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/*!
 * jQuery JavaScript Library v1.7.2
 * http://jquery.com/
 *
 * Copyright 2011, John Resig
 * Dual licensed under the MIT or GPL Version 2 licenses.
 * http://jquery.org/license
 *
 * Includes Sizzle.js
 * http://sizzlejs.com/
 * Copyright 2011, The Dojo Foundation
 * Released under the MIT, BSD, and GPL Licenses.
 *
 * Date: Wed Mar 21 12:46:34 2012 -0700
 */
(function( window, undefined ) {
'use strict';

// Use the correct document accordingly with window argument (sandbox)
var document = window.document,
	navigator = window.navigator,
	location = window.location;
var jQuery = (function() {

// Define a local copy of jQuery
var jQuery = function( selector, context ) {
		// The jQuery object is actually just the init constructor 'enhanced'
		return new jQuery.fn.init( selector, context, rootjQuery );
	},

	// Map over jQuery in case of overwrite
	_jQuery = window.jQuery,

	// Map over the $ in case of overwrite
	_$ = window.$,

	// A central reference to the root jQuery(document)
	rootjQuery,

	// A simple way to check for HTML strings or ID strings
	// Prioritize #id over <tag> to avoid XSS via location.hash (#9521)
	quickExpr = /^(?:[^#<]*(<[\w\W]+>)[^>]*$|#([\w\-]*)$)/,

	// Check if a string has a non-whitespace character in it
	rnotwhite = /\S/,

	// Used for trimming whitespace
	trimLeft = /^\s+/,
	trimRight = /\s+$/,

	// Match a standalone tag
	rsingleTag = /^<(\w+)\s*\/?>(?:<\/\1>)?$/,

	// JSON RegExp
	rvalidchars = /^[\],:{}\s]*$/,
	rvalidescape = /\\(?:["\\\/bfnrt]|u[0-9a-fA-F]{4})/g,
	rvalidtokens = /"[^"\\\n\r]*"|true|false|null|-?\d+(?:\.\d*)?(?:[eE][+\-]?\d+)?/g,
	rvalidbraces = /(?:^|:|,)(?:\s*\[)+/g,

	// Useragent RegExp
	rwebkit = /(webkit)[ \/]([\w.]+)/,
	ropera = /(opera)(?:.*version)?[ \/]([\w.]+)/,
	rmsie = /(msie) ([\w.]+)/,
	rmozilla = /(mozilla)(?:.*? rv:([\w.]+))?/,

	// Matches dashed string for camelizing
	rdashAlpha = /-([a-z]|[0-9])/ig,
	rmsPrefix = /^-ms-/,

	// Used by jQuery.camelCase as callback to replace()
	fcamelCase = function( all, letter ) {
		return ( letter + "" ).toUpperCase();
	},

	// Keep a UserAgent string for use with jQuery.browser
	userAgent = navigator.userAgent,

	// For matching the engine and version of the browser
	browserMatch,

	// The deferred used on DOM ready
	readyList,

	// The ready event handler
	DOMContentLoaded,

	// Save a reference to some core methods
	toString = Object.prototype.toString,
	hasOwn = Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty,
	push = Array.prototype.push,
	slice = Array.prototype.slice,
	trim = String.prototype.trim,
	indexOf = Array.prototype.indexOf,

	// [[Class]] -> type pairs
	class2type = {};

jQuery.fn = jQuery.prototype = {
	constructor: jQuery,
	init: function( selector, context, rootjQuery ) {
		var match, elem, ret, doc;

		// Handle $(""), $(null), or $(undefined)
		if ( !selector ) {
			return this;
		}

		// Handle $(DOMElement)
		if ( selector.nodeType ) {
			this.context = this[0] = selector;
			this.length = 1;
			return this;
		}

		// The body element only exists once, optimize finding it
		if ( selector === "body" && !context && document.body ) {
			this.context = document;
			this[0] = document.body;
			this.selector = selector;
			this.length = 1;
			return this;
		}

		// Handle HTML strings
		if ( typeof selector === "string" ) {
			// Are we dealing with HTML string or an ID?
			if ( selector.charAt(0) === "<" && selector.charAt( selector.length - 1 ) === ">" && selector.length >= 3 ) {
				// Assume that strings that start and end with <> are HTML and skip the regex check
				match = [ null, selector, null ];

			} else {
				match = quickExpr.exec( selector );
			}

			// Verify a match, and that no context was specified for #id
			if ( match && (match[1] || !context) ) {

				// HANDLE: $(html) -> $(array)
				if ( match[1] ) {
					context = context instanceof jQuery ? context[0] : context;
					doc = ( context ? context.ownerDocument || context : document );

					// If a single string is passed in and it's a single tag
					// just do a createElement and skip the rest
					ret = rsingleTag.exec( selector );

					if ( ret ) {
						if ( jQuery.isPlainObject( context ) ) {
							selector = [ document.createElement( ret[1] ) ];
							jQuery.fn.attr.call( selector, context, true );

						} else {
							selector = [ doc.createElement( ret[1] ) ];
						}

					} else {
						ret = jQuery.buildFragment( [ match[1] ], [ doc ] );
						selector = ( ret.cacheable ? jQuery.clone(ret.fragment) : ret.fragment ).childNodes;
					}

					return jQuery.merge( this, selector );

				// HANDLE: $("#id")
				} else {
					elem = document.getElementById( match[2] );

					// Check parentNode to catch when Blackberry 4.6 returns
					// nodes that are no longer in the document #6963
					if ( elem && elem.parentNode ) {
						// Handle the case where IE and Opera return items
						// by name instead of ID
						if ( elem.id !== match[2] ) {
							return rootjQuery.find( selector );
						}

						// Otherwise, we inject the element directly into the jQuery object
						this.length = 1;
						this[0] = elem;
					}

					this.context = document;
					this.selector = selector;
					return this;
				}

			// HANDLE: $(expr, $(...))
			} else if ( !context || context.jquery ) {
				return ( context || rootjQuery ).find( selector );

			// HANDLE: $(expr, context)
			// (which is just equivalent to: $(context).find(expr)
			} else {
				return this.constructor( context ).find( selector );
			}

		// HANDLE: $(function)
		// Shortcut for document ready
		} else if ( jQuery.isFunction( selector ) ) {
			return rootjQuery.ready( selector );
		}

		if ( selector.selector !== undefined ) {
			this.selector = selector.selector;
			this.context = selector.context;
		}

		return jQuery.makeArray( selector, this );
	},

	// Start with an empty selector
	selector: "",

	// The current version of jQuery being used
	jquery: "1.7.2",

	// The default length of a jQuery object is 0
	length: 0,

	// The number of elements contained in the matched element set
	size: function() {
		return this.length;
	},

	toArray: function() {
		return slice.call( this, 0 );
	},

	// Get the Nth element in the matched element set OR
	// Get the whole matched element set as a clean array
	get: function( num ) {
		return num == null ?

			// Return a 'clean' array
			this.toArray() :

			// Return just the object
			( num < 0 ? this[ this.length + num ] : this[ num ] );
	},

	// Take an array of elements and push it onto the stack
	// (returning the new matched element set)
	pushStack: function( elems, name, selector ) {
		// Build a new jQuery matched element set
		var ret = this.constructor();

		if ( jQuery.isArray( elems ) ) {
			push.apply( ret, elems );

		} else {
			jQuery.merge( ret, elems );
		}

		// Add the old object onto the stack (as a reference)
		ret.prevObject = this;

		ret.context = this.context;

		if ( name === "find" ) {
			ret.selector = this.selector + ( this.selector ? " " : "" ) + selector;
		} else if ( name ) {
			ret.selector = this.selector + "." + name + "(" + selector + ")";
		}

		// Return the newly-formed element set
		return ret;
	},

	// Execute a callback for every element in the matched set.
	// (You can seed the arguments with an array of args, but this is
	// only used internally.)
	each: function( callback, args ) {
		return jQuery.each( this, callback, args );
	},

	ready: function( fn ) {
		// Attach the listeners
		jQuery.bindReady();

		// Add the callback
		readyList.add( fn );

		return this;
	},

	eq: function( i ) {
		i = +i;
		return i === -1 ?
			this.slice( i ) :
			this.slice( i, i + 1 );
	},

	first: function() {
		return this.eq( 0 );
	},

	last: function() {
		return this.eq( -1 );
	},

	slice: function() {
		return this.pushStack( slice.apply( this, arguments ),
			"slice", slice.call(arguments).join(",") );
	},

	map: function( callback ) {
		return this.pushStack( jQuery.map(this, function( elem, i ) {
			return callback.call( elem, i, elem );
		}));
	},

	end: function() {
		return this.prevObject || this.constructor(null);
	},

	// For internal use only.
	// Behaves like an Array's method, not like a jQuery method.
	push: push,
	sort: [].sort,
	splice: [].splice
};

// Give the init function the jQuery prototype for later instantiation
jQuery.fn.init.prototype = jQuery.fn;

jQuery.extend = jQuery.fn.extend = function() {
	var options, name, src, copy, copyIsArray, clone,
		target = arguments[0] || {},
		i = 1,
		length = arguments.length,
		deep = false;

	// Handle a deep copy situation
	if ( typeof target === "boolean" ) {
		deep = target;
		target = arguments[1] || {};
		// skip the boolean and the target
		i = 2;
	}

	// Handle case when target is a string or something (possible in deep copy)
	if ( typeof target !== "object" && !jQuery.isFunction(target) ) {
		target = {};
	}

	// extend jQuery itself if only one argument is passed
	if ( length === i ) {
		target = this;
		--i;
	}

	for ( ; i < length; i++ ) {
		// Only deal with non-null/undefined values
		if ( (options = arguments[ i ]) != null ) {
			// Extend the base object
			for ( name in options ) {
				src = target[ name ];
				copy = options[ name ];

				// Prevent never-ending loop
				if ( target === copy ) {
					continue;
				}

				// Recurse if we're merging plain objects or arrays
				if ( deep && copy && ( jQuery.isPlainObject(copy) || (copyIsArray = jQuery.isArray(copy)) ) ) {
					if ( copyIsArray ) {
						copyIsArray = false;
						clone = src && jQuery.isArray(src) ? src : [];

					} else {
						clone = src && jQuery.isPlainObject(src) ? src : {};
					}

					// Never move original objects, clone them
					target[ name ] = jQuery.extend( deep, clone, copy );

				// Don't bring in undefined values
				} else if ( copy !== undefined ) {
					target[ name ] = copy;
				}
			}
		}
	}

	// Return the modified object
	return target;
};

jQuery.extend({
	noConflict: function( deep ) {
		if ( window.$ === jQuery ) {
			window.$ = _$;
		}

		if ( deep && window.jQuery === jQuery ) {
			window.jQuery = _jQuery;
		}

		return jQuery;
	},

	// Is the DOM ready to be used? Set to true once it occurs.
	isReady: false,

	// A counter to track how many items to wait for before
	// the ready event fires. See #6781
	readyWait: 1,

	// Hold (or release) the ready event
	holdReady: function( hold ) {
		if ( hold ) {
			jQuery.readyWait++;
		} else {
			jQuery.ready( true );
		}
	},

	// Handle when the DOM is ready
	ready: function( wait ) {
		// Either a released hold or an DOMready/load event and not yet ready
		if ( (wait === true && !--jQuery.readyWait) || (wait !== true && !jQuery.isReady) ) {
			// Make sure body exists, at least, in case IE gets a little overzealous (ticket #5443).
			if ( !document.body ) {
				return setTimeout( jQuery.ready, 1 );
			}

			// Remember that the DOM is ready
			jQuery.isReady = true;

			// If a normal DOM Ready event fired, decrement, and wait if need be
			if ( wait !== true && --jQuery.readyWait > 0 ) {
				return;
			}

			// If there are functions bound, to execute
			readyList.fireWith( document, [ jQuery ] );

			// Trigger any bound ready events
			if ( jQuery.fn.trigger ) {
				jQuery( document ).trigger( "ready" ).off( "ready" );
			}
		}
	},

	bindReady: function() {
		if ( readyList ) {
			return;
		}

		readyList = jQuery.Callbacks( "once memory" );

		// Catch cases where $(document).ready() is called after the
		// browser event has already occurred.
		if ( document.readyState === "complete" ) {
			// Handle it asynchronously to allow scripts the opportunity to delay ready
			return setTimeout( jQuery.ready, 1 );
		}

		// Mozilla, Opera and webkit nightlies currently support this event
		if ( document.addEventListener ) {
			// Use the handy event callback
			document.addEventListener( "DOMContentLoaded", DOMContentLoaded, false );

			// A fallback to window.onload, that will always work
			window.addEventListener( "load", jQuery.ready, false );

		// If IE event model is used
		} else if ( document.attachEvent ) {
			// ensure firing before onload,
			// maybe late but safe also for iframes
			document.attachEvent( "onreadystatechange", DOMContentLoaded );

			// A fallback to window.onload, that will always work
			window.attachEvent( "onload", jQuery.ready );

			// If IE and not a frame
			// continually check to see if the document is ready
			var toplevel = false;

			try {
				toplevel = window.frameElement == null;
			} catch(e) {}

			if ( document.documentElement.doScroll && toplevel ) {
				doScrollCheck();
			}
		}
	},

	// See test/unit/core.js for details concerning isFunction.
	// Since version 1.3, DOM methods and functions like alert
	// aren't supported. They return false on IE (#2968).
	isFunction: function( obj ) {
		return jQuery.type(obj) === "function";
	},

	isArray: Array.isArray || function( obj ) {
		return jQuery.type(obj) === "array";
	},

	isWindow: function( obj ) {
		return obj != null && obj == obj.window;
	},

	isNumeric: function( obj ) {
		return !isNaN( parseFloat(obj) ) && isFinite( obj );
	},

	type: function( obj ) {
		return obj == null ?
			String( obj ) :
			class2type[ toString.call(obj) ] || "object";
	},

	isPlainObject: function( obj ) {
		// Must be an Object.
		// Because of IE, we also have to check the presence of the constructor property.
		// Make sure that DOM nodes and window objects don't pass through, as well
		if ( !obj || jQuery.type(obj) !== "object" || obj.nodeType || jQuery.isWindow( obj ) ) {
			return false;
		}

		try {
			// Not own constructor property must be Object
			if ( obj.constructor &&
				!hasOwn.call(obj, "constructor") &&
				!hasOwn.call(obj.constructor.prototype, "isPrototypeOf") ) {
				return false;
			}
		} catch ( e ) {
			// IE8,9 Will throw exceptions on certain host objects #9897
			return false;
		}

		// Own properties are enumerated firstly, so to speed up,
		// if last one is own, then all properties are own.

		var key;
		for ( key in obj ) {}

		return key === undefined || hasOwn.call( obj, key );
	},

	isEmptyObject: function( obj ) {
		for ( var name in obj ) {
			return false;
		}
		return true;
	},

	error: function( msg ) {
		throw new Error( msg );
	},

	parseJSON: function( data ) {
		if ( typeof data !== "string" || !data ) {
			return null;
		}

		// Make sure leading/trailing whitespace is removed (IE can't handle it)
		data = jQuery.trim( data );

		// Attempt to parse using the native JSON parser first
		if ( window.JSON && window.JSON.parse ) {
			return window.JSON.parse( data );
		}

		// Make sure the incoming data is actual JSON
		// Logic borrowed from http://json.org/json2.js
		if ( rvalidchars.test( data.replace( rvalidescape, "@" )
			.replace( rvalidtokens, "]" )
			.replace( rvalidbraces, "")) ) {

			return ( new Function( "return " + data ) )();

		}
		jQuery.error( "Invalid JSON: " + data );
	},

	// Cross-browser xml parsing
	parseXML: function( data ) {
		if ( typeof data !== "string" || !data ) {
			return null;
		}
		var xml, tmp;
		try {
			if ( window.DOMParser ) { // Standard
				tmp = new DOMParser();
				xml = tmp.parseFromString( data , "text/xml" );
			} else { // IE
				xml = new ActiveXObject( "Microsoft.XMLDOM" );
				xml.async = "false";
				xml.loadXML( data );
			}
		} catch( e ) {
			xml = undefined;
		}
		if ( !xml || !xml.documentElement || xml.getElementsByTagName( "parsererror" ).length ) {
			jQuery.error( "Invalid XML: " + data );
		}
		return xml;
	},

	noop: function() {},

	// Evaluates a script in a global context
	// Workarounds based on findings by Jim Driscoll
	// http://weblogs.java.net/blog/driscoll/archive/2009/09/08/eval-javascript-global-context
	globalEval: function( data ) {
		if ( data && rnotwhite.test( data ) ) {
			// We use execScript on Internet Explorer
			// We use an anonymous function so that context is window
			// rather than jQuery in Firefox
			( window.execScript || function( data ) {
				window[ "eval" ].call( window, data );
			} )( data );
		}
	},

	// Convert dashed to camelCase; used by the css and data modules
	// Microsoft forgot to hump their vendor prefix (#9572)
	camelCase: function( string ) {
		return string.replace( rmsPrefix, "ms-" ).replace( rdashAlpha, fcamelCase );
	},

	nodeName: function( elem, name ) {
		return elem.nodeName && elem.nodeName.toUpperCase() === name.toUpperCase();
	},

	// args is for internal usage only
	each: function( object, callback, args ) {
		var name, i = 0,
			length = object.length,
			isObj = length === undefined || jQuery.isFunction( object );

		if ( args ) {
			if ( isObj ) {
				for ( name in object ) {
					if ( callback.apply( object[ name ], args ) === false ) {
						break;
					}
				}
			} else {
				for ( ; i < length; ) {
					if ( callback.apply( object[ i++ ], args ) === false ) {
						break;
					}
				}
			}

		// A special, fast, case for the most common use of each
		} else {
			if ( isObj ) {
				for ( name in object ) {
					if ( callback.call( object[ name ], name, object[ name ] ) === false ) {
						break;
					}
				}
			} else {
				for ( ; i < length; ) {
					if ( callback.call( object[ i ], i, object[ i++ ] ) === false ) {
						break;
					}
				}
			}
		}

		return object;
	},

	// Use native String.trim function wherever possible
	trim: trim ?
		function( text ) {
			return text == null ?
				"" :
				trim.call( text );
		} :

		// Otherwise use our own trimming functionality
		function( text ) {
			return text == null ?
				"" :
				text.toString().replace( trimLeft, "" ).replace( trimRight, "" );
		},

	// results is for internal usage only
	makeArray: function( array, results ) {
		var ret = results || [];

		if ( array != null ) {
			// The window, strings (and functions) also have 'length'
			// Tweaked logic slightly to handle Blackberry 4.7 RegExp issues #6930
			var type = jQuery.type( array );

			if ( array.length == null || type === "string" || type === "function" || type === "regexp" || jQuery.isWindow( array ) ) {
				push.call( ret, array );
			} else {
				jQuery.merge( ret, array );
			}
		}

		return ret;
	},

	inArray: function( elem, array, i ) {
		var len;

		if ( array ) {
			if ( indexOf ) {
				return indexOf.call( array, elem, i );
			}

			len = array.length;
			i = i ? i < 0 ? Math.max( 0, len + i ) : i : 0;

			for ( ; i < len; i++ ) {
				// Skip accessing in sparse arrays
				if ( i in array && array[ i ] === elem ) {
					return i;
				}
			}
		}

		return -1;
	},

	merge: function( first, second ) {
		var i = first.length,
			j = 0;

		if ( typeof second.length === "number" ) {
			for ( var l = second.length; j < l; j++ ) {
				first[ i++ ] = second[ j ];
			}

		} else {
			while ( second[j] !== undefined ) {
				first[ i++ ] = second[ j++ ];
			}
		}

		first.length = i;

		return first;
	},

	grep: function( elems, callback, inv ) {
		var ret = [], retVal;
		inv = !!inv;

		// Go through the array, only saving the items
		// that pass the validator function
		for ( var i = 0, length = elems.length; i < length; i++ ) {
			retVal = !!callback( elems[ i ], i );
			if ( inv !== retVal ) {
				ret.push( elems[ i ] );
			}
		}

		return ret;
	},

	// arg is for internal usage only
	map: function( elems, callback, arg ) {
		var value, key, ret = [],
			i = 0,
			length = elems.length,
			// jquery objects are treated as arrays
			isArray = elems instanceof jQuery || length !== undefined && typeof length === "number" && ( ( length > 0 && elems[ 0 ] && elems[ length -1 ] ) || length === 0 || jQuery.isArray( elems ) ) ;

		// Go through the array, translating each of the items to their
		if ( isArray ) {
			for ( ; i < length; i++ ) {
				value = callback( elems[ i ], i, arg );

				if ( value != null ) {
					ret[ ret.length ] = value;
				}
			}

		// Go through every key on the object,
		} else {
			for ( key in elems ) {
				value = callback( elems[ key ], key, arg );

				if ( value != null ) {
					ret[ ret.length ] = value;
				}
			}
		}

		// Flatten any nested arrays
		return ret.concat.apply( [], ret );
	},

	// A global GUID counter for objects
	guid: 1,

	// Bind a function to a context, optionally partially applying any
	// arguments.
	proxy: function( fn, context ) {
		if ( typeof context === "string" ) {
			var tmp = fn[ context ];
			context = fn;
			fn = tmp;
		}

		// Quick check to determine if target is callable, in the spec
		// this throws a TypeError, but we will just return undefined.
		if ( !jQuery.isFunction( fn ) ) {
			return undefined;
		}

		// Simulated bind
		var args = slice.call( arguments, 2 ),
			proxy = function() {
				return fn.apply( context, args.concat( slice.call( arguments ) ) );
			};

		// Set the guid of unique handler to the same of original handler, so it can be removed
		proxy.guid = fn.guid = fn.guid || proxy.guid || jQuery.guid++;

		return proxy;
	},

	// Mutifunctional method to get and set values to a collection
	// The value/s can optionally be executed if it's a function
	access: function( elems, fn, key, value, chainable, emptyGet, pass ) {
		var exec,
			bulk = key == null,
			i = 0,
			length = elems.length;

		// Sets many values
		if ( key && typeof key === "object" ) {
			for ( i in key ) {
				jQuery.access( elems, fn, i, key[i], 1, emptyGet, value );
			}
			chainable = 1;

		// Sets one value
		} else if ( value !== undefined ) {
			// Optionally, function values get executed if exec is true
			exec = pass === undefined && jQuery.isFunction( value );

			if ( bulk ) {
				// Bulk operations only iterate when executing function values
				if ( exec ) {
					exec = fn;
					fn = function( elem, key, value ) {
						return exec.call( jQuery( elem ), value );
					};

				// Otherwise they run against the entire set
				} else {
					fn.call( elems, value );
					fn = null;
				}
			}

			if ( fn ) {
				for (; i < length; i++ ) {
					fn( elems[i], key, exec ? value.call( elems[i], i, fn( elems[i], key ) ) : value, pass );
				}
			}

			chainable = 1;
		}

		return chainable ?
			elems :

			// Gets
			bulk ?
				fn.call( elems ) :
				length ? fn( elems[0], key ) : emptyGet;
	},

	now: function() {
		return ( new Date() ).getTime();
	},

	// Use of jQuery.browser is frowned upon.
	// More details: http://docs.jquery.com/Utilities/jQuery.browser
	uaMatch: function( ua ) {
		ua = ua.toLowerCase();

		var match = rwebkit.exec( ua ) ||
			ropera.exec( ua ) ||
			rmsie.exec( ua ) ||
			ua.indexOf("compatible") < 0 && rmozilla.exec( ua ) ||
			[];

		return { browser: match[1] || "", version: match[2] || "0" };
	},

	sub: function() {
		function jQuerySub( selector, context ) {
			return new jQuerySub.fn.init( selector, context );
		}
		jQuery.extend( true, jQuerySub, this );
		jQuerySub.superclass = this;
		jQuerySub.fn = jQuerySub.prototype = this();
		jQuerySub.fn.constructor = jQuerySub;
		jQuerySub.sub = this.sub;
		jQuerySub.fn.init = function init( selector, context ) {
			if ( context && context instanceof jQuery && !(context instanceof jQuerySub) ) {
				context = jQuerySub( context );
			}

			return jQuery.fn.init.call( this, selector, context, rootjQuerySub );
		};
		jQuerySub.fn.init.prototype = jQuerySub.fn;
		var rootjQuerySub = jQuerySub(document);
		return jQuerySub;
	},

	browser: {}
});

// Populate the class2type map
jQuery.each("Boolean Number String Function Array Date RegExp Object".split(" "), function(i, name) {
	class2type[ "[object " + name + "]" ] = name.toLowerCase();
});

browserMatch = jQuery.uaMatch( userAgent );
if ( browserMatch.browser ) {
	jQuery.browser[ browserMatch.browser ] = true;
	jQuery.browser.version = browserMatch.version;
}

// Deprecated, use jQuery.browser.webkit instead
if ( jQuery.browser.webkit ) {
	jQuery.browser.safari = true;
}

// IE doesn't match non-breaking spaces with \s
if ( rnotwhite.test( "\xA0" ) ) {
	trimLeft = /^[\s\xA0]+/;
	trimRight = /[\s\xA0]+$/;
}

// All jQuery objects should point back to these
rootjQuery = jQuery(document);

// Cleanup functions for the document ready method
if ( document.addEventListener ) {
	DOMContentLoaded = function() {
		document.removeEventListener( "DOMContentLoaded", DOMContentLoaded, false );
		jQuery.ready();
	};

} else if ( document.attachEvent ) {
	DOMContentLoaded = function() {
		// Make sure body exists, at least, in case IE gets a little overzealous (ticket #5443).
		if ( document.readyState === "complete" ) {
			document.detachEvent( "onreadystatechange", DOMContentLoaded );
			jQuery.ready();
		}
	};
}

// The DOM ready check for Internet Explorer
function doScrollCheck() {
	if ( jQuery.isReady ) {
		return;
	}

	try {
		// If IE is used, use the trick by Diego Perini
		// http://javascript.nwbox.com/IEContentLoaded/
		document.documentElement.doScroll("left");
	} catch(e) {
		setTimeout( doScrollCheck, 1 );
		return;
	}

	// and execute any waiting functions
	jQuery.ready();
}

return jQuery;

})();


// String to Object flags format cache
var flagsCache = {};

// Convert String-formatted flags into Object-formatted ones and store in cache
function createFlags( flags ) {
	var object = flagsCache[ flags ] = {},
		i, length;
	flags = flags.split( /\s+/ );
	for ( i = 0, length = flags.length; i < length; i++ ) {
		object[ flags[i] ] = true;
	}
	return object;
}

/*
 * Create a callback list using the following parameters:
 *
 *	flags:	an optional list of space-separated flags that will change how
 *			the callback list behaves
 *
 * By default a callback list will act like an event callback list and can be
 * "fired" multiple times.
 *
 * Possible flags:
 *
 *	once:			will ensure the callback list can only be fired once (like a Deferred)
 *
 *	memory:			will keep track of previous values and will call any callback added
 *					after the list has been fired right away with the latest "memorized"
 *					values (like a Deferred)
 *
 *	unique:			will ensure a callback can only be added once (no duplicate in the list)
 *
 *	stopOnFalse:	interrupt callings when a callback returns false
 *
 */
jQuery.Callbacks = function( flags ) {

	// Convert flags from String-formatted to Object-formatted
	// (we check in cache first)
	flags = flags ? ( flagsCache[ flags ] || createFlags( flags ) ) : {};

	var // Actual callback list
		list = [],
		// Stack of fire calls for repeatable lists
		stack = [],
		// Last fire value (for non-forgettable lists)
		memory,
		// Flag to know if list was already fired
		fired,
		// Flag to know if list is currently firing
		firing,
		// First callback to fire (used internally by add and fireWith)
		firingStart,
		// End of the loop when firing
		firingLength,
		// Index of currently firing callback (modified by remove if needed)
		firingIndex,
		// Add one or several callbacks to the list
		add = function( args ) {
			var i,
				length,
				elem,
				type,
				actual;
			for ( i = 0, length = args.length; i < length; i++ ) {
				elem = args[ i ];
				type = jQuery.type( elem );
				if ( type === "array" ) {
					// Inspect recursively
					add( elem );
				} else if ( type === "function" ) {
					// Add if not in unique mode and callback is not in
					if ( !flags.unique || !self.has( elem ) ) {
						list.push( elem );
					}
				}
			}
		},
		// Fire callbacks
		fire = function( context, args ) {
			args = args || [];
			memory = !flags.memory || [ context, args ];
			fired = true;
			firing = true;
			firingIndex = firingStart || 0;
			firingStart = 0;
			firingLength = list.length;
			for ( ; list && firingIndex < firingLength; firingIndex++ ) {
				if ( list[ firingIndex ].apply( context, args ) === false && flags.stopOnFalse ) {
					memory = true; // Mark as halted
					break;
				}
			}
			firing = false;
			if ( list ) {
				if ( !flags.once ) {
					if ( stack && stack.length ) {
						memory = stack.shift();
						self.fireWith( memory[ 0 ], memory[ 1 ] );
					}
				} else if ( memory === true ) {
					self.disable();
				} else {
					list = [];
				}
			}
		},
		// Actual Callbacks object
		self = {
			// Add a callback or a collection of callbacks to the list
			add: function() {
				if ( list ) {
					var length = list.length;
					add( arguments );
					// Do we need to add the callbacks to the
					// current firing batch?
					if ( firing ) {
						firingLength = list.length;
					// With memory, if we're not firing then
					// we should call right away, unless previous
					// firing was halted (stopOnFalse)
					} else if ( memory && memory !== true ) {
						firingStart = length;
						fire( memory[ 0 ], memory[ 1 ] );
					}
				}
				return this;
			},
			// Remove a callback from the list
			remove: function() {
				if ( list ) {
					var args = arguments,
						argIndex = 0,
						argLength = args.length;
					for ( ; argIndex < argLength ; argIndex++ ) {
						for ( var i = 0; i < list.length; i++ ) {
							if ( args[ argIndex ] === list[ i ] ) {
								// Handle firingIndex and firingLength
								if ( firing ) {
									if ( i <= firingLength ) {
										firingLength--;
										if ( i <= firingIndex ) {
											firingIndex--;
										}
									}
								}
								// Remove the element
								list.splice( i--, 1 );
								// If we have some unicity property then
								// we only need to do this once
								if ( flags.unique ) {
									break;
								}
							}
						}
					}
				}
				return this;
			},
			// Control if a given callback is in the list
			has: function( fn ) {
				if ( list ) {
					var i = 0,
						length = list.length;
					for ( ; i < length; i++ ) {
						if ( fn === list[ i ] ) {
							return true;
						}
					}
				}
				return false;
			},
			// Remove all callbacks from the list
			empty: function() {
				list = [];
				return this;
			},
			// Have the list do nothing anymore
			disable: function() {
				list = stack = memory = undefined;
				return this;
			},
			// Is it disabled?
			disabled: function() {
				return !list;
			},
			// Lock the list in its current state
			lock: function() {
				stack = undefined;
				if ( !memory || memory === true ) {
					self.disable();
				}
				return this;
			},
			// Is it locked?
			locked: function() {
				return !stack;
			},
			// Call all callbacks with the given context and arguments
			fireWith: function( context, args ) {
				if ( stack ) {
					if ( firing ) {
						if ( !flags.once ) {
							stack.push( [ context, args ] );
						}
					} else if ( !( flags.once && memory ) ) {
						fire( context, args );
					}
				}
				return this;
			},
			// Call all the callbacks with the given arguments
			fire: function() {
				self.fireWith( this, arguments );
				return this;
			},
			// To know if the callbacks have already been called at least once
			fired: function() {
				return !!fired;
			}
		};

	return self;
};




var // Static reference to slice
	sliceDeferred = [].slice;

jQuery.extend({

	Deferred: function( func ) {
		var doneList = jQuery.Callbacks( "once memory" ),
			failList = jQuery.Callbacks( "once memory" ),
			progressList = jQuery.Callbacks( "memory" ),
			state = "pending",
			lists = {
				resolve: doneList,
				reject: failList,
				notify: progressList
			},
			promise = {
				done: doneList.add,
				fail: failList.add,
				progress: progressList.add,

				state: function() {
					return state;
				},

				// Deprecated
				isResolved: doneList.fired,
				isRejected: failList.fired,

				then: function( doneCallbacks, failCallbacks, progressCallbacks ) {
					deferred.done( doneCallbacks ).fail( failCallbacks ).progress( progressCallbacks );
					return this;
				},
				always: function() {
					deferred.done.apply( deferred, arguments ).fail.apply( deferred, arguments );
					return this;
				},
				pipe: function( fnDone, fnFail, fnProgress ) {
					return jQuery.Deferred(function( newDefer ) {
						jQuery.each( {
							done: [ fnDone, "resolve" ],
							fail: [ fnFail, "reject" ],
							progress: [ fnProgress, "notify" ]
						}, function( handler, data ) {
							var fn = data[ 0 ],
								action = data[ 1 ],
								returned;
							if ( jQuery.isFunction( fn ) ) {
								deferred[ handler ](function() {
									returned = fn.apply( this, arguments );
									if ( returned && jQuery.isFunction( returned.promise ) ) {
										returned.promise().then( newDefer.resolve, newDefer.reject, newDefer.notify );
									} else {
										newDefer[ action + "With" ]( this === deferred ? newDefer : this, [ returned ] );
									}
								});
							} else {
								deferred[ handler ]( newDefer[ action ] );
							}
						});
					}).promise();
				},
				// Get a promise for this deferred
				// If obj is provided, the promise aspect is added to the object
				promise: function( obj ) {
					if ( obj == null ) {
						obj = promise;
					} else {
						for ( var key in promise ) {
							obj[ key ] = promise[ key ];
						}
					}
					return obj;
				}
			},
			deferred = promise.promise({}),
			key;

		for ( key in lists ) {
			deferred[ key ] = lists[ key ].fire;
			deferred[ key + "With" ] = lists[ key ].fireWith;
		}

		// Handle state
		deferred.done( function() {
			state = "resolved";
		}, failList.disable, progressList.lock ).fail( function() {
			state = "rejected";
		}, doneList.disable, progressList.lock );

		// Call given func if any
		if ( func ) {
			func.call( deferred, deferred );
		}

		// All done!
		return deferred;
	},

	// Deferred helper
	when: function( firstParam ) {
		var args = sliceDeferred.call( arguments, 0 ),
			i = 0,
			length = args.length,
			pValues = new Array( length ),
			count = length,
			pCount = length,
			deferred = length <= 1 && firstParam && jQuery.isFunction( firstParam.promise ) ?
				firstParam :
				jQuery.Deferred(),
			promise = deferred.promise();
		function resolveFunc( i ) {
			return function( value ) {
				args[ i ] = arguments.length > 1 ? sliceDeferred.call( arguments, 0 ) : value;
				if ( !( --count ) ) {
					deferred.resolveWith( deferred, args );
				}
			};
		}
		function progressFunc( i ) {
			return function( value ) {
				pValues[ i ] = arguments.length > 1 ? sliceDeferred.call( arguments, 0 ) : value;
				deferred.notifyWith( promise, pValues );
			};
		}
		if ( length > 1 ) {
			for ( ; i < length; i++ ) {
				if ( args[ i ] && args[ i ].promise && jQuery.isFunction( args[ i ].promise ) ) {
					args[ i ].promise().then( resolveFunc(i), deferred.reject, progressFunc(i) );
				} else {
					--count;
				}
			}
			if ( !count ) {
				deferred.resolveWith( deferred, args );
			}
		} else if ( deferred !== firstParam ) {
			deferred.resolveWith( deferred, length ? [ firstParam ] : [] );
		}
		return promise;
	}
});




jQuery.support = (function() {

	var support,
		all,
		a,
		select,
		opt,
		input,
		fragment,
		tds,
		events,
		eventName,
		i,
		isSupported,
		div = document.createElement( "div" ),
		documentElement = document.documentElement;

	// Preliminary tests
	div.setAttribute("className", "t");
	div.innerHTML = "   <link/><table></table><a href='/a' style='top:1px;float:left;opacity:.55;'>a</a><input type='checkbox'/>";

	all = div.getElementsByTagName( "*" );
	a = div.getElementsByTagName( "a" )[ 0 ];

	// Can't get basic test support
	if ( !all || !all.length || !a ) {
		return {};
	}

	// First batch of supports tests
	select = document.createElement( "select" );
	opt = select.appendChild( document.createElement("option") );
	input = div.getElementsByTagName( "input" )[ 0 ];

	support = {
		// IE strips leading whitespace when .innerHTML is used
		leadingWhitespace: ( div.firstChild.nodeType === 3 ),

		// Make sure that tbody elements aren't automatically inserted
		// IE will insert them into empty tables
		tbody: !div.getElementsByTagName("tbody").length,

		// Make sure that link elements get serialized correctly by innerHTML
		// This requires a wrapper element in IE
		htmlSerialize: !!div.getElementsByTagName("link").length,

		// Get the style information from getAttribute
		// (IE uses .cssText instead)
		style: /top/.test( a.getAttribute("style") ),

		// Make sure that URLs aren't manipulated
		// (IE normalizes it by default)
		hrefNormalized: ( a.getAttribute("href") === "/a" ),

		// Make sure that element opacity exists
		// (IE uses filter instead)
		// Use a regex to work around a WebKit issue. See #5145
		opacity: /^0.55/.test( a.style.opacity ),

		// Verify style float existence
		// (IE uses styleFloat instead of cssFloat)
		cssFloat: !!a.style.cssFloat,

		// Make sure that if no value is specified for a checkbox
		// that it defaults to "on".
		// (WebKit defaults to "" instead)
		checkOn: ( input.value === "on" ),

		// Make sure that a selected-by-default option has a working selected property.
		// (WebKit defaults to false instead of true, IE too, if it's in an optgroup)
		optSelected: opt.selected,

		// Test setAttribute on camelCase class. If it works, we need attrFixes when doing get/setAttribute (ie6/7)
		getSetAttribute: div.className !== "t",

		// Tests for enctype support on a form(#6743)
		enctype: !!document.createElement("form").enctype,

		// Makes sure cloning an html5 element does not cause problems
		// Where outerHTML is undefined, this still works
		html5Clone: document.createElement("nav").cloneNode( true ).outerHTML !== "<:nav></:nav>",

		// Will be defined later
		submitBubbles: true,
		changeBubbles: true,
		focusinBubbles: false,
		deleteExpando: true,
		noCloneEvent: true,
		inlineBlockNeedsLayout: false,
		shrinkWrapBlocks: false,
		reliableMarginRight: true,
		pixelMargin: true
	};

	// jQuery.boxModel DEPRECATED in 1.3, use jQuery.support.boxModel instead
	jQuery.boxModel = support.boxModel = (document.compatMode === "CSS1Compat");

	// Make sure checked status is properly cloned
	input.checked = true;
	support.noCloneChecked = input.cloneNode( true ).checked;

	// Make sure that the options inside disabled selects aren't marked as disabled
	// (WebKit marks them as disabled)
	select.disabled = true;
	support.optDisabled = !opt.disabled;

	// Test to see if it's possible to delete an expando from an element
	// Fails in Internet Explorer
	try {
		delete div.test;
	} catch( e ) {
		support.deleteExpando = false;
	}

	if ( !div.addEventListener && div.attachEvent && div.fireEvent ) {
		div.attachEvent( "onclick", function() {
			// Cloning a node shouldn't copy over any
			// bound event handlers (IE does this)
			support.noCloneEvent = false;
		});
		div.cloneNode( true ).fireEvent( "onclick" );
	}

	// Check if a radio maintains its value
	// after being appended to the DOM
	input = document.createElement("input");
	input.value = "t";
	input.setAttribute("type", "radio");
	support.radioValue = input.value === "t";

	input.setAttribute("checked", "checked");

	// #11217 - WebKit loses check when the name is after the checked attribute
	input.setAttribute( "name", "t" );

	div.appendChild( input );
	fragment = document.createDocumentFragment();
	fragment.appendChild( div.lastChild );

	// WebKit doesn't clone checked state correctly in fragments
	support.checkClone = fragment.cloneNode( true ).cloneNode( true ).lastChild.checked;

	// Check if a disconnected checkbox will retain its checked
	// value of true after appended to the DOM (IE6/7)
	support.appendChecked = input.checked;

	fragment.removeChild( input );
	fragment.appendChild( div );

	// Technique from Juriy Zaytsev
	// http://perfectionkills.com/detecting-event-support-without-browser-sniffing/
	// We only care about the case where non-standard event systems
	// are used, namely in IE. Short-circuiting here helps us to
	// avoid an eval call (in setAttribute) which can cause CSP
	// to go haywire. See: https://developer.mozilla.org/en/Security/CSP
	if ( div.attachEvent ) {
		for ( i in {
			submit: 1,
			change: 1,
			focusin: 1
		}) {
			eventName = "on" + i;
			isSupported = ( eventName in div );
			if ( !isSupported ) {
				div.setAttribute( eventName, "return;" );
				isSupported = ( typeof div[ eventName ] === "function" );
			}
			support[ i + "Bubbles" ] = isSupported;
		}
	}

	fragment.removeChild( div );

	// Null elements to avoid leaks in IE
	fragment = select = opt = div = input = null;

	// Run tests that need a body at doc ready
	jQuery(function() {
		var container, outer, inner, table, td, offsetSupport,
			marginDiv, conMarginTop, style, html, positionTopLeftWidthHeight,
			paddingMarginBorderVisibility, paddingMarginBorder,
			body = document.getElementsByTagName("body")[0];

		if ( !body ) {
			// Return for frameset docs that don't have a body
			return;
		}

		conMarginTop = 1;
		paddingMarginBorder = "padding:0;margin:0;border:";
		positionTopLeftWidthHeight = "position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:1px;height:1px;";
		paddingMarginBorderVisibility = paddingMarginBorder + "0;visibility:hidden;";
		style = "style='" + positionTopLeftWidthHeight + paddingMarginBorder + "5px solid #000;";
		html = "<div " + style + "display:block;'><div style='" + paddingMarginBorder + "0;display:block;overflow:hidden;'></div></div>" +
			"<table " + style + "' cellpadding='0' cellspacing='0'>" +
			"<tr><td></td></tr></table>";

		container = document.createElement("div");
		container.style.cssText = paddingMarginBorderVisibility + "width:0;height:0;position:static;top:0;margin-top:" + conMarginTop + "px";
		body.insertBefore( container, body.firstChild );

		// Construct the test element
		div = document.createElement("div");
		container.appendChild( div );

		// Check if table cells still have offsetWidth/Height when they are set
		// to display:none and there are still other visible table cells in a
		// table row; if so, offsetWidth/Height are not reliable for use when
		// determining if an element has been hidden directly using
		// display:none (it is still safe to use offsets if a parent element is
		// hidden; don safety goggles and see bug #4512 for more information).
		// (only IE 8 fails this test)
		div.innerHTML = "<table><tr><td style='" + paddingMarginBorder + "0;display:none'></td><td>t</td></tr></table>";
		tds = div.getElementsByTagName( "td" );
		isSupported = ( tds[ 0 ].offsetHeight === 0 );

		tds[ 0 ].style.display = "";
		tds[ 1 ].style.display = "none";

		// Check if empty table cells still have offsetWidth/Height
		// (IE <= 8 fail this test)
		support.reliableHiddenOffsets = isSupported && ( tds[ 0 ].offsetHeight === 0 );

		// Check if div with explicit width and no margin-right incorrectly
		// gets computed margin-right based on width of container. For more
		// info see bug #3333
		// Fails in WebKit before Feb 2011 nightlies
		// WebKit Bug 13343 - getComputedStyle returns wrong value for margin-right
		if ( window.getComputedStyle ) {
			div.innerHTML = "";
			marginDiv = document.createElement( "div" );
			marginDiv.style.width = "0";
			marginDiv.style.marginRight = "0";
			div.style.width = "2px";
			div.appendChild( marginDiv );
			support.reliableMarginRight =
				( parseInt( ( window.getComputedStyle( marginDiv, null ) || { marginRight: 0 } ).marginRight, 10 ) || 0 ) === 0;
		}

		if ( typeof div.style.zoom !== "undefined" ) {
			// Check if natively block-level elements act like inline-block
			// elements when setting their display to 'inline' and giving
			// them layout
			// (IE < 8 does this)
			div.innerHTML = "";
			div.style.width = div.style.padding = "1px";
			div.style.border = 0;
			div.style.overflow = "hidden";
			div.style.display = "inline";
			div.style.zoom = 1;
			support.inlineBlockNeedsLayout = ( div.offsetWidth === 3 );

			// Check if elements with layout shrink-wrap their children
			// (IE 6 does this)
			div.style.display = "block";
			div.style.overflow = "visible";
			div.innerHTML = "<div style='width:5px;'></div>";
			support.shrinkWrapBlocks = ( div.offsetWidth !== 3 );
		}

		div.style.cssText = positionTopLeftWidthHeight + paddingMarginBorderVisibility;
		div.innerHTML = html;

		outer = div.firstChild;
		inner = outer.firstChild;
		td = outer.nextSibling.firstChild.firstChild;

		offsetSupport = {
			doesNotAddBorder: ( inner.offsetTop !== 5 ),
			doesAddBorderForTableAndCells: ( td.offsetTop === 5 )
		};

		inner.style.position = "fixed";
		inner.style.top = "20px";

		// safari subtracts parent border width here which is 5px
		offsetSupport.fixedPosition = ( inner.offsetTop === 20 || inner.offsetTop === 15 );
		inner.style.position = inner.style.top = "";

		outer.style.overflow = "hidden";
		outer.style.position = "relative";

		offsetSupport.subtractsBorderForOverflowNotVisible = ( inner.offsetTop === -5 );
		offsetSupport.doesNotIncludeMarginInBodyOffset = ( body.offsetTop !== conMarginTop );

		if ( window.getComputedStyle ) {
			div.style.marginTop = "1%";
			support.pixelMargin = ( window.getComputedStyle( div, null ) || { marginTop: 0 } ).marginTop !== "1%";
		}

		if ( typeof container.style.zoom !== "undefined" ) {
			container.style.zoom = 1;
		}

		body.removeChild( container );
		marginDiv = div = container = null;

		jQuery.extend( support, offsetSupport );
	});

	return support;
})();




var rbrace = /^(?:\{.*\}|\[.*\])$/,
	rmultiDash = /([A-Z])/g;

jQuery.extend({
	cache: {},

	// Please use with caution
	uuid: 0,

	// Unique for each copy of jQuery on the page
	// Non-digits removed to match rinlinejQuery
	expando: "jQuery" + ( jQuery.fn.jquery + Math.random() ).replace( /\D/g, "" ),

	// The following elements throw uncatchable exceptions if you
	// attempt to add expando properties to them.
	noData: {
		"embed": true,
		// Ban all objects except for Flash (which handle expandos)
		"object": "clsid:D27CDB6E-AE6D-11cf-96B8-444553540000",
		"applet": true
	},

	hasData: function( elem ) {
		elem = elem.nodeType ? jQuery.cache[ elem[jQuery.expando] ] : elem[ jQuery.expando ];
		return !!elem && !isEmptyDataObject( elem );
	},

	data: function( elem, name, data, pvt /* Internal Use Only */ ) {
		if ( !jQuery.acceptData( elem ) ) {
			return;
		}

		var privateCache, thisCache, ret,
			internalKey = jQuery.expando,
			getByName = typeof name === "string",

			// We have to handle DOM nodes and JS objects differently because IE6-7
			// can't GC object references properly across the DOM-JS boundary
			isNode = elem.nodeType,

			// Only DOM nodes need the global jQuery cache; JS object data is
			// attached directly to the object so GC can occur automatically
			cache = isNode ? jQuery.cache : elem,

			// Only defining an ID for JS objects if its cache already exists allows
			// the code to shortcut on the same path as a DOM node with no cache
			id = isNode ? elem[ internalKey ] : elem[ internalKey ] && internalKey,
			isEvents = name === "events";

		// Avoid doing any more work than we need to when trying to get data on an
		// object that has no data at all
		if ( (!id || !cache[id] || (!isEvents && !pvt && !cache[id].data)) && getByName && data === undefined ) {
			return;
		}

		if ( !id ) {
			// Only DOM nodes need a new unique ID for each element since their data
			// ends up in the global cache
			if ( isNode ) {
				elem[ internalKey ] = id = ++jQuery.uuid;
			} else {
				id = internalKey;
			}
		}

		if ( !cache[ id ] ) {
			cache[ id ] = {};

			// Avoids exposing jQuery metadata on plain JS objects when the object
			// is serialized using JSON.stringify
			if ( !isNode ) {
				cache[ id ].toJSON = jQuery.noop;
			}
		}

		// An object can be passed to jQuery.data instead of a key/value pair; this gets
		// shallow copied over onto the existing cache
		if ( typeof name === "object" || typeof name === "function" ) {
			if ( pvt ) {
				cache[ id ] = jQuery.extend( cache[ id ], name );
			} else {
				cache[ id ].data = jQuery.extend( cache[ id ].data, name );
			}
		}

		privateCache = thisCache = cache[ id ];

		// jQuery data() is stored in a separate object inside the object's internal data
		// cache in order to avoid key collisions between internal data and user-defined
		// data.
		if ( !pvt ) {
			if ( !thisCache.data ) {
				thisCache.data = {};
			}

			thisCache = thisCache.data;
		}

		if ( data !== undefined ) {
			thisCache[ jQuery.camelCase( name ) ] = data;
		}

		// Users should not attempt to inspect the internal events object using jQuery.data,
		// it is undocumented and subject to change. But does anyone listen? No.
		if ( isEvents && !thisCache[ name ] ) {
			return privateCache.events;
		}

		// Check for both converted-to-camel and non-converted data property names
		// If a data property was specified
		if ( getByName ) {

			// First Try to find as-is property data
			ret = thisCache[ name ];

			// Test for null|undefined property data
			if ( ret == null ) {

				// Try to find the camelCased property
				ret = thisCache[ jQuery.camelCase( name ) ];
			}
		} else {
			ret = thisCache;
		}

		return ret;
	},

	removeData: function( elem, name, pvt /* Internal Use Only */ ) {
		if ( !jQuery.acceptData( elem ) ) {
			return;
		}

		var thisCache, i, l,

			// Reference to internal data cache key
			internalKey = jQuery.expando,

			isNode = elem.nodeType,

			// See jQuery.data for more information
			cache = isNode ? jQuery.cache : elem,

			// See jQuery.data for more information
			id = isNode ? elem[ internalKey ] : internalKey;

		// If there is already no cache entry for this object, there is no
		// purpose in continuing
		if ( !cache[ id ] ) {
			return;
		}

		if ( name ) {

			thisCache = pvt ? cache[ id ] : cache[ id ].data;

			if ( thisCache ) {

				// Support array or space separated string names for data keys
				if ( !jQuery.isArray( name ) ) {

					// try the string as a key before any manipulation
					if ( name in thisCache ) {
						name = [ name ];
					} else {

						// split the camel cased version by spaces unless a key with the spaces exists
						name = jQuery.camelCase( name );
						if ( name in thisCache ) {
							name = [ name ];
						} else {
							name = name.split( " " );
						}
					}
				}

				for ( i = 0, l = name.length; i < l; i++ ) {
					delete thisCache[ name[i] ];
				}

				// If there is no data left in the cache, we want to continue
				// and let the cache object itself get destroyed
				if ( !( pvt ? isEmptyDataObject : jQuery.isEmptyObject )( thisCache ) ) {
					return;
				}
			}
		}

		// See jQuery.data for more information
		if ( !pvt ) {
			delete cache[ id ].data;

			// Don't destroy the parent cache unless the internal data object
			// had been the only thing left in it
			if ( !isEmptyDataObject(cache[ id ]) ) {
				return;
			}
		}

		// Browsers that fail expando deletion also refuse to delete expandos on
		// the window, but it will allow it on all other JS objects; other browsers
		// don't care
		// Ensure that `cache` is not a window object #10080
		if ( jQuery.support.deleteExpando || !cache.setInterval ) {
			delete cache[ id ];
		} else {
			cache[ id ] = null;
		}

		// We destroyed the cache and need to eliminate the expando on the node to avoid
		// false lookups in the cache for entries that no longer exist
		if ( isNode ) {
			// IE does not allow us to delete expando properties from nodes,
			// nor does it have a removeAttribute function on Document nodes;
			// we must handle all of these cases
			if ( jQuery.support.deleteExpando ) {
				delete elem[ internalKey ];
			} else if ( elem.removeAttribute ) {
				elem.removeAttribute( internalKey );
			} else {
				elem[ internalKey ] = null;
			}
		}
	},

	// For internal use only.
	_data: function( elem, name, data ) {
		return jQuery.data( elem, name, data, true );
	},

	// A method for determining if a DOM node can handle the data expando
	acceptData: function( elem ) {
		if ( elem.nodeName ) {
			var match = jQuery.noData[ elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() ];

			if ( match ) {
				return !(match === true || elem.getAttribute("classid") !== match);
			}
		}

		return true;
	}
});

jQuery.fn.extend({
	data: function( key, value ) {
		var parts, part, attr, name, l,
			elem = this[0],
			i = 0,
			data = null;

		// Gets all values
		if ( key === undefined ) {
			if ( this.length ) {
				data = jQuery.data( elem );

				if ( elem.nodeType === 1 && !jQuery._data( elem, "parsedAttrs" ) ) {
					attr = elem.attributes;
					for ( l = attr.length; i < l; i++ ) {
						name = attr[i].name;

						if ( name.indexOf( "data-" ) === 0 ) {
							name = jQuery.camelCase( name.substring(5) );

							dataAttr( elem, name, data[ name ] );
						}
					}
					jQuery._data( elem, "parsedAttrs", true );
				}
			}

			return data;
		}

		// Sets multiple values
		if ( typeof key === "object" ) {
			return this.each(function() {
				jQuery.data( this, key );
			});
		}

		parts = key.split( ".", 2 );
		parts[1] = parts[1] ? "." + parts[1] : "";
		part = parts[1] + "!";

		return jQuery.access( this, function( value ) {

			if ( value === undefined ) {
				data = this.triggerHandler( "getData" + part, [ parts[0] ] );

				// Try to fetch any internally stored data first
				if ( data === undefined && elem ) {
					data = jQuery.data( elem, key );
					data = dataAttr( elem, key, data );
				}

				return data === undefined && parts[1] ?
					this.data( parts[0] ) :
					data;
			}

			parts[1] = value;
			this.each(function() {
				var self = jQuery( this );

				self.triggerHandler( "setData" + part, parts );
				jQuery.data( this, key, value );
				self.triggerHandler( "changeData" + part, parts );
			});
		}, null, value, arguments.length > 1, null, false );
	},

	removeData: function( key ) {
		return this.each(function() {
			jQuery.removeData( this, key );
		});
	}
});

function dataAttr( elem, key, data ) {
	// If nothing was found internally, try to fetch any
	// data from the HTML5 data-* attribute
	if ( data === undefined && elem.nodeType === 1 ) {

		var name = "data-" + key.replace( rmultiDash, "-$1" ).toLowerCase();

		data = elem.getAttribute( name );

		if ( typeof data === "string" ) {
			try {
				data = data === "true" ? true :
				data === "false" ? false :
				data === "null" ? null :
				jQuery.isNumeric( data ) ? +data :
					rbrace.test( data ) ? jQuery.parseJSON( data ) :
					data;
			} catch( e ) {}

			// Make sure we set the data so it isn't changed later
			jQuery.data( elem, key, data );

		} else {
			data = undefined;
		}
	}

	return data;
}

// checks a cache object for emptiness
function isEmptyDataObject( obj ) {
	for ( var name in obj ) {

		// if the public data object is empty, the private is still empty
		if ( name === "data" && jQuery.isEmptyObject( obj[name] ) ) {
			continue;
		}
		if ( name !== "toJSON" ) {
			return false;
		}
	}

	return true;
}




function handleQueueMarkDefer( elem, type, src ) {
	var deferDataKey = type + "defer",
		queueDataKey = type + "queue",
		markDataKey = type + "mark",
		defer = jQuery._data( elem, deferDataKey );
	if ( defer &&
		( src === "queue" || !jQuery._data(elem, queueDataKey) ) &&
		( src === "mark" || !jQuery._data(elem, markDataKey) ) ) {
		// Give room for hard-coded callbacks to fire first
		// and eventually mark/queue something else on the element
		setTimeout( function() {
			if ( !jQuery._data( elem, queueDataKey ) &&
				!jQuery._data( elem, markDataKey ) ) {
				jQuery.removeData( elem, deferDataKey, true );
				defer.fire();
			}
		}, 0 );
	}
}

jQuery.extend({

	_mark: function( elem, type ) {
		if ( elem ) {
			type = ( type || "fx" ) + "mark";
			jQuery._data( elem, type, (jQuery._data( elem, type ) || 0) + 1 );
		}
	},

	_unmark: function( force, elem, type ) {
		if ( force !== true ) {
			type = elem;
			elem = force;
			force = false;
		}
		if ( elem ) {
			type = type || "fx";
			var key = type + "mark",
				count = force ? 0 : ( (jQuery._data( elem, key ) || 1) - 1 );
			if ( count ) {
				jQuery._data( elem, key, count );
			} else {
				jQuery.removeData( elem, key, true );
				handleQueueMarkDefer( elem, type, "mark" );
			}
		}
	},

	queue: function( elem, type, data ) {
		var q;
		if ( elem ) {
			type = ( type || "fx" ) + "queue";
			q = jQuery._data( elem, type );

			// Speed up dequeue by getting out quickly if this is just a lookup
			if ( data ) {
				if ( !q || jQuery.isArray(data) ) {
					q = jQuery._data( elem, type, jQuery.makeArray(data) );
				} else {
					q.push( data );
				}
			}
			return q || [];
		}
	},

	dequeue: function( elem, type ) {
		type = type || "fx";

		var queue = jQuery.queue( elem, type ),
			fn = queue.shift(),
			hooks = {};

		// If the fx queue is dequeued, always remove the progress sentinel
		if ( fn === "inprogress" ) {
			fn = queue.shift();
		}

		if ( fn ) {
			// Add a progress sentinel to prevent the fx queue from being
			// automatically dequeued
			if ( type === "fx" ) {
				queue.unshift( "inprogress" );
			}

			jQuery._data( elem, type + ".run", hooks );
			fn.call( elem, function() {
				jQuery.dequeue( elem, type );
			}, hooks );
		}

		if ( !queue.length ) {
			jQuery.removeData( elem, type + "queue " + type + ".run", true );
			handleQueueMarkDefer( elem, type, "queue" );
		}
	}
});

jQuery.fn.extend({
	queue: function( type, data ) {
		var setter = 2;

		if ( typeof type !== "string" ) {
			data = type;
			type = "fx";
			setter--;
		}

		if ( arguments.length < setter ) {
			return jQuery.queue( this[0], type );
		}

		return data === undefined ?
			this :
			this.each(function() {
				var queue = jQuery.queue( this, type, data );

				if ( type === "fx" && queue[0] !== "inprogress" ) {
					jQuery.dequeue( this, type );
				}
			});
	},
	dequeue: function( type ) {
		return this.each(function() {
			jQuery.dequeue( this, type );
		});
	},
	// Based off of the plugin by Clint Helfers, with permission.
	// http://blindsignals.com/index.php/2009/07/jquery-delay/
	delay: function( time, type ) {
		time = jQuery.fx ? jQuery.fx.speeds[ time ] || time : time;
		type = type || "fx";

		return this.queue( type, function( next, hooks ) {
			var timeout = setTimeout( next, time );
			hooks.stop = function() {
				clearTimeout( timeout );
			};
		});
	},
	clearQueue: function( type ) {
		return this.queue( type || "fx", [] );
	},
	// Get a promise resolved when queues of a certain type
	// are emptied (fx is the type by default)
	promise: function( type, object ) {
		if ( typeof type !== "string" ) {
			object = type;
			type = undefined;
		}
		type = type || "fx";
		var defer = jQuery.Deferred(),
			elements = this,
			i = elements.length,
			count = 1,
			deferDataKey = type + "defer",
			queueDataKey = type + "queue",
			markDataKey = type + "mark",
			tmp;
		function resolve() {
			if ( !( --count ) ) {
				defer.resolveWith( elements, [ elements ] );
			}
		}
		while( i-- ) {
			if (( tmp = jQuery.data( elements[ i ], deferDataKey, undefined, true ) ||
					( jQuery.data( elements[ i ], queueDataKey, undefined, true ) ||
						jQuery.data( elements[ i ], markDataKey, undefined, true ) ) &&
					jQuery.data( elements[ i ], deferDataKey, jQuery.Callbacks( "once memory" ), true ) )) {
				count++;
				tmp.add( resolve );
			}
		}
		resolve();
		return defer.promise( object );
	}
});




var rclass = /[\n\t\r]/g,
	rspace = /\s+/,
	rreturn = /\r/g,
	rtype = /^(?:button|input)$/i,
	rfocusable = /^(?:button|input|object|select|textarea)$/i,
	rclickable = /^a(?:rea)?$/i,
	rboolean = /^(?:autofocus|autoplay|async|checked|controls|defer|disabled|hidden|loop|multiple|open|readonly|required|scoped|selected)$/i,
	getSetAttribute = jQuery.support.getSetAttribute,
	nodeHook, boolHook, fixSpecified;

jQuery.fn.extend({
	attr: function( name, value ) {
		return jQuery.access( this, jQuery.attr, name, value, arguments.length > 1 );
	},

	removeAttr: function( name ) {
		return this.each(function() {
			jQuery.removeAttr( this, name );
		});
	},

	prop: function( name, value ) {
		return jQuery.access( this, jQuery.prop, name, value, arguments.length > 1 );
	},

	removeProp: function( name ) {
		name = jQuery.propFix[ name ] || name;
		return this.each(function() {
			// try/catch handles cases where IE balks (such as removing a property on window)
			try {
				this[ name ] = undefined;
				delete this[ name ];
			} catch( e ) {}
		});
	},

	addClass: function( value ) {
		var classNames, i, l, elem,
			setClass, c, cl;

		if ( jQuery.isFunction( value ) ) {
			return this.each(function( j ) {
				jQuery( this ).addClass( value.call(this, j, this.className) );
			});
		}

		if ( value && typeof value === "string" ) {
			classNames = value.split( rspace );

			for ( i = 0, l = this.length; i < l; i++ ) {
				elem = this[ i ];

				if ( elem.nodeType === 1 ) {
					if ( !elem.className && classNames.length === 1 ) {
						elem.className = value;

					} else {
						setClass = " " + elem.className + " ";

						for ( c = 0, cl = classNames.length; c < cl; c++ ) {
							if ( !~setClass.indexOf( " " + classNames[ c ] + " " ) ) {
								setClass += classNames[ c ] + " ";
							}
						}
						elem.className = jQuery.trim( setClass );
					}
				}
			}
		}

		return this;
	},

	removeClass: function( value ) {
		var classNames, i, l, elem, className, c, cl;

		if ( jQuery.isFunction( value ) ) {
			return this.each(function( j ) {
				jQuery( this ).removeClass( value.call(this, j, this.className) );
			});
		}

		if ( (value && typeof value === "string") || value === undefined ) {
			classNames = ( value || "" ).split( rspace );

			for ( i = 0, l = this.length; i < l; i++ ) {
				elem = this[ i ];

				if ( elem.nodeType === 1 && elem.className ) {
					if ( value ) {
						className = (" " + elem.className + " ").replace( rclass, " " );
						for ( c = 0, cl = classNames.length; c < cl; c++ ) {
							className = className.replace(" " + classNames[ c ] + " ", " ");
						}
						elem.className = jQuery.trim( className );

					} else {
						elem.className = "";
					}
				}
			}
		}

		return this;
	},

	toggleClass: function( value, stateVal ) {
		var type = typeof value,
			isBool = typeof stateVal === "boolean";

		if ( jQuery.isFunction( value ) ) {
			return this.each(function( i ) {
				jQuery( this ).toggleClass( value.call(this, i, this.className, stateVal), stateVal );
			});
		}

		return this.each(function() {
			if ( type === "string" ) {
				// toggle individual class names
				var className,
					i = 0,
					self = jQuery( this ),
					state = stateVal,
					classNames = value.split( rspace );

				while ( (className = classNames[ i++ ]) ) {
					// check each className given, space seperated list
					state = isBool ? state : !self.hasClass( className );
					self[ state ? "addClass" : "removeClass" ]( className );
				}

			} else if ( type === "undefined" || type === "boolean" ) {
				if ( this.className ) {
					// store className if set
					jQuery._data( this, "__className__", this.className );
				}

				// toggle whole className
				this.className = this.className || value === false ? "" : jQuery._data( this, "__className__" ) || "";
			}
		});
	},

	hasClass: function( selector ) {
		var className = " " + selector + " ",
			i = 0,
			l = this.length;
		for ( ; i < l; i++ ) {
			if ( this[i].nodeType === 1 && (" " + this[i].className + " ").replace(rclass, " ").indexOf( className ) > -1 ) {
				return true;
			}
		}

		return false;
	},

	val: function( value ) {
		var hooks, ret, isFunction,
			elem = this[0];

		if ( !arguments.length ) {
			if ( elem ) {
				hooks = jQuery.valHooks[ elem.type ] || jQuery.valHooks[ elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() ];

				if ( hooks && "get" in hooks && (ret = hooks.get( elem, "value" )) !== undefined ) {
					return ret;
				}

				ret = elem.value;

				return typeof ret === "string" ?
					// handle most common string cases
					ret.replace(rreturn, "") :
					// handle cases where value is null/undef or number
					ret == null ? "" : ret;
			}

			return;
		}

		isFunction = jQuery.isFunction( value );

		return this.each(function( i ) {
			var self = jQuery(this), val;

			if ( this.nodeType !== 1 ) {
				return;
			}

			if ( isFunction ) {
				val = value.call( this, i, self.val() );
			} else {
				val = value;
			}

			// Treat null/undefined as ""; convert numbers to string
			if ( val == null ) {
				val = "";
			} else if ( typeof val === "number" ) {
				val += "";
			} else if ( jQuery.isArray( val ) ) {
				val = jQuery.map(val, function ( value ) {
					return value == null ? "" : value + "";
				});
			}

			hooks = jQuery.valHooks[ this.type ] || jQuery.valHooks[ this.nodeName.toLowerCase() ];

			// If set returns undefined, fall back to normal setting
			if ( !hooks || !("set" in hooks) || hooks.set( this, val, "value" ) === undefined ) {
				this.value = val;
			}
		});
	}
});

jQuery.extend({
	valHooks: {
		option: {
			get: function( elem ) {
				// attributes.value is undefined in Blackberry 4.7 but
				// uses .value. See #6932
				var val = elem.attributes.value;
				return !val || val.specified ? elem.value : elem.text;
			}
		},
		select: {
			get: function( elem ) {
				var value, i, max, option,
					index = elem.selectedIndex,
					values = [],
					options = elem.options,
					one = elem.type === "select-one";

				// Nothing was selected
				if ( index < 0 ) {
					return null;
				}

				// Loop through all the selected options
				i = one ? index : 0;
				max = one ? index + 1 : options.length;
				for ( ; i < max; i++ ) {
					option = options[ i ];

					// Don't return options that are disabled or in a disabled optgroup
					if ( option.selected && (jQuery.support.optDisabled ? !option.disabled : option.getAttribute("disabled") === null) &&
							(!option.parentNode.disabled || !jQuery.nodeName( option.parentNode, "optgroup" )) ) {

						// Get the specific value for the option
						value = jQuery( option ).val();

						// We don't need an array for one selects
						if ( one ) {
							return value;
						}

						// Multi-Selects return an array
						values.push( value );
					}
				}

				// Fixes Bug #2551 -- select.val() broken in IE after form.reset()
				if ( one && !values.length && options.length ) {
					return jQuery( options[ index ] ).val();
				}

				return values;
			},

			set: function( elem, value ) {
				var values = jQuery.makeArray( value );

				jQuery(elem).find("option").each(function() {
					this.selected = jQuery.inArray( jQuery(this).val(), values ) >= 0;
				});

				if ( !values.length ) {
					elem.selectedIndex = -1;
				}
				return values;
			}
		}
	},

	attrFn: {
		val: true,
		css: true,
		html: true,
		text: true,
		data: true,
		width: true,
		height: true,
		offset: true
	},

	attr: function( elem, name, value, pass ) {
		var ret, hooks, notxml,
			nType = elem.nodeType;

		// don't get/set attributes on text, comment and attribute nodes
		if ( !elem || nType === 3 || nType === 8 || nType === 2 ) {
			return;
		}

		if ( pass && name in jQuery.attrFn ) {
			return jQuery( elem )[ name ]( value );
		}

		// Fallback to prop when attributes are not supported
		if ( typeof elem.getAttribute === "undefined" ) {
			return jQuery.prop( elem, name, value );
		}

		notxml = nType !== 1 || !jQuery.isXMLDoc( elem );

		// All attributes are lowercase
		// Grab necessary hook if one is defined
		if ( notxml ) {
			name = name.toLowerCase();
			hooks = jQuery.attrHooks[ name ] || ( rboolean.test( name ) ? boolHook : nodeHook );
		}

		if ( value !== undefined ) {

			if ( value === null ) {
				jQuery.removeAttr( elem, name );
				return;

			} else if ( hooks && "set" in hooks && notxml && (ret = hooks.set( elem, value, name )) !== undefined ) {
				return ret;

			} else {
				elem.setAttribute( name, "" + value );
				return value;
			}

		} else if ( hooks && "get" in hooks && notxml && (ret = hooks.get( elem, name )) !== null ) {
			return ret;

		} else {

			ret = elem.getAttribute( name );

			// Non-existent attributes return null, we normalize to undefined
			return ret === null ?
				undefined :
				ret;
		}
	},

	removeAttr: function( elem, value ) {
		var propName, attrNames, name, l, isBool,
			i = 0;

		if ( value && elem.nodeType === 1 ) {
			attrNames = value.toLowerCase().split( rspace );
			l = attrNames.length;

			for ( ; i < l; i++ ) {
				name = attrNames[ i ];

				if ( name ) {
					propName = jQuery.propFix[ name ] || name;
					isBool = rboolean.test( name );

					// See #9699 for explanation of this approach (setting first, then removal)
					// Do not do this for boolean attributes (see #10870)
					if ( !isBool ) {
						jQuery.attr( elem, name, "" );
					}
					elem.removeAttribute( getSetAttribute ? name : propName );

					// Set corresponding property to false for boolean attributes
					if ( isBool && propName in elem ) {
						elem[ propName ] = false;
					}
				}
			}
		}
	},

	attrHooks: {
		type: {
			set: function( elem, value ) {
				// We can't allow the type property to be changed (since it causes problems in IE)
				if ( rtype.test( elem.nodeName ) && elem.parentNode ) {
					jQuery.error( "type property can't be changed" );
				} else if ( !jQuery.support.radioValue && value === "radio" && jQuery.nodeName(elem, "input") ) {
					// Setting the type on a radio button after the value resets the value in IE6-9
					// Reset value to it's default in case type is set after value
					// This is for element creation
					var val = elem.value;
					elem.setAttribute( "type", value );
					if ( val ) {
						elem.value = val;
					}
					return value;
				}
			}
		},
		// Use the value property for back compat
		// Use the nodeHook for button elements in IE6/7 (#1954)
		value: {
			get: function( elem, name ) {
				if ( nodeHook && jQuery.nodeName( elem, "button" ) ) {
					return nodeHook.get( elem, name );
				}
				return name in elem ?
					elem.value :
					null;
			},
			set: function( elem, value, name ) {
				if ( nodeHook && jQuery.nodeName( elem, "button" ) ) {
					return nodeHook.set( elem, value, name );
				}
				// Does not return so that setAttribute is also used
				elem.value = value;
			}
		}
	},

	propFix: {
		tabindex: "tabIndex",
		readonly: "readOnly",
		"for": "htmlFor",
		"class": "className",
		maxlength: "maxLength",
		cellspacing: "cellSpacing",
		cellpadding: "cellPadding",
		rowspan: "rowSpan",
		colspan: "colSpan",
		usemap: "useMap",
		frameborder: "frameBorder",
		contenteditable: "contentEditable"
	},

	prop: function( elem, name, value ) {
		var ret, hooks, notxml,
			nType = elem.nodeType;

		// don't get/set properties on text, comment and attribute nodes
		if ( !elem || nType === 3 || nType === 8 || nType === 2 ) {
			return;
		}

		notxml = nType !== 1 || !jQuery.isXMLDoc( elem );

		if ( notxml ) {
			// Fix name and attach hooks
			name = jQuery.propFix[ name ] || name;
			hooks = jQuery.propHooks[ name ];
		}

		if ( value !== undefined ) {
			if ( hooks && "set" in hooks && (ret = hooks.set( elem, value, name )) !== undefined ) {
				return ret;

			} else {
				return ( elem[ name ] = value );
			}

		} else {
			if ( hooks && "get" in hooks && (ret = hooks.get( elem, name )) !== null ) {
				return ret;

			} else {
				return elem[ name ];
			}
		}
	},

	propHooks: {
		tabIndex: {
			get: function( elem ) {
				// elem.tabIndex doesn't always return the correct value when it hasn't been explicitly set
				// http://fluidproject.org/blog/2008/01/09/getting-setting-and-removing-tabindex-values-with-javascript/
				var attributeNode = elem.getAttributeNode("tabindex");

				return attributeNode && attributeNode.specified ?
					parseInt( attributeNode.value, 10 ) :
					rfocusable.test( elem.nodeName ) || rclickable.test( elem.nodeName ) && elem.href ?
						0 :
						undefined;
			}
		}
	}
});

// Add the tabIndex propHook to attrHooks for back-compat (different case is intentional)
jQuery.attrHooks.tabindex = jQuery.propHooks.tabIndex;

// Hook for boolean attributes
boolHook = {
	get: function( elem, name ) {
		// Align boolean attributes with corresponding properties
		// Fall back to attribute presence where some booleans are not supported
		var attrNode,
			property = jQuery.prop( elem, name );
		return property === true || typeof property !== "boolean" && ( attrNode = elem.getAttributeNode(name) ) && attrNode.nodeValue !== false ?
			name.toLowerCase() :
			undefined;
	},
	set: function( elem, value, name ) {
		var propName;
		if ( value === false ) {
			// Remove boolean attributes when set to false
			jQuery.removeAttr( elem, name );
		} else {
			// value is true since we know at this point it's type boolean and not false
			// Set boolean attributes to the same name and set the DOM property
			propName = jQuery.propFix[ name ] || name;
			if ( propName in elem ) {
				// Only set the IDL specifically if it already exists on the element
				elem[ propName ] = true;
			}

			elem.setAttribute( name, name.toLowerCase() );
		}
		return name;
	}
};

// IE6/7 do not support getting/setting some attributes with get/setAttribute
if ( !getSetAttribute ) {

	fixSpecified = {
		name: true,
		id: true,
		coords: true
	};

	// Use this for any attribute in IE6/7
	// This fixes almost every IE6/7 issue
	nodeHook = jQuery.valHooks.button = {
		get: function( elem, name ) {
			var ret;
			ret = elem.getAttributeNode( name );
			return ret && ( fixSpecified[ name ] ? ret.nodeValue !== "" : ret.specified ) ?
				ret.nodeValue :
				undefined;
		},
		set: function( elem, value, name ) {
			// Set the existing or create a new attribute node
			var ret = elem.getAttributeNode( name );
			if ( !ret ) {
				ret = document.createAttribute( name );
				elem.setAttributeNode( ret );
			}
			return ( ret.nodeValue = value + "" );
		}
	};

	// Apply the nodeHook to tabindex
	jQuery.attrHooks.tabindex.set = nodeHook.set;

	// Set width and height to auto instead of 0 on empty string( Bug #8150 )
	// This is for removals
	jQuery.each([ "width", "height" ], function( i, name ) {
		jQuery.attrHooks[ name ] = jQuery.extend( jQuery.attrHooks[ name ], {
			set: function( elem, value ) {
				if ( value === "" ) {
					elem.setAttribute( name, "auto" );
					return value;
				}
			}
		});
	});

	// Set contenteditable to false on removals(#10429)
	// Setting to empty string throws an error as an invalid value
	jQuery.attrHooks.contenteditable = {
		get: nodeHook.get,
		set: function( elem, value, name ) {
			if ( value === "" ) {
				value = "false";
			}
			nodeHook.set( elem, value, name );
		}
	};
}


// Some attributes require a special call on IE
if ( !jQuery.support.hrefNormalized ) {
	jQuery.each([ "href", "src", "width", "height" ], function( i, name ) {
		jQuery.attrHooks[ name ] = jQuery.extend( jQuery.attrHooks[ name ], {
			get: function( elem ) {
				var ret = elem.getAttribute( name, 2 );
				return ret === null ? undefined : ret;
			}
		});
	});
}

if ( !jQuery.support.style ) {
	jQuery.attrHooks.style = {
		get: function( elem ) {
			// Return undefined in the case of empty string
			// Normalize to lowercase since IE uppercases css property names
			return elem.style.cssText.toLowerCase() || undefined;
		},
		set: function( elem, value ) {
			return ( elem.style.cssText = "" + value );
		}
	};
}

// Safari mis-reports the default selected property of an option
// Accessing the parent's selectedIndex property fixes it
if ( !jQuery.support.optSelected ) {
	jQuery.propHooks.selected = jQuery.extend( jQuery.propHooks.selected, {
		get: function( elem ) {
			var parent = elem.parentNode;

			if ( parent ) {
				parent.selectedIndex;

				// Make sure that it also works with optgroups, see #5701
				if ( parent.parentNode ) {
					parent.parentNode.selectedIndex;
				}
			}
			return null;
		}
	});
}

// IE6/7 call enctype encoding
if ( !jQuery.support.enctype ) {
	jQuery.propFix.enctype = "encoding";
}

// Radios and checkboxes getter/setter
if ( !jQuery.support.checkOn ) {
	jQuery.each([ "radio", "checkbox" ], function() {
		jQuery.valHooks[ this ] = {
			get: function( elem ) {
				// Handle the case where in Webkit "" is returned instead of "on" if a value isn't specified
				return elem.getAttribute("value") === null ? "on" : elem.value;
			}
		};
	});
}
jQuery.each([ "radio", "checkbox" ], function() {
	jQuery.valHooks[ this ] = jQuery.extend( jQuery.valHooks[ this ], {
		set: function( elem, value ) {
			if ( jQuery.isArray( value ) ) {
				return ( elem.checked = jQuery.inArray( jQuery(elem).val(), value ) >= 0 );
			}
		}
	});
});




var rformElems = /^(?:textarea|input|select)$/i,
	rtypenamespace = /^([^\.]*)?(?:\.(.+))?$/,
	rhoverHack = /(?:^|\s)hover(\.\S+)?\b/,
	rkeyEvent = /^key/,
	rmouseEvent = /^(?:mouse|contextmenu)|click/,
	rfocusMorph = /^(?:focusinfocus|focusoutblur)$/,
	rquickIs = /^(\w*)(?:#([\w\-]+))?(?:\.([\w\-]+))?$/,
	quickParse = function( selector ) {
		var quick = rquickIs.exec( selector );
		if ( quick ) {
			//   0  1    2   3
			// [ _, tag, id, class ]
			quick[1] = ( quick[1] || "" ).toLowerCase();
			quick[3] = quick[3] && new RegExp( "(?:^|\\s)" + quick[3] + "(?:\\s|$)" );
		}
		return quick;
	},
	quickIs = function( elem, m ) {
		var attrs = elem.attributes || {};
		return (
			(!m[1] || elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() === m[1]) &&
			(!m[2] || (attrs.id || {}).value === m[2]) &&
			(!m[3] || m[3].test( (attrs[ "class" ] || {}).value ))
		);
	},
	hoverHack = function( events ) {
		return jQuery.event.special.hover ? events : events.replace( rhoverHack, "mouseenter$1 mouseleave$1" );
	};

/*
 * Helper functions for managing events -- not part of the public interface.
 * Props to Dean Edwards' addEvent library for many of the ideas.
 */
jQuery.event = {

	add: function( elem, types, handler, data, selector ) {

		var elemData, eventHandle, events,
			t, tns, type, namespaces, handleObj,
			handleObjIn, quick, handlers, special;

		// Don't attach events to noData or text/comment nodes (allow plain objects tho)
		if ( elem.nodeType === 3 || elem.nodeType === 8 || !types || !handler || !(elemData = jQuery._data( elem )) ) {
			return;
		}

		// Caller can pass in an object of custom data in lieu of the handler
		if ( handler.handler ) {
			handleObjIn = handler;
			handler = handleObjIn.handler;
			selector = handleObjIn.selector;
		}

		// Make sure that the handler has a unique ID, used to find/remove it later
		if ( !handler.guid ) {
			handler.guid = jQuery.guid++;
		}

		// Init the element's event structure and main handler, if this is the first
		events = elemData.events;
		if ( !events ) {
			elemData.events = events = {};
		}
		eventHandle = elemData.handle;
		if ( !eventHandle ) {
			elemData.handle = eventHandle = function( e ) {
				// Discard the second event of a jQuery.event.trigger() and
				// when an event is called after a page has unloaded
				return typeof jQuery !== "undefined" && (!e || jQuery.event.triggered !== e.type) ?
					jQuery.event.dispatch.apply( eventHandle.elem, arguments ) :
					undefined;
			};
			// Add elem as a property of the handle fn to prevent a memory leak with IE non-native events
			eventHandle.elem = elem;
		}

		// Handle multiple events separated by a space
		// jQuery(...).bind("mouseover mouseout", fn);
		types = jQuery.trim( hoverHack(types) ).split( " " );
		for ( t = 0; t < types.length; t++ ) {

			tns = rtypenamespace.exec( types[t] ) || [];
			type = tns[1];
			namespaces = ( tns[2] || "" ).split( "." ).sort();

			// If event changes its type, use the special event handlers for the changed type
			special = jQuery.event.special[ type ] || {};

			// If selector defined, determine special event api type, otherwise given type
			type = ( selector ? special.delegateType : special.bindType ) || type;

			// Update special based on newly reset type
			special = jQuery.event.special[ type ] || {};

			// handleObj is passed to all event handlers
			handleObj = jQuery.extend({
				type: type,
				origType: tns[1],
				data: data,
				handler: handler,
				guid: handler.guid,
				selector: selector,
				quick: selector && quickParse( selector ),
				namespace: namespaces.join(".")
			}, handleObjIn );

			// Init the event handler queue if we're the first
			handlers = events[ type ];
			if ( !handlers ) {
				handlers = events[ type ] = [];
				handlers.delegateCount = 0;

				// Only use addEventListener/attachEvent if the special events handler returns false
				if ( !special.setup || special.setup.call( elem, data, namespaces, eventHandle ) === false ) {
					// Bind the global event handler to the element
					if ( elem.addEventListener ) {
						elem.addEventListener( type, eventHandle, false );

					} else if ( elem.attachEvent ) {
						elem.attachEvent( "on" + type, eventHandle );
					}
				}
			}

			if ( special.add ) {
				special.add.call( elem, handleObj );

				if ( !handleObj.handler.guid ) {
					handleObj.handler.guid = handler.guid;
				}
			}

			// Add to the element's handler list, delegates in front
			if ( selector ) {
				handlers.splice( handlers.delegateCount++, 0, handleObj );
			} else {
				handlers.push( handleObj );
			}

			// Keep track of which events have ever been used, for event optimization
			jQuery.event.global[ type ] = true;
		}

		// Nullify elem to prevent memory leaks in IE
		elem = null;
	},

	global: {},

	// Detach an event or set of events from an element
	remove: function( elem, types, handler, selector, mappedTypes ) {

		var elemData = jQuery.hasData( elem ) && jQuery._data( elem ),
			t, tns, type, origType, namespaces, origCount,
			j, events, special, handle, eventType, handleObj;

		if ( !elemData || !(events = elemData.events) ) {
			return;
		}

		// Once for each type.namespace in types; type may be omitted
		types = jQuery.trim( hoverHack( types || "" ) ).split(" ");
		for ( t = 0; t < types.length; t++ ) {
			tns = rtypenamespace.exec( types[t] ) || [];
			type = origType = tns[1];
			namespaces = tns[2];

			// Unbind all events (on this namespace, if provided) for the element
			if ( !type ) {
				for ( type in events ) {
					jQuery.event.remove( elem, type + types[ t ], handler, selector, true );
				}
				continue;
			}

			special = jQuery.event.special[ type ] || {};
			type = ( selector? special.delegateType : special.bindType ) || type;
			eventType = events[ type ] || [];
			origCount = eventType.length;
			namespaces = namespaces ? new RegExp("(^|\\.)" + namespaces.split(".").sort().join("\\.(?:.*\\.)?") + "(\\.|$)") : null;

			// Remove matching events
			for ( j = 0; j < eventType.length; j++ ) {
				handleObj = eventType[ j ];

				if ( ( mappedTypes || origType === handleObj.origType ) &&
					 ( !handler || handler.guid === handleObj.guid ) &&
					 ( !namespaces || namespaces.test( handleObj.namespace ) ) &&
					 ( !selector || selector === handleObj.selector || selector === "**" && handleObj.selector ) ) {
					eventType.splice( j--, 1 );

					if ( handleObj.selector ) {
						eventType.delegateCount--;
					}
					if ( special.remove ) {
						special.remove.call( elem, handleObj );
					}
				}
			}

			// Remove generic event handler if we removed something and no more handlers exist
			// (avoids potential for endless recursion during removal of special event handlers)
			if ( eventType.length === 0 && origCount !== eventType.length ) {
				if ( !special.teardown || special.teardown.call( elem, namespaces ) === false ) {
					jQuery.removeEvent( elem, type, elemData.handle );
				}

				delete events[ type ];
			}
		}

		// Remove the expando if it's no longer used
		if ( jQuery.isEmptyObject( events ) ) {
			handle = elemData.handle;
			if ( handle ) {
				handle.elem = null;
			}

			// removeData also checks for emptiness and clears the expando if empty
			// so use it instead of delete
			jQuery.removeData( elem, [ "events", "handle" ], true );
		}
	},

	// Events that are safe to short-circuit if no handlers are attached.
	// Native DOM events should not be added, they may have inline handlers.
	customEvent: {
		"getData": true,
		"setData": true,
		"changeData": true
	},

	trigger: function( event, data, elem, onlyHandlers ) {
		// Don't do events on text and comment nodes
		if ( elem && (elem.nodeType === 3 || elem.nodeType === 8) ) {
			return;
		}

		// Event object or event type
		var type = event.type || event,
			namespaces = [],
			cache, exclusive, i, cur, old, ontype, special, handle, eventPath, bubbleType;

		// focus/blur morphs to focusin/out; ensure we're not firing them right now
		if ( rfocusMorph.test( type + jQuery.event.triggered ) ) {
			return;
		}

		if ( type.indexOf( "!" ) >= 0 ) {
			// Exclusive events trigger only for the exact event (no namespaces)
			type = type.slice(0, -1);
			exclusive = true;
		}

		if ( type.indexOf( "." ) >= 0 ) {
			// Namespaced trigger; create a regexp to match event type in handle()
			namespaces = type.split(".");
			type = namespaces.shift();
			namespaces.sort();
		}

		if ( (!elem || jQuery.event.customEvent[ type ]) && !jQuery.event.global[ type ] ) {
			// No jQuery handlers for this event type, and it can't have inline handlers
			return;
		}

		// Caller can pass in an Event, Object, or just an event type string
		event = typeof event === "object" ?
			// jQuery.Event object
			event[ jQuery.expando ] ? event :
			// Object literal
			new jQuery.Event( type, event ) :
			// Just the event type (string)
			new jQuery.Event( type );

		event.type = type;
		event.isTrigger = true;
		event.exclusive = exclusive;
		event.namespace = namespaces.join( "." );
		event.namespace_re = event.namespace? new RegExp("(^|\\.)" + namespaces.join("\\.(?:.*\\.)?") + "(\\.|$)") : null;
		ontype = type.indexOf( ":" ) < 0 ? "on" + type : "";

		// Handle a global trigger
		if ( !elem ) {

			// TODO: Stop taunting the data cache; remove global events and always attach to document
			cache = jQuery.cache;
			for ( i in cache ) {
				if ( cache[ i ].events && cache[ i ].events[ type ] ) {
					jQuery.event.trigger( event, data, cache[ i ].handle.elem, true );
				}
			}
			return;
		}

		// Clean up the event in case it is being reused
		event.result = undefined;
		if ( !event.target ) {
			event.target = elem;
		}

		// Clone any incoming data and prepend the event, creating the handler arg list
		data = data != null ? jQuery.makeArray( data ) : [];
		data.unshift( event );

		// Allow special events to draw outside the lines
		special = jQuery.event.special[ type ] || {};
		if ( special.trigger && special.trigger.apply( elem, data ) === false ) {
			return;
		}

		// Determine event propagation path in advance, per W3C events spec (#9951)
		// Bubble up to document, then to window; watch for a global ownerDocument var (#9724)
		eventPath = [[ elem, special.bindType || type ]];
		if ( !onlyHandlers && !special.noBubble && !jQuery.isWindow( elem ) ) {

			bubbleType = special.delegateType || type;
			cur = rfocusMorph.test( bubbleType + type ) ? elem : elem.parentNode;
			old = null;
			for ( ; cur; cur = cur.parentNode ) {
				eventPath.push([ cur, bubbleType ]);
				old = cur;
			}

			// Only add window if we got to document (e.g., not plain obj or detached DOM)
			if ( old && old === elem.ownerDocument ) {
				eventPath.push([ old.defaultView || old.parentWindow || window, bubbleType ]);
			}
		}

		// Fire handlers on the event path
		for ( i = 0; i < eventPath.length && !event.isPropagationStopped(); i++ ) {

			cur = eventPath[i][0];
			event.type = eventPath[i][1];

			handle = ( jQuery._data( cur, "events" ) || {} )[ event.type ] && jQuery._data( cur, "handle" );
			if ( handle ) {
				handle.apply( cur, data );
			}
			// Note that this is a bare JS function and not a jQuery handler
			handle = ontype && cur[ ontype ];
			if ( handle && jQuery.acceptData( cur ) && handle.apply( cur, data ) === false ) {
				event.preventDefault();
			}
		}
		event.type = type;

		// If nobody prevented the default action, do it now
		if ( !onlyHandlers && !event.isDefaultPrevented() ) {

			if ( (!special._default || special._default.apply( elem.ownerDocument, data ) === false) &&
				!(type === "click" && jQuery.nodeName( elem, "a" )) && jQuery.acceptData( elem ) ) {

				// Call a native DOM method on the target with the same name name as the event.
				// Can't use an .isFunction() check here because IE6/7 fails that test.
				// Don't do default actions on window, that's where global variables be (#6170)
				// IE<9 dies on focus/blur to hidden element (#1486)
				if ( ontype && elem[ type ] && ((type !== "focus" && type !== "blur") || event.target.offsetWidth !== 0) && !jQuery.isWindow( elem ) ) {

					// Don't re-trigger an onFOO event when we call its FOO() method
					old = elem[ ontype ];

					if ( old ) {
						elem[ ontype ] = null;
					}

					// Prevent re-triggering of the same event, since we already bubbled it above
					jQuery.event.triggered = type;
					elem[ type ]();
					jQuery.event.triggered = undefined;

					if ( old ) {
						elem[ ontype ] = old;
					}
				}
			}
		}

		return event.result;
	},

	dispatch: function( event ) {

		// Make a writable jQuery.Event from the native event object
		event = jQuery.event.fix( event || window.event );

		var handlers = ( (jQuery._data( this, "events" ) || {} )[ event.type ] || []),
			delegateCount = handlers.delegateCount,
			args = [].slice.call( arguments, 0 ),
			run_all = !event.exclusive && !event.namespace,
			special = jQuery.event.special[ event.type ] || {},
			handlerQueue = [],
			i, j, cur, jqcur, ret, selMatch, matched, matches, handleObj, sel, related;

		// Use the fix-ed jQuery.Event rather than the (read-only) native event
		args[0] = event;
		event.delegateTarget = this;

		// Call the preDispatch hook for the mapped type, and let it bail if desired
		if ( special.preDispatch && special.preDispatch.call( this, event ) === false ) {
			return;
		}

		// Determine handlers that should run if there are delegated events
		// Avoid non-left-click bubbling in Firefox (#3861)
		if ( delegateCount && !(event.button && event.type === "click") ) {

			// Pregenerate a single jQuery object for reuse with .is()
			jqcur = jQuery(this);
			jqcur.context = this.ownerDocument || this;

			for ( cur = event.target; cur != this; cur = cur.parentNode || this ) {

				// Don't process events on disabled elements (#6911, #8165)
				if ( cur.disabled !== true ) {
					selMatch = {};
					matches = [];
					jqcur[0] = cur;
					for ( i = 0; i < delegateCount; i++ ) {
						handleObj = handlers[ i ];
						sel = handleObj.selector;

						if ( selMatch[ sel ] === undefined ) {
							selMatch[ sel ] = (
								handleObj.quick ? quickIs( cur, handleObj.quick ) : jqcur.is( sel )
							);
						}
						if ( selMatch[ sel ] ) {
							matches.push( handleObj );
						}
					}
					if ( matches.length ) {
						handlerQueue.push({ elem: cur, matches: matches });
					}
				}
			}
		}

		// Add the remaining (directly-bound) handlers
		if ( handlers.length > delegateCount ) {
			handlerQueue.push({ elem: this, matches: handlers.slice( delegateCount ) });
		}

		// Run delegates first; they may want to stop propagation beneath us
		for ( i = 0; i < handlerQueue.length && !event.isPropagationStopped(); i++ ) {
			matched = handlerQueue[ i ];
			event.currentTarget = matched.elem;

			for ( j = 0; j < matched.matches.length && !event.isImmediatePropagationStopped(); j++ ) {
				handleObj = matched.matches[ j ];

				// Triggered event must either 1) be non-exclusive and have no namespace, or
				// 2) have namespace(s) a subset or equal to those in the bound event (both can have no namespace).
				if ( run_all || (!event.namespace && !handleObj.namespace) || event.namespace_re && event.namespace_re.test( handleObj.namespace ) ) {

					event.data = handleObj.data;
					event.handleObj = handleObj;

					ret = ( (jQuery.event.special[ handleObj.origType ] || {}).handle || handleObj.handler )
							.apply( matched.elem, args );

					if ( ret !== undefined ) {
						event.result = ret;
						if ( ret === false ) {
							event.preventDefault();
							event.stopPropagation();
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}

		// Call the postDispatch hook for the mapped type
		if ( special.postDispatch ) {
			special.postDispatch.call( this, event );
		}

		return event.result;
	},

	// Includes some event props shared by KeyEvent and MouseEvent
	// *** attrChange attrName relatedNode srcElement  are not normalized, non-W3C, deprecated, will be removed in 1.8 ***
	props: "attrChange attrName relatedNode srcElement altKey bubbles cancelable ctrlKey currentTarget eventPhase metaKey relatedTarget shiftKey target timeStamp view which".split(" "),

	fixHooks: {},

	keyHooks: {
		props: "char charCode key keyCode".split(" "),
		filter: function( event, original ) {

