
 *  - `ng-submitted` is set if the form was submitted.
 *
 * Keep in mind that ngAnimate can detect each of these classes when added and removed.
 *
 *
 * # Submitting a form and preventing the default action
 *
 * Since the role of forms in client-side Angular applications is different than in classical
 * roundtrip apps, it is desirable for the browser not to translate the form submission into a full
 * page reload that sends the data to the server. Instead some javascript logic should be triggered
 * to handle the form submission in an application-specific way.
 *
 * For this reason, Angular prevents the default action (form submission to the server) unless the
 * `<form>` element has an `action` attribute specified.
 *
 * You can use one of the following two ways to specify what javascript method should be called when
 * a form is submitted:
 *
 * - {@link ng.directive:ngSubmit ngSubmit} directive on the form element
 * - {@link ng.directive:ngClick ngClick} directive on the first
  *  button or input field of type submit (input[type=submit])
 *
 * To prevent double execution of the handler, use only one of the {@link ng.directive:ngSubmit ngSubmit}
 * or {@link ng.directive:ngClick ngClick} directives.
 * This is because of the following form submission rules in the HTML specification:
 *
 * - If a form has only one input field then hitting enter in this field triggers form submit
 * (`ngSubmit`)
 * - if a form has 2+ input fields and no buttons or input[type=submit] then hitting enter
 * doesn't trigger submit
 * - if a form has one or more input fields and one or more buttons or input[type=submit] then
 * hitting enter in any of the input fields will trigger the click handler on the *first* button or
 * input[type=submit] (`ngClick`) *and* a submit handler on the enclosing form (`ngSubmit`)
 *
 * Any pending `ngModelOptions` changes will take place immediately when an enclosing form is
 * submitted. Note that `ngClick` events will occur before the model is updated. Use `ngSubmit`
 * to have access to the updated model.
 *
 * ## Animation Hooks
 *
 * Animations in ngForm are triggered when any of the associated CSS classes are added and removed.
 * These classes are: `.ng-pristine`, `.ng-dirty`, `.ng-invalid` and `.ng-valid` as well as any
 * other validations that are performed within the form. Animations in ngForm are similar to how
 * they work in ngClass and animations can be hooked into using CSS transitions, keyframes as well
 * as JS animations.
 *
 * The following example shows a simple way to utilize CSS transitions to style a form element
 * that has been rendered as invalid after it has been validated:
 *
 * <pre>
 * //be sure to include ngAnimate as a module to hook into more
 * //advanced animations
 * .my-form {
 *   transition:0.5s linear all;
 *   background: white;
 * }
 * .my-form.ng-invalid {
 *   background: red;
 *   color:white;
 * }
 * </pre>
 *
 * @example
    <example deps="angular-animate.js" animations="true" fixBase="true" module="formExample">
      <file name="index.html">
       <script>
         angular.module('formExample', [])
           .controller('FormController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
             $scope.userType = 'guest';
           }]);
       </script>
       <style>
        .my-form {
          -webkit-transition:all linear 0.5s;
          transition:all linear 0.5s;
          background: transparent;
        }
        .my-form.ng-invalid {
          background: red;
        }
       </style>
       <form name="myForm" ng-controller="FormController" class="my-form">
         userType: <input name="input" ng-model="userType" required>
         <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.required">Required!</span><br>
         <tt>userType = {{userType}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.input.$valid = {{myForm.input.$valid}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.input.$error = {{myForm.input.$error}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br>
        </form>
      </file>
      <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
        it('should initialize to model', function() {
          var userType = element(by.binding('userType'));
          var valid = element(by.binding('myForm.input.$valid'));

          expect(userType.getText()).toContain('guest');
          expect(valid.getText()).toContain('true');
        });

        it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
          var userType = element(by.binding('userType'));
          var valid = element(by.binding('myForm.input.$valid'));
          var userInput = element(by.model('userType'));

          userInput.clear();
          userInput.sendKeys('');

          expect(userType.getText()).toEqual('userType =');
          expect(valid.getText()).toContain('false');
        });
      </file>
    </example>
 *
 * @param {string=} name Name of the form. If specified, the form controller will be published into
 *                       related scope, under this name.
 */
var formDirectiveFactory = function(isNgForm) {
  return ['$timeout', function($timeout) {
    var formDirective = {
      name: 'form',
      restrict: isNgForm ? 'EAC' : 'E',
      controller: FormController,
      compile: function ngFormCompile(formElement) {
        // Setup initial state of the control
        formElement.addClass(PRISTINE_CLASS).addClass(VALID_CLASS);

        return {
          pre: function ngFormPreLink(scope, formElement, attr, controller) {
            // if `action` attr is not present on the form, prevent the default action (submission)
            if (!('action' in attr)) {
              // we can't use jq events because if a form is destroyed during submission the default
              // action is not prevented. see #1238
              //
              // IE 9 is not affected because it doesn't fire a submit event and try to do a full
              // page reload if the form was destroyed by submission of the form via a click handler
              // on a button in the form. Looks like an IE9 specific bug.
              var handleFormSubmission = function(event) {
                scope.$apply(function() {
                  controller.$commitViewValue();
                  controller.$setSubmitted();
                });

                event.preventDefault
                  ? event.preventDefault()
                  : event.returnValue = false; // IE
              };

              addEventListenerFn(formElement[0], 'submit', handleFormSubmission);

              // unregister the preventDefault listener so that we don't not leak memory but in a
              // way that will achieve the prevention of the default action.
              formElement.on('$destroy', function() {
                $timeout(function() {
                  removeEventListenerFn(formElement[0], 'submit', handleFormSubmission);
                }, 0, false);
              });
            }

            var parentFormCtrl = controller.$$parentForm,
                alias = controller.$name;

            if (alias) {
              setter(scope, alias, controller, alias);
              attr.$observe(attr.name ? 'name' : 'ngForm', function(newValue) {
                if (alias === newValue) return;
                setter(scope, alias, undefined, alias);
                alias = newValue;
                setter(scope, alias, controller, alias);
                parentFormCtrl.$$renameControl(controller, alias);
              });
            }
            formElement.on('$destroy', function() {
              parentFormCtrl.$removeControl(controller);
              if (alias) {
                setter(scope, alias, undefined, alias);
              }
              extend(controller, nullFormCtrl); //stop propagating child destruction handlers upwards
            });
          }
        };
      }
    };

    return formDirective;
  }];
};

var formDirective = formDirectiveFactory();
var ngFormDirective = formDirectiveFactory(true);

/* global VALID_CLASS: true,
  INVALID_CLASS: true,
  PRISTINE_CLASS: true,
  DIRTY_CLASS: true,
  UNTOUCHED_CLASS: true,
  TOUCHED_CLASS: true,
*/

// Regex code is obtained from SO: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/3143070/javascript-regex-iso-datetime#answer-3143231
var ISO_DATE_REGEXP = /\d{4}-[01]\d-[0-3]\dT[0-2]\d:[0-5]\d:[0-5]\d\.\d+([+-][0-2]\d:[0-5]\d|Z)/;
var URL_REGEXP = /^(ftp|http|https):\/\/(\w+:{0,1}\w*@)?(\S+)(:[0-9]+)?(\/|\/([\w#!:.?+=&%@!\-\/]))?$/;
var EMAIL_REGEXP = /^[a-z0-9!#$%&'*+\/=?^_`{|}~.-]+@[a-z0-9]([a-z0-9-]*[a-z0-9])?(\.[a-z0-9]([a-z0-9-]*[a-z0-9])?)*$/i;
var NUMBER_REGEXP = /^\s*(\-|\+)?(\d+|(\d*(\.\d*)))\s*$/;
var DATE_REGEXP = /^(\d{4})-(\d{2})-(\d{2})$/;
var DATETIMELOCAL_REGEXP = /^(\d{4})-(\d\d)-(\d\d)T(\d\d):(\d\d)(?::(\d\d)(\.\d{1,3})?)?$/;
var WEEK_REGEXP = /^(\d{4})-W(\d\d)$/;
var MONTH_REGEXP = /^(\d{4})-(\d\d)$/;
var TIME_REGEXP = /^(\d\d):(\d\d)(?::(\d\d)(\.\d{1,3})?)?$/;
var DEFAULT_REGEXP = /(\s+|^)default(\s+|$)/;

var $ngModelMinErr = new minErr('ngModel');

var inputType = {

  /**
   * @ngdoc input
   * @name input[text]
   *
   * @description
   * Standard HTML text input with angular data binding, inherited by most of the `input` elements.
   *
   *
   * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
   * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
   * @param {string=} required Adds `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
   * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
   *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
   *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
   * @param {number=} ngMinlength Sets `minlength` validation error key if the value is shorter than
   *    minlength.
   * @param {number=} ngMaxlength Sets `maxlength` validation error key if the value is longer than
   *    maxlength.
   * @param {string=} ngPattern Sets `pattern` validation error key if the value does not match the
   *    RegExp pattern expression. Expected value is `/regexp/` for inline patterns or `regexp` for
   *    patterns defined as scope expressions.
   * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
   *    interaction with the input element.
   * @param {boolean=} [ngTrim=true] If set to false Angular will not automatically trim the input.
   *    This parameter is ignored for input[type=password] controls, which will never trim the
   *    input.
   *
   * @example
      <example name="text-input-directive" module="textInputExample">
        <file name="index.html">
         <script>
           angular.module('textInputExample', [])
             .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
               $scope.text = 'guest';
               $scope.word = /^\s*\w*\s*$/;
             }]);
         </script>
         <form name="myForm" ng-controller="ExampleController">
           Single word: <input type="text" name="input" ng-model="text"
                               ng-pattern="word" required ng-trim="false">
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.required">
             Required!</span>
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.pattern">
             Single word only!</span>

           <tt>text = {{text}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.input.$valid = {{myForm.input.$valid}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.input.$error = {{myForm.input.$error}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br/>
          </form>
        </file>
        <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
          var text = element(by.binding('text'));
          var valid = element(by.binding('myForm.input.$valid'));
          var input = element(by.model('text'));

          it('should initialize to model', function() {
            expect(text.getText()).toContain('guest');
            expect(valid.getText()).toContain('true');
          });

          it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
            input.clear();
            input.sendKeys('');

            expect(text.getText()).toEqual('text =');
            expect(valid.getText()).toContain('false');
          });

          it('should be invalid if multi word', function() {
            input.clear();
            input.sendKeys('hello world');

            expect(valid.getText()).toContain('false');
          });
        </file>
      </example>
   */
  'text': textInputType,

