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   * Copyright (c) 2003 The Visigoth Software Society. All rights
   * reserved.
   * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
   * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
   * are met:
   * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
  * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
  *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
  *    distribution.
  * 3. The end-user documentation included with the redistribution, if
  *    any, must include the following acknowledgement:
  *       "This product includes software developed by the
  *        Visigoth Software Society ("
  *    Alternately, this acknowledgement may appear in the software itself,
  *    if and wherever such third-party acknowledgements normally appear.
  * 4. Neither the name "FreeMarker", "Visigoth", nor any of the names of the
  *    project contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
  *    from this software without prior written permission. For written
  *    permission, please contact
  * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "FreeMarker" or "Visigoth"
  *    nor may "FreeMarker" or "Visigoth" appear in their names
  *    without prior written permission of the Visigoth Software Society.
  * ====================================================================
  * This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many
  * individuals on behalf of the Visigoth Software Society. For more
  * information on the Visigoth Software Society, please see
 package freemarker.template.utility;
 import java.util.Map;

A transform that captures the output of a block of FTL code and stores that in a variable.

As this transform is initially present in the shared variable set, you can always access it from the templates:

 <@capture_output var="captured">

And later in the template you can use the captured output:


This transform requires one of three parameters: var, local, or global. Each of them specifies the name of the variable that stores the captured output, but the first creates a variable in a name-space (as <#assign>), the second creates a macro-local variable (as <#local>), and the last creates a global variable (as <#global>).

In the case of an assignment within a namespace, there is an optional parameter namespace that indicates in which namespace to do the assignment. if this is omitted, the current namespace is used, and this will be, by far, the most common usage pattern.

Use block-assignments instead, as <assign x>...</assign>.
$Id:,v 1.31 2004/01/06 17:06:43 szegedia Exp $
 public class CaptureOutput implements TemplateTransformModel {
     public Writer getWriter(final Writer outfinal Map argsthrows TemplateModelException {
         String errmsg = "Must specify the name of the variable in "
                 + "which to capture the output with the 'var' or 'local' or 'global' parameter.";
         if (args == nullthrow new TemplateModelException(errmsg);
         boolean local = falseglobal=false;
         final TemplateModel nsModel = (TemplateModelargs.get("namespace");
         Object varNameModel = args.get("var");
        if (varNameModel == null) {
            varNameModel = args.get("local");
            if (varNameModel == null) {
                varNameModel = args.get("global");
                global = true;
            } else {
                local = true;
            if (varNameModel == null) {
                throw new TemplateModelException(errmsg);
        if (args.size()==2) {
            if (nsModel == null) {
                throw new TemplateModelException("Second parameter can only be namespace");
            if (local) {
                throw new TemplateModelException("Cannot specify namespace for a local assignment");
            if (global) {
                throw new TemplateModelException("Cannot specify namespace for a global assignment");
            if (!(nsModel instanceof Environment.Namespace)) {
                throw new TemplateModelException("namespace parameter does not specify a namespace. It is a " + nsModel.getClass().getName());
        else if (args.size() != 1) throw new TemplateModelException(
                "Bad parameters. Use only one of 'var' or 'local' or 'global' parameters.");
        if(!(varNameModel instanceof TemplateScalarModel)) {
            throw new TemplateModelException("'var' or 'local' or 'global' parameter doesn't evaluate to a string");
        final String varName = ((TemplateScalarModelvarNameModel).getAsString();
        if(varName == null) {
            throw new TemplateModelException("'var' or 'local' or 'global' parameter evaluates to null string");
        final StringBuffer buf = new StringBuffer();
        final Environment env = Environment.getCurrentEnvironment();
        final boolean localVar = local;
        final boolean globalVar = global;
        return new Writer() {
            public void write(char cbuf[], int offint len) {
            public void flush() throws IOException {
            public void close() throws IOException {
                SimpleScalar result = new SimpleScalar(buf.toString());
                try {
                    if (localVar) {
                    } else if (globalVar) {
                    else {
                        if (nsModel == null) {
                        } else {
                } catch (java.lang.IllegalStateException ise) { // if somebody uses 'local' outside a macro
                    throw new IOException("Could not set variable " + varName + ": " + ise.getMessage());
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