			// Add which for key events
			if ( event.which == null ) {
				event.which = original.charCode != null ? original.charCode : original.keyCode;
			}

			return event;
		}
	},

	mouseHooks: {
		props: "button buttons clientX clientY fromElement offsetX offsetY pageX pageY screenX screenY toElement".split(" "),
		filter: function( event, original ) {
			var eventDoc, doc, body,
				button = original.button,
				fromElement = original.fromElement;

			// Calculate pageX/Y if missing and clientX/Y available
			if ( event.pageX == null && original.clientX != null ) {
				eventDoc = event.target.ownerDocument || document;
				doc = eventDoc.documentElement;
				body = eventDoc.body;

				event.pageX = original.clientX + ( doc && doc.scrollLeft || body && body.scrollLeft || 0 ) - ( doc && doc.clientLeft || body && body.clientLeft || 0 );
				event.pageY = original.clientY + ( doc && doc.scrollTop  || body && body.scrollTop  || 0 ) - ( doc && doc.clientTop  || body && body.clientTop  || 0 );
			}

			// Add relatedTarget, if necessary
			if ( !event.relatedTarget && fromElement ) {
				event.relatedTarget = fromElement === event.target ? original.toElement : fromElement;
			}

			// Add which for click: 1 === left; 2 === middle; 3 === right
			// Note: button is not normalized, so don't use it
			if ( !event.which && button !== undefined ) {
				event.which = ( button & 1 ? 1 : ( button & 2 ? 3 : ( button & 4 ? 2 : 0 ) ) );
			}

			return event;
		}
	},

	fix: function( event ) {
		if ( event[ jQuery.expando ] ) {
			return event;
		}

		// Create a writable copy of the event object and normalize some properties
		var i, prop,
			originalEvent = event,
			fixHook = jQuery.event.fixHooks[ event.type ] || {},
			copy = fixHook.props ? this.props.concat( fixHook.props ) : this.props;

		event = jQuery.Event( originalEvent );

		for ( i = copy.length; i; ) {
			prop = copy[ --i ];
			event[ prop ] = originalEvent[ prop ];
		}

		// Fix target property, if necessary (#1925, IE 6/7/8 & Safari2)
		if ( !event.target ) {
			event.target = originalEvent.srcElement || document;
		}

		// Target should not be a text node (#504, Safari)
		if ( event.target.nodeType === 3 ) {
			event.target = event.target.parentNode;
		}

		// For mouse/key events; add metaKey if it's not there (#3368, IE6/7/8)
		if ( event.metaKey === undefined ) {
			event.metaKey = event.ctrlKey;
		}

		return fixHook.filter? fixHook.filter( event, originalEvent ) : event;
	},

	special: {
		ready: {
			// Make sure the ready event is setup
			setup: jQuery.bindReady
		},

		load: {
			// Prevent triggered image.load events from bubbling to window.load
			noBubble: true
		},

		focus: {
			delegateType: "focusin"
		},
		blur: {
			delegateType: "focusout"
		},

		beforeunload: {
			setup: function( data, namespaces, eventHandle ) {
				// We only want to do this special case on windows
				if ( jQuery.isWindow( this ) ) {
					this.onbeforeunload = eventHandle;
				}
			},

			teardown: function( namespaces, eventHandle ) {
				if ( this.onbeforeunload === eventHandle ) {
					this.onbeforeunload = null;
				}
			}
		}
	},

	simulate: function( type, elem, event, bubble ) {
		// Piggyback on a donor event to simulate a different one.
		// Fake originalEvent to avoid donor's stopPropagation, but if the
		// simulated event prevents default then we do the same on the donor.
		var e = jQuery.extend(
			new jQuery.Event(),
			event,
			{ type: type,
				isSimulated: true,
				originalEvent: {}
			}
		);
		if ( bubble ) {
			jQuery.event.trigger( e, null, elem );
		} else {
			jQuery.event.dispatch.call( elem, e );
		}
		if ( e.isDefaultPrevented() ) {
			event.preventDefault();
		}
	}
};

// Some plugins are using, but it's undocumented/deprecated and will be removed.
// The 1.7 special event interface should provide all the hooks needed now.
jQuery.event.handle = jQuery.event.dispatch;

jQuery.removeEvent = document.removeEventListener ?
	function( elem, type, handle ) {
		if ( elem.removeEventListener ) {
			elem.removeEventListener( type, handle, false );
		}
	} :
	function( elem, type, handle ) {
		if ( elem.detachEvent ) {
			elem.detachEvent( "on" + type, handle );
		}
	};

jQuery.Event = function( src, props ) {
	// Allow instantiation without the 'new' keyword
	if ( !(this instanceof jQuery.Event) ) {
		return new jQuery.Event( src, props );
	}

	// Event object
	if ( src && src.type ) {
		this.originalEvent = src;
		this.type = src.type;

		// Events bubbling up the document may have been marked as prevented
		// by a handler lower down the tree; reflect the correct value.
		this.isDefaultPrevented = ( src.defaultPrevented || src.returnValue === false ||
			src.getPreventDefault && src.getPreventDefault() ) ? returnTrue : returnFalse;

	// Event type
	} else {
		this.type = src;
	}

	// Put explicitly provided properties onto the event object
	if ( props ) {
		jQuery.extend( this, props );
	}

	// Create a timestamp if incoming event doesn't have one
	this.timeStamp = src && src.timeStamp || jQuery.now();

	// Mark it as fixed
	this[ jQuery.expando ] = true;
};

function returnFalse() {
	return false;
}
function returnTrue() {
	return true;
}

// jQuery.Event is based on DOM3 Events as specified by the ECMAScript Language Binding
// http://www.w3.org/TR/2003/WD-DOM-Level-3-Events-20030331/ecma-script-binding.html
jQuery.Event.prototype = {
	preventDefault: function() {
		this.isDefaultPrevented = returnTrue;

		var e = this.originalEvent;
		if ( !e ) {
			return;
		}

		// if preventDefault exists run it on the original event
		if ( e.preventDefault ) {
			e.preventDefault();

		// otherwise set the returnValue property of the original event to false (IE)
		} else {
			e.returnValue = false;
		}
	},
	stopPropagation: function() {
		this.isPropagationStopped = returnTrue;

		var e = this.originalEvent;
		if ( !e ) {
			return;
		}
		// if stopPropagation exists run it on the original event
		if ( e.stopPropagation ) {
			e.stopPropagation();
		}
		// otherwise set the cancelBubble property of the original event to true (IE)
		e.cancelBubble = true;
	},
	stopImmediatePropagation: function() {
		this.isImmediatePropagationStopped = returnTrue;
		this.stopPropagation();
	},
	isDefaultPrevented: returnFalse,
	isPropagationStopped: returnFalse,
	isImmediatePropagationStopped: returnFalse
};

// Create mouseenter/leave events using mouseover/out and event-time checks
jQuery.each({
	mouseenter: "mouseover",
	mouseleave: "mouseout"
}, function( orig, fix ) {
	jQuery.event.special[ orig ] = {
		delegateType: fix,
		bindType: fix,

		handle: function( event ) {
			var target = this,
				related = event.relatedTarget,
				handleObj = event.handleObj,
				selector = handleObj.selector,
				ret;

			// For mousenter/leave call the handler if related is outside the target.
			// NB: No relatedTarget if the mouse left/entered the browser window
			if ( !related || (related !== target && !jQuery.contains( target, related )) ) {
				event.type = handleObj.origType;
				ret = handleObj.handler.apply( this, arguments );
				event.type = fix;
			}
			return ret;
		}
	};
});

// IE submit delegation
if ( !jQuery.support.submitBubbles ) {

	jQuery.event.special.submit = {
		setup: function() {
			// Only need this for delegated form submit events
			if ( jQuery.nodeName( this, "form" ) ) {
				return false;
			}

			// Lazy-add a submit handler when a descendant form may potentially be submitted
			jQuery.event.add( this, "click._submit keypress._submit", function( e ) {
				// Node name check avoids a VML-related crash in IE (#9807)
				var elem = e.target,
					form = jQuery.nodeName( elem, "input" ) || jQuery.nodeName( elem, "button" ) ? elem.form : undefined;
				if ( form && !form._submit_attached ) {
					jQuery.event.add( form, "submit._submit", function( event ) {
						event._submit_bubble = true;
					});
					form._submit_attached = true;
				}
			});
			// return undefined since we don't need an event listener
		},
		
		postDispatch: function( event ) {
			// If form was submitted by the user, bubble the event up the tree
			if ( event._submit_bubble ) {
				delete event._submit_bubble;
				if ( this.parentNode && !event.isTrigger ) {
					jQuery.event.simulate( "submit", this.parentNode, event, true );
				}
			}
		},

		teardown: function() {
			// Only need this for delegated form submit events
			if ( jQuery.nodeName( this, "form" ) ) {
				return false;
			}

			// Remove delegated handlers; cleanData eventually reaps submit handlers attached above
			jQuery.event.remove( this, "._submit" );
		}
	};
}

// IE change delegation and checkbox/radio fix
if ( !jQuery.support.changeBubbles ) {

	jQuery.event.special.change = {

		setup: function() {

			if ( rformElems.test( this.nodeName ) ) {
				// IE doesn't fire change on a check/radio until blur; trigger it on click
				// after a propertychange. Eat the blur-change in special.change.handle.
				// This still fires onchange a second time for check/radio after blur.
				if ( this.type === "checkbox" || this.type === "radio" ) {
					jQuery.event.add( this, "propertychange._change", function( event ) {
						if ( event.originalEvent.propertyName === "checked" ) {
							this._just_changed = true;
						}
					});
					jQuery.event.add( this, "click._change", function( event ) {
						if ( this._just_changed && !event.isTrigger ) {
							this._just_changed = false;
							jQuery.event.simulate( "change", this, event, true );
						}
					});
				}
				return false;
			}
			// Delegated event; lazy-add a change handler on descendant inputs
			jQuery.event.add( this, "beforeactivate._change", function( e ) {
				var elem = e.target;

				if ( rformElems.test( elem.nodeName ) && !elem._change_attached ) {
					jQuery.event.add( elem, "change._change", function( event ) {
						if ( this.parentNode && !event.isSimulated && !event.isTrigger ) {
							jQuery.event.simulate( "change", this.parentNode, event, true );
						}
					});
					elem._change_attached = true;
				}
			});
		},

		handle: function( event ) {
			var elem = event.target;

			// Swallow native change events from checkbox/radio, we already triggered them above
			if ( this !== elem || event.isSimulated || event.isTrigger || (elem.type !== "radio" && elem.type !== "checkbox") ) {
				return event.handleObj.handler.apply( this, arguments );
			}
		},

		teardown: function() {
			jQuery.event.remove( this, "._change" );

			return rformElems.test( this.nodeName );
		}
	};
}

// Create "bubbling" focus and blur events
if ( !jQuery.support.focusinBubbles ) {
	jQuery.each({ focus: "focusin", blur: "focusout" }, function( orig, fix ) {

		// Attach a single capturing handler while someone wants focusin/focusout
		var attaches = 0,
			handler = function( event ) {
				jQuery.event.simulate( fix, event.target, jQuery.event.fix( event ), true );
			};

		jQuery.event.special[ fix ] = {
			setup: function() {
				if ( attaches++ === 0 ) {
					document.addEventListener( orig, handler, true );
				}
			},
			teardown: function() {
				if ( --attaches === 0 ) {
					document.removeEventListener( orig, handler, true );
				}
			}
		};
	});
}

jQuery.fn.extend({

	on: function( types, selector, data, fn, /*INTERNAL*/ one ) {
		var origFn, type;

		// Types can be a map of types/handlers
		if ( typeof types === "object" ) {
			// ( types-Object, selector, data )
			if ( typeof selector !== "string" ) { // && selector != null
				// ( types-Object, data )
				data = data || selector;
				selector = undefined;
			}
			for ( type in types ) {
				this.on( type, selector, data, types[ type ], one );
			}
			return this;
		}

		if ( data == null && fn == null ) {
			// ( types, fn )
			fn = selector;
			data = selector = undefined;
		} else if ( fn == null ) {
			if ( typeof selector === "string" ) {
				// ( types, selector, fn )
				fn = data;
				data = undefined;
			} else {
				// ( types, data, fn )
				fn = data;
				data = selector;
				selector = undefined;
			}
		}
		if ( fn === false ) {
			fn = returnFalse;
		} else if ( !fn ) {
			return this;
		}

		if ( one === 1 ) {
			origFn = fn;
			fn = function( event ) {
				// Can use an empty set, since event contains the info
				jQuery().off( event );
				return origFn.apply( this, arguments );
			};
			// Use same guid so caller can remove using origFn
			fn.guid = origFn.guid || ( origFn.guid = jQuery.guid++ );
		}
		return this.each( function() {
			jQuery.event.add( this, types, fn, data, selector );
		});
	},
	one: function( types, selector, data, fn ) {
		return this.on( types, selector, data, fn, 1 );
	},
	off: function( types, selector, fn ) {
		if ( types && types.preventDefault && types.handleObj ) {
			// ( event )  dispatched jQuery.Event
			var handleObj = types.handleObj;
			jQuery( types.delegateTarget ).off(
				handleObj.namespace ? handleObj.origType + "." + handleObj.namespace : handleObj.origType,
				handleObj.selector,
				handleObj.handler
			);
			return this;
		}
		if ( typeof types === "object" ) {
			// ( types-object [, selector] )
			for ( var type in types ) {
				this.off( type, selector, types[ type ] );
			}
			return this;
		}
		if ( selector === false || typeof selector === "function" ) {
			// ( types [, fn] )
			fn = selector;
			selector = undefined;
		}
		if ( fn === false ) {
			fn = returnFalse;
		}
		return this.each(function() {
			jQuery.event.remove( this, types, fn, selector );
		});
	},

	bind: function( types, data, fn ) {
		return this.on( types, null, data, fn );
	},
	unbind: function( types, fn ) {
		return this.off( types, null, fn );
	},

	live: function( types, data, fn ) {
		jQuery( this.context ).on( types, this.selector, data, fn );
		return this;
	},
	die: function( types, fn ) {
		jQuery( this.context ).off( types, this.selector || "**", fn );
		return this;
	},

	delegate: function( selector, types, data, fn ) {
		return this.on( types, selector, data, fn );
	},
	undelegate: function( selector, types, fn ) {
		// ( namespace ) or ( selector, types [, fn] )
		return arguments.length == 1? this.off( selector, "**" ) : this.off( types, selector, fn );
	},

	trigger: function( type, data ) {
		return this.each(function() {
			jQuery.event.trigger( type, data, this );
		});
	},
	triggerHandler: function( type, data ) {
		if ( this[0] ) {
			return jQuery.event.trigger( type, data, this[0], true );
		}
	},

	toggle: function( fn ) {
		// Save reference to arguments for access in closure
		var args = arguments,
			guid = fn.guid || jQuery.guid++,
			i = 0,
			toggler = function( event ) {
				// Figure out which function to execute
				var lastToggle = ( jQuery._data( this, "lastToggle" + fn.guid ) || 0 ) % i;
				jQuery._data( this, "lastToggle" + fn.guid, lastToggle + 1 );

				// Make sure that clicks stop
				event.preventDefault();

				// and execute the function
				return args[ lastToggle ].apply( this, arguments ) || false;
			};

		// link all the functions, so any of them can unbind this click handler
		toggler.guid = guid;
		while ( i < args.length ) {
			args[ i++ ].guid = guid;
		}

		return this.click( toggler );
	},

	hover: function( fnOver, fnOut ) {
		return this.mouseenter( fnOver ).mouseleave( fnOut || fnOver );
	}
});

jQuery.each( ("blur focus focusin focusout load resize scroll unload click dblclick " +
	"mousedown mouseup mousemove mouseover mouseout mouseenter mouseleave " +
	"change select submit keydown keypress keyup error contextmenu").split(" "), function( i, name ) {

	// Handle event binding
	jQuery.fn[ name ] = function( data, fn ) {
		if ( fn == null ) {
			fn = data;
			data = null;
		}

		return arguments.length > 0 ?
			this.on( name, null, data, fn ) :
			this.trigger( name );
	};

	if ( jQuery.attrFn ) {
		jQuery.attrFn[ name ] = true;
	}

	if ( rkeyEvent.test( name ) ) {
		jQuery.event.fixHooks[ name ] = jQuery.event.keyHooks;
	}

	if ( rmouseEvent.test( name ) ) {
		jQuery.event.fixHooks[ name ] = jQuery.event.mouseHooks;
	}
});



/*!
 * Sizzle CSS Selector Engine
 *  Copyright 2011, The Dojo Foundation
 *  Released under the MIT, BSD, and GPL Licenses.
 *  More information: http://sizzlejs.com/
 */
(function(){

var chunker = /((?:\((?:\([^()]+\)|[^()]+)+\)|\[(?:\[[^\[\]]*\]|['"][^'"]*['"]|[^\[\]'"]+)+\]|\\.|[^ >+~,(\[\\]+)+|[>+~])(\s*,\s*)?((?:.|\r|\n)*)/g,
	expando = "sizcache" + (Math.random() + '').replace('.', ''),
	done = 0,
	toString = Object.prototype.toString,
	hasDuplicate = false,
	baseHasDuplicate = true,
	rBackslash = /\\/g,
	rReturn = /\r\n/g,
	rNonWord = /\W/;

// Here we check if the JavaScript engine is using some sort of
// optimization where it does not always call our comparision
// function. If that is the case, discard the hasDuplicate value.
//   Thus far that includes Google Chrome.
[0, 0].sort(function() {
	baseHasDuplicate = false;
	return 0;
});

var Sizzle = function( selector, context, results, seed ) {
	results = results || [];
	context = context || document;

	var origContext = context;

	if ( context.nodeType !== 1 && context.nodeType !== 9 ) {
		return [];
	}

	if ( !selector || typeof selector !== "string" ) {
		return results;
	}

	var m, set, checkSet, extra, ret, cur, pop, i,
		prune = true,
		contextXML = Sizzle.isXML( context ),
		parts = [],
		soFar = selector;

	// Reset the position of the chunker regexp (start from head)
	do {
		chunker.exec( "" );
		m = chunker.exec( soFar );

		if ( m ) {
			soFar = m[3];

			parts.push( m[1] );

			if ( m[2] ) {
				extra = m[3];
				break;
			}
		}
	} while ( m );

	if ( parts.length > 1 && origPOS.exec( selector ) ) {

		if ( parts.length === 2 && Expr.relative[ parts[0] ] ) {
			set = posProcess( parts[0] + parts[1], context, seed );

		} else {
			set = Expr.relative[ parts[0] ] ?
				[ context ] :
				Sizzle( parts.shift(), context );

			while ( parts.length ) {
				selector = parts.shift();

				if ( Expr.relative[ selector ] ) {
					selector += parts.shift();
				}

				set = posProcess( selector, set, seed );
			}
		}

	} else {
		// Take a shortcut and set the context if the root selector is an ID
		// (but not if it'll be faster if the inner selector is an ID)
		if ( !seed && parts.length > 1 && context.nodeType === 9 && !contextXML &&
				Expr.match.ID.test(parts[0]) && !Expr.match.ID.test(parts[parts.length - 1]) ) {

			ret = Sizzle.find( parts.shift(), context, contextXML );
			context = ret.expr ?
				Sizzle.filter( ret.expr, ret.set )[0] :
				ret.set[0];
		}

		if ( context ) {
			ret = seed ?
				{ expr: parts.pop(), set: makeArray(seed) } :
				Sizzle.find( parts.pop(), parts.length === 1 && (parts[0] === "~" || parts[0] === "+") && context.parentNode ? context.parentNode : context, contextXML );

			set = ret.expr ?
				Sizzle.filter( ret.expr, ret.set ) :
				ret.set;

			if ( parts.length > 0 ) {
				checkSet = makeArray( set );

			} else {
				prune = false;
			}

			while ( parts.length ) {
				cur = parts.pop();
				pop = cur;

				if ( !Expr.relative[ cur ] ) {
					cur = "";
				} else {
					pop = parts.pop();
				}

				if ( pop == null ) {
					pop = context;
				}

				Expr.relative[ cur ]( checkSet, pop, contextXML );
			}

		} else {
			checkSet = parts = [];
		}
	}

	if ( !checkSet ) {
		checkSet = set;
	}

	if ( !checkSet ) {
		Sizzle.error( cur || selector );
	}

	if ( toString.call(checkSet) === "[object Array]" ) {
		if ( !prune ) {
			results.push.apply( results, checkSet );

		} else if ( context && context.nodeType === 1 ) {
			for ( i = 0; checkSet[i] != null; i++ ) {
				if ( checkSet[i] && (checkSet[i] === true || checkSet[i].nodeType === 1 && Sizzle.contains(context, checkSet[i])) ) {
					results.push( set[i] );
				}
			}

		} else {
			for ( i = 0; checkSet[i] != null; i++ ) {
				if ( checkSet[i] && checkSet[i].nodeType === 1 ) {
					results.push( set[i] );
				}
			}
		}

	} else {
		makeArray( checkSet, results );
	}

	if ( extra ) {
		Sizzle( extra, origContext, results, seed );
		Sizzle.uniqueSort( results );
	}

	return results;
};

Sizzle.uniqueSort = function( results ) {
	if ( sortOrder ) {
		hasDuplicate = baseHasDuplicate;
		results.sort( sortOrder );

		if ( hasDuplicate ) {
			for ( var i = 1; i < results.length; i++ ) {
				if ( results[i] === results[ i - 1 ] ) {
					results.splice( i--, 1 );
				}
			}
		}
	}

	return results;
};

Sizzle.matches = function( expr, set ) {
	return Sizzle( expr, null, null, set );
};

Sizzle.matchesSelector = function( node, expr ) {
	return Sizzle( expr, null, null, [node] ).length > 0;
};

Sizzle.find = function( expr, context, isXML ) {
	var set, i, len, match, type, left;

	if ( !expr ) {
		return [];
	}

	for ( i = 0, len = Expr.order.length; i < len; i++ ) {
		type = Expr.order[i];

		if ( (match = Expr.leftMatch[ type ].exec( expr )) ) {
			left = match[1];
			match.splice( 1, 1 );

			if ( left.substr( left.length - 1 ) !== "\\" ) {
				match[1] = (match[1] || "").replace( rBackslash, "" );
				set = Expr.find[ type ]( match, context, isXML );

				if ( set != null ) {
					expr = expr.replace( Expr.match[ type ], "" );
					break;
				}
			}
		}
	}

	if ( !set ) {
		set = typeof context.getElementsByTagName !== "undefined" ?
			context.getElementsByTagName( "*" ) :
			[];
	}

	return { set: set, expr: expr };
};

Sizzle.filter = function( expr, set, inplace, not ) {
	var match, anyFound,
		type, found, item, filter, left,
		i, pass,
		old = expr,
		result = [],
		curLoop = set,
		isXMLFilter = set && set[0] && Sizzle.isXML( set[0] );

	while ( expr && set.length ) {
		for ( type in Expr.filter ) {
			if ( (match = Expr.leftMatch[ type ].exec( expr )) != null && match[2] ) {
				filter = Expr.filter[ type ];
				left = match[1];

				anyFound = false;

				match.splice(1,1);

				if ( left.substr( left.length - 1 ) === "\\" ) {
					continue;
				}

				if ( curLoop === result ) {
					result = [];
				}

				if ( Expr.preFilter[ type ] ) {
					match = Expr.preFilter[ type ]( match, curLoop, inplace, result, not, isXMLFilter );

					if ( !match ) {
						anyFound = found = true;

					} else if ( match === true ) {
						continue;
					}
				}

				if ( match ) {
					for ( i = 0; (item = curLoop[i]) != null; i++ ) {
						if ( item ) {
							found = filter( item, match, i, curLoop );
							pass = not ^ found;

							if ( inplace && found != null ) {
								if ( pass ) {
									anyFound = true;

								} else {
									curLoop[i] = false;
								}

							} else if ( pass ) {
								result.push( item );
								anyFound = true;
							}
						}
					}
				}

				if ( found !== undefined ) {
					if ( !inplace ) {
						curLoop = result;
					}

					expr = expr.replace( Expr.match[ type ], "" );

					if ( !anyFound ) {
						return [];
					}

					break;
				}
			}
		}

		// Improper expression
		if ( expr === old ) {
			if ( anyFound == null ) {
				Sizzle.error( expr );

			} else {
				break;
			}
		}

		old = expr;
	}

	return curLoop;
};

Sizzle.error = function( msg ) {
	throw new Error( "Syntax error, unrecognized expression: " + msg );
};

/**
 * Utility function for retreiving the text value of an array of DOM nodes
 * @param {Array|Element} elem
 */
var getText = Sizzle.getText = function( elem ) {
    var i, node,
		nodeType = elem.nodeType,
		ret = "";

	if ( nodeType ) {
		if ( nodeType === 1 || nodeType === 9 || nodeType === 11 ) {
			// Use textContent || innerText for elements
			if ( typeof elem.textContent === 'string' ) {
				return elem.textContent;
			} else if ( typeof elem.innerText === 'string' ) {
				// Replace IE's carriage returns
				return elem.innerText.replace( rReturn, '' );
			} else {
				// Traverse it's children
				for ( elem = elem.firstChild; elem; elem = elem.nextSibling) {
					ret += getText( elem );
				}
			}
		} else if ( nodeType === 3 || nodeType === 4 ) {
			return elem.nodeValue;
		}
	} else {

		// If no nodeType, this is expected to be an array
		for ( i = 0; (node = elem[i]); i++ ) {
			// Do not traverse comment nodes
			if ( node.nodeType !== 8 ) {
				ret += getText( node );
			}
		}
	}
	return ret;
};

var Expr = Sizzle.selectors = {
	order: [ "ID", "NAME", "TAG" ],

	match: {
		ID: /#((?:[\w\u00c0-\uFFFF\-]|\\.)+)/,
		CLASS: /\.((?:[\w\u00c0-\uFFFF\-]|\\.)+)/,
		NAME: /\[name=['"]*((?:[\w\u00c0-\uFFFF\-]|\\.)+)['"]*\]/,
		ATTR: /\[\s*((?:[\w\u00c0-\uFFFF\-]|\\.)+)\s*(?:(\S?=)\s*(?:(['"])(.*?)\3|(#?(?:[\w\u00c0-\uFFFF\-]|\\.)*)|)|)\s*\]/,
		TAG: /^((?:[\w\u00c0-\uFFFF\*\-]|\\.)+)/,
		CHILD: /:(only|nth|last|first)-child(?:\(\s*(even|odd|(?:[+\-]?\d+|(?:[+\-]?\d*)?n\s*(?:[+\-]\s*\d+)?))\s*\))?/,
		POS: /:(nth|eq|gt|lt|first|last|even|odd)(?:\((\d*)\))?(?=[^\-]|$)/,
		PSEUDO: /:((?:[\w\u00c0-\uFFFF\-]|\\.)+)(?:\((['"]?)((?:\([^\)]+\)|[^\(\)]*)+)\2\))?/
	},

	leftMatch: {},

	attrMap: {
		"class": "className",
		"for": "htmlFor"
	},

	attrHandle: {
		href: function( elem ) {
			return elem.getAttribute( "href" );
		},
		type: function( elem ) {
			return elem.getAttribute( "type" );
		}
	},

	relative: {
		"+": function(checkSet, part){
			var isPartStr = typeof part === "string",
				isTag = isPartStr && !rNonWord.test( part ),
				isPartStrNotTag = isPartStr && !isTag;

			if ( isTag ) {
				part = part.toLowerCase();
			}

			for ( var i = 0, l = checkSet.length, elem; i < l; i++ ) {
				if ( (elem = checkSet[i]) ) {
					while ( (elem = elem.previousSibling) && elem.nodeType !== 1 ) {}

					checkSet[i] = isPartStrNotTag || elem && elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() === part ?
						elem || false :
						elem === part;
				}
			}

			if ( isPartStrNotTag ) {
				Sizzle.filter( part, checkSet, true );
			}
		},

		">": function( checkSet, part ) {
			var elem,
				isPartStr = typeof part === "string",
				i = 0,
				l = checkSet.length;

			if ( isPartStr && !rNonWord.test( part ) ) {
				part = part.toLowerCase();

				for ( ; i < l; i++ ) {
					elem = checkSet[i];

					if ( elem ) {
						var parent = elem.parentNode;
						checkSet[i] = parent.nodeName.toLowerCase() === part ? parent : false;
					}
				}

			} else {
				for ( ; i < l; i++ ) {
					elem = checkSet[i];

					if ( elem ) {
						checkSet[i] = isPartStr ?
							elem.parentNode :
							elem.parentNode === part;
					}
				}

				if ( isPartStr ) {
					Sizzle.filter( part, checkSet, true );
				}
			}
		},

		"": function(checkSet, part, isXML){
			var nodeCheck,
				doneName = done++,
				checkFn = dirCheck;

			if ( typeof part === "string" && !rNonWord.test( part ) ) {
				part = part.toLowerCase();
				nodeCheck = part;
				checkFn = dirNodeCheck;
			}

			checkFn( "parentNode", part, doneName, checkSet, nodeCheck, isXML );
		},

		"~": function( checkSet, part, isXML ) {
			var nodeCheck,
				doneName = done++,
				checkFn = dirCheck;

			if ( typeof part === "string" && !rNonWord.test( part ) ) {
				part = part.toLowerCase();
				nodeCheck = part;
				checkFn = dirNodeCheck;
			}

			checkFn( "previousSibling", part, doneName, checkSet, nodeCheck, isXML );
		}
	},

	find: {
		ID: function( match, context, isXML ) {
			if ( typeof context.getElementById !== "undefined" && !isXML ) {
				var m = context.getElementById(match[1]);
				// Check parentNode to catch when Blackberry 4.6 returns
				// nodes that are no longer in the document #6963
				return m && m.parentNode ? [m] : [];
			}
		},

		NAME: function( match, context ) {
			if ( typeof context.getElementsByName !== "undefined" ) {
				var ret = [],
					results = context.getElementsByName( match[1] );

				for ( var i = 0, l = results.length; i < l; i++ ) {
					if ( results[i].getAttribute("name") === match[1] ) {
						ret.push( results[i] );
					}
				}

				return ret.length === 0 ? null : ret;
			}
		},

		TAG: function( match, context ) {
			if ( typeof context.getElementsByTagName !== "undefined" ) {
				return context.getElementsByTagName( match[1] );
			}
		}
	},
	preFilter: {
		CLASS: function( match, curLoop, inplace, result, not, isXML ) {
			match = " " + match[1].replace( rBackslash, "" ) + " ";

			if ( isXML ) {
				return match;
			}

			for ( var i = 0, elem; (elem = curLoop[i]) != null; i++ ) {
				if ( elem ) {
					if ( not ^ (elem.className && (" " + elem.className + " ").replace(/[\t\n\r]/g, " ").indexOf(match) >= 0) ) {
						if ( !inplace ) {
							result.push( elem );
						}

					} else if ( inplace ) {
						curLoop[i] = false;
					}
				}
			}

			return false;
		},

		ID: function( match ) {
			return match[1].replace( rBackslash, "" );
		},

		TAG: function( match, curLoop ) {
			return match[1].replace( rBackslash, "" ).toLowerCase();
		},

		CHILD: function( match ) {
			if ( match[1] === "nth" ) {
				if ( !match[2] ) {
					Sizzle.error( match[0] );
				}

				match[2] = match[2].replace(/^\+|\s*/g, '');

				// parse equations like 'even', 'odd', '5', '2n', '3n+2', '4n-1', '-n+6'
				var test = /(-?)(\d*)(?:n([+\-]?\d*))?/.exec(
					match[2] === "even" && "2n" || match[2] === "odd" && "2n+1" ||
					!/\D/.test( match[2] ) && "0n+" + match[2] || match[2]);

				// calculate the numbers (first)n+(last) including if they are negative
				match[2] = (test[1] + (test[2] || 1)) - 0;
				match[3] = test[3] - 0;
			}
			else if ( match[2] ) {
				Sizzle.error( match[0] );
			}

			// TODO: Move to normal caching system
			match[0] = done++;

			return match;
		},

		ATTR: function( match, curLoop, inplace, result, not, isXML ) {
			var name = match[1] = match[1].replace( rBackslash, "" );

			if ( !isXML && Expr.attrMap[name] ) {
				match[1] = Expr.attrMap[name];
			}

			// Handle if an un-quoted value was used
			match[4] = ( match[4] || match[5] || "" ).replace( rBackslash, "" );

			if ( match[2] === "~=" ) {
				match[4] = " " + match[4] + " ";
			}

			return match;
		},

		PSEUDO: function( match, curLoop, inplace, result, not ) {
			if ( match[1] === "not" ) {
				// If we're dealing with a complex expression, or a simple one
				if ( ( chunker.exec(match[3]) || "" ).length > 1 || /^\w/.test(match[3]) ) {
					match[3] = Sizzle(match[3], null, null, curLoop);

				} else {
					var ret = Sizzle.filter(match[3], curLoop, inplace, true ^ not);

					if ( !inplace ) {
						result.push.apply( result, ret );
					}

					return false;
				}

			} else if ( Expr.match.POS.test( match[0] ) || Expr.match.CHILD.test( match[0] ) ) {
				return true;
			}

			return match;
		},

		POS: function( match ) {
			match.unshift( true );

			return match;
		}
	},

	filters: {
		enabled: function( elem ) {
			return elem.disabled === false && elem.type !== "hidden";
		},

		disabled: function( elem ) {
			return elem.disabled === true;
		},

		checked: function( elem ) {
			return elem.checked === true;
		},

		selected: function( elem ) {
			// Accessing this property makes selected-by-default
			// options in Safari work properly
			if ( elem.parentNode ) {
				elem.parentNode.selectedIndex;
			}

			return elem.selected === true;
		},

		parent: function( elem ) {
			return !!elem.firstChild;
		},

		empty: function( elem ) {
			return !elem.firstChild;
		},

		has: function( elem, i, match ) {
			return !!Sizzle( match[3], elem ).length;
		},

		header: function( elem ) {
			return (/h\d/i).test( elem.nodeName );
		},

		text: function( elem ) {
			var attr = elem.getAttribute( "type" ), type = elem.type;
			// IE6 and 7 will map elem.type to 'text' for new HTML5 types (search, etc)
			// use getAttribute instead to test this case
			return elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() === "input" && "text" === type && ( attr === type || attr === null );
		},

		radio: function( elem ) {
			return elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() === "input" && "radio" === elem.type;
		},

		checkbox: function( elem ) {
			return elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() === "input" && "checkbox" === elem.type;
		},

		file: function( elem ) {
			return elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() === "input" && "file" === elem.type;
		},

		password: function( elem ) {
			return elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() === "input" && "password" === elem.type;
		},

		submit: function( elem ) {
			var name = elem.nodeName.toLowerCase();
			return (name === "input" || name === "button") && "submit" === elem.type;
		},

		image: function( elem ) {
			return elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() === "input" && "image" === elem.type;
		},

		reset: function( elem ) {
			var name = elem.nodeName.toLowerCase();
			return (name === "input" || name === "button") && "reset" === elem.type;
		},

		button: function( elem ) {
			var name = elem.nodeName.toLowerCase();
			return name === "input" && "button" === elem.type || name === "button";
		},

		input: function( elem ) {
			return (/input|select|textarea|button/i).test( elem.nodeName );
		},

		focus: function( elem ) {
			return elem === elem.ownerDocument.activeElement;
		}
	},
	setFilters: {
		first: function( elem, i ) {
			return i === 0;
		},

		last: function( elem, i, match, array ) {
			return i === array.length - 1;
		},

		even: function( elem, i ) {
			return i % 2 === 0;
		},

		odd: function( elem, i ) {
			return i % 2 === 1;
		},

		lt: function( elem, i, match ) {
			return i < match[3] - 0;
		},

		gt: function( elem, i, match ) {
			return i > match[3] - 0;
		},

		nth: function( elem, i, match ) {
			return match[3] - 0 === i;
		},

		eq: function( elem, i, match ) {
			return match[3] - 0 === i;
		}
	},
	filter: {
		PSEUDO: function( elem, match, i, array ) {
			var name = match[1],
				filter = Expr.filters[ name ];

			if ( filter ) {
				return filter( elem, i, match, array );

			} else if ( name === "contains" ) {
				return (elem.textContent || elem.innerText || getText([ elem ]) || "").indexOf(match[3]) >= 0;

			} else if ( name === "not" ) {
				var not = match[3];

				for ( var j = 0, l = not.length; j < l; j++ ) {
					if ( not[j] === elem ) {
						return false;
					}
				}

				return true;

			} else {
				Sizzle.error( name );
			}
		},

		CHILD: function( elem, match ) {
			var first, last,
				doneName, parent, cache,
				count, diff,
				type = match[1],
				node = elem;

			switch ( type ) {
				case "only":
				case "first":
					while ( (node = node.previousSibling) ) {
						if ( node.nodeType === 1 ) {
							return false;
						}
					}

					if ( type === "first" ) {
						return true;
					}

					node = elem;

					/* falls through */
				case "last":
					while ( (node = node.nextSibling) ) {
						if ( node.nodeType === 1 ) {
							return false;
						}
					}

					return true;

				case "nth":
					first = match[2];
					last = match[3];

					if ( first === 1 && last === 0 ) {
						return true;
					}

					doneName = match[0];
					parent = elem.parentNode;

					if ( parent && (parent[ expando ] !== doneName || !elem.nodeIndex) ) {
						count = 0;

						for ( node = parent.firstChild; node; node = node.nextSibling ) {
							if ( node.nodeType === 1 ) {
								node.nodeIndex = ++count;
							}
						}

						parent[ expando ] = doneName;
					}

					diff = elem.nodeIndex - last;

					if ( first === 0 ) {
						return diff === 0;

					} else {
						return ( diff % first === 0 && diff / first >= 0 );
					}
			}
		},

		ID: function( elem, match ) {
			return elem.nodeType === 1 && elem.getAttribute("id") === match;
		},

		TAG: function( elem, match ) {
			return (match === "*" && elem.nodeType === 1) || !!elem.nodeName && elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() === match;
		},

		CLASS: function( elem, match ) {
			return (" " + (elem.className || elem.getAttribute("class")) + " ")
				.indexOf( match ) > -1;
		},

		ATTR: function( elem, match ) {
			var name = match[1],
				result = Sizzle.attr ?
					Sizzle.attr( elem, name ) :
					Expr.attrHandle[ name ] ?
					Expr.attrHandle[ name ]( elem ) :
					elem[ name ] != null ?
						elem[ name ] :
						elem.getAttribute( name ),
				value = result + "",
				type = match[2],
				check = match[4];

			return result == null ?
				type === "!=" :
				!type && Sizzle.attr ?
				result != null :
				type === "=" ?
				value === check :
				type === "*=" ?
				value.indexOf(check) >= 0 :
				type === "~=" ?
				(" " + value + " ").indexOf(check) >= 0 :
				!check ?
				value && result !== false :
				type === "!=" ?
				value !== check :
				type === "^=" ?
				value.indexOf(check) === 0 :
				type === "$=" ?
				value.substr(value.length - check.length) === check :
				type === "|=" ?
				value === check || value.substr(0, check.length + 1) === check + "-" :
				false;
		},

		POS: function( elem, match, i, array ) {
			var name = match[2],
				filter = Expr.setFilters[ name ];

			if ( filter ) {
				return filter( elem, i, match, array );
			}
		}
	}
};

var origPOS = Expr.match.POS,
	fescape = function(all, num){
		return "\\" + (num - 0 + 1);
	};

for ( var type in Expr.match ) {
	Expr.match[ type ] = new RegExp( Expr.match[ type ].source + (/(?![^\[]*\])(?![^\(]*\))/.source) );
	Expr.leftMatch[ type ] = new RegExp( /(^(?:.|\r|\n)*?)/.source + Expr.match[ type ].source.replace(/\\(\d+)/g, fescape) );
}
// Expose origPOS
// "global" as in regardless of relation to brackets/parens
Expr.match.globalPOS = origPOS;

var makeArray = function( array, results ) {
	array = Array.prototype.slice.call( array, 0 );

	if ( results ) {
		results.push.apply( results, array );
		return results;
	}

	return array;
};

// Perform a simple check to determine if the browser is capable of
// converting a NodeList to an array using builtin methods.
// Also verifies that the returned array holds DOM nodes
// (which is not the case in the Blackberry browser)
try {
	Array.prototype.slice.call( document.documentElement.childNodes, 0 )[0].nodeType;

// Provide a fallback method if it does not work
} catch( e ) {
	makeArray = function( array, results ) {
		var i = 0,
			ret = results || [];

		if ( toString.call(array) === "[object Array]" ) {
			Array.prototype.push.apply( ret, array );

		} else {
			if ( typeof array.length === "number" ) {
				for ( var l = array.length; i < l; i++ ) {
					ret.push( array[i] );
				}

			} else {
				for ( ; array[i]; i++ ) {
					ret.push( array[i] );
				}
			}
		}

		return ret;
	};
}

var sortOrder, siblingCheck;

if ( document.documentElement.compareDocumentPosition ) {
	sortOrder = function( a, b ) {
		if ( a === b ) {
			hasDuplicate = true;
			return 0;
		}

		if ( !a.compareDocumentPosition || !b.compareDocumentPosition ) {
			return a.compareDocumentPosition ? -1 : 1;
		}

		return a.compareDocumentPosition(b) & 4 ? -1 : 1;
	};

} else {
	sortOrder = function( a, b ) {
		// The nodes are identical, we can exit early
		if ( a === b ) {
			hasDuplicate = true;
			return 0;

		// Fallback to using sourceIndex (in IE) if it's available on both nodes
		} else if ( a.sourceIndex && b.sourceIndex ) {
			return a.sourceIndex - b.sourceIndex;
		}

		var al, bl,
			ap = [],
			bp = [],
			aup = a.parentNode,
			bup = b.parentNode,
			cur = aup;

		// If the nodes are siblings (or identical) we can do a quick check
		if ( aup === bup ) {
			return siblingCheck( a, b );

		// If no parents were found then the nodes are disconnected
		} else if ( !aup ) {
			return -1;

		} else if ( !bup ) {
			return 1;
		}

		// Otherwise they're somewhere else in the tree so we need
		// to build up a full list of the parentNodes for comparison
		while ( cur ) {
			ap.unshift( cur );
			cur = cur.parentNode;
		}

		cur = bup;

		while ( cur ) {
			bp.unshift( cur );
			cur = cur.parentNode;
		}

		al = ap.length;
		bl = bp.length;

		// Start walking down the tree looking for a discrepancy
		for ( var i = 0; i < al && i < bl; i++ ) {
			if ( ap[i] !== bp[i] ) {
				return siblingCheck( ap[i], bp[i] );
			}
		}

		// We ended someplace up the tree so do a sibling check
		return i === al ?
			siblingCheck( a, bp[i], -1 ) :
			siblingCheck( ap[i], b, 1 );
	};

	siblingCheck = function( a, b, ret ) {
		if ( a === b ) {
			return ret;
		}

		var cur = a.nextSibling;

		while ( cur ) {
			if ( cur === b ) {
				return -1;
			}

			cur = cur.nextSibling;
		}

		return 1;
	};
}

// Check to see if the browser returns elements by name when
// querying by getElementById (and provide a workaround)
(function(){
	// We're going to inject a fake input element with a specified name
	var form = document.createElement("div"),
		id = "script" + (new Date()).getTime(),
		root = document.documentElement;

	form.innerHTML = "<a name='" + id + "'/>";

	// Inject it into the root element, check its status, and remove it quickly
	root.insertBefore( form, root.firstChild );

	// The workaround has to do additional checks after a getElementById
	// Which slows things down for other browsers (hence the branching)
	if ( document.getElementById( id ) ) {
		Expr.find.ID = function( match, context, isXML ) {
			if ( typeof context.getElementById !== "undefined" && !isXML ) {
				var m = context.getElementById(match[1]);

				return m ?
					m.id === match[1] || typeof m.getAttributeNode !== "undefined" && m.getAttributeNode("id").nodeValue === match[1] ?
						[m] :
						undefined :
					[];
			}
		};

		Expr.filter.ID = function( elem, match ) {
			var node = typeof elem.getAttributeNode !== "undefined" && elem.getAttributeNode("id");

			return elem.nodeType === 1 && node && node.nodeValue === match;
		};
	}

	root.removeChild( form );

	// release memory in IE
	root = form = null;
})();

(function(){
	// Check to see if the browser returns only elements
	// when doing getElementsByTagName("*")

	// Create a fake element
	var div = document.createElement("div");
	div.appendChild( document.createComment("") );

	// Make sure no comments are found
	if ( div.getElementsByTagName("*").length > 0 ) {
		Expr.find.TAG = function( match, context ) {
			var results = context.getElementsByTagName( match[1] );

			// Filter out possible comments
			if ( match[1] === "*" ) {
				var tmp = [];

				for ( var i = 0; results[i]; i++ ) {
					if ( results[i].nodeType === 1 ) {
						tmp.push( results[i] );
					}
				}

				results = tmp;
			}

			return results;
		};
	}

	// Check to see if an attribute returns normalized href attributes
	div.innerHTML = "<a href='#'></a>";

	if ( div.firstChild && typeof div.firstChild.getAttribute !== "undefined" &&
			div.firstChild.getAttribute("href") !== "#" ) {

		Expr.attrHandle.href = function( elem ) {
			return elem.getAttribute( "href", 2 );
		};
	}

	// release memory in IE
	div = null;
})();

if ( document.querySelectorAll ) {
	(function(){
		var oldSizzle = Sizzle,
			div = document.createElement("div"),
			id = "__sizzle__";

		div.innerHTML = "<p class='TEST'></p>";

		// Safari can't handle uppercase or unicode characters when
		// in quirks mode.
		if ( div.querySelectorAll && div.querySelectorAll(".TEST").length === 0 ) {
			return;
		}

		Sizzle = function( query, context, extra, seed ) {
			context = context || document;

			// Only use querySelectorAll on non-XML documents
			// (ID selectors don't work in non-HTML documents)
			if ( !seed && !Sizzle.isXML(context) ) {
				// See if we find a selector to speed up
				var match = /^(\w+$)|^\.([\w\-]+$)|^#([\w\-]+$)/.exec( query );

				if ( match && (context.nodeType === 1 || context.nodeType === 9) ) {
					// Speed-up: Sizzle("TAG")
					if ( match[1] ) {
						return makeArray( context.getElementsByTagName( query ), extra );

					// Speed-up: Sizzle(".CLASS")
					} else if ( match[2] && Expr.find.CLASS && context.getElementsByClassName ) {
						return makeArray( context.getElementsByClassName( match[2] ), extra );
					}
				}

				if ( context.nodeType === 9 ) {
					// Speed-up: Sizzle("body")
					// The body element only exists once, optimize finding it
					if ( query === "body" && context.body ) {
						return makeArray( [ context.body ], extra );

					// Speed-up: Sizzle("#ID")
					} else if ( match && match[3] ) {
						var elem = context.getElementById( match[3] );

						// Check parentNode to catch when Blackberry 4.6 returns
						// nodes that are no longer in the document #6963
						if ( elem && elem.parentNode ) {
							// Handle the case where IE and Opera return items
							// by name instead of ID
							if ( elem.id === match[3] ) {
								return makeArray( [ elem ], extra );
							}

						} else {
							return makeArray( [], extra );
						}
					}

					try {
						return makeArray( context.querySelectorAll(query), extra );
					} catch(qsaError) {}

				// qSA works strangely on Element-rooted queries
				// We can work around this by specifying an extra ID on the root
				// and working up from there (Thanks to Andrew Dupont for the technique)
				// IE 8 doesn't work on object elements
				} else if ( context.nodeType === 1 && context.nodeName.toLowerCase() !== "object" ) {
					var oldContext = context,
						old = context.getAttribute( "id" ),
						nid = old || id,
						hasParent = context.parentNode,
						relativeHierarchySelector = /^\s*[+~]/.test( query );

					if ( !old ) {
						context.setAttribute( "id", nid );
					} else {
						nid = nid.replace( /'/g, "\\$&" );
					}
					if ( relativeHierarchySelector && hasParent ) {
						context = context.parentNode;
					}

					try {
						if ( !relativeHierarchySelector || hasParent ) {
							return makeArray( context.querySelectorAll( "[id='" + nid + "'] " + query ), extra );
						}

					} catch(pseudoError) {
					} finally {
						if ( !old ) {
							oldContext.removeAttribute( "id" );
						}
					}
				}
			}

			return oldSizzle(query, context, extra, seed);
		};

		for ( var prop in oldSizzle ) {
			Sizzle[ prop ] = oldSizzle[ prop ];
		}

		// release memory in IE
		div = null;
	})();
}

(function(){
	var html = document.documentElement,
		matches = html.matchesSelector || html.mozMatchesSelector || html.webkitMatchesSelector || html.msMatchesSelector;

	if ( matches ) {
		// Check to see if it's possible to do matchesSelector
		// on a disconnected node (IE 9 fails this)
		var disconnectedMatch = !matches.call( document.createElement( "div" ), "div" ),
			pseudoWorks = false;

		try {
			// This should fail with an exception
			// Gecko does not error, returns false instead
			matches.call( document.documentElement, "[test!='']:sizzle" );

		} catch( pseudoError ) {
			pseudoWorks = true;
		}

		Sizzle.matchesSelector = function( node, expr ) {
			// Make sure that attribute selectors are quoted
			expr = expr.replace(/\=\s*([^'"\]]*)\s*\]/g, "='$1']");

			if ( !Sizzle.isXML( node ) ) {
				try {
					if ( pseudoWorks || !Expr.match.PSEUDO.test( expr ) && !/!=/.test( expr ) ) {
						var ret = matches.call( node, expr );

						// IE 9's matchesSelector returns false on disconnected nodes
						if ( ret || !disconnectedMatch ||
								// As well, disconnected nodes are said to be in a document
								// fragment in IE 9, so check for that
								node.document && node.document.nodeType !== 11 ) {
							return ret;
						}
					}
				} catch(e) {}
			}

			return Sizzle(expr, null, null, [node]).length > 0;
		};
	}
})();

(function(){
	var div = document.createElement("div");

	div.innerHTML = "<div class='test e'></div><div class='test'></div>";

	// Opera can't find a second classname (in 9.6)
	// Also, make sure that getElementsByClassName actually exists
	if ( !div.getElementsByClassName || div.getElementsByClassName("e").length === 0 ) {
		return;
	}

	// Safari caches class attributes, doesn't catch changes (in 3.2)
	div.lastChild.className = "e";

	if ( div.getElementsByClassName("e").length === 1 ) {
		return;
	}

	Expr.order.splice(1, 0, "CLASS");
	Expr.find.CLASS = function( match, context, isXML ) {
		if ( typeof context.getElementsByClassName !== "undefined" && !isXML ) {
			return context.getElementsByClassName(match[1]);
		}
	};

	// release memory in IE
	div = null;
})();

function dirNodeCheck( dir, cur, doneName, checkSet, nodeCheck, isXML ) {
	for ( var i = 0, l = checkSet.length; i < l; i++ ) {
		var elem = checkSet[i];

		if ( elem ) {
			var match = false;

			elem = elem[dir];

			while ( elem ) {
				if ( elem[ expando ] === doneName ) {
					match = checkSet[elem.sizset];
					break;
				}

				if ( elem.nodeType === 1 && !isXML ){
					elem[ expando ] = doneName;
					elem.sizset = i;
				}

				if ( elem.nodeName.toLowerCase() === cur ) {
					match = elem;
					break;
				}

				elem = elem[dir];
			}

			checkSet[i] = match;
		}
	}
}

function dirCheck( dir, cur, doneName, checkSet, nodeCheck, isXML ) {
	for ( var i = 0, l = checkSet.length; i < l; i++ ) {
		var elem = checkSet[i];

		if ( elem ) {
			var match = false;

			elem = elem[dir];

			while ( elem ) {
				if ( elem[ expando ] === doneName ) {
					match = checkSet[elem.sizset];
					break;
				}

				if ( elem.nodeType === 1 ) {
					if ( !isXML ) {
						elem[ expando ] = doneName;
						elem.sizset = i;
					}

					if ( typeof cur !== "string" ) {
						if ( elem === cur ) {
							match = true;
							break;
						}

					} else if ( Sizzle.filter( cur, [elem] ).length > 0 ) {
						match = elem;
						break;
					}
				}

				elem = elem[dir];
			}

			checkSet[i] = match;
		}
	}
}

if ( document.documentElement.contains ) {
	Sizzle.contains = function( a, b ) {
		return a !== b && (a.contains ? a.contains(b) : true);
	};

} else if ( document.documentElement.compareDocumentPosition ) {
	Sizzle.contains = function( a, b ) {
		return !!(a.compareDocumentPosition(b) & 16);
	};

} else {
	Sizzle.contains = function() {
		return false;
	};
}

Sizzle.isXML = function( elem ) {
	// documentElement is verified for cases where it doesn't yet exist
	// (such as loading iframes in IE - #4833)
	var documentElement = (elem ? elem.ownerDocument || elem : 0).documentElement;

	return documentElement ? documentElement.nodeName !== "HTML" : false;
};

var posProcess = function( selector, context, seed ) {
	var match,
		tmpSet = [],
		later = "",
		root = context.nodeType ? [context] : context;

	// Position selectors must be done after the filter
	// And so must :not(positional) so we move all PSEUDOs to the end
	while ( (match = Expr.match.PSEUDO.exec( selector )) ) {
		later += match[0];
		selector = selector.replace( Expr.match.PSEUDO, "" );
	}

	selector = Expr.relative[selector] ? selector + "*" : selector;

	for ( var i = 0, l = root.length; i < l; i++ ) {
		Sizzle( selector, root[i], tmpSet, seed );
	}

	return Sizzle.filter( later, tmpSet );
};

// EXPOSE
// Override sizzle attribute retrieval
Sizzle.attr = jQuery.attr;
Sizzle.selectors.attrMap = {};
jQuery.find = Sizzle;
jQuery.expr = Sizzle.selectors;
jQuery.expr[":"] = jQuery.expr.filters;
jQuery.unique = Sizzle.uniqueSort;
jQuery.text = Sizzle.getText;
jQuery.isXMLDoc = Sizzle.isXML;
jQuery.contains = Sizzle.contains;


})();


var runtil = /Until$/,
	rparentsprev = /^(?:parents|prevUntil|prevAll)/,
	// Note: This RegExp should be improved, or likely pulled from Sizzle
	rmultiselector = /,/,
	isSimple = /^.[^:#\[\.,]*$/,
	slice = Array.prototype.slice,
	POS = jQuery.expr.match.globalPOS,
	// methods guaranteed to produce a unique set when starting from a unique set
	guaranteedUnique = {
		children: true,
		contents: true,
		next: true,
		prev: true
	};

jQuery.fn.extend({
	find: function( selector ) {
		var self = this,
			i, l;

		if ( typeof selector !== "string" ) {
			return jQuery( selector ).filter(function() {
				for ( i = 0, l = self.length; i < l; i++ ) {
					if ( jQuery.contains( self[ i ], this ) ) {
						return true;
					}
				}
			});
		}

		var ret = this.pushStack( "", "find", selector ),
			length, n, r;

		for ( i = 0, l = this.length; i < l; i++ ) {
			length = ret.length;
			jQuery.find( selector, this[i], ret );

			if ( i > 0 ) {
				// Make sure that the results are unique
				for ( n = length; n < ret.length; n++ ) {
					for ( r = 0; r < length; r++ ) {
						if ( ret[r] === ret[n] ) {
							ret.splice(n--, 1);
							break;
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}

		return ret;
	},

	has: function( target ) {
		var targets = jQuery( target );
		return this.filter(function() {
			for ( var i = 0, l = targets.length; i < l; i++ ) {
				if ( jQuery.contains( this, targets[i] ) ) {
					return true;
				}
			}
		});
	},

	not: function( selector ) {
		return this.pushStack( winnow(this, selector, false), "not", selector);
	},

	filter: function( selector ) {
		return this.pushStack( winnow(this, selector, true), "filter", selector );
	},

	is: function( selector ) {
		return !!selector && (
			typeof selector === "string" ?
				// If this is a positional selector, check membership in the returned set
				// so $("p:first").is("p:last") won't return true for a doc with two "p".
				POS.test( selector ) ?
					jQuery( selector, this.context ).index( this[0] ) >= 0 :
					jQuery.filter( selector, this ).length > 0 :
				this.filter( selector ).length > 0 );
	},

	closest: function( selectors, context ) {
		var ret = [], i, l, cur = this[0];

		// Array (deprecated as of jQuery 1.7)
		if ( jQuery.isArray( selectors ) ) {
			var level = 1;

			while ( cur && cur.ownerDocument && cur !== context ) {
				for ( i = 0; i < selectors.length; i++ ) {

					if ( jQuery( cur ).is( selectors[ i ] ) ) {
						ret.push({ selector: selectors[ i ], elem: cur, level: level });
					}
				}

				cur = cur.parentNode;
				level++;
			}

			return ret;
		}

		// String
		var pos = POS.test( selectors ) || typeof selectors !== "string" ?
				jQuery( selectors, context || this.context ) :
				0;

		for ( i = 0, l = this.length; i < l; i++ ) {
			cur = this[i];

			while ( cur ) {
				if ( pos ? pos.index(cur) > -1 : jQuery.find.matchesSelector(cur, selectors) ) {
					ret.push( cur );
					break;

				} else {
					cur = cur.parentNode;
					if ( !cur || !cur.ownerDocument || cur === context || cur.nodeType === 11 ) {
						break;
					}
				}
			}
		}

		ret = ret.length > 1 ? jQuery.unique( ret ) : ret;

		return this.pushStack( ret, "closest", selectors );
	},

	// Determine the position of an element within
	// the matched set of elements
	index: function( elem ) {

		// No argument, return index in parent
		if ( !elem ) {
			return ( this[0] && this[0].parentNode ) ? this.prevAll().length : -1;
		}

		// index in selector
		if ( typeof elem === "string" ) {
			return jQuery.inArray( this[0], jQuery( elem ) );
		}

		// Locate the position of the desired element
		return jQuery.inArray(
			// If it receives a jQuery object, the first element is used
			elem.jquery ? elem[0] : elem, this );
	},

	add: function( selector, context ) {
		var set = typeof selector === "string" ?
				jQuery( selector, context ) :
				jQuery.makeArray( selector && selector.nodeType ? [ selector ] : selector ),
			all = jQuery.merge( this.get(), set );

		return this.pushStack( isDisconnected( set[0] ) || isDisconnected( all[0] ) ?
			all :
			jQuery.unique( all ) );
	},

	andSelf: function() {
		return this.add( this.prevObject );
	}
});

// A painfully simple check to see if an element is disconnected
// from a document (should be improved, where feasible).
function isDisconnected( node ) {
	return !node || !node.parentNode || node.parentNode.nodeType === 11;
}

jQuery.each({
	parent: function( elem ) {
		var parent = elem.parentNode;
		return parent && parent.nodeType !== 11 ? parent : null;
	},
	parents: function( elem ) {
		return jQuery.dir( elem, "parentNode" );
	},
	parentsUntil: function( elem, i, until ) {
		return jQuery.dir( elem, "parentNode", until );
	},
	next: function( elem ) {
		return jQuery.nth( elem, 2, "nextSibling" );
	},
	prev: function( elem ) {
		return jQuery.nth( elem, 2, "previousSibling" );
	},
	nextAll: function( elem ) {
		return jQuery.dir( elem, "nextSibling" );
	},
	prevAll: function( elem ) {
		return jQuery.dir( elem, "previousSibling" );
	},
	nextUntil: function( elem, i, until ) {
		return jQuery.dir( elem, "nextSibling", until );
	},
	prevUntil: function( elem, i, until ) {
		return jQuery.dir( elem, "previousSibling", until );
	},
	siblings: function( elem ) {
		return jQuery.sibling( ( elem.parentNode || {} ).firstChild, elem );
	},
	children: function( elem ) {
		return jQuery.sibling( elem.firstChild );
	},
	contents: function( elem ) {
		return jQuery.nodeName( elem, "iframe" ) ?
			elem.contentDocument || elem.contentWindow.document :
			jQuery.makeArray( elem.childNodes );
	}
}, function( name, fn ) {
	jQuery.fn[ name ] = function( until, selector ) {
		var ret = jQuery.map( this, fn, until );

		if ( !runtil.test( name ) ) {
			selector = until;
		}

		if ( selector && typeof selector === "string" ) {
			ret = jQuery.filter( selector, ret );
		}

		ret = this.length > 1 && !guaranteedUnique[ name ] ? jQuery.unique( ret ) : ret;

		if ( (this.length > 1 || rmultiselector.test( selector )) && rparentsprev.test( name ) ) {
			ret = ret.reverse();
		}

		return this.pushStack( ret, name, slice.call( arguments ).join(",") );
	};
});

jQuery.extend({
	filter: function( expr, elems, not ) {
		if ( not ) {
			expr = ":not(" + expr + ")";
		}

		return elems.length === 1 ?
			jQuery.find.matchesSelector(elems[0], expr) ? [ elems[0] ] : [] :
			jQuery.find.matches(expr, elems);
	},

	dir: function( elem, dir, until ) {
		var matched = [],
			cur = elem[ dir ];

		while ( cur && cur.nodeType !== 9 && (until === undefined || cur.nodeType !== 1 || !jQuery( cur ).is( until )) ) {
			if ( cur.nodeType === 1 ) {
				matched.push( cur );
			}
			cur = cur[dir];
		}
		return matched;
	},

	nth: function( cur, result, dir, elem ) {
		result = result || 1;
		var num = 0;

		for ( ; cur; cur = cur[dir] ) {
			if ( cur.nodeType === 1 && ++num === result ) {
				break;
			}
		}

		return cur;
	},

	sibling: function( n, elem ) {
		var r = [];

		for ( ; n; n = n.nextSibling ) {
			if ( n.nodeType === 1 && n !== elem ) {
				r.push( n );
			}
		}

		return r;
	}
});

// Implement the identical functionality for filter and not
function winnow( elements, qualifier, keep ) {

	// Can't pass null or undefined to indexOf in Firefox 4
	// Set to 0 to skip string check
	qualifier = qualifier || 0;

	if ( jQuery.isFunction( qualifier ) ) {
		return jQuery.grep(elements, function( elem, i ) {
			var retVal = !!qualifier.call( elem, i, elem );
			return retVal === keep;
		});

	} else if ( qualifier.nodeType ) {
		return jQuery.grep(elements, function( elem, i ) {
			return ( elem === qualifier ) === keep;
		});

	} else if ( typeof qualifier === "string" ) {
		var filtered = jQuery.grep(elements, function( elem ) {
			return elem.nodeType === 1;
		});

		if ( isSimple.test( qualifier ) ) {
			return jQuery.filter(qualifier, filtered, !keep);
		} else {
			qualifier = jQuery.filter( qualifier, filtered );
		}
	}

	return jQuery.grep(elements, function( elem, i ) {
		return ( jQuery.inArray( elem, qualifier ) >= 0 ) === keep;
	});
}




function createSafeFragment( document ) {
	var list = nodeNames.split( "|" ),
	safeFrag = document.createDocumentFragment();

	if ( safeFrag.createElement ) {
		while ( list.length ) {
			safeFrag.createElement(
				list.pop()
			);
		}
	}
	return safeFrag;
}

var nodeNames = "abbr|article|aside|audio|bdi|canvas|data|datalist|details|figcaption|figure|footer|" +
		"header|hgroup|mark|meter|nav|output|progress|section|summary|time|video",
	rinlinejQuery = / jQuery\d+="(?:\d+|null)"/g,
	rleadingWhitespace = /^\s+/,
	rxhtmlTag = /<(?!area|br|col|embed|hr|img|input|link|meta|param)(([\w:]+)[^>]*)\/>/ig,
	rtagName = /<([\w:]+)/,
	rtbody = /<tbody/i,
	rhtml = /<|&#?\w+;/,
	rnoInnerhtml = /<(?:script|style)/i,
	rnocache = /<(?:script|object|embed|option|style)/i,
	rnoshimcache = new RegExp("<(?:" + nodeNames + ")[\\s/>]", "i"),
	// checked="checked" or checked
	rchecked = /checked\s*(?:[^=]|=\s*.checked.)/i,
	rscriptType = /\/(java|ecma)script/i,
	rcleanScript = /^\s*<!(?:\[CDATA\[|\-\-)/,
	wrapMap = {
		option: [ 1, "<select multiple='multiple'>", "</select>" ],
		legend: [ 1, "<fieldset>", "</fieldset>" ],
		thead: [ 1, "<table>", "</table>" ],
		tr: [ 2, "<table><tbody>", "</tbody></table>" ],
		td: [ 3, "<table><tbody><tr>", "</tr></tbody></table>" ],
		col: [ 2, "<table><tbody></tbody><colgroup>", "</colgroup></table>" ],
		area: [ 1, "<map>", "</map>" ],
		_default: [ 0, "", "" ]
	},
	safeFragment = createSafeFragment( document );

wrapMap.optgroup = wrapMap.option;
wrapMap.tbody = wrapMap.tfoot = wrapMap.colgroup = wrapMap.caption = wrapMap.thead;
wrapMap.th = wrapMap.td;

// IE can't serialize <link> and <script> tags normally
if ( !jQuery.support.htmlSerialize ) {
	wrapMap._default = [ 1, "div<div>", "</div>" ];
}

jQuery.fn.extend({
	text: function( value ) {
		return jQuery.access( this, function( value ) {
			return value === undefined ?
				jQuery.text( this ) :
				this.empty().append( ( this[0] && this[0].ownerDocument || document ).createTextNode( value ) );
		}, null, value, arguments.length );
	},

	wrapAll: function( html ) {
		if ( jQuery.isFunction( html ) ) {
			return this.each(function(i) {
				jQuery(this).wrapAll( html.call(this, i) );
			});
		}

		if ( this[0] ) {
			// The elements to wrap the target around
			var wrap = jQuery( html, this[0].ownerDocument ).eq(0).clone(true);

			if ( this[0].parentNode ) {
				wrap.insertBefore( this[0] );
			}

			wrap.map(function() {
				var elem = this;

				while ( elem.firstChild && elem.firstChild.nodeType === 1 ) {
					elem = elem.firstChild;
				}

				return elem;
			}).append( this );
		}

		return this;
	},

	wrapInner: function( html ) {
		if ( jQuery.isFunction( html ) ) {
			return this.each(function(i) {
				jQuery(this).wrapInner( html.call(this, i) );
			});
		}

		return this.each(function() {
			var self = jQuery( this ),
				contents = self.contents();

			if ( contents.length ) {
				contents.wrapAll( html );

			} else {
				self.append( html );
			}
		});
	},

	wrap: function( html ) {
		var isFunction = jQuery.isFunction( html );

		return this.each(function(i) {
			jQuery( this ).wrapAll( isFunction ? html.call(this, i) : html );
		});
	},

	unwrap: function() {
		return this.parent().each(function() {
			if ( !jQuery.nodeName( this, "body" ) ) {
				jQuery( this ).replaceWith( this.childNodes );
			}
		}).end();
	},

	append: function() {
		return this.domManip(arguments, true, function( elem ) {
			if ( this.nodeType === 1 ) {
				this.appendChild( elem );
			}
		});
	},

	prepend: function() {
		return this.domManip(arguments, true, function( elem ) {
			if ( this.nodeType === 1 ) {
				this.insertBefore( elem, this.firstChild );
			}
		});
	},

	before: function() {
		if ( this[0] && this[0].parentNode ) {
			return this.domManip(arguments, false, function( elem ) {
				this.parentNode.insertBefore( elem, this );
			});
		} else if ( arguments.length ) {
			var set = jQuery.clean( arguments );
			set.push.apply( set, this.toArray() );
			return this.pushStack( set, "before", arguments );
		}
	},

	after: function() {
		if ( this[0] && this[0].parentNode ) {
			return this.domManip(arguments, false, function( elem ) {
				this.parentNode.insertBefore( elem, this.nextSibling );
			});
		} else if ( arguments.length ) {
			var set = this.pushStack( this, "after", arguments );
			set.push.apply( set, jQuery.clean(arguments) );
			return set;
		}
	},

	// keepData is for internal use only--do not document
	remove: function( selector, keepData ) {
		for ( var i = 0, elem; (elem = this[i]) != null; i++ ) {
			if ( !selector || jQuery.filter( selector, [ elem ] ).length ) {
				if ( !keepData && elem.nodeType === 1 ) {
					jQuery.cleanData( elem.getElementsByTagName("*") );
					jQuery.cleanData( [ elem ] );
				}

				if ( elem.parentNode ) {
					elem.parentNode.removeChild( elem );
				}
			}
		}

		return this;
	},

	empty: function() {
		for ( var i = 0, elem; (elem = this[i]) != null; i++ ) {
			// Remove element nodes and prevent memory leaks
			if ( elem.nodeType === 1 ) {
				jQuery.cleanData( elem.getElementsByTagName("*") );
			}

			// Remove any remaining nodes
			while ( elem.firstChild ) {
				elem.removeChild( elem.firstChild );
			}
		}

		return this;
	},

	clone: function( dataAndEvents, deepDataAndEvents ) {
		dataAndEvents = dataAndEvents == null ? false : dataAndEvents;
		deepDataAndEvents = deepDataAndEvents == null ? dataAndEvents : deepDataAndEvents;

		return this.map( function () {
			return jQuery.clone( this, dataAndEvents, deepDataAndEvents );
		});
	},

	html: function( value ) {
		return jQuery.access( this, function( value ) {
			var elem = this[0] || {},
				i = 0,
				l = this.length;

			if ( value === undefined ) {
				return elem.nodeType === 1 ?
					elem.innerHTML.replace( rinlinejQuery, "" ) :
					null;
			}


			if ( typeof value === "string" && !rnoInnerhtml.test( value ) &&
				( jQuery.support.leadingWhitespace || !rleadingWhitespace.test( value ) ) &&
				!wrapMap[ ( rtagName.exec( value ) || ["", ""] )[1].toLowerCase() ] ) {

				value = value.replace( rxhtmlTag, "<$1></$2>" );

				try {
					for (; i < l; i++ ) {
						// Remove element nodes and prevent memory leaks
						elem = this[i] || {};
						if ( elem.nodeType === 1 ) {
							jQuery.cleanData( elem.getElementsByTagName( "*" ) );
							elem.innerHTML = value;
						}
					}

					elem = 0;

				// If using innerHTML throws an exception, use the fallback method
				} catch(e) {}
			}

			if ( elem ) {
				this.empty().append( value );
			}
		}, null, value, arguments.length );
	},

	replaceWith: function( value ) {
		if ( this[0] && this[0].parentNode ) {
			// Make sure that the elements are removed from the DOM before they are inserted
			// this can help fix replacing a parent with child elements
			if ( jQuery.isFunction( value ) ) {
				return this.each(function(i) {
					var self = jQuery(this), old = self.html();
					self.replaceWith( value.call( this, i, old ) );
				});
			}

			if ( typeof value !== "string" ) {
				value = jQuery( value ).detach();
			}

			return this.each(function() {
				var next = this.nextSibling,
					parent = this.parentNode;

				jQuery( this ).remove();

				if ( next ) {
					jQuery(next).before( value );
				} else {
					jQuery(parent).append( value );
				}
			});
		} else {
			return this.length ?
				this.pushStack( jQuery(jQuery.isFunction(value) ? value() : value), "replaceWith", value ) :
				this;
		}
	},

	detach: function( selector ) {
		return this.remove( selector, true );
	},

	domManip: function( args, table, callback ) {
		var results, first, fragment, parent,
			value = args[0],
			scripts = [];

		// We can't cloneNode fragments that contain checked, in WebKit
		if ( !jQuery.support.checkClone && arguments.length === 3 && typeof value === "string" && rchecked.test( value ) ) {
			return this.each(function() {
				jQuery(this).domManip( args, table, callback, true );
			});
		}

		if ( jQuery.isFunction(value) ) {
			return this.each(function(i) {
				var self = jQuery(this);
				args[0] = value.call(this, i, table ? self.html() : undefined);
				self.domManip( args, table, callback );
			});
		}

		if ( this[0] ) {
			parent = value && value.parentNode;

			// If we're in a fragment, just use that instead of building a new one
			if ( jQuery.support.parentNode && parent && parent.nodeType === 11 && parent.childNodes.length === this.length ) {
				results = { fragment: parent };

			} else {
				results = jQuery.buildFragment( args, this, scripts );
			}

			fragment = results.fragment;

			if ( fragment.childNodes.length === 1 ) {
				first = fragment = fragment.firstChild;
			} else {
				first = fragment.firstChild;
			}

			if ( first ) {
				table = table && jQuery.nodeName( first, "tr" );

				for ( var i = 0, l = this.length, lastIndex = l - 1; i < l; i++ ) {
					callback.call(
						table ?
							root(this[i], first) :
							this[i],
						// Make sure that we do not leak memory by inadvertently discarding
						// the original fragment (which might have attached data) instead of
						// using it; in addition, use the original fragment object for the last
						// item instead of first because it can end up being emptied incorrectly
						// in certain situations (Bug #8070).
						// Fragments from the fragment cache must always be cloned and never used
						// in place.
						results.cacheable || ( l > 1 && i < lastIndex ) ?
							jQuery.clone( fragment, true, true ) :
							fragment
					);
				}
			}

			if ( scripts.length ) {
				jQuery.each( scripts, function( i, elem ) {
					if ( elem.src ) {
						jQuery.ajax({
							type: "GET",
							global: false,
							url: elem.src,
							async: false,
							dataType: "script"
						});
					} else {
						jQuery.globalEval( ( elem.text || elem.textContent || elem.innerHTML || "" ).replace( rcleanScript, "/*$0*/" ) );
					}

					if ( elem.parentNode ) {
						elem.parentNode.removeChild( elem );
					}
				});
			}
		}

		return this;
	}
});

function root( elem, cur ) {
	return jQuery.nodeName(elem, "table") ?
		(elem.getElementsByTagName("tbody")[0] ||
		elem.appendChild(elem.ownerDocument.createElement("tbody"))) :
		elem;
}

function cloneCopyEvent( src, dest ) {

	if ( dest.nodeType !== 1 || !jQuery.hasData( src ) ) {
		return;
	}

	var type, i, l,
		oldData = jQuery._data( src ),
		curData = jQuery._data( dest, oldData ),
		events = oldData.events;

	if ( events ) {
		delete curData.handle;
		curData.events = {};

		for ( type in events ) {
			for ( i = 0, l = events[ type ].length; i < l; i++ ) {
				jQuery.event.add( dest, type, events[ type ][ i ] );
			}
		}
	}

	// make the cloned public data object a copy from the original
	if ( curData.data ) {
		curData.data = jQuery.extend( {}, curData.data );
	}
}

function cloneFixAttributes( src, dest ) {
	var nodeName;

	// We do not need to do anything for non-Elements
	if ( dest.nodeType !== 1 ) {
		return;
	}

	// clearAttributes removes the attributes, which we don't want,
	// but also removes the attachEvent events, which we *do* want
	if ( dest.clearAttributes ) {
		dest.clearAttributes();
	}

	// mergeAttributes, in contrast, only merges back on the
	// original attributes, not the events
	if ( dest.mergeAttributes ) {
		dest.mergeAttributes( src );
	}

	nodeName = dest.nodeName.toLowerCase();

	// IE6-8 fail to clone children inside object elements that use
	// the proprietary classid attribute value (rather than the type
	// attribute) to identify the type of content to display
	if ( nodeName === "object" ) {
		dest.outerHTML = src.outerHTML;

	} else if ( nodeName === "input" && (src.type === "checkbox" || src.type === "radio") ) {
		// IE6-8 fails to persist the checked state of a cloned checkbox
		// or radio button. Worse, IE6-7 fail to give the cloned element
		// a checked appearance if the defaultChecked value isn't also set
		if ( src.checked ) {
			dest.defaultChecked = dest.checked = src.checked;
		}

		// IE6-7 get confused and end up setting the value of a cloned
		// checkbox/radio button to an empty string instead of "on"
		if ( dest.value !== src.value ) {
			dest.value = src.value;
		}

	// IE6-8 fails to return the selected option to the default selected
	// state when cloning options
	} else if ( nodeName === "option" ) {
		dest.selected = src.defaultSelected;

	// IE6-8 fails to set the defaultValue to the correct value when
	// cloning other types of input fields
	} else if ( nodeName === "input" || nodeName === "textarea" ) {
		dest.defaultValue = src.defaultValue;

	// IE blanks contents when cloning scripts
	} else if ( nodeName === "script" && dest.text !== src.text ) {
		dest.text = src.text;
	}

	// Event data gets referenced instead of copied if the expando
	// gets copied too
	dest.removeAttribute( jQuery.expando );

	// Clear flags for bubbling special change/submit events, they must
	// be reattached when the newly cloned events are first activated
	dest.removeAttribute( "_submit_attached" );
	dest.removeAttribute( "_change_attached" );
}

jQuery.buildFragment = function( args, nodes, scripts ) {
	var fragment, cacheable, cacheresults, doc,
	first = args[ 0 ];

	// nodes may contain either an explicit document object,
	// a jQuery collection or context object.
	// If nodes[0] contains a valid object to assign to doc
	if ( nodes && nodes[0] ) {
		doc = nodes[0].ownerDocument || nodes[0];
	}

	// Ensure that an attr object doesn't incorrectly stand in as a document object
	// Chrome and Firefox seem to allow this to occur and will throw exception
	// Fixes #8950
	if ( !doc.createDocumentFragment ) {
		doc = document;
	}

	// Only cache "small" (1/2 KB) HTML strings that are associated with the main document
	// Cloning options loses the selected state, so don't cache them
	// IE 6 doesn't like it when you put <object> or <embed> elements in a fragment
	// Also, WebKit does not clone 'checked' attributes on cloneNode, so don't cache
	// Lastly, IE6,7,8 will not correctly reuse cached fragments that were created from unknown elems #10501
	if ( args.length === 1 && typeof first === "string" && first.length < 512 && doc === document &&
		first.charAt(0) === "<" && !rnocache.test( first ) &&
		(jQuery.support.checkClone || !rchecked.test( first )) &&
		(jQuery.support.html5Clone || !rnoshimcache.test( first )) ) {

		cacheable = true;

		cacheresults = jQuery.fragments[ first ];
		if ( cacheresults && cacheresults !== 1 ) {
			fragment = cacheresults;
		}
	}

	if ( !fragment ) {
		fragment = doc.createDocumentFragment();
		jQuery.clean( args, doc, fragment, scripts );
	}

	if ( cacheable ) {
		jQuery.fragments[ first ] = cacheresults ? fragment : 1;
	}

	return { fragment: fragment, cacheable: cacheable };
};

jQuery.fragments = {};

jQuery.each({
	appendTo: "append",
	prependTo: "prepend",
	insertBefore: "before",
	insertAfter: "after",
	replaceAll: "replaceWith"
}, function( name, original ) {
	jQuery.fn[ name ] = function( selector ) {
		var ret = [],
			insert = jQuery( selector ),
			parent = this.length === 1 && this[0].parentNode;

		if ( parent && parent.nodeType === 11 && parent.childNodes.length === 1 && insert.length === 1 ) {
			insert[ original ]( this[0] );
			return this;

		} else {
			for ( var i = 0, l = insert.length; i < l; i++ ) {
				var elems = ( i > 0 ? this.clone(true) : this ).get();
				jQuery( insert[i] )[ original ]( elems );
				ret = ret.concat( elems );
			}

			return this.pushStack( ret, name, insert.selector );
		}
	};
});

function getAll( elem ) {
	if ( typeof elem.getElementsByTagName !== "undefined" ) {
		return elem.getElementsByTagName( "*" );

	} else if ( typeof elem.querySelectorAll !== "undefined" ) {
		return elem.querySelectorAll( "*" );

	} else {
		return [];
	}
}

// Used in clean, fixes the defaultChecked property
function fixDefaultChecked( elem ) {
	if ( elem.type === "checkbox" || elem.type === "radio" ) {
		elem.defaultChecked = elem.checked;
	}
}
// Finds all inputs and passes them to fixDefaultChecked
function findInputs( elem ) {
	var nodeName = ( elem.nodeName || "" ).toLowerCase();
	if ( nodeName === "input" ) {
		fixDefaultChecked( elem );
	// Skip scripts, get other children
	} else if ( nodeName !== "script" && typeof elem.getElementsByTagName !== "undefined" ) {
		jQuery.grep( elem.getElementsByTagName("input"), fixDefaultChecked );
	}
}

// Derived From: http://www.iecss.com/shimprove/javascript/shimprove.1-0-1.js
function shimCloneNode( elem ) {
	var div = document.createElement( "div" );
	safeFragment.appendChild( div );

	div.innerHTML = elem.outerHTML;
	return div.firstChild;
}

jQuery.extend({
	clone: function( elem, dataAndEvents, deepDataAndEvents ) {
		var srcElements,
			destElements,
			i,
			// IE<=8 does not properly clone detached, unknown element nodes
			clone = jQuery.support.html5Clone || jQuery.isXMLDoc(elem) || !rnoshimcache.test( "<" + elem.nodeName + ">" ) ?
				elem.cloneNode( true ) :
				shimCloneNode( elem );

		if ( (!jQuery.support.noCloneEvent || !jQuery.support.noCloneChecked) &&
				(elem.nodeType === 1 || elem.nodeType === 11) && !jQuery.isXMLDoc(elem) ) {
			// IE copies events bound via attachEvent when using cloneNode.
			// Calling detachEvent on the clone will also remove the events
			// from the original. In order to get around this, we use some
			// proprietary methods to clear the events. Thanks to MooTools
			// guys for this hotness.

			cloneFixAttributes( elem, clone );

			// Using Sizzle here is crazy slow, so we use getElementsByTagName instead
			srcElements = getAll( elem );
			destElements = getAll( clone );

			// Weird iteration because IE will replace the length property
			// with an element if you are cloning the body and one of the
			// elements on the page has a name or id of "length"
			for ( i = 0; srcElements[i]; ++i ) {
				// Ensure that the destination node is not null; Fixes #9587
				if ( destElements[i] ) {
					cloneFixAttributes( srcElements[i], destElements[i] );
				}
			}
		}

		// Copy the events from the original to the clone
		if ( dataAndEvents ) {
			cloneCopyEvent( elem, clone );

			if ( deepDataAndEvents ) {
				srcElements = getAll( elem );
				destElements = getAll( clone );

				for ( i = 0; srcElements[i]; ++i ) {
					cloneCopyEvent( srcElements[i], destElements[i] );
				}
			}
		}

		srcElements = destElements = null;

		// Return the cloned set
		return clone;
	},

	clean: function( elems, context, fragment, scripts ) {
		var checkScriptType, script, j,
				ret = [];

		context = context || document;

		// !context.createElement fails in IE with an error but returns typeof 'object'
		if ( typeof context.createElement === "undefined" ) {
			context = context.ownerDocument || context[0] && context[0].ownerDocument || document;
		}

		for ( var i = 0, elem; (elem = elems[i]) != null; i++ ) {
			if ( typeof elem === "number" ) {
				elem += "";
			}

			if ( !elem ) {
				continue;
			}

			// Convert html string into DOM nodes
			if ( typeof elem === "string" ) {
				if ( !rhtml.test( elem ) ) {
					elem = context.createTextNode( elem );
				} else {
					// Fix "XHTML"-style tags in all browsers
					elem = elem.replace(rxhtmlTag, "<$1></$2>");

					// Trim whitespace, otherwise indexOf won't work as expected
					var tag = ( rtagName.exec( elem ) || ["", ""] )[1].toLowerCase(),
						wrap = wrapMap[ tag ] || wrapMap._default,
						depth = wrap[0],
						div = context.createElement("div"),
						safeChildNodes = safeFragment.childNodes,
						remove;

					// Append wrapper element to unknown element safe doc fragment
					if ( context === document ) {
						// Use the fragment we've already created for this document
						safeFragment.appendChild( div );
					} else {
						// Use a fragment created with the owner document
						createSafeFragment( context ).appendChild( div );
					}

					// Go to html and back, then peel off extra wrappers
					div.innerHTML = wrap[1] + elem + wrap[2];

					// Move to the right depth
					while ( depth-- ) {
						div = div.lastChild;
					}

					// Remove IE's autoinserted <tbody> from table fragments
					if ( !jQuery.support.tbody ) {

						// String was a <table>, *may* have spurious <tbody>
						var hasBody = rtbody.test(elem),
							tbody = tag === "table" && !hasBody ?
								div.firstChild && div.firstChild.childNodes :

								// String was a bare <thead> or <tfoot>
								wrap[1] === "<table>" && !hasBody ?
									div.childNodes :
									[];

						for ( j = tbody.length - 1; j >= 0 ; --j ) {
							if ( jQuery.nodeName( tbody[ j ], "tbody" ) && !tbody[ j ].childNodes.length ) {
								tbody[ j ].parentNode.removeChild( tbody[ j ] );
							}
						}
					}

					// IE completely kills leading whitespace when innerHTML is used
					if ( !jQuery.support.leadingWhitespace && rleadingWhitespace.test( elem ) ) {
						div.insertBefore( context.createTextNode( rleadingWhitespace.exec(elem)[0] ), div.firstChild );
					}

					elem = div.childNodes;

					// Clear elements from DocumentFragment (safeFragment or otherwise)
					// to avoid hoarding elements. Fixes #11356
					if ( div ) {
						div.parentNode.removeChild( div );

						// Guard against -1 index exceptions in FF3.6
						if ( safeChildNodes.length > 0 ) {
							remove = safeChildNodes[ safeChildNodes.length - 1 ];

							if ( remove && remove.parentNode ) {
								remove.parentNode.removeChild( remove );
							}
						}
					}
				}
			}

			// Resets defaultChecked for any radios and checkboxes
			// about to be appended to the DOM in IE 6/7 (#8060)
			var len;
			if ( !jQuery.support.appendChecked ) {
				if ( elem[0] && typeof (len = elem.length) === "number" ) {
					for ( j = 0; j < len; j++ ) {
						findInputs( elem[j] );
					}
				} else {
					findInputs( elem );
				}
			}

			if ( elem.nodeType ) {
				ret.push( elem );
			} else {
				ret = jQuery.merge( ret, elem );
			}
		}

		if ( fragment ) {
			checkScriptType = function( elem ) {
				return !elem.type || rscriptType.test( elem.type );
			};
			for ( i = 0; ret[i]; i++ ) {
				script = ret[i];
				if ( scripts && jQuery.nodeName( script, "script" ) && (!script.type || rscriptType.test( script.type )) ) {
					scripts.push( script.parentNode ? script.parentNode.removeChild( script ) : script );

				} else {
					if ( script.nodeType === 1 ) {
						var jsTags = jQuery.grep( script.getElementsByTagName( "script" ), checkScriptType );

						ret.splice.apply( ret, [i + 1, 0].concat( jsTags ) );
					}
					fragment.appendChild( script );
				}
			}
		}

		return ret;
	},

	cleanData: function( elems ) {
		var data, id,
			cache = jQuery.cache,
			special = jQuery.event.special,
			deleteExpando = jQuery.support.deleteExpando;

		for ( var i = 0, elem; (elem = elems[i]) != null; i++ ) {
			if ( elem.nodeName && jQuery.noData[elem.nodeName.toLowerCase()] ) {
				continue;
			}

			id = elem[ jQuery.expando ];

			if ( id ) {
				data = cache[ id ];

				if ( data && data.events ) {
					for ( var type in data.events ) {
						if ( special[ type ] ) {
							jQuery.event.remove( elem, type );

						// This is a shortcut to avoid jQuery.event.remove's overhead
						} else {
							jQuery.removeEvent( elem, type, data.handle );
						}
					}

					// Null the DOM reference to avoid IE6/7/8 leak (#7054)
					if ( data.handle ) {
						data.handle.elem = null;
					}
				}

				if ( deleteExpando ) {
					delete elem[ jQuery.expando ];

				} else if ( elem.removeAttribute ) {
					elem.removeAttribute( jQuery.expando );
				}

				delete cache[ id ];
			}
		}
	}
});




var ralpha = /alpha\([^)]*\)/i,
	ropacity = /opacity=([^)]*)/,
	// fixed for IE9, see #8346
	rupper = /([A-Z]|^ms)/g,
	rnum = /^[\-+]?(?:\d*\.)?\d+$/i,
	rnumnonpx = /^-?(?:\d*\.)?\d+(?!px)[^\d\s]+$/i,
	rrelNum = /^([\-+])=([\-+.\de]+)/,
	rmargin = /^margin/,

	cssShow = { position: "absolute", visibility: "hidden", display: "block" },

	// order is important!
	cssExpand = [ "Top", "Right", "Bottom", "Left" ],

	curCSS,

	getComputedStyle,
	currentStyle;

jQuery.fn.css = function( name, value ) {
	return jQuery.access( this, function( elem, name, value ) {
		return value !== undefined ?
			jQuery.style( elem, name, value ) :
			jQuery.css( elem, name );
	}, name, value, arguments.length > 1 );
};

jQuery.extend({
	// Add in style property hooks for overriding the default
	// behavior of getting and setting a style property
	cssHooks: {
		opacity: {
			get: function( elem, computed ) {
				if ( computed ) {
					// We should always get a number back from opacity
					var ret = curCSS( elem, "opacity" );
					return ret === "" ? "1" : ret;

				} else {
					return elem.style.opacity;
				}
			}
		}
	},

	// Exclude the following css properties to add px
	cssNumber: {
		"fillOpacity": true,
		"fontWeight": true,
		"lineHeight": true,
		"opacity": true,
		"orphans": true,
		"widows": true,
		"zIndex": true,
		"zoom": true
	},

	// Add in properties whose names you wish to fix before
	// setting or getting the value
	cssProps: {
		// normalize float css property
		"float": jQuery.support.cssFloat ? "cssFloat" : "styleFloat"
	},

	// Get and set the style property on a DOM Node
	style: function( elem, name, value, extra ) {
		// Don't set styles on text and comment nodes
		if ( !elem || elem.nodeType === 3 || elem.nodeType === 8 || !elem.style ) {
			return;
		}

		// Make sure that we're working with the right name
		var ret, type, origName = jQuery.camelCase( name ),
			style = elem.style, hooks = jQuery.cssHooks[ origName ];

		name = jQuery.cssProps[ origName ] || origName;

		// Check if we're setting a value
		if ( value !== undefined ) {
			type = typeof value;

			// convert relative number strings (+= or -=) to relative numbers. #7345
			if ( type === "string" && (ret = rrelNum.exec( value )) ) {
				value = ( +( ret[1] + 1) * +ret[2] ) + parseFloat( jQuery.css( elem, name ) );
				// Fixes bug #9237
				type = "number";
			}

			// Make sure that NaN and null values aren't set. See: #7116
			if ( value == null || type === "number" && isNaN( value ) ) {
				return;
			}

			// If a number was passed in, add 'px' to the (except for certain CSS properties)
			if ( type === "number" && !jQuery.cssNumber[ origName ] ) {
				value += "px";
			}

			// If a hook was provided, use that value, otherwise just set the specified value
			if ( !hooks || !("set" in hooks) || (value = hooks.set( elem, value )) !== undefined ) {
				// Wrapped to prevent IE from throwing errors when 'invalid' values are provided
				// Fixes bug #5509
				try {
					style[ name ] = value;
				} catch(e) {}
			}

		} else {
			// If a hook was provided get the non-computed value from there
			if ( hooks && "get" in hooks && (ret = hooks.get( elem, false, extra )) !== undefined ) {
				return ret;
			}

			// Otherwise just get the value from the style object
			return style[ name ];
		}
	},

	css: function( elem, name, extra ) {
		var ret, hooks;

		// Make sure that we're working with the right name
		name = jQuery.camelCase( name );
		hooks = jQuery.cssHooks[ name ];
		name = jQuery.cssProps[ name ] || name;

		// cssFloat needs a special treatment
		if ( name === "cssFloat" ) {
			name = "float";
		}

		// If a hook was provided get the computed value from there
		if ( hooks && "get" in hooks && (ret = hooks.get( elem, true, extra )) !== undefined ) {
			return ret;

		// Otherwise, if a way to get the computed value exists, use that
		} else if ( curCSS ) {
			return curCSS( elem, name );
		}
	},

	// A method for quickly swapping in/out CSS properties to get correct calculations
	swap: function( elem, options, callback ) {
		var old = {},
			ret, name;

		// Remember the old values, and insert the new ones
		for ( name in options ) {
			old[ name ] = elem.style[ name ];
			elem.style[ name ] = options[ name ];
		}

		ret = callback.call( elem );

		// Revert the old values
		for ( name in options ) {
			elem.style[ name ] = old[ name ];
		}

		return ret;
	}
});

// DEPRECATED in 1.3, Use jQuery.css() instead
jQuery.curCSS = jQuery.css;

if ( document.defaultView && document.defaultView.getComputedStyle ) {
	getComputedStyle = function( elem, name ) {
		var ret, defaultView, computedStyle, width,
			style = elem.style;

		name = name.replace( rupper, "-$1" ).toLowerCase();

		if ( (defaultView = elem.ownerDocument.defaultView) &&
				(computedStyle = defaultView.getComputedStyle( elem, null )) ) {

			ret = computedStyle.getPropertyValue( name );
			if ( ret === "" && !jQuery.contains( elem.ownerDocument.documentElement, elem ) ) {
				ret = jQuery.style( elem, name );
			}
		}

		// A tribute to the "awesome hack by Dean Edwards"
		// WebKit uses "computed value (percentage if specified)" instead of "used value" for margins
		// which is against the CSSOM draft spec: http://dev.w3.org/csswg/cssom/#resolved-values
		if ( !jQuery.support.pixelMargin && computedStyle && rmargin.test( name ) && rnumnonpx.test( ret ) ) {
			width = style.width;
			style.width = ret;
			ret = computedStyle.width;
			style.width = width;
		}

		return ret;
	};
}

if ( document.documentElement.currentStyle ) {
	currentStyle = function( elem, name ) {
		var left, rsLeft, uncomputed,
			ret = elem.currentStyle && elem.currentStyle[ name ],
			style = elem.style;

		// Avoid setting ret to empty string here
		// so we don't default to auto
		if ( ret == null && style && (uncomputed = style[ name ]) ) {
			ret = uncomputed;
		}

		// From the awesome hack by Dean Edwards
		// http://erik.eae.net/archives/2007/07/27/18.54.15/#comment-102291

		// If we're not dealing with a regular pixel number
		// but a number that has a weird ending, we need to convert it to pixels
		if ( rnumnonpx.test( ret ) ) {

			// Remember the original values
			left = style.left;
			rsLeft = elem.runtimeStyle && elem.runtimeStyle.left;

			// Put in the new values to get a computed value out
			if ( rsLeft ) {
				elem.runtimeStyle.left = elem.currentStyle.left;
			}
			style.left = name === "fontSize" ? "1em" : ret;
			ret = style.pixelLeft + "px";

