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  /*
   * Copyright 2010 JBoss Inc
   *
   * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
   * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
   * You may obtain a copy of the License at
   *
   *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
   *
  * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
  * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
  * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
  * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
  * limitations under the License.
  */
 
 package org.drools.persistence.jpa;
 

Long term out of the box persistence of runtime state with JPA is possible with Drools & jBPM. You will need to configure a JPA entity manager (e.g. using hibernate) and have a JTA transaction manager (for development/testing purposes we recommend Bitronix as it's simple to setup and works embedded, but for production the use of JBoss Transactions is recommended).

 Environment env = KnowledgeBaseFactory.newEnvironment();
 env.set( EnvironmentName.ENTITY_MANAGER_FACTORY, Persistence.createEntityManagerFactory( "emf-name" ) );
 env.set( EnvironmentName.TRANSACTION_MANAGER, TransactionManagerServices.getTransactionManager() );
          
 StatefulKnowledgeSession ksession = JPAKnowledgeService.newStatefulKnowledgeSession( kbase, null, env ); // KnowledgeSessionConfiguration may be null, and a default will be used
 int sessionId = ksession.getId();
 
 ksession.insert( data1 );
 ksession.insert( data2 );
 ksession.startProcess( "process1" );
 

To use a JPA the Environment must be set with both the EntityManagerFactory and the TransactionManager. If rollback occurs the ksession state is also rolled back, so you can continue to use it after a rollback. To load a previous persisted StatefulKnowledgeSession you'll need the id, as shown below:

 StatefulKnowledgeSession ksession = JPAKnowledgeService.loadStatefulKnowledgeSession( sessionId, kbase, null, env );
 

If you do not define any transaction boundaries, each command (i.e. each invocation of a method of the session) will be executed inside its own transaction. You can define the transaction boundaries yourself using a JTA UserTransaction.

 UserTransaction ut = (UserTransaction) new InitialContext().lookup( "java:comp/UserTransaction" );
 ut.begin();
 ksession.insert( data1 );
 ksession.insert( data2 );
 ksession.startProcess( "process1" );
 ut.commit();
 

To enable persistence the following classes must be added to your persistence.xml, as in the example below:

 <persistence-unit name="org.jbpm.persistence.jpa" transaction-type="JTA">
    <provider>org.hibernate.ejb.HibernatePersistence</provider>
    <jta-data-source>jdbc/BitronixJTADataSource</jta-data-source>
    <class>org.jbpm.persistence.processinstance.ProcessInstanceInfo</class>
    <class>org.drools.persistence.info.ProcessInstanceInfo</class>
    <class>org.drools.persistence.info.WorkItemInfo</class>
    <properties>
          <property name="hibernate.dialect" value="org.hibernate.dialect.H2Dialect"/>
          <property name="hibernate.max_fetch_depth" value="3"/>
          <property name="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto" value="update" />
          <property name="hibernate.show_sql" value="true" />
          <property name="hibernate.transaction.manager_lookup_class" value="org.hibernate.transaction.BTMTransactionManagerLookup" />
    </properties>
 </persistence-unit>
 

The jdbc JTA data source would need to be previously bound, Bitronix provides a number of ways of doing this and it's docs shoud be contacted for more details, however for quick start help here is the programmatic approach:

 PoolingDataSource ds = new PoolingDataSource();
 ds.setUniqueName( "jdbc/BitronixJTADataSource" );
 ds.setClassName( "org.h2.jdbcx.JdbcDataSource" );
 ds.setMaxPoolSize( 3 );
 ds.setAllowLocalTransactions( true );
 ds.getDriverProperties().put( "user", "sa" );
 ds.getDriverProperties().put( "password", "sasa" );
 ds.getDriverProperties().put( "URL", "jdbc:h2:mem:mydb" );
 ds.init();
 

Bitronix also provides a simple embedded JNDI service, ideal for testing, to use it add a jndi.properties file at the root of your classpath and add the following line to it:

 java.naming.factory.initial=bitronix.tm.jndi.BitronixInitialContextFactory
 
public class JPAKnowledgeService {
    private static KnowledgeStoreService provider;
                                                                       KnowledgeSessionConfiguration configuration,
                                                                       Environment environment) {
                                                                             configuration,
                                                                             environment );
    }
                                                                        KnowledgeBase kbase,
                                                                        KnowledgeSessionConfiguration configuration,
                                                                        Environment environment) {
                                                                              kbase,
                                                                              configuration,
                                                                              environment );
    }
    private static synchronized void setJPAKnowledgeServiceProvider(KnowledgeStoreService provider) {
        . = provider;
    }
    private static synchronized KnowledgeStoreService getJPAKnowledgeServiceProvider() {
        if (  == null ) {
            loadProvider();
        }
        return ;
    }
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    private static void loadProvider() {
        try {
            // we didn't find anything in properties so lets try and us reflection
            Class<KnowledgeStoreServicecls = (Class<KnowledgeStoreService>) Class.forName"org.drools.persistence.jpa.KnowledgeStoreServiceImpl" );
            setJPAKnowledgeServiceProvidercls.newInstance() );
        } catch ( Exception e ) {
            throw new RuntimeException"Provider org.drools.persistence.jpa.KnowledgeStoreServiceImpl could not be set.",
                                        e );
        }
    }
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