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Eclipse issues warnings when a serialVersionUID is missing. The serializable class Foo does not declare a static final serialVersionUID field of type long What is serialVersionUID and why is it important? Please show an example where missing serialVersionUID will cause a problem.
I understood, I think, that a "Bean" is a Java class with properties and getters/setters. As much as I understand, it is the equivalent of a C struct. Is that true? Also, is there a real syntactic difference between a bean and a regular class? Is there any special definition or an interface? Basically, why is there a term for this, it puzzles me... Edit: If you can be so kind and add inform...
What is the difference between Serializable and Externalizable in Java?
I have the warning message given in the title. I would like to understand and remove it. I found already some answers on this question but I do not understand these answers because of an overload with technical terms. Is it possible to explain this issue with simple words? P.S. I know what OOP is. I know what is object, class, method, field and instantiation. P.P.S. If somebody needs my code ...
What is meant by "object serialization"? Can you please explain it with some examples?
Some classes in the standard Java API are treated slightly different from other classes. I'm talking about those classes that couldn't be implemented without special support from the compiler and/or JVM. The ones I come up with right away are: Object (obviously) as it, among other things doesn't have a super class. String as the language has special support for the + operator. Thread since i...
What is the purpose of annotations in Java? I have this fuzzy idea of them as somewhere in between a comment and actual code. Do they affect the program at run time? What are their typical usages? Are they unique to Java? Is there a C++ equivalent?
I'm trying to work with fractions in Java. I want to implement arithmetic functions. For this, I will first require a way to normalize the functions. I know I can't add 1/6 and 1/2 until I have a common denominator. I will have to add 1/6 and 3/6. A naive approach would have me add 2/12 and 6/12 and then reduce. How can I achieve a common denominator with the least performance penalty? W...
Is it OK to use == on enums in Java, or do I need to use .equals()? In my testing, == always works, but I'm not sure if I'm guaranteed of that. In particular, there is no .clone() method on an enum, so I don't know if it is possible to get an enum for which .equals() would return a different value than ==. For example, is this OK: public int round(RoundingMode roundingMode) { if(roundingM...
In java, if a class implements Serializable but is abstract, should it have a serialVersionUID long declared, or do the subclasses only require that? In this case it is indeed the intention that all the sub classes deal with serialization as the purpose of the type is to be used in RMI calls.
Can we expose interfaces in Ruby like we do in java and enforce the Ruby modules or classes to implement the methods defined by interface. One way is to use inheritance and method_missing to achieve the same but is there any other more appropriate approach available ?
I'm getting these messages: [#|2010-07-30T11:28:32.723+0000|WARNING|glassfish3.0.1|javax.faces|_ThreadID=37;_ThreadName=Thread-1;|Setting non-serializable attribute value into ViewMap: (key: MyBackingBean, value class:|#] Do these mean that my JSF backing beans should implement Serializable? Or are they refering to some other problem?
I'm extending a class (ArrayBlockingQueue) that implements the Serializable interface. Sun's documentation (and my IDE) advises me that I should set this value in order to prevent mischief: However, it is strongly recommended that all serializable classes explicitly declare serialVersionUID values, since the default serialVersionUID computation is highly sensitive to class details that may ...
Why wasn't the .clone() method specified in the java.lang.Cloneable interface ?
Being new to Java, I'm confused between the concepts of class and type. For example, should the object "Hello World!" belong to the type String or class String? Or maybe both?
I have an object of type X which I want to convert into byte array before sending it to store in S3. Can anybody tell me how to do this? I appreciate your help.
I am using Java 1.4 with Log4J. Some of my code involves serializing and deserializing value objects (POJOs). Each of my POJOs declares a logger with private final Logger log = Logger.getLogger(getClass()); The serializer complains of org.apache.log4j.Logger not being Serializable. Should I use private final transient Logger log = Logger.getLogger(getClass()); instead?
Possible Duplicates: Why should I bother about serialVersionUID? what is a serial version id? When i created a new class extending java.util.logging.Level in Eclipse, It asked me to add a default or generated serial version ID. I just added blindly without knowing what it is and why I have to add it. Can anybody tell me what is it and why it its required.
I am using the Java Serializable interface and the ObjectOutputStream to serialize objects (until now, this method has been sufficient for my purposes). My API relies on object identity for some operations and I’m wondering if it will be preserved by serialization. That is to say: if, for two arbitrary objects a and b, it holds a == b before serialization, does it still hold after deserializat...
In pre Java 5, there were no annotations. As a result you could not add metadata to a class. To mark a class as serializable, you had to implement the Serializable interface (which is just that, a marker) and use further transient keywords to mark a field as non serializable if needed, something like: public class MyClass implements Serializable { ... private transient Bla field; ......
In an interview the interviewer asked me the following question: is it possible to serialize a singleton object? I said yes, but in which scenario should we serialize a singleton? And is it possible to design a class whose object can not be serialized?
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Serializability of a class is enabled by the class implementing the interface. Classes that do not implement this interface will not have any of their state serialized or deserialized. All subtypes of a serializable class are themselves serializable. The serialization interface has no methods or fields and serves only to identify the semantics of being serializable.