			// Revert the changed values
			style.left = left;
			if ( rsLeft ) {
				elem.runtimeStyle.left = rsLeft;
			}
		}

		return ret === "" ? "auto" : ret;
	};
}

curCSS = getComputedStyle || currentStyle;

function getWidthOrHeight( elem, name, extra ) {

	// Start with offset property
	var val = name === "width" ? elem.offsetWidth : elem.offsetHeight,
		i = name === "width" ? 1 : 0,
		len = 4;

	if ( val > 0 ) {
		if ( extra !== "border" ) {
			for ( ; i < len; i += 2 ) {
				if ( !extra ) {
					val -= parseFloat( jQuery.css( elem, "padding" + cssExpand[ i ] ) ) || 0;
				}
				if ( extra === "margin" ) {
					val += parseFloat( jQuery.css( elem, extra + cssExpand[ i ] ) ) || 0;
				} else {
					val -= parseFloat( jQuery.css( elem, "border" + cssExpand[ i ] + "Width" ) ) || 0;
				}
			}
		}

		return val + "px";
	}

	// Fall back to computed then uncomputed css if necessary
	val = curCSS( elem, name );
	if ( val < 0 || val == null ) {
		val = elem.style[ name ];
	}

	// Computed unit is not pixels. Stop here and return.
	if ( rnumnonpx.test(val) ) {
		return val;
	}

	// Normalize "", auto, and prepare for extra
	val = parseFloat( val ) || 0;

	// Add padding, border, margin
	if ( extra ) {
		for ( ; i < len; i += 2 ) {
			val += parseFloat( jQuery.css( elem, "padding" + cssExpand[ i ] ) ) || 0;
			if ( extra !== "padding" ) {
				val += parseFloat( jQuery.css( elem, "border" + cssExpand[ i ] + "Width" ) ) || 0;
			}
			if ( extra === "margin" ) {
				val += parseFloat( jQuery.css( elem, extra + cssExpand[ i ]) ) || 0;
			}
		}
	}

	return val + "px";
}

jQuery.each([ "height", "width" ], function( i, name ) {
	jQuery.cssHooks[ name ] = {
		get: function( elem, computed, extra ) {
			if ( computed ) {
				if ( elem.offsetWidth !== 0 ) {
					return getWidthOrHeight( elem, name, extra );
				} else {
					return jQuery.swap( elem, cssShow, function() {
						return getWidthOrHeight( elem, name, extra );
					});
				}
			}
		},

		set: function( elem, value ) {
			return rnum.test( value ) ?
				value + "px" :
				value;
		}
	};
});

if ( !jQuery.support.opacity ) {
	jQuery.cssHooks.opacity = {
		get: function( elem, computed ) {
			// IE uses filters for opacity
			return ropacity.test( (computed && elem.currentStyle ? elem.currentStyle.filter : elem.style.filter) || "" ) ?
				( parseFloat( RegExp.$1 ) / 100 ) + "" :
				computed ? "1" : "";
		},

		set: function( elem, value ) {
			var style = elem.style,
				currentStyle = elem.currentStyle,
				opacity = jQuery.isNumeric( value ) ? "alpha(opacity=" + value * 100 + ")" : "",
				filter = currentStyle && currentStyle.filter || style.filter || "";

			// IE has trouble with opacity if it does not have layout
			// Force it by setting the zoom level
			style.zoom = 1;

			// if setting opacity to 1, and no other filters exist - attempt to remove filter attribute #6652
			if ( value >= 1 && jQuery.trim( filter.replace( ralpha, "" ) ) === "" ) {

				// Setting style.filter to null, "" & " " still leave "filter:" in the cssText
				// if "filter:" is present at all, clearType is disabled, we want to avoid this
				// style.removeAttribute is IE Only, but so apparently is this code path...
				style.removeAttribute( "filter" );

				// if there there is no filter style applied in a css rule, we are done
				if ( currentStyle && !currentStyle.filter ) {
					return;
				}
			}

			// otherwise, set new filter values
			style.filter = ralpha.test( filter ) ?
				filter.replace( ralpha, opacity ) :
				filter + " " + opacity;
		}
	};
}

jQuery(function() {
	// This hook cannot be added until DOM ready because the support test
	// for it is not run until after DOM ready
	if ( !jQuery.support.reliableMarginRight ) {
		jQuery.cssHooks.marginRight = {
			get: function( elem, computed ) {
				// WebKit Bug 13343 - getComputedStyle returns wrong value for margin-right
				// Work around by temporarily setting element display to inline-block
				return jQuery.swap( elem, { "display": "inline-block" }, function() {
					if ( computed ) {
						return curCSS( elem, "margin-right" );
					} else {
						return elem.style.marginRight;
					}
				});
			}
		};
	}
});

if ( jQuery.expr && jQuery.expr.filters ) {
	jQuery.expr.filters.hidden = function( elem ) {
		var width = elem.offsetWidth,
			height = elem.offsetHeight;

		return ( width === 0 && height === 0 ) || (!jQuery.support.reliableHiddenOffsets && ((elem.style && elem.style.display) || jQuery.css( elem, "display" )) === "none");
	};

	jQuery.expr.filters.visible = function( elem ) {
		return !jQuery.expr.filters.hidden( elem );
	};
}

// These hooks are used by animate to expand properties
jQuery.each({
	margin: "",
	padding: "",
	border: "Width"
}, function( prefix, suffix ) {

	jQuery.cssHooks[ prefix + suffix ] = {
		expand: function( value ) {
			var i,

				// assumes a single number if not a string
				parts = typeof value === "string" ? value.split(" ") : [ value ],
				expanded = {};

			for ( i = 0; i < 4; i++ ) {
				expanded[ prefix + cssExpand[ i ] + suffix ] =
					parts[ i ] || parts[ i - 2 ] || parts[ 0 ];
			}

			return expanded;
		}
	};
});




var r20 = /%20/g,
	rbracket = /\[\]$/,
	rCRLF = /\r?\n/g,
	rhash = /#.*$/,
	rheaders = /^(.*?):[ \t]*([^\r\n]*)\r?$/mg, // IE leaves an \r character at EOL
	rinput = /^(?:color|date|datetime|datetime-local|email|hidden|month|number|password|range|search|tel|text|time|url|week)$/i,
	// #7653, #8125, #8152: local protocol detection
	rlocalProtocol = /^(?:about|app|app\-storage|.+\-extension|file|res|widget):$/,
	rnoContent = /^(?:GET|HEAD)$/,
	rprotocol = /^\/\//,
	rquery = /\?/,
	rscript = /<script\b[^<]*(?:(?!<\/script>)<[^<]*)*<\/script>/gi,
	rselectTextarea = /^(?:select|textarea)/i,
	rspacesAjax = /\s+/,
	rts = /([?&])_=[^&]*/,
	rurl = /^([\w\+\.\-]+:)(?:\/\/([^\/?#:]*)(?::(\d+))?)?/,

	// Keep a copy of the old load method
	_load = jQuery.fn.load,

	/* Prefilters
	 * 1) They are useful to introduce custom dataTypes (see ajax/jsonp.js for an example)
	 * 2) These are called:
	 *    - BEFORE asking for a transport
	 *    - AFTER param serialization (s.data is a string if s.processData is true)
	 * 3) key is the dataType
	 * 4) the catchall symbol "*" can be used
	 * 5) execution will start with transport dataType and THEN continue down to "*" if needed
	 */
	prefilters = {},

	/* Transports bindings
	 * 1) key is the dataType
	 * 2) the catchall symbol "*" can be used
	 * 3) selection will start with transport dataType and THEN go to "*" if needed
	 */
	transports = {},

	// Document location
	ajaxLocation,

	// Document location segments
	ajaxLocParts,

	// Avoid comment-prolog char sequence (#10098); must appease lint and evade compression
	allTypes = ["*/"] + ["*"];

// #8138, IE may throw an exception when accessing
// a field from window.location if document.domain has been set
try {
	ajaxLocation = location.href;
} catch( e ) {
	// Use the href attribute of an A element
	// since IE will modify it given document.location
	ajaxLocation = document.createElement( "a" );
	ajaxLocation.href = "";
	ajaxLocation = ajaxLocation.href;
}

// Segment location into parts
ajaxLocParts = rurl.exec( ajaxLocation.toLowerCase() ) || [];

// Base "constructor" for jQuery.ajaxPrefilter and jQuery.ajaxTransport
function addToPrefiltersOrTransports( structure ) {

	// dataTypeExpression is optional and defaults to "*"
	return function( dataTypeExpression, func ) {

		if ( typeof dataTypeExpression !== "string" ) {
			func = dataTypeExpression;
			dataTypeExpression = "*";
		}

		if ( jQuery.isFunction( func ) ) {
			var dataTypes = dataTypeExpression.toLowerCase().split( rspacesAjax ),
				i = 0,
				length = dataTypes.length,
				dataType,
				list,
				placeBefore;

			// For each dataType in the dataTypeExpression
			for ( ; i < length; i++ ) {
				dataType = dataTypes[ i ];
				// We control if we're asked to add before
				// any existing element
				placeBefore = /^\+/.test( dataType );
				if ( placeBefore ) {
					dataType = dataType.substr( 1 ) || "*";
				}
				list = structure[ dataType ] = structure[ dataType ] || [];
				// then we add to the structure accordingly
				list[ placeBefore ? "unshift" : "push" ]( func );
			}
		}
	};
}

// Base inspection function for prefilters and transports
function inspectPrefiltersOrTransports( structure, options, originalOptions, jqXHR,
		dataType /* internal */, inspected /* internal */ ) {

	dataType = dataType || options.dataTypes[ 0 ];
	inspected = inspected || {};

	inspected[ dataType ] = true;

	var list = structure[ dataType ],
		i = 0,
		length = list ? list.length : 0,
		executeOnly = ( structure === prefilters ),
		selection;

	for ( ; i < length && ( executeOnly || !selection ); i++ ) {
		selection = list[ i ]( options, originalOptions, jqXHR );
		// If we got redirected to another dataType
		// we try there if executing only and not done already
		if ( typeof selection === "string" ) {
			if ( !executeOnly || inspected[ selection ] ) {
				selection = undefined;
			} else {
				options.dataTypes.unshift( selection );
				selection = inspectPrefiltersOrTransports(
						structure, options, originalOptions, jqXHR, selection, inspected );
			}
		}
	}
	// If we're only executing or nothing was selected
	// we try the catchall dataType if not done already
	if ( ( executeOnly || !selection ) && !inspected[ "*" ] ) {
		selection = inspectPrefiltersOrTransports(
				structure, options, originalOptions, jqXHR, "*", inspected );
	}
	// unnecessary when only executing (prefilters)
	// but it'll be ignored by the caller in that case
	return selection;
}

// A special extend for ajax options
// that takes "flat" options (not to be deep extended)
// Fixes #9887
function ajaxExtend( target, src ) {
	var key, deep,
		flatOptions = jQuery.ajaxSettings.flatOptions || {};
	for ( key in src ) {
		if ( src[ key ] !== undefined ) {
			( flatOptions[ key ] ? target : ( deep || ( deep = {} ) ) )[ key ] = src[ key ];
		}
	}
	if ( deep ) {
		jQuery.extend( true, target, deep );
	}
}

jQuery.fn.extend({
	load: function( url, params, callback ) {
		if ( typeof url !== "string" && _load ) {
			return _load.apply( this, arguments );

		// Don't do a request if no elements are being requested
		} else if ( !this.length ) {
			return this;
		}

		var off = url.indexOf( " " );
		if ( off >= 0 ) {
			var selector = url.slice( off, url.length );
			url = url.slice( 0, off );
		}

		// Default to a GET request
		var type = "GET";

		// If the second parameter was provided
		if ( params ) {
			// If it's a function
			if ( jQuery.isFunction( params ) ) {
				// We assume that it's the callback
				callback = params;
				params = undefined;

			// Otherwise, build a param string
			} else if ( typeof params === "object" ) {
				params = jQuery.param( params, jQuery.ajaxSettings.traditional );
				type = "POST";
			}
		}

		var self = this;

		// Request the remote document
		jQuery.ajax({
			url: url,
			type: type,
			dataType: "html",
			data: params,
			// Complete callback (responseText is used internally)
			complete: function( jqXHR, status, responseText ) {
				// Store the response as specified by the jqXHR object
				responseText = jqXHR.responseText;
				// If successful, inject the HTML into all the matched elements
				if ( jqXHR.isResolved() ) {
					// #4825: Get the actual response in case
					// a dataFilter is present in ajaxSettings
					jqXHR.done(function( r ) {
						responseText = r;
					});
					// See if a selector was specified
					self.html( selector ?
						// Create a dummy div to hold the results
						jQuery("<div>")
							// inject the contents of the document in, removing the scripts
							// to avoid any 'Permission Denied' errors in IE
							.append(responseText.replace(rscript, ""))

							// Locate the specified elements
							.find(selector) :

						// If not, just inject the full result
						responseText );
				}

				if ( callback ) {
					self.each( callback, [ responseText, status, jqXHR ] );
				}
			}
		});

		return this;
	},

	serialize: function() {
		return jQuery.param( this.serializeArray() );
	},

	serializeArray: function() {
		return this.map(function(){
			return this.elements ? jQuery.makeArray( this.elements ) : this;
		})
		.filter(function(){
			return this.name && !this.disabled &&
				( this.checked || rselectTextarea.test( this.nodeName ) ||
					rinput.test( this.type ) );
		})
		.map(function( i, elem ){
			var val = jQuery( this ).val();

			return val == null ?
				null :
				jQuery.isArray( val ) ?
					jQuery.map( val, function( val, i ){
						return { name: elem.name, value: val.replace( rCRLF, "\r\n" ) };
					}) :
					{ name: elem.name, value: val.replace( rCRLF, "\r\n" ) };
		}).get();
	}
});

// Attach a bunch of functions for handling common AJAX events
jQuery.each( "ajaxStart ajaxStop ajaxComplete ajaxError ajaxSuccess ajaxSend".split( " " ), function( i, o ){
	jQuery.fn[ o ] = function( f ){
		return this.on( o, f );
	};
});

jQuery.each( [ "get", "post" ], function( i, method ) {
	jQuery[ method ] = function( url, data, callback, type ) {
		// shift arguments if data argument was omitted
		if ( jQuery.isFunction( data ) ) {
			type = type || callback;
			callback = data;
			data = undefined;
		}

		return jQuery.ajax({
			type: method,
			url: url,
			data: data,
			success: callback,
			dataType: type
		});
	};
});

jQuery.extend({

	getScript: function( url, callback ) {
		return jQuery.get( url, undefined, callback, "script" );
	},

	getJSON: function( url, data, callback ) {
		return jQuery.get( url, data, callback, "json" );
	},

	// Creates a full fledged settings object into target
	// with both ajaxSettings and settings fields.
	// If target is omitted, writes into ajaxSettings.
	ajaxSetup: function( target, settings ) {
		if ( settings ) {
			// Building a settings object
			ajaxExtend( target, jQuery.ajaxSettings );
		} else {
			// Extending ajaxSettings
			settings = target;
			target = jQuery.ajaxSettings;
		}
		ajaxExtend( target, settings );
		return target;
	},

	ajaxSettings: {
		url: ajaxLocation,
		isLocal: rlocalProtocol.test( ajaxLocParts[ 1 ] ),
		global: true,
		type: "GET",
		contentType: "application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8",
		processData: true,
		async: true,
		/*
		timeout: 0,
		data: null,
		dataType: null,
		username: null,
		password: null,
		cache: null,
		traditional: false,
		headers: {},
		*/

		accepts: {
			xml: "application/xml, text/xml",
			html: "text/html",
			text: "text/plain",
			json: "application/json, text/javascript",
			"*": allTypes
		},

		contents: {
			xml: /xml/,
			html: /html/,
			json: /json/
		},

		responseFields: {
			xml: "responseXML",
			text: "responseText"
		},

		// List of data converters
		// 1) key format is "source_type destination_type" (a single space in-between)
		// 2) the catchall symbol "*" can be used for source_type
		converters: {

			// Convert anything to text
			"* text": window.String,

			// Text to html (true = no transformation)
			"text html": true,

			// Evaluate text as a json expression
			"text json": jQuery.parseJSON,

			// Parse text as xml
			"text xml": jQuery.parseXML
		},

		// For options that shouldn't be deep extended:
		// you can add your own custom options here if
		// and when you create one that shouldn't be
		// deep extended (see ajaxExtend)
		flatOptions: {
			context: true,
			url: true
		}
	},

	ajaxPrefilter: addToPrefiltersOrTransports( prefilters ),
	ajaxTransport: addToPrefiltersOrTransports( transports ),

	// Main method
	ajax: function( url, options ) {

		// If url is an object, simulate pre-1.5 signature
		if ( typeof url === "object" ) {
			options = url;
			url = undefined;
		}

		// Force options to be an object
		options = options || {};

		var // Create the final options object
			s = jQuery.ajaxSetup( {}, options ),
			// Callbacks context
			callbackContext = s.context || s,
			// Context for global events
			// It's the callbackContext if one was provided in the options
			// and if it's a DOM node or a jQuery collection
			globalEventContext = callbackContext !== s &&
				( callbackContext.nodeType || callbackContext instanceof jQuery ) ?
						jQuery( callbackContext ) : jQuery.event,
			// Deferreds
			deferred = jQuery.Deferred(),
			completeDeferred = jQuery.Callbacks( "once memory" ),
			// Status-dependent callbacks
			statusCode = s.statusCode || {},
			// ifModified key
			ifModifiedKey,
			// Headers (they are sent all at once)
			requestHeaders = {},
			requestHeadersNames = {},
			// Response headers
			responseHeadersString,
			responseHeaders,
			// transport
			transport,
			// timeout handle
			timeoutTimer,
			// Cross-domain detection vars
			parts,
			// The jqXHR state
			state = 0,
			// To know if global events are to be dispatched
			fireGlobals,
			// Loop variable
			i,
			// Fake xhr
			jqXHR = {

				readyState: 0,

				// Caches the header
				setRequestHeader: function( name, value ) {
					if ( !state ) {
						var lname = name.toLowerCase();
						name = requestHeadersNames[ lname ] = requestHeadersNames[ lname ] || name;
						requestHeaders[ name ] = value;
					}
					return this;
				},

				// Raw string
				getAllResponseHeaders: function() {
					return state === 2 ? responseHeadersString : null;
				},

				// Builds headers hashtable if needed
				getResponseHeader: function( key ) {
					var match;
					if ( state === 2 ) {
						if ( !responseHeaders ) {
							responseHeaders = {};
							while( ( match = rheaders.exec( responseHeadersString ) ) ) {
								responseHeaders[ match[1].toLowerCase() ] = match[ 2 ];
							}
						}
						match = responseHeaders[ key.toLowerCase() ];
					}
					return match === undefined ? null : match;
				},

				// Overrides response content-type header
				overrideMimeType: function( type ) {
					if ( !state ) {
						s.mimeType = type;
					}
					return this;
				},

				// Cancel the request
				abort: function( statusText ) {
					statusText = statusText || "abort";
					if ( transport ) {
						transport.abort( statusText );
					}
					done( 0, statusText );
					return this;
				}
			};

		// Callback for when everything is done
		// It is defined here because jslint complains if it is declared
		// at the end of the function (which would be more logical and readable)
		function done( status, nativeStatusText, responses, headers ) {

			// Called once
			if ( state === 2 ) {
				return;
			}

			// State is "done" now
			state = 2;

			// Clear timeout if it exists
			if ( timeoutTimer ) {
				clearTimeout( timeoutTimer );
			}

			// Dereference transport for early garbage collection
			// (no matter how long the jqXHR object will be used)
			transport = undefined;

			// Cache response headers
			responseHeadersString = headers || "";

			// Set readyState
			jqXHR.readyState = status > 0 ? 4 : 0;

			var isSuccess,
				success,
				error,
				statusText = nativeStatusText,
				response = responses ? ajaxHandleResponses( s, jqXHR, responses ) : undefined,
				lastModified,
				etag;

			// If successful, handle type chaining
			if ( status >= 200 && status < 300 || status === 304 ) {

				// Set the If-Modified-Since and/or If-None-Match header, if in ifModified mode.
				if ( s.ifModified ) {

					if ( ( lastModified = jqXHR.getResponseHeader( "Last-Modified" ) ) ) {
						jQuery.lastModified[ ifModifiedKey ] = lastModified;
					}
					if ( ( etag = jqXHR.getResponseHeader( "Etag" ) ) ) {
						jQuery.etag[ ifModifiedKey ] = etag;
					}
				}

				// If not modified
				if ( status === 304 ) {

					statusText = "notmodified";
					isSuccess = true;

				// If we have data
				} else {

					try {
						success = ajaxConvert( s, response );
						statusText = "success";
						isSuccess = true;
					} catch(e) {
						// We have a parsererror
						statusText = "parsererror";
						error = e;
					}
				}
			} else {
				// We extract error from statusText
				// then normalize statusText and status for non-aborts
				error = statusText;
				if ( !statusText || status ) {
					statusText = "error";
					if ( status < 0 ) {
						status = 0;
					}
				}
			}

			// Set data for the fake xhr object
			jqXHR.status = status;
			jqXHR.statusText = "" + ( nativeStatusText || statusText );

			// Success/Error
			if ( isSuccess ) {
				deferred.resolveWith( callbackContext, [ success, statusText, jqXHR ] );
			} else {
				deferred.rejectWith( callbackContext, [ jqXHR, statusText, error ] );
			}

			// Status-dependent callbacks
			jqXHR.statusCode( statusCode );
			statusCode = undefined;

			if ( fireGlobals ) {
				globalEventContext.trigger( "ajax" + ( isSuccess ? "Success" : "Error" ),
						[ jqXHR, s, isSuccess ? success : error ] );
			}

			// Complete
			completeDeferred.fireWith( callbackContext, [ jqXHR, statusText ] );

			if ( fireGlobals ) {
				globalEventContext.trigger( "ajaxComplete", [ jqXHR, s ] );
				// Handle the global AJAX counter
				if ( !( --jQuery.active ) ) {
					jQuery.event.trigger( "ajaxStop" );
				}
			}
		}

		// Attach deferreds
		deferred.promise( jqXHR );
		jqXHR.success = jqXHR.done;
		jqXHR.error = jqXHR.fail;
		jqXHR.complete = completeDeferred.add;

		// Status-dependent callbacks
		jqXHR.statusCode = function( map ) {
			if ( map ) {
				var tmp;
				if ( state < 2 ) {
					for ( tmp in map ) {
						statusCode[ tmp ] = [ statusCode[tmp], map[tmp] ];
					}
				} else {
					tmp = map[ jqXHR.status ];
					jqXHR.then( tmp, tmp );
				}
			}
			return this;
		};

		// Remove hash character (#7531: and string promotion)
		// Add protocol if not provided (#5866: IE7 issue with protocol-less urls)
		// We also use the url parameter if available
		s.url = ( ( url || s.url ) + "" ).replace( rhash, "" ).replace( rprotocol, ajaxLocParts[ 1 ] + "//" );

		// Extract dataTypes list
		s.dataTypes = jQuery.trim( s.dataType || "*" ).toLowerCase().split( rspacesAjax );

		// Determine if a cross-domain request is in order
		if ( s.crossDomain == null ) {
			parts = rurl.exec( s.url.toLowerCase() );
			s.crossDomain = !!( parts &&
				( parts[ 1 ] != ajaxLocParts[ 1 ] || parts[ 2 ] != ajaxLocParts[ 2 ] ||
					( parts[ 3 ] || ( parts[ 1 ] === "http:" ? 80 : 443 ) ) !=
						( ajaxLocParts[ 3 ] || ( ajaxLocParts[ 1 ] === "http:" ? 80 : 443 ) ) )
			);
		}

		// Convert data if not already a string
		if ( s.data && s.processData && typeof s.data !== "string" ) {
			s.data = jQuery.param( s.data, s.traditional );
		}

		// Apply prefilters
		inspectPrefiltersOrTransports( prefilters, s, options, jqXHR );

		// If request was aborted inside a prefilter, stop there
		if ( state === 2 ) {
			return false;
		}

		// We can fire global events as of now if asked to
		fireGlobals = s.global;

		// Uppercase the type
		s.type = s.type.toUpperCase();

		// Determine if request has content
		s.hasContent = !rnoContent.test( s.type );

		// Watch for a new set of requests
		if ( fireGlobals && jQuery.active++ === 0 ) {
			jQuery.event.trigger( "ajaxStart" );
		}

		// More options handling for requests with no content
		if ( !s.hasContent ) {

			// If data is available, append data to url
			if ( s.data ) {
				s.url += ( rquery.test( s.url ) ? "&" : "?" ) + s.data;
				// #9682: remove data so that it's not used in an eventual retry
				delete s.data;
			}

			// Get ifModifiedKey before adding the anti-cache parameter
			ifModifiedKey = s.url;

			// Add anti-cache in url if needed
			if ( s.cache === false ) {

				var ts = jQuery.now(),
					// try replacing _= if it is there
					ret = s.url.replace( rts, "$1_=" + ts );

				// if nothing was replaced, add timestamp to the end
				s.url = ret + ( ( ret === s.url ) ? ( rquery.test( s.url ) ? "&" : "?" ) + "_=" + ts : "" );
			}
		}

		// Set the correct header, if data is being sent
		if ( s.data && s.hasContent && s.contentType !== false || options.contentType ) {
			jqXHR.setRequestHeader( "Content-Type", s.contentType );
		}

		// Set the If-Modified-Since and/or If-None-Match header, if in ifModified mode.
		if ( s.ifModified ) {
			ifModifiedKey = ifModifiedKey || s.url;
			if ( jQuery.lastModified[ ifModifiedKey ] ) {
				jqXHR.setRequestHeader( "If-Modified-Since", jQuery.lastModified[ ifModifiedKey ] );
			}
			if ( jQuery.etag[ ifModifiedKey ] ) {
				jqXHR.setRequestHeader( "If-None-Match", jQuery.etag[ ifModifiedKey ] );
			}
		}

		// Set the Accepts header for the server, depending on the dataType
		jqXHR.setRequestHeader(
			"Accept",
			s.dataTypes[ 0 ] && s.accepts[ s.dataTypes[0] ] ?
				s.accepts[ s.dataTypes[0] ] + ( s.dataTypes[ 0 ] !== "*" ? ", " + allTypes + "; q=0.01" : "" ) :
				s.accepts[ "*" ]
		);

		// Check for headers option
		for ( i in s.headers ) {
			jqXHR.setRequestHeader( i, s.headers[ i ] );
		}

		// Allow custom headers/mimetypes and early abort
		if ( s.beforeSend && ( s.beforeSend.call( callbackContext, jqXHR, s ) === false || state === 2 ) ) {
				// Abort if not done already
				jqXHR.abort();
				return false;

		}

		// Install callbacks on deferreds
		for ( i in { success: 1, error: 1, complete: 1 } ) {
			jqXHR[ i ]( s[ i ] );
		}

		// Get transport
		transport = inspectPrefiltersOrTransports( transports, s, options, jqXHR );

		// If no transport, we auto-abort
		if ( !transport ) {
			done( -1, "No Transport" );
		} else {
			jqXHR.readyState = 1;
			// Send global event
			if ( fireGlobals ) {
				globalEventContext.trigger( "ajaxSend", [ jqXHR, s ] );
			}
			// Timeout
			if ( s.async && s.timeout > 0 ) {
				timeoutTimer = setTimeout( function(){
					jqXHR.abort( "timeout" );
				}, s.timeout );
			}

			try {
				state = 1;
				transport.send( requestHeaders, done );
			} catch (e) {
				// Propagate exception as error if not done
				if ( state < 2 ) {
					done( -1, e );
				// Simply rethrow otherwise
				} else {
					throw e;
				}
			}
		}

		return jqXHR;
	},

	// Serialize an array of form elements or a set of
	// key/values into a query string
	param: function( a, traditional ) {
		var s = [],
			add = function( key, value ) {
				// If value is a function, invoke it and return its value
				value = jQuery.isFunction( value ) ? value() : value;
				s[ s.length ] = encodeURIComponent( key ) + "=" + encodeURIComponent( value );
			};

		// Set traditional to true for jQuery <= 1.3.2 behavior.
		if ( traditional === undefined ) {
			traditional = jQuery.ajaxSettings.traditional;
		}

		// If an array was passed in, assume that it is an array of form elements.
		if ( jQuery.isArray( a ) || ( a.jquery && !jQuery.isPlainObject( a ) ) ) {
			// Serialize the form elements
			jQuery.each( a, function() {
				add( this.name, this.value );
			});

		} else {
			// If traditional, encode the "old" way (the way 1.3.2 or older
			// did it), otherwise encode params recursively.
			for ( var prefix in a ) {
				buildParams( prefix, a[ prefix ], traditional, add );
			}
		}

		// Return the resulting serialization
		return s.join( "&" ).replace( r20, "+" );
	}
});

function buildParams( prefix, obj, traditional, add ) {
	if ( jQuery.isArray( obj ) ) {
		// Serialize array item.
		jQuery.each( obj, function( i, v ) {
			if ( traditional || rbracket.test( prefix ) ) {
				// Treat each array item as a scalar.
				add( prefix, v );

			} else {
				// If array item is non-scalar (array or object), encode its
				// numeric index to resolve deserialization ambiguity issues.
				// Note that rack (as of 1.0.0) can't currently deserialize
				// nested arrays properly, and attempting to do so may cause
				// a server error. Possible fixes are to modify rack's
				// deserialization algorithm or to provide an option or flag
				// to force array serialization to be shallow.
				buildParams( prefix + "[" + ( typeof v === "object" ? i : "" ) + "]", v, traditional, add );
			}
		});

	} else if ( !traditional && jQuery.type( obj ) === "object" ) {
		// Serialize object item.
		for ( var name in obj ) {
			buildParams( prefix + "[" + name + "]", obj[ name ], traditional, add );
		}

	} else {
		// Serialize scalar item.
		add( prefix, obj );
	}
}

// This is still on the jQuery object... for now
// Want to move this to jQuery.ajax some day
jQuery.extend({

	// Counter for holding the number of active queries
	active: 0,

	// Last-Modified header cache for next request
	lastModified: {},
	etag: {}

});

/* Handles responses to an ajax request:
 * - sets all responseXXX fields accordingly
 * - finds the right dataType (mediates between content-type and expected dataType)
 * - returns the corresponding response
 */
function ajaxHandleResponses( s, jqXHR, responses ) {

	var contents = s.contents,
		dataTypes = s.dataTypes,
		responseFields = s.responseFields,
		ct,
		type,
		finalDataType,
		firstDataType;

	// Fill responseXXX fields
	for ( type in responseFields ) {
		if ( type in responses ) {
			jqXHR[ responseFields[type] ] = responses[ type ];
		}
	}

	// Remove auto dataType and get content-type in the process
	while( dataTypes[ 0 ] === "*" ) {
		dataTypes.shift();
		if ( ct === undefined ) {
			ct = s.mimeType || jqXHR.getResponseHeader( "content-type" );
		}
	}

	// Check if we're dealing with a known content-type
	if ( ct ) {
		for ( type in contents ) {
			if ( contents[ type ] && contents[ type ].test( ct ) ) {
				dataTypes.unshift( type );
				break;
			}
		}
	}

	// Check to see if we have a response for the expected dataType
	if ( dataTypes[ 0 ] in responses ) {
		finalDataType = dataTypes[ 0 ];
	} else {
		// Try convertible dataTypes
		for ( type in responses ) {
			if ( !dataTypes[ 0 ] || s.converters[ type + " " + dataTypes[0] ] ) {
				finalDataType = type;
				break;
			}
			if ( !firstDataType ) {
				firstDataType = type;
			}
		}
		// Or just use first one
		finalDataType = finalDataType || firstDataType;
	}

	// If we found a dataType
	// We add the dataType to the list if needed
	// and return the corresponding response
	if ( finalDataType ) {
		if ( finalDataType !== dataTypes[ 0 ] ) {
			dataTypes.unshift( finalDataType );
		}
		return responses[ finalDataType ];
	}
}

// Chain conversions given the request and the original response
function ajaxConvert( s, response ) {

	// Apply the dataFilter if provided
	if ( s.dataFilter ) {
		response = s.dataFilter( response, s.dataType );
	}

	var dataTypes = s.dataTypes,
		converters = {},
		i,
		key,
		length = dataTypes.length,
		tmp,
		// Current and previous dataTypes
		current = dataTypes[ 0 ],
		prev,
		// Conversion expression
		conversion,
		// Conversion function
		conv,
		// Conversion functions (transitive conversion)
		conv1,
		conv2;

	// For each dataType in the chain
	for ( i = 1; i < length; i++ ) {

		// Create converters map
		// with lowercased keys
		if ( i === 1 ) {
			for ( key in s.converters ) {
				if ( typeof key === "string" ) {
					converters[ key.toLowerCase() ] = s.converters[ key ];
				}
			}
		}

		// Get the dataTypes
		prev = current;
		current = dataTypes[ i ];

		// If current is auto dataType, update it to prev
		if ( current === "*" ) {
			current = prev;
		// If no auto and dataTypes are actually different
		} else if ( prev !== "*" && prev !== current ) {

			// Get the converter
			conversion = prev + " " + current;
			conv = converters[ conversion ] || converters[ "* " + current ];

			// If there is no direct converter, search transitively
			if ( !conv ) {
				conv2 = undefined;
				for ( conv1 in converters ) {
					tmp = conv1.split( " " );
					if ( tmp[ 0 ] === prev || tmp[ 0 ] === "*" ) {
						conv2 = converters[ tmp[1] + " " + current ];
						if ( conv2 ) {
							conv1 = converters[ conv1 ];
							if ( conv1 === true ) {
								conv = conv2;
							} else if ( conv2 === true ) {
								conv = conv1;
							}
							break;
						}
					}
				}
			}
			// If we found no converter, dispatch an error
			if ( !( conv || conv2 ) ) {
				jQuery.error( "No conversion from " + conversion.replace(" "," to ") );
			}
			// If found converter is not an equivalence
			if ( conv !== true ) {
				// Convert with 1 or 2 converters accordingly
				response = conv ? conv( response ) : conv2( conv1(response) );
			}
		}
	}
	return response;
}




var jsc = jQuery.now(),
	jsre = /(\=)\?(&|$)|\?\?/i;

// Default jsonp settings
jQuery.ajaxSetup({
	jsonp: "callback",
	jsonpCallback: function() {
		return jQuery.expando + "_" + ( jsc++ );
	}
});

// Detect, normalize options and install callbacks for jsonp requests
jQuery.ajaxPrefilter( "json jsonp", function( s, originalSettings, jqXHR ) {

	var inspectData = ( typeof s.data === "string" ) && /^application\/x\-www\-form\-urlencoded/.test( s.contentType );

	if ( s.dataTypes[ 0 ] === "jsonp" ||
		s.jsonp !== false && ( jsre.test( s.url ) ||
				inspectData && jsre.test( s.data ) ) ) {

		var responseContainer,
			jsonpCallback = s.jsonpCallback =
				jQuery.isFunction( s.jsonpCallback ) ? s.jsonpCallback() : s.jsonpCallback,
			previous = window[ jsonpCallback ],
			url = s.url,
			data = s.data,
			replace = "$1" + jsonpCallback + "$2";

		if ( s.jsonp !== false ) {
			url = url.replace( jsre, replace );
			if ( s.url === url ) {
				if ( inspectData ) {
					data = data.replace( jsre, replace );
				}
				if ( s.data === data ) {
					// Add callback manually
					url += (/\?/.test( url ) ? "&" : "?") + s.jsonp + "=" + jsonpCallback;
				}
			}
		}

		s.url = url;
		s.data = data;

		// Install callback
		window[ jsonpCallback ] = function( response ) {
			responseContainer = [ response ];
		};

		// Clean-up function
		jqXHR.always(function() {
			// Set callback back to previous value
			window[ jsonpCallback ] = previous;
			// Call if it was a function and we have a response
			if ( responseContainer && jQuery.isFunction( previous ) ) {
				window[ jsonpCallback ]( responseContainer[ 0 ] );
			}
		});

		// Use data converter to retrieve json after script execution
		s.converters["script json"] = function() {
			if ( !responseContainer ) {
				jQuery.error( jsonpCallback + " was not called" );
			}
			return responseContainer[ 0 ];
		};

		// force json dataType
		s.dataTypes[ 0 ] = "json";

		// Delegate to script
		return "script";
	}
});




// Install script dataType
jQuery.ajaxSetup({
	accepts: {
		script: "text/javascript, application/javascript, application/ecmascript, application/x-ecmascript"
	},
	contents: {
		script: /javascript|ecmascript/
	},
	converters: {
		"text script": function( text ) {
			jQuery.globalEval( text );
			return text;
		}
	}
});

// Handle cache's special case and global
jQuery.ajaxPrefilter( "script", function( s ) {
	if ( s.cache === undefined ) {
		s.cache = false;
	}
	if ( s.crossDomain ) {
		s.type = "GET";
		s.global = false;
	}
});

// Bind script tag hack transport
jQuery.ajaxTransport( "script", function(s) {

	// This transport only deals with cross domain requests
	if ( s.crossDomain ) {

		var script,
			head = document.head || document.getElementsByTagName( "head" )[0] || document.documentElement;

		return {

			send: function( _, callback ) {

				script = document.createElement( "script" );

				script.async = "async";

				if ( s.scriptCharset ) {
					script.charset = s.scriptCharset;
				}

				script.src = s.url;

				// Attach handlers for all browsers
				script.onload = script.onreadystatechange = function( _, isAbort ) {

					if ( isAbort || !script.readyState || /loaded|complete/.test( script.readyState ) ) {

						// Handle memory leak in IE
						script.onload = script.onreadystatechange = null;

						// Remove the script
						if ( head && script.parentNode ) {
							head.removeChild( script );
						}

						// Dereference the script
						script = undefined;

						// Callback if not abort
						if ( !isAbort ) {
							callback( 200, "success" );
						}
					}
				};
				// Use insertBefore instead of appendChild  to circumvent an IE6 bug.
				// This arises when a base node is used (#2709 and #4378).
				head.insertBefore( script, head.firstChild );
			},

			abort: function() {
				if ( script ) {
					script.onload( 0, 1 );
				}
			}
		};
	}
});




var // #5280: Internet Explorer will keep connections alive if we don't abort on unload
	xhrOnUnloadAbort = window.ActiveXObject ? function() {
		// Abort all pending requests
		for ( var key in xhrCallbacks ) {
			xhrCallbacks[ key ]( 0, 1 );
		}
	} : false,
	xhrId = 0,
	xhrCallbacks;

// Functions to create xhrs
function createStandardXHR() {
	try {
		return new window.XMLHttpRequest();
	} catch( e ) {}
}

function createActiveXHR() {
	try {
		return new window.ActiveXObject( "Microsoft.XMLHTTP" );
	} catch( e ) {}
}

// Create the request object
// (This is still attached to ajaxSettings for backward compatibility)
jQuery.ajaxSettings.xhr = window.ActiveXObject ?
	/* Microsoft failed to properly
	 * implement the XMLHttpRequest in IE7 (can't request local files),
	 * so we use the ActiveXObject when it is available
	 * Additionally XMLHttpRequest can be disabled in IE7/IE8 so
	 * we need a fallback.
	 */
	function() {
		return !this.isLocal && createStandardXHR() || createActiveXHR();
	} :
	// For all other browsers, use the standard XMLHttpRequest object
	createStandardXHR;

// Determine support properties
(function( xhr ) {
	jQuery.extend( jQuery.support, {
		ajax: !!xhr,
		cors: !!xhr && ( "withCredentials" in xhr )
	});
})( jQuery.ajaxSettings.xhr() );

// Create transport if the browser can provide an xhr
if ( jQuery.support.ajax ) {

	jQuery.ajaxTransport(function( s ) {
		// Cross domain only allowed if supported through XMLHttpRequest
		if ( !s.crossDomain || jQuery.support.cors ) {

			var callback;

			return {
				send: function( headers, complete ) {

					// Get a new xhr
					var xhr = s.xhr(),
						handle,
						i;

					// Open the socket
					// Passing null username, generates a login popup on Opera (#2865)
					if ( s.username ) {
						xhr.open( s.type, s.url, s.async, s.username, s.password );
					} else {
						xhr.open( s.type, s.url, s.async );
					}

					// Apply custom fields if provided
					if ( s.xhrFields ) {
						for ( i in s.xhrFields ) {
							xhr[ i ] = s.xhrFields[ i ];
						}
					}

					// Override mime type if needed
					if ( s.mimeType && xhr.overrideMimeType ) {
						xhr.overrideMimeType( s.mimeType );
					}

					// X-Requested-With header
					// For cross-domain requests, seeing as conditions for a preflight are
					// akin to a jigsaw puzzle, we simply never set it to be sure.
					// (it can always be set on a per-request basis or even using ajaxSetup)
					// For same-domain requests, won't change header if already provided.
					if ( !s.crossDomain && !headers["X-Requested-With"] ) {
						headers[ "X-Requested-With" ] = "XMLHttpRequest";
					}

					// Need an extra try/catch for cross domain requests in Firefox 3
					try {
						for ( i in headers ) {
							xhr.setRequestHeader( i, headers[ i ] );
						}
					} catch( _ ) {}

					// Do send the request
					// This may raise an exception which is actually
					// handled in jQuery.ajax (so no try/catch here)
					xhr.send( ( s.hasContent && s.data ) || null );

					// Listener
					callback = function( _, isAbort ) {

						var status,
							statusText,
							responseHeaders,
							responses,
							xml;

						// Firefox throws exceptions when accessing properties
						// of an xhr when a network error occured
						// http://helpful.knobs-dials.com/index.php/Component_returned_failure_code:_0x80040111_(NS_ERROR_NOT_AVAILABLE)
						try {

							// Was never called and is aborted or complete
							if ( callback && ( isAbort || xhr.readyState === 4 ) ) {

								// Only called once
								callback = undefined;

								// Do not keep as active anymore
								if ( handle ) {
									xhr.onreadystatechange = jQuery.noop;
									if ( xhrOnUnloadAbort ) {
										delete xhrCallbacks[ handle ];
									}
								}

								// If it's an abort
								if ( isAbort ) {
									// Abort it manually if needed
									if ( xhr.readyState !== 4 ) {
										xhr.abort();
									}
								} else {
									status = xhr.status;
									responseHeaders = xhr.getAllResponseHeaders();
									responses = {};
									xml = xhr.responseXML;

									// Construct response list
									if ( xml && xml.documentElement /* #4958 */ ) {
										responses.xml = xml;
									}

									// When requesting binary data, IE6-9 will throw an exception
									// on any attempt to access responseText (#11426)
									try {
										responses.text = xhr.responseText;
									} catch( _ ) {
									}

									// Firefox throws an exception when accessing
									// statusText for faulty cross-domain requests
									try {
										statusText = xhr.statusText;
									} catch( e ) {
										// We normalize with Webkit giving an empty statusText
										statusText = "";
									}

									// Filter status for non standard behaviors

									// If the request is local and we have data: assume a success
									// (success with no data won't get notified, that's the best we
									// can do given current implementations)
									if ( !status && s.isLocal && !s.crossDomain ) {
										status = responses.text ? 200 : 404;
									// IE - #1450: sometimes returns 1223 when it should be 204
									} else if ( status === 1223 ) {
										status = 204;
									}
								}
							}
						} catch( firefoxAccessException ) {
							if ( !isAbort ) {
								complete( -1, firefoxAccessException );
							}
						}

						// Call complete if needed
						if ( responses ) {
							complete( status, statusText, responses, responseHeaders );
						}
					};

					// if we're in sync mode or it's in cache
					// and has been retrieved directly (IE6 & IE7)
					// we need to manually fire the callback
					if ( !s.async || xhr.readyState === 4 ) {
						callback();
					} else {
						handle = ++xhrId;
						if ( xhrOnUnloadAbort ) {
							// Create the active xhrs callbacks list if needed
							// and attach the unload handler
							if ( !xhrCallbacks ) {
								xhrCallbacks = {};
								jQuery( window ).unload( xhrOnUnloadAbort );
							}
							// Add to list of active xhrs callbacks
							xhrCallbacks[ handle ] = callback;
						}
						xhr.onreadystatechange = callback;
					}
				},

				abort: function() {
					if ( callback ) {
						callback(0,1);
					}
				}
			};
		}
	});
}




var elemdisplay = {},
	iframe, iframeDoc,
	rfxtypes = /^(?:toggle|show|hide)$/,
	rfxnum = /^([+\-]=)?([\d+.\-]+)([a-z%]*)$/i,
	timerId,
	fxAttrs = [
		// height animations
		[ "height", "marginTop", "marginBottom", "paddingTop", "paddingBottom" ],
		// width animations
		[ "width", "marginLeft", "marginRight", "paddingLeft", "paddingRight" ],
		// opacity animations
		[ "opacity" ]
	],
	fxNow;

jQuery.fn.extend({
	show: function( speed, easing, callback ) {
		var elem, display;

		if ( speed || speed === 0 ) {
			return this.animate( genFx("show", 3), speed, easing, callback );

		} else {
			for ( var i = 0, j = this.length; i < j; i++ ) {
				elem = this[ i ];

				if ( elem.style ) {
					display = elem.style.display;

					// Reset the inline display of this element to learn if it is
					// being hidden by cascaded rules or not
					if ( !jQuery._data(elem, "olddisplay") && display === "none" ) {
						display = elem.style.display = "";
					}

					// Set elements which have been overridden with display: none
					// in a stylesheet to whatever the default browser style is
					// for such an element
					if ( (display === "" && jQuery.css(elem, "display") === "none") ||
						!jQuery.contains( elem.ownerDocument.documentElement, elem ) ) {
						jQuery._data( elem, "olddisplay", defaultDisplay(elem.nodeName) );
					}
				}
			}

			// Set the display of most of the elements in a second loop
			// to avoid the constant reflow
			for ( i = 0; i < j; i++ ) {
				elem = this[ i ];

				if ( elem.style ) {
					display = elem.style.display;

					if ( display === "" || display === "none" ) {
						elem.style.display = jQuery._data( elem, "olddisplay" ) || "";
					}
				}
			}

			return this;
		}
	},

	hide: function( speed, easing, callback ) {
		if ( speed || speed === 0 ) {
			return this.animate( genFx("hide", 3), speed, easing, callback);

		} else {
			var elem, display,
				i = 0,
				j = this.length;

			for ( ; i < j; i++ ) {
				elem = this[i];
				if ( elem.style ) {
					display = jQuery.css( elem, "display" );

					if ( display !== "none" && !jQuery._data( elem, "olddisplay" ) ) {
						jQuery._data( elem, "olddisplay", display );
					}
				}
			}

			// Set the display of the elements in a second loop
			// to avoid the constant reflow
			for ( i = 0; i < j; i++ ) {
				if ( this[i].style ) {
					this[i].style.display = "none";
				}
			}

			return this;
		}
	},

	// Save the old toggle function
	_toggle: jQuery.fn.toggle,

	toggle: function( fn, fn2, callback ) {
		var bool = typeof fn === "boolean";

		if ( jQuery.isFunction(fn) && jQuery.isFunction(fn2) ) {
			this._toggle.apply( this, arguments );

		} else if ( fn == null || bool ) {
			this.each(function() {
				var state = bool ? fn : jQuery(this).is(":hidden");
				jQuery(this)[ state ? "show" : "hide" ]();
			});

		} else {
			this.animate(genFx("toggle", 3), fn, fn2, callback);
		}

		return this;
	},

	fadeTo: function( speed, to, easing, callback ) {
		return this.filter(":hidden").css("opacity", 0).show().end()
					.animate({opacity: to}, speed, easing, callback);
	},

	animate: function( prop, speed, easing, callback ) {
		var optall = jQuery.speed( speed, easing, callback );

		if ( jQuery.isEmptyObject( prop ) ) {
			return this.each( optall.complete, [ false ] );
		}

		// Do not change referenced properties as per-property easing will be lost
		prop = jQuery.extend( {}, prop );

		function doAnimation() {
			// XXX 'this' does not always have a nodeName when running the
			// test suite

			if ( optall.queue === false ) {
				jQuery._mark( this );
			}

			var opt = jQuery.extend( {}, optall ),
				isElement = this.nodeType === 1,
				hidden = isElement && jQuery(this).is(":hidden"),
				name, val, p, e, hooks, replace,
				parts, start, end, unit,
				method;

			// will store per property easing and be used to determine when an animation is complete
			opt.animatedProperties = {};

			// first pass over propertys to expand / normalize
			for ( p in prop ) {
				name = jQuery.camelCase( p );
				if ( p !== name ) {
					prop[ name ] = prop[ p ];
					delete prop[ p ];
				}

				if ( ( hooks = jQuery.cssHooks[ name ] ) && "expand" in hooks ) {
					replace = hooks.expand( prop[ name ] );
					delete prop[ name ];

					// not quite $.extend, this wont overwrite keys already present.
					// also - reusing 'p' from above because we have the correct "name"
					for ( p in replace ) {
						if ( ! ( p in prop ) ) {
							prop[ p ] = replace[ p ];
						}
					}
				}
			}

			for ( name in prop ) {
				val = prop[ name ];
				// easing resolution: per property > opt.specialEasing > opt.easing > 'swing' (default)
				if ( jQuery.isArray( val ) ) {
					opt.animatedProperties[ name ] = val[ 1 ];
					val = prop[ name ] = val[ 0 ];
				} else {
					opt.animatedProperties[ name ] = opt.specialEasing && opt.specialEasing[ name ] || opt.easing || 'swing';
				}

				if ( val === "hide" && hidden || val === "show" && !hidden ) {
					return opt.complete.call( this );
				}

				if ( isElement && ( name === "height" || name === "width" ) ) {
					// Make sure that nothing sneaks out
					// Record all 3 overflow attributes because IE does not
					// change the overflow attribute when overflowX and
					// overflowY are set to the same value
					opt.overflow = [ this.style.overflow, this.style.overflowX, this.style.overflowY ];

					// Set display property to inline-block for height/width
					// animations on inline elements that are having width/height animated
					if ( jQuery.css( this, "display" ) === "inline" &&
							jQuery.css( this, "float" ) === "none" ) {

						// inline-level elements accept inline-block;
						// block-level elements need to be inline with layout
						if ( !jQuery.support.inlineBlockNeedsLayout || defaultDisplay( this.nodeName ) === "inline" ) {
							this.style.display = "inline-block";

						} else {
							this.style.zoom = 1;
						}
					}
				}
			}

			if ( opt.overflow != null ) {
				this.style.overflow = "hidden";
			}

			for ( p in prop ) {
				e = new jQuery.fx( this, opt, p );
				val = prop[ p ];

				if ( rfxtypes.test( val ) ) {

					// Tracks whether to show or hide based on private
					// data attached to the element
					method = jQuery._data( this, "toggle" + p ) || ( val === "toggle" ? hidden ? "show" : "hide" : 0 );
					if ( method ) {
						jQuery._data( this, "toggle" + p, method === "show" ? "hide" : "show" );
						e[ method ]();
					} else {
						e[ val ]();
					}

				} else {
					parts = rfxnum.exec( val );
					start = e.cur();

					if ( parts ) {
						end = parseFloat( parts[2] );
						unit = parts[3] || ( jQuery.cssNumber[ p ] ? "" : "px" );

						// We need to compute starting value
						if ( unit !== "px" ) {
							jQuery.style( this, p, (end || 1) + unit);
							start = ( (end || 1) / e.cur() ) * start;
							jQuery.style( this, p, start + unit);
						}

						// If a +=/-= token was provided, we're doing a relative animation
						if ( parts[1] ) {
							end = ( (parts[ 1 ] === "-=" ? -1 : 1) * end ) + start;
						}

						e.custom( start, end, unit );

					} else {
						e.custom( start, val, "" );
					}
				}
			}

			// For JS strict compliance
			return true;
		}

		return optall.queue === false ?
			this.each( doAnimation ) :
			this.queue( optall.queue, doAnimation );
	},

	stop: function( type, clearQueue, gotoEnd ) {
		if ( typeof type !== "string" ) {
			gotoEnd = clearQueue;
			clearQueue = type;
			type = undefined;
		}
		if ( clearQueue && type !== false ) {
			this.queue( type || "fx", [] );
		}

		return this.each(function() {
			var index,
				hadTimers = false,
				timers = jQuery.timers,
				data = jQuery._data( this );

			// clear marker counters if we know they won't be
			if ( !gotoEnd ) {
				jQuery._unmark( true, this );
			}

			function stopQueue( elem, data, index ) {
				var hooks = data[ index ];
				jQuery.removeData( elem, index, true );
				hooks.stop( gotoEnd );
			}

			if ( type == null ) {
				for ( index in data ) {
					if ( data[ index ] && data[ index ].stop && index.indexOf(".run") === index.length - 4 ) {
						stopQueue( this, data, index );
					}
				}
			} else if ( data[ index = type + ".run" ] && data[ index ].stop ){
				stopQueue( this, data, index );
			}

			for ( index = timers.length; index--; ) {
				if ( timers[ index ].elem === this && (type == null || timers[ index ].queue === type) ) {
					if ( gotoEnd ) {

						// force the next step to be the last
						timers[ index ]( true );
					} else {
						timers[ index ].saveState();
					}
					hadTimers = true;
					timers.splice( index, 1 );
				}
			}

			// start the next in the queue if the last step wasn't forced
			// timers currently will call their complete callbacks, which will dequeue
			// but only if they were gotoEnd
			if ( !( gotoEnd && hadTimers ) ) {
				jQuery.dequeue( this, type );
			}
		});
	}

});

// Animations created synchronously will run synchronously
function createFxNow() {
	setTimeout( clearFxNow, 0 );
	return ( fxNow = jQuery.now() );
}

function clearFxNow() {
	fxNow = undefined;
}

// Generate parameters to create a standard animation
function genFx( type, num ) {
	var obj = {};

	jQuery.each( fxAttrs.concat.apply([], fxAttrs.slice( 0, num )), function() {
		obj[ this ] = type;
	});

	return obj;
}

// Generate shortcuts for custom animations
jQuery.each({
	slideDown: genFx( "show", 1 ),
	slideUp: genFx( "hide", 1 ),
	slideToggle: genFx( "toggle", 1 ),
	fadeIn: { opacity: "show" },
	fadeOut: { opacity: "hide" },
	fadeToggle: { opacity: "toggle" }
}, function( name, props ) {
	jQuery.fn[ name ] = function( speed, easing, callback ) {
		return this.animate( props, speed, easing, callback );
	};
});

jQuery.extend({
	speed: function( speed, easing, fn ) {
		var opt = speed && typeof speed === "object" ? jQuery.extend( {}, speed ) : {
			complete: fn || !fn && easing ||
				jQuery.isFunction( speed ) && speed,
			duration: speed,
			easing: fn && easing || easing && !jQuery.isFunction( easing ) && easing
		};

		opt.duration = jQuery.fx.off ? 0 : typeof opt.duration === "number" ? opt.duration :
			opt.duration in jQuery.fx.speeds ? jQuery.fx.speeds[ opt.duration ] : jQuery.fx.speeds._default;

		// normalize opt.queue - true/undefined/null -> "fx"
		if ( opt.queue == null || opt.queue === true ) {
			opt.queue = "fx";
		}

		// Queueing
		opt.old = opt.complete;

		opt.complete = function( noUnmark ) {
			if ( jQuery.isFunction( opt.old ) ) {
				opt.old.call( this );
			}

			if ( opt.queue ) {
				jQuery.dequeue( this, opt.queue );
			} else if ( noUnmark !== false ) {
				jQuery._unmark( this );
			}
		};

		return opt;
	},

	easing: {
		linear: function( p ) {
			return p;
		},
		swing: function( p ) {
			return ( -Math.cos( p*Math.PI ) / 2 ) + 0.5;
		}
	},

	timers: [],

	fx: function( elem, options, prop ) {
		this.options = options;
		this.elem = elem;
		this.prop = prop;

		options.orig = options.orig || {};
	}

});

jQuery.fx.prototype = {
	// Simple function for setting a style value
	update: function() {
		if ( this.options.step ) {
			this.options.step.call( this.elem, this.now, this );
		}

		( jQuery.fx.step[ this.prop ] || jQuery.fx.step._default )( this );
	},

	// Get the current size
	cur: function() {
		if ( this.elem[ this.prop ] != null && (!this.elem.style || this.elem.style[ this.prop ] == null) ) {
			return this.elem[ this.prop ];
		}

		var parsed,
			r = jQuery.css( this.elem, this.prop );
		// Empty strings, null, undefined and "auto" are converted to 0,
		// complex values such as "rotate(1rad)" are returned as is,
		// simple values such as "10px" are parsed to Float.
		return isNaN( parsed = parseFloat( r ) ) ? !r || r === "auto" ? 0 : r : parsed;
	},

	// Start an animation from one number to another
	custom: function( from, to, unit ) {
		var self = this,
			fx = jQuery.fx;

		this.startTime = fxNow || createFxNow();
		this.end = to;
		this.now = this.start = from;
		this.pos = this.state = 0;
		this.unit = unit || this.unit || ( jQuery.cssNumber[ this.prop ] ? "" : "px" );

		function t( gotoEnd ) {
			return self.step( gotoEnd );
		}

		t.queue = this.options.queue;
		t.elem = this.elem;
		t.saveState = function() {
			if ( jQuery._data( self.elem, "fxshow" + self.prop ) === undefined ) {
				if ( self.options.hide ) {
					jQuery._data( self.elem, "fxshow" + self.prop, self.start );
				} else if ( self.options.show ) {
					jQuery._data( self.elem, "fxshow" + self.prop, self.end );
				}
			}
		};

		if ( t() && jQuery.timers.push(t) && !timerId ) {
			timerId = setInterval( fx.tick, fx.interval );
		}
	},

	// Simple 'show' function
	show: function() {
		var dataShow = jQuery._data( this.elem, "fxshow" + this.prop );

		// Remember where we started, so that we can go back to it later
		this.options.orig[ this.prop ] = dataShow || jQuery.style( this.elem, this.prop );
		this.options.show = true;

		// Begin the animation
		// Make sure that we start at a small width/height to avoid any flash of content
		if ( dataShow !== undefined ) {
			// This show is picking up where a previous hide or show left off
			this.custom( this.cur(), dataShow );
		} else {
			this.custom( this.prop === "width" || this.prop === "height" ? 1 : 0, this.cur() );
		}

		// Start by showing the element
		jQuery( this.elem ).show();
	},

	// Simple 'hide' function
	hide: function() {
		// Remember where we started, so that we can go back to it later
		this.options.orig[ this.prop ] = jQuery._data( this.elem, "fxshow" + this.prop ) || jQuery.style( this.elem, this.prop );
		this.options.hide = true;

		// Begin the animation
		this.custom( this.cur(), 0 );
	},

	// Each step of an animation
	step: function( gotoEnd ) {
		var p, n, complete,
			t = fxNow || createFxNow(),
			done = true,
			elem = this.elem,
			options = this.options;

		if ( gotoEnd || t >= options.duration + this.startTime ) {
			this.now = this.end;
			this.pos = this.state = 1;
			this.update();

			options.animatedProperties[ this.prop ] = true;

			for ( p in options.animatedProperties ) {
				if ( options.animatedProperties[ p ] !== true ) {
					done = false;
				}
			}

			if ( done ) {
				// Reset the overflow
				if ( options.overflow != null && !jQuery.support.shrinkWrapBlocks ) {

					jQuery.each( [ "", "X", "Y" ], function( index, value ) {
						elem.style[ "overflow" + value ] = options.overflow[ index ];
					});
				}

				// Hide the element if the "hide" operation was done
				if ( options.hide ) {
					jQuery( elem ).hide();
				}

				// Reset the properties, if the item has been hidden or shown
				if ( options.hide || options.show ) {
					for ( p in options.animatedProperties ) {
						jQuery.style( elem, p, options.orig[ p ] );
						jQuery.removeData( elem, "fxshow" + p, true );
						// Toggle data is no longer needed
						jQuery.removeData( elem, "toggle" + p, true );
					}
				}

				// Execute the complete function
				// in the event that the complete function throws an exception
				// we must ensure it won't be called twice. #5684

				complete = options.complete;
				if ( complete ) {

					options.complete = false;
					complete.call( elem );
				}
			}

			return false;

		} else {
			// classical easing cannot be used with an Infinity duration
			if ( options.duration == Infinity ) {
				this.now = t;
			} else {
				n = t - this.startTime;
				this.state = n / options.duration;

				// Perform the easing function, defaults to swing
				this.pos = jQuery.easing[ options.animatedProperties[this.prop] ]( this.state, n, 0, 1, options.duration );
				this.now = this.start + ( (this.end - this.start) * this.pos );
			}
			// Perform the next step of the animation
			this.update();
		}

		return true;
	}
};

jQuery.extend( jQuery.fx, {
	tick: function() {
		var timer,
			timers = jQuery.timers,
			i = 0;

		for ( ; i < timers.length; i++ ) {
			timer = timers[ i ];
			// Checks the timer has not already been removed
			if ( !timer() && timers[ i ] === timer ) {
				timers.splice( i--, 1 );
			}
		}

		if ( !timers.length ) {
			jQuery.fx.stop();
		}
	},

	interval: 13,

	stop: function() {
		clearInterval( timerId );
		timerId = null;
	},

	speeds: {
		slow: 600,
		fast: 200,
		// Default speed
		_default: 400
	},

	step: {
		opacity: function( fx ) {
			jQuery.style( fx.elem, "opacity", fx.now );
		},

		_default: function( fx ) {
			if ( fx.elem.style && fx.elem.style[ fx.prop ] != null ) {
				fx.elem.style[ fx.prop ] = fx.now + fx.unit;
			} else {
				fx.elem[ fx.prop ] = fx.now;
			}
		}
	}
});

// Ensure props that can't be negative don't go there on undershoot easing
jQuery.each( fxAttrs.concat.apply( [], fxAttrs ), function( i, prop ) {
	// exclude marginTop, marginLeft, marginBottom and marginRight from this list
	if ( prop.indexOf( "margin" ) ) {
		jQuery.fx.step[ prop ] = function( fx ) {
			jQuery.style( fx.elem, prop, Math.max(0, fx.now) + fx.unit );
		};
	}
});

if ( jQuery.expr && jQuery.expr.filters ) {
	jQuery.expr.filters.animated = function( elem ) {
		return jQuery.grep(jQuery.timers, function( fn ) {
			return elem === fn.elem;
		}).length;
	};
}

// Try to restore the default display value of an element
function defaultDisplay( nodeName ) {

	if ( !elemdisplay[ nodeName ] ) {

		var body = document.body,
			elem = jQuery( "<" + nodeName + ">" ).appendTo( body ),
			display = elem.css( "display" );
		elem.remove();

		// If the simple way fails,
		// get element's real default display by attaching it to a temp iframe
		if ( display === "none" || display === "" ) {
			// No iframe to use yet, so create it
			if ( !iframe ) {
				iframe = document.createElement( "iframe" );
				iframe.frameBorder = iframe.width = iframe.height = 0;
			}

			body.appendChild( iframe );

			// Create a cacheable copy of the iframe document on first call.
			// IE and Opera will allow us to reuse the iframeDoc without re-writing the fake HTML
			// document to it; WebKit & Firefox won't allow reusing the iframe document.
			if ( !iframeDoc || !iframe.createElement ) {
				iframeDoc = ( iframe.contentWindow || iframe.contentDocument ).document;
				iframeDoc.write( ( jQuery.support.boxModel ? "<!doctype html>" : "" ) + "<html><body>" );
				iframeDoc.close();
			}

			elem = iframeDoc.createElement( nodeName );

			iframeDoc.body.appendChild( elem );

			display = jQuery.css( elem, "display" );
			body.removeChild( iframe );
		}

		// Store the correct default display
		elemdisplay[ nodeName ] = display;
	}

	return elemdisplay[ nodeName ];
}




var getOffset,
	rtable = /^t(?:able|d|h)$/i,
	rroot = /^(?:body|html)$/i;

if ( "getBoundingClientRect" in document.documentElement ) {
	getOffset = function( elem, doc, docElem, box ) {
		try {
			box = elem.getBoundingClientRect();
		} catch(e) {}

		// Make sure we're not dealing with a disconnected DOM node
		if ( !box || !jQuery.contains( docElem, elem ) ) {
			return box ? { top: box.top, left: box.left } : { top: 0, left: 0 };
		}

		var body = doc.body,
			win = getWindow( doc ),
			clientTop  = docElem.clientTop  || body.clientTop  || 0,
			clientLeft = docElem.clientLeft || body.clientLeft || 0,
			scrollTop  = win.pageYOffset || jQuery.support.boxModel && docElem.scrollTop  || body.scrollTop,
			scrollLeft = win.pageXOffset || jQuery.support.boxModel && docElem.scrollLeft || body.scrollLeft,
			top  = box.top  + scrollTop  - clientTop,
			left = box.left + scrollLeft - clientLeft;

		return { top: top, left: left };
	};

} else {
	getOffset = function( elem, doc, docElem ) {
		var computedStyle,
			offsetParent = elem.offsetParent,
			prevOffsetParent = elem,
			body = doc.body,
			defaultView = doc.defaultView,
			prevComputedStyle = defaultView ? defaultView.getComputedStyle( elem, null ) : elem.currentStyle,
			top = elem.offsetTop,
			left = elem.offsetLeft;

		while ( (elem = elem.parentNode) && elem !== body && elem !== docElem ) {
			if ( jQuery.support.fixedPosition && prevComputedStyle.position === "fixed" ) {
				break;
			}

			computedStyle = defaultView ? defaultView.getComputedStyle(elem, null) : elem.currentStyle;
			top  -= elem.scrollTop;
			left -= elem.scrollLeft;

			if ( elem === offsetParent ) {
				top  += elem.offsetTop;
				left += elem.offsetLeft;

				if ( jQuery.support.doesNotAddBorder && !(jQuery.support.doesAddBorderForTableAndCells && rtable.test(elem.nodeName)) ) {
					top  += parseFloat( computedStyle.borderTopWidth  ) || 0;
					left += parseFloat( computedStyle.borderLeftWidth ) || 0;
				}

				prevOffsetParent = offsetParent;
				offsetParent = elem.offsetParent;
			}

			if ( jQuery.support.subtractsBorderForOverflowNotVisible && computedStyle.overflow !== "visible" ) {
				top  += parseFloat( computedStyle.borderTopWidth  ) || 0;
				left += parseFloat( computedStyle.borderLeftWidth ) || 0;
			}

			prevComputedStyle = computedStyle;
		}

		if ( prevComputedStyle.position === "relative" || prevComputedStyle.position === "static" ) {
			top  += body.offsetTop;
			left += body.offsetLeft;
		}

		if ( jQuery.support.fixedPosition && prevComputedStyle.position === "fixed" ) {
			top  += Math.max( docElem.scrollTop, body.scrollTop );
			left += Math.max( docElem.scrollLeft, body.scrollLeft );
		}

		return { top: top, left: left };
	};
}

jQuery.fn.offset = function( options ) {
	if ( arguments.length ) {
		return options === undefined ?
			this :
			this.each(function( i ) {
				jQuery.offset.setOffset( this, options, i );
			});
	}

	var elem = this[0],
		doc = elem && elem.ownerDocument;

	if ( !doc ) {
		return null;
	}

	if ( elem === doc.body ) {
		return jQuery.offset.bodyOffset( elem );
	}

	return getOffset( elem, doc, doc.documentElement );
};

jQuery.offset = {

	bodyOffset: function( body ) {
		var top = body.offsetTop,
			left = body.offsetLeft;

		if ( jQuery.support.doesNotIncludeMarginInBodyOffset ) {
			top  += parseFloat( jQuery.css(body, "marginTop") ) || 0;
			left += parseFloat( jQuery.css(body, "marginLeft") ) || 0;
		}

		return { top: top, left: left };
	},

	setOffset: function( elem, options, i ) {
		var position = jQuery.css( elem, "position" );

		// set position first, in-case top/left are set even on static elem
		if ( position === "static" ) {
			elem.style.position = "relative";
		}

		var curElem = jQuery( elem ),
			curOffset = curElem.offset(),
			curCSSTop = jQuery.css( elem, "top" ),
			curCSSLeft = jQuery.css( elem, "left" ),
			calculatePosition = ( position === "absolute" || position === "fixed" ) && jQuery.inArray("auto", [curCSSTop, curCSSLeft]) > -1,
			props = {}, curPosition = {}, curTop, curLeft;

		// need to be able to calculate position if either top or left is auto and position is either absolute or fixed
		if ( calculatePosition ) {
			curPosition = curElem.position();
			curTop = curPosition.top;
			curLeft = curPosition.left;
		} else {
			curTop = parseFloat( curCSSTop ) || 0;
			curLeft = parseFloat( curCSSLeft ) || 0;
		}

		if ( jQuery.isFunction( options ) ) {
			options = options.call( elem, i, curOffset );
		}

		if ( options.top != null ) {
			props.top = ( options.top - curOffset.top ) + curTop;
		}
		if ( options.left != null ) {
			props.left = ( options.left - curOffset.left ) + curLeft;
		}

		if ( "using" in options ) {
			options.using.call( elem, props );
		} else {
			curElem.css( props );
		}
	}
};


jQuery.fn.extend({

	position: function() {
		if ( !this[0] ) {
			return null;
		}

		var elem = this[0],

		// Get *real* offsetParent
		offsetParent = this.offsetParent(),

		// Get correct offsets
		offset       = this.offset(),
		parentOffset = rroot.test(offsetParent[0].nodeName) ? { top: 0, left: 0 } : offsetParent.offset();

		// Subtract element margins
		// note: when an element has margin: auto the offsetLeft and marginLeft
		// are the same in Safari causing offset.left to incorrectly be 0
		offset.top  -= parseFloat( jQuery.css(elem, "marginTop") ) || 0;
		offset.left -= parseFloat( jQuery.css(elem, "marginLeft") ) || 0;

		// Add offsetParent borders
		parentOffset.top  += parseFloat( jQuery.css(offsetParent[0], "borderTopWidth") ) || 0;
		parentOffset.left += parseFloat( jQuery.css(offsetParent[0], "borderLeftWidth") ) || 0;

		// Subtract the two offsets
		return {
			top:  offset.top  - parentOffset.top,
			left: offset.left - parentOffset.left
		};
	},

	offsetParent: function() {
		return this.map(function() {
			var offsetParent = this.offsetParent || document.body;
			while ( offsetParent && (!rroot.test(offsetParent.nodeName) && jQuery.css(offsetParent, "position") === "static") ) {
				offsetParent = offsetParent.offsetParent;
			}
			return offsetParent;
		});
	}
});


// Create scrollLeft and scrollTop methods
jQuery.each( {scrollLeft: "pageXOffset", scrollTop: "pageYOffset"}, function( method, prop ) {
	var top = /Y/.test( prop );

	jQuery.fn[ method ] = function( val ) {
		return jQuery.access( this, function( elem, method, val ) {
			var win = getWindow( elem );

			if ( val === undefined ) {
				return win ? (prop in win) ? win[ prop ] :
					jQuery.support.boxModel && win.document.documentElement[ method ] ||
						win.document.body[ method ] :
					elem[ method ];
			}

			if ( win ) {
				win.scrollTo(
					!top ? val : jQuery( win ).scrollLeft(),
					 top ? val : jQuery( win ).scrollTop()
				);

			} else {
				elem[ method ] = val;
			}
		}, method, val, arguments.length, null );
	};
});

function getWindow( elem ) {
	return jQuery.isWindow( elem ) ?
		elem :
		elem.nodeType === 9 ?
			elem.defaultView || elem.parentWindow :
			false;
}




// Create width, height, innerHeight, innerWidth, outerHeight and outerWidth methods
jQuery.each( { Height: "height", Width: "width" }, function( name, type ) {
	var clientProp = "client" + name,
		scrollProp = "scroll" + name,
		offsetProp = "offset" + name;

	// innerHeight and innerWidth
	jQuery.fn[ "inner" + name ] = function() {
		var elem = this[0];
		return elem ?
			elem.style ?
			parseFloat( jQuery.css( elem, type, "padding" ) ) :
			this[ type ]() :
			null;
	};

	// outerHeight and outerWidth
	jQuery.fn[ "outer" + name ] = function( margin ) {
		var elem = this[0];
		return elem ?
			elem.style ?
			parseFloat( jQuery.css( elem, type, margin ? "margin" : "border" ) ) :
			this[ type ]() :
			null;
	};

	jQuery.fn[ type ] = function( value ) {
		return jQuery.access( this, function( elem, type, value ) {
			var doc, docElemProp, orig, ret;

			if ( jQuery.isWindow( elem ) ) {
				// 3rd condition allows Nokia support, as it supports the docElem prop but not CSS1Compat
				doc = elem.document;
				docElemProp = doc.documentElement[ clientProp ];
				return jQuery.support.boxModel && docElemProp ||
					doc.body && doc.body[ clientProp ] || docElemProp;
			}

			// Get document width or height
			if ( elem.nodeType === 9 ) {
				// Either scroll[Width/Height] or offset[Width/Height], whichever is greater
				doc = elem.documentElement;

				// when a window > document, IE6 reports a offset[Width/Height] > client[Width/Height]
				// so we can't use max, as it'll choose the incorrect offset[Width/Height]
				// instead we use the correct client[Width/Height]
				// support:IE6
				if ( doc[ clientProp ] >= doc[ scrollProp ] ) {
					return doc[ clientProp ];
				}

				return Math.max(
					elem.body[ scrollProp ], doc[ scrollProp ],
					elem.body[ offsetProp ], doc[ offsetProp ]
				);
			}

			// Get width or height on the element
			if ( value === undefined ) {
				orig = jQuery.css( elem, type );
				ret = parseFloat( orig );
				return jQuery.isNumeric( ret ) ? ret : orig;
			}

			// Set the width or height on the element
			jQuery( elem ).css( type, value );
		}, type, value, arguments.length, null );
	};
});




// Expose jQuery to the global object
window.jQuery = window.$ = jQuery;

// Expose jQuery as an AMD module, but only for AMD loaders that
// understand the issues with loading multiple versions of jQuery
// in a page that all might call define(). The loader will indicate
// they have special allowances for multiple jQuery versions by
// specifying define.amd.jQuery = true. Register as a named module,
// since jQuery can be concatenated with other files that may use define,
// but not use a proper concatenation script that understands anonymous
// AMD modules. A named AMD is safest and most robust way to register.
// Lowercase jquery is used because AMD module names are derived from
// file names, and jQuery is normally delivered in a lowercase file name.
// Do this after creating the global so that if an AMD module wants to call
// noConflict to hide this version of jQuery, it will work.
if ( typeof define === "function" && define.amd && define.amd.jQuery ) {
	define( "jquery", [], function () { return jQuery; } );
}



})( window );

/**
 * @license AngularJS v1.0.8
 * (c) 2010-2012 Google, Inc. http://angularjs.org
 * License: MIT
 */
(function(window, document){
  var _jQuery = window.jQuery.noConflict(true);

////////////////////////////////////

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.lowercase
 * @function
 *
 * @description Converts the specified string to lowercase.
 * @param {string} string String to be converted to lowercase.
 * @returns {string} Lowercased string.
 */
var lowercase = function(string){return isString(string) ? string.toLowerCase() : string;};


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.uppercase
 * @function
 *
 * @description Converts the specified string to uppercase.
 * @param {string} string String to be converted to uppercase.
 * @returns {string} Uppercased string.
 */
var uppercase = function(string){return isString(string) ? string.toUpperCase() : string;};


var manualLowercase = function(s) {
  return isString(s)
      ? s.replace(/[A-Z]/g, function(ch) {return String.fromCharCode(ch.charCodeAt(0) | 32);})
      : s;
};
var manualUppercase = function(s) {
  return isString(s)
      ? s.replace(/[a-z]/g, function(ch) {return String.fromCharCode(ch.charCodeAt(0) & ~32);})
      : s;
};


// String#toLowerCase and String#toUpperCase don't produce correct results in browsers with Turkish
// locale, for this reason we need to detect this case and redefine lowercase/uppercase methods
// with correct but slower alternatives.
if ('i' !== 'I'.toLowerCase()) {
  lowercase = manualLowercase;
  uppercase = manualUppercase;
}


var /** holds major version number for IE or NaN for real browsers */
    msie              = int((/msie (\d+)/.exec(lowercase(navigator.userAgent)) || [])[1]),
    jqLite,           // delay binding since jQuery could be loaded after us.
    jQuery,           // delay binding
    slice             = [].slice,
    push              = [].push,
    toString          = Object.prototype.toString,

    /** @name angular */
    angular           = window.angular || (window.angular = {}),
    angularModule,
    nodeName_,
    uid               = ['0', '0', '0'];


/**
 * @private
 * @param {*} obj
 * @return {boolean} Returns true if `obj` is an array or array-like object (NodeList, Arguments, ...)
 */
function isArrayLike(obj) {
  if (!obj || (typeof obj.length !== 'number')) return false;

  // We have on object which has length property. Should we treat it as array?
  if (typeof obj.hasOwnProperty != 'function' &&
      typeof obj.constructor != 'function') {
    // This is here for IE8: it is a bogus object treat it as array;
    return true;
  } else  {
    return obj instanceof JQLite ||                      // JQLite
           (jQuery && obj instanceof jQuery) ||          // jQuery
           toString.call(obj) !== '[object Object]' ||   // some browser native object
           typeof obj.callee === 'function';              // arguments (on IE8 looks like regular obj)
  }
}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.forEach
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Invokes the `iterator` function once for each item in `obj` collection, which can be either an
 * object or an array. The `iterator` function is invoked with `iterator(value, key)`, where `value`
 * is the value of an object property or an array element and `key` is the object property key or
 * array element index. Specifying a `context` for the function is optional.
 *
 * Note: this function was previously known as `angular.foreach`.
 *
   <pre>
     var values = {name: 'misko', gender: 'male'};
     var log = [];
     angular.forEach(values, function(value, key){
       this.push(key + ': ' + value);
     }, log);
     expect(log).toEqual(['name: misko', 'gender:male']);
   </pre>
 *
 * @param {Object|Array} obj Object to iterate over.
 * @param {Function} iterator Iterator function.
 * @param {Object=} context Object to become context (`this`) for the iterator function.
 * @returns {Object|Array} Reference to `obj`.
 */
function forEach(obj, iterator, context) {
  var key;
  if (obj) {
    if (isFunction(obj)){
      for (key in obj) {
        if (key != 'prototype' && key != 'length' && key != 'name' && obj.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
          iterator.call(context, obj[key], key);
        }
      }
    } else if (obj.forEach && obj.forEach !== forEach) {
      obj.forEach(iterator, context);
    } else if (isArrayLike(obj)) {
      for (key = 0; key < obj.length; key++)
        iterator.call(context, obj[key], key);
    } else {
      for (key in obj) {
        if (obj.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
          iterator.call(context, obj[key], key);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return obj;
}

function sortedKeys(obj) {
  var keys = [];
  for (var key in obj) {
    if (obj.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
      keys.push(key);
    }
  }
  return keys.sort();
}

function forEachSorted(obj, iterator, context) {
  var keys = sortedKeys(obj);
  for ( var i = 0; i < keys.length; i++) {
    iterator.call(context, obj[keys[i]], keys[i]);
  }
  return keys;
}


/**
 * when using forEach the params are value, key, but it is often useful to have key, value.
 * @param {function(string, *)} iteratorFn
 * @returns {function(*, string)}
 */
function reverseParams(iteratorFn) {
  return function(value, key) { iteratorFn(key, value) };
}

/**
 * A consistent way of creating unique IDs in angular. The ID is a sequence of alpha numeric
 * characters such as '012ABC'. The reason why we are not using simply a number counter is that
 * the number string gets longer over time, and it can also overflow, where as the nextId
 * will grow much slower, it is a string, and it will never overflow.
 *
 * @returns an unique alpha-numeric string
 */
function nextUid() {
  var index = uid.length;
  var digit;

  while(index) {
    index--;
    digit = uid[index].charCodeAt(0);
    if (digit == 57 /*'9'*/) {
      uid[index] = 'A';
      return uid.join('');
    }
    if (digit == 90  /*'Z'*/) {
      uid[index] = '0';
    } else {
      uid[index] = String.fromCharCode(digit + 1);
      return uid.join('');
    }
  }
  uid.unshift('0');
  return uid.join('');
}


/**
 * Set or clear the hashkey for an object.
 * @param obj object 
 * @param h the hashkey (!truthy to delete the hashkey)
 */
function setHashKey(obj, h) {
  if (h) {
    obj.$$hashKey = h;
  }
  else {
    delete obj.$$hashKey;
  }
}

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.extend
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Extends the destination object `dst` by copying all of the properties from the `src` object(s)
 * to `dst`. You can specify multiple `src` objects.
 *
 * @param {Object} dst Destination object.
 * @param {...Object} src Source object(s).
 * @returns {Object} Reference to `dst`.
 */
function extend(dst) {
  var h = dst.$$hashKey;
  forEach(arguments, function(obj){
    if (obj !== dst) {
      forEach(obj, function(value, key){
        dst[key] = value;
      });
    }
  });

  setHashKey(dst,h);
  return dst;
}

function int(str) {
  return parseInt(str, 10);
}


function inherit(parent, extra) {
  return extend(new (extend(function() {}, {prototype:parent}))(), extra);
}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.noop
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * A function that performs no operations. This function can be useful when writing code in the
 * functional style.
   <pre>
     function foo(callback) {
       var result = calculateResult();
       (callback || angular.noop)(result);
     }
   </pre>
 */
function noop() {}
noop.$inject = [];


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.identity
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * A function that returns its first argument. This function is useful when writing code in the
 * functional style.
 *
   <pre>
     function transformer(transformationFn, value) {
       return (transformationFn || angular.identity)(value);
     };
   </pre>
 */
function identity($) {return $;}
identity.$inject = [];


function valueFn(value) {return function() {return value;};}

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isUndefined
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is undefined.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is undefined.
 */
function isUndefined(value){return typeof value == 'undefined';}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isDefined
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is defined.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is defined.
 */
function isDefined(value){return typeof value != 'undefined';}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isObject
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is an `Object`. Unlike `typeof` in JavaScript, `null`s are not
 * considered to be objects.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is an `Object` but not `null`.
 */
function isObject(value){return value != null && typeof value == 'object';}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isString
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is a `String`.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is a `String`.
 */
function isString(value){return typeof value == 'string';}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isNumber
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is a `Number`.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is a `Number`.
 */
function isNumber(value){return typeof value == 'number';}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isDate
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a value is a date.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is a `Date`.
 */
function isDate(value){
  return toString.apply(value) == '[object Date]';
}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isArray
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is an `Array`.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is an `Array`.
 */
function isArray(value) {
  return toString.apply(value) == '[object Array]';
}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isFunction
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is a `Function`.
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is a `Function`.
 */
function isFunction(value){return typeof value == 'function';}


/**
 * Determines if a value is a regular expression object.
 *
 * @private
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is a `RegExp`.
 */
function isRegExp(value) {
  return toString.apply(value) == '[object RegExp]';
}


/**
 * Checks if `obj` is a window object.
 *
 * @private
 * @param {*} obj Object to check
 * @returns {boolean} True if `obj` is a window obj.
 */
function isWindow(obj) {
  return obj && obj.document && obj.location && obj.alert && obj.setInterval;
}


function isScope(obj) {
  return obj && obj.$evalAsync && obj.$watch;
}


function isFile(obj) {
  return toString.apply(obj) === '[object File]';
}


function isBoolean(value) {
  return typeof value == 'boolean';
}


var trim = (function() {
  // native trim is way faster: http://jsperf.com/angular-trim-test
  // but IE doesn't have it... :-(
  // TODO: we should move this into IE/ES5 polyfill
  if (!String.prototype.trim) {
    return function(value) {
      return isString(value) ? value.replace(/^\s*/, '').replace(/\s*$/, '') : value;
    };
  }
  return function(value) {
    return isString(value) ? value.trim() : value;
  };
})();


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.isElement
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if a reference is a DOM element (or wrapped jQuery element).
 *
 * @param {*} value Reference to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` is a DOM element (or wrapped jQuery element).
 */
function isElement(node) {
  return node &&
    (node.nodeName  // we are a direct element
    || (node.bind && node.find));  // we have a bind and find method part of jQuery API
}

/**
 * @param str 'key1,key2,...'
 * @returns {object} in the form of {key1:true, key2:true, ...}
 */
function makeMap(str){
  var obj = {}, items = str.split(","), i;
  for ( i = 0; i < items.length; i++ )
    obj[ items[i] ] = true;
  return obj;
}


if (msie < 9) {
  nodeName_ = function(element) {
    element = element.nodeName ? element : element[0];
    return (element.scopeName && element.scopeName != 'HTML')
      ? uppercase(element.scopeName + ':' + element.nodeName) : element.nodeName;
  };
} else {
  nodeName_ = function(element) {
    return element.nodeName ? element.nodeName : element[0].nodeName;
  };
}


function map(obj, iterator, context) {
  var results = [];
  forEach(obj, function(value, index, list) {
    results.push(iterator.call(context, value, index, list));
  });
  return results;
}


/**
 * @description
 * Determines the number of elements in an array, the number of properties an object has, or
 * the length of a string.
 *
 * Note: This function is used to augment the Object type in Angular expressions. See
 * {@link angular.Object} for more information about Angular arrays.
 *
 * @param {Object|Array|string} obj Object, array, or string to inspect.
 * @param {boolean} [ownPropsOnly=false] Count only "own" properties in an object
 * @returns {number} The size of `obj` or `0` if `obj` is neither an object nor an array.
 */
function size(obj, ownPropsOnly) {
  var size = 0, key;

  if (isArray(obj) || isString(obj)) {
    return obj.length;
  } else if (isObject(obj)){
    for (key in obj)
      if (!ownPropsOnly || obj.hasOwnProperty(key))
        size++;
  }

  return size;
}


function includes(array, obj) {
  return indexOf(array, obj) != -1;
}

function indexOf(array, obj) {
  if (array.indexOf) return array.indexOf(obj);

  for ( var i = 0; i < array.length; i++) {
    if (obj === array[i]) return i;
  }
  return -1;
}

function arrayRemove(array, value) {
  var index = indexOf(array, value);
  if (index >=0)
    array.splice(index, 1);
  return value;
}

function isLeafNode (node) {
  if (node) {
    switch (node.nodeName) {
    case "OPTION":
    case "PRE":
    case "TITLE":
      return true;
    }
  }
  return false;
}

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.copy
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Creates a deep copy of `source`, which should be an object or an array.
 *
 * * If no destination is supplied, a copy of the object or array is created.
 * * If a destination is provided, all of its elements (for array) or properties (for objects)
 *   are deleted and then all elements/properties from the source are copied to it.
 * * If  `source` is not an object or array, `source` is returned.
 *
 * Note: this function is used to augment the Object type in Angular expressions. See
 * {@link ng.$filter} for more information about Angular arrays.
 *
 * @param {*} source The source that will be used to make a copy.
 *                   Can be any type, including primitives, `null`, and `undefined`.
 * @param {(Object|Array)=} destination Destination into which the source is copied. If
 *     provided, must be of the same type as `source`.
 * @returns {*} The copy or updated `destination`, if `destination` was specified.
 */
function copy(source, destination){
  if (isWindow(source) || isScope(source)) throw Error("Can't copy Window or Scope");
  if (!destination) {
    destination = source;
    if (source) {
      if (isArray(source)) {
        destination = copy(source, []);
      } else if (isDate(source)) {
        destination = new Date(source.getTime());
      } else if (isRegExp(source)) {
        destination = new RegExp(source.source);
      } else if (isObject(source)) {
        destination = copy(source, {});
      }
    }
  } else {
    if (source === destination) throw Error("Can't copy equivalent objects or arrays");
    if (isArray(source)) {
      destination.length = 0;
      for ( var i = 0; i < source.length; i++) {
        destination.push(copy(source[i]));
      }
    } else {
      var h = destination.$$hashKey;
      forEach(destination, function(value, key){
        delete destination[key];
      });
      for ( var key in source) {
        destination[key] = copy(source[key]);
      }
      setHashKey(destination,h);
    }
  }
  return destination;
}

/**
 * Create a shallow copy of an object
 */
function shallowCopy(src, dst) {
  dst = dst || {};

  for(var key in src) {
    if (src.hasOwnProperty(key) && key.substr(0, 2) !== '$$') {
      dst[key] = src[key];
    }
  }

  return dst;
}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.equals
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Determines if two objects or two values are equivalent. Supports value types, regular expressions, arrays and
 * objects.
 *
 * Two objects or values are considered equivalent if at least one of the following is true:
 *
 * * Both objects or values pass `===` comparison.
 * * Both objects or values are of the same type and all of their properties pass `===` comparison.
 * * Both values are NaN. (In JavasScript, NaN == NaN => false. But we consider two NaN as equal)
 * * Both values represent the same regular expression (In JavasScript,
 *   /abc/ == /abc/ => false. But we consider two regular expressions as equal when their textual
 *   representation matches).
 *
 * During a property comparision, properties of `function` type and properties with names
 * that begin with `$` are ignored.
 *
 * Scope and DOMWindow objects are being compared only by identify (`===`).
 *
 * @param {*} o1 Object or value to compare.
 * @param {*} o2 Object or value to compare.
 * @returns {boolean} True if arguments are equal.
 */
function equals(o1, o2) {
  if (o1 === o2) return true;
  if (o1 === null || o2 === null) return false;
  if (o1 !== o1 && o2 !== o2) return true; // NaN === NaN
  var t1 = typeof o1, t2 = typeof o2, length, key, keySet;
  if (t1 == t2) {
    if (t1 == 'object') {
      if (isArray(o1)) {
        if (!isArray(o2)) return false;
        if ((length = o1.length) == o2.length) {
          for(key=0; key<length; key++) {
            if (!equals(o1[key], o2[key])) return false;
          }
          return true;
        }
      } else if (isDate(o1)) {
        return isDate(o2) && o1.getTime() == o2.getTime();
      } else if (isRegExp(o1) && isRegExp(o2)) {
        return o1.toString() == o2.toString();
      } else {
        if (isScope(o1) || isScope(o2) || isWindow(o1) || isWindow(o2) || isArray(o2)) return false;
        keySet = {};
        for(key in o1) {
          if (key.charAt(0) === '$' || isFunction(o1[key])) continue;
          if (!equals(o1[key], o2[key])) return false;
          keySet[key] = true;
        }
        for(key in o2) {
          if (!keySet[key] &&
              key.charAt(0) !== '$' &&
              o2[key] !== undefined &&
              !isFunction(o2[key])) return false;
        }
        return true;
      }
    }
  }
  return false;
}


function concat(array1, array2, index) {
  return array1.concat(slice.call(array2, index));
}

function sliceArgs(args, startIndex) {
  return slice.call(args, startIndex || 0);
}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.bind
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Returns a function which calls function `fn` bound to `self` (`self` becomes the `this` for
 * `fn`). You can supply optional `args` that are prebound to the function. This feature is also
 * known as [function currying](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Currying).
 *
 * @param {Object} self Context which `fn` should be evaluated in.
 * @param {function()} fn Function to be bound.
 * @param {...*} args Optional arguments to be prebound to the `fn` function call.
 * @returns {function()} Function that wraps the `fn` with all the specified bindings.
 */
function bind(self, fn) {
  var curryArgs = arguments.length > 2 ? sliceArgs(arguments, 2) : [];
  if (isFunction(fn) && !(fn instanceof RegExp)) {
    return curryArgs.length
      ? function() {
          return arguments.length
            ? fn.apply(self, curryArgs.concat(slice.call(arguments, 0)))
            : fn.apply(self, curryArgs);
        }
      : function() {
          return arguments.length
            ? fn.apply(self, arguments)
            : fn.call(self);
        };
  } else {
    // in IE, native methods are not functions so they cannot be bound (note: they don't need to be)
    return fn;
  }
}


function toJsonReplacer(key, value) {
  var val = value;

  if (/^\$+/.test(key)) {
    val = undefined;
  } else if (isWindow(value)) {
    val = '$WINDOW';
  } else if (value &&  document === value) {
    val = '$DOCUMENT';
  } else if (isScope(value)) {
    val = '$SCOPE';
  }

  return val;
}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.toJson
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Serializes input into a JSON-formatted string. Properties with leading $ characters will be
 * stripped since angular uses this notation internally.
 *
 * @param {Object|Array|Date|string|number} obj Input to be serialized into JSON.
 * @param {boolean=} pretty If set to true, the JSON output will contain newlines and whitespace.
 * @returns {string|undefined} Jsonified string representing `obj`.
 */
function toJson(obj, pretty) {
  if (typeof obj === 'undefined') return undefined;
  return JSON.stringify(obj, toJsonReplacer, pretty ? '  ' : null);
}


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.fromJson
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Deserializes a JSON string.
 *
 * @param {string} json JSON string to deserialize.
 * @returns {Object|Array|Date|string|number} Deserialized thingy.
 */
function fromJson(json) {
  return isString(json)
      ? JSON.parse(json)
      : json;
}


function toBoolean(value) {
  if (value && value.length !== 0) {
    var v = lowercase("" + value);
    value = !(v == 'f' || v == '0' || v == 'false' || v == 'no' || v == 'n' || v == '[]');
  } else {
    value = false;
  }
  return value;
}

/**
 * @returns {string} Returns the string representation of the element.
 */
function startingTag(element) {
  element = jqLite(element).clone();
  try {
    // turns out IE does not let you set .html() on elements which
    // are not allowed to have children. So we just ignore it.
    element.html('');
  } catch(e) {}
  // As Per DOM Standards
  var TEXT_NODE = 3;
  var elemHtml = jqLite('<div>').append(element).html();
  try {
    return element[0].nodeType === TEXT_NODE ? lowercase(elemHtml) :
        elemHtml.
          match(/^(<[^>]+>)/)[1].
          replace(/^<([\w\-]+)/, function(match, nodeName) { return '<' + lowercase(nodeName); });
  } catch(e) {
    return lowercase(elemHtml);
  }

}


/////////////////////////////////////////////////

/**
 * Tries to decode the URI component without throwing an exception.
 *
 * @private
 * @param str value potential URI component to check.
 * @returns {boolean} True if `value` can be decoded
 * with the decodeURIComponent function.
 */
function tryDecodeURIComponent(value) {
  try {
    return decodeURIComponent(value);
  } catch(e) {
    // Ignore any invalid uri component
  }
}


/**
 * Parses an escaped url query string into key-value pairs.
 * @returns Object.<(string|boolean)>
 */
function parseKeyValue(/**string*/keyValue) {
  var obj = {}, key_value, key;
  forEach((keyValue || "").split('&'), function(keyValue){
    if ( keyValue ) {
      key_value = keyValue.split('=');
      key = tryDecodeURIComponent(key_value[0]);
      if ( isDefined(key) ) {
        obj[key] = isDefined(key_value[1]) ? tryDecodeURIComponent(key_value[1]) : true;
      }
    }
  });
  return obj;
}

function toKeyValue(obj) {
  var parts = [];
  forEach(obj, function(value, key) {
    parts.push(encodeUriQuery(key, true) + (value === true ? '' : '=' + encodeUriQuery(value, true)));
  });
  return parts.length ? parts.join('&') : '';
}


/**
 * We need our custom method because encodeURIComponent is too agressive and doesn't follow
 * http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt with regards to the character set (pchar) allowed in path
 * segments:
 *    segment       = *pchar
 *    pchar         = unreserved / pct-encoded / sub-delims / ":" / "@"
 *    pct-encoded   = "%" HEXDIG HEXDIG
 *    unreserved    = ALPHA / DIGIT / "-" / "." / "_" / "~"
 *    sub-delims    = "!" / "$" / "&" / "'" / "(" / ")"
 *                     / "*" / "+" / "," / ";" / "="
 */
function encodeUriSegment(val) {
  return encodeUriQuery(val, true).
             replace(/%26/gi, '&').
             replace(/%3D/gi, '=').
             replace(/%2B/gi, '+');
}


