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 /*
  * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
  * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
  * distributed with this work for additional information
  * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
  * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
  * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
  * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
  *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package org.apache.pig.impl.plan;
ReverseDependencyOrderWalker traverses the graph in such a way that no node is visited before all the nodes that are its successors on have been visited. Beyond this, it does not guarantee any particular order. So, you have a graph with node 1 2 3 4, and edges 1->3, 2->3, and 3->4, this walker guarantees that 4 will be visited before 3 and 3 before 1 and 2, but it does not guarantee whether 1 or 2 will be visited first.
public class ReverseDependencyOrderWalker <O extends Operator, P extends OperatorPlan<O>>
    extends PlanWalker<O, P> {

    

Parameters:
plan Plan for this walker to traverse.
    public ReverseDependencyOrderWalker(P plan) {
        super(plan);
    }

    
Begin traversing the graph.

Parameters:
visitor Visitor this walker is being used by.
Throws:
VisitorException if an error is encountered while walking.
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public void walk(PlanVisitor<O, P> visitorthrows VisitorException {
        // This is highly inefficient, but our graphs are small so it should be okay.
        // The algorithm works by starting at any node in the graph, finding it's
        // successors and calling itself for each of those successors.  When it
        // finds a node that has no unfinished successors it puts that node in the
        // list.  It then unwinds itself putting each of the other nodes in the list.
        // It keeps track of what nodes it's seen as it goes so it doesn't put any
        // nodes in the graph twice.
        List<O> fifo = new ArrayList<O>();
        Set<O> seen = new HashSet<O>();
        List<O> roots = .getRoots();
        if (roots == nullreturn;
        for (O op : roots) {
            doAllSuccessors(opseenfifo);
        }
        for (O opfifo) {
            op.visit(visitor);
        }
    }
    public PlanWalker<O, P> spawnChildWalker(P plan) { 
        return new ReverseDependencyOrderWalker<O, P>(plan);
    }
    protected void doAllSuccessors(O node,
                                   Set<O> seen,
                                   Collection<O> fifothrows VisitorException {
        if (!seen.contains(node)) {
            // We haven't seen this one before.
            Collection<O> succs = Utils.mergeCollection(.getSuccessors(node), .getSoftLinkSuccessors(node));
            if (succs != null && succs.size() > 0) {
                // Do all our successors before ourself
                for (O op : succs) {
                    doAllSuccessors(opseenfifo);
                }
            }
            // Now do ourself
            seen.add(node);
            fifo.add(node);
        }
    }
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