To allow subtypes of non-serializable classes to be serialized, the subtype may assume responsibility for saving and restoring the state of the supertype's public, protected, and (if accessible) package fields. The subtype may assume this responsibility only if the class it extends has an accessible no-arg constructor to initialize the class's state. It is an error to declare a class Serializable if this is not the case. The error will be detected at runtime.

During deserialization, the fields of non-serializable classes will be initialized using the public or protected no-arg constructor of the class. A no-arg constructor must be accessible to the subclass that is serializable. The fields of serializable subclasses will be restored from the stream.

When traversing a graph, an object may be encountered that does not support the Serializable interface. In this case the NotSerializableException will be thrown and will identify the class of the non-serializable object.

Classes that require special handling during the serialization and deserialization process must implement special methods with these exact signatures:

 private void writeObject( out)
     throws IOException
 private void readObject( in)
     throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException;
 private void readObjectNoData()
     throws ObjectStreamException;

The writeObject method is responsible for writing the state of the object for its particular class so that the corresponding readObject method can restore it. The default mechanism for saving the Object's fields can be invoked by calling out.defaultWriteObject. The method does not need to concern itself with the state belonging to its superclasses or subclasses. State is saved by writing the individual fields to the ObjectOutputStream using the writeObject method or by using the methods for primitive data types supported by DataOutput.

The readObject method is responsible for reading from the stream and restoring the classes fields. It may call in.defaultReadObject to invoke the default mechanism for restoring the object's non-static and non-transient fields. The defaultReadObject method uses information in the stream to assign the fields of the object saved in the stream with the correspondingly named fields in the current object. This handles the case when the class has evolved to add new fields. The method does not need to concern itself with the state belonging to its superclasses or subclasses. State is saved by writing the individual fields to the ObjectOutputStream using the writeObject method or by using the methods for primitive data types supported by DataOutput.

The readObjectNoData method is responsible for initializing the state of the object for its particular class in the event that the serialization stream does not list the given class as a superclass of the object being deserialized. This may occur in cases where the receiving party uses a different version of the deserialized instance's class than the sending party, and the receiver's version extends classes that are not extended by the sender's version. This may also occur if the serialization stream has been tampered; hence, readObjectNoData is useful for initializing deserialized objects properly despite a "hostile" or incomplete source stream.

Serializable classes that need to designate an alternative object to be used when writing an object to the stream should implement this special method with the exact signature:

 ANY-ACCESS-MODIFIER Object writeReplace() throws ObjectStreamException;

This writeReplace method is invoked by serialization if the method exists and it would be accessible from a method defined within the class of the object being serialized. Thus, the method can have private, protected and package-private access. Subclass access to this method follows java accessibility rules.

Classes that need to designate a replacement when an instance of it is read from the stream should implement this special method with the exact signature.

 ANY-ACCESS-MODIFIER Object readResolve() throws ObjectStreamException;

This readResolve method follows the same invocation rules and accessibility rules as writeReplace.

The serialization runtime associates with each serializable class a version number, called a serialVersionUID, which is used during deserialization to verify that the sender and receiver of a serialized object have loaded classes for that object that are compatible with respect to serialization. If the receiver has loaded a class for the object that has a different serialVersionUID than that of the corresponding sender's class, then deserialization will result in an InvalidClassException. A serializable class can declare its own serialVersionUID explicitly by declaring a field named "serialVersionUID" that must be static, final, and of type long:

 ANY-ACCESS-MODIFIER static final long serialVersionUID = 42L;
If a serializable class does not explicitly declare a serialVersionUID, then the serialization runtime will calculate a default serialVersionUID value for that class based on various aspects of the class, as described in the Java(TM) Object Serialization Specification. However, it is strongly recommended that all serializable classes explicitly declare serialVersionUID values, since the default serialVersionUID computation is highly sensitive to class details that may vary depending on compiler implementations, and can thus result in unexpected InvalidClassExceptions during deserialization. Therefore, to guarantee a consistent serialVersionUID value across different java compiler implementations, a serializable class must declare an explicit serialVersionUID value. It is also strongly advised that explicit serialVersionUID declarations use the private modifier where possible, since such declarations apply only to the immediately declaring class--serialVersionUID fields are not useful as inherited members. Array classes cannot declare an explicit serialVersionUID, so they always have the default computed value, but the requirement for matching serialVersionUID values is waived for array classes.

public interface Serializable {
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