/**
 * This method is intended for encoding *key* or *value* parts of query component. We need a custom
 * method becuase encodeURIComponent is too agressive and encodes stuff that doesn't have to be
 * encoded per http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986:
 *    query       = *( pchar / "/" / "?" )
 *    pchar         = unreserved / pct-encoded / sub-delims / ":" / "@"
 *    unreserved    = ALPHA / DIGIT / "-" / "." / "_" / "~"
 *    pct-encoded   = "%" HEXDIG HEXDIG
 *    sub-delims    = "!" / "$" / "&" / "'" / "(" / ")"
 *                     / "*" / "+" / "," / ";" / "="
 */
function encodeUriQuery(val, pctEncodeSpaces) {
  return encodeURIComponent(val).
             replace(/%40/gi, '@').
             replace(/%3A/gi, ':').
             replace(/%24/g, '$').
             replace(/%2C/gi, ',').
             replace(/%20/g, (pctEncodeSpaces ? '%20' : '+'));
}


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngApp
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {angular.Module} ngApp an optional application
 *   {@link angular.module module} name to load.
 *
 * @description
 *
 * Use this directive to auto-bootstrap an application. Only
 * one ngApp directive can be used per HTML document. The directive
 * designates the root of the application and is typically placed
 * at the root of the page.
 *
 * The first ngApp found in the document will be auto-bootstrapped. To use multiple applications in an
 * HTML document you must manually bootstrap them using {@link angular.bootstrap}.
 * Applications cannot be nested.
 *
 * In the example below if the `ngApp` directive would not be placed
 * on the `html` element then the document would not be compiled
 * and the `{{ 1+2 }}` would not be resolved to `3`.
 *
 * `ngApp` is the easiest way to bootstrap an application.
 *
 <doc:example>
   <doc:source>
    I can add: 1 + 2 =  {{ 1+2 }}
   </doc:source>
 </doc:example>
 *
 */
function angularInit(element, bootstrap) {
  var elements = [element],
      appElement,
      module,
      names = ['ng:app', 'ng-app', 'x-ng-app', 'data-ng-app'],
      NG_APP_CLASS_REGEXP = /\sng[:\-]app(:\s*([\w\d_]+);?)?\s/;

  function append(element) {
    element && elements.push(element);
  }

  forEach(names, function(name) {
    names[name] = true;
    append(document.getElementById(name));
    name = name.replace(':', '\\:');
    if (element.querySelectorAll) {
      forEach(element.querySelectorAll('.' + name), append);
      forEach(element.querySelectorAll('.' + name + '\\:'), append);
      forEach(element.querySelectorAll('[' + name + ']'), append);
    }
  });

  forEach(elements, function(element) {
    if (!appElement) {
      var className = ' ' + element.className + ' ';
      var match = NG_APP_CLASS_REGEXP.exec(className);
      if (match) {
        appElement = element;
        module = (match[2] || '').replace(/\s+/g, ',');
      } else {
        forEach(element.attributes, function(attr) {
          if (!appElement && names[attr.name]) {
            appElement = element;
            module = attr.value;
          }
        });
      }
    }
  });
  if (appElement) {
    bootstrap(appElement, module ? [module] : []);
  }
}

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.bootstrap
 * @description
 * Use this function to manually start up angular application.
 *
 * See: {@link guide/bootstrap Bootstrap}
 *
 * Note that ngScenario-based end-to-end tests cannot use this function to bootstrap manually.
 * They must use {@link api/ng.directive:ngApp ngApp}.
 *
 * @param {Element} element DOM element which is the root of angular application.
 * @param {Array<String|Function>=} modules an array of module declarations. See: {@link angular.module modules}
 * @returns {AUTO.$injector} Returns the newly created injector for this app.
 */
function bootstrap(element, modules) {
  var doBootstrap = function() {
    element = jqLite(element);
    modules = modules || [];
    modules.unshift(['$provide', function($provide) {
      $provide.value('$rootElement', element);
    }]);
    modules.unshift('ng');
    var injector = createInjector(modules);
    injector.invoke(['$rootScope', '$rootElement', '$compile', '$injector',
       function(scope, element, compile, injector) {
        scope.$apply(function() {
          element.data('$injector', injector);
          compile(element)(scope);
        });
      }]
    );
    return injector;
  };

  var NG_DEFER_BOOTSTRAP = /^NG_DEFER_BOOTSTRAP!/;

  if (window && !NG_DEFER_BOOTSTRAP.test(window.name)) {
    return doBootstrap();
  }

  window.name = window.name.replace(NG_DEFER_BOOTSTRAP, '');
  angular.resumeBootstrap = function(extraModules) {
    forEach(extraModules, function(module) {
      modules.push(module);
    });
    doBootstrap();
  };
}

var SNAKE_CASE_REGEXP = /[A-Z]/g;
function snake_case(name, separator){
  separator = separator || '_';
  return name.replace(SNAKE_CASE_REGEXP, function(letter, pos) {
    return (pos ? separator : '') + letter.toLowerCase();
  });
}

function bindJQuery() {
  // bind to jQuery if present;
  jQuery = window.jQuery;
  // reset to jQuery or default to us.
  if (jQuery) {
    jqLite = jQuery;
    extend(jQuery.fn, {
      scope: JQLitePrototype.scope,
      controller: JQLitePrototype.controller,
      injector: JQLitePrototype.injector,
      inheritedData: JQLitePrototype.inheritedData
    });
    // Method signature: JQLitePatchJQueryRemove(name, dispatchThis, filterElems, getterIfNoArguments)
    JQLitePatchJQueryRemove('remove', true, true, false);
    JQLitePatchJQueryRemove('empty', false, false, false);
    JQLitePatchJQueryRemove('html', false, false, true);
  } else {
    jqLite = JQLite;
  }
  angular.element = jqLite;
}

/**
 * throw error if the argument is falsy.
 */
function assertArg(arg, name, reason) {
  if (!arg) {
    throw new Error("Argument '" + (name || '?') + "' is " + (reason || "required"));
  }
  return arg;
}

function assertArgFn(arg, name, acceptArrayAnnotation) {
  if (acceptArrayAnnotation && isArray(arg)) {
      arg = arg[arg.length - 1];
  }

  assertArg(isFunction(arg), name, 'not a function, got ' +
      (arg && typeof arg == 'object' ? arg.constructor.name || 'Object' : typeof arg));
  return arg;
}

/**
 * Return the value accessible from the object by path. Any undefined traversals are ignored
 * @param {Object} obj starting object
 * @param {string} path path to traverse
 * @param {boolean=true} bindFnToScope
 * @returns value as accessible by path
 */
//TODO(misko): this function needs to be removed
function getter(obj, path, bindFnToScope) {
  if (!path) return obj;
  var keys = path.split('.');
  var key;
  var lastInstance = obj;
  var len = keys.length;

  for (var i = 0; i < len; i++) {
    key = keys[i];
    if (obj) {
      obj = (lastInstance = obj)[key];
    }
  }
  if (!bindFnToScope && isFunction(obj)) {
    return bind(lastInstance, obj);
  }
  return obj;
}

/**
 * @ngdoc interface
 * @name angular.Module
 * @description
 *
 * Interface for configuring angular {@link angular.module modules}.
 */

function setupModuleLoader(window) {

  function ensure(obj, name, factory) {
    return obj[name] || (obj[name] = factory());
  }

  return ensure(ensure(window, 'angular', Object), 'module', function() {
    /** @type {Object.<string, angular.Module>} */
    var modules = {};

    /**
     * @ngdoc function
     * @name angular.module
     * @description
     *
     * The `angular.module` is a global place for creating and registering Angular modules. All
     * modules (angular core or 3rd party) that should be available to an application must be
     * registered using this mechanism.
     *
     *
     * # Module
     *
     * A module is a collection of services, directives, filters, and configuration information.
     * `angular.module` is used to configure the {@link AUTO.$injector $injector}.
     *
     * <pre>
     * // Create a new module
     * var myModule = angular.module('myModule', []);
     *
     * // register a new service
     * myModule.value('appName', 'MyCoolApp');
     *
     * // configure existing services inside initialization blocks.
     * myModule.config(function($locationProvider) {
     *   // Configure existing providers
     *   $locationProvider.hashPrefix('!');
     * });
     * </pre>
     *
     * Then you can create an injector and load your modules like this:
     *
     * <pre>
     * var injector = angular.injector(['ng', 'MyModule'])
     * </pre>
     *
     * However it's more likely that you'll just use
     * {@link ng.directive:ngApp ngApp} or
     * {@link angular.bootstrap} to simplify this process for you.
     *
     * @param {!string} name The name of the module to create or retrieve.
     * @param {Array.<string>=} requires If specified then new module is being created. If unspecified then the
     *        the module is being retrieved for further configuration.
     * @param {Function} configFn Optional configuration function for the module. Same as
     *        {@link angular.Module#config Module#config()}.
     * @returns {module} new module with the {@link angular.Module} api.
     */
    return function module(name, requires, configFn) {
      if (requires && modules.hasOwnProperty(name)) {
        modules[name] = null;
      }
      return ensure(modules, name, function() {
        if (!requires) {
          throw Error('No module: ' + name);
        }

        /** @type {!Array.<Array.<*>>} */
        var invokeQueue = [];

        /** @type {!Array.<Function>} */
        var runBlocks = [];

        var config = invokeLater('$injector', 'invoke');

        /** @type {angular.Module} */
        var moduleInstance = {
          // Private state
          _invokeQueue: invokeQueue,
          _runBlocks: runBlocks,

          /**
           * @ngdoc property
           * @name angular.Module#requires
           * @propertyOf angular.Module
           * @returns {Array.<string>} List of module names which must be loaded before this module.
           * @description
           * Holds the list of modules which the injector will load before the current module is loaded.
           */
          requires: requires,

          /**
           * @ngdoc property
           * @name angular.Module#name
           * @propertyOf angular.Module
           * @returns {string} Name of the module.
           * @description
           */
          name: name,


          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#provider
           * @methodOf angular.Module
           * @param {string} name service name
           * @param {Function} providerType Construction function for creating new instance of the service.
           * @description
           * See {@link AUTO.$provide#provider $provide.provider()}.
           */
          provider: invokeLater('$provide', 'provider'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#factory
           * @methodOf angular.Module
           * @param {string} name service name
           * @param {Function} providerFunction Function for creating new instance of the service.
           * @description
           * See {@link AUTO.$provide#factory $provide.factory()}.
           */
          factory: invokeLater('$provide', 'factory'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#service
           * @methodOf angular.Module
           * @param {string} name service name
           * @param {Function} constructor A constructor function that will be instantiated.
           * @description
           * See {@link AUTO.$provide#service $provide.service()}.
           */
          service: invokeLater('$provide', 'service'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#value
           * @methodOf angular.Module
           * @param {string} name service name
           * @param {*} object Service instance object.
           * @description
           * See {@link AUTO.$provide#value $provide.value()}.
           */
          value: invokeLater('$provide', 'value'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#constant
           * @methodOf angular.Module
           * @param {string} name constant name
           * @param {*} object Constant value.
           * @description
           * Because the constant are fixed, they get applied before other provide methods.
           * See {@link AUTO.$provide#constant $provide.constant()}.
           */
          constant: invokeLater('$provide', 'constant', 'unshift'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#filter
           * @methodOf angular.Module
           * @param {string} name Filter name.
           * @param {Function} filterFactory Factory function for creating new instance of filter.
           * @description
           * See {@link ng.$filterProvider#register $filterProvider.register()}.
           */
          filter: invokeLater('$filterProvider', 'register'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#controller
           * @methodOf angular.Module
           * @param {string} name Controller name.
           * @param {Function} constructor Controller constructor function.
           * @description
           * See {@link ng.$controllerProvider#register $controllerProvider.register()}.
           */
          controller: invokeLater('$controllerProvider', 'register'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#directive
           * @methodOf angular.Module
           * @param {string} name directive name
           * @param {Function} directiveFactory Factory function for creating new instance of
           * directives.
           * @description
           * See {@link ng.$compileProvider#directive $compileProvider.directive()}.
           */
          directive: invokeLater('$compileProvider', 'directive'),

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#config
           * @methodOf angular.Module
           * @param {Function} configFn Execute this function on module load. Useful for service
           *    configuration.
           * @description
           * Use this method to register work which needs to be performed on module loading.
           */
          config: config,

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name angular.Module#run
           * @methodOf angular.Module
           * @param {Function} initializationFn Execute this function after injector creation.
           *    Useful for application initialization.
           * @description
           * Use this method to register work which should be performed when the injector is done
           * loading all modules.
           */
          run: function(block) {
            runBlocks.push(block);
            return this;
          }
        };

        if (configFn) {
          config(configFn);
        }

        return  moduleInstance;

        /**
         * @param {string} provider
         * @param {string} method
         * @param {String=} insertMethod
         * @returns {angular.Module}
         */
        function invokeLater(provider, method, insertMethod) {
          return function() {
            invokeQueue[insertMethod || 'push']([provider, method, arguments]);
            return moduleInstance;
          }
        }
      });
    };
  });

}

/**
 * @ngdoc property
 * @name angular.version
 * @description
 * An object that contains information about the current AngularJS version. This object has the
 * following properties:
 *
 * - `full` – `{string}` – Full version string, such as "0.9.18".
 * - `major` – `{number}` – Major version number, such as "0".
 * - `minor` – `{number}` – Minor version number, such as "9".
 * - `dot` – `{number}` – Dot version number, such as "18".
 * - `codeName` – `{string}` – Code name of the release, such as "jiggling-armfat".
 */
var version = {
  full: '1.0.8',    // all of these placeholder strings will be replaced by grunt's
  major: 1,    // package task
  minor: 0,
  dot: 8,
  codeName: 'bubble-burst'
};


function publishExternalAPI(angular){
  extend(angular, {
    'bootstrap': bootstrap,
    'copy': copy,
    'extend': extend,
    'equals': equals,
    'element': jqLite,
    'forEach': forEach,
    'injector': createInjector,
    'noop':noop,
    'bind':bind,
    'toJson': toJson,
    'fromJson': fromJson,
    'identity':identity,
    'isUndefined': isUndefined,
    'isDefined': isDefined,
    'isString': isString,
    'isFunction': isFunction,
    'isObject': isObject,
    'isNumber': isNumber,
    'isElement': isElement,
    'isArray': isArray,
    'version': version,
    'isDate': isDate,
    'lowercase': lowercase,
    'uppercase': uppercase,
    'callbacks': {counter: 0}
  });

  angularModule = setupModuleLoader(window);
  try {
    angularModule('ngLocale');
  } catch (e) {
    angularModule('ngLocale', []).provider('$locale', $LocaleProvider);
  }

  angularModule('ng', ['ngLocale'], ['$provide',
    function ngModule($provide) {
      $provide.provider('$compile', $CompileProvider).
        directive({
            a: htmlAnchorDirective,
            input: inputDirective,
            textarea: inputDirective,
            form: formDirective,
            script: scriptDirective,
            select: selectDirective,
            style: styleDirective,
            option: optionDirective,
            ngBind: ngBindDirective,
            ngBindHtmlUnsafe: ngBindHtmlUnsafeDirective,
            ngBindTemplate: ngBindTemplateDirective,
            ngClass: ngClassDirective,
            ngClassEven: ngClassEvenDirective,
            ngClassOdd: ngClassOddDirective,
            ngCsp: ngCspDirective,
            ngCloak: ngCloakDirective,
            ngController: ngControllerDirective,
            ngForm: ngFormDirective,
            ngHide: ngHideDirective,
            ngInclude: ngIncludeDirective,
            ngInit: ngInitDirective,
            ngNonBindable: ngNonBindableDirective,
            ngPluralize: ngPluralizeDirective,
            ngRepeat: ngRepeatDirective,
            ngShow: ngShowDirective,
            ngStyle: ngStyleDirective,
            ngSwitch: ngSwitchDirective,
            ngSwitchWhen: ngSwitchWhenDirective,
            ngSwitchDefault: ngSwitchDefaultDirective,
            ngOptions: ngOptionsDirective,
            ngView: ngViewDirective,
            ngTransclude: ngTranscludeDirective,
            ngModel: ngModelDirective,
            ngList: ngListDirective,
            ngChange: ngChangeDirective,
            required: requiredDirective,
            ngRequired: requiredDirective,
            ngValue: ngValueDirective
        }).
        directive(ngAttributeAliasDirectives).
        directive(ngEventDirectives);
      $provide.provider({
        $anchorScroll: $AnchorScrollProvider,
        $browser: $BrowserProvider,
        $cacheFactory: $CacheFactoryProvider,
        $controller: $ControllerProvider,
        $document: $DocumentProvider,
        $exceptionHandler: $ExceptionHandlerProvider,
        $filter: $FilterProvider,
        $interpolate: $InterpolateProvider,
        $http: $HttpProvider,
        $httpBackend: $HttpBackendProvider,
        $location: $LocationProvider,
        $log: $LogProvider,
        $parse: $ParseProvider,
        $route: $RouteProvider,
        $routeParams: $RouteParamsProvider,
        $rootScope: $RootScopeProvider,
        $q: $QProvider,
        $sniffer: $SnifferProvider,
        $templateCache: $TemplateCacheProvider,
        $timeout: $TimeoutProvider,
        $window: $WindowProvider
      });
    }
  ]);
}

//////////////////////////////////
//JQLite
//////////////////////////////////

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.element
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Wraps a raw DOM element or HTML string as a [jQuery](http://jquery.com) element.
 * `angular.element` can be either an alias for [jQuery](http://api.jquery.com/jQuery/) function, if
 * jQuery is available, or a function that wraps the element or string in Angular's jQuery lite
 * implementation (commonly referred to as jqLite).
 *
 * Real jQuery always takes precedence over jqLite, provided it was loaded before `DOMContentLoaded`
 * event fired.
 *
 * jqLite is a tiny, API-compatible subset of jQuery that allows
 * Angular to manipulate the DOM. jqLite implements only the most commonly needed functionality
 * within a very small footprint, so only a subset of the jQuery API - methods, arguments and
 * invocation styles - are supported.
 *
 * Note: All element references in Angular are always wrapped with jQuery or jqLite; they are never
 * raw DOM references.
 *
 * ## Angular's jqLite
 * Angular's lite version of jQuery provides only the following jQuery methods:
 *
 * - [addClass()](http://api.jquery.com/addClass/)
 * - [after()](http://api.jquery.com/after/)
 * - [append()](http://api.jquery.com/append/)
 * - [attr()](http://api.jquery.com/attr/)
 * - [bind()](http://api.jquery.com/bind/) - Does not support namespaces
 * - [children()](http://api.jquery.com/children/) - Does not support selectors
 * - [clone()](http://api.jquery.com/clone/)
 * - [contents()](http://api.jquery.com/contents/)
 * - [css()](http://api.jquery.com/css/)
 * - [data()](http://api.jquery.com/data/)
 * - [eq()](http://api.jquery.com/eq/)
 * - [find()](http://api.jquery.com/find/) - Limited to lookups by tag name
 * - [hasClass()](http://api.jquery.com/hasClass/)
 * - [html()](http://api.jquery.com/html/)
 * - [next()](http://api.jquery.com/next/) - Does not support selectors
 * - [parent()](http://api.jquery.com/parent/) - Does not support selectors
 * - [prepend()](http://api.jquery.com/prepend/)
 * - [prop()](http://api.jquery.com/prop/)
 * - [ready()](http://api.jquery.com/ready/)
 * - [remove()](http://api.jquery.com/remove/)
 * - [removeAttr()](http://api.jquery.com/removeAttr/)
 * - [removeClass()](http://api.jquery.com/removeClass/)
 * - [removeData()](http://api.jquery.com/removeData/)
 * - [replaceWith()](http://api.jquery.com/replaceWith/)
 * - [text()](http://api.jquery.com/text/)
 * - [toggleClass()](http://api.jquery.com/toggleClass/)
 * - [triggerHandler()](http://api.jquery.com/triggerHandler/) - Doesn't pass native event objects to handlers.
 * - [unbind()](http://api.jquery.com/unbind/) - Does not support namespaces
 * - [val()](http://api.jquery.com/val/)
 * - [wrap()](http://api.jquery.com/wrap/)
 *
 * ## jQuery/jqLite Extras
 * Angular also provides the following additional methods and events to both jQuery and jqLite:
 *
 * ### Events
 * - `$destroy` - AngularJS intercepts all jqLite/jQuery's DOM destruction apis and fires this event
 *    on all DOM nodes being removed.  This can be used to clean up and 3rd party bindings to the DOM
 *    element before it is removed.
 * ### Methods
 * - `controller(name)` - retrieves the controller of the current element or its parent. By default
 *   retrieves controller associated with the `ngController` directive. If `name` is provided as
 *   camelCase directive name, then the controller for this directive will be retrieved (e.g.
 *   `'ngModel'`).
 * - `injector()` - retrieves the injector of the current element or its parent.
 * - `scope()` - retrieves the {@link api/ng.$rootScope.Scope scope} of the current
 *   element or its parent.
 * - `inheritedData()` - same as `data()`, but walks up the DOM until a value is found or the top
 *   parent element is reached.
 *
 * @param {string|DOMElement} element HTML string or DOMElement to be wrapped into jQuery.
 * @returns {Object} jQuery object.
 */

var jqCache = JQLite.cache = {},
    jqName = JQLite.expando = 'ng-' + new Date().getTime(),
    jqId = 1,
    addEventListenerFn = (window.document.addEventListener
      ? function(element, type, fn) {element.addEventListener(type, fn, false);}
      : function(element, type, fn) {element.attachEvent('on' + type, fn);}),
    removeEventListenerFn = (window.document.removeEventListener
      ? function(element, type, fn) {element.removeEventListener(type, fn, false); }
      : function(element, type, fn) {element.detachEvent('on' + type, fn); });

function jqNextId() { return ++jqId; }


var SPECIAL_CHARS_REGEXP = /([\:\-\_]+(.))/g;
var MOZ_HACK_REGEXP = /^moz([A-Z])/;

/**
 * Converts snake_case to camelCase.
 * Also there is special case for Moz prefix starting with upper case letter.
 * @param name Name to normalize
 */
function camelCase(name) {
  return name.
    replace(SPECIAL_CHARS_REGEXP, function(_, separator, letter, offset) {
      return offset ? letter.toUpperCase() : letter;
    }).
    replace(MOZ_HACK_REGEXP, 'Moz$1');
}

/////////////////////////////////////////////
// jQuery mutation patch
//
// In conjunction with bindJQuery intercepts all jQuery's DOM destruction apis and fires a
// $destroy event on all DOM nodes being removed.
//
/////////////////////////////////////////////

function JQLitePatchJQueryRemove(name, dispatchThis, filterElems, getterIfNoArguments) {
  var originalJqFn = jQuery.fn[name];
  originalJqFn = originalJqFn.$original || originalJqFn;
  removePatch.$original = originalJqFn;
  jQuery.fn[name] = removePatch;

  function removePatch(param) {
    var list = filterElems && param ? [this.filter(param)] : [this],
        fireEvent = dispatchThis,
        set, setIndex, setLength,
        element, childIndex, childLength, children;

    if (!getterIfNoArguments || param != null) {
      while(list.length) {
        set = list.shift();
        for(setIndex = 0, setLength = set.length; setIndex < setLength; setIndex++) {
          element = jqLite(set[setIndex]);
          if (fireEvent) {
            element.triggerHandler('$destroy');
          } else {
            fireEvent = !fireEvent;
          }
          for(childIndex = 0, childLength = (children = element.children()).length;
              childIndex < childLength;
              childIndex++) {
            list.push(jQuery(children[childIndex]));
          }
        }
      }
    }
    return originalJqFn.apply(this, arguments);
  }
}

/////////////////////////////////////////////
function JQLite(element) {
  if (element instanceof JQLite) {
    return element;
  }
  if (!(this instanceof JQLite)) {
    if (isString(element) && element.charAt(0) != '<') {
      throw Error('selectors not implemented');
    }
    return new JQLite(element);
  }

  if (isString(element)) {
    var div = document.createElement('div');
    // Read about the NoScope elements here:
    // http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms533897(VS.85).aspx
    div.innerHTML = '<div>&#160;</div>' + element; // IE insanity to make NoScope elements work!
    div.removeChild(div.firstChild); // remove the superfluous div
    JQLiteAddNodes(this, div.childNodes);
    this.remove(); // detach the elements from the temporary DOM div.
  } else {
    JQLiteAddNodes(this, element);
  }
}

function JQLiteClone(element) {
  return element.cloneNode(true);
}

function JQLiteDealoc(element){
  JQLiteRemoveData(element);
  for ( var i = 0, children = element.childNodes || []; i < children.length; i++) {
    JQLiteDealoc(children[i]);
  }
}

function JQLiteUnbind(element, type, fn) {
  var events = JQLiteExpandoStore(element, 'events'),
      handle = JQLiteExpandoStore(element, 'handle');

  if (!handle) return; //no listeners registered

  if (isUndefined(type)) {
    forEach(events, function(eventHandler, type) {
      removeEventListenerFn(element, type, eventHandler);
      delete events[type];
    });
  } else {
    if (isUndefined(fn)) {
      removeEventListenerFn(element, type, events[type]);
      delete events[type];
    } else {
      arrayRemove(events[type] || [], fn);
    }
  }
}

function JQLiteRemoveData(element) {
  var expandoId = element[jqName],
      expandoStore = jqCache[expandoId];

  if (expandoStore) {
    if (expandoStore.handle) {
      expandoStore.events.$destroy && expandoStore.handle({}, '$destroy');
      JQLiteUnbind(element);
    }
    delete jqCache[expandoId];
    element[jqName] = undefined; // ie does not allow deletion of attributes on elements.
  }
}

function JQLiteExpandoStore(element, key, value) {
  var expandoId = element[jqName],
      expandoStore = jqCache[expandoId || -1];

  if (isDefined(value)) {
    if (!expandoStore) {
      element[jqName] = expandoId = jqNextId();
      expandoStore = jqCache[expandoId] = {};
    }
    expandoStore[key] = value;
  } else {
    return expandoStore && expandoStore[key];
  }
}

function JQLiteData(element, key, value) {
  var data = JQLiteExpandoStore(element, 'data'),
      isSetter = isDefined(value),
      keyDefined = !isSetter && isDefined(key),
      isSimpleGetter = keyDefined && !isObject(key);

  if (!data && !isSimpleGetter) {
    JQLiteExpandoStore(element, 'data', data = {});
  }

  if (isSetter) {
    data[key] = value;
  } else {
    if (keyDefined) {
      if (isSimpleGetter) {
        // don't create data in this case.
        return data && data[key];
      } else {
        extend(data, key);
      }
    } else {
      return data;
    }
  }
}

function JQLiteHasClass(element, selector) {
  return ((" " + element.className + " ").replace(/[\n\t]/g, " ").
      indexOf( " " + selector + " " ) > -1);
}

function JQLiteRemoveClass(element, cssClasses) {
  if (cssClasses) {
    forEach(cssClasses.split(' '), function(cssClass) {
      element.className = trim(
          (" " + element.className + " ")
          .replace(/[\n\t]/g, " ")
          .replace(" " + trim(cssClass) + " ", " ")
      );
    });
  }
}

function JQLiteAddClass(element, cssClasses) {
  if (cssClasses) {
    forEach(cssClasses.split(' '), function(cssClass) {
      if (!JQLiteHasClass(element, cssClass)) {
        element.className = trim(element.className + ' ' + trim(cssClass));
      }
    });
  }
}

function JQLiteAddNodes(root, elements) {
  if (elements) {
    elements = (!elements.nodeName && isDefined(elements.length) && !isWindow(elements))
      ? elements
      : [ elements ];
    for(var i=0; i < elements.length; i++) {
      root.push(elements[i]);
    }
  }
}

function JQLiteController(element, name) {
  return JQLiteInheritedData(element, '$' + (name || 'ngController' ) + 'Controller');
}

function JQLiteInheritedData(element, name, value) {
  element = jqLite(element);

  // if element is the document object work with the html element instead
  // this makes $(document).scope() possible
  if(element[0].nodeType == 9) {
    element = element.find('html');
  }

  while (element.length) {
    if (value = element.data(name)) return value;
    element = element.parent();
  }
}

//////////////////////////////////////////
// Functions which are declared directly.
//////////////////////////////////////////
var JQLitePrototype = JQLite.prototype = {
  ready: function(fn) {
    var fired = false;

    function trigger() {
      if (fired) return;
      fired = true;
      fn();
    }

    this.bind('DOMContentLoaded', trigger); // works for modern browsers and IE9
    // we can not use jqLite since we are not done loading and jQuery could be loaded later.
    JQLite(window).bind('load', trigger); // fallback to window.onload for others
  },
  toString: function() {
    var value = [];
    forEach(this, function(e){ value.push('' + e);});
    return '[' + value.join(', ') + ']';
  },

  eq: function(index) {
      return (index >= 0) ? jqLite(this[index]) : jqLite(this[this.length + index]);
  },

  length: 0,
  push: push,
  sort: [].sort,
  splice: [].splice
};

//////////////////////////////////////////
// Functions iterating getter/setters.
// these functions return self on setter and
// value on get.
//////////////////////////////////////////
var BOOLEAN_ATTR = {};
forEach('multiple,selected,checked,disabled,readOnly,required'.split(','), function(value) {
  BOOLEAN_ATTR[lowercase(value)] = value;
});
var BOOLEAN_ELEMENTS = {};
forEach('input,select,option,textarea,button,form'.split(','), function(value) {
  BOOLEAN_ELEMENTS[uppercase(value)] = true;
});

function getBooleanAttrName(element, name) {
  // check dom last since we will most likely fail on name
  var booleanAttr = BOOLEAN_ATTR[name.toLowerCase()];

  // booleanAttr is here twice to minimize DOM access
  return booleanAttr && BOOLEAN_ELEMENTS[element.nodeName] && booleanAttr;
}

forEach({
  data: JQLiteData,
  inheritedData: JQLiteInheritedData,

  scope: function(element) {
    return JQLiteInheritedData(element, '$scope');
  },

  controller: JQLiteController ,

  injector: function(element) {
    return JQLiteInheritedData(element, '$injector');
  },

  removeAttr: function(element,name) {
    element.removeAttribute(name);
  },

  hasClass: JQLiteHasClass,

  css: function(element, name, value) {
    name = camelCase(name);

    if (isDefined(value)) {
      element.style[name] = value;
    } else {
      var val;

      if (msie <= 8) {
        // this is some IE specific weirdness that jQuery 1.6.4 does not sure why
        val = element.currentStyle && element.currentStyle[name];
        if (val === '') val = 'auto';
      }

      val = val || element.style[name];

      if (msie <= 8) {
        // jquery weirdness :-/
        val = (val === '') ? undefined : val;
      }

      return  val;
    }
  },

  attr: function(element, name, value){
    var lowercasedName = lowercase(name);
    if (BOOLEAN_ATTR[lowercasedName]) {
      if (isDefined(value)) {
        if (!!value) {
          element[name] = true;
          element.setAttribute(name, lowercasedName);
        } else {
          element[name] = false;
          element.removeAttribute(lowercasedName);
        }
      } else {
        return (element[name] ||
                 (element.attributes.getNamedItem(name)|| noop).specified)
               ? lowercasedName
               : undefined;
      }
    } else if (isDefined(value)) {
      element.setAttribute(name, value);
    } else if (element.getAttribute) {
      // the extra argument "2" is to get the right thing for a.href in IE, see jQuery code
      // some elements (e.g. Document) don't have get attribute, so return undefined
      var ret = element.getAttribute(name, 2);
      // normalize non-existing attributes to undefined (as jQuery)
      return ret === null ? undefined : ret;
    }
  },

  prop: function(element, name, value) {
    if (isDefined(value)) {
      element[name] = value;
    } else {
      return element[name];
    }
  },

  text: extend((msie < 9)
      ? function(element, value) {
        if (element.nodeType == 1 /** Element */) {
          if (isUndefined(value))
            return element.innerText;
          element.innerText = value;
        } else {
          if (isUndefined(value))
            return element.nodeValue;
          element.nodeValue = value;
        }
      }
      : function(element, value) {
        if (isUndefined(value)) {
          return element.textContent;
        }
        element.textContent = value;
      }, {$dv:''}),

  val: function(element, value) {
    if (isUndefined(value)) {
      if (nodeName_(element) === 'SELECT' && element.multiple) {
        var result = [];
        forEach(element.options, function (option) {
          if (option.selected) {
            result.push(option.value || option.text);
          }
        });
        return result.length === 0 ? null : result;
      }
      return element.value;
    }
    element.value = value;
  },

  html: function(element, value) {
    if (isUndefined(value)) {
      return element.innerHTML;
    }
    for (var i = 0, childNodes = element.childNodes; i < childNodes.length; i++) {
      JQLiteDealoc(childNodes[i]);
    }
    element.innerHTML = value;
  }
}, function(fn, name){
  /**
   * Properties: writes return selection, reads return first value
   */
  JQLite.prototype[name] = function(arg1, arg2) {
    var i, key;

    // JQLiteHasClass has only two arguments, but is a getter-only fn, so we need to special-case it
    // in a way that survives minification.
    if (((fn.length == 2 && (fn !== JQLiteHasClass && fn !== JQLiteController)) ? arg1 : arg2) === undefined) {
      if (isObject(arg1)) {

        // we are a write, but the object properties are the key/values
        for(i=0; i < this.length; i++) {
          if (fn === JQLiteData) {
            // data() takes the whole object in jQuery
            fn(this[i], arg1);
          } else {
            for (key in arg1) {
              fn(this[i], key, arg1[key]);
            }
          }
        }
        // return self for chaining
        return this;
      } else {
        // we are a read, so read the first child.
        if (this.length)
          return fn(this[0], arg1, arg2);
      }
    } else {
      // we are a write, so apply to all children
      for(i=0; i < this.length; i++) {
        fn(this[i], arg1, arg2);
      }
      // return self for chaining
      return this;
    }
    return fn.$dv;
  };
});

function createEventHandler(element, events) {
  var eventHandler = function (event, type) {
    if (!event.preventDefault) {
      event.preventDefault = function() {
        event.returnValue = false; //ie
      };
    }

    if (!event.stopPropagation) {
      event.stopPropagation = function() {
        event.cancelBubble = true; //ie
      };
    }

    if (!event.target) {
      event.target = event.srcElement || document;
    }

    if (isUndefined(event.defaultPrevented)) {
      var prevent = event.preventDefault;
      event.preventDefault = function() {
        event.defaultPrevented = true;
        prevent.call(event);
      };
      event.defaultPrevented = false;
    }

    event.isDefaultPrevented = function() {
      return event.defaultPrevented;
    };

    forEach(events[type || event.type], function(fn) {
      fn.call(element, event);
    });

    // Remove monkey-patched methods (IE),
    // as they would cause memory leaks in IE8.
    if (msie <= 8) {
      // IE7/8 does not allow to delete property on native object
      event.preventDefault = null;
      event.stopPropagation = null;
      event.isDefaultPrevented = null;
    } else {
      // It shouldn't affect normal browsers (native methods are defined on prototype).
      delete event.preventDefault;
      delete event.stopPropagation;
      delete event.isDefaultPrevented;
    }
  };
  eventHandler.elem = element;
  return eventHandler;
}

//////////////////////////////////////////
// Functions iterating traversal.
// These functions chain results into a single
// selector.
//////////////////////////////////////////
forEach({
  removeData: JQLiteRemoveData,

  dealoc: JQLiteDealoc,

  bind: function bindFn(element, type, fn){
    var events = JQLiteExpandoStore(element, 'events'),
        handle = JQLiteExpandoStore(element, 'handle');

    if (!events) JQLiteExpandoStore(element, 'events', events = {});
    if (!handle) JQLiteExpandoStore(element, 'handle', handle = createEventHandler(element, events));

    forEach(type.split(' '), function(type){
      var eventFns = events[type];

      if (!eventFns) {
        if (type == 'mouseenter' || type == 'mouseleave') {
          var contains = document.body.contains || document.body.compareDocumentPosition ?
          function( a, b ) {
            var adown = a.nodeType === 9 ? a.documentElement : a,
            bup = b && b.parentNode;
            return a === bup || !!( bup && bup.nodeType === 1 && (
              adown.contains ?
              adown.contains( bup ) :
              a.compareDocumentPosition && a.compareDocumentPosition( bup ) & 16
              ));
            } :
            function( a, b ) {
              if ( b ) {
                while ( (b = b.parentNode) ) {
                  if ( b === a ) {
                    return true;
                  }
                }
              }
              return false;
            };	

          events[type] = [];
		
		  // Refer to jQuery's implementation of mouseenter & mouseleave
          // Read about mouseenter and mouseleave:
          // http://www.quirksmode.org/js/events_mouse.html#link8
          var eventmap = { mouseleave : "mouseout", mouseenter : "mouseover"}          
          bindFn(element, eventmap[type], function(event) {
            var ret, target = this, related = event.relatedTarget;
            // For mousenter/leave call the handler if related is outside the target.
            // NB: No relatedTarget if the mouse left/entered the browser window
            if ( !related || (related !== target && !contains(target, related)) ){
              handle(event, type);
            }	

          });

        } else {
          addEventListenerFn(element, type, handle);
          events[type] = [];
        }
        eventFns = events[type]
      }
      eventFns.push(fn);
    });
  },

  unbind: JQLiteUnbind,

  replaceWith: function(element, replaceNode) {
    var index, parent = element.parentNode;
    JQLiteDealoc(element);
    forEach(new JQLite(replaceNode), function(node){
      if (index) {
        parent.insertBefore(node, index.nextSibling);
      } else {
        parent.replaceChild(node, element);
      }
      index = node;
    });
  },

  children: function(element) {
    var children = [];
    forEach(element.childNodes, function(element){
      if (element.nodeType === 1)
        children.push(element);
    });
    return children;
  },

  contents: function(element) {
    return element.childNodes || [];
  },

  append: function(element, node) {
    forEach(new JQLite(node), function(child){
      if (element.nodeType === 1)
        element.appendChild(child);
    });
  },

  prepend: function(element, node) {
    if (element.nodeType === 1) {
      var index = element.firstChild;
      forEach(new JQLite(node), function(child){
        element.insertBefore(child, index);
      });
    }
  },

  wrap: function(element, wrapNode) {
    wrapNode = jqLite(wrapNode)[0];
    var parent = element.parentNode;
    if (parent) {
      parent.replaceChild(wrapNode, element);
    }
    wrapNode.appendChild(element);
  },

  remove: function(element) {
    JQLiteDealoc(element);
    var parent = element.parentNode;
    if (parent) parent.removeChild(element);
  },

  after: function(element, newElement) {
    var index = element, parent = element.parentNode;
    forEach(new JQLite(newElement), function(node){
      parent.insertBefore(node, index.nextSibling);
      index = node;
    });
  },

  addClass: JQLiteAddClass,
  removeClass: JQLiteRemoveClass,

  toggleClass: function(element, selector, condition) {
    if (isUndefined(condition)) {
      condition = !JQLiteHasClass(element, selector);
    }
    (condition ? JQLiteAddClass : JQLiteRemoveClass)(element, selector);
  },

  parent: function(element) {
    var parent = element.parentNode;
    return parent && parent.nodeType !== 11 ? parent : null;
  },

  next: function(element) {
    if (element.nextElementSibling) {
      return element.nextElementSibling;
    }

    // IE8 doesn't have nextElementSibling
    var elm = element.nextSibling;
    while (elm != null && elm.nodeType !== 1) {
      elm = elm.nextSibling;
    }
    return elm;
  },

  find: function(element, selector) {
    return element.getElementsByTagName(selector);
  },

  clone: JQLiteClone,

  triggerHandler: function(element, eventName) {
    var eventFns = (JQLiteExpandoStore(element, 'events') || {})[eventName];

    forEach(eventFns, function(fn) {
      fn.call(element, null);
    });
  }
}, function(fn, name){
  /**
   * chaining functions
   */
  JQLite.prototype[name] = function(arg1, arg2) {
    var value;
    for(var i=0; i < this.length; i++) {
      if (value == undefined) {
        value = fn(this[i], arg1, arg2);
        if (value !== undefined) {
          // any function which returns a value needs to be wrapped
          value = jqLite(value);
        }
      } else {
        JQLiteAddNodes(value, fn(this[i], arg1, arg2));
      }
    }
    return value == undefined ? this : value;
  };
});

/**
 * Computes a hash of an 'obj'.
 * Hash of a:
 *  string is string
 *  number is number as string
 *  object is either result of calling $$hashKey function on the object or uniquely generated id,
 *         that is also assigned to the $$hashKey property of the object.
 *
 * @param obj
 * @returns {string} hash string such that the same input will have the same hash string.
 *         The resulting string key is in 'type:hashKey' format.
 */
function hashKey(obj) {
  var objType = typeof obj,
      key;

  if (objType == 'object' && obj !== null) {
    if (typeof (key = obj.$$hashKey) == 'function') {
      // must invoke on object to keep the right this
      key = obj.$$hashKey();
    } else if (key === undefined) {
      key = obj.$$hashKey = nextUid();
    }
  } else {
    key = obj;
  }

  return objType + ':' + key;
}

/**
 * HashMap which can use objects as keys
 */
function HashMap(array){
  forEach(array, this.put, this);
}
HashMap.prototype = {
  /**
   * Store key value pair
   * @param key key to store can be any type
   * @param value value to store can be any type
   */
  put: function(key, value) {
    this[hashKey(key)] = value;
  },

  /**
   * @param key
   * @returns the value for the key
   */
  get: function(key) {
    return this[hashKey(key)];
  },

  /**
   * Remove the key/value pair
   * @param key
   */
  remove: function(key) {
    var value = this[key = hashKey(key)];
    delete this[key];
    return value;
  }
};

/**
 * A map where multiple values can be added to the same key such that they form a queue.
 * @returns {HashQueueMap}
 */
function HashQueueMap() {}
HashQueueMap.prototype = {
  /**
   * Same as array push, but using an array as the value for the hash
   */
  push: function(key, value) {
    var array = this[key = hashKey(key)];
    if (!array) {
      this[key] = [value];
    } else {
      array.push(value);
    }
  },

  /**
   * Same as array shift, but using an array as the value for the hash
   */
  shift: function(key) {
    var array = this[key = hashKey(key)];
    if (array) {
      if (array.length == 1) {
        delete this[key];
        return array[0];
      } else {
        return array.shift();
      }
    }
  },

  /**
   * return the first item without deleting it
   */
  peek: function(key) {
    var array = this[hashKey(key)];
    if (array) {
    return array[0];
    }
  }
};

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name angular.injector
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Creates an injector function that can be used for retrieving services as well as for
 * dependency injection (see {@link guide/di dependency injection}).
 *

 * @param {Array.<string|Function>} modules A list of module functions or their aliases. See
 *        {@link angular.module}. The `ng` module must be explicitly added.
 * @returns {function()} Injector function. See {@link AUTO.$injector $injector}.
 *
 * @example
 * Typical usage
 * <pre>
 *   // create an injector
 *   var $injector = angular.injector(['ng']);
 *
 *   // use the injector to kick off your application
 *   // use the type inference to auto inject arguments, or use implicit injection
 *   $injector.invoke(function($rootScope, $compile, $document){
 *     $compile($document)($rootScope);
 *     $rootScope.$digest();
 *   });
 * </pre>
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc overview
 * @name AUTO
 * @description
 *
 * Implicit module which gets automatically added to each {@link AUTO.$injector $injector}.
 */

var FN_ARGS = /^function\s*[^\(]*\(\s*([^\)]*)\)/m;
var FN_ARG_SPLIT = /,/;
var FN_ARG = /^\s*(_?)(\S+?)\1\s*$/;
var STRIP_COMMENTS = /((\/\/.*$)|(\/\*[\s\S]*?\*\/))/mg;
function annotate(fn) {
  var $inject,
      fnText,
      argDecl,
      last;

  if (typeof fn == 'function') {
    if (!($inject = fn.$inject)) {
      $inject = [];
      fnText = fn.toString().replace(STRIP_COMMENTS, '');
      argDecl = fnText.match(FN_ARGS);
      forEach(argDecl[1].split(FN_ARG_SPLIT), function(arg){
        arg.replace(FN_ARG, function(all, underscore, name){
          $inject.push(name);
        });
      });
      fn.$inject = $inject;
    }
  } else if (isArray(fn)) {
    last = fn.length - 1;
    assertArgFn(fn[last], 'fn');
    $inject = fn.slice(0, last);
  } else {
    assertArgFn(fn, 'fn', true);
  }
  return $inject;
}

///////////////////////////////////////

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name AUTO.$injector
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 *
 * `$injector` is used to retrieve object instances as defined by
 * {@link AUTO.$provide provider}, instantiate types, invoke methods,
 * and load modules.
 *
 * The following always holds true:
 *
 * <pre>
 *   var $injector = angular.injector();
 *   expect($injector.get('$injector')).toBe($injector);
 *   expect($injector.invoke(function($injector){
 *     return $injector;
 *   }).toBe($injector);
 * </pre>
 *
 * # Injection Function Annotation
 *
 * JavaScript does not have annotations, and annotations are needed for dependency injection. The
 * following are all valid ways of annotating function with injection arguments and are equivalent.
 *
 * <pre>
 *   // inferred (only works if code not minified/obfuscated)
 *   $injector.invoke(function(serviceA){});
 *
 *   // annotated
 *   function explicit(serviceA) {};
 *   explicit.$inject = ['serviceA'];
 *   $injector.invoke(explicit);
 *
 *   // inline
 *   $injector.invoke(['serviceA', function(serviceA){}]);
 * </pre>
 *
 * ## Inference
 *
 * In JavaScript calling `toString()` on a function returns the function definition. The definition can then be
 * parsed and the function arguments can be extracted. *NOTE:* This does not work with minification, and obfuscation
 * tools since these tools change the argument names.
 *
 * ## `$inject` Annotation
 * By adding a `$inject` property onto a function the injection parameters can be specified.
 *
 * ## Inline
 * As an array of injection names, where the last item in the array is the function to call.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name AUTO.$injector#get
 * @methodOf AUTO.$injector
 *
 * @description
 * Return an instance of the service.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the instance to retrieve.
 * @return {*} The instance.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name AUTO.$injector#invoke
 * @methodOf AUTO.$injector
 *
 * @description
 * Invoke the method and supply the method arguments from the `$injector`.
 *
 * @param {!function} fn The function to invoke. The function arguments come form the function annotation.
 * @param {Object=} self The `this` for the invoked method.
 * @param {Object=} locals Optional object. If preset then any argument names are read from this object first, before
 *   the `$injector` is consulted.
 * @returns {*} the value returned by the invoked `fn` function.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name AUTO.$injector#instantiate
 * @methodOf AUTO.$injector
 * @description
 * Create a new instance of JS type. The method takes a constructor function invokes the new operator and supplies
 * all of the arguments to the constructor function as specified by the constructor annotation.
 *
 * @param {function} Type Annotated constructor function.
 * @param {Object=} locals Optional object. If preset then any argument names are read from this object first, before
 *   the `$injector` is consulted.
 * @returns {Object} new instance of `Type`.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name AUTO.$injector#annotate
 * @methodOf AUTO.$injector
 *
 * @description
 * Returns an array of service names which the function is requesting for injection. This API is used by the injector
 * to determine which services need to be injected into the function when the function is invoked. There are three
 * ways in which the function can be annotated with the needed dependencies.
 *
 * # Argument names
 *
 * The simplest form is to extract the dependencies from the arguments of the function. This is done by converting
 * the function into a string using `toString()` method and extracting the argument names.
 * <pre>
 *   // Given
 *   function MyController($scope, $route) {
 *     // ...
 *   }
 *
 *   // Then
 *   expect(injector.annotate(MyController)).toEqual(['$scope', '$route']);
 * </pre>
 *
 * This method does not work with code minfication / obfuscation. For this reason the following annotation strategies
 * are supported.
 *
 * # The `$inject` property
 *
 * If a function has an `$inject` property and its value is an array of strings, then the strings represent names of
 * services to be injected into the function.
 * <pre>
 *   // Given
 *   var MyController = function(obfuscatedScope, obfuscatedRoute) {
 *     // ...
 *   }
 *   // Define function dependencies
 *   MyController.$inject = ['$scope', '$route'];
 *
 *   // Then
 *   expect(injector.annotate(MyController)).toEqual(['$scope', '$route']);
 * </pre>
 *
 * # The array notation
 *
 * It is often desirable to inline Injected functions and that's when setting the `$inject` property is very
 * inconvenient. In these situations using the array notation to specify the dependencies in a way that survives
 * minification is a better choice:
 *
 * <pre>
 *   // We wish to write this (not minification / obfuscation safe)
 *   injector.invoke(function($compile, $rootScope) {
 *     // ...
 *   });
 *
 *   // We are forced to write break inlining
 *   var tmpFn = function(obfuscatedCompile, obfuscatedRootScope) {
 *     // ...
 *   };
 *   tmpFn.$inject = ['$compile', '$rootScope'];
 *   injector.invoke(tmpFn);
 *
 *   // To better support inline function the inline annotation is supported
 *   injector.invoke(['$compile', '$rootScope', function(obfCompile, obfRootScope) {
 *     // ...
 *   }]);
 *
 *   // Therefore
 *   expect(injector.annotate(
 *      ['$compile', '$rootScope', function(obfus_$compile, obfus_$rootScope) {}])
 *    ).toEqual(['$compile', '$rootScope']);
 * </pre>
 *
 * @param {function|Array.<string|Function>} fn Function for which dependent service names need to be retrieved as described
 *   above.
 *
 * @returns {Array.<string>} The names of the services which the function requires.
 */




/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name AUTO.$provide
 *
 * @description
 *
 * Use `$provide` to register new providers with the `$injector`. The providers are the factories for the instance.
 * The providers share the same name as the instance they create with `Provider` suffixed to them.
 *
 * A provider is an object with a `$get()` method. The injector calls the `$get` method to create a new instance of
 * a service. The Provider can have additional methods which would allow for configuration of the provider.
 *
 * <pre>
 *   function GreetProvider() {
 *     var salutation = 'Hello';
 *
 *     this.salutation = function(text) {
 *       salutation = text;
 *     };
 *
 *     this.$get = function() {
 *       return function (name) {
 *         return salutation + ' ' + name + '!';
 *       };
 *     };
 *   }
 *
 *   describe('Greeter', function(){
 *
 *     beforeEach(module(function($provide) {
 *       $provide.provider('greet', GreetProvider);
 *     }));
 *
 *     it('should greet', inject(function(greet) {
 *       expect(greet('angular')).toEqual('Hello angular!');
 *     }));
 *
 *     it('should allow configuration of salutation', function() {
 *       module(function(greetProvider) {
 *         greetProvider.salutation('Ahoj');
 *       });
 *       inject(function(greet) {
 *         expect(greet('angular')).toEqual('Ahoj angular!');
 *       });
 *     });
 * </pre>
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name AUTO.$provide#provider
 * @methodOf AUTO.$provide
 * @description
 *
 * Register a provider for a service. The providers can be retrieved and can have additional configuration methods.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the instance. NOTE: the provider will be available under `name + 'Provider'` key.
 * @param {(Object|function())} provider If the provider is:
 *
 *   - `Object`: then it should have a `$get` method. The `$get` method will be invoked using
 *               {@link AUTO.$injector#invoke $injector.invoke()} when an instance needs to be created.
 *   - `Constructor`: a new instance of the provider will be created using
 *               {@link AUTO.$injector#instantiate $injector.instantiate()}, then treated as `object`.
 *
 * @returns {Object} registered provider instance
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name AUTO.$provide#factory
 * @methodOf AUTO.$provide
 * @description
 *
 * A short hand for configuring services if only `$get` method is required.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the instance.
 * @param {function()} $getFn The $getFn for the instance creation. Internally this is a short hand for
 * `$provide.provider(name, {$get: $getFn})`.
 * @returns {Object} registered provider instance
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name AUTO.$provide#service
 * @methodOf AUTO.$provide
 * @description
 *
 * A short hand for registering service of given class.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the instance.
 * @param {Function} constructor A class (constructor function) that will be instantiated.
 * @returns {Object} registered provider instance
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name AUTO.$provide#value
 * @methodOf AUTO.$provide
 * @description
 *
 * A short hand for configuring services if the `$get` method is a constant.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the instance.
 * @param {*} value The value.
 * @returns {Object} registered provider instance
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name AUTO.$provide#constant
 * @methodOf AUTO.$provide
 * @description
 *
 * A constant value, but unlike {@link AUTO.$provide#value value} it can be injected
 * into configuration function (other modules) and it is not interceptable by
 * {@link AUTO.$provide#decorator decorator}.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the constant.
 * @param {*} value The constant value.
 * @returns {Object} registered instance
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name AUTO.$provide#decorator
 * @methodOf AUTO.$provide
 * @description
 *
 * Decoration of service, allows the decorator to intercept the service instance creation. The
 * returned instance may be the original instance, or a new instance which delegates to the
 * original instance.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the service to decorate.
 * @param {function()} decorator This function will be invoked when the service needs to be
 *    instantiated. The function is called using the {@link AUTO.$injector#invoke
 *    injector.invoke} method and is therefore fully injectable. Local injection arguments:
 *
 *    * `$delegate` - The original service instance, which can be monkey patched, configured,
 *      decorated or delegated to.
 */


function createInjector(modulesToLoad) {
  var INSTANTIATING = {},
      providerSuffix = 'Provider',
      path = [],
      loadedModules = new HashMap(),
      providerCache = {
        $provide: {
            provider: supportObject(provider),
            factory: supportObject(factory),
            service: supportObject(service),
            value: supportObject(value),
            constant: supportObject(constant),
            decorator: decorator
          }
      },
      providerInjector = createInternalInjector(providerCache, function() {
        throw Error("Unknown provider: " + path.join(' <- '));
      }),
      instanceCache = {},
      instanceInjector = (instanceCache.$injector =
          createInternalInjector(instanceCache, function(servicename) {
            var provider = providerInjector.get(servicename + providerSuffix);
            return instanceInjector.invoke(provider.$get, provider);
          }));


  forEach(loadModules(modulesToLoad), function(fn) { instanceInjector.invoke(fn || noop); });

  return instanceInjector;

  ////////////////////////////////////
  // $provider
  ////////////////////////////////////

  function supportObject(delegate) {
    return function(key, value) {
      if (isObject(key)) {
        forEach(key, reverseParams(delegate));
      } else {
        return delegate(key, value);
      }
    }
  }

  function provider(name, provider_) {
    if (isFunction(provider_) || isArray(provider_)) {
      provider_ = providerInjector.instantiate(provider_);
    }
    if (!provider_.$get) {
      throw Error('Provider ' + name + ' must define $get factory method.');
    }
    return providerCache[name + providerSuffix] = provider_;
  }

  function factory(name, factoryFn) { return provider(name, { $get: factoryFn }); }

  function service(name, constructor) {
    return factory(name, ['$injector', function($injector) {
      return $injector.instantiate(constructor);
    }]);
  }

  function value(name, value) { return factory(name, valueFn(value)); }

  function constant(name, value) {
    providerCache[name] = value;
    instanceCache[name] = value;
  }

  function decorator(serviceName, decorFn) {
    var origProvider = providerInjector.get(serviceName + providerSuffix),
        orig$get = origProvider.$get;

    origProvider.$get = function() {
      var origInstance = instanceInjector.invoke(orig$get, origProvider);
      return instanceInjector.invoke(decorFn, null, {$delegate: origInstance});
    };
  }

  ////////////////////////////////////
  // Module Loading
  ////////////////////////////////////
  function loadModules(modulesToLoad){
    var runBlocks = [];
    forEach(modulesToLoad, function(module) {
      if (loadedModules.get(module)) return;
      loadedModules.put(module, true);
      if (isString(module)) {
        var moduleFn = angularModule(module);
        runBlocks = runBlocks.concat(loadModules(moduleFn.requires)).concat(moduleFn._runBlocks);

        try {
          for(var invokeQueue = moduleFn._invokeQueue, i = 0, ii = invokeQueue.length; i < ii; i++) {
            var invokeArgs = invokeQueue[i],
                provider = invokeArgs[0] == '$injector'
                    ? providerInjector
                    : providerInjector.get(invokeArgs[0]);

            provider[invokeArgs[1]].apply(provider, invokeArgs[2]);
          }
        } catch (e) {
          if (e.message) e.message += ' from ' + module;
          throw e;
        }
      } else if (isFunction(module)) {
        try {
          runBlocks.push(providerInjector.invoke(module));
        } catch (e) {
          if (e.message) e.message += ' from ' + module;
          throw e;
        }
      } else if (isArray(module)) {
        try {
          runBlocks.push(providerInjector.invoke(module));
        } catch (e) {
          if (e.message) e.message += ' from ' + String(module[module.length - 1]);
          throw e;
        }
      } else {
        assertArgFn(module, 'module');
      }
    });
    return runBlocks;
  }

  ////////////////////////////////////
  // internal Injector
  ////////////////////////////////////

  function createInternalInjector(cache, factory) {

    function getService(serviceName) {
      if (typeof serviceName !== 'string') {
        throw Error('Service name expected');
      }
      if (cache.hasOwnProperty(serviceName)) {
        if (cache[serviceName] === INSTANTIATING) {
          throw Error('Circular dependency: ' + path.join(' <- '));
        }
        return cache[serviceName];
      } else {
        try {
          path.unshift(serviceName);
          cache[serviceName] = INSTANTIATING;
          return cache[serviceName] = factory(serviceName);
        } finally {
          path.shift();
        }
      }
    }

    function invoke(fn, self, locals){
      var args = [],
          $inject = annotate(fn),
          length, i,
          key;

      for(i = 0, length = $inject.length; i < length; i++) {
        key = $inject[i];
        args.push(
          locals && locals.hasOwnProperty(key)
          ? locals[key]
          : getService(key)
        );
      }
      if (!fn.$inject) {
        // this means that we must be an array.
        fn = fn[length];
      }


      // Performance optimization: http://jsperf.com/apply-vs-call-vs-invoke
      switch (self ? -1 : args.length) {
        case  0: return fn();
        case  1: return fn(args[0]);
        case  2: return fn(args[0], args[1]);
        case  3: return fn(args[0], args[1], args[2]);
        case  4: return fn(args[0], args[1], args[2], args[3]);
        case  5: return fn(args[0], args[1], args[2], args[3], args[4]);
        case  6: return fn(args[0], args[1], args[2], args[3], args[4], args[5]);
        case  7: return fn(args[0], args[1], args[2], args[3], args[4], args[5], args[6]);
        case  8: return fn(args[0], args[1], args[2], args[3], args[4], args[5], args[6], args[7]);
        case  9: return fn(args[0], args[1], args[2], args[3], args[4], args[5], args[6], args[7], args[8]);
        case 10: return fn(args[0], args[1], args[2], args[3], args[4], args[5], args[6], args[7], args[8], args[9]);
        default: return fn.apply(self, args);
      }
    }

    function instantiate(Type, locals) {
      var Constructor = function() {},
          instance, returnedValue;

      // Check if Type is annotated and use just the given function at n-1 as parameter
      // e.g. someModule.factory('greeter', ['$window', function(renamed$window) {}]);
      Constructor.prototype = (isArray(Type) ? Type[Type.length - 1] : Type).prototype;
      instance = new Constructor();
      returnedValue = invoke(Type, instance, locals);

      return isObject(returnedValue) ? returnedValue : instance;
    }

    return {
      invoke: invoke,
      instantiate: instantiate,
      get: getService,
      annotate: annotate
    };
  }
}

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name ng.$anchorScroll
 * @requires $window
 * @requires $location
 * @requires $rootScope
 *
 * @description
 * When called, it checks current value of `$location.hash()` and scroll to related element,
 * according to rules specified in
 * {@link http://dev.w3.org/html5/spec/Overview.html#the-indicated-part-of-the-document Html5 spec}.
 *
 * It also watches the `$location.hash()` and scroll whenever it changes to match any anchor.
 * This can be disabled by calling `$anchorScrollProvider.disableAutoScrolling()`.
 */
function $AnchorScrollProvider() {

  var autoScrollingEnabled = true;

  this.disableAutoScrolling = function() {
    autoScrollingEnabled = false;
  };

  this.$get = ['$window', '$location', '$rootScope', function($window, $location, $rootScope) {
    var document = $window.document;

    // helper function to get first anchor from a NodeList
    // can't use filter.filter, as it accepts only instances of Array
    // and IE can't convert NodeList to an array using [].slice
    // TODO(vojta): use filter if we change it to accept lists as well
    function getFirstAnchor(list) {
      var result = null;
      forEach(list, function(element) {
        if (!result && lowercase(element.nodeName) === 'a') result = element;
      });
      return result;
    }

    function scroll() {
      var hash = $location.hash(), elm;

      // empty hash, scroll to the top of the page
      if (!hash) $window.scrollTo(0, 0);

      // element with given id
      else if ((elm = document.getElementById(hash))) elm.scrollIntoView();

      // first anchor with given name :-D
      else if ((elm = getFirstAnchor(document.getElementsByName(hash)))) elm.scrollIntoView();

      // no element and hash == 'top', scroll to the top of the page
      else if (hash === 'top') $window.scrollTo(0, 0);
    }

    // does not scroll when user clicks on anchor link that is currently on
    // (no url change, no $location.hash() change), browser native does scroll
    if (autoScrollingEnabled) {
      $rootScope.$watch(function autoScrollWatch() {return $location.hash();},
        function autoScrollWatchAction() {
          $rootScope.$evalAsync(scroll);
        });
    }

    return scroll;
  }];
}

/**
 * ! This is a private undocumented service !
 *
 * @name ng.$browser
 * @requires $log
 * @description
 * This object has two goals:
 *
 * - hide all the global state in the browser caused by the window object
 * - abstract away all the browser specific features and inconsistencies
 *
 * For tests we provide {@link ngMock.$browser mock implementation} of the `$browser`
 * service, which can be used for convenient testing of the application without the interaction with
 * the real browser apis.
 */
/**
 * @param {object} window The global window object.
 * @param {object} document jQuery wrapped document.
 * @param {function()} XHR XMLHttpRequest constructor.
 * @param {object} $log console.log or an object with the same interface.
 * @param {object} $sniffer $sniffer service
 */
function Browser(window, document, $log, $sniffer) {
  var self = this,
      rawDocument = document[0],
      location = window.location,
      history = window.history,
      setTimeout = window.setTimeout,
      clearTimeout = window.clearTimeout,
      pendingDeferIds = {};

  self.isMock = false;

  var outstandingRequestCount = 0;
  var outstandingRequestCallbacks = [];

  // TODO(vojta): remove this temporary api
  self.$$completeOutstandingRequest = completeOutstandingRequest;
  self.$$incOutstandingRequestCount = function() { outstandingRequestCount++; };

  /**
   * Executes the `fn` function(supports currying) and decrements the `outstandingRequestCallbacks`
   * counter. If the counter reaches 0, all the `outstandingRequestCallbacks` are executed.
   */
  function completeOutstandingRequest(fn) {
    try {
      fn.apply(null, sliceArgs(arguments, 1));
    } finally {
      outstandingRequestCount--;
      if (outstandingRequestCount === 0) {
        while(outstandingRequestCallbacks.length) {
          try {
            outstandingRequestCallbacks.pop()();
          } catch (e) {
            $log.error(e);
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /**
   * @private
   * Note: this method is used only by scenario runner
   * TODO(vojta): prefix this method with $$ ?
   * @param {function()} callback Function that will be called when no outstanding request
   */
  self.notifyWhenNoOutstandingRequests = function(callback) {
    // force browser to execute all pollFns - this is needed so that cookies and other pollers fire
    // at some deterministic time in respect to the test runner's actions. Leaving things up to the
    // regular poller would result in flaky tests.
    forEach(pollFns, function(pollFn){ pollFn(); });

    if (outstandingRequestCount === 0) {
      callback();
    } else {
      outstandingRequestCallbacks.push(callback);
    }
  };

  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // Poll Watcher API
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  var pollFns = [],
      pollTimeout;

  /**
   * @name ng.$browser#addPollFn
   * @methodOf ng.$browser
   *
   * @param {function()} fn Poll function to add
   *
   * @description
   * Adds a function to the list of functions that poller periodically executes,
   * and starts polling if not started yet.
   *
   * @returns {function()} the added function
   */
  self.addPollFn = function(fn) {
    if (isUndefined(pollTimeout)) startPoller(100, setTimeout);
    pollFns.push(fn);
    return fn;
  };

  /**
   * @param {number} interval How often should browser call poll functions (ms)
   * @param {function()} setTimeout Reference to a real or fake `setTimeout` function.
   *
   * @description
   * Configures the poller to run in the specified intervals, using the specified
   * setTimeout fn and kicks it off.
   */
  function startPoller(interval, setTimeout) {
    (function check() {
      forEach(pollFns, function(pollFn){ pollFn(); });
      pollTimeout = setTimeout(check, interval);
    })();
  }

  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // URL API
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

  var lastBrowserUrl = location.href,
      baseElement = document.find('base'),
      replacedUrl = null;

  /**
   * @name ng.$browser#url
   * @methodOf ng.$browser
   *
   * @description
   * GETTER:
   * Without any argument, this method just returns current value of location.href.
   *
   * SETTER:
   * With at least one argument, this method sets url to new value.
   * If html5 history api supported, pushState/replaceState is used, otherwise
   * location.href/location.replace is used.
   * Returns its own instance to allow chaining
   *
   * NOTE: this api is intended for use only by the $location service. Please use the
   * {@link ng.$location $location service} to change url.
   *
   * @param {string} url New url (when used as setter)
   * @param {boolean=} replace Should new url replace current history record ?
   */
  self.url = function(url, replace) {
    // setter
    if (url) {
      if (lastBrowserUrl == url) return;
      lastBrowserUrl = url;
      if ($sniffer.history) {
        if (replace) history.replaceState(null, '', url);
        else {
          history.pushState(null, '', url);
          // Crazy Opera Bug: http://my.opera.com/community/forums/topic.dml?id=1185462
          baseElement.attr('href', baseElement.attr('href'));
        }
      } else {
        if (replace) {
          location.replace(url);
          replacedUrl = url;
        } else {
          location.href = url;
          replacedUrl = null;
        }
      }
      return self;
    // getter
    } else {
      // - the replacedUrl is a workaround for an IE8-9 issue with location.replace method that doesn't update
      //   location.href synchronously
      // - the replacement is a workaround for https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=407172
      return replacedUrl || location.href.replace(/%27/g,"'");
    }
  };

  var urlChangeListeners = [],
      urlChangeInit = false;

  function fireUrlChange() {
    if (lastBrowserUrl == self.url()) return;

    lastBrowserUrl = self.url();
    forEach(urlChangeListeners, function(listener) {
      listener(self.url());
    });
  }

  /**
   * @name ng.$browser#onUrlChange
   * @methodOf ng.$browser
   * @TODO(vojta): refactor to use node's syntax for events
   *
   * @description
   * Register callback function that will be called, when url changes.
   *
   * It's only called when the url is changed by outside of angular:
   * - user types different url into address bar
   * - user clicks on history (forward/back) button
   * - user clicks on a link
   *
   * It's not called when url is changed by $browser.url() method
   *
   * The listener gets called with new url as parameter.
   *
   * NOTE: this api is intended for use only by the $location service. Please use the
   * {@link ng.$location $location service} to monitor url changes in angular apps.
   *
   * @param {function(string)} listener Listener function to be called when url changes.
   * @return {function(string)} Returns the registered listener fn - handy if the fn is anonymous.
   */
  self.onUrlChange = function(callback) {
    if (!urlChangeInit) {
      // We listen on both (hashchange/popstate) when available, as some browsers (e.g. Opera)
      // don't fire popstate when user change the address bar and don't fire hashchange when url
      // changed by push/replaceState

      // html5 history api - popstate event
      if ($sniffer.history) jqLite(window).bind('popstate', fireUrlChange);
      // hashchange event
      if ($sniffer.hashchange) jqLite(window).bind('hashchange', fireUrlChange);
      // polling
      else self.addPollFn(fireUrlChange);

      urlChangeInit = true;
    }

    urlChangeListeners.push(callback);
    return callback;
  };

  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // Misc API
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

  /**
   * Returns current <base href>
   * (always relative - without domain)
   *
   * @returns {string=}
   */
  self.baseHref = function() {
    var href = baseElement.attr('href');
    return href ? href.replace(/^https?\:\/\/[^\/]*/, '') : '';
  };

  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // Cookies API
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  var lastCookies = {};
  var lastCookieString = '';
  var cookiePath = self.baseHref();

  /**
   * @name ng.$browser#cookies
   * @methodOf ng.$browser
   *
   * @param {string=} name Cookie name
   * @param {string=} value Cokkie value
   *
   * @description
   * The cookies method provides a 'private' low level access to browser cookies.
   * It is not meant to be used directly, use the $cookie service instead.
   *
   * The return values vary depending on the arguments that the method was called with as follows:
   * <ul>
   *   <li>cookies() -> hash of all cookies, this is NOT a copy of the internal state, so do not modify it</li>
   *   <li>cookies(name, value) -> set name to value, if value is undefined delete the cookie</li>
   *   <li>cookies(name) -> the same as (name, undefined) == DELETES (no one calls it right now that way)</li>
   * </ul>
   *
   * @returns {Object} Hash of all cookies (if called without any parameter)
   */
  self.cookies = function(name, value) {
    var cookieLength, cookieArray, cookie, i, index;

    if (name) {
      if (value === undefined) {
        rawDocument.cookie = escape(name) + "=;path=" + cookiePath + ";expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT";
      } else {
        if (isString(value)) {
          cookieLength = (rawDocument.cookie = escape(name) + '=' + escape(value) + ';path=' + cookiePath).length + 1;

          // per http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2109.txt browser must allow at minimum:
          // - 300 cookies
          // - 20 cookies per unique domain
          // - 4096 bytes per cookie
          if (cookieLength > 4096) {
            $log.warn("Cookie '"+ name +"' possibly not set or overflowed because it was too large ("+
              cookieLength + " > 4096 bytes)!");
          }
        }
      }
    } else {
      if (rawDocument.cookie !== lastCookieString) {
        lastCookieString = rawDocument.cookie;
        cookieArray = lastCookieString.split("; ");
        lastCookies = {};

        for (i = 0; i < cookieArray.length; i++) {
          cookie = cookieArray[i];
          index = cookie.indexOf('=');
          if (index > 0) { //ignore nameless cookies
            var name = unescape(cookie.substring(0, index));
            // the first value that is seen for a cookie is the most
            // specific one.  values for the same cookie name that
            // follow are for less specific paths.
            if (lastCookies[name] === undefined) {
              lastCookies[name] = unescape(cookie.substring(index + 1));
            }
          }
        }
      }
      return lastCookies;
    }
  };


  /**
   * @name ng.$browser#defer
   * @methodOf ng.$browser
   * @param {function()} fn A function, who's execution should be defered.
   * @param {number=} [delay=0] of milliseconds to defer the function execution.
   * @returns {*} DeferId that can be used to cancel the task via `$browser.defer.cancel()`.
   *
   * @description
   * Executes a fn asynchroniously via `setTimeout(fn, delay)`.
   *
   * Unlike when calling `setTimeout` directly, in test this function is mocked and instead of using
   * `setTimeout` in tests, the fns are queued in an array, which can be programmatically flushed
   * via `$browser.defer.flush()`.
   *
   */
  self.defer = function(fn, delay) {
    var timeoutId;
    outstandingRequestCount++;
    timeoutId = setTimeout(function() {
      delete pendingDeferIds[timeoutId];
      completeOutstandingRequest(fn);
    }, delay || 0);
    pendingDeferIds[timeoutId] = true;
    return timeoutId;
  };


  /**
   * @name ng.$browser#defer.cancel
   * @methodOf ng.$browser.defer
   *
   * @description
   * Cancels a defered task identified with `deferId`.
   *
   * @param {*} deferId Token returned by the `$browser.defer` function.
   * @returns {boolean} Returns `true` if the task hasn't executed yet and was successfuly canceled.
   */
  self.defer.cancel = function(deferId) {
    if (pendingDeferIds[deferId]) {
      delete pendingDeferIds[deferId];
      clearTimeout(deferId);
      completeOutstandingRequest(noop);
      return true;
    }
    return false;
  };

}

function $BrowserProvider(){
  this.$get = ['$window', '$log', '$sniffer', '$document',
      function( $window,   $log,   $sniffer,   $document){
        return new Browser($window, $document, $log, $sniffer);
      }];
}

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$cacheFactory
 *
 * @description
 * Factory that constructs cache objects and gives access to them.
 * 
 * <pre>
 * 
 *  var cache = $cacheFactory('cacheId');
 *  expect($cacheFactory.get('cacheId')).toBe(cache);
 *  expect($cacheFactory.get('noSuchCacheId')).not.toBeDefined();
 *
 *  cache.put("key", "value");
 *  cache.put("another key", "another value");
 * 
 *  expect(cache.info()).toEqual({id: 'cacheId', size: 2}); // Since we've specified no options on creation
 * 
 * </pre>
 *
 *
 * @param {string} cacheId Name or id of the newly created cache.
 * @param {object=} options Options object that specifies the cache behavior. Properties:
 *
 *   - `{number=}` `capacity` — turns the cache into LRU cache.
 *
 * @returns {object} Newly created cache object with the following set of methods:
 *
 * - `{object}` `info()` — Returns id, size, and options of cache.
 * - `{void}` `put({string} key, {*} value)` — Puts a new key-value pair into the cache.
 * - `{{*}}` `get({string} key)` — Returns cached value for `key` or undefined for cache miss.
 * - `{void}` `remove({string} key)` — Removes a key-value pair from the cache.
 * - `{void}` `removeAll()` — Removes all cached values.
 * - `{void}` `destroy()` — Removes references to this cache from $cacheFactory.
 *
 */
function $CacheFactoryProvider() {

  this.$get = function() {
    var caches = {};

    function cacheFactory(cacheId, options) {
      if (cacheId in caches) {
        throw Error('cacheId ' + cacheId + ' taken');
      }

      var size = 0,
          stats = extend({}, options, {id: cacheId}),
          data = {},
          capacity = (options && options.capacity) || Number.MAX_VALUE,
          lruHash = {},
          freshEnd = null,
          staleEnd = null;

      return caches[cacheId] = {

        put: function(key, value) {
          var lruEntry = lruHash[key] || (lruHash[key] = {key: key});

          refresh(lruEntry);

          if (isUndefined(value)) return;
          if (!(key in data)) size++;
          data[key] = value;

          if (size > capacity) {
            this.remove(staleEnd.key);
          }
        },


        get: function(key) {
          var lruEntry = lruHash[key];

          if (!lruEntry) return;

          refresh(lruEntry);

          return data[key];
        },


        remove: function(key) {
          var lruEntry = lruHash[key];

          if (!lruEntry) return;

          if (lruEntry == freshEnd) freshEnd = lruEntry.p;
          if (lruEntry == staleEnd) staleEnd = lruEntry.n;
          link(lruEntry.n,lruEntry.p);

          delete lruHash[key];
          delete data[key];
          size--;
        },


        removeAll: function() {
          data = {};
          size = 0;
          lruHash = {};
          freshEnd = staleEnd = null;
        },


        destroy: function() {
          data = null;
          stats = null;
          lruHash = null;
          delete caches[cacheId];
        },


        info: function() {
          return extend({}, stats, {size: size});
        }
      };


      /**
       * makes the `entry` the freshEnd of the LRU linked list
       */
      function refresh(entry) {
        if (entry != freshEnd) {
          if (!staleEnd) {
            staleEnd = entry;
          } else if (staleEnd == entry) {
            staleEnd = entry.n;
          }

          link(entry.n, entry.p);
          link(entry, freshEnd);
          freshEnd = entry;
          freshEnd.n = null;
        }
      }


      /**
       * bidirectionally links two entries of the LRU linked list
       */
      function link(nextEntry, prevEntry) {
        if (nextEntry != prevEntry) {
          if (nextEntry) nextEntry.p = prevEntry; //p stands for previous, 'prev' didn't minify
          if (prevEntry) prevEntry.n = nextEntry; //n stands for next, 'next' didn't minify
        }
      }
    }


  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$cacheFactory#info
   * @methodOf ng.$cacheFactory
   *
   * @description
   * Get information about all the of the caches that have been created
   *
   * @returns {Object} - key-value map of `cacheId` to the result of calling `cache#info`
   */
    cacheFactory.info = function() {
      var info = {};
      forEach(caches, function(cache, cacheId) {
        info[cacheId] = cache.info();
      });
      return info;
    };


  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$cacheFactory#get
   * @methodOf ng.$cacheFactory
   *
   * @description
   * Get access to a cache object by the `cacheId` used when it was created.
   *
   * @param {string} cacheId Name or id of a cache to access.
   * @returns {object} Cache object identified by the cacheId or undefined if no such cache.
   */
    cacheFactory.get = function(cacheId) {
      return caches[cacheId];
    };


    return cacheFactory;
  };
}

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$templateCache
 *
 * @description
 * The first time a template is used, it is loaded in the template cache for quick retrieval.  You can 
 * load templates directly into the cache in a `script` tag, or by consuming the `$templateCache` 
 * service directly.
 * 
 * Adding via the `script` tag:
 * <pre>
 * <html ng-app>
 * <head>
 * <script type="text/ng-template" id="templateId.html">
 *   This is the content of the template
 * </script>
 * </head>
 *   ...
 * </html>
 * </pre>
 * 
 * **Note:** the `script` tag containing the template does not need to be included in the `head` of the document, but 
 * it must be below the `ng-app` definition.
 * 
 * Adding via the $templateCache service:
 * 
 * <pre>
 * var myApp = angular.module('myApp', []);
 * myApp.run(function($templateCache) {
 *   $templateCache.put('templateId.html', 'This is the content of the template');
 * });
 * </pre>
 * 
 * To retrieve the template later, simply use it in your HTML:
 * <pre>
 * <div ng-include=" 'templateId.html' "></div>
 * </pre>
 * 
 * or get it via Javascript:
 * <pre>
 * $templateCache.get('templateId.html')
 * </pre>
 * 
 * See {@link ng.$cacheFactory $cacheFactory}.
 *
 */
function $TemplateCacheProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$cacheFactory', function($cacheFactory) {
    return $cacheFactory('templates');
  }];
}

/* ! VARIABLE/FUNCTION NAMING CONVENTIONS THAT APPLY TO THIS FILE!
 *
 * DOM-related variables:
 *
 * - "node" - DOM Node
 * - "element" - DOM Element or Node
 * - "$node" or "$element" - jqLite-wrapped node or element
 *
 *
 * Compiler related stuff:
 *
 * - "linkFn" - linking fn of a single directive
 * - "nodeLinkFn" - function that aggregates all linking fns for a particular node
 * - "childLinkFn" -  function that aggregates all linking fns for child nodes of a particular node
 * - "compositeLinkFn" - function that aggregates all linking fns for a compilation root (nodeList)
 */


var NON_ASSIGNABLE_MODEL_EXPRESSION = 'Non-assignable model expression: ';


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name ng.$compile
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Compiles a piece of HTML string or DOM into a template and produces a template function, which
 * can then be used to link {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope scope} and the template together.
 *
 * The compilation is a process of walking the DOM tree and trying to match DOM elements to
 * {@link ng.$compileProvider#directive directives}. For each match it
 * executes corresponding template function and collects the
 * instance functions into a single template function which is then returned.
 *
 * The template function can then be used once to produce the view or as it is the case with
 * {@link ng.directive:ngRepeat repeater} many-times, in which
 * case each call results in a view that is a DOM clone of the original template.
 *
 <doc:example module="compile">
   <doc:source>
    <script>
      // declare a new module, and inject the $compileProvider
      angular.module('compile', [], function($compileProvider) {
        // configure new 'compile' directive by passing a directive
        // factory function. The factory function injects the '$compile'
        $compileProvider.directive('compile', function($compile) {
          // directive factory creates a link function
          return function(scope, element, attrs) {
            scope.$watch(
              function(scope) {
                 // watch the 'compile' expression for changes
                return scope.$eval(attrs.compile);
              },
              function(value) {
                // when the 'compile' expression changes
                // assign it into the current DOM
                element.html(value);

                // compile the new DOM and link it to the current
                // scope.
                // NOTE: we only compile .childNodes so that
                // we don't get into infinite loop compiling ourselves
                $compile(element.contents())(scope);
              }
            );
          };
        })
      });

      function Ctrl($scope) {
        $scope.name = 'Angular';
        $scope.html = 'Hello {{name}}';
      }
    </script>
    <div ng-controller="Ctrl">
      <input ng-model="name"> <br>
      <textarea ng-model="html"></textarea> <br>
      <div compile="html"></div>
    </div>
   </doc:source>
   <doc:scenario>
     it('should auto compile', function() {
       expect(element('div[compile]').text()).toBe('Hello Angular');
       input('html').enter('{{name}}!');
       expect(element('div[compile]').text()).toBe('Angular!');
     });
   </doc:scenario>
 </doc:example>

 *
 *
 * @param {string|DOMElement} element Element or HTML string to compile into a template function.
 * @param {function(angular.Scope[, cloneAttachFn]} transclude function available to directives.
 * @param {number} maxPriority only apply directives lower then given priority (Only effects the
 *                 root element(s), not their children)
 * @returns {function(scope[, cloneAttachFn])} a link function which is used to bind template
 * (a DOM element/tree) to a scope. Where:
 *
 *  * `scope` - A {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope Scope} to bind to.
 *  * `cloneAttachFn` - If `cloneAttachFn` is provided, then the link function will clone the
 *               `template` and call the `cloneAttachFn` function allowing the caller to attach the
 *               cloned elements to the DOM document at the appropriate place. The `cloneAttachFn` is
 *               called as: <br> `cloneAttachFn(clonedElement, scope)` where:
 *
 *      * `clonedElement` - is a clone of the original `element` passed into the compiler.
 *      * `scope` - is the current scope with which the linking function is working with.
 *
 * Calling the linking function returns the element of the template. It is either the original element
 * passed in, or the clone of the element if the `cloneAttachFn` is provided.
 *
 * After linking the view is not updated until after a call to $digest which typically is done by
 * Angular automatically.
 *
 * If you need access to the bound view, there are two ways to do it:
 *
 * - If you are not asking the linking function to clone the template, create the DOM element(s)
 *   before you send them to the compiler and keep this reference around.
 *   <pre>
 *     var element = $compile('<p>{{total}}</p>')(scope);
 *   </pre>
 *
 * - if on the other hand, you need the element to be cloned, the view reference from the original
 *   example would not point to the clone, but rather to the original template that was cloned. In
 *   this case, you can access the clone via the cloneAttachFn:
 *   <pre>
 *     var templateHTML = angular.element('<p>{{total}}</p>'),
 *         scope = ....;
 *
 *     var clonedElement = $compile(templateHTML)(scope, function(clonedElement, scope) {
 *       //attach the clone to DOM document at the right place
 *     });
 *
 *     //now we have reference to the cloned DOM via `clone`
 *   </pre>
 *
 *
 * For information on how the compiler works, see the
 * {@link guide/compiler Angular HTML Compiler} section of the Developer Guide.
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name ng.$compileProvider
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 */
$CompileProvider.$inject = ['$provide'];
function $CompileProvider($provide) {
  var hasDirectives = {},
      Suffix = 'Directive',
      COMMENT_DIRECTIVE_REGEXP = /^\s*directive\:\s*([\d\w\-_]+)\s+(.*)$/,
      CLASS_DIRECTIVE_REGEXP = /(([\d\w\-_]+)(?:\:([^;]+))?;?)/,
      MULTI_ROOT_TEMPLATE_ERROR = 'Template must have exactly one root element. was: ',
      urlSanitizationWhitelist = /^\s*(https?|ftp|mailto|file):/;


  /**
   * @ngdoc function
   * @name ng.$compileProvider#directive
   * @methodOf ng.$compileProvider
   * @function
   *
   * @description
   * Register a new directive with the compiler.
   *
   * @param {string} name Name of the directive in camel-case. (ie <code>ngBind</code> which will match as
   *                <code>ng-bind</code>).
   * @param {function|Array} directiveFactory An injectable directive factory function. See {@link guide/directive} for more
   *                info.
   * @returns {ng.$compileProvider} Self for chaining.
   */
   this.directive = function registerDirective(name, directiveFactory) {
    if (isString(name)) {
      assertArg(directiveFactory, 'directive');
      if (!hasDirectives.hasOwnProperty(name)) {
        hasDirectives[name] = [];
        $provide.factory(name + Suffix, ['$injector', '$exceptionHandler',
          function($injector, $exceptionHandler) {
            var directives = [];
            forEach(hasDirectives[name], function(directiveFactory) {
              try {
                var directive = $injector.invoke(directiveFactory);
                if (isFunction(directive)) {
                  directive = { compile: valueFn(directive) };
                } else if (!directive.compile && directive.link) {
                  directive.compile = valueFn(directive.link);
                }
                directive.priority = directive.priority || 0;
                directive.name = directive.name || name;
                directive.require = directive.require || (directive.controller && directive.name);
                directive.restrict = directive.restrict || 'A';
                directives.push(directive);
              } catch (e) {
                $exceptionHandler(e);
              }
            });
            return directives;
          }]);
      }
      hasDirectives[name].push(directiveFactory);
    } else {
      forEach(name, reverseParams(registerDirective));
    }
    return this;
  };


  /**
   * @ngdoc function
   * @name ng.$compileProvider#urlSanitizationWhitelist
   * @methodOf ng.$compileProvider
   * @function
   *
   * @description
   * Retrieves or overrides the default regular expression that is used for whitelisting of safe
   * urls during a[href] sanitization.
   *
   * The sanitization is a security measure aimed at prevent XSS attacks via html links.
   *
   * Any url about to be assigned to a[href] via data-binding is first normalized and turned into an
   * absolute url. Afterwards the url is matched against the `urlSanitizationWhitelist` regular
   * expression. If a match is found the original url is written into the dom. Otherwise the
   * absolute url is prefixed with `'unsafe:'` string and only then it is written into the DOM.
   *
   * @param {RegExp=} regexp New regexp to whitelist urls with.
   * @returns {RegExp|ng.$compileProvider} Current RegExp if called without value or self for
   *    chaining otherwise.
   */
  this.urlSanitizationWhitelist = function(regexp) {
    if (isDefined(regexp)) {
      urlSanitizationWhitelist = regexp;
      return this;
    }
    return urlSanitizationWhitelist;
  };


  this.$get = [
            '$injector', '$interpolate', '$exceptionHandler', '$http', '$templateCache', '$parse',
            '$controller', '$rootScope', '$document',
    function($injector,   $interpolate,   $exceptionHandler,   $http,   $templateCache,   $parse,
             $controller,   $rootScope,   $document) {

    var Attributes = function(element, attr) {
      this.$$element = element;
      this.$attr = attr || {};
    };

    Attributes.prototype = {
      $normalize: directiveNormalize,


      /**
       * Set a normalized attribute on the element in a way such that all directives
       * can share the attribute. This function properly handles boolean attributes.
       * @param {string} key Normalized key. (ie ngAttribute)
       * @param {string|boolean} value The value to set. If `null` attribute will be deleted.
       * @param {boolean=} writeAttr If false, does not write the value to DOM element attribute.
       *     Defaults to true.
       * @param {string=} attrName Optional none normalized name. Defaults to key.
       */
      $set: function(key, value, writeAttr, attrName) {
        var booleanKey = getBooleanAttrName(this.$$element[0], key),
            $$observers = this.$$observers,
            normalizedVal;

        if (booleanKey) {
          this.$$element.prop(key, value);
          attrName = booleanKey;
        }

        this[key] = value;

        // translate normalized key to actual key
        if (attrName) {
          this.$attr[key] = attrName;
        } else {
          attrName = this.$attr[key];
          if (!attrName) {
            this.$attr[key] = attrName = snake_case(key, '-');
          }
        }


        // sanitize a[href] values
        if (nodeName_(this.$$element[0]) === 'A' && key === 'href') {
          urlSanitizationNode.setAttribute('href', value);

          // href property always returns normalized absolute url, so we can match against that
          normalizedVal = urlSanitizationNode.href;
          if (normalizedVal !== '' && !normalizedVal.match(urlSanitizationWhitelist)) {
            this[key] = value = 'unsafe:' + normalizedVal;
          }
        }


        if (writeAttr !== false) {
          if (value === null || value === undefined) {
            this.$$element.removeAttr(attrName);
          } else {
            this.$$element.attr(attrName, value);
          }
        }

        // fire observers
        $$observers && forEach($$observers[key], function(fn) {
          try {
            fn(value);
          } catch (e) {
            $exceptionHandler(e);
          }
        });
      },


      /**
       * Observe an interpolated attribute.
       * The observer will never be called, if given attribute is not interpolated.
       *
       * @param {string} key Normalized key. (ie ngAttribute) .
       * @param {function(*)} fn Function that will be called whenever the attribute value changes.
       * @returns {function(*)} the `fn` Function passed in.
       */
      $observe: function(key, fn) {
        var attrs = this,
            $$observers = (attrs.$$observers || (attrs.$$observers = {})),
            listeners = ($$observers[key] || ($$observers[key] = []));

        listeners.push(fn);
        $rootScope.$evalAsync(function() {
          if (!listeners.$$inter) {
            // no one registered attribute interpolation function, so lets call it manually
            fn(attrs[key]);
          }
        });
        return fn;
      }
    };

    var urlSanitizationNode = $document[0].createElement('a'),
        startSymbol = $interpolate.startSymbol(),
        endSymbol = $interpolate.endSymbol(),
        denormalizeTemplate = (startSymbol == '{{' || endSymbol  == '}}')
            ? identity
            : function denormalizeTemplate(template) {
              return template.replace(/\{\{/g, startSymbol).replace(/}}/g, endSymbol);
            };


    return compile;

    //================================

    function compile($compileNodes, transcludeFn, maxPriority) {
      if (!($compileNodes instanceof jqLite)) {
        // jquery always rewraps, whereas we need to preserve the original selector so that we can modify it.
        $compileNodes = jqLite($compileNodes);
      }
      // We can not compile top level text elements since text nodes can be merged and we will
      // not be able to attach scope data to them, so we will wrap them in <span>
      forEach($compileNodes, function(node, index){
        if (node.nodeType == 3 /* text node */ && node.nodeValue.match(/\S+/) /* non-empty */ ) {
          $compileNodes[index] = jqLite(node).wrap('<span></span>').parent()[0];
        }
      });
      var compositeLinkFn = compileNodes($compileNodes, transcludeFn, $compileNodes, maxPriority);
      return function publicLinkFn(scope, cloneConnectFn){
        assertArg(scope, 'scope');
        // important!!: we must call our jqLite.clone() since the jQuery one is trying to be smart
        // and sometimes changes the structure of the DOM.
        var $linkNode = cloneConnectFn
          ? JQLitePrototype.clone.call($compileNodes) // IMPORTANT!!!
          : $compileNodes;

        // Attach scope only to non-text nodes.
        for(var i = 0, ii = $linkNode.length; i<ii; i++) {
          var node = $linkNode[i];
          if (node.nodeType == 1 /* element */ || node.nodeType == 9 /* document */) {
            $linkNode.eq(i).data('$scope', scope);
          }
        }
        safeAddClass($linkNode, 'ng-scope');
        if (cloneConnectFn) cloneConnectFn($linkNode, scope);
        if (compositeLinkFn) compositeLinkFn(scope, $linkNode, $linkNode);
        return $linkNode;
      };
    }

    function wrongMode(localName, mode) {
      throw Error("Unsupported '" + mode + "' for '" + localName + "'.");
    }

    function safeAddClass($element, className) {
      try {
        $element.addClass(className);
      } catch(e) {
        // ignore, since it means that we are trying to set class on
        // SVG element, where class name is read-only.
      }
    }

    /**
     * Compile function matches each node in nodeList against the directives. Once all directives
     * for a particular node are collected their compile functions are executed. The compile
     * functions return values - the linking functions - are combined into a composite linking
     * function, which is the a linking function for the node.
     *
     * @param {NodeList} nodeList an array of nodes or NodeList to compile
     * @param {function(angular.Scope[, cloneAttachFn]} transcludeFn A linking function, where the
     *        scope argument is auto-generated to the new child of the transcluded parent scope.
     * @param {DOMElement=} $rootElement If the nodeList is the root of the compilation tree then the
     *        rootElement must be set the jqLite collection of the compile root. This is
     *        needed so that the jqLite collection items can be replaced with widgets.
     * @param {number=} max directive priority
     * @returns {?function} A composite linking function of all of the matched directives or null.
     */
    function compileNodes(nodeList, transcludeFn, $rootElement, maxPriority) {
      var linkFns = [],
          nodeLinkFn, childLinkFn, directives, attrs, linkFnFound;

      for(var i = 0; i < nodeList.length; i++) {
        attrs = new Attributes();

        // we must always refer to nodeList[i] since the nodes can be replaced underneath us.
        directives = collectDirectives(nodeList[i], [], attrs, maxPriority);

        nodeLinkFn = (directives.length)
            ? applyDirectivesToNode(directives, nodeList[i], attrs, transcludeFn, $rootElement)
            : null;

        childLinkFn = (nodeLinkFn && nodeLinkFn.terminal || !nodeList[i].childNodes || !nodeList[i].childNodes.length)
            ? null
            : compileNodes(nodeList[i].childNodes,
                 nodeLinkFn ? nodeLinkFn.transclude : transcludeFn);

        linkFns.push(nodeLinkFn);
        linkFns.push(childLinkFn);
        linkFnFound = (linkFnFound || nodeLinkFn || childLinkFn);
      }

      // return a linking function if we have found anything, null otherwise
      return linkFnFound ? compositeLinkFn : null;

      function compositeLinkFn(scope, nodeList, $rootElement, boundTranscludeFn) {
        var nodeLinkFn, childLinkFn, node, childScope, childTranscludeFn, i, ii, n;

        // copy nodeList so that linking doesn't break due to live list updates.
        var stableNodeList = [];
        for (i = 0, ii = nodeList.length; i < ii; i++) {
          stableNodeList.push(nodeList[i]);
        }

        for(i = 0, n = 0, ii = linkFns.length; i < ii; n++) {
          node = stableNodeList[n];
          nodeLinkFn = linkFns[i++];
          childLinkFn = linkFns[i++];

          if (nodeLinkFn) {
            if (nodeLinkFn.scope) {
              childScope = scope.$new(isObject(nodeLinkFn.scope));
              jqLite(node).data('$scope', childScope);
            } else {
              childScope = scope;
            }
            childTranscludeFn = nodeLinkFn.transclude;
            if (childTranscludeFn || (!boundTranscludeFn && transcludeFn)) {
              nodeLinkFn(childLinkFn, childScope, node, $rootElement,
                  (function(transcludeFn) {
                    return function(cloneFn) {
                      var transcludeScope = scope.$new();
                      transcludeScope.$$transcluded = true;

                      return transcludeFn(transcludeScope, cloneFn).
                          bind('$destroy', bind(transcludeScope, transcludeScope.$destroy));
                    };
                  })(childTranscludeFn || transcludeFn)
              );
            } else {
              nodeLinkFn(childLinkFn, childScope, node, undefined, boundTranscludeFn);
            }
          } else if (childLinkFn) {
            childLinkFn(scope, node.childNodes, undefined, boundTranscludeFn);
          }
        }
      }
    }