    /**
     * @ngdoc input
     * @name input[date]
     *
     * @description
     * Input with date validation and transformation. In browsers that do not yet support
     * the HTML5 date input, a text element will be used. In that case, text must be entered in a valid ISO-8601
     * date format (yyyy-MM-dd), for example: `2009-01-06`. Since many
     * modern browsers do not yet support this input type, it is important to provide cues to users on the
     * expected input format via a placeholder or label.
     *
     * The model must always be a Date object, otherwise Angular will throw an error.
     * Invalid `Date` objects (dates whose `getTime()` is `NaN`) will be rendered as an empty string.
     *
     * The timezone to be used to read/write the `Date` instance in the model can be defined using
     * {@link ng.directive:ngModelOptions ngModelOptions}. By default, this is the timezone of the browser.
     *
     * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
     * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
     * @param {string=} min Sets the `min` validation error key if the value entered is less than `min`. This must be a
     * valid ISO date string (yyyy-MM-dd).
     * @param {string=} max Sets the `max` validation error key if the value entered is greater than `max`. This must be
     * a valid ISO date string (yyyy-MM-dd).
     * @param {string=} required Sets `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
     * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
     *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
     *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
     * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
     *    interaction with the input element.
     *
     * @example
     <example name="date-input-directive" module="dateInputExample">
     <file name="index.html">
       <script>
          angular.module('dateInputExample', [])
            .controller('DateController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
              $scope.value = new Date(2013, 9, 22);
            }]);
       </script>
       <form name="myForm" ng-controller="DateController as dateCtrl">
          Pick a date in 2013:
          <input type="date" id="exampleInput" name="input" ng-model="value"
              placeholder="yyyy-MM-dd" min="2013-01-01" max="2013-12-31" required />
          <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.required">
              Required!</span>
          <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.date">
              Not a valid date!</span>
           <tt>value = {{value | date: "yyyy-MM-dd"}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.input.$valid = {{myForm.input.$valid}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.input.$error = {{myForm.input.$error}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br/>
       </form>
     </file>
     <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
        var value = element(by.binding('value | date: "yyyy-MM-dd"'));
        var valid = element(by.binding('myForm.input.$valid'));
        var input = element(by.model('value'));

        // currently protractor/webdriver does not support
        // sending keys to all known HTML5 input controls
        // for various browsers (see https://github.com/angular/protractor/issues/562).
        function setInput(val) {
          // set the value of the element and force validation.
          var scr = "var ipt = document.getElementById('exampleInput'); " +
          "ipt.value = '" + val + "';" +
          "angular.element(ipt).scope().$apply(function(s) { s.myForm[ipt.name].$setViewValue('" + val + "'); });";
          browser.executeScript(scr);
        }

        it('should initialize to model', function() {
          expect(value.getText()).toContain('2013-10-22');
          expect(valid.getText()).toContain('myForm.input.$valid = true');
        });

        it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
          setInput('');
          expect(value.getText()).toEqual('value =');
          expect(valid.getText()).toContain('myForm.input.$valid = false');
        });

        it('should be invalid if over max', function() {
          setInput('2015-01-01');
          expect(value.getText()).toContain('');
          expect(valid.getText()).toContain('myForm.input.$valid = false');
        });
     </file>
     </example>
     */
  'date': createDateInputType('date', DATE_REGEXP,
         createDateParser(DATE_REGEXP, ['yyyy', 'MM', 'dd']),
         'yyyy-MM-dd'),

   /**
    * @ngdoc input
    * @name input[datetime-local]
    *
    * @description
    * Input with datetime validation and transformation. In browsers that do not yet support
    * the HTML5 date input, a text element will be used. In that case, the text must be entered in a valid ISO-8601
    * local datetime format (yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss), for example: `2010-12-28T14:57:00`.
    *
    * The model must always be a Date object, otherwise Angular will throw an error.
    * Invalid `Date` objects (dates whose `getTime()` is `NaN`) will be rendered as an empty string.
    *
    * The timezone to be used to read/write the `Date` instance in the model can be defined using
    * {@link ng.directive:ngModelOptions ngModelOptions}. By default, this is the timezone of the browser.
    *
    * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
    * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
    * @param {string=} min Sets the `min` validation error key if the value entered is less than `min`. This must be a
    * valid ISO datetime format (yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss).
    * @param {string=} max Sets the `max` validation error key if the value entered is greater than `max`. This must be
    * a valid ISO datetime format (yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss).
    * @param {string=} required Sets `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
    * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
    *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
    *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
    * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
    *    interaction with the input element.
    *
    * @example
    <example name="datetimelocal-input-directive" module="dateExample">
    <file name="index.html">
      <script>
        angular.module('dateExample', [])
          .controller('DateController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
            $scope.value = new Date(2010, 11, 28, 14, 57);
          }]);
      </script>
      <form name="myForm" ng-controller="DateController as dateCtrl">
        Pick a date between in 2013:
        <input type="datetime-local" id="exampleInput" name="input" ng-model="value"
            placeholder="yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss" min="2001-01-01T00:00:00" max="2013-12-31T00:00:00" required />
        <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.required">
            Required!</span>
        <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.datetimelocal">
            Not a valid date!</span>
        <tt>value = {{value | date: "yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss"}}</tt><br/>
        <tt>myForm.input.$valid = {{myForm.input.$valid}}</tt><br/>
        <tt>myForm.input.$error = {{myForm.input.$error}}</tt><br/>
        <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br/>
        <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br/>
      </form>
    </file>
    <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
      var value = element(by.binding('value | date: "yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss"'));
      var valid = element(by.binding('myForm.input.$valid'));
      var input = element(by.model('value'));

      // currently protractor/webdriver does not support
      // sending keys to all known HTML5 input controls
      // for various browsers (https://github.com/angular/protractor/issues/562).
      function setInput(val) {
        // set the value of the element and force validation.
        var scr = "var ipt = document.getElementById('exampleInput'); " +
        "ipt.value = '" + val + "';" +
        "angular.element(ipt).scope().$apply(function(s) { s.myForm[ipt.name].$setViewValue('" + val + "'); });";
        browser.executeScript(scr);
      }

      it('should initialize to model', function() {
        expect(value.getText()).toContain('2010-12-28T14:57:00');
        expect(valid.getText()).toContain('myForm.input.$valid = true');
      });

      it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
        setInput('');
        expect(value.getText()).toEqual('value =');
        expect(valid.getText()).toContain('myForm.input.$valid = false');
      });

      it('should be invalid if over max', function() {
        setInput('2015-01-01T23:59:00');
        expect(value.getText()).toContain('');
        expect(valid.getText()).toContain('myForm.input.$valid = false');
      });
    </file>
    </example>
    */
  'datetime-local': createDateInputType('datetimelocal', DATETIMELOCAL_REGEXP,
      createDateParser(DATETIMELOCAL_REGEXP, ['yyyy', 'MM', 'dd', 'HH', 'mm', 'ss', 'sss']),
      'yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss.sss'),

  /**
   * @ngdoc input
   * @name input[time]
   *
   * @description
   * Input with time validation and transformation. In browsers that do not yet support
   * the HTML5 date input, a text element will be used. In that case, the text must be entered in a valid ISO-8601
   * local time format (HH:mm:ss), for example: `14:57:00`. Model must be a Date object. This binding will always output a
   * Date object to the model of January 1, 1970, or local date `new Date(1970, 0, 1, HH, mm, ss)`.
   *
   * The model must always be a Date object, otherwise Angular will throw an error.
   * Invalid `Date` objects (dates whose `getTime()` is `NaN`) will be rendered as an empty string.
   *
   * The timezone to be used to read/write the `Date` instance in the model can be defined using
   * {@link ng.directive:ngModelOptions ngModelOptions}. By default, this is the timezone of the browser.
   *
   * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
   * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
   * @param {string=} min Sets the `min` validation error key if the value entered is less than `min`. This must be a
   * valid ISO time format (HH:mm:ss).
   * @param {string=} max Sets the `max` validation error key if the value entered is greater than `max`. This must be a
   * valid ISO time format (HH:mm:ss).
   * @param {string=} required Sets `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
   * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
   *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
   *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
   * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
   *    interaction with the input element.
   *
   * @example
   <example name="time-input-directive" module="timeExample">
   <file name="index.html">
     <script>
      angular.module('timeExample', [])
        .controller('DateController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
          $scope.value = new Date(1970, 0, 1, 14, 57, 0);
        }]);
     </script>
     <form name="myForm" ng-controller="DateController as dateCtrl">
        Pick a between 8am and 5pm:
        <input type="time" id="exampleInput" name="input" ng-model="value"
            placeholder="HH:mm:ss" min="08:00:00" max="17:00:00" required />
        <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.required">
            Required!</span>
        <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.time">
            Not a valid date!</span>
        <tt>value = {{value | date: "HH:mm:ss"}}</tt><br/>
        <tt>myForm.input.$valid = {{myForm.input.$valid}}</tt><br/>
        <tt>myForm.input.$error = {{myForm.input.$error}}</tt><br/>
        <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br/>
        <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br/>
     </form>
   </file>
   <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
      var value = element(by.binding('value | date: "HH:mm:ss"'));
      var valid = element(by.binding('myForm.input.$valid'));
      var input = element(by.model('value'));

      // currently protractor/webdriver does not support
      // sending keys to all known HTML5 input controls
      // for various browsers (https://github.com/angular/protractor/issues/562).
      function setInput(val) {
        // set the value of the element and force validation.
        var scr = "var ipt = document.getElementById('exampleInput'); " +
        "ipt.value = '" + val + "';" +
        "angular.element(ipt).scope().$apply(function(s) { s.myForm[ipt.name].$setViewValue('" + val + "'); });";
        browser.executeScript(scr);
      }

      it('should initialize to model', function() {
        expect(value.getText()).toContain('14:57:00');
        expect(valid.getText()).toContain('myForm.input.$valid = true');
      });

      it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
        setInput('');
        expect(value.getText()).toEqual('value =');
        expect(valid.getText()).toContain('myForm.input.$valid = false');
      });

      it('should be invalid if over max', function() {
        setInput('23:59:00');
        expect(value.getText()).toContain('');
        expect(valid.getText()).toContain('myForm.input.$valid = false');
      });
   </file>
   </example>
   */
  'time': createDateInputType('time', TIME_REGEXP,
      createDateParser(TIME_REGEXP, ['HH', 'mm', 'ss', 'sss']),
     'HH:mm:ss.sss'),

