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  package org.json;
  
  /*
  Copyright (c) 2002 JSON.org
  
  Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
  of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
  in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
  to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 
 The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
 copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 
 The Software shall be used for Good, not Evil.
 
 THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 SOFTWARE.
 */

This provides static methods to convert comma delimited text into a JSONArray, and to covert a JSONArray into comma delimited text. Comma delimited text is a very popular format for data interchange. It is understood by most database, spreadsheet, and organizer programs.

Each row of text represents a row in a table or a data record. Each row ends with a NEWLINE character. Each row contains one or more values. Values are separated by commas. A value can contain any character except for comma, unless is is wrapped in single quotes or double quotes.

The first row usually contains the names of the columns.

A comma delimited list can be converted into a JSONArray of JSONObjects. The names for the elements in the JSONObjects can be taken from the names in the first row.

Author(s):
JSON.org
Version:
2
 
 public class CDL {

    
Get the next value. The value can be wrapped in quotes. The value can be empty.

Parameters:
x A JSONTokener of the source text.
Returns:
The value string, or null if empty.
Throws:
JSONException if the quoted string is badly formed.
 
     private static String getValue(JSONTokener xthrows JSONException {
         char c;
         do {
             c = x.next();
         } while (c <= ' ' && c != 0);
         switch (c) {
         case 0:
             return null;
         case '"':
         case '\'':
             return x.nextString(c);
         case ',':
             x.back();
             return "";
         default:
             x.back();
             return x.nextTo(',');
         }
     }

    
Produce a JSONArray of strings from a row of comma delimited values.

Parameters:
x A JSONTokener of the source text.
Returns:
A JSONArray of strings.
Throws:
JSONException
 
     public static JSONArray rowToJSONArray(JSONTokener xthrows JSONException {
         JSONArray ja = new JSONArray();
         for (;;) {
             String value = getValue(x);
             if (value == null) {
                 return null;
             }
             ja.put(value);
             for (;;) {
                 char c = x.next();
                 if (c == ',') {
                     break;
                 }
                 if (c != ' ') {
                     if (c == '\n' || c == '\r' || c == 0) {
                         return ja;
                     }
                     throw x.syntaxError("Bad character '" + c + "' (" +
                             (int)c + ").");
                }
            }
        }
    }

    
Produce a JSONObject from a row of comma delimited text, using a parallel JSONArray of strings to provides the names of the elements.

Parameters:
names A JSONArray of names. This is commonly obtained from the first row of a comma delimited text file using the rowToJSONArray method.
x A JSONTokener of the source text.
Returns:
A JSONObject combining the names and values.
Throws:
JSONException
    public static JSONObject rowToJSONObject(JSONArray namesJSONTokener x)
            throws JSONException {
        JSONArray ja = rowToJSONArray(x);
        return ja != null ? ja.toJSONObject(names) :  null;
    }

    
Produce a JSONArray of JSONObjects from a comma delimited text string, using the first row as a source of names.

Parameters:
string The comma delimited text.
Returns:
A JSONArray of JSONObjects.
Throws:
JSONException
    public static JSONArray toJSONArray(String stringthrows JSONException {
        return toJSONArray(new JSONTokener(string));
    }

    
Produce a JSONArray of JSONObjects from a comma delimited text string, using the first row as a source of names.

Parameters:
x The JSONTokener containing the comma delimited text.
Returns:
A JSONArray of JSONObjects.
Throws:
JSONException
    public static JSONArray toJSONArray(JSONTokener xthrows JSONException {
        return toJSONArray(rowToJSONArray(x), x);
    }

    
Produce a JSONArray of JSONObjects from a comma delimited text string using a supplied JSONArray as the source of element names.

Parameters:
names A JSONArray of strings.
string The comma delimited text.
Returns:
A JSONArray of JSONObjects.
Throws:
JSONException
    public static JSONArray toJSONArray(JSONArray namesString string)
            throws JSONException {
        return toJSONArray(namesnew JSONTokener(string));
    }

    
Produce a JSONArray of JSONObjects from a comma delimited text string using a supplied JSONArray as the source of element names.

Parameters:
names A JSONArray of strings.
x A JSONTokener of the source text.
Returns:
A JSONArray of JSONObjects.
Throws:
JSONException
    public static JSONArray toJSONArray(JSONArray namesJSONTokener x)
            throws JSONException {
        if (names == null || names.length() == 0) {
            return null;
        }
        JSONArray ja = new JSONArray();
        for (;;) {
            JSONObject jo = rowToJSONObject(namesx);
            if (jo == null) {
                break;
            }
            ja.put(jo);
        }
        if (ja.length() == 0) {
            return null;
        }
        return ja;
    }


    
Produce a comma delimited text row from a JSONArray. Values containing the comma character will be quoted.

Parameters:
ja A JSONArray of strings.
Returns:
A string ending in NEWLINE.
    public static String rowToString(JSONArray ja) {
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
        for (int i = 0; i < ja.length(); i += 1) {
            if (i > 0) {
                sb.append(',');
            }
            Object o = ja.opt(i);
            if (o != null) {
                String s = o.toString();
                if (s.indexOf(',') >= 0) {
                    if (s.indexOf('"') >= 0) {
                        sb.append('\'');
                        sb.append(s);
                        sb.append('\'');
                    } else {
                        sb.append('"');
                        sb.append(s);
                        sb.append('"');
                    }
                } else {
                    sb.append(s);
                }
            }
        }
        sb.append('\n');
        return sb.toString();
    }

    
Produce a comma delimited text from a JSONArray of JSONObjects. The first row will be a list of names obtained by inspecting the first JSONObject.

Parameters:
ja A JSONArray of JSONObjects.
Returns:
A comma delimited text.
Throws:
JSONException
    public static String toString(JSONArray jathrows JSONException {
        JSONObject jo = ja.optJSONObject(0);
        if (jo != null) {
            JSONArray names = jo.names();
            if (names != null) {
                return rowToString(names) + toString(namesja);
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    
Produce a comma delimited text from a JSONArray of JSONObjects using a provided list of names. The list of names is not included in the output.

Parameters:
names A JSONArray of strings.
ja A JSONArray of JSONObjects.
Returns:
A comma delimited text.
Throws:
JSONException
    public static String toString(JSONArray namesJSONArray ja)
            throws JSONException {
        if (names == null || names.length() == 0) {
            return null;
        }
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
        for (int i = 0; i < ja.length(); i += 1) {
            JSONObject jo = ja.optJSONObject(i);
            if (jo != null) {
                sb.append(rowToString(jo.toJSONArray(names)));
            }
        }
        return sb.toString();
    }
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