    /**
     * Looks for directives on the given node and adds them to the directive collection which is
     * sorted.
     *
     * @param node Node to search.
     * @param directives An array to which the directives are added to. This array is sorted before
     *        the function returns.
     * @param attrs The shared attrs object which is used to populate the normalized attributes.
     * @param {number=} maxPriority Max directive priority.
     */
    function collectDirectives(node, directives, attrs, maxPriority) {
      var nodeType = node.nodeType,
          attrsMap = attrs.$attr,
          match,
          className;

      switch(nodeType) {
        case 1: /* Element */
          // use the node name: <directive>
          addDirective(directives,
              directiveNormalize(nodeName_(node).toLowerCase()), 'E', maxPriority);

          // iterate over the attributes
          for (var attr, name, nName, value, nAttrs = node.attributes,
                   j = 0, jj = nAttrs && nAttrs.length; j < jj; j++) {
            attr = nAttrs[j];
            if (!msie || msie >= 8 || attr.specified) {
              name = attr.name;
              nName = directiveNormalize(name.toLowerCase());
              attrsMap[nName] = name;
              attrs[nName] = value = trim((msie && name == 'href')
                ? decodeURIComponent(node.getAttribute(name, 2))
                : attr.value);
              if (getBooleanAttrName(node, nName)) {
                attrs[nName] = true; // presence means true
              }
              addAttrInterpolateDirective(node, directives, value, nName);
              addDirective(directives, nName, 'A', maxPriority);
            }
          }

          // use class as directive
          className = node.className;
          if (isString(className) && className !== '') {
            while (match = CLASS_DIRECTIVE_REGEXP.exec(className)) {
              nName = directiveNormalize(match[2]);
              if (addDirective(directives, nName, 'C', maxPriority)) {
                attrs[nName] = trim(match[3]);
              }
              className = className.substr(match.index + match[0].length);
            }
          }
          break;
        case 3: /* Text Node */
          addTextInterpolateDirective(directives, node.nodeValue);
          break;
        case 8: /* Comment */
          try {
            match = COMMENT_DIRECTIVE_REGEXP.exec(node.nodeValue);
            if (match) {
              nName = directiveNormalize(match[1]);
              if (addDirective(directives, nName, 'M', maxPriority)) {
                attrs[nName] = trim(match[2]);
              }
            }
          } catch (e) {
            // turns out that under some circumstances IE9 throws errors when one attempts to read comment's node value.
            // Just ignore it and continue. (Can't seem to reproduce in test case.)
          }
          break;
      }

      directives.sort(byPriority);
      return directives;
    }


    /**
     * Once the directives have been collected, their compile functions are executed. This method
     * is responsible for inlining directive templates as well as terminating the application
     * of the directives if the terminal directive has been reached.
     *
     * @param {Array} directives Array of collected directives to execute their compile function.
     *        this needs to be pre-sorted by priority order.
     * @param {Node} compileNode The raw DOM node to apply the compile functions to
     * @param {Object} templateAttrs The shared attribute function
     * @param {function(angular.Scope[, cloneAttachFn]} transcludeFn A linking function, where the
     *        scope argument is auto-generated to the new child of the transcluded parent scope.
     * @param {JQLite} jqCollection If we are working on the root of the compile tree then this
     *        argument has the root jqLite array so that we can replace nodes on it.
     * @returns linkFn
     */
    function applyDirectivesToNode(directives, compileNode, templateAttrs, transcludeFn, jqCollection) {
      var terminalPriority = -Number.MAX_VALUE,
          preLinkFns = [],
          postLinkFns = [],
          newScopeDirective = null,
          newIsolateScopeDirective = null,
          templateDirective = null,
          $compileNode = templateAttrs.$$element = jqLite(compileNode),
          directive,
          directiveName,
          $template,
          transcludeDirective,
          childTranscludeFn = transcludeFn,
          controllerDirectives,
          linkFn,
          directiveValue;

      // executes all directives on the current element
      for(var i = 0, ii = directives.length; i < ii; i++) {
        directive = directives[i];
        $template = undefined;

        if (terminalPriority > directive.priority) {
          break; // prevent further processing of directives
        }

        if (directiveValue = directive.scope) {
          assertNoDuplicate('isolated scope', newIsolateScopeDirective, directive, $compileNode);
          if (isObject(directiveValue)) {
            safeAddClass($compileNode, 'ng-isolate-scope');
            newIsolateScopeDirective = directive;
          }
          safeAddClass($compileNode, 'ng-scope');
          newScopeDirective = newScopeDirective || directive;
        }

        directiveName = directive.name;

        if (directiveValue = directive.controller) {
          controllerDirectives = controllerDirectives || {};
          assertNoDuplicate("'" + directiveName + "' controller",
              controllerDirectives[directiveName], directive, $compileNode);
          controllerDirectives[directiveName] = directive;
        }

        if (directiveValue = directive.transclude) {
          assertNoDuplicate('transclusion', transcludeDirective, directive, $compileNode);
          transcludeDirective = directive;
          terminalPriority = directive.priority;
          if (directiveValue == 'element') {
            $template = jqLite(compileNode);
            $compileNode = templateAttrs.$$element =
                jqLite(document.createComment(' ' + directiveName + ': ' + templateAttrs[directiveName] + ' '));
            compileNode = $compileNode[0];
            replaceWith(jqCollection, jqLite($template[0]), compileNode);
            childTranscludeFn = compile($template, transcludeFn, terminalPriority);
          } else {
            $template = jqLite(JQLiteClone(compileNode)).contents();
            $compileNode.html(''); // clear contents
            childTranscludeFn = compile($template, transcludeFn);
          }
        }

        if ((directiveValue = directive.template)) {
          assertNoDuplicate('template', templateDirective, directive, $compileNode);
          templateDirective = directive;
          directiveValue = denormalizeTemplate(directiveValue);

          if (directive.replace) {
            $template = jqLite('<div>' +
                                 trim(directiveValue) +
                               '</div>').contents();
            compileNode = $template[0];

            if ($template.length != 1 || compileNode.nodeType !== 1) {
              throw new Error(MULTI_ROOT_TEMPLATE_ERROR + directiveValue);
            }

            replaceWith(jqCollection, $compileNode, compileNode);

            var newTemplateAttrs = {$attr: {}};

            // combine directives from the original node and from the template:
            // - take the array of directives for this element
            // - split it into two parts, those that were already applied and those that weren't
            // - collect directives from the template, add them to the second group and sort them
            // - append the second group with new directives to the first group
            directives = directives.concat(
                collectDirectives(
                    compileNode,
                    directives.splice(i + 1, directives.length - (i + 1)),
                    newTemplateAttrs
                )
            );
            mergeTemplateAttributes(templateAttrs, newTemplateAttrs);

            ii = directives.length;
          } else {
            $compileNode.html(directiveValue);
          }
        }

        if (directive.templateUrl) {
          assertNoDuplicate('template', templateDirective, directive, $compileNode);
          templateDirective = directive;
          nodeLinkFn = compileTemplateUrl(directives.splice(i, directives.length - i),
              nodeLinkFn, $compileNode, templateAttrs, jqCollection, directive.replace,
              childTranscludeFn);
          ii = directives.length;
        } else if (directive.compile) {
          try {
            linkFn = directive.compile($compileNode, templateAttrs, childTranscludeFn);
            if (isFunction(linkFn)) {
              addLinkFns(null, linkFn);
            } else if (linkFn) {
              addLinkFns(linkFn.pre, linkFn.post);
            }
          } catch (e) {
            $exceptionHandler(e, startingTag($compileNode));
          }
        }

        if (directive.terminal) {
          nodeLinkFn.terminal = true;
          terminalPriority = Math.max(terminalPriority, directive.priority);
        }

      }

      nodeLinkFn.scope = newScopeDirective && newScopeDirective.scope;
      nodeLinkFn.transclude = transcludeDirective && childTranscludeFn;

      // might be normal or delayed nodeLinkFn depending on if templateUrl is present
      return nodeLinkFn;

      ////////////////////

      function addLinkFns(pre, post) {
        if (pre) {
          pre.require = directive.require;
          preLinkFns.push(pre);
        }
        if (post) {
          post.require = directive.require;
          postLinkFns.push(post);
        }
      }


      function getControllers(require, $element) {
        var value, retrievalMethod = 'data', optional = false;
        if (isString(require)) {
          while((value = require.charAt(0)) == '^' || value == '?') {
            require = require.substr(1);
            if (value == '^') {
              retrievalMethod = 'inheritedData';
            }
            optional = optional || value == '?';
          }
          value = $element[retrievalMethod]('$' + require + 'Controller');
          if (!value && !optional) {
            throw Error("No controller: " + require);
          }
          return value;
        } else if (isArray(require)) {
          value = [];
          forEach(require, function(require) {
            value.push(getControllers(require, $element));
          });
        }
        return value;
      }


      function nodeLinkFn(childLinkFn, scope, linkNode, $rootElement, boundTranscludeFn) {
        var attrs, $element, i, ii, linkFn, controller;

        if (compileNode === linkNode) {
          attrs = templateAttrs;
        } else {
          attrs = shallowCopy(templateAttrs, new Attributes(jqLite(linkNode), templateAttrs.$attr));
        }
        $element = attrs.$$element;

        if (newIsolateScopeDirective) {
          var LOCAL_REGEXP = /^\s*([@=&])\s*(\w*)\s*$/;

          var parentScope = scope.$parent || scope;

          forEach(newIsolateScopeDirective.scope, function(definiton, scopeName) {
            var match = definiton.match(LOCAL_REGEXP) || [],
                attrName = match[2]|| scopeName,
                mode = match[1], // @, =, or &
                lastValue,
                parentGet, parentSet;

            scope.$$isolateBindings[scopeName] = mode + attrName;

            switch (mode) {

              case '@': {
                attrs.$observe(attrName, function(value) {
                  scope[scopeName] = value;
                });
                attrs.$$observers[attrName].$$scope = parentScope;
                break;
              }

              case '=': {
                parentGet = $parse(attrs[attrName]);
                parentSet = parentGet.assign || function() {
                  // reset the change, or we will throw this exception on every $digest
                  lastValue = scope[scopeName] = parentGet(parentScope);
                  throw Error(NON_ASSIGNABLE_MODEL_EXPRESSION + attrs[attrName] +
                      ' (directive: ' + newIsolateScopeDirective.name + ')');
                };
                lastValue = scope[scopeName] = parentGet(parentScope);
                scope.$watch(function parentValueWatch() {
                  var parentValue = parentGet(parentScope);

                  if (parentValue !== scope[scopeName]) {
                    // we are out of sync and need to copy
                    if (parentValue !== lastValue) {
                      // parent changed and it has precedence
                      lastValue = scope[scopeName] = parentValue;
                    } else {
                      // if the parent can be assigned then do so
                      parentSet(parentScope, parentValue = lastValue = scope[scopeName]);
                    }
                  }
                  return parentValue;
                });
                break;
              }

              case '&': {
                parentGet = $parse(attrs[attrName]);
                scope[scopeName] = function(locals) {
                  return parentGet(parentScope, locals);
                };
                break;
              }

              default: {
                throw Error('Invalid isolate scope definition for directive ' +
                    newIsolateScopeDirective.name + ': ' + definiton);
              }
            }
          });
        }

        if (controllerDirectives) {
          forEach(controllerDirectives, function(directive) {
            var locals = {
              $scope: scope,
              $element: $element,
              $attrs: attrs,
              $transclude: boundTranscludeFn
            };

            controller = directive.controller;
            if (controller == '@') {
              controller = attrs[directive.name];
            }

            $element.data(
                '$' + directive.name + 'Controller',
                $controller(controller, locals));
          });
        }

        // PRELINKING
        for(i = 0, ii = preLinkFns.length; i < ii; i++) {
          try {
            linkFn = preLinkFns[i];
            linkFn(scope, $element, attrs,
                linkFn.require && getControllers(linkFn.require, $element));
          } catch (e) {
            $exceptionHandler(e, startingTag($element));
          }
        }

        // RECURSION
        childLinkFn && childLinkFn(scope, linkNode.childNodes, undefined, boundTranscludeFn);

        // POSTLINKING
        for(i = 0, ii = postLinkFns.length; i < ii; i++) {
          try {
            linkFn = postLinkFns[i];
            linkFn(scope, $element, attrs,
                linkFn.require && getControllers(linkFn.require, $element));
          } catch (e) {
            $exceptionHandler(e, startingTag($element));
          }
        }
      }
    }


    /**
     * looks up the directive and decorates it with exception handling and proper parameters. We
     * call this the boundDirective.
     *
     * @param {string} name name of the directive to look up.
     * @param {string} location The directive must be found in specific format.
     *   String containing any of theses characters:
     *
     *   * `E`: element name
     *   * `A': attribute
     *   * `C`: class
     *   * `M`: comment
     * @returns true if directive was added.
     */
    function addDirective(tDirectives, name, location, maxPriority) {
      var match = false;
      if (hasDirectives.hasOwnProperty(name)) {
        for(var directive, directives = $injector.get(name + Suffix),
            i = 0, ii = directives.length; i<ii; i++) {
          try {
            directive = directives[i];
            if ( (maxPriority === undefined || maxPriority > directive.priority) &&
                 directive.restrict.indexOf(location) != -1) {
              tDirectives.push(directive);
              match = true;
            }
          } catch(e) { $exceptionHandler(e); }
        }
      }
      return match;
    }


    /**
     * When the element is replaced with HTML template then the new attributes
     * on the template need to be merged with the existing attributes in the DOM.
     * The desired effect is to have both of the attributes present.
     *
     * @param {object} dst destination attributes (original DOM)
     * @param {object} src source attributes (from the directive template)
     */
    function mergeTemplateAttributes(dst, src) {
      var srcAttr = src.$attr,
          dstAttr = dst.$attr,
          $element = dst.$$element;

      // reapply the old attributes to the new element
      forEach(dst, function(value, key) {
        if (key.charAt(0) != '$') {
          if (src[key]) {
            value += (key === 'style' ? ';' : ' ') + src[key];
          }
          dst.$set(key, value, true, srcAttr[key]);
        }
      });

      // copy the new attributes on the old attrs object
      forEach(src, function(value, key) {
        if (key == 'class') {
          safeAddClass($element, value);
          dst['class'] = (dst['class'] ? dst['class'] + ' ' : '') + value;
        } else if (key == 'style') {
          $element.attr('style', $element.attr('style') + ';' + value);
        } else if (key.charAt(0) != '$' && !dst.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
          dst[key] = value;
          dstAttr[key] = srcAttr[key];
        }
      });
    }


    function compileTemplateUrl(directives, beforeTemplateNodeLinkFn, $compileNode, tAttrs,
        $rootElement, replace, childTranscludeFn) {
      var linkQueue = [],
          afterTemplateNodeLinkFn,
          afterTemplateChildLinkFn,
          beforeTemplateCompileNode = $compileNode[0],
          origAsyncDirective = directives.shift(),
          // The fact that we have to copy and patch the directive seems wrong!
          derivedSyncDirective = extend({}, origAsyncDirective, {
            controller: null, templateUrl: null, transclude: null, scope: null
          });

      $compileNode.html('');

      $http.get(origAsyncDirective.templateUrl, {cache: $templateCache}).
        success(function(content) {
          var compileNode, tempTemplateAttrs, $template;

          content = denormalizeTemplate(content);

          if (replace) {
            $template = jqLite('<div>' + trim(content) + '</div>').contents();
            compileNode = $template[0];

            if ($template.length != 1 || compileNode.nodeType !== 1) {
              throw new Error(MULTI_ROOT_TEMPLATE_ERROR + content);
            }

            tempTemplateAttrs = {$attr: {}};
            replaceWith($rootElement, $compileNode, compileNode);
            collectDirectives(compileNode, directives, tempTemplateAttrs);
            mergeTemplateAttributes(tAttrs, tempTemplateAttrs);
          } else {
            compileNode = beforeTemplateCompileNode;
            $compileNode.html(content);
          }

          directives.unshift(derivedSyncDirective);
          afterTemplateNodeLinkFn = applyDirectivesToNode(directives, compileNode, tAttrs, childTranscludeFn);
          afterTemplateChildLinkFn = compileNodes($compileNode[0].childNodes, childTranscludeFn);


          while(linkQueue.length) {
            var controller = linkQueue.pop(),
                linkRootElement = linkQueue.pop(),
                beforeTemplateLinkNode = linkQueue.pop(),
                scope = linkQueue.pop(),
                linkNode = compileNode;

            if (beforeTemplateLinkNode !== beforeTemplateCompileNode) {
              // it was cloned therefore we have to clone as well.
              linkNode = JQLiteClone(compileNode);
              replaceWith(linkRootElement, jqLite(beforeTemplateLinkNode), linkNode);
            }

            afterTemplateNodeLinkFn(function() {
              beforeTemplateNodeLinkFn(afterTemplateChildLinkFn, scope, linkNode, $rootElement, controller);
            }, scope, linkNode, $rootElement, controller);
          }
          linkQueue = null;
        }).
        error(function(response, code, headers, config) {
          throw Error('Failed to load template: ' + config.url);
        });

      return function delayedNodeLinkFn(ignoreChildLinkFn, scope, node, rootElement, controller) {
        if (linkQueue) {
          linkQueue.push(scope);
          linkQueue.push(node);
          linkQueue.push(rootElement);
          linkQueue.push(controller);
        } else {
          afterTemplateNodeLinkFn(function() {
            beforeTemplateNodeLinkFn(afterTemplateChildLinkFn, scope, node, rootElement, controller);
          }, scope, node, rootElement, controller);
        }
      };
    }


    /**
     * Sorting function for bound directives.
     */
    function byPriority(a, b) {
      return b.priority - a.priority;
    }


    function assertNoDuplicate(what, previousDirective, directive, element) {
      if (previousDirective) {
        throw Error('Multiple directives [' + previousDirective.name + ', ' +
          directive.name + '] asking for ' + what + ' on: ' +  startingTag(element));
      }
    }


    function addTextInterpolateDirective(directives, text) {
      var interpolateFn = $interpolate(text, true);
      if (interpolateFn) {
        directives.push({
          priority: 0,
          compile: valueFn(function textInterpolateLinkFn(scope, node) {
            var parent = node.parent(),
                bindings = parent.data('$binding') || [];
            bindings.push(interpolateFn);
            safeAddClass(parent.data('$binding', bindings), 'ng-binding');
            scope.$watch(interpolateFn, function interpolateFnWatchAction(value) {
              node[0].nodeValue = value;
            });
          })
        });
      }
    }


    function addAttrInterpolateDirective(node, directives, value, name) {
      var interpolateFn = $interpolate(value, true);

      // no interpolation found -> ignore
      if (!interpolateFn) return;


      directives.push({
        priority: 100,
        compile: valueFn(function attrInterpolateLinkFn(scope, element, attr) {
          var $$observers = (attr.$$observers || (attr.$$observers = {}));

          if (name === 'class') {
            // we need to interpolate classes again, in the case the element was replaced
            // and therefore the two class attrs got merged - we want to interpolate the result
            interpolateFn = $interpolate(attr[name], true);
          }

          attr[name] = undefined;
          ($$observers[name] || ($$observers[name] = [])).$$inter = true;
          (attr.$$observers && attr.$$observers[name].$$scope || scope).
            $watch(interpolateFn, function interpolateFnWatchAction(value) {
              attr.$set(name, value);
            });
        })
      });
    }


    /**
     * This is a special jqLite.replaceWith, which can replace items which
     * have no parents, provided that the containing jqLite collection is provided.
     *
     * @param {JqLite=} $rootElement The root of the compile tree. Used so that we can replace nodes
     *    in the root of the tree.
     * @param {JqLite} $element The jqLite element which we are going to replace. We keep the shell,
     *    but replace its DOM node reference.
     * @param {Node} newNode The new DOM node.
     */
    function replaceWith($rootElement, $element, newNode) {
      var oldNode = $element[0],
          parent = oldNode.parentNode,
          i, ii;

      if ($rootElement) {
        for(i = 0, ii = $rootElement.length; i < ii; i++) {
          if ($rootElement[i] == oldNode) {
            $rootElement[i] = newNode;
            break;
          }
        }
      }

      if (parent) {
        parent.replaceChild(newNode, oldNode);
      }

      newNode[jqLite.expando] = oldNode[jqLite.expando];
      $element[0] = newNode;
    }
  }];
}

var PREFIX_REGEXP = /^(x[\:\-_]|data[\:\-_])/i;
/**
 * Converts all accepted directives format into proper directive name.
 * All of these will become 'myDirective':
 *   my:DiRective
 *   my-directive
 *   x-my-directive
 *   data-my:directive
 *
 * Also there is special case for Moz prefix starting with upper case letter.
 * @param name Name to normalize
 */
function directiveNormalize(name) {
  return camelCase(name.replace(PREFIX_REGEXP, ''));
}

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$compile.directive.Attributes
 * @description
 *
 * A shared object between directive compile / linking functions which contains normalized DOM element
 * attributes. The the values reflect current binding state `{{ }}`. The normalization is needed
 * since all of these are treated as equivalent in Angular:
 *
 *          <span ng:bind="a" ng-bind="a" data-ng-bind="a" x-ng-bind="a">
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc property
 * @name ng.$compile.directive.Attributes#$attr
 * @propertyOf ng.$compile.directive.Attributes
 * @returns {object} A map of DOM element attribute names to the normalized name. This is
 *          needed to do reverse lookup from normalized name back to actual name.
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name ng.$compile.directive.Attributes#$set
 * @methodOf ng.$compile.directive.Attributes
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Set DOM element attribute value.
 *
 *
 * @param {string} name Normalized element attribute name of the property to modify. The name is
 *          revers translated using the {@link ng.$compile.directive.Attributes#$attr $attr}
 *          property to the original name.
 * @param {string} value Value to set the attribute to.
 */



/**
 * Closure compiler type information
 */

function nodesetLinkingFn(
  /* angular.Scope */ scope,
  /* NodeList */ nodeList,
  /* Element */ rootElement,
  /* function(Function) */ boundTranscludeFn
){}

function directiveLinkingFn(
  /* nodesetLinkingFn */ nodesetLinkingFn,
  /* angular.Scope */ scope,
  /* Node */ node,
  /* Element */ rootElement,
  /* function(Function) */ boundTranscludeFn
){}

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$controllerProvider
 * @description
 * The {@link ng.$controller $controller service} is used by Angular to create new
 * controllers.
 *
 * This provider allows controller registration via the
 * {@link ng.$controllerProvider#register register} method.
 */
function $ControllerProvider() {
  var controllers = {};


  /**
   * @ngdoc function
   * @name ng.$controllerProvider#register
   * @methodOf ng.$controllerProvider
   * @param {string} name Controller name
   * @param {Function|Array} constructor Controller constructor fn (optionally decorated with DI
   *    annotations in the array notation).
   */
  this.register = function(name, constructor) {
    if (isObject(name)) {
      extend(controllers, name)
    } else {
      controllers[name] = constructor;
    }
  };


  this.$get = ['$injector', '$window', function($injector, $window) {

    /**
     * @ngdoc function
     * @name ng.$controller
     * @requires $injector
     *
     * @param {Function|string} constructor If called with a function then it's considered to be the
     *    controller constructor function. Otherwise it's considered to be a string which is used
     *    to retrieve the controller constructor using the following steps:
     *
     *    * check if a controller with given name is registered via `$controllerProvider`
     *    * check if evaluating the string on the current scope returns a constructor
     *    * check `window[constructor]` on the global `window` object
     *
     * @param {Object} locals Injection locals for Controller.
     * @return {Object} Instance of given controller.
     *
     * @description
     * `$controller` service is responsible for instantiating controllers.
     *
     * It's just a simple call to {@link AUTO.$injector $injector}, but extracted into
     * a service, so that one can override this service with {@link https://gist.github.com/1649788
     * BC version}.
     */
    return function(constructor, locals) {
      if(isString(constructor)) {
        var name = constructor;
        constructor = controllers.hasOwnProperty(name)
            ? controllers[name]
            : getter(locals.$scope, name, true) || getter($window, name, true);

        assertArgFn(constructor, name, true);
      }

      return $injector.instantiate(constructor, locals);
    };
  }];
}

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$document
 * @requires $window
 *
 * @description
 * A {@link angular.element jQuery (lite)}-wrapped reference to the browser's `window.document`
 * element.
 */
function $DocumentProvider(){
  this.$get = ['$window', function(window){
    return jqLite(window.document);
  }];
}

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name ng.$exceptionHandler
 * @requires $log
 *
 * @description
 * Any uncaught exception in angular expressions is delegated to this service.
 * The default implementation simply delegates to `$log.error` which logs it into
 * the browser console.
 *
 * In unit tests, if `angular-mocks.js` is loaded, this service is overridden by
 * {@link ngMock.$exceptionHandler mock $exceptionHandler} which aids in testing.
 *
 * @param {Error} exception Exception associated with the error.
 * @param {string=} cause optional information about the context in which
 *       the error was thrown.
 *
 */
function $ExceptionHandlerProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$log', function($log) {
    return function(exception, cause) {
      $log.error.apply($log, arguments);
    };
  }];
}

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$interpolateProvider
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 *
 * Used for configuring the interpolation markup. Defaults to `{{` and `}}`.
 */
function $InterpolateProvider() {
  var startSymbol = '{{';
  var endSymbol = '}}';

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$interpolateProvider#startSymbol
   * @methodOf ng.$interpolateProvider
   * @description
   * Symbol to denote start of expression in the interpolated string. Defaults to `{{`.
   *
   * @param {string=} value new value to set the starting symbol to.
   * @returns {string|self} Returns the symbol when used as getter and self if used as setter.
   */
  this.startSymbol = function(value){
    if (value) {
      startSymbol = value;
      return this;
    } else {
      return startSymbol;
    }
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$interpolateProvider#endSymbol
   * @methodOf ng.$interpolateProvider
   * @description
   * Symbol to denote the end of expression in the interpolated string. Defaults to `}}`.
   *
   * @param {string=} value new value to set the ending symbol to.
   * @returns {string|self} Returns the symbol when used as getter and self if used as setter.
   */
  this.endSymbol = function(value){
    if (value) {
      endSymbol = value;
      return this;
    } else {
      return endSymbol;
    }
  };


  this.$get = ['$parse', function($parse) {
    var startSymbolLength = startSymbol.length,
        endSymbolLength = endSymbol.length;

    /**
     * @ngdoc function
     * @name ng.$interpolate
     * @function
     *
     * @requires $parse
     *
     * @description
     *
     * Compiles a string with markup into an interpolation function. This service is used by the
     * HTML {@link ng.$compile $compile} service for data binding. See
     * {@link ng.$interpolateProvider $interpolateProvider} for configuring the
     * interpolation markup.
     *
     *
       <pre>
         var $interpolate = ...; // injected
         var exp = $interpolate('Hello {{name}}!');
         expect(exp({name:'Angular'}).toEqual('Hello Angular!');
       </pre>
     *
     *
     * @param {string} text The text with markup to interpolate.
     * @param {boolean=} mustHaveExpression if set to true then the interpolation string must have
     *    embedded expression in order to return an interpolation function. Strings with no
     *    embedded expression will return null for the interpolation function.
     * @returns {function(context)} an interpolation function which is used to compute the interpolated
     *    string. The function has these parameters:
     *
     *    * `context`: an object against which any expressions embedded in the strings are evaluated
     *      against.
     *
     */
    function $interpolate(text, mustHaveExpression) {
      var startIndex,
          endIndex,
          index = 0,
          parts = [],
          length = text.length,
          hasInterpolation = false,
          fn,
          exp,
          concat = [];

      while(index < length) {
        if ( ((startIndex = text.indexOf(startSymbol, index)) != -1) &&
             ((endIndex = text.indexOf(endSymbol, startIndex + startSymbolLength)) != -1) ) {
          (index != startIndex) && parts.push(text.substring(index, startIndex));
          parts.push(fn = $parse(exp = text.substring(startIndex + startSymbolLength, endIndex)));
          fn.exp = exp;
          index = endIndex + endSymbolLength;
          hasInterpolation = true;
        } else {
          // we did not find anything, so we have to add the remainder to the parts array
          (index != length) && parts.push(text.substring(index));
          index = length;
        }
      }

      if (!(length = parts.length)) {
        // we added, nothing, must have been an empty string.
        parts.push('');
        length = 1;
      }

      if (!mustHaveExpression  || hasInterpolation) {
        concat.length = length;
        fn = function(context) {
          for(var i = 0, ii = length, part; i<ii; i++) {
            if (typeof (part = parts[i]) == 'function') {
              part = part(context);
              if (part == null || part == undefined) {
                part = '';
              } else if (typeof part != 'string') {
                part = toJson(part);
              }
            }
            concat[i] = part;
          }
          return concat.join('');
        };
        fn.exp = text;
        fn.parts = parts;
        return fn;
      }
    }


    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name ng.$interpolate#startSymbol
     * @methodOf ng.$interpolate
     * @description
     * Symbol to denote the start of expression in the interpolated string. Defaults to `{{`.
     *
     * Use {@link ng.$interpolateProvider#startSymbol $interpolateProvider#startSymbol} to change
     * the symbol.
     *
     * @returns {string} start symbol.
     */
    $interpolate.startSymbol = function() {
      return startSymbol;
    }


    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name ng.$interpolate#endSymbol
     * @methodOf ng.$interpolate
     * @description
     * Symbol to denote the end of expression in the interpolated string. Defaults to `}}`.
     *
     * Use {@link ng.$interpolateProvider#endSymbol $interpolateProvider#endSymbol} to change
     * the symbol.
     *
     * @returns {string} start symbol.
     */
    $interpolate.endSymbol = function() {
      return endSymbol;
    }

    return $interpolate;
  }];
}

var URL_MATCH = /^([^:]+):\/\/(\w+:{0,1}\w*@)?(\{?[\w\.-]*\}?)(:([0-9]+))?(\/[^\?#]*)?(\?([^#]*))?(#(.*))?$/,
    PATH_MATCH = /^([^\?#]*)?(\?([^#]*))?(#(.*))?$/,
    HASH_MATCH = PATH_MATCH,
    DEFAULT_PORTS = {'http': 80, 'https': 443, 'ftp': 21};


/**
 * Encode path using encodeUriSegment, ignoring forward slashes
 *
 * @param {string} path Path to encode
 * @returns {string}
 */
function encodePath(path) {
  var segments = path.split('/'),
      i = segments.length;

  while (i--) {
    segments[i] = encodeUriSegment(segments[i]);
  }

  return segments.join('/');
}

function stripHash(url) {
  return url.split('#')[0];
}


function matchUrl(url, obj) {
  var match = URL_MATCH.exec(url);

  match = {
      protocol: match[1],
      host: match[3],
      port: int(match[5]) || DEFAULT_PORTS[match[1]] || null,
      path: match[6] || '/',
      search: match[8],
      hash: match[10]
    };

  if (obj) {
    obj.$$protocol = match.protocol;
    obj.$$host = match.host;
    obj.$$port = match.port;
  }

  return match;
}


function composeProtocolHostPort(protocol, host, port) {
  return protocol + '://' + host + (port == DEFAULT_PORTS[protocol] ? '' : ':' + port);
}


function pathPrefixFromBase(basePath) {
  return basePath.substr(0, basePath.lastIndexOf('/'));
}


function convertToHtml5Url(url, basePath, hashPrefix) {
  var match = matchUrl(url);

  // already html5 url
  if (decodeURIComponent(match.path) != basePath || isUndefined(match.hash) ||
      match.hash.indexOf(hashPrefix) !== 0) {
    return url;
  // convert hashbang url -> html5 url
  } else {
    return composeProtocolHostPort(match.protocol, match.host, match.port) +
           pathPrefixFromBase(basePath) + match.hash.substr(hashPrefix.length);
  }
}


function convertToHashbangUrl(url, basePath, hashPrefix) {
  var match = matchUrl(url);

  // already hashbang url
  if (decodeURIComponent(match.path) == basePath && !isUndefined(match.hash) &&
      match.hash.indexOf(hashPrefix) === 0) {
    return url;
  // convert html5 url -> hashbang url
  } else {
    var search = match.search && '?' + match.search || '',
        hash = match.hash && '#' + match.hash || '',
        pathPrefix = pathPrefixFromBase(basePath),
        path = match.path.substr(pathPrefix.length);

    if (match.path.indexOf(pathPrefix) !== 0) {
      throw Error('Invalid url "' + url + '", missing path prefix "' + pathPrefix + '" !');
    }

    return composeProtocolHostPort(match.protocol, match.host, match.port) + basePath +
           '#' + hashPrefix + path + search + hash;
  }
}


/**
 * LocationUrl represents an url
 * This object is exposed as $location service when HTML5 mode is enabled and supported
 *
 * @constructor
 * @param {string} url HTML5 url
 * @param {string} pathPrefix
 */
function LocationUrl(url, pathPrefix, appBaseUrl) {
  pathPrefix = pathPrefix || '';

  /**
   * Parse given html5 (regular) url string into properties
   * @param {string} newAbsoluteUrl HTML5 url
   * @private
   */
  this.$$parse = function(newAbsoluteUrl) {
    var match = matchUrl(newAbsoluteUrl, this);

    if (match.path.indexOf(pathPrefix) !== 0) {
      throw Error('Invalid url "' + newAbsoluteUrl + '", missing path prefix "' + pathPrefix + '" !');
    }

    this.$$path = decodeURIComponent(match.path.substr(pathPrefix.length));
    this.$$search = parseKeyValue(match.search);
    this.$$hash = match.hash && decodeURIComponent(match.hash) || '';

    this.$$compose();
  };

  /**
   * Compose url and update `absUrl` property
   * @private
   */
  this.$$compose = function() {
    var search = toKeyValue(this.$$search),
        hash = this.$$hash ? '#' + encodeUriSegment(this.$$hash) : '';

    this.$$url = encodePath(this.$$path) + (search ? '?' + search : '') + hash;
    this.$$absUrl = composeProtocolHostPort(this.$$protocol, this.$$host, this.$$port) +
                    pathPrefix + this.$$url;
  };


  this.$$rewriteAppUrl = function(absoluteLinkUrl) {
    if(absoluteLinkUrl.indexOf(appBaseUrl) == 0) {
      return absoluteLinkUrl;
    }
  }


  this.$$parse(url);
}


/**
 * LocationHashbangUrl represents url
 * This object is exposed as $location service when html5 history api is disabled or not supported
 *
 * @constructor
 * @param {string} url Legacy url
 * @param {string} hashPrefix Prefix for hash part (containing path and search)
 */
function LocationHashbangUrl(url, hashPrefix, appBaseUrl) {
  var basePath;

  /**
   * Parse given hashbang url into properties
   * @param {string} url Hashbang url
   * @private
   */
  this.$$parse = function(url) {
    var match = matchUrl(url, this);


    if (match.hash && match.hash.indexOf(hashPrefix) !== 0) {
      throw Error('Invalid url "' + url + '", missing hash prefix "' + hashPrefix + '" !');
    }

    basePath = match.path + (match.search ? '?' + match.search : '');
    match = HASH_MATCH.exec((match.hash || '').substr(hashPrefix.length));
    if (match[1]) {
      this.$$path = (match[1].charAt(0) == '/' ? '' : '/') + decodeURIComponent(match[1]);
    } else {
      this.$$path = '';
    }

    this.$$search = parseKeyValue(match[3]);
    this.$$hash = match[5] && decodeURIComponent(match[5]) || '';

    this.$$compose();
  };

  /**
   * Compose hashbang url and update `absUrl` property
   * @private
   */
  this.$$compose = function() {
    var search = toKeyValue(this.$$search),
        hash = this.$$hash ? '#' + encodeUriSegment(this.$$hash) : '';

    this.$$url = encodePath(this.$$path) + (search ? '?' + search : '') + hash;
    this.$$absUrl = composeProtocolHostPort(this.$$protocol, this.$$host, this.$$port) +
                    basePath + (this.$$url ? '#' + hashPrefix + this.$$url : '');
  };

  this.$$rewriteAppUrl = function(absoluteLinkUrl) {
    if(absoluteLinkUrl.indexOf(appBaseUrl) == 0) {
      return absoluteLinkUrl;
    }
  }


  this.$$parse(url);
}


LocationUrl.prototype = {

  /**
   * Has any change been replacing ?
   * @private
   */
  $$replace: false,

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$location#absUrl
   * @methodOf ng.$location
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter only.
   *
   * Return full url representation with all segments encoded according to rules specified in
   * {@link http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt RFC 3986}.
   *
   * @return {string} full url
   */
  absUrl: locationGetter('$$absUrl'),

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$location#url
   * @methodOf ng.$location
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter / setter.
   *
   * Return url (e.g. `/path?a=b#hash`) when called without any parameter.
   *
   * Change path, search and hash, when called with parameter and return `$location`.
   *
   * @param {string=} url New url without base prefix (e.g. `/path?a=b#hash`)
   * @return {string} url
   */
  url: function(url, replace) {
    if (isUndefined(url))
      return this.$$url;

    var match = PATH_MATCH.exec(url);
    if (match[1]) this.path(decodeURIComponent(match[1]));
    if (match[2] || match[1]) this.search(match[3] || '');
    this.hash(match[5] || '', replace);

    return this;
  },

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$location#protocol
   * @methodOf ng.$location
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter only.
   *
   * Return protocol of current url.
   *
   * @return {string} protocol of current url
   */
  protocol: locationGetter('$$protocol'),

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$location#host
   * @methodOf ng.$location
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter only.
   *
   * Return host of current url.
   *
   * @return {string} host of current url.
   */
  host: locationGetter('$$host'),

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$location#port
   * @methodOf ng.$location
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter only.
   *
   * Return port of current url.
   *
   * @return {Number} port
   */
  port: locationGetter('$$port'),

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$location#path
   * @methodOf ng.$location
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter / setter.
   *
   * Return path of current url when called without any parameter.
   *
   * Change path when called with parameter and return `$location`.
   *
   * Note: Path should always begin with forward slash (/), this method will add the forward slash
   * if it is missing.
   *
   * @param {string=} path New path
   * @return {string} path
   */
  path: locationGetterSetter('$$path', function(path) {
    return path.charAt(0) == '/' ? path : '/' + path;
  }),

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$location#search
   * @methodOf ng.$location
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter / setter.
   *
   * Return search part (as object) of current url when called without any parameter.
   *
   * Change search part when called with parameter and return `$location`.
   *
   * @param {string|object<string,string>=} search New search params - string or hash object
   * @param {string=} paramValue If `search` is a string, then `paramValue` will override only a
   *    single search parameter. If the value is `null`, the parameter will be deleted.
   *
   * @return {string} search
   */
  search: function(search, paramValue) {
    if (isUndefined(search))
      return this.$$search;

    if (isDefined(paramValue)) {
      if (paramValue === null) {
        delete this.$$search[search];
      } else {
        this.$$search[search] = paramValue;
      }
    } else {
      this.$$search = isString(search) ? parseKeyValue(search) : search;
    }

    this.$$compose();
    return this;
  },

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$location#hash
   * @methodOf ng.$location
   *
   * @description
   * This method is getter / setter.
   *
   * Return hash fragment when called without any parameter.
   *
   * Change hash fragment when called with parameter and return `$location`.
   *
   * @param {string=} hash New hash fragment
   * @return {string} hash
   */
  hash: locationGetterSetter('$$hash', identity),

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$location#replace
   * @methodOf ng.$location
   *
   * @description
   * If called, all changes to $location during current `$digest` will be replacing current history
   * record, instead of adding new one.
   */
  replace: function() {
    this.$$replace = true;
    return this;
  }
};

LocationHashbangUrl.prototype = inherit(LocationUrl.prototype);

function LocationHashbangInHtml5Url(url, hashPrefix, appBaseUrl, baseExtra) {
  LocationHashbangUrl.apply(this, arguments);


  this.$$rewriteAppUrl = function(absoluteLinkUrl) {
    if (absoluteLinkUrl.indexOf(appBaseUrl) == 0) {
      return appBaseUrl + baseExtra + '#' + hashPrefix  + absoluteLinkUrl.substr(appBaseUrl.length);
    }
  }
}

LocationHashbangInHtml5Url.prototype = inherit(LocationHashbangUrl.prototype);

function locationGetter(property) {
  return function() {
    return this[property];
  };
}


function locationGetterSetter(property, preprocess) {
  return function(value) {
    if (isUndefined(value))
      return this[property];

    this[property] = preprocess(value);
    this.$$compose();

    return this;
  };
}


/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$location
 *
 * @requires $browser
 * @requires $sniffer
 * @requires $rootElement
 *
 * @description
 * The $location service parses the URL in the browser address bar (based on the
 * {@link https://developer.mozilla.org/en/window.location window.location}) and makes the URL
 * available to your application. Changes to the URL in the address bar are reflected into
 * $location service and changes to $location are reflected into the browser address bar.
 *
 * **The $location service:**
 *
 * - Exposes the current URL in the browser address bar, so you can
 *   - Watch and observe the URL.
 *   - Change the URL.
 * - Synchronizes the URL with the browser when the user
 *   - Changes the address bar.
 *   - Clicks the back or forward button (or clicks a History link).
 *   - Clicks on a link.
 * - Represents the URL object as a set of methods (protocol, host, port, path, search, hash).
 *
 * For more information see {@link guide/dev_guide.services.$location Developer Guide: Angular
 * Services: Using $location}
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$locationProvider
 * @description
 * Use the `$locationProvider` to configure how the application deep linking paths are stored.
 */
function $LocationProvider(){
  var hashPrefix = '',
      html5Mode = false;

  /**
   * @ngdoc property
   * @name ng.$locationProvider#hashPrefix
   * @methodOf ng.$locationProvider
   * @description
   * @param {string=} prefix Prefix for hash part (containing path and search)
   * @returns {*} current value if used as getter or itself (chaining) if used as setter
   */
  this.hashPrefix = function(prefix) {
    if (isDefined(prefix)) {
      hashPrefix = prefix;
      return this;
    } else {
      return hashPrefix;
    }
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc property
   * @name ng.$locationProvider#html5Mode
   * @methodOf ng.$locationProvider
   * @description
   * @param {string=} mode Use HTML5 strategy if available.
   * @returns {*} current value if used as getter or itself (chaining) if used as setter
   */
  this.html5Mode = function(mode) {
    if (isDefined(mode)) {
      html5Mode = mode;
      return this;
    } else {
      return html5Mode;
    }
  };

  this.$get = ['$rootScope', '$browser', '$sniffer', '$rootElement',
      function( $rootScope,   $browser,   $sniffer,   $rootElement) {
    var $location,
        basePath,
        pathPrefix,
        initUrl = $browser.url(),
        initUrlParts = matchUrl(initUrl),
        appBaseUrl;

    if (html5Mode) {
      basePath = $browser.baseHref() || '/';
      pathPrefix = pathPrefixFromBase(basePath);
      appBaseUrl =
          composeProtocolHostPort(initUrlParts.protocol, initUrlParts.host, initUrlParts.port) +
          pathPrefix + '/';

      if ($sniffer.history) {
        $location = new LocationUrl(
          convertToHtml5Url(initUrl, basePath, hashPrefix),
          pathPrefix, appBaseUrl);
      } else {
        $location = new LocationHashbangInHtml5Url(
          convertToHashbangUrl(initUrl, basePath, hashPrefix),
          hashPrefix, appBaseUrl, basePath.substr(pathPrefix.length + 1));
      }
    } else {
      appBaseUrl =
          composeProtocolHostPort(initUrlParts.protocol, initUrlParts.host, initUrlParts.port) +
          (initUrlParts.path || '') +
          (initUrlParts.search ? ('?' + initUrlParts.search) : '') +
          '#' + hashPrefix + '/';

      $location = new LocationHashbangUrl(initUrl, hashPrefix, appBaseUrl);
    }

    $rootElement.bind('click', function(event) {
      // TODO(vojta): rewrite link when opening in new tab/window (in legacy browser)
      // currently we open nice url link and redirect then

      if (event.ctrlKey || event.metaKey || event.which == 2) return;

      var elm = jqLite(event.target);

      // traverse the DOM up to find first A tag
      while (lowercase(elm[0].nodeName) !== 'a') {
        // ignore rewriting if no A tag (reached root element, or no parent - removed from document)
        if (elm[0] === $rootElement[0] || !(elm = elm.parent())[0]) return;
      }

      var absHref = elm.prop('href'),
          rewrittenUrl = $location.$$rewriteAppUrl(absHref);

      if (absHref && !elm.attr('target') && rewrittenUrl) {
        // update location manually
        $location.$$parse(rewrittenUrl);
        $rootScope.$apply();
        event.preventDefault();
        // hack to work around FF6 bug 684208 when scenario runner clicks on links
        window.angular['ff-684208-preventDefault'] = true;
      }
    });


    // rewrite hashbang url <> html5 url
    if ($location.absUrl() != initUrl) {
      $browser.url($location.absUrl(), true);
    }

    // update $location when $browser url changes
    $browser.onUrlChange(function(newUrl) {
      if ($location.absUrl() != newUrl) {
        if ($rootScope.$broadcast('$locationChangeStart', newUrl, $location.absUrl()).defaultPrevented) {
          $browser.url($location.absUrl());
          return;
        }
        $rootScope.$evalAsync(function() {
          var oldUrl = $location.absUrl();

          $location.$$parse(newUrl);
          afterLocationChange(oldUrl);
        });
        if (!$rootScope.$$phase) $rootScope.$digest();
      }
    });

    // update browser
    var changeCounter = 0;
    $rootScope.$watch(function $locationWatch() {
      var oldUrl = $browser.url();
      var currentReplace = $location.$$replace;

      if (!changeCounter || oldUrl != $location.absUrl()) {
        changeCounter++;
        $rootScope.$evalAsync(function() {
          if ($rootScope.$broadcast('$locationChangeStart', $location.absUrl(), oldUrl).
              defaultPrevented) {
            $location.$$parse(oldUrl);
          } else {
            $browser.url($location.absUrl(), currentReplace);
            afterLocationChange(oldUrl);
          }
        });
      }
      $location.$$replace = false;

      return changeCounter;
    });

    return $location;

    function afterLocationChange(oldUrl) {
      $rootScope.$broadcast('$locationChangeSuccess', $location.absUrl(), oldUrl);
    }
}];
}

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$log
 * @requires $window
 *
 * @description
 * Simple service for logging. Default implementation writes the message
 * into the browser's console (if present).
 *
 * The main purpose of this service is to simplify debugging and troubleshooting.
 *
 * @example
   <example>
     <file name="script.js">
       function LogCtrl($scope, $log) {
         $scope.$log = $log;
         $scope.message = 'Hello World!';
       }
     </file>
     <file name="index.html">
       <div ng-controller="LogCtrl">
         <p>Reload this page with open console, enter text and hit the log button...</p>
         Message:
         <input type="text" ng-model="message"/>
         <button ng-click="$log.log(message)">log</button>
         <button ng-click="$log.warn(message)">warn</button>
         <button ng-click="$log.info(message)">info</button>
         <button ng-click="$log.error(message)">error</button>
       </div>
     </file>
   </example>
 */

function $LogProvider(){
  this.$get = ['$window', function($window){
    return {
      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name ng.$log#log
       * @methodOf ng.$log
       *
       * @description
       * Write a log message
       */
      log: consoleLog('log'),

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name ng.$log#warn
       * @methodOf ng.$log
       *
       * @description
       * Write a warning message
       */
      warn: consoleLog('warn'),

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name ng.$log#info
       * @methodOf ng.$log
       *
       * @description
       * Write an information message
       */
      info: consoleLog('info'),

      /**
       * @ngdoc method
       * @name ng.$log#error
       * @methodOf ng.$log
       *
       * @description
       * Write an error message
       */
      error: consoleLog('error')
    };

    function formatError(arg) {
      if (arg instanceof Error) {
        if (arg.stack) {
          arg = (arg.message && arg.stack.indexOf(arg.message) === -1)
              ? 'Error: ' + arg.message + '\n' + arg.stack
              : arg.stack;
        } else if (arg.sourceURL) {
          arg = arg.message + '\n' + arg.sourceURL + ':' + arg.line;
        }
      }
      return arg;
    }

    function consoleLog(type) {
      var console = $window.console || {},
          logFn = console[type] || console.log || noop;

      if (logFn.apply) {
        return function() {
          var args = [];
          forEach(arguments, function(arg) {
            args.push(formatError(arg));
          });
          return logFn.apply(console, args);
        };
      }

      // we are IE which either doesn't have window.console => this is noop and we do nothing,
      // or we are IE where console.log doesn't have apply so we log at least first 2 args
      return function(arg1, arg2) {
        logFn(arg1, arg2);
      }
    }
  }];
}

var OPERATORS = {
    'null':function(){return null;},
    'true':function(){return true;},
    'false':function(){return false;},
    undefined:noop,
    '+':function(self, locals, a,b){
      a=a(self, locals); b=b(self, locals);
      if (isDefined(a)) {
        if (isDefined(b)) {
          return a + b;
        }
        return a;
      }
      return isDefined(b)?b:undefined;},
    '-':function(self, locals, a,b){a=a(self, locals); b=b(self, locals); return (isDefined(a)?a:0)-(isDefined(b)?b:0);},
    '*':function(self, locals, a,b){return a(self, locals)*b(self, locals);},
    '/':function(self, locals, a,b){return a(self, locals)/b(self, locals);},
    '%':function(self, locals, a,b){return a(self, locals)%b(self, locals);},
    '^':function(self, locals, a,b){return a(self, locals)^b(self, locals);},
    '=':noop,
    '==':function(self, locals, a,b){return a(self, locals)==b(self, locals);},
    '!=':function(self, locals, a,b){return a(self, locals)!=b(self, locals);},
    '<':function(self, locals, a,b){return a(self, locals)<b(self, locals);},
    '>':function(self, locals, a,b){return a(self, locals)>b(self, locals);},
    '<=':function(self, locals, a,b){return a(self, locals)<=b(self, locals);},
    '>=':function(self, locals, a,b){return a(self, locals)>=b(self, locals);},
    '&&':function(self, locals, a,b){return a(self, locals)&&b(self, locals);},
    '||':function(self, locals, a,b){return a(self, locals)||b(self, locals);},
    '&':function(self, locals, a,b){return a(self, locals)&b(self, locals);},
//    '|':function(self, locals, a,b){return a|b;},
    '|':function(self, locals, a,b){return b(self, locals)(self, locals, a(self, locals));},
    '!':function(self, locals, a){return !a(self, locals);}
};
var ESCAPE = {"n":"\n", "f":"\f", "r":"\r", "t":"\t", "v":"\v", "'":"'", '"':'"'};

function lex(text, csp){
  var tokens = [],
      token,
      index = 0,
      json = [],
      ch,
      lastCh = ':'; // can start regexp

  while (index < text.length) {
    ch = text.charAt(index);
    if (is('"\'')) {
      readString(ch);
    } else if (isNumber(ch) || is('.') && isNumber(peek())) {
      readNumber();
    } else if (isIdent(ch)) {
      readIdent();
      // identifiers can only be if the preceding char was a { or ,
      if (was('{,') && json[0]=='{' &&
         (token=tokens[tokens.length-1])) {
        token.json = token.text.indexOf('.') == -1;
      }
    } else if (is('(){}[].,;:')) {
      tokens.push({
        index:index,
        text:ch,
        json:(was(':[,') && is('{[')) || is('}]:,')
      });
      if (is('{[')) json.unshift(ch);
      if (is('}]')) json.shift();
      index++;
    } else if (isWhitespace(ch)) {
      index++;
      continue;
    } else {
      var ch2 = ch + peek(),
          fn = OPERATORS[ch],
          fn2 = OPERATORS[ch2];
      if (fn2) {
        tokens.push({index:index, text:ch2, fn:fn2});
        index += 2;
      } else if (fn) {
        tokens.push({index:index, text:ch, fn:fn, json: was('[,:') && is('+-')});
        index += 1;
      } else {
        throwError("Unexpected next character ", index, index+1);
      }
    }
    lastCh = ch;
  }
  return tokens;

  function is(chars) {
    return chars.indexOf(ch) != -1;
  }

  function was(chars) {
    return chars.indexOf(lastCh) != -1;
  }

  function peek() {
    return index + 1 < text.length ? text.charAt(index + 1) : false;
  }
  function isNumber(ch) {
    return '0' <= ch && ch <= '9';
  }
  function isWhitespace(ch) {
    return ch == ' ' || ch == '\r' || ch == '\t' ||
           ch == '\n' || ch == '\v' || ch == '\u00A0'; // IE treats non-breaking space as \u00A0
  }
  function isIdent(ch) {
    return 'a' <= ch && ch <= 'z' ||
           'A' <= ch && ch <= 'Z' ||
           '_' == ch || ch == '$';
  }
  function isExpOperator(ch) {
    return ch == '-' || ch == '+' || isNumber(ch);
  }

  function throwError(error, start, end) {
    end = end || index;
    throw Error("Lexer Error: " + error + " at column" +
        (isDefined(start)
            ? "s " + start +  "-" + index + " [" + text.substring(start, end) + "]"
            : " " + end) +
        " in expression [" + text + "].");
  }

  function readNumber() {
    var number = "";
    var start = index;
    while (index < text.length) {
      var ch = lowercase(text.charAt(index));
      if (ch == '.' || isNumber(ch)) {
        number += ch;
      } else {
        var peekCh = peek();
        if (ch == 'e' && isExpOperator(peekCh)) {
          number += ch;
        } else if (isExpOperator(ch) &&
            peekCh && isNumber(peekCh) &&
            number.charAt(number.length - 1) == 'e') {
          number += ch;
        } else if (isExpOperator(ch) &&
            (!peekCh || !isNumber(peekCh)) &&
            number.charAt(number.length - 1) == 'e') {
          throwError('Invalid exponent');
        } else {
          break;
        }
      }
      index++;
    }
    number = 1 * number;
    tokens.push({index:start, text:number, json:true,
      fn:function() {return number;}});
  }
  function readIdent() {
    var ident = "",
        start = index,
        lastDot, peekIndex, methodName, ch;

    while (index < text.length) {
      ch = text.charAt(index);
      if (ch == '.' || isIdent(ch) || isNumber(ch)) {
        if (ch == '.') lastDot = index;
        ident += ch;
      } else {
        break;
      }
      index++;
    }

    //check if this is not a method invocation and if it is back out to last dot
    if (lastDot) {
      peekIndex = index;
      while(peekIndex < text.length) {
        ch = text.charAt(peekIndex);
        if (ch == '(') {
          methodName = ident.substr(lastDot - start + 1);
          ident = ident.substr(0, lastDot - start);
          index = peekIndex;
          break;
        }
        if(isWhitespace(ch)) {
          peekIndex++;
        } else {
          break;
        }
      }
    }


    var token = {
      index:start,
      text:ident
    };

    if (OPERATORS.hasOwnProperty(ident)) {
      token.fn = token.json = OPERATORS[ident];
    } else {
      var getter = getterFn(ident, csp);
      token.fn = extend(function(self, locals) {
        return (getter(self, locals));
      }, {
        assign: function(self, value) {
          return setter(self, ident, value);
        }
      });
    }

    tokens.push(token);

    if (methodName) {
      tokens.push({
        index:lastDot,
        text: '.',
        json: false
      });
      tokens.push({
        index: lastDot + 1,
        text: methodName,
        json: false
      });
    }
  }

  function readString(quote) {
    var start = index;
    index++;
    var string = "";
    var rawString = quote;
    var escape = false;
    while (index < text.length) {
      var ch = text.charAt(index);
      rawString += ch;
      if (escape) {
        if (ch == 'u') {
          var hex = text.substring(index + 1, index + 5);
          if (!hex.match(/[\da-f]{4}/i))
            throwError( "Invalid unicode escape [\\u" + hex + "]");
          index += 4;
          string += String.fromCharCode(parseInt(hex, 16));
        } else {
          var rep = ESCAPE[ch];
          if (rep) {
            string += rep;
          } else {
            string += ch;
          }
        }
        escape = false;
      } else if (ch == '\\') {
        escape = true;
      } else if (ch == quote) {
        index++;
        tokens.push({
          index:start,
          text:rawString,
          string:string,
          json:true,
          fn:function() { return string; }
        });
        return;
      } else {
        string += ch;
      }
      index++;
    }
    throwError("Unterminated quote", start);
  }
}

/////////////////////////////////////////

function parser(text, json, $filter, csp){
  var ZERO = valueFn(0),
      value,
      tokens = lex(text, csp),
      assignment = _assignment,
      functionCall = _functionCall,
      fieldAccess = _fieldAccess,
      objectIndex = _objectIndex,
      filterChain = _filterChain;

  if(json){
    // The extra level of aliasing is here, just in case the lexer misses something, so that
    // we prevent any accidental execution in JSON.
    assignment = logicalOR;
    functionCall =
      fieldAccess =
      objectIndex =
      filterChain =
        function() { throwError("is not valid json", {text:text, index:0}); };
    value = primary();
  } else {
    value = statements();
  }
  if (tokens.length !== 0) {
    throwError("is an unexpected token", tokens[0]);
  }
  return value;

  ///////////////////////////////////
  function throwError(msg, token) {
    throw Error("Syntax Error: Token '" + token.text +
      "' " + msg + " at column " +
      (token.index + 1) + " of the expression [" +
      text + "] starting at [" + text.substring(token.index) + "].");
  }

  function peekToken() {
    if (tokens.length === 0)
      throw Error("Unexpected end of expression: " + text);
    return tokens[0];
  }

  function peek(e1, e2, e3, e4) {
    if (tokens.length > 0) {
      var token = tokens[0];
      var t = token.text;
      if (t==e1 || t==e2 || t==e3 || t==e4 ||
          (!e1 && !e2 && !e3 && !e4)) {
        return token;
      }
    }
    return false;
  }

  function expect(e1, e2, e3, e4){
    var token = peek(e1, e2, e3, e4);
    if (token) {
      if (json && !token.json) {
        throwError("is not valid json", token);
      }
      tokens.shift();
      return token;
    }
    return false;
  }

  function consume(e1){
    if (!expect(e1)) {
      throwError("is unexpected, expecting [" + e1 + "]", peek());
    }
  }

  function unaryFn(fn, right) {
    return function(self, locals) {
      return fn(self, locals, right);
    };
  }

  function binaryFn(left, fn, right) {
    return function(self, locals) {
      return fn(self, locals, left, right);
    };
  }

  function statements() {
    var statements = [];
    while(true) {
      if (tokens.length > 0 && !peek('}', ')', ';', ']'))
        statements.push(filterChain());
      if (!expect(';')) {
        // optimize for the common case where there is only one statement.
        // TODO(size): maybe we should not support multiple statements?
        return statements.length == 1
          ? statements[0]
          : function(self, locals){
            var value;
            for ( var i = 0; i < statements.length; i++) {
              var statement = statements[i];
              if (statement)
                value = statement(self, locals);
            }
            return value;
          };
      }
    }
  }

  function _filterChain() {
    var left = expression();
    var token;
    while(true) {
      if ((token = expect('|'))) {
        left = binaryFn(left, token.fn, filter());
      } else {
        return left;
      }
    }
  }

  function filter() {
    var token = expect();
    var fn = $filter(token.text);
    var argsFn = [];
    while(true) {
      if ((token = expect(':'))) {
        argsFn.push(expression());
      } else {
        var fnInvoke = function(self, locals, input){
          var args = [input];
          for ( var i = 0; i < argsFn.length; i++) {
            args.push(argsFn[i](self, locals));
          }
          return fn.apply(self, args);
        };
        return function() {
          return fnInvoke;
        };
      }
    }
  }

  function expression() {
    return assignment();
  }

  function _assignment() {
    var left = logicalOR();
    var right;
    var token;
    if ((token = expect('='))) {
      if (!left.assign) {
        throwError("implies assignment but [" +
          text.substring(0, token.index) + "] can not be assigned to", token);
      }
      right = logicalOR();
      return function(scope, locals){
        return left.assign(scope, right(scope, locals), locals);
      };
    } else {
      return left;
    }
  }

  function logicalOR() {
    var left = logicalAND();
    var token;
    while(true) {
      if ((token = expect('||'))) {
        left = binaryFn(left, token.fn, logicalAND());
      } else {
        return left;
      }
    }
  }

  function logicalAND() {
    var left = equality();
    var token;
    if ((token = expect('&&'))) {
      left = binaryFn(left, token.fn, logicalAND());
    }
    return left;
  }

  function equality() {
    var left = relational();
    var token;
    if ((token = expect('==','!='))) {
      left = binaryFn(left, token.fn, equality());
    }
    return left;
  }

  function relational() {
    var left = additive();
    var token;
    if ((token = expect('<', '>', '<=', '>='))) {
      left = binaryFn(left, token.fn, relational());
    }
    return left;
  }

  function additive() {
    var left = multiplicative();
    var token;
    while ((token = expect('+','-'))) {
      left = binaryFn(left, token.fn, multiplicative());
    }
    return left;
  }

  function multiplicative() {
    var left = unary();
    var token;
    while ((token = expect('*','/','%'))) {
      left = binaryFn(left, token.fn, unary());
    }
    return left;
  }

  function unary() {
    var token;
    if (expect('+')) {
      return primary();
    } else if ((token = expect('-'))) {
      return binaryFn(ZERO, token.fn, unary());
    } else if ((token = expect('!'))) {
      return unaryFn(token.fn, unary());
    } else {
      return primary();
    }
  }


  function primary() {
    var primary;
    if (expect('(')) {
      primary = filterChain();
      consume(')');
    } else if (expect('[')) {
      primary = arrayDeclaration();
    } else if (expect('{')) {
      primary = object();
    } else {
      var token = expect();
      primary = token.fn;
      if (!primary) {
        throwError("not a primary expression", token);
      }
    }

    var next, context;
    while ((next = expect('(', '[', '.'))) {
      if (next.text === '(') {
        primary = functionCall(primary, context);
        context = null;
      } else if (next.text === '[') {
        context = primary;
        primary = objectIndex(primary);
      } else if (next.text === '.') {
        context = primary;
        primary = fieldAccess(primary);
      } else {
        throwError("IMPOSSIBLE");
      }
    }
    return primary;
  }

  function _fieldAccess(object) {
    var field = expect().text;
    var getter = getterFn(field, csp);
    return extend(
        function(scope, locals, self) {
          return getter(self || object(scope, locals), locals);
        },
        {
          assign:function(scope, value, locals) {
            return setter(object(scope, locals), field, value);
          }
        }
    );
  }

  function _objectIndex(obj) {
    var indexFn = expression();
    consume(']');
    return extend(
      function(self, locals){
        var o = obj(self, locals),
            i = indexFn(self, locals),
            v, p;

        if (!o) return undefined;
        v = o[i];
        if (v && v.then) {
          p = v;
          if (!('$$v' in v)) {
            p.$$v = undefined;
            p.then(function(val) { p.$$v = val; });
          }
          v = v.$$v;
        }
        return v;
      }, {
        assign:function(self, value, locals){
          return obj(self, locals)[indexFn(self, locals)] = value;
        }
      });
  }

  function _functionCall(fn, contextGetter) {
    var argsFn = [];
    if (peekToken().text != ')') {
      do {
        argsFn.push(expression());
      } while (expect(','));
    }
    consume(')');
    return function(scope, locals){
      var args = [],
          context = contextGetter ? contextGetter(scope, locals) : scope;

      for ( var i = 0; i < argsFn.length; i++) {
        args.push(argsFn[i](scope, locals));
      }
      var fnPtr = fn(scope, locals, context) || noop;
      // IE stupidity!
      return fnPtr.apply
          ? fnPtr.apply(context, args)
          : fnPtr(args[0], args[1], args[2], args[3], args[4]);
    };
  }

  // This is used with json array declaration
  function arrayDeclaration () {
    var elementFns = [];
    if (peekToken().text != ']') {
      do {
        elementFns.push(expression());
      } while (expect(','));
    }
    consume(']');
    return function(self, locals){
      var array = [];
      for ( var i = 0; i < elementFns.length; i++) {
        array.push(elementFns[i](self, locals));
      }
      return array;
    };
  }

  function object () {
    var keyValues = [];
    if (peekToken().text != '}') {
      do {
        var token = expect(),
        key = token.string || token.text;
        consume(":");
        var value = expression();
        keyValues.push({key:key, value:value});
      } while (expect(','));
    }
    consume('}');
    return function(self, locals){
      var object = {};
      for ( var i = 0; i < keyValues.length; i++) {
        var keyValue = keyValues[i];
        object[keyValue.key] = keyValue.value(self, locals);
      }
      return object;
    };
  }
}

//////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Parser helper functions
//////////////////////////////////////////////////

function setter(obj, path, setValue) {
  var element = path.split('.');
  for (var i = 0; element.length > 1; i++) {
    var key = element.shift();
    var propertyObj = obj[key];
    if (!propertyObj) {
      propertyObj = {};
      obj[key] = propertyObj;
    }
    obj = propertyObj;
  }
  obj[element.shift()] = setValue;
  return setValue;
}

var getterFnCache = {};

/**
 * Implementation of the "Black Hole" variant from:
 * - http://jsperf.com/angularjs-parse-getter/4
 * - http://jsperf.com/path-evaluation-simplified/7
 */
function cspSafeGetterFn(key0, key1, key2, key3, key4) {
  return function(scope, locals) {
    var pathVal = (locals && locals.hasOwnProperty(key0)) ? locals : scope,
        promise;

    if (pathVal === null || pathVal === undefined) return pathVal;

    pathVal = pathVal[key0];
    if (pathVal && pathVal.then) {
      if (!("$$v" in pathVal)) {
        promise = pathVal;
        promise.$$v = undefined;
        promise.then(function(val) { promise.$$v = val; });
      }
      pathVal = pathVal.$$v;
    }
    if (!key1 || pathVal === null || pathVal === undefined) return pathVal;

    pathVal = pathVal[key1];
    if (pathVal && pathVal.then) {
      if (!("$$v" in pathVal)) {
        promise = pathVal;
        promise.$$v = undefined;
        promise.then(function(val) { promise.$$v = val; });
      }
      pathVal = pathVal.$$v;
    }
    if (!key2 || pathVal === null || pathVal === undefined) return pathVal;

    pathVal = pathVal[key2];
    if (pathVal && pathVal.then) {
      if (!("$$v" in pathVal)) {
        promise = pathVal;
        promise.$$v = undefined;
        promise.then(function(val) { promise.$$v = val; });
      }
      pathVal = pathVal.$$v;
    }
    if (!key3 || pathVal === null || pathVal === undefined) return pathVal;

    pathVal = pathVal[key3];
    if (pathVal && pathVal.then) {
      if (!("$$v" in pathVal)) {
        promise = pathVal;
        promise.$$v = undefined;
        promise.then(function(val) { promise.$$v = val; });
      }
      pathVal = pathVal.$$v;
    }
    if (!key4 || pathVal === null || pathVal === undefined) return pathVal;

    pathVal = pathVal[key4];
    if (pathVal && pathVal.then) {
      if (!("$$v" in pathVal)) {
        promise = pathVal;
        promise.$$v = undefined;
        promise.then(function(val) { promise.$$v = val; });
      }
      pathVal = pathVal.$$v;
    }
    return pathVal;
  };
}

function getterFn(path, csp) {
  if (getterFnCache.hasOwnProperty(path)) {
    return getterFnCache[path];
  }

  var pathKeys = path.split('.'),
      pathKeysLength = pathKeys.length,
      fn;

  if (csp) {
    fn = (pathKeysLength < 6)
        ? cspSafeGetterFn(pathKeys[0], pathKeys[1], pathKeys[2], pathKeys[3], pathKeys[4])
        : function(scope, locals) {
          var i = 0, val;
          do {
            val = cspSafeGetterFn(
                    pathKeys[i++], pathKeys[i++], pathKeys[i++], pathKeys[i++], pathKeys[i++]
                  )(scope, locals);

            locals = undefined; // clear after first iteration
            scope = val;
          } while (i < pathKeysLength);
          return val;
        }
  } else {
    var code = 'var l, fn, p;\n';
    forEach(pathKeys, function(key, index) {
      code += 'if(s === null || s === undefined) return s;\n' +
              'l=s;\n' +
              's='+ (index
                      // we simply dereference 's' on any .dot notation
                      ? 's'
                      // but if we are first then we check locals first, and if so read it first
                      : '((k&&k.hasOwnProperty("' + key + '"))?k:s)') + '["' + key + '"]' + ';\n' +
              'if (s && s.then) {\n' +
                ' if (!("$$v" in s)) {\n' +
                  ' p=s;\n' +
                  ' p.$$v = undefined;\n' +
                  ' p.then(function(v) {p.$$v=v;});\n' +
                  '}\n' +
                ' s=s.$$v\n' +
              '}\n';
    });
    code += 'return s;';
    fn = Function('s', 'k', code); // s=scope, k=locals
    fn.toString = function() { return code; };
  }

  return getterFnCache[path] = fn;
}

///////////////////////////////////

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name ng.$parse
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 *
 * Converts Angular {@link guide/expression expression} into a function.
 *
 * <pre>
 *   var getter = $parse('user.name');
 *   var setter = getter.assign;
 *   var context = {user:{name:'angular'}};
 *   var locals = {user:{name:'local'}};
 *
 *   expect(getter(context)).toEqual('angular');
 *   setter(context, 'newValue');
 *   expect(context.user.name).toEqual('newValue');
 *   expect(getter(context, locals)).toEqual('local');
 * </pre>
 *
 *
 * @param {string} expression String expression to compile.
 * @returns {function(context, locals)} a function which represents the compiled expression:
 *
 *    * `context` – `{object}` – an object against which any expressions embedded in the strings
 *      are evaluated against (tipically a scope object).
 *    * `locals` – `{object=}` – local variables context object, useful for overriding values in
 *      `context`.
 *
 *    The return function also has an `assign` property, if the expression is assignable, which
 *    allows one to set values to expressions.
 *
 */
function $ParseProvider() {
  var cache = {};
  this.$get = ['$filter', '$sniffer', function($filter, $sniffer) {
    return function(exp) {
      switch(typeof exp) {
        case 'string':
          return cache.hasOwnProperty(exp)
            ? cache[exp]
            : cache[exp] =  parser(exp, false, $filter, $sniffer.csp);
        case 'function':
          return exp;
        default:
          return noop;
      }
    };
  }];
}

/**
 * @ngdoc service
 * @name ng.$q
 * @requires $rootScope
 *
 * @description
 * A promise/deferred implementation inspired by [Kris Kowal's Q](https://github.com/kriskowal/q).
 *
 * [The CommonJS Promise proposal](http://wiki.commonjs.org/wiki/Promises) describes a promise as an
 * interface for interacting with an object that represents the result of an action that is
 * performed asynchronously, and may or may not be finished at any given point in time.
 *
 * From the perspective of dealing with error handling, deferred and promise APIs are to
 * asynchronous programming what `try`, `catch` and `throw` keywords are to synchronous programming.
 *
 * <pre>
 *   // for the purpose of this example let's assume that variables `$q` and `scope` are
 *   // available in the current lexical scope (they could have been injected or passed in).
 *
 *   function asyncGreet(name) {
 *     var deferred = $q.defer();
 *
 *     setTimeout(function() {
 *       // since this fn executes async in a future turn of the event loop, we need to wrap
 *       // our code into an $apply call so that the model changes are properly observed.
 *       scope.$apply(function() {
 *         if (okToGreet(name)) {
 *           deferred.resolve('Hello, ' + name + '!');
 *         } else {
 *           deferred.reject('Greeting ' + name + ' is not allowed.');
 *         }
 *       });
 *     }, 1000);
 *
 *     return deferred.promise;
 *   }
 *
 *   var promise = asyncGreet('Robin Hood');
 *   promise.then(function(greeting) {
 *     alert('Success: ' + greeting);
 *   }, function(reason) {
 *     alert('Failed: ' + reason);
 *   });
 * </pre>
 *
 * At first it might not be obvious why this extra complexity is worth the trouble. The payoff
 * comes in the way of
 * [guarantees that promise and deferred APIs make](https://github.com/kriskowal/uncommonjs/blob/master/promises/specification.md).
 *
 * Additionally the promise api allows for composition that is very hard to do with the
 * traditional callback ([CPS](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continuation-passing_style)) approach.
 * For more on this please see the [Q documentation](https://github.com/kriskowal/q) especially the
 * section on serial or parallel joining of promises.
 *
 *
 * # The Deferred API
 *
 * A new instance of deferred is constructed by calling `$q.defer()`.
 *
 * The purpose of the deferred object is to expose the associated Promise instance as well as APIs
 * that can be used for signaling the successful or unsuccessful completion of the task.
 *
 * **Methods**
 *
 * - `resolve(value)` – resolves the derived promise with the `value`. If the value is a rejection
 *   constructed via `$q.reject`, the promise will be rejected instead.
 * - `reject(reason)` – rejects the derived promise with the `reason`. This is equivalent to
 *   resolving it with a rejection constructed via `$q.reject`.
 *
 * **Properties**
 *
 * - promise – `{Promise}` – promise object associated with this deferred.
 *
 *
 * # The Promise API
 *
 * A new promise instance is created when a deferred instance is created and can be retrieved by
 * calling `deferred.promise`.
 *
 * The purpose of the promise object is to allow for interested parties to get access to the result
 * of the deferred task when it completes.
 *
 * **Methods**
 *
 * - `then(successCallback, errorCallback)` – regardless of when the promise was or will be resolved
 *   or rejected, `then` calls one of the success or error callbacks asynchronously as soon as the result
 *   is available. The callbacks are called with a single argument: the result or rejection reason.
 *
 *   This method *returns a new promise* which is resolved or rejected via the return value of the
 *   `successCallback` or `errorCallback`.
 *
 *
 * # Chaining promises
 *
 * Because calling the `then` method of a promise returns a new derived promise, it is easily possible
 * to create a chain of promises:
 *
 * <pre>
 *   promiseB = promiseA.then(function(result) {
 *     return result + 1;
 *   });
 *
 *   // promiseB will be resolved immediately after promiseA is resolved and its value
 *   // will be the result of promiseA incremented by 1
 * </pre>
 *
 * It is possible to create chains of any length and since a promise can be resolved with another
 * promise (which will defer its resolution further), it is possible to pause/defer resolution of
 * the promises at any point in the chain. This makes it possible to implement powerful APIs like
 * $http's response interceptors.
 *
 *
 * # Differences between Kris Kowal's Q and $q
 *
 *  There are three main differences:
 *
 * - $q is integrated with the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope} Scope model observation
 *   mechanism in angular, which means faster propagation of resolution or rejection into your
 *   models and avoiding unnecessary browser repaints, which would result in flickering UI.
 * - $q promises are recognized by the templating engine in angular, which means that in templates
 *   you can treat promises attached to a scope as if they were the resulting values.
 * - Q has many more features than $q, but that comes at a cost of bytes. $q is tiny, but contains
 *   all the important functionality needed for common async tasks.
 * 
 *  # Testing
 * 
 *  <pre>
 *    it('should simulate promise', inject(function($q, $rootScope) {
 *      var deferred = $q.defer();
 *      var promise = deferred.promise;
 *      var resolvedValue;
 * 
 *      promise.then(function(value) { resolvedValue = value; });
 *      expect(resolvedValue).toBeUndefined();
 * 
 *      // Simulate resolving of promise
 *      deferred.resolve(123);
 *      // Note that the 'then' function does not get called synchronously.
 *      // This is because we want the promise API to always be async, whether or not
 *      // it got called synchronously or asynchronously.
 *      expect(resolvedValue).toBeUndefined();
 * 
 *      // Propagate promise resolution to 'then' functions using $apply().
 *      $rootScope.$apply();
 *      expect(resolvedValue).toEqual(123);
 *    });
 *  </pre>
 */
function $QProvider() {

  this.$get = ['$rootScope', '$exceptionHandler', function($rootScope, $exceptionHandler) {
    return qFactory(function(callback) {
      $rootScope.$evalAsync(callback);
    }, $exceptionHandler);
  }];
}


/**
 * Constructs a promise manager.
 *
 * @param {function(function)} nextTick Function for executing functions in the next turn.
 * @param {function(...*)} exceptionHandler Function into which unexpected exceptions are passed for
 *     debugging purposes.
 * @returns {object} Promise manager.
 */
function qFactory(nextTick, exceptionHandler) {

  /**
   * @ngdoc
   * @name ng.$q#defer
   * @methodOf ng.$q
   * @description
   * Creates a `Deferred` object which represents a task which will finish in the future.
   *
   * @returns {Deferred} Returns a new instance of deferred.
   */
  var defer = function() {
    var pending = [],
        value, deferred;

    deferred = {

      resolve: function(val) {
        if (pending) {
          var callbacks = pending;
          pending = undefined;
          value = ref(val);

          if (callbacks.length) {
            nextTick(function() {
              var callback;
              for (var i = 0, ii = callbacks.length; i < ii; i++) {
                callback = callbacks[i];
                value.then(callback[0], callback[1]);
              }
            });
          }
        }
      },


      reject: function(reason) {
        deferred.resolve(reject(reason));
      },


      promise: {
        then: function(callback, errback) {
          var result = defer();

          var wrappedCallback = function(value) {
            try {
              result.resolve((callback || defaultCallback)(value));
            } catch(e) {
              result.reject(e);
              exceptionHandler(e);
            }
          };

          var wrappedErrback = function(reason) {
            try {
              result.resolve((errback || defaultErrback)(reason));
            } catch(e) {
              result.reject(e);
              exceptionHandler(e);
            }
          };

          if (pending) {
            pending.push([wrappedCallback, wrappedErrback]);
          } else {
            value.then(wrappedCallback, wrappedErrback);
          }

          return result.promise;
        }
      }
    };

    return deferred;
  };


  var ref = function(value) {
    if (value && value.then) return value;
    return {
      then: function(callback) {
        var result = defer();
        nextTick(function() {
          result.resolve(callback(value));
        });
        return result.promise;
      }
    };
  };


  /**
   * @ngdoc
   * @name ng.$q#reject
   * @methodOf ng.$q
   * @description
   * Creates a promise that is resolved as rejected with the specified `reason`. This api should be
   * used to forward rejection in a chain of promises. If you are dealing with the last promise in
   * a promise chain, you don't need to worry about it.
   *
   * When comparing deferreds/promises to the familiar behavior of try/catch/throw, think of
   * `reject` as the `throw` keyword in JavaScript. This also means that if you "catch" an error via
   * a promise error callback and you want to forward the error to the promise derived from the
   * current promise, you have to "rethrow" the error by returning a rejection constructed via
   * `reject`.
   *
   * <pre>
   *   promiseB = promiseA.then(function(result) {
   *     // success: do something and resolve promiseB
   *     //          with the old or a new result
   *     return result;
   *   }, function(reason) {
   *     // error: handle the error if possible and
   *     //        resolve promiseB with newPromiseOrValue,
   *     //        otherwise forward the rejection to promiseB
   *     if (canHandle(reason)) {
   *      // handle the error and recover
   *      return newPromiseOrValue;
   *     }
   *     return $q.reject(reason);
   *   });
   * </pre>
   *
   * @param {*} reason Constant, message, exception or an object representing the rejection reason.
   * @returns {Promise} Returns a promise that was already resolved as rejected with the `reason`.
   */
  var reject = function(reason) {
    return {
      then: function(callback, errback) {
        var result = defer();
        nextTick(function() {
          result.resolve((errback || defaultErrback)(reason));
        });
        return result.promise;
      }
    };
  };


  /**
   * @ngdoc
   * @name ng.$q#when
   * @methodOf ng.$q
   * @description
   * Wraps an object that might be a value or a (3rd party) then-able promise into a $q promise.
   * This is useful when you are dealing with an object that might or might not be a promise, or if
   * the promise comes from a source that can't be trusted.
   *
   * @param {*} value Value or a promise
   * @returns {Promise} Returns a promise of the passed value or promise
   */
  var when = function(value, callback, errback) {
    var result = defer(),
        done;

    var wrappedCallback = function(value) {
      try {
        return (callback || defaultCallback)(value);
      } catch (e) {
        exceptionHandler(e);
        return reject(e);
      }
    };

    var wrappedErrback = function(reason) {
      try {
        return (errback || defaultErrback)(reason);
      } catch (e) {
        exceptionHandler(e);
        return reject(e);
      }
    };

    nextTick(function() {
      ref(value).then(function(value) {
        if (done) return;
        done = true;
        result.resolve(ref(value).then(wrappedCallback, wrappedErrback));
      }, function(reason) {
        if (done) return;
        done = true;
        result.resolve(wrappedErrback(reason));
      });
    });

    return result.promise;
  };


  function defaultCallback(value) {
    return value;
  }


  function defaultErrback(reason) {
    return reject(reason);
  }


  /**
   * @ngdoc
   * @name ng.$q#all
   * @methodOf ng.$q
   * @description
   * Combines multiple promises into a single promise that is resolved when all of the input
   * promises are resolved.
   *
   * @param {Array.<Promise>} promises An array of promises.
   * @returns {Promise} Returns a single promise that will be resolved with an array of values,
   *   each value corresponding to the promise at the same index in the `promises` array. If any of
   *   the promises is resolved with a rejection, this resulting promise will be resolved with the
   *   same rejection.
   */
  function all(promises) {
    var deferred = defer(),
        counter = promises.length,
        results = [];

    if (counter) {
      forEach(promises, function(promise, index) {
        ref(promise).then(function(value) {
          if (index in results) return;
          results[index] = value;
          if (!(--counter)) deferred.resolve(results);
        }, function(reason) {
          if (index in results) return;
          deferred.reject(reason);
        });
      });
    } else {
      deferred.resolve(results);
    }

    return deferred.promise;
  }

  return {
    defer: defer,
    reject: reject,
    when: when,
    all: all
  };
}

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$routeProvider
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 *
 * Used for configuring routes. See {@link ng.$route $route} for an example.
 */
function $RouteProvider(){
  var routes = {};

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$routeProvider#when
   * @methodOf ng.$routeProvider
   *
   * @param {string} path Route path (matched against `$location.path`). If `$location.path`
   *    contains redundant trailing slash or is missing one, the route will still match and the
   *    `$location.path` will be updated to add or drop the trailing slash to exactly match the
   *    route definition.
   *
   *    `path` can contain named groups starting with a colon (`:name`). All characters up to the
   *    next slash are matched and stored in `$routeParams` under the given `name` after the route
   *    is resolved.
   *
   * @param {Object} route Mapping information to be assigned to `$route.current` on route
   *    match.
   *
   *    Object properties:
   *
   *    - `controller` – `{(string|function()=}` – Controller fn that should be associated with newly
   *      created scope or the name of a {@link angular.Module#controller registered controller}
   *      if passed as a string.
   *    - `template` – `{string=}` –  html template as a string that should be used by
   *      {@link ng.directive:ngView ngView} or
   *      {@link ng.directive:ngInclude ngInclude} directives.
   *      this property takes precedence over `templateUrl`.
   *    - `templateUrl` – `{string=}` – path to an html template that should be used by
   *      {@link ng.directive:ngView ngView}.
   *    - `resolve` - `{Object.<string, function>=}` - An optional map of dependencies which should
   *      be injected into the controller. If any of these dependencies are promises, they will be
   *      resolved and converted to a value before the controller is instantiated and the
   *      `$routeChangeSuccess` event is fired. The map object is:
   *
   *      - `key` – `{string}`: a name of a dependency to be injected into the controller.
   *      - `factory` - `{string|function}`: If `string` then it is an alias for a service.
   *        Otherwise if function, then it is {@link api/AUTO.$injector#invoke injected}
   *        and the return value is treated as the dependency. If the result is a promise, it is resolved
   *        before its value is injected into the controller. Be aware that `ngRoute.$routeParams` will
   *        still refer to the previous route within these resolve functions.  Use `$route.current.params`
   *        to access the new route parameters, instead.
   *
   *    - `redirectTo` – {(string|function())=} – value to update
   *      {@link ng.$location $location} path with and trigger route redirection.
   *
   *      If `redirectTo` is a function, it will be called with the following parameters:
   *
   *      - `{Object.<string>}` - route parameters extracted from the current
   *        `$location.path()` by applying the current route templateUrl.
   *      - `{string}` - current `$location.path()`
   *      - `{Object}` - current `$location.search()`
   *
   *      The custom `redirectTo` function is expected to return a string which will be used
   *      to update `$location.path()` and `$location.search()`.
   *
   *    - `[reloadOnSearch=true]` - {boolean=} - reload route when only $location.search()
   *    changes.
   *
   *      If the option is set to `false` and url in the browser changes, then
   *      `$routeUpdate` event is broadcasted on the root scope.
   *
   * @returns {Object} self
   *
   * @description
   * Adds a new route definition to the `$route` service.
   */
  this.when = function(path, route) {
    routes[path] = extend({reloadOnSearch: true}, route);

    // create redirection for trailing slashes
    if (path) {
      var redirectPath = (path[path.length-1] == '/')
          ? path.substr(0, path.length-1)
          : path +'/';

      routes[redirectPath] = {redirectTo: path};
    }

    return this;
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc method
   * @name ng.$routeProvider#otherwise
   * @methodOf ng.$routeProvider
   *
   * @description
   * Sets route definition that will be used on route change when no other route definition
   * is matched.
   *
   * @param {Object} params Mapping information to be assigned to `$route.current`.
   * @returns {Object} self
   */
  this.otherwise = function(params) {
    this.when(null, params);
    return this;
  };


  this.$get = ['$rootScope', '$location', '$routeParams', '$q', '$injector', '$http', '$templateCache',
      function( $rootScope,   $location,   $routeParams,   $q,   $injector,   $http,   $templateCache) {

    /**
     * @ngdoc object
     * @name ng.$route
     * @requires $location
     * @requires $routeParams
     *
     * @property {Object} current Reference to the current route definition.
     * The route definition contains:
     *
     *   - `controller`: The controller constructor as define in route definition.
     *   - `locals`: A map of locals which is used by {@link ng.$controller $controller} service for
     *     controller instantiation. The `locals` contain
     *     the resolved values of the `resolve` map. Additionally the `locals` also contain:
     *
     *     - `$scope` - The current route scope.
     *     - `$template` - The current route template HTML.
     *
     * @property {Array.<Object>} routes Array of all configured routes.
     *
     * @description
     * Is used for deep-linking URLs to controllers and views (HTML partials).
     * It watches `$location.url()` and tries to map the path to an existing route definition.
     *
     * You can define routes through {@link ng.$routeProvider $routeProvider}'s API.
     *
     * The `$route` service is typically used in conjunction with {@link ng.directive:ngView ngView}
     * directive and the {@link ng.$routeParams $routeParams} service.
     *
     * @example
       This example shows how changing the URL hash causes the `$route` to match a route against the
       URL, and the `ngView` pulls in the partial.

       Note that this example is using {@link ng.directive:script inlined templates}
       to get it working on jsfiddle as well.