   /**
    * @ngdoc input
    * @name input[week]
    *
    * @description
    * Input with week-of-the-year validation and transformation to Date. In browsers that do not yet support
    * the HTML5 week input, a text element will be used. In that case, the text must be entered in a valid ISO-8601
    * week format (yyyy-W##), for example: `2013-W02`.
    *
    * The model must always be a Date object, otherwise Angular will throw an error.
    * Invalid `Date` objects (dates whose `getTime()` is `NaN`) will be rendered as an empty string.
    *
    * The timezone to be used to read/write the `Date` instance in the model can be defined using
    * {@link ng.directive:ngModelOptions ngModelOptions}. By default, this is the timezone of the browser.
    *
    * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
    * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
    * @param {string=} min Sets the `min` validation error key if the value entered is less than `min`. This must be a
    * valid ISO week format (yyyy-W##).
    * @param {string=} max Sets the `max` validation error key if the value entered is greater than `max`. This must be
    * a valid ISO week format (yyyy-W##).
    * @param {string=} required Sets `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
    * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
    *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
    *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
    * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
    *    interaction with the input element.
    *
    * @example
    <example name="week-input-directive" module="weekExample">
    <file name="index.html">
      <script>
      angular.module('weekExample', [])
        .controller('DateController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
          $scope.value = new Date(2013, 0, 3);
        }]);
      </script>
      <form name="myForm" ng-controller="DateController as dateCtrl">
        Pick a date between in 2013:
        <input id="exampleInput" type="week" name="input" ng-model="value"
            placeholder="YYYY-W##" min="2012-W32" max="2013-W52" required />
        <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.required">
            Required!</span>
        <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.week">
            Not a valid date!</span>
        <tt>value = {{value | date: "yyyy-Www"}}</tt><br/>
        <tt>myForm.input.$valid = {{myForm.input.$valid}}</tt><br/>
        <tt>myForm.input.$error = {{myForm.input.$error}}</tt><br/>
        <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br/>
        <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br/>
      </form>
    </file>
    <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
      var value = element(by.binding('value | date: "yyyy-Www"'));
      var valid = element(by.binding('myForm.input.$valid'));
      var input = element(by.model('value'));

      // currently protractor/webdriver does not support
      // sending keys to all known HTML5 input controls
      // for various browsers (https://github.com/angular/protractor/issues/562).
      function setInput(val) {
        // set the value of the element and force validation.
        var scr = "var ipt = document.getElementById('exampleInput'); " +
        "ipt.value = '" + val + "';" +
        "angular.element(ipt).scope().$apply(function(s) { s.myForm[ipt.name].$setViewValue('" + val + "'); });";
        browser.executeScript(scr);
      }

      it('should initialize to model', function() {
        expect(value.getText()).toContain('2013-W01');
        expect(valid.getText()).toContain('myForm.input.$valid = true');
      });

      it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
        setInput('');
        expect(value.getText()).toEqual('value =');
        expect(valid.getText()).toContain('myForm.input.$valid = false');
      });

      it('should be invalid if over max', function() {
        setInput('2015-W01');
        expect(value.getText()).toContain('');
        expect(valid.getText()).toContain('myForm.input.$valid = false');
      });
    </file>
    </example>
    */
  'week': createDateInputType('week', WEEK_REGEXP, weekParser, 'yyyy-Www'),

  /**
   * @ngdoc input
   * @name input[month]
   *
   * @description
   * Input with month validation and transformation. In browsers that do not yet support
   * the HTML5 month input, a text element will be used. In that case, the text must be entered in a valid ISO-8601
   * month format (yyyy-MM), for example: `2009-01`.
   *
   * The model must always be a Date object, otherwise Angular will throw an error.
   * Invalid `Date` objects (dates whose `getTime()` is `NaN`) will be rendered as an empty string.
   * If the model is not set to the first of the month, the next view to model update will set it
   * to the first of the month.
   *
   * The timezone to be used to read/write the `Date` instance in the model can be defined using
   * {@link ng.directive:ngModelOptions ngModelOptions}. By default, this is the timezone of the browser.
   *
   * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
   * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
   * @param {string=} min Sets the `min` validation error key if the value entered is less than `min`. This must be
   * a valid ISO month format (yyyy-MM).
   * @param {string=} max Sets the `max` validation error key if the value entered is greater than `max`. This must
   * be a valid ISO month format (yyyy-MM).
   * @param {string=} required Sets `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
   * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
   *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
   *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
   * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
   *    interaction with the input element.
   *
   * @example
   <example name="month-input-directive" module="monthExample">
   <file name="index.html">
     <script>
      angular.module('monthExample', [])
        .controller('DateController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
          $scope.value = new Date(2013, 9, 1);
        }]);
     </script>
     <form name="myForm" ng-controller="DateController as dateCtrl">
       Pick a month int 2013:
       <input id="exampleInput" type="month" name="input" ng-model="value"
          placeholder="yyyy-MM" min="2013-01" max="2013-12" required />
       <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.required">
          Required!</span>
       <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.month">
          Not a valid month!</span>
       <tt>value = {{value | date: "yyyy-MM"}}</tt><br/>
       <tt>myForm.input.$valid = {{myForm.input.$valid}}</tt><br/>
       <tt>myForm.input.$error = {{myForm.input.$error}}</tt><br/>
       <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br/>
       <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br/>
     </form>
   </file>
   <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
      var value = element(by.binding('value | date: "yyyy-MM"'));
      var valid = element(by.binding('myForm.input.$valid'));
      var input = element(by.model('value'));

      // currently protractor/webdriver does not support
      // sending keys to all known HTML5 input controls
      // for various browsers (https://github.com/angular/protractor/issues/562).
      function setInput(val) {
        // set the value of the element and force validation.
        var scr = "var ipt = document.getElementById('exampleInput'); " +
        "ipt.value = '" + val + "';" +
        "angular.element(ipt).scope().$apply(function(s) { s.myForm[ipt.name].$setViewValue('" + val + "'); });";
        browser.executeScript(scr);
      }

      it('should initialize to model', function() {
        expect(value.getText()).toContain('2013-10');
        expect(valid.getText()).toContain('myForm.input.$valid = true');
      });

      it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
        setInput('');
        expect(value.getText()).toEqual('value =');
        expect(valid.getText()).toContain('myForm.input.$valid = false');
      });

      it('should be invalid if over max', function() {
        setInput('2015-01');
        expect(value.getText()).toContain('');
        expect(valid.getText()).toContain('myForm.input.$valid = false');
      });
   </file>
   </example>
   */
  'month': createDateInputType('month', MONTH_REGEXP,
     createDateParser(MONTH_REGEXP, ['yyyy', 'MM']),
     'yyyy-MM'),

  /**
   * @ngdoc input
   * @name input[number]
   *
   * @description
   * Text input with number validation and transformation. Sets the `number` validation
   * error if not a valid number.
   *
   * The model must always be a number, otherwise Angular will throw an error.
   *
   * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
   * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
   * @param {string=} min Sets the `min` validation error key if the value entered is less than `min`.
   * @param {string=} max Sets the `max` validation error key if the value entered is greater than `max`.
   * @param {string=} required Sets `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
   * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
   *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
   *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
   * @param {number=} ngMinlength Sets `minlength` validation error key if the value is shorter than
   *    minlength.
   * @param {number=} ngMaxlength Sets `maxlength` validation error key if the value is longer than
   *    maxlength.
   * @param {string=} ngPattern Sets `pattern` validation error key if the value does not match the
   *    RegExp pattern expression. Expected value is `/regexp/` for inline patterns or `regexp` for
   *    patterns defined as scope expressions.
   * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
   *    interaction with the input element.
   *
   * @example
      <example name="number-input-directive" module="numberExample">
        <file name="index.html">
         <script>
           angular.module('numberExample', [])
             .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
               $scope.value = 12;
             }]);
         </script>
         <form name="myForm" ng-controller="ExampleController">
           Number: <input type="number" name="input" ng-model="value"
                          min="0" max="99" required>
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.required">
             Required!</span>
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.number">
             Not valid number!</span>
           <tt>value = {{value}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.input.$valid = {{myForm.input.$valid}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.input.$error = {{myForm.input.$error}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br/>
          </form>
        </file>
        <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
          var value = element(by.binding('value'));
          var valid = element(by.binding('myForm.input.$valid'));
          var input = element(by.model('value'));

          it('should initialize to model', function() {
            expect(value.getText()).toContain('12');
            expect(valid.getText()).toContain('true');
          });

          it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
            input.clear();
            input.sendKeys('');
            expect(value.getText()).toEqual('value =');
            expect(valid.getText()).toContain('false');
          });

          it('should be invalid if over max', function() {
            input.clear();
            input.sendKeys('123');
            expect(value.getText()).toEqual('value =');
            expect(valid.getText()).toContain('false');
          });
        </file>
      </example>
   */
  'number': numberInputType,