     <example module="ngView">
       <file name="index.html">
         <div ng-controller="MainCntl">
           Choose:
           <a href="Book/Moby">Moby</a> |
           <a href="Book/Moby/ch/1">Moby: Ch1</a> |
           <a href="Book/Gatsby">Gatsby</a> |
           <a href="Book/Gatsby/ch/4?key=value">Gatsby: Ch4</a> |
           <a href="Book/Scarlet">Scarlet Letter</a><br/>

           <div ng-view></div>
           <hr />

           <pre>$location.path() = {{$location.path()}}</pre>
           <pre>$route.current.templateUrl = {{$route.current.templateUrl}}</pre>
           <pre>$route.current.params = {{$route.current.params}}</pre>
           <pre>$route.current.scope.name = {{$route.current.scope.name}}</pre>
           <pre>$routeParams = {{$routeParams}}</pre>
         </div>
       </file>

       <file name="book.html">
         controller: {{name}}<br />
         Book Id: {{params.bookId}}<br />
       </file>

       <file name="chapter.html">
         controller: {{name}}<br />
         Book Id: {{params.bookId}}<br />
         Chapter Id: {{params.chapterId}}
       </file>

       <file name="script.js">
         angular.module('ngView', [], function($routeProvider, $locationProvider) {
           $routeProvider.when('/Book/:bookId', {
             templateUrl: 'book.html',
             controller: BookCntl,
             resolve: {
               // I will cause a 1 second delay
               delay: function($q, $timeout) {
                 var delay = $q.defer();
                 $timeout(delay.resolve, 1000);
                 return delay.promise;
               }
             }
           });
           $routeProvider.when('/Book/:bookId/ch/:chapterId', {
             templateUrl: 'chapter.html',
             controller: ChapterCntl
           });

           // configure html5 to get links working on jsfiddle
           $locationProvider.html5Mode(true);
         });

         function MainCntl($scope, $route, $routeParams, $location) {
           $scope.$route = $route;
           $scope.$location = $location;
           $scope.$routeParams = $routeParams;
         }

         function BookCntl($scope, $routeParams) {
           $scope.name = "BookCntl";
           $scope.params = $routeParams;
         }

         function ChapterCntl($scope, $routeParams) {
           $scope.name = "ChapterCntl";
           $scope.params = $routeParams;
         }
       </file>

       <file name="scenario.js">
         it('should load and compile correct template', function() {
           element('a:contains("Moby: Ch1")').click();
           var content = element('.doc-example-live [ng-view]').text();
           expect(content).toMatch(/controller\: ChapterCntl/);
           expect(content).toMatch(/Book Id\: Moby/);
           expect(content).toMatch(/Chapter Id\: 1/);

           element('a:contains("Scarlet")').click();
           sleep(2); // promises are not part of scenario waiting
           content = element('.doc-example-live [ng-view]').text();
           expect(content).toMatch(/controller\: BookCntl/);
           expect(content).toMatch(/Book Id\: Scarlet/);
         });
       </file>
     </example>
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc event
     * @name ng.$route#$routeChangeStart
     * @eventOf ng.$route
     * @eventType broadcast on root scope
     * @description
     * Broadcasted before a route change. At this  point the route services starts
     * resolving all of the dependencies needed for the route change to occurs.
     * Typically this involves fetching the view template as well as any dependencies
     * defined in `resolve` route property. Once  all of the dependencies are resolved
     * `$routeChangeSuccess` is fired.
     *
     * @param {Route} next Future route information.
     * @param {Route} current Current route information.
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc event
     * @name ng.$route#$routeChangeSuccess
     * @eventOf ng.$route
     * @eventType broadcast on root scope
     * @description
     * Broadcasted after a route dependencies are resolved.
     * {@link ng.directive:ngView ngView} listens for the directive
     * to instantiate the controller and render the view.
     *
     * @param {Object} angularEvent Synthetic event object.
     * @param {Route} current Current route information.
     * @param {Route|Undefined} previous Previous route information, or undefined if current is first route entered.
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc event
     * @name ng.$route#$routeChangeError
     * @eventOf ng.$route
     * @eventType broadcast on root scope
     * @description
     * Broadcasted if any of the resolve promises are rejected.
     *
     * @param {Route} current Current route information.
     * @param {Route} previous Previous route information.
     * @param {Route} rejection Rejection of the promise. Usually the error of the failed promise.
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc event
     * @name ng.$route#$routeUpdate
     * @eventOf ng.$route
     * @eventType broadcast on root scope
     * @description
     *
     * The `reloadOnSearch` property has been set to false, and we are reusing the same
     * instance of the Controller.
     */

    var forceReload = false,
        $route = {
          routes: routes,

          /**
           * @ngdoc method
           * @name ng.$route#reload
           * @methodOf ng.$route
           *
           * @description
           * Causes `$route` service to reload the current route even if
           * {@link ng.$location $location} hasn't changed.
           *
           * As a result of that, {@link ng.directive:ngView ngView}
           * creates new scope, reinstantiates the controller.
           */
          reload: function() {
            forceReload = true;
            $rootScope.$evalAsync(updateRoute);
          }
        };

    $rootScope.$on('$locationChangeSuccess', updateRoute);

    return $route;

    /////////////////////////////////////////////////////

    /**
     * @param on {string} current url
     * @param when {string} route when template to match the url against
     * @return {?Object}
     */
    function switchRouteMatcher(on, when) {
      // TODO(i): this code is convoluted and inefficient, we should construct the route matching
      //   regex only once and then reuse it

      // Escape regexp special characters.
      when = '^' + when.replace(/[-\/\\^$*+?.()|[\]{}]/g, "\\$&") + '$';
      var regex = '',
          params = [],
          dst = {};

      var re = /:(\w+)/g,
          paramMatch,
          lastMatchedIndex = 0;

      while ((paramMatch = re.exec(when)) !== null) {
        // Find each :param in `when` and replace it with a capturing group.
        // Append all other sections of when unchanged.
        regex += when.slice(lastMatchedIndex, paramMatch.index);
        regex += '([^\\/]*)';
        params.push(paramMatch[1]);
        lastMatchedIndex = re.lastIndex;
      }
      // Append trailing path part.
      regex += when.substr(lastMatchedIndex);

      var match = on.match(new RegExp(regex));
      if (match) {
        forEach(params, function(name, index) {
          dst[name] = match[index + 1];
        });
      }
      return match ? dst : null;
    }

    function updateRoute() {
      var next = parseRoute(),
          last = $route.current;

      if (next && last && next.$$route === last.$$route
          && equals(next.pathParams, last.pathParams) && !next.reloadOnSearch && !forceReload) {
        last.params = next.params;
        copy(last.params, $routeParams);
        $rootScope.$broadcast('$routeUpdate', last);
      } else if (next || last) {
        forceReload = false;
        $rootScope.$broadcast('$routeChangeStart', next, last);
        $route.current = next;
        if (next) {
          if (next.redirectTo) {
            if (isString(next.redirectTo)) {
              $location.path(interpolate(next.redirectTo, next.params)).search(next.params)
                       .replace();
            } else {
              $location.url(next.redirectTo(next.pathParams, $location.path(), $location.search()))
                       .replace();
            }
          }
        }

        $q.when(next).
          then(function() {
            if (next) {
              var keys = [],
                  values = [],
                  template;

              forEach(next.resolve || {}, function(value, key) {
                keys.push(key);
                values.push(isString(value) ? $injector.get(value) : $injector.invoke(value));
              });
              if (isDefined(template = next.template)) {
              } else if (isDefined(template = next.templateUrl)) {
                template = $http.get(template, {cache: $templateCache}).
                    then(function(response) { return response.data; });
              }
              if (isDefined(template)) {
                keys.push('$template');
                values.push(template);
              }
              return $q.all(values).then(function(values) {
                var locals = {};
                forEach(values, function(value, index) {
                  locals[keys[index]] = value;
                });
                return locals;
              });
            }
          }).
          // after route change
          then(function(locals) {
            if (next == $route.current) {
              if (next) {
                next.locals = locals;
                copy(next.params, $routeParams);
              }
              $rootScope.$broadcast('$routeChangeSuccess', next, last);
            }
          }, function(error) {
            if (next == $route.current) {
              $rootScope.$broadcast('$routeChangeError', next, last, error);
            }
          });
      }
    }


    /**
     * @returns the current active route, by matching it against the URL
     */
    function parseRoute() {
      // Match a route
      var params, match;
      forEach(routes, function(route, path) {
        if (!match && (params = switchRouteMatcher($location.path(), path))) {
          match = inherit(route, {
            params: extend({}, $location.search(), params),
            pathParams: params});
          match.$$route = route;
        }
      });
      // No route matched; fallback to "otherwise" route
      return match || routes[null] && inherit(routes[null], {params: {}, pathParams:{}});
    }

    /**
     * @returns interpolation of the redirect path with the parametrs
     */
    function interpolate(string, params) {
      var result = [];
      forEach((string||'').split(':'), function(segment, i) {
        if (i == 0) {
          result.push(segment);
        } else {
          var segmentMatch = segment.match(/(\w+)(.*)/);
          var key = segmentMatch[1];
          result.push(params[key]);
          result.push(segmentMatch[2] || '');
          delete params[key];
        }
      });
      return result.join('');
    }
  }];
}

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$routeParams
 * @requires $route
 *
 * @description
 * Current set of route parameters. The route parameters are a combination of the
 * {@link ng.$location $location} `search()`, and `path()`. The `path` parameters
 * are extracted when the {@link ng.$route $route} path is matched.
 *
 * In case of parameter name collision, `path` params take precedence over `search` params.
 *
 * The service guarantees that the identity of the `$routeParams` object will remain unchanged
 * (but its properties will likely change) even when a route change occurs.
 *
 * Note that the `$routeParams` are only updated *after* a route change completes successfully.
 * This means that you cannot rely on `$routeParams` being correct in route resolve functions.
 * Instead you can use `$route.current.params` to access the new route's parameters.
 *
 * @example
 * <pre>
 *  // Given:
 *  // URL: http://server.com/index.html#/Chapter/1/Section/2?search=moby
 *  // Route: /Chapter/:chapterId/Section/:sectionId
 *  //
 *  // Then
 *  $routeParams ==> {chapterId:1, sectionId:2, search:'moby'}
 * </pre>
 */
function $RouteParamsProvider() {
  this.$get = valueFn({});
}

/**
 * DESIGN NOTES
 *
 * The design decisions behind the scope are heavily favored for speed and memory consumption.
 *
 * The typical use of scope is to watch the expressions, which most of the time return the same
 * value as last time so we optimize the operation.
 *
 * Closures construction is expensive in terms of speed as well as memory:
 *   - No closures, instead use prototypical inheritance for API
 *   - Internal state needs to be stored on scope directly, which means that private state is
 *     exposed as $$____ properties
 *
 * Loop operations are optimized by using while(count--) { ... }
 *   - this means that in order to keep the same order of execution as addition we have to add
 *     items to the array at the beginning (shift) instead of at the end (push)
 *
 * Child scopes are created and removed often
 *   - Using an array would be slow since inserts in middle are expensive so we use linked list
 *
 * There are few watches then a lot of observers. This is why you don't want the observer to be
 * implemented in the same way as watch. Watch requires return of initialization function which
 * are expensive to construct.
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$rootScopeProvider
 * @description
 *
 * Provider for the $rootScope service.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name ng.$rootScopeProvider#digestTtl
 * @methodOf ng.$rootScopeProvider
 * @description
 *
 * Sets the number of digest iterations the scope should attempt to execute before giving up and
 * assuming that the model is unstable.
 *
 * The current default is 10 iterations.
 *
 * @param {number} limit The number of digest iterations.
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$rootScope
 * @description
 *
 * Every application has a single root {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope scope}.
 * All other scopes are child scopes of the root scope. Scopes provide mechanism for watching the model and provide
 * event processing life-cycle. See {@link guide/scope developer guide on scopes}.
 */
function $RootScopeProvider(){
  var TTL = 10;

  this.digestTtl = function(value) {
    if (arguments.length) {
      TTL = value;
    }
    return TTL;
  };

  this.$get = ['$injector', '$exceptionHandler', '$parse',
      function( $injector,   $exceptionHandler,   $parse) {

    /**
     * @ngdoc function
     * @name ng.$rootScope.Scope
     *
     * @description
     * A root scope can be retrieved using the {@link ng.$rootScope $rootScope} key from the
     * {@link AUTO.$injector $injector}. Child scopes are created using the
     * {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$new $new()} method. (Most scopes are created automatically when
     * compiled HTML template is executed.)
     *
     * Here is a simple scope snippet to show how you can interact with the scope.
     * <pre>
        angular.injector(['ng']).invoke(function($rootScope) {
           var scope = $rootScope.$new();
           scope.salutation = 'Hello';
           scope.name = 'World';

           expect(scope.greeting).toEqual(undefined);

           scope.$watch('name', function() {
             scope.greeting = scope.salutation + ' ' + scope.name + '!';
           }); // initialize the watch

           expect(scope.greeting).toEqual(undefined);
           scope.name = 'Misko';
           // still old value, since watches have not been called yet
           expect(scope.greeting).toEqual(undefined);

           scope.$digest(); // fire all  the watches
           expect(scope.greeting).toEqual('Hello Misko!');
        });
     * </pre>
     *
     * # Inheritance
     * A scope can inherit from a parent scope, as in this example:
     * <pre>
         var parent = $rootScope;
         var child = parent.$new();

         parent.salutation = "Hello";
         child.name = "World";
         expect(child.salutation).toEqual('Hello');

         child.salutation = "Welcome";
         expect(child.salutation).toEqual('Welcome');
         expect(parent.salutation).toEqual('Hello');
     * </pre>
     *
     *
     * @param {Object.<string, function()>=} providers Map of service factory which need to be provided
     *     for the current scope. Defaults to {@link ng}.
     * @param {Object.<string, *>=} instanceCache Provides pre-instantiated services which should
     *     append/override services provided by `providers`. This is handy when unit-testing and having
     *     the need to override a default service.
     * @returns {Object} Newly created scope.
     *
     */
    function Scope() {
      this.$id = nextUid();
      this.$$phase = this.$parent = this.$$watchers =
                     this.$$nextSibling = this.$$prevSibling =
                     this.$$childHead = this.$$childTail = null;
      this['this'] = this.$root =  this;
      this.$$destroyed = false;
      this.$$asyncQueue = [];
      this.$$listeners = {};
      this.$$isolateBindings = {};
    }

    /**
     * @ngdoc property
     * @name ng.$rootScope.Scope#$id
     * @propertyOf ng.$rootScope.Scope
     * @returns {number} Unique scope ID (monotonically increasing alphanumeric sequence) useful for
     *   debugging.
     */


    Scope.prototype = {
      /**
       * @ngdoc function
       * @name ng.$rootScope.Scope#$new
       * @methodOf ng.$rootScope.Scope
       * @function
       *
       * @description
       * Creates a new child {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope scope}.
       *
       * The parent scope will propagate the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest()} and
       * {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest()} events. The scope can be removed from the scope
       * hierarchy using {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$destroy $destroy()}.
       *
       * {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$destroy $destroy()} must be called on a scope when it is desired for
       * the scope and its child scopes to be permanently detached from the parent and thus stop
       * participating in model change detection and listener notification by invoking.
       *
       * @param {boolean} isolate if true then the scope does not prototypically inherit from the
       *         parent scope. The scope is isolated, as it can not see parent scope properties.
       *         When creating widgets it is useful for the widget to not accidentally read parent
       *         state.
       *
       * @returns {Object} The newly created child scope.
       *
       */
      $new: function(isolate) {
        var Child,
            child;

        if (isFunction(isolate)) {
          // TODO: remove at some point
          throw Error('API-CHANGE: Use $controller to instantiate controllers.');
        }
        if (isolate) {
          child = new Scope();
          child.$root = this.$root;
        } else {
          Child = function() {}; // should be anonymous; This is so that when the minifier munges
            // the name it does not become random set of chars. These will then show up as class
            // name in the debugger.
          Child.prototype = this;
          child = new Child();
          child.$id = nextUid();
        }
        child['this'] = child;
        child.$$listeners = {};
        child.$parent = this;
        child.$$asyncQueue = [];
        child.$$watchers = child.$$nextSibling = child.$$childHead = child.$$childTail = null;
        child.$$prevSibling = this.$$childTail;
        if (this.$$childHead) {
          this.$$childTail.$$nextSibling = child;
          this.$$childTail = child;
        } else {
          this.$$childHead = this.$$childTail = child;
        }
        return child;
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc function
       * @name ng.$rootScope.Scope#$watch
       * @methodOf ng.$rootScope.Scope
       * @function
       *
       * @description
       * Registers a `listener` callback to be executed whenever the `watchExpression` changes.
       *
       * - The `watchExpression` is called on every call to {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest()} and
       *   should return the value which will be watched. (Since {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest()}
       *   reruns when it detects changes the `watchExpression` can execute multiple times per
       *   {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest()} and should be idempotent.)
       * - The `listener` is called only when the value from the current `watchExpression` and the
       *   previous call to `watchExpression` are not equal (with the exception of the initial run,
       *   see below). The inequality is determined according to
       *   {@link angular.equals} function. To save the value of the object for later comparison, the
       *   {@link angular.copy} function is used. It also means that watching complex options will
       *   have adverse memory and performance implications.
       * - The watch `listener` may change the model, which may trigger other `listener`s to fire. This
       *   is achieved by rerunning the watchers until no changes are detected. The rerun iteration
       *   limit is 10 to prevent an infinite loop deadlock.
       *
       *
       * If you want to be notified whenever {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest} is called,
       * you can register a `watchExpression` function with no `listener`. (Since `watchExpression`
       * can execute multiple times per {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest} cycle when a change is
       * detected, be prepared for multiple calls to your listener.)
       *
       * After a watcher is registered with the scope, the `listener` fn is called asynchronously
       * (via {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$evalAsync $evalAsync}) to initialize the
       * watcher. In rare cases, this is undesirable because the listener is called when the result
       * of `watchExpression` didn't change. To detect this scenario within the `listener` fn, you
       * can compare the `newVal` and `oldVal`. If these two values are identical (`===`) then the
       * listener was called due to initialization.
       *
       *
       * # Example
       * <pre>
           // let's assume that scope was dependency injected as the $rootScope
           var scope = $rootScope;
           scope.name = 'misko';
           scope.counter = 0;

           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(0);
           scope.$watch('name', function(newValue, oldValue) { scope.counter = scope.counter + 1; });
           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(0);

           scope.$digest();
           // no variable change
           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(0);

           scope.name = 'adam';
           scope.$digest();
           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(1);
       * </pre>
       *
       *
       *
       * @param {(function()|string)} watchExpression Expression that is evaluated on each
       *    {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest} cycle. A change in the return value triggers a
       *    call to the `listener`.
       *
       *    - `string`: Evaluated as {@link guide/expression expression}
       *    - `function(scope)`: called with current `scope` as a parameter.
       * @param {(function()|string)=} listener Callback called whenever the return value of
       *   the `watchExpression` changes.
       *
       *    - `string`: Evaluated as {@link guide/expression expression}
       *    - `function(newValue, oldValue, scope)`: called with current and previous values as parameters.
       *
       * @param {boolean=} objectEquality Compare object for equality rather than for reference.
       * @returns {function()} Returns a deregistration function for this listener.
       */
      $watch: function(watchExp, listener, objectEquality) {
        var scope = this,
            get = compileToFn(watchExp, 'watch'),
            array = scope.$$watchers,
            watcher = {
              fn: listener,
              last: initWatchVal,
              get: get,
              exp: watchExp,
              eq: !!objectEquality
            };

        // in the case user pass string, we need to compile it, do we really need this ?
        if (!isFunction(listener)) {
          var listenFn = compileToFn(listener || noop, 'listener');
          watcher.fn = function(newVal, oldVal, scope) {listenFn(scope);};
        }

        if (!array) {
          array = scope.$$watchers = [];
        }
        // we use unshift since we use a while loop in $digest for speed.
        // the while loop reads in reverse order.
        array.unshift(watcher);

        return function() {
          arrayRemove(array, watcher);
        };
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc function
       * @name ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest
       * @methodOf ng.$rootScope.Scope
       * @function
       *
       * @description
       * Processes all of the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$watch watchers} of the current scope and its children.
       * Because a {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$watch watcher}'s listener can change the model, the
       * `$digest()` keeps calling the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$watch watchers} until no more listeners are
       * firing. This means that it is possible to get into an infinite loop. This function will throw
       * `'Maximum iteration limit exceeded.'` if the number of iterations exceeds 10.
       *
       * Usually you don't call `$digest()` directly in
       * {@link ng.directive:ngController controllers} or in
       * {@link ng.$compileProvider#directive directives}.
       * Instead a call to {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$apply $apply()} (typically from within a
       * {@link ng.$compileProvider#directive directives}) will force a `$digest()`.
       *
       * If you want to be notified whenever `$digest()` is called,
       * you can register a `watchExpression` function  with {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$watch $watch()}
       * with no `listener`.
       *
       * You may have a need to call `$digest()` from within unit-tests, to simulate the scope
       * life-cycle.
       *
       * # Example
       * <pre>
           var scope = ...;
           scope.name = 'misko';
           scope.counter = 0;

           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(0);
           scope.$watch('name', function(newValue, oldValue) {
             scope.counter = scope.counter + 1;
           });
           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(0);

           scope.$digest();
           // no variable change
           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(0);

           scope.name = 'adam';
           scope.$digest();
           expect(scope.counter).toEqual(1);
       * </pre>
       *
       */
      $digest: function() {
        var watch, value, last,
            watchers,
            asyncQueue,
            length,
            dirty, ttl = TTL,
            next, current, target = this,
            watchLog = [],
            logIdx, logMsg;

        beginPhase('$digest');

        do {
          dirty = false;
          current = target;
          do {
            asyncQueue = current.$$asyncQueue;
            while(asyncQueue.length) {
              try {
                current.$eval(asyncQueue.shift());
              } catch (e) {
                $exceptionHandler(e);
              }
            }
            if ((watchers = current.$$watchers)) {
              // process our watches
              length = watchers.length;
              while (length--) {
                try {
                  watch = watchers[length];
                  // Most common watches are on primitives, in which case we can short
                  // circuit it with === operator, only when === fails do we use .equals
                  if (watch && (value = watch.get(current)) !== (last = watch.last) &&
                      !(watch.eq
                          ? equals(value, last)
                          : (typeof value == 'number' && typeof last == 'number'
                             && isNaN(value) && isNaN(last)))) {
                    dirty = true;
                    watch.last = watch.eq ? copy(value) : value;
                    watch.fn(value, ((last === initWatchVal) ? value : last), current);
                    if (ttl < 5) {
                      logIdx = 4 - ttl;
                      if (!watchLog[logIdx]) watchLog[logIdx] = [];
                      logMsg = (isFunction(watch.exp))
                          ? 'fn: ' + (watch.exp.name || watch.exp.toString())
                          : watch.exp;
                      logMsg += '; newVal: ' + toJson(value) + '; oldVal: ' + toJson(last);
                      watchLog[logIdx].push(logMsg);
                    }
                  }
                } catch (e) {
                  $exceptionHandler(e);
                }
              }
            }

            // Insanity Warning: scope depth-first traversal
            // yes, this code is a bit crazy, but it works and we have tests to prove it!
            // this piece should be kept in sync with the traversal in $broadcast
            if (!(next = (current.$$childHead || (current !== target && current.$$nextSibling)))) {
              while(current !== target && !(next = current.$$nextSibling)) {
                current = current.$parent;
              }
            }
          } while ((current = next));

          if(dirty && !(ttl--)) {
            clearPhase();
            throw Error(TTL + ' $digest() iterations reached. Aborting!\n' +
                'Watchers fired in the last 5 iterations: ' + toJson(watchLog));
          }
        } while (dirty || asyncQueue.length);

        clearPhase();
      },


      /**
       * @ngdoc event
       * @name ng.$rootScope.Scope#$destroy
       * @eventOf ng.$rootScope.Scope
       * @eventType broadcast on scope being destroyed
       *
       * @description
       * Broadcasted when a scope and its children are being destroyed.
       * 
       * Note that, in AngularJS, there is also a `$destroy` jQuery event, which can be used to
       * clean up DOM bindings before an element is removed from the DOM.
       */

      /**
       * @ngdoc function
       * @name ng.$rootScope.Scope#$destroy
       * @methodOf ng.$rootScope.Scope
       * @function
       *
       * @description
       * Removes the current scope (and all of its children) from the parent scope. Removal implies
       * that calls to {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest()} will no longer
       * propagate to the current scope and its children. Removal also implies that the current
       * scope is eligible for garbage collection.
       *
       * The `$destroy()` is usually used by directives such as
       * {@link ng.directive:ngRepeat ngRepeat} for managing the
       * unrolling of the loop.
       *
       * Just before a scope is destroyed a `$destroy` event is broadcasted on this scope.
       * Application code can register a `$destroy` event handler that will give it chance to
       * perform any necessary cleanup.
       * 
       * Note that, in AngularJS, there is also a `$destroy` jQuery event, which can be used to
       * clean up DOM bindings before an element is removed from the DOM.
       */
      $destroy: function() {
        // we can't destroy the root scope or a scope that has been already destroyed
        if ($rootScope == this || this.$$destroyed) return;
        var parent = this.$parent;

        this.$broadcast('$destroy');
        this.$$destroyed = true;

        if (parent.$$childHead == this) parent.$$childHead = this.$$nextSibling;
        if (parent.$$childTail == this) parent.$$childTail = this.$$prevSibling;
        if (this.$$prevSibling) this.$$prevSibling.$$nextSibling = this.$$nextSibling;
        if (this.$$nextSibling) this.$$nextSibling.$$prevSibling = this.$$prevSibling;

        // This is bogus code that works around Chrome's GC leak
        // see: https://github.com/angular/angular.js/issues/1313#issuecomment-10378451
        this.$parent = this.$$nextSibling = this.$$prevSibling = this.$$childHead =
            this.$$childTail = null;
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc function
       * @name ng.$rootScope.Scope#$eval
       * @methodOf ng.$rootScope.Scope
       * @function
       *
       * @description
       * Executes the `expression` on the current scope returning the result. Any exceptions in the
       * expression are propagated (uncaught). This is useful when evaluating Angular expressions.
       *
       * # Example
       * <pre>
           var scope = ng.$rootScope.Scope();
           scope.a = 1;
           scope.b = 2;

           expect(scope.$eval('a+b')).toEqual(3);
           expect(scope.$eval(function(scope){ return scope.a + scope.b; })).toEqual(3);
       * </pre>
       *
       * @param {(string|function())=} expression An angular expression to be executed.
       *
       *    - `string`: execute using the rules as defined in  {@link guide/expression expression}.
       *    - `function(scope)`: execute the function with the current `scope` parameter.
       *
       * @returns {*} The result of evaluating the expression.
       */
      $eval: function(expr, locals) {
        return $parse(expr)(this, locals);
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc function
       * @name ng.$rootScope.Scope#$evalAsync
       * @methodOf ng.$rootScope.Scope
       * @function
       *
       * @description
       * Executes the expression on the current scope at a later point in time.
       *
       * The `$evalAsync` makes no guarantees as to when the `expression` will be executed, only that:
       *
       *   - it will execute in the current script execution context (before any DOM rendering).
       *   - at least one {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest cycle} will be performed after
       *     `expression` execution.
       *
       * Any exceptions from the execution of the expression are forwarded to the
       * {@link ng.$exceptionHandler $exceptionHandler} service.
       *
       * @param {(string|function())=} expression An angular expression to be executed.
       *
       *    - `string`: execute using the rules as defined in  {@link guide/expression expression}.
       *    - `function(scope)`: execute the function with the current `scope` parameter.
       *
       */
      $evalAsync: function(expr) {
        this.$$asyncQueue.push(expr);
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc function
       * @name ng.$rootScope.Scope#$apply
       * @methodOf ng.$rootScope.Scope
       * @function
       *
       * @description
       * `$apply()` is used to execute an expression in angular from outside of the angular framework.
       * (For example from browser DOM events, setTimeout, XHR or third party libraries).
       * Because we are calling into the angular framework we need to perform proper scope life-cycle
       * of {@link ng.$exceptionHandler exception handling},
       * {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest executing watches}.
       *
       * ## Life cycle
       *
       * # Pseudo-Code of `$apply()`
       * <pre>
           function $apply(expr) {
             try {
               return $eval(expr);
             } catch (e) {
               $exceptionHandler(e);
             } finally {
               $root.$digest();
             }
           }
       * </pre>
       *
       *
       * Scope's `$apply()` method transitions through the following stages:
       *
       * 1. The {@link guide/expression expression} is executed using the
       *    {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$eval $eval()} method.
       * 2. Any exceptions from the execution of the expression are forwarded to the
       *    {@link ng.$exceptionHandler $exceptionHandler} service.
       * 3. The {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$watch watch} listeners are fired immediately after the expression
       *    was executed using the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$digest $digest()} method.
       *
       *
       * @param {(string|function())=} exp An angular expression to be executed.
       *
       *    - `string`: execute using the rules as defined in {@link guide/expression expression}.
       *    - `function(scope)`: execute the function with current `scope` parameter.
       *
       * @returns {*} The result of evaluating the expression.
       */
      $apply: function(expr) {
        try {
          beginPhase('$apply');
          return this.$eval(expr);
        } catch (e) {
          $exceptionHandler(e);
        } finally {
          clearPhase();
          try {
            $rootScope.$digest();
          } catch (e) {
            $exceptionHandler(e);
            throw e;
          }
        }
      },

      /**
       * @ngdoc function
       * @name ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on
       * @methodOf ng.$rootScope.Scope
       * @function
       *
       * @description
       * Listens on events of a given type. See {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$emit $emit} for discussion of
       * event life cycle.
       *
       * The event listener function format is: `function(event, args...)`. The `event` object
       * passed into the listener has the following attributes:
       *
       *   - `targetScope` - `{Scope}`: the scope on which the event was `$emit`-ed or `$broadcast`-ed.
       *   - `currentScope` - `{Scope}`: the current scope which is handling the event.
       *   - `name` - `{string}`: Name of the event.
       *   - `stopPropagation` - `{function=}`: calling `stopPropagation` function will cancel further event
       *     propagation (available only for events that were `$emit`-ed).
       *   - `preventDefault` - `{function}`: calling `preventDefault` sets `defaultPrevented` flag to true.
       *   - `defaultPrevented` - `{boolean}`: true if `preventDefault` was called.
       *
       * @param {string} name Event name to listen on.
       * @param {function(event, args...)} listener Function to call when the event is emitted.
       * @returns {function()} Returns a deregistration function for this listener.
       */
      $on: function(name, listener) {
        var namedListeners = this.$$listeners[name];
        if (!namedListeners) {
          this.$$listeners[name] = namedListeners = [];
        }
        namedListeners.push(listener);

        return function() {
          namedListeners[indexOf(namedListeners, listener)] = null;
        };
      },


      /**
       * @ngdoc function
       * @name ng.$rootScope.Scope#$emit
       * @methodOf ng.$rootScope.Scope
       * @function
       *
       * @description
       * Dispatches an event `name` upwards through the scope hierarchy notifying the
       * registered {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on} listeners.
       *
       * The event life cycle starts at the scope on which `$emit` was called. All
       * {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on listeners} listening for `name` event on this scope get notified.
       * Afterwards, the event traverses upwards toward the root scope and calls all registered
       * listeners along the way. The event will stop propagating if one of the listeners cancels it.
       *
       * Any exception emitted from the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on listeners} will be passed
       * onto the {@link ng.$exceptionHandler $exceptionHandler} service.
       *
       * @param {string} name Event name to emit.
       * @param {...*} args Optional set of arguments which will be passed onto the event listeners.
       * @return {Object} Event object, see {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on}
       */
      $emit: function(name, args) {
        var empty = [],
            namedListeners,
            scope = this,
            stopPropagation = false,
            event = {
              name: name,
              targetScope: scope,
              stopPropagation: function() {stopPropagation = true;},
              preventDefault: function() {
                event.defaultPrevented = true;
              },
              defaultPrevented: false
            },
            listenerArgs = concat([event], arguments, 1),
            i, length;

        do {
          namedListeners = scope.$$listeners[name] || empty;
          event.currentScope = scope;
          for (i=0, length=namedListeners.length; i<length; i++) {

            // if listeners were deregistered, defragment the array
            if (!namedListeners[i]) {
              namedListeners.splice(i, 1);
              i--;
              length--;
              continue;
            }
            try {
              namedListeners[i].apply(null, listenerArgs);
              if (stopPropagation) return event;
            } catch (e) {
              $exceptionHandler(e);
            }
          }
          //traverse upwards
          scope = scope.$parent;
        } while (scope);

        return event;
      },


      /**
       * @ngdoc function
       * @name ng.$rootScope.Scope#$broadcast
       * @methodOf ng.$rootScope.Scope
       * @function
       *
       * @description
       * Dispatches an event `name` downwards to all child scopes (and their children) notifying the
       * registered {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on} listeners.
       *
       * The event life cycle starts at the scope on which `$broadcast` was called. All
       * {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on listeners} listening for `name` event on this scope get notified.
       * Afterwards, the event propagates to all direct and indirect scopes of the current scope and
       * calls all registered listeners along the way. The event cannot be canceled.
       *
       * Any exception emmited from the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on listeners} will be passed
       * onto the {@link ng.$exceptionHandler $exceptionHandler} service.
       *
       * @param {string} name Event name to broadcast.
       * @param {...*} args Optional set of arguments which will be passed onto the event listeners.
       * @return {Object} Event object, see {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$on}
       */
      $broadcast: function(name, args) {
        var target = this,
            current = target,
            next = target,
            event = {
              name: name,
              targetScope: target,
              preventDefault: function() {
                event.defaultPrevented = true;
              },
              defaultPrevented: false
            },
            listenerArgs = concat([event], arguments, 1),
            listeners, i, length;

        //down while you can, then up and next sibling or up and next sibling until back at root
        do {
          current = next;
          event.currentScope = current;
          listeners = current.$$listeners[name] || [];
          for (i=0, length = listeners.length; i<length; i++) {
            // if listeners were deregistered, defragment the array
            if (!listeners[i]) {
              listeners.splice(i, 1);
              i--;
              length--;
              continue;
            }

            try {
              listeners[i].apply(null, listenerArgs);
            } catch(e) {
              $exceptionHandler(e);
            }
          }

          // Insanity Warning: scope depth-first traversal
          // yes, this code is a bit crazy, but it works and we have tests to prove it!
          // this piece should be kept in sync with the traversal in $digest
          if (!(next = (current.$$childHead || (current !== target && current.$$nextSibling)))) {
            while(current !== target && !(next = current.$$nextSibling)) {
              current = current.$parent;
            }
          }
        } while ((current = next));

        return event;
      }
    };

    var $rootScope = new Scope();

    return $rootScope;


    function beginPhase(phase) {
      if ($rootScope.$$phase) {
        throw Error($rootScope.$$phase + ' already in progress');
      }

      $rootScope.$$phase = phase;
    }

    function clearPhase() {
      $rootScope.$$phase = null;
    }

    function compileToFn(exp, name) {
      var fn = $parse(exp);
      assertArgFn(fn, name);
      return fn;
    }

    /**
     * function used as an initial value for watchers.
     * because it's unique we can easily tell it apart from other values
     */
    function initWatchVal() {}
  }];
}

/**
 * !!! This is an undocumented "private" service !!!
 *
 * @name ng.$sniffer
 * @requires $window
 *
 * @property {boolean} history Does the browser support html5 history api ?
 * @property {boolean} hashchange Does the browser support hashchange event ?
 *
 * @description
 * This is very simple implementation of testing browser's features.
 */
function $SnifferProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$window', function($window) {
    var eventSupport = {},
        android = int((/android (\d+)/.exec(lowercase($window.navigator.userAgent)) || [])[1]);

    return {
      // Android has history.pushState, but it does not update location correctly
      // so let's not use the history API at all.
      // http://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=17471
      // https://github.com/angular/angular.js/issues/904
      history: !!($window.history && $window.history.pushState && !(android < 4)),
      hashchange: 'onhashchange' in $window &&
                  // IE8 compatible mode lies
                  (!$window.document.documentMode || $window.document.documentMode > 7),
      hasEvent: function(event) {
        // IE9 implements 'input' event it's so fubared that we rather pretend that it doesn't have
        // it. In particular the event is not fired when backspace or delete key are pressed or
        // when cut operation is performed.
        if (event == 'input' && msie == 9) return false;

        if (isUndefined(eventSupport[event])) {
          var divElm = $window.document.createElement('div');
          eventSupport[event] = 'on' + event in divElm;
        }

        return eventSupport[event];
      },
      // TODO(i): currently there is no way to feature detect CSP without triggering alerts
      csp: false
    };
  }];
}

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$window
 *
 * @description
 * A reference to the browser's `window` object. While `window`
 * is globally available in JavaScript, it causes testability problems, because
 * it is a global variable. In angular we always refer to it through the
 * `$window` service, so it may be overriden, removed or mocked for testing.
 *
 * Expressions, like the one defined for the `ngClick` directive in the example
 * below, are evaluated with respect to the current scope.  Therefore, there is
 * no risk of inadvertently coding in a dependency on a global value in such an
 * expression.
 *
 * @example
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
       <script>
         function Ctrl($scope, $window) {
           $scope.$window = $window;
           $scope.greeting = 'Hello, World!';
         }
       </script>
       <div ng-controller="Ctrl">
         <input type="text" ng-model="greeting" />
         <button ng-click="$window.alert(greeting)">ALERT</button>
       </div>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
      it('should display the greeting in the input box', function() {
       input('greeting').enter('Hello, E2E Tests');
       // If we click the button it will block the test runner
       // element(':button').click();
      });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 */
function $WindowProvider(){
  this.$get = valueFn(window);
}

/**
 * Parse headers into key value object
 *
 * @param {string} headers Raw headers as a string
 * @returns {Object} Parsed headers as key value object
 */
function parseHeaders(headers) {
  var parsed = {}, key, val, i;

  if (!headers) return parsed;

  forEach(headers.split('\n'), function(line) {
    i = line.indexOf(':');
    key = lowercase(trim(line.substr(0, i)));
    val = trim(line.substr(i + 1));

    if (key) {
      if (parsed[key]) {
        parsed[key] += ', ' + val;
      } else {
        parsed[key] = val;
      }
    }
  });

  return parsed;
}


/**
 * Returns a function that provides access to parsed headers.
 *
 * Headers are lazy parsed when first requested.
 * @see parseHeaders
 *
 * @param {(string|Object)} headers Headers to provide access to.
 * @returns {function(string=)} Returns a getter function which if called with:
 *
 *   - if called with single an argument returns a single header value or null
 *   - if called with no arguments returns an object containing all headers.
 */
function headersGetter(headers) {
  var headersObj = isObject(headers) ? headers : undefined;

  return function(name) {
    if (!headersObj) headersObj =  parseHeaders(headers);

    if (name) {
      return headersObj[lowercase(name)] || null;
    }

    return headersObj;
  };
}


/**
 * Chain all given functions
 *
 * This function is used for both request and response transforming
 *
 * @param {*} data Data to transform.
 * @param {function(string=)} headers Http headers getter fn.
 * @param {(function|Array.<function>)} fns Function or an array of functions.
 * @returns {*} Transformed data.
 */
function transformData(data, headers, fns) {
  if (isFunction(fns))
    return fns(data, headers);

  forEach(fns, function(fn) {
    data = fn(data, headers);
  });

  return data;
}


function isSuccess(status) {
  return 200 <= status && status < 300;
}


function $HttpProvider() {
  var JSON_START = /^\s*(\[|\{[^\{])/,
      JSON_END = /[\}\]]\s*$/,
      PROTECTION_PREFIX = /^\)\]\}',?\n/;

  var $config = this.defaults = {
    // transform incoming response data
    transformResponse: [function(data) {
      if (isString(data)) {
        // strip json vulnerability protection prefix
        data = data.replace(PROTECTION_PREFIX, '');
        if (JSON_START.test(data) && JSON_END.test(data))
          data = fromJson(data, true);
      }
      return data;
    }],

    // transform outgoing request data
    transformRequest: [function(d) {
      return isObject(d) && !isFile(d) ? toJson(d) : d;
    }],

    // default headers
    headers: {
      common: {
        'Accept': 'application/json, text/plain, */*',
        'X-Requested-With': 'XMLHttpRequest'
      },
      post: {'Content-Type': 'application/json;charset=utf-8'},
      put:  {'Content-Type': 'application/json;charset=utf-8'}
    }
  };

  var providerResponseInterceptors = this.responseInterceptors = [];

  this.$get = ['$httpBackend', '$browser', '$cacheFactory', '$rootScope', '$q', '$injector',
      function($httpBackend, $browser, $cacheFactory, $rootScope, $q, $injector) {

    var defaultCache = $cacheFactory('$http'),
        responseInterceptors = [];

    forEach(providerResponseInterceptors, function(interceptor) {
      responseInterceptors.push(
          isString(interceptor)
              ? $injector.get(interceptor)
              : $injector.invoke(interceptor)
      );
    });


    /**
     * @ngdoc function
     * @name ng.$http
     * @requires $httpBackend
     * @requires $browser
     * @requires $cacheFactory
     * @requires $rootScope
     * @requires $q
     * @requires $injector
     *
     * @description
     * The `$http` service is a core Angular service that facilitates communication with the remote
     * HTTP servers via the browser's {@link https://developer.mozilla.org/en/xmlhttprequest
     * XMLHttpRequest} object or via {@link http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JSONP JSONP}.
     *
     * For unit testing applications that use `$http` service, see
     * {@link ngMock.$httpBackend $httpBackend mock}.
     *
     * For a higher level of abstraction, please check out the {@link ngResource.$resource
     * $resource} service.
     *
     * The $http API is based on the {@link ng.$q deferred/promise APIs} exposed by
     * the $q service. While for simple usage patterns this doesn't matter much, for advanced usage
     * it is important to familiarize yourself with these APIs and the guarantees they provide.
     *
     *
     * # General usage
     * The `$http` service is a function which takes a single argument — a configuration object —
     * that is used to generate an HTTP request and returns  a {@link ng.$q promise}
     * with two $http specific methods: `success` and `error`.
     *
     * <pre>
     *   $http({method: 'GET', url: '/someUrl'}).
     *     success(function(data, status, headers, config) {
     *       // this callback will be called asynchronously
     *       // when the response is available
     *     }).
     *     error(function(data, status, headers, config) {
     *       // called asynchronously if an error occurs
     *       // or server returns response with an error status.
     *     });
     * </pre>
     *
     * Since the returned value of calling the $http function is a `promise`, you can also use
     * the `then` method to register callbacks, and these callbacks will receive a single argument –
     * an object representing the response. See the API signature and type info below for more
     * details.
     *
     * A response status code between 200 and 299 is considered a success status and
     * will result in the success callback being called. Note that if the response is a redirect,
     * XMLHttpRequest will transparently follow it, meaning that the error callback will not be
     * called for such responses.
     *
     * # Shortcut methods
     *
     * Since all invocations of the $http service require passing in an HTTP method and URL, and
     * POST/PUT requests require request data to be provided as well, shortcut methods
     * were created:
     *
     * <pre>
     *   $http.get('/someUrl').success(successCallback);
     *   $http.post('/someUrl', data).success(successCallback);
     * </pre>
     *
     * Complete list of shortcut methods:
     *
     * - {@link ng.$http#get $http.get}
     * - {@link ng.$http#head $http.head}
     * - {@link ng.$http#post $http.post}
     * - {@link ng.$http#put $http.put}
     * - {@link ng.$http#delete $http.delete}
     * - {@link ng.$http#jsonp $http.jsonp}
     *
     *
     * # Setting HTTP Headers
     *
     * The $http service will automatically add certain HTTP headers to all requests. These defaults
     * can be fully configured by accessing the `$httpProvider.defaults.headers` configuration
     * object, which currently contains this default configuration:
     *
     * - `$httpProvider.defaults.headers.common` (headers that are common for all requests):
     *   - `Accept: application/json, text/plain, * / *`
     *   - `X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest`
     * - `$httpProvider.defaults.headers.post`: (header defaults for POST requests)
     *   - `Content-Type: application/json`
     * - `$httpProvider.defaults.headers.put` (header defaults for PUT requests)
     *   - `Content-Type: application/json`
     *
     * To add or overwrite these defaults, simply add or remove a property from these configuration
     * objects. To add headers for an HTTP method other than POST or PUT, simply add a new object
     * with the lowercased HTTP method name as the key, e.g.
     * `$httpProvider.defaults.headers.get['My-Header']='value'`.
     *
     * Additionally, the defaults can be set at runtime via the `$http.defaults` object in the same
     * fashion.
     *
     *
     * # Transforming Requests and Responses
     *
     * Both requests and responses can be transformed using transform functions. By default, Angular
     * applies these transformations:
     *
     * Request transformations:
     *
     * - If the `data` property of the request configuration object contains an object, serialize it into
     *   JSON format.
     *
     * Response transformations:
     *
     *  - If XSRF prefix is detected, strip it (see Security Considerations section below).
     *  - If JSON response is detected, deserialize it using a JSON parser.
     *
     * To globally augment or override the default transforms, modify the `$httpProvider.defaults.transformRequest` and
     * `$httpProvider.defaults.transformResponse` properties. These properties are by default an
     * array of transform functions, which allows you to `push` or `unshift` a new transformation function into the
     * transformation chain. You can also decide to completely override any default transformations by assigning your
     * transformation functions to these properties directly without the array wrapper.
     *
     * Similarly, to locally override the request/response transforms, augment the `transformRequest` and/or
     * `transformResponse` properties of the configuration object passed into `$http`.
     *
     *
     * # Caching
     *
     * To enable caching, set the configuration property `cache` to `true`. When the cache is
     * enabled, `$http` stores the response from the server in local cache. Next time the
     * response is served from the cache without sending a request to the server.
     *
     * Note that even if the response is served from cache, delivery of the data is asynchronous in
     * the same way that real requests are.
     *
     * If there are multiple GET requests for the same URL that should be cached using the same
     * cache, but the cache is not populated yet, only one request to the server will be made and
     * the remaining requests will be fulfilled using the response from the first request.
     *
     *
     * # Response interceptors
     *
     * Before you start creating interceptors, be sure to understand the
     * {@link ng.$q $q and deferred/promise APIs}.
     *
     * For purposes of global error handling, authentication or any kind of synchronous or
     * asynchronous preprocessing of received responses, it is desirable to be able to intercept
     * responses for http requests before they are handed over to the application code that
     * initiated these requests. The response interceptors leverage the {@link ng.$q
     * promise apis} to fulfil this need for both synchronous and asynchronous preprocessing.
     *
     * The interceptors are service factories that are registered with the $httpProvider by
     * adding them to the `$httpProvider.responseInterceptors` array. The factory is called and
     * injected with dependencies (if specified) and returns the interceptor  — a function that
     * takes a {@link ng.$q promise} and returns the original or a new promise.
     *
     * <pre>
     *   // register the interceptor as a service
     *   $provide.factory('myHttpInterceptor', function($q, dependency1, dependency2) {
     *     return function(promise) {
     *       return promise.then(function(response) {
     *         // do something on success
     *         return response;
     *       }, function(response) {
     *         // do something on error
     *         if (canRecover(response)) {
     *           return responseOrNewPromise
     *         }
     *         return $q.reject(response);
     *       });
     *     }
     *   });
     *
     *   $httpProvider.responseInterceptors.push('myHttpInterceptor');
     *
     *
     *   // register the interceptor via an anonymous factory
     *   $httpProvider.responseInterceptors.push(function($q, dependency1, dependency2) {
     *     return function(promise) {
     *       // same as above
     *     }
     *   });
     * </pre>
     *
     *
     * # Security Considerations
     *
     * When designing web applications, consider security threats from:
     *
     * - {@link http://haacked.com/archive/2008/11/20/anatomy-of-a-subtle-json-vulnerability.aspx
     *   JSON vulnerability}
     * - {@link http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross-site_request_forgery XSRF}
     *
     * Both server and the client must cooperate in order to eliminate these threats. Angular comes
     * pre-configured with strategies that address these issues, but for this to work backend server
     * cooperation is required.
     *
     * ## JSON Vulnerability Protection
     *
     * A {@link http://haacked.com/archive/2008/11/20/anatomy-of-a-subtle-json-vulnerability.aspx
     * JSON vulnerability} allows third party website to turn your JSON resource URL into
     * {@link http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JSONP JSONP} request under some conditions. To
     * counter this your server can prefix all JSON requests with following string `")]}',\n"`.
     * Angular will automatically strip the prefix before processing it as JSON.
     *
     * For example if your server needs to return:
     * <pre>
     * ['one','two']
     * </pre>
     *
     * which is vulnerable to attack, your server can return:
     * <pre>
     * )]}',
     * ['one','two']
     * </pre>
     *
     * Angular will strip the prefix, before processing the JSON.
     *
     *
     * ## Cross Site Request Forgery (XSRF) Protection
     *
     * {@link http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross-site_request_forgery XSRF} is a technique by which
     * an unauthorized site can gain your user's private data. Angular provides a mechanism
     * to counter XSRF. When performing XHR requests, the $http service reads a token from a cookie
     * called `XSRF-TOKEN` and sets it as the HTTP header `X-XSRF-TOKEN`. Since only JavaScript that
     * runs on your domain could read the cookie, your server can be assured that the XHR came from
     * JavaScript running on your domain.
     *
     * To take advantage of this, your server needs to set a token in a JavaScript readable session
     * cookie called `XSRF-TOKEN` on the first HTTP GET request. On subsequent XHR requests the
     * server can verify that the cookie matches `X-XSRF-TOKEN` HTTP header, and therefore be sure
     * that only JavaScript running on your domain could have sent the request. The token must be
     * unique for each user and must be verifiable by the server (to prevent the JavaScript from making
     * up its own tokens). We recommend that the token is a digest of your site's authentication
     * cookie with a {@link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salt_(cryptography) salt} for added security.
     *
     *
     * @param {object} config Object describing the request to be made and how it should be
     *    processed. The object has following properties:
     *
     *    - **method** – `{string}` – HTTP method (e.g. 'GET', 'POST', etc)
     *    - **url** – `{string}` – Absolute or relative URL of the resource that is being requested.
     *    - **params** – `{Object.<string|Object>}` – Map of strings or objects which will be turned to
     *      `?key1=value1&key2=value2` after the url. If the value is not a string, it will be JSONified.
     *    - **data** – `{string|Object}` – Data to be sent as the request message data.
     *    - **headers** – `{Object}` – Map of strings representing HTTP headers to send to the server.
     *    - **transformRequest** – `{function(data, headersGetter)|Array.<function(data, headersGetter)>}` –
     *      transform function or an array of such functions. The transform function takes the http
     *      request body and headers and returns its transformed (typically serialized) version.
     *    - **transformResponse** – `{function(data, headersGetter)|Array.<function(data, headersGetter)>}` –
     *      transform function or an array of such functions. The transform function takes the http
     *      response body and headers and returns its transformed (typically deserialized) version.
     *    - **cache** – `{boolean|Cache}` – If true, a default $http cache will be used to cache the
     *      GET request, otherwise if a cache instance built with
     *      {@link ng.$cacheFactory $cacheFactory}, this cache will be used for
     *      caching.
     *    - **timeout** – `{number}` – timeout in milliseconds.
     *    - **withCredentials** - `{boolean}` - whether to to set the `withCredentials` flag on the
     *      XHR object. See {@link https://developer.mozilla.org/en/http_access_control#section_5
     *      requests with credentials} for more information.
     *
     * @returns {HttpPromise} Returns a {@link ng.$q promise} object with the
     *   standard `then` method and two http specific methods: `success` and `error`. The `then`
     *   method takes two arguments a success and an error callback which will be called with a
     *   response object. The `success` and `error` methods take a single argument - a function that
     *   will be called when the request succeeds or fails respectively. The arguments passed into
     *   these functions are destructured representation of the response object passed into the
     *   `then` method. The response object has these properties:
     *
     *   - **data** – `{string|Object}` – The response body transformed with the transform functions.
     *   - **status** – `{number}` – HTTP status code of the response.
     *   - **headers** – `{function([headerName])}` – Header getter function.
     *   - **config** – `{Object}` – The configuration object that was used to generate the request.
     *
     * @property {Array.<Object>} pendingRequests Array of config objects for currently pending
     *   requests. This is primarily meant to be used for debugging purposes.
     *
     *
     * @example
      <example>
        <file name="index.html">
          <div ng-controller="FetchCtrl">
            <select ng-model="method">
              <option>GET</option>
              <option>JSONP</option>
            </select>
            <input type="text" ng-model="url" size="80"/>
            <button ng-click="fetch()">fetch</button><br>
            <button ng-click="updateModel('GET', 'http-hello.html')">Sample GET</button>
            <button ng-click="updateModel('JSONP', 'http://angularjs.org/greet.php?callback=JSON_CALLBACK&name=Super%20Hero')">Sample JSONP</button>
            <button ng-click="updateModel('JSONP', 'http://angularjs.org/doesntexist&callback=JSON_CALLBACK')">Invalid JSONP</button>
            <pre>http status code: {{status}}</pre>
            <pre>http response data: {{data}}</pre>
          </div>
        </file>
        <file name="script.js">
          function FetchCtrl($scope, $http, $templateCache) {
            $scope.method = 'GET';
            $scope.url = 'http-hello.html';

            $scope.fetch = function() {
              $scope.code = null;
              $scope.response = null;

              $http({method: $scope.method, url: $scope.url, cache: $templateCache}).
                success(function(data, status) {
                  $scope.status = status;
                  $scope.data = data;
                }).
                error(function(data, status) {
                  $scope.data = data || "Request failed";
                  $scope.status = status;
              });
            };

            $scope.updateModel = function(method, url) {
              $scope.method = method;
              $scope.url = url;
            };
          }
        </file>
        <file name="http-hello.html">
          Hello, $http!
        </file>
        <file name="scenario.js">
          it('should make an xhr GET request', function() {
            element(':button:contains("Sample GET")').click();
            element(':button:contains("fetch")').click();
            expect(binding('status')).toBe('200');
            expect(binding('data')).toMatch(/Hello, \$http!/);
          });

          it('should make a JSONP request to angularjs.org', function() {
            element(':button:contains("Sample JSONP")').click();
            element(':button:contains("fetch")').click();
            expect(binding('status')).toBe('200');
            expect(binding('data')).toMatch(/Super Hero!/);
          });

          it('should make JSONP request to invalid URL and invoke the error handler',
              function() {
            element(':button:contains("Invalid JSONP")').click();
            element(':button:contains("fetch")').click();
            expect(binding('status')).toBe('0');
            expect(binding('data')).toBe('Request failed');
          });
        </file>
      </example>
     */
    function $http(config) {
      config.method = uppercase(config.method);

      var reqTransformFn = config.transformRequest || $config.transformRequest,
          respTransformFn = config.transformResponse || $config.transformResponse,
          reqHeaders = extend({}, config.headers),
          defHeaders = extend(
            {'X-XSRF-TOKEN': $browser.cookies()['XSRF-TOKEN']},
            $config.headers.common,
            $config.headers[lowercase(config.method)]
          ),
          reqData,
          defHeaderName, lowercaseDefHeaderName, headerName,
          promise;

      // using for-in instead of forEach to avoid unecessary iteration after header has been found
      defaultHeadersIteration:
      for(defHeaderName in defHeaders) {
        lowercaseDefHeaderName = lowercase(defHeaderName);
        for(headerName in config.headers) {
          if (lowercase(headerName) === lowercaseDefHeaderName) {
            continue defaultHeadersIteration;
          }
        }
        reqHeaders[defHeaderName] = defHeaders[defHeaderName];
      }

      // strip content-type if data is undefined
      if (isUndefined(config.data)) {
        for(var header in reqHeaders) {
          if (lowercase(header) === 'content-type') {
            delete reqHeaders[header];
            break;
          }
        }
      }

      reqData = transformData(config.data, headersGetter(reqHeaders), reqTransformFn);

      // send request
      promise = sendReq(config, reqData, reqHeaders);


      // transform future response
      promise = promise.then(transformResponse, transformResponse);

      // apply interceptors
      forEach(responseInterceptors, function(interceptor) {
        promise = interceptor(promise);
      });

      promise.success = function(fn) {
        promise.then(function(response) {
          fn(response.data, response.status, response.headers, config);
        });
        return promise;
      };

      promise.error = function(fn) {
        promise.then(null, function(response) {
          fn(response.data, response.status, response.headers, config);
        });
        return promise;
      };

      return promise;

      function transformResponse(response) {
        // make a copy since the response must be cacheable
        var resp = extend({}, response, {
          data: transformData(response.data, response.headers, respTransformFn)
        });
        return (isSuccess(response.status))
          ? resp
          : $q.reject(resp);
      }
    }

    $http.pendingRequests = [];

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name ng.$http#get
     * @methodOf ng.$http
     *
     * @description
     * Shortcut method to perform `GET` request.
     *
     * @param {string} url Relative or absolute URL specifying the destination of the request
     * @param {Object=} config Optional configuration object
     * @returns {HttpPromise} Future object
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name ng.$http#delete
     * @methodOf ng.$http
     *
     * @description
     * Shortcut method to perform `DELETE` request.
     *
     * @param {string} url Relative or absolute URL specifying the destination of the request
     * @param {Object=} config Optional configuration object
     * @returns {HttpPromise} Future object
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name ng.$http#head
     * @methodOf ng.$http
     *
     * @description
     * Shortcut method to perform `HEAD` request.
     *
     * @param {string} url Relative or absolute URL specifying the destination of the request
     * @param {Object=} config Optional configuration object
     * @returns {HttpPromise} Future object
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name ng.$http#jsonp
     * @methodOf ng.$http
     *
     * @description
     * Shortcut method to perform `JSONP` request.
     *
     * @param {string} url Relative or absolute URL specifying the destination of the request.
     *                     Should contain `JSON_CALLBACK` string.
     * @param {Object=} config Optional configuration object
     * @returns {HttpPromise} Future object
     */
    createShortMethods('get', 'delete', 'head', 'jsonp');

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name ng.$http#post
     * @methodOf ng.$http
     *
     * @description
     * Shortcut method to perform `POST` request.
     *
     * @param {string} url Relative or absolute URL specifying the destination of the request
     * @param {*} data Request content
     * @param {Object=} config Optional configuration object
     * @returns {HttpPromise} Future object
     */

    /**
     * @ngdoc method
     * @name ng.$http#put
     * @methodOf ng.$http
     *
     * @description
     * Shortcut method to perform `PUT` request.
     *
     * @param {string} url Relative or absolute URL specifying the destination of the request
     * @param {*} data Request content
     * @param {Object=} config Optional configuration object
     * @returns {HttpPromise} Future object
     */
    createShortMethodsWithData('post', 'put');

        /**
         * @ngdoc property
         * @name ng.$http#defaults
         * @propertyOf ng.$http
         *
         * @description
         * Runtime equivalent of the `$httpProvider.defaults` property. Allows configuration of
         * default headers as well as request and response transformations.
         *
         * See "Setting HTTP Headers" and "Transforming Requests and Responses" sections above.
         */
    $http.defaults = $config;


    return $http;


    function createShortMethods(names) {
      forEach(arguments, function(name) {
        $http[name] = function(url, config) {
          return $http(extend(config || {}, {
            method: name,
            url: url
          }));
        };
      });
    }


    function createShortMethodsWithData(name) {
      forEach(arguments, function(name) {
        $http[name] = function(url, data, config) {
          return $http(extend(config || {}, {
            method: name,
            url: url,
            data: data
          }));
        };
      });
    }


    /**
     * Makes the request.
     *
     * !!! ACCESSES CLOSURE VARS:
     * $httpBackend, $config, $log, $rootScope, defaultCache, $http.pendingRequests
     */
    function sendReq(config, reqData, reqHeaders) {
      var deferred = $q.defer(),
          promise = deferred.promise,
          cache,
          cachedResp,
          url = buildUrl(config.url, config.params);

      $http.pendingRequests.push(config);
      promise.then(removePendingReq, removePendingReq);


      if (config.cache && config.method == 'GET') {
        cache = isObject(config.cache) ? config.cache : defaultCache;
      }

      if (cache) {
        cachedResp = cache.get(url);
        if (cachedResp) {
          if (cachedResp.then) {
            // cached request has already been sent, but there is no response yet
            cachedResp.then(removePendingReq, removePendingReq);
            return cachedResp;
          } else {
            // serving from cache
            if (isArray(cachedResp)) {
              resolvePromise(cachedResp[1], cachedResp[0], copy(cachedResp[2]));
            } else {
              resolvePromise(cachedResp, 200, {});
            }
          }
        } else {
          // put the promise for the non-transformed response into cache as a placeholder
          cache.put(url, promise);
        }
      }

      // if we won't have the response in cache, send the request to the backend
      if (!cachedResp) {
        $httpBackend(config.method, url, reqData, done, reqHeaders, config.timeout,
            config.withCredentials);
      }

      return promise;


      /**
       * Callback registered to $httpBackend():
       *  - caches the response if desired
       *  - resolves the raw $http promise
       *  - calls $apply
       */
      function done(status, response, headersString) {
        if (cache) {
          if (isSuccess(status)) {
            cache.put(url, [status, response, parseHeaders(headersString)]);
          } else {
            // remove promise from the cache
            cache.remove(url);
          }
        }

        resolvePromise(response, status, headersString);
        $rootScope.$apply();
      }


      /**
       * Resolves the raw $http promise.
       */
      function resolvePromise(response, status, headers) {
        // normalize internal statuses to 0
        status = Math.max(status, 0);

        (isSuccess(status) ? deferred.resolve : deferred.reject)({
          data: response,
          status: status,
          headers: headersGetter(headers),
          config: config
        });
      }


      function removePendingReq() {
        var idx = indexOf($http.pendingRequests, config);
        if (idx !== -1) $http.pendingRequests.splice(idx, 1);
      }
    }


    function buildUrl(url, params) {
          if (!params) return url;
          var parts = [];
          forEachSorted(params, function(value, key) {
            if (value == null || value == undefined) return;
            if (isObject(value)) {
              value = toJson(value);
            }
            parts.push(encodeURIComponent(key) + '=' + encodeURIComponent(value));
          });
          return url + ((url.indexOf('?') == -1) ? '?' : '&') + parts.join('&');
        }


  }];
}

var XHR = window.XMLHttpRequest || function() {
  try { return new ActiveXObject("Msxml2.XMLHTTP.6.0"); } catch (e1) {}
  try { return new ActiveXObject("Msxml2.XMLHTTP.3.0"); } catch (e2) {}
  try { return new ActiveXObject("Msxml2.XMLHTTP"); } catch (e3) {}
  throw new Error("This browser does not support XMLHttpRequest.");
};


/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$httpBackend
 * @requires $browser
 * @requires $window
 * @requires $document
 *
 * @description
 * HTTP backend used by the {@link ng.$http service} that delegates to
 * XMLHttpRequest object or JSONP and deals with browser incompatibilities.
 *
 * You should never need to use this service directly, instead use the higher-level abstractions:
 * {@link ng.$http $http} or {@link ngResource.$resource $resource}.
 *
 * During testing this implementation is swapped with {@link ngMock.$httpBackend mock
 * $httpBackend} which can be trained with responses.
 */
function $HttpBackendProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$browser', '$window', '$document', function($browser, $window, $document) {
    return createHttpBackend($browser, XHR, $browser.defer, $window.angular.callbacks,
        $document[0], $window.location.protocol.replace(':', ''));
  }];
}

function createHttpBackend($browser, XHR, $browserDefer, callbacks, rawDocument, locationProtocol) {
  // TODO(vojta): fix the signature
  return function(method, url, post, callback, headers, timeout, withCredentials) {
    $browser.$$incOutstandingRequestCount();
    url = url || $browser.url();

    if (lowercase(method) == 'jsonp') {
      var callbackId = '_' + (callbacks.counter++).toString(36);
      callbacks[callbackId] = function(data) {
        callbacks[callbackId].data = data;
      };

      jsonpReq(url.replace('JSON_CALLBACK', 'angular.callbacks.' + callbackId),
          function() {
        if (callbacks[callbackId].data) {
          completeRequest(callback, 200, callbacks[callbackId].data);
        } else {
          completeRequest(callback, -2);
        }
        delete callbacks[callbackId];
      });
    } else {
      var xhr = new XHR();
      xhr.open(method, url, true);
      forEach(headers, function(value, key) {
        if (value) xhr.setRequestHeader(key, value);
      });

      var status;

      // In IE6 and 7, this might be called synchronously when xhr.send below is called and the
      // response is in the cache. the promise api will ensure that to the app code the api is
      // always async
      xhr.onreadystatechange = function() {
        if (xhr.readyState == 4) {
          var responseHeaders = xhr.getAllResponseHeaders();

          // TODO(vojta): remove once Firefox 21 gets released.
          // begin: workaround to overcome Firefox CORS http response headers bug
          // https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=608735
          // Firefox already patched in nightly. Should land in Firefox 21.

          // CORS "simple response headers" http://www.w3.org/TR/cors/
          var value,
              simpleHeaders = ["Cache-Control", "Content-Language", "Content-Type",
                                  "Expires", "Last-Modified", "Pragma"];
          if (!responseHeaders) {
            responseHeaders = "";
            forEach(simpleHeaders, function (header) {
              var value = xhr.getResponseHeader(header);
              if (value) {
                  responseHeaders += header + ": " + value + "\n";
              }
            });
          }
          // end of the workaround.

          completeRequest(callback, status || xhr.status, xhr.responseText,
                          responseHeaders);
        }
      };

      if (withCredentials) {
        xhr.withCredentials = true;
      }

      xhr.send(post || '');

      if (timeout > 0) {
        $browserDefer(function() {
          status = -1;
          xhr.abort();
        }, timeout);
      }
    }


    function completeRequest(callback, status, response, headersString) {
      // URL_MATCH is defined in src/service/location.js
      var protocol = (url.match(URL_MATCH) || ['', locationProtocol])[1];

      // fix status code for file protocol (it's always 0)
      status = (protocol == 'file') ? (response ? 200 : 404) : status;

      // normalize IE bug (http://bugs.jquery.com/ticket/1450)
      status = status == 1223 ? 204 : status;

      callback(status, response, headersString);
      $browser.$$completeOutstandingRequest(noop);
    }
  };

  function jsonpReq(url, done) {
    // we can't use jQuery/jqLite here because jQuery does crazy shit with script elements, e.g.:
    // - fetches local scripts via XHR and evals them
    // - adds and immediately removes script elements from the document
    var script = rawDocument.createElement('script'),
        doneWrapper = function() {
          rawDocument.body.removeChild(script);
          if (done) done();
        };

    script.type = 'text/javascript';
    script.src = url;

    if (msie) {
      script.onreadystatechange = function() {
        if (/loaded|complete/.test(script.readyState)) doneWrapper();
      };
    } else {
      script.onload = script.onerror = doneWrapper;
    }

    rawDocument.body.appendChild(script);
  }
}

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$locale
 *
 * @description
 * $locale service provides localization rules for various Angular components. As of right now the
 * only public api is:
 *
 * * `id` – `{string}` – locale id formatted as `languageId-countryId` (e.g. `en-us`)
 */
function $LocaleProvider(){
  this.$get = function() {
    return {
      id: 'en-us',

      NUMBER_FORMATS: {
        DECIMAL_SEP: '.',
        GROUP_SEP: ',',
        PATTERNS: [
          { // Decimal Pattern
            minInt: 1,
            minFrac: 0,
            maxFrac: 3,
            posPre: '',
            posSuf: '',
            negPre: '-',
            negSuf: '',
            gSize: 3,
            lgSize: 3
          },{ //Currency Pattern
            minInt: 1,
            minFrac: 2,
            maxFrac: 2,
            posPre: '\u00A4',
            posSuf: '',
            negPre: '(\u00A4',
            negSuf: ')',
            gSize: 3,
            lgSize: 3
          }
        ],
        CURRENCY_SYM: '$'
      },

      DATETIME_FORMATS: {
        MONTH: 'January,February,March,April,May,June,July,August,September,October,November,December'
                .split(','),
        SHORTMONTH:  'Jan,Feb,Mar,Apr,May,Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct,Nov,Dec'.split(','),
        DAY: 'Sunday,Monday,Tuesday,Wednesday,Thursday,Friday,Saturday'.split(','),
        SHORTDAY: 'Sun,Mon,Tue,Wed,Thu,Fri,Sat'.split(','),
        AMPMS: ['AM','PM'],
        medium: 'MMM d, y h:mm:ss a',
        short: 'M/d/yy h:mm a',
        fullDate: 'EEEE, MMMM d, y',
        longDate: 'MMMM d, y',
        mediumDate: 'MMM d, y',
        shortDate: 'M/d/yy',
        mediumTime: 'h:mm:ss a',
        shortTime: 'h:mm a'
      },

      pluralCat: function(num) {
        if (num === 1) {
          return 'one';
        }
        return 'other';
      }
    };
  };
}

function $TimeoutProvider() {
  this.$get = ['$rootScope', '$browser', '$q', '$exceptionHandler',
       function($rootScope,   $browser,   $q,   $exceptionHandler) {
    var deferreds = {};


     /**
      * @ngdoc function
      * @name ng.$timeout
      * @requires $browser
      *
      * @description
      * Angular's wrapper for `window.setTimeout`. The `fn` function is wrapped into a try/catch
      * block and delegates any exceptions to
      * {@link ng.$exceptionHandler $exceptionHandler} service.
      *
      * The return value of registering a timeout function is a promise, which will be resolved when
      * the timeout is reached and the timeout function is executed.
      *
      * To cancel a timeout request, call `$timeout.cancel(promise)`.
      *
      * In tests you can use {@link ngMock.$timeout `$timeout.flush()`} to
      * synchronously flush the queue of deferred functions.
      *
      * @param {function()} fn A function, whose execution should be delayed.
      * @param {number=} [delay=0] Delay in milliseconds.
      * @param {boolean=} [invokeApply=true] If set to `false` skips model dirty checking, otherwise
      *   will invoke `fn` within the {@link ng.$rootScope.Scope#$apply $apply} block.
      * @returns {Promise} Promise that will be resolved when the timeout is reached. The value this
      *   promise will be resolved with is the return value of the `fn` function.
      */
    function timeout(fn, delay, invokeApply) {
      var deferred = $q.defer(),
          promise = deferred.promise,
          skipApply = (isDefined(invokeApply) && !invokeApply),
          timeoutId, cleanup;

      timeoutId = $browser.defer(function() {
        try {
          deferred.resolve(fn());
        } catch(e) {
          deferred.reject(e);
          $exceptionHandler(e);
        }
        finally {
          delete deferreds[promise.$$timeoutId];
        }

        if (!skipApply) $rootScope.$apply();
      }, delay);

      promise.$$timeoutId = timeoutId;
      deferreds[timeoutId] = deferred;

      return promise;
    }


     /**
      * @ngdoc function
      * @name ng.$timeout#cancel
      * @methodOf ng.$timeout
      *
      * @description
      * Cancels a task associated with the `promise`. As a result of this, the promise will be
      * resolved with a rejection.
      *
      * @param {Promise=} promise Promise returned by the `$timeout` function.
      * @returns {boolean} Returns `true` if the task hasn't executed yet and was successfully
      *   canceled.
      */
    timeout.cancel = function(promise) {
      if (promise && promise.$$timeoutId in deferreds) {
        deferreds[promise.$$timeoutId].reject('canceled');
        delete deferreds[promise.$$timeoutId];
        return $browser.defer.cancel(promise.$$timeoutId);
      }
      return false;
    };

    return timeout;
  }];
}

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.$filterProvider
 * @description
 *
 * Filters are just functions which transform input to an output. However filters need to be Dependency Injected. To
 * achieve this a filter definition consists of a factory function which is annotated with dependencies and is
 * responsible for creating a filter function.
 *
 * <pre>
 *   // Filter registration
 *   function MyModule($provide, $filterProvider) {
 *     // create a service to demonstrate injection (not always needed)
 *     $provide.value('greet', function(name){
 *       return 'Hello ' + name + '!';
 *     });
 *
 *     // register a filter factory which uses the
 *     // greet service to demonstrate DI.
 *     $filterProvider.register('greet', function(greet){
 *       // return the filter function which uses the greet service
 *       // to generate salutation
 *       return function(text) {
 *         // filters need to be forgiving so check input validity
 *         return text && greet(text) || text;
 *       };
 *     });
 *   }
 * </pre>
 *
 * The filter function is registered with the `$injector` under the filter name suffixe with `Filter`.
 * <pre>
 *   it('should be the same instance', inject(
 *     function($filterProvider) {
 *       $filterProvider.register('reverse', function(){
 *         return ...;
 *       });
 *     },
 *     function($filter, reverseFilter) {
 *       expect($filter('reverse')).toBe(reverseFilter);
 *     });
 * </pre>
 *
 *
 * For more information about how angular filters work, and how to create your own filters, see
 * {@link guide/dev_guide.templates.filters Understanding Angular Filters} in the angular Developer
 * Guide.
 */
/**
 * @ngdoc method
 * @name ng.$filterProvider#register
 * @methodOf ng.$filterProvider
 * @description
 * Register filter factory function.
 *
 * @param {String} name Name of the filter.
 * @param {function} fn The filter factory function which is injectable.
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name ng.$filter
 * @function
 * @description
 * Filters are used for formatting data displayed to the user.
 *
 * The general syntax in templates is as follows:
 *
 *         {{ expression [| filter_name[:parameter_value] ... ] }}
 *
 * @param {String} name Name of the filter function to retrieve
 * @return {Function} the filter function
 */
$FilterProvider.$inject = ['$provide'];
function $FilterProvider($provide) {
  var suffix = 'Filter';

  function register(name, factory) {
    return $provide.factory(name + suffix, factory);
  }
  this.register = register;

  this.$get = ['$injector', function($injector) {
    return function(name) {
      return $injector.get(name + suffix);
    }
  }];

  ////////////////////////////////////////

  register('currency', currencyFilter);
  register('date', dateFilter);
  register('filter', filterFilter);
  register('json', jsonFilter);
  register('limitTo', limitToFilter);
  register('lowercase', lowercaseFilter);
  register('number', numberFilter);
  register('orderBy', orderByFilter);
  register('uppercase', uppercaseFilter);
}

/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name ng.filter:filter
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Selects a subset of items from `array` and returns it as a new array.
 *
 * Note: This function is used to augment the `Array` type in Angular expressions. See
 * {@link ng.$filter} for more information about Angular arrays.
 *
 * @param {Array} array The source array.
 * @param {string|Object|function()} expression The predicate to be used for selecting items from
 *   `array`.
 *
 *   Can be one of:
 *
 *   - `string`: Predicate that results in a substring match using the value of `expression`
 *     string. All strings or objects with string properties in `array` that contain this string
 *     will be returned. The predicate can be negated by prefixing the string with `!`.
 *
 *   - `Object`: A pattern object can be used to filter specific properties on objects contained
 *     by `array`. For example `{name:"M", phone:"1"}` predicate will return an array of items
 *     which have property `name` containing "M" and property `phone` containing "1". A special
 *     property name `$` can be used (as in `{$:"text"}`) to accept a match against any
 *     property of the object. That's equivalent to the simple substring match with a `string`
 *     as described above.
 *
 *   - `function`: A predicate function can be used to write arbitrary filters. The function is
 *     called for each element of `array`. The final result is an array of those elements that
 *     the predicate returned true for.
 *
 * @example
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
       <div ng-init="friends = [{name:'John', phone:'555-1276'},
                                {name:'Mary', phone:'800-BIG-MARY'},
                                {name:'Mike', phone:'555-4321'},
                                {name:'Adam', phone:'555-5678'},
                                {name:'Julie', phone:'555-8765'}]"></div>

       Search: <input ng-model="searchText">
       <table id="searchTextResults">
         <tr><th>Name</th><th>Phone</th></tr>
         <tr ng-repeat="friend in friends | filter:searchText">
           <td>{{friend.name}}</td>
           <td>{{friend.phone}}</td>
         </tr>
       </table>
       <hr>
       Any: <input ng-model="search.$"> <br>
       Name only <input ng-model="search.name"><br>
       Phone only <input ng-model="search.phone"><br>
       <table id="searchObjResults">
         <tr><th>Name</th><th>Phone</th></tr>
         <tr ng-repeat="friend in friends | filter:search">
           <td>{{friend.name}}</td>
           <td>{{friend.phone}}</td>
         </tr>
       </table>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should search across all fields when filtering with a string', function() {
         input('searchText').enter('m');
         expect(repeater('#searchTextResults tr', 'friend in friends').column('friend.name')).
           toEqual(['Mary', 'Mike', 'Adam']);

         input('searchText').enter('76');
         expect(repeater('#searchTextResults tr', 'friend in friends').column('friend.name')).
           toEqual(['John', 'Julie']);
       });

       it('should search in specific fields when filtering with a predicate object', function() {
         input('search.$').enter('i');
         expect(repeater('#searchObjResults tr', 'friend in friends').column('friend.name')).
           toEqual(['Mary', 'Mike', 'Julie']);
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 */
function filterFilter() {
  return function(array, expression) {
    if (!isArray(array)) return array;
    var predicates = [];
    predicates.check = function(value) {
      for (var j = 0; j < predicates.length; j++) {
        if(!predicates[j](value)) {
          return false;
        }
      }
      return true;
    };
    var search = function(obj, text){
      if (text.charAt(0) === '!') {
        return !search(obj, text.substr(1));
      }
      switch (typeof obj) {
        case "boolean":
        case "number":
        case "string":
          return ('' + obj).toLowerCase().indexOf(text) > -1;
        case "object":
          for ( var objKey in obj) {
            if (objKey.charAt(0) !== '$' && search(obj[objKey], text)) {
              return true;
            }
          }
          return false;
        case "array":
          for ( var i = 0; i < obj.length; i++) {
            if (search(obj[i], text)) {
              return true;
            }
          }
          return false;
        default:
          return false;
      }
    };
    switch (typeof expression) {
      case "boolean":
      case "number":
      case "string":
        expression = {$:expression};
      case "object":
        for (var key in expression) {
          if (key == '$') {
            (function() {
              var text = (''+expression[key]).toLowerCase();
              if (!text) return;
              predicates.push(function(value) {
                return search(value, text);
              });
            })();
          } else {
            (function() {
              var path = key;
              var text = (''+expression[key]).toLowerCase();
              if (!text) return;
              predicates.push(function(value) {
                return search(getter(value, path), text);
              });
            })();
          }
        }
        break;
      case 'function':
        predicates.push(expression);
        break;
      default:
        return array;
    }
    var filtered = [];
    for ( var j = 0; j < array.length; j++) {
      var value = array[j];
      if (predicates.check(value)) {
        filtered.push(value);
      }
    }
    return filtered;
  }
}

/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name ng.filter:currency
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Formats a number as a currency (ie $1,234.56). When no currency symbol is provided, default
 * symbol for current locale is used.
 *
 * @param {number} amount Input to filter.
 * @param {string=} symbol Currency symbol or identifier to be displayed.
 * @returns {string} Formatted number.
 *
 *
 * @example
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
       <script>
         function Ctrl($scope) {
           $scope.amount = 1234.56;
         }
       </script>
       <div ng-controller="Ctrl">
         <input type="number" ng-model="amount"> <br>
         default currency symbol ($): {{amount | currency}}<br>
         custom currency identifier (USD$): {{amount | currency:"USD$"}}
       </div>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should init with 1234.56', function() {
         expect(binding('amount | currency')).toBe('$1,234.56');
         expect(binding('amount | currency:"USD$"')).toBe('USD$1,234.56');
       });
       it('should update', function() {
         input('amount').enter('-1234');
         expect(binding('amount | currency')).toBe('($1,234.00)');
         expect(binding('amount | currency:"USD$"')).toBe('(USD$1,234.00)');
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 */
currencyFilter.$inject = ['$locale'];
function currencyFilter($locale) {
  var formats = $locale.NUMBER_FORMATS;
  return function(amount, currencySymbol){
    if (isUndefined(currencySymbol)) currencySymbol = formats.CURRENCY_SYM;
    return formatNumber(amount, formats.PATTERNS[1], formats.GROUP_SEP, formats.DECIMAL_SEP, 2).
                replace(/\u00A4/g, currencySymbol);
  };
}

/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name ng.filter:number
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Formats a number as text.
 *
 * If the input is not a number an empty string is returned.
 *
 * @param {number|string} number Number to format.
 * @param {(number|string)=} fractionSize Number of decimal places to round the number to.
 * If this is not provided then the fraction size is computed from the current locale's number
 * formatting pattern. In the case of the default locale, it will be 3.
 * @returns {string} Number rounded to decimalPlaces and places a “,” after each third digit.
 *
 * @example
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
       <script>
         function Ctrl($scope) {
           $scope.val = 1234.56789;
         }
       </script>
       <div ng-controller="Ctrl">
         Enter number: <input ng-model='val'><br>
         Default formatting: {{val | number}}<br>
         No fractions: {{val | number:0}}<br>
         Negative number: {{-val | number:4}}
       </div>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should format numbers', function() {
         expect(binding('val | number')).toBe('1,234.568');
         expect(binding('val | number:0')).toBe('1,235');
         expect(binding('-val | number:4')).toBe('-1,234.5679');
       });

       it('should update', function() {
         input('val').enter('3374.333');
         expect(binding('val | number')).toBe('3,374.333');
         expect(binding('val | number:0')).toBe('3,374');
         expect(binding('-val | number:4')).toBe('-3,374.3330');
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 */


numberFilter.$inject = ['$locale'];
function numberFilter($locale) {
  var formats = $locale.NUMBER_FORMATS;
  return function(number, fractionSize) {
    return formatNumber(number, formats.PATTERNS[0], formats.GROUP_SEP, formats.DECIMAL_SEP,
      fractionSize);
  };
}

var DECIMAL_SEP = '.';
function formatNumber(number, pattern, groupSep, decimalSep, fractionSize) {
  if (isNaN(number) || !isFinite(number)) return '';

  var isNegative = number < 0;
  number = Math.abs(number);
  var numStr = number + '',
      formatedText = '',
      parts = [];

  var hasExponent = false;
  if (numStr.indexOf('e') !== -1) {
    var match = numStr.match(/([\d\.]+)e(-?)(\d+)/);
    if (match && match[2] == '-' && match[3] > fractionSize + 1) {
      numStr = '0';
    } else {
      formatedText = numStr;
      hasExponent = true;
    }
  }

  if (!hasExponent) {
    var fractionLen = (numStr.split(DECIMAL_SEP)[1] || '').length;

    // determine fractionSize if it is not specified
    if (isUndefined(fractionSize)) {
      fractionSize = Math.min(Math.max(pattern.minFrac, fractionLen), pattern.maxFrac);
    }

    var pow = Math.pow(10, fractionSize);
    number = Math.round(number * pow) / pow;
    var fraction = ('' + number).split(DECIMAL_SEP);
    var whole = fraction[0];
    fraction = fraction[1] || '';

    var pos = 0,
        lgroup = pattern.lgSize,
        group = pattern.gSize;

    if (whole.length >= (lgroup + group)) {
      pos = whole.length - lgroup;
      for (var i = 0; i < pos; i++) {
        if ((pos - i)%group === 0 && i !== 0) {
          formatedText += groupSep;
        }
        formatedText += whole.charAt(i);
      }
    }

    for (i = pos; i < whole.length; i++) {
      if ((whole.length - i)%lgroup === 0 && i !== 0) {
        formatedText += groupSep;
      }
      formatedText += whole.charAt(i);
    }

    // format fraction part.
    while(fraction.length < fractionSize) {
      fraction += '0';
    }

    if (fractionSize && fractionSize !== "0") formatedText += decimalSep + fraction.substr(0, fractionSize);
  } else {

    if (fractionSize > 0 && number > -1 && number < 1) {
      formatedText = number.toFixed(fractionSize);
    }
  }

  parts.push(isNegative ? pattern.negPre : pattern.posPre);
  parts.push(formatedText);
  parts.push(isNegative ? pattern.negSuf : pattern.posSuf);
  return parts.join('');
}

function padNumber(num, digits, trim) {
  var neg = '';
  if (num < 0) {
    neg =  '-';
    num = -num;
  }
  num = '' + num;
  while(num.length < digits) num = '0' + num;
  if (trim)
    num = num.substr(num.length - digits);
  return neg + num;
}


function dateGetter(name, size, offset, trim) {
  offset = offset || 0;
  return function(date) {
    var value = date['get' + name]();
    if (offset > 0 || value > -offset)
      value += offset;
    if (value === 0 && offset == -12 ) value = 12;
    return padNumber(value, size, trim);
  };
}

function dateStrGetter(name, shortForm) {
  return function(date, formats) {
    var value = date['get' + name]();
    var get = uppercase(shortForm ? ('SHORT' + name) : name);

    return formats[get][value];
  };
}

function timeZoneGetter(date) {
  var zone = -1 * date.getTimezoneOffset();
  var paddedZone = (zone >= 0) ? "+" : "";

  paddedZone += padNumber(Math[zone > 0 ? 'floor' : 'ceil'](zone / 60), 2) +
                padNumber(Math.abs(zone % 60), 2);

  return paddedZone;
}

function ampmGetter(date, formats) {
  return date.getHours() < 12 ? formats.AMPMS[0] : formats.AMPMS[1];
}

var DATE_FORMATS = {
  yyyy: dateGetter('FullYear', 4),
    yy: dateGetter('FullYear', 2, 0, true),
     y: dateGetter('FullYear', 1),
  MMMM: dateStrGetter('Month'),
   MMM: dateStrGetter('Month', true),
    MM: dateGetter('Month', 2, 1),
     M: dateGetter('Month', 1, 1),
    dd: dateGetter('Date', 2),
     d: dateGetter('Date', 1),
    HH: dateGetter('Hours', 2),
     H: dateGetter('Hours', 1),
    hh: dateGetter('Hours', 2, -12),
     h: dateGetter('Hours', 1, -12),
    mm: dateGetter('Minutes', 2),
     m: dateGetter('Minutes', 1),
    ss: dateGetter('Seconds', 2),
     s: dateGetter('Seconds', 1),
  EEEE: dateStrGetter('Day'),
   EEE: dateStrGetter('Day', true),
     a: ampmGetter,
     Z: timeZoneGetter
};

var DATE_FORMATS_SPLIT = /((?:[^yMdHhmsaZE']+)|(?:'(?:[^']|'')*')|(?:E+|y+|M+|d+|H+|h+|m+|s+|a|Z))(.*)/,
    NUMBER_STRING = /^\d+$/;

/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name ng.filter:date
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 *   Formats `date` to a string based on the requested `format`.
 *
 *   `format` string can be composed of the following elements:
 *
 *   * `'yyyy'`: 4 digit representation of year (e.g. AD 1 => 0001, AD 2010 => 2010)
 *   * `'yy'`: 2 digit representation of year, padded (00-99). (e.g. AD 2001 => 01, AD 2010 => 10)
 *   * `'y'`: 1 digit representation of year, e.g. (AD 1 => 1, AD 199 => 199)
 *   * `'MMMM'`: Month in year (January-December)
 *   * `'MMM'`: Month in year (Jan-Dec)
 *   * `'MM'`: Month in year, padded (01-12)
 *   * `'M'`: Month in year (1-12)
 *   * `'dd'`: Day in month, padded (01-31)
 *   * `'d'`: Day in month (1-31)
 *   * `'EEEE'`: Day in Week,(Sunday-Saturday)
 *   * `'EEE'`: Day in Week, (Sun-Sat)
 *   * `'HH'`: Hour in day, padded (00-23)
 *   * `'H'`: Hour in day (0-23)
 *   * `'hh'`: Hour in am/pm, padded (01-12)
 *   * `'h'`: Hour in am/pm, (1-12)
 *   * `'mm'`: Minute in hour, padded (00-59)
 *   * `'m'`: Minute in hour (0-59)
 *   * `'ss'`: Second in minute, padded (00-59)
 *   * `'s'`: Second in minute (0-59)
 *   * `'a'`: am/pm marker
 *   * `'Z'`: 4 digit (+sign) representation of the timezone offset (-1200-+1200)
 *
 *   `format` string can also be one of the following predefined
 *   {@link guide/i18n localizable formats}:
 *
 *   * `'medium'`: equivalent to `'MMM d, y h:mm:ss a'` for en_US locale
 *     (e.g. Sep 3, 2010 12:05:08 pm)
 *   * `'short'`: equivalent to `'M/d/yy h:mm a'` for en_US  locale (e.g. 9/3/10 12:05 pm)
 *   * `'fullDate'`: equivalent to `'EEEE, MMMM d,y'` for en_US  locale
 *     (e.g. Friday, September 3, 2010)
 *   * `'longDate'`: equivalent to `'MMMM d, y'` for en_US  locale (e.g. September 3, 2010)
 *   * `'mediumDate'`: equivalent to `'MMM d, y'` for en_US  locale (e.g. Sep 3, 2010)
 *   * `'shortDate'`: equivalent to `'M/d/yy'` for en_US locale (e.g. 9/3/10)
 *   * `'mediumTime'`: equivalent to `'h:mm:ss a'` for en_US locale (e.g. 12:05:08 pm)
 *   * `'shortTime'`: equivalent to `'h:mm a'` for en_US locale (e.g. 12:05 pm)
 *
 *   `format` string can contain literal values. These need to be quoted with single quotes (e.g.
 *   `"h 'in the morning'"`). In order to output single quote, use two single quotes in a sequence
 *   (e.g. `"h 'o''clock'"`).
 *
 * @param {(Date|number|string)} date Date to format either as Date object, milliseconds (string or
 *    number) or various ISO 8601 datetime string formats (e.g. yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss.SSSZ and its
 *    shorter versions like yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mmZ, yyyy-MM-dd or yyyyMMddTHHmmssZ). If no timezone is
 *    specified in the string input, the time is considered to be in the local timezone.
 * @param {string=} format Formatting rules (see Description). If not specified,
 *    `mediumDate` is used.
 * @returns {string} Formatted string or the input if input is not recognized as date/millis.
 *
 * @example
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
       <span ng-non-bindable>{{1288323623006 | date:'medium'}}</span>:
           {{1288323623006 | date:'medium'}}<br>
       <span ng-non-bindable>{{1288323623006 | date:'yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss Z'}}</span>:
          {{1288323623006 | date:'yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss Z'}}<br>
       <span ng-non-bindable>{{1288323623006 | date:'MM/dd/yyyy @ h:mma'}}</span>:
          {{'1288323623006' | date:'MM/dd/yyyy @ h:mma'}}<br>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should format date', function() {
         expect(binding("1288323623006 | date:'medium'")).
            toMatch(/Oct 2\d, 2010 \d{1,2}:\d{2}:\d{2} (AM|PM)/);
         expect(binding("1288323623006 | date:'yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss Z'")).
            toMatch(/2010\-10\-2\d \d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2} (\-|\+)?\d{4}/);
         expect(binding("'1288323623006' | date:'MM/dd/yyyy @ h:mma'")).
            toMatch(/10\/2\d\/2010 @ \d{1,2}:\d{2}(AM|PM)/);
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 */
dateFilter.$inject = ['$locale'];
function dateFilter($locale) {


  var R_ISO8601_STR = /^(\d{4})-?(\d\d)-?(\d\d)(?:T(\d\d)(?::?(\d\d)(?::?(\d\d)(?:\.(\d+))?)?)?(Z|([+-])(\d\d):?(\d\d))?)?$/;
  function jsonStringToDate(string){
    var match;
    if (match = string.match(R_ISO8601_STR)) {
      var date = new Date(0),
          tzHour = 0,
          tzMin  = 0;
      if (match[9]) {
        tzHour = int(match[9] + match[10]);
        tzMin = int(match[9] + match[11]);
      }
      date.setUTCFullYear(int(match[1]), int(match[2]) - 1, int(match[3]));
      date.setUTCHours(int(match[4]||0) - tzHour, int(match[5]||0) - tzMin, int(match[6]||0), int(match[7]||0));
      return date;
    }
    return string;
  }


  return function(date, format) {
    var text = '',
        parts = [],
        fn, match;

    format = format || 'mediumDate';
    format = $locale.DATETIME_FORMATS[format] || format;
    if (isString(date)) {
      if (NUMBER_STRING.test(date)) {
        date = int(date);
      } else {
        date = jsonStringToDate(date);
      }
    }

    if (isNumber(date)) {
      date = new Date(date);
    }

    if (!isDate(date)) {
      return date;
    }

    while(format) {
      match = DATE_FORMATS_SPLIT.exec(format);
      if (match) {
        parts = concat(parts, match, 1);
        format = parts.pop();
      } else {
        parts.push(format);
        format = null;
      }
    }

    forEach(parts, function(value){
      fn = DATE_FORMATS[value];
      text += fn ? fn(date, $locale.DATETIME_FORMATS)
                 : value.replace(/(^'|'$)/g, '').replace(/''/g, "'");
    });

    return text;
  };
}


/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name ng.filter:json
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 *   Allows you to convert a JavaScript object into JSON string.
 *
 *   This filter is mostly useful for debugging. When using the double curly {{value}} notation
 *   the binding is automatically converted to JSON.
 *
 * @param {*} object Any JavaScript object (including arrays and primitive types) to filter.
 * @returns {string} JSON string.
 *
 *
 * @example:
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
       <pre>{{ {'name':'value'} | json }}</pre>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should jsonify filtered objects', function() {
         expect(binding("{'name':'value'}")).toMatch(/\{\n  "name": ?"value"\n}/);
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 *
 */
function jsonFilter() {
  return function(object) {
    return toJson(object, true);
  };
}


/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name ng.filter:lowercase
 * @function
 * @description
 * Converts string to lowercase.
 * @see angular.lowercase
 */
var lowercaseFilter = valueFn(lowercase);


/**
 * @ngdoc filter
 * @name ng.filter:uppercase
 * @function
 * @description
 * Converts string to uppercase.
 * @see angular.uppercase
 */
var uppercaseFilter = valueFn(uppercase);

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name ng.filter:limitTo
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Creates a new array containing only a specified number of elements in an array. The elements
 * are taken from either the beginning or the end of the source array, as specified by the
 * value and sign (positive or negative) of `limit`.
 *
 * Note: This function is used to augment the `Array` type in Angular expressions. See
 * {@link ng.$filter} for more information about Angular arrays.
 *
 * @param {Array} array Source array to be limited.
 * @param {string|Number} limit The length of the returned array. If the `limit` number is
 *     positive, `limit` number of items from the beginning of the source array are copied.
 *     If the number is negative, `limit` number  of items from the end of the source array are
 *     copied. The `limit` will be trimmed if it exceeds `array.length`
 * @returns {Array} A new sub-array of length `limit` or less if input array had less than `limit`
 *     elements.
 *
 * @example
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
       <script>
         function Ctrl($scope) {
           $scope.numbers = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9];
           $scope.limit = 3;
         }
       </script>
       <div ng-controller="Ctrl">
         Limit {{numbers}} to: <input type="integer" ng-model="limit">
         <p>Output: {{ numbers | limitTo:limit }}</p>
       </div>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should limit the numer array to first three items', function() {
         expect(element('.doc-example-live input[ng-model=limit]').val()).toBe('3');
         expect(binding('numbers | limitTo:limit')).toEqual('[1,2,3]');
       });

       it('should update the output when -3 is entered', function() {
         input('limit').enter(-3);
         expect(binding('numbers | limitTo:limit')).toEqual('[7,8,9]');
       });

       it('should not exceed the maximum size of input array', function() {
         input('limit').enter(100);
         expect(binding('numbers | limitTo:limit')).toEqual('[1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9]');
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 */
function limitToFilter(){
  return function(array, limit) {
    if (!(array instanceof Array)) return array;
    limit = int(limit);
    var out = [],
      i, n;

    // check that array is iterable
    if (!array || !(array instanceof Array))
      return out;

    // if abs(limit) exceeds maximum length, trim it
    if (limit > array.length)
      limit = array.length;
    else if (limit < -array.length)
      limit = -array.length;

    if (limit > 0) {
      i = 0;
      n = limit;
    } else {
      i = array.length + limit;
      n = array.length;
    }

    for (; i<n; i++) {
      out.push(array[i]);
    }

    return out;
  }
}

/**
 * @ngdoc function
 * @name ng.filter:orderBy
 * @function
 *
 * @description
 * Orders a specified `array` by the `expression` predicate.
 *
 * Note: this function is used to augment the `Array` type in Angular expressions. See
 * {@link ng.$filter} for more informaton about Angular arrays.
 *
 * @param {Array} array The array to sort.
 * @param {function(*)|string|Array.<(function(*)|string)>} expression A predicate to be
 *    used by the comparator to determine the order of elements.
 *
 *    Can be one of:
 *
 *    - `function`: Getter function. The result of this function will be sorted using the
 *      `<`, `=`, `>` operator.
 *    - `string`: An Angular expression which evaluates to an object to order by, such as 'name'
 *      to sort by a property called 'name'. Optionally prefixed with `+` or `-` to control
 *      ascending or descending sort order (for example, +name or -name).
 *    - `Array`: An array of function or string predicates. The first predicate in the array
 *      is used for sorting, but when two items are equivalent, the next predicate is used.
 *
 * @param {boolean=} reverse Reverse the order the array.
 * @returns {Array} Sorted copy of the source array.
 *
 * @example
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
       <script>
         function Ctrl($scope) {
           $scope.friends =
               [{name:'John', phone:'555-1212', age:10},
                {name:'Mary', phone:'555-9876', age:19},
                {name:'Mike', phone:'555-4321', age:21},
                {name:'Adam', phone:'555-5678', age:35},
                {name:'Julie', phone:'555-8765', age:29}]
           $scope.predicate = '-age';
         }
       </script>
       <div ng-controller="Ctrl">
         <pre>Sorting predicate = {{predicate}}; reverse = {{reverse}}</pre>
         <hr/>
         [ <a href="" ng-click="predicate=''">unsorted</a> ]
         <table class="friend">
           <tr>
             <th><a href="" ng-click="predicate = 'name'; reverse=false">Name</a>
                 (<a href ng-click="predicate = '-name'; reverse=false">^</a>)</th>
             <th><a href="" ng-click="predicate = 'phone'; reverse=!reverse">Phone Number</a></th>
             <th><a href="" ng-click="predicate = 'age'; reverse=!reverse">Age</a></th>
           </tr>
           <tr ng-repeat="friend in friends | orderBy:predicate:reverse">
             <td>{{friend.name}}</td>
             <td>{{friend.phone}}</td>
             <td>{{friend.age}}</td>
           </tr>
         </table>
       </div>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should be reverse ordered by aged', function() {
         expect(binding('predicate')).toBe('-age');
         expect(repeater('table.friend', 'friend in friends').column('friend.age')).
           toEqual(['35', '29', '21', '19', '10']);
         expect(repeater('table.friend', 'friend in friends').column('friend.name')).
           toEqual(['Adam', 'Julie', 'Mike', 'Mary', 'John']);
       });

       it('should reorder the table when user selects different predicate', function() {
         element('.doc-example-live a:contains("Name")').click();
         expect(repeater('table.friend', 'friend in friends').column('friend.name')).
           toEqual(['Adam', 'John', 'Julie', 'Mary', 'Mike']);
         expect(repeater('table.friend', 'friend in friends').column('friend.age')).
           toEqual(['35', '10', '29', '19', '21']);

         element('.doc-example-live a:contains("Phone")').click();
         expect(repeater('table.friend', 'friend in friends').column('friend.phone')).
           toEqual(['555-9876', '555-8765', '555-5678', '555-4321', '555-1212']);
         expect(repeater('table.friend', 'friend in friends').column('friend.name')).
           toEqual(['Mary', 'Julie', 'Adam', 'Mike', 'John']);
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 */
orderByFilter.$inject = ['$parse'];
function orderByFilter($parse){
  return function(array, sortPredicate, reverseOrder) {
    if (!isArray(array)) return array;
    if (!sortPredicate) return array;
    sortPredicate = isArray(sortPredicate) ? sortPredicate: [sortPredicate];
    sortPredicate = map(sortPredicate, function(predicate){
      var descending = false, get = predicate || identity;
      if (isString(predicate)) {
        if ((predicate.charAt(0) == '+' || predicate.charAt(0) == '-')) {
          descending = predicate.charAt(0) == '-';
          predicate = predicate.substring(1);
        }
        get = $parse(predicate);
      }
      return reverseComparator(function(a,b){
        return compare(get(a),get(b));
      }, descending);
    });
    var arrayCopy = [];
    for ( var i = 0; i < array.length; i++) { arrayCopy.push(array[i]); }
    return arrayCopy.sort(reverseComparator(comparator, reverseOrder));

    function comparator(o1, o2){
      for ( var i = 0; i < sortPredicate.length; i++) {
        var comp = sortPredicate[i](o1, o2);
        if (comp !== 0) return comp;
      }
      return 0;
    }
    function reverseComparator(comp, descending) {
      return toBoolean(descending)
          ? function(a,b){return comp(b,a);}
          : comp;
    }
    function compare(v1, v2){
      var t1 = typeof v1;
      var t2 = typeof v2;
      if (t1 == t2) {
        if (t1 == "string") {
           v1 = v1.toLowerCase();
           v2 = v2.toLowerCase();
        }
        if (v1 === v2) return 0;
        return v1 < v2 ? -1 : 1;
      } else {
        return t1 < t2 ? -1 : 1;
      }
    }
  }
}

function ngDirective(directive) {
  if (isFunction(directive)) {
    directive = {
      link: directive
    }
  }
  directive.restrict = directive.restrict || 'AC';
  return valueFn(directive);
}

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:a
 * @restrict E
 *
 * @description
 * Modifies the default behavior of html A tag, so that the default action is prevented when href
 * attribute is empty.
 *
 * The reasoning for this change is to allow easy creation of action links with `ngClick` directive
 * without changing the location or causing page reloads, e.g.:
 * `<a href="" ng-click="model.$save()">Save</a>`
 */
var htmlAnchorDirective = valueFn({
  restrict: 'E',
  compile: function(element, attr) {

    if (msie <= 8) {

      // turn <a href ng-click="..">link</a> into a stylable link in IE
      // but only if it doesn't have name attribute, in which case it's an anchor
      if (!attr.href && !attr.name) {
        attr.$set('href', '');
      }

      // add a comment node to anchors to workaround IE bug that causes element content to be reset
      // to new attribute content if attribute is updated with value containing @ and element also
      // contains value with @
      // see issue #1949
      element.append(document.createComment('IE fix'));
    }

    return function(scope, element) {
      element.bind('click', function(event){
        // if we have no href url, then don't navigate anywhere.
        if (!element.attr('href')) {
          event.preventDefault();
        }
      });
    }
  }
});