  /**
   * @ngdoc input
   * @name input[url]
   *
   * @description
   * Text input with URL validation. Sets the `url` validation error key if the content is not a
   * valid URL.
   *
   * <div class="alert alert-warning">
   * **Note:** `input[url]` uses a regex to validate urls that is derived from the regex
   * used in Chromium. If you need stricter validation, you can use `ng-pattern` or modify
   * the built-in validators (see the {@link guide/forms Forms guide})
   * </div>
   *
   * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
   * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
   * @param {string=} required Sets `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
   * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
   *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
   *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
   * @param {number=} ngMinlength Sets `minlength` validation error key if the value is shorter than
   *    minlength.
   * @param {number=} ngMaxlength Sets `maxlength` validation error key if the value is longer than
   *    maxlength.
   * @param {string=} ngPattern Sets `pattern` validation error key if the value does not match the
   *    RegExp pattern expression. Expected value is `/regexp/` for inline patterns or `regexp` for
   *    patterns defined as scope expressions.
   * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
   *    interaction with the input element.
   *
   * @example
      <example name="url-input-directive" module="urlExample">
        <file name="index.html">
         <script>
           angular.module('urlExample', [])
             .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
               $scope.text = 'http://google.com';
             }]);
         </script>
         <form name="myForm" ng-controller="ExampleController">
           URL: <input type="url" name="input" ng-model="text" required>
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.required">
             Required!</span>
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.url">
             Not valid url!</span>
           <tt>text = {{text}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.input.$valid = {{myForm.input.$valid}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.input.$error = {{myForm.input.$error}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$error.url = {{!!myForm.$error.url}}</tt><br/>
          </form>
        </file>
        <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
          var text = element(by.binding('text'));
          var valid = element(by.binding('myForm.input.$valid'));
          var input = element(by.model('text'));

          it('should initialize to model', function() {
            expect(text.getText()).toContain('http://google.com');
            expect(valid.getText()).toContain('true');
          });

          it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
            input.clear();
            input.sendKeys('');

            expect(text.getText()).toEqual('text =');
            expect(valid.getText()).toContain('false');
          });

          it('should be invalid if not url', function() {
            input.clear();
            input.sendKeys('box');

            expect(valid.getText()).toContain('false');
          });
        </file>
      </example>
   */
  'url': urlInputType,


  /**
   * @ngdoc input
   * @name input[email]
   *
   * @description
   * Text input with email validation. Sets the `email` validation error key if not a valid email
   * address.
   *
   * <div class="alert alert-warning">
   * **Note:** `input[email]` uses a regex to validate email addresses that is derived from the regex
   * used in Chromium. If you need stricter validation (e.g. requiring a top-level domain), you can
   * use `ng-pattern` or modify the built-in validators (see the {@link guide/forms Forms guide})
   * </div>
   *
   * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
   * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
   * @param {string=} required Sets `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
   * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
   *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
   *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
   * @param {number=} ngMinlength Sets `minlength` validation error key if the value is shorter than
   *    minlength.
   * @param {number=} ngMaxlength Sets `maxlength` validation error key if the value is longer than
   *    maxlength.
   * @param {string=} ngPattern Sets `pattern` validation error key if the value does not match the
   *    RegExp pattern expression. Expected value is `/regexp/` for inline patterns or `regexp` for
   *    patterns defined as scope expressions.
   * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
   *    interaction with the input element.
   *
   * @example
      <example name="email-input-directive" module="emailExample">
        <file name="index.html">
         <script>
           angular.module('emailExample', [])
             .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
               $scope.text = 'me@example.com';
             }]);
         </script>
           <form name="myForm" ng-controller="ExampleController">
             Email: <input type="email" name="input" ng-model="text" required>
             <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.required">
               Required!</span>
             <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.email">
               Not valid email!</span>
             <tt>text = {{text}}</tt><br/>
             <tt>myForm.input.$valid = {{myForm.input.$valid}}</tt><br/>
             <tt>myForm.input.$error = {{myForm.input.$error}}</tt><br/>
             <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br/>
             <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br/>
             <tt>myForm.$error.email = {{!!myForm.$error.email}}</tt><br/>
           </form>
         </file>
        <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
          var text = element(by.binding('text'));
          var valid = element(by.binding('myForm.input.$valid'));
          var input = element(by.model('text'));

          it('should initialize to model', function() {
            expect(text.getText()).toContain('me@example.com');
            expect(valid.getText()).toContain('true');
          });

          it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
            input.clear();
            input.sendKeys('');
            expect(text.getText()).toEqual('text =');
            expect(valid.getText()).toContain('false');
          });

          it('should be invalid if not email', function() {
            input.clear();
            input.sendKeys('xxx');

            expect(valid.getText()).toContain('false');
          });
        </file>
      </example>
   */
  'email': emailInputType,


  /**
   * @ngdoc input
   * @name input[radio]
   *
   * @description
   * HTML radio button.
   *
   * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
   * @param {string} value The value to which the expression should be set when selected.
   * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
   * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
   *    interaction with the input element.
   * @param {string} ngValue Angular expression which sets the value to which the expression should
   *    be set when selected.
   *
   * @example
      <example name="radio-input-directive" module="radioExample">
        <file name="index.html">
         <script>
           angular.module('radioExample', [])
             .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
               $scope.color = 'blue';
               $scope.specialValue = {
                 "id": "12345",
                 "value": "green"
               };
             }]);
         </script>
         <form name="myForm" ng-controller="ExampleController">
           <input type="radio" ng-model="color" value="red">  Red <br/>
           <input type="radio" ng-model="color" ng-value="specialValue"> Green <br/>
           <input type="radio" ng-model="color" value="blue"> Blue <br/>
           <tt>color = {{color | json}}</tt><br/>
          </form>
          Note that `ng-value="specialValue"` sets radio item's value to be the value of `$scope.specialValue`.
        </file>
        <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
          it('should change state', function() {
            var color = element(by.binding('color'));

            expect(color.getText()).toContain('blue');

            element.all(by.model('color')).get(0).click();

            expect(color.getText()).toContain('red');
          });
        </file>
      </example>
   */
  'radio': radioInputType,


  /**
   * @ngdoc input
   * @name input[checkbox]
   *
   * @description
   * HTML checkbox.
   *
   * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
   * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
   * @param {expression=} ngTrueValue The value to which the expression should be set when selected.
   * @param {expression=} ngFalseValue The value to which the expression should be set when not selected.
   * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
   *    interaction with the input element.
   *
   * @example
      <example name="checkbox-input-directive" module="checkboxExample">
        <file name="index.html">
         <script>
           angular.module('checkboxExample', [])
             .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
               $scope.value1 = true;
               $scope.value2 = 'YES'
             }]);
         </script>
         <form name="myForm" ng-controller="ExampleController">
           Value1: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="value1"> <br/>
           Value2: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="value2"
                          ng-true-value="'YES'" ng-false-value="'NO'"> <br/>
           <tt>value1 = {{value1}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>value2 = {{value2}}</tt><br/>
          </form>
        </file>
        <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
          it('should change state', function() {
            var value1 = element(by.binding('value1'));
            var value2 = element(by.binding('value2'));

            expect(value1.getText()).toContain('true');
            expect(value2.getText()).toContain('YES');

            element(by.model('value1')).click();
            element(by.model('value2')).click();

            expect(value1.getText()).toContain('false');
            expect(value2.getText()).toContain('NO');
          });
        </file>
      </example>
   */
  'checkbox': checkboxInputType,

  'hidden': noop,
  'button': noop,
  'submit': noop,
  'reset': noop,
  'file': noop
};

function stringBasedInputType(ctrl) {
  ctrl.$formatters.push(function(value) {
    return ctrl.$isEmpty(value) ? value : value.toString();
  });
}

function textInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser) {
  baseInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser);
  stringBasedInputType(ctrl);
}

function baseInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser) {
  var placeholder = element[0].placeholder, noevent = {};
  var type = lowercase(element[0].type);

  // In composition mode, users are still inputing intermediate text buffer,
  // hold the listener until composition is done.
  // More about composition events: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/CompositionEvent
  if (!$sniffer.android) {
    var composing = false;

    element.on('compositionstart', function(data) {
      composing = true;
    });

    element.on('compositionend', function() {
      composing = false;
      listener();
    });
  }

  var listener = function(ev) {
    if (composing) return;
    var value = element.val(),
        event = ev && ev.type;

    // IE (11 and under) seem to emit an 'input' event if the placeholder value changes.
    // We don't want to dirty the value when this happens, so we abort here. Unfortunately,
    // IE also sends input events for other non-input-related things, (such as focusing on a
    // form control), so this change is not entirely enough to solve this.
    if (msie && (ev || noevent).type === 'input' && element[0].placeholder !== placeholder) {
      placeholder = element[0].placeholder;
      return;
    }

    // By default we will trim the value
    // If the attribute ng-trim exists we will avoid trimming
    // If input type is 'password', the value is never trimmed
    if (type !== 'password' && (!attr.ngTrim || attr.ngTrim !== 'false')) {
      value = trim(value);
    }

    // If a control is suffering from bad input (due to native validators), browsers discard its
    // value, so it may be necessary to revalidate (by calling $setViewValue again) even if the
    // control's value is the same empty value twice in a row.
    if (ctrl.$viewValue !== value || (value === '' && ctrl.$$hasNativeValidators)) {
      ctrl.$setViewValue(value, event);
    }
  };

  // if the browser does support "input" event, we are fine - except on IE9 which doesn't fire the
  // input event on backspace, delete or cut
  if ($sniffer.hasEvent('input')) {
    element.on('input', listener);
  } else {
    var timeout;

    var deferListener = function(ev) {
      if (!timeout) {
        timeout = $browser.defer(function() {
          listener(ev);
          timeout = null;
        });
      }
    };

    element.on('keydown', function(event) {
      var key = event.keyCode;

      // ignore
      //    command            modifiers                   arrows
      if (key === 91 || (15 < key && key < 19) || (37 <= key && key <= 40)) return;

      deferListener(event);
    });

    // if user modifies input value using context menu in IE, we need "paste" and "cut" events to catch it
    if ($sniffer.hasEvent('paste')) {
      element.on('paste cut', deferListener);
    }
  }

  // if user paste into input using mouse on older browser
  // or form autocomplete on newer browser, we need "change" event to catch it
  element.on('change', listener);

  ctrl.$render = function() {
    element.val(ctrl.$isEmpty(ctrl.$modelValue) ? '' : ctrl.$viewValue);
  };
}

function weekParser(isoWeek, existingDate) {
  if (isDate(isoWeek)) {
    return isoWeek;
  }

  if (isString(isoWeek)) {
    WEEK_REGEXP.lastIndex = 0;
    var parts = WEEK_REGEXP.exec(isoWeek);
    if (parts) {
      var year = +parts[1],
          week = +parts[2],
          hours = 0,
          minutes = 0,
          seconds = 0,
          milliseconds = 0,
          firstThurs = getFirstThursdayOfYear(year),
          addDays = (week - 1) * 7;

      if (existingDate) {
        hours = existingDate.getHours();
        minutes = existingDate.getMinutes();
        seconds = existingDate.getSeconds();
        milliseconds = existingDate.getMilliseconds();
      }

      return new Date(year, 0, firstThurs.getDate() + addDays, hours, minutes, seconds, milliseconds);
    }
  }

  return NaN;
}

function createDateParser(regexp, mapping) {
  return function(iso, date) {
    var parts, map;

    if (isDate(iso)) {
      return iso;
    }

    if (isString(iso)) {
      // When a date is JSON'ified to wraps itself inside of an extra
      // set of double quotes. This makes the date parsing code unable
      // to match the date string and parse it as a date.
      if (iso.charAt(0) == '"' && iso.charAt(iso.length-1) == '"') {
        iso = iso.substring(1, iso.length-1);
      }
      if (ISO_DATE_REGEXP.test(iso)) {
        return new Date(iso);
      }
      regexp.lastIndex = 0;
      parts = regexp.exec(iso);

      if (parts) {
        parts.shift();
        if (date) {
          map = {
            yyyy: date.getFullYear(),
            MM: date.getMonth() + 1,
            dd: date.getDate(),
            HH: date.getHours(),
            mm: date.getMinutes(),
            ss: date.getSeconds(),
            sss: date.getMilliseconds() / 1000
          };
        } else {
          map = { yyyy: 1970, MM: 1, dd: 1, HH: 0, mm: 0, ss: 0, sss: 0 };
        }

        forEach(parts, function(part, index) {
          if (index < mapping.length) {
            map[mapping[index]] = +part;
          }
        });
        return new Date(map.yyyy, map.MM - 1, map.dd, map.HH, map.mm, map.ss || 0, map.sss * 1000 || 0);
      }
    }

    return NaN;
  };
}

function createDateInputType(type, regexp, parseDate, format) {
  return function dynamicDateInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser, $filter) {
    badInputChecker(scope, element, attr, ctrl);
    baseInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser);
    var timezone = ctrl && ctrl.$options && ctrl.$options.timezone;
    var previousDate;

    ctrl.$$parserName = type;
    ctrl.$parsers.push(function(value) {
      if (ctrl.$isEmpty(value)) return null;
      if (regexp.test(value)) {
        // Note: We cannot read ctrl.$modelValue, as there might be a different
        // parser/formatter in the processing chain so that the model
        // contains some different data format!
        var parsedDate = parseDate(value, previousDate);
        if (timezone === 'UTC') {
          parsedDate.setMinutes(parsedDate.getMinutes() - parsedDate.getTimezoneOffset());
        }
        return parsedDate;
      }
      return undefined;
    });

    ctrl.$formatters.push(function(value) {
      if (!ctrl.$isEmpty(value)) {
        if (!isDate(value)) {
          throw $ngModelMinErr('datefmt', 'Expected `{0}` to be a date', value);
        }
        previousDate = value;
        if (previousDate && timezone === 'UTC') {
          var timezoneOffset = 60000 * previousDate.getTimezoneOffset();
          previousDate = new Date(previousDate.getTime() + timezoneOffset);
        }
        return $filter('date')(value, format, timezone);
      } else {
        previousDate = null;
      }
      return '';
    });

    if (isDefined(attr.min) || attr.ngMin) {
      var minVal;
      ctrl.$validators.min = function(value) {
        return ctrl.$isEmpty(value) || isUndefined(minVal) || parseDate(value) >= minVal;
      };
      attr.$observe('min', function(val) {
        minVal = parseObservedDateValue(val);
        ctrl.$validate();
      });
    }

    if (isDefined(attr.max) || attr.ngMax) {
      var maxVal;
      ctrl.$validators.max = function(value) {
        return ctrl.$isEmpty(value) || isUndefined(maxVal) || parseDate(value) <= maxVal;
      };
      attr.$observe('max', function(val) {
        maxVal = parseObservedDateValue(val);
        ctrl.$validate();
      });
    }
    // Override the standard $isEmpty to detect invalid dates as well
    ctrl.$isEmpty = function(value) {
      // Invalid Date: getTime() returns NaN
      return !value || (value.getTime && value.getTime() !== value.getTime());
    };

    function parseObservedDateValue(val) {
      return isDefined(val) ? (isDate(val) ? val : parseDate(val)) : undefined;
    }
  };
}

function badInputChecker(scope, element, attr, ctrl) {
  var node = element[0];
  var nativeValidation = ctrl.$$hasNativeValidators = isObject(node.validity);
  if (nativeValidation) {
    ctrl.$parsers.push(function(value) {
      var validity = element.prop(VALIDITY_STATE_PROPERTY) || {};
      // Detect bug in FF35 for input[email] (https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1064430):
      // - also sets validity.badInput (should only be validity.typeMismatch).
      // - see http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/multipage/forms.html#e-mail-state-(type=email)
      // - can ignore this case as we can still read out the erroneous email...
      return validity.badInput && !validity.typeMismatch ? undefined : value;
    });
  }
}

function numberInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser) {
  badInputChecker(scope, element, attr, ctrl);
  baseInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser);

  ctrl.$$parserName = 'number';
  ctrl.$parsers.push(function(value) {
    if (ctrl.$isEmpty(value))      return null;
    if (NUMBER_REGEXP.test(value)) return parseFloat(value);
    return undefined;
  });

  ctrl.$formatters.push(function(value) {
    if (!ctrl.$isEmpty(value)) {
      if (!isNumber(value)) {
        throw $ngModelMinErr('numfmt', 'Expected `{0}` to be a number', value);
      }
      value = value.toString();
    }
    return value;
  });

  if (attr.min || attr.ngMin) {
    var minVal;
    ctrl.$validators.min = function(value) {
      return ctrl.$isEmpty(value) || isUndefined(minVal) || value >= minVal;
    };

    attr.$observe('min', function(val) {
      if (isDefined(val) && !isNumber(val)) {
        val = parseFloat(val, 10);
      }
      minVal = isNumber(val) && !isNaN(val) ? val : undefined;
      // TODO(matsko): implement validateLater to reduce number of validations
      ctrl.$validate();
    });
  }

  if (attr.max || attr.ngMax) {
    var maxVal;
    ctrl.$validators.max = function(value) {
      return ctrl.$isEmpty(value) || isUndefined(maxVal) || value <= maxVal;
    };

    attr.$observe('max', function(val) {
      if (isDefined(val) && !isNumber(val)) {
        val = parseFloat(val, 10);
      }
      maxVal = isNumber(val) && !isNaN(val) ? val : undefined;
      // TODO(matsko): implement validateLater to reduce number of validations
      ctrl.$validate();
    });
  }
}

function urlInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser) {
  // Note: no badInputChecker here by purpose as `url` is only a validation
  // in browsers, i.e. we can always read out input.value even if it is not valid!
  baseInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser);
  stringBasedInputType(ctrl);

  ctrl.$$parserName = 'url';
  ctrl.$validators.url = function(value) {
    return ctrl.$isEmpty(value) || URL_REGEXP.test(value);
  };
}

function emailInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser) {
  // Note: no badInputChecker here by purpose as `url` is only a validation
  // in browsers, i.e. we can always read out input.value even if it is not valid!
  baseInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser);
  stringBasedInputType(ctrl);

  ctrl.$$parserName = 'email';
  ctrl.$validators.email = function(value) {
    return ctrl.$isEmpty(value) || EMAIL_REGEXP.test(value);
  };
}

function radioInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl) {
  // make the name unique, if not defined
  if (isUndefined(attr.name)) {
    element.attr('name', nextUid());
  }

  var listener = function(ev) {
    if (element[0].checked) {
      ctrl.$setViewValue(attr.value, ev && ev.type);
    }
  };

  element.on('click', listener);

  ctrl.$render = function() {
    var value = attr.value;
    element[0].checked = (value == ctrl.$viewValue);
  };

  attr.$observe('value', ctrl.$render);
}

function parseConstantExpr($parse, context, name, expression, fallback) {
  var parseFn;
  if (isDefined(expression)) {
    parseFn = $parse(expression);
    if (!parseFn.constant) {
      throw minErr('ngModel')('constexpr', 'Expected constant expression for `{0}`, but saw ' +
                                   '`{1}`.', name, expression);
    }
    return parseFn(context);
  }
  return fallback;
}

function checkboxInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser, $filter, $parse) {
  var trueValue = parseConstantExpr($parse, scope, 'ngTrueValue', attr.ngTrueValue, true);
  var falseValue = parseConstantExpr($parse, scope, 'ngFalseValue', attr.ngFalseValue, false);

  var listener = function(ev) {
    ctrl.$setViewValue(element[0].checked, ev && ev.type);
  };

  element.on('click', listener);

  ctrl.$render = function() {
    element[0].checked = ctrl.$viewValue;
  };

  // Override the standard `$isEmpty` because an empty checkbox is never equal to the trueValue
  ctrl.$isEmpty = function(value) {
    return value !== trueValue;
  };

  ctrl.$formatters.push(function(value) {
    return equals(value, trueValue);
  });

  ctrl.$parsers.push(function(value) {
    return value ? trueValue : falseValue;
  });
}