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngHref
 * @restrict A
 *
 * @description
 * Using Angular markup like {{hash}} in an href attribute makes
 * the page open to a wrong URL, if the user clicks that link before
 * angular has a chance to replace the {{hash}} with actual URL, the
 * link will be broken and will most likely return a 404 error.
 * The `ngHref` directive solves this problem.
 *
 * The buggy way to write it:
 * <pre>
 * <a href="http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/{{hash}}"/>
 * </pre>
 *
 * The correct way to write it:
 * <pre>
 * <a ng-href="http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/{{hash}}"/>
 * </pre>
 *
 * @element A
 * @param {template} ngHref any string which can contain `{{}}` markup.
 *
 * @example
 * This example uses `link` variable inside `href` attribute:
    <doc:example>
      <doc:source>
        <input ng-model="value" /><br />
        <a id="link-1" href ng-click="value = 1">link 1</a> (link, don't reload)<br />
        <a id="link-2" href="" ng-click="value = 2">link 2</a> (link, don't reload)<br />
        <a id="link-3" ng-href="/{{'123'}}">link 3</a> (link, reload!)<br />
        <a id="link-4" href="" name="xx" ng-click="value = 4">anchor</a> (link, don't reload)<br />
        <a id="link-5" name="xxx" ng-click="value = 5">anchor</a> (no link)<br />
        <a id="link-6" ng-href="{{value}}">link</a> (link, change location)
      </doc:source>
      <doc:scenario>
        it('should execute ng-click but not reload when href without value', function() {
          element('#link-1').click();
          expect(input('value').val()).toEqual('1');
          expect(element('#link-1').attr('href')).toBe("");
        });

        it('should execute ng-click but not reload when href empty string', function() {
          element('#link-2').click();
          expect(input('value').val()).toEqual('2');
          expect(element('#link-2').attr('href')).toBe("");
        });

        it('should execute ng-click and change url when ng-href specified', function() {
          expect(element('#link-3').attr('href')).toBe("/123");

          element('#link-3').click();
          expect(browser().window().path()).toEqual('/123');
        });

        it('should execute ng-click but not reload when href empty string and name specified', function() {
          element('#link-4').click();
          expect(input('value').val()).toEqual('4');
          expect(element('#link-4').attr('href')).toBe('');
        });

        it('should execute ng-click but not reload when no href but name specified', function() {
          element('#link-5').click();
          expect(input('value').val()).toEqual('5');
          expect(element('#link-5').attr('href')).toBe(undefined);
        });

        it('should only change url when only ng-href', function() {
          input('value').enter('6');
          expect(element('#link-6').attr('href')).toBe('6');

          element('#link-6').click();
          expect(browser().location().url()).toEqual('/6');
        });
      </doc:scenario>
    </doc:example>
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngSrc
 * @restrict A
 *
 * @description
 * Using Angular markup like `{{hash}}` in a `src` attribute doesn't
 * work right: The browser will fetch from the URL with the literal
 * text `{{hash}}` until Angular replaces the expression inside
 * `{{hash}}`. The `ngSrc` directive solves this problem.
 *
 * The buggy way to write it:
 * <pre>
 * <img src="http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/{{hash}}"/>
 * </pre>
 *
 * The correct way to write it:
 * <pre>
 * <img ng-src="http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/{{hash}}"/>
 * </pre>
 *
 * @element IMG
 * @param {template} ngSrc any string which can contain `{{}}` markup.
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngDisabled
 * @restrict A
 *
 * @description
 *
 * The following markup will make the button enabled on Chrome/Firefox but not on IE8 and older IEs:
 * <pre>
 * <div ng-init="scope = { isDisabled: false }">
 *  <button disabled="{{scope.isDisabled}}">Disabled</button>
 * </div>
 * </pre>
 *
 * The HTML specs do not require browsers to preserve the special attributes such as disabled.
 * (The presence of them means true and absence means false)
 * This prevents the angular compiler from correctly retrieving the binding expression.
 * To solve this problem, we introduce the `ngDisabled` directive.
 *
 * @example
    <doc:example>
      <doc:source>
        Click me to toggle: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="checked"><br/>
        <button ng-model="button" ng-disabled="checked">Button</button>
      </doc:source>
      <doc:scenario>
        it('should toggle button', function() {
          expect(element('.doc-example-live :button').prop('disabled')).toBeFalsy();
          input('checked').check();
          expect(element('.doc-example-live :button').prop('disabled')).toBeTruthy();
        });
      </doc:scenario>
    </doc:example>
 *
 * @element INPUT
 * @param {expression} ngDisabled Angular expression that will be evaluated.
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngChecked
 * @restrict A
 *
 * @description
 * The HTML specs do not require browsers to preserve the special attributes such as checked.
 * (The presence of them means true and absence means false)
 * This prevents the angular compiler from correctly retrieving the binding expression.
 * To solve this problem, we introduce the `ngChecked` directive.
 * @example
    <doc:example>
      <doc:source>
        Check me to check both: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="master"><br/>
        <input id="checkSlave" type="checkbox" ng-checked="master">
      </doc:source>
      <doc:scenario>
        it('should check both checkBoxes', function() {
          expect(element('.doc-example-live #checkSlave').prop('checked')).toBeFalsy();
          input('master').check();
          expect(element('.doc-example-live #checkSlave').prop('checked')).toBeTruthy();
        });
      </doc:scenario>
    </doc:example>
 *
 * @element INPUT
 * @param {expression} ngChecked Angular expression that will be evaluated.
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngMultiple
 * @restrict A
 *
 * @description
 * The HTML specs do not require browsers to preserve the special attributes such as multiple.
 * (The presence of them means true and absence means false)
 * This prevents the angular compiler from correctly retrieving the binding expression.
 * To solve this problem, we introduce the `ngMultiple` directive.
 *
 * @example
     <doc:example>
       <doc:source>
         Check me check multiple: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="checked"><br/>
         <select id="select" ng-multiple="checked">
           <option>Misko</option>
           <option>Igor</option>
           <option>Vojta</option>
           <option>Di</option>
         </select>
       </doc:source>
       <doc:scenario>
         it('should toggle multiple', function() {
           expect(element('.doc-example-live #select').prop('multiple')).toBeFalsy();
           input('checked').check();
           expect(element('.doc-example-live #select').prop('multiple')).toBeTruthy();
         });
       </doc:scenario>
     </doc:example>
 *
 * @element SELECT
 * @param {expression} ngMultiple Angular expression that will be evaluated.
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngReadonly
 * @restrict A
 *
 * @description
 * The HTML specs do not require browsers to preserve the special attributes such as readonly.
 * (The presence of them means true and absence means false)
 * This prevents the angular compiler from correctly retrieving the binding expression.
 * To solve this problem, we introduce the `ngReadonly` directive.
 * @example
    <doc:example>
      <doc:source>
        Check me to make text readonly: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="checked"><br/>
        <input type="text" ng-readonly="checked" value="I'm Angular"/>
      </doc:source>
      <doc:scenario>
        it('should toggle readonly attr', function() {
          expect(element('.doc-example-live :text').prop('readonly')).toBeFalsy();
          input('checked').check();
          expect(element('.doc-example-live :text').prop('readonly')).toBeTruthy();
        });
      </doc:scenario>
    </doc:example>
 *
 * @element INPUT
 * @param {string} expression Angular expression that will be evaluated.
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngSelected
 * @restrict A
 *
 * @description
 * The HTML specs do not require browsers to preserve the special attributes such as selected.
 * (The presence of them means true and absence means false)
 * This prevents the angular compiler from correctly retrieving the binding expression.
 * To solve this problem, we introduced the `ngSelected` directive.
 * @example
    <doc:example>
      <doc:source>
        Check me to select: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="selected"><br/>
        <select>
          <option>Hello!</option>
          <option id="greet" ng-selected="selected">Greetings!</option>
        </select>
      </doc:source>
      <doc:scenario>
        it('should select Greetings!', function() {
          expect(element('.doc-example-live #greet').prop('selected')).toBeFalsy();
          input('selected').check();
          expect(element('.doc-example-live #greet').prop('selected')).toBeTruthy();
        });
      </doc:scenario>
    </doc:example>
 *
 * @element OPTION
 * @param {string} expression Angular expression that will be evaluated.
 */


var ngAttributeAliasDirectives = {};


// boolean attrs are evaluated
forEach(BOOLEAN_ATTR, function(propName, attrName) {
  var normalized = directiveNormalize('ng-' + attrName);
  ngAttributeAliasDirectives[normalized] = function() {
    return {
      priority: 100,
      compile: function() {
        return function(scope, element, attr) {
          scope.$watch(attr[normalized], function ngBooleanAttrWatchAction(value) {
            attr.$set(attrName, !!value);
          });
        };
      }
    };
  };
});


// ng-src, ng-href are interpolated
forEach(['src', 'href'], function(attrName) {
  var normalized = directiveNormalize('ng-' + attrName);
  ngAttributeAliasDirectives[normalized] = function() {
    return {
      priority: 99, // it needs to run after the attributes are interpolated
      link: function(scope, element, attr) {
        attr.$observe(normalized, function(value) {
          if (!value)
             return;

          attr.$set(attrName, value);

          // on IE, if "ng:src" directive declaration is used and "src" attribute doesn't exist
          // then calling element.setAttribute('src', 'foo') doesn't do anything, so we need
          // to set the property as well to achieve the desired effect.
          // we use attr[attrName] value since $set can sanitize the url.
          if (msie) element.prop(attrName, attr[attrName]);
        });
      }
    };
  };
});

var nullFormCtrl = {
  $addControl: noop,
  $removeControl: noop,
  $setValidity: noop,
  $setDirty: noop
};

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.directive:form.FormController
 *
 * @property {boolean} $pristine True if user has not interacted with the form yet.
 * @property {boolean} $dirty True if user has already interacted with the form.
 * @property {boolean} $valid True if all of the containing forms and controls are valid.
 * @property {boolean} $invalid True if at least one containing control or form is invalid.
 *
 * @property {Object} $error Is an object hash, containing references to all invalid controls or
 *  forms, where:
 *
 *  - keys are validation tokens (error names) — such as `required`, `url` or `email`),
 *  - values are arrays of controls or forms that are invalid with given error.
 *
 * @description
 * `FormController` keeps track of all its controls and nested forms as well as state of them,
 * such as being valid/invalid or dirty/pristine.
 *
 * Each {@link ng.directive:form form} directive creates an instance
 * of `FormController`.
 *
 */
//asks for $scope to fool the BC controller module
FormController.$inject = ['$element', '$attrs', '$scope'];
function FormController(element, attrs) {
  var form = this,
      parentForm = element.parent().controller('form') || nullFormCtrl,
      invalidCount = 0, // used to easily determine if we are valid
      errors = form.$error = {};

  // init state
  form.$name = attrs.name || attrs.ngForm;
  form.$dirty = false;
  form.$pristine = true;
  form.$valid = true;
  form.$invalid = false;

  parentForm.$addControl(form);

  // Setup initial state of the control
  element.addClass(PRISTINE_CLASS);
  toggleValidCss(true);

  // convenience method for easy toggling of classes
  function toggleValidCss(isValid, validationErrorKey) {
    validationErrorKey = validationErrorKey ? '-' + snake_case(validationErrorKey, '-') : '';
    element.
      removeClass((isValid ? INVALID_CLASS : VALID_CLASS) + validationErrorKey).
      addClass((isValid ? VALID_CLASS : INVALID_CLASS) + validationErrorKey);
  }

  /**
   * @ngdoc function
   * @name ng.directive:form.FormController#$addControl
   * @methodOf ng.directive:form.FormController
   *
   * @description
   * Register a control with the form.
   *
   * Input elements using ngModelController do this automatically when they are linked.
   */
  form.$addControl = function(control) {
    if (control.$name && !form.hasOwnProperty(control.$name)) {
      form[control.$name] = control;
    }
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc function
   * @name ng.directive:form.FormController#$removeControl
   * @methodOf ng.directive:form.FormController
   *
   * @description
   * Deregister a control from the form.
   *
   * Input elements using ngModelController do this automatically when they are destroyed.
   */
  form.$removeControl = function(control) {
    if (control.$name && form[control.$name] === control) {
      delete form[control.$name];
    }
    forEach(errors, function(queue, validationToken) {
      form.$setValidity(validationToken, true, control);
    });
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc function
   * @name ng.directive:form.FormController#$setValidity
   * @methodOf ng.directive:form.FormController
   *
   * @description
   * Sets the validity of a form control.
   *
   * This method will also propagate to parent forms.
   */
  form.$setValidity = function(validationToken, isValid, control) {
    var queue = errors[validationToken];

    if (isValid) {
      if (queue) {
        arrayRemove(queue, control);
        if (!queue.length) {
          invalidCount--;
          if (!invalidCount) {
            toggleValidCss(isValid);
            form.$valid = true;
            form.$invalid = false;
          }
          errors[validationToken] = false;
          toggleValidCss(true, validationToken);
          parentForm.$setValidity(validationToken, true, form);
        }
      }

    } else {
      if (!invalidCount) {
        toggleValidCss(isValid);
      }
      if (queue) {
        if (includes(queue, control)) return;
      } else {
        errors[validationToken] = queue = [];
        invalidCount++;
        toggleValidCss(false, validationToken);
        parentForm.$setValidity(validationToken, false, form);
      }
      queue.push(control);

      form.$valid = false;
      form.$invalid = true;
    }
  };

  /**
   * @ngdoc function
   * @name ng.directive:form.FormController#$setDirty
   * @methodOf ng.directive:form.FormController
   *
   * @description
   * Sets the form to a dirty state.
   *
   * This method can be called to add the 'ng-dirty' class and set the form to a dirty
   * state (ng-dirty class). This method will also propagate to parent forms.
   */
  form.$setDirty = function() {
    element.removeClass(PRISTINE_CLASS).addClass(DIRTY_CLASS);
    form.$dirty = true;
    form.$pristine = false;
    parentForm.$setDirty();
  };

}


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngForm
 * @restrict EAC
 *
 * @description
 * Nestable alias of {@link ng.directive:form `form`} directive. HTML
 * does not allow nesting of form elements. It is useful to nest forms, for example if the validity of a
 * sub-group of controls needs to be determined.
 *
 * @param {string=} name|ngForm Name of the form. If specified, the form controller will be published into
 *                       related scope, under this name.
 *
 */

 /**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:form
 * @restrict E
 *
 * @description
 * Directive that instantiates
 * {@link ng.directive:form.FormController FormController}.
 *
 * If `name` attribute is specified, the form controller is published onto the current scope under
 * this name.
 *
 * # Alias: {@link ng.directive:ngForm `ngForm`}
 *
 * In angular forms can be nested. This means that the outer form is valid when all of the child
 * forms are valid as well. However browsers do not allow nesting of `<form>` elements, for this
 * reason angular provides {@link ng.directive:ngForm `ngForm`} alias
 * which behaves identical to `<form>` but allows form nesting.
 *
 *
 * # CSS classes
 *  - `ng-valid` Is set if the form is valid.
 *  - `ng-invalid` Is set if the form is invalid.
 *  - `ng-pristine` Is set if the form is pristine.
 *  - `ng-dirty` Is set if the form is dirty.
 *
 *
 * # Submitting a form and preventing default action
 *
 * Since the role of forms in client-side Angular applications is different than in classical
 * roundtrip apps, it is desirable for the browser not to translate the form submission into a full
 * page reload that sends the data to the server. Instead some javascript logic should be triggered
 * to handle the form submission in application specific way.
 *
 * For this reason, Angular prevents the default action (form submission to the server) unless the
 * `<form>` element has an `action` attribute specified.
 *
 * You can use one of the following two ways to specify what javascript method should be called when
 * a form is submitted:
 *
 * - {@link ng.directive:ngSubmit ngSubmit} directive on the form element
 * - {@link ng.directive:ngClick ngClick} directive on the first
  *  button or input field of type submit (input[type=submit])
 *
 * To prevent double execution of the handler, use only one of ngSubmit or ngClick directives. This
 * is because of the following form submission rules coming from the html spec:
 *
 * - If a form has only one input field then hitting enter in this field triggers form submit
 * (`ngSubmit`)
 * - if a form has has 2+ input fields and no buttons or input[type=submit] then hitting enter
 * doesn't trigger submit
 * - if a form has one or more input fields and one or more buttons or input[type=submit] then
 * hitting enter in any of the input fields will trigger the click handler on the *first* button or
 * input[type=submit] (`ngClick`) *and* a submit handler on the enclosing form (`ngSubmit`)
 *
 * @param {string=} name Name of the form. If specified, the form controller will be published into
 *                       related scope, under this name.
 *
 * @example
    <doc:example>
      <doc:source>
       <script>
         function Ctrl($scope) {
           $scope.userType = 'guest';
         }
       </script>
       <form name="myForm" ng-controller="Ctrl">
         userType: <input name="input" ng-model="userType" required>
         <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.required">Required!</span><br>
         <tt>userType = {{userType}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.input.$valid = {{myForm.input.$valid}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.input.$error = {{myForm.input.$error}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br>
        </form>
      </doc:source>
      <doc:scenario>
        it('should initialize to model', function() {
         expect(binding('userType')).toEqual('guest');
         expect(binding('myForm.input.$valid')).toEqual('true');
        });

        it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
         input('userType').enter('');
         expect(binding('userType')).toEqual('');
         expect(binding('myForm.input.$valid')).toEqual('false');
        });
      </doc:scenario>
    </doc:example>
 */
var formDirectiveFactory = function(isNgForm) {
  return ['$timeout', function($timeout) {
    var formDirective = {
      name: 'form',
      restrict: 'E',
      controller: FormController,
      compile: function() {
        return {
          pre: function(scope, formElement, attr, controller) {
            if (!attr.action) {
              // we can't use jq events because if a form is destroyed during submission the default
              // action is not prevented. see #1238
              //
              // IE 9 is not affected because it doesn't fire a submit event and try to do a full
              // page reload if the form was destroyed by submission of the form via a click handler
              // on a button in the form. Looks like an IE9 specific bug.
              var preventDefaultListener = function(event) {
                event.preventDefault
                  ? event.preventDefault()
                  : event.returnValue = false; // IE
              };

              addEventListenerFn(formElement[0], 'submit', preventDefaultListener);

              // unregister the preventDefault listener so that we don't not leak memory but in a
              // way that will achieve the prevention of the default action.
              formElement.bind('$destroy', function() {
                $timeout(function() {
                  removeEventListenerFn(formElement[0], 'submit', preventDefaultListener);
                }, 0, false);
              });
            }

            var parentFormCtrl = formElement.parent().controller('form'),
                alias = attr.name || attr.ngForm;

            if (alias) {
              scope[alias] = controller;
            }
            if (parentFormCtrl) {
              formElement.bind('$destroy', function() {
                parentFormCtrl.$removeControl(controller);
                if (alias) {
                  scope[alias] = undefined;
                }
                extend(controller, nullFormCtrl); //stop propagating child destruction handlers upwards
              });
            }
          }
        };
      }
    };

    return isNgForm ? extend(copy(formDirective), {restrict: 'EAC'}) : formDirective;
  }];
};

var formDirective = formDirectiveFactory();
var ngFormDirective = formDirectiveFactory(true);

var URL_REGEXP = /^(ftp|http|https):\/\/(\w+:{0,1}\w*@)?(\S+)(:[0-9]+)?(\/|\/([\w#!:.?+=&%@!\-\/]))?$/;
var EMAIL_REGEXP = /^[A-Za-z0-9._%+-]+@[A-Za-z0-9.-]+\.[A-Za-z]{2,6}$/;
var NUMBER_REGEXP = /^\s*(\-|\+)?(\d+|(\d*(\.\d*)))\s*$/;

var inputType = {

  /**
   * @ngdoc inputType
   * @name ng.directive:input.text
   *
   * @description
   * Standard HTML text input with angular data binding.
   *
   * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
   * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
   * @param {string=} required Adds `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
   * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
   *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
   *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
   * @param {number=} ngMinlength Sets `minlength` validation error key if the value is shorter than
   *    minlength.
   * @param {number=} ngMaxlength Sets `maxlength` validation error key if the value is longer than
   *    maxlength.
   * @param {string=} ngPattern Sets `pattern` validation error key if the value does not match the
   *    RegExp pattern expression. Expected value is `/regexp/` for inline patterns or `regexp` for
   *    patterns defined as scope expressions.
   * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
   *    interaction with the input element.
   *
   * @example
      <doc:example>
        <doc:source>
         <script>
           function Ctrl($scope) {
             $scope.text = 'guest';
             $scope.word = /^\w*$/;
           }
         </script>
         <form name="myForm" ng-controller="Ctrl">
           Single word: <input type="text" name="input" ng-model="text"
                               ng-pattern="word" required>
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.required">
             Required!</span>
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.pattern">
             Single word only!</span>

           <tt>text = {{text}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.input.$valid = {{myForm.input.$valid}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.input.$error = {{myForm.input.$error}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br/>
          </form>
        </doc:source>
        <doc:scenario>
          it('should initialize to model', function() {
            expect(binding('text')).toEqual('guest');
            expect(binding('myForm.input.$valid')).toEqual('true');
          });

          it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
            input('text').enter('');
            expect(binding('text')).toEqual('');
            expect(binding('myForm.input.$valid')).toEqual('false');
          });

          it('should be invalid if multi word', function() {
            input('text').enter('hello world');
            expect(binding('myForm.input.$valid')).toEqual('false');
          });
        </doc:scenario>
      </doc:example>
   */
  'text': textInputType,


  /**
   * @ngdoc inputType
   * @name ng.directive:input.number
   *
   * @description
   * Text input with number validation and transformation. Sets the `number` validation
   * error if not a valid number.
   *
   * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
   * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
   * @param {string=} min Sets the `min` validation error key if the value entered is less than `min`.
   * @param {string=} max Sets the `max` validation error key if the value entered is greater than `max`.
   * @param {string=} required Sets `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
   * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
   *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
   *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
   * @param {number=} ngMinlength Sets `minlength` validation error key if the value is shorter than
   *    minlength.
   * @param {number=} ngMaxlength Sets `maxlength` validation error key if the value is longer than
   *    maxlength.
   * @param {string=} ngPattern Sets `pattern` validation error key if the value does not match the
   *    RegExp pattern expression. Expected value is `/regexp/` for inline patterns or `regexp` for
   *    patterns defined as scope expressions.
   * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
   *    interaction with the input element.
   *
   * @example
      <doc:example>
        <doc:source>
         <script>
           function Ctrl($scope) {
             $scope.value = 12;
           }
         </script>
         <form name="myForm" ng-controller="Ctrl">
           Number: <input type="number" name="input" ng-model="value"
                          min="0" max="99" required>
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.required">
             Required!</span>
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.number">
             Not valid number!</span>
           <tt>value = {{value}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.input.$valid = {{myForm.input.$valid}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.input.$error = {{myForm.input.$error}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br/>
          </form>
        </doc:source>
        <doc:scenario>
          it('should initialize to model', function() {
           expect(binding('value')).toEqual('12');
           expect(binding('myForm.input.$valid')).toEqual('true');
          });

          it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
           input('value').enter('');
           expect(binding('value')).toEqual('');
           expect(binding('myForm.input.$valid')).toEqual('false');
          });

          it('should be invalid if over max', function() {
           input('value').enter('123');
           expect(binding('value')).toEqual('');
           expect(binding('myForm.input.$valid')).toEqual('false');
          });
        </doc:scenario>
      </doc:example>
   */
  'number': numberInputType,


  /**
   * @ngdoc inputType
   * @name ng.directive:input.url
   *
   * @description
   * Text input with URL validation. Sets the `url` validation error key if the content is not a
   * valid URL.
   *
   * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
   * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
   * @param {string=} required Sets `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
   * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
   *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
   *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
   * @param {number=} ngMinlength Sets `minlength` validation error key if the value is shorter than
   *    minlength.
   * @param {number=} ngMaxlength Sets `maxlength` validation error key if the value is longer than
   *    maxlength.
   * @param {string=} ngPattern Sets `pattern` validation error key if the value does not match the
   *    RegExp pattern expression. Expected value is `/regexp/` for inline patterns or `regexp` for
   *    patterns defined as scope expressions.
   * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
   *    interaction with the input element.
   *
   * @example
      <doc:example>
        <doc:source>
         <script>
           function Ctrl($scope) {
             $scope.text = 'http://google.com';
           }
         </script>
         <form name="myForm" ng-controller="Ctrl">
           URL: <input type="url" name="input" ng-model="text" required>
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.required">
             Required!</span>
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.url">
             Not valid url!</span>
           <tt>text = {{text}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.input.$valid = {{myForm.input.$valid}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.input.$error = {{myForm.input.$error}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>myForm.$error.url = {{!!myForm.$error.url}}</tt><br/>
          </form>
        </doc:source>
        <doc:scenario>
          it('should initialize to model', function() {
            expect(binding('text')).toEqual('http://google.com');
            expect(binding('myForm.input.$valid')).toEqual('true');
          });

          it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
            input('text').enter('');
            expect(binding('text')).toEqual('');
            expect(binding('myForm.input.$valid')).toEqual('false');
          });

          it('should be invalid if not url', function() {
            input('text').enter('xxx');
            expect(binding('myForm.input.$valid')).toEqual('false');
          });
        </doc:scenario>
      </doc:example>
   */
  'url': urlInputType,


  /**
   * @ngdoc inputType
   * @name ng.directive:input.email
   *
   * @description
   * Text input with email validation. Sets the `email` validation error key if not a valid email
   * address.
   *
   * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
   * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
   * @param {string=} required Sets `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
   * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
   *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
   *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
   * @param {number=} ngMinlength Sets `minlength` validation error key if the value is shorter than
   *    minlength.
   * @param {number=} ngMaxlength Sets `maxlength` validation error key if the value is longer than
   *    maxlength.
   * @param {string=} ngPattern Sets `pattern` validation error key if the value does not match the
   *    RegExp pattern expression. Expected value is `/regexp/` for inline patterns or `regexp` for
   *    patterns defined as scope expressions.
   * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
   *    interaction with the input element.
   *
   * @example
      <doc:example>
        <doc:source>
         <script>
           function Ctrl($scope) {
             $scope.text = 'me@example.com';
           }
         </script>
           <form name="myForm" ng-controller="Ctrl">
             Email: <input type="email" name="input" ng-model="text" required>
             <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.required">
               Required!</span>
             <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.input.$error.email">
               Not valid email!</span>
             <tt>text = {{text}}</tt><br/>
             <tt>myForm.input.$valid = {{myForm.input.$valid}}</tt><br/>
             <tt>myForm.input.$error = {{myForm.input.$error}}</tt><br/>
             <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br/>
             <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br/>
             <tt>myForm.$error.email = {{!!myForm.$error.email}}</tt><br/>
           </form>
        </doc:source>
        <doc:scenario>
          it('should initialize to model', function() {
            expect(binding('text')).toEqual('me@example.com');
            expect(binding('myForm.input.$valid')).toEqual('true');
          });

          it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
            input('text').enter('');
            expect(binding('text')).toEqual('');
            expect(binding('myForm.input.$valid')).toEqual('false');
          });

          it('should be invalid if not email', function() {
            input('text').enter('xxx');
            expect(binding('myForm.input.$valid')).toEqual('false');
          });
        </doc:scenario>
      </doc:example>
   */
  'email': emailInputType,


  /**
   * @ngdoc inputType
   * @name ng.directive:input.radio
   *
   * @description
   * HTML radio button.
   *
   * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
   * @param {string} value The value to which the expression should be set when selected.
   * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
   * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
   *    interaction with the input element.
   *
   * @example
      <doc:example>
        <doc:source>
         <script>
           function Ctrl($scope) {
             $scope.color = 'blue';
           }
         </script>
         <form name="myForm" ng-controller="Ctrl">
           <input type="radio" ng-model="color" value="red">  Red <br/>
           <input type="radio" ng-model="color" value="green"> Green <br/>
           <input type="radio" ng-model="color" value="blue"> Blue <br/>
           <tt>color = {{color}}</tt><br/>
          </form>
        </doc:source>
        <doc:scenario>
          it('should change state', function() {
            expect(binding('color')).toEqual('blue');

            input('color').select('red');
            expect(binding('color')).toEqual('red');
          });
        </doc:scenario>
      </doc:example>
   */
  'radio': radioInputType,


  /**
   * @ngdoc inputType
   * @name ng.directive:input.checkbox
   *
   * @description
   * HTML checkbox.
   *
   * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
   * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
   * @param {string=} ngTrueValue The value to which the expression should be set when selected.
   * @param {string=} ngFalseValue The value to which the expression should be set when not selected.
   * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
   *    interaction with the input element.
   *
   * @example
      <doc:example>
        <doc:source>
         <script>
           function Ctrl($scope) {
             $scope.value1 = true;
             $scope.value2 = 'YES'
           }
         </script>
         <form name="myForm" ng-controller="Ctrl">
           Value1: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="value1"> <br/>
           Value2: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="value2"
                          ng-true-value="YES" ng-false-value="NO"> <br/>
           <tt>value1 = {{value1}}</tt><br/>
           <tt>value2 = {{value2}}</tt><br/>
          </form>
        </doc:source>
        <doc:scenario>
          it('should change state', function() {
            expect(binding('value1')).toEqual('true');
            expect(binding('value2')).toEqual('YES');

            input('value1').check();
            input('value2').check();
            expect(binding('value1')).toEqual('false');
            expect(binding('value2')).toEqual('NO');
          });
        </doc:scenario>
      </doc:example>
   */
  'checkbox': checkboxInputType,

  'hidden': noop,
  'button': noop,
  'submit': noop,
  'reset': noop
};


function isEmpty(value) {
  return isUndefined(value) || value === '' || value === null || value !== value;
}


function textInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser) {

  var listener = function() {
    var value = trim(element.val());

    if (ctrl.$viewValue !== value) {
      scope.$apply(function() {
        ctrl.$setViewValue(value);
      });
    }
  };

  // if the browser does support "input" event, we are fine - except on IE9 which doesn't fire the
  // input event on backspace, delete or cut
  if ($sniffer.hasEvent('input')) {
    element.bind('input', listener);
  } else {
    var timeout;

    var deferListener = function() {
      if (!timeout) {
        timeout = $browser.defer(function() {
          listener();
          timeout = null;
        });
      }
    };

    element.bind('keydown', function(event) {
      var key = event.keyCode;

      // ignore
      //    command            modifiers                   arrows
      if (key === 91 || (15 < key && key < 19) || (37 <= key && key <= 40)) return;

      deferListener();
    });

    // if user paste into input using mouse, we need "change" event to catch it
    element.bind('change', listener);

    // if user modifies input value using context menu in IE, we need "paste" and "cut" events to catch it
    if ($sniffer.hasEvent('paste')) {
      element.bind('paste cut', deferListener);
    }
  }


  ctrl.$render = function() {
    element.val(isEmpty(ctrl.$viewValue) ? '' : ctrl.$viewValue);
  };

  // pattern validator
  var pattern = attr.ngPattern,
      patternValidator;

  var validate = function(regexp, value) {
    if (isEmpty(value) || regexp.test(value)) {
      ctrl.$setValidity('pattern', true);
      return value;
    } else {
      ctrl.$setValidity('pattern', false);
      return undefined;
    }
  };

  if (pattern) {
    if (pattern.match(/^\/(.*)\/$/)) {
      pattern = new RegExp(pattern.substr(1, pattern.length - 2));
      patternValidator = function(value) {
        return validate(pattern, value)
      };
    } else {
      patternValidator = function(value) {
        var patternObj = scope.$eval(pattern);

        if (!patternObj || !patternObj.test) {
          throw new Error('Expected ' + pattern + ' to be a RegExp but was ' + patternObj);
        }
        return validate(patternObj, value);
      };
    }

    ctrl.$formatters.push(patternValidator);
    ctrl.$parsers.push(patternValidator);
  }

  // min length validator
  if (attr.ngMinlength) {
    var minlength = int(attr.ngMinlength);
    var minLengthValidator = function(value) {
      if (!isEmpty(value) && value.length < minlength) {
        ctrl.$setValidity('minlength', false);
        return undefined;
      } else {
        ctrl.$setValidity('minlength', true);
        return value;
      }
    };

    ctrl.$parsers.push(minLengthValidator);
    ctrl.$formatters.push(minLengthValidator);
  }

  // max length validator
  if (attr.ngMaxlength) {
    var maxlength = int(attr.ngMaxlength);
    var maxLengthValidator = function(value) {
      if (!isEmpty(value) && value.length > maxlength) {
        ctrl.$setValidity('maxlength', false);
        return undefined;
      } else {
        ctrl.$setValidity('maxlength', true);
        return value;
      }
    };

    ctrl.$parsers.push(maxLengthValidator);
    ctrl.$formatters.push(maxLengthValidator);
  }
}

function numberInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser) {
  textInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser);

  ctrl.$parsers.push(function(value) {
    var empty = isEmpty(value);
    if (empty || NUMBER_REGEXP.test(value)) {
      ctrl.$setValidity('number', true);
      return value === '' ? null : (empty ? value : parseFloat(value));
    } else {
      ctrl.$setValidity('number', false);
      return undefined;
    }
  });

  ctrl.$formatters.push(function(value) {
    return isEmpty(value) ? '' : '' + value;
  });

  if (attr.min) {
    var min = parseFloat(attr.min);
    var minValidator = function(value) {
      if (!isEmpty(value) && value < min) {
        ctrl.$setValidity('min', false);
        return undefined;
      } else {
        ctrl.$setValidity('min', true);
        return value;
      }
    };

    ctrl.$parsers.push(minValidator);
    ctrl.$formatters.push(minValidator);
  }

  if (attr.max) {
    var max = parseFloat(attr.max);
    var maxValidator = function(value) {
      if (!isEmpty(value) && value > max) {
        ctrl.$setValidity('max', false);
        return undefined;
      } else {
        ctrl.$setValidity('max', true);
        return value;
      }
    };

    ctrl.$parsers.push(maxValidator);
    ctrl.$formatters.push(maxValidator);
  }

  ctrl.$formatters.push(function(value) {

    if (isEmpty(value) || isNumber(value)) {
      ctrl.$setValidity('number', true);
      return value;
    } else {
      ctrl.$setValidity('number', false);
      return undefined;
    }
  });
}

function urlInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser) {
  textInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser);

  var urlValidator = function(value) {
    if (isEmpty(value) || URL_REGEXP.test(value)) {
      ctrl.$setValidity('url', true);
      return value;
    } else {
      ctrl.$setValidity('url', false);
      return undefined;
    }
  };

  ctrl.$formatters.push(urlValidator);
  ctrl.$parsers.push(urlValidator);
}

function emailInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser) {
  textInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer, $browser);

  var emailValidator = function(value) {
    if (isEmpty(value) || EMAIL_REGEXP.test(value)) {
      ctrl.$setValidity('email', true);
      return value;
    } else {
      ctrl.$setValidity('email', false);
      return undefined;
    }
  };

  ctrl.$formatters.push(emailValidator);
  ctrl.$parsers.push(emailValidator);
}

function radioInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl) {
  // make the name unique, if not defined
  if (isUndefined(attr.name)) {
    element.attr('name', nextUid());
  }

  element.bind('click', function() {
    if (element[0].checked) {
      scope.$apply(function() {
        ctrl.$setViewValue(attr.value);
      });
    }
  });

  ctrl.$render = function() {
    var value = attr.value;
    element[0].checked = (value == ctrl.$viewValue);
  };

  attr.$observe('value', ctrl.$render);
}

function checkboxInputType(scope, element, attr, ctrl) {
  var trueValue = attr.ngTrueValue,
      falseValue = attr.ngFalseValue;

  if (!isString(trueValue)) trueValue = true;
  if (!isString(falseValue)) falseValue = false;

  element.bind('click', function() {
    scope.$apply(function() {
      ctrl.$setViewValue(element[0].checked);
    });
  });

  ctrl.$render = function() {
    element[0].checked = ctrl.$viewValue;
  };

  ctrl.$formatters.push(function(value) {
    return value === trueValue;
  });

  ctrl.$parsers.push(function(value) {
    return value ? trueValue : falseValue;
  });
}


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:textarea
 * @restrict E
 *
 * @description
 * HTML textarea element control with angular data-binding. The data-binding and validation
 * properties of this element are exactly the same as those of the
 * {@link ng.directive:input input element}.
 *
 * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
 * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
 * @param {string=} required Sets `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
 * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
 *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
 *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
 * @param {number=} ngMinlength Sets `minlength` validation error key if the value is shorter than
 *    minlength.
 * @param {number=} ngMaxlength Sets `maxlength` validation error key if the value is longer than
 *    maxlength.
 * @param {string=} ngPattern Sets `pattern` validation error key if the value does not match the
 *    RegExp pattern expression. Expected value is `/regexp/` for inline patterns or `regexp` for
 *    patterns defined as scope expressions.
 * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
 *    interaction with the input element.
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:input
 * @restrict E
 *
 * @description
 * HTML input element control with angular data-binding. Input control follows HTML5 input types
 * and polyfills the HTML5 validation behavior for older browsers.
 *
 * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
 * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
 * @param {string=} required Sets `required` validation error key if the value is not entered.
 * @param {boolean=} ngRequired Sets `required` attribute if set to true
 * @param {number=} ngMinlength Sets `minlength` validation error key if the value is shorter than
 *    minlength.
 * @param {number=} ngMaxlength Sets `maxlength` validation error key if the value is longer than
 *    maxlength.
 * @param {string=} ngPattern Sets `pattern` validation error key if the value does not match the
 *    RegExp pattern expression. Expected value is `/regexp/` for inline patterns or `regexp` for
 *    patterns defined as scope expressions.
 * @param {string=} ngChange Angular expression to be executed when input changes due to user
 *    interaction with the input element.
 *
 * @example
    <doc:example>
      <doc:source>
       <script>
         function Ctrl($scope) {
           $scope.user = {name: 'guest', last: 'visitor'};
         }
       </script>
       <div ng-controller="Ctrl">
         <form name="myForm">
           User name: <input type="text" name="userName" ng-model="user.name" required>
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.userName.$error.required">
             Required!</span><br>
           Last name: <input type="text" name="lastName" ng-model="user.last"
             ng-minlength="3" ng-maxlength="10">
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.lastName.$error.minlength">
             Too short!</span>
           <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.lastName.$error.maxlength">
             Too long!</span><br>
         </form>
         <hr>
         <tt>user = {{user}}</tt><br/>
         <tt>myForm.userName.$valid = {{myForm.userName.$valid}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.userName.$error = {{myForm.userName.$error}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.lastName.$valid = {{myForm.lastName.$valid}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.lastName.$error = {{myForm.lastName.$error}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.$error.minlength = {{!!myForm.$error.minlength}}</tt><br>
         <tt>myForm.$error.maxlength = {{!!myForm.$error.maxlength}}</tt><br>
       </div>
      </doc:source>
      <doc:scenario>
        it('should initialize to model', function() {
          expect(binding('user')).toEqual('{"name":"guest","last":"visitor"}');
          expect(binding('myForm.userName.$valid')).toEqual('true');
          expect(binding('myForm.$valid')).toEqual('true');
        });

        it('should be invalid if empty when required', function() {
          input('user.name').enter('');
          expect(binding('user')).toEqual('{"last":"visitor"}');
          expect(binding('myForm.userName.$valid')).toEqual('false');
          expect(binding('myForm.$valid')).toEqual('false');
        });

        it('should be valid if empty when min length is set', function() {
          input('user.last').enter('');
          expect(binding('user')).toEqual('{"name":"guest","last":""}');
          expect(binding('myForm.lastName.$valid')).toEqual('true');
          expect(binding('myForm.$valid')).toEqual('true');
        });

        it('should be invalid if less than required min length', function() {
          input('user.last').enter('xx');
          expect(binding('user')).toEqual('{"name":"guest"}');
          expect(binding('myForm.lastName.$valid')).toEqual('false');
          expect(binding('myForm.lastName.$error')).toMatch(/minlength/);
          expect(binding('myForm.$valid')).toEqual('false');
        });

        it('should be invalid if longer than max length', function() {
          input('user.last').enter('some ridiculously long name');
          expect(binding('user'))
            .toEqual('{"name":"guest"}');
          expect(binding('myForm.lastName.$valid')).toEqual('false');
          expect(binding('myForm.lastName.$error')).toMatch(/maxlength/);
          expect(binding('myForm.$valid')).toEqual('false');
        });
      </doc:scenario>
    </doc:example>
 */
var inputDirective = ['$browser', '$sniffer', function($browser, $sniffer) {
  return {
    restrict: 'E',
    require: '?ngModel',
    link: function(scope, element, attr, ctrl) {
      if (ctrl) {
        (inputType[lowercase(attr.type)] || inputType.text)(scope, element, attr, ctrl, $sniffer,
                                                            $browser);
      }
    }
  };
}];

var VALID_CLASS = 'ng-valid',
    INVALID_CLASS = 'ng-invalid',
    PRISTINE_CLASS = 'ng-pristine',
    DIRTY_CLASS = 'ng-dirty';

/**
 * @ngdoc object
 * @name ng.directive:ngModel.NgModelController
 *
 * @property {string} $viewValue Actual string value in the view.
 * @property {*} $modelValue The value in the model, that the control is bound to.
 * @property {Array.<Function>} $parsers Array of functions to execute, as a pipeline, whenever
       the control reads value from the DOM.  Each function is called, in turn, passing the value
       through to the next. Used to sanitize / convert the value as well as validation.

       For validation, the parsers should update the validity state using
       {@link ng.directive:ngModel.NgModelController#$setValidity $setValidity()},
       and return `undefined` for invalid values.
 *
 * @property {Array.<Function>} $formatters Array of functions to execute, as a pipeline, whenever
 *     the model value changes. Each function is called, in turn, passing the value through to the
 *     next. Used to format / convert values for display in the control and validation.
 *      <pre>
 *      function formatter(value) {
 *        if (value) {
 *          return value.toUpperCase();
 *        }
 *      }
 *      ngModel.$formatters.push(formatter);
 *      </pre>
 * @property {Object} $error An bject hash with all errors as keys.
 *
 * @property {boolean} $pristine True if user has not interacted with the control yet.
 * @property {boolean} $dirty True if user has already interacted with the control.
 * @property {boolean} $valid True if there is no error.
 * @property {boolean} $invalid True if at least one error on the control.
 *
 * @description
 *
 * `NgModelController` provides API for the `ng-model` directive. The controller contains
 * services for data-binding, validation, CSS update, value formatting and parsing. It
 * specifically does not contain any logic which deals with DOM rendering or listening to
 * DOM events. The `NgModelController` is meant to be extended by other directives where, the
 * directive provides DOM manipulation and the `NgModelController` provides the data-binding.
 * Note that you cannot use `NgModelController` in a directive with an isolated scope,
 * as, in that case, the `ng-model` value gets put into the isolated scope and does not get
 * propogated to the parent scope.
 *
 *
 * This example shows how to use `NgModelController` with a custom control to achieve
 * data-binding. Notice how different directives (`contenteditable`, `ng-model`, and `required`)
 * collaborate together to achieve the desired result.
 *
 * <example module="customControl">
    <file name="style.css">
      [contenteditable] {
        border: 1px solid black;
        background-color: white;
        min-height: 20px;
      }

      .ng-invalid {
        border: 1px solid red;
      }

    </file>
    <file name="script.js">
      angular.module('customControl', []).
        directive('contenteditable', function() {
          return {
            restrict: 'A', // only activate on element attribute
            require: '?ngModel', // get a hold of NgModelController
            link: function(scope, element, attrs, ngModel) {
              if(!ngModel) return; // do nothing if no ng-model

              // Specify how UI should be updated
              ngModel.$render = function() {
                element.html(ngModel.$viewValue || '');
              };

              // Listen for change events to enable binding
              element.bind('blur keyup change', function() {
                scope.$apply(read);
              });
              read(); // initialize

              // Write data to the model
              function read() {
                var html = element.html();
                // When we clear the content editable the browser leaves a <br> behind
                // If strip-br attribute is provided then we strip this out
                if( attrs.stripBr && html == '<br>' ) {
                  html = '';
                }
                ngModel.$setViewValue(html);
              }
            }
          };
        });
    </file>
    <file name="index.html">
      <form name="myForm">
       <div contenteditable
            name="myWidget" ng-model="userContent"
            strip-br="true"
            required>Change me!</div>
        <span ng-show="myForm.myWidget.$error.required">Required!</span>
       <hr>
       <textarea ng-model="userContent"></textarea>
      </form>
    </file>
    <file name="scenario.js">
      it('should data-bind and become invalid', function() {
        var contentEditable = element('[contenteditable]');

        expect(contentEditable.text()).toEqual('Change me!');
        input('userContent').enter('');
        expect(contentEditable.text()).toEqual('');
        expect(contentEditable.prop('className')).toMatch(/ng-invalid-required/);
      });
    </file>
 * </example>
 *
 */
var NgModelController = ['$scope', '$exceptionHandler', '$attrs', '$element', '$parse',
    function($scope, $exceptionHandler, $attr, $element, $parse) {
  this.$viewValue = Number.NaN;
  this.$modelValue = Number.NaN;
  this.$parsers = [];
  this.$formatters = [];
  this.$viewChangeListeners = [];
  this.$pristine = true;
  this.$dirty = false;
  this.$valid = true;
  this.$invalid = false;
  this.$name = $attr.name;

  var ngModelGet = $parse($attr.ngModel),
      ngModelSet = ngModelGet.assign;

  if (!ngModelSet) {
    throw Error(NON_ASSIGNABLE_MODEL_EXPRESSION + $attr.ngModel +
        ' (' + startingTag($element) + ')');
  }

  /**
   * @ngdoc function
   * @name ng.directive:ngModel.NgModelController#$render
   * @methodOf ng.directive:ngModel.NgModelController
   *
   * @description
   * Called when the view needs to be updated. It is expected that the user of the ng-model
   * directive will implement this method.
   */
  this.$render = noop;

  var parentForm = $element.inheritedData('$formController') || nullFormCtrl,
      invalidCount = 0, // used to easily determine if we are valid
      $error = this.$error = {}; // keep invalid keys here


  // Setup initial state of the control
  $element.addClass(PRISTINE_CLASS);
  toggleValidCss(true);

  // convenience method for easy toggling of classes
  function toggleValidCss(isValid, validationErrorKey) {
    validationErrorKey = validationErrorKey ? '-' + snake_case(validationErrorKey, '-') : '';
    $element.
      removeClass((isValid ? INVALID_CLASS : VALID_CLASS) + validationErrorKey).
      addClass((isValid ? VALID_CLASS : INVALID_CLASS) + validationErrorKey);
  }

  /**
   * @ngdoc function
   * @name ng.directive:ngModel.NgModelController#$setValidity
   * @methodOf ng.directive:ngModel.NgModelController
   *
   * @description
   * Change the validity state, and notifies the form when the control changes validity. (i.e. it
   * does not notify form if given validator is already marked as invalid).
   *
   * This method should be called by validators - i.e. the parser or formatter functions.
   *
   * @param {string} validationErrorKey Name of the validator. the `validationErrorKey` will assign
   *        to `$error[validationErrorKey]=isValid` so that it is available for data-binding.
   *        The `validationErrorKey` should be in camelCase and will get converted into dash-case
   *        for class name. Example: `myError` will result in `ng-valid-my-error` and `ng-invalid-my-error`
   *        class and can be bound to as  `{{someForm.someControl.$error.myError}}` .
   * @param {boolean} isValid Whether the current state is valid (true) or invalid (false).
   */
  this.$setValidity = function(validationErrorKey, isValid) {
    if ($error[validationErrorKey] === !isValid) return;

    if (isValid) {
      if ($error[validationErrorKey]) invalidCount--;
      if (!invalidCount) {
        toggleValidCss(true);
        this.$valid = true;
        this.$invalid = false;
      }
    } else {
      toggleValidCss(false);
      this.$invalid = true;
      this.$valid = false;
      invalidCount++;
    }

    $error[validationErrorKey] = !isValid;
    toggleValidCss(isValid, validationErrorKey);

    parentForm.$setValidity(validationErrorKey, isValid, this);
  };


  /**
   * @ngdoc function
   * @name ng.directive:ngModel.NgModelController#$setViewValue
   * @methodOf ng.directive:ngModel.NgModelController
   *
   * @description
   * Read a value from view.
   *
   * This method should be called from within a DOM event handler.
   * For example {@link ng.directive:input input} or
   * {@link ng.directive:select select} directives call it.
   *
   * It internally calls all `$parsers` (including validators) and updates the `$modelValue` and the actual model path.
   * Lastly it calls all registered change listeners.
   *
   * @param {string} value Value from the view.
   */
  this.$setViewValue = function(value) {
    this.$viewValue = value;

    // change to dirty
    if (this.$pristine) {
      this.$dirty = true;
      this.$pristine = false;
      $element.removeClass(PRISTINE_CLASS).addClass(DIRTY_CLASS);
      parentForm.$setDirty();
    }

    forEach(this.$parsers, function(fn) {
      value = fn(value);
    });

    if (this.$modelValue !== value) {
      this.$modelValue = value;
      ngModelSet($scope, value);
      forEach(this.$viewChangeListeners, function(listener) {
        try {
          listener();
        } catch(e) {
          $exceptionHandler(e);
        }
      })
    }
  };

  // model -> value
  var ctrl = this;

  $scope.$watch(function ngModelWatch() {
    var value = ngModelGet($scope);

    // if scope model value and ngModel value are out of sync
    if (ctrl.$modelValue !== value) {

      var formatters = ctrl.$formatters,
          idx = formatters.length;

      ctrl.$modelValue = value;
      while(idx--) {
        value = formatters[idx](value);
      }

      if (ctrl.$viewValue !== value) {
        ctrl.$viewValue = value;
        ctrl.$render();
      }
    }
  });
}];


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngModel
 *
 * @element input
 *
 * @description
 * Is a directive that tells Angular to do two-way data binding. It works together with `input`,
 * `select`, `textarea`. You can easily write your own directives to use `ngModel` as well.
 *
 * `ngModel` is responsible for:
 *
 * - binding the view into the model, which other directives such as `input`, `textarea` or `select`
 *   require,
 * - providing validation behavior (i.e. required, number, email, url),
 * - keeping state of the control (valid/invalid, dirty/pristine, validation errors),
 * - setting related css class onto the element (`ng-valid`, `ng-invalid`, `ng-dirty`, `ng-pristine`),
 * - register the control with parent {@link ng.directive:form form}.
 *
 * Note: `ngModel` will try to bind to the property given by evaluating the expression on the
 * current scope. If the property doesn't already exist on this scope, it will be created
 * implicitly and added to the scope.
 *
 * For basic examples, how to use `ngModel`, see:
 *
 *  - {@link ng.directive:input input}
 *    - {@link ng.directive:input.text text}
 *    - {@link ng.directive:input.checkbox checkbox}
 *    - {@link ng.directive:input.radio radio}
 *    - {@link ng.directive:input.number number}
 *    - {@link ng.directive:input.email email}
 *    - {@link ng.directive:input.url url}
 *  - {@link ng.directive:select select}
 *  - {@link ng.directive:textarea textarea}
 *
 */
var ngModelDirective = function() {
  return {
    require: ['ngModel', '^?form'],
    controller: NgModelController,
    link: function(scope, element, attr, ctrls) {
      // notify others, especially parent forms

      var modelCtrl = ctrls[0],
          formCtrl = ctrls[1] || nullFormCtrl;

      formCtrl.$addControl(modelCtrl);

      element.bind('$destroy', function() {
        formCtrl.$removeControl(modelCtrl);
      });
    }
  };
};


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngChange
 * @restrict E
 *
 * @description
 * Evaluate given expression when user changes the input.
 * The expression is not evaluated when the value change is coming from the model.
 *
 * Note, this directive requires `ngModel` to be present.
 *
 * @element input
 *
 * @example
 * <doc:example>
 *   <doc:source>
 *     <script>
 *       function Controller($scope) {
 *         $scope.counter = 0;
 *         $scope.change = function() {
 *           $scope.counter++;
 *         };
 *       }
 *     </script>
 *     <div ng-controller="Controller">
 *       <input type="checkbox" ng-model="confirmed" ng-change="change()" id="ng-change-example1" />
 *       <input type="checkbox" ng-model="confirmed" id="ng-change-example2" />
 *       <label for="ng-change-example2">Confirmed</label><br />
 *       debug = {{confirmed}}<br />
 *       counter = {{counter}}
 *     </div>
 *   </doc:source>
 *   <doc:scenario>
 *     it('should evaluate the expression if changing from view', function() {
 *       expect(binding('counter')).toEqual('0');
 *       element('#ng-change-example1').click();
 *       expect(binding('counter')).toEqual('1');
 *       expect(binding('confirmed')).toEqual('true');
 *     });
 *
 *     it('should not evaluate the expression if changing from model', function() {
 *       element('#ng-change-example2').click();
 *       expect(binding('counter')).toEqual('0');
 *       expect(binding('confirmed')).toEqual('true');
 *     });
 *   </doc:scenario>
 * </doc:example>
 */
var ngChangeDirective = valueFn({
  require: 'ngModel',
  link: function(scope, element, attr, ctrl) {
    ctrl.$viewChangeListeners.push(function() {
      scope.$eval(attr.ngChange);
    });
  }
});


var requiredDirective = function() {
  return {
    require: '?ngModel',
    link: function(scope, elm, attr, ctrl) {
      if (!ctrl) return;
      attr.required = true; // force truthy in case we are on non input element

      var validator = function(value) {
        if (attr.required && (isEmpty(value) || value === false)) {
          ctrl.$setValidity('required', false);
          return;
        } else {
          ctrl.$setValidity('required', true);
          return value;
        }
      };

      ctrl.$formatters.push(validator);
      ctrl.$parsers.unshift(validator);

      attr.$observe('required', function() {
        validator(ctrl.$viewValue);
      });
    }
  };
};


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngList
 *
 * @description
 * Text input that converts between comma-separated string into an array of strings.
 *
 * @element input
 * @param {string=} ngList optional delimiter that should be used to split the value. If
 *   specified in form `/something/` then the value will be converted into a regular expression.
 *
 * @example
    <doc:example>
      <doc:source>
       <script>
         function Ctrl($scope) {
           $scope.names = ['igor', 'misko', 'vojta'];
         }
       </script>
       <form name="myForm" ng-controller="Ctrl">
         List: <input name="namesInput" ng-model="names" ng-list required>
         <span class="error" ng-show="myForm.namesInput.$error.required">
           Required!</span>
         <br>
         <tt>names = {{names}}</tt><br/>
         <tt>myForm.namesInput.$valid = {{myForm.namesInput.$valid}}</tt><br/>
         <tt>myForm.namesInput.$error = {{myForm.namesInput.$error}}</tt><br/>
         <tt>myForm.$valid = {{myForm.$valid}}</tt><br/>
         <tt>myForm.$error.required = {{!!myForm.$error.required}}</tt><br/>
        </form>
      </doc:source>
      <doc:scenario>
        it('should initialize to model', function() {
          expect(binding('names')).toEqual('["igor","misko","vojta"]');
          expect(binding('myForm.namesInput.$valid')).toEqual('true');
          expect(element('span.error').css('display')).toBe('none');
        });

        it('should be invalid if empty', function() {
          input('names').enter('');
          expect(binding('names')).toEqual('[]');
          expect(binding('myForm.namesInput.$valid')).toEqual('false');
          expect(element('span.error').css('display')).not().toBe('none');
        });
      </doc:scenario>
    </doc:example>
 */
var ngListDirective = function() {
  return {
    require: 'ngModel',
    link: function(scope, element, attr, ctrl) {
      var match = /\/(.*)\//.exec(attr.ngList),
          separator = match && new RegExp(match[1]) || attr.ngList || ',';

      var parse = function(viewValue) {
        var list = [];

        if (viewValue) {
          forEach(viewValue.split(separator), function(value) {
            if (value) list.push(trim(value));
          });
        }

        return list;
      };

      ctrl.$parsers.push(parse);
      ctrl.$formatters.push(function(value) {
        if (isArray(value)) {
          return value.join(', ');
        }

        return undefined;
      });
    }
  };
};


var CONSTANT_VALUE_REGEXP = /^(true|false|\d+)$/;

var ngValueDirective = function() {
  return {
    priority: 100,
    compile: function(tpl, tplAttr) {
      if (CONSTANT_VALUE_REGEXP.test(tplAttr.ngValue)) {
        return function(scope, elm, attr) {
          attr.$set('value', scope.$eval(attr.ngValue));
        };
      } else {
        return function(scope, elm, attr) {
          scope.$watch(attr.ngValue, function valueWatchAction(value) {
            attr.$set('value', value);
          });
        };
      }
    }
  };
};

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngBind
 *
 * @description
 * The `ngBind` attribute tells Angular to replace the text content of the specified HTML element
 * with the value of a given expression, and to update the text content when the value of that
 * expression changes.
 *
 * Typically, you don't use `ngBind` directly, but instead you use the double curly markup like
 * `{{ expression }}` which is similar but less verbose.
 *
 * It is preferrable to use `ngBind` instead of `{{ expression }}` when a template is momentarily 
 * displayed by the browser in its raw state before Angular compiles it. Since `ngBind` is an 
 * element attribute, it makes the bindings invisible to the user while the page is loading.
 *
 * An alternative solution to this problem would be using the
 * {@link ng.directive:ngCloak ngCloak} directive.
 *
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngBind {@link guide/expression Expression} to evaluate.
 *
 * @example
 * Enter a name in the Live Preview text box; the greeting below the text box changes instantly.
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
       <script>
         function Ctrl($scope) {
           $scope.name = 'Whirled';
         }
       </script>
       <div ng-controller="Ctrl">
         Enter name: <input type="text" ng-model="name"><br>
         Hello <span ng-bind="name"></span>!
       </div>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should check ng-bind', function() {
         expect(using('.doc-example-live').binding('name')).toBe('Whirled');
         using('.doc-example-live').input('name').enter('world');
         expect(using('.doc-example-live').binding('name')).toBe('world');
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 */
var ngBindDirective = ngDirective(function(scope, element, attr) {
  element.addClass('ng-binding').data('$binding', attr.ngBind);
  scope.$watch(attr.ngBind, function ngBindWatchAction(value) {
    element.text(value == undefined ? '' : value);
  });
});


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngBindTemplate
 *
 * @description
 * The `ngBindTemplate` directive specifies that the element
 * text content should be replaced with the interpolation of the template
 * in the `ngBindTemplate` attribute.
 * Unlike `ngBind`, the `ngBindTemplate` can contain multiple `{{` `}}`
 * expressions. This directive is needed since some HTML elements
 * (such as TITLE and OPTION) cannot contain SPAN elements.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {string} ngBindTemplate template of form
 *   <tt>{{</tt> <tt>expression</tt> <tt>}}</tt> to eval.
 *
 * @example
 * Try it here: enter text in text box and watch the greeting change.
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
       <script>
         function Ctrl($scope) {
           $scope.salutation = 'Hello';
           $scope.name = 'World';
         }
       </script>
       <div ng-controller="Ctrl">
        Salutation: <input type="text" ng-model="salutation"><br>
        Name: <input type="text" ng-model="name"><br>
        <pre ng-bind-template="{{salutation}} {{name}}!"></pre>
       </div>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should check ng-bind', function() {
         expect(using('.doc-example-live').binding('salutation')).
           toBe('Hello');
         expect(using('.doc-example-live').binding('name')).
           toBe('World');
         using('.doc-example-live').input('salutation').enter('Greetings');
         using('.doc-example-live').input('name').enter('user');
         expect(using('.doc-example-live').binding('salutation')).
           toBe('Greetings');
         expect(using('.doc-example-live').binding('name')).
           toBe('user');
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 */
var ngBindTemplateDirective = ['$interpolate', function($interpolate) {
  return function(scope, element, attr) {
    // TODO: move this to scenario runner
    var interpolateFn = $interpolate(element.attr(attr.$attr.ngBindTemplate));
    element.addClass('ng-binding').data('$binding', interpolateFn);
    attr.$observe('ngBindTemplate', function(value) {
      element.text(value);
    });
  }
}];


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngBindHtmlUnsafe
 *
 * @description
 * Creates a binding that will innerHTML the result of evaluating the `expression` into the current
 * element. *The innerHTML-ed content will not be sanitized!* You should use this directive only if
 * {@link ngSanitize.directive:ngBindHtml ngBindHtml} directive is too
 * restrictive and when you absolutely trust the source of the content you are binding to.
 *
 * See {@link ngSanitize.$sanitize $sanitize} docs for examples.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngBindHtmlUnsafe {@link guide/expression Expression} to evaluate.
 */
var ngBindHtmlUnsafeDirective = [function() {
  return function(scope, element, attr) {
    element.addClass('ng-binding').data('$binding', attr.ngBindHtmlUnsafe);
    scope.$watch(attr.ngBindHtmlUnsafe, function ngBindHtmlUnsafeWatchAction(value) {
      element.html(value || '');
    });
  };
}];

function classDirective(name, selector) {
  name = 'ngClass' + name;
  return ngDirective(function(scope, element, attr) {
    var oldVal = undefined;

    scope.$watch(attr[name], ngClassWatchAction, true);

    attr.$observe('class', function(value) {
      var ngClass = scope.$eval(attr[name]);
      ngClassWatchAction(ngClass, ngClass);
    });


    if (name !== 'ngClass') {
      scope.$watch('$index', function($index, old$index) {
        var mod = $index & 1;
        if (mod !== old$index & 1) {
          if (mod === selector) {
            addClass(scope.$eval(attr[name]));
          } else {
            removeClass(scope.$eval(attr[name]));
          }
        }
      });
    }


    function ngClassWatchAction(newVal) {
      if (selector === true || scope.$index % 2 === selector) {
        if (oldVal && !equals(newVal,oldVal)) {
          removeClass(oldVal);
        }
        addClass(newVal);
      }
      oldVal = copy(newVal);
    }


    function removeClass(classVal) {
      if (isObject(classVal) && !isArray(classVal)) {
        classVal = map(classVal, function(v, k) { if (v) return k });
      }
      element.removeClass(isArray(classVal) ? classVal.join(' ') : classVal);
    }


    function addClass(classVal) {
      if (isObject(classVal) && !isArray(classVal)) {
        classVal = map(classVal, function(v, k) { if (v) return k });
      }
      if (classVal) {
        element.addClass(isArray(classVal) ? classVal.join(' ') : classVal);
      }
    }
  });
}

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngClass
 *
 * @description
 * The `ngClass` allows you to set CSS classes on HTML an element, dynamically, by databinding
 * an expression that represents all classes to be added.
 *
 * The directive won't add duplicate classes if a particular class was already set.
 *
 * When the expression changes, the previously added classes are removed and only then the
 * new classes are added.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngClass {@link guide/expression Expression} to eval. The result
 *   of the evaluation can be a string representing space delimited class
 *   names, an array, or a map of class names to boolean values. In the case of a map, the
 *   names of the properties whose values are truthy will be added as css classes to the
 *   element.
 *
 * @example
   <example>
     <file name="index.html">
      <input type="button" value="set" ng-click="myVar='my-class'">
      <input type="button" value="clear" ng-click="myVar=''">
      <br>
      <span ng-class="myVar">Sample Text</span>
     </file>
     <file name="style.css">
       .my-class {
         color: red;
       }
     </file>
     <file name="scenario.js">
       it('should check ng-class', function() {
         expect(element('.doc-example-live span').prop('className')).not().
           toMatch(/my-class/);

         using('.doc-example-live').element(':button:first').click();

         expect(element('.doc-example-live span').prop('className')).
           toMatch(/my-class/);

         using('.doc-example-live').element(':button:last').click();

         expect(element('.doc-example-live span').prop('className')).not().
           toMatch(/my-class/);
       });
     </file>
   </example>
 */
var ngClassDirective = classDirective('', true);

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngClassOdd
 *
 * @description
 * The `ngClassOdd` and `ngClassEven` directives work exactly as
 * {@link ng.directive:ngClass ngClass}, except it works in
 * conjunction with `ngRepeat` and takes affect only on odd (even) rows.
 *
 * This directive can be applied only within a scope of an
 * {@link ng.directive:ngRepeat ngRepeat}.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngClassOdd {@link guide/expression Expression} to eval. The result
 *   of the evaluation can be a string representing space delimited class names or an array.
 *
 * @example
   <example>
     <file name="index.html">
        <ol ng-init="names=['John', 'Mary', 'Cate', 'Suz']">
          <li ng-repeat="name in names">
           <span ng-class-odd="'odd'" ng-class-even="'even'">
             {{name}}
           </span>
          </li>
        </ol>
     </file>
     <file name="style.css">
       .odd {
         color: red;
       }
       .even {
         color: blue;
       }
     </file>
     <file name="scenario.js">
       it('should check ng-class-odd and ng-class-even', function() {
         expect(element('.doc-example-live li:first span').prop('className')).
           toMatch(/odd/);
         expect(element('.doc-example-live li:last span').prop('className')).
           toMatch(/even/);
       });
     </file>
   </example>
 */
var ngClassOddDirective = classDirective('Odd', 0);

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngClassEven
 *
 * @description
 * The `ngClassOdd` and `ngClassEven` directives work exactly as
 * {@link ng.directive:ngClass ngClass}, except it works in
 * conjunction with `ngRepeat` and takes affect only on odd (even) rows.
 *
 * This directive can be applied only within a scope of an
 * {@link ng.directive:ngRepeat ngRepeat}.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngClassEven {@link guide/expression Expression} to eval. The
 *   result of the evaluation can be a string representing space delimited class names or an array.
 *
 * @example
   <example>
     <file name="index.html">
        <ol ng-init="names=['John', 'Mary', 'Cate', 'Suz']">
          <li ng-repeat="name in names">
           <span ng-class-odd="'odd'" ng-class-even="'even'">
             {{name}} &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;
           </span>
          </li>
        </ol>
     </file>
     <file name="style.css">
       .odd {
         color: red;
       }
       .even {
         color: blue;
       }
     </file>
     <file name="scenario.js">
       it('should check ng-class-odd and ng-class-even', function() {
         expect(element('.doc-example-live li:first span').prop('className')).
           toMatch(/odd/);
         expect(element('.doc-example-live li:last span').prop('className')).
           toMatch(/even/);
       });
     </file>
   </example>
 */
var ngClassEvenDirective = classDirective('Even', 1);

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngCloak
 *
 * @description
 * The `ngCloak` directive is used to prevent the Angular html template from being briefly
 * displayed by the browser in its raw (uncompiled) form while your application is loading. Use this
 * directive to avoid the undesirable flicker effect caused by the html template display.
 *
 * The directive can be applied to the `<body>` element, but typically a fine-grained application is
 * prefered in order to benefit from progressive rendering of the browser view.
 *
 * `ngCloak` works in cooperation with a css rule that is embedded within `angular.js` and
 *  `angular.min.js` files. Following is the css rule:
 *
 * <pre>
 * [ng\:cloak], [ng-cloak], [data-ng-cloak], [x-ng-cloak], .ng-cloak, .x-ng-cloak {
 *   display: none !important;
 * }
 * </pre>
 *
 * When this css rule is loaded by the browser, all html elements (including their children) that
 * are tagged with the `ng-cloak` directive are hidden. When Angular comes across this directive
 * during the compilation of the template it deletes the `ngCloak` element attribute, which
 * makes the compiled element visible.
 *
 * For the best result, `angular.js` script must be loaded in the head section of the html file;
 * alternatively, the css rule (above) must be included in the external stylesheet of the
 * application.
 *
 * Legacy browsers, like IE7, do not provide attribute selector support (added in CSS 2.1) so they
 * cannot match the `[ng\:cloak]` selector. To work around this limitation, you must add the css
 * class `ngCloak` in addition to `ngCloak` directive as shown in the example below.
 *
 * @element ANY
 *
 * @example
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
        <div id="template1" ng-cloak>{{ 'hello' }}</div>
        <div id="template2" ng-cloak class="ng-cloak">{{ 'hello IE7' }}</div>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should remove the template directive and css class', function() {
         expect(element('.doc-example-live #template1').attr('ng-cloak')).
           not().toBeDefined();
         expect(element('.doc-example-live #template2').attr('ng-cloak')).
           not().toBeDefined();
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 *
 */
var ngCloakDirective = ngDirective({
  compile: function(element, attr) {
    attr.$set('ngCloak', undefined);
    element.removeClass('ng-cloak');
  }
});

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngController
 *
 * @description
 * The `ngController` directive assigns behavior to a scope. This is a key aspect of how angular
 * supports the principles behind the Model-View-Controller design pattern.
 *
 * MVC components in angular:
 *
 * * Model — The Model is data in scope properties; scopes are attached to the DOM.
 * * View — The template (HTML with data bindings) is rendered into the View.
 * * Controller — The `ngController` directive specifies a Controller class; the class has
 *   methods that typically express the business logic behind the application.
 *
 * Note that an alternative way to define controllers is via the {@link ng.$route $route} service.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @scope
 * @param {expression} ngController Name of a globally accessible constructor function or an
 *     {@link guide/expression expression} that on the current scope evaluates to a
 *     constructor function.
 *
 * @example
 * Here is a simple form for editing user contact information. Adding, removing, clearing, and
 * greeting are methods declared on the $scope by the controller (see source tab). These methods can
 * easily be called from the angular markup. Notice that any changes to the data are automatically
 * reflected in the View without the need for a manual update.
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
      <script>
        function SettingsController($scope) {
          $scope.name = "John Smith";
          $scope.contacts = [
            {type:'phone', value:'408 555 1212'},
            {type:'email', value:'john.smith@example.org'} ];

          $scope.greet = function() {
           alert(this.name);
          };

          $scope.addContact = function() {
           this.contacts.push({type:'email', value:'yourname@example.org'});
          };

          $scope.removeContact = function(contactToRemove) {
           var index = this.contacts.indexOf(contactToRemove);
           this.contacts.splice(index, 1);
          };

          $scope.clearContact = function(contact) {
           contact.type = 'phone';
           contact.value = '';
          };
        }
      </script>
      <div ng-controller="SettingsController">
        Name: <input type="text" ng-model="name"/>
        [ <a href="" ng-click="greet()">greet</a> ]<br/>
        Contact:
        <ul>
          <li ng-repeat="contact in contacts">
            <select ng-model="contact.type">
               <option>phone</option>
               <option>email</option>
            </select>
            <input type="text" ng-model="contact.value"/>
            [ <a href="" ng-click="clearContact(contact)">clear</a>
            | <a href="" ng-click="removeContact(contact)">X</a> ]
          </li>
          <li>[ <a href="" ng-click="addContact()">add</a> ]</li>
       </ul>
      </div>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should check controller', function() {
         expect(element('.doc-example-live div>:input').val()).toBe('John Smith');
         expect(element('.doc-example-live li:nth-child(1) input').val())
           .toBe('408 555 1212');
         expect(element('.doc-example-live li:nth-child(2) input').val())
           .toBe('john.smith@example.org');

         element('.doc-example-live li:first a:contains("clear")').click();
         expect(element('.doc-example-live li:first input').val()).toBe('');

         element('.doc-example-live li:last a:contains("add")').click();
         expect(element('.doc-example-live li:nth-child(3) input').val())
           .toBe('yourname@example.org');
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 */
var ngControllerDirective = [function() {
  return {
    scope: true,
    controller: '@'
  };
}];

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngCsp
 * @priority 1000
 *
 * @element html
 * @description
 * Enables [CSP (Content Security Policy)](https://developer.mozilla.org/en/Security/CSP) support.
 * 
 * This is necessary when developing things like Google Chrome Extensions.
 * 
 * CSP forbids apps to use `eval` or `Function(string)` generated functions (among other things).
 * For us to be compatible, we just need to implement the "getterFn" in $parse without violating
 * any of these restrictions.
 * 
 * AngularJS uses `Function(string)` generated functions as a speed optimization. By applying `ngCsp`
 * it is be possible to opt into the CSP compatible mode. When this mode is on AngularJS will
 * evaluate all expressions up to 30% slower than in non-CSP mode, but no security violations will
 * be raised.
 * 
 * In order to use this feature put `ngCsp` directive on the root element of the application.
 * 
 * @example
 * This example shows how to apply the `ngCsp` directive to the `html` tag.
   <pre>
     <!doctype html>
     <html ng-app ng-csp>
     ...
     ...
     </html>
   </pre>
 */

var ngCspDirective = ['$sniffer', function($sniffer) {
  return {
    priority: 1000,
    compile: function() {
      $sniffer.csp = true;
    }
  };
}];

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngClick
 *
 * @description
 * The ngClick allows you to specify custom behavior when
 * element is clicked.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngClick {@link guide/expression Expression} to evaluate upon
 * click. (Event object is available as `$event`)
 *
 * @example
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
      <button ng-click="count = count + 1" ng-init="count=0">
        Increment
      </button>
      count: {{count}}
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should check ng-click', function() {
         expect(binding('count')).toBe('0');
         element('.doc-example-live :button').click();
         expect(binding('count')).toBe('1');
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 */
/*
 * A directive that allows creation of custom onclick handlers that are defined as angular
 * expressions and are compiled and executed within the current scope.
 *
 * Events that are handled via these handler are always configured not to propagate further.
 */
var ngEventDirectives = {};
forEach(
  'click dblclick mousedown mouseup mouseover mouseout mousemove mouseenter mouseleave submit'.split(' '),
  function(name) {
    var directiveName = directiveNormalize('ng-' + name);
    ngEventDirectives[directiveName] = ['$parse', function($parse) {
      return function(scope, element, attr) {
        var fn = $parse(attr[directiveName]);
        element.bind(lowercase(name), function(event) {
          scope.$apply(function() {
            fn(scope, {$event:event});
          });
        });
      };
    }];
  }
);

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngDblclick
 *
 * @description
 * The `ngDblclick` directive allows you to specify custom behavior on dblclick event.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngDblclick {@link guide/expression Expression} to evaluate upon
 * dblclick. (Event object is available as `$event`)
 *
 * @example
 * See {@link ng.directive:ngClick ngClick}
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngMousedown
 *
 * @description
 * The ngMousedown directive allows you to specify custom behavior on mousedown event.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngMousedown {@link guide/expression Expression} to evaluate upon
 * mousedown. (Event object is available as `$event`)
 *
 * @example
 * See {@link ng.directive:ngClick ngClick}
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngMouseup
 *
 * @description
 * Specify custom behavior on mouseup event.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngMouseup {@link guide/expression Expression} to evaluate upon
 * mouseup. (Event object is available as `$event`)
 *
 * @example
 * See {@link ng.directive:ngClick ngClick}
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngMouseover
 *
 * @description
 * Specify custom behavior on mouseover event.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngMouseover {@link guide/expression Expression} to evaluate upon
 * mouseover. (Event object is available as `$event`)
 *
 * @example
 * See {@link ng.directive:ngClick ngClick}
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngMouseenter
 *
 * @description
 * Specify custom behavior on mouseenter event.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngMouseenter {@link guide/expression Expression} to evaluate upon
 * mouseenter. (Event object is available as `$event`)
 *
 * @example
 * See {@link ng.directive:ngClick ngClick}
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngMouseleave
 *
 * @description
 * Specify custom behavior on mouseleave event.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngMouseleave {@link guide/expression Expression} to evaluate upon
 * mouseleave. (Event object is available as `$event`)
 *
 * @example
 * See {@link ng.directive:ngClick ngClick}
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngMousemove
 *
 * @description
 * Specify custom behavior on mousemove event.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngMousemove {@link guide/expression Expression} to evaluate upon
 * mousemove. (Event object is available as `$event`)
 *
 * @example
 * See {@link ng.directive:ngClick ngClick}
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngKeydown
 *
 * @description
 * Specify custom behavior on keydown event.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngKeydown {@link guide/expression Expression} to evaluate upon
 * keydown. (Event object is available as `$event` and can be interrogated for keyCode, altKey, etc.)
 *
 * @example
 * See {@link ng.directive:ngClick ngClick}
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngKeyup
 *
 * @description
 * Specify custom behavior on keyup event.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngKeyup {@link guide/expression Expression} to evaluate upon
 * keyup. (Event object is available as `$event` and can be interrogated for keyCode, altKey, etc.)
 *
 * @example
 * See {@link ng.directive:ngClick ngClick}
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngKeypress
 *
 * @description
 * Specify custom behavior on keypress event.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngKeypress {@link guide/expression Expression} to evaluate upon
 * keypress. (Event object is available as `$event` and can be interrogated for keyCode, altKey, etc.)
 *
 * @example
 * See {@link ng.directive:ngClick ngClick}
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngSubmit
 *
 * @description
 * Enables binding angular expressions to onsubmit events.
 *
 * Additionally it prevents the default action (which for form means sending the request to the
 * server and reloading the current page) **but only if the form does not contain an `action`
 * attribute**.
 *
 * @element form
 * @param {expression} ngSubmit {@link guide/expression Expression} to eval. (Event object is available as `$event`)
 *
 * @example
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
      <script>
        function Ctrl($scope) {
          $scope.list = [];
          $scope.text = 'hello';
          $scope.submit = function() {
            if (this.text) {
              this.list.push(this.text);
              this.text = '';
            }
          };
        }
      </script>
      <form ng-submit="submit()" ng-controller="Ctrl">
        Enter text and hit enter:
        <input type="text" ng-model="text" name="text" />
        <input type="submit" id="submit" value="Submit" />
        <pre>list={{list}}</pre>
      </form>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should check ng-submit', function() {
         expect(binding('list')).toBe('[]');
         element('.doc-example-live #submit').click();
         expect(binding('list')).toBe('["hello"]');
         expect(input('text').val()).toBe('');
       });
       it('should ignore empty strings', function() {
         expect(binding('list')).toBe('[]');
         element('.doc-example-live #submit').click();
         element('.doc-example-live #submit').click();
         expect(binding('list')).toBe('["hello"]');
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 */

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngInclude
 * @restrict ECA
 *
 * @description
 * Fetches, compiles and includes an external HTML fragment.
 *
 * Keep in mind that Same Origin Policy applies to included resources
 * (e.g. ngInclude won't work for cross-domain requests on all browsers and for
 *  file:// access on some browsers).
 *
 * @scope
 *
 * @param {string} ngInclude|src angular expression evaluating to URL. If the source is a string constant,
 *                 make sure you wrap it in quotes, e.g. `src="'myPartialTemplate.html'"`.
 * @param {string=} onload Expression to evaluate when a new partial is loaded.
 *
 * @param {string=} autoscroll Whether `ngInclude` should call {@link ng.$anchorScroll
 *                  $anchorScroll} to scroll the viewport after the content is loaded.
 *
 *                  - If the attribute is not set, disable scrolling.
 *                  - If the attribute is set without value, enable scrolling.
 *                  - Otherwise enable scrolling only if the expression evaluates to truthy value.
 *
 * @example
  <example>
    <file name="index.html">
     <div ng-controller="Ctrl">
       <select ng-model="template" ng-options="t.name for t in templates">
        <option value="">(blank)</option>
       </select>
       url of the template: <tt>{{template.url}}</tt>
       <hr/>
       <div ng-include src="template.url"></div>
     </div>
    </file>
    <file name="script.js">
      function Ctrl($scope) {
        $scope.templates =
          [ { name: 'template1.html', url: 'template1.html'}
          , { name: 'template2.html', url: 'template2.html'} ];
        $scope.template = $scope.templates[0];
      }
     </file>
    <file name="template1.html">
      Content of template1.html
    </file>
    <file name="template2.html">
      Content of template2.html
    </file>
    <file name="scenario.js">
      it('should load template1.html', function() {
       expect(element('.doc-example-live [ng-include]').text()).
         toMatch(/Content of template1.html/);
      });
      it('should load template2.html', function() {
       select('template').option('1');
       expect(element('.doc-example-live [ng-include]').text()).
         toMatch(/Content of template2.html/);
      });
      it('should change to blank', function() {
       select('template').option('');
       expect(element('.doc-example-live [ng-include]').text()).toEqual('');
      });
    </file>
  </example>
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc event
 * @name ng.directive:ngInclude#$includeContentLoaded
 * @eventOf ng.directive:ngInclude
 * @eventType emit on the current ngInclude scope
 * @description
 * Emitted every time the ngInclude content is reloaded.
 */
var ngIncludeDirective = ['$http', '$templateCache', '$anchorScroll', '$compile',
                  function($http,   $templateCache,   $anchorScroll,   $compile) {
  return {
    restrict: 'ECA',
    terminal: true,
    compile: function(element, attr) {
      var srcExp = attr.ngInclude || attr.src,
          onloadExp = attr.onload || '',
          autoScrollExp = attr.autoscroll;

      return function(scope, element) {
        var changeCounter = 0,
            childScope;

        var clearContent = function() {
          if (childScope) {
            childScope.$destroy();
            childScope = null;
          }

          element.html('');
        };

        scope.$watch(srcExp, function ngIncludeWatchAction(src) {
          var thisChangeId = ++changeCounter;

          if (src) {
            $http.get(src, {cache: $templateCache}).success(function(response) {
              if (thisChangeId !== changeCounter) return;

              if (childScope) childScope.$destroy();
              childScope = scope.$new();

              element.html(response);
              $compile(element.contents())(childScope);

              if (isDefined(autoScrollExp) && (!autoScrollExp || scope.$eval(autoScrollExp))) {
                $anchorScroll();
              }

              childScope.$emit('$includeContentLoaded');
              scope.$eval(onloadExp);
            }).error(function() {
              if (thisChangeId === changeCounter) clearContent();
            });
          } else clearContent();
        });
      };
    }
  };
}];

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngInit
 *
 * @description
 * The `ngInit` directive specifies initialization tasks to be executed
 *  before the template enters execution mode during bootstrap.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngInit {@link guide/expression Expression} to eval.
 *
 * @example
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
    <div ng-init="greeting='Hello'; person='World'">
      {{greeting}} {{person}}!
    </div>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should check greeting', function() {
         expect(binding('greeting')).toBe('Hello');
         expect(binding('person')).toBe('World');
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 */
var ngInitDirective = ngDirective({
  compile: function() {
    return {
      pre: function(scope, element, attrs) {
        scope.$eval(attrs.ngInit);
      }
    }
  }
});

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngNonBindable
 * @priority 1000
 *
 * @description
 * Sometimes it is necessary to write code which looks like bindings but which should be left alone
 * by angular. Use `ngNonBindable` to make angular ignore a chunk of HTML.
 *
 * @element ANY
 *
 * @example
 * In this example there are two location where a simple binding (`{{}}`) is present, but the one
 * wrapped in `ngNonBindable` is left alone.
 *
 * @example
    <doc:example>
      <doc:source>
        <div>Normal: {{1 + 2}}</div>
        <div ng-non-bindable>Ignored: {{1 + 2}}</div>
      </doc:source>
      <doc:scenario>
       it('should check ng-non-bindable', function() {
         expect(using('.doc-example-live').binding('1 + 2')).toBe('3');
         expect(using('.doc-example-live').element('div:last').text()).
           toMatch(/1 \+ 2/);
       });
      </doc:scenario>
    </doc:example>
 */
var ngNonBindableDirective = ngDirective({ terminal: true, priority: 1000 });

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngPluralize
 * @restrict EA
 *
 * @description
 * # Overview
 * `ngPluralize` is a directive that displays messages according to en-US localization rules.
 * These rules are bundled with angular.js, but can be overridden
 * (see {@link guide/i18n Angular i18n} dev guide). You configure ngPluralize directive
 * by specifying the mappings between
 * {@link http://unicode.org/repos/cldr-tmp/trunk/diff/supplemental/language_plural_rules.html
 * plural categories} and the strings to be displayed.
 *
 * # Plural categories and explicit number rules
 * There are two
 * {@link http://unicode.org/repos/cldr-tmp/trunk/diff/supplemental/language_plural_rules.html
 * plural categories} in Angular's default en-US locale: "one" and "other".
 *
 * While a pural category may match many numbers (for example, in en-US locale, "other" can match
 * any number that is not 1), an explicit number rule can only match one number. For example, the
 * explicit number rule for "3" matches the number 3. There are examples of plural categories
 * and explicit number rules throughout the rest of this documentation.
 *
 * # Configuring ngPluralize
 * You configure ngPluralize by providing 2 attributes: `count` and `when`.
 * You can also provide an optional attribute, `offset`.
 *
 * The value of the `count` attribute can be either a string or an {@link guide/expression
 * Angular expression}; these are evaluated on the current scope for its bound value.
 *
 * The `when` attribute specifies the mappings between plural categories and the actual
 * string to be displayed. The value of the attribute should be a JSON object.
 *
 * The following example shows how to configure ngPluralize:
 *
 * <pre>
 * <ng-pluralize count="personCount"
                 when="{'0': 'Nobody is viewing.',
 *                      'one': '1 person is viewing.',
 *                      'other': '{} people are viewing.'}">
 * </ng-pluralize>
 *</pre>
 *
 * In the example, `"0: Nobody is viewing."` is an explicit number rule. If you did not
 * specify this rule, 0 would be matched to the "other" category and "0 people are viewing"
 * would be shown instead of "Nobody is viewing". You can specify an explicit number rule for
 * other numbers, for example 12, so that instead of showing "12 people are viewing", you can
 * show "a dozen people are viewing".
 *
 * You can use a set of closed braces(`{}`) as a placeholder for the number that you want substituted
 * into pluralized strings. In the previous example, Angular will replace `{}` with
 * <span ng-non-bindable>`{{personCount}}`</span>. The closed braces `{}` is a placeholder
 * for <span ng-non-bindable>{{numberExpression}}</span>.
 *
 * # Configuring ngPluralize with offset
 * The `offset` attribute allows further customization of pluralized text, which can result in
 * a better user experience. For example, instead of the message "4 people are viewing this document",
 * you might display "John, Kate and 2 others are viewing this document".
 * The offset attribute allows you to offset a number by any desired value.
 * Let's take a look at an example:
 *
 * <pre>
 * <ng-pluralize count="personCount" offset=2
 *               when="{'0': 'Nobody is viewing.',
 *                      '1': '{{person1}} is viewing.',
 *                      '2': '{{person1}} and {{person2}} are viewing.',
 *                      'one': '{{person1}}, {{person2}} and one other person are viewing.',
 *                      'other': '{{person1}}, {{person2}} and {} other people are viewing.'}">
 * </ng-pluralize>
 * </pre>
 *
 * Notice that we are still using two plural categories(one, other), but we added
 * three explicit number rules 0, 1 and 2.
 * When one person, perhaps John, views the document, "John is viewing" will be shown.
 * When three people view the document, no explicit number rule is found, so
 * an offset of 2 is taken off 3, and Angular uses 1 to decide the plural category.
 * In this case, plural category 'one' is matched and "John, Marry and one other person are viewing"
 * is shown.
 *
 * Note that when you specify offsets, you must provide explicit number rules for
 * numbers from 0 up to and including the offset. If you use an offset of 3, for example,
 * you must provide explicit number rules for 0, 1, 2 and 3. You must also provide plural strings for
 * plural categories "one" and "other".
 *
 * @param {string|expression} count The variable to be bounded to.
 * @param {string} when The mapping between plural category to its correspoding strings.
 * @param {number=} offset Offset to deduct from the total number.
 *
 * @example
    <doc:example>
      <doc:source>
        <script>
          function Ctrl($scope) {
            $scope.person1 = 'Igor';
            $scope.person2 = 'Misko';
            $scope.personCount = 1;
          }
        </script>
        <div ng-controller="Ctrl">
          Person 1:<input type="text" ng-model="person1" value="Igor" /><br/>
          Person 2:<input type="text" ng-model="person2" value="Misko" /><br/>
          Number of People:<input type="text" ng-model="personCount" value="1" /><br/>

          <!--- Example with simple pluralization rules for en locale --->
          Without Offset:
          <ng-pluralize count="personCount"
                        when="{'0': 'Nobody is viewing.',
                               'one': '1 person is viewing.',
                               'other': '{} people are viewing.'}">
          </ng-pluralize><br>

          <!--- Example with offset --->
          With Offset(2):
          <ng-pluralize count="personCount" offset=2
                        when="{'0': 'Nobody is viewing.',
                               '1': '{{person1}} is viewing.',
                               '2': '{{person1}} and {{person2}} are viewing.',
                               'one': '{{person1}}, {{person2}} and one other person are viewing.',
                               'other': '{{person1}}, {{person2}} and {} other people are viewing.'}">
          </ng-pluralize>
        </div>
      </doc:source>
      <doc:scenario>
        it('should show correct pluralized string', function() {
          expect(element('.doc-example-live ng-pluralize:first').text()).
                                             toBe('1 person is viewing.');
          expect(element('.doc-example-live ng-pluralize:last').text()).
                                                toBe('Igor is viewing.');

          using('.doc-example-live').input('personCount').enter('0');
          expect(element('.doc-example-live ng-pluralize:first').text()).
                                               toBe('Nobody is viewing.');
          expect(element('.doc-example-live ng-pluralize:last').text()).
                                              toBe('Nobody is viewing.');

          using('.doc-example-live').input('personCount').enter('2');
          expect(element('.doc-example-live ng-pluralize:first').text()).
                                            toBe('2 people are viewing.');
          expect(element('.doc-example-live ng-pluralize:last').text()).
                              toBe('Igor and Misko are viewing.');

          using('.doc-example-live').input('personCount').enter('3');
          expect(element('.doc-example-live ng-pluralize:first').text()).
                                            toBe('3 people are viewing.');
          expect(element('.doc-example-live ng-pluralize:last').text()).
                              toBe('Igor, Misko and one other person are viewing.');

          using('.doc-example-live').input('personCount').enter('4');
          expect(element('.doc-example-live ng-pluralize:first').text()).
                                            toBe('4 people are viewing.');
          expect(element('.doc-example-live ng-pluralize:last').text()).
                              toBe('Igor, Misko and 2 other people are viewing.');
        });

        it('should show data-binded names', function() {
          using('.doc-example-live').input('personCount').enter('4');
          expect(element('.doc-example-live ng-pluralize:last').text()).
              toBe('Igor, Misko and 2 other people are viewing.');

          using('.doc-example-live').input('person1').enter('Di');
          using('.doc-example-live').input('person2').enter('Vojta');
          expect(element('.doc-example-live ng-pluralize:last').text()).
              toBe('Di, Vojta and 2 other people are viewing.');
        });
      </doc:scenario>
    </doc:example>
 */
var ngPluralizeDirective = ['$locale', '$interpolate', function($locale, $interpolate) {
  var BRACE = /{}/g;
  return {
    restrict: 'EA',
    link: function(scope, element, attr) {
      var numberExp = attr.count,
          whenExp = element.attr(attr.$attr.when), // this is because we have {{}} in attrs
          offset = attr.offset || 0,
          whens = scope.$eval(whenExp),
          whensExpFns = {},
          startSymbol = $interpolate.startSymbol(),
          endSymbol = $interpolate.endSymbol();

      forEach(whens, function(expression, key) {
        whensExpFns[key] =
          $interpolate(expression.replace(BRACE, startSymbol + numberExp + '-' +
            offset + endSymbol));
      });

      scope.$watch(function ngPluralizeWatch() {
        var value = parseFloat(scope.$eval(numberExp));

        if (!isNaN(value)) {
          //if explicit number rule such as 1, 2, 3... is defined, just use it. Otherwise,
          //check it against pluralization rules in $locale service
          if (!(value in whens)) value = $locale.pluralCat(value - offset);
           return whensExpFns[value](scope, element, true);
        } else {
          return '';
        }
      }, function ngPluralizeWatchAction(newVal) {
        element.text(newVal);
      });
    }
  };
}];

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngRepeat
 *
 * @description
 * The `ngRepeat` directive instantiates a template once per item from a collection. Each template
 * instance gets its own scope, where the given loop variable is set to the current collection item,
 * and `$index` is set to the item index or key.
 *
 * Special properties are exposed on the local scope of each template instance, including:
 *
 *   * `$index` – `{number}` – iterator offset of the repeated element (0..length-1)
 *   * `$first` – `{boolean}` – true if the repeated element is first in the iterator.
 *   * `$middle` – `{boolean}` – true if the repeated element is between the first and last in the iterator.
 *   * `$last` – `{boolean}` – true if the repeated element is last in the iterator.
 *
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @scope
 * @priority 1000
 * @param {repeat_expression} ngRepeat The expression indicating how to enumerate a collection. Two
 *   formats are currently supported:
 *
 *   * `variable in expression` – where variable is the user defined loop variable and `expression`
 *     is a scope expression giving the collection to enumerate.
 *
 *     For example: `track in cd.tracks`.
 *
 *   * `(key, value) in expression` – where `key` and `value` can be any user defined identifiers,
 *     and `expression` is the scope expression giving the collection to enumerate.
 *
 *     For example: `(name, age) in {'adam':10, 'amalie':12}`.
 *
 * @example
 * This example initializes the scope to a list of names and
 * then uses `ngRepeat` to display every person:
    <doc:example>
      <doc:source>
        <div ng-init="friends = [{name:'John', age:25}, {name:'Mary', age:28}]">
          I have {{friends.length}} friends. They are:
          <ul>
            <li ng-repeat="friend in friends">
              [{{$index + 1}}] {{friend.name}} who is {{friend.age}} years old.
            </li>
          </ul>
        </div>
      </doc:source>
      <doc:scenario>
         it('should check ng-repeat', function() {
           var r = using('.doc-example-live').repeater('ul li');
           expect(r.count()).toBe(2);
           expect(r.row(0)).toEqual(["1","John","25"]);
           expect(r.row(1)).toEqual(["2","Mary","28"]);
         });
      </doc:scenario>
    </doc:example>
 */
var ngRepeatDirective = ngDirective({
  transclude: 'element',
  priority: 1000,
  terminal: true,
  compile: function(element, attr, linker) {
    return function(scope, iterStartElement, attr){
      var expression = attr.ngRepeat;
      var match = expression.match(/^\s*(.+)\s+in\s+(.*)\s*$/),
        lhs, rhs, valueIdent, keyIdent;
      if (! match) {
        throw Error("Expected ngRepeat in form of '_item_ in _collection_' but got '" +
          expression + "'.");
      }
      lhs = match[1];
      rhs = match[2];
      match = lhs.match(/^(?:([\$\w]+)|\(([\$\w]+)\s*,\s*([\$\w]+)\))$/);
      if (!match) {
        throw Error("'item' in 'item in collection' should be identifier or (key, value) but got '" +
            lhs + "'.");
      }
      valueIdent = match[3] || match[1];
      keyIdent = match[2];

      // Store a list of elements from previous run. This is a hash where key is the item from the
      // iterator, and the value is an array of objects with following properties.
      //   - scope: bound scope
      //   - element: previous element.
      //   - index: position
      // We need an array of these objects since the same object can be returned from the iterator.
      // We expect this to be a rare case.
      var lastOrder = new HashQueueMap();

      scope.$watch(function ngRepeatWatch(scope){
        var index, length,
            collection = scope.$eval(rhs),
            cursor = iterStartElement,     // current position of the node
            // Same as lastOrder but it has the current state. It will become the
            // lastOrder on the next iteration.
            nextOrder = new HashQueueMap(),
            arrayBound,
            childScope,
            key, value, // key/value of iteration
            array,
            last;       // last object information {scope, element, index}



        if (!isArray(collection)) {
          // if object, extract keys, sort them and use to determine order of iteration over obj props
          array = [];
          for(key in collection) {
            if (collection.hasOwnProperty(key) && key.charAt(0) != '$') {
              array.push(key);
            }
          }
          array.sort();
        } else {
          array = collection || [];
        }

        arrayBound = array.length-1;