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name textarea
 * @restrict E
 *
 * @description
 * HTML textarea element control with angular data-binding. The data-binding and validation
 * properties of this element are exactly the same as those of the
 * {@link ng.directive:input input element}.
 *
 * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
 * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
 * @param {string=} required Sets `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
 * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
 *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
 *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
 * @param {number=} ngMinlength Sets `minlength` validation error key if the value is shorter than
 *    minlength.
 * @param {number=} ngMaxlength Sets `maxlength` validation error key if the value is longer than
 *    maxlength.
 * @param {string=} ngPattern Sets `pattern` validation error key if the value does not match the
 *    RegExp pattern expression. Expected value is `/regexp/` for inline patterns or `regexp` for
 *    patterns defined as scope expressions.
 * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
 *    interaction with the input element.
 * @param {boolean=} [ngTrim=true] If set to false Angular will not automatically trim the input.
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name input
 * @restrict E
 *
 * @description
 * HTML input element control. When used together with {@link ngModel `ngModel`}, it provides data-binding,
 * input state control, and validation.
 * Input control follows HTML5 input types and polyfills the HTML5 validation behavior for older browsers.
 *
 * <div class="alert alert-warning">
 * **Note:** Not every feature offered is available for all input types.
 * Specifically, data binding and event handling via `ng-model` is unsupported for `input[file]`.
 * </div>
 *
 * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
 * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
 * @param {string=} required Sets `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
 * @param {boolean=} ngRequired Sets `required` attribute if set to true
 * @param {number=} ngMinlength Sets `minlength` validation error key if the value is shorter than
 *    minlength.
 * @param {number=} ngMaxlength Sets `maxlength` validation error key if the value is longer than
 *    maxlength.
 * @param {string=} ngPattern Sets `pattern` validation error key if the value does not match the
 *    RegExp pattern expression. Expected value is `/regexp/` for inline patterns or `regexp` for
 *    patterns defined as scope expressions.
 * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
 *    interaction with the input element.
 * @param {boolean=} [ngTrim=true] If set to false Angular will not automatically trim the input.
 *    This parameter is ignored for input[type=password] controls, which will never trim the
 *    input.
 *
 * @example
    <example name="input-directive" module="inputExample">
      <file name="index.html">
       <script>
          angular.module('inputExample', [])
            .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
              $scope.user = {name: 'guest', last: 'visitor'};
            }]);
       </script>
       <div ng-controller="ExampleController">
         <form name="myForm">
           User name: <input type="text" name="userName" ng-model="user.name" required>
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.userName.$error.required">
             Required!</span><br>
           Last name: <input type="text" name="lastName" ng-model="user.last"
             ng-minlength="3" ng-maxlength="10">
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.lastName.$error.minlength">
             Too short!</span>
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.lastName.$error.maxlength">
             Too long!</span><br>
         </form>
         <hr>
         <tt>user = {{user}}</tt><br/>
         <tt>myForm.userName.$valid = {{myForm.userName.$valid}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.userName.$error = {{myForm.userName.$error}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.lastName.$valid = {{myForm.lastName.$valid}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.lastName.$error = {{myForm.lastName.$error}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.$error.minlength = {{!!myForm.$error.minlength}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.$error.maxlength = {{!!myForm.$error.maxlength}}</tt><br>
       </div>
      </file>
      <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
        var user = element(by.exactBinding('user'));
        var userNameValid = element(by.binding('myForm.userName.$valid'));
        var lastNameValid = element(by.binding('myForm.lastName.$valid'));
        var lastNameError = element(by.binding('myForm.lastName.$error'));
        var formValid = element(by.binding('myForm.$valid'));
        var userNameInput = element(by.model('user.name'));
        var userLastInput = element(by.model('user.last'));

        it('should initialize to model', function() {
          expect(user.getText()).toContain('{"name":"guest","last":"visitor"}');
          expect(userNameValid.getText()).toContain('true');
          expect(formValid.getText()).toContain('true');
        });

        it('should be invalid if empty when required', function() {
          userNameInput.clear();
          userNameInput.sendKeys('');

          expect(user.getText()).toContain('{"last":"visitor"}');
          expect(userNameValid.getText()).toContain('false');
          expect(formValid.getText()).toContain('false');
        });

        it('should be valid if empty when min length is set', function() {
          userLastInput.clear();
          userLastInput.sendKeys('');

          expect(user.getText()).toContain('{"name":"guest","last":""}');
          expect(lastNameValid.getText()).toContain('true');
          expect(formValid.getText()).toContain('true');
        });

        it('should be invalid if less than required min length', function() {
          userLastInput.clear();
          userLastInput.sendKeys('xx');

          expect(user.getText()).toContain('{"name":"guest"}');
          expect(lastNameValid.getText()).toContain('false');
          expect(lastNameError.getText()).toContain('minlength');
          expect(formValid.getText()).toContain('false');
        });

        it('should be invalid if longer than max length', function() {
          userLastInput.clear();
          userLastInput.sendKeys('some ridiculously long name');

          expect(user.getText()).toContain('{"name":"guest"}');
          expect(lastNameValid.getText()).toContain('false');
          expect(lastNameError.getText()).toContain('maxlength');
          expect(formValid.getText()).toContain('false');
        });
      </file>
    </example>
 */
var inputDirective = ['$browser', '$sniffer', '$filter', '$parse',
    function($browser, $sniffer, $filter, $parse) {
  return {
    restrict: 'E',
    require: ['?ngModel'],
    link: {
      pre: function(scope, element, attr, ctrls) {
        if (ctrls[0]) {
          (inputType[lowercase(attr.type)] || inputType.text)(scope, element, attr, ctrls[0], $sniffer,
                                                              $browser, $filter, $parse);
        }
      }
    }
  };
}];

var VALID_CLASS = 'ng-valid',
    INVALID_CLASS = 'ng-invalid',
    PRISTINE_CLASS = 'ng-pristine',
    DIRTY_CLASS = 'ng-dirty',
    UNTOUCHED_CLASS = 'ng-untouched',
    TOUCHED_CLASS = 'ng-touched',
    PENDING_CLASS = 'ng-pending';

/**
 * @ngdoc type
 * @name ngModel.NgModelController
 *
 * @property {string} $viewValue Actual string value in the view.
 * @property {*} $modelValue The value in the model that the control is bound to.
 * @property {Array.<Function>} $parsers Array of functions to execute, as a pipeline, whenever
       the control reads value from the DOM. The functions are called in array order, each passing the value
       through to the next. The last return value is forwarded to the $validators collection.
       Used to sanitize / convert the value.
       Returning undefined from a parser means a parse error occurred. No $validators will
       run and the 'ngModel' will not be updated until the parse error is resolved. The parse error is stored
       in 'ngModel.$error.parse'.

 *
 * @property {Array.<Function>} $formatters Array of functions to execute, as a pipeline, whenever
       the model value changes. The functions are called in reverse array order, each passing the value through to the
       next. The last return value is used as the actual DOM value.
       Used to format / convert values for display in the control.
 * ```js
 * function formatter(value) {
 *   if (value) {
 *     return value.toUpperCase();
 *   }
 * }
 * ngModel.$formatters.push(formatter);
 * ```
 *
 * @property {Object.<string, function>} $validators A collection of validators that are applied
 *      whenever the model value changes. The key value within the object refers to the name of the
 *      validator while the function refers to the validation operation. The validation operation is
 *      provided with the model value as an argument and must return a true or false value depending
 *      on the response of that validation.
 *
 * ```js
 * ngModel.$validators.validCharacters = function(modelValue, viewValue) {
 *   var value = modelValue || viewValue;
 *   return /[0-9]+/.test(value) &&
 *          /[a-z]+/.test(value) &&
 *          /[A-Z]+/.test(value) &&
 *          /\W+/.test(value);
 * };
 * ```
 *
 * @property {Object.<string, function>} $asyncValidators A collection of validations that are expected to
 *      perform an asynchronous validation (e.g. a HTTP request). The validation function that is provided
 *      is expected to return a promise when it is run during the model validation process. Once the promise
 *      is delivered then the validation status will be set to true when fulfilled and false when rejected.
 *      When the asynchronous validators are triggered, each of the validators will run in parallel and the model
 *      value will only be updated once all validators have been fulfilled. As long as an asynchronous validator
 *      is unfulfilled, its key will be added to the controllers `$pending` property. Also, all asynchronous validators
 *      will only run once all synchronous validators have passed.
 *
 * Please note that if $http is used then it is important that the server returns a success HTTP response code
 * in order to fulfill the validation and a status level of `4xx` in order to reject the validation.
 *
 * ```js
 * ngModel.$asyncValidators.uniqueUsername = function(modelValue, viewValue) {
 *   var value = modelValue || viewValue;
 *
 *   // Lookup user by username
 *   return $http.get('/api/users/' + value).
 *      then(function resolved() {
 *        //username exists, this means validation fails
 *        return $q.reject('exists');
 *      }, function rejected() {
 *        //username does not exist, therefore this validation passes
 *        return true;
 *      });
 * };
 * ```
 *
 * @property {Array.<Function>} $viewChangeListeners Array of functions to execute whenever the
 *     view value has changed. It is called with no arguments, and its return value is ignored.
 *     This can be used in place of additional $watches against the model value.
 *
 * @property {Object} $error An object hash with all failing validator ids as keys.
 * @property {Object} $pending An object hash with all pending validator ids as keys.
 *
 * @property {boolean} $untouched True if control has not lost focus yet.
 * @property {boolean} $touched True if control has lost focus.
 * @property {boolean} $pristine True if user has not interacted with the control yet.
 * @property {boolean} $dirty True if user has already interacted with the control.
 * @property {boolean} $valid True if there is no error.
 * @property {boolean} $invalid True if at least one error on the control.
 * @property {string} $name The name attribute of the control.
 *
 * @description
 *
 * `NgModelController` provides API for the `ng-model` directive. The controller contains
 * services for data-binding, validation, CSS updates, and value formatting and parsing. It
 * purposefully does not contain any logic which deals with DOM rendering or listening to
 * DOM events. Such DOM related logic should be provided by other directives which make use of
 * `NgModelController` for data-binding.
 *
 * ## Custom Control Example
 * This example shows how to use `NgModelController` with a custom control to achieve
 * data-binding. Notice how different directives (`contenteditable`, `ng-model`, and `required`)
 * collaborate together to achieve the desired result.
 *
 * Note that `contenteditable` is an HTML5 attribute, which tells the browser to let the element
 * contents be edited in place by the user.  This will not work on older browsers.
 *
 * We are using the {@link ng.service:$sce $sce} service here and include the {@link ngSanitize $sanitize}
 * module to automatically remove "bad" content like inline event listener (e.g. `<span onclick="...">`).
 * However, as we are using `$sce` the model can still decide to provide unsafe content if it marks
 * that content using the `$sce` service.
 *
 * <example name="NgModelController" module="customControl" deps="angular-sanitize.js">
    <file name="style.css">
      [contenteditable] {
        border: 1px solid black;
        background-color: white;
        min-height: 20px;
      }

      .ng-invalid {
        border: 1px solid red;
      }

    </file>
    <file name="script.js">
      angular.module('customControl', ['ngSanitize']).
        directive('contenteditable', ['$sce', function($sce) {
          return {
            restrict: 'A', // only activate on element attribute
            require: '?ngModel', // get a hold of NgModelController
            link: function(scope, element, attrs, ngModel) {
              if (!ngModel) return; // do nothing if no ng-model

              // Specify how UI should be updated
              ngModel.$render = function() {
                element.html($sce.getTrustedHtml(ngModel.$viewValue || ''));
              };

              // Listen for change events to enable binding
              element.on('blur keyup change', function() {
                scope.$apply(read);
              });
              read(); // initialize

              // Write data to the model
              function read() {
                var html = element.html();
                // When we clear the content editable the browser leaves a <br> behind
                // If strip-br attribute is provided then we strip this out
                if ( attrs.stripBr && html == '<br>' ) {
                  html = '';
                }
                ngModel.$setViewValue(html);
              }
            }
          };
        }]);
    </file>
    <file name="index.html">
      <form name="myForm">
       <div contenteditable
            name="myWidget" ng-model="userContent"
            strip-br="true"
            required>Change me!</div>
        <span ng-show="myForm.myWidget.$error.required">Required!</span>
       <hr>
       <textarea ng-model="userContent"></textarea>
      </form>
    </file>
    <file name="protractor.js" type="protractor">
    it('should data-bind and become invalid', function() {
      if (browser.params.browser == 'safari' || browser.params.browser == 'firefox') {
        // SafariDriver can't handle contenteditable
        // and Firefox driver can't clear contenteditables very well
        return;
      }
      var contentEditable = element(by.css('[contenteditable]'));
      var content = 'Change me!';

      expect(contentEditable.getText()).toEqual(content);

      contentEditable.clear();
      contentEditable.sendKeys(protractor.Key.BACK_SPACE);
      expect(contentEditable.getText()).toEqual('');
      expect(contentEditable.getAttribute('class')).toMatch(/ng-invalid-required/);
    });
    </file>
 * </example>
 *
 *
 */
var NgModelController = ['$scope', '$exceptionHandler', '$attrs', '$element', '$parse', '$animate', '$timeout', '$rootScope', '$q', '$interpolate',
    function($scope, $exceptionHandler, $attr, $element, $parse, $animate, $timeout, $rootScope, $q, $interpolate) {
  this.$viewValue = Number.NaN;
  this.$modelValue = Number.NaN;
  this.$validators = {};
  this.$asyncValidators = {};
  this.$parsers = [];
  this.$formatters = [];
  this.$viewChangeListeners = [];
  this.$untouched = true;
  this.$touched = false;
  this.$pristine = true;
  this.$dirty = false;
  this.$valid = true;
  this.$invalid = false;
  this.$error = {}; // keep invalid keys here
  this.$$success = {}; // keep valid keys here
  this.$pending = undefined; // keep pending keys here
  this.$name = $interpolate($attr.name || '', false)($scope);


  var parsedNgModel = $parse($attr.ngModel),
      pendingDebounce = null,
      ctrl = this;

  var ngModelGet = function ngModelGet() {
    var modelValue = parsedNgModel($scope);
    if (ctrl.$options && ctrl.$options.getterSetter && isFunction(modelValue)) {
      modelValue = modelValue();
    }
    return modelValue;
  };

  var ngModelSet = function ngModelSet(newValue) {
    var getterSetter;
    if (ctrl.$options && ctrl.$options.getterSetter &&
        isFunction(getterSetter = parsedNgModel($scope))) {

      getterSetter(ctrl.$modelValue);
    } else {
      parsedNgModel.assign($scope, ctrl.$modelValue);
    }
  };

  this.$$setOptions = function(options) {
    ctrl.$options = options;

    if (!parsedNgModel.assign && (!options || !options.getterSetter)) {
      throw $ngModelMinErr('nonassign', "Expression '{0}' is non-assignable. Element: {1}",
          $attr.ngModel, startingTag($element));
    }
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ngModel.NgModelController#$render
   *
   * @description
   * Called when the view needs to be updated. It is expected that the user of the ng-model
   * directive will implement this method.
   *
   * The `$render()` method is invoked in the following situations:
   *
   * * `$rollbackViewValue()` is called.  If we are rolling back the view value to the last
   *   committed value then `$render()` is called to update the input control.
   * * The value referenced by `ng-model` is changed programmatically and both the `$modelValue` and
   *   the `$viewValue` are different to last time.
   *
   * Since `ng-model` does not do a deep watch, `$render()` is only invoked if the values of
   * `$modelValue` and `$viewValue` are actually different to their previous value. If `$modelValue`
   * or `$viewValue` are objects (rather than a string or number) then `$render()` will not be
   * invoked if you only change a property on the objects.
   */
  this.$render = noop;

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ngModel.NgModelController#$isEmpty
   *
   * @description
   * This is called when we need to determine if the value of the input is empty.
   *
   * For instance, the required directive does this to work out if the input has data or not.
   * The default `$isEmpty` function checks whether the value is `undefined`, `''`, `null` or `NaN`.
   *
   * You can override this for input directives whose concept of being empty is different to the
   * default. The `checkboxInputType` directive does this because in its case a value of `false`
   * implies empty.
   *
   * @param {*} value Model value to check.
   * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is empty.
   */
  this.$isEmpty = function(value) {
    return isUndefined(value) || value === '' || value === null || value !== value;
  };

  var parentForm = $element.inheritedData('$formController') || nullFormCtrl,
      currentValidationRunId = 0;

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ngModel.NgModelController#$setValidity
   *
   * @description
   * Change the validity state, and notify the form.
   *
   * This method can be called within $parsers/$formatters or a custom validation implementation.
   * However, in most cases it should be sufficient to use the `ngModel.$validators` and
   * `ngModel.$asyncValidators` collections which will call `$setValidity` automatically.
   *
   * @param {string} validationErrorKey Name of the validator. The `validationErrorKey` will be assigned
   *        to either `$error[validationErrorKey]` or `$pending[validationErrorKey]`
   *        (for unfulfilled `$asyncValidators`), so that it is available for data-binding.
   *        The `validationErrorKey` should be in camelCase and will get converted into dash-case
   *        for class name. Example: `myError` will result in `ng-valid-my-error` and `ng-invalid-my-error`
   *        class and can be bound to as  `{{someForm.someControl.$error.myError}}` .
   * @param {boolean} isValid Whether the current state is valid (true), invalid (false), pending (undefined),
   *                          or skipped (null). Pending is used for unfulfilled `$asyncValidators`.
   *                          Skipped is used by Angular when validators do not run because of parse errors and
   *                          when `$asyncValidators` do not run because any of the `$validators` failed.
   */
  addSetValidityMethod({
    ctrl: this,
    $element: $element,
    set: function(object, property) {
      object[property] = true;
    },
    unset: function(object, property) {
      delete object[property];
    },
    parentForm: parentForm,
    $animate: $animate
  });

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ngModel.NgModelController#$setPristine
   *
   * @description
   * Sets the control to its pristine state.
   *
   * This method can be called to remove the 'ng-dirty' class and set the control to its pristine
   * state (ng-pristine class). A model is considered to be pristine when the model has not been changed
   * from when first compiled within then form.
   */
  this.$setPristine = function() {
    ctrl.$dirty = false;
    ctrl.$pristine = true;
    $animate.removeClass($element, DIRTY_CLASS);
    $animate.addClass($element, PRISTINE_CLASS);
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ngModel.NgModelController#$setUntouched
   *
   * @description
   * Sets the control to its untouched state.
   *
   * This method can be called to remove the 'ng-touched' class and set the control to its
   * untouched state (ng-untouched class). Upon compilation, a model is set as untouched
   * by default, however this function can be used to restore that state if the model has
   * already been touched by the user.
   */
  this.$setUntouched = function() {
    ctrl.$touched = false;
    ctrl.$untouched = true;
    $animate.setClass($element, UNTOUCHED_CLASS, TOUCHED_CLASS);
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ngModel.NgModelController#$setTouched
   *
   * @description
   * Sets the control to its touched state.
   *
   * This method can be called to remove the 'ng-untouched' class and set the control to its
   * touched state (ng-touched class). A model is considered to be touched when the user has
   * first interacted (focussed) on the model input element and then shifted focus away (blurred)
   * from the input element.
   */
  this.$setTouched = function() {
    ctrl.$touched = true;
    ctrl.$untouched = false;
    $animate.setClass($element, TOUCHED_CLASS, UNTOUCHED_CLASS);
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ngModel.NgModelController#$rollbackViewValue
   *
   * @description
   * Cancel an update and reset the input element's value to prevent an update to the `$modelValue`,
   * which may be caused by a pending debounced event or because the input is waiting for a some
   * future event.
   *
   * If you have an input that uses `ng-model-options` to set up debounced events or events such
   * as blur you can have a situation where there is a period when the `$viewValue`
   * is out of synch with the ngModel's `$modelValue`.
   *
   * In this case, you can run into difficulties if you try to update the ngModel's `$modelValue`
   * programmatically before these debounced/future events have resolved/occurred, because Angular's
   * dirty checking mechanism is not able to tell whether the model has actually changed or not.
   *
   * The `$rollbackViewValue()` method should be called before programmatically changing the model of an
   * input which may have such events pending. This is important in order to make sure that the
   * input field will be updated with the new model value and any pending operations are cancelled.
   *
   * <example name="ng-model-cancel-update" module="cancel-update-example">
   *   <file name="app.js">
   *     angular.module('cancel-update-example', [])
   *
   *     .controller('CancelUpdateController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
   *       $scope.resetWithCancel = function(e) {
   *         if (e.keyCode == 27) {
   *           $scope.myForm.myInput1.$rollbackViewValue();
   *           $scope.myValue = '';
   *         }
   *       };
   *       $scope.resetWithoutCancel = function(e) {
   *         if (e.keyCode == 27) {
   *           $scope.myValue = '';
   *         }
   *       };
   *     }]);
   *   </file>
   *   <file name="index.html">
   *     <div ng-controller="CancelUpdateController">
   *       <p>Try typing something in each input.  See that the model only updates when you
   *          blur off the input.
   *        </p>
   *        <p>Now see what happens if you start typing then press the Escape key</p>
   *
   *       <form name="myForm" ng-model-options="{ updateOn: 'blur' }">
   *         <p>With $rollbackViewValue()</p>
   *         <input name="myInput1" ng-model="myValue" ng-keydown="resetWithCancel($event)"><br/>
   *         myValue: "{{ myValue }}"
   *
   *         <p>Without $rollbackViewValue()</p>
   *         <input name="myInput2" ng-model="myValue" ng-keydown="resetWithoutCancel($event)"><br/>
   *         myValue: "{{ myValue }}"
   *       </form>
   *     </div>
   *   </file>
   * </example>
   */
  this.$rollbackViewValue = function() {
    $timeout.cancel(pendingDebounce);
    ctrl.$viewValue = ctrl.$$lastCommittedViewValue;
    ctrl.$render();
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ngModel.NgModelController#$validate
   *
   * @description
   * Runs each of the registered validators (first synchronous validators and then asynchronous validators).
   */
  this.$validate = function() {
    // ignore $validate before model is initialized
    if (isNumber(ctrl.$modelValue) && isNaN(ctrl.$modelValue)) {
      return;
    }
    this.$$parseAndValidate();
  };

  this.$$runValidators = function(parseValid, modelValue, viewValue, doneCallback) {
    currentValidationRunId++;
    var localValidationRunId = currentValidationRunId;