        // we are not using forEach for perf reasons (trying to avoid #call)
        for (index = 0, length = array.length; index < length; index++) {
          key = (collection === array) ? index : array[index];
          value = collection[key];

          last = lastOrder.shift(value);

          if (last) {
            // if we have already seen this object, then we need to reuse the
            // associated scope/element
            childScope = last.scope;
            nextOrder.push(value, last);

            if (index === last.index) {
              // do nothing
              cursor = last.element;
            } else {
              // existing item which got moved
              last.index = index;
              // This may be a noop, if the element is next, but I don't know of a good way to
              // figure this out,  since it would require extra DOM access, so let's just hope that
              // the browsers realizes that it is noop, and treats it as such.
              cursor.after(last.element);
              cursor = last.element;
            }
          } else {
            // new item which we don't know about
            childScope = scope.$new();
          }

          childScope[valueIdent] = value;
          if (keyIdent) childScope[keyIdent] = key;
          childScope.$index = index;

          childScope.$first = (index === 0);
          childScope.$last = (index === arrayBound);
          childScope.$middle = !(childScope.$first || childScope.$last);

          if (!last) {
            linker(childScope, function(clone){
              cursor.after(clone);
              last = {
                  scope: childScope,
                  element: (cursor = clone),
                  index: index
                };
              nextOrder.push(value, last);
            });
          }
        }

        //shrink children
        for (key in lastOrder) {
          if (lastOrder.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
            array = lastOrder[key];
            while(array.length) {
              value = array.pop();
              value.element.remove();
              value.scope.$destroy();
            }
          }
        }

        lastOrder = nextOrder;
      });
    };
  }
});

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngShow
 *
 * @description
 * The `ngShow` and `ngHide` directives show or hide a portion of the DOM tree (HTML)
 * conditionally.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngShow If the {@link guide/expression expression} is truthy
 *     then the element is shown or hidden respectively.
 *
 * @example
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
        Click me: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="checked"><br/>
        Show: <span ng-show="checked">I show up when your checkbox is checked.</span> <br/>
        Hide: <span ng-hide="checked">I hide when your checkbox is checked.</span>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should check ng-show / ng-hide', function() {
         expect(element('.doc-example-live span:first:hidden').count()).toEqual(1);
         expect(element('.doc-example-live span:last:visible').count()).toEqual(1);

         input('checked').check();

         expect(element('.doc-example-live span:first:visible').count()).toEqual(1);
         expect(element('.doc-example-live span:last:hidden').count()).toEqual(1);
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 */
//TODO(misko): refactor to remove element from the DOM
var ngShowDirective = ngDirective(function(scope, element, attr){
  scope.$watch(attr.ngShow, function ngShowWatchAction(value){
    element.css('display', toBoolean(value) ? '' : 'none');
  });
});


/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngHide
 *
 * @description
 * The `ngHide` and `ngShow` directives hide or show a portion of the DOM tree (HTML)
 * conditionally.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngHide If the {@link guide/expression expression} is truthy then
 *     the element is shown or hidden respectively.
 *
 * @example
   <doc:example>
     <doc:source>
        Click me: <input type="checkbox" ng-model="checked"><br/>
        Show: <span ng-show="checked">I show up when you checkbox is checked?</span> <br/>
        Hide: <span ng-hide="checked">I hide when you checkbox is checked?</span>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
       it('should check ng-show / ng-hide', function() {
         expect(element('.doc-example-live span:first:hidden').count()).toEqual(1);
         expect(element('.doc-example-live span:last:visible').count()).toEqual(1);

         input('checked').check();

         expect(element('.doc-example-live span:first:visible').count()).toEqual(1);
         expect(element('.doc-example-live span:last:hidden').count()).toEqual(1);
       });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 */
//TODO(misko): refactor to remove element from the DOM
var ngHideDirective = ngDirective(function(scope, element, attr){
  scope.$watch(attr.ngHide, function ngHideWatchAction(value){
    element.css('display', toBoolean(value) ? 'none' : '');
  });
});

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngStyle
 *
 * @description
 * The `ngStyle` directive allows you to set CSS style on an HTML element conditionally.
 *
 * @element ANY
 * @param {expression} ngStyle {@link guide/expression Expression} which evals to an
 *      object whose keys are CSS style names and values are corresponding values for those CSS
 *      keys.
 *
 * @example
   <example>
     <file name="index.html">
        <input type="button" value="set" ng-click="myStyle={color:'red'}">
        <input type="button" value="clear" ng-click="myStyle={}">
        <br/>
        <span ng-style="myStyle">Sample Text</span>
        <pre>myStyle={{myStyle}}</pre>
     </file>
     <file name="style.css">
       span {
         color: black;
       }
     </file>
     <file name="scenario.js">
       it('should check ng-style', function() {
         expect(element('.doc-example-live span').css('color')).toBe('rgb(0, 0, 0)');
         element('.doc-example-live :button[value=set]').click();
         expect(element('.doc-example-live span').css('color')).toBe('rgb(255, 0, 0)');
         element('.doc-example-live :button[value=clear]').click();
         expect(element('.doc-example-live span').css('color')).toBe('rgb(0, 0, 0)');
       });
     </file>
   </example>
 */
var ngStyleDirective = ngDirective(function(scope, element, attr) {
  scope.$watch(attr.ngStyle, function ngStyleWatchAction(newStyles, oldStyles) {
    if (oldStyles && (newStyles !== oldStyles)) {
      forEach(oldStyles, function(val, style) { element.css(style, '');});
    }
    if (newStyles) element.css(newStyles);
  }, true);
});

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngSwitch
 * @restrict EA
 *
 * @description
 * Conditionally change the DOM structure.
 *
 * @usage
 * <ANY ng-switch="expression">
 *   <ANY ng-switch-when="matchValue1">...</ANY>
 *   <ANY ng-switch-when="matchValue2">...</ANY>
 *   ...
 *   <ANY ng-switch-default>...</ANY>
 * </ANY>
 *
 * @scope
 * @param {*} ngSwitch|on expression to match against <tt>ng-switch-when</tt>.
 * @paramDescription
 * On child elments add:
 *
 * * `ngSwitchWhen`: the case statement to match against. If match then this
 *   case will be displayed.
 * * `ngSwitchDefault`: the default case when no other casses match.
 *
 * @example
    <doc:example>
      <doc:source>
        <script>
          function Ctrl($scope) {
            $scope.items = ['settings', 'home', 'other'];
            $scope.selection = $scope.items[0];
          }
        </script>
        <div ng-controller="Ctrl">
          <select ng-model="selection" ng-options="item for item in items">
          </select>
          <tt>selection={{selection}}</tt>
          <hr/>
          <div ng-switch on="selection" >
            <div ng-switch-when="settings">Settings Div</div>
            <span ng-switch-when="home">Home Span</span>
            <span ng-switch-default>default</span>
          </div>
        </div>
      </doc:source>
      <doc:scenario>
        it('should start in settings', function() {
         expect(element('.doc-example-live [ng-switch]').text()).toMatch(/Settings Div/);
        });
        it('should change to home', function() {
         select('selection').option('home');
         expect(element('.doc-example-live [ng-switch]').text()).toMatch(/Home Span/);
        });
        it('should select deafault', function() {
         select('selection').option('other');
         expect(element('.doc-example-live [ng-switch]').text()).toMatch(/default/);
        });
      </doc:scenario>
    </doc:example>
 */
var NG_SWITCH = 'ng-switch';
var ngSwitchDirective = valueFn({
  restrict: 'EA',
  require: 'ngSwitch',
  // asks for $scope to fool the BC controller module
  controller: ['$scope', function ngSwitchController() {
    this.cases = {};
  }],
  link: function(scope, element, attr, ctrl) {
    var watchExpr = attr.ngSwitch || attr.on,
        selectedTransclude,
        selectedElement,
        selectedScope;

    scope.$watch(watchExpr, function ngSwitchWatchAction(value) {
      if (selectedElement) {
        selectedScope.$destroy();
        selectedElement.remove();
        selectedElement = selectedScope = null;
      }
      if ((selectedTransclude = ctrl.cases['!' + value] || ctrl.cases['?'])) {
        scope.$eval(attr.change);
        selectedScope = scope.$new();
        selectedTransclude(selectedScope, function(caseElement) {
          selectedElement = caseElement;
          element.append(caseElement);
        });
      }
    });
  }
});

var ngSwitchWhenDirective = ngDirective({
  transclude: 'element',
  priority: 500,
  require: '^ngSwitch',
  compile: function(element, attrs, transclude) {
    return function(scope, element, attr, ctrl) {
      ctrl.cases['!' + attrs.ngSwitchWhen] = transclude;
    };
  }
});

var ngSwitchDefaultDirective = ngDirective({
  transclude: 'element',
  priority: 500,
  require: '^ngSwitch',
  compile: function(element, attrs, transclude) {
    return function(scope, element, attr, ctrl) {
      ctrl.cases['?'] = transclude;
    };
  }
});

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngTransclude
 *
 * @description
 * Insert the transcluded DOM here.
 *
 * @element ANY
 *
 * @example
   <doc:example module="transclude">
     <doc:source>
       <script>
         function Ctrl($scope) {
           $scope.title = 'Lorem Ipsum';
           $scope.text = 'Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor...';
         }

         angular.module('transclude', [])
          .directive('pane', function(){
             return {
               restrict: 'E',
               transclude: true,
               scope: { title:'@' },
               template: '<div style="border: 1px solid black;">' +
                           '<div style="background-color: gray">{{title}}</div>' +
                           '<div ng-transclude></div>' +
                         '</div>'
             };
         });
       </script>
       <div ng-controller="Ctrl">
         <input ng-model="title"><br>
         <textarea ng-model="text"></textarea> <br/>
         <pane title="{{title}}">{{text}}</pane>
       </div>
     </doc:source>
     <doc:scenario>
        it('should have transcluded', function() {
          input('title').enter('TITLE');
          input('text').enter('TEXT');
          expect(binding('title')).toEqual('TITLE');
          expect(binding('text')).toEqual('TEXT');
        });
     </doc:scenario>
   </doc:example>
 *
 */
var ngTranscludeDirective = ngDirective({
  controller: ['$transclude', '$element', function($transclude, $element) {
    $transclude(function(clone) {
      $element.append(clone);
    });
  }]
});

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:ngView
 * @restrict ECA
 *
 * @description
 * # Overview
 * `ngView` is a directive that complements the {@link ng.$route $route} service by
 * including the rendered template of the current route into the main layout (`index.html`) file.
 * Every time the current route changes, the included view changes with it according to the
 * configuration of the `$route` service.
 *
 * @scope
 * @example
    <example module="ngView">
      <file name="index.html">
        <div ng-controller="MainCntl">
          Choose:
          <a href="Book/Moby">Moby</a> |
          <a href="Book/Moby/ch/1">Moby: Ch1</a> |
          <a href="Book/Gatsby">Gatsby</a> |
          <a href="Book/Gatsby/ch/4?key=value">Gatsby: Ch4</a> |
          <a href="Book/Scarlet">Scarlet Letter</a><br/>

          <div ng-view></div>
          <hr />

          <pre>$location.path() = {{$location.path()}}</pre>
          <pre>$route.current.templateUrl = {{$route.current.templateUrl}}</pre>
          <pre>$route.current.params = {{$route.current.params}}</pre>
          <pre>$route.current.scope.name = {{$route.current.scope.name}}</pre>
          <pre>$routeParams = {{$routeParams}}</pre>
        </div>
      </file>

      <file name="book.html">
        controller: {{name}}<br />
        Book Id: {{params.bookId}}<br />
      </file>

      <file name="chapter.html">
        controller: {{name}}<br />
        Book Id: {{params.bookId}}<br />
        Chapter Id: {{params.chapterId}}
      </file>

      <file name="script.js">
        angular.module('ngView', [], function($routeProvider, $locationProvider) {
          $routeProvider.when('/Book/:bookId', {
            templateUrl: 'book.html',
            controller: BookCntl
          });
          $routeProvider.when('/Book/:bookId/ch/:chapterId', {
            templateUrl: 'chapter.html',
            controller: ChapterCntl
          });

          // configure html5 to get links working on jsfiddle
          $locationProvider.html5Mode(true);
        });

        function MainCntl($scope, $route, $routeParams, $location) {
          $scope.$route = $route;
          $scope.$location = $location;
          $scope.$routeParams = $routeParams;
        }

        function BookCntl($scope, $routeParams) {
          $scope.name = "BookCntl";
          $scope.params = $routeParams;
        }

        function ChapterCntl($scope, $routeParams) {
          $scope.name = "ChapterCntl";
          $scope.params = $routeParams;
        }
      </file>

      <file name="scenario.js">
        it('should load and compile correct template', function() {
          element('a:contains("Moby: Ch1")').click();
          var content = element('.doc-example-live [ng-view]').text();
          expect(content).toMatch(/controller\: ChapterCntl/);
          expect(content).toMatch(/Book Id\: Moby/);
          expect(content).toMatch(/Chapter Id\: 1/);

          element('a:contains("Scarlet")').click();
          content = element('.doc-example-live [ng-view]').text();
          expect(content).toMatch(/controller\: BookCntl/);
          expect(content).toMatch(/Book Id\: Scarlet/);
        });
      </file>
    </example>
 */


/**
 * @ngdoc event
 * @name ng.directive:ngView#$viewContentLoaded
 * @eventOf ng.directive:ngView
 * @eventType emit on the current ngView scope
 * @description
 * Emitted every time the ngView content is reloaded.
 */
var ngViewDirective = ['$http', '$templateCache', '$route', '$anchorScroll', '$compile',
                       '$controller',
               function($http,   $templateCache,   $route,   $anchorScroll,   $compile,
                        $controller) {
  return {
    restrict: 'ECA',
    terminal: true,
    link: function(scope, element, attr) {
      var lastScope,
          onloadExp = attr.onload || '';

      scope.$on('$routeChangeSuccess', update);
      update();


      function destroyLastScope() {
        if (lastScope) {
          lastScope.$destroy();
          lastScope = null;
        }
      }

      function clearContent() {
        element.html('');
        destroyLastScope();
      }

      function update() {
        var locals = $route.current && $route.current.locals,
            template = locals && locals.$template;

        if (template) {
          element.html(template);
          destroyLastScope();

          var link = $compile(element.contents()),
              current = $route.current,
              controller;

          lastScope = current.scope = scope.$new();
          if (current.controller) {
            locals.$scope = lastScope;
            controller = $controller(current.controller, locals);
            element.children().data('$ngControllerController', controller);
          }

          link(lastScope);
          lastScope.$emit('$viewContentLoaded');
          lastScope.$eval(onloadExp);

          // $anchorScroll might listen on event...
          $anchorScroll();
        } else {
          clearContent();
        }
      }
    }
  };
}];

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:script
 *
 * @description
 * Load content of a script tag, with type `text/ng-template`, into `$templateCache`, so that the
 * template can be used by `ngInclude`, `ngView` or directive templates.
 *
 * @restrict E
 * @param {'text/ng-template'} type must be set to `'text/ng-template'`
 *
 * @example
  <doc:example>
    <doc:source>
      <script type="text/ng-template" id="/tpl.html">
        Content of the template.
      </script>

      <a ng-click="currentTpl='/tpl.html'" id="tpl-link">Load inlined template</a>
      <div id="tpl-content" ng-include src="currentTpl"></div>
    </doc:source>
    <doc:scenario>
      it('should load template defined inside script tag', function() {
        element('#tpl-link').click();
        expect(element('#tpl-content').text()).toMatch(/Content of the template/);
      });
    </doc:scenario>
  </doc:example>
 */
var scriptDirective = ['$templateCache', function($templateCache) {
  return {
    restrict: 'E',
    terminal: true,
    compile: function(element, attr) {
      if (attr.type == 'text/ng-template') {
        var templateUrl = attr.id,
            // IE is not consistent, in scripts we have to read .text but in other nodes we have to read .textContent
            text = element[0].text;

        $templateCache.put(templateUrl, text);
      }
    }
  };
}];

/**
 * @ngdoc directive
 * @name ng.directive:select
 * @restrict E
 *
 * @description
 * HTML `SELECT` element with angular data-binding.
 *
 * # `ngOptions`
 *
 * Optionally `ngOptions` attribute can be used to dynamically generate a list of `<option>`
 * elements for a `<select>` element using an array or an object obtained by evaluating the
 * `ngOptions` expression.
 *
 * When an item in the `<select>` menu is selected, the value of array element or object property
 * represented by the selected option will be bound to the model identified by the `ngModel`
 * directive of the parent select element.
 *
 * Optionally, a single hard-coded `<option>` element, with the value set to an empty string, can
 * be nested into the `<select>` element. This element will then represent `null` or "not selected"
 * option. See example below for demonstration.
 *
 * Note: `ngOptions` provides iterator facility for `<option>` element which should be used instead
 * of {@link ng.directive:ngRepeat ngRepeat} when you want the
 * `select` model to be bound to a non-string value. This is because an option element can currently
 * be bound to string values only.
 *
 * @param {string} ngModel Assignable angular expression to data-bind to.
 * @param {string=} name Property name of the form under which the control is published.
 * @param {string=} required The control is considered valid only if value is entered.
 * @param {string=} ngRequired Adds `required` attribute and `required` validation constraint to
 *    the element when the ngRequired expression evaluates to true. Use `ngRequired` instead of
 *    `required` when you want to data-bind to the `required` attribute.
 * @param {comprehension_expression=} ngOptions in one of the following forms:
 *
 *   * for array data sources:
 *     * `label` **`for`** `value` **`in`** `array`
 *     * `select` **`as`** `label` **`for`** `value` **`in`** `array`
 *     * `label`  **`group by`** `group` **`for`** `value` **`in`** `array`
 *     * `select` **`as`** `label` **`group by`** `group` **`for`** `value` **`in`** `array`
 *   * for object data sources:
 *     * `label` **`for (`**`key` **`,`** `value`**`) in`** `object`
 *     * `select` **`as`** `label` **`for (`**`key` **`,`** `value`**`) in`** `object`
 *     * `label` **`group by`** `group` **`for (`**`key`**`,`** `value`**`) in`** `object`
 *     * `select` **`as`** `label` **`group by`** `group`
 *         **`for` `(`**`key`**`,`** `value`**`) in`** `object`
 *
 * Where:
 *
 *   * `array` / `object`: an expression which evaluates to an array / object to iterate over.
 *   * `value`: local variable which will refer to each item in the `array` or each property value
 *      of `object` during iteration.
 *   * `key`: local variable which will refer to a property name in `object` during iteration.
 *   * `label`: The result of this expression will be the label for `<option>` element. The
 *     `expression` will most likely refer to the `value` variable (e.g. `value.propertyName`).
 *   * `select`: The result of this expression will be bound to the model of the parent `<select>`
 *      element. If not specified, `select` expression will default to `value`.
 *   * `group`: The result of this expression will be used to group options using the `<optgroup>`
 *      DOM element.
 *
 * @example
    <doc:example>
      <doc:source>
        <script>
        function MyCntrl($scope) {
          $scope.colors = [
            {name:'black', shade:'dark'},
            {name:'white', shade:'light'},
            {name:'red', shade:'dark'},
            {name:'blue', shade:'dark'},
            {name:'yellow', shade:'light'}
          ];
          $scope.color = $scope.colors[2]; // red
        }
        </script>
        <div ng-controller="MyCntrl">
          <ul>
            <li ng-repeat="color in colors">
              Name: <input ng-model="color.name">
              [<a href ng-click="colors.splice($index, 1)">X</a>]
            </li>
            <li>
              [<a href ng-click="colors.push({})">add</a>]
            </li>
          </ul>
          <hr/>
          Color (null not allowed):
          <select ng-model="color" ng-options="c.name for c in colors"></select><br>

          Color (null allowed):
          <span  class="nullable">
            <select ng-model="color" ng-options="c.name for c in colors">
              <option value="">-- chose color --</option>
            </select>
          </span><br/>

          Color grouped by shade:
          <select ng-model="color" ng-options="c.name group by c.shade for c in colors">
          </select><br/>


          Select <a href ng-click="color={name:'not in list'}">bogus</a>.<br>
          <hr/>
          Currently selected: {{ {selected_color:color}  }}
          <div style="border:solid 1px black; height:20px"
               ng-style="{'background-color':color.name}">
          </div>
        </div>
      </doc:source>
      <doc:scenario>
         it('should check ng-options', function() {
           expect(binding('{selected_color:color}')).toMatch('red');
           select('color').option('0');
           expect(binding('{selected_color:color}')).toMatch('black');
           using('.nullable').select('color').option('');
           expect(binding('{selected_color:color}')).toMatch('null');
         });
      </doc:scenario>
    </doc:example>
 */

var ngOptionsDirective = valueFn({ terminal: true });
var selectDirective = ['$compile', '$parse', function($compile,   $parse) {
                         //0000111110000000000022220000000000000000000000333300000000000000444444444444444440000000005555555555555555500000006666666666666666600000000000000077770
  var NG_OPTIONS_REGEXP = /^\s*(.*?)(?:\s+as\s+(.*?))?(?:\s+group\s+by\s+(.*))?\s+for\s+(?:([\$\w][\$\w\d]*)|(?:\(\s*([\$\w][\$\w\d]*)\s*,\s*([\$\w][\$\w\d]*)\s*\)))\s+in\s+(.*)$/,
      nullModelCtrl = {$setViewValue: noop};

  return {
    restrict: 'E',
    require: ['select', '?ngModel'],
    controller: ['$element', '$scope', '$attrs', function($element, $scope, $attrs) {
      var self = this,
          optionsMap = {},
          ngModelCtrl = nullModelCtrl,
          nullOption,
          unknownOption;


      self.databound = $attrs.ngModel;


      self.init = function(ngModelCtrl_, nullOption_, unknownOption_) {
        ngModelCtrl = ngModelCtrl_;
        nullOption = nullOption_;
        unknownOption = unknownOption_;
      }


      self.addOption = function(value) {
        optionsMap[value] = true;

        if (ngModelCtrl.$viewValue == value) {
          $element.val(value);
          if (unknownOption.parent()) unknownOption.remove();
        }
      };


      self.removeOption = function(value) {
        if (this.hasOption(value)) {
          delete optionsMap[value];
          if (ngModelCtrl.$viewValue == value) {
            this.renderUnknownOption(value);
          }
        }
      };


      self.renderUnknownOption = function(val) {
        var unknownVal = '? ' + hashKey(val) + ' ?';
        unknownOption.val(unknownVal);
        $element.prepend(unknownOption);
        $element.val(unknownVal);
        unknownOption.prop('selected', true); // needed for IE
      }


      self.hasOption = function(value) {
        return optionsMap.hasOwnProperty(value);
      }

      $scope.$on('$destroy', function() {
        // disable unknown option so that we don't do work when the whole select is being destroyed
        self.renderUnknownOption = noop;
      });
    }],

    link: function(scope, element, attr, ctrls) {
      // if ngModel is not defined, we don't need to do anything
      if (!ctrls[1]) return;

      var selectCtrl = ctrls[0],
          ngModelCtrl = ctrls[1],
          multiple = attr.multiple,
          optionsExp = attr.ngOptions,
          nullOption = false, // if false, user will not be able to select it (used by ngOptions)
          emptyOption,
          // we can't just jqLite('<option>') since jqLite is not smart enough
          // to create it in <select> and IE barfs otherwise.
          optionTemplate = jqLite(document.createElement('option')),
          optGroupTemplate =jqLite(document.createElement('optgroup')),
          unknownOption = optionTemplate.clone();

      // find "null" option
      for(var i = 0, children = element.children(), ii = children.length; i < ii; i++) {
        if (children[i].value == '') {
          emptyOption = nullOption = children.eq(i);
          break;
        }
      }

      selectCtrl.init(ngModelCtrl, nullOption, unknownOption);

      // required validator
      if (multiple && (attr.required || attr.ngRequired)) {
        var requiredValidator = function(value) {
          ngModelCtrl.$setValidity('required', !attr.required || (value && value.length));
          return value;
        };

        ngModelCtrl.$parsers.push(requiredValidator);
        ngModelCtrl.$formatters.unshift(requiredValidator);

        attr.$observe('required', function() {
          requiredValidator(ngModelCtrl.$viewValue);
        });
      }

      if (optionsExp) Options(scope, element, ngModelCtrl);
      else if (multiple) Multiple(scope, element, ngModelCtrl);
      else Single(scope, element, ngModelCtrl, selectCtrl);


      ////////////////////////////



      function Single(scope, selectElement, ngModelCtrl, selectCtrl) {
        ngModelCtrl.$render = function() {
          var viewValue = ngModelCtrl.$viewValue;

          if (selectCtrl.hasOption(viewValue)) {
            if (unknownOption.parent()) unknownOption.remove();
            selectElement.val(viewValue);
            if (viewValue === '') emptyOption.prop('selected', true); // to make IE9 happy
          } else {
            if (isUndefined(viewValue) && emptyOption) {
              selectElement.val('');
            } else {
              selectCtrl.renderUnknownOption(viewValue);
            }
          }
        };

        selectElement.bind('change', function() {
          scope.$apply(function() {
            if (unknownOption.parent()) unknownOption.remove();
            ngModelCtrl.$setViewValue(selectElement.val());
          });
        });
      }

      function Multiple(scope, selectElement, ctrl) {
        var lastView;
        ctrl.$render = function() {
          var items = new HashMap(ctrl.$viewValue);
          forEach(selectElement.find('option'), function(option) {
            option.selected = isDefined(items.get(option.value));
          });
        };

        // we have to do it on each watch since ngModel watches reference, but
        // we need to work of an array, so we need to see if anything was inserted/removed
        scope.$watch(function selectMultipleWatch() {
          if (!equals(lastView, ctrl.$viewValue)) {
            lastView = copy(ctrl.$viewValue);
            ctrl.$render();
          }
        });

        selectElement.bind('change', function() {
          scope.$apply(function() {
            var array = [];
            forEach(selectElement.find('option'), function(option) {
              if (option.selected) {
                array.push(option.value);
              }
            });
            ctrl.$setViewValue(array);
          });
        });
      }

      function Options(scope, selectElement, ctrl) {
        var match;

        if (! (match = optionsExp.match(NG_OPTIONS_REGEXP))) {
          throw Error(
            "Expected ngOptions in form of '_select_ (as _label_)? for (_key_,)?_value_ in _collection_'" +
            " but got '" + optionsExp + "'.");
        }

        var displayFn = $parse(match[2] || match[1]),
            valueName = match[4] || match[6],
            keyName = match[5],
            groupByFn = $parse(match[3] || ''),
            valueFn = $parse(match[2] ? match[1] : valueName),
            valuesFn = $parse(match[7]),
            // This is an array of array of existing option groups in DOM. We try to reuse these if possible
            // optionGroupsCache[0] is the options with no option group
            // optionGroupsCache[?][0] is the parent: either the SELECT or OPTGROUP element
            optionGroupsCache = [[{element: selectElement, label:''}]];

        if (nullOption) {
          // compile the element since there might be bindings in it
          $compile(nullOption)(scope);

          // remove the class, which is added automatically because we recompile the element and it
          // becomes the compilation root
          nullOption.removeClass('ng-scope');

          // we need to remove it before calling selectElement.html('') because otherwise IE will
          // remove the label from the element. wtf?
          nullOption.remove();
        }

        // clear contents, we'll add what's needed based on the model
        selectElement.html('');

        selectElement.bind('change', function() {
          scope.$apply(function() {
            var optionGroup,
                collection = valuesFn(scope) || [],
                locals = {},
                key, value, optionElement, index, groupIndex, length, groupLength;

            if (multiple) {
              value = [];
              for (groupIndex = 0, groupLength = optionGroupsCache.length;
                   groupIndex < groupLength;
                   groupIndex++) {
                // list of options for that group. (first item has the parent)
                optionGroup = optionGroupsCache[groupIndex];

                for(index = 1, length = optionGroup.length; index < length; index++) {
                  if ((optionElement = optionGroup[index].element)[0].selected) {
                    key = optionElement.val();
                    if (keyName) locals[keyName] = key;
                    locals[valueName] = collection[key];
                    value.push(valueFn(scope, locals));
                  }
                }
              }
            } else {
              key = selectElement.val();
              if (key == '?') {
                value = undefined;
              } else if (key == ''){
                value = null;
              } else {
                locals[valueName] = collection[key];
                if (keyName) locals[keyName] = key;
                value = valueFn(scope, locals);
              }
            }
            ctrl.$setViewValue(value);
          });
        });

        ctrl.$render = render;

        // TODO(vojta): can't we optimize this ?
        scope.$watch(render);

        function render() {
          var optionGroups = {'':[]}, // Temporary location for the option groups before we render them
              optionGroupNames = [''],
              optionGroupName,
              optionGroup,
              option,
              existingParent, existingOptions, existingOption,
              modelValue = ctrl.$modelValue,
              values = valuesFn(scope) || [],
              keys = keyName ? sortedKeys(values) : values,
              groupLength, length,
              groupIndex, index,
              locals = {},
              selected,
              selectedSet = false, // nothing is selected yet
              lastElement,
              element,
              label;

          if (multiple) {
            selectedSet = new HashMap(modelValue);
          }

          // We now build up the list of options we need (we merge later)
          for (index = 0; length = keys.length, index < length; index++) {
               locals[valueName] = values[keyName ? locals[keyName]=keys[index]:index];
               optionGroupName = groupByFn(scope, locals) || '';
            if (!(optionGroup = optionGroups[optionGroupName])) {
              optionGroup = optionGroups[optionGroupName] = [];
              optionGroupNames.push(optionGroupName);
            }
            if (multiple) {
              selected = selectedSet.remove(valueFn(scope, locals)) != undefined;
            } else {
              selected = modelValue === valueFn(scope, locals);
              selectedSet = selectedSet || selected; // see if at least one item is selected
            }
            label = displayFn(scope, locals); // what will be seen by the user
            label = label === undefined ? '' : label; // doing displayFn(scope, locals) || '' overwrites zero values
            optionGroup.push({
              id: keyName ? keys[index] : index,   // either the index into array or key from object
              label: label,
              selected: selected                   // determine if we should be selected
            });
          }
          if (!multiple) {
            if (nullOption || modelValue === null) {
              // insert null option if we have a placeholder, or the model is null
              optionGroups[''].unshift({id:'', label:'', selected:!selectedSet});
            } else if (!selectedSet) {
              // option could not be found, we have to insert the undefined item
              optionGroups[''].unshift({id:'?', label:'', selected:true});
            }
          }

          // Now we need to update the list of DOM nodes to match the optionGroups we computed above
          for (groupIndex = 0, groupLength = optionGroupNames.length;
               groupIndex < groupLength;
               groupIndex++) {
            // current option group name or '' if no group
            optionGroupName = optionGroupNames[groupIndex];

            // list of options for that group. (first item has the parent)
            optionGroup = optionGroups[optionGroupName];

            if (optionGroupsCache.length <= groupIndex) {
              // we need to grow the optionGroups
              existingParent = {
                element: optGroupTemplate.clone().attr('label', optionGroupName),
                label: optionGroup.label
              };
              existingOptions = [existingParent];
              optionGroupsCache.push(existingOptions);
              selectElement.append(existingParent.element);
            } else {
              existingOptions = optionGroupsCache[groupIndex];
              existingParent = existingOptions[0];  // either SELECT (no group) or OPTGROUP element

              // update the OPTGROUP label if not the same.
              if (existingParent.label != optionGroupName) {
                existingParent.element.attr('label', existingParent.label = optionGroupName);
              }
            }

            lastElement = null;  // start at the beginning
            for(index = 0, length = optionGroup.length; index < length; index++) {
              option = optionGroup[index];
              if ((existingOption = existingOptions[index+1])) {
                // reuse elements
                lastElement = existingOption.element;
                if (existingOption.label !== option.label) {
                  lastElement.text(existingOption.label = option.label);
                }
                if (existingOption.id !== option.id) {
                  lastElement.val(existingOption.id = option.id);
                }
                // lastElement.prop('selected') provided by jQuery has side-effects
                if (lastElement[0].selected !== option.selected) {
                  lastElement.prop('selected', (existingOption.selected = option.selected));
                }
              } else {
                // grow elements

                // if it's a null option
                if (option.id === '' && nullOption) {
                  // put back the pre-compiled element
                  element = nullOption;
                } else {
                  // jQuery(v1.4.2) Bug: We should be able to chain the method calls, but
                  // in this version of jQuery on some browser the .text() returns a string
                  // rather then the element.
                  (element = optionTemplate.clone())
                      .val(option.id)
                      .attr('selected', option.selected)
                      .text(option.label);
                }

                existingOptions.push(existingOption = {
                    element: element,
                    label: option.label,
                    id: option.id,
                    selected: option.selected
                });
                if (lastElement) {
                  lastElement.after(element);
                } else {
                  existingParent.element.append(element);
                }
                lastElement = element;
              }
            }
            // remove any excessive OPTIONs in a group
            index++; // increment since the existingOptions[0] is parent element not OPTION
            while(existingOptions.length > index) {
              existingOptions.pop().element.remove();
            }
          }
          // remove any excessive OPTGROUPs from select
          while(optionGroupsCache.length > groupIndex) {
            optionGroupsCache.pop()[0].element.remove();
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}];

var optionDirective = ['$interpolate', function($interpolate) {
  var nullSelectCtrl = {
    addOption: noop,
    removeOption: noop
  };

  return {
    restrict: 'E',
    priority: 100,
    compile: function(element, attr) {
      if (isUndefined(attr.value)) {
        var interpolateFn = $interpolate(element.text(), true);
        if (!interpolateFn) {
          attr.$set('value', element.text());
        }
      }

      return function (scope, element, attr) {
        var selectCtrlName = '$selectController',
            parent = element.parent(),
            selectCtrl = parent.data(selectCtrlName) ||
              parent.parent().data(selectCtrlName); // in case we are in optgroup

        if (selectCtrl && selectCtrl.databound) {
          // For some reason Opera defaults to true and if not overridden this messes up the repeater.
          // We don't want the view to drive the initialization of the model anyway.
          element.prop('selected', false);
        } else {
          selectCtrl = nullSelectCtrl;
        }

        if (interpolateFn) {
          scope.$watch(interpolateFn, function interpolateWatchAction(newVal, oldVal) {
            attr.$set('value', newVal);
            if (newVal !== oldVal) selectCtrl.removeOption(oldVal);
            selectCtrl.addOption(newVal);
          });
        } else {
          selectCtrl.addOption(attr.value);
        }

        element.bind('$destroy', function() {
          selectCtrl.removeOption(attr.value);
        });
      };
    }
  }
}];

var styleDirective = valueFn({
  restrict: 'E',
  terminal: true
});

/**
 * Setup file for the Scenario.
 * Must be first in the compilation/bootstrap list.
 */

// Public namespace
angular.scenario = angular.scenario || {};

/**
 * Defines a new output format.
 *
 * @param {string} name the name of the new output format
 * @param {function()} fn function(context, runner) that generates the output
 */
angular.scenario.output = angular.scenario.output || function(name, fn) {
  angular.scenario.output[name] = fn;
};

/**
 * Defines a new DSL statement. If your factory function returns a Future
 * it's returned, otherwise the result is assumed to be a map of functions
 * for chaining. Chained functions are subject to the same rules.
 *
 * Note: All functions on the chain are bound to the chain scope so values
 *   set on "this" in your statement function are available in the chained
 *   functions.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the statement
 * @param {function()} fn Factory function(), return a function for
 *  the statement.
 */
angular.scenario.dsl = angular.scenario.dsl || function(name, fn) {
  angular.scenario.dsl[name] = function() {
    function executeStatement(statement, args) {
      var result = statement.apply(this, args);
      if (angular.isFunction(result) || result instanceof angular.scenario.Future)
        return result;
      var self = this;
      var chain = angular.extend({}, result);
      angular.forEach(chain, function(value, name) {
        if (angular.isFunction(value)) {
          chain[name] = function() {
            return executeStatement.call(self, value, arguments);
          };
        } else {
          chain[name] = value;
        }
      });
      return chain;
    }
    var statement = fn.apply(this, arguments);
    return function() {
      return executeStatement.call(this, statement, arguments);
    };
  };
};

/**
 * Defines a new matcher for use with the expects() statement. The value
 * this.actual (like in Jasmine) is available in your matcher to compare
 * against. Your function should return a boolean. The future is automatically
 * created for you.
 *
 * @param {string} name The name of the matcher
 * @param {function()} fn The matching function(expected).
 */
angular.scenario.matcher = angular.scenario.matcher || function(name, fn) {
  angular.scenario.matcher[name] = function(expected) {
    var prefix = 'expect ' + this.future.name + ' ';
    if (this.inverse) {
      prefix += 'not ';
    }
    var self = this;
    this.addFuture(prefix + name + ' ' + angular.toJson(expected),
      function(done) {
        var error;
        self.actual = self.future.value;
        if ((self.inverse && fn.call(self, expected)) ||
            (!self.inverse && !fn.call(self, expected))) {
          error = 'expected ' + angular.toJson(expected) +
            ' but was ' + angular.toJson(self.actual);
        }
        done(error);
    });
  };
};

/**
 * Initialize the scenario runner and run !
 *
 * Access global window and document object
 * Access $runner through closure
 *
 * @param {Object=} config Config options
 */
angular.scenario.setUpAndRun = function(config) {
  var href = window.location.href;
  var body = _jQuery(document.body);
  var output = [];
  var objModel = new angular.scenario.ObjectModel($runner);

  if (config && config.scenario_output) {
    output = config.scenario_output.split(',');
  }

  angular.forEach(angular.scenario.output, function(fn, name) {
    if (!output.length || indexOf(output,name) != -1) {
      var context = body.append('<div></div>').find('div:last');
      context.attr('id', name);
      fn.call({}, context, $runner, objModel);
    }
  });

  if (!/^http/.test(href) && !/^https/.test(href)) {
    body.append('<p id="system-error"></p>');
    body.find('#system-error').text(
      'Scenario runner must be run using http or https. The protocol ' +
      href.split(':')[0] + ':// is not supported.'
    );
    return;
  }

  var appFrame = body.append('<div id="application"></div>').find('#application');
  var application = new angular.scenario.Application(appFrame);

  $runner.on('RunnerEnd', function() {
    appFrame.css('display', 'none');
    appFrame.find('iframe').attr('src', 'about:blank');
  });

  $runner.on('RunnerError', function(error) {
    if (window.console) {
      console.log(formatException(error));
    } else {
      // Do something for IE
      alert(error);
    }
  });

  $runner.run(application);
};

/**
 * Iterates through list with iterator function that must call the
 * continueFunction to continute iterating.
 *
 * @param {Array} list list to iterate over
 * @param {function()} iterator Callback function(value, continueFunction)
 * @param {function()} done Callback function(error, result) called when
 *   iteration finishes or an error occurs.
 */
function asyncForEach(list, iterator, done) {
  var i = 0;
  function loop(error, index) {
    if (index && index > i) {
      i = index;
    }
    if (error || i >= list.length) {
      done(error);
    } else {
      try {
        iterator(list[i++], loop);
      } catch (e) {
        done(e);
      }
    }
  }
  loop();
}

/**
 * Formats an exception into a string with the stack trace, but limits
 * to a specific line length.
 *
 * @param {Object} error The exception to format, can be anything throwable
 * @param {Number=} [maxStackLines=5] max lines of the stack trace to include
 *  default is 5.
 */
function formatException(error, maxStackLines) {
  maxStackLines = maxStackLines || 5;
  var message = error.toString();
  if (error.stack) {
    var stack = error.stack.split('\n');
    if (stack[0].indexOf(message) === -1) {
      maxStackLines++;
      stack.unshift(error.message);
    }
    message = stack.slice(0, maxStackLines).join('\n');
  }
  return message;
}

/**
 * Returns a function that gets the file name and line number from a
 * location in the stack if available based on the call site.
 *
 * Note: this returns another function because accessing .stack is very
 * expensive in Chrome.
 *
 * @param {Number} offset Number of stack lines to skip
 */
function callerFile(offset) {
  var error = new Error();

  return function() {
    var line = (error.stack || '').split('\n')[offset];

    // Clean up the stack trace line
    if (line) {
      if (line.indexOf('@') !== -1) {
        // Firefox
        line = line.substring(line.indexOf('@')+1);
      } else {
        // Chrome
        line = line.substring(line.indexOf('(')+1).replace(')', '');
      }
    }

    return line || '';
  };
}

/**
 * Triggers a browser event. Attempts to choose the right event if one is
 * not specified.
 *
 * @param {Object} element Either a wrapped jQuery/jqLite node or a DOMElement
 * @param {string} type Optional event type.
 * @param {Array.<string>=} keys Optional list of pressed keys
 *        (valid values: 'alt', 'meta', 'shift', 'ctrl')
 */
function browserTrigger(element, type, keys) {
  if (element && !element.nodeName) element = element[0];
  if (!element) return;
  if (!type) {
    type = {
        'text':            'change',
        'textarea':        'change',
        'hidden':          'change',
        'password':        'change',
        'button':          'click',
        'submit':          'click',
        'reset':           'click',
        'image':           'click',
        'checkbox':        'click',
        'radio':           'click',
        'select-one':      'change',
        'select-multiple': 'change'
    }[lowercase(element.type)] || 'click';
  }
  if (lowercase(nodeName_(element)) == 'option') {
    element.parentNode.value = element.value;
    element = element.parentNode;
    type = 'change';
  }

  keys = keys || [];
  function pressed(key) {
    return indexOf(keys, key) !== -1;
  }

  if (msie < 9) {
    switch(element.type) {
      case 'radio':
      case 'checkbox':
        element.checked = !element.checked;
        break;
    }
    // WTF!!! Error: Unspecified error.
    // Don't know why, but some elements when detached seem to be in inconsistent state and
    // calling .fireEvent() on them will result in very unhelpful error (Error: Unspecified error)
    // forcing the browser to compute the element position (by reading its CSS)
    // puts the element in consistent state.
    element.style.posLeft;

    // TODO(vojta): create event objects with pressed keys to get it working on IE<9
    var ret = element.fireEvent('on' + type);
    if (lowercase(element.type) == 'submit') {
      while(element) {
        if (lowercase(element.nodeName) == 'form') {
          element.fireEvent('onsubmit');
          break;
        }
        element = element.parentNode;
      }
    }
    return ret;
  } else {
    var evnt = document.createEvent('MouseEvents'),
        originalPreventDefault = evnt.preventDefault,
        iframe = _jQuery('#application iframe')[0],
        appWindow = iframe ? iframe.contentWindow : window,
        fakeProcessDefault = true,
        finalProcessDefault,
        angular = appWindow.angular || {};

    // igor: temporary fix for https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=684208
    angular['ff-684208-preventDefault'] = false;
    evnt.preventDefault = function() {
      fakeProcessDefault = false;
      return originalPreventDefault.apply(evnt, arguments);
    };

    evnt.initMouseEvent(type, true, true, window, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, pressed('ctrl'), pressed('alt'),
                        pressed('shift'), pressed('meta'), 0, element);

    element.dispatchEvent(evnt);
    finalProcessDefault = !(angular['ff-684208-preventDefault'] || !fakeProcessDefault);

    delete angular['ff-684208-preventDefault'];

    return finalProcessDefault;
  }
}

/**
 * Don't use the jQuery trigger method since it works incorrectly.
 *
 * jQuery notifies listeners and then changes the state of a checkbox and
 * does not create a real browser event. A real click changes the state of
 * the checkbox and then notifies listeners.
 *
 * To work around this we instead use our own handler that fires a real event.
 */
(function(fn){
  var parentTrigger = fn.trigger;
  fn.trigger = function(type) {
    if (/(click|change|keydown|blur|input)/.test(type)) {
      var processDefaults = [];
      this.each(function(index, node) {
        processDefaults.push(browserTrigger(node, type));
      });

      // this is not compatible with jQuery - we return an array of returned values,
      // so that scenario runner know whether JS code has preventDefault() of the event or not...
      return processDefaults;
    }
    return parentTrigger.apply(this, arguments);
  };
})(_jQuery.fn);

/**
 * Finds all bindings with the substring match of name and returns an
 * array of their values.
 *
 * @param {string} bindExp The name to match
 * @return {Array.<string>} String of binding values
 */
_jQuery.fn.bindings = function(windowJquery, bindExp) {
  var result = [], match,
      bindSelector = '.ng-binding:visible';
  if (angular.isString(bindExp)) {
    bindExp = bindExp.replace(/\s/g, '');
    match = function (actualExp) {
      if (actualExp) {
        actualExp = actualExp.replace(/\s/g, '');
        if (actualExp == bindExp) return true;
        if (actualExp.indexOf(bindExp) == 0) {
          return actualExp.charAt(bindExp.length) == '|';
        }
      }
    }
  } else if (bindExp) {
    match = function(actualExp) {
      return actualExp && bindExp.exec(actualExp);
    }
  } else {
    match = function(actualExp) {
      return !!actualExp;
    };
  }
  var selection = this.find(bindSelector);
  if (this.is(bindSelector)) {
    selection = selection.add(this);
  }

  function push(value) {
    if (value == undefined) {
      value = '';
    } else if (typeof value != 'string') {
      value = angular.toJson(value);
    }
    result.push('' + value);
  }

  selection.each(function() {
    var element = windowJquery(this),
        binding;
    if (binding = element.data('$binding')) {
      if (typeof binding == 'string') {
        if (match(binding)) {
          push(element.scope().$eval(binding));
        }
      } else {
        if (!angular.isArray(binding)) {
          binding = [binding];
        }
        for(var fns, j=0, jj=binding.length;  j<jj; j++) {
          fns = binding[j];
          if (fns.parts) {
            fns = fns.parts;
          } else {
            fns = [fns];
          }
          for (var scope, fn, i = 0, ii = fns.length; i < ii; i++) {
            if(match((fn = fns[i]).exp)) {
              push(fn(scope = scope || element.scope()));
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  });
  return result;
};

/**
 * Represents the application currently being tested and abstracts usage
 * of iframes or separate windows.
 *
 * @param {Object} context jQuery wrapper around HTML context.
 */
angular.scenario.Application = function(context) {
  this.context = context;
  context.append(
    '<h2>Current URL: <a href="about:blank">None</a></h2>' +
    '<div id="test-frames"></div>'
  );
};

/**
 * Gets the jQuery collection of frames. Don't use this directly because
 * frames may go stale.
 *
 * @private
 * @return {Object} jQuery collection
 */
angular.scenario.Application.prototype.getFrame_ = function() {
  return this.context.find('#test-frames iframe:last');
};

/**
 * Gets the window of the test runner frame. Always favor executeAction()
 * instead of this method since it prevents you from getting a stale window.
 *
 * @private
 * @return {Object} the window of the frame
 */
angular.scenario.Application.prototype.getWindow_ = function() {
  var contentWindow = this.getFrame_().prop('contentWindow');
  if (!contentWindow)
    throw 'Frame window is not accessible.';
  return contentWindow;
};

/**
 * Changes the location of the frame.
 *
 * @param {string} url The URL. If it begins with a # then only the
 *   hash of the page is changed.
 * @param {function()} loadFn function($window, $document) Called when frame loads.
 * @param {function()} errorFn function(error) Called if any error when loading.
 */
angular.scenario.Application.prototype.navigateTo = function(url, loadFn, errorFn) {
  var self = this;
  var frame = this.getFrame_();
  //TODO(esprehn): Refactor to use rethrow()
  errorFn = errorFn || function(e) { throw e; };
  if (url === 'about:blank') {
    errorFn('Sandbox Error: Navigating to about:blank is not allowed.');
  } else if (url.charAt(0) === '#') {
    url = frame.attr('src').split('#')[0] + url;
    frame.attr('src', url);
    this.executeAction(loadFn);
  } else {
    frame.remove();
    this.context.find('#test-frames').append('<iframe>');
    frame = this.getFrame_();
    frame.load(function() {
      frame.unbind();
      try {
        self.executeAction(loadFn);
      } catch (e) {
        errorFn(e);
      }
    }).attr('src', url);
  }
  this.context.find('> h2 a').attr('href', url).text(url);
};

/**
 * Executes a function in the context of the tested application. Will wait
 * for all pending angular xhr requests before executing.
 *
 * @param {function()} action The callback to execute. function($window, $document)
 *  $document is a jQuery wrapped document.
 */
angular.scenario.Application.prototype.executeAction = function(action) {
  var self = this;
  var $window = this.getWindow_();
  if (!$window.document) {
    throw 'Sandbox Error: Application document not accessible.';
  }
  if (!$window.angular) {
    return action.call(this, $window, _jQuery($window.document));
  }
  angularInit($window.document, function(element) {
    var $injector = $window.angular.element(element).injector();
    var $element = _jQuery(element);

    $element.injector = function() {
      return $injector;
    };

    $injector.invoke(function($browser){
      $browser.notifyWhenNoOutstandingRequests(function() {
        action.call(self, $window, $element);
      });
    });
  });
};

/**
 * The representation of define blocks. Don't used directly, instead use
 * define() in your tests.
 *
 * @param {string} descName Name of the block
 * @param {Object} parent describe or undefined if the root.
 */
angular.scenario.Describe = function(descName, parent) {
  this.only = parent && parent.only;
  this.beforeEachFns = [];
  this.afterEachFns = [];
  this.its = [];
  this.children = [];
  this.name = descName;
  this.parent = parent;
  this.id = angular.scenario.Describe.id++;

  /**
   * Calls all before functions.
   */
  var beforeEachFns = this.beforeEachFns;
  this.setupBefore = function() {
    if (parent) parent.setupBefore.call(this);
    angular.forEach(beforeEachFns, function(fn) { fn.call(this); }, this);
  };

  /**
   * Calls all after functions.
   */
  var afterEachFns = this.afterEachFns;
  this.setupAfter  = function() {
    angular.forEach(afterEachFns, function(fn) { fn.call(this); }, this);
    if (parent) parent.setupAfter.call(this);
  };
};

// Shared Unique ID generator for every describe block
angular.scenario.Describe.id = 0;

// Shared Unique ID generator for every it (spec)
angular.scenario.Describe.specId = 0;

/**
 * Defines a block to execute before each it or nested describe.
 *
 * @param {function()} body Body of the block.
 */
angular.scenario.Describe.prototype.beforeEach = function(body) {
  this.beforeEachFns.push(body);
};

/**
 * Defines a block to execute after each it or nested describe.
 *
 * @param {function()} body Body of the block.
 */
angular.scenario.Describe.prototype.afterEach = function(body) {
  this.afterEachFns.push(body);
};

/**
 * Creates a new describe block that's a child of this one.
 *
 * @param {string} name Name of the block. Appended to the parent block's name.
 * @param {function()} body Body of the block.
 */
angular.scenario.Describe.prototype.describe = function(name, body) {
  var child = new angular.scenario.Describe(name, this);
  this.children.push(child);
  body.call(child);
};

/**
 * Same as describe() but makes ddescribe blocks the only to run.
 *
 * @param {string} name Name of the test.
 * @param {function()} body Body of the block.
 */
angular.scenario.Describe.prototype.ddescribe = function(name, body) {
  var child = new angular.scenario.Describe(name, this);
  child.only = true;
  this.children.push(child);
  body.call(child);
};

/**
 * Use to disable a describe block.
 */
angular.scenario.Describe.prototype.xdescribe = angular.noop;

/**
 * Defines a test.
 *
 * @param {string} name Name of the test.
 * @param {function()} vody Body of the block.
 */
angular.scenario.Describe.prototype.it = function(name, body) {
  this.its.push({
    id: angular.scenario.Describe.specId++,
    definition: this,
    only: this.only,
    name: name,
    before: this.setupBefore,
    body: body,
    after: this.setupAfter
  });
};

/**
 * Same as it() but makes iit tests the only test to run.
 *
 * @param {string} name Name of the test.
 * @param {function()} body Body of the block.
 */
angular.scenario.Describe.prototype.iit = function(name, body) {
  this.it.apply(this, arguments);
  this.its[this.its.length-1].only = true;
};

/**
 * Use to disable a test block.
 */
angular.scenario.Describe.prototype.xit = angular.noop;

/**
 * Gets an array of functions representing all the tests (recursively).
 * that can be executed with SpecRunner's.
 *
 * @return {Array<Object>} Array of it blocks {
 *   definition : Object // parent Describe
 *   only: boolean
 *   name: string
 *   before: Function
 *   body: Function
 *   after: Function
 *  }
 */
angular.scenario.Describe.prototype.getSpecs = function() {
  var specs = arguments[0] || [];
  angular.forEach(this.children, function(child) {
    child.getSpecs(specs);
  });
  angular.forEach(this.its, function(it) {
    specs.push(it);
  });
  var only = [];
  angular.forEach(specs, function(it) {
    if (it.only) {
      only.push(it);
    }
  });
  return (only.length && only) || specs;
};

/**
 * A future action in a spec.
 *
 * @param {string} name of the future action
 * @param {function()} future callback(error, result)
 * @param {function()} Optional. function that returns the file/line number.
 */
angular.scenario.Future = function(name, behavior, line) {
  this.name = name;
  this.behavior = behavior;
  this.fulfilled = false;
  this.value = undefined;
  this.parser = angular.identity;
  this.line = line || function() { return ''; };
};

/**
 * Executes the behavior of the closure.
 *
 * @param {function()} doneFn Callback function(error, result)
 */
angular.scenario.Future.prototype.execute = function(doneFn) {
  var self = this;
  this.behavior(function(error, result) {
    self.fulfilled = true;
    if (result) {
      try {
        result = self.parser(result);
      } catch(e) {
        error = e;
      }
    }
    self.value = error || result;
    doneFn(error, result);
  });
};

/**
 * Configures the future to convert it's final with a function fn(value)
 *
 * @param {function()} fn function(value) that returns the parsed value
 */
angular.scenario.Future.prototype.parsedWith = function(fn) {
  this.parser = fn;
  return this;
};

/**
 * Configures the future to parse it's final value from JSON
 * into objects.
 */
angular.scenario.Future.prototype.fromJson = function() {
  return this.parsedWith(angular.fromJson);
};

/**
 * Configures the future to convert it's final value from objects
 * into JSON.
 */
angular.scenario.Future.prototype.toJson = function() {
  return this.parsedWith(angular.toJson);
};

/**
 * Maintains an object tree from the runner events.
 *
 * @param {Object} runner The scenario Runner instance to connect to.
 *
 * TODO(esprehn): Every output type creates one of these, but we probably
 *  want one global shared instance. Need to handle events better too
 *  so the HTML output doesn't need to do spec model.getSpec(spec.id)
 *  silliness.
 *
 * TODO(vojta) refactor on, emit methods (from all objects) - use inheritance
 */
angular.scenario.ObjectModel = function(runner) {
  var self = this;

  this.specMap = {};
  this.listeners = [];
  this.value = {
    name: '',
    children: {}
  };

  runner.on('SpecBegin', function(spec) {
    var block = self.value,
        definitions = [];

    angular.forEach(self.getDefinitionPath(spec), function(def) {
      if (!block.children[def.name]) {
        block.children[def.name] = {
          id: def.id,
          name: def.name,
          children: {},
          specs: {}
        };
      }
      block = block.children[def.name];
      definitions.push(def.name);
    });

    var it = self.specMap[spec.id] =
             block.specs[spec.name] =
             new angular.scenario.ObjectModel.Spec(spec.id, spec.name, definitions);

    // forward the event
    self.emit('SpecBegin', it);
  });

  runner.on('SpecError', function(spec, error) {
    var it = self.getSpec(spec.id);
    it.status = 'error';
    it.error = error;

    // forward the event
    self.emit('SpecError', it, error);
  });

  runner.on('SpecEnd', function(spec) {
    var it = self.getSpec(spec.id);
    complete(it);

    // forward the event
    self.emit('SpecEnd', it);
  });

  runner.on('StepBegin', function(spec, step) {
    var it = self.getSpec(spec.id);
    var step = new angular.scenario.ObjectModel.Step(step.name);
    it.steps.push(step);

    // forward the event
    self.emit('StepBegin', it, step);
  });

  runner.on('StepEnd', function(spec) {
    var it = self.getSpec(spec.id);
    var step = it.getLastStep();
    if (step.name !== step.name)
      throw 'Events fired in the wrong order. Step names don\'t match.';
    complete(step);

    // forward the event
    self.emit('StepEnd', it, step);
  });

  runner.on('StepFailure', function(spec, step, error) {
    var it = self.getSpec(spec.id),
        modelStep = it.getLastStep();

    modelStep.setErrorStatus('failure', error, step.line());
    it.setStatusFromStep(modelStep);

    // forward the event
    self.emit('StepFailure', it, modelStep, error);
  });

  runner.on('StepError', function(spec, step, error) {
    var it = self.getSpec(spec.id),
        modelStep = it.getLastStep();

    modelStep.setErrorStatus('error', error, step.line());
    it.setStatusFromStep(modelStep);

    // forward the event
    self.emit('StepError', it, modelStep, error);
  });

  runner.on('RunnerBegin', function() {
    self.emit('RunnerBegin');
  });
  runner.on('RunnerEnd', function() {
    self.emit('RunnerEnd');
  });

  function complete(item) {
    item.endTime = new Date().getTime();
    item.duration = item.endTime - item.startTime;
    item.status = item.status || 'success';
  }
};

/**
 * Adds a listener for an event.
 *
 * @param {string} eventName Name of the event to add a handler for
 * @param {function()} listener Function that will be called when event is fired
 */
angular.scenario.ObjectModel.prototype.on = function(eventName, listener) {
  eventName = eventName.toLowerCase();
  this.listeners[eventName] = this.listeners[eventName] || [];
  this.listeners[eventName].push(listener);
};

/**
 * Emits an event which notifies listeners and passes extra
 * arguments.
 *
 * @param {string} eventName Name of the event to fire.
 */
angular.scenario.ObjectModel.prototype.emit = function(eventName) {
  var self = this,
      args = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments, 1),
      eventName = eventName.toLowerCase();

  if (this.listeners[eventName]) {
    angular.forEach(this.listeners[eventName], function(listener) {
      listener.apply(self, args);
    });
  }
};

/**
 * Computes the path of definition describe blocks that wrap around
 * this spec.
 *
 * @param spec Spec to compute the path for.
 * @return {Array<Describe>} The describe block path
 */
angular.scenario.ObjectModel.prototype.getDefinitionPath = function(spec) {
  var path = [];
  var currentDefinition = spec.definition;
  while (currentDefinition && currentDefinition.name) {
    path.unshift(currentDefinition);
    currentDefinition = currentDefinition.parent;
  }
  return path;
};

/**
 * Gets a spec by id.
 *
 * @param {string} The id of the spec to get the object for.
 * @return {Object} the Spec instance
 */
angular.scenario.ObjectModel.prototype.getSpec = function(id) {
  return this.specMap[id];
};

/**
 * A single it block.
 *
 * @param {string} id Id of the spec
 * @param {string} name Name of the spec
 * @param {Array<string>=} definitionNames List of all describe block names that wrap this spec
 */
angular.scenario.ObjectModel.Spec = function(id, name, definitionNames) {
  this.id = id;
  this.name = name;
  this.startTime = new Date().getTime();
  this.steps = [];
  this.fullDefinitionName = (definitionNames || []).join(' ');
};

/**
 * Adds a new step to the Spec.
 *
 * @param {string} step Name of the step (really name of the future)
 * @return {Object} the added step
 */
angular.scenario.ObjectModel.Spec.prototype.addStep = function(name) {
  var step = new angular.scenario.ObjectModel.Step(name);
  this.steps.push(step);
  return step;
};

/**
 * Gets the most recent step.
 *
 * @return {Object} the step
 */
angular.scenario.ObjectModel.Spec.prototype.getLastStep = function() {
  return this.steps[this.steps.length-1];
};

/**
 * Set status of the Spec from given Step
 *
 * @param {angular.scenario.ObjectModel.Step} step
 */
angular.scenario.ObjectModel.Spec.prototype.setStatusFromStep = function(step) {
  if (!this.status || step.status == 'error') {
    this.status = step.status;
    this.error = step.error;
    this.line = step.line;
  }
};

/**
 * A single step inside a Spec.
 *
 * @param {string} step Name of the step
 */
angular.scenario.ObjectModel.Step = function(name) {
  this.name = name;
  this.startTime = new Date().getTime();
};

/**
 * Helper method for setting all error status related properties
 *
 * @param {string} status
 * @param {string} error
 * @param {string} line
 */
angular.scenario.ObjectModel.Step.prototype.setErrorStatus = function(status, error, line) {
  this.status = status;
  this.error = error;
  this.line = line;
};

/**
 * Runner for scenarios
 *
 * Has to be initialized before any test is loaded,
 * because it publishes the API into window (global space).
 */
angular.scenario.Runner = function($window) {
  this.listeners = [];
  this.$window = $window;
  this.rootDescribe = new angular.scenario.Describe();
  this.currentDescribe = this.rootDescribe;
  this.api = {
    it: this.it,
    iit: this.iit,
    xit: angular.noop,
    describe: this.describe,
    ddescribe: this.ddescribe,
    xdescribe: angular.noop,
    beforeEach: this.beforeEach,
    afterEach: this.afterEach
  };
  angular.forEach(this.api, angular.bind(this, function(fn, key) {
    this.$window[key] = angular.bind(this, fn);
  }));
};

/**
 * Emits an event which notifies listeners and passes extra
 * arguments.
 *
 * @param {string} eventName Name of the event to fire.
 */
angular.scenario.Runner.prototype.emit = function(eventName) {
  var self = this;
  var args = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments, 1);
  eventName = eventName.toLowerCase();
  if (!this.listeners[eventName])
    return;
  angular.forEach(this.listeners[eventName], function(listener) {
    listener.apply(self, args);
  });
};

/**
 * Adds a listener for an event.
 *
 * @param {string} eventName The name of the event to add a handler for
 * @param {string} listener The fn(...) that takes the extra arguments from emit()
 */
angular.scenario.Runner.prototype.on = function(eventName, listener) {
  eventName = eventName.toLowerCase();
  this.listeners[eventName] = this.listeners[eventName] || [];
  this.listeners[eventName].push(listener);
};

/**
 * Defines a describe block of a spec.
 *
 * @see Describe.js
 *
 * @param {string} name Name of the block
 * @param {function()} body Body of the block
 */
angular.scenario.Runner.prototype.describe = function(name, body) {
  var self = this;
  this.currentDescribe.describe(name, function() {
    var parentDescribe = self.currentDescribe;
    self.currentDescribe = this;
    try {
      body.call(this);
    } finally {
      self.currentDescribe = parentDescribe;
    }
  });
};

/**
 * Same as describe, but makes ddescribe the only blocks to run.
 *
 * @see Describe.js
 *
 * @param {string} name Name of the block
 * @param {function()} body Body of the block
 */
angular.scenario.Runner.prototype.ddescribe = function(name, body) {
  var self = this;
  this.currentDescribe.ddescribe(name, function() {
    var parentDescribe = self.currentDescribe;
    self.currentDescribe = this;
    try {
      body.call(this);
    } finally {
      self.currentDescribe = parentDescribe;
    }
  });
};

/**
 * Defines a test in a describe block of a spec.
 *
 * @see Describe.js
 *
 * @param {string} name Name of the block
 * @param {function()} body Body of the block
 */
angular.scenario.Runner.prototype.it = function(name, body) {
  this.currentDescribe.it(name, body);
};

/**
 * Same as it, but makes iit tests the only tests to run.
 *
 * @see Describe.js
 *
 * @param {string} name Name of the block
 * @param {function()} body Body of the block
 */
angular.scenario.Runner.prototype.iit = function(name, body) {
  this.currentDescribe.iit(name, body);
};

/**
 * Defines a function to be called before each it block in the describe
 * (and before all nested describes).
 *
 * @see Describe.js
 *
 * @param {function()} Callback to execute
 */
angular.scenario.Runner.prototype.beforeEach = function(body) {
  this.currentDescribe.beforeEach(body);
};

/**
 * Defines a function to be called after each it block in the describe
 * (and before all nested describes).
 *
 * @see Describe.js
 *
 * @param {function()} Callback to execute
 */
angular.scenario.Runner.prototype.afterEach = function(body) {
  this.currentDescribe.afterEach(body);
};

/**
 * Creates a new spec runner.
 *
 * @private
 * @param {Object} scope parent scope
 */
angular.scenario.Runner.prototype.createSpecRunner_ = function(scope) {
  var child = scope.$new();
  var Cls = angular.scenario.SpecRunner;

  // Export all the methods to child scope manually as now we don't mess controllers with scopes
  // TODO(vojta): refactor scenario runner so that these objects are not tightly coupled as current
  for (var name in Cls.prototype)
    child[name] = angular.bind(child, Cls.prototype[name]);

  Cls.call(child);
  return child;
};

/**
 * Runs all the loaded tests with the specified runner class on the
 * provided application.
 *
 * @param {angular.scenario.Application} application App to remote control.
 */
angular.scenario.Runner.prototype.run = function(application) {
  var self = this;
  var $root = angular.injector(['ng']).get('$rootScope');
  angular.extend($root, this);
  angular.forEach(angular.scenario.Runner.prototype, function(fn, name) {
    $root[name] = angular.bind(self, fn);
  });
  $root.application = application;
  $root.emit('RunnerBegin');
  asyncForEach(this.rootDescribe.getSpecs(), function(spec, specDone) {
    var dslCache = {};
    var runner = self.createSpecRunner_($root);
    angular.forEach(angular.scenario.dsl, function(fn, key) {
      dslCache[key] = fn.call($root);
    });
    angular.forEach(angular.scenario.dsl, function(fn, key) {
      self.$window[key] = function() {
        var line = callerFile(3);
        var scope = runner.$new();

        // Make the dsl accessible on the current chain
        scope.dsl = {};
        angular.forEach(dslCache, function(fn, key) {
          scope.dsl[key] = function() {
            return dslCache[key].apply(scope, arguments);
          };
        });

        // Make these methods work on the current chain
        scope.addFuture = function() {
          Array.prototype.push.call(arguments, line);
          return angular.scenario.SpecRunner.
            prototype.addFuture.apply(scope, arguments);
        };
        scope.addFutureAction = function() {
          Array.prototype.push.call(arguments, line);
          return angular.scenario.SpecRunner.
            prototype.addFutureAction.apply(scope, arguments);
        };

        return scope.dsl[key].apply(scope, arguments);
      };
    });
    runner.run(spec, function() {
      runner.$destroy();
      specDone.apply(this, arguments);
    });
  },
  function(error) {
    if (error) {
      self.emit('RunnerError', error);
    }
    self.emit('RunnerEnd');
  });
};

/**
 * This class is the "this" of the it/beforeEach/afterEach method.
 * Responsibilities:
 *   - "this" for it/beforeEach/afterEach
 *   - keep state for single it/beforeEach/afterEach execution
 *   - keep track of all of the futures to execute
 *   - run single spec (execute each future)
 */
angular.scenario.SpecRunner = function() {
  this.futures = [];
  this.afterIndex = 0;
};

/**
 * Executes a spec which is an it block with associated before/after functions
 * based on the describe nesting.
 *
 * @param {Object} spec A spec object
 * @param {function()} specDone function that is called when the spec finshes. Function(error, index)
 */
angular.scenario.SpecRunner.prototype.run = function(spec, specDone) {
  var self = this;
  this.spec = spec;

  this.emit('SpecBegin', spec);

  try {
    spec.before.call(this);
    spec.body.call(this);
    this.afterIndex = this.futures.length;
    spec.after.call(this);
  } catch (e) {
    this.emit('SpecError', spec, e);
    this.emit('SpecEnd', spec);
    specDone();
    return;
  }

  var handleError = function(error, done) {
    if (self.error) {
      return done();
    }
    self.error = true;
    done(null, self.afterIndex);
  };

  asyncForEach(
    this.futures,
    function(future, futureDone) {
      self.step = future;
      self.emit('StepBegin', spec, future);
      try {
        future.execute(function(error) {
          if (error) {
            self.emit('StepFailure', spec, future, error);
            self.emit('StepEnd', spec, future);
            return handleError(error, futureDone);
          }
          self.emit('StepEnd', spec, future);
          self.$window.setTimeout(function() { futureDone(); }, 0);
        });
      } catch (e) {
        self.emit('StepError', spec, future, e);
        self.emit('StepEnd', spec, future);
        handleError(e, futureDone);
      }
    },
    function(e) {
      if (e) {
        self.emit('SpecError', spec, e);
      }
      self.emit('SpecEnd', spec);
      // Call done in a timeout so exceptions don't recursively
      // call this function
      self.$window.setTimeout(function() { specDone(); }, 0);
    }
  );
};

/**
 * Adds a new future action.
 *
 * Note: Do not pass line manually. It happens automatically.
 *
 * @param {string} name Name of the future
 * @param {function()} behavior Behavior of the future
 * @param {function()} line fn() that returns file/line number
 */
angular.scenario.SpecRunner.prototype.addFuture = function(name, behavior, line) {
  var future = new angular.scenario.Future(name, angular.bind(this, behavior), line);
  this.futures.push(future);
  return future;
};

/**
 * Adds a new future action to be executed on the application window.
 *
 * Note: Do not pass line manually. It happens automatically.
 *
 * @param {string} name Name of the future
 * @param {function()} behavior Behavior of the future
 * @param {function()} line fn() that returns file/line number
 */
angular.scenario.SpecRunner.prototype.addFutureAction = function(name, behavior, line) {
  var self = this;
  var NG = /\[ng\\\:/;
  return this.addFuture(name, function(done) {
    this.application.executeAction(function($window, $document) {

      //TODO(esprehn): Refactor this so it doesn't need to be in here.
      $document.elements = function(selector) {
        var args = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments, 1);
        selector = (self.selector || '') + ' ' + (selector || '');
        selector = _jQuery.trim(selector) || '*';
        angular.forEach(args, function(value, index) {
          selector = selector.replace('$' + (index + 1), value);
        });
        var result = $document.find(selector);
        if (selector.match(NG)) {
          angular.forEach(['[ng-','[data-ng-','[x-ng-'], function(value, index){
            result = result.add(selector.replace(NG, value), $document);
          });
        }
        if (!result.length) {
          throw {
            type: 'selector',
            message: 'Selector ' + selector + ' did not match any elements.'
          };
        }

        return result;
      };

      try {
        behavior.call(self, $window, $document, done);
      } catch(e) {
        if (e.type && e.type === 'selector') {
          done(e.message);
        } else {
          throw e;
        }
      }
    });
  }, line);
};

/**
 * Shared DSL statements that are useful to all scenarios.
 */

 /**
 * Usage:
 *    pause() pauses until you call resume() in the console
 */
angular.scenario.dsl('pause', function() {
  return function() {
    return this.addFuture('pausing for you to resume', function(done) {
      this.emit('InteractivePause', this.spec, this.step);
      this.$window.resume = function() { done(); };
    });
  };
});

/**
 * Usage:
 *    sleep(seconds) pauses the test for specified number of seconds
 */
angular.scenario.dsl('sleep', function() {
  return function(time) {
    return this.addFuture('sleep for ' + time + ' seconds', function(done) {
      this.$window.setTimeout(function() { done(null, time * 1000); }, time * 1000);
    });
  };
});

/**
 * Usage:
 *    browser().navigateTo(url) Loads the url into the frame
 *    browser().navigateTo(url, fn) where fn(url) is called and returns the URL to navigate to
 *    browser().reload() refresh the page (reload the same URL)
 *    browser().window.href() window.location.href
 *    browser().window.path() window.location.pathname
 *    browser().window.search() window.location.search
 *    browser().window.hash() window.location.hash without # prefix
 *    browser().location().url() see ng.$location#url
 *    browser().location().path() see ng.$location#path
 *    browser().location().search() see ng.$location#search
 *    browser().location().hash() see ng.$location#hash
 */
angular.scenario.dsl('browser', function() {
  var chain = {};

  chain.navigateTo = function(url, delegate) {
    var application = this.application;
    return this.addFuture("browser navigate to '" + url + "'", function(done) {
      if (delegate) {
        url = delegate.call(this, url);
      }
      application.navigateTo(url, function() {
        done(null, url);
      }, done);
    });
  };

  chain.reload = function() {
    var application = this.application;
    return this.addFutureAction('browser reload', function($window, $document, done) {
      var href = $window.location.href;
      application.navigateTo(href, function() {
        done(null, href);
      }, done);
    });
  };

  chain.window = function() {
    var api = {};

    api.href = function() {
      return this.addFutureAction('window.location.href', function($window, $document, done) {
        done(null, $window.location.href);
      });
    };

    api.path = function() {
      return this.addFutureAction('window.location.path', function($window, $document, done) {
        done(null, $window.location.pathname);
      });
    };

    api.search = function() {
      return this.addFutureAction('window.location.search', function($window, $document, done) {
        done(null, $window.location.search);
      });
    };

    api.hash = function() {
      return this.addFutureAction('window.location.hash', function($window, $document, done) {
        done(null, $window.location.hash.replace('#', ''));
      });
    };

    return api;
  };

  chain.location = function() {
    var api = {};

    api.url = function() {
      return this.addFutureAction('$location.url()', function($window, $document, done) {
        done(null, $document.injector().get('$location').url());
      });
    };

    api.path = function() {
      return this.addFutureAction('$location.path()', function($window, $document, done) {
        done(null, $document.injector().get('$location').path());
      });
    };

    api.search = function() {
      return this.addFutureAction('$location.search()', function($window, $document, done) {
        done(null, $document.injector().get('$location').search());
      });
    };

    api.hash = function() {
      return this.addFutureAction('$location.hash()', function($window, $document, done) {
        done(null, $document.injector().get('$location').hash());
      });
    };

    return api;
  };

  return function() {
    return chain;
  };
});

/**
 * Usage:
 *    expect(future).{matcher} where matcher is one of the matchers defined
 *    with angular.scenario.matcher
 *
 * ex. expect(binding("name")).toEqual("Elliott")
 */
angular.scenario.dsl('expect', function() {
  var chain = angular.extend({}, angular.scenario.matcher);

  chain.not = function() {
    this.inverse = true;
    return chain;
  };

  return function(future) {
    this.future = future;
    return chain;
  };
});

/**
 * Usage:
 *    using(selector, label) scopes the next DSL element selection
 *
 * ex.
 *   using('#foo', "'Foo' text field").input('bar')
 */
angular.scenario.dsl('using', function() {
  return function(selector, label) {
    this.selector = _jQuery.trim((this.selector||'') + ' ' + selector);
    if (angular.isString(label) && label.length) {
      this.label = label + ' ( ' + this.selector + ' )';
    } else {
      this.label = this.selector;
    }
    return this.dsl;
  };
});

/**
 * Usage:
 *    binding(name) returns the value of the first matching binding
 */
angular.scenario.dsl('binding', function() {
  return function(name) {
    return this.addFutureAction("select binding '" + name + "'", function($window, $document, done) {
      var values = $document.elements().bindings($window.angular.element, name);
      if (!values.length) {
        return done("Binding selector '" + name + "' did not match.");
      }
      done(null, values[0]);
    });
  };
});

/**
 * Usage:
 *    input(name).enter(value) enters value in input with specified name
 *    input(name).check() checks checkbox
 *    input(name).select(value) selects the radio button with specified name/value
 *    input(name).val() returns the value of the input.
 */
angular.scenario.dsl('input', function() {
  var chain = {};
  var supportInputEvent =  'oninput' in document.createElement('div') && msie != 9;

  chain.enter = function(value, event) {
    return this.addFutureAction("input '" + this.name + "' enter '" + value + "'", function($window, $document, done) {
      var input = $document.elements('[ng\\:model="$1"]', this.name).filter(':input');
      input.val(value);
      input.trigger(event || (supportInputEvent ? 'input' : 'change'));
      done();
    });
  };

  chain.check = function() {
    return this.addFutureAction("checkbox '" + this.name + "' toggle", function($window, $document, done) {
      var input = $document.elements('[ng\\:model="$1"]', this.name).filter(':checkbox');
      input.trigger('click');
      done();
    });
  };

  chain.select = function(value) {
    return this.addFutureAction("radio button '" + this.name + "' toggle '" + value + "'", function($window, $document, done) {
      var input = $document.
        elements('[ng\\:model="$1"][value="$2"]', this.name, value).filter(':radio');
      input.trigger('click');
      done();
    });
  };

  chain.val = function() {
    return this.addFutureAction("return input val", function($window, $document, done) {
      var input = $document.elements('[ng\\:model="$1"]', this.name).filter(':input');
      done(null,input.val());
    });
  };

  return function(name) {
    this.name = name;
    return chain;
  };
});


/**
 * Usage:
 *    repeater('#products table', 'Product List').count() number of rows
 *    repeater('#products table', 'Product List').row(1) all bindings in row as an array
 *    repeater('#products table', 'Product List').column('product.name') all values across all rows in an array
 */
angular.scenario.dsl('repeater', function() {
  var chain = {};

  chain.count = function() {
    return this.addFutureAction("repeater '" + this.label + "' count", function($window, $document, done) {
      try {
        done(null, $document.elements().length);
      } catch (e) {
        done(null, 0);
      }
    });
  };

  chain.column = function(binding) {
    return this.addFutureAction("repeater '" + this.label + "' column '" + binding + "'", function($window, $document, done) {
      done(null, $document.elements().bindings($window.angular.element, binding));
    });
  };

  chain.row = function(index) {
    return this.addFutureAction("repeater '" + this.label + "' row '" + index + "'", function($window, $document, done) {
      var matches = $document.elements().slice(index, index + 1);
      if (!matches.length)
        return done('row ' + index + ' out of bounds');
      done(null, matches.bindings($window.angular.element));
    });
  };

  return function(selector, label) {
    this.dsl.using(selector, label);
    return chain;
  };
});

/**
 * Usage:
 *    select(name).option('value') select one option
 *    select(name).options('value1', 'value2', ...) select options from a multi select
 */
angular.scenario.dsl('select', function() {
  var chain = {};

  chain.option = function(value) {
    return this.addFutureAction("select '" + this.name + "' option '" + value + "'", function($window, $document, done) {
      var select = $document.elements('select[ng\\:model="$1"]', this.name);
      var option = select.find('option[value="' + value + '"]');
      if (option.length) {
        select.val(value);
      } else {
        option = select.find('option:contains("' + value + '")');
        if (option.length) {
          select.val(option.val());
        }
      }
      select.trigger('change');
      done();
    });
  };

  chain.options = function() {
    var values = arguments;
    return this.addFutureAction("select '" + this.name + "' options '" + values + "'", function($window, $document, done) {
      var select = $document.elements('select[multiple][ng\\:model="$1"]', this.name);
      select.val(values);
      select.trigger('change');
      done();
    });
  };

  return function(name) {
    this.name = name;
    return chain;
  };
});

/**
 * Usage:
 *    element(selector, label).count() get the number of elements that match selector
 *    element(selector, label).click() clicks an element
 *    element(selector, label).query(fn) executes fn(selectedElements, done)
 *    element(selector, label).{method}() gets the value (as defined by jQuery, ex. val)
 *    element(selector, label).{method}(value) sets the value (as defined by jQuery, ex. val)
 *    element(selector, label).{method}(key) gets the value (as defined by jQuery, ex. attr)
 *    element(selector, label).{method}(key, value) sets the value (as defined by jQuery, ex. attr)
 */
angular.scenario.dsl('element', function() {
  var KEY_VALUE_METHODS = ['attr', 'css', 'prop'];
  var VALUE_METHODS = [
    'val', 'text', 'html', 'height', 'innerHeight', 'outerHeight', 'width',
    'innerWidth', 'outerWidth', 'position', 'scrollLeft', 'scrollTop', 'offset'
  ];
  var chain = {};

  chain.count = function() {
    return this.addFutureAction("element '" + this.label + "' count", function($window, $document, done) {
      try {
        done(null, $document.elements().length);
      } catch (e) {
        done(null, 0);
      }
    });
  };

  chain.click = function() {
    return this.addFutureAction("element '" + this.label + "' click", function($window, $document, done) {
      var elements = $document.elements();
      var href = elements.attr('href');
      var eventProcessDefault = elements.trigger('click')[0];

      if (href && elements[0].nodeName.toUpperCase() === 'A' && eventProcessDefault) {
        this.application.navigateTo(href, function() {
          done();
        }, done);
      } else {
        done();
      }
    });
  };

  chain.query = function(fn) {
    return this.addFutureAction('element ' + this.label + ' custom query', function($window, $document, done) {
      fn.call(this, $document.elements(), done);
    });
  };

  angular.forEach(KEY_VALUE_METHODS, function(methodName) {
    chain[methodName] = function(name, value) {
      var args = arguments,
          futureName = (args.length == 1)
              ? "element '" + this.label + "' get " + methodName + " '" + name + "'"
              : "element '" + this.label + "' set " + methodName + " '" + name + "' to " + "'" + value + "'";

      return this.addFutureAction(futureName, function($window, $document, done) {
        var element = $document.elements();
        done(null, element[methodName].apply(element, args));
      });
    };
  });

  angular.forEach(VALUE_METHODS, function(methodName) {
    chain[methodName] = function(value) {
      var args = arguments,
          futureName = (args.length == 0)
              ? "element '" + this.label + "' " + methodName
              : futureName = "element '" + this.label + "' set " + methodName + " to '" + value + "'";

      return this.addFutureAction(futureName, function($window, $document, done) {
        var element = $document.elements();
        done(null, element[methodName].apply(element, args));
      });
    };
  });

  return function(selector, label) {
    this.dsl.using(selector, label);
    return chain;
  };
});

/**
 * Matchers for implementing specs. Follows the Jasmine spec conventions.
 */

angular.scenario.matcher('toEqual', function(expected) {
  return angular.equals(this.actual, expected);
});

angular.scenario.matcher('toBe', function(expected) {
  return this.actual === expected;
});

angular.scenario.matcher('toBeDefined', function() {
  return angular.isDefined(this.actual);
});

angular.scenario.matcher('toBeTruthy', function() {
  return this.actual;
});

angular.scenario.matcher('toBeFalsy', function() {
  return !this.actual;
});

angular.scenario.matcher('toMatch', function(expected) {
  return new RegExp(expected).test(this.actual);
});

angular.scenario.matcher('toBeNull', function() {
  return this.actual === null;
});

angular.scenario.matcher('toContain', function(expected) {
  return includes(this.actual, expected);
});

angular.scenario.matcher('toBeLessThan', function(expected) {
  return this.actual < expected;
});

angular.scenario.matcher('toBeGreaterThan', function(expected) {
  return this.actual > expected;
});

/**
 * User Interface for the Scenario Runner.
 *
 * TODO(esprehn): This should be refactored now that ObjectModel exists
 *  to use angular bindings for the UI.
 */
angular.scenario.output('html', function(context, runner, model) {
  var specUiMap = {},
      lastStepUiMap = {};

  context.append(
    '<div id="header">' +
    '  <h1><span class="angular">AngularJS</span>: Scenario Test Runner</h1>' +
    '  <ul id="status-legend" class="status-display">' +
    '    <li class="status-error">0 Errors</li>' +
    '    <li class="status-failure">0 Failures</li>' +
    '    <li class="status-success">0 Passed</li>' +
    '  </ul>' +
    '</div>' +
    '<div id="specs">' +
    '  <div class="test-children"></div>' +
    '</div>'
  );

  runner.on('InteractivePause', function(spec) {
    var ui = lastStepUiMap[spec.id];
    ui.find('.test-title').
      html('paused... <a href="javascript:resume()">resume</a> when ready.');
  });

  runner.on('SpecBegin', function(spec) {
    var ui = findContext(spec);
    ui.find('> .tests').append(
      '<li class="status-pending test-it"></li>'
    );
    ui = ui.find('> .tests li:last');
    ui.append(
      '<div class="test-info">' +
      '  <p class="test-title">' +
      '    <span class="timer-result"></span>' +
      '    <span class="test-name"></span>' +
      '  </p>' +
      '</div>' +
      '<div class="scrollpane">' +
      '  <ol class="test-actions"></ol>' +
      '</div>'
    );
    ui.find('> .test-info .test-name').text(spec.name);
    ui.find('> .test-info').click(function() {
      var scrollpane = ui.find('> .scrollpane');
      var actions = scrollpane.find('> .test-actions');
      var name = context.find('> .test-info .test-name');
      if (actions.find(':visible').length) {
        actions.hide();
        name.removeClass('open').addClass('closed');
      } else {
        actions.show();
        scrollpane.attr('scrollTop', scrollpane.attr('scrollHeight'));
        name.removeClass('closed').addClass('open');
      }
    });

    specUiMap[spec.id] = ui;
  });

  runner.on('SpecError', function(spec, error) {
    var ui = specUiMap[spec.id];
    ui.append('<pre></pre>');
    ui.find('> pre').text(formatException(error));
  });

  runner.on('SpecEnd', function(spec) {
    var ui = specUiMap[spec.id];
    spec = model.getSpec(spec.id);
    ui.removeClass('status-pending');
    ui.addClass('status-' + spec.status);
    ui.find("> .test-info .timer-result").text(spec.duration + "ms");
    if (spec.status === 'success') {
      ui.find('> .test-info .test-name').addClass('closed');
      ui.find('> .scrollpane .test-actions').hide();
    }
    updateTotals(spec.status);
  });

  runner.on('StepBegin', function(spec, step) {
    var ui = specUiMap[spec.id];
    spec = model.getSpec(spec.id);
    step = spec.getLastStep();
    ui.find('> .scrollpane .test-actions').append('<li class="status-pending"></li>');
    var stepUi = lastStepUiMap[spec.id] = ui.find('> .scrollpane .test-actions li:last');
    stepUi.append(
      '<div class="timer-result"></div>' +
      '<div class="test-title"></div>'
    );
    stepUi.find('> .test-title').text(step.name);
    var scrollpane = stepUi.parents('.scrollpane');
    scrollpane.attr('scrollTop', scrollpane.attr('scrollHeight'));
  });

  runner.on('StepFailure', function(spec, step, error) {
    var ui = lastStepUiMap[spec.id];
    addError(ui, step.line, error);
  });

  runner.on('StepError', function(spec, step, error) {
    var ui = lastStepUiMap[spec.id];
    addError(ui, step.line, error);
  });

  runner.on('StepEnd', function(spec, step) {
    var stepUi = lastStepUiMap[spec.id];
    spec = model.getSpec(spec.id);
    step = spec.getLastStep();
    stepUi.find('.timer-result').text(step.duration + 'ms');
    stepUi.removeClass('status-pending');
    stepUi.addClass('status-' + step.status);
    var scrollpane = specUiMap[spec.id].find('> .scrollpane');
    scrollpane.attr('scrollTop', scrollpane.attr('scrollHeight'));
  });

  /**
   * Finds the context of a spec block defined by the passed definition.
   *
   * @param {Object} The definition created by the Describe object.
   */
  function findContext(spec) {
    var currentContext = context.find('#specs');
    angular.forEach(model.getDefinitionPath(spec), function(defn) {
      var id = 'describe-' + defn.id;
      if (!context.find('#' + id).length) {
        currentContext.find('> .test-children').append(
          '<div class="test-describe" id="' + id + '">' +
          '  <h2></h2>' +
          '  <div class="test-children"></div>' +
          '  <ul class="tests"></ul>' +
          '</div>'
        );
        context.find('#' + id).find('> h2').text('describe: ' + defn.name);
      }
      currentContext = context.find('#' + id);
    });
    return context.find('#describe-' + spec.definition.id);
  }

  /**
   * Updates the test counter for the status.
   *
   * @param {string} the status.
   */
  function updateTotals(status) {
    var legend = context.find('#status-legend .status-' + status);
    var parts = legend.text().split(' ');
    var value = (parts[0] * 1) + 1;
    legend.text(value + ' ' + parts[1]);
  }

  /**
   * Add an error to a step.
   *
   * @param {Object} The JQuery wrapped context
   * @param {function()} fn() that should return the file/line number of the error
   * @param {Object} the error.
   */
  function addError(context, line, error) {
    context.find('.test-title').append('<pre></pre>');
    var message = _jQuery.trim(line() + '\n\n' + formatException(error));
    context.find('.test-title pre:last').text(message);
  }
});

/**
 * Generates JSON output into a context.
 */
angular.scenario.output('json', function(context, runner, model) {
  model.on('RunnerEnd', function() {
    context.text(angular.toJson(model.value));
  });
});

/**
 * Generates XML output into a context.
 */
angular.scenario.output('xml', function(context, runner, model) {
  var $ = function(args) {return new context.init(args);};
  model.on('RunnerEnd', function() {
    var scenario = $('<scenario></scenario>');
    context.append(scenario);
    serializeXml(scenario, model.value);
  });

  /**
   * Convert the tree into XML.
   *
   * @param {Object} context jQuery context to add the XML to.
   * @param {Object} tree node to serialize
   */
  function serializeXml(context, tree) {
     angular.forEach(tree.children, function(child) {
       var describeContext = $('<describe></describe>');
       describeContext.attr('id', child.id);
       describeContext.attr('name', child.name);
       context.append(describeContext);
       serializeXml(describeContext, child);
     });
     var its = $('<its></its>');
     context.append(its);
     angular.forEach(tree.specs, function(spec) {
       var it = $('<it></it>');
       it.attr('id', spec.id);
       it.attr('name', spec.name);
       it.attr('duration', spec.duration);
       it.attr('status', spec.status);
       its.append(it);
       angular.forEach(spec.steps, function(step) {
         var stepContext = $('<step></step>');
         stepContext.attr('name', step.name);
         stepContext.attr('duration', step.duration);
         stepContext.attr('status', step.status);
         it.append(stepContext);
         if (step.error) {
           var error = $('<error></error>');
           stepContext.append(error);
           error.text(formatException(step.error));
         }
       });
     });
   }
});

/**
 * Creates a global value $result with the result of the runner.
 */
angular.scenario.output('object', function(context, runner, model) {
  runner.$window.$result = model.value;
});

bindJQuery();
publishExternalAPI(angular);

var $runner = new angular.scenario.Runner(window),
    scripts = document.getElementsByTagName('script'),
    script = scripts[scripts.length - 1],
    config = {};

angular.forEach(script.attributes, function(attr) {
  var match = attr.name.match(/ng[:\-](.*)/);
  if (match) {
    config[match[1]] = attr.value || true;
  }
});

if (config.autotest) {
  JQLite(document).ready(function() {
    angular.scenario.setUpAndRun(config);
  });
}
})(window, document);

angular.element(document).find('head').append('<style type="text/css">@charset "UTF-8";\n\n[ng\\:cloak], [ng-cloak], [data-ng-cloak], [x-ng-cloak],\n.ng-cloak, .x-ng-cloak {\n  display: none !important;\n}\n\nng\\:form {\n  display: block;\n}\n</style>');
angular.element(document).find('head').append('<style type="text/css">@charset "UTF-8";\n/* CSS Document */\n\n/** Structure */\nbody {\n  font-family: Arial, sans-serif;\n  margin: 0;\n  font-size: 14px;\n}\n\n#system-error {\n  font-size: 1.5em;\n  text-align: center;\n}\n\n#json, #xml {\n  display: none;\n}\n\n#header {\n  position: fixed;\n  width: 100%;\n}\n\n#specs {\n  padding-top: 50px;\n}\n\n#header .angular {\n  font-family: Courier New, monospace;\n  font-weight: bold;\n}\n\n#header h1 {\n  font-weight: normal;\n  float: left;\n  font-size: 30px;\n  line-height: 30px;\n  margin: 0;\n  padding: 10px 10px;\n  height: 30px;\n}\n\n#application h2,\n#specs h2 {\n  margin: 0;\n  padding: 0.5em;\n  font-size: 1.1em;\n}\n\n#status-legend {\n  margin-top: 10px;\n  margin-right: 10px;\n}\n\n#header,\n#application,\n.test-info,\n.test-actions li {\n  overflow: hidden;\n}\n\n#application {\n  margin: 10px;\n}\n\n#application iframe {\n  width: 100%;\n  height: 758px;\n}\n\n#application .popout {\n  float: right;\n}\n\n#application iframe {\n  border: none;\n}\n\n.tests li,\n.test-actions li,\n.test-it li,\n.test-it ol,\n.status-display {\n  list-style-type: none;\n}\n\n.tests,\n.test-it ol,\n.status-display {\n  margin: 0;\n  padding: 0;\n}\n\n.test-info {\n  margin-left: 1em;\n  margin-top: 0.5em;\n  border-radius: 8px 0 0 8px;\n  -webkit-border-radius: 8px 0 0 8px;\n  -moz-border-radius: 8px 0 0 8px;\n  cursor: pointer;\n}\n\n.test-info:hover .test-name {\n  text-decoration: underline;\n}\n\n.test-info .closed:before {\n  content: \'\\25b8\\00A0\';\n}\n\n.test-info .open:before {\n  content: \'\\25be\\00A0\';\n  font-weight: bold;\n}\n\n.test-it ol {\n  margin-left: 2.5em;\n}\n\n.status-display,\n.status-display li {\n  float: right;\n}\n\n.status-display li {\n  padding: 5px 10px;\n}\n\n.timer-result,\n.test-title {\n  display: inline-block;\n  margin: 0;\n  padding: 4px;\n}\n\n.test-actions .test-title,\n.test-actions .test-result {\n  display: table-cell;\n  padding-left: 0.5em;\n  padding-right: 0.5em;\n}\n\n.test-actions {\n  display: table;\n}\n\n.test-actions li {\n  display: table-row;\n}\n\n.timer-result {\n  width: 4em;\n  padding: 0 10px;\n  text-align: right;\n  font-family: monospace;\n}\n\n.test-it pre,\n.test-actions pre {\n  clear: left;\n  color: black;\n  margin-left: 6em;\n}\n\n.test-describe {\n  padding-bottom: 0.5em;\n}\n\n.test-describe .test-describe {\n  margin: 5px 5px 10px 2em;\n}\n\n.test-actions .status-pending .test-title:before {\n  content: \'\\00bb\\00A0\';\n}\n\n.scrollpane {\n   max-height: 20em;\n   overflow: auto;\n}\n\n/** Colors */\n\n#header {\n  background-color: #F2C200;\n}\n\n#specs h2 {\n  border-top: 2px solid #BABAD1;\n}\n\n#specs h2,\n#application h2 {\n  background-color: #efefef;\n}\n\n#application {\n  border: 1px solid #BABAD1;\n}\n\n.test-describe .test-describe {\n  border-left: 1px solid #BABAD1;\n  border-right: 1px solid #BABAD1;\n  border-bottom: 1px solid #BABAD1;\n}\n\n.status-display {\n  border: 1px solid #777;\n}\n\n.status-display .status-pending,\n.status-pending .test-info {\n  background-color: #F9EEBC;\n}\n\n.status-display .status-success,\n.status-success .test-info {\n  background-color: #B1D7A1;\n}\n\n.status-display .status-failure,\n.status-failure .test-info {\n  background-color: #FF8286;\n}\n\n.status-display .status-error,\n.status-error .test-info {\n  background-color: black;\n  color: white;\n}\n\n.test-actions .status-success .test-title {\n  color: #30B30A;\n}\n\n.test-actions .status-failure .test-title {\n  color: #DF0000;\n}\n\n.test-actions .status-error .test-title {\n  color: black;\n}\n\n.test-actions .timer-result {\n  color: #888;\n}\n</style>');
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