    // check parser error
    if (!processParseErrors(parseValid)) {
      validationDone(false);
      return;
    }
    if (!processSyncValidators()) {
      validationDone(false);
      return;
    }
    processAsyncValidators();

    function processParseErrors(parseValid) {
      var errorKey = ctrl.$$parserName || 'parse';
      if (parseValid === undefined) {
        setValidity(errorKey, null);
      } else {
        setValidity(errorKey, parseValid);
        if (!parseValid) {
          forEach(ctrl.$validators, function(v, name) {
            setValidity(name, null);
          });
          forEach(ctrl.$asyncValidators, function(v, name) {
            setValidity(name, null);
          });
          return false;
        }
      }
      return true;
    }

    function processSyncValidators() {
      var syncValidatorsValid = true;
      forEach(ctrl.$validators, function(validator, name) {
        var result = validator(modelValue, viewValue);
        syncValidatorsValid = syncValidatorsValid && result;
        setValidity(name, result);
      });
      if (!syncValidatorsValid) {
        forEach(ctrl.$asyncValidators, function(v, name) {
          setValidity(name, null);
        });
        return false;
      }
      return true;
    }

    function processAsyncValidators() {
      var validatorPromises = [];
      var allValid = true;
      forEach(ctrl.$asyncValidators, function(validator, name) {
        var promise = validator(modelValue, viewValue);
        if (!isPromiseLike(promise)) {
          throw $ngModelMinErr("$asyncValidators",
            "Expected asynchronous validator to return a promise but got '{0}' instead.", promise);
        }
        setValidity(name, undefined);
        validatorPromises.push(promise.then(function() {
          setValidity(name, true);
        }, function(error) {
          allValid = false;
          setValidity(name, false);
        }));
      });
      if (!validatorPromises.length) {
        validationDone(true);
      } else {
        $q.all(validatorPromises).then(function() {
          validationDone(allValid);
        }, noop);
      }
    }

    function setValidity(name, isValid) {
      if (localValidationRunId === currentValidationRunId) {
        ctrl.$setValidity(name, isValid);
      }
    }

    function validationDone(allValid) {
      if (localValidationRunId === currentValidationRunId) {

        doneCallback(allValid);
      }
    }
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ngModel.NgModelController#$commitViewValue
   *
   * @description
   * Commit a pending update to the `$modelValue`.
   *
   * Updates may be pending by a debounced event or because the input is waiting for a some future
   * event defined in `ng-model-options`. this method is rarely needed as `NgModelController`
   * usually handles calling this in response to input events.
   */
  this.$commitViewValue = function() {
    var viewValue = ctrl.$viewValue;

    $timeout.cancel(pendingDebounce);

    // If the view value has not changed then we should just exit, except in the case where there is
    // a native validator on the element. In this case the validation state may have changed even though
    // the viewValue has stayed empty.
    if (ctrl.$$lastCommittedViewValue === viewValue && (viewValue !== '' || !ctrl.$$hasNativeValidators)) {
      return;
    }
    ctrl.$$lastCommittedViewValue = viewValue;

    // change to dirty
    if (ctrl.$pristine) {
      ctrl.$dirty = true;
      ctrl.$pristine = false;
      $animate.removeClass($element, PRISTINE_CLASS);
      $animate.addClass($element, DIRTY_CLASS);
      parentForm.$setDirty();
    }
    this.$$parseAndValidate();
  };

  this.$$parseAndValidate = function() {
    var viewValue = ctrl.$$lastCommittedViewValue;
    var modelValue = viewValue;
    var parserValid = isUndefined(modelValue) ? undefined : true;

    if (parserValid) {
      for (var i = 0; i < ctrl.$parsers.length; i++) {
        modelValue = ctrl.$parsers[i](modelValue);
        if (isUndefined(modelValue)) {
          parserValid = false;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    if (isNumber(ctrl.$modelValue) && isNaN(ctrl.$modelValue)) {
      // ctrl.$modelValue has not been touched yet...
      ctrl.$modelValue = ngModelGet();
    }
    var prevModelValue = ctrl.$modelValue;
    var allowInvalid = ctrl.$options && ctrl.$options.allowInvalid;
    if (allowInvalid) {
      ctrl.$modelValue = modelValue;
      writeToModelIfNeeded();
    }
    ctrl.$$runValidators(parserValid, modelValue, viewValue, function(allValid) {
      if (!allowInvalid) {
        // Note: Don't check ctrl.$valid here, as we could have
        // external validators (e.g. calculated on the server),
        // that just call $setValidity and need the model value
        // to calculate their validity.
        ctrl.$modelValue = allValid ? modelValue : undefined;
        writeToModelIfNeeded();
      }
    });

    function writeToModelIfNeeded() {
      if (ctrl.$modelValue !== prevModelValue) {
        ctrl.$$writeModelToScope();
      }
    }
  };

  this.$$writeModelToScope = function() {
    ngModelSet(ctrl.$modelValue);
    forEach(ctrl.$viewChangeListeners, function(listener) {
      try {
        listener();
      } catch (e) {
        $exceptionHandler(e);
      }
    });
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ngModel.NgModelController#$setViewValue
   *
   * @description
   * Update the view value.
   *
   * This method should be called when an input directive want to change the view value; typically,
   * this is done from within a DOM event handler.
   *
   * For example {@link ng.directive:input input} calls it when the value of the input changes and
   * {@link ng.directive:select select} calls it when an option is selected.
   *
   * If the new `value` is an object (rather than a string or a number), we should make a copy of the
   * object before passing it to `$setViewValue`.  This is because `ngModel` does not perform a deep
   * watch of objects, it only looks for a change of identity. If you only change the property of
   * the object then ngModel will not realise that the object has changed and will not invoke the
   * `$parsers` and `$validators` pipelines.
   *
   * For this reason, you should not change properties of the copy once it has been passed to
   * `$setViewValue`. Otherwise you may cause the model value on the scope to change incorrectly.
   *
   * When this method is called, the new `value` will be staged for committing through the `$parsers`
   * and `$validators` pipelines. If there are no special {@link ngModelOptions} specified then the staged
   * value sent directly for processing, finally to be applied to `$modelValue` and then the
   * **expression** specified in the `ng-model` attribute.
   *
   * Lastly, all the registered change listeners, in the `$viewChangeListeners` list, are called.
   *
   * In case the {@link ng.directive:ngModelOptions ngModelOptions} directive is used with `updateOn`
   * and the `default` trigger is not listed, all those actions will remain pending until one of the
   * `updateOn` events is triggered on the DOM element.
   * All these actions will be debounced if the {@link ng.directive:ngModelOptions ngModelOptions}
   * directive is used with a custom debounce for this particular event.
   *
   * Note that calling this function does not trigger a `$digest`.
   *
   * @param {string} value Value from the view.
   * @param {string} trigger Event that triggered the update.
   */
  this.$setViewValue = function(value, trigger) {
    ctrl.$viewValue = value;
    if (!ctrl.$options || ctrl.$options.updateOnDefault) {
      ctrl.$$debounceViewValueCommit(trigger);
    }
  };

  this.$$debounceViewValueCommit = function(trigger) {
    var debounceDelay = 0,
        options = ctrl.$options,
        debounce;

    if (options && isDefined(options.debounce)) {
      debounce = options.debounce;
      if (isNumber(debounce)) {
        debounceDelay = debounce;
      } else if (isNumber(debounce[trigger])) {
        debounceDelay = debounce[trigger];
      } else if (isNumber(debounce['default'])) {
        debounceDelay = debounce['default'];
      }
    }

    $timeout.cancel(pendingDebounce);
    if (debounceDelay) {
      pendingDebounce = $timeout(function() {
        ctrl.$commitViewValue();
      }, debounceDelay);
    } else if ($rootScope.$$phase) {
      ctrl.$commitViewValue();
    } else {
      $scope.$apply(function() {
        ctrl.$commitViewValue();
      });
    }
  };

  // model -> value
  // Note: we cannot use a normal scope.$watch as we want to detect the following:
  // 1. scope value is 'a'
  // 2. user enters 'b'
  // 3. ng-change kicks in and reverts scope value to 'a'
  //    -> scope value did not change since the last digest as
  //       ng-change executes in apply phase
  // 4. view should be changed back to 'a'
  $scope.$watch(function ngModelWatch() {
    var modelValue = ngModelGet();

    // if scope model value and ngModel value are out of sync
    // TODO(perf): why not move this to the action fn?
    if (modelValue !== ctrl.$modelValue) {
      ctrl.$modelValue = modelValue;

      var formatters = ctrl.$formatters,
          idx = formatters.length;

      var viewValue = modelValue;
      while (idx--) {
        viewValue = formatters[idx](viewValue);
      }
      if (ctrl.$viewValue !== viewValue) {
        ctrl.$viewValue = ctrl.$$lastCommittedViewValue = viewValue;
        ctrl.$render();

        ctrl.$$runValidators(undefined, modelValue, viewValue, noop);
      }
    }

    return modelVal